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DNB QUESTION PAPER, CHAPTER

WISE, 2013-1992
Compilation By Dr.Gopal
Agarwal
Neural Sciences
FUNCTIONAL NEUROANATOMY
Name the components of the basal ganglia. Describe the functions and
disorders due to dysfunction of basal ganglia(2012)
Limbic system.(DEC-08,
07) Papez circuit. (DEC07, JUN-06) Prefrontal
cortex. (DEC-07)
Applied anatomy of visual pathways.
(DEC-92) Applied anatomy of middle
cerebral artery. (JUN-92) cerebral
laterality. (JUN-92)
Locus ceruleus. (DEC-94)
Supra chiasmatic nuclei. (DEC-96)
Neuroanatomy and physiology of parietal lobe and its
lesions.(DEC-04) Reticular activation system. (JUN-05)
What isamygdaloid complex? Describe briefly its structural and functional
components. What is its relevance in clinical practice? (2010)
Amygdala in psychiatry. (JUN-99)
Define a synapse. Describe stages in action potential and types of synaptic
contacts. (DEC-03) What are neurofibrillary tangles? Describe in short their
structures and clinical significance. (2010) Function of non-dominant
hemisphere. (JUN-94)
Write in brief about the various tests of parietal lobe
functioning. (2010) Reticular formation and its role in arousal.
(DEC-93)
Tests of attention. (JUN-94)
Describe the split brain experiments and their importance in hemispheric
differences of various functions. (JUN-93)
NEUROTRANSMITTERS
Name various dopamine pathways of brain and their significance in psychiatry.
(DEC-09)
Describedopaminergicpathwaysin the brain. Whatare their functions? Whatis
their applied importance? (2013)

Dopaminergic receptors. (JUN-01, DEC-96)


Relevance of Serotonergic system in psychiatric disorders.
(DEC-03) Serotonergic receptors. (JUN-03)
Ligand binding in receptors.
(JUN-03) Substance P. (JUN03)
Cannabinoid receptors. (DEC02) Opioid receptors. (JUN02) Endorphins
&Enkephalins. (DEC-08)
Opiate peptides-Anatomical and Physiological aspects.
(JUN-93) Glutamate. (JUN-01)
Cholinergic neurotransmission.
(DEC-07) Peptide
Neurotransmitter. (DEC-06)
GABA receptors.(DEC-07)
Second messengers. (DEC-01)
Second messengers in
neurotransmission. (DEC-99) Third
messenger. (DEC-08)
Psychoneuroimmunology
Psychoneuroimmunology. (DEC-08)
What do you understand by psycho-neuro-immunology? Discuss in brief
psycho-neuro- immunological basis of psychiatric disorders. (2012)
Psychoneuroendicrinology
Discuss endocrine dysfunction in various psychiatric
disorders. (DEC-06) Reproductive endocrine functions and
behaviour. (JUN-2000)
Neuro endocrine serotonin challenge tests.
(DEC-97) Dexamethasone suppression test.
(DEC-95)

CHRONOBIOLOGY
Circadian rhythms. (DEC-03)
Endogenous Zeitgebers. (DEC99)

Neurobiology of the circadian rhythm. (JUN2000) Neurobiology of circadian system in


mammals. (DEC-02)

APPLIED ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY
EEG in psychiatry. (JUN-05)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy: Basic


Principles and Recent Findings in Neuropsychiatric Disorders
What is fMRI? What are the principles of its working? Discuss briefly the clinical
applications of fMRl in psychiatry.(2010)
Role of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in
psychiatry. (JUN-02) Magnetic resonance imaging in
psychiatric disorder. (DEC-95)
RADIOTRACER IMAGING WITH POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY
AND SINGLE PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
SPECT (Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography). (JUN-03)
GENETIC EPIDEMIOLOGY IN PSYCHIATRY AND GENETIC LINKAGE
ANALYSIS OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS
What is the differencebetween phenotypeand genotype?Discuss modesof
genetic transmission of psychiatricdisorders withexamples. (2013)
Genetic Engineering. (DEC08) Epigenesis principle.
(DEC-08) Adoption studies.
(DEC-07) Genetic
disorders. (DEC-07)
Linkage association. (DEC06) Linkage and
Association. (JUN-03)
Linkage analysis. (JUN-01, DEC-2000)
Frequent complications in the genetic analysis of mental
disorders. (JUN-2000) Reverse genetics. (JUN-97)
Dominance and recessivity in genetics. (DEC94) Heritability in genetics. (JUN-94)
Types of inheritance and their important differences. (JUN-93)
ANIMAL MODELS IN PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH
Animal models of psychiatric disorders. (JUN-01)
PAIN SYSTEMS: INTERFACE WITH THE AFFECTIVE BRAIN
Neurophysiology of pain. (DEC-94)
Epilepsy

Define complexPartial seizures (CPS). Describe its various clinical types in


detail. Mention its management. (2011)
Clinical features of complex partial seizures & relevance to psychiatry. (DEC-09)
Defineepilepsy? Describe itsrelevance andrelationship to presentation of
psychiatric disorders. (2010)
Describe the recent classification of epilepsy and their differential
diagnosis. (DEC-96) Temporal lobe epilepsy. (DEC-04, DEC-01)
Psychiatric aspects of epilepsy. (DEC-08, DEC-07, DEC-06)
headache
Describe clinical featuresand management of migraine.
(2011) Headache & Migraine. (DEC-08)
Headache-aetiology & broad principles of
management. (JUN-05) Tension headaches. (JUN-98)

