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Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection

Author’s Name and Affiliation:

Tristan Beaster, Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District

Date of Completion: May 31, 2008

Project No. 306-STAR07-07 Contract No. B08882

This project was funded in part under the Coastal Zone Management Act, by NOAA’s Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, in cooperation with Minnesota’s Lake Superior Coastal Program. The State of Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources and the Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District provided additional cash and staff contributions.

District provided additional cash and staff contributions. Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District
Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District
Cook County
Soil & Water
Conservation District
District provided additional cash and staff contributions. Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection

Introduction – Not all lakes can withstand the same intensity of impacts from human activities. In an effort to address this reality, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources classified lakes in 1976 based on factors such as lake area, depth, and shoreline: surface area ratio. The resulting classifications govern local land use practices on lakes. A significant disadvantage of this classification system is that it applies one class to an entire lake, without taking into account different environmental conditions that exist along the shore of the lake. The purpose of this project was to begin a pilot program that would seek to identify sensitive areas of lakes in Cook County, so that these portions of lakes could become candidates for a more restrictive classification system. The goal is to protect especially sensitive lakeshore environments.

Work Completed –

The project was conceived as taking place through four phases. Phase one would define lake criteria to be used for reclassification, design GIS and field data gathering methods and protocols, and select lakes to be studied for the

project.

Phase three would be the field data gathering portion. Phase four would be the presentation of the findings to the public and local officials with recommendations for lake reclassification.

Phase one of the project was effectively completed during the grant period ending May 31, 2008. It began with the formation of an ad hoc work group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee. Three work group members and the SWCD Conservation Technician began a process to meet the objectives of

phase one.

the project through a formal letter sent out in March. After considering responses to the letter, the group identified six priority lakes to be included in the study. Zoning and land ownership maps were created that aided the work group in

prioritizing lakes to be studied. The lakes that were identified are:

Phase two would involve existing data collection and interpretation.

First, the group decided to invite lake associations to be a part of

1. Caribou/Bigsby

2.

3. Hungry Jack

Tait

4. Poplar

5.

6. West Bearskin

Trout

Two of these lakes (Caribou/Bigsby and Trout) are located within the Coastal Management Zone.

The work group also researched criteria that would be used to study the priority For this task, the group received technical assistance from the Minnesota DNR

Initial field surveys were conducted

lakes.

and the MPCA. Work done for phases two and three contributed match to this STAR

grant. GIS maps and shapefiles were created that identify sensitive resources on or

near the lakes with data that is currently available.

during the final two weeks of the grant period to test the workability of the criteria and

data gathering methods.

Results – The project work group met four times during the grant period (February 15, May 11, April 2, and May 12). Six lakes were identified by the work group as priority lakes to be studied. A list of criteria to be used for assessing sensitivity was developed with the input of state agency experts (Appendix E.). Using this list of criteria, initial GIS operations were conducted for Caribou, Bigsby, Tait, and Hungry Jack lakes, resulting in GIS shapefiles and informational maps to be used during phase four. Several potentially sensitive areas were delineated for each of the lakes for which GIS operations were conducted (Appendix A). These areas are either isolated bays, shallow bays, or within 100 meters of a stream inlet or outlet, or a combination of the above. Preliminary field surveys on Bigsby lake suggest that isolated, shallow bays also favor the growth of emergent and floating leaved vegetation – another criteria piece that was identified for our study. These areas could be candidates for reclassification, as they possess many characteristics of the sensitivity criteria that the project work group identified during their meetings. As the project now passes on to phases two and three, we will be able to quantitatively identify these sensitive areas of the lakes included in the study.

Conclusions – Lake ecosystems and their surrounding communities are complex and variable. Methods of studying and protecting lakes in northeast Minnesota will therefore have to be different than methods of doing the same in other parts of the state. We modeled this project off of a similar study done in Cass County, Minnesota. However, several changes had to be made in the sensitivity criteria in order to more accurately reflect lake ecosystems in Cook County. These included adding additional criteria for steep slopes and exposed bedrock, and modifying criteria for aquatic vegetation because of the general lower productivity of lakes in Cook County. Geographic data sets necessary to finish this kind of study are incomplete for this area of the state. Data sets that are needed include a County Soil Survey, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and a higher resolution Digital Elevation Model (DEM). Some of these data sets could be available within 18 months, while others likely will not be available for several years. Cook SWCD recognizes that, in order to conduct a study that is fully defensible and presentable to the public, other state agency professionals will need to be involved. During this grant period, the DNR expressed interest in working with Cook SWCD and Cook County in offering technical assistance in the future when funding becomes available. We will pursue this option if it is offered.

Appendices –

A. GIS Maps

B. Lake Sensitivity Criteria

Digital Products --

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection July 31, 2008 306-STAR07-07 Soil & Water

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection

July 31, 2008

306-STAR07-07

Soil & Water Conservation District Cook County, Grand Marais, MN

A. Final Report

B. Ad hoc Work Group Materials

Marais, MN A. Final Report B. Ad hoc Work Group Materials i. Correspondence ii. Letters to

i.

Correspondence

ii.

Letters to Lake Associations

iii.

Meeting Agendas and Minutes

iv.

Presentations

C. GIS Maps

D. GIS Shapefiles

E. Criteria, Lake Reports, and Data Collection Sheets

February 4, 2008 Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2

February 4, 2008

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

From:

Tristan Beaster, Cook SWCD

To:

Cook County Lakes Reclassification Work Group

Re:

Materials for review

Hello Work Group Members!

Thank you once again for volunteering to take part in this important project.

documents for you to review before our first meeting and to keep as references throughout the project. The first packet consists of the available lake information from the Minnesota DNR Lakefinder website and

from Dave Stark.

I have compiled some

It includes general lake characteristics, fisheries, water level, and water quality data.

The second packet consists of draft maps of county zoning districts and land ownership information. order to focus our efforts, I have only included information on the lakes that have lake associations.

information. order to focus our efforts, I have only included information on the lakes that have

In

The

packets aren’t perfect, but they should serve well to provide the group with a starting point for discussion

and a source for future reference.

These are some things to keep in mind as you are browsing through the information.

1. For the STAR grant, the pilot lake must be within the Lake Superior Coastal zone.

2. The number and size of lakes to be studied should allow for completion of the project within the budget allowed. This should take into account the time required for reports, presentations, and meetings after field work is completed.

3. Lakes should be selected and prioritized based on the need for resource and water quality

protection.

The following items should be considered.

Existing zoning districts and lake classifications and their influence on potential

for development.

Current water quality data and evident trends

Water levels and evident trends

Fishery reports

Observed surface water use

Please take a look at the materials. If anyone has any questions or would like to have additional information, let me know and I will try to have it ready by the meeting.

Hope to see you on February 15 at 4:00 p.m.!

Encl:

Lake reports

Maps

Agenda

March 3, 2008 Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2

March 3, 2008

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

From:

Tristan Beaster, Cook SWCD

To:

Cook County Lakes Reclassification Work Group

Re:

Materials for review

Hello Work Group Members!

I thank you for a productive 1 st meeting, I am very much looking forward to being a part of this group.

You will recall that at our last meeting we decided to send invitations to participate in the project to lake and property owner association representatives from various lakes around the county in an attempt to select

which lakes we will study.

I hope to update the group on this selection process at the meeting.

I would also ask the group to review the materials I have provided to provide a starting point for discussion

on criteria to be used to study the lakes. We began discussion on this topic at the last meeting, and I hope that we can continue to make progress. This is very much a pilot project, and our next task involves a certain amount of sailing into uncharted waters. Fortunately, there are other professionals in the state that are working on the same project, and hopefully we will be able to gather some of their expertise.

Please take a look at the materials. If anyone has any questions or would like to have additional information, let me know and I will try to have it ready by the meeting.

