Sunteți pe pagina 1din 9

3/13/2016

Verbul

Verbul
Verbul, in orice limba, este partea de vorbire care exprima de regula actiunea, dar poate exprima si starea sau
existenta.
Inlimbaengleza,verbelepotfiimpartiteindouamaricategorii:
VERBEAUXILIARE(NEPREDICATIVE)
VERBEPRINCIPALE(PREDICATIVE)

1.VERBEAUXILIARE
Sunt verbe necesare la formarea structurilor gramaticale. In limba romana, acestea se numesc verbe
nepredicative,sianume,nuauintelesdesinestatatorsinupotformasingureunpredicatverbal,ciimpreunacu
altecuvinte.
Acesteverbepotfiimpartitein2grupeprincipale:verbeauxiliareprimaresiverbeauxiliaremodale.

1.1Verbeauxiliareprimare:
tobe(afi),todo(aface)sitohave(aavea)
Acesteverbepotfiatatauxiliare,catsiprincipale.Caverbeauxiliareleregasiminurmatoarelestructuri:
TOBE
ajutalaformareatimpuluiprezentcontinuu:
HeiswatchingTV.(Elseuitalatelevizor.)
ajutalaformareadiatezeipasive:
Thesepoemsarewrittenbyfamouspoets.(Acestepoeziisuntscrisedepoetirenumiti.)
TOHAVE
ajutalaformareatimpurilortrecute:
Ihaveplayedguitaryesterday.(Amcantatlachitaraieri.)
TODO
ajutalaalcatuireaformeinegativeaverbelor:
IdonotspeakFrench.(Nuvorbescfranceza.)
ajutalaalcatuireaformeiinterogativeaverbelor:
Doyoulistentoclassicmusic?(Ascultimuzicaclasica?)
pentruaaccentuaanumiteremarci:
Idowishtoplayvolleyballwithyou.(Chiarimidorescsajocvoleicutine.)
ajutaanumiteverbeprincipaleinuneleconstructii:
Hewritesfasterthanshedoes.(Elscriemairepededecatea.)

1.2Verbeauxiliaremodale:
can/could,may/might,will/would,shall/should,must,oughtto
Aceste verbe sunt utilizate pentru a schimba intelesul initial al unui verb principal. Verbele modale auxiliare
exprimanecesitateasauprobabilitatea.
Exemple:
Ican'tspeakJapanese.(Nustiusavorbescjaponeza.)
Mihaimayeatthewholepie.(Mihaipoatemancatoataplacinta.)
Wouldyouliketojoinme?(Aivreasamainsotesti?)
Weshouldrunfaster.(Artrebuisaalergammairepede.)
Hemustgotothedentist.(Trebuiesameargaladentist.)
Yououghttostopsmoking.(Artrebuisarenuntilafumat.)

2.VERBEPRINCIPALE
In aceasta categorie intra majoritatea verbelor. In limba romana, acestea se numesc verbe predicative, care au
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

1/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

intelesdesinestatatorsipotformasingureunpredicatverbalcandseaflalaunmodpersonal.Larandullor,pot
fiimpartiteindouagrupe:verbetranzitivesiverbeintranzitive.

2.1.Verbetranzitive
Suntverbedeactiunesicaresunturmatedeuncomplementdirect,maiexactunobiectlacaresafacareferire.
Exemple:
Iulianpaintedabeautifulflowerontheblackboard.
Iulianapictatofloareminunatapetable.
paintedverbtranzitivaflowerobiectdirect
Ialwayseatanappleafterdinner.
Intotdeaunamanancunmardupacina.
eatverbtranzitivanappleobiectdirect
Hewashesthedishes.
Elspalavasele.
washesverbtranzitivthedishesobiectdirect