Neurological disorders
Describe clinical features of frontal lobe syndromes. (2012, DEC-09, JUN-05, DEC03)
Write in detail about the clinical features, etiology and comorbidity of
Down'ssyndrome. (2011, DEC- 01, 04, 07)
Classify Demyelinating disease and write in detail about signs and symptoms
of multiple sclerosis. (DEC-07)
Psychobiology of stereotyped movement disorders.
(JUN-99) Multiple sclerosis. (JUN-02)
Movement disorders. (DEC06) Parkinsons diseases.
(JUN-03) Wilsons disease.
(DEC-01) Huntingtons
chorea. (JUN-01) Transient Tic
disorders. (JUN-99)
Cause and management of dystonia. (JUN-97)
Classify aphasias and describe with causes and
examination. (DEC-07) What is apraxia?
Describedifferenttypes of apraxia. (2011)
Substance sclerosingpanencephalities (SSPE). (JUN-94)
List Substance Spongiform Encephalopathies and discuss clinical features and
management of one. (JUN-05)
Prion diseases. (JUN-2000)

Subdural haematoma-aetiology and


management. (DEC-06) Organic causes of
catatonia. (DEC-2000)
Normal pressure hydrocephalus. (JUN-2000)
Neuropsychiatric manifestation of different disorder
discuss the various neuropsychiatric manifestations of head injury. (2012,
DEC-08, 07) Psychiatric manifestations of stroke. (JUN-05)
Discuss the various neuropsychiatric disorders associated with HIV
infection and outline the treatment modility used for management of
these disorder. (2012, DEC-02, DEC-01)
Psychiatrists role in the prevention of HIV infection. (DEC-97)
Various psychiatric manifestations of HIV & stages at which these appear.
(DEC-09, DEC-03) Neuropsychiatric disorders associated with HIV infection.
(DEC-04)
Role of counselling in prevention of HIV infection.
(DEC-02) HIV test counselling. (DEC-98)
Psychiatric aspects of epilepsy. (DEC-08, DEC-07, DEC-06)
Demyelinating disorder and the psychiatric sequelae of multiple
sclerosis. (JUN-2000) What is multiple sclerosis?What are its
psychological complications (2013).
Discuss briefly the psychiatric problems as seen in a coronary care unit and
their management.
(DEC-01, DEC-04)
Describe the psychiatric aspects of Parkinsons disease and discuss the
management issues of depressive symptoms. (DEC-99)
Discussthe interfacebetween Parkinson's disease and
Psychiatry. (2013) Psychiatric aspects of diabetes mellitus.
(DEC-99)
Neuro-psychiatric problems associated with thyroid
dysfunction. (DEC-01) Neuropsychiatric disorders
associated with thyroid diseases. (DEC-04)
Describe the Neuropsychiatric manifestation of hyper and hypothyroidism
and their treatment. (JUN-03)
Psychiatric manifestation of
hyperparathyroidism. (JUN-05) Systemic lupus
erythematosis. (JUN-2000)

Discuss psychiatric manifestations of SLE systemic lupus


erythematosus. (2012) Psychiatric aspects of
organophosphorus poisoning. (DEC-94)
Psychiatric disorders in Renal Dialysis. (JUN-92)

Neuropsychiatric disorders associated with Vitamin


deficiencies. (DEC-04) Psychiatric problems as seen in ICU
of general hospitals. (DEC-2000) Primary prevention as
related to neuropsychiatric disorders. (DEC-04)
Psychopathology
Define hallucinations. How do true and pseudo-hallucinations differ? What is
their clinical significance? (2010)
Whatare the stages of development of delusions? Describe3 typesof
primarydelusional experiences? (2013)
Describe the psychological mechanisms in delusion
formation. (JUN-99) Describe delusion. Describe its
attributes & types. (DEC-09)
Delusional misidentification syndrome.
(DEC-08) Concept of Normalcy. (jun-06,
DEC-2000) Psychology and sociology
Define learning. Name types of learning. Describe operant conditioning with
examples. (2012)
Define learning; enumerate three theories of learning and five features of
classical conditional. (DEC- 03)
Concept formation in learning. (DEC-06,
JUN-96) Theories of social learning. (JUN2000, JUN-96)
What is conditioning? Describe the various types of conditioning. Name the
situations in which they have applied importance and how? (2013)
What is operant conditioning & its type & different reinforcement
schedule. (DEC-09, DEC-01) Role of learning in memory. (JUN-03)
Define declarative memoryand discuss its neurobiological substrates. (2011)
Define memory, its subtypes & describe neuroanatomical correlates of
memory. (DEC-09, DEC-06) Describeneuro-anatomical correlatesof memory.
(2013)
Neurochemical basis of memory. (JUN02) Biological basis of learning and
memory. (DEC-02)
Define memory and discuss concept of multiple memory system in the
brain. (JUN-98) Describe briefly how does the brain store memory. (JUN98)
Role of motivation of behaviour. (jun-06, JUN-98)
What is motivation? Discuss its development and its application in family
planning programs. (JUN- 96)

Discuss the neurobiology of stress. What is its relationship with psychiatric


disorders? (DEC-2000) Stress and its coping mechanism. (JUN-95)
Stress management and relaxation therapy. (DEC-07)
Define emotion. discuss neuronal circuit of emotion with the help of diagram.
(2011)
Describe the neuroanatomical basis of emotion, and discuss the various
theories of emotion with special emphasis of recent theories. (JUN-2000)
Characteristics of healthy development. (DEC-07)
Enumerate the 4 stages of development postulated by Jean Piaget giving the
age period of each stage. Describe the chief characteristics of any one
stage. (2010)
Piagets theory of cognitive development in children.
(DEC-02) Emotional development in a child. (JUN-97)
Critical period in language development.
(DEC-93) Cognitive maturation in
childhood. (DEC-94) Overprotection in
development of a child. (DEC-96)
Adolescent psychological development.
(JUN-03) Developmental tasks of
adolescence. (JUN-94) Development of
self. (JUN-98)
Enumerate various psychodynamic theories with relevance to personality
disorders in general. Also mention commonly encountered defence mechanism
along with their explanations. (2011)
Who were Neo- Freudians? Discuss the commonality in their theories of
personality. How did these theories differ from classical Freudians? (JUN-92)
Regression(in personality). (DEC-92)
Define defensemechanisms.Classify them and name the defense mechanisms
used in phobia. (2012) Free association technique as developed by Sigmund
Freud. (DEC-01)
Free association. (DEC-06)
Defence mechanisms involved in dreaming. (DEC-96)
Define defense mechanism. Enumerate 4 immature and 4 mature defense
mechanisms. Describe in details 3 defense mechanisms used in OCD (Obsessive
Compulsive Disorders). (2010, DEC-08)
Mature ego defense mechanism. (jun-06)
Common defence mechanisms in service of Ego. (DEC-02)
What is the topographical model of mind proposed by Freud & its
significance? (DEC-09) Describe the topographical model of the
psychoanalytic theory of mind. (JUN-02)

Describe the behavioural and cognitive theories of mind.


