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OR
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D O GM A s ,
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B UT

P R E FA C E

SI N C E t h e

d a wn

of

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v a ri o u s

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ve
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w a n ti ng i n m o d ern
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of

m o d er n sc i e n ce

v a s t m a s s o f s u c h e v i de n ce i s u nre l i a b l e
,

i n st a n ce s t h e
do

wha t
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c a l l e d m i r a cl e s
It

t h e y i m i t a te

as

is

n ot

m a ny

In

i m i t a ti o ns

a re

The

c o m i n g fro m

fr a u d u l e n t p ers o n s

or

x tr a o rd i n a ry

s u c h e ve n ts e ve n i n s o ci e

t i e s l i vi n g u nd e r th e ful l bl a z e
i gn or a n t su pe rs ti ti o us

th e si gn o f

Bu t

ca n d i d

s ci e n ti c m i n d t o t h r o w o verb o a rd a ny th i n g w i th ou t

p r o p e r i nv e s ti g a ti o n

S urf a ce s ci e n t i s ts , u n a bl e t o e x

p l a i n th e v a ri o u s e xtr a o rd i n a ry m e n t a l p h e n om e n a
s tri v e
f o re ,

to

i gn o re th e i r ve ry e x i s te n ce

They

cl o u d s

a re
or

n s w e re d by

th a n th os e

ho

be i n g

or

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th ere

T h e l a tte r h a v e th e e xc u s e

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wh i ch

ha s

f a l se sy ste m
t a u gh t th e m

of

to

b o ve th e

be l i e ve th a t th e i r p e t i ti o n s

w i l l m a k e s u ch b e i n gs ch a n ge th e co urse
l ea st

m ore c ul p a bl e th a n th os e wh o th i nk t h a t th e i r

p r a ye rs

v e rs e

a re ,

of

of

th e u n i

i gn o r a n ce

or a

e d u c a t i o n i n th e i r c h i l d h ood

de pe n d u p o n s u ch b e i n gs
[i x]

f or

P R E FA C E

h e lp a n d th i s d ep e n de n ce h a s n o w be c o m e
th e i r d e ge n e r a te n a tu re
T h e form e r h a v e

no

e xcu se
F or

y e a rs su ch p he n o m e n a h a v e b e e n

of

th o u s a n d s

i n ve s ti g a te d s tu d i e d , a n d g e n e ra l i s e d
,

of

th e re l i gi o u s f a cu l ti e s

th e pr a c ti c a l re su l t
Yog a

rt o f
su c h

a
p

d oe s n o t

i s th e

has

sc i e n ce

be e n

n a l yse d

R dja Y og a

of

fte r th e u n p a rd o n a bl e m a n n e r

of m a n

wh o l e gr o u n d

h
e
t
,

a nd

R dja

of so

m o d e rn sc i e n t i s ts d e ny th e e x i s te n ce o f f a cts wh i ch
,

ve ry d i f cu l t

e xp l a i n ;

to

on

me

a re

th e o th er h a n d i t ge n tl y ye t
,

i n n o u n cert a i n te rm s te l l s th e s upe rsti ti o u s th a t m i r a


cl e s a n d a n swer s t o pr a y ers a n d p o we rs o f f a i th th o ug h
,

tru e

f a cts

as

a re n o t

re n d e re d c o m pre h e n si b l e th r o ugh

th e s up e rsti ti o u s e xpl a n a ti o n
th e a ge n cy
de cl a re s
for

of a

th a t th e p o we r
eve r

a nd

was

s upply c a m e
i de a

of

ce a n

of

b e i ngs

of

ttri b u ti n g t h e m

b o v e th e c l o u ds

k n o wl e dge

ut

a n d n ot

d e s i re
of

a nd

a nd

s up pl y i s a l s o i n

wh e n ev er

ful l l e d i t

or

te a ch e s th a t d e si re s

It

m a nk i n d th a t e a ch b e i ng i s

to

th e i n n i te

beh i n d

bei ng

of

nl y

w a n ts

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co n d u i t

p o we r th a t l i es
a re

m a n ; a nd

wa n t

to

in

th a t

p r a ye r

m a n,

w her

ha s

be e n

th i s i n n i te m a g a z i n e th a t th e

fr o m a n y s up e rn a tu r a l b e i n g

s u p e rn a t ur a l b e i ngs m a y r o u se

to a

The

ce rt a i n e xte n t

th e p o we r o f a cti o n i n m a n b ut i t a l s o bri ngs sp i ri tu a l


d e ca y
It bri ngs d e pe n d e n ce ; i t b ri ngs fe a r ; i t bri ngs
sup e rs ti ti o n It d ege n e r a te s i n t o a h o rri b l e b e l i e f i n th e
,

P R E FA C E
of

n a tu r a l we a k n e ss

Yog z,

sa ys the

a nd

t i on s

m an

b u t th e re

T h e re i s

s ub tl e m a n i fe st a ti o n s

p e rce i ve d by t h e s e n se s ;
R aj
/a Yog a

wil l l ea d

s ubtl e p e rcep ti o n s
A ll
one

th e

ve rs

The
an

b e e a si ly

ca n

th e s ub tl e T h e p r a ct i ce
.

cqu i s i ti o n

of

th e m

re

rth o d o x sy ste m s o f I n d i a n p h i l o s o p h y h a ve
,

th e

a re

g o a l i n V i e w th e l i be r a ti o n

f e c ti o n
co

th e

m a n i fe st a

T h e s ubtl e

T h e gr o s s

not so

to

su p e rn a tu r a l

no

i n n a tu re gr o ss

a re

c a u se s th e gr o s s th e e ffe cts
of

xi

e th o d i s by

of

th e s o u l th r o ugh pe r

Yog a

T h e w o rd

S ank/132a

i m m e n s e gr o u n d b u t b o th th e
,

'

th e Voddm zs t S ch o o l s p o i n t
o th e r

t o Y og a

Y og a
a nd

i n s o m e f o rm

or

T h e s ub jec t
f o rm

i s th a t
a

p h o ri sm s

of

te x t b o ok
th o ugh

th e rs t l e ctu re s i n th e p re se n t bo o k
The
Yog a k n own a s R af a Yog a
.

'

a ta n a l z a r e

R af a

on

Yog a

th e h i gh e st
The

spe ct h a ve
,

p r a cti ce

as

i n som e
j
a cce d e d t o h i s

a ta n a /z

T h e rst

seve r a l l e ctu re s

cl a s se s d el i ve re d b y th e p re se n t wri te r i n N ew
T h e se c o n d p a rt i s

a nd

rul e
of

u th o ri ty

th e r p h i l o s o p h e rs

decided consent

th i s b o o k i s c o m p ri se d

of

cc a si o n a l l y d i ffe ri ng fro m

of

m eth o d

of

p h i l o s op h i ca l
p a rt

of

r a th e r fre e tr a n sl a ti o n

to

Y o rk

of

th e

'

p h o ri sm s ( S af r a s) o f P a ta nja l z w i th a ru n n i n g c o m
E ff o rt h a s b e e n m a d e to a v o i d te ch n i c a l i ti e s
m e n t a ry
a

as

fa r

as

p o s s ibl e

a nd

to

keep

to

th e fre e

a nd

e a s y s tyl e

x
of

P R E FA C E

c o n ve rs a ti o n

spe c i c d i re c ti o n s
to pr a cti se b u t
,

In

th e rs t p a rt s o m e s i m pl e

a re

g i ve n

ll

such

f or

a re

th e s tude n t

esp e c i a l ly

re m i nd e d th a t w i th fe w e x cep ti o n s
,

wa n ts

w ho

e a rn e s tly

a nd

Y og a

a nd

ca n

n ly be

s a fe l y l e a rn e d by d i re ct c o n t a c t w i th

te a ch e r

c o nve rs at i o n s s u cce e d i n a w a ke n i ng

d e s i re for furth e r

i n f o rm a ti o n
w a n t i ng

on

th e s ub j e ct

If

th e t ea ch e r w i l l
.

th e s e

n ot

be

T h e syste m
t h e Sarzl zya s ,
~

of

j
th e p o i n ts
P

a ta a

a /z

of

i s b a se d up o n th e sys te m

of

d i ffe re nce be i ng v e ry fe w

T h e two m o st i m p o rt a n t d i ffe re n ce s a r e rs t th a t P a t
,

j
te a ch e r wh i l e th e o n l y

a n a lz

d m i ts

P e rs o n a l G o d

G od

of

i n th e f o r m

th e

S an k/g m:

n e a rly pe rfe cte d b e i n g tem p o r a ri l y i n ch a rge


,

S cond
e

th e

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an

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HA P T E R

IN T R O D U C T

OR Y

k n ow l e d ge i s b ase d u p o n e xp e ri e n c e W h a t
we cal l i n fe re n ti al k n o wl ed ge i n w h i ch we g o f ro m th e
l e ss ge n e ra l to th e m o re ge n e ral o r fro m th e ge ne ral to
th e parti cu la r h a s e xp e ri e n ce a s i ts bas i s
I n wh a t are
cal l e d th e e xa ct sc i e n ce s p e op l e e as i l y n d th e tru th
be ca u s e i t app e al s to th e parti c u l ar e xp e ri e n ce s o f e v e ry
h u ma n b e i n g T h e s ci e n ti s t d oe s n o t te l l yo uto b e l i e v e
i n a ny th i ng b u t h e h as ce rta i n re s u l ts wh i ch co m e fro m
h i s o w n e x p e ri e n ce s a nd rea so n i n g o n th e s e e xp e ri e n ce s
w h e n h e ask s u s to b e l i e v e i n h i s co n cl u s i o n s h e app e al s
to s o m e u n i ve rsal e x p e ri e n ce o f h u ma n i ty
I n e v e ry
e xact sci e n c e t h e re i s a u n i ve rsal b as i s wh i ch i s co m m o n
to al l h u m an i ty s o th at we c a n a t o n ce s e e th e tru t h o r
th e f al l a cy o f th e co n cl u s i o n s d raw n th e re fro m
No w
th e qu e s ti o n i s h a s re l igi o n a ny s u ch b as i s o r n o t
I
sh al l h a v e to an swe r t h e q u e st i o n b ot h i n th e a f rmat i v e
R e l i gi o n as i t i s ge n eral l y tau gh t
a n d i n t h e n e g at i ve
A

L L ou
r

,
.

[I]

R A JA

YO GA

al l o v e r th e w o rl d i s sai d to b e bas e d u p o n f ai th an d
b e l i e f a n d i n m os t case s co ns i s ts o n ly O f d i ffe re n t se ts
O f th e o r i e s an d that i s th e reaso n w h y w e n d a l l th e se
vari o u s re l i gi o n s qu a rr e l l i ng wi t h e a c h o the r
T he se
th e ori e s agai n a r e b ase d u pon b e l i e f
O n e ma n says
t h e re i s a g r e at B e i ng s i t t i n g ab ove th e cl o u d s an d
gove r n i n g th e w h ol e u n i ve r se a n d h e ask s m e to b e l i ev e
th at s ol e ly o n th e a u th or i ty o f h i s asse r ti o n
I n th e
s am e w a y I may h ave my o w n i d eas w h i ch I am ask i ng
o th e rs to b e l i e v e a n d i f th ey a s k a reas o n I can n o t
s upp ly th e m w i th a ny
T h i s i s w h y re l igi o n a n d m e ta
p h ys i cal p h i l os op h y h ave a bad n a m e n owaday s
E ve ry

e d u cate d m a n s ee m s to s a y : O h t h e s e rel i gi o n s are o nl y


b u n d l e s o f th e ori e s w i th o u t a ny s tan d a r d to j u dge th em

by e a ch m an p r ea c h i ng h i s o w n p e t i deas
A t th e
sam e ti m e I m u s t te l l yo u th a t th e r e i s a bas i s o f u n i
v e rsal b el i e f i n r el igi o n gove rn i n g al l th e s e d i ffere n t
th e ori es an d all th e varyi n g i d eas o f d i ffe r e n t se cts o f
m e n i n d i ffe r e n t co u n t r i es
G oi n g to th e basi s O f th e m
w e n d that th ey al so are base d u p o n u n i ve rsal
e xp e r i e n ce s
I n th e rs t p l ace I wi l l as k y o u to a n al ys e al l th e
v a r i o us rel i gi o n s o f th e wo rl d Y o uwi l l nd that thes e
a re d i vi d ed i n to tw o cl asses tho s e w i t h a bo ok a n d thos e
w i t h o u t a b o ok
T h o se wi th a bo o k are th e s t r o ngest
a n d have t he l arge st n u mbe r O f fo l l o wers
T h o se w i th
ou
t boo k s have m os tl y d i ed o ut a n d th e few n ew o ne s
h a v e very s mal l fo l l ow i ngs
Y e t i n al l o f th e m w e
n d o n e co n se n s u s o f O p i ni o n t hat th e tru th s th ey teach
a r e t h e r e s u l ts o f t h e e x p e ri e n ce s o f p arti cular p e r s o n s
,

I NT R O D U C T O R Y

T h e Chri s ti a n ask s yo u to b e l i ev e i n h i s rel i g i o n to


be l iev e i n C h r i st a n d to b el i e v e i n H i m as th e i n carna
ti o n o f G o d t o bel i ev e i n a G o d i n a s o ul an d i n a
be tte r s tate o f th a t so ul
I f I a s k h i m f o r reaso n s h e

NO i t i s m y b e l i e f
say s
B ut i f yo u go to th e
fo u n tai n h ead o f Ch r i sti an i ty yo u wi l l n d th at i t i s
base d u po n e x pe ri e n ce
Ch ri s t sai d H e s a w G od ; th e
d i s ci pl e s sai d th ey fe l t G o d ; a nd s o fo r th
S i m i larl y i n
B ud d h i sm i t i s B ud d h a s e x pe r ie n ce
H e e xpe r i e n ce d
ce rtai n t r u th s s a w t he m c a m e i n co ntact w i th th e m
a n d p r each e d th e m to th e wo r l d
SO w i th t he H i n d u s
i n th e i r b o ok th e w r i ters w h o are c al le d B i s/25 s o r
sage s d e cl are th ey h ave e xpe ri e n c e d certai n t r u th s a n d
t h e se th ey pre a c h
T h u s i t i s c l e ar t hat al l th e r e l i gi on s
o f t h e worl d h av e be e n bu i l t u p o n th at o n e u n ive rs al an d
ada m an t i n e fo u ndat i o n o f al l o ur k n owl ed ge d i re ct
e x p e r i e n ce
T h e t ea c h e r s al l s a w G od ; t h ey al l s a w
th e i r ow n s ou l s th ey s a w th e i r e te rn i ty th ey s aw th e i r
f u tu re a n d wh at th e y saw th ey p r ea ch e d
O n l y th e re
i s th i s d i ff e re n ce th at i n m o st o f th e se rel igi o n s e sp e
a pe cu l i ar clai m i s p u t be fo re
c i a l l y i n m o der n t i me s
u s a nd th a t cl ai m i s th at th e s e e xp eri e n ce s are i m p o s
s i bl e a t th e pre s e n t d ay ; th e y we re o n ly p o ssi b l e w i t h
a few m e n w h o w e r e th e rs t fo u n d e r s o f th e re l i gi o n s
tha t s u bs equ e n tl y b o re th e i r n a me s A t th e p re se n t
ti m e th e s e e xp e r i e n ce s have b e co m e O bs ol e te a n d
f
th er e o re w e have n o w to take re l igi o n o n be l i e f
T h i s I e nt i re l y d e n y
I f t h e r e has be e n o n e cas e o f
e xp e r i e n ce i n t h i s wo rl d i n a n y parti cu la r b ra n ch o f
k n o wl edge i t ab so l u te ly fo l l ows t ha t th i s e xp eri e nc e
,

'

R A JA

YO GA

has b ee n p o ss i b l e m i l l i o n s o f t i me s be f ore a n d w i l l be
U n i fo r m i ty i s t h e r igoro us law o f
rep eate d e ternal l y
n at u r e ; wh at o n ce happ e n e d c a n happ e n al ways
T h e teach e r s O f th e sci e n c e o f Yog a th ere fo r e d e cl are
tha t re l i gi o n i s n o t o n l y base d up o n th e e xp e r i e n c e o f
a n ci e n t ti m e s b u t th at n o man c a n b e r el i gi ou s u nt i l h e
h a s th e sam e p erce pti o n s h i m sel f
Yog a i s th e s ci e n c e
w h i ch teach e s u s h o w to ge t th e se p erce pti o ns
It is
u s e l e ss to tal k ab ou t re l i gi o n u n ti l o n e has fe l t i t
Wh y
i s t h e re s o m uc h d i st u r ban c e s o m u ch gh ti n g a n d
quarre l l i n g i n th e nam e o f G o d P T h ere ha s bee n m ore
bl oo dsh e d i n th e nam e o f G o d than f o r a n y o th e r cau se
an d th e re as on i s that p e op l e n e ve r we n t t o th e fo u n tai n
h ead ; th ey were co n te n t o n l y to gi ve a me n tal asse n t to
th e c u s to m s o f th e i r fo re fath ers an d wan ted o th e rs to
d o th e same
Wh at righ t h as a man to s a y h e h as a
so u l i f h e d o es n o t fe e l i t o r th at th e r e i s a G o d i f h e
d oe s n o t s e e H i m
If the r e i s a G od w e m u s t s e e H i m
i f th ere i s a s o u l w e m u st p e rcei v e i t ; o the rw i se i t i s
b e tte r n o t to b e l i eve
I t i s b e tte r to b e a n o u tsp ok e n
ath e i s t than a h yp ocri te
T h e m od e r n i d ea o n th e o n e

h and w i th th e l ea r n e d
i s tha t re l igi o n a n d m e ta
p h ys i cs a n d al l s earch afte r a S up re m e B e i n g i s f uti l e ;
w i th th e s e m i e d u cate d t h e i d ea
o n th e o th e r han d
s ee m s t o b e that th e s e th i ngs real l y h ave n o bas i s that
th e i r o nl y val u e c o n s i sts i n th e fact that t h ey a r e s t r o ng
mo ti v e p o wers f o r d o i n g go o d to th e w o r l d
If men
be l i e v e i n a G o d t h e y may b e co m e good a n d m oral a n d
We can n o t blam e t he m f o r
s o m ak e goo d ci ti z e n s
h ol d i n g s u ch i d eas , s e e i n g that al l th e teach i ng th e se
,

I NT R O D U C T O R Y

i s s i m p l y to be l i e ve i n an e ternal rigmarol e o f
w ord s w i th o u t any s u bs tan ce be h i n d th e m
T hey are
ask e d to l iv e up o n w o r d s ; ca n th e y d o i t ? I f th ey
c o ul d I sh o u l d n o t h ave th e l eas t regard for h u ma n
n atu re Ma n wa n ts t r u th wan ts to e xp eri e n ce tru th fo r
h i m sel f t o g r asp i t to real i s e i t to fe e l i t wi th i n h i s
h eart o f he ar ts ; th e n al o n e de cl are th e Veda s wi l l al l
d o ub ts va n i s h al l da r k n e s s be scatte re d a n d al l croo k e d
n e s s be mad e s t r a i gh t
Y e ch i l dre n O f i m m or ta l i ty ,
e v e n t ho s e wh o l i v e i n t h e h igh es t s ph ere t h e way i s
fo u nd ; t h e r e i s a way o ut o f al l t h i s d a r k n e ss an d tha t
i s by pe r ce i vi n g H i m W h o i s b eyo n d al l dark n es s a n d

th e re i s n o o th e r way

T h e s ci e n ce o f R aja Yog a prop o se s to p u t b efo re


h u man i ty a p racti cal a n d sci e n ti cal l y work e d o ut
m eth od O f reach i n g th i s t ru th I n t h e rs t pl ace e v e ry
s ci e n ce m u s t have i ts o w n m e th o d o f i nv esti gati o n I f
yo u wa n t to b eco m e a n ast r o n o me r a n d s i t d o wn a n d

"
A str o n o m y as tro n o m y ! i t wi l l n e ve r co m e t o
c ry
d
T
he
sa
m
e
w
i
th
C
h
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i
s
try
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me
th
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mu s t be fol l o w e d Y o um u st go t o th e lab orato r y tak e
th e d i ff e r e n t s ub s tan ce s m i x t h e m u p co m po u n d th em
a n d o ut O f th at w i l l co m e a
e xp er i m e n t w i th th em
k n o w l ed ge o f ch e m i stry
If y o u wan t to b e a n astro
n o m er yo u m u st go t o th e o bs ervat o ry tak e a te l es co p e
st u d y th e stars a n d p la n e ts an d th e n yo uw i l l b e co m e a n
as tr o n o m e r
Each s ci e n ce m u s t h a v e i ts o w n m eth o ds
I co u l d pr e ach yo u th o usa nd s o f s e rm o n s bu t th ey w o ul d
n o t mak e yo u re l i gi o us u nt i l y o u r st p ract i s e d th e
Th e s e a re th e tr u th s o f th e sage s o f al l
m e th o d
m e n ge t
,

R A JA

YO GA

o u n tri e s o f al l a g e s m e n p u re an d u n s e l sh , wh o h a d
n o m ot iv e b u t t o d o go od to th e w orl d T h ey all d e cl are
t h at th e y h av e fo u n d s om e t r ut h h i gh e r th an th at th e
s e n ses can b r i n g to u s an d th ey chal l en ge ve ri ca ti o n
T h ey s a y to yo u tak e u p t h e m e th od a n d p ra ctis e
h o n es tl y an d th en i f yo ud o n o t n d th i s h i gh e r t ru th
o u wi l l have t h e ri gh t to say t here i s n o t r u th i n th e
y
cl ai m b u t b e fore you h ave d o n e that y o u are n o t
rati on al i n d en yi ng th e t r u t h O f th es e as s erti o n s SO we
m u s t work fai th ful l y u si n g t h e p re s cri b e d me th od s an d
l igh t wi l l com e
I n acqu i ri n g k n owl edge we m ak e u s e o f ge n e ral i sati o n
a n d ge n e ral i sati o n i s based u p o n O b se rvat i o n W e rst
O b se r v e fa c ts a n d th e n w e ge n e ral i s e an d th e n w e d raw
r c o n cl us i o n s o r p r i n ci pl e s
ou
T h e k n owl ed ge O f th e
m i nd o f th e i n tern al natu re o f m an o f th o u gh t can
n e ve r b e had u n ti l w e h av e th e p ower O f rs t O bs erv i ng
t h e facts th at a r e go i ng o n wi th i n
I t i s ve r y e as y to
obs erv e facts i n t h e e xte r n al wo rld a nd ma n y th o usa nd
i ns tru me n ts h ave b e e n i n ve n ted to obs e r v e e ve r y p oi n t
O f natu r e b u t i n the i n te r n al wo rl d w e n d n o i n s tr u
m e n t t o h el p u s Y e t we k n o w we m u s t O b se r ve i n o r d er
Wi th ou t a p ro p e r a naly s i s any
t o h ave a r ea l s c i e n ce
s c i e n ce w i l l b e h op e l e ss m e re th e o r i s i n g an d that i s
w h y al l th e p sy ch ol ogi s ts h av e be e n qu a rr e l l i n g a m on g
th e m se l ve s s i n ce th e b egi n n i n g o f ti me e xcep t th os e
few w h o fo u n d o ut th e m ean s O f O b se r vati on
T h e s ci e n ce o f R af a Y og a i n th e r s t p l ace p r op ose s
to gi ve m e n s u c h a me an s o f O b se r vi n g th e i n te r n al
s tates , an d th e i n stru me n t i s th e m i n d i ts e l f
T h e p owe r
c

I N T R O D U CTO R Y

o f atte n ti on o f m i n d wh e n prop erl y gu i de d an d d i re cte d


towa r d s th e i n te rnal wo r l d w il l a nal ys e th e m i n d a n d
i l l u m i n e facts f o r u s
T h e p owe rs o f th e m i n d are l i k e
ray s o f l i gh t b e i ng d i ss i pate d ; wh e n th ey are c o n c e n
t r a t e d th e y i l lu m i n e e v e ryth i n g
T h i s i s th e on l y sou r c e
o f k n owl e d ge tha t w e h ave
E ve r yo n e i s u s i ng i t b o th
i n th e e xter nal an d th e i n te r nal w o r l d b u t for th e
p sych ol ogi st th i s m i nu te O bse rva ti o n w hi c h t h e s c i e n
t i c ma n ca n th ro w u p o n t h e e xt e rna l w o r l d wi l l h ave
t o be t hr ow n o n th e i nte rnal w orl d a n d t hi s re qu i re s a
grea t d eal o f pra cti ce
From o ur ch i l d h oo d u p ward s
we h av e b e en ta u gh t o n l y t o pay atte n ti o n to th i ngs
e xte r nal n e ve r to pay atte n ti on t o th i ngs i n te rnal an d
m os t O f u s h ave n ea r l y l o st th e fac u l ty O f O b se rvi ng th e
i n te rnal m e c ha n i sm
T o t u r n th e m i n d a s i t w e re
i n s i d e s top i t fro m go i n g o u ts i d e a n d th e n t o c o n e e n
trate al l i ts p o w e r s a n d th row th e m u p o n t h e m i n d i tse l f
i n o rd e r th at i t m ay k n ow i ts ow n n atu r e a n al yse i tsel f
i s ve ry h ard w o r k Y e t th at i s th e o n l y way to a nyth i ng
w h i ch w i l l b e a s c i e n ti c app r oach to th e s ubj e ct
W hat i s th e u s e O f s u ch k n owl e dge ? I n th e r s t
pl ace k n owl e d ge i tse l f i s th e h i gh e s t r e wa r d O f k n owl
e dge a n d i n th e se co n d p l ace th e r e i s al so u ti l i ty i n i t
I t w il l tak e away al l o ur m i se r y
Wh e n b y a nal ys i n g
h i s o w n m i n d ma n c om e s face t o fa c e as i t we r e w i th
s o m e th i n g w h i ch i s n e ve r d e s troye d s o me th i n g wh i c h
i s by i ts ow n natu r e e te rnal l y p u r e a n d pe rfe ct h e w i l l
n o m o r e u n happ y A 11 m is e ry
n o m o r e b e m i s e rabl e
c om es f r o m fear f r o m u nsa ti se d d e s i r e M an w i l l n d
that h e n e ve r d i e s a n d th e n h e w il l have n o m ore fea r
,

R A JA

Y O GA

d eath
Whe n h e k n ows that h e i s p erfe c t h e w il l
hav e n o m o r e vai n d e si r e s an d b o th th e s e c au s e s b e i n g
abse n t th e r e wi l l b e n o m ore m is e r y th e re wil l be
p e r fec t bl i ss e ve n w h i l e i n t h is b o dy
T h e r e is o nl y o n e m e th o d by w h i c h t o a t ta i n th i s
k n owl edge that w h ic h i s cal l e d c o nce n t r a ti o n
The
C h em i s t i n h i s lab o r atory c o n ce n t r ate s all th e e n e r g ie s o f
h i s m i n d i n to o n e foc us an d th rows th em o ut u p o n th e
mate r ial s h e i s anal ys i n g an d s o n d s ou t th e i r s ec r e t
T h e a stro n om e r c o nce n t r ate s al l th e e n e r gi e s o f h i s
m i n d a n d p r oj ec ts th e m th r ou gh h i s tel es c op e u p o n th e
s k i e s ; a n d t h e stars th e s un a n d th e m o o n gi ve u p
th e i r sec r ets to h i m
T h e m ore I c a n c o n ce n trate my
th o ugh ts o n th e matter o n w h i ch I am tal k i n g t o y ou
t h e m o r e l i gh t I c a n t h r o w u p o n i t Y o u a r e l i st e n i n g
t o m e a n d th e m o r e yo uco n c e n t r ate yo u r th o ugh ts th e
m o r e cl ea r l y yo u w i l l g r asp what I h ave to s a y
o w h as al l t h i s k n owl e dge i n th e wo rl d b ee n gai n e d
b u t by th e c o n ce n t r ati o n O f t h e p o w e r s o f t h e m i n d ?
N atu r e i s r e ad y to gi ve u p h e r se cr e ts i f we o n l y k n o w
h o w t o k n o ck t o giv e h e r th e n e ce ssa r y b l o w a n d th e
st r e n gth a nd fo rc e o f th e bl o w co me t h r o ugh co n ce n tra
ti o n
T h e r e i s n o l i mi t t o th e p o we r o f th e h u
man
m i nd
T h e m o r e c o n ce n trate d i t i s t h e m o re p o we r
i s b r o ugh t t o bear o n o n e p o i n t an d th at i s th e s e c r et
I t i s easi e r t o con c e ntrate th e m i n d o n e xte r nal th i ngs
t h e m i n d n at ural l y goe s o u twards ; bu t i n th e cas e o f
re l igi o n or psych ol ogy o r me tap h ys i cs th e s ubj e ct an d
obj e ct are o n e
T h e obj e ct i s i n te rnal th e mi n d i tself
i s th e O bj e ct a n d i t i s n e ces sary to s t u d y th e mi n d i ts e l f
of

I NT R O D U C T O R Y

i n d s tu d y in g m i n d
We kn o w tha t th e re i s th e p owe r
o f t h e m i n d cal l e d r e e ct ive
I a m tal k i n g to yo u; at
th e sa me t i m e I a m sta n d i n g as i de as i t we re a s eco n d
pe rs o n , a n d k n o wi n g a n d h ea r i n g what I am tal ki n g
Y o u w o r k a n d th i n k a t th e sam e t i me a n ot he r p orti o n
o f y ou r m i n d sta n d s by a n d s e e s wh a t yo ua r e th i n k i n g
T h e p owe r s o f th e m i n d s h o ul d be co n ce n trate d an d
t u r n e d back u p o n i ts e l f an d as th e da r k e s t p laces re veal
th e i r se cre ts befo re th e p e n e tra ti n g rays o f th e s un s o
wi l l th i s co n ce n t r ate d m i n d pe n e tra te it s ow n i n n ermo st
s e cre ts
T h u s w il l w e co m e t o th e bas i s o f be l ie f th e
real ge n u i n e rel igi o n
W e w il l pe r c e i ve fo r o urse l ves
wh e th er we ha ve s o u l s wh eth e r l ife i s o f ve m i n u te s
wh e the r th e re i s a G o d i n th e u n i v e rs e
o r o f e te rn i ty
I t wi l l al l be re v eal e d to u s
T h i s i s what
or non e
T he goal o f al l i ts teach
R af a Yog a p r o p oses to teach
i n g i s h o w t o co n ce n trate t h e m i n d t h e n h o w to d i s co v e r
the facts i n o ur o w n m i n ds t h e n h o w t o ge n e ral i se
t h os e fa cts an d fo rm o ur o w n co n cl u si on s fro m t h e m
I t t h e refo re n eve r a sk s t h e qu e sti o n w hat o ur re l i gi o n
i s w h eth e r w e are D ei s ts or A th e i sts wh e th e r Chri s
ti a n s J e ws o r B ud d hi sts W e are h u ma n be i n gs ; t hat
i s s u f ci e n t
E ve ry hu man b ei n g has th e ri gh t a n d th e
p owe r t o s e e k f o r r el i gi on ; eve ry h u ma n b e i n g ha s th e
ri gh t t o ask th e reas o n w h y an d to h ave h i s q ue sti o n
a n s we r e d b y h i m se l f i f h e o n l y take s th e troub l e
S o fa r th e n w e s e e t hat i n th e s tu d y o f th i s R af a
Y og a n o fai th o r b el i e f i s n e ce s sary
B e l i e v e n oth i n g
u n ti l y o u n d i t o u t fo r yo u r s e l f ; that i s wh at i t teach e s
us
T r u th re q u i re s n o p rop to ma k e i t stan d D o y o u
m

,
.

R A JA

Io

Y O GA

m ean to s a y th at th e facts o f o ur awak e ne d s tate re qu i re


a ny d r eam s o r i magi n i n gs to p r o ve th e m ? Ce rtai n l y
n ot
Th i s s tu d y o f R af a Y og a take s a l o ng ti m e a n d
co n stan t p r acti c e A pa r t o f th i s p r acti ce i s ph ys i cal
b ut th e m ai n pa r t O f i t i s m e n tal
A s w e go al on g w e
sh al l n d h o w i n ti m ate ly th e m i n d i s co n n e c te d w i th
th e b ody
If w e b e l i e v e that th e m i n d i s s i mp ly a n e r
pa r t o f th e b o dy an d th at m i n d acts up o n th e b ody i n
th e sam e w a y th e b ody m u st act u p o n th e m i n d If th e
b ody i s s i ck th e m i n d b e co m e s si ck al so I f th e b od y
i s h eal th y th e m i n d re m ai n s h eal thy an d stron g
W h e n o n e i s ang r y th e m i n d b e co me s d i sturb e d ;
at th e sam e t i m e wh e n th e m i n d i s d i st urb ed th e
b ody al so b e co me s d i stu r b e d W i th th e maj o r i ty
o f ma nk i n d th e m i n d i s e n ti r e ly u n d e r th e c o n tro l o f
th e b ody ; th e m i n d i s ve ry l i ttl e d e ve l ope d T h e vas t
m as s o f h u ma n i ty i f yo u w i l l k i n d l y e xc u se m e i s ve ry
N o t o n l y th at b u t
l i ttl e r e m ove d fro m th e a n i mal s
i n m a ny i n stan ce s th e p owe r o f c o nt r ol i s ve r y l i ttl e
h igh e r th an that o f th e l owe r a n i m al s
We h ave ve ry
l i ttl e c o m ma n d o f o ur m i nd s
T h e r e fo r e t o b ri ng that
c om m an d ab ou t t o ge t that co n t r o l o ve r b od y a n d
m i n d w e m u st tak e c e r tai n p hy s i c al h e l p s an d wh e n
th e b ody i s s u f ci e n tl y c o nt r o l l ed w e ca n atte mp t th e
B y m an i p u l ati o n o f th e
man i p ul ati o n o f th e m i n d
m i nd w e sh al l b e abl e t o b r i ng i t u n d e r o ur co n t r o l
m ak e i t w o r k as w e l ik e a n d compe l i t to c on c e n t r ate
i ts p owers as w e d e s i r e

A ccord i n g to th e R af a Yog z al l th i s e x ternal w o r l d i s


b u t th e gro ss form of th e i n tern al o r s ubtl e T h e ne r
.

I NTR OD U CTO R Y

II

al way s th e ca u se an d th e gross e r th e e ff e ct
So th e
e xte rnal w orl d i s th e e ffe ct an d th e i n ternal th e cau se
I n th e sam e way e xte rnal force s a r e s i m p l y th e grosser
pa r ts o f w h i ch th e i n te r nal force s are th e ne r
O n e w h o h as d i s cove re d an d l earne d h ow to m an i p u late
th e i n te rn al force s w i ll ge t th e wh ol e o f n atu re u nd e r

h i s c o n t r ol
T h e Yog z p rop o se s t o h i m sel f n o l e ss a
task tha n to mas te r th e w h ol e u n iv e rse to co n trol th e
w h ol e o f n atu re
H e wan ts to arri ve at th e p o i n t
wh e r e w ha t w e cal l na tu r e s l aws w i ll ha v e n o i n u
e nce ov e r h i m w h ere h e w i l l b e abl e to get b ey o n d
t he m al l
H e w i l l be m as te r o f th e w h ol e o f n at ure
i nt e rnal an d e xte r n al
T h e progre ss an d C i v i l isa
t io n o f th e h u ma n race i s s i m ply co ntrol l i ng t h is
n atu re
V a r i o u s r ace s d i ffer i n th e i r p ro ces se s
J u st as i n
th e sam e s o ci e ty s o m e i n d i vi d uals wa n t to c on trol
e x te rn al natu r e a n d o th ers wan t t o co n tro l i n te rnal
nat ure s o a m o n g race s s o m e wan t t o co n t r o l th e
e x te rnal n at u re an d so me th e i n te rna l
S o m e say
tha t by c o n trol l i n g i n te rnal natu r e w e c o n t r o l e ve ry
th i n g ; s om e th a t b y co n trol l i ng e xte rnal nat ure we
co n tro l e v e ry th i ng
Car r i e d t o th e e x t r e m e b oth are
r i gh t b e ca u s e th e re i s n e i th e r i n te rnal n o r e xternal
B oth
I t i s a cti ti o u s l i m i tati o n tha t n e ve r e x i s te d
a re d es ti n e d to m e e t a t th e sa m e p oi n t th e e xt e r n a L
i s ts a n d th e i n t e r n a l i s ts w h e n b o th rea ch th e e x tre m e
J us t a s th e p h ys i ci an w h e n h e
o f th ei r k n owl ed ge
p us h e s h i s k n owl e dge t o i t s l i m i ts n d s i t m e l ti n g
away i n t o m e tap h ys i cs s o t h e m etap hy si ci an wi l l n d
is

R A JA

12

Y O GA

that w hat h e cal l s m i n d an d matt e r a r e b u t appar e nt


d i s ti n cti o n s w h i ch w il l have t o van i sh f o r e v e r
Th e e n d an d ai m o f al l s ci e n ce i s to n d a u n i t , that
O n e o ut o f wh i ch al l th i s ma n i fol d i s b e i n g m a n uf a c
R af a Yog a p ro
t ha t O n e e xi sti ng as many
t ur e d
p o se s t o start fro m t h e i n te rnal worl d to s tud y i n ternal
n atu re an d th rou gh t hat co n tr ol th e w h o l e bo th
i n tern al an d e xternal
I t i s a v e ry O l d attem p t
India
has b e e n i ts sp e ci al stro n gh o l d but i t was al s o att e m pte d
by o th er n ati o n s
I n We s tern co u n t ri e s i t i s t h o ugh t
P eo pl e w h o wan t e d t o practi se i t
to b e my st i ci sm
were e i t h e r b u rn e d o r k i l l e d as w i t ch e s a n d s orce r e rs
an d i n I n d i a f o r v a r i o u s reaso n s i t fel l i nt o t h e han d s
o f th e k n o wl
o f p ers o n s w h o d e stro ye d 90 p e r ce n t
e dge an d o f that p orti o n w h i ch re mai n e d tri e d to mak e
a great se c r e t
I n m o d ern t i me s ma ny s o cal l e d
teach ers have a ri se n w ors e than t h ose o f I n d ia be cau s e
th e latter k n ew s o me th i n g w h i l e th es e m o de rn e xpo
n e n ts d o n o t
A ny th i n g tha t i s se cre t a nd m ys teri ou s i n t hes e sys
te m s o f Y og a sh ou l d b e at o n ce rej e cte d
T h e be s t
gu i d e i n l i fe i s stre ngth
I n rel igi o n a s i n ev e ryth i n g
el s e di s ca r d e ve ryth i n g tha t weak e n s you hav e n oth
i n g to d o w i th i t A l l m ys te ry m onge ri ng weak e n s th e
h u ma n b ra i n
T h r o ugh i t th i s sc i e n ce o f Yog a h as
b e e n we l l n i gh d e stroye d b u t i t i s real ly o n e o f th e
gra n d e s t o f s c i e n ce s
Fro m th e t i m e th at i t wa s d i s
cove r e d m ore than 4 0 0 0 years ago i t was p e r fe c tl y
de l i n e ate d an d form u l ate d an d p reac h e d i n I n d i a an d
i t i s a strik i ng fact th at th e m ore m ode rn th e c o m
.

I NT R O D U C T O R Y

r3

th e gr e ate r th e m i s tak e s h e m a k e s
The
m o re a nc i e n t th e w ri te r o n i t th e m ore rati o nal h e i s
M o st o f th e m o de rn wri te rs tal k o f al l s orts o f myste ry
T h u s i t fe l l i n to th e h an d s o f a fe w p e r so n s w h o m ad e
i t a se cre t i n stea d o f l e tti n g th e fu l l b l a z e o f d ay l igh t
a n d re a s o n fal l up o n i t an d th ey d i d s o that th e y
m i gh t h ave th e p o we rs to th e m se l ve s
I n th e rs t p lace th e r e i s n o my s te ry i n wh a t I
p re ac h
W h at l i ttl e I k n ow I w i l l te l l y o u
S o far a s
I ca n re a s o n i t o ut I w i l l d o s o b u t w ha t I d o n o t
k n o w I w i l l s i mp l y te l l y o u that i t i s wh at th e b o ok s
I t i s w ron g to b l i n d l y b e l i e ve
Y o u m u st e xe r
sa y
c i s e y o u r o wn reaso n an d j u dgme n t ; y o u m u s t p ra o
ti se a n d se e w h e th e r th e se th i ngs h appe n o r n o t
Just
a s yo u w o u l d tak e u p an y o th e r sc i e n ce o f a m ate ri al
n atu re e x actl y i n th e sam e m an n e r yo u sh o u l d tak e u p
th i s s ci e n ce fo r stu d y
T h e re i s n e i th e r m ys te ry n or
dan ge r i n i t
S o far a s i t i s tru e i t o ugh t to b e
p reach e d i n th e p ubl i c s tre e ts i n th e b road day l igh t
A n y a tte m p t to m y sti fy the s e th i ngs i s p ro d u cti v e o f
great d a nge r
B e fo r e p ro cee d i n g fu rth e r I w i l l s tate to yo u a l i ttl e
/zya P h i l o s op h y up o n w h i c h th e wh ol e o f
o f th e Sank
a
i
s
ba
sed
A
c
cord
i
ng
to
th
i
s
ph
i
l
os
op
h
y
a
Y
o
[ co
/
g
pe rce p ti o n c o me s th ro ugh i n stru me n ts 6 g t h e eye s ;
t h e e ye s carry i t t o th e o rga ns th e o rga ns t o th e m i n d
t h e m i n d to th e d e te rm i nati ve fac ul ty fro m th i s th e

P ur uga ( th e s o u l ) re ce i ves i t a n d gi v es t h e o rd e r back


as i t we re a n d s o o n th r o ugh a l l th e s e s tages
I n th i s
way s e n sati o n s are r e c e i ve d Wi th t h e e x c e pt i o n o f th e
m e n ta t o r ,

R A JA

I4

Y O GA

a l l o f th e s e a r e m ateri al , b u t th e m i n d i s o f
m u ch n e r m ate r i al th a n th e e xte rn al i n s tru m e n ts
T h at m ate ri al o f w h i ch th e m i n d i s co mpo se d b e c o m e s
gro sse r an d be co m e s wh at i s cal l e d th e T a m zzatr a s
I t b e co m e s s ti l l gro sse r an d form s th e e xte rn al mate
ri al
T h at i s th e p sych o lo gy o f th e Sank/zya
S o th at
b e twe e n th e i n te l l e c t an d th e g r o sser matte r o u tsi d e
th e re i s o n ly a d i ffe re n ce i n d egree
The P a n d a is
t h e o n ly th i n g wh i ch i s i m mate ri al
M i n d i s a n i n s tr u
m e n t i n th e ha n d s o f th e so u l a s i t w e re th r o ugh
w h i ch th e s o u l catch e s e x te rnal obj e cts
T hi s m i n d i s
c o n stan tl y c hangi n g an d vaci l lati n g an d i t c a n e i t he r
a ttac h i ts el f to se vera l o rga n s o r t o o n e o r to n on e
For i n s ta n ce if I h ear th e C l o c k w i th grea t a tte n ti o n I
w i l l n o t p erhaps s e e a n y th i ng al th o ugh m y eye s may
b e op en s h ow i n g tha t t h e m i n d w a s n o t a tta ch e d to
th e s e e i n g organ al th o ugh i t was to th e h ea r i ng organ
A n d t h e m i n d i n th e sa m e w a y c a n b e atta ch e d to a l l
th e organ s si m u l tan e o u sl y
T h i s m i n d has th e re e xi ve
p owe r o f l o ok i n g ba c k i n to i ts o w n d ep th s
T hi s
re e xi v e p o w e r i s w ha t th e Y og i wan ts to a ttai n ; by
c o n ce n trati n g th e p owe rs o f th e m i nd an d turn i ng
th e m i nward h e se ek s to k n ow w hat i s happ en i n g
i n si d e
T h e re i s i n th i s n o qu es ti o n o f m e re b el i e f ; i t
i s th e analysi s O f certai n p h i l osop h e r s
M od e rn p h ys i
o l ogi sts te l l yo u t hat th e e ye s are n o t th e o rgan s o f
v i s i on b u t th at th e o rga n s are i n th e n erve ce n t r e i n
th e b rai n an d so w i th al l th e s e n se s ; an d th ey al s o te l l
o
f
th
at
th
e
se
ce
n
tre
s
are
fo
r
me
d
th e sam e m ate rial
o
u
y
S o th e Sank/23 a : w i l l a l s o te l l y o u
a s th e brai n i tsel f

P ur uga

I NTR O D U CTO R Y

15

bu t o n e i s a s tate m e n t o n th e p h y si cal s i d e an d th e
o the r o n t h e p sy c h ol ogi cal si d e ; ye t b oth are th e same
B eyo n d th i s we have t o d e m o n s t r ate
T h e Yog i p r op ose s t o h i m se l f to attai n to that n e
s tate O f pe rc ep ti o n i n w h i ch h e ca n p e r ce i ve al l th e s e
th i ngs
T h e r e m u s t b e m e n tal p e r cep ti o n o f al l th e
We s hal l pe rc e i ve h o w th e s e n sati o n i s
d i ffere n t s tates
trav el l i n g a n d h o w th e m i n d i s r e c e 1 v 1 n g i t h ow i t i s
o
i
ng
to
th
e
d
e
te
r
m
i
nati
ve
facu
l
ty
a
n
d
h
o
w
th
i
s
gi
ves
g
A s eac h s ci e n ce r equ i res certai n
i t to t h e P a n d a
i
ts ow n m e th o d u n ti l
r
eparati
o
n
s
as
ea
c
h
s
ci
e
n
c
e
has
p
we fol l o w th a t m e th o d w e c an n e ve r u n d ers tan d tha t
s ci e n ce ; s o i n R af a Y og a
Ce rtai n r eg l ati o n s as to fo o d a r e n e ces sary ; we
m u s t us e tha t fo o d w hi ch b r i ngs u s th e p u re s t m i n d
I f yo u go i n to a m e n age r i e yo u wi l l nd th i s d e m o n
Y o u s e e th e el ep h an ts hu ge a n i
s t ra t e d a t o n ce
mal s b u t cal m a n d ge n tl e ; an d i f y o u go toward th e
cages of th e l i o n s a n d tige r s yo uwi l l n d th e m res tl es s
sh owi n g h ow mu ch d i ffe r e n ce has bee n p rod u c ed by
f ood A l l th e fo r c es t h at are w ork i n g i n t hi s b od y
h ave b e e n p rod u ce d o ut o f fo od ; w e s e e t hat e ve r y
d ay
I f y ou begi n to fast r s t y ou r b ody wi l l ge t
we ak th e p hy si cal forces wi l l s u ffe r ; th e n afte r a few
d ays th e m e n tal fo rc e s wi l l su ffe r als o
Fi rs t m e m ory
wi l l fai l
T he n c o m es a p oi n t w h e n you a r e n o t abl e
t o t h i nk m u c h l es s t o p u r s u e a n y cou rs e o f reas o n i n g
We h ave th e r e fo r e t o tak e care what s ort o f fo od w e
e at at t h e b egi n n i n g a n d w h e n we have got stre ngth
r p racti ce i s w e l l a dv an c e d
e n o u gh , w h e n o u
e n ee d
, w
,

R AJA

16

YO GA

n o t be s o care f u l i n th i s re s pe ct W h i l e t h e p l a n t i s
growi ng i t mu s t b e h e d ge d ro u n d l es t i t b e i nj u re d ;
but w he n i t be co me s a t re e th e h e dge s are tak e n away ;

t i s s tro ng e n ou gh t o wi ths tan d al l as sa u lts


A Yog i m u s t av oi d t h e tw o e x tre m es o f l u xu ry an d
H e m u s t n ot fast or tortu re h i s es h ; h e
a u s teri ty
w h o d oes s o s ays th e G i tci can n ot b e a Y og i ; h e w h o
fasts ; h e w h o k e ep s awak e ; h e w h o sl e e p s m u ch ; h e
wh o work s t o o m uch ; h e w h o d o es n o w or k ; non e o f
th e s e c a n be Yog i s
.

C
T

HA P T E R

HE

FIR

II

ST E P S

ST

i s d i vi d e d i n to e i gh t s te ps
T h e rst i s
n o n k i ll i ng
tru th fu l ne s s n o n s t e al i ng c o n
Ya m a
a n d n o n re ce i vi ng o f any gi fts
Ne x t i s
ti n e n c e
cl e an l i n e ss
co n te n tme n t
m o r ti c a ti o n
N zya m a
s t u d y a n d s e l f s u rre n d e r to G o d
T he n co mes A s a na
zz
o r p ost u re ; P r a z
iyci m a o r co n tro l l i n g th e v i tal fo rces o f
'
t h e b o dy ; P r a tyal zci r a o r mak i n g t h e m i n d i n tr o s p e c
ti v e ; D /zci r a m i o r co n ce n trati o n ; D hyci m i o r m e d i ta
ti o n ; a n d Sa m ci a l zi o r s up e r co n sci o u s ne s s T h e Ya m a
an d N zya m a as we s e e are m oral trai n i ngs ; wi tho ut
th e se a s th e basi s n o p racti c e o f Yog a w i l l s u cce e d A s
t he s e p racti ce s b e co m e e stabl i s h e d th e Yog i wi l l begi n
t o r e al i se t h e f ru i t s of h i s p ra cti c e ; wi th o u t th e se i t
A Yog i m u s t n ot th i nk o f i n jur
w i l l n e ve r b ear fru i t
i n g an y on e th ro ugh th o ugh t w ord o r de e d an d th i s
app l i e s n o t o n l y to man b u t to al l an i mal s
M e rcy
sh al l n o t b e for m e n al o n e b u t sh al l g o b ey o n d a n d
e mb race th e wh ol e w orl d
T h e n e xt ste p i s 1 5 a m p o stu r e ; a se ri e s o f e xe r
c i se s p h ys i cal a n d m e n tal i s t o b e go n e th ro ugh e ve ry
day u n ti l ce rta i n h i gh e r state s a re re ach e d
T h e re
fore i t i s qu i te n e ce s sary t hat w e sh o u l d n d a p o stu re
i n w h i ch we c a n re ma i n l o ng
T ha t p o st u re w h i ch i s
F o r o ne
se
e a s i e s t f o r eac h o n e i s th e p o s tu r e t o u
R A JA Y O G A

'

'

[ I 7]

R A JA

18

Y O GA

ma n i t may b e ve ry easy to th i n k i n a ce rtai n p o st ure


b u t th i s may b e very d i f cu l t for an o th e r We w i l l nd
l ater o n that i n th e stu dy o f th e se p sy c h ol ogi cal mat
te rs th e re w i l l b e a goo d de al o f acti o n go i ng o ni n th e
b od y
N e rve cu rre n ts w i l l h a v e to be d i sp lace d a n d
gi ve n a n ew cha n ne l
N e w sorts o f v i brati o n s w i l l
b egi n th e wh ol e c o n sti tu ti o n w il l b e re m od el l ed as i t
B ut t h e m ai n part of th e acti o n w il l l ie al o n g
were
th e sp i n al col u m n s o that th e on e th i ng n ec essary f o r
th e p o stu re i s to h ol d th e sp i nal c ol u m n fre e s i tti n g
e r e ct h ol d i ng th e th ree parts th e ch e s t n e ck an d
h e ad i n a s trai gh t l i n e
L e t th e wh ol e we igh t o f
th e b ody b e s upp ort e d by th e rib s a n d th e n y o u h ave
an easy natu ral p os tu re w i th th e sp i n e straigh t Y o u
w il l n atu ral l y s e e th at yo u can n ot th i nk ve ry h i gh
th ough ts w i th th e C h est i n
T h i s p orti o n o f th e Yog a
i s a l i ttl e s i m i l ar to th e
a th a Yog a wh i ch de al s e nti rel y
w i th th e p h ys i cal b od y ; th e ai m o f th e l atte r i s to mak e
th e p hys i cal bo d y v e ry s tro ng W e hav e n o t h i ng to
d o wi th t h at h e re b e cau s e i ts p ra cti ce s are ve ry d i f
c u l t a n d can n ot b e l ea r n e d i n a d ay an d afte r al l d o
M an y o f th es e pra o
n o t l e a d to any sp i ri tual gro wth
ti c e s you wi l l nd i n D e l sarte an d o th e r teach e r s su ch
as p l a ci n g th e b o dy i n d i ffere n t p ostu res bu t th e
obj e c t i n th e se i s ph ys i c al n o t p sy ch ol og i cal
T h ere
i s n o t o n e m u s cl e i n th e b od y ov er wh i ch a man c a n
n o t e stabli sh a p erfe ct co n trol ; th e h eart ca n b e mad e
to sto p o r go o n a t h i s bi d di n g and i n th e sam e way
each part o f th e organ i s m c a n be mad e to w o rk a t hi s
b i d d i ng
,

HE

F I R ST STE P S

19

T h e r e s u l t o f th i s part o f Yog a i s to m ak e m e n l i v e
lon g ; h eal th i s th e ch i e f i d ea th e o n e goal o f th e
1a
Y og i
H e i s d e termi n e d n o t to fal l s i ck an d h e
a t/
n ever does
He l i v e s l o ng ; a h u n d r e d ye ars i s n oth
i ng to h i m ; h e i s qui te y ou n g an d fre sh w he n h e i s 1 5 0
wi th o u t o n e hai r tu rn e d grey B ut th a t i s al l A B a n
n
a
tre e l i ve s S o m e ti me s 5 0 00 ye ars bu t i t i s a B a nya n
y
tre e an d n o th i ng m ore
S o i f a ma n l i ve s l o ng h e i s
o nl y a h eal thy a n i m al
O n e or tw o ord i nary l e ss o n s
o f th e
a i a Y o i : are v ery u se fu l
F o r i ns tan ce s om e
g
o f y o u wi l l n d i t a goo d th i ng f o r he adache s t o d ri n k
col d wate r t hr ou gh th e n os e as s o o n as yo u ge t u p ;
t h e w h ol e day y o u r brai n wi l l b e n i ce a n d co ol an d
y ou wi l l n ev e r catc h c ol d
I t i s v ery e asy to d o ; p ut
yo u r n o se i n to th e wate r a n d m ak e a p u m p ac ti o n i n
th e t hroat
A fte r o n e h as l e arn e d to ha v e a rm e re ct se at h e
has t o p e rfo rm accord i ng to ce r tai n sch o ol s a p r a c
t i ce cal l e d th e p u ri fy i ng o f th e n erve s
T h i s part h as
b e e n re j e c te d by s o m e as n o t b el o ngi ng t o R cija Yog a
b u t a s s o great a n a u th ori ty as th e co m m e n tato r
Sa nka r ac/zarya a d v i s e s i t I th i n k i t t th at i t s h o u l d
b e me n ti o n e d an d I w il l qu ote h i s o w n d i re cti o n s fro m
h i s co m m e n ta r y to th e Sv etci f oa ta r a Up a m f a a
T he
m i n d w h os e d ros s h as be e n c l ea r e d away by F r am i
r dn a
m
a
r a /zm a n ;
P
be
co
m
e
s

xe
d
i
n
B
t
he
re
fore
z
i
ci m a
y
y
F i rs t th e n e rve s are to be pu ri e d
i s po i n te d o ut
th e n co me s th e p o we r to p r actis e P r d zuiyam a
S to p
p i n g th e righ t n o stri l w i th th e thu mb w i th t he l e ft
n o s tri l l l i n ai r accord i ng to o ne s capaci ty ; th e n ,

R AJA

20

Y O GA

w i th o u t

a ny i n t e rva l , thro w th e ai r o u t th ro u gh th e
righ t n os tri l , cl os i n g th e l e ft o n e
A gai n i n hal i ng
through th e righ t n o st r i l ej e c t through th e l eft a ccor d
i ng to capa ci ty ; p ra cti s i ng th i s th r e e o r ve t i m e s a t
f o u r i n te rval s o f the d ay be fore d aw n d u ri ng m i d d ay
i n th e e ve n i n g an d at m id n ig h t i n fte e n d ays o r a
m on t h pu ri ty o f th e n e rve s i s attai ne d ; th e n b egi n s
.

'

P r azzciyci m a

Y o umay s i t d ow n
i s ab s o l u te l y ne ce s sary
and l i s te n t o m e by th e h o u r e ve ry d ay b u t i f yo ud o
I t al l
no t p racti se yo u w i l l n o t get o n e s te p furth er
d e p e n d s o n p racti ce
We n ev e r u n d e rstan d t h e se
We w i l l h ave t o s e e
th i ngs u n ti l w e e xp e ri e n ce the m
S i m pl y l i ste n i n g t o
a n d fe e l th e m f o r ou rse l ve s
e xpl anat i o n s a n d th e orie s w i l l n ot d o
T h e re are
se v e ral O b stru ct i o n s to p ract i ce
T h e rs t obs tr u cti o n
i s a n u n h e al thy b od y ; i f the b o d y i s n o t i n a t state
th e pract i ce w i l l b e obstru cte d
T h e refore we h ave t o
k e e p t he b od y i n go od h ealt h ; we ha v e to tak e care o f
w h at w e eat an d d r i nk a n d w hat w e d o ; always us e a

m e ntal e ff o r t w h at i s us u al l y cal l e d
C hri sti an

S ci e n ce t o k e ep t he b o dy st r o n g T hat i s al l ; n ot h
i n g furthe r o f th e b o dy
We m u s t n o t forge t that
h eal th i s o n l y a m ea n s to a n e n d
If he al th we re the
e n d we w ou l d b e l i k e a n i mal s ; an i mal s rare ly b e co m e
u n h e al th y
T h e s e co n d obs tru cti o n i s d oub t ; w e al ways fe e l
d ou b tfu l ab o u t th i ngs w e d o n o t s e e
Ma n can n ot l i v e
u p o n word s h owe ver h e may t r y S o d oub t co m es to
u s as to w he the r th ere i s a ny t r u th i n the s e thi n gs o r
P racti ce

HE F I R S T S TE P S

21

v e n th e be s t o f u s wi l l d o ub t s o m e ti me s Wi th
p ra cti ce w i th i n a fe w days a l i ttl e gl i m p se wi l l co me
e n ou gh to gi ve yo u e n cou r age me n t a n d h op e
A s o ne
co m m e n tato r o n Yog a p h i l o so p hy says :
Wh e n o n e
p r oo f i s real i sed h o weve r l i ttl e i t may b e tha t wi l l
F or
gi v e u s fai th i n t h e w h o l e teach i n gs o f Yog a
i n stan ce afte r t h e r s t fe w m o nth s o f trai n i n g an d
te ach i n g yo u w il l begi n t o n d yo u can read an oth e r s
P er
t h o ught s ; t h e y w i l l c o m e t o yo u i n p i cture fo r m
h ap s y o u w i l l h ear s ome th i n g h app e n i n g at a l on g d is
tan ce w h e n yo u con ce n trat e yo u r m i n d an d t r y t o d o
T h es e gl i m pse s w il l co m e j us t a l i ttle b i t a t r st
so
b u t e n ou gh to gi ve y ou fai th an d s t r e ngth an d h O p e
F o r i n s ta n ce i f yo u co n ce n trate y o ur th ou gh ts o n th e
ti p of yo u r n os e i n a fe w day s yo u w i l l begi n to s mel l
m os t beau t i ful frag r a n ce an d th a t w i l l b e e no ugh to
s h o w yo u th at th ere are ce r tai n m e n tal p ercep ti o n s
t hat c a n be mad e o bv i o u s wi th o u t th e co n tact o f p hysi
B ut we m u s t a l ways re me mbe r tha t th e s e
c a l o bj e c ts
are o n ly th e mea n s ; th e ai m a n d e n d a n d go al o f all
t h i s t rai ni n g i s l i be rati o n o f t h e so u l
A bs o l u te c o n
tro l o f nat ure an d n o th i n g sh o rt o f i t m u s t b e t h e
go al
We m us t b e t h e mas te rs a n d n o t n at ure ;
n e i th e r b o d y n o r mi n d m ust be o ur mas te r an d
n e i th e r m u st w e forge t t ha t t h e b od y i s m i n e a n d n o t
I th e b od y s
A g o d an d a d e m o n we n t to l earn a b o u t th e S e l f
fro m a great sage
T h ey s t ud i e d wi th h i m f o r a l o n g
ti m e a n d a t l as t th e sage t ol d th e m
T h o u th yse l f

B oth o f th e m th o u g h t
a r t t h e b e i n g th o u art s ee k i n g
not ; e

R A JA

22

YO GA

tha t t h e i r bod i e s w ere th e S e l f


We hav e g o t e v er y
"
thing
they sa i d a n d b o th o f th e m r e tur ne d t o th e ir
p e op l e a n d sa id
We h ave l earn e d e ve ry th i n g t hat i s
t o b e learn ed ; eat d ri n k a n d be me r ry ; w e are th e

S e l f ; t h e r e i s n ot h i ng be yo nd u s
T h e nat u re o f th e
d e m o n w a s i gn ora n t cl o u de d s o h e nev e r i nqu i r e d a ny
fu r th e r b u t wa s p erfe ctl y sat i se d w it h th e i de a that
h e w a s G o d th at by th e S e l f w a s m ea n t th e b ody
H e at r s t co m m i tte d
B ut th e god had a p ure r natu re
th e m i stak e o f th i n k i n g
I t h i s b o dy a m B r a /zm a n
an d wel l d r e sse d an d
s o ke ep i t s tro n g an d i n h e al th

gi ve i t al l s or ts o f b o d i l y e nj oym e n ts
B ut i n a fe w
d ay s h e fo u nd o ut th at th i s c o ul d n o t b e th e m ea n i n g
o f t h e sage
th e i r maste r ; th e r e m u s t be s om e th i n g
h igh e r
S i r d i d yo u
SO he cam e back a n d sa i d
tea c h m e that th i s b od y i s th e S el f ? If s o I s e e al l
b od i e s d i e ; th e Se l f ca n n o t d i e
T he sage sa i d

Fi n d i t o u t ; t h o u art T hat
T h e n th e g o d t h o ugh t
tha t t h e v i tal force s w h i ch work t h e b o dy we r e w ha t
t h e sage m ea n t B ut a fter a ti m e h e fo u n d th at i f h e
ate th e se v i tal fo r ce s r e ma i ne d s tro n g b u t i f h e
s tarve d the y b e ca m e wea k
T h e go d th e n w en t back
t o th e sage a n d sai d
S i r d o yo u m ea n th a t th e v i ta l
force s are th e Se l f
T h e sage sa i d
Fi n d o ut f o r

y o ursel f ; th o u art T hat


Th e g o d re tu r ne d o n ce
m ore a n d th ou gh t that i t wa s th e m i n d ; p e r haps tha t
i s th e S el f B ut i n a f e w day s be r e e cte d that th o ughts
are so vari o u s ; n ow go od n ow bad ; t h e m i n d i s t o o
C hangeabl e t o be th e S el f
He we n t ba ck to t h e sage

S i r , I d o n ot th i n k t hat th e m i n d i s the
a n d s ai d ,
.

HE

F I R S T STE PS

23

"

d i d y o u m e an tha t
NO
repl i e d th e sa ge
"

th o u art T hat ; n d o u t for y o u rs el f


T h e go d
we n t ba ck an d at l ast fo u n d that h e wa s th e S el f
beyon d al l t h o ugh t ; O ne w i thou t b i rth o r dea th
w h o m th e sword ca n n o t p i erce o r th e re b urn w h o m
th e a i r ca n n o t d ry o r t h e water m e l t th e b egi n n i ng
l e s s a n d b i rt h l e ss th e i m m o vab l e th e i n ta ngi bl e th e
o m n i s ci e n t th e o m n i p o te n t B e i ng a nd th at i t wa s
n e i th e r t h e b o dy n or t h e m i n d b ut b eyo n d th e m al l
S o h e wa s sat i s e d b u t th e p o or d e m o n d i d n ot get
t h e tru th ow i ng to h i s fo n d n e s s for th e b ody
T h i s wo rl d h a s a go o d m an y o f th e s e d e m o n i ac
n atu re s b u t th e re a r e s o m e god s t o o
I f o n e p rop o se
t o teac h a n y s c i e n ce t o i n crease th e p owe r o f se n se
e nj oy m e n t h e n d s m ul t i t u d e s ready for i t
If one
u nd e rtak e t o S h o w man k i n d th e s u p r e m e goal th e y
care n oth i ng f o r th at V e r y fe w h ave th e p o we r to grasp
th e h igh e st fe we r s ti l l th e pati e n ce to attai n t o i t b u t
a fe w al s o k n o w th at i f th e b od y b e k ep t f o r a th o u san d
y e ars th e re s u l t w i l l b e th e sam e i n th e e n d
Wh e n
th e fo rce s th a t h o l d i t toge th e r go a way th e b od y m u s t
fal l
N o m a n wa s e ve r b orn w h o c o u l d s top h i s b o dy
B ody i s th e na m e of a
o n e m o m e n t fro m C h an gi n g

A s i n a ri ve r th e ma sse s o f wate r
s e ri e s o f ch a n ge s
a re ch an gi n g b e fo re y o u e ve ry m o m e n t a n d n e w masse s
are c o m i n g y e t tak i ng s i m i l ar form s o i s i t w i th th i s

body
Y e t th e b od y m u st b e k ep t s tro n g an d h eal thy ;
i t i s th e be s t i n stru m e n t we h av e
T h i s h u m a n b o dy i s th e gre ate st b ody i n th e u n i v e rse
Ma n i s h igh er
a n d a h u m a n be i ng t h e greate s t be i ng
Se l f ;

R A JA

24

Y O GA

th a n al l an i m al s than al l ange l s ; n o n e i s g r e at e r tha n


man
E v e n th e D eva : w i l l h a v e to co m e d ow n aga i n
a n d attai n to sa l v at i o n th ro ug h a h u ma n b od y
Ma n
al o n e attai n s to p e rfe cti o n n ot ev e n th e d e vas A cc ord
i ng to th e J e ws a n d M o ha m me d a n s G o d create d ma n
afte r creat i n g t h e a nge l s a n d e v e ryth i ng e l se a n d after
creati n g man H e ask e d th e an ge l s to c ome a n d sal u te
h i m an d al l d i d e xcep t Ibl i s ; s o G o d c urse d h i m a n d
B e h i n d th i s al l egory i s th e great
h e b e cam e Satan
t r u th that th i s h u m an b i rt h i s th e gre ate s t b i rth we
T h e l o we r crea ti o n th e an i m al i s d ul l an d
ca n have
m an u fa ct u re d m o stl y o ut o f T a m a s
A n i mal s can n ot
h av e an y h igh th o ugh ts ; n o r ca n th e an gel s o r D e v as
attai n t o d i re c t fr e e d o m w i th ou t h u ma n b i rt h
In
h u m an s o ci ety i n th e sam e way to o m u ch w e al th o r
t o o m u ch p ov e rty i s a great i m p ed i m e n t t o th e h i gh e r
d e v el op m en t o f th e s o u l
I t i s fro m th e m i d dl e cl asse s
tha t th e grea t o n e s o f th e wo rl d co m e
H e r e th e
fo rce s a r e v e r y e qual l y adj u ste d a n d bal an ce d
R e tu rn i n g to o u r s ubj e ct we c om e n e xt t o P r ci zzziyri m a
c o n trol l i n g th e b r eat h i n g Wh a t has that t o d o w i th
B reath i s l i k e
c on ce n trati n g t h e p o wers o f t h e m i n d
th e y wh e el o f th i s m a c h i n e I n a b i g e n gi n e yo u n d
th e y wh eel rst m ov i ng an d that m o ti o n i s co n veye d
to n er an d ne r m ach i n e ry u n ti l th e m os t d el i cate a n d
n e s t m e ch an i s m i n th e m ach i n e i s i n moti o n i n acc ord
an ce
T h i s br ea t h i s th at y w h e el s u p pl yi n g a n d
regu l ati n g th e m o t i v e p o we r to e very th i n g i n th i s b od y
T h e re was o n c e a m i n i ste r t o a great k i n g
He fel l
i nt o d i s grace , a nd th e k i n g as a p u n i sh me n t o rd e red
,

T H E F I R S T S TE PS

25

hi m

to b e sh u t u p i n th e t o p o f a ve ry h i gh towe r
T h i s was d o n e an d th e m i n i ste r was l e ft th ere to
p eri sh
H e had a fai th ful w i fe h owev e r an d at n i gh t
s h e cam e t o th e to we r an d call ed to h er h u sban d a t th e
to p to k n o w w hat s h e co ul d d o to h el p h i m
H e to l d
h e r t o re tur n t o t h e towe r th e fo l l o w i ng n i gh t a n d bri ng
w i th h e r a l o n g rop e a s to u t twi n e , a pack thread a
s i lk e n th read a be e tl e an d a l i ttl e h o n ey Wo n d e r i n g
m u ch t h e go od w i fe ob eye d h e r h usban d a n d bro ugh t
h i m th e d e si red arti cl e s
T h e h u sba nd d i re cte d h e r t o
a tta ch th e s i lk e n thread r m ly to th e be e tl e th e n t o
s mear h i s h orn s w i th a d r op o f h o n ey , an d to s e t h i m
fre e o n th e wal l o f t h e towe r w i t h h i s h ead p o i n ti ng
u pward s
S h e o beye d al l th e se i n stru cti o n s , an d th e
b e e tl e st arte d o n h i s l on g j o u rn e y
S me l l i n g t h e h o n ey
be fo r e h i m h e s l ow l y cre pt o n ward s an d o nward s i n
th e h op e o f reach i n g i t u nti l a t las t h e reac h e d th e
to p o f th e towe r w h e n th e m i ni ste r graspe d t h e be e tl e
a n d g o t p osse ss i o n o f th e s i l k e n t hread
H e tol d h i s
w i fe t o t i e t h e o th e r e n d to th e pack th read , an d a fter
h e h ad d raw n u p th e pack th read h e re p eate d th e pro
c e ss w i th th e s to u t tw i ne a n d lastl y w i th th e rop e
T h e n th e re s t wa s easy
T h e m i n i s te r d e s c e n d e d from
th e tow e r by m ean s o f th e rop e a n d mad e h i s e scap e

I n t h i s b od y o f o u r s th e breath m o ti o n i s th e s i l k e n

t hrea d a n d lay i ng h o l d o f t ha t a n d l earn i n g to c o n tro l


i t we gras p th e pack t h r ea d o f th e n erv e c urre n ts a n d
fro m t h e s e th e s to u t twi n e o f o ur th o u gh ts a n d l as tly th e
co n trol l i n g w h i c h w e reach f r e e d om
r op e o f P r zi n a
W e d o n o t k n ow anyt h i n g ab o u t o ur own b od i e s ;
.

R A JA

26

YO GA

A t be s t w e c a n tak e a d e a d b o dy
we ca n n o t k n ow
a n d cu t i t i n p i e ce s an d th e re are so m e w h o c a n tak e
a l i v e an i mal an d c u t i t i n p i e ce s i n o r de r to s e e w hat
i s i n si d e th e b o dy
S ti l l t ha t h as n o th i n g to d o w i th
r o w n bo d i e s
W e k n o w ve r y l i ttl e ab o u t th e m ; w h y
ou
d o w e n o t ? B e caus e o ur at te n ti o n i s n o t d is cri m i n a
t i n g e n o ugh to cat c h th e ve ry n e m o ve me n ts t h at are
go i n g o n w i thi n
We can k n o w o f th e m o nl y as th e
m i n d as i t we re e n te rs th e bo dy an d b e com e s m ore
s ub tl e T o ge t th at s ub tl e p e rcep ti o n we have to b egi n
w i th th e gro sse r p erce p ti on s s o w e h ave to ge t h ol d of
that wh i ch i s s e tti n g th e w h ol e e ngi n e i n m ot i o n a n d
th at i s th e P r am th e m os t O bv i o u s man i fe s tati o n o f
wh i ch i s th e bre ath
T h e n al o n g w i th th e b r e ath we
w il l sl owl y e n te r th e b ody an d th at w i l l e nabl e u s to
n d o ut ab o u t th e sub tl e force s h ow th e n e rve cu rre n ts
are m ov i ng al l o ve r th e b o d y a nd a s s o o n as w e pe r
c e i v e th at an d l e arn to fe el th e m w e S hal l be gi n to ge t
c o n trol o ver th e m an d ove r th e b ody
The mind is
al s o se t i n m o ti o n b y th e s e d i ff e re n t ne rve curre n ts s o
at l as t we sh al l re ach th e s tate wh e n w e h av e p e r fe ct
con trol ove r th e b od y a n d m i n d m ak i ng b o th o ur se rv
an ts
K n owl e dge i s p owe r an d we h ave t o get th i s
p owe r s o w e m u s t b egi n at th e b egi n n i n g th e P i azza

m
m
a
T
h
i
s
i
s
a
l
ong
a
ci res trai n i n g th e P r an a
P
r
c
i
c
a
z
i
z
y
y
s ubj e ct an d w i ll tak e se veral l e s s o n s to i l l u strate i t
th o r ough l y We w il l tak e i t p art by p art
We sh al l grad ual ly s e e wh at a r e th e r eas o n s f o r each
e xerci s e a nd w hat force s i n th e b ody a r e s e t i n m ot i o n
A l l th e se th i ngs w i l l co me t o us b u t i t re qu i re s c o n
.

T H E F I R S T STE P S

2;

tan t p ract i c e an d th e p r oof w i l l c om e by prac t i ce


N o a m o u n t o f reaso n i ng wh i ch I c a n g i v e yo u w i l l b e
p r o of to yo u u n t i l y o u h av e d e m o s tr a te d i t f o r yo u r
se l ve s A S so o n a s yo ubegi n to fe e l th ese cu rre n ts i n
m o ti o n al l o ve r yo u d oub ts w i l l va n i sh bu t i t re qu i re s
hard p racti ce e very day Y o u m u s t p r acti se at least
tw i ce e v e ry day an d th e be st ti me s are toward s th e
m o r n i n g an d th e e ve n i n g Wh e n n i gh t passe s i nt o
day an d d ay i n t o n i gh t i t h as to pass t h ro ugh a state
o f r ela ti v e c al m n e ss
Th e earl y m orn i n g a n d th e earl y
eve n i n g a r e t h e t w o p oi nt s o f cal m n ess
Y o u r b od y
w i l l h a v e a l i k e te n d e n cy t o b eco m e cal m at t h os e t i m e s
We wi l l tak e ad van tage o f that natural c on d i ti o n a n d
b egi n t h e n to p ra ct i se
M ak e i t a r u l e n o t t o ea t u n ti l
u
f
h
av
e
p
ra
ct
i
se
d
i
f
yo
u
th
i
s
th
e
s
he
e
r
force
o
d
o
o
;
y
h u n ge r w i l l b r eak yo u r l a z i n e s s
I n I n d ia th e y teach
C h i ld re n n e ve r to eat u n ti l th ey h ave p ractis ed an d
wo rs h i pp ed a n d i t b e co me s n atu ral to t h e m afte r a
t i me ; a bo y w i ll n o t fee l h u ngry u n ti l h e has bat he d
an d p rac ti se d
T h o se o f yo u w h o can afford i t wi l l d o be tt e r to h ave
a ro o m f o r t hi s p racti ce al o n e ; d o n o t sl ee p i n that
r o o m i t m us t be k ep t h ol y ; y o u m u s t n o t e n ter th e
r o o m u n ti l yo u have bathe d a n d a r e p erfe c tl y cl e an i n
b o dy an d m i n d
P l ace owe r s i n tha t roo m al ways ;
th ey are th e be s t su rr o u n d i n gs f o r a Y og i ; a ls o p i ctu r e s
th at are p l eas i n g B u r n i n ce n se m o rn i ng a n d e ve n i ng
H av e n o q ua r re l l i n g o r an ge r o r u n h ol y t h o ugh t i n
tha t ro o m
O nl y al l o w th os e p e rs o n s to e n t e r wh o are
T h e n by a n d by th e re w i l l
o f th e sa me th o u gh t as y o u
s

R A JA

28

YO GA

an atm o sp h ere o f h ol i n e s s i n th e r o om , an d w h e n
u
r
o
are
m
i
se
rabl
e
s
o
r
rowful
d
oubtf
l
yo u r m i n d
o
u
,
y
i s d i stu rbe d th e v ery fact o f e n te ri n g th at ro o m w i l l
m ak e yo u cal me r
T h i s was th e i de a o f th e te m pl e
a n d th e C h urch and i n s o me t em pl es a n d ch u rch e s yo u
wi l l n d i t e ve n n o w bu t i n t h e maj o r i ty o f th e m th e
v e ry i d ea h as b e e n l o st T h e i d ea i s t h at by k eep i n g
h o l y v i b r ati o n s th e re th e p lace b e co m e s a n d re mai n s
i l l u mi n e d
Th o se wh o ca n n ot a fford to ha v e a ro o m
Sit in a
s e t apart c a n p racti se a n ywh ere th e y l i k e
st rai gh t p o st u re a n d t h e rs t th i n g t o d o i s t o s e n d a
cu rre n t o f h ol y th o ugh t t o al l creati o n ; m en tal l y
re p eat : L e t al l be i n gs b e happ y ; l e t al l be i ngs b e

p eace f u l ; l e t al l b e i ngs b e b l i s sfu l


S o d o to th e
E ast S o u th N orth a n d Wes t T h e m ore yo u d o th at
t h e be tte r yo u w i l l fe e l you r s e l f Y o u w i l l n d a t l as t
tha t th e eas i e st way t o mak e you rse lve s h eal th y i s to
s e e that o th e rs are h e al th y an d th e eas i e s t way to
mak e yo u rs e lve s h app y i s to s e e tha t o th ers are h ap p y
A fte r d oi n g t h at th os e w h o b e l i e v e i n G o d sh o u l d
p ray n o t fo r m o n e y n o t f o r h eal th n or for he a v e n ;
pray f o r k n o wl ed ge a n d l i ght ; eve r y o the r p raye r i s
sel s h
Th e n t h e n e xt th i n g to d o i s to th i n k o f yo u r
o w n b od y an d s e e t hat i t i s s tro n g a n d h eal th y ; i t i s
t h e be st i n stru m e n t yo u h ave
T hi n k o f i t as b e i n g as
stro ng a s adaman t an d that wi th t he he l p o f th i s b o dy
Free d om i s n ev er to
yo u wi l l cro ss th i s ocea n o f l i fe
b e reach e d by th e weak ; th row away al l weak n e s s ; tel l
y o u r b ody th at i t i s stro ng ; tel l yo ur mi n d tha t i t i s
s t ro n g a n d h a v e u nb o u n d e d fai th an d h o p e i n y o u r s e l f
be

CH A P TER
PRA
A

NA

III

i s n o t as man y th i nk s o me th i n g a b o u t
th e b reat h ; breat h i n d e ed h as ve ry l i ttl e t o d o wi th
B r e ath i n g i s o nl y o n e o f th e m an y
i t i f a nyth i n g
e xercise s th rou gh w h i c h w e ge t t o th e r e al P r ci m iyzi m a

P r ai zuiya m a m ean s th e co ntrol o f P r a n a


A cc ord i n g
to th e p h i l o so p he rs o f In d i a t he wh ol e u n i v ers e i s c o m
p o se d o f two mate r i al s o n e o f w h i ch t he y cal l A ci sa
It i s th e o m ni p re s e n t al l p e n e trati n g e xi ste n ce E ve ry
th i n g th at h as f o r m ev e ry th i ng that i s th e re s u l t o f
c o m po u n d s i s e vol ve d o ut o f th i s j kaf a
I t i s th e
A /ci f a that b e co m e s th e ai r that be c om es th e l i qu i ds
tha t b eco m e s th e s ol i d s ; i t i s th e ora that beco me s
th e su n th e ea r th th e m o o n th e stars t he c o me t s ; i t
i s t h e 1 42am t h at b eco m e s th e b o dy th e a n i mal b ody
th e pl a n t s e v e r y fo rm t hat w e se e eve r yth i n g th at c a n
b e s e n s ed e veryth i n g th at e xi s ts
I t i ts el f can n o t b e
p er ce i v ed ; i t i s s o s ub tl e that i t i s b eyo n d al l o rd i nary
p ercep ti o n ; i t c a n o nl y b e s e e n wh e n i t has beco m e
A t th e b egi n n i n g o f creati o n
gros s h as tak e n fo rm

th e re i s o nl y th i s j adi a ; at t h e e n d o f t h e cycl e th e
s ol i d s th e l i q u i d s an d th e gase s al l m el t i n t o th e [ Raf a
aga i n an d th e n e xt creati o n s i m i l arl y p roce e d s o ut o f
th i s j ci i d
2
[ 9]
P RA NA Y A M A

R A JA

o
3

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A kasa

wh at p o w e r i s th i s
ma n ufact u r e d i n to th i s
u n i v erse ? B y th e p owe r o f P r ci zza
J u s t a s j ci i a i s
th e i n n i te o m n i pre se n t m ate ri al o f th i s u n i ve rse s o i s
th i s P r oi rza th e i n n i te o m n i p r e se n t m an i fe s ti n g p o we r
A t th e begi n n i n g a n d a t th e e n d o f
o f t h i s u n i ve rse
a c y cl e e ve ryth i n g b e c o m e s j adi a an d al l th e fo r c e s
tha t are i n th e u n i ve rse re so l ve b ack i n to th e P r ri na ;
i n th e n ex t cycl e o ut o f th i s P r ci zza i s e vol ve d e ve r y
th i ng th at w e cal l e n e rgy e ve ry th i ng th at we cal l force
I t i s th e P r ci na th at i s m an ife st i n g a s m oti on ; i t i s th e
P r azza that i s m an i fe st i ng a s grav i tati o n a s magn e ti sm
I t i s th e P r ri rza that i s m an i fe sti n g as the acti o n s o f th e
b od y a s th e n e rve c u rre n ts a s th o ugh t fo rce
F ro m
th o ugh t d ow n t o th e l owe s t p hy s i cal force e ve ry th i ng
i s b u t th e man i fe s tati o n O f P r zi n a
T h e s u m total o f
al l force i n th e u n i ve rs e m e n tal o r p h ys i cal wh e n
re s olv e d back to i ts o rigi n al state i s cal l e d P r ai a a

Wh e n th e r e w a s n e i th e r a ugh t n o r n augh t wh e n
dark n e ss was cov e r i n g dark n e s s wh at e xi s te d th e n ?

T h at j a f a e xi ste d wi t h o u t m o ti o n
T h e ph ysi cal

m oti o n o f th e P r a a a was stopp ed b u t i t e xi s te d al l th e


sam e A l l th e e n e rgi e s th at are n o w d i spl aye d i n th e
u n i v e rs e we k n o w by m o d e rn S c Ie n c e are u n ch ange
abl e
T h e s u m t o tal o f t h e e n e rgi e s i n th e u n ive rs e
re mai n s th e s am e th ro ugh o u t o n ly a t th e e nd o f a
cycl e th e se e n e rgi es qui e t d o wn b e co m e p o te n tial
a n d a t th e b egi n n i ng o f th e n e xt cy cl e th ey s ta r t up
st r i k e up o n th e A ki f a a n d o ut o f t h e j ci i a ev ol ve
th ese vari o u s fo rm s an d as th e [ Raf a C h an ges th i s
P r drza ch an ges als o i n t o al l th e s e man i fes tati o n s o f
By

P R A NA

1
3

e n e rgy
Th e k n owl e dge an d co n tro l o f th i s P r am i s
r e al l y wh at i s m ean t by P r ci zzciyd m d
T h i s op e n s to u s th e d oo r to al m o s t u nl i m i te d po we r
S up p o se f o r i n stan ce o n e u n d e rstoo d t h e P r zi n a p e r
f e c t l y a n d co ul d con tro l i t wh at p o we r o n earth co ul d
th e re b e th at wo u l d n o t b e h i s ? H e wo ul d b e abl e to
m o v e th e s un an d stars o ut o f th e i r pla ce s to co n tro l
e ve ry th i n g i n th e u n i ve rse fro m th e a to m s t o t h e bi g
ge s t su n s be ca u se h e w oul d co n t r o l t h e P r ana
This
'
i s th e e n d an d a i m o f P r ci zzayci m a
W he n th e Yog i
b e co m e s p e r fe ct th e r e w i l l b e n o th i n g i n natu re n o t
u n d e r h i s co n tro l
I f h e o r d e r s th e go d s t o co m e
th e y wi l l co m e a t h i s b i d d i n g ; i f h e a sk s th e d e pa r te d
to c o m e th e y wi l l c o m e a t h i s b i dd i n g A l l th e forces
o f natu r e wi l l O be y h i m a s h i s s la v e s and w he n th e
i gn ora n t s e e th e se p owers o f the Yog i th e y cal l th e m
m i racl e s
O n e p ecu l iari ty o f th e H i n d um i n d i s th a t
i t al ways i n qu i r e s f o r th e la st p os s ib l e ge n eral i sat i o n
l eavi n g th e d e ta i l s to be w o r k e d o ut a fterward s
The
qu e s ti o n i s ra i se d i n th e Veda s
Wh a t i s th at k n ow i n g

wh i c h w e S h al l k n o w ev e ryth i n g ?
Th u s al l b ook s
a n d al l p h i l osop h i e s tha t h av e b ee n wri tte n h av e bee n
o n l y to p rove T /za t b y k n o wi n g wh ich e ve ry th i n g i s
k n o wn
I f a m an wan ts to k n o w th i s u n i ve r s e b i t b y
b i t h e m u s t k n o w eve r y i n d iv i d ual grai n o f san d a n d
t ha t m e a n s i n n i te t i m e for h i m ; h e can n o t k n o w al l
o f th e m
T h e n h ow can k n o w led ge b e ?
ow i s i t
p os si bl e f o r a man t o be al l k n o wi n g th ro ugh p a r ti c u
la r s ? Th e Yog i : say th at b eh i n d th i s pa r ti cu la r m an i
B e h i n d al l part i c u la r
f es ta ti o n th e r e i s a ge n e ral i sati o n
.

R AJA

2
3

Y O GA

i d ea s s tan d s a g e n e ral i se d an ab stract p ri n ci p l e ; grasp


i t an d yo u ha v e graspe d e v e ryth i n g
J u s t as th i s
wh o l e u n i ve rs e has bee n gen era l i s ed i n th e Veda s i nt o
that O n e A bs o l u te E xi ste n ce
H e wh o has graspe d
tha t E xi ste n ce has gra sp e d th e wh o l e u n i v erse S o al l
fo rce s have be e n ge n eral i se d i n to th i s P r azzo a n d h e
wh o has grasp e d th e P r ci na ha s gras pe d al l th e fo rce s
m e n tal o r p h ysi cal
H e w h o ha s c o n
o f th e u n i ve r se
trol l ed th e P r an a has co n tro l l ed h i s o w n m i nd a n d al l
e who
th e m i n d s th a t e x i s t
has c o n trol l e d t h e
P r azza has c on troll e d h i s bo d y a n d al l th e bo d i e s that
i s th e ge n eral i s e d ma n i fe s ta
e xi st b e cau s e th e P r am
ti o n o f fo rce
How to co n t r o l th e P r am i s th e o n e i d ea o f F r am i
m
l
t
he
se
trai
n
i
n
gs
a
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s
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t
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y
a n d ea ch m a n m u s t b egi n w h e re h e s ta nd s
one e n d
m us t l earn h ow to co n tro l th e th i ngs that are n eare st
to h i m
T h i s bo d y i s th e n e ar e s t th i n g to u s n ea re r
t han an y thi ng i n t h e u n i ve rse a n d th i s m i n d i s th e
n eare s t o f al l
T h e P r zi na w h i c h i s w ork i ng th is m i n d
an d b od y i s th e n ear e s t to u s o f al l th e P n i zza i n th e
u n i ve rse
T h i s l i ttl e wa v e o f th e P r ci zza wh i ch r e p r e
se nts o ur o w n e n e rgie s m e n ta l a n d p h ys i cal i s th e

ne are st wav e to u s o f al l th at i n n i te o cea n o f P r a zzo


an d i f we c a n s u ccee d i n c on tro l l i n g tha t l i ttl e wave
th e n al o n e we c a n h op e to co n trol th e w h ol e o f P n i m z
P e rfe ct i on i s t o b e gai ne d by th e Y og i w h o h as d o ne
th i s a n d n o p o we r i s a n y m ore h i s m aster
H e ha s
al m o st al l k n o wi ng
We
be co m e al m os t al m i gh ty
th i s
see s e ct s i n e v e ry co u ntry wh o h a v e att e mpt e d
,

,
.