Hope to see you on March 11 at 4:00 p.m.!

Encl:

Considerations for classification criteria Meeting Agenda

A G E N D A

Cook County Water Advisory Committee Lakes Reclassification Ad hoc Work Group

Court House, Grand Marais, Minnesota

4:00 p.m

I.

Call meeting to order

II.

Make adjustments to agenda

III.

Review Coastal Program Grant Application

IV.

Discuss criteria for selection of lakes

V.

Discuss duties of work group

VI.

Schedule next meeting

A D J O U R N

A G E N D A

Cook County Water Advisory Committee Lakes Reclassification Ad hoc Work Group

Court House, Grand Marais, Minnesota

March 11, 2008

4:00 p.m

I.

Call meeting to order

II.

Make adjustments to agenda

III.

Update on lake selection process

IV.

Discuss criteria for study of lakes

A D J O U R N

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection Work Group Meeting Minutes

Upstairs Conference Room Cook County Courthouse Grand Marais March 11, 2008

Present:

Tristan Beaster

Biz Clark

Jim Johnson

Chel Anderson

Karen Evens

Peter Barsness

Clark called meeting to order at 4:00 p.m.

Beaster gave an update on the BWSR Clean Water Legacy grant work plan.

The group was updated on the lake selection process for the project. At the time of the meeting, representatives from the following lake, property-owner, or other type of associations had responded to the invitation to participate in the project:

Tait

Mid-Trail area

Caribou

The work group discussed classification criteria, public involvement in the project, and

other similar projects in the state.

and develop a preliminary checklist of classification criteria to be presented to the MN DNR and to affected lake associations. Preliminary thoughts and points of discussion were to be sent to Tristan Beaster by April 1, for inclusion in the next meeting.

The group agreed to research lake sensitivity criteria

Adjourned at 6:00

A G E N D A

Cook County Water Advisory Committee Lakes Reclassification Ad hoc Work Group

Court House, Grand Marais, Minnesota

April 2, 2008

4:00 p.m.

I.

Call meeting to order

II.

Make adjustments to agenda

III.

Presentation : Project overview and status

IV.

Prioritize criteria for study of lakes

6:00 p.m.

A D J O U R N

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection Work Group Meeting Minutes

ITV Room Cook County Courthouse April 2, 2008

Present:

Tristan Beaster Biz Clark Chel Anderson Gary Maciejewski

Clark called meeting to order at 4:00 p.m.

Beaster gave a presentation outlining the purpose and need for the project.

The work group discussed the Minnesota DNR lakeshore sensitivity manual and classification criteria. Ideas submitted by various lake associations of sensitive and unique features on lakes were incorporated into the discussion. Some of the criteria for sensitivity discussed were:

Wetland present on shore Springs and seeps present Exposed bedrock Steep slopes Hydric soils Loon nesting areas– local knowledge and DNR data Bluffs

Conservation Tech. agreed to draft a set of proposed criteria for review by the work group and outside sources, including the MN DNR, to be reviewed again at the next meeting.

The work group discussed meeting again in May. The specific date and time were to be determined.

A G E N D A

Cook County Water Advisory Committee Lakes Reclassification Ad hoc Work Group

Court House, Grand Marais, Minnesota

June 16, 2008

5:30 p.m*.

I.

Call meeting to order

II.

Make adjustments to agenda

III.

Approve minutes from past meetings

IV.

Grant and project update

6:00 p.m.

A D J O U R N

* The work group meeting will begin immediately following the Water Plan Advisory committee meeting.

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection Ad Hoc Work Group formed from the Water Plan Advisory Committee

Meeting Minutes

Commissioner’s Meeting Room Cook County Courthouse May 12, 2008

Members Present:

Biz Clark

Work Group Chair, Cook Coalition of Lake Associations

Chel Anderson

Work Group Member, DNR Ecological Resources

Jim Johnson

Work Group Member, Cook County Commissioner, District 4

Others Present:

Tristan Beaster Linda Hendrickson Barb Bottger Karen Evens John Bottger Paul Radomski Steve Persons Cliff Bentley

Cook SWCD Hungry Jack Lake Hungry Jack Lake MPCA-Duluth Hungry Jack Lake DNR Shoreland Rules Update Committee DNR Area fisheries Supervisories DNR Area Hydrologist

I. Call meeting to order and introductions

Clark called meeting to order at 4:05 p.m. Introductions were given, followed by a brief background on the Cook County project.

II. Adjustments to Agenda

The work group agreed to adjust the agenda to discuss the criteria before deciding on priority lakes for the pilot study.

III. Discuss criteria for determining sensitive shorelines.

Paul R. gave a history of the Cass Co. Intra-lake land use study. Community members in Cass Co. were concerned about lakeshore development impacts on water resources. The study started as a field of experts subjectively identifying lakeshore areas they thought were sensitive. They followed up with a GIS algorithm approach to more objectively determine sensitive areas around the lake, based on available GIS data. After taking this

to the public, it was decided that field studies and sampling should be done to achieve a greater amount of certainty in the identification of the sensitive areas.

The group discussed the overall purpose of the study. The question was raised as to

whether the study was being done purely to gather more information on the lakes, or to be eventually written into ordinance. The issue of public perception was also raised. The members emphasized that the study and any resulting recommendations had to be defensible and evidence-based. Paul R. explained that the criteria list was created using a principled approach based on parts of the lake ecosystem known to be sensitive based on

available scientific studies.

public needed to be earnest in order to get public buy-in to the project. Karen E.

suggested that a more formal record of correspondence be maintained to show what representatives have been participating in the process.

Efforts at communicating the progress of the project to the

Specific criteria were discussed. Paul R. had questions about exposed bedrock, steep slope, and substrate criteria. Steve P. had suggestions for identifying certain individual aquatic plant species rather than gathering data on all plant species. Also suggested was field identification of wetlands located onshore because of the lack of reliability in National Wetlands Inventory data. With these modifications, the members present felt comfortable using the criteria to start the field work for the study.

IV. Decide on priority lakes for pilot study

The group discussed the prioritization process, including what factors were considered in determining priority for the study. Those factors included; location within the Coastal Zone, geographic diversity within the county, lake association interest, ecological diversity, and size of lake. The lakes for the study, in order of priority, are:

1. Caribou/Bigsby Lakes *

2. Tait Lake

3. Hungry Jack Lake

4. Trout Lake

5. West Bearskin Lake

6. Poplar Lake

*The group decided to include Bigsby with the Caribou Lake study.

V. Set meeting schedule.

June 16 @ 5:30 July 21 @ 5:30

The work group will meet immediately after the monthly Water Plan Advisory Committee meetings.

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

March 11, 2008

John Oberholtzer 184 West Deer Yard Road Grand Marais, MN 55604

Dear Mr. Oberholtzer,

The Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) received a grant from the Lake Superior Coastal Program to study the adequacy of the County’s lake classification system. You may recall the state of Minnesota originally developed a three tier lake management system based upon certain key lake features such as development, size, shape and depth. More recently, Cook County reclassified lakes according to a five tier system ranging from “special natural environment” to ”general development” with the former class providing the highest form of resource protection. However, recent lake studies suggest that the application of one classification on a given lake may overlook special areas on that lake that need more protection. These areas might be termed sensitive environments and could include shallow bays, rare habitats, wetlands or spawning sites.

Accordingly, the SWCD has selected several pilot lakes for more in depth study to determine if sensitive areas could be identified and, if so, using what criteria. Your lake has been suggested for study as there is an association in existence, water quality studies have been performed on your lake and it has, according to existing lake data, one or more shallow bays that could qualify as sensitive environment(s).

Much of the preliminary study can be done by accessing and compiling existing data. However, there may be some field work that would be done at a later date to verify data and discover other features not in the existing data set.

