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COMPLETE REVISION

October 2001

Process Industry Practices


Architectural

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES


In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has
been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major
industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these
technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and
engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While
this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users,
individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take
precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and
particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering
situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The
use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of
preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the
same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All
Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and
regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines
should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or
regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or
acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.

This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team
and will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or
withdrawn. Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at
www.pip.org.

Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The


University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin,
Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice
for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any
kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written
authorization of PIP.

PRINTING HISTORY
October 1995
Issued
October 2001
Complete Revision
Not printed with State funds

COMPLETE REVISION
October 2001

Process Industry Practices


Architectural

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames
Table of Contents
1. Introduction .................................. 2

6. Execution ..................................... 7

1.1 Purpose ............................................. 2


1.2 Scope................................................. 2
1.3 Use of This Practice .......................... 2

6.1 Installation.......................................... 7
6.2 Adjusting and Cleaning...................... 7
6.3 Protection........................................... 7

2. References ................................... 2

7. Schedules and
Design Drawings ........................ 8

2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 2


2.2 Industry Guides and Standards ......... 2
2.3 Government Regulations ................... 3

3. Definitions .................................... 3
4. General ......................................... 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4

Quality Assurance.............................. 4
Submittals .......................................... 4
Delivery, Storage, and Handling ........ 5
Government Regulations ................... 5

5. Products ....................................... 5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5

Manufacturer...................................... 5
Materials ............................................ 5
Accessories ....................................... 6
Fabrication ......................................... 7
Finishes ............................................. 7

Process Industry Practices

Page 1 of 8

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

1.

COMPLETE REVISION
October 2001

Introduction
1.1

Purpose
The purpose of this Practice is to provide the manufacturer and the contracted
installer of standard steel doors and frames with a specification for manufacturing
and installing steel doors and frames to be used in process industry facilities.

1.2

Scope
This Practice describes the requirements for all material, fabrication, finishes,
delivery, and installation of standard steel doors and frames.
This Practice does not include requirements for finish painting.
Any conflicts or inconsistencies between this Practice, the design drawings, or
contract documents shall be brought to the attention of owner for resolution.

1.3

Use of This Practice


This Practice has been prepared to make maximum use of documents and standards
provided to the construction industry by the Steel Door Institute (SDI) of Cleveland,
Ohio. Where appropriate, documents furnished by SDI are referenced and made a
part of this Practice.
It is recommended that the architect or designer use SDI-108 to prepare the contract
documents.
This document is a complete revision of PIP ARS08111, and therefore, revision
markings are not provided.

2.

References
Applicable requirements of the latest edition of the following guides, standards, and
regulations in effect on the date of contract award shall be considered an integral part of this
Practice, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein when appropriate.
2.1

Process Industry Practices (PIP)


PIP ARS08710 - Door Hardware Specification

2.2

Industry Guides and Standards


Steel Door Institute (SDI)
SDI-105 - Recommended Erection Instructions for Steel Frames
SDI-108 - Recommended Selection and Usage Guide for Standard Steel Doors
SDI-111-C - Recommended Louver Details for Standard Steel Doors
SDI-111-D - Recommended Door, Frame, and Hardware Schedule for
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

Page 2 of 8

Process Industry Practices

COMPLETE REVISION

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

October 2001

SDI-112 - Zinc-Coated (Galvanized/Galvannealed) Standard Steel Doors and


Frames
SDI-118 - Basic Fire Door Requirements
SDI-122 - Installation and Troubleshooting Guide for Standard Steel Doors
and Frames
SDI-117 - Manufacturing Tolerances Standard Steel Doors and Frames
American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI)
ANSI A115 - Door and Frame Preparation for Hardware
ANSI A156.7 - Standard Template Hinge Dimensions
ANSI A250.7 - Nomenclature: Standard Steel Doors and Frames
ANSI A250.8 - Recommended Specifications for Standard Steel Doors and
Frames
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
A366/M - Standard Specification for Commercial Steel, Sheet, Carbon, ColdRolled
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
NFPA 252 - Standard Methods of Fire Tests of Door Assemblies
NFPA 101 - Life Safety Code
NFPA 80 - Standard for Fire Doors, Fire Windows, and Smoke Control Door
Assemblies
Underwriters Laboratories (UL)
UL 10B - Fire Tests of Door Assemblies
2.3

Government Regulations
U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
State and/or local building codes
U.S. Department of Justice Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG):
ADAAG 4.1.6(3)(d) - Doors
ADAAG 4.13.5 - Clear Width
ADAAG 4.13.6 - Maneuvering Clearances at Doors

3.