PR A NA

'

33

n tro l o f P i azza
I n th i s co u n try th e r e are M i n d
h eal e rs Fa i th h eal e rs S p i ri t ual i s ts C h ri sti a n Sc i e n
t i s t s H yp n o ti s ts e tc
a n d i f we anal yse th e s e d i ffe r e n t
group s we s h a l l n d th at th e backgro u n d o f e ach i s th i s
c o n tro l o f th e F r i zza wh e th e r th e y k n ow i t o r n o t I f
u
o
b o i l al l th e i r th e o r i e s d o w n th e re s i d u u m w i l l be
y
th e sam e
I t i s th e o n e a n d sam e force th e y are m a n
i p ul a ti n g o n l y u nk n ow i ngl y
T h ey h ave stu mb l e d o n
th e d i s c o ve ry o f a force an d d o n o t k n o w i ts n atu re
b u t th e y are u n co n sc i o u sl y u s i ng th e s am e p owe rs w h i c h
th e Yog i u se s , a n d wh i ch c o m e fro m P r ci zza

T h i s P r a zza i s th e v i ta l fo rce i n e ve ry be i ng a n d th e

n e st a n d h i g h e s t a cti o n o f P r a na i s th o ugh t T h i s
th o u gh t aga i n a s we s e e i s n o t al l
T h e re i s al s o a
s o rt o f th o ugh t w h i ch we cal l i n sti n ct o r u n co n s c i o u s
th o ugh t th e l o we s t pl an e o f acti o n
I f a m osq u i t o
w i th o u t th i nk i n g o ur h an d w i l l s tri k e i t
s ti ng s u s
a u to m ati cal ly i n s ti n ct i ve l y
T h i s i s o n e e xp re ss i o n o f
t h o ugh t A l l re e x acti o n s o f th e b od y b e l o n g to th i s
p l an e o f th o ug h t
T h e r e i s th e n a s ti l l h igh e r p la n e o f
th o ugh t th e c o n s c i ou s
I reaso n I j u dge I th i nk I
s e e th e p r os a n d cons o f c e rta i n th i ngs ; y e t th a t i s n o t
al l
We k n o w th a t reas o n i s l i m i te d
T h e re i s o n l y a
ce rta i n e xte n t t o wh i c h rea s o n c a n go ; b eyo n d th at i t
ca n n o t rea ch
T h e C i rcl e w i th i n w h i ch i t r u n s i s v e ry
v e ry l i m i te d i n d e e d Y e t a t th e sam e ti m e we n d
facts ru s h i n to th i s c i rcl e
L i k e th e c om i ng o f c o m e ts
c e rta i n th i n gs a re c o m i n g i n to th i s c i rcl e a n d i t i s c e r
tai n th e y c o m e fro m o u ts i d e th e l i m i t al th o u gh
T h e ca u s e s o f th e p h e
r re a so n c an n o t go b eyo nd
ou
co

R A JA

34

YO GA

p r o tr u d i ng th e m sel ves i n th i s s mal l l i mi t a re


T h e reaso n an d th e i n te l l ect
o u ts i d e o f th i s l i m i t
can n o t r each th e m b u t says th e Yog i th at i s n o t al l
T h e m i n d c a n e xi s t o n a s ti l l h ighe r p l an e th e s upe r
c o n s ci o us Wh e n th e m i n d ha s a ttai n e d to th at s ta te
wh i ch i s cal l e d Sa m aa i
pe rfe c t co n ce n t rati o n S u p e r
con s ci o us nes s i t go e s b e yo n d th e l i m i ts of reas on
an d co m es fac e to face wi th fa c ts wh i c h n o i n sti n ct o r
reas o n c a n e ve r k n o w A l l th es e man i p ul ati on s o f th e
s ub tl e fo rce s o f th e b o dy th e d i ffe r e n t m an i fes tati o n s
za
i f t rai n e d gi v e a p us h t o t h e m i n d an d th e
o f P r ri z
m i n d goe s u p h i gh e r an d b e co m e s s u p e r c o n s c i o u s
an d fro m th at p lan e i t a c ts
I n th i s u n i ve rs e th e r e i s o n e co nt i n u o u s mass o n
P hys i cal ly th i s u n i ve r se i s
e very plan e o f e x i ste n ce
o n e ; th e re i s n o d i ffe r e n ce b e twe e n th e s u
n a nd y o u
T h e s c i e n ti s t w i l l te l l y ou i t i s o n l y a ct i o n t o say t h e
co n trary
Th ere i s n o real d i ffe r en ce b e twee n th e
tab l e a n d m e ; t he tab l e i s o n e p o i n t i n th e mass o f
matter an d I an o th er p o i n t
Each fo rm repre se nts
as i t were o n e w h i rl p o o l i n t h e i n n i te o cea n o f m at
te r a nd th e s e are n o t c on stan t
J us t a s i n a ru sh i n g
stre am th e re m ay b e m i l l i o n s o f W h i rl p o ol s a nd th e
wate r i n ea ch o f th e s e W h i r l p oo l s i s fre sh e ve ry
m o me n t t u rn i n g ro u n d an d ro u n d f o r a fe w se co n d s
an d th e n pas s i n g o u t at th e o th e r e n d an d fre sh par
t i c l e s o f wate r c o m i n g i n s o th i s w h ol e u n i ve rs e i s o n e
co n stan tl y ch angi ng mas s o f m atte r i n wh i c h w e are
l i ttl e W h i rl p ool s
A mas s o f matte r e n te rs th e m go e s
r o u n d an d ro u n d , a n d tu rn s , for a f e w ye a rs i nt o th e
no m e na

P EA N A

35

b od y o f a ma n b e co m e s c han ge d a n d

ts
w
h
i
rl
e
d
o
u
t
,
i n th e fo rm o f m ayb e a n a n i mal fro m th at i t r u s he s
ro u n d to ge t afte r a fe w years i n to an o the r w h i rl po ol ,
cal l ed a l um p o f m i n e ra l
I t i s a c on s tan t ch an ge
No t o n e b od y i s co n stan t
T h ere i s n o s u c h th i n g a s
my b od y o r yo u r b od y e x cep t i n word s
I t i s one
h uge m as s o f m at te r
O n e p o i n t i s cal l e d m oo n ,
a n o th e r s un an o th e r a m an an o th e r th e e arth , an o th e r
N o t o n e is co n s tan t b u t
a pl an t an oth e r a m i n e r al
e ve ry th i n g i s c h an gi n g matte r e te rn al l y co n cre ti n g
a n d d i s i n tr e g a ti n g ; S o i t i s w i th th e m i n d
Matte r i s
re pre s e n te d by th e e th e r ; w h e n th e ac ti o n o f P r dzza i s
m os t s ub tl e th i s v e ry e th e r i n th e n e r s tate o f v i b r a
t i o n w i l l r e p r es e n t th e m i nd an d th e re i t w il l b e s ti l l
I f yo u c a n get to S i mpl y tha t
o n e u nb r ok e n m as s
s u btl e vi b ra ti o n y o u w i l l s e e a n d fe el tha t th e wh o l e
un i vers e i s co m po s e d o f th e se s ub tl e v i bra ti o ns S o m e
ti m es cer tai n d r ugs hav e th e p o we r to tak e us a s i t
we r e th r o u gh o ur s en se s an d b r i n g u s to th a t co n d i
ti on Ma n y o f y o u m ay re m e mbe r the ce l ebra te d e xp e r i
me n t o f S i r H u m p h re y Da v y w h e n th e laugh i n g ga s
o ve rp ow e r e d h i m a n d d uri n g th e l ectu re h e re mai n e d
m o ti on l e ss s t up e e d an d afte r tha t h e sai d th at th e
w h ol e u n i v e rs e wa s mad e u p o f i d eas ; f o r th e ti m e
be i ng a s i t were th e gros s v i bra ti on s had cease d a n d
o n l y th e s u b tl e v i brat i on s w h i ch h e cal l e d th e m i n d
we re p re s e n t to h i m
H e cou l d o n l y s e e th e su b tl e
v i bra t i o n s rou n d h i m ; e ve ry th i n g had b eco m e th o u gh t ;
th e w h ol e u n i v e rs e was an o c e a n o f th ou gh t h e a n d
e v ery on e el se had be co m e l i ttl e t h o u gh t W h i rl p o ol s
,

e
g

6
3

R A JA

Y O GA

Th u s , e v e n i n th e u n i v erse o f th o u gh t w e n d th i s
un i ty , an d a t l ast w h e n w e ge t to th e S el f w e k n ow
B e yo n d m o t i o n th er e
that t hat S e l f can o nl y b e O n e
is but One
E v e n i n m a ni fe s t m o ti o n th ere i s o n l y a
u n i ty T h e se fa cts c a n n o m ore b e d e n i e d a s m o d ern
sc i e n ce h as d e m o n s trate d th e m
M o d e rn p hys i cs al s o
h as d e mo n s trate d th a t th e s um to tal o f t h e e n ergi e s i n
th e u n i ve rs e i s th e sam e th ro u gh o u t
I t has also b ee n
p ro ve d th a t th i s s um to tal o f e n ergy e x i s ts i n tw o
fo rm s
I t b e co m es p o te n ti al to n e d d own an d cal m ed
an d n e x t i t co m es o ut m an i fes te d as a l l th es e vari o us
forces ; agai n i t go es b ack to t h e q u i e t s ta te an d agai n
i t man i fes ts
T h u s i t go es o n evo l v i n g a n d i n v olv i n g
th rou gh e tern i ty T h e c o n trol o f th i s P r zi n a as b e fore

i s w ha t i s cal l e d P r azzriya m a
s tate d
T h i s P r azzayci m a ha s very l i ttl e to d o wi th b reath i n g
Th e m o s t obv i o u s m an i fe stati o n
e x ce p t a s e x erci s e
za i n th e h u man b o dy i s th e m o ti o n o f th e
o f th i s P r ci z
l u ngs
I f t hat sto p s th e b o d y wi l l stop ; al l th e o th e r
m an i fe stati o n s o f fo rce i n th e b o d y w i l l i m m e d i atel y
s top i f th i s i s sto pp e d
T he re are p e rs o ns w h o c a n
trai n th e m sel v e s i n su ch a m an n er th at th e b o dy w i l l
l i v e o n e ve n wh e n th i s m o ti o n h as s top p e d
T h er e
are so m e p ers o n s wh o c a n bu ry th e m s e lv e s f o r m o nth s
B ut f o r a l l ord i nar y
a n d y e t l i ve w i th o u t b reath i ng
p ers o n s th i s i s th e p ri n ci pal gross m o ti o n i n th e b o d y
T o reach t he m o re s u bt l e w e m u s t tak e th e hel p o f th e
gro sse r a n d s o s l owl y trave l to ward s th e m os t s ub tl e
u n ti l we gai n o ur p oi n t
T h e m os t ob vi o u s o f a l l
m oti o n s i n th e b ody i s th e m o ti o n o f th e l u ngs th e y
,

P R A NA

37

wh e e l wh i ch i s s e tti n g th e o th e r f orc e s i n m o ti o n
P r ci zzciyci m a r e al l y m ea n s c o n tro l l i n g th i s m o ti o n o f t h e
l u ngs a n d th i s m o t i o n i s as soc i ate d w i th th e br e ath
N o t th at b reat h i s p rod uc i n g i t ; o n th e co n trary i t i s
p r o d u c i n g b reath
T h i s m o t i o n d raw s i n th e a i r b y
T h e P r zi n a i s m ov i n g th e l u ngs an d
p u m p a cti o n
th at m o ti o n o f th e l u ngs d raws i n th e a i r
S o F r am i
b
u
t
c
o
n
tro
l
l
i
n
g
th
at
m
u
sc
u
la
o m i s n o t b re ath i n g
r
M
p owe r w h i ch m o v e s th e l u n gs an d t hat m u s c u lar p owe r
wh i c h i s goi n g o ut th ro ugh t h e n e rve s to th e m u s cl e s ,
fro m t h e m t o th e l u n gs mak i n g t h e m m o v e i n a certai n
m an n e r i s t h e P r ci zza w h i c h w e h ave to co n trol i n t h e
p r acti ce o f P r ci m iyri m a
Wh e n t h i s P r ri zza h as b e co m e
co n trol l e d t h e n w e sh al l i m me d i atel y n d th at al l th e
ot h e r act i o n s o f th e P r zi zza i n t h e bod y wi l l sl o wl y co m e
u n d e r co ntro l
I my se l f h a v e s ee n m e n w h o h a v e c o n
trol l e d al m o st e v e ry m u s cl e o f t h e b od y ; an d wh y n o t
I f I h a v e co nt rol o v e r ce rtai n m u scl e s w h y n o t ove r
e v e ry m u scl e a n d n e rv e o f th e b od y
Wh at i m p o s s i
bi l i ty i s t h e re
A t p re s e n t th e co ntrol i s l ost a n d t h e
m o ti o n h as be co m e a u to m ati c
We c a n n o t m ov e t h e
e ars at wi l l b u t w e k n o w th at a ni mal s c a n W e ha v e
n o t th at p o we r b e ca u se we d o n o t e x e rci s e i t
This i s
w hat i s c al l e d atavi sm
A gai n we k n o w tha t m o ti o n wh i ch has be co m e l ate n t
ca n be b ro u ght ba ck to m an i fes tati o n
B y hard w o rk
a n d p r a cti ce certai n m o ti o n s o f th e b ody wh i ch a r e
m o s t d o rma n t c a n b e b ro ugh t back u n d e r p e rfe ct c o n
trol
R eas o n i n g i n that way w e n d th e re i s n o
i m p o s si b i l i ty b u t o n th e o th e r h an d e v e ry p rob a bi l i t y
.

R A JA

38

Y O GA

t hat e ach p art o f th e b od y c a n b e bro u gh t u nd e r p e r


T h i s t h e Yog i d oe s th ro ugh P r ci zzayci m a
f e c t c o n trol
P e rhap s s om e o f y o u hav e rea d i n t h es e b o ok s t hat i n
P r ci zzziyci m a wh e n d raw i n g i n t h e breath y o u m us t l l
y ou r wh ol e b od y w i th P r ci zza
I n th e E ngl is h t r a n s l a
ti o n s P r an a i s gi ve n a s b reath a n d y o u are i n cl i n e d t o
as k h ow that i s t o be d o n e
T he fau l t i s w i th th e
tra nslato r
E ve r y par t o f t h e b ody ca n b e l l ed w i t h
P r zi na th i s v i tal fo r ce , a n d wh e n y o u are ab l e to d o
t hat , y o u c a n c o n tro l t h e wh ol e b o dy
A l l th e s i ck
n e s s a n d m i s e ry fe l t i n th e b od y w i l l b e p e r fe ctl y c o n
trol l e d , a n d n o t o n l y s o y ou w i l l b e a b l e to co n trol
a n oth e r s b od y
E very th i n g i s i n fe cti o u s i n th i s wo r l d
go od o r bad
I f y o u r b od y be i n a certai n state o f
te n si on i t wi l l h av e a t e n de n cy to p rod u ce th e sam e
te n s i o n i n o th e rs
If yo uare stro n g a n d h e al thy th ose
th at l i v e n ear yo u w i l l al s o h ave th e te nd e n cy to be
c o m e st r o n g a nd h eal th y b u t i f y o u are s i ck a n d weak
th o se arou n d y ou w i l l h ave th e te n d e n cy to b e com e
th e sam e
T h i s v ib rat i o n w i l l b e a s i t were co nve ye d
t o a n oth e r b od y
In th e cas e o f o n e m a n try i ng t o
he al a n o th e r th e rst i d ea i s s i m p ly t r a n sfe r r i ng h i s
T h i s i s th e p ri m i ti ve s o r t o f
o w n h e al th t o th e oth e r
h eal i ng
C o n sc i ou sl y o r u n co n sc i ou sl y h eal th ca n b e
tra n sm i tte d
T h e v e r y s tro ng m an l i vi ng w i th th e
weak m an w i l l m ak e h i m a l i ttl e s t r o nge r wh e th e r h e
k n ows i t o r n ot
Wh e n c on s ci ou sl y d on e i t b e com e s
q u i ck e r and be tte r i n i t s acti o n
N e x t co m e t h o se
cas e s i n w h i ch a m a n m ay n o t b e ve r y h eal th y h i m se lf
T
h
e t we k n o w th at h e c a n b ri n g h e al th t o an oth e r
e
y
.

P R A NA

39

rs : m an i n s u c h a ca se h as a l i tt l e m o r e co n tr ol o v er
th e P r azza a n d c a n ro u se for th e ti m e b e i ng h i s P r zi zza
a s i t we re to a ce r ta i n state o f v ibrati o n an d tran sm i t
i t t o a n o th e r p e r s o n
T h e r e hav e b e e n case s w h e r e th i s pro ce s s ha s b e e n
carri e d o n a t a d i stan ce b u t i n re al i ty th e r e i s n o d i s
tan ce i n th e se n se o f a b r eak
Wh e re i s th e d i sta n ce
IS th e re any b reak b e twe e n yo ua n d
th at h as a b reak
th e s u n
I t i s a c o n ti n u o u s mas s o f m atte r th e s un
th e o n e part a n d y o u th e oth e r
I S th e re a b re a k
b e twe e n on e pa r t o f a ri ve r a n d a n o th e r
Then why
can n o t an y fo rc e trave l
T h e r e i s n o r e aso n aga i n s t
it
T h e s e ca se s a r e p e rfe ctly t r u e an d th i s P r zi n a c a n
b e tran s m i tte d to a very g r ea t d i stan ce ; b u t to o n e
ge n u i n e cas e th e re a re h u n d r e d s o f f r a u d s
It is not
I n th e m o s t o r d i na r y
s o easy as i t i s th o ugh t to b e
case s o f th i s h eal i n g y o u w i l l n d that th e s e h eal e rs
a re s i m pl y tak i n g ad va n tage o f th e nat u ral ly h eal th y
state o f th e h u ma n b o dy
T h e re i s n o d i sea se i n thi s
w o r l d w h i c h k i l l s th e m aj o r i ty o f p e r s o n s atta c k e d
E ve n i n ch ol e r a e p i d e m i c s i f f o r a fe w d ay s s i xty p e r
ce n t d i e a fte r th at th e rate c o me s d ow n to th i rty an d
twe n ty p e r ce n t an d th e re s t re cove r A n al l opath
c o m e s a n d treat s ch ol e ra pati e n ts a n d gi ve s th e m h i s
m e d i ci n e s ; th e h om oe opath c ome s an d gi ve s h i s m e d i
c i n e a n d c u r e s pe r hap s m ore S i m p ly b e ca u se th e
h o m oeop ath d i d n o t d i stu r b th e pati e n ts b u t al l owe d
nat u re to d e al w i th th e m ; an d th e fa i th h eal e r w i l l
c u r e m ore s ti l l b e cau se h e w i l l b ri n g th e stre ng th o f
,

R AJ A

40

YO GA

m i n d to b e ar , an d ro use s th ro u g h f ai th ,
man t P r ci na o f th e p ati e n t
B ut th e re i s a m i stak e con sta ntly m ad e by fa i th
h eal e rs ; th ey th i nk th at i t i s fa i th i tse l f tha t d i re ctl y
h eal s a man
I t al o n e w i l l n o t co ve r al l th e gro u n d
T h e re are d i sease s w h e re th e wo rs t sy mp to m s are th at
th e pati e n t n e v e r th i nk s th at h e ha s th at d i s eas e T h at
tre m e n d o u s fa i th o f th e pati e n t i s i tse l f o n e symp tom
o f th e d i sease an d u sual l y i n d i cate s th at h e w i l l d i e
q u i ck ly I n s u ch case s th e pri n ci p l e th at fa i th c ur e s
d oe s n ot ap p l y
I f i t we re fai th th at c u re d i n al l th e se
case s th e s e p ati e n ts al s o w o u l d b e c u re d
I t i s by
t h i s P r zi n a th at re al c u r i n g c o me s
T h e p u re man
w h o h a s co n trol l e d th i s P r ana ha s th e p owe r of b ri ng
i ng i t i n to a c e rtai n s tate o f v i brat i o n wh i ch ca n b e
co n v eye d t o o th e rs aro u s i n g i n th e m a s i m i l ar v i b ra
Y o u s ee th at i n e ve ry day act i o n s
I am talk
t i on
i ng to yo u Wha t am I try i ng to d o ? I am s o to
s a y bri ngi ng my m i n d t o a c e rta i n s tate o f v i b r ati o n
a n d th e m o r e I s u cce e d i n b r i n gi n g i t to tha t s tate th e
m ore y o u wi l l b e a ffe cte d by w ha t I s a y A l l o f v o u
k n ow th at th e day I a m m ore e nth us ias ti c th e m ore y ou
e nj oy th e l e ct u r e a n d wh e n I a m l e ss e n th us iasti c yo u
f e el lack o f i n te r es t
T h e gi gan ti c w i l l p owe r s o f th e w orl d th e w o r l d

m ove r s ca n b r i ng th e i r P r a zza i nto a h i gh s tate o f


v ib rati o n and i t i s s o great an d p owe rful th at i t c atch e s
oth e rs i n a m om e n t a n d th o u san d s are d raw n t owa r d s
t h e m a nd h al f th e w orl d th i nk s as th e y d o
Gr eat
p roph e ts o f t h e w orl d h ad th e m os t wo n d e r ful c o n tro l

hi s

th e

dos

P R A NA

41

th i s P r dna , w h i c h ga v e th e m tre m e n d o u s w i l l powe r ;


t he y h ad bro ug h t th e i r P r zi n a t o th e h i ghe st state o f
m o ti o n , a n d th i s i s w hat gave th e m p owe r to sway th e
A l l m an i fe stati o n s o f p o we r a r i se f r o m th i s
wo r l d
co n trol
M e n m ay n o t k n ow th e se cre t , b u t t h i s i s
th e o n e e x p l a n a ti o n
S o m e ti m e s i n y ou r o w n b od y th e
su pply of P r ai zza g r av i tate s m o r e o r l e s s to o n e part ;
th e bal an ce i s d i s turbe d an d wh e n th e bal an c e o f
P r ci zza i s d i s turbe d w ha t w e cal l d i sease i s produ ce d
T o tak e away th e s up e r u ou s P r ci n a o r to supp l y th e
P r am th at i s wa n ti n g w i l l b e cu r i n g th e d i sease
T ha t
aga i n Is P r ci m iyci m a t o l earn w he n t h e r e i s m ore o r l e s s
P r azza i n o n e p art o f t h e b od y than th e r e s h o ul d b e
T h e fe e l i n gs w i l l b e co m e s o s ub tl e that th e m i n d w i l l
fe e l th at t h e r e i s l e s s P n i n a i n th e toe o r th e n ge r
th an th e re s h o ul d b e an d p o sse s s th e p owe r to s u ppl y
it
T h e se a r e am o ng th e vari o u s fu n cti o n s o f P r zi zzzi
T h e y h a v e t o b e l earn e d sl ow l y an d grad ual l y
yam a
a n d as yo u s e e th e w h ol e scope o f R af a Y og a i s real l y
t o t each t h e co ntrol a n d d i r ecti o n i n d i ffe re n t p lan e s o f
t h e P r ci na
Wh e n a m an has co n ce n trate d h i s e n e rgi e s
h e m asters th e P n i zza th at i s i n h is b o dy
Wh e n a m a n
i s m e d i tat i n g h e i s al s o co n c e n trati n g th e P r zi rza
I n a n o cea n th e r e a r e h uge wav es l i k e m ou n tai n s ,
th e n s m al l e r wave s an d s t i l l sm al l e r , d ow n t o l i ttl e
b ubb l e s b u t th e back g r o un d o f al l th e se i s th e i n n i te
ocean
Th e b ubb l e i s con n e cted w i th th e i n n i te
o cean at on e e n d a n d th e h u ge wav e at th e oth e r e n d
So o n e m ay b e a gi gan ti c m an an d an othe r a l i ttl e
b u b b l e b u t each i s co n n e cte d w i th t hat i n n i t e o cean
of

R A JA

42
of

YO GA

e n e rgy a n d th i s i s th e co m m o n bi rthri gh t of eve r y


W he r e ve r th ere i s l i fe t h e store
a ni mal that e x i st s
h ou s e o f i n n i t e e n e rgy i s be h i nd i t
S tarti ng f r o m
s o m e fu ngu s s o m e ve r y m i n u te m i cro s cop i c b ubbl e
a n d al l th e ti m e d rawi n g f r o m th at i n n i te s tore h ou se
o f e ne rgy th e fo r m i s C h an ge d sl owl y an d sl owl y u n til
i n co urs e o f ti m e i t b eco m e s a pl an t th e n an an i mal
th e n m an u l ti m atel y G o d
T h i s i s attai n e d th r ou gh
m il l i o n s o f aeon s bu t w h at i s ti m e ? A n i n c r e ase o f
s p ee d an i n c r ease o f s t r u ggl e i s abl e to bri dge th e
d i stan ce o f ti m e
T h at wh i ch n atu r al l y tak e s a l ong
ti m e to a cco mp l i s h can b e s h orte n e d b y th e i n te ns i ty
A ma n m ay go o n sl owl y
o f th e acti o n says th e Y og i
d raw i n g i n th i s e n ergy fro m th e i n n i te mas s th at e x i s ts
i n th e u n i ve rse an d perhap s h e w i l l r e qu i r e a h u n d r e d
th o u san d yea r s t o b ec o m e a D eva an d th e n p e rh ap s
v e h u n dre d th o u san d ye a r s to b ec o m e s ti ll h i gh e r
a n d p erhap s ve m i l l i o n s o f years to bec o m e p e r fe c t
G i ve n rap i d g r ow th th e t i m e w i l l b e l e s se n e d Wh y i s
i t n o t p o ss ibl e w i th s u f c i e n t e ffo r t t o r e ac h th i s v e ry
p erfe cti o n i n s i x m o n th s o r s i x ye a r s ? T h e r e i s n o
l i m it
R easo n s h ow s t h at
I f a n e n gi n e w i t h a c e r
ta i n am o u n t o f coal r u n s at two m i l e s a n h ou r ad d
m o r e c oal a n d i t w il l r u n i n q u i ck e r t i m e
S i m il a r l y
w h y s hal l n o t th e soul by i n te n s i fyi n g i ts acti o n attai n
t o that goal i n th i s v e r y l i fe
A l l b ei ngs w i l l a t l a st
B ut w h o care s to
a ttai n to that p e rfe cti o n w e k n ow
wai t al l thes e m i l l i o n s o f ae o n s ? Why n o t reac h i t
i m me di ately i n th i s b od y eve n i n th i s h u man form
,

,
.

P R A NA

43

Wh y sh al l I n o t ge t th at i n n i te k n owl e dge , i n n i t e
p o we r n ow P
T hat i s t h e i d eal o f th e Yog i ; the w h ol e s ci e n c e o f
Y og a i s d i rec te d to tha t o n e e n d , to teac h m e n h ow to
s h o r t e n th e ti m e b y add i n g p ow er h ow t o i n te nsi fy th e
p owe r o f as s i m i l ati o n an d the r eby s h o r te n the ti m e
f o r r eac h i n g p e rfec ti o n i n s tead o f s l owl y ad v an ci n g
fro m p o i n t to p o i n t a n d wa i ti n g u n ti l th e wh ol e h u ma n
r ac e has c o m e o ut a n d b eco m e pe r fe c t A l l t h e great
p r op h e ts sai n ts an d s ee rs o f th e worl d w hat are
t hey ? I n tha t o n e s pan o f l i fe th ey l i ve d th e wh ol e
l i fe o f h u ma n i ty b r i dge d th e wh ol e l en gth o f ti m e th a t
i t wi l l tak e o rdi n ary h u man i ty t o co m e to th e state o f
p e r fec ti o n
I n th i s l i fe th e y p erfec t th e m se l ve s ; th e y
have n o th o u gh t f o r an yth i n g e l s e b reath e f o r n ot h i n g
e l s e n ev e r l iv e a m o m e n t fo r an y o th e r i d ea a n d th u s
t h e way i s s h o r te n e d f o r th e m
T h i s i s w ha t i s mean t
by co n ce n trati o n i n te n s i fyi n g th e acti o n o r ass i m i la
ti o n an d th u s sh o rte n i n g th e ti m e ; an d R af a Yog a i s
th e s ci e n ce wh i c h teach e s u s h o w to gai n th e p o we r o f
co nc e n trati o n
What h as th i s P r ci m iyci m a t o d o w i th s p i ri tu al i s m ?
T h at i s al s o a m a n i fe stati o n o f P n i zuiyzi m a
If i t b e
t r u e tha t th e d e pa rte d sp i ri ts e xi st o n l y that w e c a n
n o t s e e th e m
i t i s q u i te p r obab le that th e re may be
h u n d re d s a n d m i l li o n s l i vi n g h e re tha t we c a n n e i th e r
fe e l n o r to u ch
We may b e c on ti n ual l y pass i n g
see
an d r e pas si n g th ro ugh th ei r bo d i es a n d i t i s als o p ro
babl e th a t th e y d o n o t s e e o r fee l u s
I t i s a C i rcl e
T h o se o n l y
w i th i n a c i rcl e u n i v e rs e w i th i n u n i v e rs e
,

'

R A JA

44

Y O GA

that are o n th e sa m e p lan e s e e eac h o th e r We ha v e


ve s e n se s an d w e re pre se n t P r zi n a i n a c e r tai n s tate
A l l b e i n gs i n th e sam e s t a te o f vi bra ti o n
o f vi b r a ti o n
w i l l s e e e ach o th e r b u t i f th e r e are be i ngs w h o r e p r e
s e nt P r an a i n a h i gh er state o f v i brati o n th e y wi l l n o t
b e see n
We may i ncreas e th e i nte n si t y o f li gh t u n ti l
w e c a n n o t se e th e l i gh t at al l b u t t h e re may b e b e i n gs
w i th e ye s so p owerfu l that th e y c a n s e e su ch l i gh t
A gai n i f th e v i b rati o n s are v e ry l o w w e d o n o t se e
l i ght b u t th e re a r e a n i mal s that se e i t a s cat s a n d
owl s
O u r ran ge of v i si o n i s o n l y o n e p l an e o f t h e
vi b r ati o ns o f t h i s P r am
Tak e th i s atm o sp h e re f o r
i n stan ce ; i t i s p i l e d u p l aye r o n l aye r b u t th e l aye r s
n e a r er to th e earth are d e n se r tha n th o s e ab o v e a n d
as yo u go h i gh e r th e atm o sp h e r e b e co m e s n e r an d
ner
O r tak e th e ca se o f th e oce an ; as y o u g o d e e p e r
an d d e ep e r th e d e n si ty o f th e wate r i n crea se s a n d
th o se an i mal s that l ive a t th e b o tto m o f th e s e a c a n
n e v e r co me u p or th ey w i l l b e b rok e n i n to p i e ce s
T h i nk o f th i s w h ol e u n i ve rs e a s a n o cean o f e th e r
i n v ibrat i o n u n de r th e acti o n o f P r azza an d th at i t c o n
s i sts o f l aye r afte r l aye r o f v ary i n g d eg r e e s o f v i bra
ti o n ; i n th e m o re e x te rnal th e v i bra ti o n s are l e s s a n d
n eare r to t h e ce n tre th e v ib r ati o n s be co m e qu i cke r an d
qu i ck er an d e ach ran ge o f v ibrati o n m ak e s o n e p l an e
Th i nk o f th e w h ol e th i n g as on e ci rcl e th e ce n t r e o f
wh i ch i s pe rfe cti o n ; th e fu rth e r yo uge t f r o m th e ce n tr e
th e sl owe r th e v ibrat i o n s
Matt e r i s th e o u te r m o s t
cr u st n e x t c om e s m i n d an d s p i r i t i s th e ce n tre
Then
s u pp os e th e se range s o f v i s i o n are c ut i n to pl a n e s s o
.

P R A NA

45

i l l i on s o f m i l e s o n e s e t o f vi brat i o n a n d th e n
s o man y m i l l i on s o f m i l e s s ti ll h i gh e r and s o o n
It is
pe r fe ctl y ce r tai n th e n th at th ose wh o l i ve o n th e pla n e
of
a ce rt a i n sta te o f v ibra ti o n w i l l hav e th e p owe r
of
re cogn i s i n g each oth e r b u t w i l l n o t re cogn i s e
th os e ab ov e o r b el o w th e m
Y e t j u s t a s b y th e
tel e scop e a n d th e m i cro sc op e we ca n i n crease th e
s cop e o f o ur vi s i o n an d m ak e h ighe r o r l owe r
v i bra ti o n s c ogni sabl e to u s s i m il arl y e ve ry ma n c a n
bri n g h i m se l f to t he state o f v i brati o n bel o n gi n g to th e
n e x t p l an e th u s e nabl i n g h i m sel f to s e e wh a t i s go i n g
o n th ere
S u pp o s e th i s ro o m we r e ful l o f b e i ngs w ho m
w e d o no t se e
T h e y rep r e s e n t c erta i n v i bra ti o n s i n
th e P r aa a an d we re p r e se n t o th e r v i b rati on s
S up
p ose th e y re p re s e n t th e q u i c ke r an d we th e sl o we r
P r azza i s t h e m ateri al o f w h i c h they a r e c o mp osed al s o
o f w h i ch w e a r e c o mp ose d ; al l a r e parts o f th e sam e
ocea n o f P r azza o n l y t h e rate o f v i b r at i o n d i ffer s
If
I c a n bri n g m y se l f to t h e q u i ck e r v i brati o n t h i s pl an e
wi l l i m m ed i ate l y c han ge fo r m e ; I shal l n o t s e e y o u
an y m o r e ; y o u van i sh an d the y appear
S o m e o f yo u
p erhap s k n o w t hi s to b e tru e
A l l th i s bri ngi n g o f th e
m i n d i n t o a h i gh e r state o f v i bra ti o n i s i n cl ud e d i n o n e
word i n Yog a Sa m ci a l l i
A l l th e se s ta te s o f h igh e r
v ib rati o n s up e r c o n sc i o u s vi brati o n s o f th e m i n d are

gro u p e d i n t ha t o n e word Sa m zi a i a n d th e l owe r


sta te s o f Sa ozci a l zz gi v e u s v i s i o n s o f th e s e b e i n gs
The
h igh e st g rad e of Sa m ri a l zz i s wh e n w e se e th e real
th i n g wh e n w e s e e t h e mate rial o ut o f w h i ch th e
w h o l e o f th e s e gra d e s o f b e i n gs are c o mp o s e d , a n d tha t
m any m

'

6
4

R AJA

YO GA

l u mp o f c l ay b e i n g k n own w e k n ow al l th e clay i n th e
u n iverse
T h u s we s e e that th i s P r ci zzciyam a i n cl u d e s al l that i s
t r u e o f sp i ri tual i s m eve n
S i m i larl y y o u w i l l n d that
wh ere ve r an y se ct o r b ody o f p e op l e i s t r y i ng to s earch
ou
t an yth i n g o c cu l t an d mys ti cal o r h i d d e n i t i s re all y
th i s Yog a th i s atte mp t to c o n trol th e P r zi n a
Y ou
w il l n d th a t wh e re ve r th ere i s an y e x traord i n ary d i s
pl ay o f p owe r i t i s th e man i fe stati o n o f th i s P r an a
E ven th e p h ys i cal s c i e n ces c a n b e i n cl u d ed al s o i n
P r ci zzciyci m a
P r d zza
Wh a t m o ves th e s tea m e n gi n e
a ct i n g th ro ugh th e s team
What are al l th ese p h e
n o m e n a o f el e ctri ci ty an d s o forth b u t F r ei na
Wh at i s

p h ys i cal s ci e n c e
by e x tern a l m ean s
P r ei ndya m a
P r zi n a man i fest i n g i ts el f a s m e n tal p o w e r c a n o nl y b e

co n trol l e d by m e ntal m ean s


T h a t part o f th e P r am
m
a
w
h
i
c
h
atte
mp
ts
to
co
ntrol
th
e
ph
ys
i
cal
ma
n
i
festa
a
y
ti o n s o f th e P r ci a b y p h ys i cal m ean s i s cal l e d p h ys i cal
s ci e n ce an d th at pa r t wh i ch t r i e s to co n tro l th e m an i
f e s ta t i o n s o f th e P r azza a s m e n tal force , by m e n ta l
m e an s , i s cal le d R af a Yog a
,

C
T

HA P T E R

HE

IV

P SY C H IC P RA N A

to the Yog i : th ere are tw o n e r v e c u rre n t s


i n th e sp i n al co l u m n cal l e d P i ng a l zi and [ 4162 an d th e re
i s a h o l l o w can al cal l e d S a f a m nd r u n n i n g th ro u gh th e
S p i n al co r d
A t th e l owe r e nd o f th e h ol l ow can al i s
"
w h at th e Yog i : cal l th e
Lo tu s o f th e K uzzaa l i ni
T h e y d es c r i be i t as trian gu l ar i n form i n w h i ch i n th e
sy m b o l i cal l an guage o f th e Yog i : th e re i s a p owe r

a a l i n i co i l ed u p
cal l e d th e s
Whe n that K uzzaa l zni
awak e s i t t r i e s t o fo r ce a passage t hrou gh th i s h ol l ow
c an al a n d a s i t ri se s s tep b y s te p a s i t we re laye r
aft e r l aye r o f th e m i n d b e co m e s o p e n al l th e se d i ffe r
e n t vi s i o n s an d wo n de rfu l po we rs co m e to t h e Yog i
Wh e n i t r each e s th e b ra i n th e Y og i i s p e rfe ctly d e tach e d
fro m th e b o d y an d m i n d ; th e so u l n d s i tsel f fre e
We k n o w tha t th e sp i nal co r d i s co m po se d i n a p e cu l iar
man n e r
I f w e tak e th e gu re e igh t h o ri z o ntal l y ( cc )
th e re a re two pa r ts a n d the s e two parts are co n n e cte d
i n th e m i d d l e
S u pp ose yo u ad d e igh t afte r e igh t
p i l e d o n e o n top o f th e o th e r th at w i l l re p r e se n t th e
sp i n al c o rd
T h e l e ft i s th e 1 4M a n d th e ri gh t th e
P i ng a /( i
a n d t hat h ol l o w ca nal wh i ch ru n s th ro ugh
th e ce n tre o f th e sp i n al cor d i s th e S a f a m m i
Wh e re th e
S p i nal co r d e n d s i n s om e o f th e l u mbar v e rt e b r ae a n e
[4 7]
A C C O RD IN G

'

R A JA

48

Y O GA

br e c om e s d ow n an d th e canal i s e v e n i n th a t b re ,
o n ly m u ch n e r
T h e canal i s C l o s e d at th e l owe r e nd
w h i ch i s s i tuate d n ear w hat i s cal l e d th e sacral p l e x u s
w h i ch acc ord i ng t o m o d e r n p hy s i ol ogy i s tri an gu la r
i n form
T h e d i ff e re n t p l e x u se s that h av e th e i r c e n
tre s i n th e sp i nal cord c a n v e ry we l l s tan d f o r th e
d i ffe re n t l o tu se s of th e Yog i
T h e Yog i co n ce i v e s o f s e v eral c e n tre s b egi n n i ng
w i th th e M zi l ci a l zci r a th e bas i c an d e n d i ng w i th th e
th e th o us a n d p e tal l e d l otu s 1 n th e brai n
S a /za s r zi r a
S O i f w e tak e th e se d i ffe re n t p l e x u ses as repres e n ti n g
t h es e ci rcl e s t h e i d e a o f th e Yog i c a n b e u n de rs to od
v ery e as i ly i n th e l an g u age o f m o de rn p h ys i ol ogy We
k n o w th e re are tw o s orts o f acti o n s i n th e s e n e rve c ur
re n ts , o n e a ffe re nt th e o the r e ffe re n t o n e s e n s ory an d
th e o th e r m o to r ; o n e ce n tri p e tal a n d th e oth e r c e n
O n e carri e s th e s e n sati o n s t o th e b rai n a n d
t r i f ug a l
th e o th e r from th e b rai n t o th e o ute r bod y T h es e
v i brati o n s are al l co n n e ct e d w i t h th e brai n i n th e l o n g
run
S e v eral o th e r facts w e h av e to re m e mb e r i n
o rd e r to cl ear t he way fo r t h e e x p la n ati o n w h i c h i s t o
come
T h i s sp i n al c ord a t th e b ra i n e n d s i n a s ort

o f b u l b i n th e m e d u l l a w h ic h i s n o t attach e d t o the
b o n e b u t oats i n a u i d i n th e b ra i n s o th a t i f the re
b e a b l o w o n th e h ead th e forc e o f that b l o w w i l l b e
d i ssi pate d i n th e u i d a n d w i l l n o t h u r t th e b u lb
T h i s wi l l b e a n i m p o r tan t fact as we go o n
Se con d l y ,
we h ave al s o to k n o w th at o f al l th e ce n tre s w e h av e

parti cula r l y to re m e mb e r th re e t h e M al ad/za r a ( th e


b a si c) th e Sa /za f r ci r a ( th e th o usan d p e tal l e d l o tu s o f
,

HE

PS Y CH I C P R A N A

49

th e b rai n ) an d th e Soda/zzf t/a i a a ( n e x t abo v e th e M al ad


l zci r a )
N e x t w e wi ll tak e o n e fact fro m p h ys i cs
We
al l h ear o f e l e ctri c i ty a n d vari o u s o th e r force s co n
n e c t e d wi t h i t
Wha t e l e ct r i ci ty i s n o on e k n o ws b u t
s o far a s i t i s k n o wn
i t i s a s o r t of m o ti o n
T h ere are va r i o u s o the r m o ti o n s i n th e u ni ve rs e ;
wha t i s th e d i ffe re n ce be twe e n th e m a n d e l e ct r i ci ty ?
S upp o se th i s tab l e m o ve s tha t the m o l e c ul e s w hi ch
co m p os e th i s tab l e are m ov i n g i n d i ffe re n t d i re cti o n s ;
i f th ey a r e al l m ad e to m o ve i n th e sam e d i re cti o n i t
w i l l b e e l e ctr i c i ty
E l e ctr i c m o ti o n i s wh e n th e m ol e
cu l e s al l m ov e i n th e sam e d i re cti o n
If al l th e a i r
m ol e c ul e s i n a ro o m a r e m ad e t o mo ve i n th e sam e
d i re c ti o n i t wi l l mak e a gi ga n ti c batte r y o f e l e ctri ci ty
A n o th er p o i n t fro m p hy s i o l ogy w e m u st
o f th e ro o m
re m e mb e r th at th e ce n tre w h i c h regul ate s th e re sp i ra
t ory sy ste m t h e b r e ath i n g syste m h as a s ort o f c o n
tro l l i ng act i o n o v e r th e sy ste m o f n erv e c urr e n ts an d
t h e co n tro l l i n g ce ntre o f t h e re sp i ratory sys te m i s
oppo s i te th e th orax i n th e sp i n al c o l u m n
T h i s ce n tre
re gul ate s th e re s p i ratory o rgan s a n d a l s o e x e rc i se s
s o m e co n t r ol o ve r t h e s e co n dary c e n tr e s
N ow w e sh al l s e e w hy b reath i n g i s p ra cti se d
I n th e
rs t p l ace fro m rh y th m i cal b reath i n g w i l l co m e a
te nd e n cy o f al l th e m ole cu l e s i n th e b ody to have th e
same d i re ct i o n
Wh e n m i n d chan ge s i n to w i l l th e
c u rre n ts C ha nge i nt o a m o ti o n s i m i lar to e le ctri c i ty
be cau se th e n e rve s have be e n p ro ve d to S h ow p o lari ty
T h i s s h o ws that
und e r act i o n o f e l e ctri c c u rre n ts
w h e n t h e w i l l e v ol ve s i n to th e n e r v e c u rre n ts i t i s
'

RA JA

so

YO GA

ch ang e d i n to s om e th i n g l i k e e l e ctri ci ty Wh e n al l th e
m oti on s o f th e b ody h ave b e co m e p e rfe ctl y rh yth m i cal
th e b ody h as a s i t we r e b e co m e a gi gan ti c batte ry o f
will
T h i s t r e m e nd o u s w i l l i s e xactl y wh at th e Yog i
wa n ts
T h i s i s th e re fo re a p h ys i ol ogi cal e x p l a nati o n
I t te n d s to b r i ng a r h yt h
o f th e b r eath i ng e x e r c i s e
m i c a c ti o n i n th e b o dy an d h el p s u s th r o ugh th e
re sp i r ato r y ce n tre to co n t r o l th e o th e r ce n tre s
The
ai m o f P r azzaydm a h e r e i s t o ro use th e c o i l e d up p owe r
i n th e M i ci a l zd r a cal l e d th e K uzzaa l za i
E ve ry th i ng th at we s e e o r i magi n e o r d re am we
h ave to p erce i ve i n space
T h i s i s th e o r d i n ary s pace
cal l e d th e M a l zri ri f a o r gre at s pace
Wh e n a Y og i
re ad s th e th o ugh ts o f o th e r m e n o r p e rce i ve s s upe r
s e n s u o u s obj e cts h e se e s th e m i n a n oth e r s o r t o f sp ace
cal l e d th e C /zzttri leci f a th e m e n tal space
Wh e n p e rce p
t i o n has b e c o m e obj e ctl e s s an d th e s o ul sh i n e s i n i ts
o w n n a tu r e
i t i s cal l e d th e C/zi a ci t ci i a o r k n owl e dge
space
Wh e n th e K a zzaa l zrzi i s a r o u se d a n d e n te rs th e
canal o f th e S uf um m i al l th e p e rce p ti o n s a r e i n th e
m e n tal sp ace
Wh e n i t ha s r e ach e d th at e n d O f th e
can al w h i ch O p e n s o u t i n to th e b ra i n th e obj e c tl e ss
p e r ce p ti o n i s i n th e k n o wl e dge space
Tak i n g th e
a n al ogy o f e l e ct r i c i ty w e n d th at ma n c a n se n d a
c ur r e n t o n ly al o ng a w i re b u t natu r e r eq u i r e s n o wi r e s
to se n d h e r tre m e n d o u s c u r re n ts
T h i s p rove s tha t
th e w i re i s n ot real l y n e ce ssa r y b u t that o n ly o u r i n
ab i l i ty to d i spe n se w i th i t c omp e l s u s to us e i t
S i m i larl y al l th e se n sati o n s an d m oti o n s o f th e b ody
a r e b e i ng se n t i n to th e b ra i n a n d s e n t o u
t o f i t th rough
.

'

'

'

HE P S Y C H I C

P R A NA

1
5

th e se w i re s o f n e rv e bre s
T h e col um n s o f s e n sory
a n d m o tor b re s i n th e sp i na l cord are th e I da a n d
P zzzg a l ci o f th e Yog i :
T h ey a r e th e ma i n ch a n ne l s
t hro ugh wh i c h th e a ffe r e n t a n d e ffe re n t c urre n ts are
B ut w h y sh o u l d n o t th e m i n d se n d th e
trave l l i ng
n e ws w i th o u t a ny w i re o r reac t w i th o u t a ny w i re s ?
We s e e th at th i s i s b e i ng d o ne i n n at ure
T h e Yog i
say s i f y o u c a n d o th at y o u h ave go t ri d o f th e b o n d
age o f m atte r
H o w to d o i t ? I f y o u c a n mak e th e
c u rre n t p ass th ro ugh th e S uf um nd th e canal i n th e
m i d d l e o f th e S p i n al c ol um n yo u h ave s ol ve d th e p ro b
lem
T h e m i n d h a s m ad e t h i s n e t w ork o f th e n e rv o u s
sy ste m a n d ha s to b reak i t so that n o w i re s w i l l b e
requ i re d t o w ork th ro ugh
T h e n al on e w i l l al l k n owl
e d ge c o m e t o us n o m ore b o n dage O f b ody ; th at i s
wh y i t i s s o i m p o rta n t th at y o u s h o u l d ge t co n trol o f
th at Sa f a m m i
I f yo u c a n se n d th e m e n ta l c u rre n t
th ro ugh tha t h ol l o w ca nal w i th o u t a ny ne rve b re s to
a c t a s w i r e s th e Yog i say s y o u h ave s ol v e d th e p rob
l e m an d h e al s o say s i t ca n b e d o n e
T h i s S a l um m i i s i n o r d i nary p e rs o n s cl o se d u p a t
th e l o we r e x tre m i ty ; n o a cti o n co m e s th ro ugh i t
The
Yog i p rop os e s a p r acti ce b y w h i c h i t c a n b e O pe n e d
a n d th e n e rv e c urre n ts m ad e to trave l th ro ugh
Wh e n
a se n sa ti o n i s ca rr i e d to a c e n tre t he ce n tre rea cts
T h i s re ac ti o n i n th e ca se o f a u to mat i c c e n t r e s i s fol
l o we d by m o ti o n ; i n th e ca se o f c o n s c i o u s ce n tre s i t i s
fol l o we d rs t b y p e rce p ti o n a n d se co n d l y b y m o ti o n
A l l p e rce p ti o n i s th e reac ti o n t o a cti o n fro m o uts i d e
th e n d o p e rcep t i o n s i n d re am s ari se
Th e re i s
ow
.

'

R A JA

2
5

Y O GA

th e n n o acti o n fro m o u ts i d e
T h e s e n sory m o ti o n s
th e re fo re a r e c o i l e d u p s o me wh e re , j u s t a s th e m o to r
m o ti o n s are k n o w n to b e i n d i ffe re n t ce n tre s
Fo r
i n stan ce I s e e a C i ty ; th e p e rce p ti o n o f th a t C i ty w a s
fro m th e re act i o n to th e se n sati o n s b ro ugh t fro m o ut
s i d e obj e cts c o mp r i s i n g th at c i ty
T h at i s to s a y a
ce rtai n m oti o n i n th e b rai n m o l e c ul e s h a s b e e n s e t u p
by th e m o ti o n i n th e i n c a r r yi n g n e rve s w h i ch agai n
were s e t i n m o ti o n b y e x te rnal obj e cts i n th e C i ty
N o w e ve n a fte r a l o ng ti m e I c a n re m e mb e r th e ci ty
T h i s m e m o ry i s e xactl y t h e sam e p h e n om e n o n o n l y i t
B ut wh e n ce i s th e a cti o n th at s e t
i s i n a m i l de r fo r m
u p e ve n th e m i l d e r fo rm o f si mi l ar v i b rati o n s i n th e
b ra i n
N o t ce rta i n l y fro m th e p ri mary s e n sati o n s
T h e re fo re i t m u s t b e th at th e se n sat i on s are c o i l e d up
s o m e w h e re a n d th ey b y th e i r a cti n g b r i n g o ut th e
m i l d reacti o n w h i ch w e cal l d re am p e rc e p ti o n
No w
th e c e n tre wh e re al l th e se re s i d ual s e n sat i o n s a re a s i t
we re s to re d u p i s cal l e d th e M al ai a l zzi r a t h e ro o t r e c e p
ta c l e an d th e c o i l e d u p e n e rgy o f a cti o n i s s
a a lia i

co i l e d u p
I t i s ve ry p r ob ab l e th at th e re s i d ual
th e
m oto r e n e rgy i s al s o sto re d u p i n th e sam e ce n tre as
afte r d e e p st u d y o r m ed i tati o n o n e x te rn al obj e cts the

p art o f th e b od y w h e re th e Al zi /a a l a i r a ce n tre i s si tu
a te d ( probab l y th e sacral pl e x u s ) ge ts h eate d
Now
i f th i s co i l e d up e n e r gy b e r o u se d a n d mad e a ct i ve an d
th e n co n sci o u sl y m ade to trave l u p th e S a f a m m i ca n al
as i t acts up o n ce n tre a fte r ce n tre a tre m e n d o u s r e a c
ti o n w il l set i n
Wh e n a m i n u te p orti o n o f th e e n e r gy
o f a ct i o n trave l s al o ng a n e rve b re an d ca u se s re ac ti on
.

HE

PS Y C H I C P R A N A

53

f ro m c e n tr e s th e p e rcep ti on i s e i th e r d r e a m o r i m agi
B ut w h e n t h e v a s t m as s o f th i s e n er g y store d
n at i o n
u p by th e p owe r o f l o ng i n te rn al m e d i tati o n trave l s
al o ng th e S uf um m i a n d strik e s th e ce n tre s th e rea o
t i on i s tre m e n d o u s i m m e n se ly s up e ri o r to th e reacti o n
o f d re am o r i mag i n at i on i m m e n se l y m ore i n te n s e tha n
th e re a cti o n o f se n se pe rce pti on
I t i s s upe r se n su o us
p e rc ep ti on an d th e m i n d i n th at state i s cal l e d s u pe r
c o n sc i o u s
A n d wh e n i t rea ch e s th e m e trop o l i s o f al l
se n sati o n s th e b ra i n th e w h ol e b ra i n a s i t we r e ,
rea ct s a n d e v e ry p e rce i v i ng m ol e cu l e i n th e b o d y a s
i t we re reacts an d t h e re s ul t i s th e ful l b l a z e o f i l l u
m i n at i on th e p e rce pt i o n o f th e S e l f A s th i s K uzzaa l i n i
force t r av e l s fro m c e n tre t o ce n tre l aye r a fte r l aye r o f
th e m i n d a s i t we re w i l l b e o p e n e d up a n d th i s u n i
ve rse w i l l b e p e rce i ve d by th e Y og i i n i ts n e o r c oarse
form
T h e n al o n e th e ca u se s o f th i s u n i ve rs e b oth a s
s e n sati o n an d re act i on w i l l b e k n o w n a s th e y a re an d
h e nc e w i l l c o m e al l k n o wl e d ge T h e ca u s e s b e i n g
k n o wn th e k n o wl e d ge o f th e e ffe ct s i s s u re to fol l o w
T h u s th e rou s i n g o f th e K a zzaa l zn i i s th e o n e an d
o n l y way to attai n i n g D i v i n e Wi sd o m a n d su p e r c o n
sc i o u s p e rc e p t i o n th e real i sat i o n o f th e S p i ri t
I t m ay
co m e i n va r i o us ways th ro ugh l o ve fo r G o d th ro ugh
th e m er cy o f p e rfe cte d s age s o r t h ro u gh th e p o we r o f
th e a n al y ti c w i l l o f t h e p h i l os op h e r Wh e re v e r th e re
i s an y m a n i fes tati on o f wh at i s ord i n ari l y cal l e d s up er
natu ral p o we r o r w i sd o m th e r e m u s t h a v e b e e n a l i ttl e

c u rre n t o f K a p oa l zn i wh i ch fo u n d i ts way i n t o th e

Sm a m mi
On ly i n th e v a s t m aj ori ty o f s u c h cas e s o f
,

'

'

'

R A JA

54

Y O GA

s u per na t u ral i s m th e y h ad i gn oran tl y s t u m bl e d o n to


s ome pra cti ce w h i ch se t f r e e a m i n u te p orti o n o f th e
co i l e d up K a zzaa l zzzi
co n sc i o u sl y o r
A l l w ors h i p
u n co n sc i o u s l y l ead s to th i s e nd
T h e m an w h o th i n k s
that h e i s re ce i v i n g re sp o n se s to h i s p raye rs d oe s n o t
k n o w that t h e fu l l m e n t cam e o n l y fro m h i s o w n
nat ure that h e h as s u cce e d e d by th e m e ntal att i tu d e
o f p raye r i n wak i n g u p a b i t o f th i s i n n i te p owe r
w h i c h i s co i l e d u p w i th i n h i m se l f Wh om th u s m e n
ign ora n tl y w orsh i p u n d er v ari o u s n am e s th ro ugh fear
a n d trib u lat i o n th e Yog i d e clare s t o th e w o r l d to b e th e
real p owe r co i l e d u p i n e ve ry b e i ng th e m o th e r o f e te r
nal h app i ne ss i f we k n ow h ow t o ap p roach h e r A n d
R af a Yog a i s t h e s c i e n ce o f re l i gi o n th e rat i onal e o f
al l w orsh i p , a l l p ray e rs , f orm s , ce r e m o n i e s , a n d
m i ra c l e s
-

'

C H A P T ER
T

HE

C O NT

ROL

P S Y C H IC P R A N A

OF

W E h a ve n ow to d eal w i th th e e xe rc i se s i n F r am i
ma
i
We
hav
e
se
e
n
t
hat
th
e

rst
s
te
p
wi
l
l
b
e
acco
r
d
y
i n g t o t h e Yog i : t o co n t r ol th e m o ti o n o f th e l u ngs
Wha t we wa n t t o d o i s t o fe el th e n e r m o ti on s th at are
go i n g o n i n t h e b o dy
O u r m i n d s hav e be co m e
e x te rnal i se d an d h av e l os t si gh t o f th e n e m ot i o n s
inside
I f we c a n begi n t o fe e l t h e m w e ca n b egi n t o
c o nt r o l t he m
T h e s e n e rv e c urre n ts a re go i ng o n al l
ove r th e b o d y b ri ngi ng l i fe an d v i tal i ty t o e v e r y m u s cl e
b u t w e d o n o t fe e l th e m T h e Yog i say s we can l earn t o
d o so
B y tak i n g u p a n d c o n tro l l i ng a l l th e s e
ow ?
m o t i o n s o f th e P r ci n a b egi n n i ng w i th th e m o ti o n o f th e
l u n gs a n d wh e n w e hav e d o n e th at fo r a s u f c i e nt
l e ngth o f ti m e we s hal l al s o b e abl e to co n tro l th e n e r
m o ti o ns
We n o w co m e to th e e xe rc i se s i n P r ci zuiyci m a
S it
u pri gh t ; t h e b o dy m us t b e k e p t s t r aigh t
T h e s p i nal
c ord al t h o ugh i t i s i n s i d e th e v e rte b r al co l u m n i s n o t
attach e d to i t
I f y o u s i t cro ok e d l y y ou d i stu rb th i s
S p i nal co r d s o l e t i t be free
A n y t i m e that yo u s i t
cro ok e d l y an d t r y to m e d i tate y o u are d o i n g y o u rs el f
a n i nj u ry T h e th re e parts o f th e bo dy mu st be al ways
h e l d straigh t t h e c h e st th e n e ck a n d th e h ead i n o n e
,

[5 5]

R A JA

6
5

Y O GA

l in e
Y o u w il l n d tha t by a l i ttl e p racti ce th i s w il l
co m e to y o u j u s t as bre ath i n g T he s e co n d th i n g i s
to ge t co n trol o f th e n e rve s
We h av e s e e n th at t he
n erv e ce n tre th at co n trol s th e re s p i ratory o r gans has
a s ort o f co n trol l i n g e ffe ct o n th e othe r n e rves a n d
r hyth m i cal bre ath i n g i s th e re fore n e c e ssary
T he
breath i ng th a t we ge n e ral ly u s e s h o u l d n o t b e call e d
breath i ng a t al l
I t i s v e r y i rre gu l ar
T h e n th e re a r e
som e natu ral d i ffe r e n ce s o f breath i n g b e twee n m e n
an d w om e n
T h e r s t l e s s o n i s j u s t to b reath e i n a m e a s u re d way
i n an d o u t
T h at w i l l h a r m o n i s e th e sys te m W h en
y ou have p racti se d th i s for s o m e ti m e y o u w i l l d o we l l
to j oi n th e re pe t i ti o n o f s o m e w ord t o i t as
or
a n y o th e r sacre d w ord an d l e t th e word ow i n an d
ou
t w i th th e breath r hyth m i cal ly harm o n i o usl y a n d
w
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n
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b
ody
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be
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T h e n y ou w il l l ear n wh at re s t i s
S l e e p i s n ot rest
co mparat i vel y
O n ce t h i s re s t h as co m e th e m ost
t i r e d n e rve s w i l l b e cal m e d d own an d yo u w il l n d
t hat yo u h ave n e v e r b e fo re real l y re ste d
I n Ind ia we
u s e ce rtai n sy mbol i cal w ord s i n s te ad o f co u n ti n g o n e
tw o th r e e fo u r
T h at i s w h y I ad vi s e yo u to j oi n th e
o r oth e r sacre d wo rd
m e n tal repe ti ti o n o f th e
t o th e P n i m iyci m a
T h e rs t e ffe ct o f th i s p ract i ce w il l b e th at th e face
w i l l C h an ge ; ha r s h l i n e s w il l d i sapp ear ; w ith th i s cal m
th o ugh t cal m n e s s wi l l c o me o ve r th e face
N e x t,
b e au ti ful vo i ce wi l l co m e
I n e ve r s a w a Yog i wi th a
T h e s e si gn s wi l l co me a fte r a f e w
c r o ak i n g v o i ce
.

T H E C O NT R O L O F P S Y C H I C P R A N A

57

A fte r p racti si n g th i s rst b reath i n g


m o n th s pra cti ce
f o r a fe w d ay s yo u tak e u p a hi ghe r o n e
Sl o wl y l l
th e l un gs wi th b r eath th ro ugh th e I a ci t h e l e ft n o s tri l
an d a t th e sam e ti m e co n ce n t r at e th e m i n d o n th e
Y o u are a s i t we r e se n d i ng th e n e rve
n e rve cu rr e n t
c u rre n t do w n th e spi n al co l u m n an d s tri k i n g vi o l e n tl y
o n th at l as t p l e xu s th e basi c l o tu s wh i c h i s tri a n gu lar
a a l zn i
i n fo r m t h e s eat o f t h e s
T h e n h o l d th e
c urre n t t h e r e f o r so m e ti m e
I magi n e that yo u are
s lo wl y d ra wi ng tha t n e rve cu rre n t w i th t h e breath
t h r o ugh th e o th e r si d e th e n s l o wly th ro w i t o ut th r o ugh
t h e r i ght n o st r i l
T h i s yo u wi l l n d a l i ttl e d i fcu l t t o
p racti s e
T h e eas i e s t w a y i s t o s to p t h e ri gh t n o st r i l
wi t h t h e th u mb a n d th e n S l ow l y d raw i n t h e b r ea th
thro ugh th e l e ft ; the n C l o se b oth n o stri l s w i t h t h u mb
an d fo re n ge r a n d i magi n e that yo ua re se n d i n g that
c urre n t d ow n a n d stri k i n g t h e bas e o f th e S a f a m m i ;
th e n tak e th e th u mb o ff an d l e t th e breath o ut th r o ugh
th e r i gh t n o stri l
N e x t i n hal e sl owl y thr o ugh th at
n os tril k e e p i n g th e oth e r cl os e d by th e fo r e n ge r th e n
C l os e b o th a s b e fore
Th e w ay th e H i n d u
s p r a cti se
th i s w ou l d b e ve r y d i f cu l t f o r t hi s c o u n try b e ca us e
th e y d o i t fro m t h e i r c h il d h ood a n d th e i r l u ngs a re
pre pa r e d fo r i t
H e r e i t i s wel l t o b egi n w it h fo u r
s e con d s a n d S l o wl y i n c r ease
D r aw i n fo u r s e co n d s
h ol d i n s i x te e n s e con d s th e n th r o w o ut i n e igh t
se co n d s T h i s mak es o n e P r ci zzciyri m a A t th e sa m e ti m e
th i n k o f th e t r i an gl e c on ce n t r a te th e m i n d o n that
ce n tre
T h e i magi na ti o n ca n h el p yo u a g r eat d eal
T he n e xt b rea th i n g i s sl ow l y d ra w i n g t h e b rea t h i n , a n d

,
'

R A JA

58

Y O GA

th e n i m me d ia tel y th row i n g i t o u t S l o wl y an d the n sto p


p i n g th e b r ea th o ut u s i n g t h e sam e n u mb ers T h e
o nl y d i ffe re n c e i s that i n th e rst ca se th e b r eath wa s
h el d i n an d i n th e s e c o n d he l d o ut
T h e las t i s the
ea s i e r o ne
T h e b r eath i ng i n w h i c h y o u h ol d th e
breath i n th e l u ngs m u st n ot b e p ra cti se d to o m u ch
D O i t o nly fo u r t i m e s i n th e m orn i n g a n d fo ur ti me s
i n th e e ve n i n g T h e n yo uca n sl owl y i n c r e ase th e t i m e
a n d n u mb e r Y o u w i l l n d t hat y o u h ave th e p owe r
to d o s o a n d th at yo u tak e pl e as ure i n i t
S o ve ry
ca r e fu l l y a n d ca ut i o u sl y i n c r ease a s y o u fee l th at yo u
h av e th e p owe r t o s i x i n s tea d o f fo u r
I t may i nj ure
y o u i f yo u p r acti se i t i rr egu l arl y
O f th e th r e e p r o ce sse s th e p u ri cati o n o f th e n e r ve s
th e re ta i n i ng th e b r e a t h i n s i d e a n d th e ke e p i ng th e
b r e ath o uts i d e th e r s t a n d th e l as t a r e n e i th e r d i i
C ul t n o r d ange r o u s T h e m ore y o u p ra c ti se th e rst

J u s t th i n k o f 0m a n d
o n e t h e cal me r yo u w i l l b e
o
c
a
n
p
rac
ti
s
e
ve
n
wh
i
l
e
u
are
s
i
tt
i
n
g
a
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w ork
Y o u w i l l b e al l th e b e tte r for i t
O n e d ay i f
For
o u p racti se h a rd th e K a n da l zn i w i l l be aro u se d
y
th o s e w h o p racti se o n ce o r tw i ce a day j u s t a l i tt l e
cal m ne s s o f th e b o dy a n d m i n d w i l l c ome a n d be au ti
fu l vo i ce ; o n l y for th o se w h o ca n go o n fu r th e r w i th i t
wi l l th i s K uzzaa l i n i b e a r ou se d a n d t h e wh ol e o f th i s
natu r e w i l l begi n t o ch an ge a nd th e b o ok o f k n owl e dge
wi l l b e O pe n
N o m o r e w i l l yo u n ee d to go to bo ok s
for k n owl e dge ; yo u r o w n m i nd w i l l h ave be co m e yo u r
bo o k co n ta i n i n g i n n i te k n o wl e dge
I h ave al re ad y
o a n d P i ng a l d c u r re n ts , o w i n g th ro u g h
s po k e n o f th e zo
,

HE

C O NT R O L O F PS Y C H I C P R A N A

59

i th e r s i d e o f th e sp i nal co l u mn al so o f th e Suf w m zd
th e pa s sage th r o ugh th e ce n tre o f th e sp i n al cord
T h e se th re e are p r e se n t i n e ve r y a n i mal ; wh ate ve r h as
a sp i n al co lu m n h as th e se th re e l i n e s o f ac ti on bu t th e
Y og i : C l ai m tha t i n o rd i na r y m an k i n d th e S uf um m i i s
C l o se d th at a cti o n t h e r e i s n o t e v i de n t w h i l e i n t h e
o th e r t wo i t i s e v i d e n t carry i n g po we r t o d i ff e re n t
pa r ts o f th e b o dy
'
T h e Y og i al o n e h as t h e S a i m m za ope n
Wh e n th i s

S m a m m i cu rr e n t O p e n s a n d th o ugh t begi n s to r i s e
t h r o ugh i t w e ge t bey o n d th e se n se s o ur m i n d s
b e c o m e s u p e r se n s u o u s su pe r c on s c i ou s we ge t beyo n d
e ve n th e i n te l l e c t a n d w h e r e re aso n i n g can n o t r e ach

T o o p e n tha t S ui um n a i s th e p ri me O bj e ct o f t h e Yog i
A cco rd i n g t o h i m al o n g th i s S a f a m m i a r e ra nged th e se
ce n t r e s o f d i stri bu ti o n o r i n m o r e gu rati ve la n guage
th e s e l o tu se s a s th e y a r e cal l e d
T h e l o wes t o n e i s at
th e l o we st e n d o f th e sp i nal co rd an d i s cal l ed M al i

t h e n ex t o n e i s cal l e d
th e n e x t
a i ta r a
t h e ne x t A m i /l a m th e n e x t
th e
o r a
f a m j
n e x t A jn a a n d th e l as t wh i c h i s i n th e brai n i s th e
"

th e th o usa n d pe tal l e d
O f th es e w e
S a /za s r ar a o r
h ave t o tak e c o gn i ti o n j u s t n o w o f o n l y t w o ce n tres
'
th e l owes t t h e M dl ci a l zar a a n d th e h igh e s t t h e S a ba :
T h e l o we st o n e i s wh e r e al l e n e r gy be co me s
f ri r a
s to re d u p an d th at e n e r gy h as to b e tak e n u p fro m
t h e r e a n d bro ugh t t o t h e l ast o n e th e brai n
The
Y og i : cl ai m th at o f al l th e e n e r gi e s th at th e h u ma n
b od y c o m pri se s th e h i gh e s t i s what th e y cal l
No w t h i s Oja : i s s to re d u p i n th e brai n , a n d th e m or e

R A JA

60

YO GA

i s i n a ma n s h ea d , th e m or e p o w e r fu l h e i s ,
th e m ore i n te l l e ct u al th e m o r e S p i ri tuall y s tro n g wi l l
that man be
T h i s i s th e acti o n o f 0ja :
O n e ma n
may sp ea k bea u ti ful lan guage a n d beau ti fu l th ou gh ts
bu t th e y d o n o t i m p re s s pe opl e ; a n othe r ma n sp ea ks
n e i th e r beau ti fu l l an guage n o r bea u ti fu l t h o u gh ts ye t
hi s w ord s c harm
T hat i s th e p o w e r o f Oja : co m i n g
ou t
Ev e ry m o v e me n t c o m i n g f ro m h i m wi l l be
p owe r ful
N o w i n a l l man k i n d th e re i s m ore o r l es s o f th i s Oja :
store d u p
A n d al l th e force s th at are wo rk i n g i n th e
Y o u m us t
bo dy , i n th e i r h i gh es t fo rm be co me Oja :
re m e mbe r t hat i t i s o n l y a q ue s ti o n o f tra n sfo rmati o n
T h e sam e forc e w h i ch i s wo rk i n g o utsi d e a s e l e ctri ci ty
o r magn e ti sm wi l l b e co m e C han ge d i n to i n n e r fo rce ;
t h e sam e fo rce s th at are w o rk i n g as m u sc u lar e n e rgy
wi l l b e ch a n ge d i n to Oja :
T h e Yog i : s a y t hat th at
part o f t h e h u ma n e n e rgy wh i ch i s e xp re s se d a s s e x
e n e r gy i n se x ual fu n cti o n s se x ual t h o ugh t , an d s o o n
w h e n ch e cke d a n d co n t r ol l e d eas i l y be co m es C han ge d
i n t o Oja : a n d a s th i s l ow e s t ce n tre i s th e o n e wh i c h
gu i d es al l t h e se fu n c ti o n s th e r e fo re t h e Yog i pay s par
t i c ul a r atte n ti o n to t ha t c e n tre
He t r i e s t o tak e u p
al l th i s se xu al e n e r gy a n d co n ve rt i t i nto 0f a :
It is
o nl y t h e c haste ma n o r w o ma n w ho c a n ma k e the Oja :
r i s e a n d b e co m e s to re d i n th e b r ai n
a n d that i s w h y
chas ti ty h as al way s b e e n co n si d e re d th e h i ghe s t v i rtue
be cau se ma n fe el s that i f h e i s u n chaste spi r i tual i ty
goe s a way h e l o se s m e ntal vi go u r a n d stro n g m o ra l
T hat i s w h y i n al l o f th e r e l i gi o u s o rd e rs i n
stam i n a

th e Oja :

T H E C O N T R O L O F PS Y CH I C P R A N A

61

th e wo rl d that h a v e p rod u c e d spi ri tual gi an ts yo uw il l


al ways nd th i s i n te ns e ch as ti ty i n s i s te d u po n
T h at
i s w hy th e m o n ks cam e i n to e xi s te n ce gi v i n g u p m ar
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W i th o u t i t th e p ract i ce o f R af a Yog a
i s d an ge ro u s an d may l e ad to i ns an i ty
If p eo pl e
practi s e R af a Yog a and a t th e same ti m e l e ad an i m o ure
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.

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PR A T YA

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l yci l za r a

NA

W hat i s th i s
Fi r s t o f al l th e r e are
Y o uk n ow h ow p ercep ti o n s c o me
th e e x te rnal i n s tru me n ts th e n th e i n te rnal o r gan s
acti ng i n th e b ody th rough th e bra i n ce n tre s a n d th e re
i s th e m i n d
W h e n th e se c om e toge th e r an d attach
th e m se l ve s to s om e e x te rnal th i ng th e n w e p erce i ve
th at th i ng A t th e same ti m e i t i s a ve ry d i c ul t th i n g
to c on ce n trate th e m i n d an d atta c h i t to o n e o r ga n
o n ly ; th e m i n d i s a sl ave

W e h ear b e goo d a n d b e go o d an d b e go od
taugh t al l o ve r th e worl d
T h e r e i s h ard ly a C h i l d
b orn i n a ny c o u ntry i n th e w o r l d w h o h as n o t b e e n to l d

"
d o n o t s te al
d o n o t te l l a l i e
b u t n ob ody te l l s
th e ch i l d h o w h e c a n h el p i t T al k i ng w i l l n e ve r d o i t
W h v sh o ul d h e n ot b e co me a th i e f ? We d o n o t teach
h i m h ow n o t to s teal ; we s i m p l y tel l h i m
do n ot
ste a l
O nl y w h e n w e teach h i m to co n trol h i s m i nd
A l l act i on s
d o w e real ly h el p h i m
i n ternal an d
e xte r nal o c cu r w h e n th e m i n d j o i n s i tse l f to c erta i n
ce n tre s w h i ch ce n tre s are cal l ed t he o rgan s W i l l i n gl y
o r u nw i ll i ngl y i t i s d r aw n t o j o i n i tsel f t o th e c e n t r e s
a n d th at i s wh y p e opl e d o fo ol i sh d e e d s a n d fe e l m i se ry
wh i ch i f th e m i n d w ere u n d e r co n trol th ey wo u l d n ot
T

ra

[ 6 2]

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63

do
W ha t wo ul d b e th e r e s ul t o f co n trol l i n g th e m i n d ?
I t th e n w o ul d n o t j o i n i tse l f to th e ce n tre s o f p e rcep
ti o n an d n at u ral l y fe el i ng an d w i l l i ng w o ul d b e u n d e r
co n trol
I t i s C l e ar s o far
I S i t p o s s ibl e ? I t i s pe r
Y o u s e e i t i n m o d e rn ti me s ; th e fai t h
f e c tl y p o ss i b l e
h eal e rs te ach p e opl e to d e ny m i se ry a n d p ai n an d ev i l
T h e i r p h il o s op h y i s r a th e r r o u ndab o u t b u t i t i s a part
In
o f Yog a i n to w h i ch th e y h av e so m e h ow s tu mbl e d
th os e case s wh ere th ey s u cce e d i n m ak i ng a p e rso n
thro w O ff s u ffe r i n g by d e n y i ng i t th ey h ave real ly

taugh t a part o f P r a zjci /za r a as th ey h ave m ad e th e


m i n d o f th e p e rs o n taugh t s tro n g e n o ugh to re fu se to
take u p th e re co r d o f th e s e ns es
T h e h yp n o tis ts i n
a s i m i l ar m an n e r b y th e i r s ugge s ti o n e x c i te i n th e
pati e n t a s o r t o f m orb i d P r a iyri /zci r a fo r th e ti m e be i ng
Th e s o cal l e d h yp no ti c s ugge s ti o n c a n o nl y act u p o n a
d i sease d b ody a n d a cl o u d e d m i n d
A n d u n ti l th e
O pe rato r by m ea n s o f xe d ga z e or o th e rw i s e h as s uc
c e e d e d i n pu tti n g t h e m i n d o f t h e s u bj e ct i n a s o rt o f
pas s i ve m o r b i d co n d it i o n h i s s ugge s ti o ns n e ve r wo r k
N o w th e co n trol O f th e ce n tres wh i ch i s e stabl i sh e d

i n a hyp n oti c p ati e n t o r th e pat i e n t o f fa i th h eal i n g


fo r a ti m e i s u tte rl y re p re h e ns i bl e b e cau s e i t l ead s to
I t i s n o t re all y co nt rol l i n g th e b rai n
ul ti mate rui n
ce nt res by th e p o we r o f o n e s o w n w i ll bu t i s as i t
we re s t u n n i n g th e pati e n t s m i n d f o r a ti m e b y s u dd e n
bl o ws wh i ch a n o th e r s w il l d el i ve rs t o i t
I t i s n ot
ch e ck i ng by m e an s o f re i n s a n d mu scu l ar stre n gth th e
m ad care e r o f a e ry te am b u t rath e r by as k i ng
a n o th e r to d e l i ve r h e avy b l o w s o n th e h e a d s o f th e
.

64

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YO G A

h ors e s , t o s t u n th e m f o r a ti m e i n to ge n tl e n es s
A t
e ach o n e O f th es e p ro cess e s th e m a n ope rate d u p o n
l ose s a part o f h i s m e n ta l e n e r gi e s an d at l as t th e
m i n d i n s te ad o f gai n i n g th e p o we r o f p e rfe c t c o n tro l
be co m e s a shap e l e ss po werl e ss mass a n d th e o n ly goal
o f the patie n t i s th e l u nati c asyl u m
E very a tte m p t a t co n tro l wh i ch i s n ot vo l u n tary n o t
w i th th e co n t r ol l e r s o w n m i nd i s no t o nl y d i sas t r o u s
b u t i t d e feats the e n d
T h e g Oa l o f e ach s o u l i s fre e
d o m mas tery free do m fro m th e sl avery o f m atter an d
th ou gh t m astery o f e x te r n al an d i n te rnal n ature
I n stead o f l e ad i n g toward s th at e ve ry w i l l cu rr e n t
fro m a n o th er i n w hatev e r fo r m i t com e s to m e e i th er
a s d ire ct con tro l o f my o rgan s o r as fo r ci n g m e to
co n t r o l th e m wh i l e u n de r a m orb i d c o n d i ti o n o n ly
ri ve ts o n e l i nk m o r e to th e al ready e x i st i ng h eavy c hai n
o f b o n dage o f pas t th o ugh ts pas t s u p ersti ti o n
T h e re
fo r e b e ware h ow yo ual l ow y o u r se l ve s t o b e acte d u p o n
B ewa r e h o w yo u u n k n ow i n gl y bri ng
by o th e r s
a n o th er to ru i n
T rue s om e s u c ce e d i n d o i ng goo d
t o many fo r a ti m e by gi vi ng a n e w t r e n d to th e ir
prope n s i ti e s b u t at th e sam e ti m e th ey bri n g ru i n t o
m i l l i o n s by th e u n co n s c i o u s hyp n oti c s ug g e s t i o n S th ey
th ro w aro u n d r o us i ng i n m e n an d wom e n that m o r b i d
pass i v e h yp n oti c co n d i ti o n w h i ch mak e s the m al m os t
s ou l l e ss at l ast W h o s oe ve r there fo r e ask s a ny o ne
to be l i e ve b l i n d ly o r d r ags man k i nd b e h i n d h i m th r o ugh
co n trol l i ng i t b y h i s sup e r i o r wi l l i s a n i n ju r e r t o
hu man i ty th o ugh h e may n o t h ave i n te n d e d i t
T h e re fore us e y o u r o w n m i nd s co n trol b od y a n d
.

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65

m i n d y o u rse l ve s re m e mbe r tha t u n ti l y o u are a d i sease d


pe r so n n o e x tra n e o u s w i l l ca n work up o n yo u a n d
avo i d e ve ryo n e h o we ve r gre at an d goo d h e may b e
wh o as k s yo u to b l i n d ly b e l i e ve
A l l ove r the worl d
the re h av e b e e n da n c i n g a nd j u mp i ng a n d h o w l i n g
se cts w h o sp re ad l i k e i n fe cti o n s w h e n th e y be gi n to
s i ng a n d d an ce a n d p r each ; th e y al s o co m e u n d e r th i s
h ead i ng
T h e y e xe r c i se a s i ngu l ar con t r o l f o r th e
ti m e be i ng ove r s e n s i ti ve p e rs o n s alas o fte n i n th e
l o n g r u n to d ege n e rate w h o l e r ace s A ye i t i s h e al th i e r
f o r th e i n d i v i d ual o r th e race to r e ma i n w i ck e d th an
t o b e m ad e ap pare n tly go od by s uch m o r b i d e x tra n e o u s
c o n tro l
O n e s h e art s i n k s to th i n k o f th e a m o u n t o f
i n j ury d o n e to h u man i ty by s u c h i rre sp o ns i bl e y e t we l l
m e a n i ng re l i gi o u s fa nat i cs
T h ey l i ttl e k n o w th a t th e
m i n d s w h i c h atta i n to s u d d e n sp i r i tual up h e aval u nd e r
th e i r s u gge s ti o n s w i th m u s i c a n d p ray ers are s i mp l y
m ak i n g th e m se l ve s p ass i ve m o r b i d a n d p o we rl e ss a n d
o pe n i n g th e m se l ve s to a ny o th e r s u gge st i o n b e i t e ve r
L i ttl e d o th e se ign o r a n t d e l u d e d pe rs o n s
so evil
d re a m tha t w h i l s t th ey are c o ngratu l ati ng th e m se l ve s
u p o n th e i r m i ra cu l o u s p owe r to tra n sfor m h u ma n
h ea r ts w h i c h p owe r th ey th i n k was p o ure d u p o n the m
by s o m e B e i ng ab ov e th e cl o u d s th ey are s ow i ng th e
s e e d s o f f u tu r e d e cay o f cri m e o f l u nacy an d o f
d ea th
T h ere for e b e wa r e o f e ve ryth i n g th at tak e s
K n o w th at i t i s dan ge ro u s
a way y o u r fre e d o m
a n d avo i d i t by al l th e m e a n s i n y o ur p owe r
He w ho
h a s s u cc e e d e d i n a ttach i n g or d e ta ch i ng h i s m i n d to o r
fr o m th e ce n tr e s at w i l l h as s u c c e e d e d i n P r a tyci /ui r a
,

66

R A JA

YO GA

w h i ch m ean s ga th e r i ng towa r d s
ch e ck i n g th e o ut
go i n g p owe r s o f th e m i n d f r e e i ng i t f r o m th e th ral d om
o f th e se n se s
Wh e n w e can d o th i s w e S hal l re al ly
p osse s s a ch a r acte r ; th e n al on e w e s h al l h ave m ad e a
l ong step toward s fre e d o m ; b efo re th at w e are m ere
mach i nes
H ow ha r d i t i s to con tro l th e m i n d
W e l l ha s i t
b e e n co mp a r e d to th e mad d e n e d m on k ey
T h e r e was
a m on k ey re stl e s s by h i s o w n n atu r e a s al l m on k ey s
A S i f th at we r e n o t e n o ugh so m e o n e m ade h i m
are
d ri n k free ly o f w i n e s o th at h e b e cam e sti l l m o r e r e s t
l e ss
T h e n a s c o r p i on s tu ng h i m
Wh en a man i s
stun g by a s c o r p io n h e j u m p s abo u t f o r a w h o l e day
s o th e p oo r mo n ke y fo u n d h i s c on d i ti o n worse than
e ve r T o c omp l e te h i s m i se ry a d e m o n e n te re d i n to
him
Wha t l ang uage can d e s crib e th e u n co n trol labl e
res tl ess n es s o f th at m o n key ? T h e h u man m i n d i s l i k e
th at m on key ; i n c e s san tl y a c tiv e b y i ts o w n n at u re
th e n i t be co me s d r u n k w i th th e W i n e o f d e s ire th u s
i n creas i n g i ts tu rb u l e n ce A fte r d e s i re tak e s p oss ess i o n
com e s th e s ti n g o f th e s corp i o n o f j eal ou sy o f o th e rs
w h os e d es i re s m e e t w i th fu l l m e n t an d las t of al l th e
d em o n o f p ri d e tak es p os s ess i o n o f th e m i n d m ak i ng
i t thi n k i ts e l f o f al l i m p ortance
H ow h ard to co n trol
su ch a m i n d
T h e rs t l ess o n th e n i s to s i t f o r s om e ti m e an d l e t
th e mi n d r u n o n
T h e mi nd i s b ubbl i n g u p al l t h e
ti m e
I t i s l i k e th at m o n k ey j u mpi n g ab ou t
Let the
m on k ey j u m p as m uch as h e c a n ; yo u s i m p ly wai t an d
K n owl e dg e i s p owe r s ays t h e p ro v e rb an d
w atch
,

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U n ti l yo u k n ow w hat th e m i n d i s d oi n g
that i s tr u e
n o t co n t r ol i t
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o
can
G iv e i t th e fu l l l en gth o f th e
y
r e i n s ; man y m os t h i de o us t h ou gh ts m ay c o m e i n to i t ;
y o u w i l l b e as to n i s h e d th at i t was p os s i ble fo r y o u to
B ut yo u w i l l n d that e ach d ay
t h i n k s u ch t h oughts
t h e m i n d s vagari e s a r e be co m i ng l es s an d l ess V i o l e n t
th at eac h d ay i t i s be co m i n g cal m e r
I n th e r s t fe w
m o n th s yo uw i l l n d th at th e m i n d wi l l h av e a th o u sa n d
th o ugh ts l ate r yo u wi l l n d that i t i s to ne d d ow n to
p e r h ap s s ev e n h u n d r e d an d afte r a fe w m o r e m o n th s i t
w i ll h av e few e r an d fe we r u n ti l a t l as t i t wi l l b e u n d e r
p erfe ct c o n t r ol bu t w e m u s t p ati e n tl y p racti s e e v e r y
A s so o n as th e steam i s t u rn e d o n th e e ngi n e
day
mu s t r u n an d as s o o n a s th i ngs a r e b e fo r e u s w e m u s t
p erce i ve ; s o a m an to p r ov e that he i s n o t a mach i n e
mu s t d e m o n s t r ate th at h e i s u n d e r th e c o n tro l o f n oth
ing
T h i s c o n t r o l l i ng o f t h e m i n d an d n o t al l o w i ng i t
H o w i s th i s
t o j o i n i ts el f t o th e ce n t r e s i s P r a tyci /zd r a
pra c ti s e d
I t i s a l o n g w o r k , n o t to b e d o n e i n a day
O n l y afte r a p ati e n t co n ti n u o u s s tru ggl e fo r yea r s c a n
we su c c e e d
T h e n e x t l e s so n de pe n ds o n th i s
A fte r yo u h av e

prac t i s e d th e P r a tyci /za r a f o r a t i m e tak e th e n e x t s te p


th e D /zar a m i h ol d i n g th e m i n d to certai n p o i n ts
W h a t i s m ea n t by h ol d i n g th e m i n d to ce rta i n p o i n ts ?
Fo rci n g th e m i n d to fee l c e rtai n parts o f th e b o dy to
F o r i n stan ce t r y t o fe el o n l y
th e e x cl u s i o n o f ot h e r s
th e h a n d t o t h e e x cl u s i o n o f o th e r pa r t s o f t h e b o d y
W h e n t he C /zztta o r m i n d stu ff i s c o n n e d an d l i m i te d
to a certa i n place th i s i s cal l e d D l zdr a zzci T h i s D l ui r a gzd
.

'

'

R A JA

68

YO GA

i s o f v ari ou s s orts an d al o ng w i th i t , i t i s b e tt e r to
h ave a l i ttl e p lay o f th e i magi nati o n
For i n s ta n ce
th e m i n d s h o u l d be mad e to th i n k o f o n e p o i n t i n th e
h eart T hat i s ve ry d i f c u l t ; an eas i e r way i s to i m agi n e
a l o tu s th e r e
T ha t l otu s i s fu l l o f l i gh t e ff ul ge n t
P ut the m i nd th ere
l igh t
O r th i n k o f th e l otu s i n
th e bra i n as fu l l o f li gh t o r o f th e d i ffere n t ce n tres i n
th e S ura m m i m e n ti o n e d be fore
T h e Yog i m u s t al way s p r a cti s e
H e s h o ul d try to
l i ve a l o n e ; th e co mpan i on s h i p o f d i ff e re n t s o rts o f
p e op l e d i st r acts h i s m i n d ; h e sh o u l d n o t sp eak m u c h ,
b e cau se to spea k d i s t r a c ts th e m i n d ; n or w ork m u ch
b e ca u s e t o o m u ch w o r k d i st r a c ts th e m i n d ; th e m i n d
ca n n o t b e co n tro l l e d afte r a wh ol e day s ha rd w ork
O n e w i th s u c h a d e te r m i na ti o n b e com e s a Yog i
S u ch
i s th e p owe r o f go od tha t e ve n th e l eas t d on e w i l l b ri n g
a g r eat a m o un t o f b e n e t
I t wi l l n o t h u r t an y on e b u t
w i l l b e n e t e ve ry on e
Fi rs t o f a l l i t w i l l ton e d ow n
n e rvo us e x ci tem e n t b r i n g ca l m n e ss e nab l e u s to se e
th i n gs m o r e cl earl y
T h e te m pe ra m e n t w i l l b e b e tte r
a n d th e h eal th w i l l b e b e tte r
S o u n d h eal th W i l l be
on e o f th e r s t S i gn s a n d a bea u ti f ul vo i c e
De fe cts
i n th e vo i c e w i l l b e cha nge d
This w ill be among the
rst o f t h e man y e ffe cts th at w i l l co m e
Th os e w h o
p r acti s e hard w il l ge t man y o th e r s i gn s So me ti me s
th e r e w il l b e sou n d s as a p eal o f be l l s h eard at a d i s
tan ce c o m m i ngl i ng a n d fal l i n g o n th e e a r a s o n e co n
S om e ti me s th i ngs w i l l b e s e e n l i ttl e
t i n uo us s o u n d
sp e ck s o f l igh t oat i n g a n d b e c o m i n g b i gge r a nd b i g
ge r a n d w h e n th e se t h i ngs com e k n ow tha t y o u a r e
,

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e
ro
r
T h o se w h o wan t to b e Yog i :
p g ssi n g v e r y fast
a n d p ra ctis e v e ry h ard
m u st tak e a l i ttl e ca r e o f th e ir
d ie t a t rs t
T h ose w h o wan t to mak e ve r y rap i d p r o
gre s s i f th e y c a n l i ve o n m i l k al o ne for s om e m on th s
B ut fo r th ose
an d cere al s w i l l n d i t a n adva n tage
w h o wan t o n l y a l i ttl e p racti c e f o r e ve r y day b u s i ne s s
s ort o f l i fe l e t th e m n o t eat t o o m u ch bu t othe rw i s e
th ey may e a t w hate ve r th ey pl ease
Fo r th ose w h o wa n t t o mak e faste r p rog r e s s a n d t o
pract i s e h ard a st r i ct d i e t i s ab s ol u te l y n e c e ssa r y
A s th e o rga n i sati o n be co me s ne r a n d n e r a t r s t
y ou w i l l n d th a t th e l east th i n g th rows y o u o ut o f bal
a nc e
O n e b i t o f fo o d m o r e o r l e ss w i l l d i stu rb th e
w h o l e sy ste m u n ti l yo u ge t p e r fe c t c o ntrol an d th e n
o
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d rop p i n g o f a p i n w i l l see m l i k e a th u n d e rb ol t go i ng
th rou gh y ou r b r a i n
T h e o r gan s ge t n e r an d th e
p e rce p ti o n s ge t n e r
T h e se a r e th e stage s th ro ugh
w h i c h w e h a v e to pass an d al l th o se wh o p e r sev e r e
w i l l s u cce e d
G iv e u p al l a r gu m e ntati o n a n d oth e r
d i st r a c t i o n s
Is th e r e a ny th i n g i n th i s d r y i nte l l e ctua l
j argo n ? I t o n l y th row s th e m i nd off i ts bal an c e an d
d i s tu rbs i t
T h e se th i ngs h av e t o b e r e al i se d
Wi l l
R e ad o nl y
S o gi v e u p al l va i n tal k
t a l k i ng d o th a t
t h os e b o ok s w h i ch h ave b e e n w r i tte n by pe rso n s w h o
h av e h ad re al i sati o n
T h ere i s a pre tty I n d ian
B e l i k e th e p earl oyste r
fabl e to th e e ffe ct th at i f i t rai n s w he n th e s tar S v dti i s
i n th e as c e n d an t , an d a d rop o f ra i n fal l s i n to a n
.

R AJA

7o

Y O GA

o yste r that d rop w i l l b e com e a p ea r l


T h e oy s te rs
k n ow th i s s o th ey c om e to th e s urface w h e n t hat s tar
s h i n es an d wa i t t o c atch th e p r e ci ou s r ai n d rop
Wh e n o n e fal l s i n to th e s h el l qu i c kl y th e oys ter cl ose s
i t an d d i ve s d ow n to th e b otto m o f t h e s e a th e r e t o
pati e n tl y d evel op th e d r o p i n to th e p ea r l
We s h ou l d
b e l i k e that
Fi r s t h ear t h e n u n d erstan d an d th e n
l eavi n g al l d i s tra c ti on s S h u t o ur m i n d s to o u ts i d e i n u
e nc es
an d d e v ote o u r se l ve s to d eve l op i n g th e tru th
w i th i n u s
T h e r e i s th e d ange r o f f r i tte r i n g away o ur
e n e r gi e s b y t a k i n g up a n i dea o nl y f o r i ts n ove l ty a n d
t he n gi vi n g i t u p fo r an o th e r t hat i s n ewe r
Tak e o n e
th i n g u p an d d o i t an d s e e th e e n d o f i t a n d b e fo r e
o u h ave se e n th e e n d d o n o t gi ve i t u p
H
e
h
w
o
n
c
a
y
b e c om e mad u p o n an i dea h e al on e w i l l se e l i gh t
T h os e th at o n l y tak e a n i bbl e h e r e a n d th e r e w i l l n e ve r
attai n a nyth i ng
T hey may t i ti l l ate th e i r n e rve s fo r a
m om e n t b u t th ere i t w i l l e n d
T h ey w i l l b e sl ave s i n
th e h an d s o f natu r e an d w i l l n e ve r ge t b ey o n d th e
s e n se s
T h o se w h o re al l y wan t t o b e Yog i : m u s t gi ve u p
o n ce fo r al l th i s n ibb l i n g at th i ngs
Tak e u p o n e i d ea
Mak e th at o n e i d ea you r l i fe ; d ream o f i t ; th i n k o f i t ;
l i ve on th at i dea
Le t th e b r ai n th e bo dy m u scle s
n erve s
e very part o f y o ur b ody be f ul l o f th at i d ea
an d j u s t l eave e ve r y oth e r i d ea al o n e
T h i s i s th e way
to s u cce ss an d th i s i s t h e w a y great sp i ri tual gian ts a r e
p rodu ce d
O th e r s a r e m e r e tal k i n g mach i n e s
If w e
real l y wan t t o be bl e sse d an d m ak e o th e r s bl e sse d we
m u st g o d eepe r an d f o r th e rst step d o n o t d is t urb
,

PR A T Y A
th e

HA R A

AND

H A R ANA

71

m i n d a n d d o n o t as soc iate w i th p ers o n s wh o se


i deas are d is turb i n g A l l o f y o u k n ow tha t ce rtai n
p e r s on s ce rtai n p l ace s ce r tai n fo ods r e p e l you
A v o i d the m ; an d th ose w h o wan t to g o t o th e h igh e st
m u st av o i d al l c om pan y go od o r bad
P racti s e h ard ;
w h e th e r y o u l i ve o r d i e i t d o e s n o t matte r Y o u h av e
t o pl unge i n an d w ork w i th o u t th i n k i n g o f th e re s ul t
I f y o u a r e b r ave e n o ugh i n s i x m o n th s yo uw i l l b e a
p erfe ct Yog i
B ut for o th e r s th ose w h o tak e u p j u s t
a b i t o f i t a l i ttl e o f e ve ryth i ng th ey ge t n o h igh e r
I t i s o f n o u s e t o s i m pl y tak e a co u r s e o f l es s o n s
T h ose w h o a r e f u l l o f T a m a : ign o r an t an d d ul l th o se
w h o se m i nd s n ev e r ge t xe d o n any i d ea w h o o n ly
crave for s o m e th i n g to e n te r ta i n th e m re l igi o n a n d
p h i l os op h y are s i m p l y e n tertai n me n ts to th e m
They
c om e t o rel igi o n as to an e n te r tai n m e n t an d ge t that
l i ttl e b i t o f e n te rtai n m e n t
T h e se are th e un p e r s e v e r
ing
T h ey h ear a tal k th i nk i t ve ry n i ce an d th e n go
h o m e a nd fo r ge t al l ab o u t i t T o s u cce e d yo u m u s t
hav e t r e m e n d o u s p e r se ve ran ce t r e m e n d o u s wi l l

I w i l l d ri n k th e o cean
say s th e p e r se ve r i n g s o u l

H ave that
A t m y w i l l m o u n ta i n s w i l l c r u mb l e up
s o r t o f e n e r gy th at s ort o f w i l l , work hard , a n d yo u
w i l l r e ach th e g oal
,

V II

C HA P T E R
DHY A NA

A ND

M AD H

SA

W E h ave n i sh e d a c u r s ory re v i e w o f th e d i ffe re n t


step s i n R af a Yog a e x ce p t th e n e r o n e s th e tra i n i n g
i n con ce n trati o n w h i ch i s th e ai m th e goal t o wh i ch
W e s e e a s h u m an b e i ngs
R af a Y og a w i l l l ea d u s
that al l o ur k n owl ed ge wh i ch i s cal l e d rati onal i s
re fe r r e d to c o n s c i o u sn e s s
I a m c on s ci o u s o f th i s
tabl e I am c on sc i o u s o f y o u r p r e se n ce an d s o fo r th
an d that mak e s m e k n o w tha t yo u a re h e re a n d that
th e tab l e i s h e re an d th i ngs I s e e fe e l an d h ea r a r e
here
A t th e sam e ti m e th e re i s a ve r y g r eat pa r t o f
m y e x i ste n ce o f w hi ch I a m n o t co n sc i o u s al l th e
d i ffe r e n t o r gan s i n si d e th e b o d y th e d i ffe re n t p a r ts o f
th e b r ai n th e b r ai n i tse l f ; n ob o dy i s c on s ci o u s o f
t h e se th i ngs
W h e n I eat fo o d I d o i t co n sci o u sl y w h e n I assi m i
l ate i t I d o i t u n c on s c i o u sl y w h e n th e fo o d i s man u
f a c tur e d i n to b l o od i t i s d o n e u n co n s ci o u sl y ; wh e n ou t
o f th e b l oo d al l t h e d i ffe r e n t part s o f m y b ody are
m ad e i t i s d o n e u n co n s ci o u sl y ; a n d ye t i t i s I wh o a m
d oi n g th i s ; th e r e ca n n ot b e twe n ty p e op l e i n th i s o n e
b ody
o w d o I k n o w th at I d o i t an d n ob ody el se
I t may b e ur ge d th at m y b us i n es s is o nl y i n eati n g the
f ood a nd a ss i m il ati n g th e fo od a n d th at m a n uf a c t ur
,

[ 72]

H YA N A A N D S A M A D H I

73

i ng th e b od y o ut o f th e food i s d o n e f o r m e b y so me
b o dy el se
T hat ca n n o t be be caus e i t can be de m o n
that al m os t eve ry acti o n of w h i ch w e are
s tr a t e d
u n co ns c i o u s n o w can be agai n bro ugh t u p to th e p l an e
co n sci o us n e ss
T h e h ear t i s b eati n g appare n tl y
of
w i th o u t o ur c o n t r ol ; w e n o n e o f u s h ere c a n c o n trol
th e h eart ; i t goe s o n i ts o w n w a y B ut b y p racti ce
m e n c a n b r i n g ev e n th e h eart u n d er c o n trol u n t il i t
w i l l j u s t b eat a t w i l l sl ow ly o r qu i ckl y o r a l m o s t
s to p
N early e ve r y pa r t o f th e b o dy c a n b e b rou gh t
u n de r c o n trol
W ha t d oe s th i s S h ow ? T ha t th e se
th i n gs w h i ch a re b e n ea t h c o n s ci o u s n e ss a r e al so wo r k e d
by u s o n l y w e a r e d o i n g i t u n c o n sci o u sl y
We h av e
th e n two p l an e s i n w h ic h th e h u man m i n d i s w o r k i n g
Fi rst i s th e co n sci o u s p l an e ; th at i s to say th at s o r t o f
wo r k w h i c h i s a lway s a ccom pa n i e d wi t h th e fee l i n g o f
ego i s m
N e x t co m e s th e u n c o n sci o u s p lan e th e wo r k
be n eath , t h at w h i ch i s u n a c co mp an i e d by th e fee l i n g
T h a t pa r t o f m i n d wo rk w h i c h i s un a c c o m
o f e go i s m
f
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th at pa r t whi ch i s a cc o m pan i e d wi th th e fe e li n g o f
ego i sm i s co n s c i ou s wo r k
I n th e l o we r an i mal s t h i s
u n co n s ci o u s work i s cal l e d i n sti n c t
I n h i gh e r a ni
mal s a n d i n th e h i gh e st o f al l an i mal s man , t h e se co n d
pa r t tha t wh i ch i s a c c o m pan i e d wi th t he fe e l i n g o f
e go i sm p r e va il s a n d i s c al l e d c o ns ci o u s wo rk
T he re i s a st i l l h i gh e r
B ut i t d oe s n ot e n d h e r e
pla n e u p o n wh i ch th e m i n d ca n work
I t ca n go be
u
o
nd
co
n
s
c
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ne
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J
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ous
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b e n eath c o n s ci o us n e ss s o t h ere i s an oth e r w ork wh i ch
.