(JUN-03) Reaction formation. (DEC-07)
Unconscious.
(DEC-97) Signal
anxiety. (JUN-96)
Ego-ideals. (JUN96) Basic Anxiety.
(JUN-92) Conflict.
(DEC-07)
Infantile sexuality. (DEC08) Ego psychology.
(DEC-2000)
Discuss briefly attachment theory and its implications for
psychiatry (2012) Bowlbys attachment theory. (DEC-03)
Disorders of attachment. (DEC-06)
Define aggression. What are the predictorsof aggression? Briefly
discusspsychologicaland social theories of aggression. (2012)
Describe the causes, variation, neuroanatomical and neurophysiology of
aggression. (DEC-93) Theories of aggression. (DEC-08)
Aggression. (JUN-01)
Describe thinking, its neurobiological basis and its
disorders. (2011) Primary and secondary process thinking.
(DEC-94)
Role of learning in perception. (JUN01) Perception and Apperception.
(DEC-95) Principles of gestalt
psychology. (JUN-97)
Intelligence. Discuss briefly the methods of its assessment.
(jun-06, JUN-01) Controversies of concept of intelligence. (DEC06, JUN-2000)
Intelligence tests for children in India.
(DEC-99) Wechler adult intelligence
scale. (DEC-96)
Hold and Dont Hold test of wechsters Adult intelligence scales. (DEC-94)
Maslows hierarchy of needs.
(DEC-07) Aspects of attitude.
(JUN-93)

Non-pharmacological management in psychiatric disorders. (DEC-07)

Use of projective tests in psychiatric tests in psychiatric diagnosis. (DEC-06, DEC2000)


Name some projective tests. Discuss the development, administration and
assessment procedure of any one.
Rorschach test. (DEC-04)
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). (DEC-03)
What are the clinical uses of neuropsychological test? Name various
batteries. (DEC-09) Describe various components assessed under
neurophysiological testing. (DEC-07) Psychological tests for Organicity.
(DEC-04)
Ravens progressive matrices. (DEC01) Culture of psychotherapy.
(DEC-04)
Indian adaption of psychotherapy. (JUN-05)
Common therapeutic principles between traditional indigenous healing and
psychotherapy. (DEC- 2000)
Transference. (DEC-92)
Resistance (in psychotherapy)
(JUN-92) Transference Neurosis.
(DEC-06) Systematic
desensitization. (DEC-06)
What is systemic desensitization?Describe its principles, componentsand
applications (2012, DEC-09)
Flooding Technique of behaviour therapy-its principles and application on
psychiatric disorders. (DEC-04)
What is token economy?Write in brief about its background, techniques, clinical
relevance and efficacy. (2011)
Social skill training. (DEC-99)
What is group therapy?Write its principle components and
types.(2011) Group therapy. (JUN-94)
Hypnosis. (JUN-99)
What is Cognitive Behavior Therapy? Describe its basic tenets and various
cognitive errors. (2010)Describethe cognitivetriad of depression and its
rolein management. (2013)
Discussthe cognitive- behaviourtherapy (CBT) for
anxietydisorders. (2012) Cognitive behaviour therapy. (DEC08)
Principles of cognitive therapy. (DEC-04)

Whatare the theoreticalprinciplesguiding dialectical behaviortherapy(DBT)?


Describethe components of DBT. (2013)
Brief interventions. (JUN-02)
Cathexis. (DEC-92)
Brain washing. (DEC-97)
Crisis intervention. (jun-06,
JUN-2000) Assertive training.
(JUN-03, JUN-01) Logo
therapy. (JUN-99)
Play therapy. (DEC-93)
Psychodrama. (JUN-02)
What is Bio-feedback? Name the types and indications in
psychiatry. (2010) Prejudice. (JUN-99)
Psychological autopsy. (DEC-97)
What is social causation? How do social factors such as class, gender, age,
social events effect mental health? (2010)
Psychosocial model of disease. (JUN-95)
Describe the impact of migration and urbanization on mental health of the
lndian society. (2013) Parent-child relationship and its implication to
psychiatric disorder. (DEC-08)
Principles in behavioural sciences. (DEC08) Expressed emotions. (DEC-01)
Social cohesion and mental disorder.
(DEC-94) Social support and social
network. (JUN-93)
Role of socio-cultural factors in the incidence and outcome of
mental illness. (JUN-92) Implication of socio-biology for psychiatry.
(JUN-2000)
Migration and mental health. (JUN-2000)
Psychological aspects of adoption. (DEC2000) Landmarks
Carl Jung. (DEC-08, DEC-07)
Adolf Meyer. (DEC-07)
Harry Stark Sullivan. (DEC-06,
JUN-01) Neo-Freudian. (jun06)

