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Oxford Learners Thesaurus

Topic Maps and Exercises

Education
Health
Sport and Leisure
The Individual and Society
Conflict
Fact and Opinion
The Media
Travel and Transport
Work and Business

school and college


education noun
full-time education

class 2 noun
evening classes

educational adj.
educational games

class 3 noun
the oldest in the class

class 1 noun
take a biology class

school noun
elementary school

teaching
teach verb
He teaches English.

professor noun
a professor of law

teacher noun
a science teacher

lecturer noun
a college lecturer

train verb 1
train as a doctor

coach noun
a tennis coach

studying
assignment noun
a written assignment
focus verb
focus on an issue

equip verb 2
equip sb for a
career in sth

student noun
school students

Education

scholar noun
a classical scholar
learner noun
language learners
learn verb
learn a language

testing
test noun 2
a spelling test

mark verb 2
mark an essay

test verb 2
test your
English

score noun
a high score

assessment
noun
continuous
assessment

success
knowledge noun
specialist
knowledge
graduate verb
graduate in history

failure
ignorant adj.
ignorant about sth
miss verb 1
miss a class

informed adj.
well informed
understand verb 1
understand
German

fail verb 3
fail an exam

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 888 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

understanding
noun
a good
understanding
intelligent adj.
an intelligent
person
intelligence noun
use your
intelligence

Education
A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which
entry they belong to.
teaching
school and college
studying
testing
success
failure

a stroke of genius
homework
to skive off school
a home tutor
to review your notes

to flunk out of college


the class of 2008
a teacher trainer
the pass mark

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning.
Use each word only once.
scholarly
grade
clueless

pedagogic
don
bright

illiterate
study
professor

clever
mark
get the hang of sth

educational
adj.

lecturer
noun

learn
verb

score
noun

intelligent
adj.

ignorant
adj.

scholarly

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
EDUCATION, EQUIP 2, SCORE, LEARN, GRADUATE, MISS 1

receive
equip
get
pick up
sail through
skip

a few words of Japanese


college
a class
sb for a career in sth
private tuition
full marks

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to
help you.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Tom is in the seventh class/grade at school. CLASS 3


You will receive basic training/teaching in first aid. EDUCATION
The first part of the lesson focused/targeted on reading skills. FOCUS verb
Elizabeth studied hard every day and was informed/well read in the Classics. INFORMED
People who cant use a computer are said to be computer ignorant/illiterate. IGNORANT
This breed of dog needs to be trained gently, but they are quick learners/students. LEARNER

E More practice
1 Describe the education system in your country. At what age do children usually start school/take exams/leave school? What

subjects are taught? What opportunities exist for further education?


2 How do you learn best? Describe the way that you learned something, or learned to do something. What made it a successful

learning experience for you?


3 Are exams the best way to assess peoples knowledge and abilities? What different kinds of exam have you taken? What are

the advantages and disadvantages of exams?

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 889 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

illness
disease noun
a rare disease

serious adj. 1
a serious illness

illness noun
chronic illness

sick adj. 1
a sick child

fatal adj.
a fatal heart condition

mentally ill adj.


mentally ill people

injury
cut verb 4
cut your finger

injured adj.
an injured hand

hurt verb 2
My head hurts.

pain noun
back pain

injure verb
injure your wrist

painful adj. 1
a painful knee

injury noun
minor injuries

Health
symptoms
cough verb
cant stop coughing
vomit verb
make sb vomit

staying healthy

attack noun 3
an asthma attack

diet noun
a strict diet

rest verb
try to rest

shiver noun
feel a shiver

health noun
in good health

sane adj.
a sane person

weak adj.
a weak heart

rest noun 2
take a rest

well adj.
feel well

dizzy adj.
feeling dizzy
pale adj. 1
looking pale
sick adj. 2
feel sick
tired adj.1
cold, hungry and
tired

treatment
doctor noun
see a doctor

drug noun 2
prescribe drugs

take verb 9
take medicine

surgery noun
the doctors
surgery

treatment noun
receive treatment
for shock

cure verb
cure a disease

hospital noun
go to (the) hospital

treat verb 1
treated with drugs

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 890 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

recover verb 1
recover from an
illness

Health
A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of
the Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check
which entry they belong to.
cuts and bruises
a sallow complexion
heart disease
a strong constitution
a strict regime

illness
injury
symptoms
staying healthy
treatment

to tear a muscle
on prescription
heavily dosed
a terminal illness

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning.
Use each word only once.
lethal
make sb better
sore
excruciating
terminal
exhausted
shape
condition
drowsy
heal
fatal
adj.

