Sunteți pe pagina 1din 13

Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum

Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)

Short Question and Answers According to New syllabus of federal of Islamabad

1. What is data communication?


Data communication is the exchange of data between two devices via transmission media such as
a wire cable. In other words, we can say that transfer of information or data from one location to another
is called Data communication.
2. What is Message?
The message is the information or data that is to be transferred from one location to another. It
may consist of text, numbers, pictures, sounds, videos or any combination of these.
3. What is Sender?
A device that sends messages or data is called sender. It may be computer, workstation, telephone,
video camera and so on.
4. What is Receiver?
A device that receives messages or data is called receiver. It may be computer, workstation,
telephone, television and so on.
5. What is Encoder?
The encoder converts digital signals to a form, which can be transmitted through transmission
medium.
6. What is Decoder?
The decoder converts signals from encoded form into digital forms that are understandable for
receiver.
7. Define the term Signals.
The data is transmitted from are place to another in the form of electromagnetic or light waves
through communication medium. The electromagnetic or light waves representing data are called
signals.
8. What are Analog Signals?
The analog signals are continuous electrical signals in the form of wave. This wave is called a
carrier wave.
9. What are Digital Signals?
The digital signals are on-off electrical pulses in discontinuous or discrete form. Most of the
computers are digital and data is represented inside these computers in the form of binary numbers
(or in the form of discrete set of values).
10.What is coding scheme?
A coding scheme is used to represent data inside the computer as well as for data communication.
The coding scheme is a binary system in which data is represented by a group of bits. The group of bits
is used to represent a character.
11.What is EBCDIC Code?
EBCDIC stands for Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code. It is o 8-bit code. In this
binary coding system 256 (2 ) different characters can be represented inside the computer. It is used by
IBM (International Business Machine) computers.
12.What is ASCII Code?
ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. It was developed by
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and is a standard code to represent alphanumeric data)
13.What are the Modes of Data Communication?
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #1/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
The way in which data is transmitted from one place to another is called data communication mode
(or data transmission mode).

14.What is Simplex Communication Mode?


In simplex communication mode, the data communication can take place in only one direction. In
this mode, a terminal can only send data and cannot receive it or it can only receive data but cannot
send data)
15.What is Half-Duplex Communication Mode?
In half-duplex communication mode, the data communication can take place in both directions, but
only in one direction at a time. In this mode, data is sent and received alternatively. It is like a one-lane
bridge where two- way traffic must give way in order to cross the other.
16.What is Full-Duplex Communication Mode?
In full-duplex communication mode, the data communication can take place in both directions
simultaneously (i.e., at same time) on the same channel. It is the fastest directional mode of
communication. Example of this mode is conversation of the persons through telephone.
17.What is Parallel Transmission?
In parallel transmission, bits of data flow concurrently through separate communication lines.
Parallel transmission is shown in figure below. The automobile traffic on a multi-lane highway is an
example of parallel transmission. Inside the computer binary data flows from one unit to another using
parallel mode.
18.What is Serial Transmission?
In serial data transmission, bits of data flow in sequential order through single communication line.
Serial data transmission is shown in figure below. The flow of traffic on one-lane residential street is an
example of serial data transmission mode.
19.What is Synchronous Transmission?
In synchronous transmission, large volumes of information can be transmitted at a time. In this type
of transmission, data is transmitted block-by-block or word-by-word simultaneously. Each block may
contain several bytes of data) In synchronous transmission, a special communication device known
as 'synchronized clock' is required to schedule the transmission of information.
20.What is Asynchronous Transmission?
In asynchronous transmission, data is transmitted one byte at a 'time'. This type of transmission is
most commonly used by microcomputers. The data is transmitted character-by-character as the user
types it on a keyboard)
21.What is Bandwidth?
Each type of communication media or channel has different transmission speed) The data
transmission rate over communication channel is measured in bandwidth. The bandwidth will be higher
if more signals are transmitted over the communication channel. Actually, the bandwidth measures the
amount of information that can be transmitted through the media with a given period of time.
22.What is Base band?
Base band is a communication technique in which digital signals are directly transmitted over
transmission line without changing into analog signals (i.e. without using modulation technique). In this
communication technique, there is no need to use any complex modem.
23.What is Broadband?

Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #2/13


Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
Broadband is another communication technique in which large amount of data such as voice and
video, is transmitted over long distances simultaneously by modulating each signal onto a different
frequency. In broadband transmission. FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing) technique is used, in which
multiple signals (or several streams of data) can be transmitted simultaneously.

24.What is Communication Media?


A path through which data is communicated from one place to another is referred to as
communication media or channel. The twisted pair wire, coaxial cable, fiber optic cable, microwave,
satellite etc) are examples of communication channels.
25.What is Guided Media?-
In guided communication media, communication devices are directly linked with each other via
cables or. physical media such as twisted pair wire, coaxial cable, or fiber optic cable for transmission
of data) The data signals are bounded to a cabling media) Therefore, guided media is also called
bounded • media)
26.What is Unguided Media?
In unguided communication media, data is communicated between communication devices in the
form of wave. Unguided media provides means to transmit data signals but does not guide them
along a specific path. The data signals are not bounded to a cabling media) Therefore, unguided
media is also called unbounded media)
27.What is Twisted Pair?
Twisted pair is one of the most commonly used communication media and is used in telephone
lines to carry voice and data signals. It consists of a pair of thin diameter copper wires that are covered by
insulating material such as plastic and are twisted together to form a cable. The wires are twisted
around each other to minimize (or reduce) interference from other twisted pairs in the cable. The
bandwidth of twisted pair is less than coaxial cable or optical fiber.
28.What is Coaxial Cable?
Coaxial cable consists of a single copper wire surrounded by insulating material. Coaxial cable
contains from four to twenty-two coaxial units called tubes. Coaxial cable can be used for telephone
lines for voice and data transmission with very high frequency. The bandwidth of coaxial cable is 80
times greater than twisted pair media) Coaxial cable is also widely used in local area network (LAN).
29.What is Fiber Optic Cable?
In twisted-pair cable and coaxial cable, data is transmitted in the form of electric frequencies. The
fiber optic cable uses light to transmit data) Its transmission capacity is about 26,000 times greater
than twisted pair media)
30.What is Microwave transmission?
In microwave transmission, data is transmitted through air instead of through cables or wires.
Microwaves are high frequency radio waves that can only be traveled in straight lines. Microwave
transmission is limited to a particular city or geographical area)
31.What is Satellite transmission?
A communication satellite is a space station that receives microwave signals (or messages) from
earth stations. Satellite transmission stations that can send and receive messages are known as
earth stations. The signals are transmitted from one earth station to the satellite. The satellite
receives and amplifies the signals and sends them to another earth stations. In this way, data or
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #3/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
messages are transferred from one location to another. Satellites rotate approximately 23,300 miles
above the earth in precise locations.
32.What is Mobile communication?
Mobile communication is a radio-based network that transmits data to and from the mobile
computers. The data is communicated through radio signals from one location to another. The
computers can be connected to the network through wireless connections or through wires.
33.What is a Modem?
Modem stands for modulate and demodulate. It is an electronic device that converts digital signals
into analog signals and vice versa) Modems are used on both ends of the computers for data
communication between computers through telephone line.
34.What is modulation and demodulation?
This process to convert the digital signals into analog signal is called Modulation. Similarly, to
receive the data from another computer through telephone line, in the form of analog signals, it must
be converted to digital form to store it into the computer. This process of convening the analog
signals into digital form is called demodulation.
35.What is External Modem?
External modem is an external unit of computer and is separated from system unit. It is connected
to the serial port COM1 or COM2 of the computer by means of a cable. It is connected to the telephone
line through telephone wall Jack by another cable. An external power is also supplied to it. External
modem is very easy to set up.
36.What is Internal Modem?
An internal modem is a circuit board (or modem card) that is installed into one of the expansion
slots inside the system unit of the computer. This modem cannot be moved easily from one PC to
another. It is also difficult to set up than other types of modem such as external modem.
37.What is Wireless Modems?
Wireless modems transmit the data signals through the air instead of by using a cable. They
sometimes are called radio-frequency modems. This type of modem is designed to work with
-cellular technology, and wireless local area networks. Wireless modems are not yet perfected, but the
technology is rapidly improving.