2.2.Verbeintranzitive
Suntverbecarenupotaveauncomplementdirect.
Exemple:
Danielarrivedat5o'clock.
Danielaajunslaora5.
Marygoestoschool.
Mariamergelascoala.
Shewantsanapple.
Eavreaunmar.
ATENTIE:
Inlimbaenglezaexistaverbecarepotfiatattranzitive,catsiintranzitiveinfunctiedecumsuntfolosite:
Exemple:
Sheoftenspeaksonthephone.(vbintranzitiv)
Eavorbestedeslatelefon.
ShespeaksChinese.(vbtranzitiv)
EavorbesteChineza.
Glassbreaks.(vbintranzitiv)
Sticlasesparge.
Itbreaksmyheart.(vbtranzitiv)
Miserupeinima.
IalwayseatbeforeIgotoschool.(vbintranzitiv)
Intodeaunamanancinaintesamerglascoala.
Ieatcerealsinthemorning.(vbtranzitiv)
Mananccerealedimineata.
La indicativ prezent, verbele primesc un "s" numai la persoana a IIIa singular, celelalte ramanand
neschimbate.
Pentru verbele cu terminatia in "ch", "sh", "ss", "x" la persoana a IIIa singular, acestea primesc
terminatia"es".
Exemple:toteachteaches(apreda),toreachreaches(aajunge),to kiss kisses (a saruta), to fix
fixes(arepara),tomixmixes(aamesteca),tofinish finishes (a termina), to diminish diminishes (a
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

2/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

diminua), to distinguish distinguishes (a deosebi), to launch launches (a lansa), to miss misses (a


lipsi),todressdresses(aseimbraca)
Verbelecuterminatiain"y"precedatedeoconsoana,lapersoanaaIIIasingular,ilvormodificape"y"
in"i"sivorprimiterminatia"es"
Exemple: to cry cries (a plange), to try tries (a incerca), to fly flies (a zbura), to dry dries (a se
usca)
Verbelecuterminatiain"o"primescterminatia"es"lapersoanaaIIIasingular.
Exemple:tododoes(aface),toundoundoes(aanula),togogoes(amerge)
ATENTIE:Cuexceptiaverbelorauxiliare"TOBE"si"TOHAVE",toateverbeledinlimbaenglezaseconjugala
formelesimpleinterogativesinegativecuajutorulverbuluiauxiliar"TODO".

Verbeleprincipale(predicative)semaiimpartinalte2grupe:verberegulatesiverbeneregulate.

Verberegulate
Celemaimulteverbeinlimbaenglezasuntregulate.Eleseconjugaastfel:
IndicativprezentFormaafirmativa
Iask
Youask
He/She/Itasks
Weask
Youask
Theyask
IndicativprezentFormanegativa
Idonotask
Youdonotask
He/She/Itdoesnotask
Wedonotask
Youdonotask
Theydonotask
IndicativprezentFormainterogativa
DoIask?/Don'tIask?
Doyouask?/Don'tyouask?
Doeshe/she/itask?/Doesn?theask?
Doweask?/Don'tweask?
Doyouask?/Don'tyouask?
Dotheyask?/Don'ttheyask?

Verbeneregulate
Verbele neregulate in limba engleza sunt acele verbe care nu se supun regulilor generale de conjugare. In limba
engleza,oriceverbare3formeformaintaiesteintotdeaunainfinitivul,silaverbeleregulatesilaceleneregulate.
Pentru verbele regulate formele 2 si 3 se obtin usor din forma intai prin adaugarea unui "ed". Pentru verbele
neregulate formele 2 si 3 pot fi foarte diferite de forma 1 si necesita a fi invatate. Ai mai jos niste exemple de
verbeneregulatesiformelelor.
tofallfellfallen(acadea)
tobewasbeen(afi)
tobringbroughtbrought(aaduce)
toeatateeaten(amanca)
tododiddone(aface)
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

