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Multifunctional Transducer

Testing
Practical Example of Use

Multifunctional Transducer Testing

Manual Version: Expl_TRD.ENU.1 - Year 2013


OMICRON electronics. All rights reserved.
This manual is a publication of OMICRON electronics GmbH.
All rights including translation reserved.
The product information, specifications, and technical data embodied in this manual represent the technical
status at the time of writing and are subject to change without prior notice.
We have done our best to ensure that the information given in this manual is useful, accurate, up-to-date and
reliable. However, OMICRON electronics does not assume responsibility for any inaccuracies which may be
present.
The user is responsible for every application that makes use of an OMICRON product.
OMICRON electronics translates this manual from the source language English into a number of other
languages. Any translation of this manual is done for local requirements, and in the event of a dispute between
the English and a non-English version, the English version of this manual shall govern.

Content
Figures ......................................................................................................................................................... 4
Tables ........................................................................................................................................................... 4
Preface ......................................................................................................................................................... 5
1

Connection Diagram and Test Object data ........................................................................................ 6

Theoretical introduction ...................................................................................................................... 9


2.1 About Transducer .......................................................................................................................... 9
2.2 Transducers and multifunctional Transducers............................................................................. 11
2.3 Considerations prior to the test .................................................................................................... 13
2.3.1
2.3.2

Class calculation: Parameter c ....................................................................................................... 13


Test setup, wiring to test object ...................................................................................................... 15

Practical Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 16


3.1 Global Hardware Configuration ................................................................................................... 19
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4

3.2

Global Test Object ....................................................................................................................... 22


3.2.1
3.2.2

3.3
3.4

Device settings ............................................................................................................................... 22


Transducer properties ..................................................................................................................... 23

Local Hardware Configuration and Local Test Object ................................................................. 27


Transducer module test ............................................................................................................... 28
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6

3.5

Output configuration details ............................................................................................................ 19


Analog outputs ................................................................................................................................ 20
Binary/Analog Inputs ....................................................................................................................... 20
DC Analog inputs ............................................................................................................................ 21

Settings tab ..................................................................................................................................... 28


Test tab for active power, reactive power, current and frequency test ............................................ 32
Ramping test- test view................................................................................................................... 33
Ramping test - ramp assessments.................................................................................................. 37
Ramping test calculated assessments. ........................................................................................ 38
Pause module ................................................................................................................................. 40

Run the test ................................................................................................................................. 41

Support....................................................................................................................................................... 43

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Figures
Figure 1: Multifunctional Transducer connected to CT's and VT's ....................................................................6
Figure 2: Multifunctional Transducer SINEAX DME 442 settings ......................................................................7
Figure 3: Transducer user interface ...................................................................................................................9
Figure 4: Scheme of a typical Transducer application .....................................................................................11
Figure 5: Scheme of a multifunctional Transducer ..........................................................................................11
Figure 6: Multifunctional Transducers with binary outputs...............................................................................12
Figure 7: SINEAX DME 442 - Measured variables ..........................................................................................13
Figure 8: SINEAX DME 442 - Factor c ............................................................................................................14
Figure 9: SINEAX DME 442 - wiring to CMC test set ......................................................................................15
Figure 10: Create an OCC file .........................................................................................................................16
Figure 11: How to open a module for insertion into an OCC document .........................................................17
Figure 12:Settings of the OCC file ...................................................................................................................18
Figure 13: Global Hardware configuration tab .................................................................................................19
Figure 14: Global Analog outputs configuration ...............................................................................................20
Figure 15: Global hardware configuration of digital inputs...............................................................................20
Figure 16: Global Hardware configuration of DC Analog Inputs ......................................................................21
Figure 17: Global Device settings window .......................................................................................................22
Figure 18:Global Transducer settings window .................................................................................................23
Figure 19:Global active power characteristics .................................................................................................25
Figure 20: Global reactive power characteristics ............................................................................................26
Figure 21: Global current characteristics ........................................................................................................26
Figure 22: Global Frequency characteristics ...................................................................................................27
Figure 23: Settings tab for active power function .............................................................................................28
Figure 24: Settings tab for reactive power function .........................................................................................29
Figure 25: Settings tab for current function ......................................................................................................30
Figure 26: Settings tab for frequency function .................................................................................................31
Figure 27: Test tab ...........................................................................................................................................32
Figure 28: Ramp module to test transducer digital output voltage fluctuation .................................................34
Figure 29: Ramp module to test transducer digital output current overload ....................................................36
Figure 30 : Ramp assessment tab for voltage variation alarm. .......................................................................37
Figure 31: Ramp assessment for current overload alarm................................................................................38
Figure 32: Calculated assessments tab for voltage variation alarm. ...............................................................38
Figure 33: Calculated assessments tab for current overload alarm. ...............................................................39
Figure 34: Insert a pause module ....................................................................................................................40
Figure 35: Configuration of pause module .......................................................................................................40
Figure 36: Starting the test ...............................................................................................................................41
Figure 37: Results of the multifunctional Transducer test................................................................................42

