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Shiva Pradosham/Pradosh Vrata :

August 27, 2015

Pradosha, also spelled Pradosh or Shiva Pradosham, falls

on the 13th lunar day (Trayodashi) during the waxing and
waning phase of moon in the Hindu lunar calendar.
Occurring between 4.30 pm to 6.00 pm on Trayodashi,
the Pradosha time is propitious to pray Lord Shiva and
invoke his blessings. It is believed that worshipping Lord
Shiva at Pradosh day will relieve from sins and gives
Moksha. Among the poojas performed by the devotees of
Lord Shiva, the Pradosha puja is considered to be more
auspicious. It is believed that during Pradosha period all
the universal beings and Gods come down to earth and
attend the worship.

The importance of observing Pradosha is described in

Pradosha Mahatmyam from Shiva Purana and hence
Shiva devotees observe Pradosha Pooja with high
sanctity. Pradosha indicates the meeting of the Sun and
the Moon in a horizontal line during their movement on
their Axis.
Pradhosha Vrata Significance:According to the Shiva Puranas, observing a fast on
Pradosham Vratam is regarded as highly auspicious and
beneficial. One would be blessed with wealth, children,
happiness and honor. While the fast is undertaken by all
Shiva devotees, but all women who have been longing for
a son specially observe this. Also, praying to Lord Shiva
during the course of the fast is said to liberate the
devotee from all his previous and present sins and evil
deeds committed. According to one legend, Lord Shiva is
believed to have drunk the Halahala poison during
Pradosham. This poison was mixed with the Ocean of Milk
(Samudra Manthan).
Shani Pradosh Sani Pradosham
According to Hindu belief, Lord Shiva swallowed the
poison on a Saturday and this is called Sani Pradosh or
Shani Pradosha. Sani Pradosham is classified into Uthama
Shani Pradhosham, Mathima Sani Pradhosham, and
Athama Sani Pradhosham.
Uthama Sani Pradhosha is the Sani Pradhosham that
comes during the Tamil month of Chithirai, Vaigasi,
Ayppasi and Karthigai during the waxing period. Mathima

Sani Pradhosham occurs during the Tamil month of

Chithirai, Vaigasi, Ayppasi and Karthigai during waning
period. All other Shani Pradhoshams come under this
category Athama Shani Pradhosha.
Maha Pradhosham
Maha Pradhosha is a yearly rite which falls during
February March (Magha in Sanskrit, Kumbha Masam in
Malayalam, and Maasi in Tamil) before Maha Sivarathri.
Pradosham is carried out regularly in all Lord Shiva
Temples across the country.

History of Shiva Pradosham Vrat or Why to observe

Shiva Pradosham

According to Hindu Puranas, the gods (Devas) and the

demons (Asuras) were stirring the milky ocean to extract
amritam (nectar), with Vasuki (the serpent king) as a
rope. As Vasuki underwent severe scratches due to the
churning, she emitted a powerful poison which is capable
of destroying the world. The helpless celestials pleaded
Lord Shiva to save them. In order to save them, Lord
Shiva swallowed the poison. Goddess Parvati stopped the
poison in Lords throat and it is believed that his throat
turned to blue.
As a result of this, Lord Shiva came to be known as
Thiruneelagandan or Neelakandan (the one with Blue

Shiv Pradosh Puja

It is said that on the Trayodhasi (thirteenth moon day)
day, the gods and demons realized that they had
committed a sin of not praying the God and prayed for
forgiveness. Lord Shiva Shankar forgave them and
danced in between the horns of the Nandhis (Celestial
Bull) forehead.
This time is called Pradhosham. It is believed that if
anybody prays Lord Shiva in that time, he fulfills their
wishes and gives them mukthi.
Pradosha pooja is one of the most sacred and important
among the poojas performed by Shivites to the Graceful
Lord Shiva. In Shukla Paksha (15 moon days from new
moon to full moon) and Krishna Paksha (15 moon days
from full moon to new moon) the evening of the Trayodasi
(thirteenth moon day) between 4.30 pm to 6.00 p.m. is
called Pradosham. It comes once in fifteen moon days.
Pradosha time is to pray Lord Shiva and invoke His
Blessings. Praying in this time will free us from sins and
gives Moksha (hence the name Pradosha). During
Pradosha time, a special type of circumbulating called
Somasutra Pradakshinam.
During Prodhosha time anointing (Abhishekam) the Shiva
deity with the Following is considered fruitful.
Milk Gives Long Life

Gives Moksha state


Gives Good Children


Give Melodious Voice

Rice Powder [Arisi Podi]

