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The Rise of Dictators

The Rise of Dictators Chapter 24

Chapter 24

The Rise of Dictators Chapter 24
The Rise of Dictators Chapter 24

Soviet Union

Soviet Union • Government controls all aspects of society • State planning of the economy •

Government controls all aspects of society State planning of the economy State-owned collective farms

Joseph Stalin

Italy

Benito Mussolini – Il Duce – “The Chief”

Mussolini was part of a parliamentary coalition in 1922.

He was the undisputed Dictator by 1925. In 1928 he made Italy a one-party state, outlawing any other political party.

• He was the undisputed Dictator by 1925. In 1928 he made Italy a one-party state,

Germany

Adolph Hitler

Der Furher

Damaged National Pride

Treaty of Versailles

Recession Anti-Semitism

Lebensraum

Hitler Der Furher • Damaged National Pride – Treaty of Versailles • Recession • Anti-Semitism •
The Faces of Totalitarianism

The Faces of Totalitarianism

The Faces of Totalitarianism

Fascist Italy

Extreme Nationalism Militaristic Expansionism Charismatic leader Private property with strong government controls Anti-Communist

NAZI Germany

Extreme Nationalism and racism Militaristic Expansionism Strong leader Private Property with strong government controls Anti-Communist

Communist Soviet Union

Create a sound communist state and wait for world revolution. Revolution by workers Eventual rule by working class State ownership of property.

for world revolution. • Revolution by workers • Eventual rule by working class • State ownership
for world revolution. • Revolution by workers • Eventual rule by working class • State ownership
for world revolution. • Revolution by workers • Eventual rule by working class • State ownership

Hitler’s Rise

Hitler’s National Socialist Party won a majority of seats in Parliament

Hitler appointed Chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg January

1933.

won a majority of seats in Parliament • Hitler appointed Chancellor by President Paul von Hindenburg

Hitler’s Rise

February 1933 the Reichstag was set on fire.

When President von Hindenburg died in 1934 Hitler proclaimed himself “Furher” or “leader.”

was set on fire. • When President von Hindenburg died in 1934 Hitler proclaimed himself “Furher”
was set on fire. • When President von Hindenburg died in 1934 Hitler proclaimed himself “Furher”

NAZI Rearmament

Hitler raised the German Army from the 100,000-strong force dictated by the Treaty of Versailles to 600,000-strong in violation of the Treaty.

Hitler ordered the Navy to be increased and for the formation of an Air Force (Luftwaffe).

violation of the Treaty. • Hitler ordered the Navy to be increased and for the formation

NAZI Rearmament

Britain and Germany signed a naval agreement in 1935 which allowed for increasing the German tonnage up to 35% of the British navy, in violation of the Treaty of Versailles.

which allowed for increasing the German tonnage up to 35% of the British navy, in violation

NAZI Rearmament

Hitler ordered German troops to reoccupy the Rhineland.

NAZI Rearmament • Hitler ordered German troops to reoccupy the Rhineland.

Why did Germans idolize Hitler?

He restored confidence in government

He restarted the economy

He demonstrated strong national pride

His charismatic speeches rallied the masses

• He restarted the economy • He demonstrated strong national pride • His charismatic speeches rallied
• He restarted the economy • He demonstrated strong national pride • His charismatic speeches rallied
Nazi propaganda depicting Jews (Stars of David); Capitalism, (Dollar Signs) and Communism (Hammer and Sickles)
Nazi propaganda depicting Jews (Stars
of David); Capitalism, (Dollar Signs) and
Communism (Hammer and Sickles) all
as part of the disease under inspection.

Propaganda

“If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of the lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the truth is the greatest enemy of the State.” – Joseph Goebbels

the mortal enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the truth is the greatest enemy

Propaganda

“Through clever and constant application of propaganda, people can be made to see paradise as hell, and also the other way round, to consider the most wretched sort of life as paradise.” – Adolf Hitler

as hell, and also the other way round, to consider the most wretched sort of life

Imperial Japan

Japanese taught from birth lessons that reinforced dictatorial, militaristic principles.

Japan Invaded China 1931 under the guise of the Mukden Incident.

Launched full-scale invasion of China in 1937.

• Japan Invaded China 1931 under the guise of the Mukden Incident. • Launched full-scale invasion
• Japan Invaded China 1931 under the guise of the Mukden Incident. • Launched full-scale invasion

The Axis’ Expands

Italy invades Ethiopia

Japan continues through China

The Axis’ Expands • Italy invades Ethiopia • Japan continues through China
The Axis’ Expands • Italy invades Ethiopia • Japan continues through China