R A JA Y O GA

74

i s ab o v e c on sci ou s n es s a n d wh i ch al s o , i s n o t ae c o m
o f e goi s m
wi
th
th
e
fee
l
i
n
g
T
h
e
feel
i
n
g
of
n
i
a
e
d
p
e goi s m i s onl y o n t h e m i dd l e pl an e
Wh e n t h e m i n d i s

ab ov e o r b el ow t hat l i n e t h e r e i s n o fee l i n g o f I
a n d ye t th e m i nd wo r k s
Whe n th e m i n d goe s b ey on d
t h i s l i n e o f sel f c on s ci ou s n e ss i t i s c al l e d S a m ai a l zi or
s upe r c ons c i ou s nes s I t i s ab ove c o n s ci o us n e ss H ow
f o r i nstan ce d o w e k n ow that a ma n i n S a m ci a z has
n o t go n e b e l ow h i s c o n s ci ou s ne s s h as n ot d e ge ne r a ted
i n stead o f go i n g h i gh e r
I n b oth cas e s th e w o r k s are
u naccom pan i e d w i th e go i s m ? T h e a n swe r is by the
e ffe c t s by th e r e su l ts o f th e work w e k n ow that wh i ch
i s b e l ow a n d tha t w h i c h i s ab ove
Whe n a man goe s
i n to d e e p sl ee p h e e n te r s a p la n e b e ne at h c o n sci ous
ness
H e w ork s th e b od y al l th e ti m e h e b re a th e s he
m ove s th e b od y p e rhap s i n h i s sl ee p w i th o u t any
a cc om pan yi n g fe e l i n g o f e go ; h e i s u n c o n sc i o us a nd
w h e n h e re tu rn s fro m h i s sl ee p h e i s th e sam e man
w h o w e n t i n to i t
T h e s um to tal o f th e k n owl e dge
w h i c h h e h ad b e fo r e h e we n t i n to th e sl e e p re mai n s
th e same ; i t h as n o t i n c r e ase d a t al l
N o e n l i gh te n
B ut i f a ma n goe s i n t o S a m oi a l zz i f h e
m e n t h as com e
go e s i n to i t a fo ol h e co m e s o u t a sage
What m ak e s th e d i ffe r e n ce
Fro m o n e s tate a m an
c o me s o ut th e v ery sam e m an tha t we n t i n a n d o u t o f
a n oth e r state th e m a n b e c o m e s e n l i gh te n e d a sage a
p roph e t a sa i n t h i s wh ol e ch a r acte r C h a nge d h i s l i fe
C h an ge d i l l u m i n e d T h e se a r e th e tw o e ffe c ts No w
th e e ff e cts b e i ng d i ffe r e n t th e cau se s m u st b e d i ffe r e n t
A s th i s i l l u m i nati on w i th w h i ch a ma n c ome s back fro m
,

'

'

H YA N A A N D S A M A D H I

75

i s m u ch h igh e r th a n c a n b e got f ro m un c o n
sne ss
o r m u c h h i gh e r th an c an b e g o t b y re as o n
sc iou
i n g i n a con sci o u s s tate i t m u s t th ere fo re b e s upe r
c o n s c i o u s n e ss an d S a m azi /zi i s cal l e d th e s upe r c o n
s c i o us s tate
T h i s i n s h o r t i s th e i d e a o f S a m ri a l zi
Wh a t i s i ts
ap p l i cat i o n ? T h e appl i c ati o n i s h e r e
T h e e l d of
r e as o n o r o f th e c o n s c i o u s wo r k i ngs o f th e m i n d i s
na rr o w an d l i m i te d
T h e r e i s a l i ttl e c i rcl e w i th i n
wh i c h h u ma n reas o n w i l l h av e t o m ov e
It can n o t go
b ey o n d i t E ve r y a tte m p t to go be yo n d i s i mp oss ib l e
y e t i t i s b ey o n d th i s c i r cl e o f r easo n th at l i e s al l th at
h u ma n i ty h o l d s m os t d ear
A l l th es e q u es ti o n s
wh e th e r th e r e i s a n i m m ortal so ul wh e th e r th e re i s a
G o d w h e th er th e re i s a n y s up re m e i n te l l ige n c e gu i d i n g
R eas o n
th i s u n i ve rs e a r e b e y o n d th e e l d o f reas o n
W h at d oe s rea s o n
c a n n e ve r a n swe r th e s e q ue s ti o n s
say
I t says
I am agn o s ti c ; I d o n o t k n ow e i th e r

Y e t th e se que s ti o n s are s o i m portan t to


ye a o r n ay
us
W i th o u t a prop e r a n swe r t o th e m h u m an l i fe w i l l
A l l o ur e th i c al th e ori e s al l o ur m oral
b e i mp o ss ib l e
atti tu de s al l th a t i s go o d an d grea t i n h u ma n n atu r e
h as be e n m ou l d e d u po n an swe rs tha t h av e com e fro m
bey o n d th a t ci r cl e
I t i s very i mp ortan t th e re fore
that we sh o u l d hav e an s we r s to th e se q u e s ti o n s ; w i th
ou
t su ch a n swe rs h u ma n l ife w i l l b e i m p o ss ibl e
If l i f e
is o n l y a l i ttl e ve m i n u te s th i n g i f th e u n i ve rs e i s

o nl y a fortu i tou s comb i nati o n o f atoms


th e n w h y
Why s h o ul d th e re be
s h o ul d I d o go o d to an oth e r
m e r cy j u sti c e , o r f e l l o w f e e l i n g ? T h e b e st th i n g f o r
Sa m ci a l zi ,

'

'

R A JA

6
7

Y O GA

th i s w orl d w o u l d b e t o m ak e h ay w h i l e th e s un s h i n e s ,
each m an f o r h i ms el f
I f th ere i s n o h o pe wh y s h o u l d
I l ove m y b r oth e r a n d n o t c ut h i s th roat
I f th e re i s
n o th i n g beyond i f th e r e i s n o f r e e d o m b u t o nl y ri gor
ou
s d ead l aws I s h o u l d o n l y try to m ak e m ys e l f happy
h ere
Y o u w i l l n d p e op l e s ay i n g n o w a days th at
th ey h ave u ti l i taria n gro u n d s as th e b as i s o f a l l m oral
P ro cu ri n g t h e greate s t
i ty
Wh at i s th i s ba s i s
am o u n t o f happ i n es s t o th e gre ate s t n u m b er W h y
s h o u l d I d o th i s
Wh y s h o u l d I n o t p ro d u ce th e great
e s t u n happ i ne ss t o th e greate s t n u mb e r i f th a t s erve s
m y p u r p os e
H ow w i l l u ti l i tar ia n s a n swe r th i s qu e s
ti o n ?
o w d o y o u k n ow w hat i s ri gh t
o r wh at i s
I am i m p e l l e d by m y d e si re f o r h ap p i n e ss an d
w ro ng
I fu l l i t a n d i t i s i n m y n at u re ; I k n ow n o th i n g
beyo n d
I h ave th e s e de s i re s an d m u s t fu l l th e m ;
wh y s h ou l d y o u c o m pl a i n ? Wh e n ce c om e a l l th e se
tru th s ab ou t h u m an l i fe , ab ou t m oral i ty ab o u t th e
i m m ortal so u l ab o u t G od ab o u t l o v e a n d sym path y
ab o u t b e i n g goo d an d ab ov e al l abo u t b e i n g u n se l sh
A l l e th i cs al l h u m an a ct i o n a n d al l h u m an tho ugh t
h an g u po n th i s o n e i d e a o f un s e l s h n e s s ; th e w h o l e
i de a o f h u man l i fe c a n b e p u t i n that o n e word
W hy sh o ul d we b e u n se l s h ? Wh e re
un s e l s h n e s s
i s th e n e ce ss i ty th e fo rce th e p o we r o f my be i ng
u n se l sh ? Wh y sh o u l d I b e ? Y o u cal l yo u rse l f a
r ati o nal m an a u ti l i tari an b u t i f y o u d o n ot S h ow m e
I s a y y o u are i rrati o nal
S h o w m e th e
a reas o n
wh y I sh ou l d n o t
r e aso n wh y I sh o ul d n ot be se l sh
be l i k e a b r u te acti n g w i th o u t r e aso n ? It may be
,

H Y A NA A N D S A M A D H I

77

goo d as p o e try , b u t p o e try i s n o t re aso n


S h ow m e a
r eas o n W h y s h al l I be u n se l sh a n d W h y b e g o o d
B e ca u s e M r an d M rs So a n d s o s a y s o d oe s n o t we igh
w i th m e
Wh e re i s th e u t i l i ty o f my b e i n g u ns e l s h
My u ti l i ty i s to b e s e l sh i f u ti l i ty m ean s th e gre ate s t
a m o u n t o f h ap p i n e s s
I may ge t th e greate s t am o u n t
o f h ap p i n e s s b y ch e ati ng a n d robb i n g oth ers
Wha t i s
th e a n swe r ?
T h e u ti l i tari an c a n n e ve r gi ve i t
The
a n s we r i s
th a t th i s w orl d i s o n l y o n e d rop i n a n
i n n i te o c e an on e l i nk i n a n i n n i te ch ai n
W h e re
d i d th o s e that p re ach e d un s e l s h n e s s an d taugh t i t to
th e h u m a n race ge t th i s i d e a ? We k n o w i t i s n o t
i n sti n ct i ve ; th e an i m al s wh i c h h ave i n sti n ct d o n o t
kn ow it
N e i th e r i s i t rea so n ; rea so n d oe s n o t k n ow
any th i n g ab o u t th e se i d eas
Wh e n ce d i d th e y c om e
We n d i n s tu dy i ng h i story o n e fa c t h e l d i n c o m
m o n by al l th e great t each ers o f rel igi o n th e worl d
ever h ad ; t he y al l cla i m to hav e go t th es e tru th s
fro m b eyo n d o nl y m an y o f th e m d i d n o t k n o w what
th e y w e re ge tti n g
F o r i n stan ce o n e w o u l d s a y t ha t
an a nge l ca m e d o wn i n th e fo rm o f a h u ma n b e i ng
w i th w i ngs a n d sai d to h i m
H e ar o h man th i s i s

th e m e s sage
A n oth e r say s tha t a D ev a a b r i gh t
b e i n g app eare d t o h i m
A n o th e r say s h e d rea me d that
h i s a n ce s to r cam e a n d tol d h i m al l th e s e th i ngs
He
d i d n o t k n o w a ny th i ng b ey o n d th at B ut th i s th i ng i s
co m m o n th at al l cla i m e i th e r th a t th e y s a w a nge l s o r
h e ard th e v o i ce o f G o d o r s a w s o m e w o n d e rfu l v i s i o n
A l l cl a i m th at th i s k n owl ed ge h a s c om e t o th e m f r o m
b ey o n d , n o t th ro u gh th e i r re a so n i n g p o we r Wh a t
.

R A JA

8
7

Y O GA

d oe s th e s c i e n ce o f Yog a teac h
I t te ach e s tha t t h e y
we re ri gh t i n cl ai m i n g th at a l l th i s k n owl e dge cam e to
th e m f r om b ey o n d re as o n i n g b u t th at i t ca m e fro m
w i th i n th e m se l ve s
T h e Yog i teac h e s th at th e m i n d i tse l f has a h igh e r
s tate o f e x i ste n ce b ey o n d re as o n a s u pe r c o n s ci o u s
s tate an d w h e n th e m i n d ge ts to th at h i gh e r s ta te
th e n th i s k n o wl e d ge b ey o n d reas o n i ng c o m e s to a
man m e tap hys i cal k n o wl e dge be yo n d al l p h y s i cal
k n owl e dge
M e tap h y s i ca l a nd t r an s c e n d e n tal k n owl
e dge c om e s to th at m an a n d th i s s ta te o f go i ng be
y o nd re a s o n tran sce n d i n g o r d i n a r y h um an n a tu r e
s om e ti m e s m ay c o m e by ch a n c e t o a m a n w h o d o e s n ot
un d e rstan d i ts s c i e n c e ; h e as i t we r e s tu mbl e s i n to
i t W h e n h e s tu mbl e s i n to i t be ge n e ral ly i n te rp re ts
i t a s fro m o u ts i d e
S o th i s e xp l ai n s w h y a n i n sp i ra
t i o n or th i s tra n sce n d e n tal k n o w l e dge may b e th e
sam e i n d i ffe r e n t c o u n tri e s b u t i n o n e co u n t r y i t w i l l
s e e m t o c om e t h ro ugh a n angel a n d i n a n o th e r t h ro ugh
a De va an d i n an oth e r th ro ugh G o d Wh at d oe s i t
m ean
I t m ean s t hat th e m in d b r o ugh t th e k n owl edge
by i ts o w n n ature an d th at th e n d i n g o f th e k n o wl
e dge was i n te rpre te d acc o r d i n g t o th e b e l i e fs a n d e d u
c ati o n o f th e p e rso n th ro ugh w h o m i t cam e
Th e real
fact i s that th e s e vari o u s m e n a s i t we r e s tu mb l e d i n to
th i s s up e r c o n s c i o u s s tate
T h e Y og i says th e re i s a g r e at d an ge r i n s tu mb l i n g
i n to th i s s tate
I n a go o d m an y case s th e r e i s th e
da nge r o f th e b r ai n b e i n g d e st r oye d an d a s a r u le
o u w i l l n d that al l t h ose m e n
h
o
we
ve
r
great
th
e
y
y
,

'

H YA N A A N D S A M A D H I

79

wh o h av e stu mb l e d i n to th i s s u pe r con s c i o u s
state w i th o u t u n d e rstan d i n g i t grope i n th e d ark an d
ge n e ral l y h ave al o n g w i th th e i r k n owl e dge , s om e
qua i n t s up e r s ti t i o n
Th ey ope n th e m s e l ve s to hal l u
c i n a ti o n s
M o h am m e d cla i m e d th at th e A n ge l G abri e l
cam e t o h i m i n a cave o n e d ay an d to o k h i m o n th e
h e ave n l y h o r se Ha r ak an d h e v i s i te d th e h eave n s
B ut w i th al l that M o ha m m e d sp ok e s om e won d e r fu l
tr u th s
I f yo u read th e Qu r an yo u n d th e m os t
w o n d e r f ul tru th s m i x e d w i th th e s e s u pe rs ti ti o n s
ow
w i l l y o u e x pl a i n i t
T h at m an w a s i n sp i re d n o d o ubt
b u t tha t i n sp i rati on w a s as i t we r e s tu m bl e d up o n
H e was n o t a trai n e d Yog i an d d i d n o t k n ow t h e re a
T h i n k o f th e goo d M o ham
s o n o f w h at h e w a s d o i ng
m e d d i d to th e w o r l d an d th i n k o f th e grea t e v i l tha t
T h i n k o f th e
h a s b e e n d o n e th ro ugh h i s fa nati c i s m
m i l l i o n s m assa cre d th r o ugh h i s te ac h i n gs m o th e r s
be re ft o f th e i r ch i l d r e n c h i l d re n mad e o r p h an s wh ol e
co u n tri e s d e stroye d m i l l i o n s up o n m i l l i o n s o f p e op l e
kille d !
S o w e s e e i n s tu dy i n g th e l i ve s of a l l th e s e grea t
te ac h e rs th a t th e r e was th i s d ange r Y e t we n d a t
th e sam e ti m e th at th ey w e re al l i n sp i re d
S om e h ow
or o th e r th e y go t i n to th e s u pe r c o n sc i o u s s tate o n ly
w h e n e v e r a p rop h e t g o t i n to that s tate by s i mp l e forc e
o f e m ot i o n j u s t by h e igh te n i ng h i s e m oti o nal n at ur e
h e br o u gh t away f r o m th at s tate s o m e t r u th s b u t al s o
s om e fan at i c i sm s o m e s u
p e r sti ti on w h i ch i nj u r e d th e
w orl d as m u ch a s th e greatn e s s o f th e teach i n g d i d
go o d
T o ge t a ny reas o n o ut o f th i s m as s o f i n c o n
w e re ,

R A JA

go
r
g

Y O GA

ui ty w e cal l h u ma n l i fe we hav e to tra n s c e n d

ur

reas o n b u t we m us t d o i t s ci e n ti cal ly sl owl y by


regu lar p racti ce a nd we m us t cas t o ff al l s up e rsti ti on
W e m u st tak e i t u p j us t a s any oth e r s c i e n ce reas o n
r fo u n d ati o n
we m u s t fol l o w
w e m us t h ave to l ay o u
reaso n a s far as i t l ead s a n d w h e n re as o n fai l s re aso n
i tse l f w i l l S h ow u s th e w a y t o th e h i gh e st pl an e
So

wh e n e ve r w e h ear a ma n s a y I am i n sp i re d a nd th e n
tal k th e m ost i rrat i onal n on se n se s i mp l y rej e ct i t
W h y ? B e cau se t h e s e th r e e s tate s o f th e m i n d i n
a n d s up e r c o n s ci ou s n e ss o r th e un c o n
s t i n c t reas on
sc i ou s c o n sci o us an d s up er c o n s ci o u s state s
b e l on g
to o n e a n d th e sam e m i n d
T h e re a r e n o t th re e
m i nd s i n o n e m an b u t o n e d e ve l op s i n to th e o the r
I n st i n ct d e ve l op s i n to re as on an d r eas o n i n to th e
tra n s ce n d e n tal co n s ci o u s n e ss ; th e re fore o n e n e ve r c o n
S o w h e n e v e r y o u m e e t w i th w i l d
tr a d i c ts th e o th e r
sta te m e n ts w h i c h con t r ad i c t h u ma n r e aso n an d com
m on s e n se rej e ct th e m w i th o u t a ny fear b e c a u se th e
re al i n sp i rati o n w i l l n e v er c o n trad i ct b u t w i l l f ul l
J u s t a s yo u n d th e g r e at p r o ph e ts say i n g
I c om e

n o t to d e stroy b u t t o fu l l
s o th i s i n sp i rati o n al way s
c o me s t o f ul l re as o n a n d i s i n d i re ct h a r m o n y w i th
re as o n a n d w h e n e ve r i t co n t r ad i c ts reas o n yo u m u s t
k n ow th at i t i s n o t i n sp i rati o n
A l l th e d i ffe re n t s te p s i n Y og a are i n te n de d to b r i ng
u s s ci e n ti cal l y to th e s upe r co n sci o u s s tate o r Sa m
Furth e r m ore th i s i s a m o st v i ta l p o i n t t o u n d e r
ci a l zz
s tan d th at i n sp i r a ti o n i s a s m u c h i n e ve r y man s natu r e
a s i t w a s i n th e a n ci e n t prop h e ts
T he s e prop h e ts
,

'

'

H YA N A A N D S A M A D H I

81

u n i qu e ; th ey we r e j u st th e sam e a s yo uo r I
T h e y we re gre at Yog i :
T h ey h ad gai ne d th i s s u pe r
co n sc i o u s n e s s an d yo ua n d I c a n ge t th e sa me
T h ey
we r e n o t p e c u l i ar p e op l e
T h e v e ry fac t th at o n e m a n
e ve r rea ch e d th a t s tate w i l l prov e th at i t i s p os s i b l e for
N o t o n ly i s i t p os s i bl e b u t ev e ry
eve ry m a n to d o s o
m an m u s t e v e n tual l y ge t to tha t s tate an d tha t i s
re l i gi o n
E x pe ri e n c e i s th e o nl y te ach e r w e h ave We
m ay tal k a n d reas o n al l o ur l i ve s w i th o u t e ve r u n d er
stan d i n g a w ord o f t r u th u n ti l we e x pe ri e n c e i t o ur
s e l ve s
Y o ucan n o t h op e to mak e a ma n a s urge o n by
s i m p l y gi v i n g h i m a fe w b o ok s
Y o u ca n n o t sati s f y
m y c u ri o s i ty to se e a co u n t r y by sh o w i n g m e a map ; I
m u s t h av e a ctual e xp e ri e n ce
Map s c a n o n l y c r e ate a
l i ttl e c u ri o s i ty i n u s to ge t m ore p e rfe c t k n o wl e dge
A l l cl i ng
B e yo n d th at th ey h av e n o val u e wh ate ve r
i n g t o b o ok s o n l y d e ge n e rate s th e h u ma n m i n d
Wa s
th e r e e ve r a m ore h or r i bl e bl asp h e my th a n t o s a y that
al l th e k n o wl e d ge o f G o d i s c o n ne d i n th i s o r th a t
b o ok
H o w dare m e n cal l G o d i n n i te a n d ye t try t o
c o m pre s s H i m i n to th e c ove rs o f a l i ttl e b o ok
Mil
l i o n s o f p e op l e hav e b e e n k i l l e d be cau s e th ey d i d n o t
b e l i e ve w ha t th e b ook s s a y b e cau se th ey w o u l d n o t
s e e al l th e k n o wl e dge o f G o d w i th i n th e c ove rs o f a
b o ok
O f co urse th i s k i l l i n g a n d m u rd e ri ng h as go n e
by b u t th e w orl d i s s ti l l tre m e n d o u sl y b o u n d u p i n a
be l i e f i n b o ok s
In o rd e r to re ach the s up e r co n s ci o u s s tate i n a s c i e n
t ic ma n ne r we have to pas s t h ro ugh the s e vari ou s s te ps
A fte r
t hat I h a v e be e n t e ach i n g yo u i n R af a Yog a
we re n o t

R A JA

82

YO GA

an d D /a i r a zzzi w h i ch I tau gh t y o u i n th e l ast


l e cture w e c ome to D yci na me d i tati on
W h e n the
m i n d has be e n trai ne d to r e mai n xe d o n a ce rtai n
i n te r n al o r e x ternal l o ca ti o n th ere com e s to i t th e
p owe r o f a s i t w ere ow i ng i n a n u nbro ke n c u rre n t
to wa r d s that po i n t
T h i s s tate i s cal le d D i g am
W he n th i s p o we r o f D yci n a h as be e n s o m u ch i n te n s i
e d as to b e abl e to re j e c t th e e x te rnal pa r t o f pe rce p
t i o n an d re m a i n me d i tati n g o nl y o n th e i n t e r nal part
th e m e an i ng th at s tate i s cal l e d S a m aa l zi T h e th re e
'
D yci n a a n d S a m ci a h i
toge th er are cal l e d
T hat i s i f th e m i n d c a n rs t co n ce n trate
S a my a m a
u p o n an obj e c t a n d th e n i s abl e to co n ti n u e i n that
co n ce n tra ti o n f o r a l e n gth o f ti m e a n d th e n by c o n
ti n n ed c o n ce n t r ati o n to d we l l o nl y o n th e i n ternal pa rt
o f th e p e r ce p ti o n o f w h i ch th e o bj e ct w a s th e e ffe ct
e v ery th i n g co mes u n d e r th e co n t r o l o f su ch a m i n d
T h i s m e d i ta ti ve s ta te i s th e h i gh e s t state o f e x i ste n ce
S o l o n g as th ere i s d e s i re n o real ha p p i n es s ca n co me
I t i s o n l y th e co n te m pl ati v e w i tn e ss l i k e s t u d y o f
obj e cts th at bri n gs t o u s real e nj oy m e n t a n d happ i ne s s
T h e an i mal h as i ts happ i n e ss i n the se n se s th e m a n i n
h i s i n tel l e ct an d th e G o d i n s p i ri tu al c o n te m pl ati on
I t i s o n l y to th e s o ul that has attai n e d to th i s co n te m
l
i
v
s
tate
th
at
th
e
w
orl
d
h
as
re
al
l
y
be
c
o
m
e
b
eau
ti
fu
l
a
t
e
p
T o h i m w h o d e si re s n oth i ng an d d o e s n o t m i x h i m sel f
u p wi t h th e m th e m an i fol d C h an ge s o f n atu re are o n e
pan oram a o f be au ty an d s ubl i m i ty
T h e se i d e as h av e t o b e u n d e rs too d i n D yci n a o r
m ed i ta ti o n
We h ear a s o u n d
Fi rs t th e re i s t h e
P

ra

tyri /za

ra

H YA N A A N D SA M A D H I

83

e x te rn al v i brati o n s eco n d th e n er v e m o ti o n that c a r


ri e s i t to th e m i n d th i rd t h e r e act i o n from th e mi n d ,
al o n g w i th wh i ch ash es th e k n owl e dge o f th e o bj e ct
w h i ch was th e e x te rnal ca u se o f th e se d i ffe re n t chan g e s
fro m th e e the r eal v i b r ati o n s to th e m e n tal reac ti o n
T h e s e t hre e a r e cal l e d i n Yog a Sa i d/2a ( s o u n d ) A r t/za
m
ean
i
n
g
a
n
d
k
n
ow
l
e
dge
I
n
t
he
lan
g
uage
a an a
(
)
f
(
)
o f p hy s i o l ogy t h ey a r e call e d t h e e th e rea l vi brati o n ,
t h e m o ti o n i n th e n e rv e a n d bra i n a n d th e me n tal
N o w th e s e t h o ugh d i s ti n ct p rocess e s hav e
rea cti on
b e c o me m i x e d u p i n s u ch a fa sh i o n a s t o be co me qui te
i n d i sti n ct I n fact , w e ca n n o t n o w pe r ce i ve a n y o f th es e
ca u s e s ; w e o n l y p e rc e i v e t he e ffe ct o f th es e t hre e
w hi ch e ff e ct we cal l t h e e xte rnal o bj ec t
E v ery ac t
of
pe rc e pt i o n i n cl ud e s t h ese t hre e , a n d th e re i s n o
rea so n w hy w e s ho ul d n o t b e abl e t o d i st i ng u is h be
tw e e n th e m
W h e n , b y th e pre v i o u s pr e parat i o ns th e m i n d
be c o m es stro n g a n d c o n trol l e d a n d th e p owe r o f n er
p e rce p ti o n h a s b e e n atta i n e d th e n th e m i n d sh o ul d b e
e mp l oye d i n me d i tati o n
T h i s m e d i tati o n m us t b egi n
w i th gro s s o bj e c ts an d sl owl y ri s e to n e r th e n to n e r
a n d n e r u n ti l i t ha s be co m e obj ectl ess
T he m i n d
s h o ul d rs t b e e m pl oye d i n p erce i v i n g th e e xternal
cau se s o f s e n sati o n s th e n the i n te r nal m o ti o n s an d
th e n th e reac ti o n o f th e m i n d
Wh e n i t ha s s uccee d e d
i n p e rce i v i n g t h e e x te rnal cau s e s o f se n sati o n s by th e m
s el v e s i t w i l l acqu i r e th e p owe r o f p e r ce i v i n g al l n e
Wh e n
m a terial e x i ste n ce s al l n e b od i es a nd forms
i t c a n su c ce e d i n p erce i v i ng th e m oti o n s i n s i d e by
,

R A JA

84

YO GA

the m se l v e s , i t w i l l g a i n th e co n trol o f al l m e n tal wa v e s


i n i tse l f o r i n o th e rs e ve n b e fore th ey h ave tran slate d
th e m se l ve s i n to p hy s i cal f orce s ; a n d w h e n h e wi l l b e
abl e to pe rc e i v e th e m e n tal re acti o n by i tse l f th e Yog i
w i l l acqu i re the k n owl e dge o f e ve ry th i n g
a s e ve r y
s e n s ibl e obj e ct , an d e ve ry th o ugh t i s th e r e s u l t o f th i s
reac ti on
T he n w i l l h e h ave se e n , as i t we re th e v e r y
fo u n dati o n s o f h i s m i n d a n d i t w i l l b e u nd er h i s pe r
f e c t con trol
D i ffere n t p o we rs w i l l com e to th e Yog i
an d i f h e y i el d s to th e te m p t a ti o n s o f an y o n e o f th e s e
th e roa d to h i s f u rth e r p rogre s s w i l l b e barre d
S u ch
B ut i f h e i s
i s th e e v i l o f r u n n i n g afte r e nj oym e n ts
strong e n o ugh to re j e c t e ve n th e se m i rac ul o u s p owers ,
h e w i l l atta i n to th e goal o f Yog a th e com p l ete s up
pre s si o n o f th e wa v e s i n th e o c e a n o f th e m i n d ; th e n
th e gl ory o f th e s o u l u n tra m m e l l e d by th e d i stracti o n s
of th e m i n d o r th e m o ti o n s o f h i s b ody w i l l sh i n e i n
i ts ful l e ffu l ge n ce
A n d th e Y og i w i l l n d h i m se l f a s
h e i s an d as h e al way s wa s th e e sse n ce o f k n ow l edge ,
th e i m m ortal th e al l p ervad i n g
n ay
Sa m ci a l zi i s th e p rop e rty o f e ve ry h u m a n b e i n g
ev e ry a n i mal
Fro m th e l owe s t a n i m al t o th e h i gh e st
a nge l i c b e i n g s o m e ti m e o r o th e r e ach o n e wi l l hav e
t o com e to th at s tate a n d th e n a n d th e n a l on e w i l l
re l igi o n b e g i n fo r h i m
A n d al l th i s ti m e wh at are we
d o i ng ? We are o n l y struggl i n g t oward s th at stage ;
th e re i s n o w n o d i ffe re n c e b e twe e n u s a n d th o s e w h o
h ave n o re l igi o n b e ca u s e we h a v e h a d n o e xpe ri e n ce
W ha t i s co n ce n trati o n g o o d f o r s a v e t o b ri n g u s to th i s
,

DH Y A N A

AN D SAMA D

HI

85

xpe ri e n ce ? E ac h o n e o f the ste p s to a tta i n th i s


S a m zi a z h as be e n r easo n e d o ut p r op e rly adj u ste d
sc i e n ti ca l ly o rga n i se d a nd wh e n fa i th fu l ly practi se d
w i l l s ure l y l ead us t o th e d e s i r e d e n d
T h e n w i l l al l
s o rro w s ce a se al l m i se ri e s va n i sh ; th e s e e d s o f acti o n s
w i l l b e b u rn e d , a n d th e so u l w i l l be fr e e f o r e v e r
e

'

HA P T E R

R A JA

OGA

V III

IN

B R IE F .

T H IS i s a s u m ma r y of R af a Yog a fre e ly tran sl ate d


from th e K a r m a P a r an a
T h e re o f Y og a b u rn s th e cage o f s i n th at i s aro u n d
K n o wl e dge b e co me s p ur i e d a n d N i r v an a i s
a m an
d i r e c tl y ob tai n e d
F r o m Y og a co m e s k n owl e d ge ;
k n owle dge aga i n h e l p s th e Y og i
He w h o i s a com
p o u n d of b oth Yog a an d k n owl e d ge w i th h i m th e L o r d
i s pl ease d
T h ose th at p r act i ce M a /zayog a e i th e r o n ce
a day , o r tw i ce a day o r th ri ce o r al ways k n o w the m
to b e god s Yog a i s d i v i de d i nt o t wo parts O n e i s cal l e d
th e A a/zzi oa a n d th e oth e r M a /zziyog a
Wh e r e o n e s
s e l f i s m e d i tate d u p o n as z e r o a n d b e re ft o f qual i ty
that i s cal l e d A oazi a a th e Yog i by e ac h o n e real i se s
h i s S e l f T hat i n wh i ch o n e se e s th e S e l f as fu l l o f
b l i ss a n d b e re ft o f al l i m p u r i ti e s a n d o n e w i th G o d i s
c al l e d M a ciyog a
T h e oth e r Y og a : that we re ad an d
h ea r o f d o n o t d e se rv e o n e pa r t i cl e o f th i s great B r a /z
m ayog a
i n wh i ch th e Yog i nd s h i m s el f a nd th e wh ol e
u n i ve rse as G o d h i m se l f T h i s i s th e h i gh e st o f all
.

T h ese are th e ste p s i n


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3
6
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,

YO GA I N B R I E F

R AJA

87

n o n c o v e to u s n e s s chast i ty n o t re ce i v i n g a ny th i n g
f r o m a n o th e r are cal l e d Y a m a i t p uri e s th e m i n d ,
B y th o ugh t wo r d an d d e e d al way s a n d
th e C l zztta
i n eve r y l i v i ng b e i n g n o t p r od u c i n g pai n i s w hat i s
cal l ed
n on i nj uri n g T he r e i s n o v i rtu e h igh e r
T h e r e i s n o h app i ne s s h i gh e r
th an th i s n o n i nj u r i n g
th a n wha t a ma n ob ta i n s b y th i s atti tu d e o f n o n o ffe n
B y t r u th w e atta i n t o work
s i v e n e s s to al l creati o n
T h ro ugh tru th ev e r y th i n g i s atta i n e d ; i n tru th e ve ry
th i n g i s e stab l i s h e d
R e l ati n g facts as th e y a r e ; th i s
i s tru th
N o t tak i n g o th e r s go o d s by s tea l th o r b y
force i s cal l e d A : tcya m n o n c ove to u sn e ss
C hasti ty
i n th o ugh t w o r d a n d d e e d al way s a n d i n al l c o n d i
ti o ns i s wh a t i s c al l e d B r a l zm a o/za rya
N ot re ce i v i n g
a ny pre se n t from a nyb od y e ve n w h e n o n e i s s u ffe r i n g
te rr ib l y i s w h at i s cal l e d A p a r zgr a /za W h e n a m a n
re ce i ve s a gi ft f r o m a n o th e r man t h e th e o r y i s th at h i s
h e art b e co me s i m p u re h e b e c om e s l o w , h e l o se s h i s
i n de p e n d e n ce h e b e co m es b o u n d a n d atta ch e d
The
fol l o w i n g are h e l p s t o s u cce ss i n Yog a N zya m a regu l ar

hab i ts a n d O b se rva n ce s ; T ap a s , a u ste r i ty ; S v ri zi /zyaya

stu d y ; Sa n tos a c o n te n tm e n t ; S a a r/1 a m p u r i ty ; f i zz/a m


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na
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ways co n t r o l l i n g th e b od y i s cal l e d th e p h ys i ca l T ap a s

R ep e a t i n g th e Voo a : an d oth e r M a n tr a m : b y w h i ch
th e Sa rtoa m ate r i al i n th e b od y i s p u r i e d i s cal l e d
s tu d y S v ai d/zyriya
T h e r e a r e th r e e s orts o f re p e t i ti on s
O n e i s cal l e d th e v erb al an oth e r
o f th e se M a n tr a m s
T h e verbal o r
se m i v erb al a n d th e th i rd m e n tal
a u d i b l e i s th e l owe st a n d th e i n a ud i b l e i s th e h i g he st
-

'

'

88

A JA YO GA

al l
T h e r ep e ti ti on w h i ch i s s o l o u d th at an y b o d y
c a n h ear i t i s th e ve r bal ; th e ne x t o n e i s w he re o n ly
th e o r gan s b egi n t o v ib r ate b u t n o s o u n d i s h ea r d ;
an o th e r m an S i tt i n g n ear c an n o t h ear wh at i s bei ng
sai d
T hat i n wh i c h th e r e i s n o s o u nd o nl y me n tal
r e pe ti t i on o f th e M a n tr a m at th e sa m e t i m e th i nk i n g

i s cal l e d t h e m e n tal m utte r i ng a n d


o f i t s m e an i ng
i s t h e hi ghe st
T h e sage s h av e sai d that th e re are tw o
s o r ts o f p u r i cati o n e xtern al a n d i n te rnal
T h e pu ri
c a ti o n fo r th e bo dy i s by wat e r e art h o r o th e r mate
ri al s ; th e e x te r nal p u r i cati o n as b y b ath i ng e tc
P u r i cati o n o f th e m i n d by tru th a n d by al l th e o th e r
B oth
v i r tu es i s w ha t i s c al l e d i n te r n al p u r i cat i o n
are n e c e ss a r y
I t i s n o t su f ci e n t th at a m an sh o u l d
b e i n tern al ly pu re a n d e x te rn al l y d i r ty
W h e n b o th
are n o t attai n ab l e th e i n te rn al p u ri ty i s th e be tte r b u t
n o o n e w i l l b e a Yog i u n ti l h e has b o th
Wo rs h i p i s by pra i se b y m e m o r y h av i n g d ev o ti o n
to G o d
We h av e s p o k e n ab o u t Y a m a a n d N iya m a ;

P r a zza m ea n s th e v i tal fo rce s


n e x t co m e s P r ci zzayaoza
i n o n e s o w n b od y Y a m a m ea n s co n tro ll i ng t h em

T h ere are th r e e s o rts o f P r ci zzciya m a th e very s i mp l e


th e m i d d l e a n d th e v e ry h i gh
T h e wh ol e o f P i d d
m a i s d i v i d e d i nto tw o p a r ts ; o n e i s cal l e d l l i ng
a
y
an d th e o th e r i s cal l e d e m p t y i n g
Wh e n yo u b egi n
w i th twel v e s e c o n d s i t i s th e l o we st P r ci zzriyci m a wh e n
b
egi
n
w
i
th
twe
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ty
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s
e
co
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d
s
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m
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th at P r azzciyd m a i s th e b e st wh i ch b egi n s
P r azzciyri m a
wi th th i rty s i x se co nd s
T hat P r zi zzciyri m a i n wh i ch
the re i s rst p e rs pi r ati o n t h e n v i brati o n o f th e b od y ,
of

'

YO GA I N B R I E F

R A JA

89

a nd

t h e n ri s i n g fro m th e s eat a n d j o i n i n g o f th e man s

s o u l w i th grea t b l i s s i s th e ve ry h i gh e s t P r a zzdyci m a
T h e re i s a M a n tr a : ca l le d th e Gaya tr i
I t i s a ve r y
h ol y v ers e o f th e Vea a :
We m e d i tate o n th e gl o ry
o f th at B e i n g w h o has p rod u ce d th i s u n i vers e ; may

H e e n l i gh te n o ur m i n d s
T h e n 0772 i s j o i ne d to i t a t
th e b egi n n i ng a nd e nd
I n o n e P r azzciyam a re pea t
th re e
I n al l b o ok s th ey sp ea k o f P r dzzriyci m a
be i n g d i v i d e d i n to R eol za ka ( r e j e cti n g o r e x hal i n g )
P d r a ka ( i n ha l i ng ) a n d K a m a/2a m ( re stra i n i ng s tati o n
a ry)
The
th e o r ga n s o f th e se n se s a r e
a c ti ng o u twa r d s a n d c o m i ng i n co n tact w i th e x te r na l
B ri ngi ng th e m u nd e r th e c o n t r ol o f th e w i l l
obj ects
i s wha t i s ca l le d P r a gl ri zi r a ; gath e ri ng to ward s o n e
s e l f i s th e l i te ra l t r a n sl ati o n
F i x i ng th e m i n d o n th e l o tu s o f th e h eart o r o n th e
ce n tre o f th e h e ad i s wh at i s cal le d D w r a nd Wh e n
re m ai n i n g i n o n e p lace mak i n g o n e p l ace a s th e base
wh e n th e wave s o f th e m i n d r i se u p w i th o u t be i n g
t o u ch e d by o th e r wave s
wh e n al l o th e r wave s have
sto p p e d
a n d o n e wave o n l y r i se s i n th e m i n d th at i s
cal l e d D ayri m m e d i tat i on
Wh e n n o bas i s i s n e c e s
s a r y wh e n t h e w h ol e o f t h e m i n d h as b ecom e o n e

'
wav e
i t i s cal l e d S a m ri a l zi B e re ft
on e f orm e d nes s
o n l y th e m e an i n g
o f al l h el p f r o m p lace s a n d ce n tre s
I f th e m i n d c a n b e xe d o n
o f th e thi n g i s p re se n t
zci ,
o n e ce n tre for twe lv e se co n d s i t wi l l b e a D /zci r a z
t we l ve s uch D /zci r a m i : wi l l b e a D /zyci n a a n d twe l ve

s u c h D /zya na : wi l l b e a S a m da l zi
T he next i s A m m
p
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(

R A JA

0
9

YO GA

th e b o d y stra i gh t , l e avi n g th e b ody fre e wi th th e


che st s h o u l d ers an d h ead s trai gh t Wh e re th ere i s
re o r i n wate r or o n gro u n d wh i ch i s stre w n wi th d ry
l eave s o r w h ere th e r e a r e w i l d an i m al s w h e re fo u r
st r ee ts m e e t o r wh ere t h e r e i s t oo m u ch n o i se o r t o o
m u ch fear o r to o m an y a n t h i l l s wh ere the re are m any
w i cke d p e rso n s Yog a m u s t n o t b e practi ce d i n s u ch
p lace s
T h i s ap p l i e s m o r e parti c u l arl y t o I nd i a
Wh e n th e b od y fe e l s v e r y l a z y d o n o t p racti se o r
wh e n t h e m i n d i s very m i se rab l e a n d s orrowf u l o r
wh e n t h e b ody i s i l l
G o t o a p l ace w h i ch i s we l l h i d
d e n an d w h e r e pe op l e d o n o t c o m e to d i s turb y ou
A s s o on as y ou d o n o t wa n t p e op l e to k n o w wha t yo u
are d o i n g al l th e cu ri os i ty i n th e w or l d w i l l b e awak e n e d
b u t i f yo u go i n t o th e s t r e e t an d wan t p e op l e t o k n ow
wh at y o u a r e d o i ng t he y w i l l n o t care
D o n o t ch oos e
R ath e r C h oos e b ea u ti fu l s ce n e ry o r a
d i rty p laces
roo m i n yo ur o wn h o u s e w h i ch i s b ea ut i fu l
Wh e n
y o u p r a cti se rs t sal u te al l th e a n ci e n t Yog i : , an d yo u r
ow n G ur a n d G o d an d th e n b egi n
D /zyci n a i s s p o k e n o f an d a fe w e xamp l e s are gi v e n
S i t s tra i gh t an d l o ok at
o f wh at to m e d i tate u p o n
th e ti p o f y ou r n ose
Late r o n w e w il l co m e to k now
h o w th at co n ce n trates th e m i n d h o w by con trol l i n g
t h e tw o O p ti c n e rve s o n e ad van ce s a l o n g way to ward s
th e con trol o f th e ar c o f rea c t i on an d s o to th e c o n
trol o f th e w il l
T h e se are a fe w S p e ci m e n s o f m e d i ta
ti o n
I magi n e a l o tu s u po n th e t o p o f th e h e ad
se ve ral i n ch e s u p an d v i r tu e as i ts ce n tre the s tal k a s
k n owl edge
T h e e igh t p e tal s o f th e l otu s are th e
,

Y O GA I N B R I E F

R A JA

1
9

i gh t p ow ers o f th e Y og i
I n s i d e th e stam e n s an d
p i sti l s a r e re nu n ci ati o n
If th e Y og i re fus e s th e e xt e r
nal p owers h e wi l l co m e to sa l vati on
S o th e e i gh t
p e tal s o f th e l o tu s a r e th e e i gh t p owe rs b u t th e i n ter
nal stam e n s an d p i sti l s a r e t h e e xt r e m e r e n u n ci ati o n
th e re n u n ci a ti o n o f al l th e s e
I n si de o f that l otu s
th i n k o f th e G ol d e n O n e th e A l m igh ty th e In tan gi bl e ,
H e w h os e na m e i s 0722 th e In e xp r ess i bl e su rrou n d e d
w i t h e fful ge n t l igh t
M e d i tat e o n that
A n othe r
m e d i ta ti o n i s gi ve n
T h i n k o f a space i n y o u r h eart
a n d i n th e m i ds t o f that spa c e t h i n k tha t a am e i s
b ur n i n g
T h i n k o f tha t ame a s yo u r o w n s o ul an d
i ns i d e t h a t am e i s a n oth e r s pace e ffulge n t an d th at
i s th e S o u l o f y ou r s o ul G o d
M e d i tate u p o n th at i n
th e h e a r t Ch as ti ty n o n i nj u ri n g pard o n i ng e very on e
e ve n th e g r eate s t e n e my t r uth fa i th i n th e L o r d the s e
a r e al l d i ffe r e n t
B e n o t af r ai d i f yo u are n o t
p e r fec t i n al l o f t h ese ; wo r k a n d th e o th e r s w i l l co m e
H e w h o h as g i ve n u p al l attach me n t al l fear an d a l l
an ge r h e w h o se w h ol e s o u l h as go n e u n to th e Lord h e
w h o h as tak e n re fuge i n th e Lo r d W h os e h e art has
b e c o m e p u r i e d w i th wh atso eve r de s ire h e com e s t o
th e L o rd H e w i l l g r an t th at to h i m
Th e re fore w o r
s h i p H i m th r o u g h k n owle dge o r w o r sh i p H i m th ro ugh
l o ve o r w o r sh i p H i m th r o ugh r e n u n ciat i o n
H e i s my b e l ove d worsh i pp er h e i s my b e l ov e d
B i za kta w h o i s n o t j eal o u s o f any b e i n g w h o i s th e
fri e n d o f al l w h o i s m e rc i fu l to al l wh o h as n oth i ng o f
h i s o w n wh o se e go ti sm i s l ost ; h e w h o i s al way s s at i s
e d ; h e w h o work s a l way s i n Yog a , wh ose se l f has
e

R A JA

2
9

Y O GA

be com e co ntrol l ed wh ose wi l l i s r m w h o s e m i n d an d


w h ose i n te l l ige n ce a r e giv e n up u n to m e k n o w t hat h e
i s my be l o v ed B aa /5m
Fro m wh o m co me s n o d i stu rb
an ce w h o n e v e r be com e s th e cau se o f d i stu rban c e to
othe rs h e w h o h as gi v e n u p e x ce ss i ve j oy gri e f an d
fear , a n d a n x i e ty
S u ch a o n e i s m y b e l o v e d
He
wh o d oe s n o t d e pe n d o n a ny th i n g p u re active giv i n g
u p al l wh o d oe s n o t care w h eth er goo d co me s or e v i l
n e ve r b e c om es m i s e r abl e ; he w h o i s th e sam e i n prai se
wi th a S i l e n t th ou gh tfu l m i n d b l e sse d
o r i n b lam e
wi th what l i ttl e c o m e s i n h i s way h om e l e ss h e w h o
h as n o h om e th e wh ol e w or l d i s h i s h o m e s teady i n
"
hi s i d ea s su ch a o n e b e c om e s a Yog i
T h e re wa s a gre at god sage cal l e d N d r a a a
J u st as
th e re are sage s am o ng ma nk i n d great Yog i : s o th e re a r e
N d r a a a w a s a go od Yog i
great Yog i : a m o ng th e go d s
a n d ve ry grea t
H e travel l e d e verywh e re a n d o n e
day h e was pas si n g th r o ugh a fore s t an d h e s a w a man
w h o h ad b e e n m e di tati n g u n ti l th e wh i te a nt s h ad b ui lt
a h u ge m o u n d ro u n d h i s b o dy h e h ad b e e n si tti ng i n
th at p osi ti o n s o l o n g
H e sai d to N d r a da , W h ere a re
goi
ng
re
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d
I
a
m
go
i
n
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to
o
u
N
r
a
a
d
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h eave n
T h e n ask G o d w h e n e w i l l b e m e rci f u l

t o m e ; wh e n I w il l attai n fre e d o m
Fu rth e r o n

N ar a a a s a w a n oth er man
H e was j u m p i n g ab o u t
si n gi n g dan c i n g a n d sai d
O h N ei r a a a wh ere are

H i s v oi ce an d h i s ge s tu r e s we re wi l d
yo u go i n g ?

N ar a a a sai d
I am go i n g t o h eave n
T h e n ask

wh e n I w i l l b e fre e
S o N ar a da we n t o n
I n th e
c o urse o f ti m e h e cam e agai n by th e sam e r o a d , a n d
,

R A JA Y O G A

I N B R I EF

93

th e re was th e ma n wh o had be e n m ed i ta ti n g ti l l th e
a n t h il l s had gro wn r ou n d h i m
H e sa i d ,
Oh

'
Oh
N ci r a a a d i d yo u a s k the L o r d about m e ?

e
s
Wha
t
d
i
d
H
e
T
he
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ord
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?
y
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tha t y ou wo u l d attai n f r e e d o m i n fou r m ore bi rth s


T h e n th e ma n be gan to we e p a n d wai l a n d sai d
I
h ave m e d i tate d u n ti l a n an t h i l l h as be e n rai s e d

'
aro u nd m e a n d I h ave fo u r m o re bi rth s ye t
N dr a a a w e n t to th e o th e r m an
Di d yo u ask m y

q u e s ti o n ?
O h ye s
D o y ou s e e th i s tamari n d
tre e
I h av e to tel l yo u th at as m a n y l e av e s as th e re
are o n tha t tre e s o m an y ti m e s yo u wi l l b e b o rn an d

th e n yo u wi l l a ttai n fre ed o m
T h e n th e m a n be gan

t o d a n ce f o r jo y an d sai d
I wi l l h av e fre e d o m

afte r s u ch a s h or t ti m e
A voi c e cam e
M y ch i l d

y o u wi ll h ave fre e d o m th i s m i nu te
T h a t was th e
re ward for h i s p ers ev e ra n ce
H e wa s read y t o work
th rou gh al l th os e bi rth s n oth i n g d i s co urage d h i m
B ut t h e rst m a n fe l t t h at e ve n fo u r m o r e b i rths m u st
b e t o o l o ng
O nl y p e r s e ve r an c e l i k e that o f th e man
wh o w a s w i l l i n g t o wa i t ae o n s w i l l b ri n g ab o u t t h e
h i gh e st re s u l t
-

P A T A N JA L I S

Y O GA

A P

HO R I S M S

I N T R O D U CT I O N

goi n g i n to th e Yog a A p h o r i s m s I w i l l try to


d i sc u s s o n e grea t q u e s ti o n u p o n w h i c h th e w h o l e
th e ory o f re l igi o n re sts fo r th e Yog i :
I t se e m s th e
c o n s e n s u s Of op i n i o n o f th e gre at m i nd s o f th e w orl d
an d i t h a s b ee n n early d e m o n stra te d by re search e s
i n to p hy s i cal natu r e th a t w e are th e o u tco m e a n d
ma n i fe s tati o n o f a n ab sol u te c o n d i ti o n b ack o f o ur
p re se n t rel ati v e c o n d i ti o n a n d are go i n g forwar d to
re t u rn agai n to tha t ab sol u te
T h i s be i n g g r an t ed
th e q ue sti o n i s w h i ch i s be tte r th e ab so l ute o r th i s
s tate ? T h e r e are n o t wa n ti ng p e opl e w h o th i n k th at
th i s m an i fe ste d s ta te i s th e h igh e s t s tate o f ma n
T h i nk e rs o f gre at cal ib re are o f th e O p i n i o n t ha t w e are
m a n i fe s te d spe c i me n s o f u nd i ffe re n ti ate d be i n g a n d
th i s d i ff e re n ti ate d s tate i s h i gh e r th an th e ab sol u te
B e ca u se i n th e ab s o l u te th e re ca n n ot b e any q ua l i ty
th e y i magi n e th a t i t m u st b e i n se n sate d u l l an d l i fel e s s
t h at o n ly th i s l i fe c a n b e e nj oye d an d th e r e fo re w e
Fi r s t o f al l we wa n t to i n q u i re i n to
m u s t cl i n g to i t
o th e r s ol u ti o n s o f l i fe T h e r e w a s a n o l d s o l u ti o n th at
7
[97]
B E F O RE

R A JA

8
9

YO GA

m an afte r d eath re mai n e d th e sam e , tha t al l h i s g o od


L og
s i de s m i n u s h i s e vi l s i d e s r e mai n e d f o r eve r
i c a l l y s tate d th i s m ean s t hat man s goal i s th e wo r l d ;
th is wo r l d carri e d a s tage h i gh e r a n d w i t h e l i m i n a t i o n
T h i s th e ory
o f i ts ev i l s i s th e s tate th e y cal l h eav e n
b e ca u s e i t c a n
o n th e face o f i t i s abs urd a n d p ue ril e
T he re ca n n o t b e go od w i th o u t e v i l o r e v il
not be
w i th o u t goo d
T o l iv e i n a worl d w h e re i t i s al l go o d
a n d n o ev i l i s w hat S a ns k r i t l ogi ci an s cal l a d rea m i n

the a i r
A n oth er th e ory i n m od e rn ti m e s h a s b e e n
p r e se n te d by s ev e r al s c h o ol s that m an s d es ti ny i s to
go o n al ways i m p r ovi ng al ways s t r uggl i n g to w a r d s a n d
n ev e r re a c hi n g the goal
T hi s s tate m e n t t h o ugh
ap paren tly v e ry n i c e , i s al s o abs urd b e ca u se t h e re i s
n o s u c h th i n g as m o ti o n i n a s trai gh t l i n e
E v ery
m o ti o n i s i n a ci r c l e I f yo u co u l d tak e u p a s to n e an d
p roj e c t i t i n to space a n d t h e n l i ve l on g e n ou gh th at
s to n e w ou l d co me back e xactl y to y o u r h a n d
A
s t r ai gh t l i n e i n n i te l y p roj e c te d m us t e n d i n a C i rcl e
T h ere fo re th is i dea th at th e de s ti ny o f m a n i s p r o g r e s
s i o n e ve r forward a n d forward a n d n e ve r s top p i ng i s
ab s urd
A l th o ugh e xt r an e o u s to th e s ubj e ct I may
re ma r k th at th i s i d e a e xp l a i n s th e e th i ca l t h e o ry th a t
a
n
d
m
u
st
l
o
ve
b
e
ca
u
se
j
u
st
a
s
i
n
o u m u s t n o t h ate
y
th e c ase o f e l e c tri c i ty o r a ny o th e r force th e m od e rn
th e o r y i s that th e p owe r l e ave s th e dy nam o a n d c o m
p l e te s th e C i rcl e back to th e dy nam o S o w i th al l fo r ce s
i n nat u r e ; th e y m u st co m e b ack t o th e s o urce T h e r e
fore d o n ot h ate a nyb ody be ca u se tha t force that
h atre d , wh i ch c o me s o ut fr o m yo u, m u st , i n th e l o n g
,

'

I NT R O D U C TI O N

99

un c o m e b ack to yo u I f yo u l ov e , th at l ov e w i l l
co me back to yo u, co mpl e ti ng th e c i rc u i t I t i s a s ce r
ta i n as c a n be that e ve r y b i t o f h atre d tha t goe s o ut
of th e h ear t o f m a n c o me s back to h i m i n fu l l fo r ce ;
n o th i ng c a n s top i t an d e ve ry i mp u l s e o f l ove c om e s
bac k to h i m
O n o th e r a n d p racti cal gro u n d s we s e e
that th e th e ory o f e te rnal p rogre ss i o n i s un te nab l e f o r
d e stru c ti o n i s th e goal of e v e ry th i ng e arth l y A l l o u r
struggl e s an d h op e s a n d fe ars a n d j oys w hat w i l l th e y
l ead to ? We w i ll al l e n d i n d eath
N o th i ng i s s o c e r
tai n a s th i s
Wh e re th e n i s th i s m ot i o n i n a s trai gh t
l i ne ? T h i s i n n i te p rogres s i o n ? I t i s o nl y go i n g o ut
to a d i s ta n ce a n d agai n c om i ng back to th e ce n tre fro m
whi ch i t s tar te d
S e e h o w f r o m n ebul ae th e s un
m oo n an d s tars , are p ro du ce d ; th e n th e y d i s sol ve ,
an d go back to n e bu l ae T h e sam e i s be i n g do n e e ve ry
wh ere
T h e p la n t tak e s m ate r ial fro m th e e arth d i s
so l v e s a n d gi ves i t ba c k
E v e r y fo r m i n th i s wo rl d i s
ta k e n o ut o f s u rro u n d i n g a to m s an d go e s b ac k to
th e se ato m s
I t can n o t be that th e Sam e l aw acts d i ffe re n tl y i n
d i ffere n t p l ace s
L a w i s u n i fo rm
N o th i n g i s m o r e
certai n th a n th a t
If t h i s i s th e l aw o f n atu re s o i t i s
wi th th o ugh t ; i t w i l l d i ssol v e a n d co me back t o i ts
ori gi n ; wh e th e r w e wi l l i t o r n ot w e sh al l h ave to re tu r n
to the o r i gi n w h i c h i s c al l e d G o d o r A b sol u te
We
al l came f r o m G od an d w e are al l b ou n d to go to G o d
c al l tha t G o d by an y nam e yo u l ik e ; cal l H i m G o d o r
A bsol u te o r Natu re o r by a n y h u n d re d n am e s yo u l ik e ,
F r o m wh o m al l th i s u n i
t h e fa c t r e m ai n s t h e s ame
r

R A JA

I oo

YO GA

v e rs e co m es o ut i n w h o m al l th at i s born l i ve s an d to
wh o m al l r e tu r ns
T h i s i s o n e fa c t th at i s c ertai n
N atu r e wo r k s o n th e s am e p lan ; wh at i s b e i ng w o r k e d
t i n o n e s p h e r e i s be i n g w o r k e d o ut i n m i l l i o n s o f
ou
s p h e r es
Wh a t y o u s e e w i th th e p lan e ts th e s am e
w i l l i t b e w i t h th i s e a r th w i th m e n an d w i th th e s ta r s
T h e h uge wav e i s a m igh ty co m p o u n d o f s mal l wave s
i t m ay b e o f m i l l i on s ; th e l i fe o f th e wh o l e wo r l d i s a
c om p o u n d o f m i l l i o n s o f l i ttl e l i ves an d th e d eath o f
th e w h ol e w orl d i s th e c o mp o u n d o f th e d eath s o f th e s e
m i l l i o n s o f l i ttl e b e i n gs
N o w th e q u e st i o n a r i se s i s go i n g back t o G od th e
T h e p h i l o sop h ers o f th e
h igh e r s tate o r i s i t n ot ?
T h ey s a y
Yog a s ch o ol e m ph at i cal l y a n swe r t hat i t i s
t h at m an s p re se n t state i s a d ege n erati o n ; th e re i s n o
o n e re l igi o n o n t h e f ac e o f th e e arth wh i c h say s th a t
m an i s a n i m prove m e n t T h e i de a i s th a t h i s begi n n i n g
i s p e rfe ct a n d p u re tha t h e d e ge n erate s u n ti l h e C an n o t
d e ge n erate fu rth e r a n d that th e re m u s t c o m e a t i m e
w h e n h e S h o o ts u pward agai n to co mp l e te th e c i rcl e ;
th e c i rcl e m u s t b e th e re
H owe v e r l o w h e goe s h e
m u s t u l ti mate l y tak e the up ward be n d aga i n a nd go
b ack to th e ori gi nal s o u r ce w h i ch i s G o d Ma n c ome s
f ro m G o d i n th e b egi n n i n g i n th e m i d d l e h e be com e s
ma n a n d i n th e e n d h e goe s back to G o d
T h i s i s th e
m e th o d o f p u tti n g i t i n th e D ual i st i c fo r m
In th e
M on i sti c f o rm y o u say tha t ma n i s G o d a n d goe s ba ck
to H i m aga i n
I f o ur p re se n t state i s th e h ighe r o n e
t h e n wh y i s t h e re s o m u ch h orror a n d m i se r y a n d w hy
i s t h e r e a n e n d t o i t ? I f th i s i s th e h ighe r state w hy
,

"

I NT R O D U C T I O N

101

d oe s i t e n d ? T h a t w h i ch co rru pt s an d d eg e ne rat e s
ca n n ot b e th e h i gh e st state
Wh y sh o u l d i t b e s o d ia
I t i s on l y e x cu sabl e , i nas
bo l i c a l s o u n sat i s fy i ng ?
m u ch a s th r ou gh i t we a r e tak i n g a h i gh e r gro ove ;
w e ha v e to pas s th ro ugh i t i n o rde r to be com e r e ge n e
P ut a se ed i n to th e g r o u n d a nd i t d i s i n
rate agai n
te g r a t e s
d i sso lve s a fte r a ti m e an d o ut O f tha t
d i sso l u ti o n co m e s th e s pl e n d i d t r ee
Ev e r y se ed m u s t
d e g e n e ra te to b e co m e th e s tatel y tre e
S o i t fol l ows

th a t th e s o o ne r w e ge t o ut o f th i s s tate w e cal l man


th e be tte r for u s
IS i t by co m m i t ti n g s u i ci d e tha t w e
ge t o ut o f t h i s s tate ? No t at al l
T hat w i l l b e mak i n g
i t al l t h e w ors e
T o rtu ri n g ou r s e lve s o r c o n d e m n i n g
t h e worl d i s n o t th e way to ge t o ut We h av e to pas s

th rou gh th e S l ou gh o f D es p o n d
a n d th e s o o n e r we
B ut i t m u s t al way s b e r e m e rr
are th ro ugh th e b e tte r
b ere d tha t th i s i s n o t th e h igh e st s tate
T h e rea l l y d i f cu l t pa r t t o u n d e r s tan d i s that th i s
s tat e t h e A b sol u te wh i ch has b ee n cal l ed th e h i gh es t
i s n ot as s om e fear that o f th e z o oph i te o r o f t he
stone
T ha t w ou l d b e a da n ge r ou s th i n g t o t h i nk
A cc ord i n g t o th es e th i n k e r s t h e r e are o n l y t w o s tate s
o f e x i st e n c e o n e o f th e s to n e a n d th e ot h e r o f th ou gh t
What r i gh t hav e th e y t o l i m i t e x i s te n c e t o th es e t w o ?
I s th e re n o t s om e th i n g i n n i tel y su p e r i or t o th o u gh t ?
T he v i b ra ti o n s O f l i gh t wh e n th e y a r e v ery l ow w e d o
n o t s e e ; w h e n th ey b e com e a l i ttl e m o r e i n te n s e th e y
b e co m e l i gh t t o u s ; wh e n th ey b e com e s ti l l m ore
i n t e n s e w e d o n o t s e e th e m ; i t i s da r k t o u s
Is the
d a rk n es s i n th e e n d t h e sam e a s i n th e b egi n n i n g ?
.

'

R A JA

1 02

Y O GA

C e r ta i n ly n ot ; i t i s th e d i ffere n ce o f t h e tw o p ol e s Is
th e th o ugh tl e ss n e ss of th e s to n e th e sam e as th e
th ou gh tl e ss n ess o f G o d ? Certai n ly n ot
G o d d oe s
Is
n o t th i n k ; H e d oe s n o t reas o n ; w h y S h ou l d H e ?
a n y th i n g u n k n ow n to H i m t ha t H e s h oul d r eas on ?
T h e st on e ca n n ot reas o n ; G o d d oe s n o t
S u ch i s th e
d i ffe r e n ce
T h e se p h il o s op h e rs th i nk i t i s aw fu l i f w e
go be y o n d th o ugh t ; th e y n d n oth i n g b e yo n d th ou gh t
T he re are mu ch h igh e r s ta te s o f e x i ste n ce be y on d
reas o n in g I t i s real ly b e yo n d th e i n te l l e ct that th e rs t
s ta te o f re l i gi ou s l i fe i s t o b e fou n d
Wh e n yo u s tep
bey o n d th ou gh t a n d i n tell e ct an d al l reas on i ng th e n
y ou ha ve made th e rs t s te p towards G o d ; an d tha t i s
th e be gi n n i n g o f l i fe
T h i s tha t i s c om m o n l y cal l e d
l i fe i s b u t a n e mbry o s tat e
T h e n e xt q ues ti o n w i l l b e w hat p r o of i s the r e th at
th i s s tate be y o n d th ou gh t an d r e as o n i n g i s th e h i ghe s t
s ta te ? I n th e rs t pl ace al l th e g r eat m e n o f th e
w orl d m u ch greate r t han th o s e t hat O n l y tal k m e n
w h o m ove d th e w orl d m e n wh o n e ve r th ou gh t o f an y
se l s h e n d s what ev e r hav e de cla r e d t ha t t h i s i s
b ut a l i ttl e stage o n th e way t hat th e In n i te i s
b eyon d
I n th e se con d p la ce th e y n ot o n l y say SO
b ut l ay i t ope n t o ev e ry o n e th e y l eave the i r me th od s
an d al l c a n fol l ow i n th e i r s te p s
I n th e th i r d place
th ere i s n o o the r way l e ft T h e re i s n o o th e r e xp l an a
ti on
Tak i n g for gran te d tha t th e r e i s n o h i ghe r
s tate w h y are we go i ng th ro ugh th i s ci r cl e al l th e
ti m e ; w ha t re as o n c a n e x pla i n th e worl d ? T h e se n s i
b l e w i l l b e the l i m i t to o ur k n owl e dge i f we can n o t go
.

I NT R O D U C TI O N

Io 3

f arth e r i f we m u s t n o t a s k fo r a ny th i n g m ore T h i s
i s wh at i s cal l e d agn o sti ci sm
B ut wh at rea so n i s th e re
to b e l i e ve i n th e te sti m o ny o f th e se n se s ? I w o u l d cal l
th at m an a t r u e agn o s ti c wh o w o ul d s tan d s ti l l i n th e
st r e e t an d d i e
I f reaso n i s al l i n al l i t l eave s u s n o
p l ace to s ta nd o n th i s s i d e o f n i h i l i sm
I f a man i s
agn o sti c o f e ve ry th i ng b u t m o n e y fam e a n d nam e h e
K a n t ha s pro ve d b ey on d al l d o u b t
i s o n l y a fra u d
th at we can n o t pe n e tra te bey o n d th e tre m e n d o u s dead
B ut th a t i s th e ve ry rs t i d e a up o n
wal l cal l e d reas o n
w h i ch a l l I n d ia n th o ugh t tak e s i ts s ta nd an d d are s to
se e k an d s u cce e d s i n n d i ng s om e th i n g h i gh e r than
r ea so n wh ere al o n e th e e xp lana ti o n o f th e p re se n t
s tate i s to b e fo u nd
T h i s i s th e val ue o f th e stud y o f

s o m e th i ng that w i l l tak e u s b e yond th e w orl d


Thou
art o ur Fath e r an d w i l t tak e us t o th e oth e r sh ore o f
t h i s o cea n of i gn o ra n ce
that i s th e s ci e n ce o f r e l i g i on ;
n ot h i ng e l s e c a n be
,

HE

Y O GA

C
1

Now

HA P T E R

HO R IS M S
I

i s expl ai n ed
r estr a i n i n g th e m i n d-stu
ff (Chi tta ) fr om

concentr a ti n

2 Y oga i s
ta ki ng
.

A P

v a ri

ous f orm s ( Vr i tti s)

go o d d eal o f e x pl a nat i o n i s n e ces sary h ere


We

h av e t o u n d e rstan d w hat Cztza i s an d w h at are t h es e


I hav e th i s ey e
E ye s d o n o t s e e
Tak e
away th e brai n ce n tre w h i ch i s i n th e h ead t h e e ye s
w i l l sti l l b e th e re t h e r e ti n ae co mpl e t e an d al s o th e
pi ct u re an d y e t t h e e ye s wi l l n o t s e e
S o th e eye s are
o n l y a s e co n d ary i n s tr u m e n t n o t th e o rga n o f v i si o n
T h e o rga n o f v i s i o n i s i n th e n e r v e ce n tre o f th e brai n
T h e t w o eye s wi l l n ot b e s u f ci e n t al o ne
S om e ti m e s
a m a n i s asl e e p wi th h i s ey e s op e n
T h e l igh t i s th e re
an d th e pi ctu re i s th ere b u t a th i rd th i n g i s n e ces s ar y ;
m i n d m u st b e j o i n e d t o t h e o r ga n
T h e e ye i s th e
e xte rnal i n strum e n t w e n e e d al so th e brai n ce n tre an d
t h e age n cy o f t h e m i n d
Carriage s rol l d ow n a stre e t
an d yo ud o n o t h ear th e m
Wh y ? B e ca u se yo ur m i n d
h as n o t at tach e d i ts e l f t o the o rga n o f h e ar i n g
Fi rst ,
th e re i s th e i n s tr u m e n t th e n th ere i s t h e organ , a nd
t h i rd , th e m i nd atta ch m e n t to th e se tw o
The mind
1
I 04]
A

YO GA A P H O R I S M S

1 05

ta k e s th e i m pr e ss i on farth e r i n an d p res e n ts i t to th e
d ete rm i nati ve fac ul ty B uda l zi wh i ch reacts A l o ng
w i th t h i s r e act i o n as he s th e i d ea o f ego is m
Then
th i s m i xt u re o f a cti o n a nd reacti o n i s p r es e nte d t o th e

P a r a ga th e r eal S o ul w h o p e r ce i ve s a n obj e ct i n th i s
m i x tu re
T h e o r ga ns
t oge the r w i th th e
mind
th e d e te r m i nati ve fa cul ty
an d egoi s m
fo r m th e g r o u p cal l e d th e
A n ta /z/ea r a zza ( th e i n te r nal i ns t r u m e n t )
Th ey are b u t
va r i o us p r o ce s s e s i n th e m i n d stu ff cal l e d C /zztta T h e

wave s o f th o u gh t i n th e C /zztta a r e c al l e d Vr i ttz ( th e

wh i rl po ol i s th e l i te r al t r a n sl at i o n ) What i s th o ugh t ?
T h o ugh t i s a fo r ce a s i s g r av i tati o n o r re p u l si o n
It
i s ab s orbe d f r o m th e i n n i te sto r e h o us e o f fo r ce i n

nat u re ; th e i ns t r u m e n t cal l e d C /zi f za tak e s h o l d o f tha t


fo r ce a n d wh e n i t pas se s o ut a t th e o th e r e n d i t i s
cal l e d th ou gh t
T h i s force i s su pp l i e d to u s th r o ugh
fo od a n d o ut o f th at fo o d t h e bo d y ob tai n s t h e powe r
e tc
O th e r s th e n e r fo r ce s i t t hrows o ut
o f m oti o n
i n wh at we cal l t h ou gh t
Natu ra l l y w e s e e that th e
m i n d i s n o t i n te l l i ge nt ; y e t i t appea r s t o b e i nte l li ge nt
You
W hy ? B e cau se th e i nt e l l i ge nt so ul i s b e h i n d i t
a r e t h e o n l y se nt i e n t b e i n g ; m i n d i s o n l y t h e i n s tr u
m en t t h rou gh wh i ch yo u catch th e e xte rnal world
Ta k e t h i s b o o k ; a s a b o o k i t d o e s n o t e x i st o u ts i d e
w hat e x i sts o u ts i d e i s u n k n o w n a n d u n k n owab l e
It i s
th e sugge sti o n tha t gi ve s a bl o w to th e m i n d an d th e
m i n d gi ve s o ut th e reacti o n I f a s to n e i s th rown i n to
t h e wa te r th e wa te r i s th r o w n aga i n st i t i n th e fo rm o f
T h e real u n i v ers e i s th e o ccas io n o f th e r e a c
Wa ve s
,

'

'

'

R A JA

1 06

YO GA

A b o o k fo r m o r a n e l e ph a n t f or m
t i o n o f th e m i n d
i s n o t o u ts i d e ; al l tha t we k n o w i s o ur
o r a man fo r m
m e n tal rea c ti o n f r o m th e o u te r s ugges ti o n
Ma tte r i s

the p e r man e n t p o s si b i l i ty o f se n sati on


sa i d J oh n
S tuart M il l
I t i s o nl y th e s ugge st i o n th a t i s o u ts i d e
Y o u k n o w h o w p e arl s
T ak e an oyste r f o r e xam pl e
a r e m ad e
A g r a i n o f san d o r s o me th i ng ge ts i n s i d e
a n d begi n s to i r ri tate i t a n d th e oys te r th ro ws a so r t
e name l l i ng a r o u n d th e san d a n d th i s m ak e s th e
of
p ea r l
T h i s w h ol e u n i ve rs e i s o u r o w n e nam e l s o to
The
s a y a n d th e r eal u n i ve r s e i s th e g r a i n o f sa n d
o r d i na r y m a n w i l l n eve r u n d e rsta n d i t b e ca u s e wh e n
h e t r i e s to h e th r o w s o ut an e nam e l a n d s e e s o n l y h i s
N o w w e u n d e r stan d wh at i s m ea n t by
o w n e nam e l
th e s e Kr ztti a T h e re al m an i s b e h i n d th e m i n d an d
th e m i n d i s th e i n s t r u m e n t i n h i s h and s an d i t i s h i s
i n te l l i ge n ce that i s p e rc o l at i n g th ro u gh i t
I t i s o n ly
wh e n y o u s ta n d b e h i n d i t tha t i t b e c o m e s i n te l l i ge n t
Wh e n ma n g i ve s i t u p i t fal l s to p i e c e s an d i s n o th i n g
I t i s th e
So yo u u n d e r stan d wh a t i s m ean t b y
m i n d s tu ff a n d
a r e th e wave s a n d r i ppl e s ri s i ng
i n i t wh e n e x te rnal cau se s i m p i nge o n i t T h e se Kr ztti :
a r e o ur wh o l e u n i ve r se
T h e b otto m o f th e l ak e we can n o t s e e b e ca u se i ts
s u r face i s c ove re d w i th ri pp l e s
I t i s o n l y p oss i bl e
wh e n th e r i pp l e s h ave s ub s i d e d a n d th e wate r i s cal m
for u s to ca tc h a gl i m ps e of th e b o tto m
I f th e wate r
i s m ud d y th e b otto m w i l l n o t b e se e n ; i f th e wa te r i s
agi ta te d al l th e ti m e th e b o tto m w i l l n o t be s e e n
If
th e wa te r i s C l ear , an d th e re are n o wave s we s h a ll
,

'

'

'

YO GA A PH O R I S M S

1 07

th e b o tto m
T h at b otto m of th e l ak e i s o ur o w n
t r u e S e l f ; th e l ake i s t h e C l a i m a n d th e wave s th e
n
i
r
z
o
e
s
i
A
ga
i
n
t
h
i
s
m
i
nd
i
s
i
n
th
re
e
s
tate
s
i
f
n
K
;
da r k n e s s w h i c h i s cal l e d T a m a s j u s t a s i n b ru te s a n d
i d i ots ; i t o n ly acts to i nj u r e o th e rs
N o o th e r i d ea
c om e s i n to tha t s ta te o f m i n d
T h e n th e re i s th e
ac ti ve s tate o f m i n d R aja : w h o se c h i e f m oti ve s a r e
p owe r a n d e nj oy m e n t
I w i l l b e p o we rf u l a n d r ul e

o th e rs
T h e n at l a s t w h e n th e wave s ce ase a n d
th e wate r o f th e l ak e b e co m e s cl ear th e re i s th e
state ca l l e d Sa t/22a se r e n i ty cal m ne s s
I t i s n o t i nac
t i ve b u t r ath e r i n te n se l y a cti ve
I t i s th e gre ate st
ma n i fe stati o n o f p o we r t o b e cal m
I t i s ea sy to b e
a ct i ve
Le t th e r e i n s g o a n d th e h orse s w i l l d rag
y o u d ow n
A n y o n e ca n d o th at b u t h e w h o ca n stop
t h e pl u ngi ng h o r s e s i s th e st r o ng man Wh i c h re qu i re s
t h e g r e ate r st r e ngth l e tt i ng go o r re st r a i ni ng ? T h e
cal m ma n i s n o t th e ma n w h o i s d ul l
Y o u m u s t n ot
m i sta k e S a ttv a f o r d u l ne ss o r la z i n e ss
T h e ca l m
man i s th e o n e w h o h as r e st r ai n t o f th e s e wave s
Ac
t i v i ty i s th e ma ni fe s ta ti o n o f th e l owe r s tre n gth cal m
n e s s o f th e su p e r i o r s t r e ngth
T h i s C/zztta i s al way s t r y i ng t o ge t back t o i ts natu r al
p u re state b u t th e o r gan s d r aw i t o ut T o re s trai n
i t a n d t o c h e ck th i s o u tward te nd e n cy an d t o start i t
o n th e re t u r n j o urn e y t o that e s se n ce o f i n te l l i ge n c e
i s th e rst ste p i n Yog a be ca u s e o n ly i n thi s way can
th e C /zi tta ge t i n to i ts prope r c o u rs e
A l th o ugh th i s C /zztta i s i n e ve ry an i mal from th e
l ow e s t to th e h i gh e st i t i s o n ly i n th e h uma n fo rm that
see

'

'

R A JA

1 08

YO GA

we n d i n t e l l e ct an d u n ti l t h e m i n d s t u ff c a n t a k e th e
form o f i n te l l e c t i t i s n o t p os s i bl e f o r i t to re t u rn
th r o ugh a l l the se s te p s a n d l i be rate th e s o u l
Imme
d iate sal vati o n i s i mp oss i bl e for th e cow an d t h e d o g,
al thou gh th ey have m i nd be cau se the i r C l zi tta can n o t
a s ye t take t ha t form wh i ch w e cal l i n te l l e ct
C /zztta ma n i fe sts i tse l f i n al l t he s e d i ff e re n t form s
s catte ri ng dark e n i ng weake n i n g an d c o n c e n trat i n g
T h e s e a r e t he fou r s tate s i n w h i ch th e m i n d st u ff ma n i
fe s ts i tse l f
Fi rst a scatte re d form i s act i v i ty
It s
te n d e n cy i s t o man i fe st i n th e form o f pl e as u r e o r o f
pa i n
T h e n t he d u l l form i s dark n e s s t h e o n l y t e n
d e n c y o f wh i ch i s to i nj u re oth e rs
T h e c o m m e ntator
sa ys th e rst form i s na tu ral t o th e B oom th e a n ge l s
Vi ki /22p m i s
a n d t h e se co n d i s th e d e m o n i acal form
wh e n i t str u ggl e s t o ce n tre i tse l f T h e Ekag r a th e
co n ce n trate d form o f th e C/zztta i s wh at b ri ngs u s t o
-

'

'

s o o n a s th e wav e s h a v e s toppe d an d th e l ak e has


b ec o m e qu i e t w e s e e t h e gro u n d b e l ow th e l ak e
So
w i th th e m i n d ; wh e n i t i s cal m we se e wh at o ur o w n
r
n atu r e i s ; w e d o n o t m i x o u rse l v e s b u t re m ai n o u
o w n se l ve s
A

Y O GA A P H O R I S M S

oth er ti m es ( oth er th a n
ti on ) th e seer i s i denti e d
ti on s

4 At
.

1 09

th a t

of

c n centr a

w i th th e m odica

F or

i n s ta n ce I am i n a s tate o f s orrow ; s om e o n e
blam es m e ; th i s i s a m od i cati o n Vf i ttz a n d I i d e n ti fy
m yse l f w i t h i t a n d t h e re s u l t i s m i s e r y
,

'

T h er e

n ot

a re

a
i
n
p

v e cl a sses

o f m o di ca ti on s

a
i
n
f
p

ul a n d

ful

( T h ese a re ) r i gh t k n ow l edge i ndi scr i m i n a ti on


v erba l del u si on sl eep a n d m em ory

7 Di rect p ercep ti on, i nf er ence,


dence, a re p r oof s
.

a n d com

e
t
e
n
t
p

ev i

Wh e n tw o o f o u r p e rcepti o n s d o n o t co n trad i ct eac h


o th er w e cal l i t p ro o f
I h ear s om e th i n g an d i f i t
co n trad i cts s o m e th i ng al ready p erce iv e d I b egi n to
gh t i t o ut a n d d o n o t be l i ev e i t T he re a r e al s o
t h re e k i n ds o f p ro o f
D i re ct p ercep ti o n P r a tya za m
w h ateve r w e s e e an d fe el i s p ro o f i f th ere h as b ee n
n o th i n g to d el u d e the s e n se s
I se e th e wo rl d ; th a t
S e co n d l y A m m ui l za
i s s u f c i e n t p ro o f th at i t e x i s ts
i n fe re n c e ; y o u s e e a S i gn an d fro m th e S i gn y o u co me
m
a
to th e th i n g si gni e d
Th i rd ly jp ta m i k
th e
y
d i rect p erce p ti o n o f th e Y og i o f th o s e w h o hav e see n
th e tru th
We are al l o f u s s tru ggl i n g towards k n o wl
e dge b u t yo u an d I h ave t o s tru ggl e h ard an d co m e
t o k n o w l e d ge th ro ugh a l o ng te d i o u s p ro ces s o f
reas o n i n g b u t th e Yog i th e p u re o n e , h as go n e be y o n d
e
h
th
i
s
e
fore
h
i
s
i
n
d
t
e
pas
t
th
e
p
re
s
n
t
an
d
m
B
l
,
,
al
,
.

R A JA

1 10

Y O GA

th e fu ture are al i ke o n e b o ok f o r h i m to re a d ; h e d oe s
n o t r e qu i re to go th r o ugh al l th i s ted i o us p ro ces s an d
h i s wo r d s are p r o o fs be c aus e h e s ee s k n o wl edge i n
h i m se l f
he i s the O m n is c i e n t O n e
T he se fo r
i nstan c e a r e th e aut ho r s o f th e S ac r e d S criptu r e s ;
the r e fo re th e S cri pt u r es a r e pro o f a n d i f an y s u ch
p e r s o n s a r e l i v i n g n o w , t h e i r wo rd s w i l l b e pro o f
O t he r ph i l o sop h ers go i n to l o n g d i s cu ss i o n s abo ut t h i s
a ta an d th ey s a y w hat i s th e p roo f th at th i s i s tru th ?
Ag
T h e p r oo f i s b e c au s e th e y s e e i t ; b e caus e w h ate ve r I
s e e i s p roo f a n d w h ate ve r yo us e e i s p r o o f i f i t d oes n o t
c o n tradi c t an y pas t k n o wl e dge T h e r e i s k n o wl e dge
b eyo n d t h e s e n se s an d w h en e ve r i t d oe s n o t co n tra d i ct
reas o n a n d p as t h u m an e xp e r i e n c e th at k n owl e dge i s
p ro of A n y m ad m an m ay co m e i n to th i s ro o m an d say
h e se e s an gel s a r o u n d h i m ; t h at w ou l d n o t b e p ro of
In
th e r s t p lace i t m u s t b e t r u e k n owl edge an d se co n d l y
i t m u s t n o t c on t r a d i c t k n owl e dge o f th e pa st a n d
th i rd ly i t m u st d ep e n d u p o n th e characte r o f th e man I
h ear i t sai d th at th e cha r a cte r o f th e man i s n o t o f s o
m u ch i m p o r tan ce a s wh a t h e may say ; w e m u s t r st h ear
wh at h e says
T h i s may b e t r u e i n oth er th i ngs ; a
ma n may b e wi ck ed a n d y e t ma k e a n as tro n om i c al
d i s cov e r y b u t i n re l i gi o n i t i s d i ffe r e n t b e cau se n o
i mpu r e man wi l l e ver h av e th e p owe r to re a c h th e
tru th s o f re l i gi o n
T h e r e fo re w e h av e r s t o f al l to
ata
s e e that th e m an wh o d e cl a r e s h i m se l f to b e an A g
i s a p e rfec tl y u n se l s h an d h ol y p e r so n ; se co nd ly th at
h e h as rea ch e d b eyo n d th e se n s e s an d th i rd l y th at
w h at h e say s d o e s n o t co n trad i c t th e pa s t k n o w l e dge
,

YO GA A P H O R I S M S

III

A n y ne w d i s cov e ry o f tr u th d oe s n ot
o f h u ma n i ty
c o n trad i ct th e pas t tru th b u t ts i n to i t
A nd
fo urth ly th at tr u th m us t h av e a p o ssi bi l i ty o f v e r i c a

ti o n
I f a ma n say s I have s ee n a v i si o n
an d te l l s
m e th a t I h av e n o righ t to s e e i t I beli eve h i m n o t
E ve ry o n e m u s t h a v e th e p o we r to s e e i t f o r h i m se l f
N o o n e w h o sel l s h i s k n owl e dge i s an A a
A l l the s e
con d i ti o n s m u s t be ful l l e d ; yo u mu s t r s t s e e that t he
man i s p u re an d t h at h e has n o s e l s h m ot i ve ; that h e
h a s n o th i r s t fo r ga i n o r fame
S e co n d ly h e mu s t
S h ow that h e i s s u pe r co n s ci o us
T h i rd l y he m us t
giv e u s s o me th i n g t hat w e can n ot ge t fro m o ur s e n s e s
a n d w h i ch i s f o r t he b en e t o f t h e worl d
A nd we
m u s t se e th at i t d oe s n ot c o n trad i ct o th e r tru th s ; i f i t
c o nt rad i ct o th e r s ci e n ti c t ru th s rej e ct i t at o n ce
Fou rth l y th e man s h oul d n eve r be s i n gu l ar ; h e S h o u l d
o nl y re p res e n t w h at al l m e n c a n a ttai n
T h e t h re e
s orts o f p ro o f are th e n d i r e ct se n s e pe rce p ti o n
i n fere n ce a n d th e w ord s o f a n jp ta
I ca n n ot tran s
l ate t h i s w ord i n t o E n gl i sh I t i s n o t t h e w ord i n sp i re d
b e cau s e that co m e s f r o m o u ts i d e w h i l e th i s co m e s fro m

h i m se l f
T h e l i te ral me an i n g i s atta i n e d
.

8 In di scr i m i na ti on i s f a l se
.

l i sh ed i n

r ea l n a t r e

know l edge

n ot

e sta b

T h e n e x t cl a ss o f Vr zttz: th at ari se i s m i stak i n g th e


o n e th i n g f o r a n o th e r a s a p i e ce o f m oth e r o f p earl i s
tak e n fo r a p i e ce o f s i l ve r

R A JA

1 12

9 Verba l
.

Y O GA

del usi on f ol low s f rom w ords h a v i ng

o
(

c rr esp n di n g

no

r ea l i ty.

T h ere i s a n oth e r c las s o f Vri tti : cal l e d Vi ka goa


A wo rd i s u tte re d a n d we d o n o t wa i t t o c o n s i d e r i t s
m ean i n g ; we j u m p to a c o n cl u s i o n i m m e d i ate l y
It is
N o w yo u c a n
t h e S ign o f we a k ne s s o f th e C /zztta
u n d e rs ta n d th e th e ory o f re s tra i n t T h e weak e r th e
m a n th e l e s s h e h a s o f r e stra i n t
C o n s i d e r yo u rse l ve s
al way s i n th at way W h e n yo u are go i ng t o b e a ngry
re as o n i t o ut h o w i t i s th at s om e n e ws
o r m i se rab l e
th a t h a s c om e t o yo u i s th ro w i n g y o u r m i n d i n to
.

'

1 0 Sl eep i s
.

oi dness

Vr i tti w h i ch

em bra ces

th e f eel i ng

of

'

T h e n e xt cl as s o f Vr i ttz: i s cal l e d sl e e p a n d d ream


Wh e n we awak e we k n o w th at w e h ave b ee n sl e ep i ng ;
we ca n o nl y h ave m e m ory o f p e rcep ti o n
T ha t wh i ch
w e d o n o t p e rce i v e we n e ve r c a n h ave a ny m e m o r y o f
E ve ry react i o n i s a wave i n th e l ak e
N o w i f d u ri n g
s l e e p th e m i n d h ad n o wave s i t w o u l d h ave n o p e rce p
t i o n s p o s i ti ve o r n egati ve a n d th e re fo re we w o u l d
n o t re me mb e r th e m
T h e v e ry rea s o n o f o ur re m e m
b e ri ng sl e e p i s th at d u ri n g S l e e p th e re w a s a ce rta i n
cl as s o f wav e s i n th e m i n d
M e m o ry i s a n o th e r C l as s
w h i c h i s cal l e d S m ri ti
of
.

Y O GA A P H O R I S M S
11

1 13

M em or y i s w h en th e ( Vr i tti s

o f p ercei v ed sub
ec
j ts do n ot sl i p a w a y ( a n d through i m p r essi ons
com e ba ck to con sci o u sn ess)

M e m ory ca n b e ca us e d by th e p re v i o u s th re e
For
i n sta n c e yo u h ea r a w o rd
T hat w o rd i s l ik e a sto n e

th ro wn i n to th e l ak e o f th e C /zztza i t caus e s a r i pp l e
a n d th a t r i pp l e r o u se s a se r i e s of r i p pl e s ; th i s i s
m e m ory
S o i n sl e e p
Wh e n th e p e c u l i a r k i n d o f
ri pp l e cal l e d sl e ep th ro w s th e C oztta i n to a ri ppl e o f
m e m ory i t i s cal l e d a d re am
Dream i s a n oth e r form
of
th e r ip p l e w h i ch i n th e wak i n g s tate i s cal l e d
m e m ory
.

'

'

1 2 T h ei r

con tr

ol

i s by p r a cti ce

and

n on -a ttach

m en t

T h e m i n d t o h ave th i s n o n attach m e n t m u st b e
cl ear go od a n d rati o n al
Wh y S h ou l d we p racti se ?
B e ca u s e e a ch a cti o n i s l i k e th e pu l sati o n s qu i ve r i n g
over th e s u rface o f th e lak e
T h e v i brati o n d i e s o ut
a n d wha t i s l e ft ? T h e Sa m :kci r a : th e i m p r e ss i o ns
Wh e n a large n u mb e r o f th e s e i mp res s i ons i s l e ft o n
th e m i n d th e y c oal es ce a n d b e co m e a hab i t
It is
sai d
hab i t i s se co n d nature ;
i t i s rs t na tu re al s o
a n d th e wh o l e n atu re o f m a n ; e ve ry th i ng tha t we are
T ha t g i ve s u s c o n s ol ati o n be
i s th e r e s u l t o f h ab i t
cau se i f i t i s o n l y h ab i t we ca n m ak e an d u n mak e i t
a t any ti m e
T h i s Sa m :k(i r a i s l e ft by th e s e v ib ra ti o n s
pass i n g o ut o f o ur m i n d e ach o n e o f th e m l e av i ng i ts
re s u l t
O u r c hara cte r i s th e s um tota l o f th es e ma r k s
a n d acc o rd i ng as s om e parti c u l a r wa v e p re va i l s o n e
-

R A JA Y O GA

ta ke s

tha t t on e
If g o o d p re v a i l o n e b e c o m e s go o d ,
i f w i c k ed n e s s o n e be c o m e s w i c ke d , i f j o yf u l ne s s o n e
be c o m e s h a p p y
T h e o n ly re m e dy f o r ba d h a b i ts i s
c o u n te r h a b i t s ; a l l th e ba d h a b i ts th a t h a ve l e ft t he i r
i m p re s s i o n s a re to b e c o n tr o l l e d by g o o d h a b i ts G o
o n d o i n g go o d
th i n k i n g h o ly th o ugh ts c o n t i n u o u sly ;
th a t i s th e o n l y w a y to s up p re ss b a s e i m p re ss i o n s
N eve r s a y a n y m a n i s h o p e l e s s , be c a us e h e o n l y rep
re se n ts a ch a r a c te r a bu n d l e o f h a b i ts a n d th ese
C h a r a cte r i s
c a n b e c h e c ke d b y n e w a n d b e t te r o n e s
rep e a ted h a b i t s , a n d re pe a te d h a b i t s a l o n e c a n re f o r m
c h a r a cte r
.

