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ENGLISH GUIDE 4o.

A
T. Jenny
1. Match the name of the tense or verb form to its typical use.
future in the past
present perfect continuous
past perfect continuous
past simple
present perfect
1
The ____________ is used to speak about a finished action that is in some way linked to the present.
2
The ____________ is used to speak about events that were in the future when talking about the past.
3
The _____________ is used for actions that began in the past and that have either finished or are incomplete. It
gives importance to the duration of the action.
4
The ____________ is used to speak about completed actions and happenings in the past.
5
The ____________ is used to speak about actions that happened before another action or actions in the past. It
gives importance to the duration of an activity.
2
Read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in brackets.
Last week a remarkable story (1) _________ (unfold) about a chimpanzee and a lion cub, residents of a world-famous
zoo in Beijing, China.
A lion cub was abandoned by his mother at birth and zoo keepers, wanting to keep the cub alive, decided to call on
Kuru, a female chimpanzee who two weeks previously (2) _________ (lose) her own baby due to natural causes. They
believed that Kuru would look after the lion cub and treat it as one of her own.
The lion cub was placed into Kurus cage and Kuru, with the help of zoo workers, immediately (3) _________(react) to
the situation and started feeding the young lion with the aid of a human babys bottle.
Since Monday, zoo keepers (4) _________ (monitor) the relationship between the two animals and they have
confirmed that a strong relationship (5) _________(form) between the two animals.
3
Choose the correct verb form to complete the sentences.
1
When I was ten, I cleaned/used to clean my rabbits cage once a week.
2
My little sister will/would always insist on getting up at six in the morning to go for a jog. The noise she made
drove the family mad!
3
Her young son usually gets/use to get dirty when he plays football. He loves playing in the mud.
4
He used to take /took his pet snake twice to the vet because it was refusing to eat.
5
When I lived in Camden, I often was going/went to the zoo. I particularly enjoyed the panda enclosure.
4
1
A
B
C
D

Choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.


_________________ is the study of the mind and how it affects the behaviour of people.
Palaeontology
Sociology
Psychology
Biology

2
A
B
C
D

_________________ is the scientific study of the weather.


Anthropology
Geology
Graphology
Meteorology

3
_________________ is the study of the different components that make up Earth e.g. rocks, soil, etc and how
they have changed since the beginning of the Earth.
A
Geology
B
Zoology
C
Archaeology
D
Sociology
4
_________________ is the study of the positioning and the movement of the starts and how they are believed
to influence people and certain occurrences.
A
Astrology
B
Meteorology
C
Palaeontology
D
Graphology
5
A
B
C
D

_________________ is the scientific study of people, their culture, society, etc.


Archaeology
Psychology
Anthropology
Zoology

5
Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentences.
1
Louise wouldnt be Annes partner in class; they really dont see eye to eye/hand.
2
As soon as her brother could talk, it was clear that Emily had Tony completely under her thumb/finger.
3
She was furious and was upset that her best friend had betrayed her by telling her mum about her problem
behind her shoulder/back.
4
When John told Danny about winning the lottery, he believed it, and it wasnt until the next day that he
admitted that he was only pulling his leg/arm.
5
As his parents are moving at the weekend, Alex is going to lend them a leg/hand to help with the heavy
furniture.
6
Read the text and then put the correct form of the word in brackets to complete the gaps.
Although Im not certain of her age, Id say that my great grandma Lucy is (1) _____________ (approximate) eighty
years old. Shes quite a distinguished character. To describe her, Id say shes (2) _____________(tall), about one metre
fifty, with incredibly silky long dark hair. I cant believe that at her age, she hasnt turned grey!
When she was younger, she worked as a psychologist. I believe thats the primary reason why shes always so
thoughtful and (3) _____________(consider). For our birthdays, she often gives us amazing presents. Last year, for
example, she gave me this (4) _____________ (wonder) silver necklace that I had been secretly wanting for ages but
because of the price, had put to the back of my mind. Somehow, my great grandma knew that I loved it and she bought
it for my birthday. I now wear it nearly every day!
Often when shes on her own at home, she doesnt just sit around, like most eighty-year-olds; shes different. She paints
or makes clothes. She has a real (5) _____________ (create) flare. To give you an example of how artistic she is, next
month its my wedding day and guess whos making my wedding dress? ....my great grandma Lucy!

6
Complete the sentences with one of the modal verbs from the box below in the correct form. Each modal verb
can only be used once.
be allowed to
be supposed to
can
need to
dont have to
1
In your country ___________ (you) to use your mobile phone whilst youre driving?
2
I ___________ post this letter before the last post. If I dont I could get into trouble.
3
Mary claimed that she ___________ drive a motorbike but that she was unable to drive a car.
4
We ___________study for the driving theory test over the weekend but weve decided to go away for the
weekend instead.
5
Luckily they ___________ take their driving test last week because of the icy conditions.
7
Complete the second sentence so it means the same as the first. Use the word given in capitals. Do not change
the word given.
1
Its more than likely that he didnt see the exit sign.
CANT
He ___________ the exit sign.
2
It is possible that she will have to testify in court.
MIGHT
She ___________ testify in court.
3
It is probable that Tom was using his mobile phone when he had the accident.
MAY WELL
Tom ___________ his mobile phone when he had the accident.
4
It is believed that the man was speeding when the police found him.
MUST
The man ___________ when the police found him.
5
Perhaps they didnt buy the electric car in the end.
MIGHT NOT
They ___________ the electric car in the end.
8
1
2
3
4
5

Complete the sentences with the correct alternative.