Tables
Table 1: Parameters of the test object ...............................................................................................................7
Table 2: SINEAX DME 442 Symbols ............................................................................................................14
Table 3: SINEAX DME 442 - Accuracy class...................................................................................................15

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Preface
This paper describes how to test multifunctional transducers. It contains an application example which will
be used throughout the paper. The theoretical background of the transducer testing will be explained. This
paper also covers the definition of the necessary Test Object settings as well as the Hardware Configuration
for multifunctional transducers. The test modules Transducer and Ramping are used to perform the tests.
Supplements:

Sample Control Center file Example_Transducer_MultifunctionalTransducer.occ


(referred to in this document).

Requirements:

Test Universe 3.0; Measurement package (including Control Center license) plus
Ramping module.

Please use this note only in combination with the related product manual which contains several important safety
instructions. The user is responsible for every application that makes use of an OMICRON product.

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Connection Diagram and Test Object data

Figure 1: Multifunctional Transducer connected to CT's and VT's

Task
For the present example, the multifunctional transducer Camille Bauer SINEAX DME 442 will be tested. The
automatic test should verify the accuracy of the transducer at a minimum of 5 test points for a variety of
importing and exporting load conditions. In particular the full-scale error graph of the measured quantity
shall be evaluated.
To obtain the Transducer configuration we make use of the DME4 software. Via this software and the serial
interface we obtain the configuration and also if needed settings can be changed. For the present example,
the transducer data is as follows.

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Figure 2: Multifunctional Transducer SINEAX DME 442 settings

Note: Outputs A, B, C and D are analog outputs and they measure Active Power (P), Reactive Power (Q),
Current in line 1 (I1) and Frequency (F) respectively. The outputs G and H are digital signals which are
active high when a threshold is reached. In this case they are configured as voltage alarms (over- and
under voltage) and current alarm (exceeding a treshold value).

According to figure 2, the summary of the test parameters for this example are the following:
Parameter Name

Parameter Value

Notes

Frequency

50 Hz

VT (primary/secondary)

110000 V / 100 V

CT (primary/secondary)

1000 A /1 A

Nominal input values

100V
1A

Output values

-20 mA to 20 mA

Transducer class

Depending on the measured variable

Calculation in section 2.3

Response time

1 2 times the measurement cycle


(frequency may take longer)

Approx. 0.25 to 0.5 s at 50 Hz depending


on measured variable and programming

Table 1: Parameters of the test object

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Solution
The OMICRON Test Universe offers a dedicated test module Transducer, which is recommended to be used
to test the Transducer's output functions from A to D. Individual calibration test points can be defined. An
automatic test, where all test points are sequentially tested, can be run. For testing the output functions G
and H, the Test Module Ramping is used. For multifunctional transducers, like the SINEAX DME 442, the
various output functions of the transducer can be calibrated by embedding multiple tests into an OMICRON
Control Center document.

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Theoretical introduction

2.1

About Transducer
Transducer is a test module to test all kinds of single-phase and three-phase electrical transducers with
either a symmetrical or a non-symmetrical operating characteristic1.

