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Set No.

R10

Code No: R4102A

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Feb/Mar - 2015

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS


(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

1 a)
b)

2 a)
b)

3 a)
b)
4 a)
b)

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Why loads are classified in distribution system and how they are classified?
Describe their characteristics.
The power supply has the following loads.
Type of
Maximum
Diversity of
Demand group
Load
demand (kW)
group
Domestic

1500

1.2

0.8

Commercial

2000

1.1

0.8

Industrial

10000

1.25

0.9

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If the overall diversity factor is 1.35, determine maximum demand and connected
load for each of above loads.

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Explain the basic design practice of secondary distribution system.

[8]

Discuss the factors to be considered while designing the radial type distribution
feeder.

[7]

Derive the expressions for percentage voltage drop of a distribution substation.

[8]

What are the factors to be considered for locating the substation?

[7]

Derive the voltage drop and power loss expressions of a feeder with a uniformly
distributed load.
Consider the following 3 distributor with 415 V seconds voltage.

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(0.15+j0.2) A (0.12+j0.04) B (0.14+j0.05) C

25 A
0.85 lag

40 A
UPF

55
0.8 lead

Calculate the total voltage drop, total power loss per phase and KVA.

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Code No: R4102A


5 a)
b)

6 a)
b)
7 a)
b)
8 a)
b)

R10

Set No. 1

What are the main objectives of distribution system protection?

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Explain the difference between a fuse and a circuit breaker and discuss their
advantages and disadvantages.

[8]

Discuss the need of co ordination of protective devices with an example.

[8]

Explain the principle of operation of RCCB.

[7]

Describe the need of compensation in the distribution system and how it will be
obtained.
Explain the economic justification of capacitors.

[8]
[7]

Explain effect of the series capacitors in the distribution system with phasor
diagrams.
Explain the on load tap changing transformer with neat sketch.

[8]
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Code No: R4102A

R10

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Feb/Mar - 2015

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS


(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

1 a)
b)
2 a)
b)
3 a)
b)
4 a)
b)

5 a)
b)
6 a)
b)
7 a)
b)

8 a)
b)

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Derive the relation between the load factor and loss factor.

[8]

Explain different types of loads with their characteristics.

[7]

Discuss the factors to be considered while designing the loop type distribution
feeder.
What are the differences between the radial and loop type distribution feeders?

[8]
[7]

Derive the expression for percentages voltage drop of the substation service area
with n primary feeders.
What are the benefits derived by optimal location of a substation?

[8]
[7]

Derive the voltage drop and power loss expressions of a feeder with a non
uniformly distributed load.
Determine the ratio between power loss for a single phase 2 wire unigrounded
and three phase systems.

[8]
[7]

Explain briefly about the common type of faults that occur in the distribution
system.
Describe the principle of operation of line sectionalizers.

[8]
[7]

Explain the objectives of co ordination of protective devices.

[8]

Explain the co ordination between fuse and fuse with its characteristics.

[7]

Differentiate the effects of shunt and series compensations in the distribution


systems.
A 440V 3 phase distribution feeder having a load of 110KW at a lagging power
factor and the load current of 200A. If it is desired to improve the power factor,
determine the un corrected power factor and the reactive load, the new corrected
power factor after installing a shunt capacitor of 75KVAR.

[8]

[7]

Discuss why the voltage control is required in the distribution system.

[8]

Explain about the AVB in the distribution feeder with neat diagram.

[7]

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Code No: R4102A

R10

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Feb/Mar - 2015

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS


(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

1 a)
b)

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Explain the terms: connected load, load factor, demand factor and diversity factor
with examples.
Explain the constant power and constant current loads by deriving the necessary
equations.

[8]
[7]

2 a)
b)

Describe the factors affecting the feeder voltage level in the distributing systems.
Explain the basic design practice of secondary distribution system with neat
diagram.

[8]
[7]

3 a)
b)

How do you fix the rating of a distribution substation? Explain.


Explain a methodology for optimal location of substation.

[8]
[7]

4 a)

Analyze the 1 phase, 2 wire system with multi grounded common neutral.

[8]

A 3 phase radial feeder has a voltage of 11kV at the receiving end. A total
impedance of (5.5+j11) ohms/phase and the load of 5MW with a lagging p.f of
0.9. Find 3 phase line to line and phase voltage at the sending end, load angle and
percentage voltage regulation?

[7]

b)

5 a)
b)

6 a)
b)

7 a)
b)

8 a)
b)

What types of protective devices are used to reduce various types of faults?
Explain?
What are the main differences between the fuse and the circuit breaker in the
protection of distribution system?

[8]
[7]

Write the detailed procedure for the co ordination of protective devices.

[8]

Explain the co ordination between auto recloser to fuse co ordination with timecurrent characteristics.

[7]

What is the need for P.F improvement in distribution systems?


A 3 phase, 5KW induction motor has a p.f of 0.8 lagging. A bank of capacitor is
connected in delta across the supply terminal and the p.f is raised to 0.9 lagging.
Determine the KVAR rating of the capacitor in each phase.
Justify the need of capacitor effect in the voltage control in the distribution
system.
Describe the operation of AVR in the distribution feeder with neat diagram
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Code No: R4102A

Set No. 4

R10

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Feb/Mar - 2015

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS


(Electrical and Electronics Engineering)
Time: 3 hours

1 a)
b)
2 a)
b)

3 a)
b)
4 a)
b)

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
Explain the terms coincidence factor and utilization factor with examples.
Explain in detail about the characteristics of various load models.
What is meant by primary feeder loading? Discuss the factors affecting the loading
in terms of design and decisions for feeder routing.
Explain the basic design practice of secondary distribution system with neat
schematic diagram and mention various components.
Analyze the square shaped distribution substation service areas for % voltage drop
and power losses.
Mention various factors that are to be considered in selecting ideal substations.
Derive the voltage and power loss expressions of non three phase distribution
systems and compare to the 3 phase balanced system.
Consider 3, 440 V secondary system with balanced loads at A, B and C as shown
in below figure.

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[7]

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[7]

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[7]

[8]

(0.03+ j0.01) A (0.1+ j0.02) B (0.05+j0.04) C

25 A
UPF

30 A
0.75 lag

50A
0.9 lag

Calculate total voltage drop, KVA output and load P.F of the distribution
transformer.

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Code No: R4102A


5 a)
b)
6 a)
b)

7 a)
b)

8 a)
b)

R10

Set No. 4

Explain the fault current calculations in the distribution system for any one type of
fault with an example.
Discuss the principle of operation of fuses and circuit re-closers.
Explain the general co ordination procedure for the protection of distribution
system.
Explain in detail about the co ordination between circuit breaker and auto recloser.
Write the procedure for selecting the best location for the capacitor for
compensation.
A synchronous motor improves the p.f of a load of 250W from 0.8 lagging to 0.95
lagging. Simultaneously the motor carries a load of 100KW. Find the leading
KVAR taken by the motor, KVA rating of the motor and the p.f at which the
motor operates.
Explain about the line drop compensation with neat diagram.
With the help of a phasor diagram, show how a series capacitor boosts the voltage.
What are the limitations in this method?

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