I might not/could not have gone out if I had known the weather was so bad.
We are supposed to/may well go by bus because my car has run out of petrol.
You arent allowed/ought not to drive if you dont have a license.
Has she/Does she have to pass her driving theory test before she can learn to drive?
They should/neednt have mentioned that her insurance policy would increase after the accident.

9
Complete the sentence with the correct words. You are given two letters that make up a compound noun.
1
As soon as the warning light went on in the car, they made their way to the nearest p______ s______. They
didnt want to get caught out!
2
Often when you are travelling on the motorway in London, the s______l______changes from 70 mph to 50
mph. This can be due to an accident or heavy traffic.
3
For some reason the t______l______ didnt change. We sat waiting for five minutes when eventually we
decided to pull out.
4
At the moment in the UK, everyone that passes their test is given a photo d______l______. A lot of people now
use this as a form of photographic identification.
3
5
The instructor advised his pupil to slow down as he approached the r______a______. You always need to
check what is coming before you make your manoeuvre, he said.

10

Replace the word/s underlined with the correct phrasal verb.

IRONING OUT
WAS BUILDING UP
LEAKED OUT
TOUGHEN UP
COME INTO FORCE
1
Last week an embarrassing story about a local school governor exceeding the speed limit became known to the
public.
2

It was Friday afternoon and already at two oclock, the number of cars on the roads was increasing.

It is high time the police become stricter with speeding offences which cause hundreds of accidents every year.

At the start of last year, a new law regarding road tax began to be applied throughout the UK.

5
It is not certain when the change to the law will be made, as at present, the government is dealing with the
problems it may cause.
11

Complete the gaps in the text with either take, make or do in the correct form.

When I was younger I didnt mind (1)__________ risks. I was free, young and single. For some reason I
(2)__________ a great interest in trying extreme sports. Something about the adrenaline rush made me keep going
back for more!
Now things are different. I have a job and a family. During the day, I work as a university professor and part of my job
entails (3)__________ lots of research and writing up reports for magazines and journals. In the evenings, I go home to
my wife and children. I spend time with them before reading them a story and putting them to bed. Once theyre in
bed, I often help my wife (4)__________ the household chores. Not my idea of fun but they must be done! My life
now is definitely different. I was uncertain about having kids but one thing is for sure, I (5)__________ the right
decision.
12

Complete the text with the correct form of the verb in brackets (-ing or to-infinitive).

A recent investigation into the human brain found that those struggling (1) _________(solve) a puzzle or problem
should give up (2) _________(stare) at the page and should watch or read something funny or uplifting. Researchers
suggest (3) _________(watch) a comedy sketch or a film that people know will bring a smile to their face. They claim
you should avoid (4) _________ (spend) time watching horror films or TV programmes with sad scenes, as by feeding
your negative emotions, you risk (5) _________ (lose) inspiration. They promise that by considering this advice, you
will gain additional insight and be able to find solutions to your puzzles or problems more quickly.
13

Find and correct the mistakes in the sentences. There is one mistake in each sentence.

1
2
3
4
5

If I give him a gold star when he is good, it encourages to behave better.


My masters programme has taught me planning before I write an assignment.
Unfortunately, they caught him to cheat in the exam and so he was suspended from school.
As part of her recovery programme, the doctor asked to read her at least one book a week.
Last month, after watching a programme on TV, my grandfather was inspired him to climb Mount Everest.

14

Choose the correct alternative.

1
2
3
4
5

The night before the exam, Liz tried her hardest to articulate/memorize all of the irregular verbs on the list.
I dont find it difficult to concentrate; my mind doesnt often grasp/wander.
Do you have a gift for/memorize languages? Some people believe youre born with it.
He wasnt fazed/bewildered by the fact that he couldnt take the exam, despite having revised for months.
Fortunately, today they were able to assume/grasp exactly what the lecturer was saying.
4

15

Complete the gaps with the correct word.

After their first seminar on the brain, the girls went to the library to talk (1)_________ their notes. They were a bit
confused as some of the ideas mentioned were a little difficult to pick (2)_________. They put their heads together and
came up (3)_________ some ideas as to what the lecturer was trying to say, but they decided that they would read the
recommended chapter on the reading list and reconvene the next day to reflect (4)_________ any further thoughts.
They immediately realised that the subject was tricky and that they would need to bounce ideas (5)_________ each
other if they were to fully understand the topic.
16

Read the sentences and select the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

1
A
B
C
D

She was so unhappy with her essay that she ________ wrote it.
mis
sub
re
over

2
A
B
C
D

Looking over his work, it was obvious that he totally ________understood what I said.
over
pre
over
mis

3
A
B
C
D

He was ________ intelligent. He knew the answer to every question in the quiz.
sub
super
inter
re

4
sights.
A
B
C
D

Although Claire had really wanted to live in London, she was ________interested in visiting the citys main
un
im
in
under

5
The film they went to see was highly ________rated. In fact, after watching the film, they voted it the worst
film they had ever seen.
A
super
B
sub
C
over
D
inter
17
1
2
3
4
5

Identify the conditional. Match 1-5 with A-E.


zero conditional
_____
first conditional
_____
second conditional
_____
third conditional
_____
mixed conditional
_____

A
B
C
D
E

If researchers had continued their investigation, there would be more information about the side effects.
If they studied for the exam, they would be prepared.
If people insist on travelling by car to work the levels of CO2 will continue to increase.
If I go to bed early I wake up refreshed and relaxed.
If I had taken two extra photocopies, I would have had enough for the whole class.
5

18

Complete the gaps with the correct form of the verb.