1 3 Conti nuous
.

ruggl e to keep th em (th e Vrji tti s)


s
e
r
f
e
c
t
ly
r
e
t
r
a
i
n
d
i
s
r
a
c
i
e
t
ce
p
p
st

Wh a t i s th i s p r a cti ce
m i nd i n th e C l zztta f o rm
wa v e s
'

Th e a tte m p t to re s tra i n th e
t o p re ve n t i ts g o i n g o ut i nt o

1 4 Its gr oun d b ecom es r m by l ong, con sta nt e orts


wi th gr ea t l ove ( f or th e en d to be a tta i n ed)
'

e str a i n t d o e s n o t c o m e i n
c o n t i n u ed p r a cti ce

o ne

d a y,

b u t b y lon g

15

up

th ei r

h ea r d,
is
T
se

to th ose w h o h a ve gi v en
thi r st a f ter obj ects ei th er seen or

T h a t eff ect whi ch

wo m o

whi ch wi ll s

ntr ol

to

co

th e

bj ects

n on -a tta ch m ent

tiv e s

l v e s ; ( 2)

a nd

com es

of o

T he

ur

c ti o n s
e x p e ri e n c e
a

a re

of

Wh
a t we s e e
( )
T h e se
o th e rs
I

ur

tw o

Y O GA

A P H O R I SM S

1 1

rce s a r e t h r o w i n g th e m i nd th e l a k e i n t o v a ri o u s
w a ve s
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th e se , a n d h o l d i ng th e m i n d i n che ck
o f th e s e t w o m o ti ve s i s w h a t w e w a n t
I a m p a ss i n g
th r o ug h a s tre e t a n d a m a n c o me s a n d t a k e s m y w a tch
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i m m e d i a t el y th r o w s m y C /zztm i n t o a w a ve t a k i ng th e
f o rm o f a n ge r
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th e h i gh e s t i de a l
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w a ve f o rm w i th re g a rd t o th e m i s re n u n c i a ti o n ; t o
c o n tr o l th e t w o f o l d m o ti v e p o we rs a ri s i n g fr o m m y
o w n e x p e ri e n ce a n d fr o m th e e x pe ri e n ce o f o th e rs
a n d th u s pre v e n t th e C /zztta fro m b e i n g g o ve rn e d b y
th e m i s Va zr ci gya m
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m e a n d n o t I by th e m
T h i s s o rt o f m e n t a l stre ngth
i s c a l l e d re n u n c i a ti o n
T h i s Va zr dgya m i s th e o n l y
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16

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i s a n d w h a t a r e t h e q u a l i ti e s
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R A JA

1 16

Y O GA

i s c a l l e d T a m a s a n o th e r R aja s , a n d th e th ird
T h e se th re e qu a l i ti e s m a n i fe s t th e m s e l ve s i n
S a ttv a
th e p hy s i c a l w o rl d a s a ttr a ct i o n rep u l s i o n a n d c o n
tr o l
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ta t i o n s a r e c o mb i n a ti o n s a n d re c o mb i n a ti o n s o f th e s e
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ge n c e w e s e e i n n a tu re i s b u t th e re e c ti o n fr o m th i s
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Y ou
m u s t re m e mb e r th a t th e w o rd n a tu re a l s o i n cl u d e s th e
m i n d ; m i n d i s i n n a tu re ; th o ugh t i s i n n a tu re ; fr o m
th o u ght d o w n t o th e gr o s se s t f o rm o f m a tte r e ve ry
th i n g i s i n n a tu re th e m a n i fe s t a ti o n o f n a tu re
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a n d a ppe a rs i n I ts o w n gl o ry
a s b e i n g c o n tr o l o f
a s i t i s d e scribe d i n A p h o ri sm 1 5
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1 7 The
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I n th i s S a m ci d/zz
T h e Sa mp m jn dm i s o f f o u r v a ri e t i e s
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AP H O RI SM S

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1 17

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v a ri e ty i s c a l l e d th e Sa ozta r a w h e n th e m i n d m e d i
t a te s up o n a n o bj e c t a g a i n a n d a g a i n by i s o l a ti n g i t
fr o m o th e r o bj e cts
T h e re a r e t w o s o rts o f o bj e cts
th e c a teg o ri e s o f n a tu re a n d th e
f o r m e d i t a ti o n
A g a i n th e c a te gori e s a r e o f t w o v a ri e ti e s ;
P ur ufa
th e twe n ty f o u r c a teg o ri e s a r e i n se n ti e n t a n d th e o n e
s e n ti e n t i s th e P um f a
Wh e n th e m i n d th i n k s o f th e
e l e m e n ts o f n a tu re b y th i n k i n g o f th e i r b egi n n i ng a n d
th e i r e n d th i s i s o n e s o rt o f S a v zta r ka
T h e w o rd s
re q u i re e xp l a n a ti o n
T h i s p a rt o f Yog a i s b a se d
e n ti re l y o n S i n k/92a P h i l o s o p h y a b o u t w h i ch I h a ve
a l re a d y t o l d yo u
A s yo u w il l re m e m b e r e g o i s m a n d
w i l l a n d m i n d h a v e a c o m m o n b a si s a n d th a t c o m
m o n b a si s i s c a l l e d th e C /zztta th e m i n d s tu ff o ut o f
wh i c h th e y a r e a l l m a n u f a ctu re d
T h i s m i n d stu ff
t a k e s i n th e f o rce s o f n a tu re a n d p roj e cts th e m a s
th o ugh t
T h e re m u s t b e s o m e th i ng a g a i n w h ere b o th
f o rce a n d m a tte r a r e o n e
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th e u n m a ni fe s te d s t a te o f n a tu re b e f o re c re a ti o n a n d
t o wh i ch a fte r t h e e n d o f a c ycl e th e w h o l e o f n a tu re
re tu rn s t o a g a i n c o m e o ut a fte r a n o th e r p e ri o d
Be

y o n d th a t i s th e P a m ga th e e s se n ce o f i n tel l i ge n ce
T h e re i s n o l i be r a ti o n i n ge tti n g p o we rs I t i s a
w o rl dl y s e a rch a fte r e nj oy me n ts a n d th e re i s n o e nj o y
m e n t i n th i s l i fe ; a l l s e a rch f o r e n j o ym e n t i s v a i n ; th i s
i s th e ol d o l d l es s o n w h i ch m a n n d s i t s o h a rd t o
l e a rn
Wh e n h e d oe s l e a rn i t h e ge ts o ut o f th e u n i
ve rs e a n d b e c o m e s fre e
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c a l l e d o ccu l t p o we rs i s o n l y i n te n s i fy i n g th e w o r l d ,
i n te n s i fy i ng s u ffe ri n g T h o u gh a s a
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R A JA

1 18

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b o u n d to p o i n t o ut th e p o s s i
bi l i ti e s o f th i s s ci e n ce h e n eve r m i sse s a n o pp o rtu n i ty
K n o wl e dge i s p o we r
t o w a rn u s a g a i n st th e s e p o we rs
a n d a s s o o n a s w e b egi n t o k n o w a th i ng we ge t p o we r
w h e n th e m i n d b egi n s t o m e d i t a te o n
o ve r i t ; s o a l s o
th e d i ffe re n t e l e m e n ts i t g a i n s p o we r o v e r th e m
T ha t
s o rt o f m e d i t a t i o n w h e re th e e xte rn a l gr o s s e l e m e n ts
a
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a r e th e o bj e c ts i s c a l l e d S a w ta r k
ti o n Sa ozta r ka w i th q u e s ti o n
Q ue sti o n i n g th e e l e
m e n ts a s i t we re th a t th ey m a y gi v e u p th e i r tru th s
th e i r p o we rs t o th e m a n w h o m e d i t a te s up o n
a nd
th e m A g a i n i n th e ve ry s a m e m e d i t a ti o n wh e n o n e
struggl e s t o t a k e th e e l e m e n ts o ut o f ti m e a n d s p a ce
i t IS c a l l e d N zr w ta r ka
a n d th i n k o f th e m a s th e y a r e
w i th o u t q ue s ti o n
Wh e n th e m e d i t a ti o n g o e s a s te p

h i gh e r a n d t a k e s th e T a n m a tr a s a s i ts o bj e ct a n d
th i n k s o f th e m a s i n ti m e a n d sp a ce i t i s c a l l e d S a m
w i th d i s cri m i n a ti o n a n d wh e n th e s a m e m e d i t a
cl zd m
ti o n ge ts b ey o n d ti m e a n d sp a ce a n d th i n k s o f th e
n e e l e m e n ts a s th e y a r e i t i s c a l l e d N i rozc/zdr a w i th
T h e n e xt s te p i s wh e n th e e l e
t d i scri m i n a ti o n
ou
m e n ts a r e gi ve n u p e i th e r a s gr o s s o r a s n e a n d th e
o bj e ct o f m e d i t a ti o n i s th e i n te ri o r o rg a n th e th i n k i ng
o rg a n a n d w h e n th e th i nk i ng o rg a n i s th o ugh t o f a s
b e re ft o f th e q u a l i ti e s o f a cti v i ty a n d o f d u l n e s s i t i s
th e n c a l l e d Sd n a n a a m th e b l i ss ful S a m ci d/zi
I n th a t
Sa m da l zz w h e n w e a r e th i n k i ng o f th e m i n d a s th e
o bj e ct o f m e d i t a ti o n b e f o re w e h a ve re a c h e d th e s t a te
wh i ch t a k e s u s b ey o n d th e m i nd e ve n wh e n i t h a s
be c o m e ve ry ri p e a n d c o n ce n tr a ted , wh e n a l l i d e a s o f
s c i e n ti s t ,

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PH O R I S M S

1 19

te ri a l s , o r ne m a ter i a l s ha v e b e e n gi ve n
u p a n d th e o n ly O bj e ct i s th e m i n d a s i t i s wh e n th e
S a ttv a st a te o n l y o f th e Eg o re m a i n s b u t d i ffere n ti a te d
fr o m a l l o th e r O bj e cts th i s i s c a l l e d A rm ztd S a m dd/zz
a n d th e m a n w h o h a s a tt a i ne d to th i s h a s a tt a i ne d t o
"
wh a t i s c a l l e d i n th e Veda s be re ft o f b o d y
He ca n
th i n k o f h i m se l f a s w i th o u t h i s gr o ss b o dy ; b u t h e w i l l
h a ve to th i n k o f h i m se l f a s w i th a ne b o dy
T h o se
th a t i n th i s s t a te ge t m e rge d i n n a ture w i th o u t a tt a i n
i ng th e g o a l a r e c a l l e d P r a kr i h l aya s b u t th o se w h o
n o t e ve n st o p a t a n
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th e con sta n t p r a cti ce of cessa ti on of a l l m enta l
acti vi ty i n whi ch th e Chi tta r eta i n s only th e
unm a ni f ested i m pr es si ons

1 8 T h er e i s
.

a n oth e

h i s i s th e pe rfe c t supe r c o n sc i o u s A ra mp r ajn dta


th e st a te w h i ch gi ve s u s fre e d o m
T h e rs t
s t a te d o e s n o t gi ve u s fre e d o m d o e s n o t l ib e r a te the
soul
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a ga i n
T h e re i s n o s a fegu a rd u nt i l th e s o ul g o e s be
y o n d n a tu re a n d b ey o n d c on s c i o u s c o n ce n tr a ti o n
It
i s ve ry d i fc u l t to a tt a i n a l t h o ugh i ts me th o d se e m s
v e ry e a sy
It s m e th o d i s to h o l d th e m i n d a s the
c o m e s to stri ke i t
o bj e c t , a n d w h e ne ve r t h o ugh t
d o wn , a llo w i n g n o th o ugh t to c o m e i n t o th e m i nd t h u s
m a k i n g i t a n e n ti re v a c u u m
Wh e n w e c a n re a l l y d o
t h i s i n t h a t m o me n t we s h a l l a tt a i n l ib e r a ti o n
Whe n
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R A JA

1 20

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t h e i r m i n d s v a c a n t t h ey a r e l i k e l y to s u cce e d o n l y i n
c o ve ri ng the m se l ve s w i th T o m a s m a te ri a l o f i gn o r
wh i ch m a ke s th e m i n d d u l l a n d stu p i d a n d l e a d s
a n ce
th e m to th i n k th a t th ey a r e m a k i n g a v a c u u m o f th e
T o b e a b l e t o re a l ly d o th a t i s a m a n i fe st a ti o n
mind
Wh e n
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t h i s st a te A sa m pm jm i za
s u pe r c o n sc i o u sn e s s
is
re a ch e d th e S a m ci olzi b e c o m e s s e e d l e s s
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m e a n t by th a t ? I n th a t s o rt Of c o n ce n tr a ti o n wh e n
th e re i s c o n s c i o u s n e s s w h e re th e m i n d h a s s u cce e d e d

o nl y i n q u e l l i n g th e w a ve s i n t h e C /zzzm a n d h ol d i ng
t h e m d o wn th ey a r e st i l l t h e re i n th e f o rm o f te n de n
c i e s a n d th e se te n de n ci e s ( o r se e d s ) w i l l b e c o m e w a ve s
a ga i n
w h e n th e t i m e c o m e s
B ut w h e n yo u h a ve
d e stroye d a l l t h e s e te n d e n c i e s a l m o st d e str o y e d th e
m i n d th e n i t h a s be c o m e s e e dl e ss t he re a r e n o m o re
s e e d s i n t h e m i n d o ut o f w h i ch t o m a n u f a ctu re a g a i n
t h i s ce a s el e s s r o u n d o f
a n d a g a i n th i s pl a n t o f l i fe
b i rth a n d d e a th
Y o u m a y a s k w h a t s t a te w o ul d th a t
b e i n w h i ch w e sh o ul d h a v e n o k n o wl e dge
Wh a t w e
c a l l k n o wl e dge i s a l o we r s t a te th a n th e o n e b e y o n d
k n o wl e dge
Y o u m us t a l w a y s b e a r i n m i n d th a t the
e xtre m e s l o o k v e ry m uc h t he s a m e
T h e l o w v i br a
ti o n o f l igh t i s d a rk n e ss a n d th e v e ry h igh v ib r a ti o n
o f l igh t i s d a rk ne s s a l s o b u t o n e i s re a l d a rk n e ss a n d
th e o th e r i s re a l l y i n te n se l i gh t ; ye t th e i r a ppe a r a n ce
So ign or a n ce i s the l o we st s t a te k n o wl
i s th e s a me
e d ge i s th e m i ddl e st a te a n d b ey o n d k n o wl ed ge i s a
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s ti l l h i ghe r st a te
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A P H O R I SM S

121

wi ll be th e re s ul t o f c o n st a n t p r a cti ce o f th i s h i ghe r
A l l o l d te nd e n ci e s o f re stl e ssn e ss a n d
co n ce n tr a ti o n
d u l n e ss w i l l b e d e str o yed a s w e l l a s the te n de n ci e s o f
go o d n e s s t o o
I t i s j u s t th e s a me a s w i th t he m e t a ls
th a t a r e u se d w i th g o l d t o t a ke o ff th e d i rt a n d a l l o y
Wh e n th e o r e i s s me l te d d o w n th e d ro s s i s b u rn t a l o n g
w i t h th e a l l oy
So t h i s c o n st a n t co n tro l l i n g p owe r w i l l
s top th e p rev i o us ba d te n d e n c i e s a n d e ve n tu a l l y th e
g o o d o ne s a l s o
T h o s e g o o d a n d ev i l te nd e n ci es w i l l
s u pp re ss e a c h o th e r a n d th e re w i l l re m a i n th e S o ul , i n
a l l i ts gl ori o us sp l e nd o u r u n tr a m m e l l ed by e i th e r g o o d
o r ba d
o m n ip o te n t a n d
a n d t h a t S o u l i s o m n ip res en t
B y gi vi n g u p a l l p owe rs i t h a s be com e
o m n is ci e n t
o m n i p o te n t by gi v i n g u p a l l l i fe i t i s b ey o n d m ort a l
i ty ; i t h a s b e co m e l i fe i ts el f T h e n th e S o u l w i l l k n o w
I t n e i th e r h a d b i rt h n o r d e a th n e i th e r w a n t o f h e a v e n
n or o f e a rth
I t w i l l k n ow th a t I t n e i th e r c a m e n o r
we n t ; i t w a s n a t ure w h i c h w a s m o vi ng a n d th a t m o ve
m e n t w a s re e cte d u p o n t h e S o u l
T h e f o rm o f t h e
l i gh t i s m o v i n g i t i s re e cte d a n d c a s t by th e c a m er a
u p o n th e w a l l a n d th e w a l l fo ol i sh l y th i n k s i t i s m o v
i ng
S o w i th a l l o f u s ; i t i s th e C /zztta con st a n tl y m o v
i n g m a n i p u l a t i n g i t s e l f i n t o v a ri o u s form s a n d w e
th i n k th a t w e a r e th e se v a ri o u s form s
A l l th e s e d el u
s i o n s w i l l v a n i sh
Wh e n th a t fre e S ou l w i l l c o m
n o t p r a y o r beg
ma n d
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R A JA

1 22

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the re c a n n o t b e a n y G o d o f th i s un i ver s e , b e ca u s e i f
th e re we re He m u s t b e a S o u l , a n d a S o u l m u st b o o m
o w c a n th e s o u l
o f t w o th i n gs e ith e r b o u n d o r fre e
th a t i s b o u n d by n a tu re o r c o n tr o l l e d by n a tu re
cre a te
I t i s i tse l f a sl a v e
O n th e o th er h a n d wh a t
b u si ne s s h a s th e s o u l th a t i s fre e t o c re a te a n d m a n i p u
l a te a l l th e se th i n gs ? I t h a s n o d e si re s s o c a n n o t
h a ve a n y n e e d to cre a te
S e c o n d ly i t s a y s th e th e o ry
o f G o d i s a n u n n e ce s s a ry o n e ;
n a tu re e xpl a i n s a l l
Wh a t i s th e us e o f a n y G o d
B u t K ap zl a te a ch e s th a t
th ere a r e m a ny s o u l s w h o , th o ugh n e a rl y a tt a i n i ng
p erfe c ti o n f a l l sh o rt be c a u s e th ey c a n n o t p erfe ctl y
re n o u n ce a l l p o we rs
T h e i r m i n d s f o r a t i m e m erge
i n n a ture t o r e e m erge a s i ts m a ste rs
S u c h go d s
th e re a r e We s ha ll a l l b e c o m e s u c h g o d s a n d a c c o rd
i ng to th e Sti nk/gym th e G o d sp o k e n o f i n th e Veda s
re a l l y m e a n s o n e o f th e s e fre e s o u l s
B ey o n d th e m
th ere i s n o t a n et e rn a l l y fre e a n d bl es se d C re a t o r o f
No t
th e u n i verse
O n t h e o th e r h a n d th e Yog i s s a y
s o th e re i s a G o d ; th e re i s o n e S o u l sep a r a t e fr o m a l l
e i s th e e te rn a l M a ste r o f a l l c r e a
o th e r s o u l s a n d
"
ti o n th e E v e r Fr e e th e T e a c h e r o f a l l te a ch e rs
'
T h e Yog i s a d m i t th a t th o s e th e Sti n k/y d s c a l l th e
'
"
m erge d i n n a t u r e a l s o e xi st
T h e y a r e Yog i s w h o
h a v e f a l l e n sh o rt o f p erfe cti o n a n d t h o ugh f o r a
ti m e d eb a rre d f r o m a tt a i n i n g th e go a l , re m a i n a s r u l e rs
o f p a rt s o f th e u
n i ve rs e

'

'

AP H O RI S M S

Y O GA

19
.

1 23

wh en n ot f oll owed by extr em e


a tta ch m ent ) b ecom es th e ca u
se of th e re

S
T
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i
s
a
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hi
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no

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b ecom e

th e gods

m e ged i n

n a tur e

a n d of

th ose th a t

T h e g o d s i n th e I n d i a n sys te m s re pre se n t ce rt a i n
h i gh o f ce s w h i ch a r e b e i n g l l e d s u cce ss i ve l y by
v a ri o u s s o u l s
B u t n o n e o f th e m i s p erfe ct
.

r ( th i s Sa m adh i ) com es
en er gy m em or y con centr a ti on
a ti on of th e r ea l

20 T o
.

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f
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i
th r ou
th,
g

oth e s
,

a nd

di scr i m i n

T h e se a r e th ey
g o d s o r e ve n th a t
l ib e r a ti o n
,

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of

ho

d o n o t w a n t th e p o s i ti o n
ru l e rs o f cycl e s T h ey a tt a i n
.

of

to

Success i s sp eedy f or th e extr em ely en er geti c


22 T h ey a ga i n di ff er a ccor di n g a s th e m ea n s a r e

21

m
m i l d, m e di u
m or su
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r
to I sv a r a

23 Or by dev oti on
l er ) i s
24 I sv a r a ( th e Sup r em e R u
.

untouch ed by
desi r es

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th e

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r esul ts

of

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ru
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'

We m u s t a g a i n re me mbe r th a t th i s P a to n/2211 Yog a


P h i l o s o p hy i s b a se d u p o n th a t o f th e S ti n k/v a r o n l y
th a t i n th e l a tte r th e re i s n o pl a ce f o r G o d wh i l e w i th

th e Yog i : G o d h a s a pl a ce
T h e Yog i s h o we ve r a v o i d
m a n y i d e a s a b o u t G o d su ch a s cre a ti n g G o d a s th e
C re a t o r o f th e U n i ve rse i s n o t m e a n t by t h e [ f oa m o f

t h e Yog zs a l th o ugh a cc o rd i n g t o th e Ve da s [ f oa m i s
,

RA J A

1 24

Y O GA

th e C re a t o r o f th e u n i ve rse
S ee i n g th a t th e u n i vers e
i s h a rm o n i o u s i t m u st b e th e m a n i fe s t a t i o n o f o n e
will
T h e Y og i : a n d S i n k/gal : b o th a v o i d th e qu e sti o n
o f cre a ti on
T h e Y og i : w a n t t o e st a b l i sh a G o d b ut
c a refu l l y a v o i d th i s q u e sti o n th ey d o n o t r a i s e i t a t
Y e t yo u w i l l n d th a t th e y a rri ve a t G o d i n a
all
p ecu l i a r f a sh i o n o f th e i r o w n
T h e y s a y:
.

25

H
i

In

wh i ch

i n n i te th a t

b ecom es
in

oth e s

is

on l y

a l l -k o

n wi n gn ess

r
m
e
g

T h e m i n d m u s t a l w a y s tr a v e l b e twe e n t w o e xtre m e s
Y o u c a n t h i n k o f l i m i te d sp a c e b u t th e v e ry i d e a o f
th a t gi ve s yo u a l s o u n l i m i te d sp a ce
C l os e y o u r e ye s
a n d a t th e s a m e ti m e th a t
a n d th i n k o f a l i ttl e sp a ce
p
e
rce
i
v
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th
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l
i
ttl
e
c
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rcl
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u
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o
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y
I t i s th e s a m e w i th t i m e
o f u n l i m i te d d i m e n s i o n s
T ry t o th i n k o f a se c o n d yo u w i l l h a v e w i th th e s a m e
t o th i n k o f ti m e w h i c h i s u n l i m i te d
a c t o f p e rcep ti o n
K n owl e dge i s o n ly a germ i n
80 wi th k n o wl edge
m a n b u t yo u wi l l h a v e to th i n k o f i n n i te k n owl e dge
a ro u n d i t s o th a t th e ve ry n a t ure o f yo u r c o n sti tuti o n
sh o w s u s th a t th e re i s u n l i m i te d k n o wl e dge a n d th e
Y og i : c a l l th a t u n l i m i te d k n o wl e dge G o d
.

26

Hi
e

th e T ea ch er

b ei ng

n ot

of

l i m i ted by

ven

th e

a n ci en t

tea ch ers,

ti m e

I t i s tru e th a t a l l k n o wl ed ge i s w i th i n o u rs el ve s b u t
th i s h a s t o b e c a l l e d f o rth by a n o th e r k n o wl e dge
A l th o ugh t h e c a p a ci ty to k n o w i s i n si d e u s i t m us t be
,

Y O GA

AP H O RI S M S

1 25

ll e d o ut a n d th a t c a l l i n g o ut o f k n owl ed ge c a n o nl y
b e g o t a Y og i m a i n t a i ns th rou gh a n othe r k n ow l edge
D e a d i n se n ti e n t m a tt e r n eve r c a l l s o ut k n o wl edge i t
i s t h e a cti o n o f k n owl ed ge th a t b ri ngs o ur k n o wl edge
K n o wi n g be i n gs m u s t b e wi th u s t o c a l l forth w h a t i s
i n us s o th es e te a ch e rs w e re a l w a ys ne ce ss a ry
The
worl d w a s n e ve r wi th ou t the m a n d n o k n o w l e dge c a n
c o m e w i th o u t th e m
G o d i s th e T e a ch e r o f a l l te a ch
e rs b e c a u se th e s e te a ch ers h o we ve r gre a t th e y m a y
have been
god s o r a ngel s
we re a l l b ou n d a n d l i m
These
i t e d by ti m e a n d G o d i s n o t l i mi te d by ti m e
T h e rs t
a r e t h e t w o p e cu l i a r d e d u cti o n s o f th e Y og i :
i s th a t i n th i n k i n g o f th e l i m i te d th e m i n d m u s t th i n k
o f th e u n l i m i te d a n d th a t i f o n e p a r t o f t h a t p e rcep ti o n
i s tru e th e o th e r m us t be f o r th e re a s o n th a t the i r
v a l u e a s pe rce p t i o n s o f th e m i n d i s e qu a l
Th e ve ry
f a ct t h a t m a n h a s a l i ttl e k n owl e dge s h ows th a t G o d
I f I a m t o t a k e o n e wh y
h a s u n l i m i te d k n o wl e d ge
r
n o t th e o th e r ?
R e a so n fo rce s m e t o t a k e b o th o
re j e ct b o th
I f I bel i eve th a t t h ere i s a m a n w i th a
l i ttl e k n o wl edg e I m u s t a l s o a d m i t t h a t th e re i s s o m e
b e h i n d h i m w i th u n l i m i te d k n o wl e dge
The
o ne
s e c o n d de d u cti o n i s th a t n o k n o wl e dge c a n co me wi th
I t i s tru e a s th e m o d e rn p h i l o s o p h e rs
t a te a ch e r
ou
t
s a y th a t th e re i s s o me th i n g i n m a n w hi ch e v o l ve s o u
b u t cert a i n e n vi r o n
O f h i m ; a l l k n owl ed ge i s i n m a n
me n ts a r e n e ce ss a ry t o c a l l i t o ut We c a n n o t n d a n y
k n o wl e d ge w i th o u t te a ch e rs i f th ere a r e m e n te a ch ers
te
ch
e
rs
th
ey
o r a n ge l te a ch ers
a r e a l l l i mi te d ;
d
a
o
g
w h o w a s th e te a c h e r be f o re th e m P We a r e f o r c e d t o
ca

RA JA

1 26

Y O GA

d m i t a s a l a s t c o n c l u si o n O n e Te a c h er W h o i s n o t
l i m i te d by ti me a n d th a t O n e T e a c h er o f i n n i te
k n o wl e dge wi th o u t begi n n i ng o r e n d i s c a l l e d G o d

27

i
H

s m a n i f e sti n g

w or d

i s 0m

Ev ery i d e a th a t yo u h a ve i n th e m i n d h a s a c o u n te r
p a rt i n a word ; th e wo rd a n d th e th o ugh t a r e i n s e p a r
T h e e xte rn a l p a r t o f th e t h o u gh t i s w h a t we
a bl e
c a l l w o rd a n d th e i n tern a l p a rt i s w h a t w e c a l l th o ugh t
N o m a n c a n by a n a lys i s s ep a r a te th o ugh t fr o m w o rd
T h e i de a th a t l a ngu a ge w a s cre a te d by m e n
ce rt a i n
m e n s i tti n g toge th e r a n d d eci d i n g u p o n w o rd s h a s
S o l on g a s th i ngs h a ve
b e e n p ro ve d t o b e wr o n g
e xi ste d th ere h a ve bee n w o rd s a n d l a n gu a ge
Wh a t i s
th e c o n n e cti o n be twe e n a n i d e a a n d a w o rd
A l th o ugh
we se e th a t th e re m u s t a l w a y s b e a w ord w i th a th o ugh t
i t i s n o t n e ce s s a ry th a t th e s a m e th ou gh t re q u i re s th e
s a m e w o rd
T h e th o ugh t m a y b e th e s a m e i n t we n ty
d i ff e re n t c o u n tri e s ye t th e l a n gu a ge i s d i ffere n t
We
m u s t h a v e a w o rd to e xpre s s e a ch th o ugh t b u t th e se
w o rd s n ee d n o t n e c e ss a ri l y h a v e th e s a m e s o u n d
S o u n d s w i l l v a ry i n d i ffe re n t n a ti o n s
O ur c o m m e n t a
A l th o ug h th e re l a ti o n b e twe e n th o ugh t a n d
t o r s a ys
w o rd i s p e rfe ctly n a tu r a l ye t i t d o e s n o t m e a n a rigi d
"
co n ne cti o n b e twe e n o n e s o u n d a n d o n e i d e a
T h e se
s o u n d s v a ry y e t th e re l a ti o n b e twe e n th e s o u n d s a n d
th e th o ugh ts i s a n a tu r a l o n e Th e c o n n e c ti o n b e twe e n
th o ughts a n d s o u n d s i s g o o d o nl y i f th e re b e a re a l
c o n ne cti o n b e twe e n th e th i ng s i gn i e d a n d th e sy m
bo l , a nd un ti l th e n th a t symb o l w i l l n e ver c o m e i n t o
.

APH O RI SMS

Y O GA

1 27

ge n e r a l us e
Sy m b o l i s th e m a n i f e s to r o f th e th i n g
s i gn i e d a n d i f th e th i n g s i gn i e d h a s a l re a d y e x i s t
e n ce a n d i f by e xp e ri e n ce we k n o w th a t th e sy mb o l
h a s e xp re sse d th a t th i n g m a ny ti me s th e n we a r e sure
th a t th e re i s th e re a l re l a ti o n b e twe e n th e m
Eve n i f
th e th i ngs a re n o t p re se n t th e re wi l l b e th o u s a n d s w h o
w i l l k n o w th e m by th e i r sy mb o l s
T h e re m u s t be a
n a tu r a l c o n n e cti o n b e twe e n th e symb o l a n d th e th i n g
s i gn i e d ; th e n wh e n th a t symb o l i s p r o n ou n ce d i t
re c a l l s th e th i ng s i gn i e d
T h e c o m m e n t a t o r s a ys th e
m a n i fe sti n g w o rd o f G o d i s 0772 Wh y d o e s h e e m p h a
s i z e th i s ? T h e re a r e h u n d re d s o f w o rd s for G o d
O n e th o ugh t i s c o n n e c te d w i th a th o u s a n d w o rd s ; th e
i d e a G o d i s c o n n e cte d w i th h u nd re d s o f w o rd s a n d
e a c h o n e s t a nd s a s a s ym bo l f o r G o d V ery g o o d B u t
th e re m u s t b e a ge n er a l i s a ti o n a m o n g a l l th e s e w o rd s
s o m e sub str a tu m s o m e c o m m o n gr o u n d o f a l l th es e
sy mb o l s a n d th a t sy m b o l wh i ch i s th e c o m m o n s ym
bo l w i l l b e th e b e s t a n d w i l l re a l ly b e th e s ymb o l o f
I n m a k i n g a s ou n d we us e th e l a ry n x a n d th e
all
p a l a te a s a s o u n d i n g b oa rd
I s th ere a n y m a teri a l
s o u n d o f wh i c h a l l o th e r s o u n d s m u s t be m a n i fe st a
t i o n s o n e wh i ch i s th e m o s t n a tu r a l s o u n d ?
0m
T
h
e
m ) i s s u c h a s o u n d th e b a s i s o f a l l s o u n ds
u
A
(
rs t l e tte r A i s th e ro o t s o u nd th e k e y pr o n o u n ce d
w i t h o u t t o u ch i ng a n y p a rt o f th e t o ngue o r p a l a te ;
M re p re se n ts the l a s t s o u nd i n th e seri e s b e i n g p r o
d uc e d by th e cl o sed l i ps a n d th e U r o l l s fr o m th e
v ery r o o t t o th e e n d o f th e s o u n d i n g b o a rd o f th e
T h us 0771 re pre se n ts th e wh o l e ph e n o m e n a
m o ut h
.

RA J A

1 28

O GA

s o u nd p r o d uc i n g A s s u ch i t m ust b e th e n a t ur a l
s y mb o l th e m a tri x O f a l l t h e v a ri o u s s o un d s
It
d e n o te s th e w h o l e r a n ge a n d p o ss i b i l i ty o f a l l t h e
w o rd s t h a t c a n b e m a d e
A p a r t fro m th e s e sp e c ul a
ti o n s w e s e e t h a t a ro u n d t h i s w o rd 0772 a r e ce ntre d a l l
t h e d i ffere n t rel igi o u s i d e a s i n I n d i a ; a l l th e v a ri o u s
rel igi o u s i d e a s o f th e Veda : h a ve g a th e re d th e m sel ve s
ro u n d th i s w o rd 0721 Wh a t h a s th a t t o d o wi th
A m eri c a a n d E ngl a n d o r a n y o th er c o u n try
S i mp l y
th a t t h e w o rd h a s b e e n re t a i n e d a t e very s t a ge o f
re l igi o u s gr o w th i n I n d i a a n d i t h a s b e e n m a n ip ul a te d
M o n i sts
t o m e a n a l l th e v a ri o u s i d e a s a b o u t G o d
D u a l i sts M o n o D u a l i s ts S e p a r a ti sts a n d e ve n A t h e
0772 h a s b e c o m e th e o n e sy mb o l
i s t s t o o k up th i s 0m
f o r th e re l i g i o u s a sp i r a t i o n o f th e v a s t m a j o ri ty o f
h u m a n b e i ngs
T a k e f o r i n st a n ce th e E n gl i s h word
I t c o v e rs o n l y a l i m i te d fu n cti o n a n d i f yo u go
G od
b eyo n d i t yo u h a ve to a d d a dj e ct i ve s t o m a k e i t P e r
s on a l o r I m p e rs o n a l o r A b s o l ute G o d
S o w i th th e
w o rd s f o r G o d i n e ve ry o th e r l a n gu a ge ; th e i r s i g n i c a
ti on i s ve ry s m a l l T h i s w o rd 0722 h o w e v e r h a s a r o u n d
i t a l l th e v a ri o u s s i gn i c a n c e s
A s s u c h i t sh o ul d b e
a cce p te d b y e v ery o ne
of

28 T h e
.

r ep eti ti o

i ts m e a n i n g

of

th i s

m
0
( )

i
s
t
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(

a n d m e di ta ti ng on

Why s h o u l d th e re b e rep e tit i o n


We h a ve n o t f o r
gotte n th a t th e o ry o f S a m ci r a s th a t th e s um t o t a l o f
I mp re s s i o n s l i ve i n t h e
i mp re ssi o n s l i ve s i n th e m i n d
-

Y O GA

AP H O R I SM S

1 29

i n d th e s um t o t a l o f i m p re ss i o n s , a n d th ey b ec o m e
m o re a n d m o re l a te n t bu t re m a i n th e re a n d a s s o o n
a s th ey ge t th e righ t sti m ul u s th e y c o me o u
M ol e c
t
u l a r vi br a ti o n w i l l n ev e r ce a se W h e n th i s u n i ve rs e
i s d e str o ye d a l l th e m a s s ive v i bra t i o n s d i s a ppe a r th e
n
m o o n st a rs a n d e a rth wil l me l t d o wn bu t th e
su
v i bra ti o n s m us t re m a i n i n th e a t o ms
E a ch a t o m w il l
p e rfo rm th e s a me fu n cti o n a s th e bi g w o rl d s d o
So
th e vi br a ti o n s o f th i s C/zztta wi l l s ub si d e b u t w i l l g o o n
l i k e m o l e cu l a r v ibr a t i o n s a n d w h e n t h e y ge t th e
i m p u l s e w i l l c o m e o ut a g a i n
We c a n n o w u nd e rst a n d
wh a t i s m e a n t by re pe ti ti o n
I t i s th e gre a te s t s ti m u
l us th a t c a n be gi ve n t o th e sp i ri tu a l Sa m nci r a a
O n e m o m e n t o f c o mp a ny w i th th e H ol y m a k e s a s h i p

S u ch i s th e p owe r o f
t o c r o s s th i s o ce a n o f l i fe
S o th i s re pe ti ti o n o f 0m a n d th i n k i ng o f
a s s o ci a ti o n
i ts m e a n i n g i s ke ep i n g g o o d c o mp a n y i n y o u r o w n
S tu d y a n d t h e n me d i t a te a n d m e d i t a te wh e n
m ind
o me to yo u th e
h
ve
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tu
d
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d
T
h
us
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igh
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S e l f wi l l b e c o m e m a n i fe st
B u t o n e m us t th i n k o f th i s 0722 a n d o f i ts m e a n i n g
A v o i d e vi l c o m p a n y be c a u s e th e s c a rs o f o l d
too
w o u n d s a r e i n yo u a n d th i s e vi l c o mp a ny i s j u s t th e
h e a t th a t i s n e ce ss a ry t o c a l l th e m o ut
In th e s a m e
w a y we a r e t o l d th a t g o o d c o m p a n y wi l l c a l l o ut th e
g o o d i m p re ssi o n s th a t a re i n u s b u t wh i ch h a ve be
co m e la t e n t
T h e re i s n o thi n g h o l i e r i n th i s w o rl d
th a n t o k ee p g o o d c o m p a n y be c a u se t h e g o o d i m pre s
s i o n s w i l l h a ve t h i s s a m e te n de n c y t o c o me t o th e
s u rfa c e
m

'

RA J A

1 3o

Y O GA

29 Fr om th a t i s ga i n ed ( th e kn owledge of i ntr o
cti on of ob sta cl es
sp ecti on, a n d th e destr u
.

T h e rst m a n i fe st a ti o n o f th i s re pe ti t i o n a n d th i n k
i n g o f 0m wi l l b e th a t th e i n tr o sp e cti ve p o wer wi l l b e
m a n i fes te d m o re a n d m o re a n d a l l th e m e n t a l a n d
p h ysi c a l o bs t a c l e s wi l l be gi n to v a n i s h
W h a t a r e th e
o bst a cl es t o th e Y og i
,

la zi ness doubt ca lm n ess cessa


ti on f a l se p er cep ti on n on a tta i n i ng con cen tr a
ti on a n d f a lli n g a w a y f r om th e sta te w h en
ob ta i n e d a r e th e ob str u
cti n g di str acti on s

30 Di se a se, m enta l
.

D i s ea s e

T h i s b o d y i s t h e b o a t wh i ch wi l l c a rry u s
t o th e o th e r s h o r e o f t he o ce a n o f l i fe
I t m us t b e
t a k e n c a re o f
U n h e a l th y pe rs o n s c a n n o t be Yog i :
M e n t a l l a z i n e ss m a k e s u s l o se a l l l i v e l y i n te res t i n th e
subj e ct w i t h o u t w h i ch the re w i l l n e i t he r be t h e wi l l
n o r th e e n e rgy t o p r a cti se
D o u bt s w i l l a ri s e i n t h e
m i n d a b o u t th e tru th o f th e s ci e n ce h o weve r s tr o n g
i n te l l e ct u a l c o n v i ct i o n m a y b e u n ti l ce rt a i n
one s
p e c u l i a r p syc h i c e xp e ri e n ce s c o me a s h e a ri n g o r s e e
i n g a t a d i st a n ce e tc
T h e se gl i m p se s stre n gth e n th e
Fa l l i n g a wa y
m i n d a n d m a k e th e stu d e n t p e rse ve re
wh e n a tt a i n e d
S o m e d a ys o r we e k s w h e n yo u a r e
p r a ct i s i n g th e m i nd w i l l be c a l m a n d e a s i ly c o n e e n
A ll
t r a t e d a n d yo uw i l l n d y o u rse l f pr o gre ss i n g f a st
of a
su d d e n th e p r o gre s s w i l l s t o p o n e d a y a n d yo u
w i l l n d y o u rse l f a s i t we re str a nd e d
P e rs e v e r e
A l l pr o gre ss p r o cee d s by su ch ri se a n d f a l l
.

Y O GA

31

Gr i ef,

m enta l

AP H O R I SM S

di str ess, tr em or

i rr egu
la r

b r ea thi n g

of

con cent a ti on

of

1
3

body,

th e

n
n
r
t
n
o
i
n
m
a
n
o
e
e
t
a cco p
y

w i l l bri n g pe rfe ct re p o se t o m i nd a n d
b o dy e ve ry t i m e i t i s pr a ct i sed
Wh e n t h e pr a cti ce
h a s b ee n m i sd i re cted o r n o t e n o ugh co n trol l ed th e se
d i st u rb a n ce s co m e
R e pe t i ti o n o f 0m a n d se lf s ur
re n d e r t o th e L o rd w i l l s tre ngth e n th e m i nd a n d bri n g
fre s h e n e rgy
T h e n e rv o u s sh a k i ngs w i l l c o m e t o
D o n o t m i n d th e m a t a l l b u t k ee p
a l m os t e ve ry o n e
P r a cti ce w i l l c u re th e m a n d m a k e th e
o n p r a ct i s i ng
se a t rm
C o n ce nt r a t i o n

r em edy

thi s th e p r acti ce
l
b
e
a
d
e
s
h
o
u
d
m
(
)

32 T o
.

of

one

ubj ect

th e m i n d t a k e th e f o rm o f o n e o bj e c t f o r
s o m e t i m e w i l l d e s troy th e se o b s t a cl e s
T h i s i s ge n
e r a l a d v i ce
I n th e fol l o w i n g a p h ori s m s i t w i l l b e
A s o n e pr a cti ce c a n n ot
e xp a n d e d a n d p a rti cu l a ri se d
s u i t e v e ry o n e v a ri o u s m e th o d s w i l l b e a d v a n ce d a n d
e v e ry o n e b y a ctu a l e xpe ri e n ce w i l l n d o ut th a t w h i ch
h e l p s h i m m o st
M a k i ng

33 Fri en dshi p , m ercy, gl a dn ess, i n di ff er en ce, b ei ng


s
h
a
n
u
u
ec
t
r
r
bj
o
f
i
n
e
a
d
t
o
s
h
t
th ou
,
,
pp y
g
g
.

h a p p y, good
Chi tta

a nd e

vi l r e sp ecti vel y

i
f
a
c
p

th e

We m u st h a ve th e se f o u r s o rts o f i de a s We m u s t
h a v e f ri e n d s h i p f o r a l l ; w e m u st b e m e rc i fu l t o w a rd s
.

RA JA

1 32

Y O GA

th o se th a t a r e i n m i se ry ; w h e n p e o p l e a re h a p p y we
m ust be
o ugh t t o b e h a p py a n d to th e w i cke d we
i n d i ffe re n t
So wi th a l l s ubj e cts th a t co m e b e f o re u s
I f th e subj e ct i s a go o d o n e we s h a l l fe e l fri e n d l y
t o w a rd s i t ; i f th e su bj e ct O f th o ugh t i s o n e th a t i s
m i se r a b l e we m u st b e m erc i fu l t ow a rd s th e s ubj e ct I f
i t i s g o o d we m u s t b e gl a d i f i t i s e vi l w e m u st b e i n
d i ffe re n t
T h e se a tti tu d e s o f th e m i n d t o w a rd s th e
d i ffe re n t s ubj e cts th a t c o m e b e f o re i t wi l l m a k e th e
M os t o f o ur d i f c u l ti e s i n o ur d a i l y
m i n d p e a cefu l
l i ve s c o m e fr o m be i n g u n a bl e t o h ol d o ur m i n d s i n th i s
F o r i n st a n ce i f a m a n d oe s e vi l t o u s i n s t a n tl y
way
w e w a n t to re a ct e v i l a n d e ve ry re a cti o n o f e v i l sh o ws
th a t we a r e n o t a b l e t o h o l d th e C /zztto d o w n ; i t c o me s
t i n w a ve s t o w a rd s th e obj e ct a n d w e l o s e o ur
ou
p owe r
E ve ry re a cti o n i n t h e f o rm o f h a tre d o r evi l i s
a n d e ve ry evi l th o ugh t o r
s o m u ch l o s s to th e m i n d
d e ed o f h a tre d o r a n y th o ugh t o f re a cti o n i f i t i s c o n
tr o l le d w i l l b e l a i d i n o ur f a v ou r
I t i s n o t th a t w e
l o s e by th u s re s tr a i n i n g o urs e l ve s ; w e a r e g a i n i n g
i n n i tel y m o re th a n we s u sp e ct
E a ch ti m e w e s up
p re ss h a tre d o r a fe el i n g o f a n ge r i t i s s o m u ch go o d
e n e rgy s t o re d u p i n o ur fa vou r ; th a t p i e ce o f e n e rgy
w i l l b e c o n ve rte d i nt o th e h i gh e r p o we rs
,

'

34 By th r owi n g
.

ut

a nd

r estr a i n i ng

th e Br ea th

word u se d i s P n i zza
P r ci n a i s n o t e x a ctl y
b re a th
I t i s th e n a m e f o r th e e n e rgy th a t i s i n th e
u n i ve rse
Wh a te ve r yo us e e i n th e u n i ve r s e w h a te ve r
m o ve s o r w o rks o r h a s l i fe i s a m a n i fest a ti o n o f t h i s
T he

AP H O R I S M S

Y O GA

P r dn a

33

T h e s u m t o t a l o f t h e e ne rgy d i sp l a y e d i n t h e
u n i ve rs e i s c a l l ed P r f /l a
T hi s P r ci zza be f o re a cy c l e
begi n s re m a i n s i n a n a l m o s t m o ti o nl e s s s t a te a n d
w he n th e cycl e b egi n s th i s P r ci zza begi n s t o m a n i fe st
i t se l f
I t i s t hi s P r ci zza t h a t i s m a n i fe ste d a s m o ti o n
a s th e n e rv o u s m o t i o n i n h u m a n be i n gs o r a n i m a l s
,
a n d th e s a m e P r ci /za i s m a n i fe sti ng a s th o ugh t a n d s o
on
T h e wh ol e u n i ve rs e i s a c o mb i n a ti o n o f F r ei na a n d
h i f a ; s o i s the h u m a n b od y
Ah
O ut o f A m i a yo u ge t
th e d i ffe re n t m a te ri a l s th a t yo u fe el a n d s e e a n d o ut o f

N o w th i s t h r o wi ng o ut
P r a rza a l l th e v a ri o u s force s
zci ci m a
a n d re str a i n i ng th e P r ci zza i s wh a t i s c a l l e d P r ci z
y
P a ta nja /z th e f a th e r o f th e Y og a P h i l os oph y d o e s n o t
gi ve ve ry m a n y p a rti cu l a r d i re ct i o n s a b o u t P r ci m iyci m a
b u t l a te r o n o th e r Yog i : fo u n d o ut v a ri o u s t h i ngs a b o ut
th i s P n i zzriya m a a n d m a d e o f i t a gre a t s ci e n ce
Wi th
P a n ta nja l z i t i s o n e o f th e m a ny w a ys b u t h e d o e s n o t
H e m e a n s t h a t yo u s i mpl y
l a y m u ch s tre s s o n i t
th r o w th e a i r o ut a n d d ra wn i t i n a n d h o l d i t f o r
s o m e ti m e th a t i s a l l a n d by t h a t th e m i n d w i l l b e
c o m e a l i ttl e c a l m er
B ut l a te r o n yo u wi l l n d th a t
zci
t o f th i s i s e v o l ved a p a rti cul a r s ci e n ce c a l l e d P r ti z
ou
We
w
i
l
l
h
e
a r a l i ttl e o f wh a t th es e l a te r Yog i :
m
a
c
i
y
h a v e t o s a y S o m e o f th i s I h a ve t o l d yo u b e f o re b u t
a l i ttl e rep eti ti o n wi l l s erve to x i t i n yo u r mi nd s
Fi rst yo u m us t re me mbe r th a t th i s P r dn a i s n o t
t h e b re a th
B u t th a t wh i ch c a u s e s th e m o ti o n o f th e
b re a th th a t wh i ch i s th e vi t a l i ty o f th e bre a th i s
th e P r am
A g a i n th e w o rd P r am 1 8 u s ed o f a l l th e
a
c
e
m
P
r
n
n
th
y
c
l
l
e
d
th
e
i
n
d
i
s
l
l
a
d
l
a
l
a
r
e
a
e
s
s
e
se
w
;
-

'

R A JA

1 34

Y O GA

we se e th a t P n i na i s th e n a m e o f a c e r
t a i n f o rce
A n d y e t w e c a n n o t c a l l i t f o rce bec a u se
f o rce i s o n ly th e m a n i fe st a ti o n o f i t
I t i s th a t w h i c h
m a n i fe sts i tsel f a s f o rce a n d eve ry th i n g e l s e i n th e w a y
T h e C l zztta th e m i n d s tu ff i s t h e e n gi ne
o f m o ti o n
wh i ch d ra ws i n th e P r a zzo fr o m th e su rr o u n d i ngs a n d
m a n u fa c tu re s o ut o f th i s P r ci a a th e se v a ri o u s v i t a l
f o rce s
Fi rs t o f a l l th e f o rce s th a t ke e p th e b o d y i n
a
n
d
l
l
re
serv
ti
n
l
s
tly
th
ugh
t
w
i
l
l
a
th
e
r
n
o
a
a
o
a
d
o
p
p o we rs
B y th i s p r o ce s s o f bre a th in g w e c a n c o n tr o l
a l l th e v a ri o u s m o ti o n s i n th e b o dy
a n d th e v a ri o u s
n erve c urre n ts th a t a r e ru n n i n g thr o ugh th e b o dy
Fi rs t we b egi n t o rec o gn i se th e m a n d th e n we sl o wl y
N o w th es e l a te r Yog i : c o n
ge t c o n tr o l over th e m
s i d er th a t th ere a r e thre e m a i n c urre n ts o f th i s P r ci zza
i n th e h u m a n b o d y
a n o th e r P i n
O n e th e y c a l l
a l ci
m
a
n
th
e
t
h
i
rd
a
u
m
i
P
z
n
a
l
ci
a
cc
rd
i
ng
o
d
S
to
g
g
f
th e m i s o n th e righ t s i d e o f th e s p i n a l c ol u m n a n d
th e f ari is o n th e l e ft s i d e a n d i n th e m i d d l e o f th is
s p i n a l c o l u m n i s th e S uf um m i a v a c a n t c h a n n el f ad
a n d P zng a l ci a cc o rd i n g to th e m a r e th e c u rre n ts w o rk
i n g i n e ve ry m a n a n d thr o ugh t hes e c u rre n ts we a r e

p erf o rm i n g a l l th e fu n c ti on s o f l i fe
S a i um m i i s p re s
e n t i n a l l a s a p o s s i b il i ty ; bu t i t w o rk s o nl y i n th e
Y o u m us t re me m b e r th a t th e Yog i c h a nges h i s
Y og i
b o d y ; a s yo u g o o n p r a c ti s i n g you r b o dy ch a n ges ; i t
i s n o t th e s a m e b o d y th a t yo uh a d be fore th e p r a ct ice
T h a t i s very r a ti o n a l a n d c a n b e e xpl a i n ed be c a us e
eve ry n e w t h o ugh t th a t we h a v e m u s t m a k e a s i t
w ere a n ew c h a n ne l th r o ugh th e bra i n a n d th a t
P

a nd s o

za
rc z

'

'

'

'

'

APH O RI S M S

Y O GA

1 35

expl a i n s th e tre m e n d o us c o n se rv a ti s m o f h u m a n
n a t u re
H u m a n n a t u re l i ke s t o ru n th r o ugh th e ru ts
t h a t a r e a l re a d y t h e re b e c a use i t i s e a sy I f w e th i n k
j u s t f o r e x a m p l e s s a k e th a t th e m i n d i s l i k e a n e edl e
a n d t h e br a i n s u bs t a n ce a
s o ft l u mp be f o re i t th e n
e a ch th o u gh t th a t w e h a ve m a k es a s tre et a s i t we re
i n t h e b r a i n a n d th i s stre e t w o u l d cl o s e u p b u t t h a t
t h e grey m a tte r c o m es a n d m a k e s a l i n i n g t o kee p i t
s e p a r a te
I f th e re w e re n o gre y m a tte r th e re w o ul d b e
n o m e m o ry
b e c a u s e m e m o ry m e a n s g o i n g o ve r th es e
N o w pe r
re tr a ci n g a th o ugh t a s i t we re
o l d stre e ts
h a p s yo u h a ve re m a rk e d th a t w h e n I t a l k o n s ubj e cts
i n w h i c h I t a k e a f e w i d e a s t h a t a r e f a m i l i a r t o e v ery
a n d re c o mb i n e th e m
i t i s e a sy t o
o n e a n d c o mb i n e
f o l l o w b e c a u se th e s e ch a n n el s a r e pre se n t i n e very
o ne s b r a i n a n d i t i s o nl y n e ce ss a ry to re c u r t o th e m
B u t w h e n e ve r a n e w s ubj e ct c o m e s n e w ch a n n e l s h a ve
A nd
t o b e m a d e s o i t i s n o t u n d e rst o od s o re a d i l y
th a t i s w h y t h e b r a i n ( i t i s t h e b r a i n a n d n o t th e
p e o pl e th e m sel ve s ) refu s e s u n c o n s ci o u sly t o b e a cte d
u pon b y n e w i d ea s
I t re si sts
T h e P r d a a i s try i n g
t o m a k e n e w ch a n n el s a n d t h e b r a i n wi l l n o t a l l o w i t
T h i s i s t h e s e cre t o f c o n se rv a t i s m
T h e l e s s c h a n ne l s
t h e r e h a ve b e e n i n th e br a i n a n d t h e l e s s th e n e ed l e
o f t h e P r ri n a h a s m a d e th e s e p a s s a ge s th e m o re c o n
s e r v a t i v e wi l l b e th e b r a i n th e m ore i t wi l l s tru ggl e
T h e m o re th o ugh tful t h e m a n
a g a i n s t n e w th o ugh ts
t h e m o r e c o m p l i c a te d w i l l b e th e stre e ts i n h i s b r a i n
a n d th e m o re e a si l y h e w i l l t a k e t o n e w i d e a s a n d
So wi th e very fre s h i d e a ; w e m a k e
un d e r s ta n d t h e m
.

R A JA

1 36

Y O GA

i m p re ss i o n i n th e b r a i n c ut n e w c h a n n e l s
th r o u gh th e b r a i n s tu ff a n d th a t i s wh y w e n d th a t
i n th e p r a cti ce o f Y og a ( i t b e i n g a n e n ti re l y n e w s e t o f
th o ugh ts a n d m o ti ve s ) th e re i s s o m u ch p hy si c a l re s i s t
T h a t i s w h y w e n d th a t th e p a rt o f re
a nce a t rs t
l i g i o n wh i ch d e a l s w i th th e w o rl d si d e o f n a t u re c a n b e
s o w i de l y a ccep te d wh i l e th e o th e r p a rt th e P h i l o s
w h i c h d e a l s w i th th e i n n e r
o p h y o r th e P sych o l o gy
i s s o fre q u e n tl y ne gl e cte d
We m u s t
n a tu re o f m a n
re m e mb e r th e d e n i ti o n o f th i s w o rl d o f o u rs ; i t i s
o n l y th e I n n i te E x i s te n c e proj e c te d i n t o th e p l a ne o f
c o n sc i o u s n e ss
A l i ttl e o f th e I n n i te i s p r o j e cte d
i n t o c on sc i o u sn e ss a n d th a t w e c a l l o ur w o rl d
So
th e re i s a n I n n i te be y o n d a n d re l i gi o n h a s to d e a l
w i th b o th w i th th e l i ttl e l u m p we c a l l o ur w o rl d a n d
A n y re l i gi o n w h ic h d e a l s
w i th th e I n n i te b e yo n d
a l o n e w i th e i th e r o n e o f th e se t w o w i l l b e d e fec ti ve
I t m u st d e a l w i th b o th
T h a t p a rt o f re l i gi o n w h i ch
d e a l s w i th th i s p a rt o f th e I n n i te wh i c h h a s c o m e i n t o
th i s p l a n e o f c o n s c i o u sn e s s g o t i tse l f c a ugh t a s i t
we re i n th e p l a n e o f c o ns c i o u s n e ss i n th e c a ge O f
ti me s p a ce a n d c a u s a t i o n i s qu i te f a m i l i a r t o us be
c a u s e we a r e i n th a t a l re a d y a n d i d e a s a b o u t t h i s
w o rl d h a ve b ee n w i th u s a l m o s t fr o m ti m e i m me m o ri a l
T h e p a rt o f re l i gi o n wh i c h d e a l s w i th th e I n n i te be
y o n d c o me s e n ti rel y n e w to u s a n d ge tti ng i d e a s
a b o u t i t pr o d u ces n e w ch a n n el s i n th e br a i n d is tu rb i ng
th e w h o l e s ys tem a n d th a t i s w hy yo u n d i n th e
pr a c ti ce o f Yog a o rd i n a ry p e o pl e a re a t rs t tu rn e d o ut
I n o rd e r to l e ss e n th e se d i s tu r b
of th e i r g r o o v es
a

new

Y O GA

A P H O RI SMS

37

au
ces as

mu c h a s p o ss i bl e a l l th e s e m e t h o d s a r e d e v i se d
by P a to n/a l t, th a t w e m a y pr a c ti se a n y o n e o f t he m
b e s t su i te d t o u s
.

35

Th ose f or m s

r di n a r y

of

of

sen se

th e m i n d

con cent a ti o

th a t

i
n
ce
o
s
ca
e
t
p
p

b r i n g extr a

use p er severa nce

T h i s n a tu r a l l y c o m e s w i th D /zci r ci n a c o n c e n tr a ti o n ;
th e Y og i : s a y i f th e m i n d be c o m e s c o n c e n tr a te d o n th e
ti p o f th e n o se o n e be gi n s t o s m e l l a fte r a fe w d a ys
w o n d e rful pe rfu m e s
I f i t b e c o m e s c o n ce n tr a te d a t
th e r o o t o f th e t o n gu e o n e b eg i n s to h e a r s o u n d s ; i f
o n th e ti p o f th e t o n gu e o n e b e gi n s t o t a ste w o n d e rfu l
a v o ur s ; i f o n th e m i d d l e o f th e t o n gu e o n e fe e l s a s i f
h e we re c o m i n g i n c o n t a c t w i th s o m e th i n g
I f one
c o n ce n tr a te s h i s m i n d o n th e p a l a te h e b egi n s t o se e
p e c ul i a r th i ngs
I f a m a n wh o se m i n d i s d i stu rb e d
w a n t s t o t a k e u p s o m e o f th e se p r a ct i ce s o f Yog a y e t
d o ub ts th e tru th o f th e m h e w i l l h a v e h i s d o ub ts s e t
a t re st w h e n
a fte r a l i ttl e pr a ct i ce
th e s e th i n gs c o m e
t o h i m a n d h e w i l l p e rse ve re
,

36

Or

by
(

whi ch

)
a l l sorr ow

th e m e di ta ti on

is

b ey ond

l gent One
th e Eu

on

T h i s i s a n o th e r s o rt o f c o n ce n tr a ti o n
T h i n k o f th e
l o tu s o f th e h e a rt w i th p e t a l s d o w n w a rd s a n d ru n n i ng
th r o ugh i t th e S uf a m m i ; t a k e i n th e b re a th a n d wh i l e
th r o w i n g th e b re a th o ut i m a gi n e th a t th e l o tu s i s tu rn e d
w i th th e p e t a l s u p w a rd s a n d i n s i d e th a t l o t u s i s a n
M e d i ta te o n th a t
e ffu l ge n t l igh t
.

R A JA

1 38

O GA

by
e di ta ti on on ) th e h ea rt tha t h as gi ven
m
(
up a l l a ttachm ent to sen se obj ects

Or

T a k e s o m e h o ly p e rs o n s o m e gre a t p e rs o n w h o m
re
ve
re
s
o m e s a i n t wh o m yo u k n o w t o b e p e rfe c tl y
u
o
y
a n d th i n k o f h i s h e a rt
T h a t h e a rt h a s
n o n a tt a ch e d
b e c o m e n o n a tt a ch e d a n d m e d i t a te o n th a t h e a rt ; i t
w i l l c a l m th e m i n d
I f yo u c a n n o t d o th a t th e re i s
t h e n e x t w a y:
,

38 Or
.

in

by m edi ta ti n g
sl eep

on

kn owl edge th a t

th e

com es

S o me ti m e s a m a n d re a m s th a t h e h a s s e e n a n ge l s
c o m i ng t o h i m a n d t a l k i n g t o h i m th a t h e i s i n a n
e c st a ti c c o n d i ti o n th a t h e h a s h e a rd m u s i c o a t i n g
th r o ugh th e a i r
H e i s i n a b l i s sfu l c o n d i ti o n i n th a t
d re a m a n d wh e n h e a w a k e s i t m a k e s a d e e p i m p re s s i o n
on h i m
T h i n k o f th a t d re a m a s re a l a n d m e d i t a te
upon i t
I f yo u c a n n o t d o th a t m e d i t a te o n a n y h o ly
th i ng th a t p l e a se s yo u
,

39 Or
.

by

to

th e m e di ta ti on

on e a s

on a

nythi ng th a t a pp ea l s

good

d o e s n o t m e a n a n y w i ck e d s ub j e c t b u t a n yth i ng
g o o d th a t yo u l i k e a n y p l a c e th a t yo u l i k e b e st a n y
s ce n e ry th a t yo u l i k e b e s t a n y i d e a th a t yo ul i k e b e s t
a ny th i ng th a t w i l l c o n c e n tr a te th e m i n d
Th i s

Y O GA

40 T h e Y ogi
.

A P H O RI S M S

m i n d th u
s m edi ta ti ng,

b r ucted f r om

o st

th e

a tom i c

to th e

b ecom es
Inni te

39

T h e m i n d by th i s pr a cti ce e a s i ly c o n te m p l a te s th e
m o s t m i n u te th i ng a s we l l a s th e b i gge s t th i n g
Thus
t h e m i n d w a ve s b e c o m e f a i n te r
,

41

T h e Y ogi wh ose v r i tti s h a v e th u


s b ecom e p ow er
l ess ( c on tr oll e d) ob ta i n s i n th e r ecei ver , re
cei v i n g, a n d r e ce i

r l obj ects )

exte n a

v ed ( th e

se

lf

th e m i n d

con ce n tr a te dness a n d

a nd

sa m e

li ke th e cr ysta l ( b ef or e di ff er ent col our ed


obj ects )
Wh a t re su l ts fr o m th i s c o n st a n t m e d i t a ti o n ? We
m u s t re m e mb e r h o w i n a prev i o u s a ph o ri s m P a ta nja l i
we n t i n t o th e v a ri o u s st a te s O f m e d i t a ti o n a n d h o w th e
rst w i l l b e th e gr o ss a n d th e se c o n d th e n e o bj e cts
a n d fr o m th e m th e a dv a nce i s t o sti l l n e r o bj e cts o f
m e d i t a t i o n a n d h o w i n a l l th e se m e d i t a ti o n s wh i ch
a r e o n l y o f th e rs t d egre e n o t ve ry h igh o n e s we ge t
a s a re s u l t t h a t we c a n m e d i t a te a s e a s i ly o n th e n e
H e re th e Yog i se e s th e
a s o n th e gro s se r O bj e cts
th re e t h i ngs th e re ce i ve r th e re ce i ve d a n d th e r e c e i v
i n g c o rre sp o n d i n g to th e S ou l th e O bj e ct a n d th e
m i n d T h e re a r e th re e o bj e cts o f m e d i t a ti o n gi ve n u s
Fi rs t th e gro s s th i ngs a s b o d i e s o r m a te ri a l o bj e cts
se c o n d n e th i ngs a s th e m i n d th e C/zi tta a n d th i rd
th e P a r a f a q u a l i e d n o t th e P a r a f a i tsel f b u t t h e
B y pr a c ti ce th e Yog i ge ts e st a b l i sh e d i n a l l
e go s i m
th e se m e d i t a t i o n s Wh e n e ve r h e m e d i t a te s h e c a n
k e e p o ut a l l o th e r th o u gh t ; h e b e c o m e s i d e n ti e d wi t h
n ess,

R A JA

1 4o

Y O GA

th a t o n w h i ch h e m e d i t a te s ; w h e n h e m e d i t a te s h e i s
l i k e a p i e ce o f cry st a l ; b e fore o we rs th e crys t a l
be c o me s a l m ost i d e n ti e d w i th th e o we rs
I f th e
o we r i s re d th e cry st a l l o o k s re d o r i f th e o we r i s
b l u e th e crys t a l l o o k s b l ue
.

n d, m ea n i n g,
4 2 Sou

a nd

m i x ed

up

is

ca ll ed

r esulti ng

kn owl edge, b ei ng

Sa m adhi )

w i th r ea soni ng

S o u n d h ere m e a n s v i br a ti o n ; m e a n i ng th e n e rve cu r
re n ts w h i ch c o n d u c t i t ; a n d k n o w l e d ge re a ct i o n A l l
th e v a ri o u s m e d i t a t i o n s w e h a ve h a d s o f a r P a ta nja l z
c a l l s S a ozta r ka ( m e d i t a ti o n s w i th re a s o n i ng )
L a te r
u s h igh e r a n d h i gh e r D /zyci na :
In
o n h e w i l l g i ve

th e se th a t a r e c a l l e d w i th re a s o n i ng
w e k e e p th e
d ua l ty o f s ubj e c t a n d o bj e ct w h i ch re s u l ts fr o m th e
m i x tu re o f w o rd m e a n i ng a n d k n o w l e d ge
T h e re
i s rst th e e x tern a l v i b r a ti o n th e w o rd ; th i s c a rri e d
i n w a rd by th e s e n se c u rre n ts i s th e m e a ni ng
A fte r
th a t th e re c o m e s a re a ct i o n a ry w a v e i n th e C /zztta wh i ch
i s k n o wl e dge b u t th e m i x tu re o f th e se th re e m a k e u p
w h a t w e c a l l k n o wl e dge
I n a l l th e m e d i t a ti on s up t o
th i s we ge t th i s m i x t ure a s o bj e ct o f m e d i t a t i o n T h e
n e x t Sa m ai a l zi i s h igh e r
,

'

'

'

ll ed wi th out r ea soni ng (com es)


wh en th e m em ory i s p uri ed or dev oi d of
qua li ti es exp r essi ng only th e m ea n i ng (of th e
m edi ta te d obj ect )
I t i s by p r a cti ce o f m e d i t a ti o n o f th e s e th re e th a t w e
c o m e t o th e st a te w h e re th e se th re e d o n o t m i x
We
We w i l l rs t try to u n d e rs t a n d
c a n ge t r i d o f th e m
43 T h e Sa m adh i
.

ca

O GA A P H O R I S M S

14 1

th e se th re e a r e
H e re i s th e C /zi tta yo u w i l l
th e s i m i l e o f th e l a k e th e m i n d
a l w a y s re m e mb e r
s tu ff a n d th e v ib r a ti o n th e w o rd th e s o u n d l i k e a
p ul s a ti o n c o m i n g ove r i t Y o u h a ve th a t c a l m l a k e

i n yo u a n d I p r o n o u n ce a w o rd
cow
A s soon a s
i t e n te rs th r o ugh y o u r e a rs th e re i s a w a v e p r o d uce d
i n y o u r C/zztta a l o ng w i th i t So th a t w a v e r e p r e
s e nt s th e i d e a o f th e c o w th e f o rm o r th e m e a n i n g
a s w e ca l l i t
T h a t a pp a re n t c o w th a t yo u k n o w i s
re a l ly th a t w a ve i n th e m i n d stu ff a n d th a t c o m e s a s
a
re a cti o n t o th e i n te rn a l a n d e x te rn a l s o u n d v ib r a
ti o n s a n d w i th th e s o u n d th e w a ve d i e s a w a y ; th a t
Y o u m a y a sk
w a v e c a n n eve r e x i s t w i th o u t a w o rd
h o w i t i s w h e n w e o n l y th i n k o f th e c o w a n d d o n o t
h ea r a sou n d
Y o u m a k e th a t s o u n d y o u rse l f
Y ou

a re sa y i n g
c ow
f a i n tl y i n y o u r m i n d a n d w i th th a t
c ome s a wa v e
T h e re c a n n o t b e a n y w a ve w i th o u t
th i s i m p u l se o f s o u n d a n d w h e n i t i s n o t fr o m o u ts i d e
i t i s fr o m i n s i d e a n d w h e n th e s o u n d d i e s th e w a ve
dies
Wh a t re m a i n s ? T h e re s u l t o f th e re a cti o n a n d
th a t i s k n owl e d ge
T h e s e th re e a re s o cl o se l y c o m
bi n e d i n o ur m i n d th a t w e c a n n o t s e p a r a te th e m
Wh e n
th e s o u n d c om e s th e se n se s v i b r a te a n d th e w a v e
ri se s i n re a ct i o n ; th e y f o l l ow s o cl o se l y u p o n o n e
a n o th e r th a t th e re i s n o d i sce rn i ng o n e fro m th e o th e r ;
w h e n th i s m e d i t a ti o n h a s b e e n p r a c ti se d f o r a l o ng
t i m e m e m o ry th e re ce pt a cl e o f a l l i m p re ssi o n s
b e c o m e s p u ri e d a n d w e a r e a b l e cl e a rl y t o d i s ti n gu i s h
th e m fr o m o n e a n oth e r
T h i s i s ca l l e d
c o n c e n tr a t i o n w i th o u t re a s o n i ng
wha t

'

R A JA

1 42

44 By thi s p r ocess

Y O GA

n ntr a ti ons) wi th di s
cr i m i n a ti on a n d wi th ou
t di scri m i n a ti on wh ose
objects a r e n er a r e (a l so) exp l a i n ed

t
h
e
(

co ce

pr o ce s s s i m i l a r t o th e p re ce d i ng i s a pp l i e d a g a i n
th e o bj e c ts t o b e t a ke n up i n th e f o rm e r m e d i t a
o n ly
ti o n s a r e gr o s s ; i n th i s th e y a r e n e
A

45

T h e n er

bj ects

th e P r a dhan a

wi th

en d

T h e g r o s s o bj e cts a r e o n l y th e e l e m e n ts a n d e ve ry
th i ng m a n u f a ctu re d o ut o f th e m
T h e n e o bj e cts
b e g i n w i th th e T a n m a tr a : o r n e p a rti cl e s T h e o rg a n s
!
th e m i n d
e g o i sm th e m i n d s tu ff ( th e c a u s e o f a l l
m a n i fe st a ti o n ) th e e q u i l ib ri u m st a te o f S a rtoa R af a :
c a l l e d P r a a l zci na
a n d T a m a : m a te ri a l s
a
n
t
u
n
m
a n i fe s t
a re
l
l
i
n
cl
u
d
e
d
a tu re
o r A oya k
a
(
)
)
(
T h e P a r a f a ( th e
w i th i n th e c a teg o ry o f n e o bj e cts
S o ul ) a l o n e i s e xce p te d fr o m th i s d e n i ti o n
,

46

T h ese

c on ce

ntr a ti on s

are

wi th

s eed

T h e se d o n o t d e str o y th e s e e d s o f p a s t a c ti o n s th u s
c a n n o t gi ve l ib e r a ti o n b u t w h a t th ey b ri n g to th e
Yog i i s s t a te d i n th e f o l l o w i ng a p h o ri sm s
,

4 7 T he
.

ntr a ti on

con ce

r
u
i

e
d
p

th e Ch i tta

t
w i th ou

r ea son i n g b ei n g
b ecom es r m l y x ed

4 8 T h e kn owl e dge i n th a t i s
.

T ruth

ca

T hc

ind,

or

ll ed

ll ed

wi th

T h e n e x t a p h o ri s m w i l l e x pl a i n th i s
!

c o m m o n s e n s o r y, th e a

g g re g a te

of

ll

s e n s es.

APH ORI S M S

Y O GA

143

49 T he kn owl edge th a t i s ga i n ed f r om testi m ony


a nd i nf er en ce i s a b ou
T hat
t com m on obj ects
.

f r om th e Sa m adh i j ust m enti oned i s of


h i gh er

r der b ei n g a bl e

i nf er ence

to p en etr a te
a n d testi m on y ca nn ot go

mu
ch

wh er e

T h e i d e a i s th a t we h a ve to ge t o ur k n o wl e dge o f
o rd i n a ry o bj e cts by d i re c t p e rce p ti o n a n d by i n fe re n ce
th e re fr o m a n d fr o m te s ti m o ny o f pe o pl e w h o a r e c o m

pe te n t
B y p e o pl e w h o a r e c o m p e te n t
th e Yog i :
a l w a y s m e a n th e
o r the S e e rs o f th e th o ugh ts
re c o rd e d i n th e S cri p tu re s th e Veda s
A cc o rd i ng t o
th e m th e o n ly p r o o f o f th e S cri p tu re s i s th a t th e y
were th e te sti m o ny o f c om p e te n t p e rs o n s ye t th ey s a y
th e S cri p tu re s c a n n o t t a ke u s t o re a l i s a ti o n
We c a n
re a d a l l th e Voa a : a n d ye t w i l l n o t re a l i se a ny th i ng
b u t wh e n w e p r a cti s e th e i r te a ch i ngs th e n we a tt a i n
t o th a t st a te w h i ch re a l i se s wh a t th e S cri p ture s s a y
wh i c h p e n e tr a te s w h ere re a s o n c a n n o t g o a n d wh e re
n e i th e r p e rce p ti o n n o r i n fe re n ce c a n g o a n d wh e r e
t h e te sti m o n y o f o th e rs c a n n o t a v a i l
T h i s i s wh a t i s
m e a n t by th i s a p h o ri s m th a t re a l i s a ti o n i s re a l rel i gi o n
a n d a l l th e re s t i s o n l y p rep a r a t i o n h e a ri n g l e cture s
o r re a d i n g b o o k s o r re a s o n i n g i s m e re l y pre p a r i ng th e
gr o u n d ; i t i s n o t re l i gi o n
I n tel l e ctu a l a s se n t a n d
i n te l l e ct u a l d i ss e n t a r e n o t re l igi o n
T h e ce n tr a l i d e a
o f th e Yog i : i s t h a t j u s t a s w e c o m e i n d i re ct c o nt a ct
w i th o bj e cts o f th e se n se s s o re l i gi o n e ve n ca n b e
d i re ctl y p e rce i ve d i n a f a r m o re i n te n s e se n se
The
tru t h s o f re l i gi o n a s G o d a n d S o u l c a n n o t b e p e rce i v e d
,

RA JA

1 44

Y O GA

e x te rn a l se n se s
I c a n n o t s e e G od w i th m y
eye s n o r c a n I t o u ch H i m w i th m y h a n d s a n d w e a l so
k n o w th a t n e i th e r c a n we re a s on be y o n d th e s e n se s
R e a s o n l e a ve s u s a t a p o i n t q u i te i n d e ci s i ve ; we m a y
re a s o n a l l o ur l i ve s a s th e w o rl d h a s be e n d o i ng f o r
th o us a n d s o f ye a rs a n d th e re s u l t i s th a t w e n d we
t o p r o ve o r d i sp r o ve t h e f a cts o f
a r e i n c o m pe te n t
re l i gi o n
Wh a t w e p e rce i ve d ire ctly w e t a k e a s th e
b a si s a n d u p o n th a t b a s i s w e re a s o n
So i t i s o bvi o u s
th a t re a s o n i n g h a s t o r u n w i th i n th e s e b o u n d s o f p e r
I t c a n n e ve r g o b e y o n d ; th e w h o l e s c o p e o f
c e p ti o n
re a l i s a t i o n th e re f o re i s b ey o n d s e n se p ercep ti o n T h e
Yog i : s a y t h a t m a n c a n g o b ey o n d h i s d i re ct s e n s e pe r
M a n ha s i n h im
c e p t i o n a n d b ey o n d h i s re a s o n a l s o
th e f a cul ty th e p o we r o f tr a n s c e n d i ng h i s i n t e l l e c t
e ve n a n d th a t p o we r i s i n e v ery b e i ng e ve ry cre a tu re
B y th e pr a cti ce o f Yog a th a t p o we r i s a r o u sed a n d
th e n m a n tr a n s ce n d s th e o rd i n a ry l i m i ts o f re a s o n a n d
d i re ctl y p erce i ve s th i ngs w h i ch a r e b ey o n d a l l re a s o n
by

th e

r esulti n g i m p r e ssi on f r om
cts a l l oth er i m p r essi on s
str u

5 0 T he
.

thi s Sam adhi

oh

We h a v e se e n i n th e f o r e go i n g a p h o ri s m th a t th e o n l y
w a y o f a tt a i n i n g t o t h a t s up e r c o n sci o u s n e ss i s by c o n
ce n tr a ti o n a n d w e h a v e a l s o s e e n th a t w h a t h i n d e r th e
m i n d fr o m c o n ce n tr a ti o n a r e th e p a st S o o n /tri m s
i m pre s s i o n s A l l o f yo u h a v e o b se rve d th a t w h e n yo u
a r e tryi ng t o c o n ce n tra te y o u r m i nd
y o u r th ou gh ts
w a n d e r Wh e n yo ua r e try i ng t o th i n k o f G o d t h a t i s
th e ve ry ti m e wh i c h a l l th e s e Sa m : /zci r a : t a k e to a pp e a r
-

AP H O R I SM S

Y O GA

At

145

th e r t i m e s th e y a r e n o t s o a cti ve bu t wh e n yo u
w a n t th e m n o t to be th ey a r e s u re to b e the re try i ng
th e i r be s t to cr o wd i n s i d e y o u r m i n d
Why s h o uld
Wh y s h o u l d th ey b e m u ch m o re p o te n t a t
th a t b e s o
th e t i m e o f c o n ce n tr a ti o n ? I t i s b e c a u se yo u a r e
re p re s s i n g t h e m a n d t h e v re a ct w i th a l l th e i r f o rce
A t o th e r t i m e s th ey d o n o t re a ct
o w c o u n tl e s s th e se
a l l l odged s o m e wh e re i n
o l d p a s t i m p re ss i o n s m u st b e
th e C/zztta re a dy w a i ti ng l i k e ti ge rs t o j u mp u p T h e s e
h a ve t o b e s u pp re sse d th a t th e o n e i d e a wh i ch w e l i k e
m a y a ri se
I n ste a d
t o th e e x cl u s i o n o f th e o th e rs
th e y a r e a l l s truggl i n g t o c o m e up a t th e s a m e t i m e
T h e s e a r e th e v a ri o u s p o we rs o f th e Sa m :lezi r a : i n
h i n d e r i n g c o n ce n tr a ti o n o f th e m i nd s o th i s S a m ci a l zi
w h i c h h a s j u st b e e n gi ve n i s th e b e st t o b e p r a cti se d
o n a c c o u n t o f i t s p owe r o f s upp re s si n g th e S a m s a r a n

T h e Sa m s a r a w h i ch w i l l b e r a i se d by th i s s ort o f c o n
ce n t a t i o n wi l l b e s o p o we rfu l th a t i t wi l l h i n d e r th e
a cti o n o f th e o th e rs a n d h ol d th e m i n c h e ck
o

'

'

51

By th e r estr a i n t of ev en th i s ( i m p r e ssi on, wh i ch


ob str u
cts a l l oth er i m p r e ssi on s) , a l l b ei n g r e
str a i n e d, com es

th e

se e dl ess

Sa m adhi

th a t o ur go a l i s t o p e rce i ve th e S o u l
i tse l f W e c a n n o t p e rce i ve th e S o u l b e c a u s e i t h a s g o t
m i n gl e d u p w i th n a tu re w i th th e m i n d w i th th e b o dy
T h e m o st i gn or a n t m a n th i nk s h i s b ody i s th e S o ul
T h e m o re l e a rn e d m a n th i n k s h i s m i nd i s th e S o ul
b u t b o th o f th e se a r e m i st a k e n
W h a t m a k e s th e
So u l ge t m i ngl e d u p w i th a l l th i s th e s e d i ffe re n t w a ve s
Y o u re m e mb e r
.

to

RA J A

1 46

Y O GA

i n th e C/zi tta ri s e a n d c ove r th e S o u l a n d w e o n l y s e e


a l i ttl e re e cti o n o f th e S o u l th r o ugh th e se w a ve s s o
i f th e w a v e i s o n e o f a n ge r w e s e e th e S o u l a s a ngry ;

I a m a n g ry
we s a y I f th e w a ve i s a w a ve o f l o ve
we s e e o u rse l ve s re e cte d i n th a t w a v e a n d s a y we a r e
l ov i ng
I f th a t w a ve i s o n e o f we a k n e ss a n d th e S o u l
T h e se v a ri o u s
i s re e cte d i n i t we th i nk we a r e we a k
i de a s c o m e fro m the se i m p re s s i o n s th e s e S a m d xi r a :
T h e re a l n a tur e o f th e S o u l i s n o t
c o ve ri ng th e S o ul
p e rce i ve d a s l o n g a s th e re i s o n e s i ngl e w a ve i n th e
l a k e o f th e
th i s re a l n a tu re w i l l n e v e r b e p e r
t h e w a v e s h a ve s ub s i d e d ; s o rst
c e i v e d u n ti l a l l
P a ta nja /z te a ch e s u s th e m e a n i ng o f th e se w a ve s ;
se c o n d ly th e b e s t w a y t o re pre s s th e m ; a n d th i rd l y
h o w t o m a k e o n e w a ve s o s tr o n g a s t o s up p re s s a l l
Wh e n o n l y o n e
o th er w a ve s re e a ti n g re a s i t we re
re m a i n s i t w i l l be e a sy to s uppre ss th a t a l s o a n d wh e n
th a t i s g o n e th i s Sa m ci a l zi of c o n ce n tr a t i o n i s c a l l e d
s ee dl e ss ; i t l e a ve s n o th i ng a n d th e S o u l i s m a n i fe ste d
a l o n e w e k n ow
u
st
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ts
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th a t th e S o u l i s n o t a c omp o u n d It i s th e o nl y e te rn a l
s i mp l e i n th e u n i vers e a n d a s s u ch I t c a n n o t be bo rn
I t c a n n o t d i e I t i s i m m o rt a l i n d e s tr u cti b l e , th e Ev e r
l i v i n g E s se n ce o f i n te l l i ge n c e
,

'

C H A P T ER
C ONC

EN T R A T I ON

M or ti ca ti on,

w ork to

God

udy

st

a r e ca

II

IT S

and

PR A C

TICE

urr en deri ng f r ui ts of

ll ed Kr i ya

Y oga

T h o se Sa m a a l zi : w i th w h i ch w e e n d e d o ur l a s t c h a p te r
a r e very d i f cu l t t o a tt a i n ; s o w e m u st t a ke th e m u p
sl o wl y
T h e rs t step th e p re l i m i n a ry s te p i s c a l le d
K r iya Yog a
Li te r a l l y th i s me a n s w o rk w o rk i n g
t o w a rd s Yog a
T h e o rg a n s a r e th e h o rs e s th e m i n d
i s th e re i n s th e i n te l l e c t i s th e ch a ri o te e r th e s o ul i s
th e r i d e r a n d th i s b o dy i s th e ch a ri o t
T h e m a s te r o f
th e h o u se h o l d th e K i n g th e S e l f o f m a n i s s i tti ng i n
th i s ch a ri o t
I f th e h o rse s a r e very s tr o n g a n d d o
n o t o b ey th e re i n s i f th e c h a ri o te e r th e i n tel l e ct d o e s
n o t k n o w h o w t o c o n tr o l th e h o rs e s
th e n th i s ch a ri o t
w i l l c o m e to gri e f
B u t i f th e o rg a ns th e h o rs es a r e
we l l c o n tr o l l ed a n d i f th e re i n s th e m i nd a r e wel l h e l d
i n th e h a nd s o f th e ch a ri o tee r th e i n te l l e ct th e ch a ri o t
re a ch e s t h e g o a l
Wh a t i s m e a n t th ere f o re by th i s
H o l d i n g th e re i n s rm ly wh i l e gu i d i n g
m o r t i c a t i o n ?
thi s b o d y a n d m i n d ; n o t l e tti n g th e b o d y d o a nyth i n g
i t l i k e s b u t k e e p i n g th e m b o th i n p r o pe r c o n tr o l
Wh a t i s m e a n t b y stud y i n th i s c a se ? No t
Stu d y
s tu d y o f n o v el s o r cti o n o r s t o ry b o o k s b u t s tu d y
l
o f t h os e b o o ks wh i c h te a ch th e l iber a ti o n o f th e s o u
,

[ I 4 7]

RA JA

148

Y O GA

Th e n a ga i n th i s stu d y d o e s n o t me a n c o nt r o v ers i a l
stu d i es a t a l l
Th e Y og i i s su pp o s e d t o h a ve n i s h ed
He h a s h a d e n ough o f th a t
hi s p eri o d o f c o ntrov ersy
H e o n l y s tu d i e s to i n te n s i fy
a n d h a s b e co m e s a ti s ed

Vaa a a n d
h i s c o nv i cti o n s
T h es e a r e th e
Vci a a ( th e a rgu
tw o s o rts o f S cri p tu r a l k n o wl e dge

Wh e n a m a n
m e n ta ti v e ) a n d S zda l zci zzza ( th e d eci s i ve )
i s e n ti rel y i gn o r a n t h e t a kes u p th e rs t p a r t o f th is
th e a rgu m e n t a tiv e gh t i ng a n d re a s o n i ng p r o a n d ( o n ;
a n d wh e n h e h a s n i s h e d th a t h e t a k es u p th e
th e d e c i s i ve a rri v i ng a t a c o n cl us i o n S i mp l y a rri vi ng
I t mu st b e i n te ns i ed
a t t hi s c o n cl us i o n w i l l n o t d o
B o o k s a r e i n ni te i n n u mber a n d ti m e i s sh o rt ; th e re
f o re th i s i s t h e s e cre t o f k n o wl edge t o t a k e th a t wh i ch
i s e sse n t i a l
T a ke th a t o ut a n d t h e n t r v t o l i ve up to
it
T h e re i s a n o l d si m i l e i n In d i a t h a t i f yo u pl a ce a
cup o f m i l k b ef o re a R oi/a a m m ( sw a n ) wi th p l e n ty o f
w a te r i n i t he w i l l t a k e a l l t h e m i l k a n d l e a ve th e w a te r
I n th a t w a y w e s h o u l d t a k e wh a t i s o f v a l u e i n kn o wl
e dge a n d l e a v e th e d r o ss A l l th e se i n te ll e ctu a l gym
We mu s t n o t g o bl i n dly
n a s ti c s a r e n ece ss a ry a t rs t
i n t o a ny th i n g T h e Y og i h a s p a sse d th e a rg um e n t a
ti v e s t a ge a n d h a s c o m e to a c o n cl u si o n wh i ch i s l i ke
the r o ck s i m m o v a bl e
T h e o n l y t h i n g h e n o w s ee k s
D O n o t a rgu e ,
t o d o i s to i n te n s i fy th a t co n cl us i on
h e s a ys ; if o n e force s a rgu m e n ts u p o n yo u b e s i l e n t
D o n o t a ns wer a n y a rgu m e n t b u t g o a w a y fre e be c a u s e
T h e o nl y th i ng i t
a rgu me n ts o nl y d i s tu rb th e m i n d
t o tr a i n th e i n te l l e ct s o wh a t i s th e us e o f d i st urb i n g
i t a n y m o re T h e i nte l l e ct i s b ut a w e a k i n s tr um e n
.

'

'

Y O GA

A P H O RI S M S

1 49

o n l y k n owl edge l i m i te d b y t h e s e nse s ;


i
ve
u
s
g
th e Y og i w a nts to go bey o n d the s e ns e s ; the ref o re
i nte l l e ct i s o f n o us e t o h i m H e i s cert a i n o f t h is a n d
t h ere fo re i s s il e nt a n d d o e s n o t a rgu e
Eve ry a rgu
me n t t h r o w s h i s m i n d o ut o f b a l a n ce cre a te s a d i s turb
a n d th i s d i sturb a n c e i s a d r a wb a ck
a n ce i n th e C /zi a
T he s e a rgu m e n t a t i o n s a n d s e a rch i ngs o f t h e re a s o n
a r e o n l y o n th e w a y
T h ere a r e m uch h i ghe r th i n gs
behind the m
T h e w h o l e o f l i fe is n o t f o r sch o o lb o y

ghts a n d d e b a ti n g s o ci eti es
B y su rren d eri n g th e
fru i ts o f w o rk t o G o d i s t o t a k e t o o u rse l ve s n e i the r
cre d i t n o t b l a m e b u t to gi ve b o th u p to th e L o rd a n d
b e a t pea c e

I nd ca n

f or) th e p r a cti ce
m i n i m i zi n g th e p a i n bea r i n g

( T h ey

2
.

of

a re

Sa m adh i

b r ucti ons

o st

a nd

t o f u s m a k e o ur m i n d s l i k e sp o i l ed c hi ld re n
T h ere fore
a l l o w i n g the m t o d o w h a te ve r the y w a n t
i t i s n e c e s s a ry t h a t th e re s h o u l d be c o ns t a n t p r a cti ce
i n o rd er t o g a i n c o n tro l
o f th e p re v i o u s m o r t i c a t i o n s
T h e o b stru e
o f th e m i n d a n d bri ng i t i n t o s ubj ecti o n
ti o n s t o Yog a a ri se fr o m l a ck o f thi s c o n tr o l a n d c a u se
u s pa i n
T h ey c a n o nl y b e re m ove d by d e nyi n g th e
m i nd a n d h o l d i n g i t i n c h ec k th ro ugh th es e v a ri o us
m e a ns
M

os

3 The
.

egoi sm

T h es e
us d o w n

b r ucti on s

o st

a ch m en t, a
, a tt

ver si on

a re

i gn or a n ce,

a n d cl i n gi n g
,

to li f e

th e ve p a i n s th e ve f o l d ti e th a t bi n d s
O f c o u rse i gn o r a n ce i s th e m o th e r o f a l l th e

a re
.

i
n
e a r i ng
a
p

R A JA Y OGA

1 50

r es t Sh e i s th e o n l y c a us e o f a l l o ur m i s ery W h a t
el se c a n m a k e us m i s er a bl e ? Th e n a tu re o f th e S o ul i s
e tern a l bl i ss
Wh a t c a n m a k e i t s o rr o wfu l e x ce p t
i gn o r a n ce h a l l u ci n a ti o n d e l u si o n ; a l l th i s p a i n O f th e
so ul i s s i mp l y de l usi o n
.

4 Ignor a n ce i s th e p r oducti v e el d of a l l th ese th a t


f oll ow, wh eth er th ey a r e dorm a nt, a ttenua ted,
.

v rp owered

o e

or e

x p a n de d

Im pre s s i o n s a r e th e c a u se o f th es e a n d th e s e i mp re s
s i o n s e x i s t i n d i ff e re n t d e gre e s T h e re a r e th e d o rm a n t

Y o u o fte n h e a r t h e e x p re ssi o n
i n n o ce n t a s a b a by
yet i n th e b a by m a y b e th e s t a te o f a d e m o n o r o f a
i
o
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'
th e s e i mp re ssi o n s th e S a m sar a : l e ft b y p a st a cti o ns
a r e a tte n u a te d ; th a t i s i n a ve ry n e s t a te a n d h e c a n
c o n tr o l t h e m a n d n o t a l l o w th e m t o b e c o m e m a n i fe s t
O verp o wered m e a ns th a t s o m e ti m e s o n e s e t o f i mp re s
s i o n s i s h e l d d o w n f o r a w h i l e by th o se th a t a r e s tr o n ge r
bu t th e y w i l l c o m e o ut w h e n th a t re pre ss i n g c a u se i s
re m o ve d
T h e l a st s t a t e i s th e e x p a n de d w he n the
S a m h tar a r h a v i ng h e l p fu l s u rr o u n d i ngs h a v e a tta i ne d
t o gre a t a ct i v i ty e i th e r a s g o o d o r e v i l
,

Ign or a nce i s ta ki n g th a t whi ch i s n on -etern a l ,


i m pu
i
f
n
e
a
l
n
d
n
n
r , p
a
o Self , f or th e ete rna l ,
,

u
p r e h a p py A tm a n ( Sel f )
,

A ll

th e se v a ri o u s s o rts o f i mp re ss i o n s h a v e o n e s o u rce
i gn o ra n ce
We h a v e rs t to le a rn wh a t i gn o r a n ce i s
.

Y O GA

A P H O R I S MS

151

u s t h i n k th a t I a m th e b o dy a n d n o t th e
S e l f th e p ure t h e e ffu l ge n t th e eve r b l i ss fu l a n d th a t
i s ig n o r a n ce
We th i n k o f m a n a n d s e e m a n a s b o dy
T h i s i s th e gre a t d e l u s i o n
A ll

of

6 Egoi sm i s th e i denti ca ti on
i n str u
m ent of seei n g

of

th e

r wi th

see

th e

T h e s ee r i s re a l l y the S e l f t he p ure o n e th e eve r


h o l y th e i n n i te th e i m m o rt a l
T h a t i s th e S e l f o f
m an
T h e C/zztta o r
A n d w h a t a r e th e i n stru m e n ts ?
m i n d s tu ff th e B udd/1 i d e te rm i n a t ive f a cu l ty th e
M a n a : o r m i n d a n d th e
o r s e n se o rg a n s
T h e se a r e th e i n stru m e n ts f o r h i m t o se e th e e x te rn a l
w o rl d a n d th e i de n ti c a ti o n o f th e S el f w i th th e i n s t r u
m e n ts i s w h a t i s c a l l e d th e i gn o r a n ce o f eg o i s m
We
sa y
I a m th e m i nd I a m th o ugh t ; I a m a ngry o r I
"
am
h a ppy
o w c a n w e b e a ngry a n d h o w c a n w e
h a te ? We s h o u l d i d e n ti fy o u rse l ve s w i th th e S el f ; th a t
c a n n o t c h a nge
I f i t i s u n ch a nge a b l e h o w c a n i t b e
o n e m o m e n t h a ppy a n d on e m o me n t u n h a ppy ?
It is
f o rm l e s s i n n i te o m n i p re se n t Wh a t c a n ch a nge i t ?
B ey o n d a l l l a w
W h a t c a n a ffe ct i t ? N o th i n g i n th e
u n i ve rse c a n p r o d u ce a n e ffe c t o n i t ye t th r o ug h
i gn o r a n ce w e i de n ti fy o urse l ve s w i th th e m i n d s tu ff
a n d th i n k w e fe e l pl e a s u re o r p a i n
,

'

7 A ttachm
.

en t

i s th a t

whi ch dw el l s

on

W e n d p l e a su re i n ce rt a i n th i n gs a n d th e m i n d l ik e
rre n t fl o ws t o w a rd s the m , a n d th a t f o l l o w i n g th e
cu
,

l
s
u
r
ea
e
p

RA JA

1 52

Y O GA

pl e a su re ce n tre a s i t we re i s a tt a c h m e n t
We a r e
n e ve r a tt a che d to a n y o n e i n wh o m w e d o n o t n d
pl e a s u re
We n d p l e a s u re i n ve ry q u e e r th i ngs s o m e
ti m es b u t th e d e n i ti o n i s j u s t the s a m e ; wh e re ve r w e
n d p l e a s ure th e re we a r e a tt a ch e d
,

8 A
.

ver si on

i s th a t

whi ch dw el l s

on

i
a
p

Th a t wh i ch gi ve s us p a i n we i m m e di a te ly s e e k
a w a y fr o m

to g e t

9 Fl owi ng th r ough i ts
.

e en

n a tur e

ow n

a nd

esta

bli sh ed

i n th e l ea r n ed, i s th e cli ngi n g to l i f e

T h i s cl i n gi n g to l i fe yo u s e e m a n i fe s te d i n e very
a n i ma l
a n d u p o n i t m a n y a tte m p t s h a ve b e e n m a d e t o
b u i l d th e th e o ry o f a fut u re l i fe b e c a us e m e n l i k e th ei r
l i ve s s o m u ch t h a t th ey d e si re a fu tu re l ife a l s o
Of
co u rse i t g o e s w i th o ut s a yi n g t h a t th i s a rgu m e n t i s
wi th o u t m u ch v a l u e b u t t h e m o s t c u ri ou s p a rt o f i t i s
th a t i n We s te rn C o u n tri e s th e i d e a th a t th i s cl i ngi n g
t o l i fe i n d i c a te s a p o ssi b i l i ty o f a fu t u re l i fe a ppl i e s
o nl y t o m e n b u t d o e s n o t i n cl u d e a n i m a l s
I n I n di a
t h i s cl i n gi n g t o l i fe h a s b e e n o n e o f th e a rgu m e n ts to
F o r i n st a n ce if
p r o ve p a s t e x p eri e n c e a n d e x i s te n ce
i t b e tru e th a t a l l o ur k n o wl e d ge h a s c o m e fr o m
e xp eri e n c e th e n i t i s s ure th a t th a t wh i ch w e n eve r
A s
e x p eri e n ce d we c a n n o t i m a gi n e o r u n d e r st a n d
s o o n a s ch i ck e n s a r e h a t ch ed th e y begi n t o p i ck u p
M a n y ti m es i t h a s b e e n s e e n wh e re d u ck s h a v e
fo o d
be e n h a t c h e d b y he n s th a t a s s o o n a s th e y c o m e o ut
,

AP H O R I S M S

Y O GA
of t h e

53

e ggs t h ey e w t o w a te r a n d t h e m o th e r th o ugh t
the y w o ul d be d r o wn e d
I f e xp e ri e n ce b e th e o nl y
s o urce o f k n o wl e d ge w he re d i d t h ese ch i cke n s l e a rn
t o p i ck u p f o o d o r th e d u ckl i n gs t h a t th e w a te r w a s
th e i r n a tu ra l e l e m e n t ? I f yo u s a y i t is i n sti n ct i t
m e a n s n o th i n g i t i s s i m p l y gi v i ng a w o rd bu t i s n o
e x p l a n a ti o n
W h a t i s th i s i ns ti nc t ? We h a v e m a ny
i n s ti n cts i n o u rse l ve s
F o r i ns t a nce
m o s t o f yo u
l a d i e s p l a y th e p i a n o a n d re m e m be r wh e n yo u rs t
l e a rn e d h o w c a re fu l l y yo u h a d to p u t y o u r ngers o n
t h e bl a c k a n d th e w h i te k ey s o n e a fte r t h e o th e r b ut
now
a fte r l o n g y e a rs o f p r a ctice
n t a l k wi th
o
u
c
a
y
y o u r fri e n d s a n d y o u r h a n d goe s o n j us t th e s a m e
I t h a s be c o m e i n st i n c t So wi th e ve ry w o rk we d o ;
by p r a cti ce i t be c o m e s i n sti n ct i t be c o m e s a u t o
m a ti c b u t s o f a r a s we k n o w , a l l th e c a se s w h i ch
we n o w re g a rd a s a u t o m a t i c a r e d ege n e r a ted r e a
I n th e l a ngu a ge o f th e Y og i i n s t i n ct i s i n v o l ve d
son
re a so n
D i scri m i n a ti o n b e c o m e s i nv o l ve d a n d get s

Th ere fore i t i s p er fe ct l y
t o b e a u to m a t i c S a m a r a a
l og ic a l t o t h i n k th a t a l l w e c a l l i n sti n ct i n th i s
w o rl d i s si mpl y i n v o l ve d re a s o n
A s re a s o n c a n n o t
a l l i n st i n ct i s
th e re fo re th e
c o m e w i t h ou t e x p eri e n ce
re s ul t o f p a st e x pe ri e nce
C h i ck e n s fe a r th e h a wk
a n d d u ckl i n gs l o ve th e w a te r a n d t h ese a r e b o th th e
res u l t o f p a s t e xp e ri e n ce
T h e n th e que st i o n i s
wh eth e r t h a t e x pe ri e n ce b e l o n gs t o a p a rt i cu l a r s o ul
w h et h e r th i s e x p eri e nce w h i ch
o r t o th e b o d y s i m pl y
'
c o m e s t o th e d uc k i s th e d uc k s f o re f a the r s e xp eri e n ce
M o d ern s ci e nt i c m e n
o r t h e d u ck s o w n e xperi e n ce
,

R A JA

1 54

Y O GA

h o l d th a t i t b el o ng s t o the b o dy b u t th e Yog i: h ol d
tra n sm i tte d
t h a t i t is th e e xpe ri e n ce o f th e m i nd
t hrou gh the b o d y
T h is i s c a l l e d the t h e o ry o f re i n
c a rn a ti o n
We h a ve s ee n th a t a l l o ur k n o w le d ge
w h e t her w e c a l l i t p e rce p t i o n o r re a so n o r i n st i n ct
m us t c o m e t hr o ugh th a t o n e c h a n n el c a l l ed e xp eri e n ce
a n d a l l t h a t w e n o w c a l l i n st i n ct i s t h e re sul t o f p a st
e xp eri e n ce d ege n e r a te d i n t o i ns t i n ct a n d th a t i nst i n ct
regen e ra te s i nt o re a s o n a g a i n
So o n t h r o ugh o u t th e
u n i verse a n d u p o n th i s h a s b e e n b u i l t o n e o f th e ch i ef
i n India
T he re cu rri n g
a rg u m e n ts f o r re i n c a rn a ti o n
e xpe ri e n ce s o f v a ri o u s fe a rs i n c o u rse o f t i m e pr o d u c e
th i s cl i ngi n g t o l i fe
T h a t i s wh y t h e ch i l d i s i n s ti n c
t i v e l y a fr a i d b e c a u se th e p a st e xp eri e n ce o f p a i n i s
th e re
Ev e n i n th e mo st l e a rn e d m e n w h o k n o w t h a t

t h i s b o dy w il l g o a n d w h o s a y n ev e r m i n d ; w e h a ve

h u n d re d s o f b o d i e s ; th e s o u l c a n n o t d i e
e ve n i n
t he m w it h a l l th ei r i n te l le ct u a l c o n v i cti o n s we s ti l l
n d t h i s cl i ngi n g o n t o l i fe
W h a t i s t hi s c l i ngi ng t o
l i fe ? We h a ve s e e n th a t i t h a s be c o m e i ns ti n cti v e
I n th e p s ych o l o gi c a l l a n gu a ge o f th e Y og i : i t h a s
b e co m e S a l m kci r a s
The
n e a nd h i d d e n
A l l t he s e p a st e xperi e n ce s
a r e sl e e p i n g i n th e C z a
a l l th a t w hi ch w e c a l l i nst i n ct
i s e xp e ri e n c e
o f d e a th
be co m e sub c o n s ci o us
I t l i v e s i n th e C/zztta a n d i s
n o t i n a ct iv e
bu t i s w o rk i n g u n d ern e a th T he se C/zztta
th e se m i n d w a v e s wh i ch a r e gr o s s w e c a n
a ppre ci a te a n d fe el ; th e y c a n be m o re e a si l y c o n tr o l l ed
b u t wh a t a b o u t th e se ne r i n s ti n ct s ?
o w c a n th ey
b e c o n tr o l l e d ? W he n I a m a n gr y m y wh o l e mi n d h a s
,

'

'

'

APH O RI S MS

Y O GA

1 55

b e c o me a h u ge w a ve o f a nge r
I fe el i t se e i t h a ndl e
i t c a n e a si l y m a n i pu l a te i t c a n gh t w i th i t bu t I
sh a l l n o t s u cce e d p e rfec tl y i n th e gh t u n ti l I c a n ge t
d o w n be l o w
A m a n s a y s s om e th i ng ve ry h a rs h t o m e
a n d I be gi n t o fee l th a t I a m
ge tti n g h e a ted a n d h e
goe s o n til l I a m pe rfe ctl y a ngry a n d f o rge t mys el f
i d e nt i fy mys el f wi th a nge r
Wh e n h e rs t beg a n t o

a b us e m e I st i l l t h o ugh t
I a m go i ng t o be a ngry
A n ge r w a s o n e t h i n g a n d I w a s a n o th e r b u t wh e n I
be c a m e a n gry I w a s a n ge r
T h e se fe el i ngs h a ve t o
b e c o nt r o l le d i n th e ge rm th e ro o t i n the i r n e f o rm s
b e fore e ve n w e h a v e be com e c on sci o u s t h a t th e y a r e
a c ti n g o n u s
Wi th th e v a st m a j ori ty o f m a nk i n d th e
n e st a t e s o f t h e se p a s si o n s a r e n o t ev e n k n o w n t h e
s t a te w h e n t h e y a r e sl owl y c o m i ng fro m be n e a th c o n
sciou
W he n a b ubb l e i s ri s i n g fr o m th e b otto m
s n ess
of the la k e w e d o not see i t
o r e v e n wh e n i t i s n e a rl y
c o m e t o th e s urfa ce ; i t i s o n l y wh e n i t b urs ts a n d
m a k e s a ri pp l e th a t w e k n o w i t i s th e re We sh a l l o n l y
b e s uc ce s sfu l i n gr a pp l i n g w it h th e w a ve s wh e n we
c a n ge t h o l d o f th e m i n th e i r ne c a u se s a n d u n ti l yo u
c a n ge t h o l d o f t h e m a n d su bd u e th e m be f o re the y
b e c o m e gr o s s t h e re i s n o h o pe o f c o n qu eri ng a n y p a s
T o c o n tr o l o ur p a ssi o n s we h a ve to
s i o n p erfe ctl y
c o n tr o l th e m a t t he i r v e ry r o o ts ; th e n a l o n e sh a l l we
A s fri e d see d s
b e a bl e t o bu r n o ut th ei r v e ry s e ed s
th r o wn i nt o t h e grou n d w il l n eve r c o m e up s o th e se
a s s i o n s w i l l n ev er a ri s e
p
.

