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1.

Experiment: balonul rezistent la foc

Scris de Gabriela Costache


Luni, 08 August 2011 13:51
Baloanele sunt fragile. Trebuie inute departe de obiecte ascuite i de flacr. Flacra topete materialul din
care este fcut balonul i acesta se sparge. Experimentul de fa va arta cum un balon poate fi inut lng o
flacr i totui va rmne intact.
De ce avei nevoie
:: 2 baloane rotunde, neumflate;
:: cteva chibrituri;
:: ap.
Cum decurge experimentul
Umflai unul din baloane i legai-l strns. n cellalt balon turnai un sfert de can de ap, apoi umflai-l i pe
acesta i legai-l.
Aprindei un chibrit i apropiai-l de primul balon. Lsai flacra s ating balonul. Acesta se va sparge, probabil
chiar nainte ca flacra s-l fi atins.
Aprindei alt chibrit pe care l vei ine sub cel de-al doilea balon. Lsai flacra s-l ating. Ce se ntmpl?
Balonul nu se sparge. Vei putea vedea chiar o pat nchis de culoare de la ardere, dar acesta va rmne intact.
Explicaia experimentului
Peretele primului balon, sub aciunea flcrii, va deveni foarte fierbinte, se va nmuia i nu va rezista presiunii
aerului din interior.
n cazul balonului cu ap, aceasta va absorbi cea mai mare parte a cldurii, iar peretele balonului nu va mai fi
supus topirii. Dac meninem flacra destul timp ca apa s se nclzeasc, atunci i peretele balonului se va
comporta ca n cazul primului balon.
Apa este un foarte bun absorbant de cldur. Este nevoie de o mare cantitate de cldur pentru a schimba
temperatura apei. Spre exemplu, este nevoie de zece ori mai mult cldur pentru a ridica temperatura unui gram
de ap cu un grad, dect n cazul fierului. De asemenea, cnd apa se rcete, degaj o foarte mare cantitate de
cldur; acesta este motivul pentru care regiunile din apropierea marilor ntinderi de ap n sezonul rece sunt
mai calde dect restul.

ATENIE: Avei grij cum lucrai cu chibriturile, ca i cu baloanele care se sparg

2.
Experiment pt. acas: cerneal i ap
Experimente acas
Scris de Flavia Claudia mpu
Joi, 09 Mai 2013 05:06

V propunem n rndurile urmtoare s efectuai chiar voi urmtorul experiment


simplu. Iat de ce avei nevoie: ap, cerneal albastr pentru stilou i un pic de oet. Luai dou pahare
transparente. Punei ntr-unul dintre ele ap rece de la robinet.
Al doilea pahar umplei-l cu ap pe care n prealabil ai fiert-o pn a dat n clocot. Punei apoi n fiecare pahar
cteva picturi de cerneal i amestecai. Ce observai? Ce culoare are amestecul din paharul cu ap nefiart? Dar
cel din paharul cu ap fiart? Ce se ntmpl cnd n paharul cu ap fiart adugai acum cteva picturi de oet?
Cum putei explica aceste reacii chimice?
Are aadar importan dac amestecm cerneal cu ap fiart sau nefiart?
Acest experiment de ofer un posibil indiciu despre principiul chimic din spatele picului (substana cu ajutorul
creia tergem cerneala de pe hrtie).
V invitm s facei chiar voi acest experiment (avei nevoie de cteva minute pn fierbe apa)! Ateptm, de
asemenea, comentariile cu observaiile voastre i sugestii pentru explicarea fenomenului.

3.
Experiment acas: cutia ce colapseaz
Experimente acas
Scris de Gabriela Costache
Mari, 15 Noiembrie 2011 20:07
Suntem att de obinuii cu presiunea aerului, nct nici nu ne dm seama c aceasta exist. Cu toate acestea,
presiunea aerului este destul de mare pentru a ndoi o cutie metalic de butur rcoritoare. Experimentul urmtor
o demonstreaz.
Deceaveinevoie:
o cutie de butur rcoritoare din aluminiu;
o crati cu capacitate de 3 litri;
un clete de buctrie.
Cum decurge experimentul:

Umplei cratia cu ap rece. Punei o lingur de ap n cutia de butur rcoritoare, golit n prealabil. nclzii
cutia pe o plit pn cnd apa fierbe. La acest moment vei vedea cum vaporii de ap ies prin deschiztura cutiei.
Folosind cletele de buctrie, apucai cutia, o ntoarcei rapid i o scufundai n cratia cu ap rece. Va colapsa
aproape instantaneu.
Explicaia experimentului:
Vaporii formai de apa care fierbe vor nlocui aerul din cutia de rcoritoare. Scufundat n ap rece, aceti vapori
se vor rci brusc, se vor condensa, i astfel vor crea un vid parial. Presiunea foarte sczut dinuntru permite
presiunii aerului din afar s ndoaie cutia.
Cutia de rcoritoare colapseaz cnd presiunea din afara ei este mai mare dect presiunea din interior, iar
diferena este mai mare dect cea la care materialul poate rezista.
ATENIE: Nu nclzii cutia de rcoritoare direct pe foc! Vopseaua de pe ea poate lua foc, sau aluminiul se poate
topi!