Figure 3: Transducer user interface

For details about operating characteristics please refer to Transducers online help system.
Navigate to the table of contents entry "Transducer Operating Characteristic".
1

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Transducer tests single phase transducers of the following types:

AC Voltage (V)

AC Current (A)

Frequency (Hz)

Active Power (W)

Reactive Power (var)

Apparent Power (VA)

DC voltage (V)

DC current (I)

DC power (W)

Phase [V-V], [V-I], [I-I] in degrees

Also, Transducer tests three phase transducers of the following types:

Active power(W)

Reactive Power (var)

Arithmetic Apparent Power (VA)

Power factor (cos )

Phase (V-I) in degrees (sum of phase angles of each phase / 3)

Load Factor (1-P/S) x sgnQ (inductive furnaces)

LL voltage (connected to the CMC test set's outputs L1-L2, L1-L3 or L2-L3)

Signed Average Current (nominal value of transducer reading = ( (I1 + I2 + I3) / 3) - each current
with the preceding sign of the active power in its respective phase.

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2.2

Transducers and multifunctional Transducers


Transducers are used for precise electrical measurement of power system parameters. They provide local
and remote indication in conjunction with instruments, recorders, and data loggers. Transducers with high
accuracy and reliability are becoming increasingly important features in the provision of cost effective system
control.

Figure 4: Scheme of a typical Transducer application

Transducers are designed to monitor currents, voltages, power, phase angles, or frequencies.
Multifunctional transducers
Depending on the manufacturer, some programmable multifunctional Transducers are capable of acquiring
multiple input quantities simultaneously. A Transducer converts these inputs into a proportional analog
signal. These analog transducer outputs are then connected to local and/or remote indicators.

Figure 5: Scheme of a multifunctional Transducer

Additionally, some types of multifunctional transducers provide binary outputs that reacts when a threshold is
exceeded. In other cases, the binary signal can be used as a counter, because it emits pulses based on the
measured energy.

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Figure 6: Multifunctional Transducers with binary outputs

In stand-alone mode Transducer can test only one function or output. In order to include a number of
functions into one test procedure it is possible to create an OCC file which has multiple transducer test
modules embedded. Each embedded transducer test module carries out the test of a specific function. The
measured quantity is chosen in the settings tab of the test view.

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2.3

Considerations prior to the test

2.3.1 Class calculation: Parameter c


According to figure 7, in order to calculate the accuracy class of the transducer, we have to calculate the
factor c.

Figure 7: SINEAX DME 442 - Measured variables

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Figure 8: SINEAX DME 442 - Factor c

Symbol

Explanation

X0

Lower limit of the measured variable

X2

Upper limit of the measured variable

Y0

Lower limit of the output variable

Y2

Upper limit of the output variable


Apparent power of the system I12 + I22 + I32 *
V12 + V22 + V32
Rated value of the apparent power of the
system
Input voltage

Vr

Rated value of the input voltage

Frequency of the input variable

Fn

Rated frequency

Input current

Ir

Rated value of the input current

S
Sr

Table 2: SINEAX DME 442 Symbols

For active and reactive power: c=

( )
, =1.
( , )

So, the accuracy class is 1*0,25=0,25%

For frequency: c=

()

=40.4. So, the accuracy class is 0,15+0,03*40,4= 1,35=13,5mHz

,
(,)

For current: c=

()

()

=0.8. As for the factor c, according to the manual of SINEAX DME 442, the highest

value applies, c=1. So, the accuracy class is 0,2*1=0,2%

According to our prior calculations, we have the following accuracy class for the functions of our transducer.

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Measured variable

Accuracy class

Active and Reactive power

0,25%

Current and Voltage

0,2%

System frequency

13,5 mHz

Table 3: SINEAX DME 442 - Accuracy class

2.3.2 Test setup, wiring to test object


In order to wire up the multifunctional transducer, connect each of the transducer outputs to the analog or
binary CMC Test Set inputs, as well as the transducer's current and voltage inputs to the CMC test set
outputs.

Figure 9: SINEAX DME 442 - wiring to CMC test set

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Practical Introduction
Transducer is part of the Measurement package of the OMICRON Test Universe family of test modules. It is
intended to test all kinds of single-phase and three-phase electrical transducers with either a symmetrical or
a non-symmetrical operating characteristic.
The test module can be found on the Start Page of the OMICRON Test Universe. It can also be inserted into
an OCC File (Control Center document).

Figure 10: Create an OCC file

For this example, we choose an OCC File in order to perform more than one test with the same device. This
OCC file allows the automation of all processes.

The same report functionality that is available for the other test modules of the OMICRON Test Universe is
used by the transducer module to format the test reports and to document the test results. The content of the
report can be defined by the user.