3/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

Conjugareaverbului"TOBE"
Formaafirmativa:
Iam(I'm)Eusunt
Youare(You're)Tuesti
Heis(He's)Eleste
Sheis(She's)Eaeste
Itis(It's)El/Eaeste
Weare(We're)Noisuntem
Youare(You're)Voisunteti
Theyare(They're)Ei/Elesunt
Formainterogativa:
AmI?Sunteu?
Areyou?Estitu?
Ishe?Esteel?
Isshe?Esteea?
Isit?Esteel/ea?
Arewe?Suntemnoi?
Areyou?Suntetivoi?
Arethey?Suntei/ele?
Formanegativa:
Iamnot(I'mnot)Eunusunt
Youarenot(Youaren't)Tunuesti
Heisnot(Heisn't)Elnueste
Sheisnot(Sheisn't)Eanueste
Itisnot(Itisn't)El/Eanueste
Wearenot(Wearen't)Noinusuntem
Youarenot(Youaren't)Voinusunteti
Theyarenot(Theyaren't)Ei/Elenusunt

Conjugareaverbului"TOHAVE"
Formaafirmativa:
Ihave(I've)Euam
Youhave(You've)Tuai
Hehas(He's)Elare
Shehas(She's)Eaare
Ithas(It's)El/Eaare
Wehave(We've)Noiavem
Youhave(You've)Voiaveti
Theyhave(They've)Ei/Eleau
Formainterogativa:
HaveI?Ameu?
Haveyou?Aitu?
Hashe?Areel?
Hasshe?Areea?
Hasit?Areel/ea?
Havewe?Avemnoi?
Haveyou?Avetivoi?
Havethey?Auei/ele?
Formanegativa:
Ihavenot(Ihaven't)Eunuam
Youhavenot(Youhaven't)Tunuai
Hehasnot(Hehasn't)Elnuare
Shehasnot(Shehasn't)Eanuare
Ithasnot(Ithasn't)El/Eanuare
Wehavenot(Wehaven't)Noinuavem
Youhavenot(Youhaven't)Voinuaveti
Theyhavenot(Theyhaven't)Ei/Elenuau
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

4/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

MODURILEVERBALE
Modulindicativ
Estefolositpentruafaceoafirmatiesaupentruaadresaointrebare.
Modulimperativ
Estefolositpentruadainstructiuni,ordine,sugestii.Majoritateapropozitiilorimperativeaucasubiectpronumele
"you",decisubiectullapersoanaadouasingularsauplural.
Exemple:
Getoutofhere!
Iesiafaradeaici!
Gotothemarket!
Mergilapiata!
Modulsubjonctiv
Estefolositinpropozitiisubordonatepentruaexprimaurmatoarele:
odorinta:
Iwishyouwerehere.
Miasdorisafiiaici.
frazeconditionalecareincepcu"if":
Ifweweremoreefficient,we'dfinishedourhomeworkontime.
Dacaamfifostmaieficienti,neamfiterminattemalatimp.
frazeintroduseprin"asif"sau"asthough":
Heactedasifhewereguilty.
Areactionatcasicumarfifostvinovat.
frazeintroduseprin"that":
Iaskedthatshebepresentatthetrial.
Amsolicitatcaeasafieprezentalaproces.
Despremodurileverbelorvomvorbipelarginlectia23aacestuicurs.

Exercitii
1.CompleteazaspatiilegoalecuformacorectaaverbuluiTOBE:
a)Formaafirmativa
I_____intheclassroom.
He____inthegarden.
They____inthehouse.
b)Formanegativa
You_____intheoffice.
She_____inthebathroom.
We_____intherestaurant.
2.Traduinlimbaenglezapropozitiiledemaijos:
a)Euam12ani.
b)Tuestiincasacutataltau.
c)Noiavem2buchetedeflori.
d)Voisuntetiinclasaapatra.
e)Elareunmarsidouaportocale.
f)Eaesteincurteascoliicuprietenaei.
3.CompleteazaspatiilegoalecuformainterogativaaverbuluiTOBE:
a)_____youagoodfriend?
b)_____heyourfather?
c)_____theyyourcolleagues?
d)_____sheinthelivingroom?
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