4.

Balonul magic

Materiale
1. O sticla de plastic de o jumatate de litru sau mai mica;
2. Un balon nou (care trebuie sa se potriveasca pe gura sticlei);
3. 4 linguri de otet;
4. 2 linguri de bicarbonat;
5. Foaie de hartie sau palnie (optional).

Procedura
1. Toarna cele 4 linguri de otet in sticla;

2. Cu ajutorul unui cornet de hartie sau unei palnii toarna cele doua linguri de bicarbonat in balon;

3. Pune balonul pe gura sticlei;

4. Priveste cum se umfla balonul;

5.

Telefon (cu fir) din pahare de plastic

Principii: Sunetul calatoreste prin aer si prin obiecte.


Materiale:
doua pahare de plastic
fir lung de ata
doua scobitori

Discutii despre:
sunet
Experiment stiintific:
Faceti o mica gaurai in centru in partea de jos a fiecarui pahar din plastic. Introduceti firul de ata prin gaura in
paharul de plastic de la exterior spre interior. Tine capatul firului in interiorul paharului si legati-l bine cu o
scobitoare, apoi trage-ti. Scobitoare va sta in interiorul paharului, prevenind pierderea firului de ata. Procedati la
fel si cu celalalt capat al firului la urmatorul pahar. Trageti firul intins intre cele doua pahare.

6.

* An empty soda can


* blown-up balloon
* A head of hair

1. Place the can on its side on a flat smooth surface like a table or a smooth floor.
2. Rub the blown up balloon back and forth through your hair really fast.
3. Now the fun part - Hold the balloon close to the can without actually touching the can. The can will start to roll
towards the balloon without you even touching it!
Try This Too: While you've got the balloon out, tear up part of a tissue into tiny pieces about 1/4 inch (.5 cm) big.
Rub the balloon in your hair again and bring it close to the tissue pieces. They will be attracted to the balloon and
then jump away.

This works a lot like our bending water experiment. When you rub the balloon through your hair, invisible
electrons (with a negative charge) build up on the surface of the balloon. This is called static electricity, which
means "non-moving electricity" The electrons have the power to pull very light objects (with a positive charge)
toward them - like the soda can.

7.

1 balloon (round ones will work, but the longer "airship" balloons work best)

1 long piece of kite string (about 10-15 feet long)

1 plastic straw

tape

1. Tie one end of the string to a chair, door knob, or other support.
2. Put the other end of the string through the straw.
3. Pull the string tight and tie it to another support in the room.
4. Blow up the balloon (but don't tie it.) Pinch the end of the balloon and tape the balloon to the straw as
shown above. You're ready for launch.
5. Let go and watch the rocket fly!

So how does it work? It's all about the air...and thrust. As the air rushes out of the balloon, it creates a forward
motion called THRUST. Thrust is a pushing force created by energy. In the balloon experiment, our thrust comes
from the energy of the balloon forcing the air out. Different sizes and shapes of balloon will create more or less
thrust. In a real rocket, thrust is created by the force of burning rocket fuel as it blasts from the rockets engine - as
the engines blast down, the rocket goes up!

8.

front keeps your super hooper from turning off course. Some have asked why the plane does not turn over since the hoops are h

9. Color Changing Milk Experiment


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6T3C-0-Djas

This experiment is perfect for early childhood chemistry lessons on chemical bonds. Children ages 4 to 12 are
engaged and excited about coloring milk. They will learn about color mixing and bipolar characteristics.

Experiment Procedure

How Does It Work?

Additional Information

Customer Reviews

Experiment Materials:

Milk (whole or 2%)

Dinner plate

Food coloring (red, yellow, green, blue)

Dish-washing soap (Dawn brand works well)

Cotton swabs

- See more at: http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/lab/experiments/milk-colorexplosion#sthash.AgDepG9L.dpuf


Experiment Procedure
1. Pour enough milk in the dinner plate to completely cover the bottom to the depth of about
1/4 inch. Allow the milk to settle.
2. Add one drop of each of the four colors of food coloring - red, yellow, blue, and green - to
the milk. Keep the drops close together in the center of the plate of milk.
3. Find a clean cotton swab for the next part of the experiment. Predict what will happen when
you touch the tip of the cotton swab to the center of the milk. It's important not to stir the
mix. Just touch it with the tip of the cotton swab. Go ahead and try it. Did anything happen?
4. Now place a drop of liquid dish soap on the other end of the cotton swab. Place the soapy
end of the cotton swab back in the middle of the milk and hold it there for 10 to 15 seconds.
Look at that burst of color! It's like the 4th of July in a bowl of milk!
5. Add another drop of soap to the tip of the cotton swab and try it again. Experiment with
placing the cotton swab at different places in the milk. Notice that the colors in the milk
continue to move even when the cotton swab is removed. What makes the food coloring in
the milk move?
How Does It Work?