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Figure 11: How to open a module for insertion into an OCC document

In this example, in addition to the transducer modules for the current, frequency, active and reactive power,
also the ramping module will be used to test the digital outputs of the transducer. This module will also be
embedded in the OCC file, and the test will be performed automatically.

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Figure 12:Settings of the OCC file

At this point, it is important to distinguish the definition of the global settings from the local settings of the
occ file (Hardware configuration and test object settings).

1.
2.

Global settings of the OCC file: These settings automatically affect all test module settings of the OCC
file.
Local settings of the OCC file: There is the possibility to manually change the hardware configuration
and test object settings of each test module.

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3.1

Global Hardware Configuration

3.1.1 Output configuration details


According to the settings of the multifunctional transducer, the appropriate configuration requires three
voltages and three currents.

Figure 13: Global Hardware configuration tab

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3.1.2 Analog outputs

Figure 14: Global Analog outputs configuration

Analog outputs must be selected for current and voltage.

3.1.3 Binary/Analog Inputs


Binary inputs are used in this example only to test the digital outputs of the transducer. The transducer to be
tested is configured the following way:
Output G: voltage L1-N
Output H: current L1

Figure 15: Global hardware configuration of digital inputs

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3.1.4 DC Analog inputs

Figure 16: Global Hardware configuration of DC Analog Inputs

For this example, we use the analog current input IDCin for active and reactive power, current and frequency.
The related tab must be configured. Depending on the transducer function we are testing, the corresponding
connection terminal will be used (A for active power, B for reactive power, C for current and D for frequency).

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3.2

Global Test Object

3.2.1 Device settings


General transducer settings (e.g. Name/Description, Manufacturer, Substation, Bay...) are entered in the
RIO function Device.

Figure 17: Global Device settings window

Note:

The nominal values for primary and secondary must be introduced. The parameters V max and
I max limit the output of the currents and voltages to prevent damage to the device under test.
The user should consult the manual of the device under test to make sure that its input rating
will not be exceeded. For our example, according to the manual of the multifunctional
Transducer SINEAX DME 442, an appropriate current setting could be 1.5 A and an
appropriate Voltage setting could be 120V.
If the VT and CT ratios are entered the user can work in test module with either secondary or
primary values.

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3.2.2 Transducer properties


Specific data concerning the transducer can be entered in the RIO function Transducer

8
8

Figure
18:Global Transducer settings window

Note:
1.

2.

3.

4.

When working with OCC file this function is not available until Transducer is embedded.

Transducer functions: Select one or more functions for the transducer to be tested. Check only one
function if your transducer is single-functional. According to our example, two or more respective
functions must be defined (active power, reactive power, frequency and current) as we are going to test
a multifunctional transducer. For each transducer function checked, an individual tab appears at the
lower half of this dialog box. The active power tab is pre-selected by default.
Transducer output: Define whether the transducer to be tested outputs DC voltage (0...10V) or DC
current (0...20mA). Select "Open Loop" for transducers that are not equipped with an automatic reading
of the result but only output the result to a display. A popup dialog box will provide the user with the
possibility to manually enter the transducer's reading. For this test example, the transducer to be tested
outputs DC current (0...10mA) and thus we chose Current.
Angle calculation. This setting reflects the method with which the power system phase angle is
calculated. For this example, the phase angle interpreted positive in case of inductive load or negative in
case of capacitive load. For that reason, the setting must be Phi (V) Phi (I) which is the default setting.
CT Starpoint connection. Choose the CT start point connection; Typically, as well as for this example,
forward direction is defined as active power flow from the busbar towards the line. If the standard
connection is CT starpoint at the line side, then forward will correspond to the CMC test set delivering
active power to the test object. This setup corresponds to the Test Universe system setting "CT starpoint:
Towards line".

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5.

6.

7.
8.