1
Robert knew that if he had invested on the stock market last month, he ___________ (be) a rich man right
now!
2
If the scientists go ahead with their presentation on Friday, they ___________ (give) us the results of their
latest research.
3
If the researchers had calculated their costs more efficiently, they ___________ (not/run out) of money.
4
The doctors told Lucy that if her mother took the medication, she ___________(feel) a lot better.
5
It is a well known fact that if you eat a large quantity of junk food, you typically___________ (gain) weight.

19

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence using the word given.

1
The decorator will paint your room, but only if you pay him the full amount next week.
PROVIDED
The decorator ___________ you pay him the full amount next week.
2
If she doesnt pay her rent, she will be evicted from her house.
UNLESS
She will be evicted ___________ her rent.
3
What a shame the police couldnt find the stolen car.
ONLY
If ___________ the stolen car.
4
The bank has offered to increase her overdraft because she may need some extra cash.
CASE
The bank has offered to increase her ___________ some extra cash.
5
Ill go to the concert this evening but only if you pay for my ticket.
LONG
Ill go to the concert this evening ___________ for my ticket.
20
Complete the sentence with the correct words. You are given two letters that make up either a compound noun
or a compound adjective.
1
2
3
4
5

People that work in the field of i___t___ tend to spend time configuring and maintaining technology systems.
The machine had b___d___ which undoubtedly meant they were unable to complete their experiments.
Nowadays, it is believed that the average l___ s___ of a human being is 80 years.
He went to a w___e___ university in London to complete a Masters programme in biochemistry.
When asked about their research, the chemists stated that a b___t___ was doubtful given the circumstances.

21

Choose the correct word in the correct form to complete the sentences.

circumvent

document

mainstream

sceptical

scrutiny

1
We hired a video camera and a cameraman ____________ our journey through the jungle.
2
She was feeling ____________ about the promotion. She was unsure it was the right decision.
3
His argument has come under ____________ by many researchers as it clearly lacks any empirical evidence.
4
In todays meeting, the presenter ____________ the real issue, as he only commented on how to overcome
global warming and not the actual causes.
5
Some pupils have to be removed from ____________ education because of the disruption they cause other
students.
6
22

Choose the best word to match each definition.

Cryogenics
Cybernetics
Genetic engineering
Information technology
Nuclear engineering
1
____________is the scientific study of very low temperatures and how they are used to preserve dead bodies.
2
____________ is the study of technology and how it is used to make replicas of living organisms.
3
____________ is the study of computers and electronic systems and how they store and use information.
4
____________ is the study of the usage of nuclear power.
5
____________ is the science of combining genes with living organisms, with the aim of making them more
suitable for a particular purpose.
23 Insert word(s) into the gap to make the sentences sound vague or to soften them.

1
2
3
4
5

Imagine
you know
guessed
mean
know
Its a confusing situation; I __________, its hard to determine what will happen in the future.
There were these two guys in the street __________ , acting in a strange way, so I called the police.
We __________ they would return the next day to collect their possessions but they didnt.
You _________, they couldnt see exactly where they were, so they got out the GPS.
I __________ that there are members of parliament that are essentially against the curfew system.

24
Rewrite the sentences using the word/s given to add more emphasis.
It was the
1
The wardens behaviour angered me.
__________________________________
What
2
They were shocked by the jurys final verdict.
_____________________________________
The reason
3
He complained to the judge because he didnt think the decision was fair.
_____________________________________
Its the
4
The attitude of the spokesman surprises me.
_____________________________________
What
5
I need to speak to the press about the prohibition of photos.
_____________________________________
25 Read the following extract from a safety brochure. For questions 1-5, insert the word which best fits in each
gap. Use only one word in each space.
In

yourself

a/the

are

to

When walking around (1)______ town or city centre, you can become the target of pickpockets. Pickpockets are
present everywhere and they (2) ______ always looking for the right person and the right moment to rob their victims.
There are, however, a few things that you can do to prevent (3) ______ becoming a target. If you are carrying a bag,
ensure that it is securely closed and that your wallet or purse is not in easy reach if your bag were (4)______ be
opened. Do not keep any money or credit cards (5)______ your back trouser pockets.
7
26

Fill in the gaps with one word/phrase. There is one extra word/phrase.

fine
ban
prosecute
judged
criminal record littering
1
The police were offered details of his previous _________________ to help them make their decision.
2
The police cannot _________________the boy until he is eighteen years old.
3
As soon as his six-month _________________ had ended, he drove his car to work again.
4
When we entered the crime scene, there were take-away boxes _________________ the floor.
5
Obviously, many people had already _________________ the teachers behaviour basing their opinions on
rumours from students.