At some point in the future we will share the results of the study with your lake association. We need your observations and suggestions and those from the other pilot study lakes before the County acts on any of the findings. This is a very important project that will help us assess the need for additional measures to protect Cook County lakes. We hope you agree and will become a part of the study. We need to hear from you by April 1 in order to include your lake in the project. Please contact me at my address if you have questions. Thank you in advance for your consideration of this request.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

Larry Mullen Caribou Lake Association

Dear Mr. Mullen,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

The work group also discussed criteria that will be used to study the lakes and gather the data required to determine areas of highest sensitivity. Many of these criteria were derived from a previous study conducted in Cass County by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, however, important edits were made to more accurately reflect the features of lakes in Cook County. Specifically, criteria were added for steep slopes and exposed bedrock. These criteria were reviewed and endorsed by local and regional DNR professionals, and it is our belief that they will be an effective means of delineating sensitive shorelines for lakes in Cook County.

We are pleased to inform you that Caribou Lake was chosen for inclusion in this study.

begin the necessary field work for the project. This summer, SWCD staff will be conducting surveys of aquatic vegetation, amphibians, and shoreland plant communities on Caribou Lake. As this is a collaborative effort, we are looking for volunteers to assist us with the project where appropriate. If you or any of your association members are interested in providing boat transportation and/or water access to Caribou Lake, that would be especially helpful.

The next step is to

Once again, we thank you for your continued interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

John Oberholtzer Deer Yard Lake Homeowners Association

Dear Mr. Oberholtzer,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages

of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

We are obliged to inform you that Deer Yard Lake was not chosen for inclusion in this study.

new funding opportunities may allow us to conduct such a study in the future. If an opportunity arises, we will be sure to let you know of it.

However,

We thank you for your interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

John and Jenny Hughes, Gunflint Lake Association

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Hughes,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages

of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

We are obliged to inform you that Gunflint Lake was not chosen for inclusion in this study.

funding opportunities may allow us to conduct such a study in the future. If an opportunity arises, we will be sure to let you know of it.

However, new

We thank you for your interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

John and Barb Bottger Hungry Jack Lake Association 61 Bunn Trail Grand Marais, MN 55604

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Bottger

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

The work group also discussed criteria that will be used to study the lakes and gather the data required to determine areas of highest sensitivity. Many of these criteria were derived from a previous study conducted in Cass County by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, however, important edits were made to more accurately reflect the features of lakes in Cook County. Specifically, criteria were added for steep slopes and exposed bedrock. These criteria were reviewed and endorsed by local and regional DNR professionals, and it is our belief that they will be an effective means of delineating sensitive shorelines for lakes in Cook County.

We are pleased to inform you that Hungry Jack Lake was chosen for inclusion in this study.

is to begin the necessary field work for the project. This summer, SWCD staff will be conducting surveys of aquatic vegetation, amphibians, and shoreland plant communities on Hungry Jack Lake. As this is a collaborative effort, we are looking for volunteers to assist us with the project where appropriate. If you or any of your association members are interested in providing boat transportation and/or water access to Hungry Jack Lake, that would be especially helpful.

The next step

Once again, we thank you for your continued interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

Mike Sherfy Poplar Lake Association 50 Rockwood Road Grand Marais, MN 55604

Dear Mr. Sherfy,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

The work group also discussed criteria that will be used to study the lakes and gather the data required to determine areas of highest sensitivity. Many of these criteria were derived from a previous study conducted in Cass County by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, however, important edits were made to more accurately reflect the features of lakes in Cook County. Specifically, criteria were added for steep slopes and exposed bedrock. These criteria were reviewed and endorsed by local and regional DNR professionals, and it is our belief that they will be an effective means of delineating sensitive shorelines for lakes in Cook County.

We are pleased to inform you that Poplar Lake was chosen for inclusion in this study.

begin the necessary field work for the project. This summer, SWCD staff will be conducting surveys of aquatic vegetation, amphibians, and shoreland plant communities on Poplar Lake. As this is a collaborative effort, we are looking for volunteers to assist us with the project where appropriate. If you or any of your association members are interested in providing boat transportation and/or water access to Poplar Lake, that would be especially helpful.

The next step is to

Once again, we thank you for your continued interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

Gary Macieweski Tait Lake Association 279 Caps Trail Lutsen, MN 55612

Dear Mr. Macieweski,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

The work group also discussed criteria that will be used to study the lakes and gather the data required to determine areas of highest sensitivity. Many of these criteria were derived from a previous study conducted in Cass County by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, however, important edits were made to more accurately reflect the features of lakes in Cook County. Specifically, criteria were added for steep slopes and exposed bedrock. These criteria were reviewed and endorsed by local and regional DNR professionals, and it is our belief that they will be an effective means of delineating sensitive shorelines for lakes in Cook County.

We are pleased to inform you that Tait Lake was chosen for inclusion in this study.

begin the necessary field work for the project. This summer, SWCD staff will be conducting surveys of aquatic vegetation, amphibians, and shoreland plant communities on Tait Lake. As this is a collaborative effort, we are looking for volunteers to assist us with the project where appropriate. If you or any of your association members are interested in providing boat transportation and/or water access to Tait Lake, that would be especially helpful.

The next step is to

Once again, we thank you for your continued interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

Jim Laib Trout Lake Association

Dear Mr. Laib,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages

of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

The work group also discussed criteria that will be used to study the lakes and gather the data required to determine areas of highest sensitivity. Many of these criteria were derived from a previous study conducted in Cass County by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, however, important edits were made to more accurately reflect the features of lakes in Cook County. Specifically, criteria were added for steep slopes and exposed bedrock. These criteria were reviewed and endorsed by local and regional DNR professionals, and it is our belief that they will be an effective means of delineating sensitive shorelines for lakes in Cook County.

We are pleased to inform you that Trout Lake was chosen for inclusion in this study.

begin the necessary field work for the project. This summer, SWCD staff will be conducting surveys of aquatic vegetation, amphibians, and shoreland plant communities on Trout Lake. As this is a collaborative effort, we are looking for volunteers to assist us with the project where appropriate. If you or any of your association members are interested in providing boat transportation and/or water access to Trout Lake, that would be especially helpful.

The next step is to

Once again, we thank you for your continued interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street,

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

July 1, 2008

Randy Swanstrom West Bearskin Lake Association 41 S. Bearskin Rd. Grand Marais, MN 55604

Dear Mr. Swanstrom,

As you know, the Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District has been working on the initial stages of a pilot project intended to identify sensitive areas of lakeshore so that we may better protect this valuable

resource. The purpose of this letter is to update your organization on the status of the project.

group of the local Water Plan Advisory Committee met monthly February – June to study the topic of lakeshore sensitivity and make decisions as to what lakes should be studied and how they should be studied. Lakes were chosen based on a number of factors, including existing development pressures, potential for development, and lake association interest. We also felt that it was important to select lakes from the various geographic areas within the county.

A work

The work group also discussed criteria that will be used to study the lakes and gather the data required to determine areas of highest sensitivity. Many of these criteria were derived from a previous study conducted in Cass County by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, however, important edits were made to more accurately reflect the features of lakes in Cook County. Specifically, criteria were added for steep slopes and exposed bedrock. These criteria were reviewed and endorsed by local and regional DNR professionals, and it is our belief that they will be an effective means of delineating sensitive shorelines for lakes in Cook County.

We are pleased to inform you that West Bearskin Lake was chosen for inclusion in this study.

step is to begin the necessary field work for the project. This summer, SWCD staff will be conducting surveys of aquatic vegetation, amphibians, and shoreland plant communities on West Bearskin Lake. As this is a collaborative effort, we are looking for volunteers to assist us with the project where appropriate. If you or any of your association members are interested in providing boat transportation and/or water access to West Bearskin Lake, that would be especially helpful.