Whenever the transducer is set to interpret power direction in reverse (e.g., CT starpoint at busbar side,
or power flow intentionally defined forward when orientated towards the busbar), this can be taken into
account by selecting "CT starpoint: Towards busbar", which will result in a 180 phase shift of the
generated output currents IL1 IL3.
Settling time. The settling time elapses before the measurement at IDCin is taken.For this example, an
appropriate settling time could be 2s for active, reactive and current functions. As for frequency function,
the settling time of 2 sec is too low and as a result we will not have a reliable test result, we are going to
introduce another global test object, especially for the frequency function, with a settling time of 15 sec
we will get reliable test results.
Measured parameters tabs. For each measured variable a tab appears. In this example, four variables
are measured. active power, reactive power, frequency and current. For each of them the following
settings must be done:
Tolerance. This box defines the maximum device error for the respective specific quantity. It is possible
to define a specific tolerance for each of the functions which will be based on our theoretical calculations
(for this example, according to the theoretical calculation about the Active Power, the tolerance must be
setting to 0,25%). With the exception of the Frequency tab (value in mHz), the tolerance is defined in %.
Number of phases. Specify if the transducer operates with one phase or three phases (like our
example).
Characteristic definition;
1. " Type of characteristic". The operating characteristic reflects how the transducer transforms
the input quantity to the output quantity. Transducer supports three different types of operating
characteristics:
Linear operating characteristic
Quadratic operating characteristic
Compound operating characteristic
Operating characteristics can be defined individually for each transducer function. For our test
case we chose "linear".
2. "Symmetrical characteristic". For the functions Active and reactive power our transducer has a
symmetrical characteristic. Thus the corresponding check box is checked. Whether or not a
characteristic is symmetrical depends on the transducer's measurement function. Bidirectional
power transducers normally have symmetrical characteristics.
3. "Minimum values". Enter the transducer's minimum input and output values (e.g. 0.000 var
input corresponds to 0.00 mA output).
4. "Knee point". Only available in case of a compound operating characteristic. The knee point
defines the "bend" in the two straight lines of the compound operating characteristic. An example
is at 80 % of nominal load. The knee point divides the curve into two different sensitivity ranges.
In our example we do not have a kneepoint.
5. "Maximum values". Enter the transducer's maximum input and output values (e.g. 173.205var
input corresponds to 20mA output).
6. "Saturation range". This is the limit of the operating characteristic.
7. The graphic at the right side of the transducer properties dialog box displays the shape of the
selected operating characteristic.

In the following section, the settings of the characteristic for each measured variable are described in detail.

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Active power

Figure 19:Global active power characteristics

According to the theoretical calculations, the tolerance of the active power will be set on 0,25%. Moreover,
the transducer's operating characteristic is symmetrical for the active power function.

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Reactive power

Figure 20: Global reactive power characteristics

According to the theoretical calculations, the tolerance of the reactive power will be set on 0,25%. Also, the
transducer's operating characteristic is symmetrical for the reactive power function.

Current

Figure 21: Global current characteristics

According to the theoretical calculations, the tolerance of the current will be set on 0,20%. Moreover, the
transducer's operating characteristic is not symmetrical for the current function.
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Frequency

Figure 22: Global Frequency characteristics

According to the theoretical calculations, the tolerance of the frequency will be set to 14 mHz. Moreover, the
transducer's operating characteristic is not symmetrical for the frequency function.

3.3

Local Hardware Configuration and Local Test Object


As we have already mentioned, the changes of the global settings flow automatically to the local settings. It
is important to mention that there is also the possibility to enter settings for different test modules manually
via the local hardware configuration by following exactly the same instructions than for the global
configuration. For this example, it is not necessary to enter different settings for the local hardware and test
object configuration, as the configuration had already done by the global settings.

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3.4

Transducer module test


To perform a test for a Transducer, settings are required for the tabs Test and Settings.

3.4.1 Settings tab


Settings tab for active power test

1
3

2
4

Figure 23: Settings tab for active power function

1.

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

Measured quantity. This box is used to define the input quantity and their values. To define the input
quantities select the transducer function to be tested. As for this example a multifunctional transducer is
defined and the test will be for active power, the active power function must be selected. To define the
values, specify whether the values of the specified test points are primary or secondary. The display
changes accordingly. For this example, we choose secondary.
Test mode. by default the setting is "Auto Stepping" which allows automatic test execution of all test
points of the test table. "Manual Stepping" is used if the measurement results at a remote location
(SCADA) also need to be observerd during the test.
Display on graph. Indication of "All test points" (default setting), or "Only failed points" (i.e. the ones
that failed in the course of the test) by clicking the desirable option.
Output 3-Phase voltage; for multifunctional 3-phase transducers that are powered by the VT's this
check box need to be checked.
Test Phase. As the active power is defined as three-phase test, the selection of a test phase is disabled.
Enter Temperature and relative Humidity; these values will appear in the report.