R A JA

6
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.

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r ej ected by

op p osi te m odica ti o s,

the se n e Sa m s ci r a s t o b e c o n trol l e d
We
h a v e t o begi n w i th th e b ig w a v es a n d c o m e d o w n a n d
d ow n
F o r i ns t a n ce w he n a b ig w a v e o f a n ge r h a s
c ome i n to th e m i nd h o w a r e w e t o co n trol th a t ?
a i s i ng a b i g o pp o s i n g w a ve
u
s
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S o m e ti m e s a m oth er i s very a ngry w i th h er h u sb a nd ,
a n d w h il e i n th a t st a te th e b a b y c om e s i n
a n d s he
k iss es th e b a by ; th e o l d w a ve d i e s o ut a n d a n ew
w a ve a rise s l o v e for th e c h i l d
T h a t su p pre s se s th e
oth e r o n e
L o ve i s opp o s i te to a nge r
S o we n d
th a t by r a i si n g th e o pp o si te w a ve s w e c a n c o n qu er
th o s e w h ich we w a n t to rej ec t
T h e n if w e c a n r a is e
i n o ur n e n a ture th es e n e o p p o s i n g w a ve s th ey w il l
c h e ck th e n e w o rk i n gs o f a nger be n e a th th e c o n sci o u s
s u rfa ce
We h a ve s e e n n o w th a t a l l th es e i n s ti n cti ve
a cti o n s rs t b eg a n a s c o n s ci o u s a cti o n s a n d be c a m e
n e r a n d ne r S o i f go o d w a v e s i n th e c o n s ci o u s
C/zztta b e c o ns t a n tl y r a i se d th e y wi l l g o d o wn be c o m e

s ub tl e a n d O pp o se th e S a m :ka r a f o rm s o f ev i l th o ugh ts
ow a r e

'

11

By m edi ta ti on, th ei r m odi ca ti ons


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to be

e d i t a ti o n i s o n e o f th e gre a t m e a n s o f c o n tr o l l i ng
th e ri s i n g o f th e se b i g w a ve s
B y m e d i t a t i o n yo uc a n
m a k e th e m i n d su b d u e th e s e w a ve s a n d i f yo u g o o n
pr a cti si n g m ed i t a ti o n f o r d a ys a n d m o n th s a n d ye a rs
u n ti l i t h a s be c o m e a h a bi t u n ti l i t w i l l c o m e i n sp i te
M

APH O RISM S

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of

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y o urs elf , a n ge r
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57

and

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1 2 The
.

of

w orks

b r ucti on s
vi si ble li f e or i n th e un seen l i f e

a
i
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i
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i n thi s

r oot i n th ese
a n d th ei r e xp er i en ce

h a s i ts
,

B y th e rec e p t a cl e o f w o rk s i s m e a n t th e s um t o t a l o f
th e s e Sa n a/hi n t s Wh a teve r w o rk w e d o th e m i nd i s
th r o w n i n t o a w a v e a n d a fte r th e w o rk i s n i sh ed w e
No
th i n k th e w a v e i s g o n e
I t h a s o n l y b ec o m e
n e b u t i t i s s ti l l th e re
Wh e n we try to re m e mb e r
th e th i n g i t c o m e s up a ga i n a n d b ec o m e s a w a ve
So
i t w a s th ere ; i f i t h a d n o t b e e n th ere th ere w o u ld n o t
h a v e b e e n m e m o ry
So eve ry a c ti o n e very th ough t
g o o d o r ba d j u s t go e s d o w n a n d beco me s n e a n d i s
t he re s tore d u p
T h ey a r e c a ll e d p a i n b e a ri n g o b s tru e
ti o n s b o th h a p p y a n d u n h a p p y th o ugh ts b ec a u se
a cc o rd i n g to th e Y o i :
b
o
th
i
n
th
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l
o
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g
run
bri
ng
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pa i n
A l l h a pp i n e s s w h i ch co me s fro m th e se n se s wi l l
e ve n tu a l l y b ri n g p a i n
A l l e n j o ym e n t w il l m a k e u s
th i rs t f o r m o re a n d th a t b ri n gs p a i n a s i ts re sul t
T h e re 1 8 n o l i m i t t o m a n s d e s i re s ; h e g o e s o n d e s i r
i n g a n d w h e n h e c o me s to a p o i n t w he re d es i re c a n
n o t be f ul l l e d th e re su l t i s p a i n
T h e re f o re th e
Yog i : reg a rd th e su m t o t a l o f th e i m pre ss i o n s g o o d o r
e vi l a s p a i n b e a ri n g o b stru cti on s ; th ey o b s tru c t th e w a y
It i s th e s a m e w i th th e
t o fre e d o m o f th e S ou l
S a m s ci r a g t h e n e r o ots o f a l l o ur w o rk s ; the y a r e th e
c a u se s w h i ch w i l l a g a i n b ri n g e ff e ct s e i t he r i n th i s l i fe
I n exce p ti o n a l c a se s w h e n
o r i n th e l i ve s t o c o m e
-

R A JA

1 58

Y O GA

th e se S a m skci r a : a r e v ery s tr o n g th ey b e a r fru i t


qu i ck ly ; e xcep ti o n a l a cts o f wi ck e d n e s s o r of g o o d
n ess b ri n g th e i r fru i ts i n th i s l i fe
T h e Yog i : eve n
h o l d th a t m e n w h o a r e a b l e to a cqu i re a tre m e n d o u s

p o we r o f g o od Sa m ska r a : d o n o t h a v e to d i e b u t e ve n
i n th i s l i fe c a n c h a nge t h e i r b o d i e s i n t o g o d b o d i e s
T here a r e s ever a l c a se s m e n ti o n e d b y t h e Yog i : i n th e ir
b ook s
T he se m e n ch a nge t h e v e r y m a te ri a l o f th e i r
b od i e s ; th ey r e a rr a nge th e m o l e cu l e s i n s u ch fa sh i o n
th a t t he y h a ve n o m o re s i ck n e ss a n d wh a t we c a l l
de a t h d o e s n o t c om e to t he m
W hy s h o u l d n ot th i s b e
Th e p hys i o l o gi c a l m e a n i n g o f f o o d i s a s s i m i l a t i o n o f
e n e rgy fro m th e s un
T h i s e n e rgy h a s re a c h e d th e
p l a n t t h e p l a n t i s e a te n by a n a n i m a l a n d th e a n i m a l
by u s
T h e s ci e n ce o f i t i s th a t we t a k e s o m u ch
e n ergy fr o m th e s un a n d m a k e i t p a rt o f o u rse l ve s
T h a t b e i ng th e c a s e w h y s h o ul d th ere b e o n l y o n e w a y
o f a ss i m i l a ti n g e n ergy ?
T h e p l a n t s w a y i s n o t th e
s a m e a s o u rs ; th e e a rth s p r o ce ss o f a ss i m i l a ti n g
e ne rgy d i e r s fr o m o ur o w n B u t a l l a s si m i l a te e ne rgy
i n s o m e f o rm o r o th e r
Th e Y og i : s a y th a t th ey a r e
a bl e t o a ss i m i l a te e ne rgy b y th e p o we r o f th e m i n d
a lone
th a t th ey c a n d r a w i n a s m uch a s th e y d e s i re
w i th o u t re c o urs e to th e o rd i n a ry me th o d s A s a s p i d e r
m a k e s h i s ne t o ut o f h i s o w n s ub s t a n ce a n d b ec o m e s
b o u n d i n h i s ne t a n d c a n n o t g o a n ywh e re e x cep t a l o n g
th e l i n e s o f th a t n e t s o we h a v e p r o j e cte d o ut o f o ur
a nd w e
o w n s ubs t a n ce th i s n e t w o rk c a l l e d th e ne rv es
c a n n o t work e xcep t th ro ugh th e ch a n n e ls o f th o s e
n erves T he Yog i s a ys we ne e d n o t b e b o u n d by th a t
,

Y O GA

APHO RISMS

1 59

S i m i l a rl y w e c a n s e n d e l e ctri c i ty to a n y p a rt o f th e
wo rld b u t w e h a ve to s e n d i t by m e a n s O f w i re s
N a t u re c a n s e n d a v a s t m a s s o f e l e ctri c i ty w i th o u t a n y
wi re s a t a l l
Wh y c a n n o t w e d o th e s a m e ? We c a n
s e n d m e n t a l e l e ctri c i ty Wh a t w e c a l l m i n d i s ve ry
m u ch th e s a m e a s e l e ctr i c i ty
I t i s cl e a r th a t th i s
n e rve u i d h a s s o m e a m o u n t o f e l e ctr i c i ty be c a us e i t
i s p o l a r i sed a n d i t a n s wer s a l l e l e ctr i c a l d ire ct i o n s
We c a n o nl y se n d o ur e l e ctr i ci ty th r o ugh th e se n erve
ch a n n e l s W hy n o t s e n d th e m e n t a l e l e ctri ci ty wi th o u t
th i s a i d ? T h e Yog i s a y s i t i s p erfe ctl y p o ssi b l e a n d
p ra cti c a b l e a n d th a t w h e n yo u c a n d o th a t yo u wi l l
Y o u wi l l b e a bl e t o w ork
w o rk a l l o ve r th e u n i ve rse
wi th a n y b o d y a n yw h e re wi th o u t th e h e l p o f a n y n e rv
Wh e n th e s o u l i s a cti n g th r o u gh th e se
s sy s te m
ou
ch a n n el s w e s a y a m a n i s l i v i n g a n d wh e n th os e ch a n
n e l s d i e th e m a n i s s a i d t o b e d e a d
B u t wh e n a m a n
i s a bl e to a c t e i th e r wi th o r wi th o u t t h e s e ch a n ne l s
b i rth a n d d e a t h wi l l h a v e n o m e a n i n g f o r h i m
A ll
th e b o d i e s i n th e u n iv e rse a r e m a d e u p o f T a m zzci tr a :
a n d i t i s o n l y i n th e a rr a nge m e n t o f th e m th a t t h e re
c o m e s a d i ffe re n ce
I f yo u a r e th e a rr a nger yo u c a n
W ho ma k e s
a rr a n ge th a t b o d y i n o n e w a y o r a n o t h e r
u p t h i s b o d y b u t yo u? W h o e a ts th e f o o d ? I f a n
o th e r a t e th e f o o d f o r yo u yo u w o ul d n o t l i ve l o ng
Y o u cert a i nl y
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W h o m a k e s th e b l o o d o ut o f i t
?
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Y o ua r e th e m a n u fa ctu re r o ut o f y o u r o w n
b s ta n c e Y o ua r e th e m a n u f a c tu re r o f th e b o d y, a nd
su
,

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1 60

Y O GA

yo u l i ve i n i t
O n l y w e h a ve l o st th e kn o w l e d ge o f
h o w to m a k e i t
We h a ve be c o m e a uto m a ti c d e
ge n er a te
We h a v e fo rg o tte n th e pr o ce s s o f m a n uf a c
t ure
S o w h a t we d o a u to m a ti c a l ly h a s a g a i n t o b e
regul a ted
W e a r e th e cre a t o rs a n d we h a ve to regu
l a te t h a t cre a ti o n a n d a s s o o n a s w e c a n d o th a t w e
sh a l l b e a b l e t o m a n u fa ctu re j u st a s we l i k e a n d th e n
we sh a l l h a ve n e i th e r b i rth n or d e a th d i se a se o r
a ny th i ng
.

1 3 The
.

r oot b ei ng th er e

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T h e r o o t s th e c a u se s th e Sa m a ci r a : b e i n g t h e re
th ey a g a i n m a n i fe st a n d f o rm th e e ffe cts
T h e ca u s e
dyi n g d o w n b e c o m e s th e e ffe c t a n d th e e ffe c t b e c o m e s
m o re s ub tl e a n d b e c o m e s t h e c a u s e o f th e n e xt e ffe ct
T h e tre e b e a rs a s e e d a n d b e c o m e s th e c a u se o f t h e
n e xt tre e a n d s o o n A l l o ur w o rk s n o w a r e t h e
e ffe ct s o f p a s t Sa m :ci r a : A g a i n th e se S a m :kci r a : be
c o m e th e c a u se o f fut u re a c ti o n s a n d th u s w e g o o n
S o th i s a ph o ri sm s a ys t h a t t h e c a u s e b e i ng t h e r e t h e
fru i t m u st c o m e i n th e f o rm o f spe c i e s ; o n e w i l l b e
a n o th e r a n a n i m a l
a n oth er a
a m a n a n o th e r a n a nge l
de m on
T h e n th e re a r e d i ffe re n t e ffe ct s i n l i fe ; o n e
m a n l i ve s fty y e a rs a n oth e r a h u n d re d a n d a n o t h e r
d i e s i n tw o ye a rs a n d n e v er a tt a i n s m a t uri ty ; a l l th e se
d i ffe re n ce s i n l i fe a r e regu l a te d b y th e s e p a s t a cti o n s
O n e m a n i s b o rn a s i t were f o r pl e a su re ; i f h e bu ri es
h i ms el f i n a fores t p l e a su re w i l l f o l l o w h i m th ere
,

,
.

A PH O R I S M S

Y O GA

16 1

n o th e r m a n , wh e rev er h e g o e s p a i n fo l l o w s h i m ,
e very th i n g b e c o m e s p a i n fu l
I t i s a l l th e re s ul t o f
the i r o w n p a s t
A cc o rd i ng to the p h i l o s o p hy o f th e
Yog i : a l l v i rtu o u s a c t i o n s br i ng pl e a s u re a n d a l l v i ci o u s
A n y m a n w h o d o e s w i ck e d d eed s
a cti o n s bri n g p a i n
i s s u re t o re a p th e fru i t o f th e m i n th e f o rm o f p a i n
A

14

T h ey

b ea r f r ui t

vi rtue

15

as

e
s
u
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l
r
a
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p a i n,

or

ca

used by

vi ce
T o th e di scr i m i n a ti ng a l l i s a s i t w er e p a i nf u
l
nt of e v er y thi n g b ri n gi n g p a i n e i th e r
on a ccou
i n th e conse quence or i n a pp r eh en si on or i n
nt
de ca use d by i m p r essi on s a l so on a ccou
a tti tu
nter a cti on of qua li ti es
of th e cou
or

T h e Yog i : s a y th a t th e m a n w h o h a s d i scri m i n a ti n g
p o wers th e m a n o f g o o d s e n s e se e s th rough a l l these
v a ri ou s th i n gs w h i ch a r e c a l l e d p l e a s u re a n d p a i n a n d
k n o ws th a t th ey a r e a lw a y s e q u a l ly d i s trib u te d a n d
th a t o n e f o l l o w s th e o th e r a n d m el ts i n t o th e o th e r ;
h e se e s th a t m e n a r e f o l l ow i ng a n zgm : f a ta a : a l l th e i r
l i ve s a n d n e ve r s u cce ed i n fu l l l i n g th e i r d e s i re s
T h e re w a s n ev e r a l ov e i n th i s w o rl d w h i c h d i d n o t

k n ow d e ca y
T h e gre a t k i n g Y ua zi zzr a o n ce s a i d
th a t th e m o s t wo nd e rfu l th i n g i n l i fe i s th a t e ve ry
m o m e n t w e s e e p e o pl e dy i n g a r o u n d u s a n d ye t w e
th i n k we s h a ll n e ve r d i e S u rr o u n de d by f o o l s o n e ve ry
s i d e we th i n k w e a r e t h e o nl y e x ce pti o n s th e o nl y
l e a rn e d m e n
S u rro u nd e d by a l l s o rt s o f e x pe ri e n ce s
r l o ve i s th e o n l y l a st i ng l o ve
o f c kl e n e s s w e th i n k o u
E ve n l o v e i s se l sh , a n d th e Yog i
o w c a n th a t be
,

'

11

R A JA

16 2

Y O GA

s a ys th a t i n th e e nd w e s h a l l nd th a t e ve n t h e l o v e
o f hu sb a nd s a n d w i ve s a n d ch i l dre n a n d fr i e n d s sl o wl y
de c a ys
It
D e c a de n ce se i z e s e ve ryth i n g i n t h i s l i fe
i s o nl y wh e n e ve ry th i ng e ve n l ove f a i l s th a t w i th a
a sh , m a n n d s o ut h o w v a i n h o w d re a m l i k e 1 8 th i s
w orl d
T h e n h e c a tch e s a gl i mp se o f Va zr ri gya m
a tch e s a gl i mp s e o f t h e bey o n d
re
n
u
n
ci
a ti o n )
c
I
t
i
s
(
o n ly by g i vi ng up th i s w o rl d th a t th e o th e r c o m e s ;
n ever thr o ugh h ol d i ng o n to th i s o n e
N eve r y e t w a s
th e re a gre a t s o u l w h o h a d n o t to rej e ct se n s e p l e a s
u re s a n d e nj o ym e n ts t o b e c o m e s u ch
T h e c a u se o f
m i se ry i s th e cl a sh b e twe e n th e d i ffere n t f o rce s o f
n a tu re o n e d r a ggi ng o n e w a y a n d a n o th e r d r a ggi n g
re nd eri n g p e rm a n e n t h a pp i n e s s i m p o ss ibl e
a n o th er
,

'

16

T h e m i s er y
a

voi de d

whi ch

is

n ot

e
t
y

c om e

i s to be

S o m e K a r m a w e h a ve w o rke d o ut a l re a d y s o m e w e
t n o w i n th e pre se n t a n d so m e i s w a i ti n g
a re w o rk i ng o u
T h a t w h i ch we h a ve
t o be a r fru i t i n th e fu tu re
w o rk e d o ut a l re a dy i s p a s t a n d g o n e
T h a t wh i ch w e a r e exp eri e n ci n g n o w we w i l l h a ve to
work o ut a n d i t i s o n l y t h a t wh i c h i s w a it i n g t o be a r
fru i t i n th e fut u re th a t we c a n c o n q u er a n d c o ntr o l s o
r f o rce s sh o u l d b e d i re cte d t o w a rd s t h e c o ntr o l o f
all ou
th a t K a r m a wh i ch h a s n o t ye t b o rn e fru it
Th a t i s
me a n t i n t h e p re v i o u s a ph o ri s m wh e n P a ta rzja l z s a y s
th a t th e se v a ri o u s S a m aci r a : a r e to b e c o n tr o l l e d by
c o u nte r a c ti n g w a ve s
,

A PH O R I SM S

Y O GA

163

use of th a t whi ch i s to be a voi ded


j uncti on of th e seer a nd th e seen

1 7 Th e
.

ca

i s th e

W h o i s th e see r ? T h e S e l f o f M a n th e P a m ga
Wh a t i s th e s ee n ? T h e wh o l e o f n a ture be gi n n i n g
wi th th e m i n d d o wn to gro s s m a tte r A l l th i s p l e a s
u re a n d p a i n a r i se s fr o m th e j u n cti o n be twe e n th i s
T h e P a r a f a yo u m u s t re me m
P a r a f a a n d th e m i n d
b e r a cc o rd i n g to th i s ph i l o s o ph y i s p u re ; i t i s wh e n
i t i s j o i n e d t o n a tu re a n d by re e cti o n th a t i t a ppe a r s
t o fee l e i th e r p l e a s ure or p a i n
.

1 8 The
.

xp eri ence d

rga n s

a nd

is

of

th e

i nerti a ,

i en ce

and

is

com

s
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ur e of

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rel ea se

of

e em ents

il l u
m i n a ti on ,

r p ose of
i s f or th e p u
( of th e exp eri encer )

and

a cti o

exp er

e x p e ri e n ce d th a t i s n a tu re i s c o m p o se d o f
e l e m e n ts a n d o rg a n s th e e l e m e n ts gro s s a n d n e
wh i c h c o m p o se th e w h o l e o f n a ture a n d th e o r ga n s o f
th e se n se s m i n d e tc a n d i s o f th e n a ture o f i l l u m i n a
ti o n a cti o n a n d i n er ti a
T h e s e a r e wh a t i n S a n sk ri t
a nd
a a:
a
o
a ti o n
R
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i
n
cti
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m
a r e c a l l e d S a m /a
f
(
)
)
(
T a m a : ( i n e rti a ) ; e a c h i s f o r th e p u rp o se o f e xp e ri e n ce
W h a t i s th e p urp o s e o f th e w h o l e o f
a n d re l e a se
n a t ure
T h a t th e P ur us a m a y g a i n e xpe ri e n ce
The
P a n d a h a s a s i t were , f o rg o tte n i ts m i gh ty , g o d l y
n a t ure
T h ere i s a st o ry th a t th e k i n g o f th e g o d s
h
a
d
a
o
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b
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RA JA

1 64

Y O GA

t ol d h i m , Y o u a r e th e ki n g o f th e g o d s
a r e yo u h ere
h
Wh
y
a ve a l l th e g o d s c o m m a n d
u
o
y
Le t m e be ; I a m a l l ri gh t h e re ; I d o
B ut [ n a r a s a i d
n o t ca re f o r th e h e a v e n s w h i l e I h a ve th i s s o w a n d

th e se l i ttle p i gs
Th e p o o r g o d s were a t th e i r wi t s
A fte r a ti m e th ey d eci de d t o s l o wl y
e n d wh a t t o d o
c o m e a n d s l a y o n e o f th e l i t tl e pi gs a n d th e n a n o th e r
u n ti l th e y h a d sl a i n a l l th e p i gs a n d th e s o w to o
W h e n a l l w ere d e a d [ na r a beg a n to w ee p a n d m o u rn
T h e n th e g o d s ri p pe d h i s p i g b o dy o p e n a n d h e c a m e
o ut o f i t a n d b eg a n t o l a ugh w h e n h e re a l i se d w h a t a
h i d e o u s d re a m h e h a d h a d ; h e th e k i n g o f th e g o d s
t o h a ve b e c o m e a p i g a n d to th i n k th a t th a t p i g l i fe
'
N o t o nl y s o b u t to h a ve w a n te d
w a s th e o n l y l i fe
th e w h o l e u n i v erse t o c o m e i n t o th e p i g l i fe ! Th e
P a r a f a wh e n i t i d e n ti e s i tse l f w i th n a tu re f o rge ts
th a t i t i s p u re a n d i n n i te
T h e P a r a fa d o e s n o t l i v e ;
i t i s l i fe i tsel f
I t d o e s n o t e x i s t ; i t i s ex i s te n ce i ts elf
T h e S o u l d o e s n o t k n o w ; i t i s k n o w l edge i ts e l f
It is
o r k n o ws o r
a n e n ti re m i s ta k e t o s a y th e S o u l l i v e s
l o ve s
L o v e a n d e x i s te n ce a r e n o t th e q u a l i ti e s o f th e
Wh e n th e y get re e cte d u
pon
P a r a fa b u t i ts e sse n ce
s o m eth i n g yo u m a y ca l l th e m th e qu a l i ti e s o f th a t
s o m eth i n g
B u t th ey a r e n o t th e qu a l i ti e s o f th e
P a r a fa b u t th e es s e n ce o f th i s gre a t j tm a rz thi s
I n n i te B e i n g wi th o u t b i rth o r de a th W h o i s est a b
l i s h e d i n H i s o w n gl o ry b u t a p pe a rs a s i f be c o m e

d ege n era te u n ti l i f yo u a pp r o a ch t o te l l H i m
Y ou

h e b egi n s t o s qu e a l a n d b i te
T h us
a re n ot a p i g
m
M
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'

YO GA A P H O R I S M S
ll m

16

i se ry we e p i n g a n d cryi n g wh ere a f e w g o l de n
b a l ls a r e ro l le d a n d th e w o rl d s cr a mbl es a fte r the m
Y o u we re n e ve r b o u n d by l a ws N a ture n ev er h a d a
b o n d fo r yo u T h a t i s w h a t th e Y og i te l l s yo u; h a v e
p a ti e n ce to l e a rn i t
A n d th e Yog i s h o ws h o w by
j u n cti o n w i th th i s n a tu re a n d i d e n ti fyi n g i ts e l f wi th
th e m i n d a n d th e wo rl d th e F a r a i a th i n k s i ts e l f m i se r
a ble
Th e n th e Yog i g o e s o n t o s h o w yo u th a t th e
w a y o ut i s th r o ugh e x p er i e n ce
Y o u h a ve to ge t a l l
th i s e xp eri e n c e b u t n i s h i t qu i ck l y We h a ve p l a ce d
We
o urs e lve s i n th i s n e t a n d w i l l h a v e to ge t o u
t
h a v e go t o urs el ve s c a ugh t i n th e tr a p a n d w e w i l l
h a v e t o w o rk o ut o ur fre e d o m
SO ge t th i s e xpe ri e n ce
o f h u sb a n d s a n d w i v e s a n d fri e n d s a n d l i ttl e l o ve s
a n d yo u w i l l ge t th rou gh th e m s a fe l y i f yo u n e ve r f o r
ge t w h a t yo u re a l l y a r e
Ne ve r forge t th i s i s o n l y a
m o m e n t a ry st a te a n d th a t w e h a v e to p a ss th rou gh i t
E xp eri e n ce i s th e o n e gre a t te a ch e r e xp er i e n ce s o f
pl e a s u re a n d p a i n b u t k n o w th ey a r e o n l y e xp e r i
e me e s a n d w i l l a l l l e a d step by ste p t o th a t st a te
wh e n a l l th e se th i ngs w i l l b e c o m e s m a l l a n d th e
P a n d a w i l l b e s o gre a t th a t th i s wh o l e u n i verse w i l l
b e a s a d r o p i n th e o ce a n a n d w i l l f a l l o ff b y i ts o w n
n o th i ngn e ss We h a ve t o g o th ro ugh th e se e xp e r i
e n c e s b u t l e t u s n e ve r forge t th e i d e a l
a

1 9 The
.

sta t es of

un den ed

th e

qua l i ti e s

th e i n di ca te d

onl

a re

th e den e d, th e

a nd

th e

si gnl ess

T h e syste m o f Yog a i s b u i l t e n ti re l y o n th e p h i l o s o
ome
of
s
th
e
/
1 mg a s I t o l d yo u i n
o f th e S ti n k
h
9
p y

R A JA

1 66

Y O GA

re
v
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ctu
re
s
a n d h e re a g a i n I w i l l re m i n d yo uo f
o
p
th e c o sm ol ogy o f th e Sti nk/13 a p h i l o s o p hy A cc o rd i ng t o
th e
n a tu re i s b o th th e m a te ri a l a n d th e e ffi
ci e n t c a u se o f th i s u n i ve rse
I n th i s n a tu re th e re a r e
th re e s o rts o f m a teri a l s th e Sa ttoa th e R aja : a n d th e
Th e T a m a : m a teri a l i s a l l th a t i s d a rk a l l
Tama:
th a t i s i gn o r a n t a n d h e a vy ; a n d th e R af a : i s a cti v i ty
T h e Sa l i v a i s c a l m n es s li gh t Wh e n n a ture i s i n th e
s t a te b e f o re cre a ti o n i t i s c a l le d by th e m A oya kta m
u n d e ne d o r i n d i scre te ; th a t i s i n wh i c h th ere i s n o
d i sti ncti o n o f form o r n a me a s t a te i n w h i c h th es e
t h re e m a te ri a l s a r e h e l d i n perfec t b a l a nc e
T h e n th e
b a l a nce i s d i stu rbe d th e s e d i ffere n t m a teri a l s begi n t o
m i ngl e i n v a ri o u s fa s h i o n s a n d th e re su l t i s th i s u n i
v e rse
I n eve ry m a n a l s o th e se thre e m a ter i a l s e xi st
Wh e n th e Sa oa m a te ri a l pre v a i l s k n o wl e dge c o m es
Wh e n th e R af a : m a teri a l p re v a i l s a c ti vi ty c o m e s a n d
w h e n th e T a m a : m a teri a l p rev a i l s d a rk n e s s c o me s
a n d l a ss i tu d e
i dl e n e ss i gn o r a n ce
A cc o rdi n g t o th e
th e h ighe s t m a n i fe s t a ti o n o f th i s
S ti n k/9 a the o ry
n a tu re c o n si s ti n g o f th e se thre e m a teri a l s i s w h a t
th ey c a l l M a aa t o r i n te l l ige n ce u n iv e rs a l i n te l l i ge nc e
a n d e a c h h u m a n m i n d i s a p a rt o f th a t c o sm i c i n t e l l i
ge n ce
T h e n o ut o f M a /za t c o m e s th e m i n d
I n th e
S ti n k/9 a P syc h o l ogy th ere i s a sh a rp d i st i n c ti o n be
twee n M a n a : th e m i n d fu n cti o n a n d th e fu n c ti o n o f
t h e B udd/1i i n te l le c t T h e mi n d fu n c ti o n i s s i m p ly t o
c o l l ec t a n d c a rry i mp res s i o n s a n d p res e n t th em t o th e
B udd/2i th e i n d i vi du a l Ill a /ta t a n d th e B ua a l zz d e ter
So , o ut o f M a l l a t c o m es m i nd a n d o ut
m i n es u p o n i t
,

'

Y O GA

AP H O R I S M S

of

167

m i n d c o m e s n e m a te ri a l a n d th is n e m a teri a l
c o m bi n es a n d bec o m es th e gros s m a te ri a l o u ts i d e
the
e xte rn a l u n iv ers e
T he c l a i m o f th e Sci n/zya p h i l os o
p hy i s th a t b egi n n i n g w i th th e i n te l l ect a n d c o mi ng
d o w n t o a b l ock o f s t o n e a l l h a s c o m e o ut o f t h e s a me
t h i n g o n l y a s n e r o r gr o ss e r s t a tes o f e x i ste nc e
T h e B ua a m i s th e n e s t st a t e o f e x i s te n ce o f th e m a te
ri a l s a n d th e n co me s A /za m /ci r a eg o i sm a n d n e x t to
th e m i n d c o m e s n e m a te ri a l w h ic h th ey c a l l T a n
m atr a : w h ic h c a n n o t b e see n b u t wh ic h a r e i n fe rred
T h e s e T a rzm ri tr a : c o mb i n e a n d b ec o m e gr o sse r a n d
n a l ly p r o d uc e th i s u n iv e rs e
T h e n e r i s th e c a u se
a nd
th e gro sse r i s th e e ffec t
I t begi n s w i th th e
w h ich i s th e n es t m a teri a l a n d g o es o n
b ec o m i n g gr o sse r a n d gr o s se r u n ti l i t b ec o me s th i s
u n iv ers e
A cc o rd i n g t o th e Sti n k/29a p h i l o s o p h y be
not
w
h
i
c
h
i
s
o n d th e w h ol e o f n a tu re i s th e P a r a f a
y
P a r a fa i s n ot a t a l l s i m i l a r t o a n y
m a te ri a l a t a l l
th i n g e l se e i th e r B ua a ai o r m i n d o r t h e T a n ra dtr a :
o r th e gros s m a teri a l ; i t i s n o t a k i n to a n y o n e o f
th es e i t i s e n ti re ly sep a r a te e n ti rel y d i ffe re n t i n i ts
n a tu re a n d fr o m th i s th ey a rgu e th a t th e P a n d a m u s t
be i m m ort a l b ec a u se i t i s n o t th e re su l t o f c o mbi n a
ti o n
T h a t wh i ch i s n o t th e re su l t o f c o mbi n a ti o n
ca n n o t d i e th es e P a r a f a : o r S o ul s a r e i n n i te i n n u m
N o w w e sh a l l u n d e rst a n d th e A p h ori sm th a t th e
he r
st a te s o f th e qu a l i t i e s a r e d e ne d u n d e n ed a n d s i g n
B y t h e de n e d i s me a n t th e gros s e le me n ts
l e ss
B y th e u nd e n e d i s m e a n t th e
w h i ch we c a n se n s e
w h i ch c a n n o t be
v e r y n e m a teri a l s t h e T a n m d tr m
,

'

'

RA JA

168

Y O GA

I f yo u p ra c ti c e Yog a h o w
e n sed by ord i n a ry m e n
eve r s a y s P a ta nja l z a fte r a w h i le y o u r pe r c e p ti o ns w i l l
be c o m e s o n e th a t yo uwi l l a ctu a l ly s e e th e T a m m i tr a s
F o r i ns t a n ce yo u h a ve h e a rd h o w e ve ry m a n h a s a c e r
t a i n l igh t a b o u t h i m ; eve ry l i vi n g be i n g i s em a n a t i n g
h e s a ys , c a n b e se e n by t h e
a cert a i n l igh t a n d t h i s
We d o n o t a l l s e e i t b u t we a r e a l l th r o w i n g
Yog i
ou
t th ese T a a m ci tr a : j us t a s a o we r i s c o n ti n u o u sl y
e m a n a ti ng th e se T a m m i tr a s w h i c h e n a bl e u s t o sm el l
it
E ve ry d a y o f o ur l i ves w e a r e t h r o wi n g o ut a m a ss
o f go o d o r ev i l a n d e ve rywh ere w e g o th e a t m o sp h ere
i s fu l l o f t h es e m a teri a l s a n d th a t i s h o w th ere c a m e
t o th e h u m a n m i n d ev e n u n c o n s ci ou s l y t h e i d e a o f
bu il d i ng tem pl e s a n d ch u rch e s
Wh y sh ou l d m a n
b u i l d ch u rch es i n w h i ch t o w o rsh i p G o d ? W h y n o t
w ors h i p H i m a ny wh ere
E v e n i f h e d i d n o t k n o w th e
re a s o n m a n f o u n d th a t th a t pl a ce wh e re p e o p l e w o r
sh i pp e d G o d b e c a m e ful l o f go o d T a a m zi tr a s
Eve ry
d a y p e o pl e g o th e re a n d th e m o re th e y g o th e h o l i e r
t h ey ge t a n d th e h o l i er th a t pl a ce b e c o m e s
I f a ny
m a n w h o h a s n ot m u ch Sa rtoa i n h i m goe s th e r e t h e
pl a ce w i l l i n u e nc e h i m a n d a r o u se h i s Sa ttz a q u a l i ty
H e re t h e re fore i s th e s i gn i c a n c e o f a l l t e m p l e s a n d
h ol y pl a ce s b ut y o u m u st re m e mb e r t h a t t h e i r h o l i
n e s s d e pe n d s o n h oly pe o p l e con greg a t i ng t h e re
The
d i f cul ty w i th m a n k i n d i s th a t th e y f o rge t th e origi n a l
m e a n i n g a n d p ut t h e c a rt b e f o re th e h o rse
It w as
m e n w h o m a d e th e se p l a ce s h o ly a n d th e n th e e ffect
b e c a m e th e c a u se a n d m a d e m e n h o ly
I f t h e w i ck e d
o n l y we re t o go th e re i t w o u l d b e c o m e a s ba d a s a n y
s

'

Y O GA

A P H O R I SM S

1 69

t h e r p la c e
I t i s n o t th e b u i l d i ng b u t th e p e opl e
th a t m a k e a ch u rch a n d th a t i s wh a t we a l w a ys f o rge t
T h a t i s wh y s a ge s a n d h ol y p e rs o n s w h o h a ve s o m u ch
q u a l i ty a r e e m a n a ti n g s o m u ch o f i t
o f th i s Sa l i v a
a n d e x e rti ng a tre me nd o u s i n u en c e d a
a r o u n d th e m
y
a n d n igh t o n th e i r su rrou n d i ngs
A m a n m a y b e co m e
th a t h i s p uri ty w i l l b e c o m e t a ngib l e a s i t
s o p ure
were
T h e b o d y h a s be c o m e p ure a n d i n a n i n te n se l y
ph ys i c a l s e n se n o gu r a ti ve i d e a n o p o e ti c a l l a ngu a ge ,
i t e m a n a te s th a t p u ri ty wh e re ve r i t g o e s Wh o s o e ve r
c o m e s i n c o n t a ct w i th th a t m a n b e com e s p u re
Ne x t
th e i n d i c a te d o n l y m e a n s th e
th e i n te l le ct

T h e i n d i c a te d o n l y
i s th e rs t m a n i fe s t a t i o n o f
n a t u re ; fr o m i t a l l o th e r m a n i fe st a ti o n s pr o c ee d
Th e

la st i s
th e s i gn l e s s
H e re th e re se e m s to b e a
gre a t gh t b e twe e n m o de rn s ci e n ce a n d a l l re l igi o n s
E ve ry re l igi o n h a s th i s id e a th a t th i s u n i ve rs e c o m e s
O n l y som e re l igi on s were m o re
t o f i n te l l i ge n ce
ou
p h i l o s o ph i c a l a n d u se d sc i e n t i c l a n gu a ge
T h e ve r y
th e o ry o f G o d t a k i n g i t i n i ts p syc h o l o gi c a l s i g n i
c a n ce a n d a p a rt fr o m a l l i d e a s o f p erso n a l G o d i s th a t
i n te l l i ge nc e i s rs t i n th e o rde r o f cre a ti o n a n d th a t
ou
t o f i nte l l i ge n ce c o m e s wh a t w e c a l l gr o s s m a tte r
M o d er n p h i l o s o ph e rs s a y th a t i n te l l i ge nce i s th e l a s t t o
c o m e T h e y s a y th a t u n i n te l l i ge n t th i n gs s l o wl y e v o l ve
i n t o a n i m a l s a n d fr o m a n i m a l s sl o wl y e v o l ve i n t o
men
T h e y cl a i m th a t i n ste a d o f e ve ry th i n g c o m i n g
i n te l l i ge nce i s i tse l f th e l a st to
t o f i n te l l i ge nc e
ou
come
B o th th e re l i gi o u s a n d th e sc i e n ti c st a te m e n t
th o ugh se e m i ng d i re c tl y O pp o se d to e a c h o th e r a re
o

R A JA

o
7

Y O GA

true T a k e a n i n n i te se ri e s A B A B A B e tc
Th e q ue s ti on i s wh i ch i s rst A o r B
If yo u t a k e th e
se ri e s a s A B you w i l l s a y th a t A i s rst b u t i f yo u
ta k e i t a s B A yo uw i l l s a y th a t B i s rs t
I t d e pe n d s
up on th e w a y w e a r e l o o k i ng a t i t
I n te l l i ge n ce
e vol ve s a n d b e co m e s th e gr o s s m a tte r a n d th i s a g a i n
i nvol ve s a s i n te l l ige n ce a n d a g a i n e v ol ve s a s m a tte r
o n ce m o re
Th e Sci n/zya s a n d a l l re l igi o n i s ts p u t
i n te l l ige n ce rst a n d th e se ri e s b e c o m e s i n te l l i ge n ce
th e n m a tte r i n te l l i ge n ce th e n m a tte r
T h e sc i e n t i c
m a n p u ts h i s nge r o n m a tte r a n d s a y s m a tte r th e n
i n te l l ige n ce m a tte r th e n i n te l l ige n ce
B u t th e y a r e
b o th i nd i c a ti ng th e s a m e c h a i n
I n d ia n p h i losophy
h owe ve r goe s b ey o n d b o th i n te l l i ge n ce a n d m a tte r
o r S e l f w h i ch i s b ey on d a l l i n te l l i
a n d n d s a P a r a fa
ge n ce a n d o f wh i c h i n te l l i ge n ce i s b u t th e b o rr o we d
l igh t
.

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r i s i ntel l i gen ce onl y a n d th ough p ur e


sees th r ou
gh th e col our i n g of th e i ntell ect

20 T h e
.

see

T h i s i s a g a i n Sa a k/zya p h i l o s o p h y
We h a ve se e n
fr o m th i s p h i l o s o ph y th a t fr o m th e l o we s t form up to
i n te l l ige n c e a l l i s n a tu re b u t b ey o n d n a tu re a r e
Then
P u uga : ( s o u l s ) a n d th e se h a ve n o q u a l i ti e s
h o w d o e s th e s o u l a pp e a r t o b e h a p py o r u n h a ppy ?
u
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o n a t a bl e a n d a re d o we r b e p u t n e a r i t
th e crys ta l
a ppe a rs t o b e re d s o a l l th e se a ppe a ra n ce s o f h a pp i ne s s
o r u nh a pp i n e s s a re b u t re e c ti o n s ; th e s o u l i tse lf h a s
n o s o rt o f
c o l o u ri n g T h e s o u l i s s e p a ra te fr o m
.

AP H O RI S MS

Y O GA

1 71

n a tu re ; n a tu re i s o n e th i n g so u l a n o t h e r e tern a l l y
se p a r a te
T h e Sti n k/ya : s a y th a t i n te l l ige n ce i s a
c o m p o u n d th a t i t gro ws a n d wa n e s th a t i t c h a nge s
j u s t a s th e b o dy ch a nge s a n d th a t i ts n a t ure i s n e a rl y
th e s a m e a s th a t o f th e b o d y
A s a n ge r n a i l i s t o
th e b o d y s o i s b o dy t o i n te ll i ge n ce
Th e n a i l i s a
p a rt o f th e b o d y b u t i t c a n b e p a re d o ff h u n d re d s o f
ti mes a n d t h e b o dy w i l l s ti l l l a st
S i mi l a rl y the
i n tel l i ge n ce l a st s aeo n s wh i l e th i s b o dy c a n b e p a re d
Y e t i n te l l ige n ce c a n n o t b e i m m o rt a l
th r o wn o ff
o ff
be c a u se i t ch a n ge s
gr o w i n g a n d w a ni ng
A ny th i n g
th a t ch a n ge s c a n n o t be i mm o rt a l
C ert a i n ly i n t e l l i
ge n c e i s m a n uf a ctu red a n d th a t ve ry fa ct sh o ws us th a t
th e re m u st b e s o m eth i n g b ey o n d th a t be c a u se i t c a n
n o t be fre e
Eve ryth i n g c o nn e ct e d w i th m a tte r i s i n
n a t ure a n d t h e ref o re b o u n d f o r e ve r W h o i s fre e ?
T h a t fre e o n e m u s t ce rt a i n ly b e b e y o n d c a u se a n d
e ffe c t
If yo us a y th a t t h e i de a o f fre e d o m i s a d e l u
s i o n I wi l l s a y th a t th e i de a o f b o n d a ge i s a l s o a de l u
T w o f a ct s c o me i n t o o ur c o n sci o usn e s s a n d
s i on
st a n d o r f a l l by e a ch o th e r
O n e i s th a t w e a r e b o u n d
If we w a nt to g o th r o ugh a w a l l a n d o ur h e a d bu m p s
a g a i n st th a t w a l l
we a r e l i m i te d by th a t w a l l
A t th e
s a m e ti m e we n d wi l l a n d th i n k w e c a n d i re ct o ur w i l l
eve rywh ere
A t e ve ry ste p th ese c o n tr a d i ct o ry i d e a s
We h a v e to bel i eve th a t we a r e
a r e c o m i n g to u s
fre e ye t a t eve ry m o m e n t we n d w e a r e n o t fre e
If
th e o th e r i s a l s o a d e l u si o n a n d
o n e i de a i s a de l u si o n
i f o n e i s tru e th e o th e r a l s o i s t rue b e ca u se b o th st a n d
u p o n t he s a me b a s i s c o n sci o u sn e ss
T h e Yog i s a y s
,

R A J A Y O GA

1 72

b o th a r e true ; th a t we a r e b o u n d s o f a r a s i n te l l ig e n c e
g o e s th a t w e a r e fre e a s f a r a s th e s o ul i s c o n cer ne d
I t i s th e re a l n a ture o f m a n th e S o ul th e P a r a f a
wh i ch i s beyon d a l l l a w o f c a us a ti o n
I ts fre e d o m i s
percol a ti ng th r o u gh l a ye r s a n d l a yers o f m a t te r i n
v a ri o us f o rm s o f i n tel l ige n ce a n d m i nd a n d a l l th e se
th i ngs
I t i s i ts l igh t wh i ch i s sh i ni ng th r o u gh a l l
I nte l li ge n ce h a s n o l i gh t o f i ts ow n E a ch o rg a n h a s a
p a rti cu l a r ce n tre i n th e br a i n ; i t i s n o t th a t a l l th e
Wh y
o rg a n s h a ve o n e ce n tre ; e a ch org a n i s s e p a r a te
d o a l l th e se p e rc ep ti o n s h a rm o n i z e a n d w h e re d o the y
ge t th ei r u n i ty
If i t we re i n th e br a i n th ere w o u l d
b e o n e ce ntre o n ly f o r t h e e ye s t h e n o s e th e e a rs
wh i l e w e k n o w f o r c ert a i n th a t th ere a r e d i ffe re n t c e n
t re s fo r e a ch
B u t a m a n ca n s e e a n d h e a r a t t h e
s a m e ti m e s o a u n i ty m us t b e b a ck o f i nt el l i ge n ce
I nte ll i ge n ce i s e te rn a l l y c o n ne cte d w i t h t h e br a i n bu t
be h i nd e ve n i ntel l i ge n ce st a nd s th e P a r a f a th e u n i t
w h e re a l l th e se d i ffe re nt se ns a ti o n s a n d p ercepti o n s
j o i n a n d be c o m e o n e
S o u l i t s el f i s th e ce n tre w he re
a l l th e d i ff e re n t o rg a n s c o n ve rge a n d b ec o me u n i ed
a n d th a t S o ul i s fre e a n d i t i s i ts fre e d o m th a t te l l s
a r e free
o
u
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ry
m
me
n
t
th
t
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u
B
u
t
m
i
s
u
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y
t a k e a n d m i n gl e th a t fre ed o m e very m o me n t w i th
i n te l l i ge n c e a n d m i nd
Y o u try t o a ttri bu te th a t free
d o m t o th e i n tel l i ge n
a nd
i m m ed i a te l y n d th a t
ce
i n te l l ige n ce i s n o t fre e ; yo u a ttri b u te th a t freed o m to
th e b o d y a n d i m med i a te l y n a tu re te l l s yo u th a t yo u
a r e a g a i n mi st a k e n
Th a t i s wh y th e re i s th i s m i n gled
The
s en se o f fre ed o m a n d b o n d a ge a t th e s a m e ti m e
.

AP H O RI SMS

Y O GA

Yogi

1 73

n a l y s e s b o th w h a t i s fre e a n d w h a t i s b o u n d a n d
h i s i g n o r a n ce v a n i s h e s
H e n d s th a t th e P a r a f a i s
fre e i s th e e ss e n ce o f th a t k n o wl ed ge wh i ch c o m i n g
th r o u gh th e B udd/21 be com es i n te l l i ge n ce a n d a s
s u ch i s b o u n d
a

21

n a tur e

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of

th e

e xp e

ri ence d

i s f or hi m

N a tu re h a s n o l i gh t o f i ts o w n
A s l o ng a s the
P ur uf a i s p res e n t i n i t i t a pp e a rs l i gh t b u t th e l i gh t
i s b o rr o wed ; j us t a s t h e m o o n s l i gh t i s re e cted
A ll
th e m a n i fe st a ti o n s o f n a tu re a r e c a u se d by t h i s n a tu re
i ts el f a cc o rd i n g to th e Yog i : ; b u t n a t u re h a s n o p u r
p o s e i h vi e w e x cep t to fre e th e P a r a s a
.

22 T h ough destr oye d f or hi m

wh ose

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a
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i d e a o f th i s n a tu re i s t o m a k e th e S o u l
k n o w th a t i t i s e nt i re l y s e p a r a t e fr o m n a t ure a n d
wh e n th e S o u l k n o w s th i s n a tu re h a s n o m ore a tt r a e
ti o n s f o r i t
B u t th e w h o l e o f n a tu re v a n i sh e s o n ly f o r
th a t m a n w h o h a s be c o m e fre e
Th e re wil l a l wa ys
re m a i n a n i n n i te n u mbe r o f o th e rs f o r wh o m n a tu re
w i l l g o o n w o rk i n g
,

se of th e r e a li sa ti on of th e
n cti on i s th e ca u
23 Ju
r e of b oth th e p ower s, th e exp e ri ence d
n a tu
a n d i ts L or d
.

i nt o

c o rd i n g to th i s a ph o ri s m wh e n th i s S o ul c o m e s
c o nj u n c t i o n w i th n a tu re b o th the p o we r o f t h e
,

RA J A

1 74

Y O GA

S ou l a n d th e p o we r o f n a tu re b e c o m e m a n i fe s t i n t h is
c o nj u n cti o n a n d a l l the se m a n i fe s t a ti o n s a r e thr o w n
Ign or a n ce i s th e c a use o f th i s c o nj u n cti o n
We
ou
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r p a i n o r pl e a s ure
s e e e ve ry d a y th a t th e c a u se o f o u
i s a lw a ys o ur j o i n i n g o urse l ve s w i th th e b o dy
If I
were p erfe ctl y ce rt a i n th a t I a m n o t t h i s b o d y I sh o ul d
t a ke n o n o ti ce o f h e a t a n d c o l d ,o r a ny th i n g o f th e
k i nd
T h i s b o dy i s a co mbi n a ti o n
I t i s o n l y a cti o n
to s a y th a t I h a ve o n e b o d y yo u a n o th er a n d th e s u n
T h e w h o l e u n i vers e i s o n e o ce a n o f m a tte r
a n o th er
a n d y ou a r e
th e n a m e o f a l i ttl e p a rti cl e a n d I o f
a n d th e s u
We k n o w th a t th i s
a n o th er
n o f a n o th er
m a tter i s co n ti n u o us l y ch a ngi ng w h a t i s f o rm i ng th e
su
n o n e d a y th e n e x t d a y m a y f o rm th e m a tte r o f o u
r
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,

24

Ign or a n ce i s i ts

ca

use

Th r o ug h ign o r a n ce we h a ve j o i n ed o u rse lv e s w i th a
p a rti cul a r b o dy , a n d th u s o p e n e d o u rse lv e s to m is e ry
T h i s i d e a o f b o dy IS a s i m p l e s u p ers ti ti o n I t i s s up er
s t i ti o n th a t m a k e s u s h a ppy o r u n h a p py
I t i s s u pe r
s t i t i o n c a u se d by i gn o r a n ce th a t m a k e s u s fe e l h e a t
a nd col d
p a i n a n d p l e a s ure
I t i s o ur b us i n e s s to ri s e
a b ove th i s s u p e rst i t i on
a n d th e Yog i sh o w s u s h o w we
c a n d o th i s
I t h a s be e n d e m o n s tra te d th a t u n der
cer ta i n m e n t a l c o n d i ti o n s a m a n m a y be bu rn e d ye t
whi l e th a t c o n d i ti o n l a s ts h e wi l l fe e l n o p a i n
The
d i i c ul ty i s t h a t t h i s s u d de n up h e a v a l o f t h e m i n d
c o me s l i k e a w h i rl w i n d o n e m i n ute a n d g o e s a w a y th e
n e xt
I f h o weve r w e a tt a i n i t sc i e nt i c a l l y t hr o ugh
.

O GA A P H O R I S M S

Yog a , w e
of

s h a l l pe rm a ne ntl y a tt a i n
S e l f fr o m th e b o dy

1 75

th a t s e p a r a t i o n

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jun cti on whi ch i s th e thi ng to

of

b sence

v oi ded ; th a t i s th e i n dep endence of

th e seer

A cc o rdi n g t o th i s Yog a ph i l o s op h y i t i s th r o u gh
i gn o r a n ce th a t th e S o u l h a s b e e n j o i n ed wi th n a tu re
a n d t h e i d e a i s t o ge t ri d o f n a t ure s c o n tr o l o ve r u s
T h a t i s th e g o a l o f a l l re l i gi o n s E a ch S o ul i s p o te n ti
a ll y
d i vi n e
T h e g o a l i s t o m a n i fest th i s D i vi n i ty
wi th i n by c o n tr o l l i n g n a tu re e xte rn a l a n d i n te rn a l
D o th i s e i th e r by w o rk o r w o rsh i p o r p sych i c c o n tr o l
o r ph i l o s o p h y by o n e o r m o re
o r a l l o f th e se a n d
b e fre e
T h i s i s th e wh o l e o f re l i gi o n
D o c tri n e s o r
d o gm a s o r ri tu a l s o r b o o k s o r tem pl e s o r fo rm s a re
b u t s ec o n d a ry d e t a i l s
T h e Yog i tri e s t o re a c h th i s
g o a l th r o ugh p sych i c c o n tr o l
U n ti l we c a n free o ur
s el ve s fr o m n a t ure w e a r e s l a v e s ; a s s h e d i ct a te s s o w e
mu s t g o
T h e Yog i cl a i m s th a t h e w h o c o n tr o l s mi nd
c o n tr o l s m a tte r a l s o
T h e i n te rn a l n a tu re i s m u ch
h i gh e r th a n th e e x te rn a l a n d m u ch m ore d i f cu l t to
gra p pl e wi th m u c h m o re d i i c ul t to co n tro l ; the refore
h e w h o h a s c o n qu e re d th e i nte rn a l n a tu re co n trol s t h e
R af a Yog a
w h o l e u n i vers e ; i t b e co m e s h i s s e rv a n t
p rop o un d s t h e m e th o d s o f g a i n i n g t h i s co n tro l H i ghe r
f o rc es th a n w e k n o w i n ph y s i c a l n a tu re w i l l h a v e t o b e
s ub d u ed
T h i s b o d y i s j us t th e e xte rn a l c ru st o f th e
mind
T h e y a r e n o t t w o d i ffere n t th i n gs ; th e y a r e
j u s t a s th e o ys te r a n d i ts sh e l l
Th ey a r e b u t t w o

RA J A

1 76

Y O GA

s p ec ts o f o n e th i n g ; t h e i n te rn a l s u b s t a n c e o f th e
a nd ma nu
o ys te r is t a k i n g u p m a tte r fr o m o u ts id e
I n th e s a m e w a y th es e i n te rn a l
f a c t ur i n g th e s he l l
n e f o rces w h ic h a r e c a l l e d m i n d t a k e u p gr o s s m a tte r
fr o m o u ts id e a n d fr o m th a t m a n u fa ctu re th i s e xte rn a l
s h e l l o r b o dy I f th e n w e h a ve c o n tr o l o f th e i n te rn a l
i t i s very e a sy to h a v e c o n tr o l o f th e e x te rn a l
Th e n
th e s e f o rce s a r e n o t d i ffe re n t
I t i s n o t th a t
a ga i n
s o m e f o rc e s a r e ph ys ic a l a n d s om e m e n t a l ; th e ph ysi c a l
f o rce s a r e b u t th e gr o s s m a n i fe s t a ti o n s o f th e n e
f o rce s j u st a s th e ph ysi c a l w o rl d i s b u t th e gr o s s m a n i
f e s ta t i o n o f th e n e w o rl d
a

26

T h e m ea n s

of

destr ucti on

b r oken p r a cti ce

of

of

i gn ora n ce i s

di scr i m i n a ti on

un

Th i s i s th e re a l g o a l o f pr a ct i ce d i s cri m i n a t i o n
be twe e n th e re a l a n d th e u nre a l k n o wi ng th a t t h e
P a r a f a i s n o t n a tu re th a t i t i s n e i th e r m a tte r n o r m i nd
i t c a n n o t p o s si bl y
a n d th a t be c a u se i t i s n o t n a t ure
ch a n ge
I t i s o nl y n a ture wh i ch ch a nge s co mb i n i n g
Wh e n th r o ugh
a n d re co mb i n i ng d i sso l vi ng co n ti n u a l ly
c o n st a n t p ra cti ce w e b egi n to d i s cri m i n a te i gn o ra n ce
wi l l v a n i sh a n d th e P ur uf a wi l l b egi n t o sh i n e i n i ts
re a l n a tu re o m n i s ci e n t om n i p o te n t o m n i p re se n t
,

27

H
i
s

kn owl edge

r
n
o
d
g

is

of

th e

se

venf ol d

h i gh e st

Wh e n th i s k n o w l ed ge c o m e s i t wi l l c o m e a s i t we re
in
seve n gr a d e s o n e a fte r th e o th e r a n d wh e n o n e o f
,

Y O GA

AP H O R I S M S

1 77

t h e s e ha s begu n we m a y k n ow th a t we a r e ge tti n g
k n o wl ed ge
T h e rs t to a p p e a r wi l l be th a t we h a v e
k n o wn wh a t i s t o be k n o wn
T h e m i nd wi l l ce a se to
be d i ss a ti se d
W hi l e w e a r e a w a re o f th i rs ti n g a fte r
k n o wl ed ge w e begi n to se e k h ere a n d there w h ere ve r
we th i n k we c a n ge t s o m e tru th a n d fa i li ng t o n d i t
we be c o m e d i ss a ti se d a n d se ek i n a fres h d i re cti o n
A l l se a rch i s v a i n u n ti l we begi n to p erce i ve th a t
k n o wl e dge i s w i th i n o urs e lve s th a t n o o n e c a n he l p u s
th a t we m u s t he l p o u rs el ve s W he n w e begi n to p r a e
ti se th e p o we r o f d i s cri m i n a ti o n th e rs t s i gn th a t we
a r e ge tti n g ne a r tru t h w i l l be th a t th a t d i ss a ti s e d s t a te
wi l l v a n i s h
We sh a l l fe e l q u i te s ure th a t we h a ve
f o u n d t h e t ru th a n d th a t i t c a n n o t b e a nyth i ng e ls e
b ut th e trut h
T he n we m a y k n o w th a t th e s un i s
ri si n g th a t th e m o rn i n g i s b re a k i n g f o r u s a n d t a k i n g
c o u ra ge we m u s t pe rse ve re u n ti l th e g o a l i s re a ch ed
T h e se c o n d gr a d e wi l l b e th a t a l l p a i n s wi l l be g o n e
I t w i l l be i m p o ssi bl e f o r a n yth i n g i n the u n i verse p h y
m e n t a l o r sp i ri tu a l to gi v e u s p a i n
T h e thi rd
si ca l
wi l l b e th a t we sh a l l ge t f ul l k n o wl ed ge th a t o m n i s c i
e n c e w i l l b e o ur s
Ne x t w i l l c o m e w h a t i s c a l l e d free
We sh a l l re a l i se th a t a l l th e se
d o m o f th e C/zztta
A ll
d ifc u l t ie s a n d stru ggl e s h a ve f a l l en o ff fr o m u s
th es e v a ci l l a t i o n s o f t he m i n d wh e n th e m i n d c a n n o t
b e c o n tr o l l e d h a ve fa ll e n d o wn j us t a s a s t o n e r o l l s
fr o m th e m o u n t a i n t o p i n t o t h e v a l l e y a n d n eve r c o me s
u p a ga i n
T h e n e xt wi l l be th a t th i s C/zztta i ts el f w i l l
re a l i s e th a t i t m el t s a w a y i n t o i ts c a use s wh e n ev e r we
L a s tl y w e sh a l l n d t ha t we a re e s t a bl i sh e d
s o d e s i re
.

'

'

'

R A JA

1 78

Y O GA

l n e th r o ugh o ut th e
u n i ve rse ne i th e r b o dy n o r mi n d w a s e ve r c o n n e cte d
wi th us mu ch l e ss j o i n e d t o u s
Th ey were w ork i n g
t h e i r o w n w a y a n d w e th r o u gh i gn ora n ce j o i n ed
B u t w e h a ve be e n a l o n e o m n i p o
o u rs el ve s t o th e m
te n t o m n i pre se n t e ve r bl e s sed ; o ur o w n S el f w a s s o
p ure a n d p erfec t th a t w e re qu i re d n o n e el se
We
re qui re d n o n e el se to m a k e u s h a pp y f o r we a r e h a p
a l l nd th at th i s k n o w l edge d o e s
i
ts
elf
We
sh
n
e
s
s
i
p
n o t de pe n d o n a n yth i n g e l s e ; th r o ugh o u t th e u n i ve rs e
th ere c a n be n o th i n g th a t w i l l n o t b e c o me e ffu l ge n t
bef o re o ur k n o wl e d ge
T h i s w il l be th e l a st s t a te a n d
t h e Yog i wi l l b ec o me p e a cefu l a n d c a l m n ev er to fe el
n e ve r to b e a g a i n d el u de d n e ve r t o
a n y m o re p a i n
t o u ch mi sery
He k n o ws he i s eve r bl e ss e d ev er pe r
fe e t a l mi gh ty
in

ur S el f , th a t we h a ve b e e n

a o

'

28 B3 th e p r a cti ce of th e di ff er ent p a rts of Y oga


th e i m p ur i ti es b ei n g destr oye d kn owl edge h e
.

com es e

u
l gent up

to di scr i m i n a ti on

No w

c o m e s th e pr a cti c a l k n o wl e d ge
Wh a t w e h a ve
j u s t be e n s pe a k i n g a b o u t i s mu ch h i ghe r
I t i s a wa y
bu t i t i s th e i d e a l
I t i s rs t n e c e s
a b o ve o u
r h ea d s
s a ry t o o bt a i n p h ys i c a l a n d m e n t a l c o n tr o l
T h e n th e
re a l i s a ti o n wi l l be c o me ste a dy i n th a t i d e a l
Th e
i de a l b ei ng k n o wn wh a t re m a i n s i s to p ra c ti s e th e
m e th o d o f re a ch i n g i t
.

AP H O R I SM S

Y O GA

Asa n a

29 Y a m a, Ni y a m a ,
.

n on -ste a

A m

th e

a re

li m b s

of

30 Non-ki ll i n g, tr uthf u
l n ess,
e

79

P ran ay am a , P r a tyah Ar a ,

Dhar a na, Dh yan a , Sa m adh i ,

Y oga

ce, a n d n on - ecei

vi ng

a r e ca

li ng

nti n

co

ll ed

Y am a

ho

w a n ts t o be a p e rfe ct Yog i m u s t gi ve u p
th e s e x i d e a
Th e S o u l h a s n o s e x ; wh y s h o u l d i t
d e gra d e i tse l f w i th s e x i d e a s ? L a te r o n we s h a l l u n d e r
st a n d be tte r w hy th e s e i d e a s m us t be gi ve n u p
Re
c e i v i n g i s j u s t a s ba d a s s te a l i ng ; re ce i v i n g g i fts fr o m
o th ers
Wh o ev e r re ce i ve s gi fts h i s m i n d i s a cte d o n
by th e m i n d o f th e gi ver s o t h a t th e m a n w h o re ce i ve s
gi fts be c o me s d e ge ne r a ted
R e ce i vi n g gi fts d e str o ys
th e i n d epe nde n ce o f th e m i nd a n d m a k e s u s me re
s l a ve s
Th e re f o re re ce i v e n oth i n g
an w

31

T h ese,
ca sts ,

unb r oken by ti m e p l ace p ur p ose


n i v er sa l ) gr e a t v ow s
a r e (u
,

a nd

Th es e p r a cti ce s n o n k i l l i n g n o n ste a l i ng c h a s ti ty
a n d n o n re ce i vi n g a r e t o be p r a cti se d b y e ve ry m a n
w o m a n a n d ch i l d by e very s o u l i rres pe c ti ve o f n a ti o n ,
c o u n try o r p o s i ti o n
-

32 Intern a l
.

a
i
u
i

c
t
o
r
n
p

a n d extern a l

dy, a n d
m ortica ti on, stu
th e Ni ya m a s

w or shi p

con tentm ent,


of

God,

ar e

E xte rn a l p u ri c a ti o n i s k e e pi n g th e b o d y p u re ; a
d i rty m a n wi l l n e ve r b e a Yog i T he re m u st be i n te rn a l
p u ri c a ti o n a ls o
T h a t i s o bt a i n e d by th e r s t n a m e d
.

R A JA

8o

Y O GA

vi rtues
O f c o u rs e i n te rn a l p uri ty i s o f
t h a n e xte rn a l bu t b o t h a r e n e ce ss a r y
pu ri ty wi th o u t i n te rn a l i s o f n o g o o d
.

g r ea t e r va l ue
a n d e xte rn a l

h
t
s
h
i
ch ar e i ni m i ca l
w
33 T o ob str uct th ou
g
Y oga contr a r y th ou
h
ghts wil l be b r ou
g t
.

to

T h a t i s th e w a y t o p r a cti s e a l l th e s e v i rtu e s th a t
h a ve bee n st a te d by h o l d i n g th o ugh ts o f a n o p p o si te
ch a ra cte r i n th e m i n d
Wh e n th e i de a o f s te a l i n g
c ome s n o n s te a l i n g s h o u l d b e th o u g h t o f
Wh e n th e
i d e a o f re ce i vi n g gi fts c o me s , re p l a c e i t b y a c o n tr a ry
th o ugh t
,

b r ucti ons to Y oga a re ki lli ng etc wh eth er


se d or a pp r ov ed ; ei th er th r ou h
com m i tte d ca u
g
a v a r i ce or a n ger or i gn or a n ce ; wh eth er sli gh t
l t i n i nnu
m i ddl i ng or gr ea t a n d r esu
m er a bl e
T hi s i s ( th e m eth od
i gn or a n ces a n d m i ser i es
of
thi nki ng th e contr a ry

34 T h e
.

o st

If

I tel l a l i e o r c a u s e a n o t h e r to te l l a l i e o r a pp r o ve
If i t i s a ve ry
o f a n o the r d o i n g s o i t i s e qu a l ly si n fu l
m i l d l i e s ti l l i t i s a l i e
E ve ry v i ci o u s t h o ugh t wi l l
reb o u n d e ve ry th o u gh t o f h a tre d wh i ch yo u m a yh a ve
th o u gh t i n a c a ve e ve n i s s t o re d u p a n d wi l l o n e d a y
c o m e b a ck t o yo u wi th tre me n d o u s p o we r i n th e f o rm
I f yo up r o j e ct a l l s o rts o f h a tre d
o f s o me mi s e ry h e re
th e y wi l l reb o u n d o n yo uwi th c o mp o u n d
a n d j e a l o us y
i n terest N o p o we r c a n a ve rt th e m ; wh e n o n ce yo uh a ve
p u t th em i n m o ti o n yo uwi l l h a ve to be a r t h e m R e m e m
be ri n g th i s wi l l p re ve n t yo ufr o m d o i n g wi ck e d th i n gs
,

AP H O RI S M S

Y O GA

35

Non-ki l l i ng b ei ng

esta

bli sh ed

i
n
(

oth e s

a l l e m i ti es cea se

If

1 81

r)

i n hi s p r esence

ge ts th e i de a l o f n o n i nj uri n g o t h e rs be f o re
h i m eve n a n i m a l s w h i ch a r e by th e i r n a tu re fe ro ci o u s
w i l l be c o m e p e a ce fu l
Th e t i ge r a n d th e l a mb w i l l
p l a y t o ge th e r be f o re th a t Yog i a n d wi l l n o t h u r t e a ch
o th e r
Wh e n yo u h a ve c o m e t o t h a t st a te t h e n a l o n e
o
u
u
u
a
w
i
l
l
n
d
e
rst
n
d
th
t
h
ve b ec o m e rm l y
a
o
a
y
y
e s ta b l i sh e d i n n o n i nj u ri n g
a m an

bli shm ent of tr uthf uln ess th e Y ogi


e
r
f
i
i
n
f
r
s
e
a
n
w
l
t
s
t
h
e
o
e
o
a
t
a
n
o
hi
m
f
d
t
p
g
g
i ts of w ork wi th out th e w orks
oth er s th e f r u

36 By th e
.

e sta

W h e n th i s p o we r o f tru th w i l l b e e s t a b l i s h e d w i th
th
e
n
e
ve
n
i
n
d
re
m
y
o
u
w
i
l
l
n
e
ve
r
te
l
l
a n u ntruth
a
u
o
y
i n t h o ught w o rd o r d e e d ; wh a te ve r yo u s a y w i l l b e

Y o u m a y s a y to a m a n
tr uth
B e bl e sse d a n d t h a t
m a n will be blessed
I f a m a n i s d ise a s ed a n d yo u s a y

B e t h o u cu red h e w i l l b e c u red i m med i a te l y


to h i m ,
,

37 By th e
.

esta

com es

bli sh m

n
n
o
f
n
o
ste a l i
e t

to th e Y ogi

ng

al l

w ea lth

T h e m o re yo uy fr o m n a tu re th e m ore s h e f o l l o ws
n d i f yo u d o n o t c a re f o r h e r a t a l l sh e be c o me s
u
a
o
y
y o u r sl a ve
,

38 By th e e sta bli shm ent


e
a
i
n
d
g
.

of

conti n ence

en e

rgy

is

T h e c h a st e b ra i n h a s tre me n d o us e n ergy gi ga n t i c
w i l l p o we r , w i t h o ut t h a t the re ca n be n o me n ta l
,

R A JA

1 82

Y O GA

r
f
a
a
o
e
s tre ngth
m
e
n
o
gig
a
n
ti
c
b
r
i
n
s
ve
ry
c
n
ti
l
A l
nent
It gi ve s w o n d e rful c o n tr o l o v e r m a n k i nd
Le a de rs o f m e n h a ve b e e n ve ry c o n ti n e n t a n d th i s i s
wh a t g a ve the m p o we r
T h e ref o re th e Yog i mu st be
c o n ti ne nt
.

39 Wh en h e i s x ed i n

n on - ecei

m em or y of

p a st

li f e

vi n g

h e gets th e

Whe n th e Yog i d o e s n o t re ce i ve pre s e n ts f r o m o t he rs


h e d o e s n o t be c o m e be h o l d en to o th e rs b u t be c o me s
i n d epe n d e n t a n d fre e a n d h i s m i n d be c o m e s p u re
bec a u s e wi th eve ry gi ft h e re ce i ve s a l l th e e vi l s o f th e
gi ve r a n d th ey c o me a n d l a y c o a ti n g a fte r c oa t i n g o n
h i s m i n d u n ti l i t i s h i d de n u n de r a l l s o rts o f c o ve ri n gs
If h e d o e s n o t re ce i ve th e m i n d b e c o m e s p u re
of ev il
Then
a n d th e rs t th i n g i t g e t s i s m e m o ry o f p a s t l i fe
Y og i b e c o me s p e rfe ctl y xe d i n h i s i d e a l
a l o n e th e
be c a u se h e s ee s th a t h e h a s be e n c o m i n g a n d g o i n g s o
m a n y ti me s a n d h e be c o me s d e te r mi n e d t h a t th i s ti me
h e w i l l b e fre e th a t h e w il l n o m o re c o m e a n d go a n d
be th e sl a ve o f N a tu re
,

4 0 I nter n a l
.

a nd

xter n a l

b ei ng e sta b
ow n b ody a n d

c e a nl i n es s

r i ses di sgust f or on e s
n on i n te r c ou
r se wi th oth er b odi es

l i sh ed,

Whe n th e re i s re a l p u ri c a ti o n o f th e b o dy , extern a l
a n d i n te rn a l th e re a ris e s ne gl e c t o f th e b od y a n d a l l th i s
i de a o f ke e pi n g i t n i ce w i l l v a n i s h
Wh a t o th ers c a l l
th e m o st be a u ti fu l fa ce to t h e Yog i w i l l a p p e a r to b e
,

APH O RISMS

Y O GA

1 83

n i m a l s f a ce i f t h ere i s n o t i n tel l i ge n ce be h i n d i t
Wh a t th e w orl d w i ll c a l l a ve ry c o m m o n f a ce he w i l l
c a l l h e a ve n l y i f th a t sp i ri t s h i n e s beh i n d i t
This
th i rs t a fte r b o d y i s t he gre a t b a n e o f h u m a n l i fe
So
wh e n th i s p u ri ty i s e s t a bl i s he d t h e rs t s i gn w i l l be t h a t
o
u
n
d
o
o t c a re t o t h i n k
b
d
y
I
t
i
s
o
nl
y
u
a
re
o
a
o
y
y
wh e n pu ri ty c o me s t h a t we ge t ri d o f th e b o d y i de a
an a

41

T h er e

a l so

p ur i ca ti on of th e Sa ttva ,
of th e m i n d, con centr a ti on , c on

a r i ses

rf ul n ess

ch e e

que st of
ti on

of

th e

or ga n s, a n d

th e Sel f

tn e ss f or th e

r ea l i se

B y t h i s p r a ct i ce th e Sa m /a m a te ri a l w i l l p rev a il a n d
th e m i n d w i l l be c o m e c o n ce n tr a te d a n d ch e erful
T h e rs t s i gn th a t yo u a r e beco mi n g re l i gi o u s i s th a t
u
a
r
be
c
m
i
ng
ch
e
erfu
l
Wh
e
n
a
m
a
n
i
s
gl
my
o
e
o
o
o
y
th a t m a y b e d ys pe ps i a bu t i t i s n o t re li gi o n
A
p l e a su r a bl e fee l i ng i s th e n a tu re o f th e Sa tt a
E ve ry
th i ng i s p l e a s u r a b le to th e Szi ttw l za m a n a n d wh e n th i s
co m e s k n o w th a t yo u a r e p r o gre s si n g i n Yog a
A ll
p a i n i s c a u s e d by T a m a : s o yo u mu s t ge t ri d o f th a t ;
m o r o se n e s s i s o n e o f t he re su l t s o f T a m a : T h e s tr o n g
th e we l l k n i t th e y o u n g th e h e a l th y t h e d a ri n g a l o ne
T o th e Yog i e ve ryth i ng i s bl i ss
a r e t t o b e Yog i :
e v ery h u m a n f a ce th a t h e se es bri ngs ch e e rfu l ne s s t o
M i s e ry i s
hi m
T h a t i s t h e si gn o f a v i rtu o us m a n
Wh a t bu si n e ss
e d by s i n a n d by n o o th e r c a u s e
ca s u
h a ve yo u wi th cl o u d ed fa ce s ; i t i s te rri bl e
If yo u
h a ve a cl o ud e d f a ce d o n o t g o o ut th a t d a y s h u t y o ur
a t ri gh t h a v e yo u t o c a rry
i
n
y
u
r
r
Wh
oom
o
sel f u
p
,

'

R A JA

1 84

Y O GA

thi s d i se a s e o ut i n t o t he w o rl d ? Wh e n y o u r m i n d h a s
bec o m e c o n tr o l l ed yo uwi l l h a ve c o n tr o l o ve r t h e w h o l e
b o dy ; i n ste a d o f b e i n g a s l a ve to t h i s m a c hi n e th e
m a c h i n e w i l l b e y o u r sl a v e
I n ste a d o f th i s m a ch i n e
b ei ng a bl e to d r a g t he s o u l d o w n i t w i l l be i ts gre a te s t
h e l p m a te
,

ntentm ent com es sup erl a ti ve h a p p i n e ss


T h e r esu
lt of m orti ca ti on i s b r i n gi ng p ow er s
to th e orga n s a n d th e b ody by destroy i n g th e
i m pu
r i ty

42 Fr om
.

43

co

T h e re su l ts o f m o rti c a ti o n a r e se e n i m m ed i a tely
s o m e ti me s by h ei ghte n e d p o we rs o f v i si o n a n d s o o n
h e a ri n g t h i n gs a t a d i st a nc e e tc
,

4 4 By r ep eti ti on of th e m a ntr a m
ti on of th e i nten ded dei ty
.

com e s

th e

r e a l i sa

yo uw a n t t o

T h e h i gh e r th e be i n gs th a t
i s th e p ra cti c e

ge t th e h a rd e r

4 5 By sa cr i ci n g a l l to I swa r a
.

B y re si gn a ti o n

to

com e s

Sa m adhi

th e L o rd Sa m ri a l zz be c o me s pe r f e ct

'

r e i s th a t
4 6 P ostu
.

wh i ch

i s rm

a nd

s
l
e
a
a nt
p

m e s J m na p o st ure U n ti l yo uc a n ge t a rm
s e a t yo u c a n n o t p r a c ti se th e bre a th i n g a n d o th e r e xe r
ci se s Th e se a t be i n g r m m e a n s th a t yo u d o n o t fee l
th e b o dy a t a l l ; the n a l o n e i t h a s b e c o me rm
B ut
i n th e o rd i n a ry w a y yo u w i l l n d th a t a s s o on a s yo u
N ow

co

Y O GA

A P

HO R I S M S

1 85

m i n ute s a l l

s o rts o f d i sturb a n ce s c o me i n t o
t h e b o d y ; b u t wh e n yo u h a ve g o t b e y o nd th e i de a o f
c o n cre t e bo d y yo u w i l l l o se a l l se n se o f the b o d y
a
Y o u w i l l fe e l n e i t h e r p l e a sure n o r p a i n
A n d wh e n
u
t
a
k
e
y
u
r
b
o
d
y
u
p
a
g
a
i
n
i
t
w
i
l
l
fee
l
r
ste
d
i
t
i
s
o
o
e
s
o
;
y
th e on l y p e rfe ct re s t th a t yo u c a n g i ve t o th e b o d y
Whe n yo u h a ve s u cce ed e d i n c o n qu e ri n g th e b o d y a n d
ke e p i n g i t rm you r pr a cti ce wi l l re m a i n rm b u t
wh i l e yo ua r e d i stu rb ed by th e b od y yo u r n erve s be c o m e
d i st u rb ed a n d yo u c a n n o t c o n ce n tr a te th e m i nd
We
c a n m a k e t h e se a t rm by th i n k i n g o f th e i n ni t e
We
c a n n o t t h i n k o f t h e A bs o l ut e I n n i te b u t w e c a n thi n k
o f th e i n n i te s ky
s .t

for

l aw

4 7 By sl i gh t eff ort a n d m edi ta ti ng on th e


( p ostur e b ec om e s rm a n d p l e a sa n t)
.

unli m i ted

L i gh t a n d d a rk n es s pl e a su re
d i s t u rb yo u
,

p a i n , w i ll

a nd

th e n

n ot

4 8 Sea t
.

str

b ei n g

con

quer ed

th e du
a li ti es do not

oh

uct

T h e d ua l ti e s a r e g o o d
a l l t h e p a i rs o f o p p o si te s

a nd

ba d ,

h ea t

a nd co

ld

a nd

4 9 Contr olli n g th e m oti on


.

i n h a l a ti on f oll ows

of

a f te

th e

xh al a ti on

a nd

th e

r thi s

W he n th e p o stu re h a s be e n c o n qu e red th e n th i s
m o ti o n i s to be br o ke n a n d c o ntr o l l ed a n d th u s w e c o me
zayam a ; th e c o n tr o l l i ng o f the v i t a l f o r c e s o f
t o P r ti z
,

R A JA

1 86

Y O GA

b od y
P r ci zza i s n o t bre a th th o ugh i t i s us u a l l y
It i s th e s um t o t a l o f the c o smi c e ne rgy
s o tra n sl a te d
I t i s th e e ne rgy th a t i s i n e a ch b o d y a n d i ts m o s t
m a n i fes t a ti o n i s th e m o ti o n o f th e l u ngs
a pp a re nt
T h i s m o ti o n i s c a u sed b y P r dna d r a w i n g i n th e bre a th
We
a n d i s wh a t we se e k t o c o n tr o l i n P n i a dyci m a
begi n b y c o n tr o l l i n g t h e bre a th a s th e e a s i e st w a y o f
o
f
h
P
r ti na
etti
n
c
n
tr
l
o
t
e
o
g
g
th e

5 0 Its m odica ti on s
.

a re ei th e

r extern a l

r egul a ted by
num b er ei th er l ong or sh ort
m oti onl ess,

or

or

l
a
c
e
p

i ntern a l,

ti m e,

a nd

T h e th r e e s o rts o f m o ti o n o f t h i s P n i zzayci m a a r e
o n e by w h i ch we d r a w th e b re a th i n a n o th e r by wh i ch
t a n d th e th i rd a c ti o n i s wh e n th e bre a th
w e th r o w i t o u
i s h e l d i n th e l u n gs o r s t o pp e d fr o m e n te ri n g th e l u n gs
Th e s e a g a i n a r e v a ri e d by p l a ce a n d t i m e
B y pl a c e
i s m e a n t th a t th e P r zi zza i s h el d to s o m e p a rti cu l a r p a rt
By ti m e i s m e a n t h o w l o n g th e P r am
o f th e b o d y
s h o u l d be c o n n e d to a c e rt a i n pl a ce a n d s o we a r e
t o l d h o w m a n y s e c o n d s t o ke e p o n e m o ti o n a n d h o w
Th e res u l t of th i s
m a n y s e c o n d s t o k e e p a n o the r
P r ci ndydm a i s Uag l zci ta a w a k e n i n g th e K un a a l i n i

5 1 T h e f ourth i s
.

r estra i ni n g th e P rana by di r ecti n g


i t ei th er to th e exter n a l or i nter n a l obj ects
.

Th i s i s th e f o u rth s o rt o f P r dm iyci m a
d i re cte d e i th e r i n s i d e o r o u t s i d e
.

F r arza

ca n

be

A PH O RI S M S

Y O GA

5 2 From
.

v ri ng

tha t, th e

Ch i tta i s

co e

a tten

1 87

to th e

li ght

of

th e

ua ted

T h e Cl zi tta h a s by i ts o w n n a ture a l l kn o wl ed ge
I t i s m a d e o f Sa m /a p a rti cl e s b u t i s c o ve red by R af a :
a n d T a m a : p a rti cl e s a n d b y P r an z
iyzi m a thi s c o v e r n g
i s re m o v ed
,

5 3 Th e m ind
.

b ecom e s

t f or Dh ar an a

A fte r th i s c ov e ri n g h a s be en re m o v e d we
t o c o n ce n tr a t e t h e m i n d

a re

bl e

5 4 T h e dr a wi n g i n of th e

rga n s i s by th ei r

up th ei r ow n obj ects
m i n d stu
ff

a nd

ta ki ng th e

gi v i ng
f orm of th e

rg a n s a r e se p a r a te st a te s o f th e m i nd stu ff
I s e e a b o o k ; th e f o rm i s n o t i n th e b o o k i t i s i n th e
mind
S o m e th i n g i s o u ts i d e wh i c h c a l l s th a t f o rm u p
T h e re a l f o rm i s i n th e C/zi tta
T h e se o rg a n s a r e
i de n ti fy i ng th e m se l ve s w i th a n d t a ki n g th e f o rm s Of
wh a te ve r c o m e s to th e m
I f yo u c a n re s tr a i n th e
m i n d stu ff fr o m t a k i n g th e se f o rm s th e m i n d w i l l re m a i n
ca l m
T h i s i s c a l l e d P r a tydl zri r a
T h e n ce a ri se s
s u pre m e c o n tr o l O f th e o rg a n s
Wh e n th e Yog i h a s s ucce e d e d i n pre ve n ti ng th e
o rg a n s fr o m t a k i ng th e f o rm s o f e xte rn a l o bj e ct s a n d
i n m a k i ng th e m re m a i n o n e w i th th e m i n d s tu ff th e n
c o m e s pe rfe c t c o n tr o l o f th e o rg a n s a n d wh e n th e
o rg a n s a r e p e rfe ctl y u n d e r c o n tro l eve ry m u scl e a n d
be c a u s e th e o r ga n s a re
n e r v e w i l l be u n d e r c o n tr o l
These

RA JA

1 88

Y O GA

th e c e n tre s o f a l l th e s e n s a ti o n s a n d o f a l l a c ti o n s
T h e se org a n s a r e d i v i d e d i n t o o rg a n s o f w o rk a n d
Wh e n th e o rg a n s a r e c o n tr o l l e d
o rg a n s o f se n s a ti o n
th e Yog i c a n c o n tr o l a l l fe e l i n g a n d d o i n g ; th e wh o l e
T h e n a l on e
o f th e b o dy w i l l b e u nd e r h i s c o n tr o l
o n e begi n s t o fe e l jo y i n b e i n g b orn ; th e n o n e c a n

tru th ful ly s a y
B l e s se d a m I th a t I w a s b o rn
Wh e n
th a t c o n tr o l o f th e org a n s i s O bt a i ne d , we fe e l h o w
w o nd e rf ul t h i s b o dy re a l ly i s
.

C H A P T ER
T

W E h a ve
th e C h a p ter
1

HE

HA P T E R

II I

POW

OF

ER S

l ed

c o m e to th e c h a p ter wh i c h
P o we rs

now

of

ca l

Dh ara n a i s h ol di n g th e m i n d

on

to

som e

pa

rti cula r

ob ect

D dr a zzri

o nce n tr a ti o n
c
i
s
whe
n
th
e
m
i
n
d
h
ol d s o n
(
)
t o s o m e obj ec t e i th e r i n th e b o d y o r o ut s i d e th e b od y
a n d k e e p s i t se l f i n t h a t st a te
,

2 A
.

un b r oken ow
Dh yan a

of

kn owl edge i n th a t

bj ect i s

T h e m i n d trie s t o t h i n k o f o n e o bj e ct t o h o l d i tse l f
a s th e t o p o f th e h e a d
th e
to o n e p a rti cul a r sp o t
h e a rt e tc a n d i f th e m i n d s ucce e d s i n re ce i v i n g th e
se n s a ti o n s o n ly th r o ugh th a t p a rt o f th e b ody a n d
th r o ugh n o o th e r p a rt th a t w ou l d be D /zci r a m i a n d
w h e n th e m i n d su cce e d s i n k e e p i n g i tse l f i n t h a t st a te
f o r s o m e ti m e i t i s c a l l e d D /zyci a ( me d i t a ti o n )
,

Wh en

th a t, gi v i n g u
a
l
l
f
orm s,
p
m ea n i ng, i t i s Sa m adh i

r e ects only

th e

T h a t i s , wh e n i n m e d i t a ti o n a l l f o r m s a re gi ve n u p
Sup p o se I w ere m e d i t a ti n g o n a b ook a n d th a t I h a v e
.

1 89

RA J A

1 90

Y O GA

o n ce n tr a ti n g t he m i n d o n i t
r
d
u
l
ly
s
u
e
e
d
ed
i
n
c
c
a
c
a
g
th e me a n
a n d pe rce i vi n g o n ly th e i n te rn a l se n s a ti o n s
i ng u n exp re s sed i n a n y fo rm th a t s t a te o f D /zydrza i s
'
c a l le d Sa m zi a l zi
,

4 ( T h e se) thr ee (wh en p r acti sed) i


obj ect i s Sa m ya m a
.

r ega rd

to

one

Wh e n a m a n c a n d i re c t h i s m i nd to a n y p a rti cu l a r
a n d t h e n k e e p i t t h ere f o r a
o bj e ct a n d x i t th e re
l o ng t i me , se p a r a t i ng t h e obj e ct fro m th e i n te rn a l p a rt
th i s i s Sa mya m a ; o r D /zci r a m i D /zyd rza a n d S a m ci a l zi
T h e f o rm
o n e f o l l o wi n g th e o th e r a n d m a k i ng o n e
th e th i n g h a s v a n i sh e d a n d o n ly i ts m e a n i ng
of
re m a i n s i n th e m i n d
,

5 By th e
.

n quest

co

of

tha t

com es

li ght

of

kn owl edge

Wh e n o n e h a s su cce e d e d i n m a k i n g th i s Sa mya m a a l l
o n tr o l
wers
com
e
u
n
d
er
h
i
s
c
T
h
i
s
i
s
th
e
gre
t
o
a
p
i n s tru m e n t o f the Yog i
T h e o bj e cts O f kn owl ed ge a re
i n n i te a n d the y a r e d i v i d e d i n t o th e gr o ss gr o s s er
gr o ss e st a n d th e n e n er n es t a n d s o o n
T h is
Sa mya m a s h o u l d b e rs t a ppl i e d t o gr o s s th i ngs a n d
w h e n yo u begi n t o ge t k n o wl ed ge o f th e gr o ss s l o wly
by s ta ge s i t sh o u l d b e br o u gh t t o n e r th i n gs
,

l d be em pl oy ed i n stages
6 Th a t sh ou

T his i s
fa st
.

n o te

of

wa r n i n g

n ot

t o a tt e m

pt

to g o t o o

AP H O RI SM S

Y O GA

7 T h ese thr ee

1 91

r r th a n th ose th a t precede

a r e n ea e

r ti m iya m a

th e P
th e A i mn a th e
Ya m a a n d N zya m a ; the s e a r e e xte rn a l p a rts o f the se
th re e D /ui r a a d D /zyci na a n d Sa m ci a l zi
Y e t the se
l a tte r ev e n a r e e xte rn a l t o th e s ee d l e s s Sa m ci a l zi
Wh e n a m a n h a s a tt a i n e d to th e m h e m a y a tt a i n to
o m n i s ci e n ce a n d o m n i p o te n ce b u t th a t w o ul d n o t b e
s a l v a ti o n
T h e se th re e wo ul d n o t m a k e th e m i n d
N i r w t a lp a ch a nge l e ss b u t wo u l d l e a ve th e s e ed s f o r
ge tt i n g b o d i e s a g a i n o nl y w h e n th e se e d s a r e a s th e

Yog i s a y s
fri ed
d o th e y l o se th e p o s sib il i ty o f pro
d uc i n g furth e r pl a n ts
T h e se p owe rs c a n n o t fry th e
seed

B e f o re th e se

ha d

we

'

'

'

v en

8 But

th ey

a re

r l

exte n a

to

th e

seedl ess

( Sa m adhi ) ,

w i th th a t see dl e s s Sa m ci a l zz th eref o re
e ve n th e se a r e e x te rn a l
We h a ve n o t ye t re a c h ed th e
re a l Sa m zi a l zz th e h i gh e st bu t t o a l owe r st a ge i n
wh i ch t h i s u n i ve rse sti l l e x i s t s a s w e s e e i t a n d i n
w h i c h a r e a l l t h e se p owe rs
C o m p a red

'

9 By th e sup p r e ssi on of th e di sturb ed m odi ca ti on s


of th e m i n d, a n d by th e r i se of m odi ca ti on s
.

of c ont ol ,

tr oll i n g

th e m i n d i s

to

a tta i

f oll owi ng
m odica ti on s

li n g p ower s of
T h a t i s to
m o d i c a ti o n s

sa i d

th e m i n d

th e

th e

con

ntr ol

co

i n th i s rs t st a te o f Sa m adl u th e
th e m i n d h a v e bee n c o n tr ol l ed b ut
'

s a y,
of

RA J A

1 92

Y O GA

per f e ctl y be c a u s e i f th ey we re t h ere w o u ld b e n o


m o d i c a ti on s
I f th e re i s a m o di c a ti o n w h i ch i m pel s
th e m i n d t o ru s h o ut th r o ugh th e se n se s a n d th e Yog i
tri e s to c o n tr o l i t th a t ve ry c o n tr o l i tsel f w i l l b e a
O n e w a ve w i l l b e ch e cke d by a n o th e r
m o d i c a ti o n
w a ve s o i t w i l l n o t be re a l Sa m ci a l zz w h e n a l l th e w a ve s
h a ve sub s i d e d a s c o n tr o l i tse l f w i l l b e a w a ve
Y et
th i s l o we r S a m ci a l zi i s ve ry m uc h n e a re r to th e h igh e r
S a m ci a l zi th a n wh e n th e m i n d c o m e s b u bb l i ng o ut
no t

'

b ecom es stea dy by h a b i t

1 0 Its ow
.