27
1
A
B
C
D

Complete each of the following sentences by choosing either A, B, C or D.


A new prison warden is in the ____________ of being appointed.
means
process
touch
strength

2
A
B
C
D

The judge was accused of being out of ____________ with the youths of today.
account
behalf
strength
touch

3
A
B
C
D

In ____________ to his prison sentence, he will also have to do community service for 18 months.
addition
means
aid
strength

4
A
B
C
D

The lawyer presented the case to the jury on ____________ of the defendant.
touch
behalf
account
means

5
A
B
C
D

They stood outside the supermarket and collected money in ____________of the local prison.
addition
strength
aid
process

28
1
2
3
4
5

Replace the words in italics with a formal equivalent.


There are many people at this conference that Ive never seen before. ____
More and more people nowadays have a laptop computer. ____
Youll be pleased with the new team coach; hes very experienced.____
It was surprising that most of the criminals were under 18 years old. ____
Do you know if, after the race, the organisers will offer cold drinks? ____

a) serve
b) numerous
c) An increasing
number of
d)
extremely
e) the majority

8
29
Rewrite the sentences, changing from direct speech to reported speech. Choose the most appropriate reporting
verb from the list below.

Accuse

promise

recommend

refuse wonder

1
I will help you decorate your living room on Friday afternoon, Dan told Rachel.
Dan_______________________
2
We definitely dont want to live in the city centre because its too expensive, the students told the estate
agent.
They _______________________
3
You are constantly looking at Facebook on your mobile, Marc told Maria.
Marc _______________________
4
Do we have to go to the meeting on Friday afternoon? Gill asked her colleagues.
Gill _______________________
5
The book we read was really good, Anita and Adam told Tony.
They _______________________
30

Find and correct one mistake in each sentence.

1
2
3
4
5

We promised paying our rent on the first of every month.


The estate agent insisted that he should to go and view the property.
They agreed not making any noise when they came home.
I confessed to borrow the book without telling anyone.
Dont you regret to eat all those sweets?

31
Complete the second sentence so it means the same as the first, using the word given. Do not change the word
given.
1
According to a newspaper, approximately 300 people sleep on the streets in London every night.
SAID
It ____________ 300 people sleep on the streets in London every night.
2
The director has stated there will be more jobs available over the next six months.
REPORTED
It ____________ there will be more jobs available over the next six months.
3
Barcelona has many beaches you can relax on during the day.
KNOWN
____________ many beaches that you can relax on during the day.
4
Some people say that she has declared herself bankrupt.
CLAIMED
It ____________ herself bankrupt.
5
There are rumours that shes going to put down a 30,000 deposit on the house.
THOUGHT
____________ going to put down a 30,000 deposit on the house.
32
Fill in the gaps with the correct word(s) in the correct form.
landlord
draft a contract
move in tenant
inspect the property
1
The _____________ that we have living in our two bedroom flat are great. They always pay their rent on time.
2
Before returning the deposit, the agency _____________ to ensure we had not left anything damaged or
broken.
3
I have to go home immediately as my _____________ is coming round this afternoon and the flat is in a
complete mess.
4
We _____________ to our new house in December. Thats in precisely four months time!
5
Fortunately the process didnt take long as the estate agent _____________before he had put the flat on the
market.
9
33

Choose the correct alternative.

1
You can keep asking me for your results on the home stretch/until the cows come home but I cant tell you until
tomorrow.
2

Every month he takes home/is at home with more than 4000 and thats not including his quarterly bonus.

3
Finally were home and dry/re on the home stretch. What a horrendous journey! I cant believe it took over
three hours to get home.
4

The boss called Deborah into his office and told her a few home straights/home truths about her work.

5
Once the teacher had read the essay, she was upset that her pupil hadnt tried harder as it wasnt anything to
write home about/wasnt home and dry.
34

Read the text and write the correct form of the word in CAPITALS to complete the gaps.

Madrid is my favourite city in Europe. The people are so friendly and (1) ____________ (WELCOME). They instantly
make you feel at home.
Although it can be a little (2) ____________ (TOURIST) in places, it is generally a beautiful city to walk around with
lots of Spanish charm. If you go there, you will see the city is divided in two: the modern part and the
(3) ____________ (HISTORY) part. When in the old part, La Latina, for example, you will find yourself walking
down cobbled streets and surrounded by some of the best Spanish tapas restaurants. When in the new part, there is a
different, more (4) ____________ (VIBE) atmosphere. One thing that surprised me about the city was its cleanliness.
When youre in the city centre, you will notice the streets are (5) ____________ (SPOT). Not a single piece of rubbish
litters the floor. If you havent been I suggest you visit!
35
Rewrite the sentences, changing from direct speech to reported speech. Choose the most appropriate reporting
verb from the list below.
Accuse
promise
recommend
refuse
wonder
1
Complete the text with the correct passive form of the verb in brackets.
Peer-to-peer marketing (1)____________(employ) at present by companies enabling them to advertise for free. It
(2)____________(believe) that viral marketing is a popular form of peer-to-peer marketing. Viral advertising
(3)____________(use) for many years, but companies using this method are now targeting children as young as four
years old.
When playing games on the computer, both online and offline, children (4)____________ (show) a series of
advertisements. The purpose of these adverts is for children to subconsciously associate them with the game they are
playing. According to statistics, during the last three months, an estimated 2500 adverts (5)____________ (click on) by
children ranging from seven to thirteen years old.
36
Rewrite the sentences using the words given. Use no more than six words.
1
Mum usually does his washing.
HAS
He usually_______________________ by his mum.
2
Her friend called her after dinner.
BY
She got _______________________.
3
The mechanic checked my car free of charge.
CHECKED
I _______________________ free of charge.
4
They got Tom to cook our dinner.
COOKED
We _______________________ by Tom.
5
Theyd sent us the bill in the post.
SEND
Wed had _______________________in the post.
37
1

10
Choose the correct alternative.
Sadly none of/most of the celebrities gave their autograph to the thousands of fans waiting outside the cinema.