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Settings tab for reactive power test

1
2

5
6

Figure 24: Settings tab for reactive power function

1.

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

Measured quantity. This box is used to define the input quantity and their values. To define the input
quantities select the transducer function to be tested. As for this example a multifunctional transducer is
defined and the test will be for reactive power, the reactive power function must be selected. To define
the values, specify whether the values of the specified test points are primary or secondary. The display
changes accordingly. For this example, we choose secondary.
Test mode. by default the setting is "Auto Stepping" which allows automatic test execution of all test
points of the test table. "Manual Stepping" is used if the measurement results at a remote location
(SCADA) also need to be observerd during the test.
Display on graph. Indication of "All test points" (default setting), or "Only failed points" (i.e. the ones
that failed in the course of the test) by clicking the desirable option.
Output 3-Phase voltage; for multifunctional 3-phase transducers that are powered by the VT's this
check box need to be checked.
Test Phase. As the reactive power is defined as three-phase test, the selection of a test phase is
disabled.
Enter Temperature and relative Humidity; these values will appear in the report.

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Settings tab for current test

1
2

3
4

Figure 25: Settings tab for current function

1.

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

Measured quantity. This box is used to define the input quantity and their values. To define the input
quantities select the transducer function to be tested. As for this example a multifunctional transducer is
defined and the test will be for current, the current function must be selected. To define the values,
specify whether the values of the specified test points are primary or secondary. The display changes
accordingly. For this example, we choose secondary.
Test mode. by default the setting is "Auto Stepping" which allows automatic test execution of all test
points of the test table. "Manual Stepping" is used if the measurement results at a remote location
(SCADA) also need to be observerd during the test.
Display on graph. Indication of "All test points" (default setting), or "Only failed points" (i.e. the ones
that failed in the course of the test) by clicking the desirable option.
Output 3-Phase voltage; for multifunctional 3-phase transducers that are powered by the VT's this
check box need to be checked.
Test Phase. Since current is always a single-phase test, the corresponding test phase needs to be
chosen.
Enter Temperature and relative Humidity; these values will appear in the report.

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Settings tab for frequency test

1
3

2
4

Figure 26: Settings tab for frequency function

1.

2.

3.
4.
5.
6.

Measured quantity. This box is used to define the input quantity and their values. To define the input
quantities select the transducer function to be tested. As for this example a multifunctional transducer is
defined and the test will be for frequency, the frequency function must be selected. To define the values,
specify whether the values of the test points are primary or secondary. The display changes accordingly.
For this example, we choose secondary.
Test mode. by default the setting is "Auto Stepping" which allows automatic test execution of all test
points of the test table. "Manual Stepping" is used if the measurement results at a remote location
(SCADA) also need to be observerd during the test.
Display on graph. Indication of "All test points" (default setting), or "Only failed points" (i.e. the ones
that failed in the course of the test) by clicking the desirable option.
Output 3-Phase voltage; for multifunctional 3-phase transducers that are powered by the VT's this
check box need to be checked.
Test Phase. Since frequency is always a single-phase test, the corresponding test phase needs to be
chosen.
Enter Temperature and relative Humidity; these values will appear in the report.

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3.4.2 Test tab for active power, reactive power, current and frequency test
This tab is used to insert the test points for active power, reactive power, current and frequency test.

2
4
1

Figure 27: Test tab

1.
2.
3.

4.

5.

Click "Add multiple" to launch the sequence definition dialog. There, a sequence of up to 250 test
points can be specified and entered into the test point table.
It is possible to define a single test point by entering the "Input value" and the number of "Test runs".
The unit of measurement of the input quantity depends on the kind of the input quantity.
Click "Add" to insert the entered test point to the test point table. The graphical diagram of the
transducer characteristic then displays that test point. You can also click into the graph in order to add a
test point of your choice.
The number of "Test runs" specifies how many times a measurement is taken at that particular test
point. If you choose 2 or more test runs per point, the average error and the standard deviation is
calculated and is displayed in the test point table and the test report.
Once all the test points are introduced a test table is available.