The next

Once again, we thank you for your continued interest in this project. If you have any further questions please do not hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely,

Tristan Beaster Conservation Technician Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District tristan.beaster@co.cook.mn.us 218-387-3000 ext. 149

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection

April 2, 2008 presentation to the project work group by Tristan Beaster, Cook SWCD Conservation Technician

Cook County Soil & Water

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District
Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District
Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Conservation District

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District

Court House, 411 West 2 nd Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604 (218) 387-3647 Fax (218)
Court House, 411 West 2 n d Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604 (218) 387-3647 Fax (218)

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection

• Lakeshore development affects the lake ecosystem

– Reduction in aquatic vegetation abundance

– Reduction in woody biomass and fish spawning habitat

– Change in bird community structure

– Increase in runoff

– Reduction in woody biomass and fish spawning habitat – Change in bird community structure –

Reclassification of Portions of Lakes for Resource Protection

• What Are We Trying to Protect?

–Water Quality –Wildlife Habitat –Aesthetics –Property Values –Our Quality of Life

Lake Classifications

• DNR first classified lakes in 1976 based on:

– Lake depth.

– Development density.

– Shoreline : surface area ratio.

– Soil type and slope.

– Shoreline : surface area ratio. – Soil type and slope. Cook County revised the classification

Cook County revised the classification system in the Shoreland management regulations.

Lake Classifications

• Special Natural Environment

Most

restrictive

Natural Environment

 

Special Recreational Development

Recreational Development

 
 

General Development

Least

restrictive

Are there “Natural Environment” shorelines on this Recreational Development lake?

shorelines on this Recreational Development lake? Answering this question requires extensive and intensive

Answering this question requires extensive and intensive study of the lake’s resources.

The new Alternative Shoreland Management Standards allow reclassification of portions of lakes to a more restrictive class.

Studying a lake

• Cass County Intra-lake land use project

– Selected 6 pilot lakes for the project

– Used GIS-based criteria to assess lakeshore sensitivity

• Shallow bays

• Isolated bays

• Buffers around inlets and outlets

• Wetlands present on shore or in the lake

• Other experiences

• Isolated bays • Buffers around inlets and outlets • Wetlands present on shore or in

Studying a lake

• DNR established a science-based Sensitive Lakeshore Identification Manual

– Aquatic habitat survey

– Near-shore vegetation

– Citizen shoreline description

– Frog calling survey

– Near-shore fish and aquatic animals

– Bird Survey

– Citizen shoreline description – Frog calling survey – Near-shore fish and aquatic animals – Bird

Cook SWCD project work plan

• Select lakes to be included in the project

• Select GIS and field-based criteria to be used to assess lakeshore sensitivity

• Conduct GIS operations and field data gathering

• Delineate sensitive shorelines

• Report our findings and make recommendations

Dollars and Cents

• Funding for this project comes from two sources

– Lake Superior Coastal Program

• STAR grant

(short-term action request)

– Board of Water and Soil Resources (BWSR)

• Clean Water Legacy protection funds

Caribou / Bigsby Lakes Buffer Analysis of Sensitive Features

Legend 100 meter Stream buffer Isolated Bays Caribou Lake Shallow Bays - Feet 0 1,200
Legend
100 meter Stream buffer
Isolated Bays
Caribou Lake Shallow Bays
-
Feet
0 1,200 2,400
4,800
1:24,000
Lake Shallow Bays - Feet 0 1,200 2,400 4,800 1:24,000 Cook County Soil & Water Conservation
Lake Shallow Bays - Feet 0 1,200 2,400 4,800 1:24,000 Cook County Soil & Water Conservation

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

Data Source: MN DNR Data Deli WMS Server

This map is for educational purposes only.

Map Created 4/14/2008

Explanation of buffer analysis procedures.

Re-Digitized Shoreline The shoreline for each lake was manually digitized as a polyline at a scale of 1:4,000 using FSA 2003-2004 Aerial photos available on the DNR Data Deli WMS Server. The purpose of this operation was to create a more accurate shapefile of the lakeshore boundary than was initially available.

Isolated Bays A buffer operation was applied to the Re-Digitized Shoreline file. The buffer distance was set at 100 meters. A new shapefile was created (Isolated Bays). The extent of the boundary of the isolated bays was manually delineated. An imaginary perpendicular line between the shore and where the buffer overlapped itself defined the boundaries of the isolated bay.

Shallow Bays The boundary of the littoral zone was delineated from DNR bathymetric data where available(available on the DNR Data Deli website). A shapefile was created by tracing the outline of the 15-foot depth line from the bathymetry data. A 200 meter

buffer was applied to the shapefile. Where the buffer did not overlap the re-digitized

shoreline, that shoreline was defined as a shallow bay.

conducted for Bigsby Lake because the depth is less than 15 ft for the entire lake.

*Note* this operation was not

Shoreline within 100 meters of a stream A 100m buffer was applied to the DNR 24k streams layer (available on the DNR Data Deli website). A shapefile was created by tracing the re-digitized shoreline where it intersected the buffer.

Hungry Jack Lake Buffer Analysis of Sensitive Features

- Feet 0 750 1,500 3,000 1:18,000
-
Feet
0
750
1,500
3,000
1:18,000

Legend

100m Stream Buffer Shallow Bays Isolated Bays Re-Digitized Shoreline
Isolated Bays Re-Digitized Shoreline100m Stream Buffer Shallow Bays

Buffer Shallow Bays Isolated Bays Re-Digitized Shoreline Data Source: MN DNR Data Deli WMS Server Cook

Data Source: MN DNR Data Deli WMS Server

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

Map Created 4/16/2008

www.co.cook.mn.us

411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604 (218) 387-3647 Fax (218) 387-3042 Map Created 4/16/2008

Tait Lake Area Percent of Slope

Tait Lake Area Percent of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 -

/

1:24,000

Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600
Feet
0
1,650
3,300
6,600

Slope

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

of Slope / 1:24,000 Feet 0 1,650 3,300 6,600 Slope 0 - 10 10 20 30

0 - 10

10

20

30

50

100

150

200

- 20

- 30

- 50

- 100

- 150

- 200

- 400

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

Data Source: Cook County GIS Server

Slope derived from County Digital Elevation Model (DEM)

This map is for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Map Created 3/21/2008

Tait Lake Buffer Analysis of Sensitive Features

- Feet 1:12,000 0 500 1,000 2,000
-
Feet
1:12,000
0 500
1,000
2,000

Legend

100 m Stream Buffer

Isolated Bays1:12,000 0 500 1,000 2,000 Legend 100 m Stream Buffer Shallow Bays Re-Digitized Shoreline Data Source:

Shallow Bays0 500 1,000 2,000 Legend 100 m Stream Buffer Isolated Bays Re-Digitized Shoreline Data Source: MN

Re-Digitized Shoreline

Data Source: MN DNR Data Deli WMS Server

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

Map Created 4/17/2008

www.co.cook.mn.us

411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604 (218) 387-3647 Fax (218) 387-3042 Map Created 4/17/2008

Tait Lake National Wetland Inventory Polygons

Tait Lake National Wetland Inventory Polygons National Wetlands Inventory Uplands Wetland Types - Seasonally Flooded Basin

National Wetlands Inventory

UplandsWetland Inventory Polygons National Wetlands Inventory Wetland Types - Seasonally Flooded Basin - Inland Fresh

Wetland Types

- Seasonally Flooded BasinPolygons National Wetlands Inventory Uplands Wetland Types - Inland Fresh Meadow - Shallow Marsh - Deep

- Inland Fresh MeadowInventory Uplands Wetland Types - Seasonally Flooded Basin - Shallow Marsh - Deep Marsh - Open

