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CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

In this chapter, it presents and shows the related literature and studies after an in-depth
search done by the researchers. Furthermore, it also shows the different study results that are in
unison to the study conducted while showing similarities and interrelatedness to both studies; in
trends and in-depth analysis.
Related Literature
A tracer study is an approach which is widely being utilized in most institutions and they
are generally utilized by most educational institutions to track and to keep record of their
students once they have finished their academic journey from the institution. Through tracer
study, an institution able to evaluate the quality of education given to their graduates by knowing
the graduates placements and positions in the society which later can be used as a benchmark in
producing more qualified and competitive graduates.
According to Arcelo, the survival of the huge number of educated unemployed individual
can direct to a certain amount of political volatility in the country, for them, being among the
educated division and erudite about the different privileges the society can offer; feel
undoubtedly destitute (Arcelo, 2012). In this matter, the analysis of the unemployment situation
in the Philippines shown that the young graduates is still in the job-hunting stage. According to
the Philippine Labor Code, the employer has a right to select his employees and to decide when
to engage them. He has a right under the law to full freedom in employing any person free to
accept employment from him, and this, except as restricted by valid statute or valid contract, at a
wage and under conditions agreeable to them; hereby distinguishing the importance of being

employed and the choice in choosing a particular job that they desired to apply in (Santiago,
2011).
The Philippines may go beyond the standing of employment in the country, rights and
importance should be understood. As acknowledged by most experts, the view of low literacy
rates in rising unemployment in developing countries has grown to be an essential factor that
increasing educational opportunities must be provided for the great fraction of adult population
as well as the immense number of youth outside the formal school system in order to provide
assistance to acquire further comprehension and skills to develop their source of revenue and
strengthen the country. As a Nursing student, one thing that must be considered is the perception
that there is no age matter when it comes to job opportunities because in the field of working, to
be equal to any person who are capable of doing the job is a factor to be employed and also,
scholastic achievements and remarks must be honed for a better opportunity waiting outside the
horizon.
The Philippines has the highest literacy rate of workers in the entire Asia, its technical,
manual and managerial skills are poorly developed and in short supply. There is over-abundance,
law and other professionals exceed in demand to find employment appropriate to his or her
educational attainment. A sad reality has shown that even college graduates may find it difficult
to be employed if they are not well-equipped of trainings and programs that their college offered
(Delos Santos, 2011).
In the Philippines, the Secretary of Labor may direct all persons or entities within the
coverage of this study to submit a report on the status of employment, which includes job
vacancies, details of the job requisitions, separation from job wages, other terms and conditions,
and other employment data. This makes the job seekers aware of the proper job that is inclined to

their attainment is available for application. In this process, it will strengthen the awareness of
the public to know the standing of the employment in the country (DOLE, 2010).
Employment is the capacity of an individual to showcase his/her talents and capabilities
and to use his/her trainings gathered in the course program for the sustainance of the global
demand.