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3.4.3 Ramping test- test view


Test view- voltage variation alarm.
The tested transducer has two digital outputs one of them is configured to detect voltage variations. If it
exceeds 60 V or drops below 55 V the contact will close. In this part of the example, the target is to find the
exact voltage when the contact closes. For this purpose, we have to use the ramping module in order to
increase and decrease voltage. The voltage steps must be small enough to detect the trip with sufficient
accuracy, and long enough in time to let the transducer stabilize the measure.
The ramping module allows to automatically increase or decrease the values of the CMC outputs within
steps of the same time duration.
As the transducer measurement fluctuates during a few seconds at the beginning of the test, it is necessary
to introduce a first state with a small ramping and no stop condition in order to stabilize the measurement.
This step is essential because, the transducer detects several measures out of the limit and it closes the
output. As a result, the first close pulse is detected as the trip.
Once the first stabilizing ramp is done, the second ramp will reach the trip value. After that, the next ramp
will investigate the change over the trip to non-trip states. Ramps 4 to 6 perform the same for the lower
threshold settings.
To define this behavior with the ramping module it is necessary to do the following states:
Ramp 1: From 59.5 V to 59.5 V. No Stop Condition.
Ramp 2: From 59.5 V to 60.5 V. Stop Condition: Trip 0->1. This means that the Test Universe will detect the
values where the contact of the transducer closes.
Ramp 3: From 60.5 V to 59.5 V. Stop condition: Trip 1->0. This means that the Test Universe will detect the
values where the contact of the transducer open.
Ramp 4: From 50.5 V to 55.5 V. No stop condition.
Ramp 5: From 55.5 V to 54.5 V. Stop Condition: Trip 0->1. This means Test Universe will detect the values
where the contact of the transducer closes.
Ramp 6: From 54.5 V to 55.5 V. Stop Condition: Trip 1->0. This means Test Universe will detect the values
where the contact of the transducer opens.

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1
3

Figure 28: Ramp module to test transducer digital output voltage fluctuation

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In the test window the steps are:


1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

Set mode: First set a mode and specify a fault type. The default mode "Direct" denotes no fault model,
In such a case the Fault type box is disabled. For this example, the direct set mode is used.
Signal 1: Select the first quantity to be ramped at the CMC output. For this example, the transducer is
configured to measure the voltage of line 1, so VL1-E
Quantity: Select the physical quantity of signal 1. The available quantities depend on the set mode.
Signal 2: Signal 2 can either be identical to signal 1 or any other CMC output quantity that is available in
the "Signal 2" box. If you don't need a signal 2, select "none". In this example we change only one
variable, but it is possible to ramp also another one, like current or frequency at the same time.
Stop condition: From this setting you can activate the trip stop condition of the transducer.
Binary trigger condition: In this example, the alarm activates if it detects higher Voltage than 60 V or
lower Voltage than 55 V.

Test view- current overload alarm


This last output is configured for overcurrent, so if the current exceeds 1 A the contact will close. It has to be
tested with the ramping module as the voltage variation alarm example.
This part of the example is easier than previous as it does not have a lower limit which makes the contact
close until it has a stable value.
To define this behavior with the ramping module it is necessary to do the following states:
Ramp 1: From 985 mA to 1,030 A. Stop condition: Trip 0->1. This means that the Test Universe will detect
the values where the contact of the transducer closes.
Ramp 2: From 1,030 A to 985 mA . Stop condition: Trip 1->0. This means Test Universe will detect the
values where the contact of the transducer opens.

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1
3

Figure 29: Ramp module to test transducer digital output current overload

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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Set Mode: First set a mode and specify a fault type. The default mode "Direct" denotes no fault model,
In such a case the Fault type box is disabled. For this example, the direct set mode is used.
Signal 1: Select the first quantity to be ramped at the CMC output.
Quantity: Select the physical quantity of signal 1.
Signal 2: Signal 2 can either be identical to signal 1 or any other CMC output quantity that is available in
the "Signal 2" box. If you don't need a signal 2, select "none".
Stop condition: From this setting you can activate the trip stop condition of the transducer.
Binary Trigger Condition: In this example, the alarm activates if it detects higher current than 1A.

