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Verbe in Engleza

n limba Englez verbul reprezint orice aciune (walk), apariie (happen) sau stare de existena (be).
Verbele n limba Englez sunt conjugate la prezent, trecut i viitor, fiecare timp de baz este compus din
alte 4 timpuri verbale: simplu, continuu (continuous), perfect i perfect continuu (perfect continuous).
Formarea timpurilor compuse se face cu ajutorul verbelor auxiliare to be (a fi) i to have (a avea), verbele
auxiliare n limba Englez sunt folosite diferit fa de modul n care sunt folosite n limba Romn iar
multe dintre timpurile verbelor din limba Englez nu corespund cu timpurile verbelor din limba Romn,
deci n concluzie ncercai s v separai de gramatica limbii Romne dac dorii s nvai verbele din
limba Englez n cel mai scurt timp posibil. n funcie de modul n care sunt formate verbele din limba
Englez, acestea se mpart n doua categorii: verbe regulate i verbe neregulate. Verbele regulate sunt
uor de reinut deoarece mpart aceleai 4 caracteristici de formare:
1. au o forma de baz, care
2. n timpurile continuous i perfect continuous primete terminaia -ing
3. n timpul Past tense al verbului primete terminaia -ed
4. n timpul Past participle al verbului primete terminaia -ed.
Verbele neregulate au forme diferite n timpurile: Prezent (Present), Trecut (Past tense) i Participiu trecut
(Past participle), pentru a putea nva conjugarea unui verb neregulat trebuie s reinei forma verbului n
toate timpurile anterior precizate. Verbele auxiliare si verbele neregulate vor fi analizate mai detaliat n
leciile viitoare.
Pentru a nelege mai bine felul n care sunt conjugate verbele regulate, am ales verbul to work (a lucra /
a munci) pe care l vom conjuga n toate timpurile, avnd forma de baz ngroat cu albastru nchis iar
terminaiile ngroate cu rou:

Present
Present (Prezent)
I work (Eu lucrez)
you work (Tu lucrezi)
he/she/it works (El/Ea
lucreaz)
we work (Noi lucrm)
you work (Voi lucrai)
they work (Ei/Ele lucreaz)
Present perfect
I have worked
you have worked
he/she/it has worked
we have worked
you have worked
they have worked

Present continuous
I am working
you are working
he/she/it is working
we are working
you are working
they are working

Present perfect
continuous
I have been working
you have been working
he/she/it has
been working
we have been working
you have been working
they have been working

Past
Past tense/Preterite (Trecut)

Past continuous

I worked (Eu am lucrat)


you worked (Tu ai lucrat)
he/she/it worked (El/Ea a
lucrat)
we worked (Noi am lucrat)
you worked (Voi ai lucrat)
they worked (Ei/Ele au lucrat)
Past perfect
I had worked
you had worked
he/she/it had worked
we had worked
you had worked
they had worked

I was working
you were working
he/she/it was working
we were working
you were working
they were working

Past perfect continuous


I had been working
you had been working
he/she/it had
been working
we had been working
you had been working
they had been working

Future
Future (Viitor)
I will work (Eu voi lucra)
you will work (Tu vei lucra)
he/she/it will work (El/Ea va
lucra)
we will work (Noi vom lucra)
you will work (Voi vei lucra)
they will work (Ei/Ele vor
lucra)
Future perfect
I will have worked
you will have worked
he/she/it will
have worked
we will have worked
you will have worked
they will have worked

Future continuous
I will be working
you will be working
he/she/it will
be working
we will be working
you will be working
they will be working

Future perfect continuous


I will have been working
you will have been working
he/she/it will have
been working
we will have been working
you will have been working
they will have been working

Verbe neregulate in Engleza


n aceast lecie de Englez se afl lista celor mai frecvente verbe neregulate alturi de conjugarea
verbului neregulat to do (a face), n toate timpurile verbale. Deoarece n limba Englez verbele neregulate
sunt mult mai frecvente dect verbele regulate am creat aceast lecie dedicat n totalitate verbelor
neregulate. Acum s vorbim despre cum se conjug un verb neregulat n limba Englez. Verbele
neregulate nu se conjug cu mult diferit de verbele regulate. Important de reinut este faptul c verbele
neregulate nu au o form de baz stabil iar pentru a putea conjuga un verb neregulat trebuie s reinei

forma verbului la Infinitiv (Infinitive), Trecut (Past tense) i Participiu trecut (Past participle). n continuare
urmeaz conjugare verbului to do (a face):

Present
Present (Prezent)

Present continuous

I do (Eu fac)

I am doing

you do (Tu faci)

you are doing

he/she/it does (El/Ea face)

he/she/it is doing

we do (Noi facem)

we are doing

you do (Voi facei)

you are doing

they do (Ei/Ele fac)

they are doing

Present perfect

Present perfect continuous

I have done

I have been doing

you have done

you have been doing

he/she/it has done

he/she/it has been doing

we have done

we have been doing

you have done

you have been doing

they have done

they have been doing

Past
Past tense/Preterite (Trecut)

Past continuous

I did (Eu am fcut)

