Sunteți pe pagina 1din 26

# ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## Chapter 6 Mold Volumes from Parting

Surfaces
Objective This chapter introduces:

9 Mold Volumes
9 Creating a Mold Volume from Parting Surfaces

T
9 Classifying Mold Volumes

N
9 Modifying Mold Volumes

E
9 Splitting Failures

6 C
The components that make up a mold are generated by creating mold
volumes that are then extracted to form the components. This chapter

3 S
teaches how to create the mold volumes. How to create the extracted

8
feature will be discussed later in the course.

-2 A
Mold volumes are surface features and do not contain solid geometry.
Mold volumes can include the core, cavity, sliders, lifters, inserts or
2 OF
any other component that are required to complete the mold. An
example of a mold volume is shown in Figure 6–1.
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–1

## Mold volumes can be either created by splitting the workpiece using

parting surfaces or using existing mold volume. In addition, you can
also create a volume directly without a parting surface. This direct
method will be discussed in the next chapter.

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–1

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

The following must exist in the model to create a mold volume using a
parting surface:

• Parting surface
• Workpiece
• Reference part

## By default, Pro/ENGINEER creates two volumes; however, you can

split the workpiece into one or two volumes if necessary. Figure 6–2
shows a one-volume split.

T
N
One volume

E
6 C
3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF

Figure 6–2

7
-5 Y
6 RT

Reference
model
6
E

Volumes
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–3

## 6–2 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## 6.1 How to Split the Mold

When you use a parting surface to split a mold, the system begins by
removing the volumes of the reference part, or any gates, runners, or
sprue from the workpiece. It then computes the volume of the
workpiece on each side of the surface and converts it into a volume.
This creates a "vacuum" in the workpiece, which is filled with plastic
during the molding operation.

T
To create mold volumes using a parting surface, complete the

N
following steps:

E
1. Create the parting surface in the model. It must exist in the
model prior to splitting the mold volumes.

6 C
You can use the MOLD 2. Click Mold Volume in the MOLD menu. The Split option is only

3 S
VOUME menu to blank available if the Reference Model and Workpiece are not blanked

8
and shade volumes that from the display.

-2 A
are created in the mold.
Shading helps identify the 3. Click Split in the MOLD VOLUME menu. The SPLIT VOLUME
completed volume and menu appears as shown in Figure 6–4.
2 OF
blanking can be used to
remove the volume from
the display for clarity.
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6

Figure 6–4
E

## The SPLIT VOLUME menu options are described in Table 6–1.

P
8

Table 6–1
O

Option Description
R

P

## One Volume Splits the workpiece into only one volume.

All Wrkpcs Splits the workpieces. The geometry of all workpieces are
joined together and all reference parts are subtracted.
Mold Splits an existing volume.
Volume
Sel Comp Splits any part in the assembly.

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–3

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

4. Click Done in the SPLIT VOLUME menu. The Split dialog box
appears as shown in Figure 6–5.

T
N
E
Figure 6–5

6 C
5. Select the parting surface when prompted and select the
button.

3 S
6. In some cases, the parting surface divides the mold into more

8
-2 A
than two volumes. If so, you will be presented with an ISLAND
LIST menu similar to that shown in Figure 6–6. All of the islands
are listed and must be assigned to either of the mold volumes
2 OF
being created. Selected islands are assigned to the first volume
and the remaining islands are included in the second volume.
This is called classifying the mold volumes.
7

-5 Y

## over the island options, the

volume assigned to that
6 RT

island highlights.
6
E
P
8

Figure 6–6
O

R

## 8. The first new volume is highlighted and you are prompted to

enter name for the first volume. Enter a name and select the
P

## button to create the volume. When prompted for the

name of the second volume, enter a name and select the
button to create the second volume. A Refpart Cutout and two
Split features are added to the model tree.

## 6–4 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## 6.2 Modifying Mold Volumes

To modify a mold volume, click Mold Volume > Modify and select the
volume to modify from the Selection Tools dialog box. The MOLD VOL
menu appears as shown in Figure 6–7.

