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Chapter 22/23 Assessment

The Great Depression and


The New Deal

 All Questions must be answered on the


SCANTRON answer key with the exception of
the essay portion of the assessment.
 Any students caught sharing answers or copying
by other teachers will result in an automatic
failure and disciplinary action.
 The testing booklet must be returned with your
SCANTRON key. Failure to do so will result in a
15 point deduction.
Take Home Assessment
The Great Depression and the New Deal

Part I – Matching
___1. This Democrat lost the Presidential election of 1928.
___2. This Republican won the Presidential election of 1928.
___3. This term refers to the stock market crash of October 29, 1929.
___4. This term is the name of the most widely used measure of the stock market’s health.
___5. This established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), with the greater goal
of restoring public confidence in the banking system.
___6. This put almost 3 million young men to work building roads, developing parks, and
helping in soil-erosion and flood-control projects.
___7. This paid farmers to lower production and, in some cases, to destroy crops, with the
greater goal of restoring public confidence in the stock market.
___8. This helped to create prosperity in a poverty-stricken region by providing funds to build
and repair dams, flood-control projects, and power plants.
___9. One of the most popular movies of all time, this sweeping drama about life among
Southern plantation owners during the Civil War starred Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable.
__10. His famous painting, the “American Gothic,” depicts two stern-faced farmers standing
stiffly in front of their farmhouse.

Answer Choices:

a. Tennessee Valley Authority ac. Herbert Hoover


b. Grant Wood ad. Civilian Conservation Corp.
c. Alfred Smith ae. Black Tuesday
d. Dow Jones Industrial Average bc. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
e. Gone with the Wind bd. Glass-Steagal Banking Act
Ab. Agricultural Adjustment Act be. Price Supports
______________________________________________________________________________

Part II – Multiple Choice Questions

11. All of the following preceded the onset of the Great Depression EXCEPT:
a. declines in new building permits
b. large amounts of consumer debt
c. a widening gap between rich and poor
d. large industrial investments in new equipment

12. During the 1920s, which of the following increased?


a. Farmers’ debts
b. prices for farm products
c. foreign demand for US farm products
d. domestic demand for US farm products
13. What happened on Black Tuesday?
a. A record number of banks closed
b. A record number of people tried to sell their stock.
c. A record number of businesses declared bankruptcy.
d. The New York Stock Exchange went out of business.

14. The Dust Bowl was caused by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. Drought
b. High Winds
c. Crop Rotation
d. Overproduction of crops

15. The phrase “buying on margin” refers to a way of purchasing:


a. Land
b. Stock
c. Farm products
d. Consumer goods

16. In calling shantytowns “Hoovervilles,” people conveyed their:


a. patriotism
b. trust in Hoover
c. distrust of Hoover
d. grudging respect for Hoover

17. Which of the following was an unintended effect of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act:
a. a substantial increase in US exports
b. a substantial decrease in US exports
c. a substantial increase in US consumer debt
d. a substantial decrease in US consumer debt

18. The Bonus Army consisted of:


a. World War I veterans and their families
b. farmers forced off their land by dust storms
c. unemployed industrial workers and their families
d. business and labor leaders who agreed to work together

19. Who ran for president in the 1932 election?


a. Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover
b. Calvin Coolidge and Franklin D. Roosevelt
c. Herbert Hoover and Alfred Smith
d. Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt

20. Whose fortunes were most dramatically changed on the day known as Black
Tuesday?
a. farmers c. Stock market investors
b. bankers d. big-business executives
21. Which of the following is true of economic conditions in the 1920s before the stock
market crash?
a. Both the rich and the poor got richer
b. Both the rich and the poor got poorer
c. The rich got richer and the poor got poorer
d. The rich got poorer and the poor got richer

22. By 1933, the unemployment rate had risen to:


a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 75%

23. What was the first major action Roosevelt took as President?
a. He called the first meeting of the “Brain Trust.”
b. He proposed a reorganization of the Supreme Court.
c. He closed all of the nations banks and ordered inspections.
d. He established the Civil Works Administration to provide job relief.

24. Who was the first woman to serve on the cabinet?


a. Arlene Francis
b. Francis Perkins
c. Eleanor Roosevelt
d. Mary McLeod Bethune

25. This required corporations to provide complete, truthful information on all stock
offerings.
a. Federal Securities Act
b. Social Security Act
c. Wagner Act
d. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

26. This listed unfair labor practices and established the National Labor Relations Board
to settle disputes between employers and employees.
a. Federal Securities Act
b. Social Security Act
c. Wagner Act
d. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

27. In general, the public perceived all of the following characteristics in Roosevelt
EXCEPT:
a. compassion
b. self-confidence
c. communication skills
d. economic conservatism
28. All of the following were passed during Roosevelt’s first term as president EXCEPT:
a. Social Security Act
b. Agricultural Adjustment Act
c. Emergency Banking Relief Act
d. National Industrial Recovery Act

29. Which of the following of Roosevelt’s ideas failed to become law?


a. federally supported loans for housing
b. the reorganization of the Supreme Court
c. the establishment of regional planning authorities
d. the establishment of a federally supported pension program

30. Which of the following claimed that the New Deal policies failed to adequately help
the common person and proposed a social program called “Share Our Wealth?”
a. Huey Long
b. John Collier
c. John L. Lewis
d. Alfred Landon

31. Roosevelt’s “fireside chats” were his means of


a. receiving input from his advisors
b. communicating directly with the public
c. proposing reform measures to Congress
d. determining the impact of federal policies

32. All of the following are true of Franklin D. Roosevelt EXCEPT that he:
a. pledged a “new deal” for the American people
b. was elected president in a Democratic landslide
c. supported federal laws against lynching and poll taxes
d. had the benefit of working with a Congress dominated by his own party

33. Which of the following is the most likely result of deficit spending:
a. debt
b. parity
c. a surplus
d. a balanced budget
Part III – Chart Skills

34. Which of the following collected the fewest electoral votes?


a. Republicans in 1924
b. Republicans in 1928
c. Democrats in 1932
d. Democrats in 1940

35. Which pair of elections reflects the most drastic change in fortune for the
Democratic Party?
a. 1916 and 1920
b. 1928 and 1932
c. 1932 and 1936
d. 1936 and 1940

Part IV – True/False Questions

36. Mary McLeod Bethune, an African-American educator, was appointed head of the
Office of Minority Affairs. She helped to organize a “Black Cabinet” of influential
African Americans to advise the President on racial issues.
37. President Roosevelt appointed John Collier as Commissioner of Indian Affairs.
38. The New Deal Coalition was an alignment of various groups dedicated to supporting
the Republican Party.
39. The Northeast became the region affected by the Dust Bowl.
40. The Great Depression was ended by government spending leading up to and during
World War II.