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Introduction

• “A Day in the Life of a Teenage Babysitter” – a lesson in estimation and equivalency .

• Length of lesson: 45 minutes

• Related Virginia Standards of Learning:

The student will:

6.1 The student will identify representations of a given percent and describe orally and in
writing the equivalence relationships among fractions, decimals, and percents.

6.2 The student will describe and compare two sets of data, using ratios, and will use
appropriate notations, such as a/b, a to b, and a:b.

6.7 The student will use estimation strategies to solve multistep practical problems involving
whole numbers, decimals, and fractions (rational numbers).

Learning Objectives

By the end of this lesson, the students will be able to:

• Verbally express why a $.25 coin is called a “quarter”.


• Calculate relationship among a host of ratios.
• Estimate a total monetary amount based on percentage rate.

Teaching and Learning Sequence

• Introduction/Anticipatory Set – Read an excerpt from Ann M. Martin’s book, The Baby-
sitters Club: Mary Anne Saves the Day. This excerpt tells the tale of various quandaries
and dilemmas experienced by Mary Anne on a single baby-sitting job. This excerpt sets
the stage for the calculations the students will be performing in this lesson.

• Lesson Development

• Instruct the students to take out a sheet of paper and a pencil.


• Briefly explain to the students that each of them are assigned with the task of
baby-sitting a six-year-old girl one afternoon while her parents are away. Several
predicaments happen over the course of the afternoon that requires the “baby-sitter”
to find a solution. Explain that the audio files they are about to hear are of the girl
they are babysitting.
• Delimma #1: The girl is sitting at the table working on her math homework, but
seems to be having a hard time understanding it.

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• Play first audio file: Homework Help. “I need help with my homework. Why is
the 25-cent coin called a quarter?”
• Have the students write on their paper the answer they believe would best explain
the concept to a student much younger than them.
• Instruct the students to share their answers with a partner.
• Discuss the answer as a class.
• Delimma #2: After homework is complete, the young girl is ready to play. She
wants to bake cookies with you (and the parents have already said it is ok to use the
stove). You have found all the necessary ingredients to make the cookies according
to the recipe on the bag of chocolate chips. The recipe calls for two eggs and luckily,
there were two eggs in the refrigerator (but no more than that). Then...this happens:
• Play second audio file: Splat! “I want to make some cookies but, OOPS! I
dropped an egg!”
• Display a cookie recipe (with fractional amounts) on the overhead projector.
• Have the students write on their paper how they will follow the recipe now that
they don’t have the correct amount of all the ingredients. Guide them to figure out
how to adjust the fractions to accommodate having only half the eggs they need for
the full recipe.
• Instruct the students to share their answers with a partner.
• Discuss the answer as a class.
• Delimma #3: You are paid $5 for each full hour of babysitting provided. The
parents have agreed to pay you an extra 25% for each 15-minute increment that they
will be returning home later than the time they originally stated. The phone rings:
• Play third audio file: Overtime. “{phone ringing} Hi! This is Mrs. Beverly. I’m
running late and I won’t be home at 5:00 like planned. My meeting is going to take
an extra 75 minutes.”
• Have the students write on their paper their estimation of the total amount they
will earn for this babysitting job.
• Instruct the students to share their answers with a partner.
• Discuss the answer as a class.
• Closure

o Review with the students what tasks were performed in this lesson.

o Ask if there are any questions.

Appended Materials

Content Organizer

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• Materials and Lesson Preparation

• Computer
• Projector
• Projector screen
• Arrange desks so that all students can see the projector screen clearly
• Get audio files ready on the computer
• Get cookie recipe ready to display on the projector
• Pull down the projector screen
• Turn projector on