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
8
-2 A Figure 6–7
2 OF

## The MOLD VOL menu options are described in Table 6–2.

Table 6–2
7
-5 Y

Option Description
6 RT

## Gather Creates a volume by selecting the mold assembly

surfaces.
Sketch Creates a volume by sketching.
6
E

P
8
O
R
P

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–5

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

Option Description

## Trim to Geom Trims the selected volume to a part, quilt, or plane.

The volume shown in Figure 6–8 is trimmed to datum
plane MOLD_FRONT.

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
Figure 6–8

8
-2 A
Round Creates rounds on selected mold volumes.
Offset Offsets the surfaces of a selected volume. You can
offset surfaces horizontally or tangentially.
2 OF
Draft Drafts selected surfaces.
Draft Offset Creates an area offset with drafted surfaces. The
example in Figure 6–9 shows an offset area with 15°
7

draft.
-5 Y
6 RT

6
E
P
8
O

Figure 6–9
R
P

## 6–6 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

Option Description

## Offset area of a surface

T
N
E
Figure 6–10

6 C
Replace Replaces a volume surface up to a datum plane or
Surface quilt surface using the REPLACE SURFACE dialog

3 S
box, as shown in Figure 6–11.

8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT

Figure 6–11
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–7

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## The most common causes of split failure include the following:

• Gaps between the reference part and workpiece are not closed off
by a single parting quilt.
• Mold components have different absolute accuracies.

T
• A hole in reference part is not closed off by the parting surface.
• The parting surface and volume do not intersect.

N
• Irregular geometry in the intersecting curves.

E
• Geometry checks in the model.

6 C
If a split fails to be created, select the Geom Option element in the
Split dialog box and select the button. The GEOM OPTION

3 S
menu appears as shown in Figure 6–12.

8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y

Figure 6–12
6 RT

Be default, the Make Select the Make Curves option and click Done/Return. This option
Volume option is used enables you to create intersection datum curves to investigate the
when creating a split. causes of the failure.
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## 6–8 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## Exercise 6a Football Stand

In this exercise, you will modify the workpiece part. You will create
volumes using the split feature, modify the parting surface, and shade
the volumes.

Goal After you complete this exercise, you will able to:

T
9 Redefine Workpiece
9 Create Volumes

N

E
6 C
Task 1: Open foot_mold manufacturing file.

3 S
1. Change the working directory to ch6 and ensure that all files

8
have been erased from memory.

-2 A
2. Open foot_mold.mfg. The model appears as shown in
Figure 6–13.
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–13

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–9

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## 3. To display features in the model tree, select > Tree

Filters. Select Features from the Model Tree Items dialog box
and select the button. The model tree appears as shown
in Figure 6–14.

T
N
E
6 C
Figure 6–14

3 S
8

1.
-2 A
Select the FOOT_MOLD_WRK.PRT in the model tree and click
Edit Definition from the right-mouse button pop-up menu. The
2 OF
Automatic Workpiece dialog box appears.

2. Enter [6] for the overall dimension of the workpiece in the X- and
Y-directions, enter [2.1] for the +Z Cavity, and enter [0.5] for the
7

-Z Core.
-5 Y

6 RT

Figure 6–15.
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–15

## 6–10 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

1. Click Mold Volume > Split or select the button. The SPLIT

2. Accept the defaults and click Done. The Split dialog box appears
and you are prompted to select the parting surface.

3. Select the parting surface shown in Figure 6–16 and select the

T
button.

N
E
6 C
3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y

Parting
surface
6 RT

Figure 6–16
6
E

Notice that the volumes are not created and the Troubleshooter dialog
box appears. The message for item 1 is:
P
8

Split feature has failed. Volume cannot be split due to a hole in the
O

## parting surface. The hole is highlighted in green. Redefine parting

surface to patch the hole.
R

P

## 6. Select the button. The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears.

7. Accept the defaults and click Done. The Split dialog box appears
and you are prompted to select the parting surface.

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–11

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

8. Select the parting surface shown in Figure 6–17 and select the
button. The ISLAND LIST menu appears as shown in
Figure 6–17. This enables you to assign the three separate
volumes in this model to either of the two split volumes.

## Selected islands are

assigned to the first
volume and islands that
are not selected are

T
included in the second
volume.

