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Preface A DICTIONARY OF INTERMEDIATE JAPANESE GRAMMAR BREESE ‘TheJapanTimes ‘TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface To the Reader List of Abbrevitions List of Symbols (GrammatiealTerms Special Topics in Intermediate Japanese Grammar 1. Discourse Grammar (1). Meshanism of CobesonInersenenisl Reference (2) Phenomena of Tense and Formality Swichines 2. Newspaper Grammar Conversion Satepes 44, Toward Beer Reaing Compreensin: Analying Seances Accurately Main Enis Appenies 1. Katakana Word Transcription Res 2. Compound Ves 161 151 (8) 119} wy) 3) (20) 20) 20) Bs, wn, 61 1s) 1-612 618 is 626 4 Compound Paces Conunesions Affe: Prefixes and Suties More Counters Cooceurence ‘Functional Expessons and Grammatical Pers English nde Japanese dex References m1 oss oe 685 ns ms 188 ‘To the Reader “This dictionary const ofthe following pars: [AL Grammatical Terms contains bie explanations o informal ditions of the pramimtial ems usd in his book. Hf ears ind tha hey ae no familar with hese terms, itis suggested that hey ead this section arf. B. Special Topics in termediate Japanese Grammar discusses selected to ‘ex Janes discourse pra newspaper grammar, conversational sae: es, and sentence structure analysis for reading comprehension. The Sec- tin induces readers toa numberof important concepts with which they should be familiar in order to improve their reading aod conversational (C.-Main Entries onsnes the cone of his volume. Each ety i ganized 1 follows © (ecuy name] —-@ fpurt of speech} [sage resco) | O exes © (ngliss counter) © (peated expressions] © Formation © Examples) | 0 wows) |) Related Expression(s}) © enuy same: Each ey is piven in romanized speling followed by ts fhiagona version. Enies ar aphabetially ordered based their romanized spellings © {par of specs: Each entry is followed by is par of speck | (anage restriction: or ew> i provided when the entry tem is wsed a ‘only in spoken Japanese or oaly in writen Japanese and forma specs, respectively © meaning faction: The general mean o Function of teeny tem is pven i the bor flow the entry name, [Enalish couteru)- English expressions equivalent to the ent item are given wo the sigh ofthe box © etned expression): lems which ae semantically related 0 the rr item are led as (REL. 99, Bb coe. Expressions in plan type Tike ase are explained inthe erry under [ Related Expression()] (G3). Expressions in bold ype hike BBD contin comparisons 1 the cory item under [Related Expresin(s} for B60, D key Sentences) Key sentences present typical sentence pater in Frames according to sentence strstr. The recent elements a inte i ® Formation: The word formato ues conection forms foreach itm ae provided wit examples. The ecuren elements ae pied in ro. |® Examples: Example senences are povided foreach ety {B Notes: Notes conan important points concrsing the we of he item, {1 Related Expression(s)} Expressions which ar semantically close to ‘he entry item are compared and thee diferences are explained. (aaa (DBIG: 000-000) in Formation, Notes. and (Related Expes- ‘on)] indicates that the tem which was refemed (ie. a8) is expan 8 pp. 000-000 of the companion volume: Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grama. .Appendizer contains infomation sich as kaatona word transcription ‘les, compound verbs, compound puriles, conjunction, prefixes sn suffices, coumers, coccuece, and functional expesions and grammar ters Indexes provides both Japanese inex and an English index. The “Japanese index incase the min ene, the items exlined in [Rett "Expessin()], and the tems covered i A Dictionary of Basic Japanese ‘Grammar. ‘The English index inclndes English counterparts ofthe main ty items ico)