5/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

e)_____weinthecourtyard?
4.Traduinlimbaenglezaurmatoarelepropozitii:
a)Eanujoacatenis.
b)Noimergemlascoalainfiecaredimineata.
c)Itiplacesacanti?
d)Trenulnupleacalaora07:00dimineata.
e)Leplacelaptelecateilor?
f)Ferestrelesuntfacutedingeam.
g)Elnuarenevoiedeajutor.
h)Aipasaportullatine?
5.Conjugalatimpulprezentformapozitivaurmatoareleverbesitraduinlimbaromana:
toknowtowritetowalk
6.Conjugalatimpulprezentformainterogativaurmatoareleverbesitraduinlimbaromana:
toeattospeaktorun
7.Traduinlimbaenglezaurmatoareleverbe:
avinde,averifica,acumpara,acurata,acere,aveni,aridica,acobori,asosi,aurca
8.Completeazaspatiilegoalecuformacorectaaverbuluidinparanteze:
a)Everymonth,Cristina(go)tothetheatre.
b)Italways(rain)inLondon.
c)Thischocolate(be)delicious.
d)We(have)alotofthingstodo.
e)He(live)inthecentreofNewYork.
f)Theplain(fly)veryhigh.
g)She(arrive)at8o'clockthisevening.
9.Alegeformacorectaaverbului"tobe":
Exemplu:
He_____aboy.
Heisaboy.
a)I_____awoman.
b)We_____pupilsin3rdgrade.
c)You_____doctors.
d)AzorelandGrivei_____mydogs.
e)Hissister_____sevenyearsold.
f)GeorgianaandMihaela
_____goodfriends.

g)Thehamster_____inthecage.
10.Completeazacu"do"sau"does"spatiilegoale:
a)_____Mariuslivewithhismother?
b)_____theyplayinthegarden?
c)_____Icleanthebathroom?
d)_____herunfasterthanhissister?
e)_____Adrianwearatshirt?
f)_____weworkinfrontofcomputer?

Exercitiirezolvate
1.CompleteazaspatiilegoalecuformacorectaaverbuluiTOBE:
a)Formaafirmativa
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

6/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

Iamintheclassroom.(Eusuntinclasa.)
Heisinthegarden.(Elesteingradina.)
Theyareinthehouse.(Eisuntincasa.)
b)Formanegativa
Youaren'tintheoffice.(Tunuestilabirou.)
Sheisn'tinthebathroom.(Eanuesteinbaie.)
Wearen'tintherestaurant.(Noinusuntemlarestaurant.)
2.Traduinlimbaenglezapropozitiiledemaijos:
a)Euam12ani.
Iam12yearsold.
b)Tuestiincasacutataltau.
Youareinthehousewithyourfather.
c)Noiavem2buchetedeflori.
Wehave2bouquetsofflowers.
d)Voisuntetiinclasaapatra.
Youarein4thgrade.
e)Elareunmarsidouaportocale.
Hehasanappleandtwooranges.
f)Eaesteincurteascoliicuprietenaei.
Sheisintheschoolyardwithherfriend.
3.CompleteazaspatiilegoalecuformainterogativaaverbuluiTOBE:
a)Areyouagoodfriend?(Estituunprietenbun?)
b)Isheyourfather?(Esteeltataltau?)
c)Aretheyyourcolleagues?(Sunteicolegiivostri?)
d)Issheinthelivingroom?(Esteeainsufragerie?)
e)Areweinthecourtyard?(Suntemnoiincurte?)
4.Traduinlimbaenglezaurmatoarelepropozitii:
a)Eanujoacatenis.
Shedoesn'tplaytennis.
b)Noimergemlascoalainfiecaredimineata.
Wegotoschooleverymorning.
c)Itiplacesacanti?
Doyoulikesinging?
d)Trenulnupleacalaora07:00dimineata.
Thetraindoesnotleaveat7o'clockinthemorning.
e)Leplacelaptelelacateilor?
Dodogslikemilk?
f)Ferestrelesuntfacutedingeam.
Windowsaremadeofglass.
g)Elnuarenevoiedeajutor.
Hedoesn'tneedhelp.
h)Aipasaportullatine?
Doyouhaveyourpassportwithyou?
5.Conjugalatimpulprezentformapozitivaurmatoareleverbesitraduinlimbaromana:
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