T h e o w o f th i s c o n ti n u o u s c o n tr o l o f th e m i n d h e
c o m e s ste a d y wh e n p ra ct i s e d d a y a f te r d a y a n d th e
m i n d o b t a i n s th e f a cu l ty o f c o n st a n t c o n ce n tr a ti o n
.

1 1 T a ki n g i n
.

up on

rts

al l

so

bj ects

of o

a n d co ce nt a ti

ng

th ese tw o p ow er s b ei n g de
str oy ed a n d m a n i f ested r esp ecti v ely, th e Ch i tta

e
s
t
g

on e

bj ect

th e m odica ti on

ca

ll ed Sa m adh i

T h e m i n d i s t a k i n g u p v a ri o u s o bj e cts ru n n i n g i n t o
a l l s o rts o f th i n gs a n d th e n th e re i s a h igh e r s ta te o f
th e m i n d wh e n i t t a k e s u p o n e O bj e c t a n d e xhl ud e s
a l l o th e rs
S a m ri a l zi i s th e re s u l t o f th a t
,

1 2 T h e one p oi ntedn e ss of th e Ch i tta i s


i n one, th e p a st a nd p resent
-

wh en i t gr a sp s

we t o k n o w th a t th e m i n d h a s b e c o m e c o n
c e n t r a te d
B e c a u se ti m e w i l l v a n i sh
Th e m o re
ti me v a n i sh e s th e m o re c o n c e n tr a te d we a r e
I n com
ow a re

A P H O R I SM S

Y O GA

1 93

l i f e we s e e th a t w h e n we a r e i n te re s te d i n a b o o k
we d o n o t n o te th e ti m e a t a l l a n d wh e n we l e a ve th e
b o o k we a r e o fte n s u rp ri se d to n d h o w m a ny h o u rs
A l l ti m e w i l l h a v e th e te nd e n cy to c o m e
h a ve p a s se d
a n d st a n d i n th e o n e p re se n t
80 th e d e n i ti o n i s
g i ve n w h e n th e p a s t a n d p re se n t c o m e a n d s ta n d i n
one
th e m o re c o n ce n tra te d th e m i nd
m on

1 3 By thi s i s exp l a i n e d th e th r eef ol d tr a nsf orm a ti ons


of f or m , ti m e a n d sta te, i n n e or gr oss m a tte r.
.

an d

i n th e

rga n s

B y th i s th e th re ef o l d ch a n ge s i n th e m i n d s tu ff a s
t o f o rm ti m e a n d s t a te a r e e x pl a i n e d
T h e m i n d s tu ff
i s c h a n gi ng i n t o
th i s i s ch a nge a s to f o rm
T o b e a bl e to h o l d th e ch a nge s t o th e p re se n t ti m e i s
T o b e a bl e to m a k e th e m i n d s tu ff
ch a n ge a s t o ti m e
th
e
p
st
f
rm
s
gi
v
i
n
g
u
p
th
e
pre
se
n
t
e
ve
n
i
s
a
o
t
o
o
g
ch a n ge a s to st a te
T h e c o n ce n tra ti o n s t a ugh t i n th e
p re ce d i n g a p h o r i s m s we re to gi ve th e Yog i a v o l u n t a ry
c o n tr o l o ve r th e tr a n sf o rm a t i o n s o f h i s m i n d s tuff
w h i ch a l o n e w i l l e n a b l e h i m to m a k e th e Sa mya m a be
f o re n a m e d
-

14 That
.

whi ch

a cted

is

r p a st p r esent
th e qua li ed
e i th e

up on by tr a n sf or m a ti on s,
or

e
t
y

to be m a n i f ested, i s

T h a t i s t o s a y th e q u a l i e d i s th e s ub s ta n c e w h i c h i s
b e i n g a cte d up o n b y ti m e a n d by th e Sa m :kd r a : a nd
ge tti n g ch a nge d a n d b e i n g m a n i fe ste d a l l th e ti m e
,

13

RA J A

1 94

15

Th e successi on

vol uti on

Y O GA

of ch a

n ges i s th e ca use of

m anif ol c

1 6 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e th r ee sorts of ch a nges
n owledge of p a st a n d f utur e
c om es th e k
.

u s t n o t l o se s i gh t o f th e rs t d e n i ti o n o f Sa m
h
a s a tt a i n e d t o th a t s t a te wh e n
Whe
n
th
e
m
i
n
d
m
a
a
y
i t i d e n ti e s i tse l f w i th th e i n te rn a l i m p re ss i o n o f th e
o b j e ct l e a v i n g th e e x te rn a l a n d w h e n b y l o ng p ra cti c e
th a t i s re ta i n e d b y th e m i n d a n d th e m i n d c a n ge t i n t o
th a t s ta te i n a m o me n t th a t i s Sa mya m a
If a m a n i n
th a t s ta te w a n ts t o k n o w th e p a s t a n d f u t ure h e h a s to
m a k e a Sa mya m a o n th e c h a nge s i n th e Sa m s ci r a a
S o m e a r e w o rk i ng n o w a t p re se n t s o m e h a ve w o rk ed
ou
t a n d s o m e a r e w a i ti n g t o w o r k; s o by m a k i ng a
Sa mya m a o n th es e h e k n o w s th e p a s t a n d f u ture
We

w ord m ea ni n g a nd
or di n a r i ly
a re
con f u
sed
c om e s th e k
n owledge of a l l a n i m a l soun ds

1 7 By m aki n g Sa m ya m a
kn owl edge, whi ch
.

on

T h e w o rd

re pre se n ts th e e x te rn a l c a u s e th e m e a n i n g
re pre s e n ts th e i ntern a l v i br a ti o n th a t tr a vel s t o the
br a i n th r o ugh th e ch a n n el s o f th e I n dr aa 5 c o n veyi n g
the e x tern a l i m p res s i o n to th e m i nd a n d k n o wl edge
re p re se n ts the re a c ti o n o f th e m i n d wi th w hi c h c o m e s
pe rce p t i o n
T he se th re e c o n fu se d m a k e o ur se n se
o bj e cts
Su p p o s e I h e a r a w o rd ; th e re i s rs t th e
e x te rn a l v i br a ti o n n e x t th e i n te rn a l se n s a ti o n c a rri ed
t o the m i n d by th e o rg a n o f he a ri n g th e n th e m i nd
r e a cts a n d I k n o w th e w o rd T he w o rd I k n ow i s A
,

A P H O R I SM S

Y O GA

1 95

i x tu re o f t h e thre e v ibr a ti o n se n s a ti on a n d r e a c
O rd i n a ri l y th e se three a r e i n se p a r a bl e ; b u t by
ti o n
p r a cti c e th e Yog i c a n s e p a r a te th e m
Wh e n a m a n
h a s a tt a i n e d to th i s i f h e m a ke s a S a m ya m a o n a n y
s o u n d h e u n d ers t a n d s th e m e a n i ng wh ic h th a t s o u n d
w a s i n te n d e d to e xp re ss wh e th e r i t w a s m a d e by m a n
o r by a n y o th er a n i m a l
m

1 8 By p ercei vi ng th e i m p r e ssi on s, kn owl edge

of

p ast

E a ch e xp e ri e n ce th a t w e h a v e c o me s i n th e f o rm o f
a wa v e i n
th e C/zztta a n d th i s s ubs i d e s a n d b e c o m e s
n e r a n d n e r b u t i s n e ve r l o s t
I t re m a i n s th ere i n
m i n u te form a n d i f w e c a n bri n g th i s w a v e u p a g a i n
i t be c o m e s m e m ory
i f th e Yog i c a n m a k e a
So
S a my a m a o n the s e p a s t i m pre ss i o n s i n th e m i n d h e
w i l l b egi n t o re m e mbe r a l l h i s p a s t l i ve s
'

1 9 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e si gn s i n
b ody kn owl edge of th a t m i n d com es
.

n oth er s

S up p o s e e a c h m a n h a s p a rti cul a r s i gn s o n h i s b o d y
w h i ch d i ff ere n ti a te h i m fr o m o th ers ; w he n th e Yog i
m a k e s a Sa mya m a o n th e s e s i gn s p e cu l i a r to a cert a i n
m a n h e k n o ws t he n a ture o f th e m i n d o f th a t pers o n

20 Bu
t
.

n ot

i ts

conten ts,

th e Sa m ya m

th a t

n ot

b ei n g

th e

bj ect of

H e w o ul d n o t k n o w th e c o n te n ts o f th e m i n d by
m a k i n g a Sa mya m a o n th e b o d y
T h ere w o ul d b e
re q u i re d a tw o f o l d Sa mya m a rs t o n th e s ign s i n th e
.

RA J A

1 96

Y O GA

th e n o n th e m i n d i ts el f
T h e Yog i w o ul d
th e n k n o w e ve ry th i n g th a t i s i n th a t m i nd p a s t pres
e n t a n d fu tu re
bo dy ,

a nd

21 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e f or m of th e b ody th e
i
n
r
c
i
f
o
m
s
b
e
o
w
e
o
f
r
e
v
r
i
n
b
s
r
c
t
e
t
h
e
u
e
t
d
o
,
p
g
p
g
.

w er

of m a n i f e sta ti on

po

ra ted

th e Y ogi

i n th e eye

b ei n g

b ody b ecom e s un se en

sep a

s ta n d i n g i n th e m i ds t o f th i s r o o m c a n a p p a
r e n tl y v a n is h
H e d o e s n o t re a l l y v a n i sh b u t h e w i l l
T h e f o r m a n d th e b o dy a r e
n o t b e s e e n by a n y o n e
Y o u m u s t re m e m ber th a t t h i s
a s i t we re
s e p a ra te d
c a n o n l y b e d on e w h e n th e Yog i h a s a tt a i n ed t o th a t
p owe r o f c o n ce n tra ti o n wh e n f o rm a n d th e th i ng
f o rm e d h a v e b ee n s ep a r a te d
T h e n h e m a k e s a Sa m
ama
n
nd
o
o
t
h
a
t
a
th
e
p
o
wer
t
p
er
ce
i
v
e
fo
rms
i
s
y
o bs tru cte d
b e c a u se th e p o we r o f p erce i v i n g form s
c o m e s fr o m th e j u n cti o n o f f o rm a n d th e t hi n g f o rm ed
B y thi s th e d i s a p pe a r a n c e o r c o n ce a l m e n t o f w o rd s
w h i ch a r e b e i n g sp o k e n i s a l s o e x pl a i n e d
A

Yog i

22 Ka rm a i s
.

of

tw o ki n ds,

soo

to be f ructi ed,

a nd

l a te to be fr ucti ed By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on
th a t or by th e si gn s ca l l ed A r i sth a p orten ts
th e Y ogi s kn ow th e ex a ct ti m e of sep a r a ti on
fr om th ei r b odi es
.

Wh e n th e Yog i m a k e s a Sa mya m a o n h i s o w n K a r m a
u p o n th o s e i m p re ss i o n s i n h i s m i n d wh i ch a r e n o w
w o rki ng a n d th o s e wh i ch a r e j u s t w a i ti n g to w o rk h e

Y O GA

APH ORI S M S

kn o w s e x a c tl y by t h o s e th a t

1 97

w a i ti n g w h e n h i s b o d y
wi l l f a l l
H e k n o ws wh e n h e wi l l d i e a t wh a t h o u r
eve n a t wh a t m i n u te
The Hi ndu
s th i n k ve ry m u c h o f
th a t k n o wl e dge o r c o n s ci o u sn ess o f t h e n e a rn e s s o f
d e a th b e c a u se i t i s t a u gh t i n the Gi ta th a t th e th o u gh ts
a t t h e m o m e n t of d e p a rt ure a r e gre a t p o we rs i n d ete r
m i n i n g th e n e x t l i fe
a re

23 By
.

m a ki

ng

Sa m ya m a

on

f ri en dsh i p, etc ,
.

v a ri ous

st e ngth c om e s

24 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e str ength of th e el e
h
a
n
e
c
t
n
e
h
r
t
t
a
t
s
e
t
o
e
s
h
o
t
i
t
h
c
m
t
o
Y
,
,
p
g
g
.

Wh e n a Yog i h a s a tt a i n e d t o th i s S a mya m a a n d w a n t s
s tre n gth h e m a k e s a S a mya m a o n th e stre n gth o f th e
e l e ph a n t a n d ge t s it I n n i te e n e rgy i s a t th e d i s p o s a l
Th e Yog i
o f everyo n e i f h e o n l y k n o ws h o w t o ge t i t
h a s d i sc o ve red th e s ci e n ce o f ge tt i n g i t
,

l gen t l i gh t com es
25 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th a t e ff u
cted, a n d
th e kn owl ed ge of th e n e, th e ob str u
.

th e

r em ote

Wh e n th e Yog i m a k e s S a mya m a o n t h a t e ffulge n t


l i gh t i n t h e h e a rt h e s ee s th i ngs w h i ch a r e ve ry
re m o t e th i n gs f o r i n st a n ce th a t a r e h a ppe n i n g i n a
d i st a n t p l a ce a n d wh i c h a r e o bs tru cte d b y m o u n t a i n
b a rri e rs a n d a ls o th i n gs w h i ch a r e ve ry n e
,

26 By m a ki n g Sam ya m a
th e w orl d
.

on

th e

s n

th e

kn owl edge of

27 On th e m oon th e kn owl e dge of th e


.

luste r

of sta s.

RA JA

1 98

Y O GA

28 On th e p ol e sta r th e m oti ons of th e sta r s


29 On th e n a vel ci r cl e th e kn owl edge of th e
.

ti on

30 On th e
.

Whe n
am a

w ell

b ody

of

th e thr oa t

m an

n ger
hu

ce ssa ti on of

Sa m

On th e

th e

i s ve ry h u ngry i f h e c a n m a k e
th e p i t O f th e th r o a t h u n ge r ce a se s
a

on

31

of

c o n sti t

ne

rv e cal l ed Kur m a

xi ty of th e

Wh e n h e i s p r a cti s i n g th e b o dy i s
32 On th e li gh t f r om th e top
Si ddh a s
.

of

n ot

b ody

d i s turb e d

th e h ea d

si ght of

th e

a r e be i n gs w h o a r e a l i ttl e a b o ve gh osts
The
Wh e n th e Yog i c o n ce n tr a tes h i s m i n d o n th e t o p o f h i s
h e a d h e w i l l s e e th e se
Th e w o rd S i a a l za d oe s
n o t re fe r t o th o se m e n w h o h a v e be c o m e
fre e a
se ns e i n w h i ch i t i s o fte n u se d
.

33 Or by th e p ow er
.

of

P r a ti b h a a l l kn owl edge

A ll

t h e se c a n c o m e w i th o u t a n y Sa mya m a t o th e m a n
w h o h a s th e p o we r o f P r a tzoci ( e n l igh te n m e n t fr o m
p uri ty )
T h i s i s wh e n a m a n h a s ri se n t o a h i gh s t a te
/i zi ; th e n h e h a s th a t gre a t l igh t
o f P r a tzo
A l l th i n gs
a r e a pp a re n t t o h i m
E ve ry th i n g c o mes t o h i m n a tu r
a l l y w i th o u t m a k i ng S a mya m a o r a ny th i n g
'

'

34 In th e h e a r t, kn owl edge of m i n ds
.

35 Enj oy m en t
.

th e

very

com es

th e

by

di sta nt

ul

so

ri m i n a ti on

n on -di sc

a nd

Sa ttva

Its

of

a cti on s

AP H O RI SMS

Y O GA
ar e

f or

n oth er : Sa m ya m a
th e P u
ru
sa

e dge of

1 99

on

thi s gi v es kn owl

Th i s p o we r o f n o n a tt a ch m e n t a cq ui re d t h r o u g h
og i th e e n l igh te n m e n t c a l l e d P r a tt o
uri
ty
gi
ve
s
th
e
Y
/
a
i
p
-

'

36 F r om th a t
.

i ng,

see i

r i se s th e kn owl edge of h ea r i ng

, ta sti n

ng

g
,

a n d sm e

ch
tou

lli n g b el ongi n g
,

to

P r a ti b ha

l to Sa m adhi ; but
o
w
e
r
s
i
n
t
h
e
w
o
r
l
d
ly
s
e
t
a
t
p

37 T h ese
.

a re

o stac es

th ey

a re

I f th e Yog i k n o w s a l l th e s e e nj o y m e n t s o f th e w o rl d
i t c o m es by th e j u n c t i o n o f th e P a r a f a a n d th e m i n d
I f h e w a n ts t o m a k e Sa mya m a o n th i s , th a t th e y a r e
t w o d i ffe re n t th i ngs n a t ure a n d s o u l h e ge t s k n o w l
e dge o f th e P a r a f a
Fr o m th a t a ri se s d i scri m i n a t i o n
Wh e n h e h a s g o t th a t d i scri m i n a ti o n h e ge ts th e
T h e se p o wers
P r a tzo/ai th e l igh t o f s u p re m e ge n i u s
h o we v e r a r e o b structi o n s t o th e a tt a i n m e n t o f th e
h igh e st g o a l th e k n o wl e d ge o f th e p u re S e l f a n d fre e
d o m ; th e se a r e a s i t we re t o b e m e t i n th e w a y a n d
i f th e Yog i rej e c t s th e m h e a tt a i n s th e h igh e s t
If he
i s te m pte d to a cq u i re th e se h i s f a rth e r p r ogr e ss i s
b a rre d
.

'

38
.

Wh en th e ca use

b on dage h a s b ecom e loosened


th e Y ogi by hi s kn owl e dge of m a ni f esta ti on
s enter s a n oth e r 3 b od y
n
r
h
t
h
e
o
a
th r ou
g
g
of

T h e Yog i c a n
a n d m o ve , e ve n

e n te r a d e a d b o dy a n d m a k e i t ge t u p
w h i l e h e h i m se l f i s w o rk i n g i n a n o the r
,

R A JA

200

Y O GA

b od y
O r h e c a n e n te r a l i v i n g b o d y a n d h ol d t h a t
m a n s m i n d a n d o rg a n s i n c h e c k a n d f o r th e ti me
b e i ng a c t th r o ugh th e b o d y o f th a t m a n
T h a t i s d on e
by th e Yog i c o m i ng to th i s d i scri m i n a ti o n o f P a n d a
If h e w a n ts to e n te r a n o the r s b o d y h e
a n d n a tu re
m a k e s a Sa mya m a o n th a t b o d y a n d e n ters i t be c a u se
n o t o n ly i s h i s S o u l o m n i pre se n t b u t h i s m i nd a l s o
I t i s o n e b i t o f th e u n i ve rs a l
a cc o rd i n g t o th e Yog i
N o w h o we ve r i t c a n o n ly w o rk th r o ugh th e
mind
ne rve c u rre n ts i n th i s b o dy b u t w h e n th e Yog i h a s
l o o se n e d h i m se l f fr o m the s e n e rv e c u rre n ts h e w i l l be
a b l e t o w o r k th r o u g h o th e r th i ngs
,

39 By con queri ng th e current ca ll ed Udan a th e Y ogi


does n ot si nk i n w a ter, or i n sw a m p s, a n d h e
ca n w a lkon th or n s
.

'
a ci a a

i s th e n a m e o f t h e n e rve c u rre n t th a t g o ve rn s
th e l u n gs a n d a l l th e u ppe r p a rt s o f th e b o dy a n d
w h e n h e i s m a ste r o f i t h e b e c o m e s l i gh t i n w e igh t
H e c a n n o t s i n k i n w a te r ; h e c a n w a l k o n t h o rn s a n d
a n d s o on
s w o rd bl a d e s a n d st a n d i n re
,

40 By th e
.

con

quest

of

r ounded by bl a ze

th e

urr ent

Sa m an a h e i s

By m a ki ng Sa m ya m a
e ar a nd

th e

W h e n eve r h e l i k e s l i gh t a sh e s fr o m h i s b o d y
41

s r

Aka sa

rel a ti on b etw een th e


com e s di vi n e h e a ri ng
on

th e

T h e re i s th e J kaf a th e e th e r a n d th e i n stru m e n t
B y m a k i n g Sa mya m a o n th e m th e Yog i ge t s
th e e a r
,

Y O GA

A P H O RI S M S

di v i n e h e a ri ng ; h e h e a rs e ve ryth i ng

o r s o u n d e d m i l e s a wa y h e

ca n

h ea r

20 1

n yth i n g s p o k en

4 2 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e r el a ti on b etw een th e
A kaa a n d th e b ody th e Y ogi b ecom i n g li ght a s
.

n w ool goes th r ough th e ski es

T h i s A M f a i s th e m a teri a l o f th i s b o d y ; i t i s o n ly
If
A ki f a i n a ce rt a i n f o rm th a t h a s b e c o m e th e b o d y
th e Yog i m a k e s a S a mya m a o n th i s A ki ta m a te ri a l o f
h i s b o d y i t a c q u i re s th e l igh tn e s s o f 4 a m a n d c a n
a ir
n
yw
h
e
re
th
r
u
gh
th
e
o
a
o
g
cotto

4 3 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e r ea l m odi ca ti on s of
tsi de, ca l l ed gr ea t di s
th e m i n d, wh i ch a r e ou
.

em

bodi edn ess, com es di sa pp ea r a n ce of th e

v r

co e

i n g to l i gh t

T h e m i n d i n i ts fool i sh n e s s th i n k s th a t i t i s w o rk i n g
i n th i s b o d y Wh y s h o ul d I b e b o u n d by o n e sy ste m
i f th e
o f n e rve s a n d p u t th e E g o o n l y i n o n e b o dy
T h e re i s n o re a s o n why I
m i n d i s o m n i pre se n t
T h e Yog i w a n ts t o fe e l th e E go wh e reve r h e
sh o u l d
l i k e s Wh e n h e h a s s u cce e d e d i n th a t a l l c o ve ri ng t o
l i gh t g o e s a w a y a n d a l l d a rk n e s s a n d i gn o r a n ce v a n
is h Ev e ryth i ng a p pe a rs t o h i m to b e fu l l o f k n o wl e d g e
.

'

4 4 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on th e el em en ts, begi nn i ng
w i th th e gr os s, a n d en di ng wi th th e sup erne,
com es m as tery of th e e l e m en ts
.

T h e Yog i m a k es S a mya m a o n th e e l e m e n ts rs t o n
th e gro ss a n d th e n o n th e n e r s t a tes
T h i s S a mya m a
T h ey
i s t a k e n u p m o re by a s e c t o f th e B ud d h i sts
,

R A JA Y O GA

20 2

t a k e a l u m p o f c l a y a n d m a k e S a mya m a o n th a t a n d
gr a d u a l ly th ey be gi n to s e e th e n e m a te ri a l s o f wh i c h
i t i s c o mp o se d a n d wh e n th ey h a ve k n o w n a l l th e n e
m a te ri a l s i n i t th e y ge t p o we r o ve r th a t e l e m e n t So
wi th a l l th e e l e m e n ts th e Yog i c a n c o nqu e r th e m a l l
,

4 5 Fr om th a t
.

th e

c om es

m i nu
ten ess, etc

f
l
r
i
n
i

ca
o
o
o
t
g
i n destr ucti bl en ess of th e b odi ly
.

b ody a n d
qua li ti es
Th i s m e a n s th a t th e Yog i h a s a tt a i n e d t h e e igh t
p o wers
H e c a n m a k e h i m s el f a s l i gh t a s a p a rti c l e
h e c a n m a k e h i m se l f h uge a s h e a vy a s th e e a rth
or a s
l i gh t a s th e a i r ; h e w i l l ru l e e ve ryt h i n g h e
w a n ts h e wi l l c o n qu e r e v e ryth i n g h e w a n ts a li o n w i l l
s i t a t h i s fe e t l i k e a l a m b a n d a l l h i s d esi re s b e fu l
l le d a t wi l l
,

4 6 T h e glor ica ti on of th e b ody a r e b ea u


ty,
e
i
o
h
h
e
s
l
x
n
r
e
n
t
n
n
r
n
s
t
a
d
a
m
a
t
i
e
a
d
s
,
p
g ,
.

com

o d y b ec o m es i n d e str uc ti bl e ; r e c a n n o t i n j ure
The b
it
N o th i n g c a n i nj ure i t
N o th i n g c a n d e s tr o y i t
u n ti l th e Yog i wi s h e s
B re a k i n g th e r o d o f t i m e h e

l ive s i n th i s u n iv e rse w it h h i s b od y
I n th e Vea a : i t i s
wri tte n th a t f o r th a t m a n th e re i s n o m o re d i se a s e ,
d e a th o r p a i n
.

bj ecti vi ty kn owl
e dge a n d egoi sm of th e or ga n s by gr a da ti on
com es th e con qu
est of th e or ga n s

4 7 By m aki n g Sa m ya m a
.

on

th e

I n p ercep ti o n o f e xtern a l o bj e cts th e o r ga n s l e a ve


th e i r p l a c e i n th e m i n d a n d g o t o w a rd s th e o bj e c t ; th a t

A P H O R I SM S

Y O GA

20 3

b y kn o wl e d ge a n d e go i s m
Wh e n th e
Yog i m a k e s S a mya m a o n th e s e by gra d a ti o n h e c o n
q ue rs th e o rg a n s
T a k e u p a n yth i n g th a t yo us e e o r
fe e l a b oo k f o r i n st a n ce a n d rs t c o n c e n tr a te th e
m i nd o n t h e th i n g i tse l f T h e n o n th e k n o wl e d ge th a t
i s i n th e f o rm o f a b o o k a n d the n th e E go t h a t se e s
th e b o o k B y th a t p r a cti ce a l l th e o rg a n s w i l l be
c o nq u e re d

i s f o l l o we d

4 8 Fr om th a t
.

rga n s

of

f
l
o
r
d
m
o
w
r
o
h
i

e
i
n
d
e
t
e
,
g
p
i n dep en dentl y of th e body, a n d con que st
com es

n a tur e

u
s
t
a
b
y
th
e
c
o
n
que
st
o
f
the
e
l
e
m
e
nt
s
c
m
e
s
o
s
J
o fro m th e c o n qu e st o f the m i n d w i l l
l
r
i

e
d
b
o
d
y
s
o
g
c o m e gl ori e d m i n d
,

4 9 By m a ki ng Sa m ya m a on th e Sa ttva , to hi m w h o
h a s di scr i m i n a ted b etw e en th e i ntell ect a n d th e
.

P ur us a

com e om n i p r e en ce a n d om n i sci en ce

Wh e n we h a v e c o n qu e re d n a tu re a n d re a l i se d th e di f
fe re n c e b e twe e n th e P a r a f a a n d n a tu re th a t t h e P a r a f a
i s i n d e stru c tibl e p u re a n d p e rfe ct wh e n th e Yog i h a s
re a l i se d th i s th e n c o m e s o mn i p ote n ce a n d o m n i s m e n c e
,

5 0 By gi vi ng up ev en th e se com es th e destruct i on
th e v ery seed of e vi l ; h e a tta i n s Ka i v a lya
.

of

He

tt a i n s a l o n e n e s s i n d e pe n d e n ce
T h e n th a t
f
o
a
fre
e
Wh
e
n
h
e
gi
ve
s
u
p
e
ve
n
th
e
i
d
e
s
i
s
n
ma
w i l l b e e n ti r e
o m n i p o te n ce a n d o m n i s c i e n ce , th e re
a

RA J A

204

Y O GA

of

rej e ct i o n o f e n jo y me n t
th e te m p t ti n s fr
ele
t i a l be i n gs Whe n the Yog i h a s s e e n a l l t he se w o n de r
ful p owe rs a n d rej e c te d the m h e re a ch e s th e g oa l
Wh a t a r e a l l th e se p owe rs ? S i mp ly m a n i fe st a t i o n s
T hey a r e n o b e tte r t h a n d re a m s
Eve n o m n i p o te n ce
i s a d re a m
I t d e p e n d s o n th e m i n d
S o l o ng a s
th ere i s a m i n d i t c a n b e u n d e rst o o d b u t th e g o a l i s
bey on d e ve n t h e m i n d
,

om

l d be
5 1 T h e r e sh ou

nti r e r ej ecti on of enj oym ent of


th e tem pta ti on s f r om cel esti a l b ei ngs f or f ea r
of evi l a ga i n

T h ere a r e o th e r d a nge rs t o o ; g o d s a n d o th er b e i ngs


c o m e t o te m p t th e Yog i
T h ey d o n ot w a n t a ny o n e
T h ey a r e j e a l o u s j u st a s w e a r e
t o b e p e rfe c tl y fre e
T h e y a r e v e ry m u ch
a n d w o rs e th a n we s o m et i m e s
T h o se Yog i : w h o d o n o t
a fr a i d o f l o s i n g th e i r p l a ce s
re a ch p e rfe ct i o n d i e a n d b e com e g o d s ; l e a v i n g th e
d i re ct r o a d th ey g o i n t o o n e o f th e s i d e s tre et s a n d
ge t th e se p o we rs
T h e n a g a i n th ey h a ve t o be b o rn ;
b u t h e w h o i s s tr o n g e n o ugh t o w i th s t a n d th e s e te m p
t a t i o n s a n d g o str a i gh t t o th e g o a l b e c o m e s fre e
.

5 2 By m a ki n g Sa m ya m a on a p a rti cl e
lti pl es com e s di scr i m i n a ti on
i ts m u
.

of

ti m e

and

H ow a r e we to a v o i d a l l th es e th i ngs th e se D oom
a n d h e a ve n s
p o we rs ?
B y d i s cri m i n a ti o n by
a nd
k n o w i ng g o o d fr o m e v i l
T h e re f o re a S a mya m a i s
i
v e n by w h i ch th e p o we r o f d is cri m i n a ti o n c a n be
g

Y OGA

APHORI SM S
m a ki n g

s tre ngth e n ed
T his is b y
p a rti cl e o f ti m e
.

20 5

Sa mya m a

on

5 3 T h ose
.

whi ch

ca

nn ot be

diff erenti a ted

p l a ce, ev en th ey
a b ov e Sa m yam a

si gn a n d

by th e

by

sp e ci es,

wil l be di scri m i n a ted

T h e m i s e ry th a t we s u ffe r c o m e s fr o m i gn o ra n c e
f r o m n o n d i s cri m i n a ti o n be twe e n th e re a l a n d th e
We a r e a l l t a ki n g th a t w h i ch i s ba d for th a t
un re a l
wh i ch i s g o o d a n d th a t w hi c h i s a d re a m f o r th a t
w h i c h i s re a l
S o u l 1 5 th e o n l y re a l i ty a n d w e h a ve
f o rg o tte n i t
B o d y i s a n u n re a l d re a m a n d we thi n k
w e a re a l l b o di e s
80 th i s n on d i scri mi n a ti o n i s th e
Wh e n
c a u se o f m i se ry a n d i t i s c a us e d b y i gn o r a nc e
d i s c ri mi n a ti o n c o m e s i t b r i n gs s tre n gth a n d t h e n a l o n e
a nd
c a n we a v o i d a l l th e se v a ri o u s i d e a s o f b o dy
h e a ve n s a n d g o d s a n d D ev a n T h i s i gn o r a n ce a ri se s
th r o ugh d i ffe re n t i a ti n g by spe ci e s si gn o r p l a ce
Fo r
i n s t a n ce t a k e a c o w
T h e c o w i s d i ffe re n ti a te d fr o m
th e d o g a s sp e c i e s
E v e n w i th th e c o ws a l o n e h o w
d o w e m a k e th e d i s ti n cti o n b e twe e n o n e c o w a n d
B y s i gn s I f tw o o bj e c ts a r e e x a ctl y s i m i l a r
a n o th e r ?
th ey c a n b e d i s ti n gu i sh e d i f th ey a r e i n d i ffe re n t
pl a ce s Wh e n o bj e c ts a r e s o m i xe d u p th a t e ve n th e se
d i ffe re n ti ae w i l l n o t h e l p u s th e p o we r o f d i scr i m i n a
ti o n a cq u ire d by t h e a bove m e n ti o n e d pr a cti ce w i l l
gi v e u s th e a b i l i ty to d i st i n gu i sh th e m
T h e h igh e s t
ph i l o s o ph y o f th e Yog i i s b a se d u p o n th i s f a c t th a t

th e F a r a i a i s p ur e a n d pe rfe c t a n d i s th e o n l y s i m p l e
T h e b o d y a n d m i n d a re
th a t e xi s ts i n th i s u n i ve r s e

R A JA

206

Y O GA

c o m p o u n d s a n d ye t we a r e e ve r i de n ti f y i n g o u rse l ve s
wi th th em
T h a t i s th e gre a t m i s t a k e th a t th e d i s ti n c
ti o n h a s b ee n l os t Wh e n th i s p o we r o f d i s cri m i n a
ti o n h a s b ee n a tt a i n e d m a n se e s th a t e ve ry th i ng i n
th i s w o rl d m e nt a l a n d p h ys i c a l i s a c o m p o u n d , a n d ,
c a n n o t b e th e P a r a ga
a s s u ch
,

5 4 The

sa

vi n g kn owl edge

ri m i n a ti on wh i ch

i s th a t kn owl edge

co er s a l l o

bj ects

all

of

di s

m ea n s

I s o l a ti o n th a t i s th e go a l ; wh e n th a t i s a tt a i n e d
th e s o u l w i l l nd th a t i t w a s a l o n e a l l th e ti m e a n d i t
A s l on g a s w e
req u i re d n o o n e t o m a k e i t h a ppy
re qu i re s om e o n e e l s e t o m a k e u s h a ppy we a r e sl a ve s
Wh e n th e P a r a sa n d s th a t I t i s fre e a n d d o e s n o t
req u i re a ny th i n g t o co m p l e te I tse l f th a t th i s n a tu re i s
qu i te u n n e ce ss a ry th e n fre e d o m i s a tt a i n ed
Then
c o m e s th i s K a i v a lya
,

ri ty b etwe en th e Sa ttv a
5 5 By th e si m i l a r i ty of p u
'
s a com e s Ka i v a ly a
ru
th e Bu
.

a nd

Wh e n th e s o u l re a l i se s th a t i t d ep e n d s o n n o th i n g i n
th e u n i ve rse , fr o m g o d s to th e l o we s t a t o m th a t i s
c a l l e d K a zoa lya ( i s o l a ti o n ) a n d p e rfe c ti o n
It is
a tt a i n e d wh e n
th i s m i xtu re o f p u ri ty a n d i m p uri t y
c a l l e d m i n d h a s b e e n m a d e a s p u re a s th e P a r a f a
I tsel f ; the n th e Sa ttv a th e m i n d re e cts o n l y th e un
q u a l i e d e s s e n c e o f p uri ty , w h i c h i s th e P a r a f a
,

'

CH A P TER

IV

I ND E P E N D E N C E

T he Si ddhi s (p ow er s) a re a tta i n ed by b i rth , ch em i


ca l m ea n s, p ow e r of w or ds, m orti ca ti on or con

n tr a ti on

ce

SO M E T I M E S

i s b o rn w i t h th e
p o we rs
o f c o u rse fr o m th e e xe rc i s e o f p o we rs h e h a d i n h i s
pre v i o u s b i rth
I n thi s b i rth h e i s b o rn a s i t we re to
e nj o y th e fru i ts o f th e m
I t i s s a i d o f K ap zl a th e
gre a t f a th e r o f th e Sti n k/{ya P h i l o s o p hy th a t h e w a s a
b o rn Szda l za wh i c h m e a n s l i te ra l ly a m a n w h o h a s
a tt a i n e d
T h e Yog i : c l a i m th a t th e s e
t o s u cce s s
p o we rs c a n b e g a i n e d by c h e m i c a l m e a n s A l l o f yo u
k n o w th a t c h e m i s try o rig i n a l ly b eg a n a s a l ch e m y ;
m e n we n t i n se a rc h o f th e p h i l o s o ph e r s s t o n e a n d
e l i x i rs o f l i fe a n d s o f o rth
I n I n d i a th e re w a s a s e c t
c a l l e d th e R duiya a a j
T h e i r i d e a w a s th a t i d e a l i ty
k n o wl e dge s p i ri tu a l i ty a n d re l igi o n we re a l l ve r y
ri gh t b u t th a t th e b o dy w a s th e o nl y i n stru m e n t by
I f t h e b o dy b r o k e n o w
w h i ch to a tt a i n t o a l l th e s e
a n d th e n i t w o u l d t a k e s o m u c h m o re ti m e t o a tt a i n t o
t h e goa l
F o r i n s t a n ce a m a n w a n ts t o pr a cti s e Yog a
B e f o re h e h a s a d v a n ce d
o r w a n ts t o b e c o m e S p i ri tu a l
T h e n h e t a k e s a n o th e r b o dy a n d
v e ry f a r h e d i e s
b e g i n s a g a i n th e n d i e s a n d s o o n , a n d i n th i s w a y
a

an

'

'

[ 97]
2

R A JA

208

Y O GA

m u ch ti m e w i l l b e l os t i n dy i ng a n d b e i ng b o rn a g a i n
I f th e b ody c o ul d b e m a d e s tro ng a n d pe rfe ct s o th a t
i t w o ul d ge t ri d o f b i rth a n d d e a th we s h ou l d h a v e s o
m uch m o re ti m e t o b e co m e sp i ri tu a l
SO th e s e R an i
a n a : s a y rs t m a k e th e b ody ve ry s tr o n g
a n d th ey
y
cl a i m th a t th i s b o d y c a n b e m a d e i m m o rt a l
Th e i r
i d e a i s th a t i f th e m i n d i s m a n u f a ct uri ng th e b o dy
a n d i f i t b e tru e th a t e a c h m i n d i s o n l y o n e p a rti cu l a r
o utl e t t o th a t i n n i te e n e rgy a n d th a t th e re i s n o l i m i t
to e a ch p a rti c ul a r o u tl e t ge tti ng a n y a m o u n t o f p o we r
fro m o u ts i d e , w h y i s i t i m p o s s i b l e th a t we s h o u l d ke e p
r b o d i e s a l l th e ti m e ?
We sh a l l h a ve to m a n uf a c
ou
tu re a l l th e b o d i e s th a t we sh a l l e ve r h a ve
A s s oo n
a s th i s b o dy d i e s w e s h a l l h a ve to m a n u f a ctu re a n o th e r
If w e c a n d o th a t wh y c a n n o t we d o i t j u s t h e re a n d
now
w i th o u t ge tti ng o ut
T h e th e o ry i s perfe c tl y
c orre ct
I f i t i s p o s s i bl e th a t we l i ve a fte r d e a th a n d
m a k e o th e r b od i e s , w h y i s i t i m p o s s ib l e th a t we s h o ul d
h a ve th e p o we r o f m a k i ng b o d i e s h e re w i th o u t e n ti rel y
d i ss o l v i ng th i s b od y s i m p l y ch a ngi n g i t co n ti n u a l l y ?
T h e y a l s o th o ugh t th a t i n m e rc u ry a n d i n su l p h u r w a s
h i dd e n th e m o s t w o nd e rfu l p owe r a n d th a t b y c ert a i n
pre p a r a t i o n s o f th e se a m a n c ou l d k e e p th e b o dy a s
l o ng a s h e l i ke d
O th e rs b e l i e ve d th a t cert a i n d ru gs
c o u l d b ri n g p o we rs s u ch a s y i n g th r o ugh th e a i r e tc
M a n y O f th e m o s t w o n d e rfu l m e d i c i n e s o f th e pre se n t
d a y we o w e t o t h e R i uiya a a n n ot a b l y th e u se o f m e t a l s
i n m edi ci n e
C e rt a i n s ects o f Yog i : cl a i m th a t m a ny
o f t h ei r p ri n ci p a l te a ch e rs a r e s ti l l l i vi n g i n th e i r o l d
b o d i e s P a ta aja l z th e gre a t a u th o ri ty o n Yoga , d o e s
.

APH O RISMS

Y O GA

209

d e n y th i s
Th e p o we r o f w o rd s
T h e re a r e c e r
ta i n s a cre d w o rd s c a l l e d M a n tr a m r wh i ch h a ve p o we r
wh e n re p e a ted u n de r pr o p er con d i ti o ns to pr o d u ce
th e se e xt r a o rd i n a ry p o we rs
We a r e l i v i n g i n th e
m i d s t o f s u c h a m a ss o f m i r a cl e s d a y a n d n i gh t th a t
we d o n o t t h i n k a nyth i n g o f th e m
T h ere i s n o l i mi t
t o m a n s p o we r th e p o we r o f w o rd s a n d t h e p o we r o f
Y o u n d th a t i n e ve ry rel i gi o n
M o rti ca ti o n
m i nd
m o r t i c a t i o n s a n d a s cet i cis m s h a ve b ee n p r a cti se d
I n th es e re l igi o u s c o n ce p ti o n s th e H i n d u
s a l w a y s g o to
Y o u w i ll n d m e n st a n d i n g w i th th e i r
t h e e x tre m e s
h a n ds u p a l l the i r l i ve s u n t i l t he i r h a n d s wi the r a n d
die
M e n sl e e p s t a n d i n g d a y a n d n i gh t un t i l t h e i r
fe e t s wel l a n d i f the y l i ve th e l egs b ec o m e s o s ti ff i n
th i s p o s i ti o n th a t th ey c a n n o m ore b e n d th e m b u t h a v e
I O n ce s a w a m a n w h o h a d r a i se d
t o st a n d a l l th e i r l i ve s
h i s h a n d s i n th i s w a y a n d I a s ke d h i m h o w i t fel t
wh e n h e d i d i t rs t
H e s a i d i t w a s a w ful t o rtu re
It
w a s s u ch t o rt ure th a t h e h a d t o g o t o a ri ve r a n d p u
t
h i ms el f i n w a te r a n d t h a t a l l a ye d th e p a i n f o r a l i ttl e
A fte r a m o n t h h e d i d n o t su ffe r m uch
Th ro ugh s u ch
c a n b e a tt a i n e d
pr a ct i ce s p o we rs
C o n ce n tr a
a n d th a t i s Y o a
t ion
T h e co n ce nt r a t i o n i s
g
pr o pe r ; th a t i s t h e pri n c i p a l t h e m e o f t h i s s c i e n c e a n d
i t i s t h e h i ghe st m e a n s
T h e pre ce d i ng o n e s a r e o n l y
s e c o n d a ry a n d w e c a n no t a tt a i n to th e h i gh es t t h r o u gh
th e m
S a m ri a l zi i s th e m e a ns th r o u gh w h i ch we c a n
g a i n a ny th i ng a n d eve ry th i ng m e n ta l m o r a l o r
S p i ri tu a l
not

14

RA J A

210

Y O GA

2 T h e ch a ng e i nto a n oth er sp eci es i s by th e l l i ng i n


re
of n a tu
.

a n ce d th e p r o p o s i ti o n t h a t th e s e
d
v
j
p o we rs com e by b i rth s o m e ti m es by ch e m i c a l m e a ns
a nd
h e ha s
o r th e y m a y b e g o t by m o r t ica t i o n
a d m i tte d th a t th i s b o d y c a n b e k e p t f o r a n y l e ngth o f
ti m e
N o w h e g o e s o n t o s t a te w h a t i s th e c a u s e o f
th e ch a nge o f th e b o dy i n t o a n o th e r s pe ci e s w h i ch h e
s a y s i s by th e l l i n g i n o f n a tu re
I n th e n e x t a p h o r
i sm h e w i l l e xp l a i n th i s

a ia n a li

ha s

3 Good dee d s,
.

etc

a re n ot

th e di r ect

ca

uses i n th e

ur e but th ey a ct a s
b rea ker s of ob sta cles to th e ev oluti ons of n a tur e
tr a n sf orm

of

a ti on s

na t

as a

l to th e cour se of
n s down by i ts ow n n a tu
th e n r u
re

f a rm er br e a ks th e

w a te r whi ch
,

o sta c e s

Whe n a f a rm e r i s i rri g a t i n g h i s e l d th e w a te r i s
a l re a dy i n th e c a n a l s o n l y th e re a r e g a te s w h i ch k e ep
th e w a te r i n
T h e f a rm e r o pe n s th e se g a te s a n d th e
w a te r o ws i n b y i tse l f by th e l a w o f gr a v i t a ti o n
So a l l h u m a n p r o gre s s a n d p o we r a r e a l re a d y i n e ve ry
th i n g ; th i s p e rfe cti o n i s e ve ry m a n s n a tu re o n ly i t i s
ba rre d i n a n d p re ve n te d fr o m t a k i n g i ts p r o pe r c o u rs e
If a ny o n e c a n t a k e th e ba r o ff i n ru sh e s n a tu re
T h e n th e m a n a tt a i n s th e p o we rs wh i c h a r e h i s a l re a dy
T h o se w e c a l l e d w i ck e d b e c o m e s a i nts a s s o o n a s th e
ba r 1 8 b r o k e n a n d n a tu re ru sh e s i n
I t i s n a tu re th a t
i s d ri v i ng u s t o w a rd s p e rf e c ti o n a n d e ve n tu a l l y s h e
w i l l b ri ng ev e ry o n e the re
A l l the se p r a ct i ce s a n d
,

Y O GA

A P H O R I SM S

II

t r uggl e s to be c o m e re l i gi o u s a re o n l y n e ga t i ve w o rk
to t a k e o ff the b a rs a n d o pe n th e d o o rs t o th a t p e r f e c
ti o n wh i c h i s o ur b i rt h righ t o ur n a ture
T o d a y th e
e v o l u ti o n th e o ry o f th e a n c i e n t Yog i : w i l l b e b e tte r
u n d e rst o o d i n th e l igh t o f m o d e rn re se a rch
A n d ye t
th e th e o ry o f th e Yog i : i s a b e tte r e xp l a n a ti o n
The
t w o c a u se s o f e v o l u ti o n a d v a n ce d by th e m od e rn s
se x u a l sel e c ti o n a n d s u rv i v a l o f th e tte st a re i n a d e
qu a te
S upp o s e h u m a n k n o wl e dge to h a ve a d v a n ce d
s o m u ch a s t o e l i m i n a te c o mp e ti ti o n
b o th fro m th e
fu n cti o n o f a cqu i ri n g p hy s i c a l s u ste n a n ce a n d o f
T h e n a c c o rd i ng t o th e m o d e rn s
a cqu i ri ng a m a te
h u m a n pr o gre ss w i l l s t o p a n d th e r a ce w i l l d i e
A nd
th e re s u l t o f th i s th e o ry i s t o fu rn i sh e ve ry oppre sso r
w i th a n a rgu m e n t to c a l m th e q u a l m s o f c o n sc i e n ce
a n d m e n a r e n o t l a ck i n g w h o p o s i n g a s ph il o s o ph e rs
w a n t t o k i l l o ut a l l w i ck e d a n d i n c o mp e te n t p ers o n s
re
f
th
e
a
o
c
o
u
rse
th
e
nl
y
j
u
dge
s
o
f
co
m
pe
te
n
cy
o
)
( y
a n d th u s p re serve th e h u m a n r a ce !
B u t th e gre a t
d
e
cl
re
s
th
a t th e tru e
a n c i e n t e v o l u ti o n i st P a ta rz
a
l
a
i
j
se c re t o f e v o l u ti o n i s th e m a n i fe st a ti o n o f th e p e r f e c
ti o n wh i ch i s a l re a dy i n e ve ry b e i ng ; th a t th i s p e r f e c
t i o n h a s be e n b a rre d a n d th e i n n i te ti d e b e h i n d i s
s truggl i ng to e xp re s s i tse l f
T h e se s tr uggl e s a n d
be
r i gn o r a n ce
c o mpe ti ti o n s a r e b u t th e re su l ts o f o u
c a u s e we d o n o t k n o w th e p r o p e r w a y t o u nl o ck th e
g a te a n d l e t th e w a te r i n
T h i s i n n i te ti d e be h i n d
m u st e x pre s s i t s e l f a n d i t i s th e c a u s e o f a l l m a n i f e s
ta t i o n n o t c o mpe ti ti o n f o r l i fe o r s e x gr a ti c a ti o n
w h i c h a re o n ly m o m e n t a ry , u n n e c e s s a ry , e xtr a n e o u s
s

R A JA

212

Y O GA

e ffec ts c a u se d by i gno r a n ce
Eve n w h e n a l l c o m pe ti
t i o n h a s ce a se d th i s p e rfe ct n a tu re be h i n d wi ll m a k e us
ne
h
as
fo
rw
rd
u
nti
l
ev
ery
bec
m
e
p
e
rfe
ct
o
a
o
o
g
Th e re fo re th e re i s n o re a s o n t o bel i eve t h a t c o mp e ti
ti o n i s n e ce ss a ry t o p rogress
I n th e a n i m a l t h e m a n
w a s s u pp resse d b u t a s s o o n a s th e d oo r w a s o p e n e d
So i n m a n t h ere i s th e p o te n ti a l
t ru s h e d m a n
ou
kep
t
i
n
by
t
h
e
l
cks
a n d b a rs o f i gn o r a n ce
Wh
e
n
d
o
o
g
k n o wl e dge b re a k s t h es e b a rs t h e go d be co me s m a ni fes t
.

4 F r om
.

egoi sm a l on e

e
d
h
e
e
e
s
r
oc
t
c
r
a
e
d
m
i
n
d
t
p

T h e th e o ry o f K a r m a i s th a t we su ffe r f o r o ur g o o d
o r ba d d ee d s a n d th e w h o l e s c o p e of p h i l o s o p h y i s t o
A l l th e S cri p t ure s s i n g
a p p r o a ch th e gl o ry o f m a n
th e gl ory o f m a n o f t h e s oul a n d th e n wi th th e s a m e
A g o o d d e e d br i ngs
b re a th th ey p re a ch t h i s K a r m a
su ch a re sul t a n d a ba d de e d su ch a re s ul t bu t i f th e
s o u l c a n be a cte d u p o n b y a g o o d o r a ba d d ee d i t
B a d d e e ds pu t a ba r to th e m a n i
a m o u n ts t o n o th i n g
f e s ta ti o n O f o ur n a tu re o f th e P a r a f a a n d g o o d d e ed s
ta k e th e o bs t a cl e s o ff a n d i ts gl o ry be c o m es m a n i fe s t
B u t th e P a r a f a i ts e l f i s n e ve r ch a n ged Wh a t e ve r yo u
d o ne ve r d es tr o ys y o u r o w n gl o ry y o u r o w n n a tu re
be ca us e th e s o ul c a n n o t b e a c te d up o n by a n yt h i n g
o nl y a ve i l i s s pre a d be fo re i t h i d i n g i ts p e rfe cti o n
,

,
,

T h ough
m i n ds

th e
a re

c ontr ol l e

a cti

vi ti es

va r i ous

r of th em

of

th e
al l

th e di ff er en t

ri gi n a l

on e o

cr e a te d

m in d

i s th e

T h es e d i ffe re n t m i n d s wh i ch wi l l a c t i n th es e d i ff e r
a re
c a l l e d m a d e m i nds , a n d th e b o d ie s
e n t b o d i es
,

AP H O RI SM S

Y O GA

mad

21 3

e b o d i e s ; th a t i s m a n ufa ctu re d b o d i e s a n d m i n d s
M a tte r a n d m i n d a r e l i k e two i n e xh a u sti bl e s t o re
h o u se s
Wh e n yo u h a ve bec o me a Yog i yo u h a ve
l e a rn e d th e s e cre t o f t h e i r co ntro l
I t w a s y o u rs a l l
th e ti m e b u t yo uh a d f o rg o tte n i t
Wh e n yo ub e c o m e
a Yog i yo u rec o ll e ct i t
T h e n yo u c a n d o a nyth i n g
wi th i t m a n i p ul a t e i t i n e ve ry w a y yo u l i k e
The
m a teri a l o ut o f wh i c h th a t m a n u fa ctu re d m i n d i s c r e
a te d i s th e ve ry s a m e m a te ri a l w h i ch i s u se d a s th e
m a cr o c o s m
I t i s n o t th a t m i n d i s o n e t h i n g a n d m a t
t e r a n o th e r b u t t h e y a r e d i ffe re nt e xi ste n ce s o f th e
s a m e th i n g A m u
ai e g o i s m i s th e m a te ri a l t h e n e
st a te o f e xi ste n ce o ut o f w h i ch th e se m a d e m i n d s a n d
m a d e b o d i e s o f th e Yog i wi l l b e m a n u fa ctu re d T he re
f o re wh e n th e Y og i h a s f o u n d th e se cre t o f th e s e
e ne rgi e s o f n a tu re h e c a n m a nu fa ctu re a n y n u mb e r o f
b o d i e s o r m i n d s , bu t th e y wi l l a l l b e m a nu fa c tu re d
ou
t o f th e su b s ta n ce k n o w n a s egoi s m
-

'

va ri ous Ch i tta s th a t whi ch


by Sa m adh i i s desi r el ess

6 A m ong th e
.

i s a tta i n ed

A m o n g a l l th e v a ri o u s m i nd s th a t w e s e e i n v a ri o u s
m e n o nl y th a t m i n d w h i c h h a s a tt a i n e d to S a m d d/zf
A m a n w ho has
perfe ct c o nc e n tr a ti o n i s th e h i gh e st
a tt a i n e d c e rt a i n p o wers th r o ugh m ed i ci n e s o r th r o ugh
w o rd s o r t h ro ugh m o r t i c a t i o n s sti l l h a s d e s i re s b ut
'
t h a t m a n w h o h a s a tt a i n e d t o S a m zi a i th r o ug h c o n
c e n tr a t i o n i s a l o n e fre e fr o m a l l d e s i re s

R A JA

2 14

Y O GA

W orks a r e n ei th er bl a ck n or whi te f or the Y ogi s ;


f or oth er s th ey a r e thr eef ol d bl a ck whi te a nd
m i x ed
,

Wh e n t he Yog i h a s a t t a i n e d t o th a t s t a te o f p e r f e c
ti o n t h e a cti o n s o f th a t m a n a n d th e K a r m a p r o d u ce d
by th o s e a cti o n s w i l l n o t b i n d h i m be c a u se h e d i d n o t
d es i re th e m
H e j us t w o rk s o n ; h e w o rks t o d o g o o d
a n d h e d o e s g o o d b u t d o e s n o t c a re for th e res ul t a n d
i t w i ll n o t c o m e t o h i m
B u t for o rd i n a ry m e n w h o
h a v e n o t a tt a i n e d to th a t h i gh e s t s ta te w o rk s a r e o f
thre e k i n d s b l a ck ( e vi l a cti o n s ) w h i te ( g o o d a c ti o n s ) ,
a n d m i xe d
,

8 Fr om th ese th r eef ol d w orks


.

ni f e sted i n ea ch
sta te only th ose d esi r es ( wh i ch a re) tti n g to
th a t sta te a l on e ( Th e oth er s a r e h eld i n a bey
a n ce f or th e ti m e b ei n g )
a re m a

I h a v e m a d e the t h re e k i n d s of K a r m a ,
g o o d ba d a n d m i xe d , a n d s upp o se I d i e a n d b e c o m e a
a g o d b o d y a r e n o t th e
i
n
h
e
ve
n
th
e
d
e
s
i
re
s
i
n
o
a
d
;
g
sa m e a s th e d e s i re s i n a h u m a n b o dy
T h e g o d b o dy
n e i the r e a t s n o r d ri n k s ; wh a t b e c o m e s o f my p a s t
u n w o rk e d K a r m a s wh i ch p r o d u ce a s th e i r e ffe c t th e
d e si re to e a t a n d d ri n k
Wh e re w o ul d th e se K a r m a :
a
o
wh
e
n
I
be
c
m
e
a
o
T
he
a
n
swe
r
i
s
th
t
d
e
s
i
re
s
d
a
g
g
ca n o nl y m a n i fe st th e m se l ve s i n p r o pe r e n v i r o n me n ts
O nl y th o se d e si re s w i l l c o m e o ut f o r wh i ch th e e n v i r o n
me n t i s tted ; th e re s t w il l re m a i n st o re d u p
I n th i s
l ife w e h a ve m a ny g o d ly d e si re s m a ny h u m a n d e s i re s,
Su p p os e
,

Y O GA
m an y a n i m a l

A P H O R I SM S

21

d e s i re s
I f I ta k e a g o d b o d y o n l y th e
g o o d d e s i re s w i l l c o m e up , be c a u se f o r th e m th e
e n v i r o n m e nts a r e s u i t a b l e
A n d i f I ta k e a n a n i m a l
b o dy o n l y th e a n i m a l d e s i re s w i l l com e u p a n d th e
g o o d d e s i re s w i l l w a i t Wh a t d o e s th a t sh o w
T ha t
by m e a n s o f e nv i r o n m e n t w e c a n c he ck th e se d e s i re s
O n l y th a t K a r m a w h i ch i s s u ite d t o a n d tte d f o r th e
e n v i r o n m e n ts w i l l c o m e o ut T h i s pr o ve s th a t th e
p o we r o f e n v i r o n m e n t i s th e gre a t c h e ck t o c o n tr ol
e ve n K a r m a i ts e l f
,

9 T h er e i s

uti ven ess i n desi r e

co se c

sep a a ted

by

ry

of m em o

th ou
gh

ti m e, th er e be

sp eci es, sp a ce a n d

i ng i denti ca ti on

v n

e e

a nd i m

es
s
i
s
r
n
o
p

E xpe ri e n ce s

b e c o m i n g ne b e c o m e i mp re s s i o n s ;
i m pre s s i o n s r e v i v i e d b e c o m e m e m o ry
T h e w o rd
m e m o ry h e re i n cl u d e s u n c o n s c i o u s c o o rd i n a ti o n o f
p a st e x pe ri e n ce re d u ce d t o i m pre s s i o n s w i th p re se n t
I n e a c h b o dy th e gr o up o f i m p re s
c o n sci o u s a cti o n
s i o n s a cqu i re d i n a s i m i l a r b o d y o n ly wi l l b e c o m e th e
c a u s e o f a ct i o n i n th a t b o dy
T h e e xp eri e n ce s o f d i s
E a c h b o dy
s i m i l a r b o d i e s w i l l b e h e l d i n a b ey a n ce
w i l l a c t a s i f i t w e re a d e sce n d a n t o f a s er i e s o f b o d ie s
o f th a t s pe c ie s o n ly ; th u s c o n se cu ti ve n e ss o f d es i re s
w i l l n o t be br o k e n
.

10 T h i r st f or h a p p i n ess
wi th out b egi nni n g
.

b ei ng

ete

rn a l

desi res

a re

e x pe ri e n c e i s p re ce d e d b y d e s i re f o r b e c o m i n g
T h e r e w a s n o b e g i n n i n g o f e x p e ri e n ce a s
ha p p y
All

R A JA

216

Y O GA

e a ch fre sh experi e n ce i s b u i l t u p o n th e te n d e n c y ge n e
r a te d b y p a s t e xp eri e nc e ; th ere fore d e s ire i s w i th o ut
begi n n i ng
.

1 1 Bei n g h el d togeth er by ca use, eff e ct, s upp ort, a n d


h
s
e
c
t
s
i
n
e
n
c
e
f
h
b
b
ob
t
e
a
o
t
s
s
s
a
i
e
e
i
t
s en ce
,
j
.

T he se d e si re s a r e h e l d t o ge th e r by c a u se a n d e ffect ;
i f a d e si re h a s b ee n r a i s e d i t d o e s n o t d i e w i th o u t p r o
T h e n a g a i n th e m i n d stu ff i s th e
d uc i n g i ts effe ct
gre a t st o re h o u se t h e s upp ort o f a l l p a s t d e si re s
re du ced to S a m a ri r a f o rm ; u n ti l the y h a v e w o rk e d
th e m se l ve s o ut th ey w i l l n o t d ie
M o re o ve r s o l o n g
a s t h e se n se s re ce i ve th e e xtern a l obj e cts fre s h d e s i re s
w il l a ri s e
I f i t b e p os s ib l e to ge t ri d o f th e s e th e n
a l o n e d e s i re s w i l l v a n i s h
-

1 2 T h e p a st a n d futur e exi st i n th ei r
qua li ti es h a vi n g di ff er en t w a y s
.

ur e

ow n n a t

1 3 T h ey
.

a re

m a n i f e ste d or n e,

b ei n g of th e n a tur e of

na s
th e Gu

T h e G a a a : a re th e th re e s ub st a n ce s S a ttv a R aja : ,
w h o s e gr o s s s t a te i s th e se n si bl e u n i v ers e
a nd T a m a :
P a s t a n d fu t ure a r i s e fr o m t h e d i ffere n t m o d e s o f m a n i
f e s ta t i o n o f th e s e G a zza a
,

un i ty i n thi n gs i s f r om th e uni ty i n ch a n ges


T h ough th er e a r e th r ee sub sta n ces th ei r cha ng es
b ei n g cc or di n a ted a l l obj e cts h a v e th ei r un i ty
1 5 T h e obj ect bei n g th e sa m e p er ce p ti on a n d desir e
va ry accor di ng to th e va ri ous m i n ds

1 4 Th e
.

AP H O R I S M S

Y O GA

unkn own to th e m i n d b ei n g
r i ng whi ch th ey
i
v
th e col ou
e
t
o
g

1 6 T hi ngs a re kn own
.

dep en dent

on

217

or

th e m i n d

1 7 T h e sta tes of th e

m i n d a r e a lw a y s

th e

kn own b eca use

l ord of th e m i n d i s unch a ngea bl e

T h e wh o l e gi s t o f th i s th eo ry i s th a t th e u n i vers e i s
A n d b o th th e m e n t a l a n d
b o th me n t a l a n d m a teri a l
m a teri a l w o rl d s a r e i n a c o n ti n u o u s st a te o f u x
Wh a t i s th i s b o o k
I t i s a c o mb i n a t i o n o f m ol ec ul e s
i n c o n s t a n t c h a nge
O n e l o t i s goi ng o ut a n d a n o th e r
c o m i n g i n ; i t i s a w h irl p o o l b u t w h a t m a k e s th e
u n i ty
Wh a t m a k e s i t t h e s a m e b o o k
T h e c h a nge s
a r e rhy th m i c a l ; i n h a rm o n i ou s ord e r th ey a r e s e nd i n g
i m pre ss i o n s t o my m i n d a n d th e se p ie c e d toge th e r
m a k e a c o n ti n u o u s p ic ture a l th ough t h e p a rts a r e
c o n ti n u o u sl y ch a ngi n g
M i n d i tsel f i s c o n ti n u o u sl y
ch a ngi n g
T h e m i n d a n d b o d y a r e l i k e tw o l a ye rs i n
th e s a m e s ub st a n ce m o v i n g a t d i ffere n t r a te s o f sp eed
R e l a t i ve l y o n e be i n g sl o we r a n d th e o th er q u i c ke r w e
For
d i s ti n g u i s h b e twe e n t h e tw o m o ti o n s
ca n
i n s t a n c e a tr a i n i s m ov i n g a n d a n o th e r c a rri a ge i s
m o v i ng sl o wl y a l o ngs i d e i t
I t i s p os si bl e t o nd th e
m o ti o n o f b o th th es e t o a c e rt a i n e x te n t
B u t s ti l l
M o ti o n c a n o n l y b e p er
s o me th i n g el s e i s n e ce ss a ry
c e i v e d wh e n th e re i s s o me th i n g e l se wh i ch i s n o t m o v
in g
B u t wh e n tw o o r th re e th i ngs a r e re l a ti ve l y
m o v i ng w e rs t pe rce i v e th e m o t i o n o f th e f a ste r o n e
H ow i s th e m i nd to
a n d th e n th a t o f th e sl o we r o ne s
ux
rce
i
ve
I
t
i
s
a l so i n a
T
h
e
re
fore
a n o th e r
?
e
p
.

RA JA

218

Y O GA

th i ng i s n e ce ss a ry wh i ch m o ve s m o re sl ow ly , t h e n yo u
m u st ge t t o s o m e th i ng i n wh i ch th e m o ti o n i s sti l l
s l o we r a n d s o o n a n d yo u w i l l n d n o e nd
T h er e
f o re l o gi c c o mp el s yo uto s t o p s o m ewh e re Y o um ust
c o mp l ete th e se rie s by k n o w i ng s om e th i ng w h i c h n eve r
c h a n ge s
B e h i nd th i s n eve r e nd i n g ch a i n o f m o ti o n i s
the P a n d a , th e ch a n gel e ss th e c o l o u rl e s s th e p ure
A l l th e s e i m p re ss i o n s a r e m e re l y re ecte d up o n i t a s
r a ys o f l i gh t fr o m a c a m e r a a r e re e cte d u p o n a wh i te
s h e e t , p a i n ti ng h u n d re d s o f p i c tu re s o n i t , w i t h o u t i n
a n y w a y t a rn i sh i n g th e sh e e t
,

1 8 M i nd i s
.

lf lum i n ous b ei n g a n obj ect

n ot se

T re m e n d o u s p o we r i s m a n i fe ste d e ve rywh e re i n
n a ture b u t ye t s o m e th i ng te l l s u s th a t i t i s n o t s e l f
l u m i n o u s n o t e sse n ti a l l y i n te l l ige n t
T he P a r a f a
a n d gi ve s i ts l igh t t o e ve ry
a l on e i s s e l f l u m i n ou s
th i n g
I t i s i ts p o we r th a t i s pe r c o l a ti n g t h r o ugh a l l
m a tte r a n d f o rce
,

1 9 F r om i ts
.

th e

b ei ng un a bl e

sa m e

to

ni se

cog

tw o thi ngs

at

ti m e

I f th e m i n d w e re s e l f l u m i n o u s i t w o u l d b e a bl e to
cogn is e e very th i ng a t th e s a m e ti m e w h i c h i t c a n n o t
I f yo u p a y d e e p a tte n ti o n t o o n e th i n g yo u l o s e
a n other
I f th e m i n d we re se l f l u m i n o u s th ere wo ul d
b e n o l im i t t o th e i mpre s si o n s i t c o u l d re ce i ve
The
P a r a :a c a n c ogn i se a l l i n o n e m o m e nt ; th e re f o re t h e
P a n d a i s se l f l u m i n o u s a n d th e m i n d i s n o t
-

Y O GA

A P H O R I SM S

219

m ed th er e wi ll
20 A n oth er cogni si n g m i n d b ei ng a ssu
ch a ssu
si on of
be no end to su
m pti on s a n d conf u
.

ry

m em o

L et

u s su pp o se th e re i s a n o th e r m i n d wh i ch c o gn i se s
th e rst th e re w i l l h a v e to be s o me th i n g w h i ch c o g
n i s e s th a t a n d s o th e re w i l l b e n o e n d t o i t
It will
re su l t i n c o n fu si o n o f m e m o ry th e re w i l l b e n o s t o re
h o u se o f m e m o ry
,

21 T h e
.

e ssen ce of

ch a n ge a

bl e

kn owl edge ( th e Burusa ) b ei n g nu


wh en th e m i n d ta kes i ts f orm i t
'

b ecom es con sci ous


P

ta aja l i

s a y s th i s t o m a k e i t m o re cl e a r th a t k n o w l
ed ge i s n o t a qu a l i ty o f th e P a r a fa
Wh e n th e m i n d
c o m e s n e a r th e P a r a f a i t i s re e cte d a s i t were up o n
th e m i n d a n d th e m i n d f o r th e ti m e be i ng be c o m e s
k n o w i ng a n d s e e m s a s i f i t we re i tse l f th e P a r a f a
a

r ed by th e
22 Col ou

r a n d th e seen th e m i n d i s abl e
n der sta n d everyth i n g
to u

see

th e o n e s i d e th e e x te rn a l worl d th e se e n i s
be i n g re e cte d a n d on th e o th e r t h e se e r i s b e i ng
re e cte d ; th u s c o m e s th e p o we r o f a l l k n o wl e dge t o
th e m i n d
On

m er a bl e desi r es
23 T h e m i n d th r ough i ts i nn u
.

a n oth e

T he mind
th e re f o re i t

is

a cts

f or

r (th e P uruss ) b ei ng com b i n a ti ons


,

c o m p o u n d o f v a ri o u s th i ngs a n d
c a n n o t w o rk f or i t s e l f
E ve ry t h i ng th a t
a

R A JA Y O GA

220

i s a c o mb i n a ti o n i n th i s w o rl d h a s s o m e o b je c t f o r th a t
c o mb i n a ti on som e th i rd th i ng f o r wh i ch th i s c o mb i n a
So th i s c o mb i n a ti o n o f th e m i n d i s
ti o n i s goi ng o n
f o r th e P a r a f a
,

24 For th e di scr i m i n a ti ng th e p ercepti on


.

as

Atm a n

of

th e m i n d

ce a se s

T h ro ugh d i scri m i n a ti o n th e
a r a f a i s not mi nd

Yog i

k n o ws th a t

th e

25

T h en

b ent on

di scr i m i na ti n g th e m i n d

K
i
l
r
e
v
o
u
s
f
a
v
a
y
a
o
i
s
t
a
t
e
p

a tta i

( i sol a ti on )

n s the

Th u s th e pr a cti ce o f Yog a l e a d s t o d i s cri m i n a ti n g


p ower to cl e a rn e ss o f v i s i o n
T h e ve i l d r o ps fr o m th e
eyes a n d w e s e e th i ngs a s th ey a r e
W e n d th a t th i s
n a ture i s a c o m p o u n d , a n d i s sh o w i n g th e p a n o ra m a
f o r th e P a r a f a , w h o i s t h e w i tn e ss ; th a t th i s n a tu re i s
n o t th e L o rd
th a t th e wh o l e o f th e se c o mb i n a t i o n s o f
n a t ur e a r e s i m p ly f o r th e s a k e o f sh o w i ng th e se ph e
h ome na
th e e nthr o n e d k i ng w i th i n
t o th e P a r a f a
Wh e n d i s cri m i n a t i o n c o m e s by l o n g p ra c ti c e fe ar
ce a se s a n d th e m i n d a tt a i n s i s o l a t i o n
,

26 T h e th ou
h
t
h
a
t
s
t
g
.

ri se a s ob structi ons to th a t ar e

f r om i m p r essi ons

th e v a ri o u s i d e a s th a t a ri s e m a ki n g u s b e l i eve
th a t we re qu i re s o m e th i n g e x te rn a l to m a k e u s h a ppy
a r e o b s tr u ct i o n s t o th a t
a r a f a is
e
rfe
t
i
n
T
h
P
o
c
e
p
A ll

AP H O R I S M S

Y O GA

h a pp i n ess

22 1

bl e ssed n e ss by i ts o w n n a tu re
B ut th a t
kn owl ed ge i s cove re d o ve r by p a s t i mpre s s i o n s T h e s e
i mpre s si o n s h a ve to wo rk th e m se l ve s o ut
a nd

27 T h ei r destr ucti on i s i n th e

sa m e

i gn or a n ce, etc

a s sa i d

b ef or e

m a nn e

as

of

28 Ev en

wh en a rr i vi ng a t th e r i gh t di scri m i n a ti ng
kn owl edge of th e e ssences h e w h o gi v es up th e
f r ui ts unto h i m com es a s th e r esu
l t of p erf ect
di scr i m i na ti on th e Sa m adhi ca ll ed th e cl oud of

vi rtue

Wh e n th e Yog i h a s a tt a i n e d t o th i s d i scri m i n a ti o n a l l
t h ese p owe rs w i l l c o m e th a t we re m e n ti o ne d i n th e l a s t
U n to h i m
c h a pte r b u t th e tru e Yog i rej e cts th e m a l l
c o m e s a pe cu l i a r k n o wl edge a p a rt i cu l a r l igh t c a l l e d
th e D /za r m a M eg /Ea th e cl o u d o f v i rtu e
A l l th e gre a t
pr o p h e ts o f t h e w o rl d w h o m h i st o ry h a s re c o rd e d h a d
th i s
T h ey h a d f o u nd th e wh o l e f o u n d a ti o n o f k n o wl
edge wi th i n t h e m se l ve s
Trut h to th e m h a d b e c om e
re a l
P e a ce a n d c a l m n e s s a n d p e rfe ct p u ri ty b e c a m e
th e i r o w n n a tu re a fte r th ey h a d gi ve n u p a l l th e se
v a n i ti e s o f p o we rs
,

,
.

29 Fr om th a t com es ce s sa ti on of p a i n s
.

and

w orks

Whe n th a t cl o ud o f v i rtu e h a s c o m e th e n n o m o re i s
th ere fe a r o f f a l l i n g n o th i n g c a n d r a g th e Yog i d ow n
N o m o re p a i n s
No m o re w i l l th e re b e e vi l s f o r h i m
,

RA J A

2 22

O GA

ri ti es
30 T h en kn owl edge, ber ef t of c ov er i ng a n d i m p u
becom i ng i nni te, th e kn ow a b l e b ecom es sm a ll
.

i tse l f i s th e re ; i ts c o ve ri ng i s g o n e O n e
of th e B ud d h i sti c s cri p tu re s s u m s u p w h a t i s m e a n t bv
th e B ud d h a ( w h i ch i s th e n a m e o f a s t a te )
I t de n e s
i t a s i n n i te k n o w l ed ge i n n i te a s th e s ky Je s u s
A l l o f yo u
a tt a i ne d t o th a t a n d b ec a m e the C h ri s t
w ill a tt a i n t o th a t st a te a n d k n o wl e dge b e c o m i ng
i n n i te t h e k n o w a bl e b e c o m e s s m a l l
T h i s w h ol e
u n i ver s e w i th a l l i ts k n o w a bl e b e c o m e s a s n o th i ng
T h e o rd i n a ry m a n th i n k s h i m sel f
be f o re th e P a r a f a
v ery s m a l l b eca u s e to h i m th e kn o w a bl e s e e m s to b e
s o i n n i te
K n owl ed ge

31 T h en
.

of

a re

th e

ni sh ed th e

qua l i ti es

s ccessi

ve tr a n sf orm a ti ons

th ey h a vi ng

a tta i

n ed th e end

T h e n a l l th es e v a ri o u s tr a n sf o rm a ti o n s o f th e qu a l i
ti e s w h i ch c h a nge fr o m s p ec i e s to sp e c i es ce a s e f o r
eve r
,

32 T h e ch a nges th a t
.

whi ch

p e cei

a re

r i es )

en d of a se

x i st i n r el a ti on to m om ents

v ed

at

oth e

th e

a re s ccessi o

en d

an d

( a t th e

ta aja l i

h ere d e n e s th e w o rd su c ce ss i o n th e
ch a n ge s th a t e x i st i n re l a t i o n to m o m e n ts
Wh i l e I
am
th i nk i ng m a n y m o m e n ts p a ss a n d wi th e a ch
m om e n t th e re i s a c h a nge o f i d e a b u t w e o n l y p e rce iv e
th e se c h a n ge s a t th e e n d o f a s e ri e s
So p erce p ti o n
o f ti m e i s a l w a y s i n th e m e m o ry
Thi s i s ca l l e d m e
a

Y O GA

AP H O R I SM S

2 23

ce ss i o n , bu t f o r th e m i n d th a t h a s re a l i se d o m n i p r e s
e n ce a l l th ese h a ve n i sh e d
E v eryth i n g h a s b e c o m e
p re se n t f o r i t ; t h e p re se n t a l o n e e x i sts th e p a s t a n d
fu tu re a r e l o s t
T h i s s t a n d s c o n tr o l l e d a n d a l l k n o wl
e dge i s t he re i h o n e se c o n d
E v e ry th i n g i s k n o wn
l i ke a a sh
.

a li ti es,
33 T h e r e sol u
ti on i n th e i n v er se or der of th e qu
.

b er ef t of a ny m oti v e of a cti on f or th e Bur usa i s


Ka i v a ly a or i t i s th e e sta b l i sh m ent of th e
n
n
e
i
n
i
t
s
o
a
u
e
w
r
f
wl
n
r
e
k
o
e
d
t
o
o
w
g
p
,

N a tu re s t a sk i s d o n e th i s u n se l sh t a s k w h i ch o ur
swe e t n u rs e N a tu re h a d i m p o se d u p o n h e rse l f A s i t
we re s h e ge n tl y t o o k th e se l f f o rge tti n g s o u l b y the
h a n d a n d sh o we d h i m a l l th e e x pe ri e n ce s i n th e u n i
ve rs e a l l m a n i fe st a ti o n s bri n gi n g h i m h i ghe r a n d
h i gh e r th r o ugh v a ri o u s b o d i e s ti l l h i s gl o ry c a m e
b a ck a n d h e re m e mb e re d h i s o w n n a tu re
T h e n th e
k i n d m o th e r we n t b a ck th e s a m e w a y s h e c a me fo r
o th e rs w h o a l s o h a v e l o st th e i r w a y i n th e tr a ck l e ss
A n d th u s i s s h e w o rk i n g
d e se rt o f l i fe
w i th o u t
begi n n i ng a n d w i th o u t e n d
A n d th u s th r o ugh pl e a s
u re a n d p a i n th r o ugh g o o d a n d e v i l th e i n n i te ri ve r
o f s o u l s i s o w i n g i n t o the o c e a n o f pe rfe cti o n o f s e l f
re a l i s a ti o n
G l o ry u n t o th o s e w h o h a ve re a l i se d t h e i r o w n
n a tu re ; m a y th e i r bl e s s i ng s be o n us a l l

A P P E N DI X
R E FER ENC ES

Y OGA

T O

Sv e tai v a ta r a U p a n i sh a d
C /zap ter I ]

Wh e re th e re i s c h u rn e d w h e re th e a i r i s
wh e re th e o w o f Som a b e c o m e s p l e n ti ful
c o n tr o l l e d
th e re a ( p e rfe ct ) m i n d i s c re a te d
P l a c i ng
th e b o dy i n wh i c h th e ch e s t th e th r o a t a n d th e h e a d
a r e h el d e re c t i n a str a i gh t p o st u re m a k i ng th e o rg a n s
e n te r t he m i n d th e s a ge cr o s se s a l l th e fe a rf ul c ur
re n ts by m e a n s o f th e r a f t o f B r a / m a n
T he m a n o f we l l regul a te d e n d e a v o u rs c o n tr o l s th e
'
P r azza a n d wh e n i t h a s b e c o m e qu i e te d b re a th e s o ut
th r o ugh th e n o s tri l s
T h e p e rse ve ri n g s a ge h o l d s h i s
m i n d a s a ch a ri o te e r h o l d s th e re s ti ve h o rse s
I n l o n e l y pl a ce s a s m o u n t a i n c a ve s e tc wh e re th e
o o r i s e ve n fre e o f p ebb l e s o r s a n d wh e re th e re a re
n o d i st urb i ng n o i se s fr o m m e n o r w a te rf a l l s i n pl a ce s
h el p ful t o th e m i nd a n d pl e a s i ng t o th e eye s Yog a i s
to b e p r a c ti se d ( m i n d i s t o b e j o i n e d )
Li k e s n o wf a ll s m o k e s u n w i n d re re y l i gh t
n i ng crys t a l m o o n th e se f o rm s c o m i n g be f o re
gr a d u a l l y m a n i fe s t th e B r a / m a n i n Yog a
Wh e n th e p e rce pti o n s o f Yog a a ri s i ng fr o m e a rth ,
wa te r l i g h t , re , e th e r h a v e t a k e n p l a c e th e n Yog a
2
2
[ 4]
2-6 - 1 4

A P P END I X
be g un

ha s

a ge , n o r

U n to h i m d o e s
d e a th , w h o h a s g o t
.

225

d i se as e , no r o l d
b o dy m a d e up o f th e re

no t c om e

T h e r s t s i gn s o f e n te ri n g Yog a a re l igh tn e s s h e a l th
th e s k i n be c o m e s s m o o th th e c o m p l e x i o n c l e a r , th e
v o i c e be a u ti ful a n d th e re i s a n a gre e a bl e o d o ur i n th e
body
14
A s g o l d o r s i l v e r rs t c o ve re d w i th e a rt h, e tc ,
a n d th e n b u rn e d a n d w a s h e d
sh i n e s fu l l o f l i gh t s o
th e e mb o d i e d m a n se e i n g th e tru th o f th e j tm a a a s
o n e a tt a i n s th e g o a l a n d b e c o m e s s o rr o wl e s s
,

q u o te d by Sa n ka ra

Y zi jn a v a l kya ,

A fte r pr a ct is i n g t h e p o stu re s a s d e s i re d , a c c o rd i n g
t o ru l e s th e n 0 Garg i t h e m a n w h o h a s c o nqu e re d
th e p o s tu re w i l l p r a cti se P r oi zzciydm a
O n th e se a t o f e a rth sp re a d i n g th e K a f a gr a s s
a n d o ve r i t a sk i n
w o rsh i pp i n g Ga rzap a tz w i th fru i ts
a n d swe e tm e a ts
se a te d o n th a t s e a t p l a ci n g th e O p p o
s i te h a n d s o n th e k n e e s h o l d i n g th e th r o a t a n d he a d
i n th e s a me l i n e th e l i p s cl o se d a n d rm f a c i n g th e
e a s t o r th e n o rth th e eye s x e d o n th e ti p o f th e n ose
a v o i d i n g t o o m u ch f o o d o r f a st i ng th e N ri a i : s h o ul d b e
p ur i e d a cc o rd i n g to th e a b o ve m e n ti o n e d ru l e w i th
o u t wh i ch th e p r a ct i ce w i l l b e fr u i tl e s s t h i n k i n g o f th e
a t th e j u n ct i o n o f P i n a l ci a n d [ al i
se
e
d
w
am
o rd )
g
(

2
1
1
sh
o
ul
d
b
e
th
e
r
igh
t
a n d th e l e ft n o stri l s
th
e
[
4
)
(
l l e d w i th e x te rn a l a i r i n twe l v e M atr zi : ( se c o nd s )
the n th e Yog i m e d i t a te s re i n th e s a m e pl a ce a n d th e
R a rzg a n d w h i l e m e d i t a ti n g th u s , s l owl y re j e ct s
w o rd
,

'

IS

R A JA

226

Y O GA

t h r o ugh th e P i ag a /ci ( righ t n o s tri l )


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i ng i n thr o ugh th e P za g a l zi th e a i r s h o u l d b e s l o wl y
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i n th e s a m e w a y T h is
s h o u ld b e p r a cti se d f o r thre e o r fo u r ye a rs o r three
o r f o u r m o n th s a c c o rd i n g to th e d i rec ti o ns o f a G a r a
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T h e n s h o ul d b e p r a cti se d P r ci a aya m a
c o m p o sed o f R or/za lza ( e x h a l a ti o n ) K a m a/i o t a ( reten
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th e fe e t i n th i rty tw o M arn i : to b e th r o w n o ut wi th
s i x ty f o u r th e K a m o/za a s h o ul d b e m a d e
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s i x te e n M dtn i : th e b o d y i s to b e ll e d th e n th e K a m
M a ka i s m a d e w i th s i x ty f o u r a n d w i th th i rty tw o it
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8 T h a t w h i ch i s n o t a m e a ns o f l ib er a ti o n i s n o t to
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1:

IM M O R T A L IT Y

WH
A T q ue sti o n h a s be e n a ske d a gre a te r n u m be r of
t i m e s ; w h a t i d e a h a s s e n t m e n m o re to se a rch th e u n i
verse f o r a n a n swe r w h a t q u e s ti o n i s n e a re r a n d d e a re r
t o th e h u m a n h e a rt wh a t q u e s ti o n i s m o re i n se p a r a bl y
c o n ne cte d w i th o ur e x i s te n ce th a n th i s o n e th e
i m m o rt a l i ty o f th e h u m a n s o ul ?
I t h a s be e n th e
th e m e o f p o e ts a n d o f s a ge s o f p ri e sts a n d o f
p r o p h e ts ; k i ngs o n th e th r o n e h a ve d is cu s se d i t beg
g a rs i n th e s tre e t h a ve d re a m t o f i t
T h e b est of
h u m a n k in d h a ve a p p r o a ch e d i t a n d th e w o rs t o f
h um a n k i n d h a ve a l w a y s h o p e d f o r i t T h e i n te re s t i n
th e th e m e h a s n o t d i e d ye t n o r w i l l i t d i e s o l o n g a s
V a ri o u s a n swe rs h a v e be e n pre
h u m a n n a tu re e x i s ts
se n te d t o th e w o rl d by v a ri o u s m i n d s
T h o u s a nd s
a ga i n
i n e ve ry p e ri o d o f h i st o ry h a ve gi ve n u p th e
d i scu ss i o n a n d y e t th e q u e sti o n re m a i n s fre s h a s ever
M a n y ti me s i n th e turm o i l s a n d s tru ggl e s o f o ur l i ve s
w e se e m to forge t th e qu e s ti o n ; a l l o f a su d d e n s o m e
o n e d i e s ; o ne
p erh a p s w h o m w e l oved o n e n e a r a n d
d e a r t o o ur h e a rts i s s n a tch e d a w a y fr o m u s T h e
s tru ggl e th e d i n a n d tu rm o i l o f t h e w o rl d a r o u n d u s
ce a se f o r a m o m e n t b e com e si l e n t a n d th e s o u l a sks
th e o l d q u e sti o n
Wh a t a fte r t hi s
W h a t b e c om e s
,

I M M O RTA L I TY

2 32

th e s o ul ? A l l h u m a n k n owl ed ge p r o cee d s o ut o f
e xp eri e n ce ; we c a n n o t k n ow a nyth i ng e x cep t by e xp e
ri e nc e
A l l o ur re a so ni ng i s b a se d u p o n ge ner a l i se d
e x p eri e nce a l l o ur k n o wl e dge i s b u t a s o rt o f h a rm o n
i se d e xp eri e n ce
L o o k i ng a ro u n d u s wh a t d o w e n d ?
A c o n ti n u o u s ch a nge
T h e p l a n t c o m e s o ut o f t h e
seed a n d th e s e ed b e c o m e s th e pl a n t a g a i n ; th e p l a n t
gr o w s i n t o th e tre e c o mp l e te s th e ci rcl e a n d c o m e s
b a ck t o th e se ed
T h e a n i m a l c o m e s l i ve s a cert a i n
ti m e d i e s a n d c o m pl e te s th e ci rcl e
80 d oe s m a n
Th e m o u n t a i n s s l o wly b u t su re l y cru mb l e a w a y th e
ri ve rs sl o wl y bu t su re l y d ry u p r a i n s c o m e o ut o f th e
s ea
a n d g o b a ck t o th e s e a
Ev eryw he re i t i s ci rcl e s
be i n g c o mp l e ted b i rth gr o w th d eve l o p me n t a n d
d e c a y f o l l o w i n g e a ch o th e r w i th m a th e m a ti c a l pre ci
sion
T h i s i s o ur e very d a y e x pe ri e n ce
I ns id e o f i t
a l l b e h i nd a l l th i s v a st m a ss o f w h a t we c a l l l i fe o f
m il l i o n s o f f o rm s a n d s h a p es m i l l i o n s up o n m i l l i o n s o f
v a ri e ti e s b egi n n i n g fr o m th e l ow es t a t o m t o th e
h igh e s t sp i ri tu a l i se d m a n w e n d e x i sti ng a c er t a i n
u n i ty
E very d a y we n d th a t t h e w a l l th a t w a s
th o ugh t to b e d i v i d i n g o n e su bst a n ce a n d a n o th e r i s
b e i n g b r o k e n d ow n a n d a l l m a tte r i s c o m i n g t o b e
rec o gn i se d by m o d er n sci e n ce a s o n e s ub st a n ce m a n i
fe sti n g i n d i ffere n t w a y s a n d i n v a ri o u s form s th e o n e
l i fe th a t ru n s l i k e a c o n ti nu o u s ch a i n th r o ugh o u t o f
wh i ch a l l th e se v a ri o u s f o rm s repre se n t th e l i n ks l i nk
a fte r l i nk
e x te n d i n g a l m o s t i n n i te ly b u t o f th e s a m e
o n e ch a i n
T h i s i s w h a t i s c a l l e d e vol u ti o n
It is a n
O l d , o l d i d e a a s o l d a s h u m a n s o ci e t y , o n ly i t i s getti n g
of

I M M O R TA L I TY

2 33

h u m a n k n o wl ed ge i s g o i n g o n
T h ere i s o n e th i n g m o re wh i ch th e a nci e n ts p er c e iv e d
a n d th a t i s i nv o l u ti o n ; b u t i n m o der n ti m e s th i s i s n o t
ye t s o cl e a rly p erce i ve d
T he se ed i s bec om i ng th e
p l a n t ; a gr a i n o f s a n d ne ver b ec o m e s a p l a n t
It is
t h e f a th e r th a t be c o m e s th e ch i l d
A l u m p o f cl a y
ne ve r b e c o m e s th e ch i l d
O ut o f w h a t th i s ev o l u ti o n
c o m e s i s th e q u est i o n
Wh a t w a s th e se ed ? I t w a s
th e s a m e a s th e tre e A l l th e p o ss ib i l i ti e s o f a fu ture
tre e a r e i n th a t se e d ; a l l th e p o ss i b i l i ti e s o f a fu ture
m a n a r e i n th e l i ttl e b a by ; a l l t h e p o ss ib i l i ti e s o f a n y
f u tu re l ife a r e i n th e germ W h a t i s th i s ? T h e a n ci e n t
p h i l o sop h ers o f I n d i a c a l l e d i t i n v o l u ti o n
We n d
th e n th a t e very e v o l ut i o n p re sup p o se s a n i nv o l u ti o n
N o th i n g c a n b e ev o lve d w h i c h i s n o t a l re a dy i n
e re
a g a i n m o dern sci e n ce c o m e s t o o u
r h el p
Y o uk n o w
b y m a t h e m a ti c a l re a s o n i n g th a t th e s u m t o t a l o f th e
e n ergy t h a t i s d i spl a ye d i n th e u n iv er se i s th e s a m e
thr o ugh o u t
Y ou ca n n o t ta k e a wa y o n e a tom of m a t
Y o u c a n n o t a d d to
te r o r o n e f o o t p o u n d o f f o rce
t h e u n i ve rs e o n e a t o m o f m a tte r o r o n e f o o t p o u n d o f
force
A s su ch ev o l u ti on d i d n o t c o m e o ut o f z er o
th e n w h ere i t co m e s fr o m ? I t c a m e i n i nv o l u ti o n
b e f o re
T h e ch i l d i s th e m a n i n v o l ve d a n d th e m a n
i s th e ch i l d ev o l ve d ; th e se e d i s th e tre e i nv o l ve d , a nd
A l l th e p o s s ib i l i t i e s o f
th e tre e i s th e see d e v o l ve d
T h e q ue sti o n b e c o m e s a l i ttl e
a l l l i fe a r e i n th e ge rm
cl e a re r A d d to i t th e rs t i d e a o f c o n ti n u a ti o n o f
l i fe
Fr o m th e l o we s t pr o t o pl a s m to th e m o s t p erf e c t
a
h um a n be i n g , th ere i s re a l l y o n e l i fe
u
st
s i n o ne
J
f resh e r

a nd

f re sh e r

as

I M M O R T A L I TY

2 34

l i fe we h a v e s o m a ny v a ri o u s p h a se s o f e xpre s s i o n , t he
b a by the c h i l d t h e y o un g m a n t h e o ld m a n e xte n d
th a t f a rth e r a n d tr a c e t h e b a by a fe w ste p s b a c k , t he n
b a ck a n d b a ck u nt i l yo u c o m e t o t h e p r o t o pl a s m
T h us fr o m t h a t p r o t o p l a s m u p t o the m o st p erfec t m a n
we ge t o n e c o n t i n u o u s l i fe o n e c h a i n
T h i s i s e v ol u
ti o n b u t w e h a ve se e n th a t e a c h e v o l uti o n pre su p p o s e s
a n i nv o l u t i o n
T h e w h o l e o f th i s l i fe wh ic h sl o wl y
m a n i fes ts i tsel f e v o l ve s i ts el f fr o m th e p r o t o pl a sm t o
t h e p e rfec t e d h u m a n b e i ng th e i nc a rn a ti o n o f G o d o n
e a rth th e wh o l e o f th i s s eri e s i s bu t o n e l i fe a n d th e
wh o l e o f t h i s m a n i fes t a t i o n m u st h a v e be e n i n v o l ve d i n
t h a t ve ry p r o t o p l a sm
T h i s wh o l e l i fe th i s v e ry go d
a n d o n ly sl o wl y c o me s
o n e a rth w a s i n v o l ve d t h ere
ou
t m a n i fe s ts i ts elf s l ow ly s l o wl y s l o wl y
T h e h i gh
es t e xp re ss i o n mu s t h a ve b e en th e re i n th e germ st a te
i n m i n u te f o rm ; th e ref o re th i s o n e f o rce t h i s wh o l e
O f th a t c o sm i c l i f e
ch a i n i s th e i nv o l uti o n o f wh a t
wh i ch i s e ve rywh e re
T h i s o n e m a ss o f i n te l l i ge n c e
wh i ch i s fro m t he p ro t o p l a s m up to th e m o s t perfe cte d
m a n s l o wl y a n d s l o wl y u n c o i l s i ts el f
Wh a t w a s i t ?
It w a s a p a rt o f t he c o s m i c u n i ve rs a l i n tel l i ge nce i n
v o l ve d i n th a t l i ttl e p r o topl a s m i ts el f a n d i t wa s a l l
th ere
T a ke o ff a l l i d e a s o f
No t th a t i t gr o ws
gr o wth fr o m y o u r m i n d
Wi th th e i d e a o f gr o wt h i s
s o m eth i n g
a ss o ci a te d s o m e th i n g c o m i n g fr o m o uts i de
e xtr a n e o u s a n d th a t wi l l bre a k th e m a the m a ti c a l
d em o n str a ti o n th a t th e c o sm i c e nergy i s t he s a m e
th r o u gh o u t
I t c a n n eve r gr o w
I t w a s th ere o nl y
Wh a t i s d e s tru c ti o n ? He r e i s a
i t m a n i fe s ts i tsel f
,

IM M O R T A L I T Y

2 35

gl a s s
I th r o w i t o n th e gr o un d , a n d i t b r e a ks to
p i e ce s
W h a t be c o m e s o f i t ? It be c o me s n e
Wh a t
i s d es truc ti o n ? T h e gr o ss bec o mi n g n e
T h e el e
m e n ts t h e p a rti cl e s th e c o mp o nen ts th e m a teri a l s
th e c a use s a r e c o mbi n e d a n d bec o me th i s e ffe ct c a l l e d
th e gl a s s
Th ey g o b a ck to th ei r c a u se s a n d th i s i s
wh a t i s m e a n t by d e str u cti o n g o i n g b a ck to th e
c a u se
Wh a t i s th e e ff e ct ? Th e c a u se m a n i fe sted
T he re i s n o e sse n ti a l d i ffe re n ce be twe e n t h e e ffe ct a n d
th e c a u se
T a k e th i s gl a s s a g a i n
He re w a s th e m a
t e r i s l a n d t h a t m a te ri a l p l u s th e w i l l o f th e m a n uf a c
ture r the se t w o m a de th e gl a ss a n d th e se t w o we re i t s
c a u se s a n d a r e p re se n t i n i t
I n w h a t f o rm
Adhe
si on
I f th e f o rc e w e re n o t h e re e a c h p a rti cl e w o ul d
fa l l o ff
Wh a t h a s be c o m e o f th e e ffe ct th e n ? It i s
th e s a me a s t h e c a u se o n l y t a k i n g a d i ffere n t f o rm a
d i ffe re nt co mp o s i ti o n
W h e n t h e c a u se i s ch a n ged a n d
l i m i te d a n d c o n d e n se d f o r a t i m e o r sp a ce th e n th e
ver y c a u se i s c a l l ed e ffe ct
We mu st re m e m be r t h i s
A pp ly i n g i t to o ur i d e a o f l ife t h e w h o l e o f th e m a n i f e s
t a t i o n o f th i s o n e se ri e s fr o m th e p r o t o p l a sm up to
th e m o st p e rfect m a n m u s t b e t h e v e ry s a m e th i ng a s
c o sm i c l i fe
F i rst i t go t i nv o lv e d a n d be c a m e n e r
t o f th a t n e s o me th i n g wh i ch w a s t h e c a use i t
a nd ou
h a s go n e o n ev o l v i n g i s m a n i fe st i n g i t se l f be c o m i n g
gr o sse r
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We ge t t h i s t h a t
t l e d h ere sti l l
e ve ryth i n g i n th i s u n i ve rse i s i n d e st ru c t ibl e
T h e re i s
n o th i n g n e w ; t h e re w i l l b e n o thi n g n e w
Th e s a m e
of
m a n i fe s ta t i o n s a r e p re se n t i n g th e m se l v e s
s e ri e s
.