3.4.4 Ramping test - ramp assessments.


Ramp assessments - voltage variation alarm.

1
3

2
5
Figure 30 : Ramp assessment tab for voltage variation alarm.

At this Tab, the testing ramps could be assessed.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Name: Enter a name for the measurement condition that reflects best what is actually measured.
Ramp: Define the ramp state in which the measurement is to be performed. For example, the
measurement 1 will be performed for the ramp 2.
Condition-Signal: Select the condition to start the measurement and the ramped signal to be taken for
the measurement. . For example, the condition for the ramp 2, is for 0 to 1.
Nom: Nominal value for the selected ramp state. For this example, the value to be assessed for the
measurement 1 is 60V.
Dev. : Displays the measured deviation between the actual value and the nominal value. According to
SINEAX DME 442 multifunctional transducer settings, the tolerable deviation will be +-200mV.

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Ramp assessments current overload alarm.

2
3

1
Figure 31: Ramp assessment for current overload alarm.

At this Tab, the testing ramps could be assessed.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Name: Enter a name for the measurement condition that reflects best what is actually measured.
Ramp: Define the ramp state in which the measurement is to be performed.
Condition-Signal: Select the condition to start the measurement and the ramped signal to be taken for
the measurement. For this example, if the current exceeds 1 A, the condition will be for 0 to1.
Nom: Nominal value for the selected ramp state (the value to be assessed). For this example, the
nominal value is 1 A.
Dev. : Displays the measured deviation between the actual value and the nominal value. According to
SINEAX DME 442 multifunctional transducer settings, the tolerable deviation will be +- 2mA.

3.4.5 Ramping test calculated assessments.


Calculated assessments - voltage variation alarm.

Figure 32: Calculated assessments tab for voltage variation alarm.

Calculated assessments serves to define calculations of signal relations.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Name: Enter a name of your choice for the calculated result.


Calc: Select the calculating ratio.
X: First element of the calculation.
Y: Second element of the calculation.
Nom: Nominal value for the assessment. For this example, the nominal value is 1 A.
Dev. - : Enter the maximum allowed negative deviation from the nominal value (absolute tolerance
value).
Dev. + : Enter the maximum allowed positive deviation from the nominal value (absolute tolerance
value).

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Calculated assessments - current variation alarm.

Figure 33: Calculated assessments tab for current overload alarm.

Calculated assessments serves to define calculations of signal relations.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Name: Enter a name of your choice for the calculated result.


Calc: Select the calculating ratio.
X: First element of the calculation.
Y: Second element of the calculation. As for this example, there is not second element, the first element
will be used also for this purpose.
Nom: Nominal value for the assessment. For this example, the nominal value is 1 A.
Dev. - : Enter the maximum allowed negative deviation from the nominal value (absolute tolerance
value).
Dev. + : Enter the maximum allowed positive deviation from the nominal value (absolute tolerance
value).

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3.4.6 Pause module


A pause module can be introduced before each module embedded in the OCC file in order to pause the test
for rewiring by providing instrunctions to the test engineer. Double clicking the insert module icons the
following window appears:

Figure 34: Insert a pause module

To configure it the following steps are needed:


1.

2.

Insert the message to be displayed, also pictures can be inserted . For example, you can enter the
message: ' Wire-up the current analog DC input of the CMC, to the A output of the transducer in order to
test the active power function'.
To enable the user to introduce a comment on the report check the box. If an audible alarm is desirable
check the corresponding box.

Figure 35: Configuration of pause module

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3.5

Run the test

Figure 36: Starting the test

In order to run the test, from the occ file, select "Start/Continue all". This consecutively executes all test
points defined.
When the test is finished the table summarizes the results of all tests. Detailled information on full-scale error
of the test points and treshold values (binary output tests) can be found in the test report.

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Figure 37: Results of the multifunctional Transducer test.

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Support
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possible benefits. If you need any support, we are here to assist you!

24/7 Technical Support Get Support


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Make use of our 24/7 international technical support hotline: +43 59495 4444.
Additionally, you can find our Service Center or Sales Partner closest to you at
www.omicron.at or www.omicronusa.com.

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The customer area on our website is an international knowledge exchange platform.
Download the latest software updates for all products and share your own
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Browse through the knowledge library and find application notes, conference papers,
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