2
3
4
5

Neither of/All of their customers are loyal to the brand and they would never buy anything else.
He couldnt believe that each/every pair of trousers he tried on was either too baggy or too tight.
The fact that no/some freebies were given out at the event came as an unpleasant surprise to the guests.
Most/Most of salesmen push their clients to buy their products because they need to hit their targets.

38 Complete the sentences with the correct words or expressions related to advertising and selling.
cold calls

the hard sell


endorsing
shop around
brand loyalty
1
Tim was given __________________ for over fifteen minutes, until he told the salesman that he wasnt really
interested.
2
I know you work in telesales, but do you personally have to make ___________ to potential clients?
3
As there are so many different brands of tea on the market, it is surprising that ____________ exists.
4
Beyonc will be working in Paris in December. Shes going to be ____________ a new cosmetic product.
5
Alex knew the best thing to do was to ____________ and then pick the b5
39
Read the text and then fill in the gap with the correct form of the word in brackets.
When the washing powder company released their latest TV advertising campaign, those awaiting the release were (1)
____________ (RELATE) surprised. The image of a pair of trousers covered in dirt entering a washing machine with a
magical powder had been replicated so many times. At first, it seemed the creators had lost their (2)
____________(IMAGINE) side, but it was later revealed that the advert shown on TV was in fact an advert that had
been broadcast ten years ago. It was apparent that someone had (3) ____________(CARE) submitted the old version to
the television studio. The company apologized for the
(4) ____________(EXPLAIN) mistake and they released the original campaign a few days later. As expected, it made
a
(5) ____________(POWER) impact on the market.
40
Fill in the gaps with the correct word.
baggy
classic
loose

scruffy

sophisticated

At work, there isnt any official dress code. Therefore, people wear what they consider appropriate. On the whole, there
are two distinctive groups of people. In the first group, there are men that wear (1) __________ suits with a tie and
women that wear trouser suits. These people look smart. We refer to these people as the (2) __________ ones. Then
there are the men and women that come to work wearing (3) __________ trousers or jeans and (4) __________-fitting
upper garments with trainers. These people, on the whole, look (5) __________. We refer to them as the carefree ones.
41
Complete the sentences with the correct verb in either the present or past participle form.
Catch need read
talk
walk
1
2
3
4

__________
__________
__________
__________
5 __________

to a friend, I missed my train and had to get the next one.


the reviews of the restaurant, she cancelled her booking.
copying his partner in class, the boy got suspended from the school.
some money to pay the builders, they went to the bank.
15 kilometres in the pouring rain, we finally got a taxi home.

42

Choose the correct alternative.

1
2
3
4

From her point of view, watching TV is by far/far more interesting than swimming.
The more junk food you eat the more fat/fatter you get.
Id say we have less/fewer furniture now than we did a couple of years ago.
Hiring a DVD isnt so/than expensive as going to the cinema.
Studying at school is not the same than/as being at university.

11
43

For questions 1-5, read the text and write one word which best fits each space.

Same

by

as

the

than

If I compare my life now to how it used to be, there are a number of notable differences. Generally speaking, (1) ____
older you get the more tired you feel, but I have more energy now than ever. Since retiring last June, I definitely have
less money (2) ________ when I was working, but that said, Im a lot happier now.
Everyone says that when you retire, you start thinking that the price of things is high but the cost of living isnt (3)
_____expensive as I thought it perhaps might be. Especially now Im living in the countryside. Im living in a town
called Diss and its (4)______ _ far the friendliest place Ive been to. The town doesnt offer the (5)_______
excitement as London but the people and the fresh air make up for that.
44
1
2
3
4
5

Find compound adjectives in the paragraph that mean:


very loud __________________________
a situation that makes you feel very unhappy _________________________
very shocking ______________________
frightening and dangerous in an exciting way __________________________
a situation that surprises you and that you have probably never seen before ________________________

Ive recently watched two films at the cinema. One I found really interesting and the other I particularly disliked. Im
going to start by describing the one that I found interesting. It was a mind-blowing documentary about the tsunami in
Japan. Some of the scenes shown were eye-opening. It depicted peoples houses being swept away by the vast amounts
of water. Perhaps not the most relaxing film to watch as it was at times a little soul-destroying but the event actually
happened, and the truth cannot be hidden. The other film I watched was a horror film. It was particularly hair-raising.
At the beginning, I was literally on the edge of my seat but half way through the film, I started to dislike it. The
constant screams that came from the main characters were ear-splitting. I definitely wouldnt recommend it.
45
Think of one word only which can be used appropriately in each set of sentences.
1
Were thinking of extending our house so we can create an extra _____________.
There was so many people at the meeting that there wasnt _____________ for everyone to sit.
2
She was so enthusiastic about learning the language that she took a _____________ course in Russian.
Five years on from the financial_____________, it is believed the hard times are now over.
3
The cost of leaving the car at the station on a daily basis lead Laura to believe she was better off getting a
parking _____________.
As a reward for her good behavior, they _____________ her to leave the prison two afternoons per week.
4
It was _____________ of John not to invite my husband to the party.
The fact that they now live in France will _____________ we see them very infrequently.
5
He wouldnt tell her what was on his _____________.
Do you _____________ paying for the meal? I forgot my purse.
46

Choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.

