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FIGURE OF SPEECH A WORD OR A PHRASE USED IN A NONLITERAL SENSE TO ADD

RHETORICAL FORCE TO A SPOKEN OR WRITTEN PASSAGE.


TYPES OF FIGURE OF SPEECH:

SIMILE is a comparison between two objects using the words 'like,' 'as,'
'seems' or 'appears.'
Example: My dog is like a tornado: she dashes through the
house: destroying everything she touches.
Life is like a box of chocolates: you never know what you
are going to get.
METHPOR is a comparison between two objects without using the words
listed on simile.
Example: Presentiment is that long shadow on the lawnindicative that suns go downthe noticed to the startled grassthat darkness is about to passPERSONIFICATION occurs when the author or speaker gives human

characteristic s to non-human objects. Personification is similar to


similes and metaphors in that it basically compares inhuman object to a
person.
Example:

The trees scream in the raging wind.

IRONY used a word in a literal sense that debunks what has just been said.

Example:

Gentleman you cant fight in here! This is the war room!

OXYMORON this puts two words together that seem to contradict each other.

Examples:

military intelligence
civil war
Real pony
Silent yell

PARADOX this figure of speech completely contradicts itself in the same

sentence.
Examples:

war is peace
freedom is slavery
ignorance is strength

SYNECDOCHE this figure of speech in which one thing is meant to represent

the whole.
Example:

ABCs for alphabet


Set of wheels for cars

METONYMY In this figure of speech one word that has very similar meaning

can be used for another.


Example:

Crown for royalty


Lab coats for scientists

ALLITERATION this is a very common figure of speech that involves using


words with the same sound.
Examples: sally sells sea shells by the sea shores.

ANAPHORA this figure of speech uses a specific clause at the beginning of

each sentence or point to make a statement.


Example: Goodnight and good luck

ASSONANCE This is the figure of speech that focuses on the vowel sounds in

a phrase repeating it over and over again to great effect.


Example: Fleet feet sweep by the sleeping geese
HYPERBOLE this figure of speech make things seems much bigger than they

really were by using grandiose depictions of evryday things.


Examples: My grandmother is as old as the hills!
she is as heavy as an elephant!
ONOMATOPOEIA this is the used of word that actully sounds like what it

means.
Examples: Dingdong
Hiss or Fizz
UNDERSTATEMENT this is a situation in which the thing discussed is made

to seem much less important than it really is.


Examples: I have to have this operation
An atomic blast is somewhat noisy
PUN this play on words use different senses of the word or different sounds

that make up the word to create something funny or interesting.


Examples: I would like to go to Holland some day, wooden shoe?
Is a pun that actually means wouldnt you.

Submitted By:
FRENNETE JOY C DELA ROCA
STUDENT

Submitted To:
MS FE G TABINAS
TEACHER