2 36

IM M O R TA L I TY

l te rn a te l y l i ke a w he el c o m i n g u p a n d d ow n A l l
m o t i o n i n th i s u n i verse i s i n th e f o rm o f w a ve s s uc
fa l l i ng
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c e s s i v e l y ri si ng a n d
c o m i ng o ut o f th e n e r f o rm s e v o lv i n g th e m
a re
se lv e s t a k i ng th e gr o sse r f o r m s a ga i n m e l ti ng d o w n
a n d g o i n g b a ck t o the n e f o rm s
A ga i n
a s i t were
the y r i se o ut o f t h a t ri s i ng f o r a ce rt a i n p eri o d a n d
sl o wl y g o i ng b a ck to th e c a us e
So w i th a l l l i fe
E a ch m a n i fe s t a ti o n o f l i fe i s c o m i ng up a n d the n
g o i n g b a ck a ga i n
Wh a t go e s d o wn ? T h e f o r m
T h e f o rm b re a k s t o p i e ce s b u t th e s a m e f o r m c om e s
up
I n o n e se n se th e b o dy e ve n i s i m m or t a l
I n one
s e n se b o d i e s a n d f o rm s e ve n a r e e tern a l
Sup
ow
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S u pp o se th e d i ce fa l l i n th i s r a ti o
6
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4
t h e d i c e u p a n d th r o w th e m a ga i n a n d a ga i n a n d
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wi l l fa l l a ga i n ; t h e s a m e c o mb i n a ti o n m u st c o m e
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b u t a fte r a l o n g w h i l e
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th a t i s i n th i s u n i v ers e I t a k e f o r s u ch a d i e a n d th es e
a r e b ei n g th r o w n o u
t a n d c o mbi n e d a g a i n a n d a g a i n
Th i s i s o n e c o mb i n a ti o n ; a l l th e se f o rm s b e f o re yo u
H ere i s th e f o rm o f a gl a ss a t a bl e a p i tch e r o f w a te r
a l l th e se th i ngs
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m o me n t i t w i l l a l l b re a k
B ut the re m u s t c o m e a
ti me w he n e x a ctl y th e s a me c o mb i n a ti o n c o m es a g a i n
w he n yo u w i l l b e h ere a n d th i s f o rm w i l l b e h ere th i s
s ubj e ct w i ll b e t a l k e d a n d th i s p i t c h er w il l be he re
A n i n n i te n u mb er o f ti m e s t hi s h a s be e n a n d a n
a

H
.

I M M OR TA L I T Y

2 37

i n n i te n um b e r o f ti m es w i ll b e rep e a te d T h us f a r
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repe a te d
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ch
th i s p a rti cl e repet i ti o n i s th e ex pl a n a ti o n o f a l l s u
qu esti o n s a s th i s So m e o f yo u p e r h a ps h a ve see n a
m a n w h o c a n re a d th e p a st l i f e o f a n o t h e r m a n a n d
f o retell th e li f e o f th e f u ture
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re g u l a te d u u re
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B ut th a t d o e s n o t a ff ect
th e s o u l
T h i n k o f o n e O f t h ese bi g F err i s w h ee l s i n
T h e s e w h ee l s a r e g o i n g o n a n d th e l i ttl e
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r o o m s i n the w h ee l a r e re g u l a rl y c o m i n g o n e a f te r th e
o th e r o n e s e t o f p ers o n s g ets i nt o t h ese a n d a f te r th ey
h a ve g o n e r o un d th e c i rc l e th ey g et o ut a nd a f res h
E a c h o n e o f th e se b a tc h es i s
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li ke o n e o f th e s e m a n i f es ta t i o n s f r o m th e l o w es t a n i
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th e F err i s w h ee l o f n a tu re ; g i g a n ti c i n n i te a n d e a c h
ses
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o d i es o r f o r m s i s o n e o f th ese l i ttl e h o u
a tc h es o f s o u
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a n d g o i n g u p h i gh e r a n d h i g h e r u n til th ey b ec o m e p e r
f e et a n d c o m e o ut o f th e w h eel
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on
re a dy f o r o t h e rs A n d s o l o n g a s th e bo dy i s i n
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te l y a n d m a th e m a ti c a ll y
n a tu r e a b s ol u
W e com e to
.

2 38

I M M O R TA L I T Y

t h is t ha t th e re i s r e curre n c e o f th e s a m e m a te r i a l p h e
h o m en a a t cer ta i n p eri o ds th a t th e s a m e c o m bi n a ti o n s
B ut th a t i s n o t
h a ve b een g o i n g o n t h r o u g h etern i ty
N o f o rce c a n d i e n o m a tter
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to th e s ource f ro m w h ic h it c a m e
i n a s tr a i g h t l i ne E ve ry th i n g i s i n a ci rcl e b ec a u se a
s tr a i g h t li n e i n n itel y p r o du ce d b e c o m es a c i rcl e If
th a t i s th e c a se t h ere c a n n o t b e e tern a l d e g ene r a t i o n
f o r a n y s o ul
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A s w e h a v e seen
a re yo u a n d I a n d a l l t h ese s o u l s ?
i n o ur d i sc uss i o n o f ev ol uti o n a n d inv ol ut i o n yo u a n d
I m us t b e p a r t o f th e c o s m i c c o n sci o u sn ess c o s m i c
l i f e c o s m i c m i n d w h ic h g e t i nv ol ve d a n d w e m u s t
co m p l e te th e c i rcl e a n d g o ba c k to th i s co s m i c i n te l l i
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f o r c e w h o m th e a g n o s ti cs p er c e i ve a s t h a t i n n i te
T h i s i s t h a t i n n i te c o s m i c
i ne x p ressi bl e beyo n d
li f e co s m i c i n tell i g en ce c o s m i c po w e r a n d w e ar e a l l
p a r ts o f th a t T h i s i s th e seco n d i de a y et th i s i s n ot
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s u ffi c i en t ; th e re w ill b e s ti ll m o re d o u b ts
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T h i s f o rm i s
th e f o rm s th a t w e s e e a r e c o m b i n a t i o n s
a c o m p o s i ti o n o f s e ver a l c om p o n en t p a r ts a n d s o eve ry
f o rce th a t w e s ee i s si m il a rly c o m p o s i te
If yo u ta ke
,

I M M OR TA L I T Y

2 39

sc i en ti c i de a o f f o rce a n d c a ll i t th e s um to ta l
th e res u lt a nt o f seve r a l f o rces w h a t b e c om es o f y o ur
i n d i vi d u a l ity ?
E very th i n g th a t i s c o m p oun d m u s t
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a
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W h a teve r i n t h i s u n i ve rse i s th e resu l t o f th e c o m bi n a
t i o n o f m a tte r o r f o rce w h a teve r i s th e res ul t o f c o m
bi n a ti o n m u s t s oo n e r o r l a te r g e t b a ck to i ts co m p o
h ents
W h a teve r i s th e resu l t o f ce r ta i n c a uses m us t
It g ets d i sp erse d b r o ke n up
d i e be d e s tr o y ed
re s ol ve d b a c k i n to its c o m p o n en ts
So ul i s n o t a
f o rce ; n e i t h e r i s i t t h o u g h t
It i s th e m a n u f a c ture r o f
t h o u g ht but n o t th o u g h t ; i t i s th e m a n uf a c tu re r o f
th e b o d y but n o t th e b o dy
Wh y s o ? W e s ee tha t
W h y ? B ec a u se i t i s
th e b o dy c a n n o t b e th e s o u l
n o t i n tel li g en t
A de a d m a n i s no t i n tell i g en t o r a
p i ece o f e s h i n a bu tc h e r s s ho p W h a t do w e m e a n
b y i n tel l i g en ce ? T h a t re a c ti ve p o w e r W e w a n t to
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re ti n a a n d th a t i m p ressi o n co m es to th e b r a i n Y e t
th e re i s n o v i s i o n
W h a t th e p h y s i olo g i s ts c a ll th e
B ut up
s en s o ry n e rves c a rry t h i s i m p ress i o n i n w a r d
T h e n e rv e cen tre i n th e
to t h i s th ere i s n o re a c ti o n
br a i n m u s t c a rry th e i mp re ssi o n to th e m i n d a n d th e
m i n d re a c ts a n d a s s o o n a s th is c o m es th e p i tc h e r
a s h e s b e f o re i t T o m a ke i t m o re c l e a r a n d g i v e i t
r a t h e r a co m m o npl a ce e x a m p l e ; s u pp o se you a r e l i s
ten i n g to m e i nten tl y a n d a m o s qui ta i s s i tti n g o n th e
ti p o f yo u r n o s e a n d g i v i n g yo u th a t p l e a sa n t s e n s a
th e

I M M O R T A LI T Y

24o

ti o n wh ic h m o sq u i to e s c a n gi ve ; b u t yo u are s o i n te n t
on he a r i ng m e that yo u d o n o t fe el the m o squ i to at al l
T h e mo squ i to h as b i tt e n a c e r
Wha t h as happ e n e d
tai n part o f y o ur sk i n an d c ertai n n erve s a r e the re
T h e y h a v e carri e d a certai n s e n sati o n i n to th e brai n
and th e i mpre ss i o n i s th ere b u t th e m i n d , b e i ng o th er
wi se o ccup i e d d oe s n o t re act s o yo uare n o t awa r e o f
th e pre s e nc e o f th e m o s q u i to
Wh e n a n e w i mpress io n
co m e s i n i f th e m i n d d o e s n o t react we w i l l n o t b e
co ns ci o u s o f i t but wh e n co m e s th e reacti o n , al o n g w i th
th at w i l l co m e th e co n sci o u s n e ss a n d we fe el w e s e e
o r we h e ar a n d s o fo rth
W i th th i s reac ti o n co m es
i l l u mi nati o n as th e Sdn/zya ph i l o sop h ers cal l i t We
s e e th at th e b od y c an no t i l l u m i nate , b ecau se w e s e e
th at i n o n e cas e I d i d n o t fe e l m y atte n ti o n was n o t
th ere I d i d n o t fee l th e s e n sati o n at al l
Cas es h ave
bee n k n ow n wh e re u nd er ce rtai n co n d i ti o n s a m a n
p arti c u l ar l an gu age was
w h o h a d n e ve r l ear ne d a
fou n d abl e to s peak th at la n gu age
S ub se qu e n t i n
u
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a m o n g p e op l e w h o s p ok e tha t la nguage a n d th e
i mpres s i o n s we re l eft o n h i s b rai n
T h e s e i mpre ssi o ns
re mai n e d s to re d u p th er e u n ti l th ro ugh s o me cau s e
th e mi n d r e act ed a n d i ll u mi n ati o n ca me a n d th e n t h e
man was ab l e to s p eak th e lan guage
T h i s sh ows th at
th e mi n d al o n e i s n o t s u fci e n t that th e mi n d i tse l f i s
a n i n s tr u m en t i n th e han d s o f s o m e o n e
I n th e case
yet h e
o f that b oy th e mi n d was fu l l o f t hat lan guage
d i d n o t k n ow i t b u t l ater t h e r e cam e a ti m e w h e n h e
did
I t sh ow s t ha t t h ere i s s om e o n e be si d e s th e m i n d ,
.

'

IM M O R T A L I I Y

24 1

wh e n th e bo y was a baby that s om e on e d i d n o t u se


t h e p o wer bu t w h e n h e g r e w u p too k ad van tage o f
i t an d us e d i t
Fi r s t h e re i s th e b od y s e con d th e
m i n d or i n s tru m e n t o f th ough t an d th i rd b e h i n d thi s
m i n d i s th e S el f o f man
T h e San skri t word i s A rm a n
A s m o d er n p h i l os op h e r s have i de n ti e d th o u g h t w i th
m o le c u la r cha nge s i n th e brai n th ey d o n o t k n ow h o w
t o ex plai n su c h a cas e a n d they ge n e ral l y d e ny i t
T h e m i n d i s i n ti matel y co n n e cte d w i th th e brai n an d
d i e s eve ry ti m e th e b ody c h ange s
S el f i s th e i l l um i
nato r a n d th e m i n d i s th e i n s tru m e n t i n i ts h an d s an d
th ro ugh th at i n s t r u m e n t i t ge ts h ol d o f th e e xtern al
i n s tru m e n t a n d th u s co m e s p ercep ti o n
T h e e xte r nal
i n s tru m e n t ge ts h ol d o f th e i mp ress i o n a n d carri es i t
to th e o rga ns fo r yo u m us t re m e mbe r al ways th a t th e
e y e s a n d e ars are o nl y r e ce i ve r s i t i s th e i n te rnal
o rga ns th e b rai n ce n tres w h i ch a c t I n San s k r i t th es e
ce n tres a re cal l e d 1 72dryza s a nd th ey carry s e nsa ti o n s
to th e m i n d a n d th e m i n d p r es e n ts th e m furth e r bac k
to o th er s ta tes o f th e m i n d wh i c h i n Sa ns k r i t i s cal l e d
C/zztta a n d th ere th ey are o rgan i s e d i n to wi l l an d al l
th es e th i ngs w h i ch pl ace i t be fo re t h e K i n g o f K i ngs
i ns i d e t h e R ul er o n H i s th ro n e th e S el f o f man
He
th e n s e es a n d gi v e s Hi s o rd e r s
T he n t h e m i n d i m m e
d i a t e l y a c ts o n th e o r gan s an d th e o rga n s o
n the
e xternal bo dy
T he real P e r ce i v e r th e real R ul e r the
G ov e rn o r th e Cre ato r th e M an i p ul ato r o f al l th i s i s
th e S el f o f m an
We h ave s ee n the n tha t thi s S el f o f
m an i s n o t th e b o dy an d i t i s n o t t h ough t
Ne i th e r
b ody n o r th o ugh t I t can n o t b e a com p ou n d W hy
a nd

'

'

16

I M M O R T A LI T Y

24 2

n ot P B eca u s e e very th i ng that i s a c omp o u n d we m u s t


e i the r s e e o r i magi n e
T ha t wh i ch we c a n n o t i m a g i n e
th at w h i c h we can n o t b i n d toge th er tha t
o r perce ive
i s n o t force o r mat te r cau s e o r e ffe c t o r c au sati o n
can n o t b e a co mp o u n d
T h e p owe r o f c om p o u n d i s s o
far a s o ur m e n tal u n i verse o ur th o ugh t u n i vers e take s
u s B ey o n d th i s i t d o e s n o t h ol d go o d
I t i s as far
as l aw w i l l tak e i t an d if i t i s any th i n g b ey o n d l aw i t
can n o t b e a comp o u n d a t a l l
I th i n k th at i s eas y
e n ough to yo u ye t I w i l l b e mo re e xpl i c i t Y o us e e
wha t mak e s a c o mp o u n d
T h i s glas s i s a co mp ou n d
i n wh ic h th e cau se s h av e c omb i n e d a n d b eco m e th e
e ffect
S o th es e c omp ou n d t h i ngs ca n b e o n l y w i th i n
the c ircl e o f th e l aw o f ca usati o n s o far as th e rul e s o f
cau se an d e ffe c t go s o far c a n we h ave co m po u n ds a n d
B eyo n d th at i t i s i m p oss i bl e t o tal k o f
co mbi nati o ns
comb i nat i o ns b ecaus e n o l aw h old s go o d th ere i n
B eyond th is th ey d o n o t h ol d go od an d l aw h ol ds go o d
o n l y i n that u n i v e rs e w h ic h w e s e e feel h ea r i magi n e
d ream a n d beyo n d tha t we ca n n o t pl ace a ny law th e
id ea of law d o es n o t h o l d go o d b eyo n d that
W e hav e
s ee n to o tha t tha t is o ur u n i vers e w h i c h we s e ns e o r
i magi n e a nd we s e ns e w ha t i s i n o ur d i re ct p ercep
ti o n a nd we i magi ne w ha t i s i n o ur m i nd th e refo re
what i s beyo n d th e bo d y i s b eyo n d th e s e n s e s a nd
what i s b eyo n d t h e m i nd i s b eyo n d t h e i magi nati on
and the r efore i s b eyo n d o ur u n i vers e
T h ere fo re be
yo nd th e l aw o f c au sa ti o n i s th e f r e e rul e r th e S el f
T h ere fo re th e S el f rul e s e ve ry th i n g tha t i s w i th i n th e
T h i s S e l f o f ma n go e s b eyo n d th e law , an d
la w

I M M O R T A LI T Y

24 3

th e re f ore m u s t b e fre e ca n n o t be any co m po s i ti o n o r


th e re s u l t o f a n y co mp o si ti o n o r th e e ffe ct o f any
cau s e
I t w i l l n e ve r d i e be cau se d ea th i s go i ng back
to th e co mp o ne n t parts an d tha t w h i ch w a s n e ve r a
co mp o u n d c a n n e ve r d i e
I t w i l l be s h e e r n o n se n s e to
sa y i t d i e s
I t d o e s no t e nd h ere

We are n o w tread i n g o n n er an d n e r gr o u n d
S o m e o f yo u p erhap s wi l l b e fri gh te n e d ; w e are tread
i ng o n ve ry d el i cate gro u n d
We h ave see n tha t thi s
S el f b e i n g beyo n d th e l i ttl e u ni ve rs e o f ma tte r an d
force a n d tho u gh t i s a si m p l e a n d a s a s i mpl e i t can
n o t d i e n e i th e r c a n i t l i v e
T h at whi ch d oe s n o t d i e
ca n n o t l i v e al s o
S o w ha t i s d e ath ? T h e o bve rse
a n d l i fe th e re v erse o f th e same c o i n
L ife i s an othe r
na me fo r d eath an d d e ath f o r l i fe
O n e par ti cular
m od e o f ma n i fe sta ti o n i s wh a t w e cal l l i fe ; an o th e r
pa r ti cular m od e o f man i fe s ta ti o n o f th e sam e th i ng i s
w ha t w e cal l d ea th
Wh e n th e wa v e ri s es o n th e t op
i t i s l i fe ; fal l s i n to th e h ol l o w and i s d eath
If a ny
th i ng i s b eyo n d d eath w e na tural l y s e e i t m us t al s o be
b ey o n d 11 e
I m u s t rem i n d yo u o f th e r s t c o n cl u
s i o n t hat th i s s ou l o f ma n i s o n e part o f th e co s m i c
e n e rgy that ex i sts o n e part o f G o d
We n ow co me to
Y o u we re n eve r
n d tha t i t i s b ey o n d l i fe an d d eat h
bo rn a n d yo uwi l l n eve r d i e
What i s th i s b i rth a n d
d eath that we s e e
T h i s b el o n gs t o th e b od y be cau s e
s ou l i s o m n i p res e n t
H o w i s tha t ? We a re s o man y
pe o p l e s i tt i n g h e re a n d yo u s a y th e s o ul i s o m n i p r e s
e n t W ha t i s th e re t o l i mi t a ny th i ng that i s beyo n d
l aw , beyo n d ca u sati o n ? T h i s glas s i s l i m i te d ; i t i s
,

'

I M M O R T A LI T Y

244

n o t o m n ip r e se n t be cau se th e su rrou n d i n g m a tte r f orc es


i t d o wn t o that fo rm d o es n o t al l o w i t to e xpan d
It
i s co n d i ti o ne d b y everyt h i ng aro u n d i t ; the re fo re i t i s
B ut tha t wh i ch i s be yo n d law , wh e re there i s
l i m i te d
n obod y t o a ct u p o n i t h o w c a n th at be l i m i te d ? I t
Y o u are ev erywhe re i n t h e
mus t be o m n i p r es e n t
u n ive r s e
H ow i s i t th e n that I am bor n an d I a m
go i ng to d i e an d a l l t ha t
T hat i s th e tal k o f i g n o r
anc e hal l u ci n a ti o n s o f th e b rai n
Y o uwe re n e i th e r
Y o u h a v e had n e i th e r b i rth n o r
b orn n o r wi l l d i e
wi l l h av e rebi rth n o r l i fe n o r i n carn ati o n , n o r a ny
th i n g
Wha t d o yo u m e a n by co m i n g a n d go i n g
A ll
s hal l ow n o n s e ns e
T he n what i s
Y o uare ev e ryw h e r e
th i s c o m i n g an d go i n g
I t i s a h al l u ci nati o n pro d u ce d
by th e c han ge o f th i s n e b o dy w h at yo u cal l th e m i n d
T hat i s go i n g o n
J u s t a l i ttl e sp e ck o f cl o u d p ass i n g
b e fore th e s k y A s i t m ov es o n a n d o n i t may create
th e d el u s i o n th at t h e s ky m ove s
S o me t i m es you s ee
a cl ou d m o v i n g b e fore th e m oo n , a n d yo u t h i n k th e
B ut it i s th e cl ou d
m o o n i s m o v i ng
Wh e n y ou are
i n a tra i n y ou s e e th at th e l an d i s flyi ng o r wh e n y o u
are i n a b oat , yo u th i nk th e wate r m ove s
I n re al i ty
you are n e it h e r go i n g n o r co m i n g n or b orn o r go i n g
to b e b o rn y ou are i n n i te e ve r p res e n t be yo n d a ll
causat i o n e ve r fr e e , n e ve r b orn an d n eve r d i e
S u ch
a que st i o n i s o ut o f pl ace ; s u ch a que s ti o n i s a r r a i
B e caus e t he re was n o b i rt h ; h o
n o n se n se t o as k
c o ul d t h ere b e a ny m ortal i ty
Y o uare th e o m n i p ra
e n t b e i ngs o f th e u n i ve rs e
O n e s te p m or e w e w i l l h av e to go to ge t a lo gi c!
,

I M M O R T A LI T Y

24 5

Y o u are
o n cl u s i o n
T h e re i s n o h al f way h o u se
m e tap hys i ci an s a n d th e re i s n o cry i ng quarter If
th e n we a r e b e yo n d al l law we m u st b e o m n i sci e nt
a l l k n o wl e dge m u s t be i n us a nd al l
e ve r b l e s se d
p owe r a n d al l b l e s se d n e s s
Ce r ta i nl y Y o u are th e
Bu
t
om n i sci e n t o m n i p re se n t b e i ng o f th e u n i verse
o f s u ch b e i ngs ca n th ere b e many ?
Ca n th ere b e a
h u n dr e d th o u sa n d m i l l i o n s o f o m n ip re se n t be i ngs ?
Certa i n ly th e r e ca n n o t b e
T h e n what b e come s o f al l
of u s
Y o ua r e o n l y o n e ; th e re i s o n ly o n e s uch S e l f,
a n d t hat o n e S e l f i s y ou
S tan d i n g b e h i n d th i s l i ttl e
natu re i s w ha t w e cal l th e so u l
T h ere i s o n e onl y
B e i n g o n e o n l y e x i s te n ce th e e ve r b l e sse d th e om ni
p re se n t th e o m n i s c i e n t th e b i rth l e ss th e d eathl es s
i s co n trol th e sky e xpa n d s th ro ugh H i s
T h ro ugh
c o n tro l th e a i r b reath e s th ro ugh H i s c on trol th e su n
"
s h i n e s a l l l i ve s are
A n d H e i s th e bac kg r ou n d o f
n at u re
H e i s th e
e i s th e R eal i ty th at i s i n n ature
N o t on l y s o b u t yo ua r e
back gro un d o f y o ur s o u l
He
W h e n e ve r th e r e a r e
Y o u a r e o n e w i th H i m
t w o th ere i s fear th e re i s d an ge r th ere i s c on fl i ct
th e re i s s tri fe W h e n i t i s al l O n e wh o m t o hate
w i th wh o m t o s truggl e w h e n i t i s al l H e w i th wh om to
gh t
T h i s e xp l a i n s th e n at u r e o f l i fe
T h i s e xplai n s
th e natu re o f be i n g T h i s i s pe r fe cti o n a n d th is i s G o d
A s l o n g a s y o u s e e th e ma ny you are u n d e r d el usi on

I n th i s worl d o f man y h e w h o s e e s t hat O n e i n th is e ver


chan gi n g worl d h e w h o s ee s H i m w h o n e ve r c hange s a s
t h e S o ul o f h i s ow n s o ul h i s e x i ste n ce h i s ow n S e l f h e
"
T h e re
i s fr e e h e i s ble ss e d , h e ha s re a ch e d th e g o a l
c

24 6

I M M O R T A L IT Y

f o re k n ow n that tho u art H e ; th ou art th e G o d o f th i s


u n ive r s e ta t tv a m
an d al l th e se va ri o u s i d ea s that

I a m a man o r a wo man o r si ck o r h eal th y o r s tro ng


o r I h ate
o r I l ov e o r h a v e a l i ttl e p owe r o r
o r weak
m o r e p owe r are b u t h al l u ci nati o n s
A way w i th th e m
Wha t mak es y o u weak
What make s you fear
Y ou
Wha t frigh te n s
a r e th e o n e be i n g i n th e u n iv e rse
K n ow that every
you ? S tan d the n an d be fre e
th o u gh t an d w or d th at w eak e n s i n t h i s worl d i s th e
o nl y e v i l that e x i s ts
W ha te v e r mak e s m e n w eak
mak e s m e n fear i s th e o nl y e v i l that s h o u l d b e
shunned
W ha t ca n fri gh te n yo u
I f t h e s u n s co me
d ow n t h e m o o n s cru m bl e i n to d u s t sy ste m s a fte r sys
te m s are h u r l e d i n to a n n i h i la ti o n w hat i s tha t t o yo u
S ta n d as a ro ck ; yo u are i n d e s tr u cti bl e
Y o uare th e
S el f th e G o d o f th e u n i ve rs e
I a m E x is te n ce
K n ow l e dge A bs ol u te I
A bs ol u te , B l i s s A b sol u te

am H e
Say that a n d a s th e l i o n break s th e l i ttl e
cage o f b ul l ru s h e s a n d co m es o ut s o break t h i s chai n
a n d be fre e f o r e ver
W ha t fri gh te n s y o u w hat h o ld s
yo u d ow n ? I t i s o n l y i gn ora n c e an d d el us i o n ; n oth
Y o u are th e p u re O n e t h e
i ng e l se c a n b i n d y ou
eve r b l e sse d
S i l l y fo ol s te l l y ou yo u are s i n n e rs an d s i t d ow n i n
a corn e r a n d we e p
Fo ol i sh n e ss w i c ke d n e s s d o w n
righ t ra s cal i ty to say y o u are s i n n e rs ! Y o u are a l l
G od S e e yo u n o t G o d an d cal l i t man ? T h ere fo re
i f yo u dare s ta n d o n th at
m ou l d you r w h ol e l i f e o n
tha t
I f a man c u ts yo u r th roat d o n o t s a y n o for
o u are c u tti n g y o u r o w n th roat
W
h
e
n
h
l
p
a
o
u
e
y
y
,

'

I M M O R T A LI T Y

24 7

p o or m an d o n o t feel th e l eas t pri d e


T h at i s w o r
sh i p for yo u an d n o t th e cau se o f pri d e
I s n o t th e
wh ol e u n i ve rse yo u? Wh e re i s th e re a nyo n e tha t i s
Y o ua r e
n o t yo u
Y o u are th e s oul o f th i s u n i v ers e
th e s u n m o on a n d s tars i t i s y o u that i s s h i ni n g i n
th e l and
T h e wh ol e u n iv ers e i s yo u
Wh om are yo u
go i ng t o ha te o r to gh t ? K n ow th e n tha t th o u art
H e a n d m od el you r wh ol e l i fe a ccord i ng to tha t a nd
h e wh o k n ows th i s a n d m od el s h i s l i fe a ccord i n g to i t ,
w il l n o m ore gro v e l i n d ark n e s s
.

A KT I
H

YO GA

BY

SW AM I

VI VEKANA NDA

A
H

KT I Y O GA

r ; H
e i s i m m o r ta l ; H
i s i s th e
R ul e r s h i p ; H i s th e A l l K n o w i n g th e A l l P e rv a d i n g th e
P r o te c to r o f th e U n i v e r s e th e E te r n a l R ul e r N o n e e l s e i s
th e r e e fc i e n t to g o v e r n th e W o r l d e te r n a l l y
He w h o a t
/ nd
th e be g i n n i n g o f c e a ti o n p r o je c te d B
t h e un i

Hi
e

S o ul

th e

th e

of

niv e se

v ers a

hi m

O ne

co n s c i o

ee

r a 17

us n e s s )

a nd

ki n g l i be r a ti o n I g o f o r

Wh os e l i g h t
S

'

tur n s
'

w etd s z/a ta r a

d li
e

re f

v e re

ug e un to th a t

Up a n f ra a, V I

of

Bh akti

Ve

th e

un d e r s ta n d i n g

th e

Deni ti on
A KT I
BH

Wh o

as

E ff ul g e n t

to w a r

7 18

un to

th e

i s a ge n u i n e real s earch afte r th e


a s earch be gi n n i n g c o n t i n u i n g an d e n d i n g
L ord
in L ove
O n e si n gl e m om e n t o f th e m ad n ess o f e x
tre m e l ov e to G o d b ri n gs u s e tern al fre ed o m
say s N arad a i n h i s e xp lan ati o n o f th e

is i n te ns e l ove to G o d
Wh e n
B ka /t A p bor zs m s
a man ge ts i t h e l oves al l h ate s n o n e ; h e b eco m e s
"
sati s ed fo r e ve r
T h i s l o ve can n ot b e re d u ce d t o
"
any eart h l y b e n e t b e ca u se a s l o ng as w orl d l y d e s ire s

last t hat k i n d o f l ove d oe s n o t co m e


B i za ktz i s
greate r tha n K a r m a greate r than Yog a b e ca u se th e se
are i n te n d e d for an obj ec t i n V i e w wh i l e B l za kti i s i ts
"
o w n fru iti o n
i t s ow n m ean s an d i t s ow n e n d
-

Y OGA

'

25 1

BH AK T I
Y O GA

252
'

B l za ktz has

b ee n t h e

c o n stan t th e m e o f o u r s a ge s
A part f ro m th e sp e ci al wri ters o n B i za kti s u c h a s S ei n
d i l ya o r N arada the great c o m m e n tators o n th e Vydm
S dtr a r e vi d e n tl y a d v ocate s of K n owl e dge
ha v e a l s o s o m e th i n g v ery s ugge st i ve t o say ab ou t
L ove
E v e n w h e n th e c o m m e n tator i s a n xi o u s t o
exp lai n man y i f n o t a l l o f th e t e xts s o as t o ma ke
th e m i mp ort a s ort o f dry k n owl e dge t h e s dtm s i n th e
chap te r o n w orsh i p e sp eci a l l y d o n ot l e n d th e m se l v e s
t o b e easi l y man i p u late d i n that fa sh i on
T h e re i s n o t real l y s o m u ch d i ff e r e n c e be t w e e n K n o wl
a
s
p
eo
p
l
s
o
m
ti
m
s
nd m z a n d L o ve
e
e
e
e d ge
)
( ff
i magi n e
We s hal l se e a s w e go o n t hat i n t h e e n d t h e y
co n ve rge a n d m e e t a t t h e same p o i n t
S o al so i t i s
w i th E df uyog a w h i ch w he n p ursu e d a s a mea ns t o
l i be rati o n a n d n o t ( as u n fo r tu nate l y i t f t c
a tta i n
qu e n tl y b e co m e s i n th e han d s o f C ha r latan s an d mys
i n st ru m e n t t o h oo d wi n k th e
t e r y m o n ge rs ) a s an
u n wary l ead s u s al s o t o th e s am e goal
T h e o n e great a d v an tage o f B i za kti i s t h at i t i s th e
e as ie st a n d t h e m o s t n atu ral way t o reac h t h e great
d i v i n e e n d i n v i e w ; i ts grea t d i sa d va n tage i s that i n i ts
l o w e r fo rm s i t o fte n ti m e s d ege n e rate s i n to h i de ou s
T h e fan ati cal cre w i n H i n d u i sm
fan ati ci s m
or
M a h om eda n i s m
o r C h ri s ti an i ty
h ave al ways b e e n
al m os t e x cl u s i ve l y r e cr u i te d fro m th e s e wors h i p pe rs
on th e l owe r p l an e s o f B /za ktz T h at s i ngl e n e ss o f
attach m e n t
to a l ove d obj e ct w i th o u t wh i c h
n o ge n u i n e l o v e c a n gro w i s v e ry o fte n al s o th e ca u se
of th e d e n u nc i ati o n o f e v e ry th i ng e l s e A l l th e wea k
on e

'
.

B H A KTI
Y O GA

25 3

u n d e ve l op e d m i n d s i n a ny re l i g i o n o r c o u n try ha v e
o n l y o n e way o f l ovi n g th e i r o w n i d e al z e by hati n g
e ve ry othe r i d eal
H e re i n i s th e e xp la na ti o n o f wh y
th e sa m e man wh o i s s o l ov i ngl y a ttach e d to h i s o w n
i d eal o f G od s o d e vo te d t o h i s o w n i d ea l o f re l igi o n
b e co m e s a h o wl i ng fa nati c a s s o on as h e s e e s o r h e ars
a ny th i ng o f a ny o th e r i d eal
T h i s k i n d o f l ov e i s
s o me what l ik e th e ca n i n e i n s ti n ct o f g u ard i ng th e ma s
te r s p rop e r ty f r o m i n tr u s i o n ; o n l y e ve n th e d og s i n
fo r th e d og
s ti n c t i s b et te r th an th e rea so n o f man
n e v e r m i stak e s i ts mas te r fo r a n e n e my i n wh a tev e r
d re s s h e may c o m e b e fore i t
A gai n th e fanat i c l o se s
P e rso nal co n s i d e ra t i o n s a re i n
al l p owe r o f j u d gm e n t
h i s cas e o f s uc h ab s orb i n g i n te re s t th at t o h i m i t i s n o
q u e s ti o n at al l wha t a ma n say s
w h e th e r i t i s righ t
or w ro n g ; b u t th e on e th i n g h e i s a l way s p arti cu l arly
care fu l to k n o w i s wh o say s i t
T h e sam e m a n wh o
i s k i n d g o o d h on e st an d l ovi n g to p e op l e o f h i s o wn
op i n i o n wi l l n o t h e si tate t o d o th e v i l e st d e e d s wh e n
th e y are d i re cte d agai n st p e r so n s b eyo n d th e p al e o f
h i s o w n re l i gi o u s b rot h e rh o o d
B ut th i s dan ge r e x i sts o n l y i n th at s tage o f B l za kti
Whe n B l za kti
w h i ch i s cal l e d t/ze p r ep a r a tory ( ga un i )
h a s b e com e ri p e a n d h as pas se d i n to tha t fo rm wh i c h
i s cal l e d t/ze s u
para
n
o
m
o
re
i
s
th
e
re
a
n
y
fear
r em e
f
o
p
)
(
th e s e h i d e o u s man i fe s ta ti o n s o f fa na ti c i s m ; t ha t s o u l
wh i ch i s o ve rp o we re d by th i s h i gh e r fo rm o f B l za /ttz i s
t o o n ear th e G o d o f L o ve to b e co m e a n i n str u m e n t f o r
th e d i ff u s i o n o f hatre d
I t i s n o t g i v e n to a l l o f u s to be harm o n i o u s i n th e
an d

'

'

B H A K TI Y O GA

2 54

b u i l d i ng u p

o u r characte r s i n th i s l i fe : ye t we k n o w
that that chara c te r i s o f t h e n ob l e st type i n w h i ch al l
th e se th re e
k n owl e dge a n d l ove a n d yog a are ha r
T h re e th i ngs a r e n e c e ssary for a
s l y f u se d
m oniou
bi rd to y
th e tw o wi ngs a n d th e tai l a s a r ud d e r f o r

i
na zza
s t h e o n e w i n g B /za tz
ste e ri ng
k
n
owl
e
dge
y
)
(
o a i s th e ta i l that k e e p s u p
Y
l
ove
i
s
th
e
o
th
e
r
a
n
d
g
)
(
the bal an ce
F o r th o se wh o can n o t p u r s u e al l th e s e
thre e fo rm s o f wo r sh i p toge th e r i n harm on y an d tak e
u p th e re fo re B l za tz al o n e a s t h e i r way i t i s n e ce s sa r y
al ways to re m e mb e r th at fo rm s an d ce re m on i al s
th ough ab s ol u te l y n e ce s sary f o r th e p rogre ss i v e s ou l ,
h ave n o o th e r val u e th an tak i n g u s o n t o tha t s tate i n
wh i ch we fe e l t h e m o st i n te n se l ov e t o G o d
T h e re i s a l i ttl e d i ffe re n ce i n O p i n i o n b e twe e n t h e
teach e rs o f K n owl e dge a n d th ose o f L ove th ough
b oth ad m i t th e p o we r o f B l za /tz T h e zd m m h ol d
B l mktz to b e a n i n stru m e n t o f l ib e rat i o n th e B /za ta s
l oo k up o n i t b oth as th e i n s tru m e n t a n d th e th i n g to b e
atta i n e d
T o m y mi n d th i s i s a d i s ti n cti o n w i th o ut
m u ch d i ffe re nce
I n fa ct B oa /3a w h e n use d as an
i n stru me n t re all y m ea n s a l owe r form o f w orsh i p an d
th e h i gh er form be c om es i n se parabl e fro m th e l ower
form o f r e al i sat i o n a t a l at er s tag e
Each s e e m s to l a y
a gre at s tre ss u p o n h i s o w n p e c ul i ar m et h od o f w o r
sh i p forge tti n g th at w i th p erfe ct l ove tru e k n owl ed ge
i s b ou n d to co me e ve n u n s o ugh t a n d th at from p e r fe ct
k n owl ed ge tru e l o ve i s i n sep arabl e
B eari n g th i s i n m i n d l e t u s try t o u n de rstan d what
th e g reat V e d an ti c c om m e n tators ha v e t o s a y o n th e
of

'

'

'

B H A K TI
Y O GA
s u bj ec t

255

I n e xpl a i n i ng th e S tr a
T h u s pe op l e s a y
He
B h a ga v an Sa n kara say s :
i s d e vo te d t o th e k i n g
H e i s d e v o te d to th e G ur u
t h e y say th i s o f h i m w h o fo ll ow s h i s G ur u a n d d oe s s o
h avi n g tha t fol l ow i ng a s th e o n e e n d i n v i e w
Simi

l a r l y th e y s a y T h e l ov i ng wi fe m e d i tate s o n h e r
l ov i n g h u sban d ; h ere al s o a k i n d o f eager a n d c o n

T h i s i s d e vo ti o n
t i n uo us re m e mbra nc e i s m e an t
acc ord i ng to Sa n kara

M e d i tati o n aga i n i s a c o n s ta n t re m embra n ce ( o f


th e th i n g m e d i tate d u p o n ) fl owi ng l i k e a n u nbrok e n
s trea m o f o i l p o ure d o ut f r o m o n e v e sse l to a n o th e r
Wh e n th i s k i n d o f re m e mb eri ng h a s b e e n a tta i n e d ( i n
re l ati o n to G o d ) al l b o n d age s b re ak
T h u s i t i s sp ok e n
o f i n th e scri p tu re s regard i ng c o n s ta n t re m e mb eri n g
a s a m ea n s to l ib erati o n
T h i s r e m e mb e ri ng aga i n i s
o f th e sam e form a s s e e i n g b ecau se i t i s o f th e sam e
m ean i n g a s i n th e p as sage Wh e n H e w h o i s far an d
n ear i s se e n th e b on d s o f th e h eart are brok e n al l
d o ub ts va n i sh an d al l e ffe cts o f w o r k d i sap p ear
i
i
He
w
h
o
b
u
t
h
e
wh
o
s n ear c a n b e s e e n
s far c a n
(
o n l y b e re m e mb e re d
N e ve rth e l e ss th e scri p tu re says
th a t w e h av e t o s ee H i m w h o i s n ear a s wel l a s H i m
w h o i s fa r th e reb y i n d i cati n g to u s tha t th e ab ov e

k i n d o f r em em ber i ng i s a s go od a s s eei ng )
This
re m e mb ra n ce w h e n e xal te d as s u m e s th e sam e fo rm a s
se e i n g
W orsh i p i s c o n sta n t re m e mb e r i n g a s may
b e se e n f r o m th e e s se n ti al tex ts o f s c r i p tu r e s
Kn o w
i ng wh i ch i s th e sa m e a s r e pea te d wo r s h i p h as b e e n
d e s cri b e d a s co n s ta n t re m e mb e ri n g
T h u s th e
.

B H AK T I Y O GA

25 6

m e m ory wh i ch has atta i n e d to th e h e igh t o f what i s a s


go od a s d i re ct p e rcep ti o n i s sp ok e n o f i n th e S r utz as

m
i
a
A
t
n
s
of
l
ib
e
r
ati
o
n
T
h
i
s
n o t to b e
n
s
a
e
m
a
re ach e d th ro ugh va r i o u s s ci e n ce s n o r by i ntel l e ct n o r
by m u ch s tu dy o f th e V e das
Wh om s oe ve r th i s A tm o re
d e s i re s by h i m i s th e A tm a n attai n e d u n to h i m th i s
H e r e afte r say i ng tha t
J tm a rz d i s co ve rs h i m se l f
m e re h eari ng th i nk i n g a n d m e d i tati ng are n o t th e

m ea n s o f attai n i n g th i s J tm a rz i t i s sai d Wh o m th i s
The
J tm a n d e s i re s by h i m th e A tm a rz i s attai ne d
e xtre me l y b e l ove d i s d e s i re d ; by W h o m s o eve r th i s
A tm a n i s e xtre m e l y b e l o v e d h e b e co me s th e m os t
b e l o v e d of th e A rm a n
S o th at th i s be l ove d m ay
attai n th e j tm a n th e L ord h i m se l f h el p s
For i t has
b e e n sai d by th e L o rd
T h o s e w h o are co n stan tly
atta ch e d to m e a n d wo rs h i p m e w i th l ove
I gi ve that
d i re cti o n to th e i r w i l l b y wh i ch th e y co me to me
T h e refore i t i s sai d th at to W h om soev e r th i s re m e m
be r i n g w h i ch i s o f th e sam e fo r m a s d i re ct pe rce pti o n
i s v e ry d ear be cau s e i t i s d ear to th e O bj e ct o f s u ch
m e mory pe rce p ti o n h e i s d e si re d by t h e S u pre me
A i rm a n b y h i m th e S u pre m e A tm a rz i s attai n ed T h i s
co n stan t re me mb ra nce i s d e n o te d by th e wo rd

S o says B i zag a oarz R am am eja i n h i s c o m me n tary o n


t h e S tr a A th at o B rah ma Ji jn as a
I n co m me nti n g o n th e S tr a o f P a ta n ja l i R oa m

P r a m a i zam i a oci i e
B y th e w ors h i p o f th e Su
p r e m e L ord B h oj a s ays
i s that
so rt o f B a ktz i n w h i ch wi th o u t s e e k i ng r es u l ts s uch
e tc , al l w o rk s a r e d e d i cate d to
a s s e ns e e nj oy m e n ts
,

'

'


BH A KT I Y O GA

25 7

tha t T e ach e r of te ach e rs


A l s o B h a ga v an V yas a

wh e n co mme nti n g o n th e sa me , de n e s P r a m a l zd rza a s

th e fo rm o f B /za ktz by w h i ch th e me rcy o f th e


S u p re m e Lord co me s to th e yog zrz a n d bl e ss e s h i m by

gra n ti ng h i m h i s d e si res
A cc ord i n g t o San d i l ya ,
"
i s i n te n s e L ove t o G o d
T h e b es t d e n i
ti o n i s h o we v e r , t ha t gi ve n by th e k i n g o f B /za kza s

P ra h l ad a :
T h at d eath le s s l ov e w h i c h th e i gn o ran t
h ave fo r th e ee ti ng obj e cts o f th e s e nse s
as I ke e p

o
n
m ed i tati n g
Th e e
may n o t that ( s ort o f i n te n se )

l ov e ( for T h e e ) sl i p away fro m my h eart


L ov e ! Fo r
F o r t h e S u pre m e Lo r d If oa r a
wh o m
Lo ve fo r a n y
oth e r b e i n g h o we ve r great , c a n n o t b e B a /zktz ; f o r a s

R am an uja says i n h i s Sr e B l a i r/ya qu o ti n g an an ci e n t


A e/zarya
Fro m B rah m a to a
e , a great tea c he r
cl u m p o f grass al l t h i n gs th at l i v e i n t h e w o rl d a re
sla v e s o f b i rth an d d ea th cau s e d by K a r m a ; th ere fore
th ey can n ot be h e l pfu l a s obj e cts o f m ed i tati o n be ca u se

th e y are al l i n i gn o ra n ce an d su bj e ct to chan ge
In
co m me n ti n g o n th e wo rd a m er a tz u se d b y San d i l ya
th e co m me n tato r Soap rzef oa r a says that i t m ean s a r m
afte r a n d r a ki z atta ch m e n t ;
e
th e attach me n t
wh i ch co m e s a fte r th e k n o wl e d ge o f th e natu re a n d
gl o ry o f G o d ; el se a bl i n d a tta ch m e n t to a n y o n e
to wi fe o r ch il d re n wo ul d be B /za kti
We p lai n l y
e g
s e e th e refore that B l za tz i s a se r i e s o r s u cce ss i o n o f
m e n tal e fforts at r el i gi ou s real i sati o n be gi n n i n g wi th
o rd i nary w ors h i p a n d e n d i ng i n su p re me l y i n t e n s e l o v e

f o r th e ISv a r a
,

'

'

'

'

'

'

B H AK T I Y O GA

258

T h e P h i l osop h y

o f Isv a ra

1 3oa r a ?

Fro m Wh o m i s t h e b i rth c o n

a n d d i ssol u ti o n of t h e u n i ve rse
e
ti n ua t i o n

th e Ete rnal th e P u r e th e Eve r Fre e


i s Igz/a r a
th e A l m igh ty t h e A l l K n owi n g th e A l l M e rc i ful t h e

Teache r of al l tea ch e rs ;
a n d ab ov e al l
He

th e L ord i s o f H i s o w n n atu r e i n e xpre s sibl e L ove


T h e s e ce rtai n l y are th e d e n i ti o n s o f a p e rs onal
G od A r e th e re th e n t w o G o d s ? T h e
N o t th i s

th e Sa teh zt
th e E xi ste n ce K n owl
N o t th i s
e dge B l i ss o f th e p h il oso ph e r a n d th i s G o d o f Lo ve
N o i t i s th e sam e Sa teh zt dna na a wh o
o f th e B h a hta
i s al so th e G o d o f Lov e t h e i mp erso nal an d p erso nal
i n one
I t h as al ways to b e u n d ers to o d th at th e p er
s o nal G o d wo r s h i p pe d b y th e B h a hta i s n o t s epara te
A l l i s B r a hm a n t h e
o r d i ff ere n t fro m th e B r a h m a n
O n e wi t h o u t a s e co n d : o n l y th e B r a h m a n a s u n i ty o r
absol ute i s to o m u ch o f a n ab s tra cti o n to b e l ove d an d

wors h i pp e d ; s o th e B h a h za ch o ose s th e rel ati ve aspe ct


th e S up re m e R u l e r
To
o f B r a h m a n th at i s Ija a r a
u se a si m il e : B r a h m a n i s a s th e clay o r s u b stanc e o u t
o f wh i ch a n i n n i te va r i e ty o f arti cl e s are f a sh i o n ed
A s clay t h ey are al l o n e ; b u t fo rm o r man i fe stati o n
d i ffere nt iate s th e m
B efore ev e r o n e o f th e m w a s
mad e the y al l e xi ste d p o te n ti al l y i n th e cl ay ; a n d o f
co urse th e y are i d e n ti cal s ub stan ti al l y ; b u t wh e n
fo r me d an d s o l o n g as th e fo r m re mai n s th ey a r e
se parate a n d d i ffe r e n t ; t h e clay m ou s e c a n n e v e r be
c o m e a cl a
el
e
p
han
t
b
e
ca
u
se
a
s
man
i
f
stati
o
n
s
f
or
e
m
,
,
y
Wh o i s

H
~

'

'

BH A K TI

Y O GA

2
25 9

al o n e ma ke s th e m what th e y a r e th o u gh a s u n fo rmed

cl ay th e y are al l o n e
Ii oa r a i s th e h i gh e st m a n i f e s
ta t i o n o f t h e ab sol u t e real i ty o r i n o th e r wo rd s t h e
h i gh e st p o s si bl e read i n g o f t h e A b s ol u te b y th e h u man
mind
C r eati o n i s ete rn al an d s o al s o i s jf oa r a
I n t h e fou rt h p ao a o f th e fou r th ch ap te r o f h i s S af r a s
afte r s tati n g th e al m ost i n n i te p o we r an d k n o wl ed ge
w h i ch wi l l c o m e t o t h e l i b e rate d s ou l afte r th e attai n
m e n t o f M ohs h a V yas a m ak e s th e re mark i n a n a p h o r
i s m th a t n o n e h oweve r w i l l ge t th e p owe r o f creati n g
r u l i ng an d d i ss ol v i n g th e u n ive rs e be cau s e that be
l ongs t o G od al o n e
I n e xp la i n i ng t h e S atr a i t i s eas y
for th e d u al i s ti c com m e n tators to sh e w h ow i t i s e ve r
i m p o ss i bl e f o r a s u b ord i nate s ou l y zoa to h ave th e
i n n i te p o we r an d total i n d epe n d e n c e o f G od
The
th o ro ugh d u al i s ti c co m m e n tato r M a a h odeh d rya d eal s
wi th th i s passage i n h i s u s ual s u m m a r y m e th o d by
qu o ti n g a v ers e fro m th e Vw al l a P a r an a
I n e xp l ai n i n g thi s ap h o r i s m th e co m m e n tato r R ei m
say s :
T h i s d o ub t b e i n g ra i s e d w h e th e r am o n g
ti n aja
th e p o we r s o f th e l ibe rate d s o ul s i s i n cl u de d tha t u n i qu e
p o w e r o f t h e S up re m e O n e th at i s o f creati o n e tc
th e u n i v ers e an d eve n th e L o rd sh i p o f al l o r
of
w h eth e r w i th o u t that t h e gl ory o f t h e l i be r ate d c o n
s i s ts o nl y i n t h e d i r e ct p e rcep t i o n o f th e S u p r e m e O n e
w e ge t a s a n argu m en t t h e fol l ow i n g : I t i s r eason abl e
tha t th e l i be r a ted ge t th e L o r d s h i p o f th e u n iv e r se
b ecau s e th e s cri p tu r e s say H e atta i n s e x t r e m e sam e
n e s s w i th t h e P u r e O n e be cau se a s th e s cr i p tu r e s
s a y h e a ttai n s to e xtre m e sam e n e ss w i t h th e S u pre m e
,


B H A KTI YO GA

26 0

O n e an d al l h i s d e si re s are real i z e d No w e x tr e m e
same n ess a n d r eal i z ati o n o f al l d es i res can n o t be
attai n e d w i th ou t th e u n i q u e p owe r o f th e S u pre m e
Lo r d namel y tha t o f gov e r n i n g th e u n ive r s e
T h ere
fo r e to atta i n th e r eal i z a ti o n o f al l d es i r es a n d th e e x
tre m e s am e n es s w i th th e S up r e m e w e mu s t al l ad m i t
that th e l i be r a te d ge t th e p owe r o f r ul i ng t h e wh ol e
T o th i s we r e pl y that th e l i b erate d ge t al l
u n ive r s e
th e p owe r s e x c e p t tha t o f ru l i ng th e u n iv e r s e
R u l i ng
the u n i ve r s e i s gu i d i n g th e fo r m an d th e l i fe a n d th e
de s i r es o f al l th e s e n ti e n t a n d t h e n o n s e n ti e n t b e i ngs
e xcep ti ng t h e l i b e r ate d o n e s f r o m w h o m al l th a t ve i l s
H i s t r u e n atu r e h as b e e n r e m ove d a n d w h o e nj oy th e
gl o r y o f the u n obs t r u cted p e r c ep ti o n o f th e B r a h m a n
T h i s i s p ro ve d f r o m th e s cr i p tu r al te x t Fro m wh o m
al l t h es e th i ngs a r e b o r n by w h o m al l that are b orn
l i ve u n to w h o m t h ey d eparti n g re tu r n ; as k abo u t It
T ha t i s B r a h m a n
I f th i s q u al i ty o f ru l i n g the u n i
v e rs e b e a qu al i ty c o m m o n e ve n to th e l ibe r ate d the n
th i s te x t w o u l d n o t ap p l y as a d e n i ti o n o f B r a h m a n
d e n i n g H i m th r o ugh H i s ru le rsh i p o f th e un i ve r s e

T h e u n c o m m o n al o n e h as to be s p ec i all y d e n e d ;

th ere fo r e
M y be l ove d bo y al o n e i n th e be g 1 n n 1 n g
the re e x i s te d th e O n e wi th ou t a s e c o n d
T ha t s a w
an d fe l t I w i l l gi ve b i rt h t o th e m an y
T hat proj e c te d

B r a h m a n i nd ee d al o n e e x i ste d i n th e b egi n
h ea t
n i ng
T hat O n e e vo l ve d
T ha t p r o j e cte d a bl e sse d
fo r m th e K s h a tr a
A l l th e se go d s a r e K s h a tr a s :
.

,
.

Va r n n a ,

If dn a

S om a ,

R ua r a ,

i nd e e d

'

Ya m a , M r ztyu
j
e x i ste d al o n e i n th e b e gi m
P

a r a ny a

B H A KT I Y O GA

26 1

n i n g ; n o th i ng e l se v i brated ; He se e i n g proj e c te d th e

w o r l d ; H e p roj e c t e d th e wo r l d a fte r
A l o n e N ar ci

r
f
n
a
d
n
s
h
m
a
o
n
r
e
x
i
sted
n
e
i
th
e
r
th
e
B
r
a
a na
o
;
y

n o r t h e sta r s n o r wate r n o r re n o r
D ya na
H e d i d n o t t ak e p l e asu re al o ne
S om a n o r th e Sun
H e afte r H i s m e d i tat i o n had o n e d au gh ter t h e te n

organ s
i n te x ts l i k e th e s e a n d o th ers a s
Wh o l i v i n g i n t h e earth i s se p arat e f r o m th e ea r th

wh o l i v i n g i n th e A ftm a n
th e Sr n tzs sp e ak o f th e
S u pre m e O n e as th e s ubj e c t o f th e w o rk o f r u l i n g th e
u n i ve rs e
N o r i n th e se d es c ri p ti o n s o f th e r u l i n g o f
th e u n iv e rs e i s th e re an y p os i ti o n o f th e l i b e r a te d s o u l
b y wh i ch s uch a s o u l m ay h av e th e r ul i n g o f th e
u n i ve rs e ascr i b e d t o i t
I n e xp l ai n i n g th e n e x t S tr a,
I f y o u s a y i t i s n o t s o b e c a u s e th e re
R am an uja s ays
a re d i re ct te x ts i n th e V e das i n e v i d e n ce to th e c o n
t r a r y th e s e te x ts refe r to th e gl o r y o f th e l i be r a ted i n

th e sph e r e s o f th e s ub ord i nate d e i ti e s


T h i s a l so i s
a n ea sy s ol u ti o n o f th e d i f c u l ty
A l th o u gh th e sy ste m
f
a
d
m
i
ts
th
e
u
n
i
ty
t
h
e
to
tal
w
i
th
i
n
tha
t
o f R am an u
a
o
j
total i ty o f e x i ste n ce th e re a r e acco r d i n g to h i m e te r
nal d i ffe re n ce s
T he r e fo re f o r al l p r a cti cal p u r p o se s
th i s syste m al s o be i n g d ual i sti c i t wa s easy f o r R am a
nu
a
to
k
ee
p
u
p
th
e
d
i
s
ti
n
c
ti
o
n
be
twe
e
n
the
p
e
r
so
nal
j
sou l a n d th e pe r s o nal G o d ve ry cl ea r l y
We w i l l n o w t r y t o u nd e r s ta n d what th e great r e p r e

s e n ta t i v e o f th e A a w a zza S c h o o l has go t to s a y o n the


po i n t We s hal l s e e h ow t h e A a w a zta s ys te m mai n
ta i n s al l th e h o p e s a nd a s p i ra ti o n s o f th e d ual i s t i n tact
a n d a t th e sam e ti m e p ro p o u n d s i ts o w n so l u ti o n o f th e
,

'

B H A K T I
Y O GA

26 2

probl e m i n co n so n an ce w i th th e h i gh d e sti n y o f d i vi n e
h u man i ty T ho se w h o a sp i r e to re tai n th e i r i n d i vi d ual
m i n d eve n after l i b e r ati o n a nd to r e m ai n d i sti n c t wi l l
hav e a mpl e o pp o r tu n i ty o f rea l i s i n g th e i r a sp i r ati o n
a nd e nj oy th e b l e s s i n g o f th e qual i ed B r a h m a n
Th ese a r e th e y wh o h ave b e e n sp oke n o f i n th e B h a g a
0 k i ng s uc h a r e the gl o r i o u s
oa ta P a r an a th u s :
q ual i ti e s o f the L o r d th at th e sage s w h os e o nl y p l eas
u r e i s i n th e S e l f an d fro m w h o m al l bo n dage s have
fal l e n o ff e ve n th e y l ov e th e O m n i P re s e n t w i th th e
l ove th at i s f o r l ov e s sak e
Th e se are th ey wh o are
sp oke n o f by th e San hhya s a s ge tt i ng m e r ge d i n natu re
i n th i s cycl e s o th at a fte r a tta i n i ng p e rfe c ti o n th ey
may c o m e o ut i n th e n e x t a s l ord s o f w orl d syste m s
B ut n on e o f th e se ev e r b eco m e s equal t o G o d
T h o s e wh o a tta i n to t h at s tate w h e re th e r e i s n e i th e r
creati o n n o r create d n o r creato r wh e re th e re i s
n e i th e r k n o we r n o r k n o wabl e n o r k n o wl e d ge wh e re
th ere i s n e i th e r 1 n o r th ou n o r h e wh e r e th e re i s
n e i th e r s ubj e ct n o r obj e ct n o r rel ati o n
th e re w h o
i s se e n by w h o m
s u c h p e r s o n s hav e go n e b eyo n d
eve r yth i n g beyo n d
w h ere wo rd s ca n n o t go n o r

mind
go n e t o tha t w h i c h th e Sr utzs d e cl a r e a s No t

th i s N o t th i s ; b u t fo r th os e w h o ca n no t o r wi l l n o t
th e r e w i l l i n ev i tabl y re ma i n th e t r i
r ea ch t hi s s tate
u ne vi si o n o f th e o n e u n d i ffe r e nt ia te d B r a h m a n a s
natu re s o u l a n d th e i n terp e n e tra ti n g s u stai n e r o f
bo th
I f oa r a
S o wh e n P r a hl d a a fo rgo t h i m sel f h e
fo u n d n ei th e r th e u n i ve rs e n o r i ts cau se ; al l wa s to
h i m o n e I n ni te u n d i ffe re n tia te d by nam e a n d fo rm ;
,

BH AK T I
YO GA

26 3

'

b u t a s s o o n as h e re me mbe r ed t hat h e was P r a h l aa a


th e re wa s th e u n i v e rse be fo re h i m a n d wi th i t th e Lord
o f th e u n i ve rse
th e r ep o si tory o f a n i n n i te n u m

be r o f bl e ssed qual i ti e s
So i t wa s wi th th e b le ss e d

G op zs
S o l o n g as th e y had l os t s e n se o f th ei r o w n
pe r s o na l i d e n ti ty a n d i nd i vi d ual i ty th ey we re al l
K r i s h na
a nd wh e n th ey bega n agai n to th i n k o f h i m
a s th e O n e t o be w orsh i pped th e n th ey we re Gop zs
agai n a n d i m m ed i ate l y U n t o th e m app ea r ed K r i sh n a
w i th s m i l e o n h i s l otu s face clad i n ye l l ow r ob e s a n d
hav i ng garland s o n th e e mb od i ed c o n qu eror ( i n

B
h
a v a ta P a r an a
a
bea u ty ) o f th e god o f l ove
g
(
)
N o w to go ba ck to o ur j eh d rya Sa n ka r a
Th ose
h e says
w h o by wo rs h i pp i ng th e q ual i e d B r a h m a n
a ttai n co n j u n cti o n wi th th e S up re m e R ul e r p r ese r v i ng
th e i r o w n m i n d i s th ei r gl o r y l i m i te d o r u nl i m i te d
T h i s d o ub t a r i s i ng we ge t as a n a r gu m e n t : T h e i r
gl o r y s h o u l d b e u nl i m i te d b e ca us e o f th e s c r i p t u r a l

T o h i m al l
te x ts T h e y atta i n th e i r o w n k i ngd o m

th e god s o ffe r w o r s h i p T h e i r d e s i r e s a r e fu l l led i n


al l th e wo r l ds
A s a n a n swe r to th i s I/jds d wri te s
B a r ri n g
Wi th o u t th e p o we r o f ru l i n g th e u n iv e r se
th e p o we r o f c r eati o n e tc o f th e u n i ve r s e t h e o th e r
p o we rs s uc h a s a n zm d e tc a re acqu i r e d by th e l i b e r
a ted
A s to r ul i n g th e u n i ve rse tha t b el o n gs to th e
e te rnal l y p erfe ct l i oa r a
Wh y ? B eca u se He i s th e
s ubj e ct o f al l th e s cri ptu ral t e xts a s re gard s c reati o n
etc a n d t h e l ibe rate d s o ul s are n o t m e n ti o n e d i n a n y
c o n n ecti o n wi th creat i o n e tc
Th e S u p re m e L ord
i nd e e d i s al o n e e n ga ge d i n rul i n g th e u n i verse
The
.

26 4

HA K I I
'

Y O GA

t e x ts a s to creati o n e tc a ll po i n t t o i m
A l s o the re

e ve r pe rfe c t
i s gi ve n th e adj ec ti ve
A l so th e scri p

tu r e s s a y that th e po we rs a n zm a e t c o f o th ers are


f r om th e sea r ch afte r an d th e wo rsh i p of G o d
Th e r e fore th ey hav e n o place i n th e r u l i n g o f th e u n i
v e r se
A gai n o n acco u n t o f th ei r p o sse ssi n g th e i r own
mi nd s i t i s p o s si bl e tha t th e i r wi l l s may d i ffe r an d tha t
w hi l st o n e d e si re s creati o n a n oth e r may d e si r e d e st ru o
ti o n
T h e o nl y w a y o f avo i d i n g th i s co n i c t i s to mak e
al l wi ll s su bo r d i nate to so m e o n e w i l l
T h erefore th e
co ncl u si o n i s th at t h e w i l l s o f th e l i be rate d are d ep e n d

e nt o n t h e w i l l o f th e S u p re m e R u ler
B ha h tz th e n c a n b e d i re cte d to wa r ds B r a h m a n onl y
i n h i s pe rs o nal asp ect
Th e way i s m ore d i fc u l t fo r
th o se wh o se m i n d i s attac h e d to th e A bs ol u te !
B h a htz ha s to oat o n s m o oth l y wi th th e cu rre n t o f o ur
nature
T r u e i t i s th at w e can n ot h av e a n y i d e a o f th e
B r a h m a n w h i ch i s n o t an th r opo m o r ph i c b ut i s i t n o t
T h e g r e ate s t
e q ual ly tru e o f e ve r y th i n g w e k no w
psych ol o gi st th e w o r l d h a s e v e r k n ow n B h a ga v an
Kap il a d e m o n s trate d a ge s ago th at h u man co n s c i o u s
n e ss i s o n e o f th e el e m e n ts i n t h e mak e up of all t h e
obj e c ts o f o ur p e rce pt i o n a n d co n ce p t i o n i nte rnal as
w el l as e x tern al
B egi n n i n g wi t h o ur o w n b o d i e s an d
go i ng u p t o [ f oa r a we m ay se e th at e ve r y o bj e c t o f o ur
p e r ce p ti o n i s t h i s co n sci ou s n e s s pl u s a so me t h i n g e l se
w hat eve r that may b e ; an d th i s u na vo i dabl e m i xtu re i s
what we o r d i nari l y t h i n k o f a s real i ty
In d ee d i t i s
an d e ve r wi l l b e , al l o f th e re al i ty th at i s p ossi bl e for
T h er e for e t o s a y t hat
th e h u man m i n d t o k n o w
,

HA K I IY O GA
'

26 5

i s u n re al be cau se H e i s an th ro p o morp h i c i s
sh eer n o n se n s e
I t so u n d s ve ry m u ch l i k e th e o ce i
de n tal s qu abbl e o n id eal i s m a n d real i s m wh i ch fe arful
l o oki n g quar r e l has fo r i ts fo u n da ti o n a me re play o n
th e w ord r ea l
T h e i d ea o f [ f oa m cov e r s al l th e
gro u n d eve r d e n ote d an d co n n o te d b y th e w ord real
a n d [ f oa r a i s a s m u c h real a s a ny th i n g el s e i n th e u n i
v e rse ; a n d afte r al l th e wo rd r e al m ean s n o th i n g m o re
tha n what has n ow be e n p oi n ted o ut
S u ch i s o ur ph i l o
s oph i cal con ce p ti on o f R oa m
oo m

Sp i r i tu a l R ea l i sa ti on, th e A i m

of

Bh a kti Y oga

th e B ha hta th es e d r y d e tai l s a r e n e ce ssa r y o nl y


to s tre n gth e n h i s wi l l ; b e y on d that th ey are o f n o u s e
F o r h e i s tread i n g o n a path wh i c h i s tted
to h i m
v ery s o o n to l ead h i m be y on d th e h a z y an d t urbu l e n t
regi o n s o f reas o n to l ea d h i m t o th e r eal m o f r e a l i s a
ti on
H e s o on th r o u gh t h e m e r c y o f th e L ord
reach es a plan e w h ere p eda n ti c a n d p o we r l e s s r eas o n i s
e ft
fa r b eh i nd an d th e me r e i n tel l e ctu al g r op i n g
th r o ugh th e dark gi v e s pl a c e t o th e d ayl i gh t o f d i re ct
e
r
c
e
p
ti
o
n
H
e
n
o
m
ore
r
ea
s
o
n
s
an
d
b
el
i
e
ves
h
e
p
al m ost pe rce i ves
He n o m ore a r gu e s h e s e n ses
A n d i s n o t t h i s s ee i ng G o d a n d fe el i n g G o d a n d
e nj oyi ng G od h igh e r tha n e v eryth i ng e l s e ? Nay
B h a hta s have n o t b ee n wa n ti ng wh o ha ve ma i n ta i n e d
t hat i t i s h i gh e r tha n e ve n M ohrh a
l ibe rat i o n
A nd
i s i t n ot al s o th e h i gh e st u til i ty
T h ere are p e opl e
i n t h e w o rl d w h o a r e
a n d a goo d man y o f the m t o o
T

B H A K TI Y O GA

2 66

co n v i n ced t hat o nl y t hat i s o f u s e an d u ti l i ty wh i ch


b r i ngs t o ma n c r eatu r e co mfo r t s
Eve n R el igi o n
G o d Ete r n i ty S ou l n o n e o f th e se i s o f any u se to
th em as th ey d o n o t b r i ng th e m m o n ey o r p h ys i c al
co m fo r t
To s u c h al l th o s e th i ngs wh i ch d o n o t
g r atify th e se n s e s a n d app eas e th e ap p e ti te s are o f n o
u ti l i ty
I n e ve r y m i n d u ti l i ty h o we ve r i s co n d i
T o m e n th e r efo re
t i o n e d by i t s o w n p e cu l iar wan ts
w h o n e ve r ri se h i gh e r th an eati n g d r i nk i ng b ege tti ng
p r oge ny an d dy i ng th e o nl y gai n i s i n se n s e e nj o y
m e n ts ; a n d th e y m u st wai t a n d go th ro ugh many mo re
b i rth s an d r e i n carnati o n s t o le ar n to fe e l e ve n the
B ut tho se to
fai nte st n e ce ss i ty fo r a nyth i ng h igh e r
w h o m th e e te rnal i n te re s ts o f th e s o u l are o f m u ch
h i gh e r val u e th an th e e e ti ng i n te r e s ts o f th i s m u n da n e
l i fe t o wh o m th e grati cati o n o f t h e se n se s i s b u t l ik e
th e th o ugh tl es s p lay of th e baby t o th e m G od an d th e
l o ve o f G o d fo r m th e h i gh es t a nd th e o nl y u ti l i ty o f
hu ma n e x i s te nce
T ha nk G o d th e r e a re s om e s uch s t i ll
l iv i n g i n t h i s w orl d o f t o o m uc h worl d l i n ess
B h a h tzl Y og a a s w e hav e sa id
i s d iv id ed i n to t h e

a u
n i o r th e p re pa r a to r y
a
nd
th
e
o
r
th
e
s
u
p
r
e
m
e
r
a
a
g
p
fo r ms
We s hal l n d as w e go o n h o w i n th e p r e
v
a
r
r
a
t
o
f
s
tage
u
n
av
o
i
d
abl
y
s
ta
n
d
i
n
n
eed
o
man y
w
e
p
co n cr et e h el ps t o e n ab l e u s t o ge t o n ; an d i n d e ed th e
myth ol ogical an d sy mb ol ogical pa r ts o f al l rel igi o n s are
n atu r al g r ow th s w h i c h ea r l y e nv i r o n th e as p i r i ng s o ul
an d h el p i t G odward
I t i s al s o a s ig ni ca n t fac t that
s pi ri tual gi an ts h ave b e e n p rod u ce d o n l y i n th os e s ys
te m s o f rel i gi o n w h e r e th ere i s a n e x u beran t growth o f
-

B H AK T I Y O GA

26 7

ri c h m yth ol ogy an d ri tual i s m


T he d ry fan ati cal
fo r m s o f rel i gi o n wh i ch atte mp t to e rad icate al l th at i s
p o e ti cal all t hat i s bea u t i ful a n d su bl i me al l that
gi ve s a rm grasp to th e i n fa n t m i nd to tteri n g i n i ts
G od ward wa y th e fo r m s w hi ch atte m pt to b reak
d o w n t h e ve ry ri dge p ol e s o f th e s p i r i t ual r o o f a nd i n
t h ei r i gn o ra n t a n d s u pe r sti ti o u s co n ce pt i o n s o f t r u t h
try to d r iv e away al l that i s l i fe giv i ng al l t ha t fu r
n i s h e s t h e fo rmat i ve mater ial to th e s p i r i tual p lan t
g r ow i ng i n t h e h u ma n s o u l su ch form s o f r e l igi o n
t o o s o o n n d t hat a l l o f w hat i s left to t h e m i s bu t a n
e m p ty s h e l l a co n te n tl e ss fra m e o f wo rd s an d s o p h i s
try wi t h p erhap s a l i ttl e avo u r o f a k i n d o f s o c i al
s ca ve n geri n g o r th e s o c a l le d s p i r i t o f r e fo r m
Th e
vast m as s o f th o se wh o se rel i gi o n i s l i k e th i s a r e c o n
sci o u s o r u n co n sci o u s m ate r ial i sts t h e e nd a n d ai m
h e reafte r b ei n g e nj o ym e nt
o f th e i r l i ve s h ere a n d
wh i ch i n de e d i s to th e m th e al pha a n d th e o m ega o f
h u ma n l i fe
Wo rk l i k e stre et cl ea n i n g a n d s cave n ge r
i n g i n te n d e d f o r th e mate r i al c o mfo r t o f ma n i s
a nd
of
a cco rd i n g to t h e m th e
e n d al l
be al l
h u ma n e x i s te n ce ; a n d th e s o o ne r th e fo l l o wers o f th i s
cu ri o u s m i x tu re o f i gn o an ce a n d fa nati ci s m co m e o ut
i n th ei r tru e col o r s a n d j o i n as th ey we l l d ese r ve t o
d o th e ra nk s o f a th e i s ts a n d ma t e r ial i sts th e b e tte r
w i l l i t b e f o r th e w orl d
O n e o u n c e o f th e p r a c ti ce o f
r igh te ou sn e s s an d o f s p i r itua l se l f r eal i sa ti o n o ut
we i gh s to n s an d to n s o f froth y tal k a nd n o n se n si cal
se n ti m e n ts
S ho w us o n e b u t o n e gi gan ti c S pi ri tual
ge n i u s g r o wi n g o ut o f al l thi s d ry d u st o f i gn o ra n ce
.

B H AK T I Y O GA

26 8

a n d fa na ti ci sm ; a nd i f yo u can n o t cl ose you r m o u th s


op e n th e wi nd ow s o f yo u r h ea r ts to th e cl ear l igh t o f
tru th an d s i t l ik e ch i l d r e n at th e fe e t o f th o se who
k no w wh at th e y are tal k i n g ab ou t th e sage s o f
I nd i a
L et u s th e n l i s te n at te n ti ve ly t o w hat th e y s a y
,

T h e Need

of

Gu
ru
.

'

E ve ry s ou l i s d e sti n e d to be p e r f e c t a n d e v ery b e i n g
i n th e e n d w i l l a tta i n th e state o f p e rfe cti on
Wha t
e ve r we a re n ow i s th e re su l t of o u r a cts a n d th ough t s
i n th e pa s t ; a n d wha te ve r w e sh al l b e i n th e fu tu r e ,
w i l l b e th e r e su l t o f w ha t w e th i n k a n d d o n o w
B ut
th i s o u r shap i n g o f o ur o w n d e sti n i e s d oe s n o t pre
e l u d e ou r r e c e iv i n g h el p fro m o u ts i d e ; nay i n th e va st
maj ori ty o f case s s u ch h e l p i s ab sol u t e l y n e ce ssa r y
Wh e n i t com e s th e h i gh er p owers a n d p o ss i b i l i ti e s o f
th e so u l are q u i ck e n ed sp i ri tual l i fe i s awak e n ed
grow th i s a n i mate d a nd ma n be c ome s h oly a nd p e rfe c t
i n th e e n d
T h i s q u i ck e n i n g i mp ul se can n o t b e d eri v e d fro m
bo ok s
T h e s o u l ca n o n l y r e ce i ve i mp ul se s f r o m
a n o th e r so u l a n d fro m n oth i ng e l se
We may s tu d y
book s al l o ur l i v e s w e m ay be co me v ery i nte l l e ctual ;
bu t i n t he e n d We nd t hat we h ave n o t d e v el ope d at
al l sp i ri tual ly
It i s n o t t r u e that a h i gh o rd e r o f i n te l
l
l ectu al d ev el o p m e n t a ways goe s h an d i n h an d w i th a
p r opo r t i onate dev e l op m e n t of th e sp i ri t u al s i de i n m an
I n stu dy i n g b ook s w e a r e so m e t i m e s d el u d e d i n to
th i n k i ng that th e r e b y w e a r e b e i n g sp i ri t u all y h e l p e d ;
,

BH AK TI Y O GA

26 9

but ,

i f w e anal yse th e e ffe c t o f th e stu d y o f b o o k s o n


o ursel v es we s h al l n d th at at t h e u tm ost i t i s o n l y
but
r i n tel l e ct th at d e ri ve d p r o t f r o m s u c h s tu d i es
ou
Th i s i n s u f c i e n c y o f b o oks to
r inn er spirit
n ot o u
q u i ck e n s p i ri tual gro w th i s th e r e as on w h y al th o ugh
al m os t e ve r y o n e o f us c an sp ea h m o s t w o n d e r fu l l y o n
sp ir i tual ma tte rs w h e n i t co m e s t o a c ti o n an d th e
l i vi n g o f a tru l y s p i ri tual l ife w e n d o u r se lve s s o
T o qu i c k e n th e sp i r i t th e i mp u l s e
awfu l l y d e c i e n t
mu
s t c o m e fro m an o th e r s o u l
T h e pe r s o n f r o m wh o s e s o u l s u ch i m p u l s e co me s i s
cal l e d th e G ur u th e tea c h e r ; an d th e p ers o n t o
wh os e s ou l th e i m p u ls e i s co n veye d i s cal l e d th e
T o c on vey su ch a n i m p u l se t o
th e s tu d e n t
Si s hya
an y s o ul i n th e rst p l a c e th e so u l f r o m w h i c h i t p r o
c e e d s m u s t p oss es s th e p owe r o f t r an sm i tti n g i t as i t
we re to an o th e r ; an d i n th e se c o n d pl ace th e so u l t o
Th e
w h i ch i t i s t r an s m i tte d m ust b e t to re c e i ve i t
see d m u s t b e a l i vi n g s ee d an d th e e l d mu s t b e
re ady p l ou gh e d ; an d wh e n b oth th e s e co n d i ti o n s a r e
fu l l l e d a wo n d e r fu l g r owth o f ge nu i ne r el i gi o n take s

p l ace
Th e t r u e p r each e r o f r e l i gi o n h a s to b e o f
wo n d erfu l c apab i l it i e s an d c l eve r shal l h i s h eare r
b e a n d wh e n b oth o f t h e se a r e real l y w o n d e rfu l
an d e x tra ord i nary th e n w i l l a sp l e n d i d sp i r i tua l
awak e n i n g re s u l t a n d n o t oth e r wi se
Su c h a l on e are
th e real t each ers an d s u ch al o n e a r e al s o th e real s t u
A l l ot h e r s a r e o n l y p l ay i n g
d e n t s th e r eal asp i r an t s
wi t h sp i r i t ual i ty
T h e y have j u st a l i ttl e cu ri o si ty
awak e n e d j u st a l i ttl e i n te l l e ctual asp i r ati o n k i n dl e d
,


B H AK TI Y O GA

2 7o

i n th e m b u t are me r e l y stan d i ng o n th e o ut war d f ri nge


Th ere i s n o d o ubt som e
o f th e h o r i z o n o f r e l i gi o n
val u e e ve n i n th at as i t may i n c ou r s e of ti me r e s u l t
i n th e awak e n i ng o f a real th i rst for re l igi o n ; a nd i t i s
a myste r i o u s la w o f natu r e tha t a s s oo n a s t h e e l d i s
r eady t h e s ee d m us t a n d d oe s co m e as s oo n a s the
so u l e a r n e st l y d e s i re s t o have re l i gi on th e tran sm i tt e r
o f th e re l i gi o u s fo r ce m a s t a n d d o e s ap p ear to h e l p that
so u l
Wh e n th e p owe r tha t a tt r a cts th e l igh t o f re l i g
i o n i n th e r e ce i vi n g s ou l i s fu l l an d stron g th e p owe r
wh i ch a n s we r s to that attrac ti o n an d se n d s i n l igh t
d oe s co m e a s a m atte r of c o urse
T h e re a r e h o we v e r ce rta i n g r e a t d ange rs i n th e
way
T h e re i s f o r i n s ta nce th e d an ge r to t h e r e c e i v
i ng s o u l o f i ts m i s tak i n g m o me n tary e m o ti on s f o r re al
re l igi o u s ye a r n i n g
We may s tu dy th at i n o u r se l ve s
M an y a ti m e i n o ur l i ve s s om eb od y d i e s wh o m w e
l ove d ; w e re ce i ve a b l ow ; w e fe e l th a t th e worl d i s
s l i p p i n g b e t we e n o ur n ge r s th at w e wan t s om e th i n g
s ure r an d h i gh e r a n d that w e m u s t be c om e r e l i gi o u s
I n a fe w d ay s th at wave o f fe e l i n g h as p as se d away
an d we are l e ft s t r an d e d j u st wh e re w e we r e be fo r e
We a r e al l o f u s o fte n m i s tak i n g s u c h i m p u l se s fo r real
th i rst afte r r e l i gi o n ; b u t a s l o n g a s th e se m o m e n tary
e mo ti o n s a r e th u s m i stak e n th at co n ti n uo us r eal
c r av i n g o f th e s o u l fo r re l igi o n w i l l n o t c o m e a n d we
c a n n o t n d th e t r u e tra n s m i tte r o f sp i ri tual i ty i n to o ur
n at u r e
So wh e n ev er w e are te m p te d to co mpla i n o f
o u r s ea r ch afte r th e tru th tha t w e d e s i re s o m u ch
p r ov i ng vai n i n s tead o f s o co m p lai n i n g o ur rs t d u ty
,

B H AK T I Y O GA

271

o ugh t to be to l o ok i n to o ur o w n s o ul s a n d n d
w h e th e r th e crav i n g i n th e h ea r t i s r eal
T h e n i n th e
vas t maj o r i ty o f case s i t wo ul d be d i scov e red t hat we
we re n o t t fo r re ce iv i n g t h e t r u th that th e r e w a s n o
real th i r s t fo r sp i ri tual i ty
T h e r e a r e s ti l l greate r dange r s i n rega r d t o th e
tr a n s m i tter th e G ur u
T h e r e a r e man y w h o th o ugh
i m m ers e d i n i gn o r an ce ye t i n th e p r i d e o f th e i r
h earts fa n c y the y k n o w e ve ry th i n g a nd n o t o n ly d o
bu t o ffe r to tak e o th e rs o n th e i r sho u l
n o t s to p t he re
d e rs ; a n d th u s th e bl i n d l ead i n g th e bl i n d bo th fal l
i n to th e d i tch
Fo o l s d we l l i n g i n d a r k n ess wi s e i n
th e i r o wn co n ce i t a nd p u ffe d u p wi th vai n kn o wl ed ge
go ro un d an d r o u n d s tagge r i n g t o a n d f ro l i ke bl i n d

M
nna
I
2
m e n l e d by th e b 1i n d
U
Th
e
p
(
worl d i s ful l o f th es e
Eve ry o n e wa nts to be a
teach e r e v e r y beggar wa n ts to mak e a gi ft o f a m i l l i o n
d o l la r s ! J us t a s th es e beggars are ri d i cu l ou s s o are
th e s e teach ers
,

Q ua l i ca ti on s

of

th e A sp i ra nt

a nd

th e T ea ch er

are w e to k n o w a teach e r th e n
T h e s un r e
qu i re s n o to r c h to mak e hi m vi sib l e we ne ed n ot l igh t
a can d l e i n o rd e r t o s e e h i m
Wh e n th e s u n r i s e s w e
i n s ti n cti ve l y b e c o me aware o f th e fac t an d wh e n a
te ach e r o f me n co m es to h e l p u s th e s ou l w i l l i n s t i n c
t i v e l y k n o w th at tru th h a s al r ead y b egu n t o s h i n e u p o n
i t T ru th s tan d s o n i ts o w n evi d e n c e i t d o es n o t r e
qu i re a n y oth e r t e sti m o n y to p r o ve i t t r u e i t i s s el f
I t pe n e trat e s i n to th e i n n e rmo st c o rn e rs o f
l ge n t
eu
ow

A K II
BH
'

2 72

YO G A

o ur nat u re an d i n i ts p r e s e n ce th e wh ol e u ni v e r s e

s tands u p an d says
Th i s i s tr u th
Th e teac h ers
wh os e wi sdo m an d tru th s h i n e l i ke th e l i gh t o f th e s un
a r e th e ve r y greates t th e worl d h a s k n ow n a n d th e y
a r e worsh i ppe d as go d s by th e maj o r po rti o n o f man
ki n d
B ut we may ge t h e l p fro m c o mparati v e l y l e s se r
o n es al s o ; o nl y we o u rs e l ves d o n o t posses s i ntu i ti o n
e n o ugh to j u dge w e l l o f th e man fro m wh o m we
re ce i ve teach i n g an d gui dan c e ; s o th e r e o u gh t to b e
certai n test s ce r tai n co nd i ti o n s f o r th e teach e r to
satis fy as th e re are al s o f o r th e ta ugh t
T h e co n d i ti o n s n e ce ssary f o r th e taugh t are p u ri ty
a real th i r s t afte r k n owl e dge an d p ers ev eran ce
No
i mpu re so u l c a n b e real ly r e l i gi ou s
P u ri ty i n th o u gh t
sp eec h an d act i s ab sol u te ly n ec essary for o n e to b e
rel igi ou s A s to the t h i rs t afte r k n owl e dge i t i s a n
o l d l aw that we al l ge t w hate ve r w e wan t
No n e o f
u s can ge t a ny th i n g o th e r tha n w hat we x o u r hearts
up o n
T o p an t f o r rel igi o n trul y i s a v ery d ic ul t
th i n g n o t at al l s o e asy as w e ge n eral l y i m agi n e
He ari ng re l igi o u s talk s read i n g re l i gi o u s b ook s i s n o
pro of ye t o f a r eal wan t fel t i n th e h eart ; th e re m u s t
b e a c o n ti n u o u s s tru ggl e a c o n stan t gh t an un r e
m i tti ng grap pl i n g w i th ou r l o we r natu r e t i l l th e h ighe r
wa n t i s ac tu al l y fel t a n d th e v i ctory i s ac h i e ved
It is
n o t a qu es ti o n o f o n e o r tw o days o f y e ars o r o f l i ve s ;
th e st r u ggl e may have t o go o n for h u n dre d s o f l i fe
t i mes T h e su cce s s s o m et i me s may c o me i m m ed iatel y
bu t we mu st be rea dy t o wai t pati e ntl y ev e n f o r w hat
Th e s tu d e n t
m a y l ook l i k e an i n n i t e l en gth of ti m e
,

B H A KT I
Y O GA

o u t w i th s u c h a s p i ri t

w ho s e t s

2 73

p ers e v eran ce wi l l
s u rel y n d su cces s a n d r eal i sati o n a t l ast
I n rega r d to the teac he r w e m u s t s e e t ha t h e k n o w s
the sp i ri t o f th e s cri pt ure s
Th e wh ol e wo rl d read s
Bi bl e s V e das a n d Q u r a n s ; bu t th e y are al l o nl y
w ord s synta x e ty mol o gy ph i l ol ogy th e d ry b o n e s o f
r el i gi on
T h e teach e r w h o d eal s to o m u ch i n w ord s
a n d al l ows th e m i n d to be carri e d away by t h e fo r c e o f
w ord s l o se s th e sp i r i t
I t i s th e k n owl e d ge o f th e
sp i r i t o f th e s cri p t u re s al o n e th at co n s ti t u te s th e tru e
rel i gi o u s te ach e r
T h e n e two rk o f th e words o f th e
s cri p tu re s i s l i k e a hu ge fo r e s t i n w h i ch th e h u m an
m i n d o fte n l o se s i tsel f an d n d s n o way o ut
The
n e two rk o f wo rd s i s a bi g fo r e s t ; i t i s th e cau s e o f

T h e v ari ou s me th o d s o f j o i n i n g
c u ri o u s wan d e ri n gs
w o rd s t h e vari o u s m eth od s of speak i n g i n b ea u ti ful
l an guage th e vari o us m eth od s o f e x plai n i n g t h e d i cti o n
are on l y fo r th e d is p u tati o n s a n d
o f th e s cri p tu res
e nj oy me n t o f th e l earn e d ; th ey d o n o t co n d u ce t o th e
d ev e l op m e n t o f sp i r i tual co n ce pt i o n
T h os e w h o
e m pl oy su ch me th o d s t o i mpart rel i gi o n t o o th e r s are
o n l y d e si rou s to sh o w o ff th e i r l earn i n g s o th at th e
Y o u wi l l
w orl d may p rai s e t h e m a s g r eat sch o lars
n d th a t n o o n e o f th e grea t t each e r s o f t h e w o rl d e ve r
we n t i n t o th e s e vari o u s e xpl anat i o n s o f th e te x ts ; th e re

i s w i th t h e m n o atte m p t at te xt to rt u r i n g n o e te rnal
pl ayi n g u p o n th e m e an i n g o f wo rd s an d th e i r r o ots
Y e t th e y n o bl y taugh t w h i l e o th e r s wh o h a ve n o th i n g
t o teach h av e tak e n u p a wo rd s o me t i m es a n d wri tte n
o n th e man w h o
a th re e v ol u m e b o o k o n i ts ori gi n
of

18

B H A K TI YO GA

274

us ed i t rs t an d o n what that man w a s a c c u s to me d t o


eat an d h o w l on g h e s l ep t a n d s o o n

B h a g a oa n R am a h r i s h n a u se d t o te l l a s to r y o f so m e
m e n w h o we n t i n to a ma ngo orchard an d b u si ed th e m
s elve s i a c ou n ti ng th e l eave s th e twigs an d th e
b r an ch es e xam i n i n g th e i r col o r c o mpa ri n g t h ei r si z e
an d n oti n g d own e ve ryth i n g m os t ca r efu l l y an d th e n
g o t u p a l ea r n e d d i s cuss i o n o n ea c h o f th es e top i c s
whi ch we r e u n d o ub ted l y h ighl y i n te r e sti n g to th e m
B ut o n e o f th e m m o r e se n s i bl e th an th e o the rs d i d n ot
c a r e f o r al l th e s e th i ngs a n d i ns tead t h e reo f b ega n
t o eat th e man go fru i t
So
A n d was h e n o t w i s e ?
l eave th i s co u n ti n g o f l eav e s an d twi gs a n d th i s n ote
tak i n g to o th e rs
T h i s k i n d o f w o r k h a s i ts p r ope r
place b u t n o t h e r e i n th e sp i r i tual d o mai n
Y o u ca n
n ev e r on ce s e e a s tron g sp i r i tual man am o n g th e s e

R el i gi o n
l eaf c o u n te r s
th e h igh e st a i m th e
h ighe s t gl o r y o f m an d oe s n o t re qu i re s o m uc h lab o u r
a s l eaf coun ti ng
I f yo u wa n t to b e a B h a h ta i t i s n o t
at al l n e cessary fo r y o u to k n o w w h ere K r i sh n a w a s
bo rn i n M a th n r d o r i n Vr aja what h e was d o i ng
o r j u st th e e xact date o n w h i c h h e p ro n o u n ce d t h e
teach i ngs o f th e G i tri
Y o u o nl y re qu i re to f ee l th e
c rav i ng for th e b e a u ti fu l l e ss o n s o f d u ty an d l ove i n
th e Gi td A l l th e o th e r parti cu la r s ab o u t i t an d i ts
au th or are fo r th e e nj oy m e n t o f th e l earn e d Le t th e m

'
h ave w h at th ey d e si r e
S ay S dn ti h S a n ti h to t h e i r
l earn e d con trove rs i e s a n d l e t u s eat th e m ango e s
T h e se co n d co n d i ti o n n ec e ssary i n th e teac h e r i s

s i n l e ssn e s s T h e q u e s ti o n i s o fte n ask e d , W hy sh o u l d


,

B H AK T I
YO GA

2 75

we l o ok i n to t h e c harac te r an d pe r s o nal ity o f a teach e r ?