cure
verb

tired
adj.

health
noun

painful
adj.

lethal

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
COUGH, DISEASE, INJURE, CUT 4, CURE

choke
pick up
diagnose
nick
resuscitate
sprain

a heart condition
an unconscious person
your ankle
on a fishbone
yourself while shaving
a stomach bug

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.
1
2
3
4
5
6

She took a fatal/lethal dose of painkillers and had to be rushed to hospital. FATAL
I fell on the ice and injured/wounded my back. INJURE
Police and surgeons/paramedics were quick to arrive at the scene of the accident. DOCTOR
These tablets may make you feel weary/drowsy. TIRED
You may experience some minor suffering/discomfort during the treatment. PAIN
I cant seem to shake off/pull through this cold. RECOVER

E More practice
1 Describe the health system in your country. What are the major health issues facing your country now?
2 What things do you do to look after your health? Do you think there is a secret to living a long and healthy life? How much is

it in our own control?


3 When should people be entitled to free medical treatment? What do you think is the best way to deal with rising health

costs?

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 891 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

sport

having fun
sociable adj.
feeling sociable

enjoy verb
enjoy the moment

exciting adj.
an exciting moment

entertainment
noun
live entertainment

event noun 2
a social event
excitement noun
cause excitement

entertain verb
keep sb entertained
play verb 1
kids playing

play verb 2
play football

train verb 2
train regularly

player noun
a tennis player

training noun
in training for the
Olympics

pitch noun
a rugby pitch
round noun
the final round
game noun 1
a game of football
game noun 2
ball games

sport noun
play sports
team noun 2
a football team
race noun
win a race

interests

relaxing
holiday noun 1
the summer holidays

Sport and
Leisure

interest noun 2
take up an interest
interest verb
the topic interests me
interesting adj.
an interesting subject
interested adj.
interested in
architecture

leisure noun
leisure activities
easy adj. 2
an easy life

fan noun
a music fan

rest verb
try to rest

creative adj.
creative talent

rest noun 2
a well-earned rest

getting involved
join verb
join a club

energy noun 2
full of energy

eager adj.
eager to do sth

involvement
noun
full involvement

energetic adj.
energetic exercise

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 892 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

Sport and Leisure


A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which
entry they belong to.
to take part in sth
the World Cup finals
zest for life
live entertainment
to do sth for kicks

having fun
sport
getting involved
interests
relaxing

an art-lover
Spring Break
a leisurely stroll
the national pastime

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning.
Use each word only once.
recreation
dynamic
line-up
leave
sabbatical
squad
innovative
ingenious
vigorous
amusement
entertainment
noun

team
noun

energetic
adj.

creative
adj.

holiday
noun

recreation

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
PLAY verb 2, JOIN, TRAIN verb 2, ENJOY, REST verb





compete
go in
join in
exercise
savour
sit back

for a competition
and relax
every moment
in the Olympics
with the fun
for 2 hours every day

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Hes a devoted animal fan/lover, and has several pets. FAN


Were all very eager/enthusiastic about the idea. EAGER
Ive always been interested/fascinated by the ancient Egyptians. INTERESTED
What do you do in your leisure/spare time? LEISURE
They challenged the other boys to a game/match of football. GAME 1
It was a big excitement/thrill to finally meet him in person. EXCITEMENT

E More practice
1 Does your country have a national sport? How is it played? Why is it important?
2 What do you like to do in your free time? Are there any sports or leisure activities that you would really like to try?
3 Children these days watch far too much television. Do you agree? How have childrens leisure activities changed over the past

50 years? Do todays children lead more or less exciting lives?

