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Chapter 5: Rizal and His Childhood Years at Calamba


June 19, 1861

Father Rufino Collantes

Pedro Casanas
Don Francisco and Donya

Domingo Lamco

Ines dela Rosa


Juan Mercado
Cirila Alejandrino
Manuel de Quintos

Situated as if in closed in a valley between

Laguna de Bay and Mt. Makiling.
Very rich in nature
An agricultural town with the specialization
in the production of sugar.
Owned by the Dominican friars.
Its beauty became an inspiration for his
poetic and artistic sensibilities.
Birth date of Dr. Jose Rizal
Baptized Rizal at the Calamba Catholic
Rizals godfather
Rizals parents
1. Saturnina
2. Paciano
3. Narcisa
4. Olimpia
5. Lucia
6. Maria
7. Rizal
8. Concepcion
9. Josefa
Rizals great grandfather from his father
Chinese merchant
Rizals great grandmother from his father
Wealthy Chinese mestiza
Domingo Lamco assumed this surname in
keeping with the gubernatorial decree of
Narciso Claveria on the use of Spanish
surnames in the Philippines by all Spanish
subjects in the colony and to free
themselves and their children from the
prejudices associated with a Chinese
Rizals grandfather from his father side.
Rizals grandmother from his father side.
Chinese-Filipino mestiza
Rizals great grandfather from his mothers
Chinese mestizo

Regina Ursua

Lorenzo Alberto Alonso

Principalia Class or Ilustrado

Affluence of Rizals family

Colegio de San Jose

Described him as a model
Colegio de Santa Rosa
Described her as

Father Leoncio Lopez

The Story of the Moth and the

Donya Teodora

Sa Aking Kabata
To My Fellow Children

Rizals great grandmother from his mothers

Has Japanese-ancestry.
Brigida married him and had five children,
one of them was Rizals mother.
Rank where Rizals family belonged.
Middle class
Stone house of abode and hardwood
Ownership of carriage and horses
A home library
Presence of personal servants taking care of
the needs of the children.
Private tutoring of the children
Where Don Francisco Mercado took coursed
in Latin and Philosophy.
Where Donya Teodora completed her
Woman of more than average education
A woman of culture and religion
A sacrificing and industrious housewife.
The parish priest of Calamba
Made young Rizal the need to develop a
sound philosophy of life.
From him, Rizal learned the value of
scholarship and intellectual honesty.
Her death was Rizals first sorrow
Left a deep impression on Rizal.
The moth died a victim of its illusion in its
search for the light.
Can be considered as Rizals biography
because like the Moth, Rizal died in search
for the lights of truth, freedom and justice.
Rizals first teacher who told him to express
his feelings through verses.
First poem he wrote when he was eight
years old.
Shows that even in an early age, it shows
that he had a concept of nationalism.
Shows how much he loves his native
The message of this poem is that children

First Taste of Injustice

El Filibusterismo

Maestro Celestino
Lucas Padua
Leon Monroy

should love their native language.

Began when his uncle, Jose Alberto
discovered the infidelity of his wife and
decided to divorce her. Rizals mother
convinced him to forgive his wife and start
over. Although his uncle was persuaded, his
uncles wife conspired with the Spanish
lieutenant of the Guardia Civil by saying
that Donya Teodora tried to poison her.
She was arrested for two and a half years.
She was freed by Governor-General
Izquierdo as a result of the request of young
Soledad, whose graceful dancing charmed
the him and his guest.
Dedicated this book to the memory of
Rizals first private tutor
Rizals second tutor
Rizals third tutor
A former classmate of his teacher.
Helped Rizal develop his skills in reading,
writing and the rudiments of Latin

Chapter 6: Formal Schooling at a Village School


Where Rizal went to study

Accompanied him in his trip on board a
Rizals cousin who showed him around the
town which cause him to feel homesick.
Maestro Justiniano Cruz
Rizals teacher in Binan
Son of Maestro Cruz who made fun of Rizal,
who challenged Rizal to an arm wrestling
match and lost.
He did not enjoy his schooling under maestro Cruz although he considered
him an expert in Latin and Spanish grammars.
He detested the use of corporal punishment in making the pupils learn the
lesson for the day, which was highlighted in his novel in Noli me Tangere.
Old Juancho
Rizal took painting lessons under Maestro
Cruzs father-in-law.
Gave him free lessons in painting and
December 17,1870
Rizal when back to Calamba after receiving
a letter from Saturnina.
The steamship he rode home to go back

Chapter 7: Formal Search for Knowledge at Ateneo Municipal

Ateneo Municipal

June 10, 1879

Reasons for Rizals Entry to


Bachiller en Artes

Roman Empire
Carthaginian Empire
Ratio Studiorum

Ad majorem Dei gloriam

Sodality of Our Lady
and Apostleship of Prayer
Academy of Spanish Literature
and Academy of Natural
Father Francisco Paula de
Convent School of Santa Isabel
Agustin Saez
Romualdo de Jesus
Tio Manuel
Mi Primera Inspiracion