MCQ’s According to New syllabus of federal of Islamabad

1. Exchange of data between two devices via some form of transmission media is called)
-
a) Data processing b) Data computing
c) Data communication d) Data exchanging
2. The information that is to be transferred from one location to another is called:
a) Signals b) Data
c) Sender d) Message
3. Which of the following data communication component is used to receive the message?
a) Sender b) Receiver
c) Encoder d) Decoder
4. The electromagnetic or light waves representing data are called:
a) Messages b) Information
c) Signals d) Encoded data
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #4/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
5. The number of times a wave repeats during a specific time interval is called:
a) Amplitude b) Oscillation
c) Frequency d) pulses
6. The height of wave within a given period of time is called:
a) Amplitude b) Oscillation
c) Frequency d) pulses
7. The charts, graphs, and pictures are example of:
a) Image data b) Audio data
c) Video data d) Text data
8. The music and speech represent the:
a) Image data b) Audio data
c) Video data d) Text data
9. Which of the following coding scheme has 4 bit code?
a) Unicode b) ASCII
c) EBCDIC d) BCD
10.Which of the following coding scheme is used by IBM?
a) Unicode b) ASCII
c) EBCDIC d) BCD
11.ASCII 7-bit code can represent maximum.
a) 256 characters b) 128 characters
c) 64 characters d) 65536 characters
12.Which of the following code system can represent up to 65536 symbols?
a) BCD b) EBCDIC
c) ASCII d) Unicode
13.Which of the following coding scheme uses 16 - bit code to represent a symbol?
a) BCD b) EBCDIC
c) ASCII d) Unicode
14.In which of the following communication mode the data communication can take place in
only one direction?
a) Simplex mode b) half-duplex mode
c) Full-duplex mode d) Non of them
15.Which of the following transmission mode is like a one lane bridge where two way
traffic must give w ay in order to cross?
a) Simplex mode b) half-duplex mode
c) Full-duplex mode d) None of them
16.The Internet browsing is an example of:
a) Simplex mode b) half-duplex mode
c) Full-duplex mode d) Non of them
17.The conversation of two persons through telephone line is an example of:
a) Simplex mode b) half-duplex mode
c) Full-duplex mode
18.Which of the following is the fastest communication mode?
a) Simplex mode b) half-duplex mode
c) Full-duplex mode
19.In which of the following communication modes the multiplexer devices are used:
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #5/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
a) Simplex mode b) half-duplex mode
c) Full-duplex mode
20.How many types of data transmission modes?
a) 2 b) 3
c) 4 d) 5
21.Which of the following device uses the parallel transmission?
a) Mouse b) Keyboard
c) Printer d) Light pen
22.Inside the computer binary data flows from one unit to another using:
a) Serial mode b) Parallel mode
c) Both a and b d) None of these