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 893 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

the authorities
the authorities noun
the federal authorities

official noun
a party official

person noun
a normal person

bureaucracy noun
government bureaucracy

official adj,
an official body

identity noun
a sense of identity

institution noun
a mental institution

own adj.
my own opinion

control noun
assume control

organization noun
a government
organization

the individual

strict adj.
strict controls

privacy noun
need privacy
vulnerable adj.
vulnerable people

the class system

take care of yourself


verb
able to take care
of herself

aristrocratic adj.
an aristocratic family

The
Individual
and Society

right noun
human rights
life noun 1
fight for your life

class noun 4
sbs social class
elite noun
belong to an elite
the general public noun
open to the general public
lord noun
a wealthy lord

citizenship
citizen noun
a French citizen
community noun
the local community
cultural adj.
cultural identity
culture noun
Eastern culture

the middle class noun


the British middle class
responsibility noun
accept your
responsibilities

middle class adj.


a middle class family
working class adj.
working-class origins

social adj.
social pressure
resident noun
local residents

social exclusion

respectable adj.
respectable people

freedom

divide verb 2
a divided community

refugee noun
a political refugee

division noun 2
divisions within society

poor adj. 1
poor people

free adj. 1
a free man

permission noun
refused permission

exclude verb 2
excluded from a club

poverty noun
rural poverty

freedom noun
personal freedom

allow verb
legally allowed

exclusive adj.
an exclusive group

inequality noun
social inequality

authoritarian adj.
an authoritarian
attitude

tolerant adj.
tolerant views

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 894 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

The Individual and Society


A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which entry
they belong to.
the individual
the authorities
citizenship
the class system
freedom
social exclusion

freedom of choice
the needy
to fend for yourself
the landed gentry
humble origins

Australian nationals
alienation
the military top brass
a multicultural society

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning.
Use each word only once.
individuality
destitution
ethnic
overbearing
autocratic
uniqueness
red tape
deprivation
paperwork
rank
status
folk
identity
noun

bureaucracy
noun

cultural
adj.

class
noun

authoritarian
adj.

poverty
noun

individuality

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
ALLOW, DIVIDE 2, RESPONSIBILITY, BUREAUCRACY, ELITE, RIGHT noun





grant
divide
shoulder
cut
belong
forfeit

the burden
the red tape
to an elite
your right to sth
an amnesty
the community

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.
1
2
3
4
5
6

People are looking towards him for harsh/firm leadership. STRICT


Finding a reputable/an honourable plumber can sometimes be difficult. RESPECTABLE
Despite her common/humble beginnings, she became very powerful. WORKING CLASS
The government clearly recognizes that social/public opinion is against GM food. SOCIAL
By 1535, the original residents/inhabitants of the island were virtually extinct. RESIDENT
Throughout the drama, his seclusion/isolation and desperation increase. PRIVACY

E More practice
1 Describe the society that you live in. How do you think it has changed over the past fifty years?
2 What advice about culture would you give to somebody who wants to join your society?
3 There is no such thing as society: there are individual men and women, and there are families. (Margaret Thatcher)

Do you agree? What do you understand by the word society?

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 895 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

oppose
disagree
argue verb
argue about sth
argument noun 1
a fierce argument
debate noun
a growing debate

be against sb/sth adj.


Im against the idea

enemy noun
know your enemy

challenge verb
challenge the leader

tension noun
racial tensions

oppose verb
oppose a plan

remove verb 2
remove sb from power

opposition noun
opposition to the plans

revolution noun 1
a popular revolution

conflict verb
conflicting opinions
controversial adj.
a controversial issue
disagree verb
disagree with sb/sth

Conflict
war

fight
aggressive adj. 1
aggressive
behaviour
attack verb 1
violently attacked
fight noun
get into a fight
fight verb 2
fight an attacker

hit verb 2
hit sb on the head

army noun
the enemy army

trouble noun 1
crowd trouble

attack noun 1
a bomb attack

violent adj.
a violent attack

attack verb 2
attack a city

thug noun
an armed thug

break out phrasal verb


war breaks out
guerrilla noun
a guerrilla war
invade verb
invade a country
soldier noun
a good soldier

resolving conflict
negotiate verb
negotiate on sbs
behalf
negotiator noun
an independent
negotiator

resolve verb
resolve the crisis

war noun
go to war

peace noun
restore peace

fight verb 1
fight a battle

contract noun
sign a contract

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 896 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