Sigmund Freud.
(DEC-04) Emil
Kraepelin. (JUN-03)
Anna Freud. (DEC01) Erik Erickson.
(DEC-01) Jean
Piaget. (DEC-01)
Karen Horney.
(DEC-96)
FamKallman. (DEC96) John Bowlby.
(DEC-95)
Statistics
Describe various statistical tests of significance and their applicability. (DEC-09)
What is quantitative research? Describe essential features, strengths and
limitationsof quantitativeresearch. (2010, 2012)
What is psychiatric epidemiology? What are its uses? Enumerate most common
types of designs used in psychiatric epidemiology(2011).
What is epidemiology?Describe differenttypes of epidemiological studies in
Psychiatrywithexamples. (2013)
Discuss the various steps involved in planning and conducting an
epidemiological community survey to assess prevalence of psychiatric
morbidity in one district of our state. (DEC-2000)
How to conduct epidemiological survey of psychiatric morbidity in the
community? (DEC-04) Sampling in epidemiological study. (JUN-02)
Reliability and validity of psychometric tests. (DEC-08)
Define validity (JUN-2000). Name different types of validity.What is the
importance of validity in psychiatry.(2011)
Define reliabilityof a test instrumentin Psychiatry. What are the differenttypes of
reliabilityand how are they measured?(2013)
Chi-square test for determining associated between two independent
variables. (DEC-02) Chi-square test. (DEC-08)
ANOVA.(jun-06)
ANOVA technique & its application. (DEC-03)
Use of control groups in psychiatric research.
(DEC-2000) Control group. (JUN-96)
Meta-analysis. (JUN-2000)

Student t test. (JUN-97)


Sensitivity and specificity of tests. (DEC-95)
Steps in assessing the prevalence of mental morbidity in population.
(DEC-92) Statistical tests of differences between samples. (DEC-92)
Steps in the development of psychometric
instruments. (JUN-92) Null hypothesis. (JUN-94)
Delirium, dementia and amnestic disorder
What is delirium? Enumerates its causes and describe its
management. (2012) Delirium, aetiology and its management.
(DEC-08)
What is delirium tremens? Write its clinicalfeaturesand treatment.
(2011) Identification and management of delirium. (DEC-03)
Delirium caused by deficiency disease. (DEC-02)
How would you differentiate delirium & dementia? Management of delirium.
(DEC-09)
Define dementia.Describedifferentmodalitiesof managementof cognitive
impairmentin Alzheimesdementia. (2013)
Alzheimers disease-neuropathology and its treatment. (DEC-04)
Discuss the various risk factors, differential diagnosis and management of
Alzheimers dementia. (DEC-2000)
Describe various neuropathologicaland neurochemical changes associated with
Alzheimersdisease. (2011)
Describe various degenerative
dementias. (JUN-99) Active cortical
dementia. (JUN-98)
Subcortical dementia. (JUN96) Vascular dementia. (DEC03, DEC-02)
Describe frontal lobe dementia. Discuss the management of senile and presenile
dementia. (JUN-01) How do the clinical features of Fronto-temporal dementia
affect its management? (2010)
Pseudo dementia. (DEC-98)
Write variousdifferentiatingfeaturesof dementia and pseudodementia. (2011) Note on dialysis dementia. (DEC-09)
Treatable dementia. (DEC-97)
The diagnosis of early dementia. (DEC-95)

Aids dementia.(DEC-93)
Write notes on clinical features and aetiology of amnesic disorders. (DEC-07)
Substance related disorder
Theories of addiction. (DEC-08)
Biological basis of addiction.
(JUN-01)
Brain rewarding pathways to induce drug taking and craving behaviour. (DEC02)
Whatare the effectsof rising bloodalcohol levels on the body? Describe
differencebetweenalcoholwithdrawaland complicated alcohol withdrawal.
(2013)
Chronic alcoholism and its treatment.
(DEC-04) Alcoholic dementia. (DEC-99)
Wernickes encephalopathy. (DEC-08)
What is Korsakoff Psychosis? Describe its etiology, clinical features, and
management. (2010) Describe alcohol-induced neuro-psychiatric disorders.
(DEC-02)
Foetal Alcohol Syndrome. (JUN-02)
Sexual problems of chronic alcoholics. (DEC-93)
Discuss the long term pharmacologicalmanagement (preventive) of alcohol
dependence. (2011) Role of behaviour therapy in Alcohol Dependence
Syndrome. (JUN-05)
Substitution maintenance treatment for opiate dependence. (DEC-03)
Discuss briefly about acute and chronic harmful effects (neuropsychiatric) of
cannabis use. (2012) Discuss briefly about acute and chronic harmful effects
(neuropsychiatric) of cannabis use. (2012) Define tobacco dependence.
Describe brief intervention for tobacco dependence. (2013) Management of
tobacco smoking. (DEC-06)
Tobacco consumption in India and its relation to psychiatric problems. (DEC-04)
Drugs of abuse that can be tested in urine.
(JUN-99) Primary prevention of drug
dependence. (JUN-93)
Describe in brief counselling principles and their application to specific drugs of
abuse. (2010)
Schizophrenia
Biological theories of schizophrenia.
(JUN-05) Various genetic studies of

schizophrenia. (DEC-08) Genetics of


schizophrenia. (DEC-04, DEC-2000)

Discuss the recent advances in understanding of genetics of schizophrenia. (JUN02)


What do you understand by adoption studies? Describe the different design of
adoption studies with special reference to schizophrenia. (DEC-09)
Dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia.
(JUN-02) Dopamine hypothesis. (DEC-04)
Evidence for and against dopamine theory of schizophrenia. (DEC-03)
Discuss recent theories of schizophrenia and describe in detail
neurodevelopment theory. (DEC-98) Cerebellum in schizophrenia. (DEC-06,
DEC-99)
What are the current social theories of schizophrenia?
(DEC-09) Vulnerability concept in schizophrenia. (DEC-93)
Incidence of schizophrenia. (DEC-94)
Discuss negative symptoms in schizophrenia and their
management. (DEC-03) Late onset schizophrenia. (JUN-97)
Discussthe prognosticfactorsand variousoutcomes of schizophrenia.
(2012) Neurocognitive function in schizophrenia. (DEC-07)
Cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. (jun-06)
Discuss the recent developments in the understanding of cognitive
dysfunctions in schizophrenia. (DEC-01)
Describethe role of clozapine in treatmentof schizophrenia,its risks and benefit
(2013)
Discussbriefly the differenttechniquesusedin the psychosocial treatment of
schizophrenia. (2011)
Define rehabilitation and describe psycho-social rehabilitative measures for
chronic schizophrenia patients. (JUN-03)
Relapse prevention in schizophrenia.
(JUN-95) Assessment of disability in
schizophrenia. (JUN-02)
Differentiation between Wernickes aphasia disorganised schizophrenia. (DEC-96)
What are drug associated psychosis. How can they be differentiated from
schizophrenia? (DEC-09)
Mood disorder
Manic depressive illness. (jun-06)
Cognitive theory of depression.
(DEC-03)
Describe 5 common cognitive
distortions. (2012) Genetic basis of
affective disorders. (DEC-02)

