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1.

Assignment #2 ( Functions)

21/7/2015

The following diagrams show the graphs of five functions.


y

II

2
1

2
1
2 1
1
2

2 1
1
2

III

IV

2
1
2 1
1
2

1
1

2 1
1
2

2
1
2 1
1
2

Each of the following sets represents the range of one of the functions of the graphs.
(a)

{y y

(b)

{y y 2}

(c)

{y y > 0}

(d)

{y 1 y 2}

Write down which diagram is linked to each set.

Summer 2

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

2.

The graphs of three trigonometric functions are drawn below. The x variable is measured in
degrees, with 0 x 360. The amplitude 'a' is a positive constant with 0 < a 1.
Graph A

Graph B

2
y

0
90

180
x

270

360

a
90

180
x

270

360

Graph C
a

0
90

180

270

360

(a)

Write the letter of the graph next to the function representing that graph in the box below.
FUNCTION

GRAPH

y = a cos (x)
y = a sin (2x)
y = 2 + a sin (x)

3.

(b)

State the range of the function 2 + a sin (x) in terms of the constant a.

(a)

For y = 0.5 cos 0.5 x, find


(i)

(b)

the amplitude;

(ii)

the period.

Let y = 3 sin x + 2, where 90 x 270.


By drawing the graph of y or otherwise, complete the table below for the given
values of y.
x

y
1
2

Summer 2

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

4.
The curve shown in the figure below is part of the graph of the function, f (x) = 2 + sin (2x),
where x is measured in degrees.
f( x )
4
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
180150120 90 60 30 0
0.5

5.

30

60

90 120 150 180 210 240 x

(a)

Find the range of f (x).

(b)

Find the amplitude of f (x).

(c)

Find the period of f (x).

(d)

If the function is changed to f (x) = 2 + sin (4x) what is the effect on the period, compared
to the period of the original function?

The graph below represents the temperature (T Celsius) in Washington measured at midday
during a period of thirteen consecutive days starting at Day 0.
These points also lie on the graph of the function
T(x) = a + b cos (cx), 0 x 12,
where a, b and c

T
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
0

(a)
Summer 2

Find the value of

(i) a

10

12 x

, (ii) b , (iii) c
WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

6.

The figure below shows the graphs of the functions y = x2 and y = 2x for values of x between 2
and 5. The points of intersection of the two curves are labelled as B, C and D.
20

C
15

10

D A
2

7.

(a)

Write down the coordinates of the point A.

(b)

Write down the coordinates of the points B and C.

(c)

Find the x-coordinate of the point D.

(d)

Write down, using interval notation, all values of x for which 2x x2.

(a)

Sketch the graph of the function y =1+

sin (2 x)
for 0 x 360 on the
2

axes below.
y
2

90

180

270

x
360

(b)

Write down the period of the function.

(c)

Write down the amplitude of the function.

Summer 2

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

8.

The figure below shows the graphs of the functions f (x) = 2x + 0.5 and g (x) = 4 x2 for values
of x between 3 and 3.
y
f( x )
6
B

3
A
3

0
3

9.

3 x

2
g(x)

(a)

Write down the coordinates of the points A and B.

(b)

Write down the set of values of x for which f (x) g (x).

The equation M = 90 2t/20 gives the amount, in grams, of radioactive material held in a
laboratory over t years.
(a)

What was the original mass of the radioactive material?

The table below lists some values for M.

10.

60

80

100

11.25

2.8125

(b)

Find the value of v.

(c)

Calculate the number of years it would take for the radioactive material to have a mass of
45 grams.

Let f (x) = sin (2x + 1), 0 x .


(a)

Summer 2

Sketch the curve of y = f (x) on the grid below.

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

y
2
1.5
1
0.5
0

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5 x

0.5
1
1.5
2

(b)

11.

Find the x-coordinates of the maximum and minimum points of f (x), giving your answers
correct to one decimal place.

The graph of a function of the form y = p cos qx is given in the diagram below.
y
40
30
20
10
/2

10
20
30
40

(a)

Write down the value of p.

(b)

Calculate the value of q.

Summer 2

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

12.

The depth y metres of water in a harbour is given by the equation

t
y = 10 + 4 sin ,
2
where t is the number of hours after midnight.
(a)

Calculate the depth of the water


(i)

when t = 2;

(ii)

at 2100.

The sketch below shows the depth y, of water, at time t, during one day (24 hours).
y
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
depth (metres)
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 t
time (hours)

(b)

(i)

Write down the maximum depth of water in the harbour.

(ii)

Calculate the value of t when the water is first at its maximum depth during the
day.

The harbour gates are closed when the depth of the water is less than seven metres. An alarm
rings when the gates are opened or closed.
(c)

Summer 2

(i)

How many times does the alarm sound during the day?

(ii)

Find the value of t when the alarm sounds first

(iii)

Use the graph to find the length of time during the day when the harbour gates are
closed. Give your answer in hours, to the nearest hour.
WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

13.

Let f (x) = 6 sin x , and g (x) = 6ex 3 , for 0 x 2. The graph of f is shown on the diagram
below. There is a maximum value at B (0.5, b).
y
B

14.

(a)

Write down the value of b.

(b)

On the same diagram, sketch the graph of g.

(c)

Solve f (x) = g (x) , 0.5 x 1.5.

Consider g (x) = 3 sin 2x.


(a)

Write down the period of g.

(b)

On the diagram below, sketch the curve of g, for 0 x 2.


y
4
3
2
1
0
1
2
3
4

(c)

Summer 2

3
2

Write down the number of solutions to the equation g (x) = 2, for 0 x 2.

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept

15.

The following graph shows the depth of water, y metres, at a point P, during one day.
The time t is given in hours, from midnight to noon.

(a)

(b)

(c)

Use the graph to write down an estimate of the value of t when


(i)

the depth of water is minimum;

(ii)

the depth of water is maximum;

(iii)

the depth of the water is increasing most rapidly.

The depth of water can be modelled by the function y = A cos (B (t 1)) + C.


(i)

Show that A = 8.

(ii)

Write down the value of C.

(iii)

Find the value of B.

A sailor knows that he cannot sail past P when the depth of the water is less than 12 m.
Calculate the values of t between which he cannot sail past P.

Good Luck
Summer 2

WE917

Wael A./ Math Dept