- Shallow MarshTypes - Seasonally Flooded Basin - Inland Fresh Meadow - Deep Marsh - Open Water Littoral

- Deep MarshFlooded Basin - Inland Fresh Meadow - Shallow Marsh - Open Water Littoral - Shrub Swamp

- Open Water LittoralBasin - Inland Fresh Meadow - Shallow Marsh - Deep Marsh - Shrub Swamp - Wooded

- Shrub SwampMeadow - Shallow Marsh - Deep Marsh - Open Water Littoral - Wooded Swamp 1 2

- Wooded SwampMarsh - Deep Marsh - Open Water Littoral - Shrub Swamp 1 2 3 4 5

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Water Littoral - Shrub Swamp - Wooded Swamp 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

8 - Bog

0 0.25 0.5 1
0
0.25
0.5
1

/

1:24,000

Miles

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

Data Source: MN DNR Data Deli

This map is for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Map Created 3/21/2008

Caribou Lake Zoning Bigsby FAR-1 USFS 1412 FAR-1 LSR LSR FAR-2 FAR-1 LSR FAR-3 Ward
Caribou Lake Zoning
Bigsby
FAR-1
USFS 1412
FAR-1
LSR
LSR
FAR-2
FAR-1
LSR
FAR-3
Ward
Sawmill Ln
Evergreen Rd
LSR
LSR
FAR-1
North Bigsby Rd
FAR-2
Caribou
White Sky Trl
Peninsula Point Trl
FAR-1
FAR-1
FAR-3
/
LSR
Agnes
1:23,786
Feet
FAR-1
RC/R
RC/R
LSR
0
1,250
2,500
5,000
FAR-1
S Caribou Dr
W Deeryard Lk
Mistletoe Rd
TrlCaribou
Cedar ln
Foothill Blvd
Sawmill Dr
Ward Lake Rd

Zoning Districts

FAR-1Zoning Districts FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA

FAR-2Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA

FAR-3Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA

LSRZoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA

R-1Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA

RC/RZoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA

Land Ownership

Private

COOK CO-STATE MNFAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

STATE OF MINNESOTAFAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA USFS (SUPERIOR

UNITED STATES OF AMERICAFAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA USFS (SUPERIOR

USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST)FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED

Roads

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

This map is of for educational purposes only. It has not been approved by Cook County Planning and Zoning. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Map Created 2/1/2008

Bearskin and Hungry Jack Lakes Zoning

FAR-1 Daniels FAR-3 Duncan Unnamed LSR Clearwater FAR-1 RC/R RC/R LSR RC/R RC/R RC/R FAR-3
FAR-1
Daniels
FAR-3
Duncan
Unnamed
LSR
Clearwater
FAR-1
RC/R
RC/R
LSR
RC/R
RC/R
RC/R
FAR-3
FAR-3
LSR
LSR
Bearskin
FAR-1
Moss
FAR-1
FAR-1
FAR-1
FAR-1
FAR-3
FAR-1
LSR
FAR-1
FAR-1
RC/R
LSR
FAR-3
RC/R
Hungry Jack
Wampus
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
RC/R
RC/R
FAR-1
RC/R
/
RC/R
FAR-1
LSR
Flour
FAR-3
FAR-1
FAR-1
1:25,000
Spen Lake
Ruby
LSR
Rudy
0
1,400
2,800
FAR-1
FAR-3
RC/R

Zoning Districts

Rudy 0 1,400 2,800 FAR-1 FAR-3 RC/R Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land

FAR-1

FAR-20 1,400 2,800 FAR-1 FAR-3 RC/R Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private

FAR-32,800 FAR-1 FAR-3 RC/R Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

LSR2,800 FAR-1 FAR-3 RC/R Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

R-1FAR-1 FAR-3 RC/R Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN

FAR-3 RC/R Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN

RC/R

Land Ownership

Private

COOK CO-STATE MNFAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

STATE OF MINNESOTAFAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA USFS (SUPERIOR

UNITED STATES OF AMERICALand Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST) Roads Map Created

USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST)COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Roads Map Created 2/1/2008 5,600 Cook

Roads

Map Created 2/1/2008

5,600

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

This map is of for educational purposes only. It has not been approved by Cook County Planning and Zoning. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Feet

Poplar, Leo, Road Lakes Zoning

FAR-3 FAR-1 FAR-3 Hungry Jack FAR-1 LSR LSR Leo FAR-3 LSR RC/R FAR-1 LSR LSR
FAR-3
FAR-1
FAR-3
Hungry Jack
FAR-1
LSR
LSR
Leo
FAR-3
LSR
RC/R
FAR-1
LSR
LSR
RC/R
RC/R
FAR-1
RC/R
LSR
RC/R
LSR
FAR-3
RC/R
LSR
LSR
LSR
LSR
RC/R
Poplar
LSR
FAR-1
LSR
LSR
Road
RC/R
Squint
LSR
LSR
RC/R RC/R
LSR
LSR
Lace Lake
Prune
FAR-1
/
FAR-1
FAR-3
Lizz
Feet
Meeds
Meeds
Swamp
Swamp
0
1,250
2,500
5,000

Zoning Districts

Meeds Swamp Swamp 0 1,250 2,500 5,000 Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land

FAR-1

FAR-2Swamp Swamp 0 1,250 2,500 5,000 Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private

FAR-3Swamp 0 1,250 2,500 5,000 Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK

LSR0 1,250 2,500 5,000 Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

R-11,250 2,500 5,000 Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN

2,500 5,000 Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN

RC/R

Land Ownership

Private

COOK CO-STATE MNFAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

STATE OF MINNESOTAFAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA USFS (SUPERIOR

UNITED STATES OF AMERICALand Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST) Roads Map Created

USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST)COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Roads Map Created 2/1/2008 Cook County

Roads

Map Created 2/1/2008

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

This map is of for educational purposes only. It has not been approved by Cook County Planning and Zoning. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Tait Lake Zoning

USFS 163 Billies Trl Caps Trl Porter's Blvd LSR Tait Clara Lake Rd FAR-2 FAR-1
USFS 163
Billies Trl
Caps Trl
Porter's Blvd
LSR
Tait
Clara Lake Rd
FAR-2
FAR-1
FAR-1
USFS 340 D
/
1:25,000
Feet
Wills
0
1,250
2,500
5,000
FAR-2
FAR-1
S Caps Trl
Caribou Trl

Zoning Districts

FAR-2 FAR-1 S Caps Trl Caribou Trl Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land

FAR-1

FAR-2FAR-2 FAR-1 S Caps Trl Caribou Trl Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership

FAR-3FAR-1 S Caps Trl Caribou Trl Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private

LSRS Caps Trl Caribou Trl Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK

R-1Caps Trl Caribou Trl Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

Trl Caribou Trl Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

RC/R

Land Ownership

Private

COOK CO-STATE MNFAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

STATE OF MINNESOTAFAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA USFS (SUPERIOR

UNITED STATES OF AMERICALand Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST) Roads Map Created

USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST)COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Roads Map Created 2/1/2008 Cook County

Roads

Map Created 2/1/2008

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

This map is of for educational purposes only. It has not been approved by Cook County Planning and Zoning. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Trout Lake Zoning

Trout Lake Rd FAR-1 LSR Marsh Trout Boys LSR Bogus LSR RC/R RC/R Scabbard FAR-2
Trout Lake Rd
FAR-1
LSR
Marsh
Trout
Boys
LSR
Bogus
LSR
RC/R
RC/R
Scabbard
FAR-2
/
FAR-1
1:25,000
Feet
0
USFS 308
1,250
2,500
5,000
Bogus Lake Rd
USFS 306
Maker Ln

Zoning Districts

5,000 Bogus Lake Rd USFS 306 Maker Ln Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R

FAR-1

FAR-2Bogus Lake Rd USFS 306 Maker Ln Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership

FAR-3Lake Rd USFS 306 Maker Ln Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private

LSRRd USFS 306 Maker Ln Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK

R-1USFS 306 Maker Ln Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

306 Maker Ln Zoning Districts FAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE

RC/R

Land Ownership

Private

COOK CO-STATE MNFAR-1 FAR-2 FAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

STATE OF MINNESOTAFAR-3 LSR R-1 RC/R Land Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA USFS (SUPERIOR

UNITED STATES OF AMERICALand Ownership Private COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST) Roads Map Created

USFS (SUPERIOR NATL FOREST)COOK CO-STATE MN STATE OF MINNESOTA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Roads Map Created 2/1/2008 Cook County

Roads

Map Created 2/1/2008

Cook County Soil & Water Conservation District Court House, 411 West 2ND Street, Grand Marais, MN 55604

(218) 387-3647

Fax (218) 387-3042

www.co.cook.mn.us

This map is of for educational purposes only. It has not been approved by Cook County Planning and Zoning. It is not intended to be used for navigation.