Discuss the psychopathology of depression. (DEC-99)


What is the relationshipbetween immune systemand the HPAaxis?
Describeimmune changesin depression and its clinical applications. (2013)
Discuss the clinicalfeatures and managementof atypical depression. (2012)
Whatismasked depression? Writeinbriefaboutitsclinical presentation and
management. (2010) Discuss the assessment and management of
treatmentresistant depression. (2012)
Define treatment resistant depression and discuss the guidelines for its
management. (2010) Management of refractory depression (Treatment
Resistant Depression). (DEC-98)
Discuss managementof depression in a patientwith cardiac
illness (2013). Describe the management of recurrent
depressive disorder. (DEC-09) Biological methods of mood
disorders. (jun-06)
Sleep deprivation in treatment of depression. (JUN-05)
Principles and techniques of cognitive therapy in depression. (DEC-01)
Anxiety disorder
What are the diagnosticfeaturesof generalized anxiety disorder(GAD)?
Describe its courseandprognosis? (2013)
Organic basis of anxiety. (DEC-04)
Describe management of Generalized Anxiety Disorder. (DEC-09)
What is agoraphobia?Describebrieflyits prevalence,comparative nosology and
managementoutline. (2012, DEC-2000)
Describe various biological theories/ factors of etiology ofphobic
disorder. (2010) Describe Bio psychosocial, etiological factors
operative in OCD. (DEC-09) Biological basis for obsessive
compulsive disorder. (DEC-04, JUN-02, DEC-01)
Define treatment resistant obsessive compulsive disorder and discuss its
management. (2011) Describe the non-pharmacological management
ofobsessive compulsive disorders. (2010) Discussthe biological basis of panic
disorder. (2011)
Management of panic disorders.
(DEC-08) Post- traumatic stress
disorder. (DEC-07)
Discuss clinical features, differential diagnosis and managementof body
dysmorphic disorder. (2013) Dysmorphophobia. (JUN-93)
Dissociative disorder

Whatis conversiondisorder? Describebriefly the developmentof the conceptin


terms of history and its currentnosologicalstatus. (2012)
Describethe various modelsdescribing etiology of conversion
disorder. (2013) Critically evaluate the current understanding of
conversion hysteria. (DEC-93)
what is dissociativeamnesia? write in brief aboutits clinical presentation,
etiology and management. (2011)
Somatoform disorder
Write about somatoform pain disorder and its
management. (2011) Chronic pain syndrome. (DEC04)
What is somaticsymptomdisorder?Describeclinical features and managementof
somaticsymptom disorder.(2013)
What is ChronicFatigue Syndrome (CFS)?Whatare correlates? How will you
treat a ladysufferingfromCFS? (2013)
Chronic fatigue syndrome. (DEC-06, JUN-02)
What is Munchausens syndrome by proxy & describe its clinical presentation
& its management. (DEC-09)
Eating disorder
Eating disorders-causes and management.
(DEC-07) Anorexia Nervosa. (DEC-04, jun-03)
What is anorexia nervosa?Write in brief aboutits clinical features, etiology,
complications and management. (2011)
Assessment of outcome in Anorexia Nervosa. (JUN-05)
What is Bulimia Nervosa? Describe its etiology and management.
Sleep disorder
Define sleep. Describe various stages of sleep. Discuss neurobiology of sleep
and wakefulness (2011).
Describe different stages of sleep with their changes and
attributes. (DEC-09) Stages of cycle sleep. (DEC-08)
Sleep deprivation and its consequences.
(DEC-07) Primary insomnia. (DEC-02)
Classify the sleep disorders. Discuss the
parasomnias. (JUN-01) Sleep apnoea. (DEC-2000)
Narcolepsy. (JUN-99)

Sexual dysfunction
Enumeratevarious paraphilias andwriteany one in detail. (2011)
Namevarious stagesof the sexual responsecycle. Describe very briefly the
disorders associatedwith different stages. (2013)
Erectile dysfunction and its treatment.
(DEC-04) Premature ejaculation. (DEC03)
Aetiology of secondary sexual dysfunctions.
(JUN-96) Impotency in a male aged 40
years. (JUN-92) Personality disorders
Give an account of psychoanalytic (Freudian) theory of personality.
(DEC-92) Temperament. (DEC-94)
Classify personality disorders. Discuss in brief the management of antisocial
personality disorder. (2010)
Describe the management of Borderline personality disorder & how do the
clinical impact the management. (DEC-09)
Define personality. Describe briefly types of psychological tests to assess
personality disorders. (DEC- 97)
Critically evaluate tools of personality assessment. (DEC-06)
Impulse control disorder
Trichotillomania and its Non pharmacological management. (DEC-08, JUN-01)
Psychosomatics
Theories of psychosomatic disorders. (DEC-02)
Enumerate various lifestyle risk factors in relation to psychosomatic disorders.
Discuss clinical implication of each. (2012)
Discuss psychological factors affecting coronary artery disease and discuss
management. (DEC-07)
Discuss pathophysiology affecting coronary artery disease and discuss
management. (DEC-07)
What is Type A personality? What is its relevance in health and
psychosomatic disorders? (2011, DEC-08)
What is Type C personality? What is its relevance in psychosomatic disorders
and health? (2010) Essential hypertension. (JUN-98)
Transient Ischemic attacks. (JUN97) Syncope. (JUN-94)

Mitral value prolapse. (JUN-93)


