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Assignment 4: EE 668

Madhav P. Desai March 2, 2010

1. Consider a transmission line with Z 0 = 50Ω, length l = 50 cm and t pd = 10 ns . It is driven from the left by a voltage source V s (t ) with source resistance R s , and is terminated on the right by a load element. The line is assumed to be quiet for t 0 (that is, V and I in the line are 0 for t 0).

If V s (t ) = u (t ), the unit-step, find the response of the line at the

source and the load end for the following combinations of source and

(a)

load.

i. R s = 0Ω, and the load is a resistance of value R l = 100Ω.

ii. R s = 100Ω and the load is an open circuit.

iii. R s = 50Ω and the load is a capacitor with capacitance 10 pF .

iv. R s = 50Ω and the load is an inductor with inductance 1 nH .

(b)

Assume that R s = 0Ω and that the load is an open circuit. Note that this is an oscillatory circuit. Suppose that V s (t ) is of the form

V s (t ) = tu (t ) (t t R )u (t t R )

t

R

which is a ramp-step with rise-time t R . Define

D = sup |V (0 , t ) V (50 , t )|

t>0

to be the maximum observed instantaneous difference in volta ge across the two ends of the line.

i. Find D for t R = 0 ns , t R = 10 ns and t R = 50 ns .

ii. Show that as t R → ∞, D 0.

A general rule of thumb is to assume that if the t R > 5 t pd , then

transmission line effects can be ignored. Do you think this is justified?

2. Consider a transmission line with Z 0 = 1Ω, and t pd = 10 ns . It is loaded at the right by a non-linear impedance whose V-I characteris tic is V = I 3 (I is the current entering the impedance). From t = −∞ to t = 0, assume that the line is driven from the left by a 0 V source.

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(a)

At t = 0 + , the source at the left is activated with a V-I characteristic V = min(1 , 1 / (I 3 + 1)) Volts (I is the current leaving the source). Using Bergeron plots, find the response at the source and load end of the line from t = 0 ns to t = 50 ns

(b)

Assume that by t = 1 s , the line has settled to its final value. At t = 1 s + , the source at the left is now shorted to ground. Using Bergeron plots, find the response at the source and load end of the line from t = 1 s to t = 1 s + 50 ns

3. Consider a pair of identical coupled transmission lines in a homogenous medium with propagation delay t pd = 10 ns , and with coupling coefficient

k L = k C = 0 .2.

(a)

If Z even = 60Ω, find Z odd .

(b)

The first line is driven from the left by a unit step voltage source with source impedance 50Ω, while the second line is terminated at the left by a 50Ω resistor. Both lines are open at the right end. Find the waveforms in the two lines at the left and right end.

(c)

Now suppose that the voltage source driving the first line is a ramp- step with rise time t R . Find the peak disturbance observed in the second line (at the left and the right end) for t R = 1 ns , t R = 10 ns and t R = 50 ns .

(d)

Repeat the previous two questions with the second line being open at the left and terminated at the right by a 50Ω resistor.

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