Name: Bearskin, West

Nearest Town: Grand Marais Primary County: Cook

Public Access Information

Survey Date: 08/26/2002 Inventory Number: 16-0228-00

Ownership Type

Description

Minnesota DNR

Gravel

State-owned access on E end of lake, with parking for six vehicles.

US Forest Service

Carry-in

Short trail from Hungry Jack Lake, at W end of West Bearskin L. Parking for four vehicles.

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 494.00 Littoral Area (acres): 94.00 Maximum Depth (ft): 78.00

Water Clarity (ft): 19.00 Did you know? Each year, DNR fisheries personnel stock game fish fry and fingerlings in lakes lacking habitat for natural reproduction.

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A

Fish Sampled up to the 2002 Survey Year

Number of fish per net

Species

Caught

Average Fish

Weight (lbs)

Gill net

0.2

N/A - N/A

0.14

Trap net

0.8

0.4 - 2.7

0.15

Gill net

0.3

0.1 - 2.5

0.06

Trap net

1.5

0.1 - 0.8

0.08

Lake Trout

Gill net

2.7

0.8 - 4.3

3.56

Gill net

0.1

0.3 - 1.0

4.03

Trap net

0.1

N/A - N/A

3.84

Rainbow Smelt

Gill net

3.8

N/A - N/A

0.08

Gill net

0.2

0.3 - 2.2

0.18

Trap net

0.9

0.6 - 3.5

0.56

White Sucker

Gill net

0.6

1.7 - 5.0

2.57

Trap net

0.1

0.5 - 3.4

2.36

Yellow Perch

Gill net

0.1

0.3 - 2.8

0.23

Normal Range (lbs) N/A - N/A 0.1 - 0.4 N/A - N/A 0.1 - 0.1 1.2 - 3.1 2.7 - 5.3 N/A - N/A N/A - N/A 0.7 - 1.4 0.2 - 0.6 1.6 - 2.4 1.1 - 2.0 0.1 - 0.2

Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.

Length of Selected Species Sampled for All Gear for the 2002 Survey Year

Number of fish caught in each category (inches)

Species

0-5

6-8

9-11

12-14

15-19

20-24

25-29

>29

Total

5

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

11

19

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

19

Lake Trout

0

0

1

2

13

5

2

1

24

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

0

2

1

4

5

2

0

0

0

0

12

Yellow Perch

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Five Years

 

Year

Species

Age

Number

2001

Lake Trout

Yearling

5,000

2003

Lake Trout

Yearling

5,055

2005

Lake Trout

Yearling

2,575

Lake Trout

Yearling

2,594

Status of the Fishery (as of 08/26/2002)

The lake trout catch in 2002 was similar to past catches in this lake, and was about average compared to other lake trout lakes in the area. Average size of lake trout collected in 2002 was excellent. Most of the lake trout collected in 2002 appeared to have been produced naturally. Only two of the 24 fish taken bore fin clips identifying them as stocked fish, and all lake trout stocked since 1970 in this lake have been fin clipped. Lake trout growth rates had been fast, probably because of the excellent forage base provided by a relatively dense rainbow smelt population. Smallmouth bass abundance appeared to have been about average for a lake of this type; however, the average size of the fish collected in 2002 was above average. Smallmouth bass growth rates had been relatively slow. Bluegill and northern pike were present in 2002, but apparently not in very high numbers. Most of the bluegill collected were small fish, two or three years of age.

Period of record: 08/04/1999 to 06/01/2007 # of readings: 144 Highest recorded: 150.02 ft (05/05/2001) Lowest recorded: 147.78 ft (10/03/2006) Recorded range: 2.24 ft Average water level: 148.83 ft Last reading: 148.23 ft (06/01/2007) Datum: ASSUM (ft)

Download lake level data as: [dBase] [ASCII] (If you have trouble try right clicking on the appropriate link

and choosing the "Save

As" option.)

Benchmarks

Elevation: 150 ft Datum: ASSUM (ft)

Date Set: 08/04/1999

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Township: 65

Range: 1

Section: 36

Description: Set a hor 60d spk in the lakeside of east root of a 10" cedar tree, which is in a group of trees near the waters edge. 3' to the right (east) side of the wooden platform by lake. 50' north of stairs down lake bank.

Elevation: 154.32 ft Datum: ASSUM (ft)

Date Set: 05/19/2004

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Township: 65

Range: 1

Section: 36

Description: At PA, in place 3/8" X 8" spike, sticking out of tree .5' and 3' above ground, in the NNE side of a 0.9'birch tree on top of lake bank, 35' NNW of center of boat ramp

Lake Water Quality Data Summary

Total Phosphorus Mean: ppb (parts per billion) Total Phosphorus Standard Error: ppb Total Phosphorus # of Observations:

Chlorophyll-a Mean: ppb Chlorophyll-a Standard Error: ppb Chlorophyll-a # of Observations:

Secchi Disk Mean: 6.727610619 meters Secchi Disk Standard Error: 0.077052024 meters Secchi Disk # of Observations: 113

Alkalinity Mean: ppm (parts per million) Color Mean: Platinum-cobalt Units Carlson Trophic Status for Total Phosphorus:

Carlson Trophic Status for Chlorophyll-a:

Carlson Trophic Status for Secchi Disk: 32.53136913 Overall Trophic Status: O (O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)

for Secchi Disk : 32.53136913 Overall Trophic Status : O (O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)

Name: Caribou

Nearest Town: Lutsen Primary County: Cook

Public Access Information

Survey Date: 07/18/2005 Inventory Number: 16-0360-00

Ownership

Type

Description

Minnesota DNR

Gravel

Gravel ramp and parking area on west side of lake off County Road 4. Parking available for about five vehicles.

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 728.00 Littoral Area (acres): 439.00 Maximum Depth (ft): 30.00 Water Clarity (ft): 8.50

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A

Fish Sampled up to the 2005 Survey Year

Number of fish per net

Species

Caught

Gill net

1.7

1.2 - 3.9

Trap net

0.7

N/A - N/A

Gill net

1.6

0.2 - 0.7

Trap net

0.2

0.4 - 1.9

Gill net

13.6

3.0 - 13.2

Trap net

0.7

0.5 - 2.7

White Sucker

Gill net

7.7

2.6 - 11.7

Trap net

0.1

0.7 - 2.3

Yellow Perch

Gill net

10.7

0.5 - 2.8

Average Fish

Weight (lbs)

(lbs)

2.48

1.5 - 2.4

2.96

N/A - N/A

ND

0.3 - 2.2

0.11

0.2 - 0.6

0.69

0.7 - 1.3

1.17

0.8 - 1.5

2.37

1.7 - 2.4

3.01

1.4 - 2.8

0.13

0.1 - 0.3

Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.