1
The reason she __________________ is because today she was given the promotion she has been anticipating
for months.
A
is down in the dumps
B
looks bleak
C
is over the moon
D
looks up
12
2

I __________________ ever since my brother left home. I miss him a lot.

A
B
C
D

have been in low spirits


cast a shadow over
have been in seventh heaven
am looking up

3
A
B
C
D

Things are beginning __________________ now Ive moved house. Now, all thats left is to change my job!
to feel on top of the world
to feel blue
to lift my spirits
to look up

4
Luckily Katie was an optimistic person and she never __________________. She always looked on the bright
side of life.
A
looked bright
B
felt low
C
was on cloud nine
D
saw light at the end of the tunnel
5
Her mum promised her that things would soon __________________. Spring was around the corner and things
would soon get better.
A
feel blue
B
look bleak
C
brighten up
D
feel down in the dumps
47
Complete the sentences with the correct verb in either the present or past participle form.
Catch need read
talk
walk
1
Fill in the gap with a/an, the or .
At (1) _____company where Alice works, there are approximately 120 people. The company has (2)_____ office in
France and two offices in (3) ____ UK. Alice works in the Norwich office but she sometimes travels to France for
meetings with (4)_____ French clients. She has worked for the company for over two years and has gained (5)_____
reputation for being a sales shark. She works as (6)_____ Sales Account Manager and last year she was voted
salesperson of (7)_____ year.
48
1
2
3
4
5

Choose the correct alternative.


This is the car in which/in that I learned to drive when I was sixteen years old.
I met a lady on the plane with who/with whom Im going to keep in contact.
The salary is really low, and for that/which reason I cant take the job.
There will be a mixture of people in the class, some of whom/that will be near-native speakers.
Hes the person who/whom weve been meaning to speak to for weeks.

49 Read the text and then select the correct


answer A, B, C or D.
As soon as a person finds a (1) ________they feel suits their needs and experience, they should contact the company
immediately. The recruitment process in England is a fairly standard procedure. When (2) ____________ to a
company, it is mandatory to send a CV and a covering letter. The covering letter has to be (3) ____________ to match
the specific demands of the company. If a company believes they have found a suitable (4) ____________, they will
arrange a time to meet them for an interview at their (5) ____________. Interview processes can vary in duration.
Typically, an employer will close the process as soon as they feel they have found the right person.
1
B
C
D

A
site
position
place
situation

resigning

13

B
C
D

requesting
directing
applying

3
B
C
D

A
tailored
transferred
converted
sewn

4
B
C
D

A
aspirant
nominee
applicant
contestant

5
B
C
D

A
convenience
ease
practicality
suitability

50
Replace the words underlined with the correct phrase in the correct form.
accomplish
enrol on
follow in somebodys footsteps
serve an apprenticeship
settle in
1
Sam is learning about becoming a mechanic by working on cars at a car warehouse in Kent.
2
Eventually she became familiar with the people and the place and started to enjoy working there.
3
Marys a teacher and she expects her daughter to do the same job as her in the future.
4
They decided it was time to leave the small town in Africa. After all, they had succeeded in doing everything
they wanted to do.
5
As Juan was out of the country, his brother officially arranged for him to join the Academic English course.
51
1
A
B
C
D
2
A
B
C
D
3
A
B
C
D
4
day!
A
B
C
D
5
A
B
C
D

Choose the correct answer, A, B, C or D.


At the age of 30, Amanda Brown _____________ the post of Managing Director at a company in Poland.
took up
embarked on
undertook
gained
He managed to overcome his _____________ of heights by taking a psychology course.
pain
study
fear
problem
During the meeting, Daniel voiced his _____________ and to his amazement was supported by many others.
insight
knowledge
understanding
opinion
He hadnt _____________ any problems since starting work at the company but, unfortunately, today was the
embarked on
experienced
inspired
voiced
The Director handed in his resignation as he couldnt _____________ the constant pressure from the media.
stand
experience
take up
undertake
14

52
Read the following text and complete the gaps with the correct words in the correct form. There is one extra
phrase that you do not need.
be quietly confident
give somebody a grilling
interview panel
let your nerves show
score points
throw somebody
As soon as he stepped out of the room, he (1)________________ that he had got the job. The interview went incredibly
well and he believed he had come across as a hard-working and confident employee. One member of the
(2)________________ had started the interview by asking him some questions about himself and his work experience
and, despite being nervous, he (3)________________(not). About half way through the interview, a different
interviewer (4)________________about his work experience, but he didnt succumb to the pressure and I think
because of that he (5)________________more __________. Hell find out the results of the interview tomorrow.
53
Complete the sentences with either the gerund or infinitive form of the verbs in brackets.
1
____________ (become) bilingual in a language, I would recommend living in the country where the language
is spoken.
2
Im bored of ____________ (study) in the library! I think its time for me to go home.
3
I dont know a lot about the restaurant but its somewhere ____________ (go) and if we dont like it, we can
always go somewhere else.
4
The boys dislike ____________ (attend) lectures on Friday afternoons as theyd prefer to be at the park playing
football.
5
Its necessary ____________ (take) a level test if you want to enroll at this college.
54
1
2
3
4
5

Choose the correct alternative.