23.The flow of traffic on one-lane residential street is an example of:


a) Serial mode b) Parallel mode
c) Both a and b d) None of these
24.An asynchronous line that is idle is identified with a value:
a) 0 b) 1
c) 101 d) 100
25.Which of the data transmission type uses the synchronized clock?
a) Serial transmission b) Parallel transmission
c) Synchronous transmission d) Asynchronous transmission
26.Which of the following technique does not use the modulation?
a) Base band b) Broadband
c) Bandwidth d) Non of them
27.Amount of data such as voice and video, over long distance by using modulation?
a) Base band b) Broadband
c) Bandwidth
28.How many types, the communication media is divided?
a) 2 b) 4
c) 3 d) 5
29.Which of the following is guided media?
a) Microwave b) Satellite
c) Fiber optic cable d) All
30.The bandwidth of the coaxial is:
a) 2 times greater than twisted pair b) 20 times greater than twisted pair
c) 40 times greater than twisted pair d) 80 times greater than twisted pair
31.Which of the following is commonly used in LAN?
a) Twisted pair b) Coaxial cable
c) Microwave d) Fiber optical cable
32.Which of the following uses light to transmit data?
a) Twisted pair b) Coaxial cable
c) Microwave d) Fiber optical cable
33.An important property of fiber optic is:
a) Reflection b) Refraction
c) Interference d) None of these
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #6/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
34.The transmission capacity of fiber optical cable is:
a) 26 times greater than twisted pair b) 260 times greater than twisted pair
c) 2600 times greater than twisted pair d) 26000 times greater than twisted
pair
35.The diameter of core of Fiber optical cable is:
a) 62.5 mm b) 62.5 cm
c) 62.5 microns d) 62.5 m
36.which of the following is an example of unbounded media?
a) Microwave b) Fiber-optic cable
c) Twisted pair d) Coaxial cable

37.In microwave transmission system, antennas are placed on a high towers or buildings
and these are placed within:
a) 200 to 300 miles of each other b) 2 to 3 miles of each other
c) 20 to 30 miles of each other d) 100 to 200 miles of each other
38.Satellites rotate approximately _____ miles above the earth.
a) 300 b) 23.000
c) 23.300 d) 2330
39.Satellite transmission stations that can both send and receive messages are known as:
a) Tran receivers b) Receivers
c) Earth stations d) Transmitters
40.Which of the following affects the quality of satellite transmission?
a) Mountains b) Moon
c) Light rays d) Bad weather
41.The time taken by a data signals to reach to moon and then back to earth was about.
a) 2 seconds b) 2 minutes
c) 2 micro second d) 2 hours
42.The process to convert analog signals into digital signals is called:
a) Modulation b) Demodulation
c) Digitization d) Conversion
43.The data signals transmitted over telephone lines are in the form of:
a) Digital b) Analog
c) Digital pulses d) None of these
44.The data transfer speed of modem is:
a) 96bps b) 9600bps
c) 960bps d) 56bps
45.External modem is connected to the:
a) Serial port b) Parallel port
c) None of these d) None
46.Which of the following modem does not require any cable as transmission channel to
transmit signals.
a) External modem b) Wireless modem
c) Internal modem d) All of above
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #7/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
47.The process of transferring data electronically from one place to another is called
a) Data processing b) Data Communication
c) Data sequencing d) Data Sender
48.All of the following are elements of data communication system EXCEPT.
a) Sender b) Receiver
c) Medium d) Voltage
49.What is required to send data, instructions or information?
a) Sending device b) Receiving device
c) Both a & b c) None
50.Physical path that connects the source and receiver is known as:
a) Communication Channel b) Decoder
c) Encoder d) Self-testing

51.The electromagnetic or light waves representing data are called:


a) Information b) Signal
c) Sender d) Message
52.The number of times a wave repeats during a specific time interval is called:
a) Pulse b) Amplitude
c) Frequency d) Oscillation
53.The height of wave within a given period of time is known as:
a) Frequency b) Amplitude
c) Oscillation d) Pulse
54.The chart, graph, pictures and freehand drawing are examples of:
a) Image data b) Audio data
c) Numeric data d) Text data
55.The music and speech represent:
a) Image b) Text
c) Numeric d) Audio
56.Which of the following type of data is used to display actions and movement?
a) Audio b) Video
c) Image d) Text
57.Which type of data consists of words, sentences and paragraphs?
a) Text b) Audio
c) Numeric d) Video
58.Which of the following coding scheme uses 4-bit code?
a) ASCII b) EBCDIC
c) BCD d) Unicode
59.Which of the following coding scheme used by IBM
a) ASCII b) EBCDIC
c) BCD d) Unicode
60.How many characters in ASCII 7-bit code can represent?
a) 128 characters b) 256 characters
c) 500 characters d) 364 characters
61.How many characters in ASCII 8-bit code can represent?
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #8/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
a) 128 characters b) 256 characters
c) 500 characters d) 364 characters
62.Unicode is a
a) 16-bit code b) 32-bit code
c) 64-bit code d) 132-bit code
63.How many characters can Unicode represent?
a) 65536 characters b) 10000 characters
c) 15000 characters d) None .
64.Transmission permitting data to move only one way at a time is called:
a) Half-duplex b) Simplex
c) Full-duplex d) Start/stop
65.An arrangement in which data can be received and sent simultaneously is called:
a) Simples b) Full-duplex
c) Half-duplex d) Multi-duplex
66.A telephone conversation is an example of
a) Full-duplex transmission b) Half-duplex transmission.
c) Simplex transmission. d) Asynchronous transmission.
67.Television and radio broadcasts are examples of:
a) Full-duplex transmission b) Half-duplex transmission
c) Simplex transmission d) None
68.Internet surfing is an example of:
a) Simplex b) Half duplex
c) Full duplex d) None
69.. Which transmission allows data to travel in both directions but only one direction at a
time?
a) Simplex b) Half Duplex
c) Full Duplex d) Reverse Duplex
70.Full-duplex communication is made possible by devices called:
a) Multiplexer b) Modem
c) Keyboard d) Mouse
71.Which of the following is the fastest communication mode?
a) Half duplex b) Full duplex
c) Simple d) None
72.The internal transfer of data in a computer uses:
a) Parallel mode b) Serial mode
c) Both and b d) None
73.Which of the following devices uses parallel transmission?
a) Printer b) Keyboard
c) Mouse d) None
74.Most data transmitted over telephone lines uses:
a) Serial transmission b) Parallel transmission
c) Both a and b d) None
75.Which of the following is comprised of individual electrical pulses that represent the bits
grouped together into bytes?
a) Communications device b) Digital signal
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #9/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
c) Analog signal d) Sending device
76.Analog signal is measured in:
a) Volt b) Hertz
c) Digits d) WATTS
77.Sound, light and radio waves are examples of:
a) Digital signal b) Analog signal
c) Simple signals d) None
78.Data is transmitted block by block in
a) Synchronous transmission b) Digital transmission
c) Asynchronous transmission d) Analog transmission
79.Which transmission type transmits data one character at a time, with the sender and
receiver not synchronized with each other?
a) Synchronous b) Ethernet
c) Asynchronous d) None

80.This type of transmission is sometimes called start/stop transmission.