Frees from Debts

Sugar Cane Juice Gives good health and removes enmity

Lime Juice

Gives Wealth

Removes fear of Death

Tender Coconut

Gives enjoyment and full satisfaction in

Cooked Rice [Annam] Gives Majestic life


Gives Lakshmis grace


Removes enmity

Rudra is always known to be easily pleased and through

the praise contained in Sri Rudram, the fierce Rudra is
calmed and becomes ready to grant us every conceivable
blessing as requested in the Chamakam hymn.
Buy the Shiva-Parvati Pradosha lamp here: Shiva Parvati
Pradosha lamp- please Shiva and Karma removal
How to perform Somasutra pradakshinam during shiva
During the Pradhosham time Somasutra pradakshinam is
the suggested way of circumambulating Sivalingam. In
some of the temples this is followed always. A point to
note here is that the Gomukhi is never crossed. Gomukhi
is the place where the water after anointing (abhisheka

tirtham) would be flowing northwards out. By doing this

way of pradakshinam one does not step over this holy
Soma Sutra Pradikshinam
vrusham chandam vrusham saiva soma sutram
chandam cha soma sutram cha punachandam
First saluting the Rishabha devar (Holy Bull) go anticlockwise and salute chandishwar (not crossing the
gomukhi). Now return in the clockwise manner salute
Rishabham and continue clockwise till the Gomukhi (not
cross it again). Then return in anti-clockwise direction
salute the Rishabham again and proceed towards
chandishar. From there return back clockwise without
worshiping Rishabham and reach the gomukhi. Finally
return back anti-clockwise from there to salute
Rishabham and continue to chandishwar and return back
to Rishabham and worship the shiva lingam (at the altar)
by viewing through the space between the two horns of
the Holy bull. This is one pradakshinam. Three such times
pradadakshinam to be done.
If you carefully observe the curve traced by doing the
pradakshinam is very similar to the periphery of the
CRESCENT. Hence this way of circumambulating is called

Shiva Pradosham kalam pradosha timings, pradosha


Everyday between 5.30 to 6.00 pm in the evening is

called Dina Pradosham. Every thirteenth day of a Paksha
(15-day cycle, making it two Pakshas every month
Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha) is called Maha
Pradosham. The time between 5.30 to 6.30 pm in the
evening is called Pradosham (Dina Pradosham). During
the Pradosha period, it is significant to worship Lord
Shiva, as He performs the Holy Dance in
Kailashparvatam. (Mount Kailash) , all Devatas assemble
there to watch this holy event, offer their Prayers to HIM.
Thinking and meditating during Pradosha Kalam is
considered most sacred by Hindus and helps derive
benefits of having worshipped all Devatas at one go.

Importance Of Pradosh Vrat

, April 17, 2015,
Pradosh Vrat is one of the important Vrats observed by Hindus for
worshiping Lord Shiva and Parvati. The word 'Pradosh' means
evening and the worship associated with Pradosh Vrat is done
during the evening twilight or on sandhya kala. Pradosh Vrat falls
on the Trayodashi of both Shukla and Krishna Paksha. Pradosh
Vrat is mainly of two types - Shani Pradosh, which falls on
Saturday and Soma Pradosh, which falls on Monday. Devotees
will observe fast during the Pradosh vrat. Some times light food

i.e juice or fruit salad are consumed during the fast. While the
Pradosh Vrat puja is performed devotees pray to Lord Shiva by
chanting Shiva mantra's. Here we tell you about the significance
and the importance of performing the Pradosh Vrat. Facts To
Know About Pradosh Vrat It is believed that by chanting Shiva
mantras during the puja one shall be free from all the sins for life
time. Also by chanting the Shiva mantra's it is said that all your
wishes are also granted. This is one of the most common
Pradosh Vrat kadha. Nataraja: The Lord Of Dance Victory One
Brahmin lady came to muni Sadilya with an orphan,
Dharmagupta. He was a prince, whose father was slain in a
battle. They took Pradosh Vrat as per the instruction of Sadilya.
During the eighth Pradosh, she got a pot of nectar to drink. After
that, Dharmagupta married a celestial princess. With the help of
her father, the prince conquered his country back. This increases
the importance of Pradosh Vrat as it will help to attain victory.
Shiva In His Auspicious Mood Pradosh Vrat is the best time to
worship Lord Shiva and Parvati as they both will be in their best
mood. Fed up with the war of demons, Gods approached Lord
Shiva on the thirteenth day of the lunar fortnight. This time He
was glorified by the Gods and granted their wish. This Pradosh
Vrat story is yet another popular one. All Sins Forgiven One of the
most common story behind the Pradosh Vrat is related to the
Halahala poison. According to this story, Lord Shiva drank the
Halahala poison that is obtained during samudra mandhan during
a Pradosh. The devotees believe that Lord Shiva will take up all
the sins and give to moksha. Spiritual Empowerment Fasting and
chanting matras of Lord Shiva during Pradosh Vrat is the best
thing that we can do for spiritual empowerment. It is believed that
offering even a Bael or Bilva leaf is enough for recovering from all

our sin. Pradosh Vrat is the time when Lord Shiva will be in His
most pleasant form and it will be the best time to worship him.