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PRC-EL-00-003

LOAD LIST
CALCULATION
PROCEDURE

Revision : 00
Page : 1 of 11

1 Purpose
The purpose of this procedure is to give the guideline to develop the load list calculation procedure in order
to define the requirements for the electrical system design, equipment and materials procurement and
electrical installation for the project.

2 Application
This procedure is used as the first step to develop the basic studies and to regroup the different load of facility
in order to have an idea about the need for power project. In combination with the one line diagram, it
provides data for the plant electrical system and, based on cables routings, permits the execution of cables list
and take offs.

3 Key Words
Data input, electrical consumers, power supplies, network architecture, KU, KS, KLD.

Appendixes
APPENDIX A : LOAD LIST OF ELECTRICAL CONSUMER

Issued by :

Checked by :

Approved by :

Date :

Date :

Date :

Signature :

Signature :

Signature :

For enforcement

For information

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LOAD LIST CALCULATION PROCEDURE

Procedure reference : PRC-EL-00-003


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SCOPE ..................................................................................... ERREUR ! SIGNET NON DEFINI.


2. DEFINITION OF RESPONSIBILITIES ........................................................................................... 3
3. PURPOSE OF PROCEDURE ............................................................................................................ 3
4. INTERFACES .................................................................................................................................... 3
5. FORM OF PROCEDURE .................................................................................................................. 3

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LOAD LIST CALCULATION PROCEDURE

Procedure reference : PRC-EL-00-003


Revision : 00
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1. PURPOSE
The purpose of this document is to give the guideline to develop the load list calculation procedure in
order to define the requirements for the electrical system design, equipment and materials procurement
and electrical installation for the project.
2. DEFINITION OF RESPONSIBILITIES
This procedure represents a technical document that will be developed using a standardized format.
Indeed, the status of this document is a milestone in the overall planning for managing the progress of
work according to the information available at that time.
3. PURPOSE OF PROCEDURE
This procedure is the first step to develop the basic studies and to regroup the different load of facility in
order to have an idea about the need for power project. This procedure with the one line diagram
provides data for the plant electrical system and, based on cables routings, permit the execution of cables
list and take offs.
4. INTERFACES
The plant electric load list is normally updated at each issue of the equipment list and One Line diagram
documents; therefore the criteria valid for these documents for project phases and issues scopes apply to
the electric load list.
The development of a load list calculation will be possible after data collection and know in detail the
operating conditions of the electrical facilities.
5. FORM OF PROCEDURE
5.1 Scope
The purpose of this document is to establish a load list that determines the electrical installation meeting
the requirements of the industrial process to lower cost of investment, operation and failure. The design
tends to the determination of active and reactive power per unit to install and the total power of the
installation.
5.2 Codes And Standards
The establishment of the procedure shall be in accordance with the latest editions and supplements of the
relevant standards.

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Procedure reference : PRC-EL-00-003


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5.3 Data Input


The specific list of information required during the project development phases are described in the
following table:

2
3
4

Required information
Users identification:
Sub-facility (ex Subdivision)
Facility functional unit
Train number
Item code
Sequential
Redundancy (if required)
user description
Location
Type of service

Duty operating condition

Power

7
8

Mech
Rated power (Kw, KVA)

9
10
11

cos
Volt
Amper

12

Ia/Ib

13
Type of control

14
Specific type of load

15
Load shedding

16
Starting type

description

Electric Load Identification

short description of the equipment user


Location of the equipment user
NR (Normal), PR (Preferential),
SA(safety users)
C(100%), I1(25%), I2(50%),I3(75%),
S(stand by/spare)
Process/mechanical power
requirements (Kw)
Equipment type
Rated power of equipment, connect
load (including safey factor as per API
610)
Power factor for equipment
Nominal supply voltage
Nominal current rating of equipment at
rated voltage and power factor
Pick up current on nominal current
ratio
A: outgoing motor with local push
button
B : outgoing motor with local panel
C: outgoing with open release
D: outgoing without open release
E: others
M: induction motor
IS: Instrumentation load
PU: package unit
L:lighting
H: heater
D: distribution board
Preselected loads to be automatically
shed in case of main power failure or
available generator cannot support the
load
D: direct
SS: soft/start
ST: start/triangle
VU : VFD/USD
A: Autotransformer
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The development of a calculation of the power budget will be set up after collection of the following
data:
PID of the turbo alternator. (If it exists in the facilities).
List of electrical consumers of the lot by including consumers auxiliary turbo alternator.
Process data

Set the levels voltages that supply the electrical equipment.

Understanding the philosophy of operation of electrical equipment in order to determine the

factors of simultaneity Ks.


Operating Conditions

Set the duty cycle Ku for electric motor in according the power consumption. It is necessary

to specify the operating conditions of different consumers:

Continuous operation throughout the period of operation of the facility.

Intermittent operation.

Emergency Operation and vital to the industrial process.

Environmental data
The characteristics of equipment and materials are provided for standard environmental conditions.
The knowledge of parameters related to actual site conditions allows the designer to introduce
correction factors for electrical equipment.
Classification of Electrical Consumers
We must know:

The rating power;

The absorbed power;

The power factor;

Performance;

Transient operation (starting motor, ...);

The levels of disturbance.

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Attachment geographical of electrical consumers


According to the general arrangement layout, the load lists are grouped into their respective roles
in the industrial process.
Future extension

Estimate the power that must be installed to provide for the future extension.