Milk is mostly water but it also contains vitamins, minerals, proteins, and tiny droplets of fat suspended in
solution. Fats and proteins are sensitive to changes in the surrounding solution (the milk).

The secret of the bursting colors is the chemistry of that tiny drop of soap. Dish soap, because of its bipolar
characteristics (nonpolar on one end and polar on the other), weakens the chemical bonds that hold the proteins
and fats in solution. The soap's polar, or hydrophilic (water-loving), end dissolves in water, and its hydrophobic
(water-fearing) end attaches to a fat globule in the milk. This is when the fun begins.
The molecules of fat bend, roll, twist, and contort in all directions as the soap molecules race around to join up
with the fat molecules. During all of this fat molecule gymnastics, the food coloring molecules are bumped and
shoved everywhere, providing an easy way to observe all the invisible activity. As the soap becomes evenly
mixed with the milk, the action slows down and eventually stops.
Try adding another drop of soap to see if there's any more movement. If so, you discovered there are still more fat
molecules that haven't found a partner at the big color dance. Add another drop of soap to start the process again.
Additional Information
Science Fair Connection

The Color Changing Milk activity is a great demonstration of what happens when you combine dish soap and
milk. But it's just that... a demonstration. How can you make this colorful and engaging activity a good science
fair project? Change something, create a new experiment, and compare the results.

Repeat the experiment using water in place of milk. Will you get the same eruption of color?
Why or why not?

What kind of milk produces the best swirling of color: skim, 1%, 2%, whole milk, cream?
Does the fat content of the milk affect the reaction?

The dish soap must remain the same in the experiment. Use the same brand for each trial and the same amount of
soap. Use the same colors and the same amount of food coloring in each trial. Pour the same amount of liquid into
the bottom of the dish. All of these steps ensure that you have standardized the conditions as much as possible and
have isolated a variable--the one thing that changes in the experiment. In this case, the variable is the type of milk
you are using. Take photos of the reactions (maybe even videotape the reactions) to document your discoveries
and share at the science fair.
- See more at: http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/lab/experiments/milk-colorexplosion#sthash.AgDepG9L.dpuf

10.

How to: instantly turn water into ice

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/0/23065582
Mark Miodownik, presenter from Dara O Briain's Science Club on BBC Two, reveals how you can perform
simple science experiments at home. By carefully supercooling water you can transform it into ice instantly and
create your own ice sculptures.
'Supercooling' is when you chill a liquid below its freezing point without it becoming solid. Try this amazing trick
by following Mark's simple step-by-step instructions.

Now lift out your other bottle and wipe if carefully with a towel. Give it a sharp tap on the table
and watch as it rapidly turns into ice.
7/8
Things you'll need:

Two 1 litre bottles of water (deionised water for car batteries works best, but you could use
filtered water)

A thermometer (optional)

A clear mixing bowl

Two buckets

8kg of ice cubes

3kg of table salt

Towel

How to do it:

The experiment can sometimes fail if a bottle is knocked by accident. You can increase your chances of
success by putting two bottles of deionised water in each bucket.
1.
Continue reading the main story
Why doesn't the water freeze at 0C?

Water tends to freeze at 0C but there needs to be a 'nucleus' around which the crystalline structure of ice can form.
So filtered water can be chilled well below this as there are no impurities for ice crystals to form around, unlike
normal water.
In this experiment, the ice cubes in the bowl, and the bubbles that form when you tap the bottle, act as the
'nucleus' to kick-start crystallisation.
Place a bottle of deionised water into a bucket and pack 3kg of ice around the base of the bottle. Leave a few ice
cubes aside in the freezer, to use later. Pour 1.5kg of salt over the ice and top up with water until it fills the bucket
to the level of the bottle's lid. Repeat the process with the second bucket and bottle.
2.
Do not disturb your bottles while they are cooling, as the smallest knock can start the ice crystallisation process.
Carefully check the temperature of the water using a thermometer. You need to wait for it to cool down to -8C.
This process will take around 30 minutes.
3.
Carefully take one of your bottles out of its bucket and check it is still liquid water. Place it on the table.
4.
Continue reading the main story
Why does adding salt to ice water make it get colder?

When water and ice are mixed together some molecules of ice are melting and some of the water molecules are
freezing.
When the temperature reaches 0C the two processes balance each other out in what is known as dynamic
equilibrium.
However, salt upsets this balance. This is because salt dissolves in water but can't interact with ice.
The salt molecules start to replace the water molecules so there are fewer water molecules freezing compared to
the number of ice molecules melting.
The water cools down below 0C so more molecules will freeze to achieve balance once again. The more salt you
add, the colder the icy water gets.