Length of Selected Species Sampled for All Gear for the 2005 Survey Year

Number of fish caught in each category (inches)

Species

0-5

6-8

9-11

12-14

15-19

20-24

25-29

>29

Total

0

0

1

0

6

9

4

1

21

1

3

6

2

1

0

0

0

13

0

5

52

58

10

2

0

0

127

Yellow Perch

21

67

2

0

0

0

0

0

90

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Five Years

Year

Species

Age

Number

2004

Fry

440,000

tatus of the Fishery (as of 07/18/2005)

The number of walleye caught per gill net ranked in the middle of all assessments done on this lake, but was higher than three-fourths of the netting results for this class of lake. The average weight of walleye caught was below the average for the lake and the lake class. The most recent walleye stocking occurred in 2004 and 1990, but all walleye caught in gill nets were naturally produced. Ages of gill-netted walleye were 2-7 and 9. Growth rates had been close to the average for the lake class. The number of northern pike caught per gill net ranked above the middle for the lake historically and below the middle for the lake class. The average weight was above the middle value for the lake, and above three- fourths of the values recorded for the lake class. Northern pike caught by gill nets were age 1 to age 5. Growth after age 1 had been fast for this area. The gill-net catch of smallmouth bass declined in 2005 compared to the two previous assessments (2003 and 1998), but was still the third highest for the lake. It was higher than three-fourths of the catches recorded for this class of lake. The 2005 trap-net catch was low for both the lake and the lake class. The growth rate of bass appeared to be somewhat slow for this area for the first two years, and then to increase. The number of yellow perch caught in gill nets was the third highest for the lake and among the higher values for the lake class. The average size was small, but a few larger fish were caught. The number of white sucker caught per gill net ranked just above the middle value in assessments of both this lake and similar lakes. The average weight of white sucker was higher than roughly three-fourths of the values recorded for the lake and the lake class. In addition to the standard gill nets and trap nets, small-mesh (0.25-inch) trap nets were set. These nets caught age-0 fish, including many smallmouth bass and yellow perch, several white sucker, a few black crappie and walleye, and one northern pike.

Water Level Data Period of record: 05/18/2004 to 05/18/2004 # of readings: 1 Highest recorded: 140.28 ft (05/18/2004) Lowest recorded: 140.28 ft (05/18/2004) Recorded range: 0 ft Average water level: 140.28 ft Last reading: 140.28 ft (05/18/2004)

Lake Water Quality Data Summary

Total Phosphorus Mean: 29 ppb Total Phosphorus Standard Error: 9 ppb Total Phosphorus # of Observations: 4

Chlorophyll-a Mean: 8.6 ppb Chlorophyll-a Standard Error: 1.1 ppb Chlorophyll-a # of Observations: 4

Secchi Disk Mean: 2.1 meters Secchi Disk Standard Error: 0 meters Secchi Disk # of Observations: 126

OHW elevation: 140.5 ft Datum: ASSUM (ft)

Benchmarks

Elevation: 150 ft Datum: ASSUM (ft)

Date Set: 05/18/2004

Alkalinity Mean: 27 ppm (parts per million) Color Mean: 35 Platinum-cobalt Units Carlson Trophic Status for Total Phosphorus:

53

Carlson Trophic Status for Chlorophyll-a: 52 Carlson Trophic Status for Secchi Disk: 50 Overall Trophic Status: E (O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)

Name: Hungry Jack

Nearest Town: Grand Marais Primary County: Cook

Public Access Information

Survey Date: 07/12/2004 Inventory Number: 16-0227-00

Ownership Type

Description

US Forest Service

Carry-in

Off Co. Rd. 65, in small bay on N shore. Parking available for four vehicles.

County

Unknown

Unimproved dirt ramp off Co. Rd. 65 on W end of lake. Roadside parking available for two or three vehicles.

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 463.20 Littoral Area (acres): 187.00 Maximum Depth (ft): 71.00

Water Clarity (ft): 16.00 Did you know? There are 15,000 miles of fishable streams in Minnesota, including 2,600 miles of trout streams.

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A

Fish Sampled up to the 2004 Survey Year

Number of fish per net

Species

Caught

Gill net

1.4

N/A - N/A

Trap net

5.3

2.4 - 6.0

Gill net

0.8

0.2 - 0.9

Trap net

1.3

0.3 - 2.8

Hybrid Sunfish

Gill net

0.1

N/A - N/A

Trap net

1.9

N/A - N/A

Lake Trout

Gill net

0.3

0.4 - 3.7

Gill net

2.0

0.6 - 2.4

Trap net

0.2

N/A - N/A

Gill net

0.8

0.3 - 1.4

Trap net

0.2

0.1 - 1.3

Gill net

1.1

1.2 - 5.2

Trap net

0.2

0.2 - 0.8

White Sucker

Gill net

1.0

0.8 - 5.3

Trap net

trace

0.1 - 1.0

Yellow Perch

Gill net

1.3

0.4 - 3.7

Average Fish

Weight (lbs)

(lbs)

0.10

N/A - N/A

0.06

0.1 - 0.3

0.07

N/A - N/A

0.05

0.1 - 0.3

0.37

N/A - N/A

0.07

N/A - N/A

0.14

1.5 - 4.0

2.14

2.1 - 4.9

2.12

N/A - N/A

1.18

0.6 - 1.5

1.47

0.2 - 0.4

2.72

1.0 - 2.0

6.56

0.5 - 1.5

3.41

1.1 - 2.5

1.38

1.1 - 3.6

0.21

0.1 - 0.2

Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.

Length of Selected Species Sampled for All Gear for the 2004 Survey Year

Number of fish caught in each category (inches)

Species

0-5

6-8

9-11

12-14

15-19

20-24

25-29

>29

Total

71

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

77

22

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

23

Hybrid Sunfish

21

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

24

Lake Trout

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

6

13

1

0

20

0

2

1

2

4

0

0

0

9

0

0

2

1

1

5

3

0

12

Yellow Perch

4

4

4

0

0

0

0

0

12

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Five Years

 

Year

Species

Age

Number

2000

Lake Trout

Yearling

5,099

2001

Fingerling

3,844

2002

Lake Trout

Yearling

4,523

2003

Adult

57

Fingerling

4,930

2004

Lake Trout

Yearling

2,282

Lake Trout

Yearling

2,406

2005

Fingerling

13,922

Status of the Fishery (as of 07/12/2004)

The walleye catch was one of the lowest in this lake in recent years, and lower than usual for this lake class. The average size of walleye was large, however. Several year classes were identified, but it was not clear from this small sample whether recent stocking of fingerlings (in odd years) had contributed significantly to the catch. The smallmouth bass catch was normal for this lake and for the lake class. Bass were larger than average for the lake, but about average in size for the lake class. Several year classes were present. Three lake trout were caught. All were yearlings that had been stocked in spring 2004. Yearlings had also been stocked in 2002 and 2000, but these fish were not caught in 2004. The stocking is an attempt to re- establish lake trout in this lake. The catch of northern pike was the highest observed in recent assessments in this lake, and was slightly above average for the lake class. Northern pike were smaller than usual for the lake, and smaller than average for the lake class. Several year classes were present. Pike had grown faster than average for the lake class. Age-3 fish had averaged 18.7 inches long at the end of their third year, compared to the lake- class average of 16.8 inches for the same age. Yellow perch abundance appeared to be low for the lake, but was normal for the lake class. The average size was typical for the lake. The largest fish measured 10.6 inches, but most were less than 9.5 inches. Rainbow smelt numbers have fluctuated widely, and were low at the time of this assessment. Bluegill abundance appeared to be typical for this lake, but was higher than average for the lake class. Bluegill were small and grew slowly; all were less than 7 inches long. A small number of green sunfish, hybrid sunfish, and white sucker were also caught.