Discuss the symptoms, comorbidity and treatment of irritable bowel
syndrome. (2012) Irritable bowel syndrome. (DEC-04)
Define obesity and its measurement. What are its related psychiatric
issues? (2013) Describe risk factors & principles of management of
obesity. (DEC-09)
Obesity. (JUN-02)
What is the relationship between stress and diabetes? Discuss the
relationship between diabetes and psychiatric disorders. (2010)
Sexual problems in diabetics.
(JUN-93) Thyroid crisis. (JUN-01)
Cushings syndrome. (JUN01) Sheehans syndrome.
(JUN-98) Hypoglycaemia.
(DEC-94)
Pheochromocytoma. (DEC93) Hyperparathyroidism.
(JUN-93)
Describe relation between emotion & cancer. What psychological interaction
can modify the outcome in cancer patients? (DEC-09)
Psychosomatic disorders in skin diseases.
(DEC-04) Psychosomatic aspects of
bronchial asthma. (JUN-03) Acute
Intermittent Porphyria. (JUN-01)
Psychiatric complications of nutritional deficiencies.
(JUN-95) Mental changes in liver failure. (JUN-95)
Psychogenic backaches. (JUN94) Atropine poisoning. (JUN-93)
Discuss the psychiatric syndrome associated with Vitamin B deficiency. (DEC-92)
what is bereavement? What are the stages of normal bereavement process?
Write in brief about complicated bereavement. (2011)
Grief and bereavement. (DEC-01)
Executive Stress Syndrome. (JUN92)
What are bereavement, grief and mourning? Describe the stages of grief and
their clinical relevance (2013)

Describe grief. Describe different phase of grief.(DEC09) Pathological grief. (DEC-06)


Psychiatric issues related to organ transplant. (DEC-08)
Discuss the psychological aspects of aetiology and treatment of
terminally ill. (JUN-95) Role of a psychiatrist in the management of
the terminally ill. (JUN-95)
Consultation liason psychiatry
Common consultation-Liaison problems. (JUN-99)
Consultation-Liaison psychiatry-its scope in medical and psychological disorders.
(DEC-07)
Culture bound syndrome
What is culture? How doesit influence psychopathology? Describe
brieflyclinicalfeatures of a cultureboundsyndrome seen in india. (2013)
Culture bound syndrome. (JUN-2000)
Child psychiatry
Write an essay on classification of child psychiatry disorders in ICD10? (JUN-93) Specific learning disorders. (DEC-06)
Define specific developmental disorders of sleep & language & describe any
one of them. (DEC-09) Define dyslexia. Describe its characteristic feature and
management. (2012, DEC-08)
Classify pervasive developmental disorder according to DSM IV. Discuss in brief
the clinical feature and management of autistic disorder. (2012)
Classify & Compare Pervasive development disorders. (DEC-08)
Discuss aetiology, clinical features and managements of autistic
disorder. (JUN-2000) Autism. (DEC-03)
Autism-like states. (JUN-94)
Describe the clinical features of Rett's disorder, its aetiology, differential
diagnosis andmanagement. (2011)
Aspergers syndrome &its clinical features, differential diagnosis &
management. (DEC-09) Aspergers syndrome. (jun-06)
Discuss aetiology, presentation and management of attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder. (DEC- 02)
Definition, classification, presentation and treatment of Attention Deficit
Disorder. (JUN-02) Attention deficit hyperactive disorder. (DEC-04)

Clinical features of ADHD. (DEC-06)


Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
(JUN-03) Non pharmacological management of
ADHD. (DEC-08)
What is conduct disorder? Describe its clinical features and management in
brief? (2010)Management of Oppositional Defiant Disorder. (jun-06)
Assessment of behavioural problems in children. (JUN-02)
Whatis school refusal? Describe the pharmacological & non pharmacological
management of school refusal. (2011, 2013)
School phobia(DEC-04, DEC-01) and its treatment. (DEC-04)
Defineand describeone eating disorderfound in children or adolescents. (2013)
What is selective mutism? Describe its clinical feature and management.
(2012, DEC-07) Elective mutism. (DEC-2000)
Define nocturnar enuresis. Name its types. Discuss its pharmacological and nonpharmacological management. (2010, DEC-02)
Enuresis. (JUN-01)
Sleep Disorder in children. (JUN-97)
What is child abuse? What are its subtypes? What may be the presenting
features, which lead to high index of suspicion. (2010)
Implications of child abuse & neglect. (DEC-08)
What is child abuse? Discuss its clinical presenting feature and
management. (2012) Separation anxiety. (DEC-02)
Separation anxiety disorder of childhood. (JUN-03)
Describe the clinical features and managementof Tourettes disorder. (2011)
Whatis Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome?Enlistco-morbid psychiatric conditionsin
childrenwiththis disorder.Write salientpoints of its management. (2013)
Define Tourettes disorders & its clinical features & management.
(DEC-09) Childhood depression. (DEC-97)
Write an essay on psychiatric emergencies adolescents. (DEC-99)
Psychopharmacology in children. (DEC-92)
Mental retardation
Aetiological classification of mental retardation. (DEC-06)

How is intellectual disability defined? How is it different from mental


retardation? Discuss with examples.(2013)
Concept of Mental retardation. (jun06) Fragile X syndrome. (jun-06)
Mental handicap. (jun-06)
Service of MR in community. (jun-06)
Discuss the various genetic factors contributing to mental
retardation. (JUN-01) Classification of mental retardation. (JUN-03)
Define prevention. Explain briefly the levels of prevention. Discuss the role of
primary prevention in mental retardation. (2012)
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of mental retardation.
(DEC-07) Management of mild mental retardation. (DEC-06)
Self help group of mental handicap. (JUN-93)
Psychopharmacology
What is pharmaco-genetics?Describe its research and implications in Tt of
psychiatric disorders (2012)
Define synaptic plasticity. How is it relevant in the action of various
psychotropic drugs? Also describe in brief its clinical implications. (2010)
Therapeutic window. (DEC-93, DEC-96)
Pharmacodynamic drug-drug interaction.
(JUN-97) Drug interaction.(DEC-06)
Pharmacokinetics of psychotropic drugs. (DEC-07)
What are atypical antipsychotic drugs? Name some of the atypical antipsychoticseffectivein negative symptoms of schizophrenia. what are their
common side effects and their management? (2011)
Mechanism of action of atypical antipsychotics. (DEC-04,
DEC-2000) Long acting neuroleptics. (DEC-93)
Antipsychotics in pregnancy. (JUN-05)
Neuroleptic Threshold. (JUN-93)
Describe in brief about any two acute side effects of typical antipsychotic
drugs, discussing their features and management. (2010)
What is akathisia? Discuss its etiologyand treatment.
(2011) Tardive dyskinesia. (JUN-02, JUN-01)