School he entered when he was 11 years

old, four months after the execution of
Formerly known as Escuela Pia
Rival of Colegio de San Juan de Letran.
Most prestigious college for boys owing to
its great teachers.
Day Rizal took the entrance examination at
Colegio de San Juan de Letran.
He was a late registrant
He was very frail and undersized for his age.
The college registrar, Father Magin
Fernando was at first very firm in denying
his admission until Manuel Burgos
Academic title in Ateneo
Highest honor
The boarding students at Ateneo
One of the two competing empires.
Non-boarding students of Ateneo.
One of the two competing empires.
A title given to the brightest in the class.
A system of indoctrination under tight and
constant discipline with every incentive of
compensation and reward.
For the greater glory of God.
Aim of Atenean education.
Rizals extra-curricular activities at Ateneo.
Religious confraternities at Ateneo.
Academic societies for students who
excelled in literature and the sciences.
Helped him develop his skills in poetry
Where he took special lessons in Spanish.
His painting mentor
His mentor in sculpture
Helped him develop his weak and frail body.
Thought him gymnastics and fencing.
My First Inspiration
The first poem he wrote as a student.
Dedicated to his mother on the occasion of

Un Recuerdo de Mi Pueblo

Al Nino Jesus

Alianza Intima Entre Religion y

La Buena Educacion

Por La Educacion Recibe Lustre

la Patria

the latters natal day.

In Memory of My Town
Creating this poem was his way of paying
homage to his birthplace.
To the Child Jesus
Ode he written when he was 14 years old.
His expression of his devotion to
Catholicism which was implanted his
mother and was strength by his schooling in
The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and
Good Education
Where he stressed the importance of
religion to education.
Education not centered on God cannot be
considered true education.
Religion serves as a guide and nourishment
of true education.
Through education the Country Receives
Where he compared Education to a
lighthouse that guide people in their
behaviors and actions.
His message was that people should seek
knowledge so we can be enlightened

Chapter 8: Rizal at the Dominican University of the Philippines


Discouraged him to pursue law because he

will not be able to practice the profession
later due to the political conditions in the
Philosophy and Letters
Course he enrolled on his freshman year.
Course his father wanted him to pursue.
Father Raman Pablo
The rector of Ateneo
Told Rizal to take up medicine.
Shifted to Medicine after his freshman year, because it was advised by Father
Ramon and to cure his mothers failing eyesight.
He did not enjoy his schooling in UST.
Factors for his mediocre
Medicine was not his desired course.
academic performance
Dissatisfaction with the Dominican system
of education.
Exciting distraction of youth
Father Millon and Placido
Characters in El Filibusterismo that showed
how in science was done in the university

Segundina Katigbak

Leonor or Orang Valenzuela

Leonor Rivera
Influx of liberal ideas can be
attributed to the

Liceo Artistico Literario de


A La Juventud Filipina

El Consejo de los Dioses

Junto al Pasig

A Filipinas

Indio or Chongo

and how Spanish professors treated Filipinos

who have the potential to excel in class.
First infatuation from Batangas, but turned
the other way when she was to be married.
The two girls he was courting at the same
Ending of the Spanish Civil Wars
The opening of Suez Canal
The opening of the Philippines to world
An organization of art lovers in the city
conducted regular competition in literary
Written when Rizal was eighteen years old.
His entry in 1879 and won the grand prize
which was a silver quill for demonstrating
his prowess in poetry.
It was the first great poem in Spanish
written by a Filipino recognized by Spanish
It was the first expression of the
nationalistic concept that the Filipinos were
the fair hope of the motherland (Mi Patria),
which earned him the title as the first
Play he written in the literary contest of
It was an allegory in praise of Cervantes as
a co-equal of Homer and Virgil.
Was the best entry in the competition that
year, but when they realized it was written
by a Filipino they gave the prize to the
Proves that the Filipinos can compete with
other races in fair play.
A one-act play written by Rizal at the
request of the Jesuits and was staged at
Ateneo in connection with the celebration o
the Feast Day of Immaculate Conception.
Can be considered as a prophecy of 50
years of revolution, invasion after invasion,
defeat, subjugation and civil tumult.
A sonnet written by Rizal in 1880
Written to praise the Philippines for its
beauty and to encourage Filipino artists to
glorify the country through their art works.
Spanish and mestizo students labeled the

Kastila or Bangus


Companions of Jehu

Jose Rizal
Galiciano Apacible
Governor-General Primo de

Reasons for Rizals Departure

to Europe

Filipinos students labeled the Spanish and
A secret society of Filipino students
organized by Rizal.
The patriot general of Jews.
Members of Companerismo called
President of the secret society.
Secretary of the secret society.
The governor-general during the time Rizal
was punished for not greeting the lieutenant
of the Guardia Civil.
To continue his studies in medicine.
To make a name for himself in the realm of
To observe and study European society
To prepare himself in the realm of
journalism for the liberating the Filipinos
from the Spanish tyranny.