N
E
6 C
Figure 6–17

3 S
9. Drag your cursor over the island options to highlight each island.

8
-2 A
10. Select the Island1 option and click Done Sel.

11. Select the button in the Split dialog box. The Volume
Name dialog box appears as shown in Figure 6–18.
2 OF

## Notice the button

in the Volume Name dialog
7

box.
-5 Y
6 RT

Figure 6–18
6
E

## 12. Enter [cavity] as the name and select the button.

P

13. The Volume Name dialog box reappears to name the second
8

## volume. Enter [core] as the name and select the button.

O

The volumes appear as Split id # and Split id # in the model tree. You
R

can use the Name option in the ASSEM SETUP menu to assign new
names for the features, or you can rename them directly in the model
P

tree.

## 14. Blank the reference part, workpiece, and parting surface.

15. Click Mold Volume > Shade. The Search Tool dialog box
appears as shown in Figure 6–19.

## 6–12 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P

Figure 6–19
8
O

16. Move CAVITY to the items selected area and close the dialog
box. The cavity volume appears as shown in Figure 6–20.
R
P

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–13

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
8
Figure 6–20

-2 A
17. Click Continue in the CntVolSel menu and select CORE using
the Search Tool dialog box. The core volume appears as shown
2 OF
in Figure 6–21.
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–21

## 6–14 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## Exercise 6b Scoop Model

In this exercise, you will modify the workpiece part. You will create
volumes using split feature, and shade the volumes.

Goal After you complete this exercise, you will able to:

9 Redefine workpiece

T
9 Create Volumes

N

E
Task 1: Open scoop_mold manufacturing file.

6 C
1. Open scoop_mold.mfg. The model appears as shown in

3 S
Figure 6–22.

8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y

Figure 6–22
6 RT

## 2. Display features in the model tree. The model tree appears as

shown in Figure 6–23.
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–23

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–15

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

1. Click Mold Volume > Split or select the button. The SPLIT

2. Accept the defaults and click Done. The Split dialog box appears
and you are prompted to select the parting surface.

T
3. Select the button and select the button. From the
list of quilts that are returned in the items found section, select

N
MAIN_SURF, move it to the items selected area and close the
Search Tool dialog box.

E
6 C
4. Select the button in the Select dialog box. The volumes
cannot be created and the Troubleshooter dialog box appears.

3 S
8

-2 A
message window reads, "Open geometry found in the results".

The Split feature has failed 6. Select the Quit button from the FEAT FAILED menu.
2 OF
due to problems in the
intersection of parting 7. Increase the workpiece dimension to [16] in Y-direction.
geometry with the mold
volume. Intersection
8. Select the button. The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears.
7

-5 Y

## green, ends of gaps in 9. Accept the defaults and click Done.

intersection curves are
6 RT

highlighted in red. 10. The Split dialog box appears and you are prompted to select the
parting surface.

11. Select MAIN_SURF and click Done Sel. The ISLAND LIST
6
E

P

Selected islands are 12. Drag your cursor over the island options to highlight each island.
8

## assigned to the first

O

volume and islands that 13. Select the Island1 and Island3 options and click Done Sel.
are not selected are 14. Select the button in the Split dialog box. The Volume
R

included in the second Name dialog box appears as shown in Figure 6–24.
volume.
P

## 6–16 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

Figure 6–24

Notice the button 15. Enter [scoop_1] as the name and select the button.

T
in the Volume Name dialog
16. The Volume Name dialog box reappears. Enter [scoop_2] as the

N
box.
name and select the button.

E
The volumes appear as Split id # and Split id # in the model tree. You

6 C
can use the Name option in the ASSEM SETUP menu to assign new
names for the features.

3 S
8
-2 A
17. Select the button. The SPLIT VOLUME menu appears.

18. Click One Volume > Mold Volume > Done. The Split dialog box
2 OF
and Search Tool dialog box appear.

19. Select SCOOP_1in the Search Tool dialog box. You are
prompted to select the parting surface.
7
-5 Y

## 20. Select the button and select the button. Select

PART_SURF_1 in the Search Tool dialog box.
6 RT

## 21. Select the button. The ISLAND LIST menu appears.

6

22. Drag your cursor over the island options to highlight each island.
E

## 23. Select the Island1 option and click Done Sel.

P
8

24. Select the button in the Split dialog box. The Volume
O

R

P

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–17

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## 26. Shade each volume. They appear as shown in Figure 6–25.