a) Asynchronous b) Intermittent
c) Synchronous d) Pulse
81.Start/stop bits are not required in this type of transmission.
a) Asynchronous b) Pulse
c) Intermittent d) Synchronous
82.Which data transmission type uses a clock to control the timing of bits being sent?
a) Synchronous b) Asynchronous
c) Parallel d) None
83.Which of the following technique uses modulation?
a) Bandwidth b) Broadband
c) Base band d) None
84.A communication technique that is used to transmit large volume of data over long
distance is called:
a) Base band b) Broadband
c) Bandwidth d) None
85.The communication channels can be divided into:
a) Two types b) Four types
c) Seven types d) None
86.Which of the following transmission media is used in LAN?
a) Satellite b) Microwave
c) Coaxial cable d) None
87.An important property of fiber optic cable is:
a) Noise b) Reflection
c) Interference d) Attenuation
88.The diameter of fiber optical cable is:
a) 62.5 cm b) 62.5 microns
c) 62.5 m d) 62.5 mm
89.Which of the following can severally affect the quality of satellite transmission?
a) Bad weather b) Mountains
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #10/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
c) Light rays d) Moon
90.The time taken by a data signal to reach to moon and then back to earth was about:
a) 2 minutes b) 2-second
c) 2 ms d) 2 hours
91.Microwave transmission, coaxial cables and fiber optics are examples of:
a) Modems b) Routers
c) Transmission Media d) Ring networks
92.Which of the following consists of thin glass to transmit beams of light?
a) Twisted pair b) Coaxial cable
c) Fiber-optic cable d) None
93.Which of the following transmits voice and data through air as high-frequency radio
waves?
a) Twisted pair b) Coaxial cable
c) Fiber-optic cable d) Microwave
94.All of the following are guided communications media EXCEPT:
a) Twisted pair b) Fiber-optic cables
c) Coaxial cables d) Satellite-based microwave
95.Which of the following is not a communication media?
a) Twisted Pair b) UTP
c) Microwave d) Modem
96.Which of the following is comprised of two separate insulated copper wires that are
twisted together?
a) Fiber optics b) Twisted-pair wire
c) Submarine d) Coaxial cables
97.Which communications medium requires line-of-sight?
a) Microwave b) Fiber optic
c) Twisted pair d) Coaxial
98.Modem stands for:
a) Modification/de modification b) Modulation/demodulation
c) Mode/Modeless d) None
99.Which is the correct measurement of a modem's data transfer rate?
a) Kbps b) Gbps
c) bps d) Mbps
100. A communications signal in the form of a continuous wave is called:
a) Digital. b) Modulation
c) Analog d) None
101. The process of converting from analog to digital signal is known as:
a) Modulation b) Data routing
c) Data sequencing d) Demodulation
102. Which kind of signal is mostly required by telephone lines?
a) Digital b) Analog
c) EDI d) None
103. Converting a digital signal to an analog signal is called:
a) Modulation b) Demodulation
c) Conversion d) None
Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #11/13
Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)
104. Signals produced by a computer to send over phone line must be converted to:
a) Modems b) Analog signals
c) Digital signals d) Microwaves
105. Modulation needs to be done:
a) Prior to sending a digital signal over the telephone line
b) Prior to receiving a signal from the telephone line.
c) Whenever a signal's frequency needs to be increased)
d) Whenever a signal's amplitude needs to be manipulated)
106. A modem's rating of 56K refers to its:
a) Memory size. b) Transmission speed
c) Frequency modulation, d) None.
107. Which of the following is an advantage of synchronous over asynchronous
transmission?
a) Simplicity b) Speed
c) No need for error checking d) Two-way communications
108. A modem:
a) Derives its name from modulator-demodulator
b) Converts digital signals into analog signals
c) Converts analog signals into digital signals d) All of the above
109. Which of the following features is provided with a modem?
a) Speeds b) Self-testing
c) Transmission rate d) All of these
110. Bps is short for:
a) Baud per second b) bytes per second
c) Bits per second d) binary packets a second
111. External modem is connected to:
a) Serial port b) Parallel port
c) Both d) None
112. Which modem is used to transmit data signals through air instead of cable?
a) Internal modem b) Wireless modem
c External modem d) None
113. Which type of modem can be added to the system unit through expansion slot?
a) External modem b) Internal modem
c) Wireless modem d) None
114. Which of the following is not a common communication code?
a) Unicode b) EBCDIC
c) bilateral code d) ASCII
115. Communication between a computer and keyboard involves:
a) Simplex b) Half-duplex
c) Full-duplex d) All

************ ** Wish You Best of Luck ***********

Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #12/13


Data Communication #3 Class XI Compiled by Wasim Anjum
Farooqi (MEd.,MCS)

Pakistan International School Riyadh May 10, 2010 Page #13/13