Definitions
contractor: The party responsible for furnishing and/or installing the steel doors and frames
contract documents: Any and all documents, including design drawings, that the owner has
transmitted or otherwise communicated, whether by incorporation or by reference, and made

Process Industry Practices

Page 3 of 8

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

COMPLETE REVISION
October 2001

part of the legal contract agreement or purchase order agreement between the owner and the
contractor
designer: The party who prepares the drawings for the project
manufacturer: The party who fabricates the doors and frames in accordance with contract
documents and who provides shop drawings
owner: The owner of the building or the owners authorized agent
Note: For other definitions, refer to ANSI A250.7.

4.

General
4.1

Quality Assurance
The manufacturer shall provide and the contractor shall install doors and frames
complying with ANSI A250.8 and as specified herein. Refer to SDI-122 to ensure that
a quality installation has been achieved.

4.2

Page 4 of 8

4.1.1

Qualifications: The manufacturer must be pre-qualified and must meet all


requirements of the Steel Door Institute (SDI).

4.1.2

Experience: The contractor must be experienced with at least 3 years of steel


door and frame installation and be pre-qualified by the owners
representative.

Submittals
4.2.1

Product data: The manufacturer shall submit two copies of specifications for
fabrication and installation including data substantiating that products
comply with all requirements in this Practice and in the contract documents.

4.2.2

Shop drawings: The manufacturer shall submit shop drawings, indicating all
details of design and fabrication. The shop drawings shall include details and
the location of reinforcement for hardware, which is required for all doors
and frames.

4.2.3

Fabrication of doors and frames shall not be started until after the shop
drawings have been submitted and approved by the owner.

4.2.4

The contractor shall submit one copy of the final approved shop drawings to
the owner for record keeping.

4.2.5

Fire-rated door assemblies: For door assemblies required to be fire rated and
exceeding limitations of labeled assemblies, the manufacturer shall submit
certification that each door and frame assembly has been constructed to
conform to design, materials, and construction equivalent to requirements for
labeled construction given in NFPA 80, NFPA 252, and UL 10B.

4.2.6

Pre-installation conference: The owners representative may call a preinstallation conference before the start of installation.

Process Industry Practices

COMPLETE REVISION

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

October 2001

4.3

4.4

5.

Delivery, Storage, and Handling


4.3.1

The manufacturer shall assume full responsibility for shipping the required
number of units of size, thickness, and hand shown on the design drawings.
All doors and frames shall be suitably reinforced for the hardware specified
in the door hardware schedule.

4.3.2

The manufacturer shall deliver doors and frames wrapped in cardboard or


crated to provide protection during transit and job site storage. Provide
additional protection to prevent damage to finish of factory-finished doors
and frames.

4.3.3

The contractor shall inspect doors and frames upon delivery for damage.
Minor damages may be repaired provided refinished items are equal in all
respects to new work and acceptable to owner; otherwise, remove and
replace damaged items as directed.

4.3.4

The contractor shall provide job site storage as per ANSI A250.8.

Government Regulations
4.4.1

All work covered by this Practice shall comply with federal standards and
instructions of OSHA, NFPA 101, and state and local codes, including any
additional requirements by state or local agencies that have jurisdiction
where doors and frames are to be installed.

4.4.2

Where applicable, meet design and construction requirements of the ADA


particularly as defined in ADAAG 4.1.6(3)(d), ADAAG 4.13.5, and
ADAAG 4.13.6.

Products
5.1

Manufacturer
The manufacturer must be a member of the Steel Door Institute (SDI) unless written
approval for a non-SDI member is obtained from the owners representative.

5.2

Materials
5.2.1

Frames shall be fabricated from 16-gauge minimum cold-rolled steel


conforming to ASTM A366/M. Width and profile of frames shall be as shown
on the design drawings.

5.2.2

Doors shall comply with the following guidelines:


5.2.2.1 Interior doors: ANSI A250.8, Level II, Model 2, heavy duty,
18-gauge minimum cold-rolled sheet steel faces unless noted
otherwise
Core design: ANSI A250.8, Section 2.3.2, unless noted otherwise
5.2.2.2 Exterior doors: ANSI A250.8, Level-III, Model 2, extra heavy duty,
16-gauge minimum galvanized steel faces unless noted otherwise

Process Industry Practices

Page 5 of 8

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

COMPLETE REVISION
October 2001

Insulation: a minimum insulation R factor of 12.5 unless noted


otherwise
5.2.2.3 Low-frequency standard duty doors: ANSI A250.8, Level-I, Model 2
seamless doors as called for on design drawings
5.2.2.4 Labeling: The UL 10B, which shall show degree of fire protection
indicated by opening class, shall be affixed and visible on all firerated doors and frames as evidence of compliance with procedures
of label agency.
5.2.2.5 Hardware preparation for lock reinforcing shall be 14-gauge hinge
mortises and shall be reinforced with 10-gauge steel plates. Closer
reinforcing shall be 12 gauge.
5.2.3
5.3

Door hardware: Door hardware procurement and installation shall comply


with PIP ARS08710.