His mobile phone always goes off whenever/wherever hes in class.
Im not sure who told you to do that but however/whoever it was you can ignore them.
A waiter should always look after his customers whenever/however busy he is.
Im not fussed about what you cook. Im sure whatever/whichever you cook will be great.
Wherever/Whichever David and Victoria Beckham go, people always recognise them.

55
Complete the conversation with the phrases below. There are two extra phrases that you do not need.
Find puzzling
Make a gaffe
Misinterpret things
Offend somebody unintentionally
Take something literally
Talk at cross purposes
Understand nuances
A:
You lived in Italy, didnt you?
B:
Yes, in Florence. Beautiful city!
A:
So, hows your Italian?
B:
Not bad, considering I only lived there for six months. I mean, I understand most things when Im listening to a
conversation, but its (1)_____________ that I find tricky.
A:
I have the same problem with Spanish. I tend to (2)_____________ quite often because Im not familiar with
set phrases. Also, because I dont have a vast knowledge of the language, I often (3)_____________ the phrases
_____________.
B:
I know what you mean.
A:
Last week I had to study for an exam and one of my Spanish friends asked me if I was going to do something
with my elbows! I (4)_____________ the expression _____________ and so I looked it up later, and it means study;
nothing to do with elbows.
B:
There are some phrases like that in Italian. Word endings are confusing. Is it o or is it a? One letter wrong
and you could end up (5)_____________ someone _____________.
15

56
Choose the correct answer A, B, C or D.
Sarah and Amanda were speaking about the reasons why English was a dominant world language today when Tony
(1)___________ and gave his opinion. Although the girls wanted (2)___________ that they hadnt heard him, they
didnt.
The girls werent too fond of Tony as he often deemed himself superior, and as a result, he (3)___________ the girls
and the rest of the students in the class. When talking about the topic, Tony (4)___________ that English was in fact
dispersed during the British Empire, and the reasons that the girls had mentioned were in fact invalid. The girls
(5)___________ their teacher, as they believed he would be able to help settle the argument.
1
B
C
D

A
made out
pointed out
cut in
turned to

2
B
C
D

A
to talk down to
to get through
to pick up on
to make out

3
B
C
D

A
pointed out
talked down to
cut in
got through to

4
B
C
D

A
spoke out
picked up on
turned to
pointed out

5
B
C
D

A
brought up
made out
turned to
spelt out

57
Read the text and insert the correct form of the word in CAPITALS into each gap.
When you step off the plane in a country where you are (1)____________ (FAMILIAR) with the language, it can be
frightening. Therefore, it is (2)____________ (RELATE) important you plan beforehand where you are going to stay
and how youre going to get there. Before you travel, ensure you have the hotel booking number or that you have
printed out any (3)____________ (CORRESPOND) between yourself and the hotel.
If you decide to get a taxi, find out the cost before you get in, as airport taxis (4)____________ (NOTORIOUS) rip
tourists off. Be (5)____________ (INSIST) you are given a price before you leave, or if they refuse, take a different
taxi. Have at hand the address of the hotel, so you can show it to the (6)____________(DRIVE). Sometimes you will
be given the option of travelling by two (7)____________ (ALTERNATE) routes to your hotel. In this case, choose the
quickest, to save time and money.

16

Unit 1 Test Key


1
1 present perfect
2 future in the past
3 present perfect continuous
4 past simple
5 past perfect continuous
2
1 unfolded
2 had lost / lost
3 reacted
4 have been monitoring
5 has formed
3
1 used to clean
2 would
3 usually gets
4 took
5 went
4
1C
2D
3A
4A
5C
5
1 eye
2 thumb
3 back
4 leg
5 hand
6
1 approximately
2 tallish
3 considerate
4 wonderful
5 creative
7