5.4 Hypotheses
The references documents related to the design of the plant electric systems are:
One Line Diagram
Equipment List
General Electric System Specification
Based on data collection and the inputs present at that moment, SPPC develop firstly a preliminary load
list that includes a list of electrical consumers and design the study specifications, data sheets, single line
diagrams, general arrangement layout, main earthing layout and also calculation.
5.5 Calculation
The load list calculation procedure involves the determination of active and reactive power for each unit
on the basis of installed power by applying the use factor Ku and the simultaneity factor Ks. the total
power installed is equal to the total power of each unit of the project.
5.5.1

VOLTAGE LEVELS

Choice of supply voltage distributor


The choice of power source depends on:

The supply voltage;

The minimum short-circuit power Pcc;

Disturbances generated and tolerated by the facility.

Choice of the level voltage within the site


The different voltage levels depend on:

The different load list existing on site. (Electrical motor...);

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5.5.2

Procedure reference : PRC-EL-00-003


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The power installed on each unit.


POWER SUPPLIES

The power supplies are divided into three groups:

Alternative source accompanying the main source for reasons of continuity;

Main source which is often accompanied by a replacement source;

Emergency source that allows power for the project in case of failure of the distributor.

5.5.3

ELECTRICAL NETWORK ARCHITECTURE

The specific elements are used to establish the key one line diagram of the network:

Power supply;

Electrical network MV and LV.

5.5.4

MV AND LV MOTORS
Motor rated power, the electric power at the operating point and performance (or the

electrical power to its point of operation, taking into account the load factor (ie the operating
point is 80% of motor power ), this value should not exceed 85% (see the service factor);

The power factor on starting and operating point;

The simultaneity factor (Continuous, Intermittent, Emergency);

Indicate if the motor are equipped with a starting device (soft starter SS, Variable Speed

frequency, VSF...).
5.5.5

SERVICE FACTOR (KU)

The service factor is the ratio between the period of load operation, including starting and braking power
to the cycle of service as a percentage. This factor can be determined according to the power absorbed
(see the table below):
Absorbed Power (Kw)

Service factor (%)

P 18.5 Kw

20 to 25 %

18.5 Kw P 70 Kw

10 to 15%

P 75 Kw

10%

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5.5.6

Procedure reference : PRC-EL-00-003


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SIMULTANEITY FACTOR (KS)

The simultaneity factor requires detailed knowledge of the installation and operating conditions,
including electrical motor and power outlet. The simultaneity factors are summarized in the table below:
General case

Use

Simultaneity factors Ks

Lighting ..

Heating and Air Conditioning

Outlet (n: number of outlet)

0.1 + (0.9 / n) (*)

Electric lifts and hoists


* High-power motor...

* For the next motor...........

0.75

* Others..........

0.6

In some cases, particularly in industrial facilities, this factor may be higher.


The current to be considered for each motor is equal to its rated current plus one-third of its starting
current.

Case of switchboards

Number of circuit

Ks

2 to 3

0.9

4 to 5

0.8

6 to 9

0.7

>10

0.6

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Case of residential building

5.5.7

Number of subscribers

Ks

2 to 4

5 to 9

0.78

10 to 14

0.63

15 to 19

0.53

20 to 24

0.49

25 to 29

0.46

30 to 34

0.44

35 to 39

0.42

40 to 49

0.41

> 50

0.4

LOAD FACTOR (KLD)

The load factor is the ratio of mechanical power design (maximum) and power-plated motor:
KLD = Pmechanical / Pmotor
5.5.8

DATA OF CONSTRUCTORS

The data sheet provides a basis for the determination of some given electrical performance such as and
power factor cos for electric pumps.
5.5.9

STARTUP TYPES

We specify the startup type for each motor:

Direct start

Soft Starter (SS)

Star Delta

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With Variable Frequency Driver

5.6 Conclusion
The electrical load list document will always be included in the project document list and as such it will
be always supplied to the company at the end of each project phase, as specifically defined in the project
document control procedure. The company received this document by SPPC on paper and in electronic
file, having format MS excel and Adobe Acrobat the latter obtained from scanning of original document
duly filled and signed in the appropriate revision table.

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APPENDIX A : LOAD LIST OF ELECTRICAL CONSUMER

Attachment (1)
Load Identification

User
Identification

Description

Location

Mechanical Features

Type of
service

duty

Power
required

Electrical features

Mechanical

[Kw]

Rated
Power
Normal
[Kw]

Rated
Power
Normal
[KVA]

cos

volt

Amp

Type of
control

Ia/Ib

Equipment

Load

type

shedding

Starting
Type

Notes

Attachment (2)
Tag of
equipment

equipment

service

feeder

Type
of
depart

Duty
load
[Kw]

Rated
Load
[Kw]

Load
facto
r K1

Efficiency

Power
factor
(cos)

Simultaneity
factor K2

Continuous
load

Consumed load
Intermittent
load

Stand-by Load

P
(Kw)

Q
(KVAR)

P
(Kw)

Q
(KVAR)

P
(Kw)

Q
(KVAR)

P
(Kw)

Q
(KVAR)

P
(Kw)

Q
(KVAR)

P
(Kw)

Q
(KVAR)

Total power (KW)


Apparent power (KVA)
P (Kw)
Maximum of normal running plant load = X1*Continuous load +
Y1*Intermittent load + Z1*Stand-by load (X1=100%, Y1=50%, Z1=0%)
Peak plant load = X1*Continuous load + Y1*Intermittent load + Z1*Standby load
(X1=100%, Y1=60%, Z1=10%)

Q (KVAR)

S (KVA)

Maximum of normal running plant


load
Peak plant load

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