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PREZENTUL SIMPLU (Present Simple Tense)

MOD DE FORMARE:
AFIRMATIV

INTEROGATIV

Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv


(la persoana a III-a singular se
adauga terminatia "-s" sau "-es")

Do / Does (pers.III, sg.) + Subiect


+ Verbul la infinitiv

La forma afirmativa se foloseste


infinitivul fara particula "to" a
verbului:
to run / run
La forma interogativa se foloseste
auxiliarul do sau does (la persoana
a III-a singular) urmat de verb:

I run
You run
He runs
She runs
We run
They run

Do I run?
Do you run?
Does he run?
Does she run?
Do we run?
Do you run?

NEGATIV
Subiect + do / does (pers.III, sg.) +
not + Verbul la infinitiv
La forma negativa se foloseste do
not(cu forma sa prescurtata don't)
sau does not(cu forma sa
prescurtata doesn't) pentru
persoana a III-a singular:

I do not (don't) run


You do not (don't) run
He does not (doesn't) run
She does not (doesn't) run
We do not (don't) run
You do not (don't) run
They do not (don't) run

Do they run?
!!!La persoana a III-a singular se
adauga terminatia -s

!!!Observati ca numai auxiliarul se

!!!Observati ca numai auxiliarul se

conjuga!

conjuga!

Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei "-s" sau "-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular

La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia "-s" la persoana a III-a singular la afirmativ


Exemple:
I talk (eu vorbesc) He talks (el vorbeste)
I work (eu muncesc) He works (el munceste)
I sleep(eu dorm) He sleeps (el doarme)

Verbelelor care se termina in ss, -sh, -ch, -x, -o li se adauga terminatia "-es"
Exemple:
I kiss (eu sarut) He kisses (el saruta)
I wish (eu(imi)doresc) He wishes (el(isi) doreste)

I catch (eu printd) He catches (el prinde)


I mix (eu combin) He mixes (el combina)
I go (eu merg) He goes (el merge)

La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o consoana, se inlocuieste litera y cu litera i , iar apoi se
adauga terminatia "-es"
Exemple:
I fly (eu zbor) He flies (el zboara)
I study (eu studies) He studies (el studiaza)
I cry (eu plang) He cries (el plange)

La verbele care se termina in litera y precedata de o vocala, se adauga terminatia "-s"


Exemple:
I pay (eu platesc) He pays (el plateste)
I stay (eu stau) He stays (el sta)
I play (eu (ma) joc) He plays (el (se)joaca)

Cand folosim Prezentul Simplu?


Exemple:

activitati repetate zilnice,


saptamanale, lunare,
anuale;

I go to the mountains every month.


Merg la munte in fiecare luna.

Actiuni obisnuite.
Obiceiuri, hobby-uri

She plays tennis in her free time.


Ea joaca tenis in timpul liber.

adevaruri generale

We have breakfast at 7.30 every morning.


Luam micul dejun la ora 7.30 in fiecare dimineata.

In the summer, they go to the seaside.


Vara, ei merg la mare.
The earth moves around the sun.
Pamantul se misca in jurul soarelui.
Water boils at 100C.
Apa fierbe la 100C.

situatii permanente
He lives in Paris.
El locuieste la Paris.
I work as a manager.
Eu lucrez ca manager.

actiuni care respecta un


anumit program( Pentru a

Your train leaves at two o'clock.


Trenul tau pleaca la ora doua.

exprima o actiune
programata in viitor, in
special atunci cand se

We meet him tonight.

specifica momentul
producerii ei:

Ne intalnim cu el diseara.
The bus for Bucharest lives at 12.15 on Monday.
Autobuzul pentru Bucuresti pleaca luni la 12.15.
I have Maths Friday at 11.30.
Eu am matematica vineri, la 11.30.

situatii emotionale (Cu


verbele care exprima un
sentiment (love, hate,
prefer, like, dislike...)

I love my girlfriend very much.


Imi iubesc prietena foarte mult.
He hates cats.
El uraste pisicile.

Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Simplu

Every day/ week/ month/ year etc., every morning/


evening/ afternoon/ night,
usually,
always,
sometimes,
often,
never,
rarely,/seldom,
in the morning/evening/night etc.

Exemple:
He goes to the gym every day.
El merge la sala in fiecare zi.
I play football every week.
Eu joc fotbal in fiecare saptamana.
We go to the dentist every year.
Noi mergem la dentist in fiecare an.
She watches TV every evening.
Ea se uita la televizor in fiecare seara.
She usually studies hard for her exams.
De obicei, ea se pregateste din greu pentru
examene.
I always do my homework.
Intotdeauna imi fac temele.
He sometimes goes shopping.
El face cumparaturi uneori.
I often play pool with my friends.
Eu joc deseori biliard cu prietenii mei.
She never goes to school by bus.
Ea nu merge niciodata la scoala cu autobuzul.
In the evening we play Monopoly.
Seara jucam Monopoly.

EXERCITII

Avem urmatoarele verbe traduse:


TO
TO
TO
TO
TO
TO
TO
TO
TO

SWIM = A INOTA
WALK =A MERGE
SING = A CANTA
READ= A CITI
BE=A FI
COME= A VENI
FLY= A ZBURA
HAVE = A AVEA
DO= A FACE

1.

Pune verbele dintre paranteze la forma corecta a prezentului simplu. Sub fiecare propozitie, scrie si
forma de negativ si forma de interogativ.

Exemplu:
1. I swim. (to swim)
I dont swim.
Do I swim?
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

You ___ (to swim)


We ___ (to walk)
He ___ (to walk)
They ___ (to sing)
She ___ (to read)
it ___ here (to be)
My father ___ here. (to come)
The birds ___ fast. (to fly)
The eagle __ very high. (to fly)
You ___ at the theater. (to be)
He ___ two books. (to have)
She ___ good things. (to do)
I ___ a student. (to be)
You ___ a blue shirt. (to have)
I ___ to live peacefully. (to choose )