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Third Generation Separators - Part 1

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Separators in the cement grinding circuits


Third genera on separators:


Introduc on:
- Also called: Cage separators or High Eciency Separators.
- These separators has been developed in the beginning of the eigh es (O'Sepa from Onoda Cement).
- As the second genera on, the air ow required for the separa on is produced by an external fan.
- The separator material feed is carried out mechanically by means of suitable con nuous conveyors.
- Fines are conveyed by air in external cyclones or directly to a bag lter.
- The main separa ng device is a cylindrical rotor. The rotor is like a cage composed of blades closely spaced.
- The rotor is operated by a variable speed drive.
- The rotor speed determines swirl in the classifying zone and therefore the cut of the separator.
- The composi on of forces ac ng in the separa ng zone is showed in the gure below:

- Here a non-exhaus ve list of High Eciency separators:

- O'Sepa (FLSmidth)
- Sepol (Polysius)
- Sepax (FLSmidth)
- SD (Sturtevant)
- Sepmaster (KHD)
- QDK (Pfeier)
- O&K (Orenstein & Koppel AG)
- PRESEP VTP (PSP Engineering a.s.)
- Copies from China

Advantages of 3rd genera on dynamic separators:

- Possibility of mechanical adjustments
- Possibility of very large ow rates
- Flexibility to produce products of dierent quali es
- Be er eciency than the conven onal and cyclones separators
- Reduc on of mill specic consump on
- Increase of the grinding capacity
- Reduc on of the cement temperature
- Be er cement quality (Straighter RRB curve giving be er 28 days and early strengths)


Disadvantages of 3rd genera on dynamic separators:

- Diculty to get the op mum seal system
- No constant velocity of ow and no constant centrifugal accelera on of par cles can aect the eciency


General principle of opera on:

- The material is generally fed at the top of the separator.
- There are 2 or more feed chutes in order to improve the dispersion of the material on the distribu on plate.
- Material falls and is dispersed in the circula ng air by the distribu on plate. The feed forms a thin cylindrical curtain
of material in the classifying zone.
- The air stream is generated by an external fan. According to the type of circuit, it is possible to have 100% of fresh air,
a part of the air recirculated or 100% of the air recirculated..
- O en, there are a primary air inlet, a second air inlet and also a ter ary air inlet depending of the design.
- The airow leaves the guide vanes almost tangen ally to the outside of the cage.
- Material is arriving in the separa on zone between the guide vanes (or louvres) and the rota ng cage.

2/5/2016 1:55 AM

Third Generation Separators - Part 1

2 of 2

2/5/2016 1:55 AM