I was doing

you did (Tu ai fcut)

you were doing

he/she/it did (El/Ea a fcut)

he/she/it was doing

we did (Noi am fcut)

we were doing

you did (Voi ai fcut)

you were doing

they did (Ei/Ele au fcut)

they were doing

Past perfect

Past perfect continuous

I had done

I had been doing

you had done

you had been doing

he/she/it had done

he/she/it had been doing

we had done

we had been doing

you had done

you had been doing

they had done

they had been doing

Future
Future (Viitor)

Future continuous

I will do (Eu voi face)

I will be doing

you will do (Tu vei face)

you will be doing

he/she/it will do (El/Ea va face)

he/she/it will be doing

we will do (Noi vom face)

we will be doing

you will do (Voi vei face)

you will be doing

they will do (Ei/Ele vor face)

they will be doing

Future perfect

Future perfect continuous

I will have done

I will have been doing

you will have done

you will have been doing

he/she/it will have done

he/she/it will have been doing

we will have done

we will have been doing

you will have done

you will have been doing

they will have done

they will have been doing

Concluziile importante pe care le putem extrage din conjugare verbului to do (a face) ar fi:
1. verbul to do (a face) i schimb forma de baz n timpurile: Past tense/Preterite(Trecut), Present
perfect, Past perfect i Future perfect.
2. n toate celelalte timpuri se conjug la fel ca i un verb regulat.
n continuare urmeaz lista creata de noi cu cele mai frecvente verbe neregulate din limba Englez. n
aceast list ordonat alfabetic vei gsi un numr total de 60 de verbe neregulate mparite n trei
categorii Infinitive, Past tense i Past participle:

Infinitive

Past tense

Past participle

to be (a fi)

was/were

been

to become (a deveni)

became

become

to begin (a ncepe)

began

begun

to break (a sparge)

broke

broken

to bring (a aduce)

brought

brought

to build (a construi)

built

built

to buy (a cumpra)

bought

bought

to catch (a prinde)

caught

caught

to choose (a alege)

chose

chosen

to come (a veni)

came

come

to cut (a tia)

cut

cut

to do (a face)

did

done

to draw (a desena)

drew

drawn

to drink (a bea)

drank

drunk

to drive (a conduce)

drove

driven

to eat (a mnca)

ate

eaten

to feel (a simi)

felt

felt

to fight (a lupta)

fought

fought

to find (a gsi)

found

found

to fly (a zbura)

flew

flown

to forget (a uita)

forgot

forgotten

to forgive (a ierta)

forgave

forgiven

to get (a obine)

got

got/gotten

to give (a da)

gave

given

to go (a merge)

went

gone

to have (a avea)

had

had

to hear (a auzi)

heard

heard

to hold (a ine)

held

held

to keep (a ine)

kept

kept

to know (a ti)

knew

known

to learn (a nva)

learnt

learnt/learned

to leave (a pleca)

left

left

to let (a lsa)

let

let

to lie (a mini)

lay

lain

to lose (a pierde)

lost

lost

to make (a face)

made

made

to mean (a nsemna)

meant

meant

to meet (a ntlni)

met

met

to pay (a plti)

paid

paid

to put (a pune)

put

put

to read (a citi)

read

read

to run (a alerga)

ran

run

to say (a spune)

said

said

to see (a vedea)

saw

seen

to sell (a vinde)

sold

sold

to send (a trimite)

sent

sent

to set (a pune)

set

set

to sit (a sta)

sat

sat

to sleep (a dormi)

slept

slept

to speak (a vorbi)

spoke

spoken

to spend (a cheltui)

spent

spent

to stand (a sta)

stood

stood

to take (a lua)

took

taken

to teach (a preda)

taught

taught

to tell (a spune)

told

told

to think (a gndi)

thought

thought

to understand (a nelege)

understood

understood

to wear (a purta)

wore

worn

to win (a ctiga)

won

won

to write (a scrie)

wrote

written

Verbe auxiliare in Engleza


Verbele Auxiliare din limba Englez to be (a fi), to do (a face) i to have (a avea) ajut alte verbe n
formarea timpurilor verbale, a formelor negative i a ntrebrilor. Toate verbele auxiliare precizate anterior
fac parte din categoria verbelor neregulate, prin urmare pentru a conjuga verbele auxiliare din limba
Englez trebuie s reinei toate cele trei forme importante a verbelor neregulate:

to be (a fi): Infinitive->be, Past tense->was/were, Past participle->been

to do (a face): Infinitive->do, Past tense->did, Past participle->done

to have (a avea): Infinitive->have, Past tense->had, Past participle->had


Acum vom analiza fiecare verb auxiliar n parte, pentru a nelege mai bine cnd i cum ne pot fi de ajutor
verbele auxiliare din limba Englez:

to be (a fi) ajut la formarea timpurilor verbale continuous

to do (a face) ajut la formarea ntrebarilor i negaiilor

to have (a avea) ajut la formarea timpurilor verbale perfect


Exemple de verbe auxiliare n propoziii:
to be (a fi)
I am eating a lot of fruits - Eu mnnc o mulime de fructe
I was reading the newspaper - Citeam ziarul
I was watching football - M uitam la fotbal
to do (a face)
do you know where can i find...? - tii unde pot gsi ...?
do you like this song? - i place melodia asta?
do you write the homework now? - scrii temele acum?
to have (a avea)
I have become more stronger - Am devenit mai puternic
I have eaten something delicious - Am mncat ceva delicios
we have seen the game up close - Am vazut jocul de aproape