10

Conflict
A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which entry
they belong to.
to mend fences
to defy a ban
the armed forces
a shouting match
to not see eye to eye

disagree
oppose
fight
war
resolving conflict

a street brawl
to occupy a country
to hold talks
a storm of protest

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning. Use each word only once.
warrior
dare

militant
throw down the
gauntlet

soldier
noun

aggresive
adj.

mercenary
mediator
challenge
verb

bicker
intermediary

fall out
warlike

negotiator
noun

argue
verb

warrior

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
WAR, HIT 2, ARGUMENT 1, REVOLUTION 1, NEGOTIATE, OPPOSE





declare
throw
pick
crush
negotiate
go against

sbs wishes
for the hostages release
war
a quarrel
a punch
a rebellion

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.
1 This is not the first time the two men have conflicted/clashed over this issue.
CONFLICT verb

2
3
4
5
6

The violence threatened to break out/erupt into full-scale war. BREAK OUT
Insurgents managed to invade/seize the airport in a surprise attack. INVADE
There was open tension/hostility between the two teams. TENSION
Black bears are not the bloody/bloodthirsty killers many believe them to be. VIOLENT
The country has said it wants to resolve/repair the crisis diplomatically. RESOLVE

E More practice
1 Describe a disagreement that you have had with someone. How did you resolve it?
2 What are the best ways of dealing with conflicts and disagreements with other people?
3 What do you think are the major causes of violence in a society? How can they be addressed?

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 897 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

11

balance and bias


distort verb
distort the truth
propaganda noun
government propaganda

claim
claim verb
rightly claim sth

biased adj.
a biased account
reasonable adj.
beyond reasonable doubt

claim noun
a false claim
controversial adj.
a controversial issue

subject matter
subject noun
a major subject
issue noun
debate an issue

Fact and Opinion

message noun
convey a message
point noun
get to the point
focus noun
the focus of attention

opinions
judge verb 1
judge sbs reaction

fact

think verb
sincerely think
informed adj.
an informed opinion
attitude noun
a positive attitude
view noun 1
strong views

fact noun
face the facts

wrong adj. 1
the wrong answer

information noun
accurate information

reliable adj. 2
reliable evidence

true adj.
a true story

declare verb
declare sth publicly

comment verb
refuse to comment

discussion
discussion noun
under discussion
examine verb
examine a proposal
talk verb
talk openly

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 898 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

12

Fact and Opinion


A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which
entry they belong to.
a heated exchange
serious allegations
raw data
equal opportunities
an authoritative account

claim
balance and bias
subject matter
opinions
fact
discussion

a key issue
What do you reckon?
a one-sided debate
a point of view

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning.
Use each word only once.
substance
assert
partisan
claim
verb

feeling
prejudiced
dialogue

factual
consultation
point

message
noun

view
noun

authentic
the thrust
allege
biased
adj.

reliable
adj.

discussion
noun

allege

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following
entries to help you: CLAIM verb, MESSAGE, COMMENT, DECLARE, EXAMINE, PROPAGANDA





claim
lack
comment
state
take stock
spread

on the issue
of the situation
to be an expert
disinformation
substance
the obvious

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Globalization is a highly controversial/questionable topic. CONTROVERSIAL


Discussions/conversations are still taking place between the two governments. DISCUSSION
They feel the situation was totally misrepresented/misquoted by the media. DISTORT
I lost the thrust/thread of the argument. MESSAGE
The couple refused to comment/remark to waiting journalists. COMMENT
Fans have complained that the film is inaccurate/incorrect in its portrayal of their hero. WRONG 1

E More practice
1 What is the difference between a fact and an opinion? Give examples of each.
2 What issues are being discussed in your country at the moment? Which do you think are the most important?
3 Comment is free but facts are sacred. (C.P. Scott) Do you agree? How much freedom should people have to

express their opinions?