Accessories
5.3.1

Stops: Provide non-removable stops on outside of exterior doors and on


secure side of interior doors for louvers and glazing.

5.3.2

Door silencers: Except on weather-stripped frames, drill stops (before


priming) shall receive three silencers on strike jambs of single-doorframes
and shall receive two silencers on heads of double doorframes.

5.3.3

Non-rated door accessories: Accessories for non-rated doors shall comply


with the following:
5.3.3.1 Louvers: Inverted V blade as per SDI-111-C with a nominal size
of 24 inches (600 mm) wide by 18 inches (450 mm) high or as
shown on drawings
5.3.3.2 Glazing stops: Extruded aluminum with snap-in aluminum glazing
stops or minimum 20-gauge steel as per ANSI A250.8

5.3.4

Fire-rated doors: Only UL-listed fire door hardware shall be used.


5.3.4.1 Louvers: UL-listed, automatic-closing type, operated by 135F
(57C) fusible link, constructed of roll-formed steel conforming to
ASTM A366/M and SDI-111-C
Maximum louver size is 24 inches by 24 inches (600 x 600 mm).
Louvers are not permitted to be installed in doors with fire exit
hardware or in stairwells. Louvers can be furnished in 1-3/4-inch
(44-mm)-thick doors with a 1-1/2 hour B label or a 3/4 hour C label.
Glass light and louver combinations are not permitted in a single
door.
5.3.4.2 Glazing stops: constructed of roll-formed steel conforming to
ASTM A366/M, UL requirements, and SDI 118. Glazing stops must
be factory installed.
Glazing is not permitted in class A, 3-hour-rated doors.

Page 6 of 8

Process Industry Practices

COMPLETE REVISION

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

October 2001

5.4

5.5

6.

Fabrication
5.4.1

Frames: shop-assembled with welded corners

5.4.2

Doors: seamless construction (Model 2)

5.4.3

Mortar guard boxes: for masonry or plaster wall frames

5.4.4

Hardware-reinforcing and standard hardware locations: ANSI A115 and ANSI


A156.7

5.4.5

Tolerances: SDI-117

Finishes
5.5.1

Shop priming: Comply with ANSI A250.8, unless noted otherwise.

5.5.2

Frames in contact with masonry: Provide field-applied bituminous coating


inside frame profile.

5.5.3

When specified in the contract documents, provide factory-baked-on finish


coats in accordance with ANSI A250.8. Color and finish shall be as specified
by the owner in the contract documents.

5.5.4

When specified in the contract documents, provide galvanized doors and


frames in accordance with SDI-112.

Execution
6.1

6.2

6.3

Installation
6.1.1

Frames: Install in accordance with ANSI A250.8 and SDI-105.

6.1.2

Doors: Install in accordance with ANSI A250.8, SDI 122, and SDI 111-D.
Fire-rated doors shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 80 and SDI-118.

6.1.3

Installation tolerances shall be as listed in SDI-122-90.

Adjusting and Cleaning


6.2.1

Adjust door and hardware for smooth and balanced operation.

6.2.2

Clean all surfaces of grease, oil, dirt, and other impurities.

6.2.3

Touch-up scratched surfaces with primer equivalent to that of shop coat.

6.2.4.

Replace damaged, dented doors and/or frames at no cost to owner.

Protection
Protect doors and frames from damage during construction operations.

Process Industry Practices

Page 7 of 8

PIP ARS08111
Standard Steel Doors and Frames

7.

COMPLETE REVISION
October 2001

Schedules and Design Drawings


The designer should have provided the following information on the design drawings.
Information not provided shall be requested from the owner.

Page 8 of 8

Door design - Use SDI-108 as a guide.

Door swing - Use SDI-111-D as a guide.

Door and frame dimensions

Door thickness

Color and finish of factory-baked finish, if required

Selection and indication of galvanized doors and frames, if required

Fire-rated doors and frames - Use SDI-118 as guide.

Process Industry Practices