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# GCSE QUESTIONS ON VECTORS

1.

OP = 4a + 5b and OQ = 5a b.
4a + 5b

O
5a b

(a)

## Express OR in terms of a and b.

(3)

(b)

PS = a + 4b
Express OS in terms of a and b.
(2)

(c)

(2)
Total 7 marks)

2.

## P and Q are points on AB such that AP = PQ = QB.

N o t d ra w n a c c u ra te ly
Q

OA = a and OB = 2b

P
b

(a)

(i)

A
O

BA

(1)

(ii)

MQ
(2)

(iii)

OP
(2)

(b)

(2)
(Total 7 marks)
C
D

ia

r a m

d r a w

a c

c u

ra

te

b
D

3.

ly

## ABCDEF is a regular hexagon with centre O.

OA = a and AB = b

(a)
B A Judson

1

(i)

OB
(1)

(ii)

AC
(1)

(iii)
(b)

EC

(1)

OP = a b
(i)

OQ = a + 2b

(2)

(ii)

(1)
(Total 6 marks)

4.

E

b
O

OA a and OB b

(a)

(i)

OD
(1)

(ii)

OC
(1)

(iii)

AB
(1)

(b)

## The point F is such that OCFE is a parallelogram.

Write the vector CF in terms of a and b.
(2)

(c)

What geometrical relationship is there between the points O, D and F? Justify your
(2)
(Total 7 marks)

5.

3
In triangle ABC, M lies on BC such that BM = 4 BC.

Not d r a w n a c u r a t e ly

s
M
A

B A Judson

## GCSE QUESTIONS ON VECTORS

AB = s and AC = t

(Total 3 marks)

A
a
P
Q

4a

## In the diagram OP = 4a, PA = a,

6.

5b

3b

2
OB = 5b, BR = 3b and AQ = 5 AB
Not drawn accurately
(a)

(i)

AB
(1)

(ii)

PQ
(2)

(b)

## Show clearly that points P, Q and R lie on a straight line.

(3)
(Total 6 marks)

7.

OPQR is a parallelogram.
M is the mid-point of the diagonal OQ.

2r
M

OP = 2p and OR = 2r

(a)

2p

(1)

(b)

(3)
(Total 4 marks)

8.

## PQRSTU is a regular hexagon and O is the centre of the hexagon.

OP = p and OQ = q

p
T

(a)

PQ

(1)
B A Judson

(b)

SP
(1)

(c)

SQ
(2)
(Total 4 marks)

9.

## Vector PQ = a and vector PS = b

N o t to s c a le
S

PR = 3PQ and PU = 2 PS

b
a

P
(a)

(1)

(b)

(c)

(1)
(2)
(Total 4 marks)

10.

## OACB is a parallelogram and M is the mid-point of

OA = a and OB = b

(a)

C
N o t d r a w n a c u r a te ly

a
M
O

BC.

## Express the following vectors in terms of a and b

(i)

BA
(1)

(ii)

AM
(1)

(b)

AM is extended to N, where AN 2 AM .
Show that BN = b
(2)

(c)

(1)
(Total 5 marks)
B
s

11.

## In triangle ABC, M is the mid-point of BC.

AB = s and AC = t

B A Judson

(a)

## Find AM in terms of s and t.

(3)

(b)

The length of AB is not equal to the length of AC.

(i)

(1)

(ii)

## Write down one fact about the points A, M and D.

(2)
(Total 6 marks)

12.

OPQR is a parallelogram.
M is the midpoint of the diagonal OQ.

OP = 2p and OR = 2r

(a)

2r
M
O

2p

(1)

(b)

(3)
(Total 4 marks)

B A Judson