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 899 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

13

news
the media noun
The mass media

magazine noun
a weekly magazine

newspaper noun
a daily newspaper

news noun
a news flash

TV, film and radio

report noun 2
newspaper reports

look verb 1
look carefully at sth

film noun 1
a feature film

record verb 2
record an album

film noun 2
the film industry

programme noun
a TV programme

audience noun
a live audience

The Media
the printed word

advertising

write verb 2
write an article

read verb
read a story

campaign noun
an advertising campaign

publish verb 2
publish a book

study verb
study the small
print

advertise verb
advertise a product
advertisement adj.
a TV advertisement

people in the media


presenter noun
a TV presenter

reporter noun
a news reporter

analyst noun
a political analyst

star noun 1
a pop star

fame noun
international fame

famous adj.
a famous actor

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 900 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

14

The Media
A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which
entry they belong to.
to flick through sth
a publicity stunt
the movie industry
a news flash
a restaurant critic

news
TV, film and radio
the printed word
advertising
people in the media

a live broadcast
a living legend
the mass media
to plug a product

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning.
Use each word only once.
plug
issue
the press
trailer
columnist
story
hack
print
journalism
item
advertisement
noun

the media
noun

report
noun

reporter
noun

publish
verb

plug

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
LOOK verb 1, WRITE 2, ADVERTISE, PUBLISH 2, FAME





watch
catch
dash off
push
release
shoot to

a quick note
TV all day
the idea of teamwork
stardom
new software on CD-ROM
a show on the radio

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.
1
2
3
4
5
6

The two witnesses each had a different report/version of events. REPORT 2


Did you remember to record/film that show for me? RECORD verb 2
We must get more viewers/spectators to watch the show. AUDIENCE
I flicked through/scanned a magazine while I was waiting. READ
She read the trailer/blurb on the back of the book and decided not to buy it after all. ADVERTISEMENT
Less well known/prominent brands may be better value for money. FAMOUS

E More practice
1 How have the ways that people get news and information changed in the last 100 years? How do you think this will

change in the future?


2 How much television do you watch in an average week? What kinds of programmes do you like to watch? Are there any

kinds of programme that you never watch?


3 If advertisers spent the same amount of money on improving their products as they do on advertising then they wouldnt

have to advertise them. (Will Rogers) Do you agree? Describe some advertising that has made you buy, or want to buy,
something.

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page 901 of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

15

tourism
tourist noun
foreign tourists

travel

cruise noun
a Mediterranean
cruise

tour verb
tour Australia

travel noun
foreign travel

foreign adj.
a foreign country

trip noun
a business trip

way noun 3
ask the way

go verb 2
go to China

explorer noun
an Arctic explorer

hotel noun
a luxury hotel

stay verb 2
stay at a hotel
visit noun
a visit to Jamaica

suitcase noun
pack your suitcase

transporting goods

return verb 1
return home
travelling (BrE)
(AmE traveling) adj.
a travelling salesman

transport noun
road transport

delivery noun
offer free delivery

cargo noun
a cargo of oil

take verb 1
take your things with
you

Travel and Transport


arrivals and departures

public transport

arrive verb
arrive in London

go away phrasal verb


Tell her to go away.

arrival noun 1
the trains late arrival

set off phrasal verb


set off at dawn

departure noun 1
his sudden departure

get verb 4
We got there at 9.

leave verb 1
Its time we left.

land verb
a plane lands

get verb 5
get the bus
get in phrasal verb
get in the back
get out phrasal verb
get out here
flight noun
Enjoy your flight.
passenger noun
rail passengers

driving
drive verb 1
drive a car

road noun
the main road

driver noun
a bus driver

highway noun
a busy highway

car noun
go by car

junction noun
come to a junction

traffic noun
heavy traffic

accident noun
a road accident

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carriage noun 1
a first-class carriage
station noun
the train station
schedule noun
a bus schedule

16

Travel and Transport


A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which
entry they belong to.

travel
tourism
arrivals and departures
public transport
driving
transporting goods

to cover 20 miles
to go by bus
a guided tour
a wrong turning
an exit visa

shipping and handling


a nomadic life
a country lane
a bed and breakfast

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning. Use each word only once.
goods
commuter
stop over
congestion

cargo
noun

expedition
exit
do
depart

stay
verb

traveller
freight
gridlock
pilgrimage

trip
noun

leave
verb

passenger
noun

traffic
noun

goods

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you: TRIP, ARRIVE,
DELIVERY, HOTEL, TRAFFIC, GET IN

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.

break
arrive
make
check into
be stuck
get on
1
2
3
4
5
6

at the scene
a hotel
the bus
your journey
a delivery
in a traffic jam

Please do not talk to the bus driver/chauffeur while the vehicle is moving. DRIVER
There is a 20 kilo baggage/handbag allowance on most flights. SUITCASE
The train arriving/rolling in at platform five is the 10:25 service to Norwich. ARRIVE
I cycle to work, which is a round trip/journey of 12 kilometres. TRIP
He was the first person to tour/explore the interior of Greenland. TOUR
The balloon can carry/transport up to eight passengers in comfort. TAKE 1

E More practice
1 Describe a memorable journey.
2 Give advice on travel and destinations to somebody who is planning to visit your country.
3 I never travel without my diary. One should always have something sensational to read in the train.
(Oscar Wilde) What items do you take with you when you travel?