1 Margaret

2 Evelyn

3 Mark

4 Margaret

5 Evelyn

Unit 2 Test A Key


1
1 are you allowed
2 need to
3 could
4 are supposed to
5 didnt have to
2
1 cant have seen
2 might have to
3 may well have been using
4 must
have been speeding
5 might not have bought
3
1 might not
2 may well
3 arent allowed
4 Does she have
5 should
4
1 petrol station
2 speed limit
3 traffic lights
4 driving license
5 roundabout
5
1 leaked out
2 was building up
3 toughen up
4 came into force
5 is ironing out
6
1 taking
2 took
3 doing
4 do
5 made
7
1E
2C
3D
4F
5B
Unit 3 Test A Key
1
1 to solve
2 staring
3 watching
4 spending
5 losing
2
1 it encourages him to behave
2 to plan before I write
3 caught him cheating
asked her to read
5 my grandfather was inspired to climb
3
1 memorize
2 wander
3 have a gift for
4 fazed
5 grasp
4
1 through / (about)
2 up
3 with
4 on
5 off
5
1C
2D
3B
4A
5C
6
1F
2 NG
3T
4F
5T
7
1 texts or emails
2 meet for
3 time and patience
4 weeks or months
5 towards friendship
Unit 4 Test A Key
1
1D
2C
3B
4E
5A
2
1 would be
2 will give
3 would not have run out
4 would feel
5 gain
3
1 will paint your room provided that
2 from her house unless she pays
only the police had found
4 overdraft in case she needs
5 as long as you pay
4
1 information technology
2 broken down
3 lifespan
4 well established
breakthrough
5
1 to document
2 sceptical
3 scrutiny
4 circumvented
5 mainstream
6
1 Cryogenics
2 Genetic engineering
3 Information technology
4 Nuclear
engineering
5 Cybernetics
7
1B
2C
3D
4A
5B

3
5

Unit 5 Test A Key


1
1 mean / imagine / guess
2 sort of / you know / kind of
3 guessed / reckoned
4 know
5 reckon / imagine
2
1 It was the behaviour of the warden which angered me. / It was the wardens behaviour
which angered me.
2 What shocked them was the jurys final verdict.
3 The reason (why) he complained to the judge was because he didnt think the decision was fair.
4 Its the attitude of the spokesman that surprises me.
5 What I need to speak to the press
about is the prohibition of photos.
3
1 a/the
2 are
3 yourself
4 to
5 in
4
1 criminal record
2 prosecute
3 ban
4 littering
5 judged
5
1B
2D
3A
4B
5C
6
1 numerous
2 An increasing number of
3 extremely
4 the majority
5 serve
7
1D
2C
3F
4E
5A
Unit 6 Test A Key
1
1 Dan promised that he would help Rachel decorate her living room that Friday afternoon. 2
They refused to live in the city centre because it is too expensive.
3 Marc accused Maria of
constantly looking at Facebook on her mobile.
4 Gill wondered if they had to go to the meeting
that Friday afternoon.
5 They recommended reading the book.
2
1 to pay
2 go and view
3 not to make
4 to borrowing
5 regret eating
3
1 is said that approximately
2 has been reported that
3 Barcelona is known to have / It
is known that Barcelona has
4 was claimed that she had declared
5 It is thought that they are
4
1 tenants
2 inspected the property
3 landlord
4 will be moving in / will move in
5
had drafted a contract
5
1 until the cows come home
2 takes home
3 re home and dry
4 home truths
5
wasnt anything to write home about
6

1 welcoming

1E

2C

2 touristy
3A

4F

3 historic

4 vibrant

5 spotless

5B

Unit 7 Test A Key


1
1 is being employed
2 is believed
3 has been used
4 are shown / are being
shown
5 were clicked on
2
1 has his washing done
2 called by her friend after dinner / called after dinner by
her friend
3 had my car checked / got my car checked
4 had our dinner cooked / got
our dinner cooked
5 our bill sent
3
1 none of
2 All of
3 every
4 no
5 Most
4
1 the hard sell
2 cold calls
3 brand loyalty
4 endorsing
5 shop around
5
1 relatively
2 imaginative
3 carelessly
4 inexplicable
5 powerful
6
1 classic
2 sophisticated
3 baggy
4 loose
5 scruffy
7
1T
2F
3 NS
4F
5T
6 NS
8
1 recycling
2 landfill sites
3 approximately 40%
4 shocking pictures
5
consumer goods
6 eco-friendly

Unit 8 Test A Key


1
1 Talking
2 Having read
3 Caught
4 Needing
2
1 far more
2 fatter
3 less
4 so
5 as
3
1 the
2 than
3 as
4 by
5 same
4
1 ear-splitting
2 soul-destroying
3 mind-blowing
opening
5
1 room
2 crash
3 permit
4 mean
5 mind
6
1C
2A
3D
4B
5C
7
1D
2A
3C
4D
5B

5 Having walked

4 hair-raising

5 eye-

Unit 9 Test A Key


1
1 the
2 an
3 the
4 5a
6a
7 the
2
1 in which
2 with whom
3 that
4 whom
5 who
3
1B
2D
3A
4C
5A
4
1 serving an apprenticeship
2 settled in
3 to follow in her footsteps
4 accomplished
5 enrolled him on
5
1A
2C
3D
4B
5A
6
1 was quietly confident
2 interview panel
3 didnt let his nerves show
4 gave him a
grilling 5 scored, points

Unit 10 Test A Key


1
1 To become
2 studying
3 to go
4 attending
5 to take
2
1 in order not to
2 until they had finished
3 to put an advertisement
4 from
Tom, nobody
5 carry out the fire wardens
3
1B
2D
3C
4B
5C
6A
7B
4
1 whenever
2 whoever
3 however
4 whatever
5 Wherever
5
1 understanding the nuances
2 misinterpret things
3 take the phrases literally
4 found the expression puzzling
5 offending someone unintentionally
6
1C
2D
3B
4D
5C
7
1 unfamiliar
2 relatively
3 correspondence
4 notoriously
5 insistent
6
driver
7 alternative
8
1T
2F
3 NG
4F
5T
6 NG
7T