Describe clinical presentation of Tardive dyskinesia & its pathophysiology &


treatment. (DEC-09) What are iatrogenic movement disorders? Discuss their
prevention. (DEC-94)
Describe common drug induced movement disorders in psychiatric
practices.(2012) Drug induced movement disorders. (DEC-08)
Discuss the signs and symptoms, risk factors and treatment of neuroleptic
malignant syndrome.(2011)
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome. (DEC-06, DEC-2000)
What are the causes of lithium toxicity? Discuss the features of lithium toxicity
according to the serum levels and the treatment of lithium toxicity.(2012)
What is lithium toxicity? Describe its features and
management. (2010) Lithium therapy in pregnant
women. (DEC-06, DEC-99)
Use of sodium valproate in psychiatry. (DEC-99)
Chronic antidepressant treatment stimulates an adaptive form of neuronal
plasticity including changes in neuronal structure and functions. Discuss in
detail the Intracellular molecular mechanisms involved in the process.
(DEC-02)
Interactions of anti-depressants with other
drugs. (DEC-95) Drug treatment of depressed
hypertensive. (JUN-95) Antidepressants and
EEG. (JUN-05)
What is serotoninwithdrawal syndrome and write its
management? (2011) Discuss neuropharmacology of alcohol.
(DEC-06)
Write about indication, mechanism of action & side effects of disulfiram.
(DEC-09) Naltrexone. (JUN-01)
A new anti-anxiety drug has been introduced in the market. Describe the
methods of assessing dependence liability of this drug. (DEC-02)
Write the features of 'benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome' and its
management? (2010) Use of anticonvulsant in psychiatry. (DEC-2000)
Melatonin. (JUN-01)
Hypertensive crisis in psychiatry. (DEC2000) Steroid psychosis. (DEC-99)
Drug induced psychosis. (DEC-97)
Psychiatric side effects of antihypertensive drugs. (DEC-93)

Other treatment methods


Discuss the role of r-TMS (RepetitiveTranscranialMagnetic
Stimulation)in managementof psychiatricdisorders.(2012)
Describe neurophysiological basis of ECT. (DEC09) Mechanism of action of ECT. (DEC-06)
Electro-convulsive therapy. (DEC-04)
ECT device and steps in administering ECT. (JUN-95)
INVESTIGATIONS IN PSYCHIATRY
What is neuroimaging? Name different neuroimaging techniques(DEC-97).
Describe briefly SPECTS and its application in psychiatry. (2011)
Neuroimaging in psychiatry. (DEC-07)
Role of following in psychiatry:CT scan, MRI, SPECT,
PET.(DEC-06) What biochemical tests are important in
psychiatry illness? (DEC-06) Molecular biological
investigation. (DEC-95)
Genetic Makers in psychiatry. (DEC-93)
Mini-mental state examination (MMSE). (DEC-02)
Geriatric psychiatry
Enumerate the various neuroanatomical and neurochemical changes of aging
based on recent research findings. (JUN-03)
Enumerate the various neuroanatomical and neuropsychological changes of
aging. (JUN-01)
Suicide
What are the differences betweensuicide and para-suicide?Define and describe
with examples.(2013)
Discuss the etiology andrisk factorsfor suicide.Briefly discuss the management
of a suicidalpatient. (2010, 2012)
Define suicide & its risk factors. What are the national suicide rates for India.
(DEC-09) Epidemiological aspects of suicide. (DEC-08)
Psychological basis of suicide. (DEC07) Nonfatal deliberate self-harm.
(JUN-05) Assessment of suicidal risk.
(JUN-05) Assessment of suicidal
intent. (DEC-98) Attempted suicide.
(DEC-04)

Genetics in suicide and impulsive behaviour. (JUN-03)


Discuss differential diagnosis and management in a young married lady with
repeated suicidal attempts. (DEC-2000)
Suicide PACT. (JUN-98)
Write an assay on suicide and deliberate self-harm in children and adolescents.
(JUN-97) Phenomenology of completed suicide. (JUN-93)
LAW AND PSYCHIATRY
Discuss in mental health legislations in India. What are the future
developments? (2012) Whatis Mental Health Authority?Describe its
functions. (2011, DEC-07, JUN-01)

Define ethics. Describe the principles and recommendation of indian psychiatric


society mentioned under the code of ethics for psychiatrist. (2012, DEC-99)
Describe code of ethics for psychiatrists according to Indian Psychiatric
Society. (DEC-09) Ethical issues in psychiatric practice. (DEC-04)
Ethical issues in organ transplant. (DEC-97)
Describe the issue of confidentiality in Psychiatry and various related special
circumstances. (2011) Confidentiality in psychiatric practice. (DEC-97)
Human rights of the mentally ill.
(DEC-04) Human rights of
mentally ill. (JUN-02) Informed
consent. (DEC-2000, DEC-03)
What is informed consent? Describe its components and importance in
psychiatry. (2012, DEC-08) Right to refuse treatment. (DEC-96)

Define criminal responsibility. what are the main criteria to establish it and what
is its relevance in psychiatry? (2010, 2013, DEC-07)
Critically responsibility of mental ill persons.
(DEC-93) Laws relating to criminal
responsibility. (JUN-03) Insanity as defence.
(DEC-06, JUN-06, DEC-03) Diminished
responsibility. (JUN-94)