7/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

toknowtowritetowalk
IknowEustiu
YouknowTustii
He,she,itknowsEl,eastie
WeknowNoistim
YouknowVoistiti
TheyknowEi,elestiu
IwriteEuscriu
YouwriteTuscrii
He,she,itwritesEl,eascrie
WewriteNoiscriem
YouwriteVoiscrieti
TheywriteEi,elescriu
IwalkEumerg(maplimb)
YouwalkTumergi(teplimbi)
He,she,itwalksEl,eamerge(seplimba)
WewalkNoimergem(neplimbam)
YouwalkVoimergeti(vaplimbati)
TheywalkEi,elemerg(seplimba)
6.Conjugalatimpulprezentformainterogativaurmatoareleverbesitraduinlimbaromana:
toeattospeaktorun
DoIeat?Mananceu?
Doyoueat?Manancitu?
Doeshe,she,iteat?Manancael,ea?
Doweeat?Mancamnoi?
Doyoueat?Mancativoi?
Dotheyeat?Manancaei,ele?
DoIspeak?Vorbesceu?
Doyouspeak?Vorbestitu?
Doeshe,she,itspeak?Vorbesteel,ea?
Dowespeak?Vorbimnoi?
Doyouspeak?Vorbitivoi?
Dotheyspeak?Vorbescei,ele?
DoIrun?Alergeu?
Doyourun?Alergitu?
Doeshe,she,itrun?Aleargael,ea?
Dowerun?Alergamnoi?
Doyourun?Alergativoi?
Dotheyrun?Aleargaei,ele?
7.Traduinlimbaenglezaurmatoareleverbe:
avindetosell
averificatocheck
acumparatobuy
acuratatoclean
aceretoask
avenitocome
aridicatoraise
acoboritogetdown
asositoarrive
aurcatogetup
8.Completeazaspatiilegoalecuformacorectaaverbuluidinparanteze:
a)Everymonth,Cristinagoestothetheatre.
Infiecareluna,Cristinamergelateatru.
http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

8/9

3/13/2016

Verbul

b)ItalwaysrainsinLondon.
IntotdeaunaplouainLondra.
c)Thischocolateisdelicious.
Aceastaciocolataestedelicioasa.
d)Wehavealotofthingstodo.
Noiavemomultimedelucruridefacut.
e)HelivesinthecentreofNewYork.
EllocuiesteincentrulorasuluiNewYork.
f)Theplainfliesveryhigh.
Avionulzboarafoartesus.
g)Shearrivesat8o'clockthisevening.
Easosestelaora8insearaaceasta.
9.Alegeformacorectaaverbului"tobe":
a)Iamawoman.
Eusuntofemeie.
b)Wearepupilsin3rdgrade.
Noisuntemeleviinclasaatreia.
c)Youaredoctors.
Voisuntetidoctori.
d)AzorelandGriveiaremydogs.
AzorelsiGriveisuntcainiimei.
e)Hissisterissevenyearsold.
Soraluiare7ani.
f)GeorgianaandMihaela
aregoodfriends.

GeorgianasiMihaelasuntbuneprietene.
g)Thehamsterisinthecage.
Hamsterulesteincusca.
10.Completeazacu"do"sau"does"spatiilegoale:
a)DoesMariuslivewithhismother?
LocuiesteMariuscumamalui?
b)Dotheyplayinthegarden?
Sejoacaeiingradina?
c)DoIcleanthebathroom?
Curateubaia?
d)Doesherunfasterthanhissister?
Aleargaelmairepededecatsoralui?
e)DoesAdrianwearatshirt?
PoartaAdrianuntricou?
f)Doweworkinfrontofcomputer?
Lucramnoiinfatacalculatorului?

http://www.ecursuri.ro/cursurionline/verbulprint.html

9/9