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Taken from the CD-ROM of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

17

doing a job
having a job
job noun
apply for a job

staff noun
staff members

work noun 2
find work

make verb 3
make a living

work verb 2
work as a teacher

income noun
people on low incomes

worker noun 1
office workers

interview noun
a job interview

work noun 1
hard work

operate verb
operate a machine

work verb 1
work on an
assignment

deal with sb/sth


phrasal verb
deal with enquiries

task noun
routine tasks

tackle verb
tackle a problem

do verb 1
do a task

Work and Business


success
trade and industry

succeed verb
succeed in business

trade noun
international trade

manufacture verb
manufacture cars

industry noun
the steel industry

production noun
commercial production

company noun
a computer company

product noun
industrial products

group noun 3
a newspaper group

output noun
increase output

successful adj. 2
a successful business
do well verb
a company does well
make verb 2
make a profit
profit noun
a healthy profit
expand verb 2
expand a business

failure

efficient adj.
an efficient system

fire verb
get fired from your job

loss-making adj.
a loss-making business

unemployed adj.
unemployed people

bankrupt adj.
go bankrupt

unemployment noun
long-term unemployment

recession noun
an economic recession

close verb 2
a factory closes

slump verb
sales slump

efficiency noun
increase efficiency

managing
management noun
under new
management

appoint verb
appoint sb to the
committee

manager noun
a bank manager

run verb 2
run a business

executive noun
a senior executive

lead verb 2
lead a team

employ verb
employ staff

take over phrasal verb


take over as chair

Photocopiable Oxford University Press


Taken from page the CD-ROM of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008

18

Work and Business


A Test your topic vocabulary
The words and phrases below can all be found somewhere in the entries shown in the Topic Map. Which parts of the
Topic Map would you put them in? You can look up the underlined words in the alphabetical index to check which
entry they belong to.

having a job
doing a job
trade and industry
managing
success
failure

to be in work
private enterprise
manual labour
to go into recession
the global marketplace

to make your mark


Business is booming.
hiring and firing
to go bust

B Matching synonyms
Add the words below to the table, so that each column contains words with a similar meaning. Use each word only once.
churn sth out
profitable
mass-produce

task
noun

insolvent
chore
duty

successful
adj.

merchandise
lucrative
corner

bankrupt
adj.

take over
phrasal verb

commodity
monopolize
broke
product

noun

manufacture
verb

churn sth out

C Collocation matching
Match the verbs on the left with the phrases on the right. You can look up the following entries to help you:
DEAL WITH SB/STH, TRADE, FIRE verb, MAKE 3, RUN 2, EXPAND 2

take care of
engage
axe
pull in
direct
branch out

jobs
operations
the paperwork
in trading
into new markets
100,000 a year

D Which word?
Choose the best word in each case. Use the entries for the words in small caps to help you.

1
2
3
4
5
6

Tom is in the seventh class/grade at school. CLASS 3


You will receive basic training/teaching in first aid. EDUCATION
The first part of the lesson focused/targeted on reading skills. FOCUS verb
Elizabeth studied hard every day and was informed/well read in the Classics. INFORMED
People who cant use a computer are said to be computer ignorant/illiterate. IGNORANT
This breed of dog needs to be trained gently, but they are quick learners/students. LEARNER

E More practice
1 Which industries and businesses are the most important in your country? Has this changed at all over the past fifty
years?

2 What would your ideal job be? How would you like your career to progress? Or: If you could start your career over
again what might you do differently?

3 Which jobs should have the highest (and lowest) salaries? Are there any jobs that you think are currently
undervalued (or overvalued) by society?
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Taken from the CD-ROM of the Oxford Learners Thesaurus ISBN 9780194752008