T
N
E
Figure 6–25

6 C
27. Save the mold model and erase it from memory.

3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## 6–18 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## Exercise 6c Outlet Strip Project

In this project, you will perform the following:

## 9 Perform a draft check on the outlet_strip part

9 Apply a shrinkage ratio to all dimensions of the part
9 Create the mold model, reference model, and parting

T
surface
9 Split the mold into two volumes

N
E

6 C
1. Open the outlet_strip.prt. The part appears as shown in
Figure 6–26.

3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

Figure 6–26

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–19

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## 1. Perform a Draft Check on the model by clicking Analysis >

Geometry > Draft. Select the top of the model and click Pick
from list from the right mouse button pop-up menu. Click
SolidGeom and select .

## 2. Activate the Direction field in the References area of the

Definition tab on the Draft dialog box and select datum plane

T
TOP as the pull direction.

N
3. Use the icons and angle value in the Draft Angle area to identify
the approximate draft angle of your model on different surfaces.

E
4. Select the draft features in the model tree and click Edit from the

6 C
right mouse button pop-up menu. Determine the exact draft
angles on drafted surfaces. Does this model have enough draft

3 S
to be molded?

8
-2 A
5. Add a shrinkage ratio value of [0.002] to all dimensions of the
model using the Shrinkage option in the PART SETUP menu.
2 OF
Task 3: Create a manufacturing file.

## 1. Create a new manufacturing file to begin creating the mold for

this model. Name the file [OUTLET_MOLD].
7
-5 Y

## 2. Mate the bottom surface of the outlet_strip model to the

MAIN_PARTING_PLN datum plane. Align FRONT with
6 RT

## MOLD_FRONT and RIGHT with MOLD_RIGHT. The model

appears as shown in Figure 6–27.
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## 6–20 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
8
Figure 6–27

-2 A
By selecting the Same Task 4: Create a workpiece in the mold model.
Model option, you identify
2 OF
your reference model and 1. Create the reference model using the Same Model option.
design part as the same
model. Any changes made 2. If you receive an absolute accuracy conflict, resolve it.
at the mold level takes
7

3. Change the mold direction using the Pull Direction option in the
effect at the part level.
-5 Y

6 RT

## 4. Create a rectangular workpiece using the Automatic Workpiece

dialog box. Enter the rectangular dimensions shown in
Figure 6–28.
6
E
P
8
O
R

Figure 6–28
P

## 5. Create a silhouette curve. The curve appears as shown in

Figure 6–29. The reference model has been blanked for clarity.

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–21

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

## Use Task 2 of exercise 5B

for reference.

T
N
E
6 C
Figure 6–29

3 S
8
The Skirt option is not 6. Create a skirt surface using the silhouette curve. Enter

-2 A
available in the SRF OPTS [OUTLET_PS] as the name of the skirt surface.
components are displayed. 7. Click Shade in the PARTING SURF menu. The skirt surface
2 OF
appears as shown in Figure 6–30.

for reference.
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O

Figure 6–30
R
P

## Task 5: Split the model.

1. Split the mold into two volumes. Use OUTLET_PS as the parting
surface. Name the volumes [OUTLET_1] and [OUTLET_2].

Figure 6–31.

## 6–22 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

OUTLET_2 OUTLET_1

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
Figure 6–31

8
-2 A
3. Save the mold and erase all files from memory.
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–23

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## 6–24 Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

Review Questions

## Question 2 Does a mold volume contain solid geometry or surface geometry?

T
Question 3 How do you create a split?

N
E
Question 4 How do you specify which mold volume to assign a volume to if there
are more then two generated by the parting surface?

6 C
3 S
Question 5 Which option in the Split dialog box can be used to convert the mold

8
volume to curves to help resolve a split failure?

Question 6 -2 A
Describe in a few short sentences the most common causes of split
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P

## Pro/ENGINEER: Mold Design 6–25

ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge™

T
N
E
6 C
3 S
8
-2 A
2 OF
7
-5 Y
6 RT
6
E
P
8
O
R
P