Water Level Data

Period of record: 08/22/1968 to 11/23/2007 # of readings: 224 Highest recorded: 1681.47 ft (05/19/1993)

Water Level Data Period of record: 08/22/1968 to 11/23/2007 # of readings: 224 Highest recorded: 1681.47

Lowest recorded: 1679.68 ft (09/01/2007) Recorded range: 1.79 ft Average water level: 1680.52 ft Last reading: 1680.33 ft (11/23/2007) Datum: 1929 (ft)

Lake Water Quality Data Summary

Total Phosphorus Mean: 8 ppb (parts per billion) Total Phosphorus Standard Error: 1 ppb Total Phosphorus # of Observations: 3

Chlorophyll-a Mean: 1.7 ppb Chlorophyll-a Standard Error: 0.3 ppb Chlorophyll-a # of Observations: 3

Secchi Disk Mean: 5.2 meters Secchi Disk Standard Error: 0.1 meters Secchi Disk # of Observations: 73

Alkalinity Mean: ppm (parts per million) Color Mean: Platinum-cobalt Units Carlson Trophic Status for Total Phosphorus:

34

Carlson Trophic Status for Chlorophyll-a: 36 Carlson Trophic Status for Secchi Disk: 36 Overall Trophic Status: O

(O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)

Status for Secchi Disk : 36 Overall Trophic Status : O (O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)

Name: Poplar

Nearest Town: Grand Marais Primary County: Cook

Public Access Information

Ownership Type

Description

Survey Date: 07/24/2006 Inventory Number: 16023900

Private Property

Earthen

US Forest Service

Concrete

New concrete access at the west end of the lake is reached from a road the Gunflint Trail (Co. Rd. 12). Parking for many vehicles.

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 763.99 Littoral Area (acres): 290 Maximum Depth (ft): 73 Water Clarity (ft): 11.3 (10.5-13)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: Detritus (Abundant) Abundance of Aquatic Plants: 22 Varieties Sampled Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): 3.2 (1-9)

Fish Sampled for the 2006 Survey Year

Number of fish per net

Species

Caught

Average Fish

Weight (lbs)

Trap net

1.59

0.1 - 0.4

0.07

Blacknose Shiner

Trap net

0.03

N/A

N/A

Burbot

Gill net

0.62

0.2 - 1.0

1.21

Central Mudminnow Trap net

0.03

N/A

N/A

Hybrid Sunfish

Trap net

0.22

N/A

0.06

Lake Whitefish

Gill net

0.31

1.6 - 15.5

1.12

Gill net

0.56

0.6 - 2.4

1.26

Trap net

0.34

N/A

1.60

Pumpkinseed

Trap net

0.59

N/A

0.03

Gill net

0.12

0.3 - 1.4

0.41

Trap net

1.94

0.1 - 1.3

0.01

Gill net

0.56

1.2 - 5.2

1.31

Trap net

0.25

0.2 - 0.8

0.72

White Sucker

Gill net

1.06

0.8 - 5.3

2.81

Trap net

0.03

0.1 - 1.0

N/A

Yellow Perch

Gill net

0.44

0.4 - 3.7

0.11

Trap net

4.56

0.4 - 1.2

0.01

Normal Range (lbs) 0.4 - 1.1 N/A 0.6 - 1.5 N/A N/A 1.0 - 2.1 2.1 - 4.9 N/A N/A 0.6 - 1.5 0.2 - 0.4 1.0 - 2.0 0.5 - 1.5 1.1 - 2.5 1.1 - 3.6 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 - 0.4

Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.

Length of Selected Species Sampled for the 2006 Survey Year

Number of fish caught in each category (inches)

Species

0-5

6-8

9-11

12-14

15-19

20-24

25-29

>29

Total

46

1

3

1

0

0

0

0

51

Blacknose Shiner

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Burbot

0

0

0

2

7

1

0

0

10

Central Mudminnow

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Hybrid Sunfish

7

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

Lake Whitefish

0

0

1

2

2

0

0

0

5

0

3

0

3

10

2

2

0

20

Pumpkinseed

17

2

0

0

0

0

0

0

19

61

1

2

0

0

0

0

0

64

0

2

0

10

5

0

0

0

17

White Sucker

1

0

1

0

12

4

0

0

18

Yellow Perch

146

5

2

0

0

0

0

0

153

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Five Years

 

Year

Species

Age

Number

2006

Fry

300,000

2005

Lake Trout

Yearling

 

7,218

2003

Lake Trout

Yearling

7,407

Adult

26

Fingerling

10,776

Status of the Fishery (as of 07/24/2006)

Walleye abundance in Poplar Lake in 2006 appeared to have been low, as it has been for the past 20 years. All attempts to improve walleye abundance by stocking have so far failed, although it did appear that stocking could have accounted for most of the walleye collected in 2006. The northern pike catch in 2006 was also low, and most of the northern pike collected were small. Few smallmouth bass were taken, although there were indications that a strong year class had been produced in 2005. Recent lake trout stocking efforts in this lake appear to have failed completely, and have been discontinued. In contrast, black crappie abundance in 2006 appeared to have been at an all-time high for this lake, and high compared to similar lakes. Although few of the black crappie taken in 2006 were over eight inches, many smaller fish were present and likely to enter the fishery in the next two or three years.

Water Level Data

Period of record: 08/22/1968 to 11/18/2007 # of readings: 566 Highest recorded: 1855.12 ft (05/16/1996) Highest known: 1855.45 ft (05/20/01)

Benchmarks

Elevation: 1856.73 ft Datum: 1929 (ft)

Date Set: 05/22/1990

Lowest recorded: 1851.42 ft (09/09/1998) Recorded range: 3.7 ft Average water level: 1853.78 ft Last reading: 1853.57 ft (11/18/2007) OHW elevation: 1854.2 ft Datum: 1929 (ft)

Benchmark Location

Township: 64

Range: 1

Section: 6

Description: At Norwester Resort on northeast end of lake, high point on 4'x 3' gray boulder 5' east of the boat access and 10' from the waters edge.

Elevation: 1856.89 ft Datum: 1929 (ft)

Date Set: 05/22/1990

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Township: 64

Range: 2

Section: 1

Description: At Fred Dells home- a 3/8"x 8" spike set vertically in the top center of a 1.4' birch stump 8' from the waters edge in line with the dock.

Elevation: 1858.29 ft Datum: 1929 (ft)

Date Set: 06/05/1996

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Benchmark Location

Township: 64

Range: 2

Section: 1

Description: At Rockwood Lodge and Outfitters on the northwest side of lake, a 5/16" bolt and washer in the northwest side of transformer pole on the south side of road about 45' east of lake level gage and dock.

Lake Water Quality Data Summary

Total Phosphorus Mean: 11 ppb (parts per billion) Total Phosphorus Standard Error: 1 ppb Total Phosphorus # of Observations: 5

Chlorophyll-a Mean: 1.8 ppb Chlorophyll-a Standard Error: 0.2 ppb Chlorophyll-a # of Observations: 6

Secchi Disk Mean: 3.9 meters Secchi Disk Standard Error: 0.1 meters Secchi Disk # of Observations: 59

Alkalinity Mean: 13 ppm (parts per million) Color Mean: 30 Platinum-cobalt Units Carlson Trophic Status for Total Phosphorus: 39 Carlson Trophic Status for Chlorophyll-a: 36 Carlson Trophic Status for Secchi Disk: 40 Overall Trophic Status: O (O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)

Status for Secchi Disk : 40 Overall Trophic Status : O (O=oligotrophic, M=mesotrophic, E=eutrophic, H=hypereutrophic)
Years for which data has been collected

Years for which data has been collected

Year

Average Secchi Reading (meters)

 

.

4.0

 

4.5

4.6

4.1

4.3

3.9

4.5

3.8