Mental Health Act. (DEC-08)

Describe in detail about the various admission procedures under the Mentat
Health Act 1987. (2010)
Write briefly the improvements as suggested in the provisions of Mental Health
Act of 1987 over the Indian Lunacy Act of 1912. (DEC-01)
What is involuntary hospitalization?Write in detail about various procedures of
involuntaryhospitalizationunder the MHA,1997. (2011, DEC-06)
Compulsory detentions under Mental Health Act of 1987.
(JUN-97) Reception order. (DEC-02)

What is testamentary capacity & its components & its importance in psychiatry.
(DEC-09) Testamentary capacity. (JUN-02)
Valid will as describe in Indian Lunacy Act. (DEC-92)

NDPS act? What is the punishment provision under the act. (DEC-09)

What is domesticviolence?What are the characteristics ofperpetrator &


psychiatric morbidity in victims in lndian context? (2011)
What is fiduciary relationship? How does it affect the provisions of the Right to
lnformation Act? (2010)
Consumer protection act.
(JUN-2000) TORT(JUN-98)
Law of Torts. (JUN-96)
REHABILITATION IN PSYCHIATRY
Describe the various components of rehabilitation in psychiatry. What are the
various techniques used in psychiatric rehabilitation? (2012)
Describe various components of rehabilitation in psychiatry. what are the major
techniques used in the process? (2010)
Psychiatric rehabilitation and its various techniques. (DEC08) Rehabilitation of chronic mental patients in the
community. (DEC-04) COMMUNITY PSYCHIATRY
What is Community Psychiatry? What are its types and basic tenets? (2011)
What is community Psychiatry?How will you organize and review mental health
services in a community? (2013)
Principles of community psychiatry. (DEC-08)

Management of psychiatric disability in community.


(DEC-06) Community psychiatry in India. (DEC2000)
Psychiatric intervention in disaster. (DEC-06)
What factors initiated community psychiatry? Describe how it was adapted to
Indian conditions. (2010)

What are the levels of prevention and define them? Describe the role of
tertiary prevention in psychiatry. (2010)
Primary prevention. (DEC-08, DEC-06)
Prevention of psychiatric disorders.
(DEC-02)

Professional manpower requirements in psychiatry in India. (DEC-06)


Discuss the magnitudeof mental health problemsandresources in
lndia.(2013) Psychiatry in General Practice. (jun-06)
School mental health. (DEC-94)
Therapeutic community. (JUN-98)
MENTAL HEALTH
PROGRAMME
What is national mental health programme? What are its objectiveS? What are
the steps taken to achieve these objectives? (2012)
National Mental Health Program & its objectives.
(DEC-09) National Mental Health Program. (JUN-01,
02, 04)
Critically evaluate the National Mental Health Program and the progress in its
implementation with last 10 years. (DEC-93)
Involvement of Multipurpose workers in the care of mentally ill at mental health
centers. (DEC-92)
Describe the important features of the National Mental Health Program in India,
and discuss its strength and weakness, as well as the current status of its
implementation. (DEC-03)
District Mental Health Program. (DEC-07, DEC-02)
A critique of District Mental Health Program.
(jun-06) District Mental Health Responsibility.
(JUN-03) MISCELLENEOUS
Describe types of pain. Briefly discuss hospice care and euthanasia. (2012)
Describe different types of pain. Write briefly about hospice care & euthanasia.
(DEC-09)

What is violentbehavior? How does it differ fromcriminalbehavior? Describe


brieflycausesof violent behavior. (2013)
Write an essay on the associated between crime and psychiatric
disorders. (DEC-97) Assessment of danger in a psychiatric patient.
(DEC-04)
Risk assessment in psychiatry. (DEC-03)

What is 'IDEAS? Describe its components and method of assessment. (2010)


Whatis disability? Howis it assessedin Psychiatryin lndia?Describe brieflythe
benefitsavailablefor disabled psychiatric patients in lndia. (2013)
Disability. (DEC-08)

Describe clinicalpresentation,nosological status and management of


premenstrual dysphoric disorder (2013, DEC-07)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorders. (DEC-96)

Describe Bio psychosocial model of disease & its relevance in


psychiatry. (DEC-09) Discuss the Bio psychosocial model of
psychiatric illness with a case example. (JUN-97)

Maternal deprivation.
(DEC-07) Parenting. (DEC06)
Maternal deprivation. (DEC-04)
Motherhood and mental illness.
(DEC-98)

What is evidence based medicine?How is it practiced? Describe the various


steps involved in its practice with example. (2010, 2012)
What do you understand by co-morbidity? Discuss its relevance in
Psychiatry? (2010) Describe the role of physical exercise in the
treatmentof psychiatric disorders. (2013)
Describe a planning cycle to organize research for mental health services in a
community. (DEC-09)
Psychotic disorders due to general medical condition-discuss aetiology,
diagnosis and management. (DEC-07)
Halfway home. (DEC03) Day care centre.
(JUN-02)

Gifted child. (JUN-2000)


WHO quality of life scale. (JUN-03)
Recent concepts of consciousness.
(JUN-03) Stigma of mental illness. (JUN02)
Quality of life concept as applied to the field of psychiatry.
(DEC-01) Psychological aspects of adoption. (DEC-2000)
Gender and mental illness.
(DEC-2000) Collective
behaviour.(JUN-2000)
Hyperventilation syndrome.
(JUN-2000)
Discuss the basic principle of classification of mental disorders. What are
the commonalities and differences between DSM-IV and ICD-10 of WHO.
(JUN-99)
Institutional neurosis. (DEC-98)
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ).
(JUN-97) Quality Assurance. (JUN-97)
Issues in treatment non-compliance.
(DEC-96) Effects of sensory
deprivation. (DEC-94) Ethography&
psychiatry. (DEC-93) Administrative
Psychiatry. (JUN-92)