We h ave o n l y to judge o f wh a t h e says an d tak e th at

up
T h i s i s n o t r i gh t
I f a ma n wan ts to tea c h m e
s om e th i n g o f d y nam i c s o r c h e m i st r y o r any o the r
p hys i c al s c i e n c e h e m ay be any th i ng h e l i ke s b ecaus e
wh a t th e p hy s ical s c i e n c e s r e qu i r e i s m e r e l y a n i n te l
l e c tual e qu i p m e n t ; b u t i n th e sp i ri tual s c i e n ce s i t i s
i mp oss ibl e f r o m r s t t o las t th at th e r e can b e any
s pi r i tual l igh t i n th e s o ul th at i s i m p u r e Wh at r e l igi o n
Th e s i n e q ua n on o f a c q ui r
c a n a n i m p ure man teach ?
i ng s p i r i tual tru th f o r on e s sel f o r f o r i mpa r t i ng i t to
o th ers i s th e p uri ty o f he a r t an d so u l
A v i s i o n of
G o d o r a gl i m p s e o f t h e b eyo n d ne ve r c o m e s u n ti l
th e s ou l i s p u re
H e n ce w i th th e te a c h e r o f r e l igi o n
w e m u s t s e e rs t w hat h e i s an d th e n wh at h e says
H e m u s t b e p e rfe ctl y p ure an d th e n al o n e c om e s th e
val u e o f h i s w ord s b e cau s e h e i s o n l y th e n th e tru e

t r ans m i tte r
What ca n h e trans m i t i f h e has n o t
S p i r i tual p owe r i n h i m s el f
T h e re m us t b e th e w o r th y
v ibrati o n o f s p i ri tual i ty i n th e m i n d o f th e teach e r s o
th at i t may b e sympath e t i cal ly co nveye d to th e m i nd
T h e fu n c ti o n o f th e tea c h e r i s i nd eed
o f th e taugh t
a n a ffai r o f t h e trans fe r e n ce o f s om e th i n g an d n ot o n e
o f a m e re s ti m u l ati o n o f t h e e x i st i ng i n te l l e c tual o r
o th e r facul ti e s i n th e taugh t
S o m e th i n g r ea l an d
app re ciab l e as a n i n u e n c e c o m e s f r o m th e teach e r
an d goe s t o t h e taugh t
T h e re fo r e t h e te ac he r m us t
b e p u re
T h e th i r d c o n d i ti o n i s i n r e ga r d t o th e m o t i ve T h e
teach e r m u s t n o t teach w i t h any u l te ri o r s e l s h m o ti v e
,

B H A KT I
YO GA

2 76

fo r m o n ey n ame o r fame ; h is w or k m u s t b e s i m pl y
o ut o f l ov e o ut o f p ure l ov e for mank i n d a t l arge T h e
o n ly m e d i u m th r o ugh w h i ch sp i r i tual f orce c a n be
A n y s e l s h m ot iv e s u ch a s th e
t r ans m i tte d is l ov e
de s i re fo r gai n o r f o r n am e w i l l i m m e d i ate l y d e stro y
th i s co n vey i n g m e d i um G o d i s l ove an d o nl y h e w h o
has k n ow n G o d as l ov e c a n b e a teache r o f godl i nes s
an d G od t o m an
Wh e n y o u s e e th at i n yo ur te ach e r th e se con d i ti o n s
a r e al l ful l l e d y o u are safe ; i f th e y are n o t i t i s
u n safe t o al l ow y ou r s e l f to b e taugh t by h i m f o r th e r e
i s th e gre at dange r th at i f h e can n o t co nv ey go od n es s
i n to yo u r h ea r t h e m ay co nve y w i ck e d n es s
This
dange r m us t b y al l m e an s b e guard e d agai ns t
e
w h o i s l ea r n e d s i n l e s s a n d u n p ol l u te d by l u st i s th e
"
g r e ate s t k n owe r o f th e B r a h m a n
F r o m wh at h a s b e e n sa i d i t n at u r al l y fol l ow s tha t
we can n o t b e tau gh t t o l ove app r e ci ate a n d a ss i m i lat e

rel i gi o n e ve r y wh e r e a n d b y ev e r yb ody T h e se r m o n
i n s to n e s b o ok s i n ru n n i n g b rook s a n d go od i n e ve r y

th i ng i s al l ve ry t r u e as a p oe ti cal gu r e : bu t n o m a n
c a n i m part to a n o th e r a s i n gl e grai n o f t r u th u nl e ss h e
h as th e u n d e v el op e d ge rm s o f i t i n h i m s el f T o wh o m
d o th e s to ne s a n d br o o ks p r e ach s e rm o ns ? T o th e
h u man s ou l th e l ot u s o f w h os e i n n e r h ol y s h r i n e i s
al ready q u i ck w i th l i fe
A n d th e l i gh t wh i ch caus e s
th e bea u ti fu l op e n i n g o ut o f th i s l otu s c o mes al way s
f r o m th e go od an d w i se teach e r Wh e n th e h ea r t h as
th u s b e e n op e n e d i t b e co m e s t to re ce i ve teach i n g
fro m th e sto ne s o r th e bro ok s o r th e s ta r s or the s un
,

BH A K T I Y O GA

2 77

th e m oo n , o r fro m anyth i n g wh i ch h a s i ts e x i ste n c e


i n o ur d iv i n e u n iv e r se ; b u t th e u n op e n e d h ea r t w i l l s e e
i n th e m n o th i n g b u t m e r e stone s o r m e re b r o ok s
A bl i n d ma n m ay go to a m us e u m b u t h e w il l n o t p r o t
by i t i n an y w a y ; h i s eyes m u s t b e op e n e d r s t a n d
th e n al o n e h e w il l b e abl e to l ea r n what th e t h i ngs i n
th e m us e u m c a n teac h
T h i s e ye op e n e r o f th e asp i r an t afte r r el igi o n i s t h e
tea ch e r
Wi th th e teache r the r e fo r e o ur r e la ti on
s h i p i s th e sam e a s that b e tw ee n a n an ce sto r an d h i s
d e s ce ndan t
Wi th ou t fa i th h u m i l i ty sub m i ss i o n an d
v e n e rat i o n i n o ur h earts t o o ur re l igi o u s teache r th e re
c a n n o t b e a n y g r ow th o f r e l i gi o n i n u s ; an d i t i s a
s i gn i ca n t fa c t th at w h e r e th i s k i n d o f r e l ati o n b e twe e n
th e teac h er an d th e taugh t p r e va i l s th e r e al o n e gi gan ti c
S p i r i tual m e n are g r ow i n g w h i l e i n t h o se c o u n tri e s
w h i c h h av e n egl ecte d t o k e e p up t h i s k i n d o f r e l a ti o n , th e
re l igi o u s teach e r has bec o m e a m e r e l e ctu r e r th e te ach e r
e xp e cti n g h i s v e d ol la r s an d th e p ers o n taugh t e x p e c t
i n g h i s b r ai n to b e l l e d w i th th e teach er s word s an d
e ach go i n g h i s o w n way afte r th i s m u c h i s d o n e
Under
s u ch c i rcu m sta n c e s sp i ri tual i ty b e c o me s al m os t a n
u n k n ow n q uan t i ty T h ere i s n on e t o t r an sm i t i t a n d
R el i gi o n w i th s u c h
n on e t o have i t tran s m i tte d t o
p e op l e b e com e s b u s i n e ss th e y th i n k th ey c a n obta i n i t
w i th th e i r d ol l ars
Wo ul d t o G o d th at rel i gi o n co u l d
b e obtai n e d s o e as i ly ! B ut u n fo r t u n ately i t can n ot
R el i gi o n w h i c h i s th e h i ghe s t k n owl e dge an d th e
h igh e st wi sd o m ca n n ot b e b o ugh t n o r ca n i t b e
Y o u m ay th ru st you r h ead i nt o
a c qu i re d fro m b o ok s
or


B H AK T I Y O GA

2 78

al l th e c o r n e r s o f th e w o r l d yo umay e xpl ore th e i m a


layas th e A l ps an d th e Cau cas u s yo u may s o u n d th e
b otto m o f th e s e a an d p ry i n to e ve r y n o ok o f T h i be t
an d th e d e se r t o f G ob i y o u w i l l n o t n d i t any w h e r e
u n ti l yo u r h ea r t i s r eady for re ce i v i ng i t an d yo u r
teache r h as c o m e
A n d wh e n that d i vi n e l y app o i n ted
te a c he r c o m e s s erv e h i m w i t h c h i l dl i k e co n d e n ce a nd
S i mp l i c i ty f r e el y op e n y o u r h e a r t t o h i s i n ue n ce and
T h o se w h o co m e t o s ee k
s e e i n h i m G o d man i fe ste d
t r u t h w i th s u c h a sp i r i t o f l ove a n d ve n erati o n t o t h e m
th e L ord o f T ru t h r e veal s th e m os t w o nd erfu l t h i ngs
regard i n g T r u t h , G o o d n e s s a n d B eau ty
,

Inca r n a te T ea ch er s

a nd

Inca r n a ti on

W he re ve r H i s n am e i s sp ok e n that ve ry pl ace i s h ol y
H o w m u c h m ore s o i s th e ma n w h o sp eak s H i s n am e
an d w i th w hat ve n e r ati o n o ugh t w e to app r oac h t h a t
ma n o ut o f wh om c o me s t o us sp i r i tu al tru t h ? S u ch
g r eat t ea c h e r s o f sp i r i tu al t rut h a r e i n d e e d ve r y few i n
n u mb er i n t h i s w orl d b ut th e w orl d i s n e ve r al toget h e r
w i th o u t th e m
T h e m o m e n t i t i s abs o l u tel y b eref t o f
th es e i t b e co m e s a h i d e o us h e l l an d h as te n s o n to i ts
d e st r u cti o n
T h e y are al way s th e fa i re st owers o f
h u man l i fe
th e o cea n o f m e r cy w i th o u t an y m o tiv e

K n ow th e G a m e t o b e M e
says Sr i K ri sh n a i n t h e
,

Gi ta

Hi gh e r a n d n obl e r th a n al l ord i nary o n e s are a n oth er


.

teach e r s A na tar a s o f [ f oa m i n th e wo rl d
T h ey c an t r a n sm i t sp i r i tual i ty wi t h a to u ch , e ve n w it h

s et

of

B H AK T I Y O GA

2 79

m e re w i s h
T h e l owest a n d th e m os t d egrade d
c hara cters b e co m e i n o n e se co n d sa i nts at th e i r c o m
m an d
T h ey are th e T each e r s o f al l teach e r s th e
h igh e s t ma n i fe s tati o n s o f G o d th r ou gh man
We ca n
n o t s e e G o d e x cep t thro ugh th e m
We ca n n ot h el p
wo r s h i pp i n g th e m ; a n d i nd eed th ey a r e th e o nl y o n es
w h o m w e are b o u n d to wors h ip
N o ma n ca n real l y s e e G o d e x cep t th ro ugh th e se
h u ma n m a n ife stati o n s If w e t r y to see G o d othe rw i se
w e mak e for o u r se l v e s a h i d e o u s ca r i catu re o f H i m
an d b e l i e v e th e ca r i catu r e to b e n o wors e th an th e
o r i gi n al
T h e re i s a s to r y o f a n i gn o r a n t m an w h o w a s
ask e d to m ak e a n i mage o f t h e G o d Si va an d wh o
a fte r day s o f hard s t r uggl e ma n u fa cture d o nl y the
i mage o f a m o n k ey ! S o w h e n e ve r w e try to th i n k o f
G od a s H e i s i n H i s ab sol u te p erfe cti o n we i n variabl y
m ee t w i t h th e m o s t m i s erabl e fa il u r e ; b e cau s e a s l o ng
a s w e ar e m e n w e can n o t c o n ce i ve H i m a s an yth i n g
h i gh e r tha n m a n
T h e ti m e w i l l co m e w h e n w e shal l
tran s ce n d o u r h u man n atu re an d k n ow H i m a s H e i s ;
b u t a s l o n g a s we are m e n we m u s t w o r sh i p H i m i n
ma n an d as ma n
Tal k a s yo u m ay try a s yo u may
Y o u m ay
yo u ca n n o t th i n k o f G o d e xc ep t a s a man
d e l i ve r g r e at i n tel l ec tual d i sc o u r se s o n G o d and al l
t h i ngs u n d e r th e su n b e c o m e v e r y great rati o nal i sts
an d p ro v e to y o u r sati s facti o n th at al l th es e acco u n ts
B ut l e t
o f t h e A na tar a s o f G o d a s m an are n o n se n s e
u s c o m e f o r a m o m e n t t o p r acti cal co m mo n s e n se W hat
i s th e r e b e h i n d th i s k i n d o f re ma r kabl e i n tel l e ct ? ! e r o
n o th i n g si mp l y s o m u ch froth
W h e n n e x t y o u h ear
a


BH A KT I Y O GA

2 8o

a m an d e l i v e ri n g a gre at i n tel l e c t u al l e ct u r e a gai ns t


th i s worsh i p o f th e A oa tei r a s of G o d ge t h ol d o f h i m
and a sk h i m w ha t h i s i de a o f G od i s w ha t h e k n ow s by

om n ip rese n ce
o mn ip ote n ce
a n d al l s i m i l ar term s
beyo nd t h e spel l i ng o f th e word s
He real l y m e an s
n oth i ng by th e m ; h e can n o t fo r m ul ate as th e i r m e an i n g
any i dea u naffe cte d by h i s o w n h u man natu r e ; h e i s n o
be tte r o ff i n th i s matte r th an th e man i n th e s tre et wh o
T hat m an i n th e st r e e t
h a s n o t read a s i ngl e b oo k
h owe ve r i s q u i e t an d d oe s n ot d i s turb th e p eace o f th e
wo r l d ; wh il e th i s b i g tal k e r create s d i stu r ban ce a n d
R e l igi o n i s afte r al l r e a l i s a
m i se ry am o n g m ank i n d
ti o n an d w e m u st mak e th e s harp e s t d i sti n cti o n be twee n
tal k an d i n tu i ti ve e x p e ri e n ce
W hat w e e x p eri e n ce i n
th e de pt h s o f o ur s o ul s i s re al i sati o n
N o th i n g i n d e e d
i s s o u n com m o n a s co m m o n s e n s e i n regard to th i s
matte r
B y o ur pre se n t c o n sti tut i o n w e are l i m i te d a n d b o u n d
to s e e G o d as m an
I f for i n stan ce th e b u ffal oe s
wan t to w ors h i p G o d th ey w i l l i n k e e p i n g w i th th e i r
o w n n at ure s e e H i m a s a h u ge b u ffal o ; i f a s h wan ts
to wo r sh i p G o d i t w i l l hav e t o fo r m a n i dea o f H i m a s
a b ig sh ; a n d ma n ha s t o th i n k o f H i m a s ma n A n d
th e s e vari o u s co n cep ti o n s a r e n o t d u e to m o r bi dl y
a cti ve i magi na ti o n
M a n t h e b u ffal o a n d th e s h a l l
may b e s up p ose d to repre se n t s o ma n y d i ffe r e n t ve ssel s
s o t o say
A l l th e s e ve ss e l s go to th e sea o f G o d t o
ge t l l e d w i th wate r eac h a ccord i ng t o i ts ow n shap e
a n d capa ci ty ; i n th e ma n t h e water tak e s th e s hap e o f
m a n i n th e b u ffal o th e s hap e of a b u ffal o a n d i n th e
,

B H AK TI Y O GA

2 81

s h th e shape o f th e sh I n each o f th ese v e sse l s


t h ere i s th e sam e wate r o f t h e s e a o f G od
Whe n men
th ey s e e H i m as man an d th e an i m al s i f
see H im
th ey h ave an y co n cepti o n o f G od a t al l m u s t s e e H i m
a s an i mal ea c h a c co r d i n g to i ts o w n i d eal
So w e
ca n n o t h el p se e i n g G o d as man a nd th ere fore we are
b o u n d to w ors h i p H i m a s ma n T h e r e i s n o ot h e r w a y
Tw o k i n d s o f m e n d o n o t w o r s h i p G o d as ma n
th e
h u m a n b ru te w h o ha s n o r el i gi o n an d th e P a r a m a
h a m sa w h o h as r i se n b eyo n d al l th e w eak ne sse s o f
h u ma n i ty a n d h as t r a n s c e n d e d th e l i m i ts o f h i s o w n
h u m an n atu re
T o h i m al l natu r e h as b e c om e h i s o w n
Self
H e a l on e ca n w o r sh i p G o d as H e i s
He r e t o o
a s i n al l o th e r case s th e tw o e x tre m e s m ee t
The
e x t r e m e o f ign ora n ce an d th e o th e r e x t r e m e o f k n owl
e d ge n e i th e r o f t h e se g o th r ou gh a c ts o f wo r s h i p
T h e h u ma n b r u te d oe s n o t wo r sh i p b e c au se o f h i s
i gn o r a n ce a n d th e f i na n m a hta s ( f r e e so u l s ) d o n o t
w o r s h i p b e cau se th e y hav e r eal i se d G o d i n th e m sel ve s
B e i ng b e twe e n th e se tw o p ol e s o f e x i ste n ce i f a ny o n e
t el l s y ou tha t h e i s n o t go i n g t o w ors h i p G o d a s ma n
take k i n d ly ca r e o f that ma n ; h e i s n o t to u se any
h a r sh e r te rm an i rr e sp o n si bl e tal k e r ; h i s r el i gi o n i s f o r
u ns o u n d a n d e mp ty b r a i n s
G o d u n d e r s ta n d s h u ma n fai l i n gs a n d b e c o m e s m a n t o

d o go od to h u ma n i ty
W he n e ve r v i r tu e sub si de s
a n d w i ck e d n e ss p r e va il s I ma n i fe s t m y se l f T o e stab
l i s h v i r t u e t o d e st r oy e v i l t o sav e th e goo d I co m e

fro m yn ga to y ng a
Fo ol s d e ri d e m e w h o h ave
ass u m e d th e h u ma n form w i th o u t k n o wi n g m y r e al
.

B H AK TI Y O GA

2 82

nat u r e as th e L o r d o f th e u n i ve r se
S u ch i s Sr !
K r i s h n a s d e c l a r ati o n i n th e Gi ta o n i n carnat i o n

Wh e n a h uge ti dal wave com e s


s ays B ha g a od n

Sr i R am a /er i s h n a
al l th e l i ttl e bro ok s a n d d i tch e s
be c om e ful l to th e b r i m w i th o u t a ny e ffort o r c o n
s c iou
s n e s s o n th e i r o w n part ; s o wh e n an i n carnati o n
com e s a t i dal wav e o f S p i r i t ual i ty b r eak s u p o n th e
w o r l d an d p e opl e fe e l sp i ri tual i ty al m os t f ul l i n t h e
.

air

T h e M a ntr a

0111

W or d

a nd

W i sdom

B ut w e

are n ow c o n s id eri ng n o t th e se M a hd p ur n s h a s ,
th e g r e at i n carnati o n s b u t o nl y th e S i ndh a G ur n s
tea
c
he
rs
w h o h av e at tai ne d th e goal ; th ey as a ru l e
(
)
h av e t o conve y th e ge rm s o f sp i r i tual w i sd om to th e
d i sc ipl e b y m ean s o f w o r d s ( m a n tr a ) to be m e d i tate d
u po n
W hat are t h e s e m a n tr a s ? T h e w h ol e o f th i s
u n iv e r s e has acco rd i n g to I n d ia n p h i l osop h y b ot h
nam e a n d form a s i ts c o n d i ti o n s o f ma n i fes tati o n
In
th e h u ma n m icroc o s m t h e r e c a n n o t be a s i ngl e wav e
i n th e m i n d s tu ff ( ch i tta ) u n co n d i ti o n e d by n am e a n d
form
I f i t b e t r u e tha t nat u re i s b u i l t t h rou g h o u t o n
t h e sam e p la n t h i s k i n d o f co n d i ti on i n g b y n am e an d
fo r m mu s t al s o b e t h e p l a n o f th e b u i l d i ng o f th e w h ol e
o f th e c o s m o s
A s o n e l u m p o f clay be i n g k n own

al l c l a y i s k n ow n
s o t h e k n owl edge o f th e m i cro cos m
m u st lead t o th e k n owl e dge o f th e m acro cos m
N ow
form i s th e o u te r cru s t o f w h i ch th e n am e o r th e i d e a
T h e b o dy i s th e form
i s th e i n n e r e sse n ce o r k ern e l
a nd t h e m i nd o r th e a n ta h ha r a na , i s th e nam e a n d
-

B H AK TI

v ocA

2 83

ou n d sy m b ol s a r e u ni ve r sal ly as so c iate d w i th nam e i n


al l be i ngs h avi n g th e p owe r o f spe e c h I n th e i n d i vi d ual
m a n th e th o ugh t wav e s ari s i ng i n th e l i m i te d m a h a t o r
m i n d stu ff ( C h i tta ) m u s t m an i fe s t th e m se l v e s r s t as
w or ds a n d th e n as th e m o r e co n cr e te f o r m s
I n th e u n iv e rse B r a h m a o r
i r a nya g a r hh a
o r th e
c o s m i c i n tel l ige n c e ( m a h a t) r s t man i fe st e d h i m se l f a s
an d th e n a s fo r m i e as th i s u n iv e r se
n a me
A ll
th i s e xp r e sse d se n s ibl e u n i ve r s e i s th e fo r m be h i n d
wh i ch sta n d s th e e tern al i n e xp r e ss i bl e sp hota th e m an i
T h i s e te r nal sp h ota th e
f e s to r as L og os o r Wo r d
e s se n t i al e te rn al m ate r i al o f al l i d eas o r na m e s i s
th e p owe r th rou gh wh i ch th e L ord c r eate s th e u n i ve r s e ;
nay t h e L ord rst be co m e s co n d i ti o n e d as th e sp h ota
a n d th e n evol ve s h i m sel f o ut a s th e ye t m o r e co n c r e te
s e n s ibl e u n i v e r s e
T hi s sp h ota ha s o n e wo r d as i ts
o nl y po ss ibl e sy mbo l an d th i s i s th e 0m
A n d as by
n o p o ssi bl e mea n s o f a nal y si s w e ca n sepa r ate th e word
fro m th e i d ea t h i s 0m an d th e e te r nal sp h ota a r e
i nse pa r abl e ; a n d t h erefo r e i t i s o ut o f th i s h ol i e s t of
al l h ol y w o r d s th e m o th e r o f al l name s a nd fo r ms th e
e te rnal 0m that th e w h ol e u n i ve r se may be su pp o s ed
B ut i t may b e sai d that
t o hav e be e n c r eate d
al th o u gh t h o ugh t a nd w o r d a r e i n se pa r abl e ye t a s
th e re may b e va r i o u s wo r d sy mbo l s f o r th e sa m e
t h o ugh t i t i s n ot n e cessa r y that t h i s pa r ti c ul a r wo rd
0m sh o ul d b e th e w o r d re p r e se n tati ve o f th e th o ught
ou
t o f wh i c h th e u n i vers e h as be co m e man i fe ste d
T o th i s obj e ct i o n w e r e p ty th at th i s 0m i s t h e o nl y
p o ssi bl e sy m b ol wh i ch c o v e rs th e wh ol e g ro u nd a n d


H
A
K
I
B
I YO GA

2 84

th ere i s n o n e o th er l i ke i t
T h e sp hota i s th e m a t e
r i al o f al l wo r ds ye t i s n o t a ny d e n i te w ord i n
i ts ful l y fo r med s tate
Tha t i s to s a y i f al l th e
pe cu l ia r i ti e s wh i c h d i sti ngu i sh o n e wo rd fro m a no th e r
b e r e mo ved th e n wha t re mai n s wi l l be th e sp h ota ;
th e r e fo r e t h i s sp h ota i s cal l ed th e N ada B r a h m a ( th e
N
nd B ra hm a n
ow
as
e
ve
ry
word
sy
mb
ol
sou
i
n
)
te n d ed to e xp re s s th e i n e xp re ssi bl e sp hota wi l l s o par
t i c ul a r i z e i t th at i t w i l l n o l on ger be t h e sp h ota th at
sy mbo l wh i ch p a r ti c u la r i z e s i t th e l ea s t a n d a t th e sam e
ti m e m o s t ap p roxi mate ly e xp re ss es i ts nat ure wi l l b e t h e
trues t s ymbo l t h ere o f ; an d th i s i s th e 0m an d th e 0m
on l y ; b e ca u se th e se th re e l e tters A , U , M p ro n o u n ce d i n
c o mbi n ati o n a s 0m may we l l b e t h e ge n eral i se d sy mb ol
T h e l et te r A i s th e l ea s t d i ffe r e n
o f a l l p o ssi bl e so u n d s
t i a t e d o f a l l so u n d s th e r e fo re K r i sh na say s i n th e G i td

I a m A am o ng th e l etters
A gai n a l l a r ti c u late
so u n d s a r e p r o d u ce d i n th e spa c e wi th i n t h e m o u th
b egi n n i n g wi t h th e roo t o f t h e to n gu e a n d e n d i n g i n
th e l i p s th e th r oat so u n d i s A a n d M i s th e last
l i p so u n d ; a n d t h e U e xa c tl y rep r e sen ts t h e ro l li n g
fo r wa r d o f th e i m p u l se wh i c h b egi n s a t th e r oo t o f
th e to n gu e ti l l i t e n d s i n th e l i p s
I f p r o p e rl y pro
nou
n c e d t h i s 0m w i l l r e p r e se n t th e w ho l e p he n o me n o n
a n d n o o th e r wo rd c a n d o th i s ;
o f so u n d p r o d uc ti o n
a n d th i s th e r efo r e i s th e tte s t sy mbo l o f th e sp h ota
w h ich i s t h e r ea l m ean i n g of th e 0m
A n d as t h e
symbol c a n n ev er b e se parate d f r o m th e th i ng s ign i ed ,
th e 0m an d th e sp h ota are o n e
A n d as th e sp hota
be i ng t h e n er s i d e o f th e m a n i f e ste d u n iv e rse , i s n e ar e r
.

B H A K TI
Y O GA

2 85

t o G o d , a n d i s i n d e e d th e rs t ma n i f e stat i o n o f D i v i n e
W i sd o m th i s 0m i s t r ul y sy mbol i c o f G o d A ga i n
B r a hm a n
j u st as t h e
o ne
o n ly
th e A hha n a a
th e u nd i v i d e d E x i ste nc e K n o w l ed ge
B l i ss c a n b e c o nce i ve d by i mperfe c t h u ma n so u l s o n l y
fro m part i c ul ar stand p o i n ts o f v i e w an d a ssoc i a te d wi th
part i c u l ar qual i ti e s s o t h i s u n i verse H i s b ody has
al s o to b e th o ugh t o f al o ng th e l i n e o f th e th i n k e r s
mind
T h i s d i re ct i o n o f t h e wo rs h i pp e r s m i n d i s gu i d e d by
i ts p r e va i l i n g e l e m e n ts o r T a ttoa s
T h e re s u l t i s th a t
t h e sam e G o d w i l l b e s ee n i n va r i o u s ma n i fe sta ti o n s a s
th e p ossessor o f vari o u s p re d om i na n t qual i ti es a n d th e
s am e u n i ve r s e w i l l appe ar as fu l l o f m a n i fol d fo rm s
I n t h e s am e way i n w h i ch e ve n i n th e cas e o f th e l eas t
d i ffere nt i ate d a n d th e m os t u n i ve r sal sy mb ol 0m
th ough t a n d s o u n d sy mb ol are s ee n t o b e i n s epa r abl y
as soci ate d w i t h eac h o the r th i s l aw o f th e i r i n sep arabl e
assoc i ati o n appl i e s to th e m any d i ffe r e n ti ate d v i e ws o f
G o d a n d th e u n i ve rse : e ac h o f th e m m u s t have a par
T h e se wo r d s ym
t i c ul a r w ord symb o l t o e xp re s s i t
b ol s e vol ve d o ut o f th e d e e p e st sp i r i tual pe r c ep t i o n s
symb ol i z e an d e xp re s s a s ne a r l y a s p oss i bl e
o f sage s
th e pa r ti c ul ar v i e w o f G o d an d th e u n i ve rse th ey stan d
for A n d a s th e 0m re p r e se n ts th e A hh a n a a th e
u n d i ffe re n ti ate d B r a h m a n t h e o th e r s re p re se nt th e
K h a n na o r th e d i ffe r e n ti ated vi ew s o f th e sa m e B e i n g ;
a n d th e y are al l h e l pful to d i vi n e m e d i tati o n and th e
a cq ui si t i o n o f tru e k n owl ed ge
.


B H AK T I Y O GA

2 86

W or sh i p

of

Substi tu tes

a nd

Im a ges

T h e n e xt po i n ts to b e c o n si d e red a r e th e wo rs h i p o f
P r a tt/eds o r o f th i n gs m o r e o r l e s s sati s fact o r y as s ubs ti
t ut e s f o r G o d an d th e wo rsh i p o f P r a t i m a s o r i mage s
What i s th e w o r sh i p o f G o d th ro ugh a P r a t i ha
I t is

J oi n i n g th e mi n d w i th d e vo ti o n to that wh i c h i s n o t

Say s B h a g a od n
B r a h m a n tak i n g i t t o be B r a h m a n

Wo rsh i p th e mi n d as B r a h m a n th i s i s
R dm ci n nja :

i nt ernal ; an d t h e A has a a s B r a h m a n th i s i s th e s e n se

m ea ni n g
T h e mi n d i s an i n te r nal P r a t i ha th e A hds a
i s an e xte rnal o n e ; a n d b oth hav e to b e wo rs h i p pe d a s

subs ti t u te s o f G o d
S i m i l arl y
T h e S u n i s B r a hm a n

th i s i s th e co m man d
H e w h o wo r s h i p s Nam e as
B r a h m a n an d i n al l s u ch pas sage s th e do ub t a r i s e s a s

to th e wors h i p o f P r a t zhas
s ay s Sankara
The

W o r d P r a t zh a mean s go i ng towa r d s a n d wo rs hi pp i n g

a P r a t i hai i s w o r sh i pp i n g s om e th i ng wh i c h a s a s ubs ti
tu te i s i n so m e o n e o r m o r e r e sp e c ts l ik e th e B r a h m a n
A l on g wi t h
m o r e a n d mo r e b ut i s n o t th e B r a h m a n
th e P r a t i hti s m e n ti o n e d i n t h e Sr n ti s t h e r e are va r i o u s
o th e r s to b e fo u n d i n th e P n r ei n a s an d th e T a n tr a s
I n th i s k i n d o f P r a t i h a w or s t m ay b e i ncl u d e d al l th e
va r i o u s fo rm s o f P i tr i zoor s t a n d D ev a w or s h ip
N ow wo r s h i p p i n g ISv a r a an d H i m al o n e i s B h a h ti ;
th e wo rsh i p o f anyth i n g e l se D ena o r P i tr i o r a ny
oth e r be i n g c an n ot b e B h a hti
T h e vari o u s k i n d s o f
wo r s h i p o f th e vari o u s D eoa s are al l to b e i n cl ud e d i n
ri tual i sti c K a r m a w h i ch gi ve s to th e w o r sh ip p er o n ly
a part i cu lar re su l t i n th e form o f s om e ce l e s tial e nj oy
o

'

B H A K TI
Y O GA

2 87

m e n t b u t c a n n e i th e r giv e ri se to B ha hti n or l ead to


O n e th i n g th e r e fo r e has to b e ca r e fu l ly
M n h ti
b or n e i n m i n d
I f a s i t may hap pe n i n so m e c ases
th e h igh l y p h i l o sop h i c i d eal su pre me B r a h m a n i s H i m
sel f d r agged d o w n by P r a t i ha w or st to th e l eve l o f
'
th e P r a ti ha a n d th e P r a t i ha i tse l f i s tak e n to b e th e
A tm a n o f th e w orsh i pp e r o r h i s A n ta r ayd m i n th e w o r
s h ip p er ge ts e n ti re l y m i sl ed a s n o P r a t i ha c a n real ly
b e th e A tm a n o f th e w orsh i pp e r
B ut w h ere B r a h m a n
H i m s e l f i s th e obj ec t o f worsh i p an d th e P r a t i ha
stan d s o n l y as a su b s ti tu te o r a s ugge st i o n th e r e of
that i s to s a y wh e re t hrou gh th e P r a t i hd t h e o m n i
pre se n t B r a h m a n i s wors h i pp e d t h e P r a tzhei i tse l f
be i n g i d eal i z e d i nt o th e cau se o f al l t h e B r a h m a n
th e w ors h i p i s p os i t i ve l y be ne c ial ; n ay i t i s a bs o
l ut e l y n e ce ssa r y f o r al l ma nk i n d u n ti l th ey h ave a l l
go t b eyo n d th e p r i ma r y o r p r epa r atory s tate o f th e
m i n d i n rega r d t o wo rs h i p
Whe n th e re fo r e an y
god s or o th e r b e i n gs are wo r s h i ppe d i n a n d f o r t h e m
se l ve s su ch w o r sh i p i s o n l y a r i tual i s ti c K a r m a a n d
as a Vi aya ( sci e n ce ) i t gi ve s u s o n l y t h e f r u i t be l ong
i n g to that parti c ula r Vi ay f b u t w he n th e D eoa s o r
a n y o th er b e i n gs a r e l o ok e d u p o n as B r a h m a m a n d w o r
sh i pp e d th e re su l t ob ta i ne d i s th e same a s b y th e w o r
s h i p p i n g o f [ f r/a m
Th i s e xp l ai n s h ow i n ma ny case s
b o th i n th e Sr n ti s an d th e S m r i ti s a g o d o r a sage
or so m e oth e r e x t r ao r d i na r y be i n g i s tak e n u p a nd
li fted , as i t w e r e o ut o f i ts o w n natu r e a nd i d eal i z e d
i nt o B r a h m a n a n d i s th e n w o r s h i pped
Say s th e
I s n o t ev e r y th i n g B r a h m a n w he n th e n am e
A a o a i ti n
,

B H AK TI Y O GA

2 88

I s

a n d th e form hav e be e n re m ov ed fro m i t


n ot

H e th e Lo r d t h e i n n e rmo st s e l f o f eve ry o n e ? says

th e Vi s i s h ta o oa i ti n
T h e f r u i ti o n o f eve n th e wor
'
s hi p o f the A a i tya s e tc B r a h m a n H i m sel f be stows

becaus e he i s th e R ul er o f all
say s San kara i n h i s
H ere i n th i s way d o es B r a h
B r a h m a S a tr a B has hya
b e cau s e H e a s
m a n be co m e th e obj e ct o f wo r s h i p
i s s up e rp o s ed o n t h e P r a ti hri s j u s t a s
B r a hm a n

V i sh n u et c are s u p erp o sed u p o n i mage s e t c

Th e sam e i d ea s ap p l y t o th e w ors h i p o f th e P r a tzm as


as d o to th at o f th e P r a ti hei s that i s to s a y i f th e
i mage s tan d s fo r a go d o r a sai n t th e w o r s h i p i s n o t
th e res u l t o f B h a hti an d d o e s n o t l ead to l i b e rati o n ;
but i f i t s tan d s f o r t h e o n e G o d t h e wo r sh i p t h e re of
wi l l bri n g b ot h B h a h ti a n d M n h ti
Of t h e p r i n ci p al
re l i gi o n s o f t h e w orl d w e s e e V e d n ti s m B ud d h i s m
a n d ce rtai n form s o f C h ri st i a ni ty f r ee l y u si n g i mage s ;
o n l y tw o re l i gi on s , M a h o m e d a n i s m an d P r o te s ta n i s m
refu se s u c h h e l p
Y e t t h e M a h o m e d a n s u se t h e g r ave s
of th e i r sai n t s an d martyrs al m ost i n t h e p l ace o f
i m age s ; t h e P rote stan ts i n rej e cti n g al l c o n c r e te h e l p s
t o r e li gi on are d r i fti n g away eve ry ye ar fa r th e r an d
fa r th e r fro m S pi r i t u al i ty a nd at p re s e n t t he r e i s
scar ce l y a n y d i ffe r e n c e b e twe e n th e ad van ced P r ote st
an ts an d t h e fol l owe r s o f A u gu s te Co m te o r th e
A gn os ti cs w h o p r ea c h e th i cs al o n e
A gai n
in
Chr i s ti a n i ty a n d M a h o m e d a n i s m wh ate ve r e xi sts o f
i mage w o r sh i p i s m ad e to fal l u n d e r tha t c atego r y i n

wh i c h th e P r a ti hei o r th e P r a tzm ci i s w ors h i pp e d i n


its e l f b u t n o t as a h e l p to th e v is i o n o f G o d ; th e re
.

BH AK T I
Y O GA

2 89

for e i t i s a t b e s t o nl y o f th e na t u re o f ri t u al i st i c K a r m a s
a n d ca n n o t p rodu ce e i th e r B h a hti o r M uhti
I n th i s
fo r m o f i mage w orsh i p th e al l egia n ce o f th e so u l i s
gi ve n to o th e r th i ngs tha n Isoa r a a n d th ere fore s u ch
u s e o f i mage s o r gra ve s o f te mp l e s o r to mb s i s real
i d ola t r y ; ye t i t i s i n i tse l f n e i th e r s i nf u l n o r w i cke d
i t i s a ri te a K a r m a , an d w ors h i p pe rs mu s t a nd wi l l
ge t th e fru i t th e re of
.

T h e Cho sen Idea l

T h e n e xt th i ng to b e co n s i d ere d i s wh a t we k n ow a s

O n e W h o a sp i r e s t o b e a B h a hta m u st
l s h ta N i sh th a

k n ow that
s o ma ny op i n i o n s a r e s o m a ny ways
H e mu s t k n o w that a l l th e vari ou s s e cts o f th e va r i ou s
r e l igi o n s a r e th e va r i ou s ma n i fe stati o n s o f th e gl o r y
th e sam e Lo r d
T he y cal l Y o u by s o man y
of
n am es ; t h e y d i v i d e Y o u a s i t we re by d i ffe re n t
na mes ye t i n e ach o n e o f th e se i s t o b e fo u nd Y o u r
Y o u r each th e wo rsh i p p e r th r o u gh al l
o m ni p o te n c e
o f the se ; n e i th e r i s t he r e an y s p e ci al ty o f ti m e s o l o ng
a s th e s o u l has i n te n s e l o ve f o r
a r e s o easy
o f app r oach ; i t i s m y m i sf o r tu n e that I ca n n o t l ov e

Y ou
N o t o nl y th i s th e B h a hta m u s t tak e c a re n o t
t o hate n o r eve n t o c r i ti ci z e th os e rad ia n t s o n s o f
l i g h t w h o a r e t h e fo u n d e r s o f va r i o u s s ect s ; h e ha s n o t
V e r y fe w i nd e ed
e ve n t o h ea r t h e m sp ok e n i l l o f
a re th ose w h o a r e at o n ce th e p os se s s ors o f a n e xt e n
si v e sy mpat h y a n d p owe r o f a pp r e ci ati o n a s wel l a s a n
i nte n si ty o f l ove
We nd as a rul e tha t l i be ral a n d
sy m path eti c s e cts l os e th e i nt e n si ty o f re l igi o us fe e l i n g
.

'

to


B H AK T I Y O GA

2 90

a nd

i n the i r hand s re l ig i o n i s ap t t o d e g e n e rate i n to a


k i nd of p ol i ti co social cl ub l i f e
O n th e o th er h an d
i nte nsel y narro w s e ctari e s w h i l st d i sp lay i ng a v e r y
co mme nd abl e l ove o f t h e i r o w n id eal s a r e se e n to have
acqu i re d e ve ry p art i cl e o f that l o ve b y h ati n g e ve r y
o n e wh o i s n o t e xa ctl y o f th e same o p i n i o n a s th e y are
Wou ld to G o d t h at th i s wo rl d w a s f ul l o f m e n wh o
we re as i n te ns e i n th ei r l ov e as wo r l d w i d e i n th e i r s y m
f
w
i
s
B
u
t
s
u
ch
are
o
nl
y
e
an
d
far
b
e
twe
e
n
t
h
Y
e
a
!
et
p
we k no w that i t i s p ract i c abl e to e d u ca te l a r ge n u mb e r s
o f h u ma n be i ngs i n to th e i d eal o f a wo n d erfu l b l e n d i n g
o f bo th th e w i d th an d i n te n s i ty o f l o ve ; a n d th e way
to d o tha t i s by th i s path o f th e [ s h ta N i s h th ei o r th e

ch ose n i deal
Eve r y s e ct of e v e ry rel i gi o n p re
se nts o nl y o ne i deal o f i ts ow n t o man k i n d b u t th e
e te r nal V e d an ti c r e l i gi o n op e n s t o mank i n d a n i n n i te
n u mbe r o f d o ors for i ng r e s s i n to th e i n n e r s h ri n e o f
D i v i n i ty an d pl ace s b e fore h u man i ty a n al m os t i n e x
h a us t i bl e array o f i d eal s th ere b e i ng i n ea ch o f th e m a
man i fes tati o n o f th e E tern al O n e
Wi th th e k i nd e s t
s ol i ci tu d e t h e V e d an ta p oi n ts o ut t o asp i ri ng m e n an d
wom e n th e n u m e r o u s road s h ew n o u t o f th e so l i d ro ck
o f th e real i t i e s o f h u man l i fe by th e gl o ri ou s so h s o r
hu ma n ma n i fe stati o n s o f G o d i n th e pas t a nd i n th e
p r e se nt a n d s ta nd s w i th o utstre tch ed arm s to we l co m e
al l to wel co m e ev e n t h o se t hat are ye t to be to
t hat H o m e o f Trut h a n d t hat O cea n o f B l i ss w h erei n

t h e h u man soul l i be rat e d o u t o f th e n e t o f M aya may


tra ns po r t i tsel f wi th pe rfe ct fr e edo m a n d wi th e t e rn a l
-

l Y

B H A K TI Y O GA
B ha hti Yog a

29 1

th e re fo r e l ays o n u s th e i mp e rati v e
c o m man d n o t to hate o r d e n y a n y o n e o f th e va r i ou s
p ath s that l ead to sal vati o n
Y e t th e gro wi ng pl an t
m u s t be h edge d a r o u n d to p r o te ct i t u n ti l i t has grow n
i n to a t r ee
T h e te n d er pl an t o f s p i r i tu al i ty w i l l d i e i f
e xp o s e d to o e a r l y to th e a c ti o n o f a c o n s ta n t ch an ge
o f i d e as an d i d e al s
Many p e op l e i n th e nam e o f
w h a t may be cal l e d re l i gi o us l ibe r al i s m may b e see n
to b e fe e d i n g th e i r i d l e cu ri os i ty w i th a c on t i n u ou s
s u cce s s i o n o f d i ffe r e n t i d eal s
Wi th th e m h eari n g n e w
th i n gs grow s i n t o a s ort o f d i sea se a s ort o f re l igi o u s
d ri n k ma n i a
T he y wa n t to hea r n e w th i n gs j u s t t o
ge t a s ort o f te m p orary n erv o u s e xcit e m e n t a n d w h e n
o n e s uch e xci ti n g i n ue nce ha s ha d i ts e ffe c t on the m
th e y a r e read y fo r a n oth e r
R e l i gi o n i s w i t h t h e se
p e op l e a s ort o f i n te l l e ctual op i u m eati n g an d the re i t

ends
T h e re i s a n o th e r so r t o f me n
says B h a g
a oa n R am a h r i s h n a
wh o are l i k e th e p earl o ys te r o f
th e s tory
T h e p earl o ys ter l e aves i ts be d at th e bo t
to m o f th e s e a a n d co me s u p to th e s u r face to catch
th e rai n wate r w h e n th e s tar S oa ti i s i n t h e as ce nd an t
I t o a ts ab o u t o n th e s urfa ce of the s e a w i th i ts s h ell
w i d e o p e n u n til i t has s u ccee d ed i n catch i ng a d ro p o f
th e rai n wa te r a n d th e n i t d i v es d ee p d ow n to i ts s eab e d
a nd th e re res ts u n t i l i t has s u cce ed ed i n f a s h i o n i n g a

b ea u ti fu l p earl o ut o f th a t rai n d ro p
T h i s i s i n d e e d th e m o s t p o eti cal a n d fo rci b l e way i n
wh i ch th e th e o ry o f [ s h ta N i sh tha h a s ev e r b ee n p ut
T h i s E ha N i sh th a o r d e v o ti o n to o n e i d eal i s ab s ol u te l y
n e ce s sary f o r th e b e g i n n e r i n t h e p racti ce o f rel i gi o u s
,

'

B H A K T I Y O GA

2 92

zt n

H e m u st say w i th
m
i n th e R om e
a nu
a na
h
Th
o
ugh
I
k
n
o
w
t
hat
L
o
rd
S
ri
an
d
the
t
o
f
e
y
L o r d o f J ana k i a re o n e a nd th e sam e ma n i fe stati o n o f
th e sa m e S up r e m e B ei ng yet m y al l i n al l i s th e l o tus

e ye d R ama ; o r as wa s sai d by t h e sage T ul a s i d s h e


m u s t sa y
Tak e t h e swe e tn es s o f all S i t wi th all
tak e t h e nam e of al l s a y y ea y ea b u t k e e p yo u r s eat

rm
T h e n i f th e d ev o ti o n al asp i r a n t i s si n cer e o ut
o f thi s l i ttl e s e ed wi l l co m e a gi gan ti c tre e l i k e th e
I nd i a n banyan s e n d i ng b r a n ch afte r bra n ch a n d r o o t
afte r ro o t to al l si d e s ti l l i t co v ers th e e n ti re e l d o f
rel i gi o n
T h u s w i l l t h e tru e d e vo te e real i z e that H e
w h o w a s h i s o w n i d eal i n l i fe i s wo rs h i p pe d i n al l i d eal s
b y al l s e cts u nd e r al l nam e s a n d th ro ugh al l form s
d ev o t i o n

T h e M eth od

a nd

th e M ea n s

I n regard to th e m e th o d a n d th e m ea n s o f B ha hti

Yog a w e read i n th e co m m e nta r y of B h a g a oa n R ei m a n nja

th e Vedan ta S zi tr a s :
T h e a ttai ni n g o f T ha t
on
c o m e s t hro u g h d i s cri m i nati o n co n tro l l i n g th e pas
si o n s p ra cti ce sacri cial w ork p u ri ty stre ngth a n d

s up pres si o n o f e x ce ss iv e j o y
Vi oeh a o r d i scr i m i na
ti o n i s acco rd i n g to B a m an aja th e d i scri m i nati n g
am o ng o th er th i ngs t h e p u re fo od fro m th e i mp u re
A cco rd i n g to h i m fo o d b eco m e s i mp u re fro m t hre e
cau ses : na m el y ( 1 ) b y th e n at u re o f th e fo o d i tse l f a s
i n th e cas e o f garl i c e tc ; ( 2 ) ow i ng to i ts co m i ng fro m
w i ck ed a nd acc urs ed p ers o n s ; a nd ( 3) fro m p hysi cal
i m p u ri ti e s s u ch as d i rt o r h a i r e tc
T h e Sr n ti s say
e


B H A K TI Y O GA

293

f o o d i s p ure th e Sa ttv a e l e m e n t ge ts

th e
m e mo ry be co m e s u nwa v e ri n g
and
R a m a n uja q u o te s thi s fro m th e C h h dn a ogya Up a n i s h a a
Th e q ue sti o n o f fo o d has always be e n o n e o f th e
m os t v i tal wi th th e B h a h ta s
A part fro m t h e e x tr a v a
gan ce i n to wh i ch s o m e o f th e B h a hti se cts h ave r u n
th ere i s a grea t t r u th u nd e rlyi n g th i s qu e sti o n o f foo d
We m u s t re me mb e r th at accord i n g t o th e Sanhhya
p h i l o so p h y th e s a ttv a r aja s an d ta m a s w h i ch i n t h e
s tate o f h o m oge n e o u s e qu i li bri u m form th e P r a hr i ti a n d
i n th e h e te roge n o u s d i stu r be d co n d i ti o n form th e u n i
v e rse are b o th t h e s ub sta n ce a n d t h e qual i ty o f
A s s u ch th ey a re th e mate r ial s o ut o f w h i ch
P r a h r i ti
e ve ry h u ma n fo rm has be e n ma n u fa ctu r e d a n d th e
re
d
o
m
i
na
n
ce
of
t
h
e
s a ttv a material i s w ha t i s abs o l u te l y
p
n e ces sary f o r s p i r i tual d ev e l op m e n t
T h e mate ri al s
w h i ch we re ce i v e th ro u gh o ur fo od i nto o ur b o d y s tru e
tu re go a great w a y to d e te rm i n e o u r m e n tal c o n s t i tu
ti o n ; th e r e fo r e th e fo o d w e ea t has to b e parti cul a r l y
take n ca r e o f
H o wev e r i n th i s matte r as i n o th ers
th e fanati ci sm i n to wh i c h th e d i s ci p l e s i nvar iab ly f a l l
i s n o t to b e lai d a t th e d o or o f th e ma ste rs
A n d th i s d i s cri mi nati o n o f fo od i s afte r al l o f s e co n d
T h e v e ry sa m e pas sage qu o te d above
a r y i m p o r ta n ce
i s e x p l ai ne d by San kara i n h i s B h as hya o n t h e Up a n i
s h a n s i n a d i ffe r e n t w a y by giv i n g a n e n t i re l y d i ffe re nt
m e an i n g to th e wo r d ah ar a tran sl ated ge ne r a l l y a s
foo d
A cco rd i n g to h i m
T ha t w h i ch i s gath e re d i n
i s dh ar a
T h e k n o wl ed ge o f th e se n sat i o n s su ch a s
i s gath e re d i n f o r th e e nj oy m e n t of t h e
s o u n d e tc
th e

Wh e n
p u ri e d

B H A K TI Y O GA

294

e nj oye r ( S el f) ; t h e p u r i cat i o n o f th e k n owl e d g e wh i c h


gath e rs i n th e p erce p ti o n o f th e se n se s i s th e p uri fy i n g
T h e w ord p ur i ca t i o n o f fo o d
o f th e fo od ( ah d r a )
mean s th e acq u i ri n g o f th e k n owl edge o f s e n sat i o n s
u n to u ch ed by th e d e fe cts o f a ttach m e n t ave rs i o n a n d
d el us i o n ; s u ch i s t h e m ean i n g T h e r e fore , s u ch k n ow l
edge o r aha r a be i n g p u ri e d th e s a ttv a m ate r i al o f th e
posse sso r o f i t th e i n te rna l orga n w i l l b e co m e
sa ttoa
uri
ed
an
d
th
e
b
e
i
ng
p
uri

e
d
a
n
u
nbrok
e
n
p
m e mo ry o f t h e i n n i te O n e w h o ha s b ee n k n ow n i n H i s

real n atu re w i l l re s u l t
T h e s e tw o e xp lan at i o n s a r e ap pare n tl y co n i cti n g
ye t b o th are tr u e an d n e ce s sary
T h e man i p u l ati n g
an d co n tro l l i n g o f w h at may b e cal le d th e n e r b ody
th e m i n d are n o d o u b t h i gh e r fu n ct i o n s tha n th e
viz
co n tro l l i ng o f th e g r o ss e r b ody o f e s h
B ut th e c o n
t r o l o f th e g r o ss e r i s ab s ol u te l y n e ce ssary to e n ab l e o n e
to ar r iv e a t th e co n trol o f th e n er
T h e b egi n n e r
th erefore m u s t p ay p arti cu l ar a tte n ti o n to al l s uc h
d i ete ti c rul e s as h av e co m e d ow n from th e l i n e o f h i s
accre d i te d teac h e rs ; b u t th e e xtravaga n t m ean i ngl e s s
fanatic i s m w h i c h h a s d ri ve n re l i gi o n e n ti re l y to t h e
k i tc h e n as m ay b e n o ti ce d i n t h e case o f many o f o u r
sects w i th o u t a n y h 0 p e o f th e n obl e tru th o f that
rel igi o n e ve r c om i ng o ut to th e s u nl i gh t o f sp i ri t ual i ty
i s a pec ul i ar so r t o f p u re a n d s i m p l e m ateri al i s m
It
'
i s n e i th er G nana n o r B h a hti n or K a r m a i t i s a sp e
c i a l k i n d o f l u n acy a n d th os e w h o p i n th e i r s o ul s to i t
are m o r e l ik el y to go to l u nati c asyl u m s tha n to
S o i t s tan d s t o reaso n th at d i sc r i m i n a
B r a h m a l oh a
-

B H A KT I
Y O GA

2 95

ti o n i n t h e c h o i ce o f fo o d i s n ece ssary for th e attai n


m e n t o f t h i s h i gh e r s tate o f m e n tal c o mp o s i ti o n w h ich
c a n n o t b e eas il y o btai n ed o th erw i se
C o n trol l i n g th e p ass i o n s i s th e n e xt th i n g to b e
a tte n d e d to
T o re s trai n th e [ n a r iya s ( orga n s ) fro m
go i ng to ward s th e obj ec ts o f th e se n se s t o c o n trol the m
a n d bri n g the m u n d e r th e gu i dan c e o f th e w i ll i s th e ve ry
c e n tral v i rtu e i n rel igi o u s c u l tu re
T h e n c o me s th e
p racti c e o f sel f re stra i n t a n d sel f d e ni al
A l l th e
i m m e n s e p ossi b i l i ti e s o f d i v i n e real i sati o n i n th e s o u l
ca n n o t ge t ac tual i s e d w i th o u t s truggl e a n d w i th o u t
s u ch p racti ce o n th e pa r t o f th e asp i ri n g d e vo tee

T h e m i n d m u s t al ways th i nk o f th e Lord
It is
v e ry h ard a t rs t to co m p el th e m i n d to t h i nk o f th e
L ord al ways b u t w i t h e ve ry n ew e ffo rt th e p owe r to d o
B y p r acti ce o h s o n o f
s o gro w s s tro n ger i n u s

says
K u n ti a n d b y n o n attach m e n t i s I t attai n ed
Sn K r i sh na i n t h e a m
P u ri ty i s abso l u te l y th e basi c wo rk th e b e d ro c k
u p o n w h i ch th e w h o l e B h a hti hn i l a i ng rests
Cl ea n s i n g
th e e x te rnal b o d y a n d d i scri m i nati ng th e fo o d a r e b o th
easy bu t w i th o u t i n te rnal cl e a nl i n e ss an d w i thou t
p u ri ty t h e se e x te rn al O bse r van ce s are o f n o val u e
w hatso e ve r
I n th e l i s t o f th e q ual i ti e s eo n d uc i v e t o
p u ri ty a s gi v e n b y R m n uja th e r e are e n u m era te d
tru th fu l n e ss ; A rf a v a s i n ce ri ty ; D ayd d oi ng
S a tya
go o d to o thers w i th o u t an y gai n t o o n e s sel f ; A h i m sa
t ho ugh t o r w o r d o r d ee d ;
n o t i nj u r i n g o th e rs by

A hh i a hyei n o t cove ti n g o th e r s go od s n o t th i nk i ng vai n


t h o ught s a n d n o t bro o d i n g o v e r i nj u ri e s re ce i v e d
.


B H A KTI Y O GA

296

fro m an o th e r
I n th i s l i s t t h e o n e i d e a that d e s e r v e s
spe ci al n o ti c e i s A hi m sa n o n i nj u ry to o th ers
This
d u ty o f n o n i nj u r y s o to s p eak o f i t i s ob li gat ory o n
u s i n re l ati o n t o al l b e i ngs ; a s wi th s o me i t d oe s n o t
s i mpl y mea n th e n o t i nj u ri n g o f h u ma n b e i ngs a n d
m e r ci l es s n es s to wards t h e l owe r an i m al s ; n or as wi th
s om e o th e r s d oes i t m ean th e p rote cti n g o f cats a n d
d ogs an d th e fee d i n g o f a n ts wi th s u gar w i th l iberty
to i nj u r e br oth e r man i n e ve ry h orrib l e way
It is
re mark ab l e th at al m os t e ve r y go o d i d ea i n th i s w orl d
c a n be carri e d to a d i sgus ti n g e x tre m e
A goo d p r ae
t i ce carri e d t o a n e x t r e m e a n d work e d i n a ccord a n ce
wi th th e l etter o f th e l aw b e co m e s a p os i ti v e e vi l
T h e te s t o f A h i m sa i s ab se n ce o f j eal o u sy
A n y man
may d o a goo d d e ed o r mak e a go o d gi f t o n th e sp ur
o f th e m o m e n t , o r u n d e r th e p re ss u re o f s om e s up e r
s t i t i o n o r p ri e s tcraft ; b ut th e real l ov e r o f m ank i n d i s
T h e s o cal l e d g r eat m e n o f
h e wh o i s j eal o u s o f n o n e
th e w orl d m ay al l b e s e e n to b e co m e j eal o u s o f each
oth er fo r a s m al l n am e fo r a l i ttl e fam e a n d for a fe w
bi ts o f gol d
S o l o ng as th i s j eal o u sy e x i sts i n a h eart
i t i s far away f r o m th e p e r fe c ti o n o f A h i m sa T h e
cow d o e s n o t eat m eat n o r d oe s th e s h e e p
A r e th e y
great Yog i ns g r eat n o n i nj ure r s ( A h i m s a ha s )
A ny
fo ol m a y ab s tai n fro m eati n g th i s o r that ; s u re l y that
gi v e s h i m n o m ore d i st i n ct i o n t han to h e rb i v oro u s an i
mal s
T h e m a n w h o w i l l m e rc i l es sl y ch eat w i d ows an d
o rp h an s an d d o th e v i l e s t d e e d s f o r m o n ey i s worse
th an any b ru te e ve n i f h e l i ve s e n ti rel y o n gras s al o n e
T h e ma n wh ose h eart n e v e r c h eri sh e s e v e n t h e th o ugh t
.

'

B H AK TI
YO GA

297

i nj u r y t o any o n e , wh o rej o i ce s at th e prosp e ri ty o f


e ve n h i s g reates t e ne my that ma n i s th e B h a h ta h e i s
th e Yog i n h e i s th e G ur u o f al l e ve n th o ugh h e l i ve s
e ve ry day o f h i s l i fe o n th e e s h o f swi n e
T h ere fo re
we m u s t al way s re m e mb e r th at e x te rn al p rac ti ce s h ave
val ue o n l y a s h el p s t o d e vel op i n te r nal p u ri ty
It is
be tter to have i n tern al p uri ty al o n e wh e n m i n u te atte n
ti o n to e x te rnal O b se rvan ce s i s n o t p racti c abl e
B ut
w oe u n to th e ma n an d w o e u n to th e n a ti o n th a t f o r
ge ts th e real i n te rnal sp i ri tual e sse n tial s o f r el i gi o n
a nd me chan i call y cl u tch e s w i th d eath l ik e grasp al l th e
e x ternal form s a nd n ev e r l e ts th e m go
T h e fo rm s
hav e val u e o n l y s o fa r a s th e y a r e th e e x pre ss i o n s o f
t h e l i fe w i th i n
I f th e y hav e c ease d to e xp r es s l i fe
cru s h th e m o ut w i th o u t m e r cy
Th e n e x t m ea n s t o th e attai n m e n t o f B h a h ti Yog a i s
s tre n gth
T h i s A tm a n i s n o t to b e

B o th p hysi cal
attai n e d b y th e weak
says th e Sr uti
weak n es s a n d m e n tal w ea kn e ss a re mea n t he re
The

s tro ng th e hardy
a r e th e o nl y t s tud e n ts
Wha t
can p u n y l i ttl e de crep i t t h i ngs d o ? T h e y wi l l b r eak
t o p i e ce s w h e n ev e r th e mys te r i o us fo rc e s o f th e bod y
a n d m i n d are e v e n sl i gh tl y awak e ne d by th e p racti ce
I t i s th e y o u n g th e h eal thy
o f a ny o f th e Y og a s
P hy s i cal s t r e ngth
t h e s tro n g tha t c a n s co r e s u cces s
th e re fo r e i s ab s ol ute l y n e ces sary
I t i s th e s tron g
b od y al o ne tha t c a n b ear th e s h o c k o f r e acti o n res u l t
i n g f r o m th e atte m p t to c o n tro l th e o r ga ns
He who
wan ts t o b eco m e a B h a hta m us t be s t r o ng m us t b e
h e al thy W h e n th e m i s e rabl y weak a tte mp t a ny o f
of


B H A K T I Y O GA

298

th e y a r e l i k el y to ge t s o m e i n cu ra b l e m alad y
V o l u n ta r i l y w eak e n i n g
o r th e y weak e n t h e i r m i nd s
t h e b o d y i s r eal ly n o p res cri p ti on fo r sp i ri t u al e nl i gh te n
ment
Th e m e n tal l y weak al so ca n n o t su cce e d i n attai n i ng
th e A tm a n
T h e p e rso n wh o a sp ire s to b e a B h a hta
mu st b e ch ee rful
I t i s th e ch e e rful m i n d t hat i s p e r
seve r i n g
I t i s th e stro n g m i n d tha t h e ws i t s way
A n d th i s th e ha r d es t
t hro u gh a th o u san d d i f cul ti e s
task o f al l th e cu tti ng of o ur way o ut o f th e n e t o f
m ayo i s th e w o rk re serve d o n l y f o r gian t w i l l s
Y e t a t th e sam e t i m e e x ce s s i ve m i rth sh o u l d b e
a v o id e d
E xce s s i ve m i rth mak e s u s
I t al so fri tte rs away th e
un t fo r se ri o u s th o ugh t
e n ergi e s o f th e m i n d i n vai n
T h e s tro nge r th e w i l l
th e l e s s th e y i e l d i ng to th e sway o f th e e m o t i o n s
E x c e ss i ve h i l a r i ty i s q u i te a s obj e ct i o nab l e a s to o
m u c h o f s a d se ri o u s n e s s a n d al l re l igi o u s real i sati o n i s
p o s s i bl e o n l y wh e n th e m i n d i s i n a s teady peace fu l
c o nd i ti o n o f h arm on i o u s equ i l ib ri u m
I t i s th u s th at o n e m ay b e g i n t o l earn h o w t o lo v e
th e L o rd
th e

Y og a s ,

PA R A

HA KT I

OR

SU P R E M E D E V O T I O N

T h e P rep a ra tory R enu


n ci a ti on

We h ave n o w n i sh ed th e co n s i d e rati on o f what m a y


b e cal l ed t h e p repa rato r y B h a hti a n d are e n te ri n g o n
t h e st ud y of t h e P a r d B h a hti o r s up re m e d ev ot i o n
We have to sp eak o f a p re pa r at i o n to t h e p ract i c e of
A l l s u ch p re pa r at i on s a re i n te n d e d
t h i s P a r d B h a h ti
o n l y f o r t h e p u ri ca ti o n o f th e s o ul
T h e re p e t i t i o n
t h e ri t ual s t h e fo rm s a nd th e symb ol s al l
o f n ame s
t h e se va r i o u s th i n gs a re for t h e p u r i cat i o n o f t h e s o u l
T h e gr e ate st p u ri e r am on g al l s u ch th i ngs a p u ri e r
w i t h o u t w h i c h n o o n e e n te rs th e re gi on s o f th i s h i gh e r
d e vo ti o n (P a r ri B h a hti ) i s re n u n ci ati o n
I t i s a f r i gh t
e n i n g th i n g to m an y ; ye t w i th o u t i t th e re can n o t be
an y s p i ri tual gro wth
I n al l o ur Yog a s th i s re n u n ci a
t i on i s n e ce s sary
T h i s i s t h e ste pp i n g s to n e a n d th e
re al ce n tre a n d th e real h eart o f al l sp i r i tual c u l tu re
re n u n c i ati o n
T h i s i s re l igi o n
r e n u n ciat i o n Wh e n
t h e h u ma n s o ul d raw s back fro m t h e t h i n gs o f th e
w orl d a n d tri e s t o go i nt o d e e p e r t h i n gs ; wh e n man ,
,

1
0
3
[ ]

P A R A B H AK TI

z
o
3

th e sp i ri t wh i ch i s h ere s om e w hat be i ng co n cre ti s e d


a n d mate r i al i sed u n d ersta n d s tha t h e i s th e reby go i n g
to b e de st r oye d a nd to b e red u ce d al m os t i n to m ere
matte r a n d tu rns h i s face away fro m matte r ; th e n
begi n s r e n u nci ati o n th e n begi n s real sp i ri t ual grow th
T h e K a r m a Yogi n s re n u n c i ati o n i s i n th e shap e o f
gi vi n g u p a l l th e fru i ts o f h i s acti o n s ; h e i s n o t attac h e d
to th e res u l ts o f h i s labo r s ; h e d o e s n o t care fo r a ny
T h e R a/a Y og i n k n ows
r eward h e re o r h e r eafte r
that th e w h o l e o f natu re IS i n te nd e d fo r th e s o u l to
acqu i re e xp e ri e n ce a n d tha t th e re s u l t o f a l l th e e xp e
r i e n c e s o f th e
s o u l i s fo r i t to b e co m e awa r e o f i ts
e te r nal s eparate ne ss fro m na tu r e
T h e h u man so u l
h as to u n de rsta nd an d real i z e th at i t h as b e e n sp i ri t
an d n o t m atte r th ro ugh e te r n i ty ; a n d th at th i s c o n
j u n cti o n o f i t w i th m atte r i s a nd c a n b e o n ly fo r a
ti m e
T h e Katya Yog i i s l earn s th e l e sso n o f re n u n ci a
ti o n th ro ugh h i s o w n e xp e r i e n ce o f n ature
T he

n dna Yog i n h as t he hars h e s t o f al l r e n u n c i at i o n s to go


y
thro ugh as h e h as t o re al is e f r o m th e v e ry rs t tha t
th e wh ol e o f th i s sol i d l o ok i ng natu re i s al l a n i l l u s i o n
H e h as to u n de r sta n d th at al l th at i s a ny k i n d o f man i
f e s ta t i o n o f p o we r i n n at ure b e l o ng s to th e s ou l and
n ot to n ature
e h as t o k n o w
f r o m th e ve ry sta r t
tha t al l k n o wl e dge a n d al l e xp e ri e n ce s are i n th e s o ul
an d n o t i n n ature ; s o h e h a s at o n c e a n d b y th e sh e er
fo r ce o f ra ti o nal c o n v i cti o n to te ar h i m se l f o ff f ro m a l l
b o ndage to n atu r e
He l e ts n atu re a n d al l h e r th i ngs
go , h e l e ts th e m van i s h a n d tri e s t o s ta n d al on e !
O f al l re n un c i ati o n s , th e m o s t n atural s o to s a y, i s
,

PA R A

HA KT L

0
3 3

that o f th e B h a hti Yog i n


H e r e th e re i s n o v i ol e n ce
n oth i n g to giv e u p n oth i ng to tear o ff , a s i t we re fro m
o urse l ve s n o th i n g f r om w h i ch w e h ave v i ole n tly t o
se parate o u rse l ve s th e B h a hta s r e nu n ci ati o n i s e asy
s m oo th o w i ng a n d a s natu r al a s th e th i ngs aro u n d
us
We s e e th e ma n i fe s tati o n o f t hi s so r t o f r e n u n ci a
ti on al th o ugh m ore o r l e s s i n th e sh ape o f cari c atu re s ,
A m an begi n s t o l ove a w o man ;
e ve ry d ay aro u n d us
a fte r aw h il e h e l ov e s a n oth e r a n d th e r st wo ma n h e
l et s go
S h e d r o p s o ut o f h i s m i n d s m oot h l y ge ntly
w i t h o u t h i s fee l i n g th e wa n t o f h e r a t al l
A w o ma n
l o ve s a m an ; s h e th e n beg i n s to l o ve a n o th e r ma n an d
t h e rs t o n e d ro p s o ff fro m h e r m i n d qu i te natu ral l y
A m a n l o ve s h i s o w n c i ty th e n h e begi n s to l ove h i s
co u n try a n d th e i n te n se l o ve f o r h i s l i ttl e c i ty d rop s
off s m o o th l y na tu ral l y
A ga i n a ma n l ea r n s to l o ve
th e w h ol e worl d ; h i s l o ve f o r h i s co u n t r y h i s i nte n se
fan ati cal pa tri o ti s m d r op s o ff w i th ou t h u rti n g h i m
wi th o u t an y m an ife s tati o n o f vi ol e n ce
U n cu l tu re d
m an l o ve s th e p l ea su re s o f th e s e nse s i n te n sel y ; as h e
b e co m e s c u l tu re d h e b e g i n s t o l ove i n te l l e c tual p l eas
u re s a n d h i s s e n s e e nj oy me n ts be co m e l e ss an d l es s
N o m an c a n e n j o y a m ea l w i th th e sa m e gu st o o f
p l ea s u e a s a d o g o r a w olf b u t th ose p l ea s ure s w h i c h
a ma n ge ts fro m i n te l l e ctua l e xp e r i e n c e s a n d a c h ie ve
A t rs t p l eas u re i s
m e n ts th e d og ca n n e ve r e nj oy
i n a s s o c ia ti o n w i th th e l owe r s e n se s ; b u t as s o o n a s
an a n i mal reach e s a h i ghe r pla n e o f e xi s te n ce th e
l owe r k i n d o f p l eas u re s be co m e l e ss i n te nse I n h u ma n
so ci e ty th e neare r th e m a n i s to th e an i mal th e
-


P A R A B H A KT I

0
3 4

s tro nge r i s h i s p l easu r e i n th e s e ns e s ; an d th e h i gh e r


a n d th e m ore c u l ture d th e m an i s th e g r ea te r i s h i s
p l easu re i n i n te l l e ctu al a n d su ch o th e r ne r p u r su i ts
S o wh e n a ma n ge ts e ve n h igh e r tha n th e p l an e o f th e
i n tel le ct h igh er t ha n tha t o f m e re th o ugh t w h e n h e
ge t to th e p lan e o f sp i r i t ual i ty a nd o f d i vi n e i n sp i rat i o n
h e n d s t h ere a stat e o f b l i ss co mpared to w h i c h al l
th e p l eas ure s o f t h e s e n s es o r e v e n o f t h e i n te l le c t
are a s n o th i n g W h en t h e m oo n s h i n e s bri gh tl y al l
t h e stars b e co m e d i m a n d w h e n th e s un s h i n e s t h e
m o o n h erse l f b e co m e s d i m
T h e re n u n ciat i o n n e c e s
sary f o r th e a ttai n m e n t o f B h a h ti i s n o t ob ta i n ed by
k i l l i n g a ny th i ng b u t j u st co m e s i n a s na t u ral ly a s i n
th e p re se n ce o f a n i n crea si n gl y stro nger l i gh t th e l e s s
i n te n s e o n e s b e com e d i m m e r a n d d i m m e r u n ti l th ey
van i sh away c o m p l e te l y
S o th i s l o v e o f th e p l eas ure s
o f th e s e n se s an d o f th e i n te l l ec t i s al l m ad e d i m
a nd
th ro w n as i d e a nd cas t i n to th e s h ad e by th e l o v e o f
G o d H i m se l f T h at l o v e o f G o d grow s a n d a ss u m e s
a form w h i ch i s cal l e d P a r a B h a h ti o r s u p r e m e d e vo
ti o n
Fo r m s van i sh r i tu al s y away bo ok s a r e s up e r
ch u r ch e s re l i gi o n s an d sec ts
s e d e d i m age s te m p l e s
cou n tri e s an d n ati o nal i ti e s al l th e se l i ttl e l i mi tati o n s
a n d b o n dage s fa l l o ff by th e i r o w n na tu r e f r o m h i m
wh o k n o w s th i s l ove o f G o d
N oth i n g r e ma i n s t o b i n d
h i m o r fe tte r h i s f r e ed o m A sh ip al l o f a s ud d e n
c o m e s n ear a magn e ti c r o ck an d i ts i r o n
b ol ts an d
ba r s a r e al l attracte d an d d rawn o ut an d th e p lank s
t
e
l o ose n ed an d fre el y o at o n th e wate r
Di vi n e
g
g race th u s l o ose n s th e b i n d i ng b ol ts a n d bars o f th e
,

AR A

B H A KT I

0
3 5

o ul a n d i t be come s f r ee
S o i n th i s re n u n c i ati on
a u x i l i ary to d e v ot i o n the r e i s n o ha r sh n e ss n o d ry
n e ss n o s truggl e n o rep r e ss i o n o r su pp re ssi o n
The
B h a h ta has n o t t o s u pp r e s s an y si ngl e o n e o f h i s e m o
ti o n s h e o n l y s t r i ve s to i nte n si fy th e m a n d d i re ct th e m
to G o d
s

T h e Bh a k ta

R e n u n ci a ti on R esul ts f r om L ov e

We s e e l o ve e v e r y w h e r e i n natu re
W hate ve r i n
so ci e ty i s go o d a n d g r e a t a n d s ub l i m e i s th e wo rk i n g
t o f tha t l o ve ; w hatev e r i n soci e ty i s v e r y bad nay
ou
d iab ol i cal i s al s o th e i ll d i r e cte d wo r k i ng ou t o f th e
sa m e e m o ti o n o f l ove
I t i s th i s sam e e m o ti o n tha t
gi ve s us th e p ure an d h ol y co nj u gal l ove b e t we e n h u s
ban d a n d W i fe as w e l l a s th e so r t o f l ov e wh i ch goe s
to s at i s fy th e l o we st form s o f a n i mal p as si o n
The
e m oti o n i s th e sam e b u t i ts ma n i fe stat i o n i s d i ffe re n t
i n th e d i ffere n t case s
I t i s th e sam e fe el i n g o f l ove
wel l o r i l l d i re cte d th at i mpel s o n e ma n to d o good
an d to giv e al l h e h as to th e p o or wh il e i t m ak e s
an oth e r m an o ut th e t h r oats o f h i s b r e thre n a n d tak e
away al l t h e i r p o sse ss i o n s
T h e form e r l ov e s o th e r s
T h e d i r ec ti o n o f
a s m u ch as th e l atte r l ove s h i m sel f
th e l ov e i s b ad i n th e case o f th i s l atte r b u t i t i s ri gh t
a nd pr op e r i n t h e ot he r case
T he sam e r e t hat
c ook s a m eal f o r u s m ay b u r n a ch i l d a nd i t i s n o fau l t
o f t h e re i f i t d i d s o ; th e d i ffe r e nc e l i e s i n t h e w a y i n
w h i ch i t i s u se d
T he r e fo r e l o v e t h e i n te n se l o n gi n g
f o r ass o ci at i o n t h e st ro n g d e s i r e o n t h e pa r t o f tw o t o
be co m e o ne a nd i t m ay b e afte r all o f al l t o b e co me
.

20


P A R A B H A KT I

6
0
3
m e r ge d

i n o n e i s b e i ng man i fe s t e d ev e ryw h e r e i n h i g h e r
or l owe r fo r m s as th e cas e may be B h a hti Yog a i s th e
sc i e nce o f h igh e r l o v e ; i t s h ows u s h o w to d i r e c t i t ; i t
s ho ws u s h ow to co n tro l i t h o w to m anage i t h o w to
us e i t h o w to gi v e i t a n e w a i m a s i t w e r e an d fro m
i t o btai n th e h i gh es t an d m o s t gl ori o us res ul ts tha t i s
h ow to m ak e i t l ead us to s p i ri tu al b l es s e d n ess B h a hti

i t on l y s ays L o ve ;
G iv e up ;
Yog a d oes n o t s a y

l ove th e H i gh es t ; a n d eve ry th i n g l o w na tu ral l y fal ls o ff


from h i m t he obj ec t o f w h os e l ov e i s th is H i gh es t
I can n o t te l l a nyth i n g ab o u t T he e e xc ep t that
T h o u art m y l o v e
T h o u ar t b eau ti ful , O h T h o u art

b eau ti fu l ! T h o u ar t beau ty i ts e l f
Wh at i s after
r th i rs t
a l l re al l y re q u i re d o f u s i n th i s Yog a i s tha t o u
a fte r th e b eau ti f ul s h o u l d b e d i re cte d to G o d Wh at
i s th e b eau ty i n th e h u ma n face i n th e s ky i n the
s tars an d i n th e m o o n ? I t i s o n l y th e p ar tial a p p r e
He
h e n s i o n o f th e real al l e mbraci n g D i v i n e B eau ty
s h i n i n g e very th i n g s h i nes
I t i s th ro ugh H i s l igh t

that all th i ngs s h i n e


Tak e th i s h igh p os i ti o n o f
B h a h ti w h i ch m ak es yo u fo rge t a t o n ce al l yo ur l i ttl e
p ers o nal i ti e s
Tak e y o u r s el f away fro m al l th e worl d s
l i ttl e s e l s h c l i n g i n gs
D o n o t l ook u p o n h u ma n i ty as
th e ce n t r e o f al l yo u r h u ma n an d h i gh e r i n te r e sts
S tan d as a w i tn e ss as a s tu d e n t a n d ob se rv e th e p h e
n o m e n a o f n atu r e
Hav e th e fee l i n g o f p e r s o nal n o n
a ttach me n t w i th r egard to man an d s e e h o w th i s m igh ty
f eel i n g o f l ove i s w o r k i n g i tsel f o u t i n th e wo r l d S ome
ti me s a l i ttl e f r i c ti o n i s pro d u c ed bu t th at i s o nl y i n
the co urse o f th e s tru ggl e to attai n th e h i gh e r r e a l
,

PAR A
B H A KT I
l o ve

0
3 7

S o m e ti m e s t h ere i s a l i ttl e g h t o r a l i ttl e fall ;


b u t i t i s al l o nl y al o n g th e way
Stan d as i d e an d
fre el y l et th e s e fri cti o n s com e
Y o u feel th e fri cti o ns
onl y w he n yo ua re i n th e cu rre n t o f th e wo rl d bu t wh e n
o
u
are o u ts i d e o f i t s i m pl y as a wi t n e s s a n d a s a stu
y
d en t yo uw i l l b e abl e to s e e tha t th e re are mi l l i o n s a n d
m i l l i o n s o f cha n n el s i n w hi ch G o d i s ma n i fes ti n g Hi m
s e l f as L o ve

W h e re ve r the re i s an y bl i ss e ve n th ough i n th e
m os t s e n s u al o f th i n gs th ere i s a s park o f tha t E te rnal

B l i s s w h i ch i s t h e L o r d H i m s el f
Eve n i n th e l o wes t
k i nd s o f a ttracti o n th e re i s th e germ o f D ivi ne l ov e
O n e o f th e n ame s o f th e Lo r d i n San sk ri t i s a r i an d
th i s m ea ns tha t H e a ttra cts al l th i ngs to H i ms el f Hi s
i s i n fact th e o n l y a ttracti o n worth y o f h u ma n h earts
W h o c a n a ttrac t a s o u l real l y ? O nl y He ! D o yo u
th i n k d ead ma tte r c a n tru l y a tt r ac t th e sou l ? I t n e ve r
d i d a n d n e ve r w i l l
W h e n yo u s e e a ma n go i n g afte r
a b ea u ti fu l face d o you th i nk that i t i s t h e hand fu l o f
arra n ge d mate r i al m ol ecu l e s wh i ch r eall y attracts th e
B eh i nd th o se mate r i al p arti cle s
ma n ? No t a t all
th ere m u s t b e a n d i s th e play o f d i vi n e i n u e n c e a n d
d i v i ne l o ve
T h e i gn ora n t man d o e s n o t k n ow i t ; b u t
y e t co n s ci o u sl y o r u n con sci o u sl y h e i s a ttrac te d b y
i t an d i t a l o n e
S o e ve n th e l o we s t fo r m s o f a ttracti o n
d e r i ve th ei r p o we r fro m G o d H i m se l f
No n e 0
be l o ved e ve r l o ve d th e h u sban d f o r th e h u sban d s
sak e ; i t i s th e A tm a n th e L o r d w h o i s i n s i d e an d fo r

Hi s sak e th e h u sband i s l oved


L o vi n g wi ve s may
k n o w th i s o r th ey may n o t ; i t i s tru e al l th e sam e
.

P A R A B H A K TI

0
8
3

Non e O b e l o v e d e ve r l ove d th e w i f e f or th e w if e s

sak e b u t i t i s th e S e l f wi th i n th e wi fe th at i s l ov e d
S i m i l a r l y n o o n e l o ves a ch i l d o r an y th i n g e l se i n th e
worl d e xce p t o n acc o u n t o f H i m w h o i s wi th i n
The
L o rd i s th e great magn e t a nd w e are al l l i k e i ro n
li n gs ; al l o f u s are bei n g c o n sta n tl y attrac te d b y
H i m an d a l l o f u s a r e s tru ggl i n g to reach H i m
A ll
th i s s t r uggl i n g o f o u rs i n th i s worl d i s su rel y n o t
i n te n d ed f o r se l sh e n d s
F o ol s d o n o t k n o w wh at
th ey are d oi n g ; th e work o f th ei r l i fe i s al l t o app roac h
th e great m a gn e t A l l th e t r e m e n d ou s s truggl i n g an d
gh ti n g i n l i fe i s i n te n d e d to m ak e us go to H i m u l ti
matel y a n d b e o n e W i th H i m
H oweve r th e B h a hti Yog i n k n o ws th e m ea n i ng o f
l i fe s s tr uggl es ; h e u n d ers ta n d s i t
He ha s pas se d
th ro ugh a l on g se ri e s o f th e se s tru ggl es an d k n o ws wh at
th ey m ean an d earn e s tl y d e s i re s to b e fre e fro m th e
fri cti o n th e re o f ; h e wa n ts to av o i d th e cl as h a n d go
d i re ct to th e c e n tre o f al l a tt r acti o n s th e great
a m
T h i s i s th e re n u n ciati o n o f th e B h a hta ; th i s m igh ty
attra c ti o n i n th e d i re cti o n o f G o d mak e s a l l o th e r
att r a cti o n s van i s h for h i m ; th i s m i gh ty i n n i te l o ve o f
G o d w h i c h e n te r s h i s h eart l eave s n o p la ce for a ny
o th e r l ove to l i v e t h e re
H o w c a n i t be o th e rwi se ?
B h a h ti l l s h i s h ea rt wi th th e d i vi n e wate rs o f th e o cea n
wh i ch i s G o d H i m se l f ; th e re i s n o p la ce th e r e
o f l ove
fo r l i ttl e l o ve s
T ha t i s to say th e B h a hta s re n u n cia

ti o n i s tha t oa i r a gya o r n o n a tta ch m e n t f o r a l l th i ngs


that are n o t G o d wh i ch re s u l ts fro m a nn r dg a o r g r eat
a t tach me nt t o G od

P A R A B H A K TI

309

Th i s i s t h e i d e al p r e pa r ati o n f o r t h e attai n me n t o f
th e s u p r e m e B h a hti
Wh e n th i s r e n u n ci at i o n co me s
th e gate ope n s f o r th e so u l to pas s th r o ugh an d r ea c h
th e l o fty r egi o n s o f S u p r e me Dev o ti o n o r P a r a B h a hti

T h e n i t i s tha t w e be gi n to u n d e r stan d w hat P a r a


B h a hti i s ; a nd th e m an w h o h as e n te r e d i n to th e i n n e r
sh r i n e o f th e P a r a B h a h ti h e al o ne h as th e r i gh t to s a y
th a t al l fo rm s an d symbo l s a r e u se l e s s to h i m as ai d s
to re l i gio u s real i sati o n
H e al o n e ha s atta i n e d tha t
s u p r e m e state o f l ove co m mo n ly c al l e d t h e brot h e r
h o o d o f ma n ; t h e re s t o n l y talk
H e se e s n o d i s t i n c
ti o n s ; t h e m i gh ty o cea n o f l ove has e nte re d i n to h i m
a nd h e see s n o t man i n man b ut b e h ol d s h i s B e l o v ed
e ve rywh e re
T h ro ugh ev e r y face sh i n e s to h i m h i s
a ri
T h e l i gh t i n th e s un o r th e m o o n i s al l H i s
man i fe stati o n Wh e reve r th e r e i s b eau ty o r su bl i m i ty
t o h i m i t i s al l H i s
S u c h B h a hta s are s til l l i vi ng ; t he
worl d i s n ev e r w i th o u t th e m
S u ch th o ugh b i tte n b y
a serp e n t o n l y s a y that a m e sse nge r cam e f o r th e m
fro m the i r B el o ve d
S u ch m e n al o n e hav e th e ri gh t
to talk o f u n i versal b roth e rh oo d T he y fe e l n o r e se n t
m e n t ; th e i r m i n d s n eve r react i n th e form o f hatre d
o r o f j eal o u sy
T h e e x t e rn al th e s e ns u o us h as van
i s h e d fro m t h e m fo reve r
o w ca n th e y b e angry
whe n th ro ugh th e i r l ov e th ey a r e al way s ab l e t o s e e
th e R e al i t y b e h i n d t h e s ce n e s ?
,

H
,

P A R A B H A K TI

1
0
3

r a l n ess o f Bh akti
Th e Na tu

Y oga

a nd

Its Centr a l Secret

T h o se w h o w i th co n stan t atte n ti o n al ways worsh ip


Y o u and th o se w h o w o r sh i p th e U n d i ffere n ti ate d th e

o f th e se w h o a r e t he gr e ate r Yo i n s ?
A b sol u te
g
A r j u na aske d o f Sr i K ri sh n a
T he a n swe r was :
T h ose w h o co n ce n trati n g th e i r m i n d s o n M e worsh i p
M e w i th e te rnal co n s ta n cy an d a r e e n d owe d w i th th e
h ighe s t fa i th the y are M y bes t w o r s h i pp e rs th ey are
th e g r e ate s t Yog i n s T h os e th at w ors h i p th e A b sol u te
the I n de s cribabl e , th e U n d i ffe re n ti ate d th e O m n i p r e s
e n t th e U n th i nk abl e th e A l l co m pre h e n d i ng th e
I m m ovabl e , an d th e E te rnal , by co n tro l l i n g th e pl ay
o f th e ir o r gans an d h av i n g th e co n v i cti o n o f sam e nes s
i n regard to al l th i n gs , th e y al s o b e i n g e n gage d i n
d o i n g go o d t o al l be i ngs co m e to M e al o n e
B ut to
th ose wh o se m i n d s h av e b e e n d evo te d to th e un m a n i
f e s t e d A bs ol ute th e d i f cu l ty o f th e s truggl e al o ng th e
way i s m u ch gre ate r , fo r i t i s i n de e d w i th great d i f
cul ty tha t th e p ath o f th e u n m an i fe ste d A b so l u te i s
t r od d e n by an y e mbo d i e d be i n g
T h os e w h o h av i ng
o ffere d u p al l th e i r wo r k u nt o M e wi th e n ti r e r el i an ce
i n M e m e d i tate o n M e an d w orsh i p M e w i th o t a ny
attach m e n t t o anyth i ng el se th e m I s oo n l ift u p fro m
th e o cea n o f d eath an d e v e r re cu rri ng b i rth a s th e i r
"
m i n d i s wh ol l y attach e d t o M e
an
d
nd n a Yog a
7
B h a hti Yog a are b oth re fe rre d to h ere
B o th may be
sai d to h av e b e e n d e n e d i n th e ab ove passage y nan a
Yog a i s gran d ; i t i s h igh p h i l os op hy ; an d al m o st ev ery
c uri o u sly e n o u g h that h e c a n
h u ma n b e i n g th i nk s
,

P A R A B H A K TI

1
1
3

s ure ly d o e v e ry th i n g re q u i re d o f h i m b y p h i l os op h y ;
bu t i t i s r e al ly v e ry d i f cul t to l ive tru ly th e l ife o f
W e are ofte n ap t to r u n i n to g r ea t dan
p h i l osop hy
gers i n tryi n g to gu i d e o ur l i fe by p h i l osop hy
This
w orl d m a y b e sai d to b e d i vi d e d betwe e n p erso n s o f
d e mo n i acal natu re w h o th i nk t h e c a r e tak i n g o f th e
b od y to b e th e be al l a nd th e e nd al l o f e xi ste n ce an d
perso n s o f godl y n at ure w h o r eal i se that th e b od y i s
si m pl y a m ea n s t o a n e nd a n i n st r um e n t i n te n d e d fo r
th e cu l ture o f th e s o ul
T h e d evi l c a n a n d i nd ee d
d oe s q u ote th e s cri p tu re s f o r i ts o w n p urp ose s ; an d
th u s th e way o f k n o wl ed ge app ea r s to o ffe r j u sti cat i o n
t o w hat th e bad m an d oe s as m u ch as i t o ffe r s i n d u c e
m e n ts t o w h at th e go od m an d oe s
T h i s i s th e g r eat
B ut B h a h ti Yog a i s n atu ral
d anger i n ff n dn a Yog a
s we et an d ge n tl e ; t h e B h a hta d o e s n o t tak e s u ch h igh
i gh ts a s th e y nei na Yog i n an d th e r e fore h e i s n o t ap t
t o hav e s u ch b i g fal l s
U n ti l th e b ond age s o f th e s oul
pas s away i t can n o t o f co u r se b e f r ee w hatev e r may
b e th e n atu r e o f th e p ath th at th e rel igi o u s m an tak e s
H ere i s a pas sage s h ow i n g h ow i n th e case o f o n e o f
th e bl e s se d Gop i s th e s o ul b i n d i n g cha i n s o f b o th m e r i t

an d d e m eri t were b rok e n


T h e i n ten se pl easu r e i n
m e d i tati n g o n G o d to ok away th e b i n d i n g e ffe cts o f
h e r go o d d ee d s
T h e n h er i n te n se m i se r y o f so ul i n
n o t attai n i n g u n t o H i m wash e d o ff al l h e r s i n fu l p r o

h a hti Y og a th e
B
a
n
d
b
e
cam
e
fre
e
I
n
h
n
i
i
e
s
s
t
e
e
s
p
ce n tral se cre t i s th e re fore to k n ow that th e va r i o u s
passi o n s a n d fe e l i ngs an d e m ot i o n s i n th e h u ma n h eart
b
e
w
ro
n
i
n
th
e
m
s
lve
s
o
nl
th
e
h
a
v
e
t
o
e
n
o
t
r
e
a
;
y
y
g
.

1
2
3

ARA

B H A KT I

car e f u l l y co n trol l e d a n d gi v e n a h i gh e r an d h igh e r


di re cti on u n ti l th ey attai n th e v ery h i gh es t con d i ti on
T h e h igh est d i re cti o n i s th at w h i ch
o f e x cell e n ce
tak e s u s to G o d ; e ve ry o th e r d i re cti o n i s l owe r We
nd that p l easu r e an d pai n a r e ve r y co m m o n an d o f t
recu r ri ng fe e l i ngs i n o ur l i ve s
Wh e n a m an fe el s
pai n b ecau s e h e has n o t go t w eal t h o r s om e s uch
w orl dl y th i ng h e i s gi v i ng a w ro n g d i re c ti o n t o th e
feel i n g
S til l pai n h as i ts u se s
L e t a man fe el p ai n
th at h e has n o t r eac h e d th e H igh e st th at h e has n o t
reac h e d G o d a nd that pa i n w il l b e to h i s sal vati o n
Wh e n yo u b e co m e gl ad that yo u h ave g o t a h an d ful o f
c oi ns i t i s a wro ng d i re cti o n gi ve n t o th e facul ty o f
j oy ; i t sh o ul d b e g i ve n a h i gh er d i re cti o n i t m u s t b e
m ad e t o s er ve th e H igh e s t I d eal
P l easure i n th at
k i n d o f i d eal m us t s u rel y b e o ur h i gh es t j oy
This
s am e th i n g i s tru e o f al l o ur o th e r feel i ngs
The
B h a h ta says th at n o t o n e o f th e m i s w r o ng h e ge ts
h ol d o f th e m al l an d p o i nts th e m u n fai l i ngl y to wa r d s
,

God

Th e F orm s

of

L o v e m a ni f esta ti on
-

H ere are s om e o f th e form s i n w h i ch l ove m an i fes ts


i tsel f
Fi rs t th e re i s r e ve re n ce
W hy d o p e op l e sh o w
B e cau se H e i s
revere n ce to te m pl e s a n d h ol y pl ace s
wo r sh ip ped th e r e an d H i s p rese n ce i s ass o c i ated wi th
al l s u ch pl ace s Wh y d o p eop l e i n e very c o u n try pay
reve r e n c e to teach ers o f re l igi o n ? I t i s n atu r al f o r
th e h u man h ea r t t o d o s o b e ca u s e al l su ch tea c h ers
A t b otto m , re v ere n ce i s a g row t h
p r e ach th e Lord
.

P A R A B H AK TI
ut o f l o ve ; w e

1
3 3

n o n e o f u s re vere h i m wh o m we
d o n o t l ov e
T he n co me s P r i ti pl easu re i n G od
W ha t a n i m m e n se pl easu r e m e n tak e i n th e obj e cts o f
th e i r se n se s ! T he y go a nywh e r e r u n th rough an y
dan ge r t o ge t th e th i ng wh i c h th ey l ove th e th i n g
w h i ch th e i r s e ns es l ik e What i s wan te d o f th e B h a hta
i s th i s ve r y k i n d o f i n ten s e l ov e w h ic h h a s h owev e r
to b e d i rec te d to G o d
T h e n th e r e i s th e swe e tes t o f
pai n s Vi r a h a t h e i n te n se m i se r y d u e t o th e abse n c e o f
th e b el o ve d W h e n a m a n f e e l s i n t e n s e m i s e r y b ecau se
h e h as n o t attai n e d t o G o d ha s n o t k n ow n that w h i c h
i s th e o nl y th i n g w o r th y to b e k n ow n a n d b ec om e s i n
c o n s eq u e n c e ve r y d i ssati s ed an d al m os t mad th e n
th e r e i s Vi r a h a an d th i s state o f th e m i n d mak e s i t
feel d i s tu r b e d i n th e p r ese n c e o f anyth i n g ot h e r t ha n
th e b el o ved
I n ea r th l y l ove w e se e h o w o fte n th i s
Vi r a h a c om es
A gai n wh e n me n a r e r eall y an d
i n te n s el y i n l ove w i th w o m e n
o r w om e n w i th me n
th e y fe el a k i n d o f n at u r al an n oyan c e i n th e p r e se n c e
E xactl y th e sam e
o f al l th o se W h o m th ey d o n o t l ove
s tate o f i mp ati e n c e i n r ega r d t o th i ngs that a r e n o t
l o v ed c o m e s t o th e m i nd w h e n P a r a B h a h ti h old s
s way o ve r i t ; e ve n to tal k abo u t th i n g s o th e r than G o d

b e c o m e s d i staste ful th e n
T h i n k o f H i m th i n k o f

Hi m al o n e an d gi ve u p al l o th e r vai n w o r d s
T ho s e
w h o tal k o f H i m al o n e th e B h a h ta n d s t o b e f r i e n d l y
to h i m ; w h i l e t h o s e w h o tal k o f a n yth i n g el se ap p ear
A s til l h i gh e r s tage o f l ove i s
to h i m t o b e u n f r i e n d l y
r eac h e d w h e n l i fe i ts el f i s ma i ntai n ed f o r th e sak e o f
th e o n e I d eal o f L ove w h e n l i fe i tsel f i s c o ns i d e r e d
o

ca n

P A R A B H AK TI

1
3 4

b ea u t i ful a n d worth l i v i n g o n l y

acco u n t o f tha t
L ove
Wi th o u t i t suc h a l i fe w oul d n o t re mai n e ve n
L i fe i s s we e t beca u s e i t th i nk s o f th e
f o r a m om e n t
T a ctiya ta ( i s n es s ) c ome s wh e n a man
B el ove d
be c ome s p e r fe c t acc o r d i n g to B h a h ti ; wh e n h e h as
becom e bl esse d wh e n h e has atta i n e d to G od w h e n h e
ha s to uch e d th e fe e t o f G o d a s i t we re h i s w hol e
n atu r e i s p u r i e d an d co mpl e tel y ch an ge d
A ll h is
p u r pos e s i n l i fe th e n be co m e fu l l l ed
Y e t man y s uch
T h at i s th e
B h a h ta s l i ve o n j u s t to wo r sh i p H i m
bl i ss , th e o n ly p l eas u r e i n l i fe wh i ch th e y w i l l n o t gi v e
up
O h k i n g s u c h i s th e bl ess e d q ual i ty o f B a r i
that e ve n th os e w h o h av e be co m e s at i s e d w i th ev ery
th i ng al l th e k no ts o f w h os e he arts h av e b ee n c ut

as u n d e r e ve n th e y l ove th e L ord f o r l ov e s s ak e

th e L o rd wh o m al l th e go d s wo rs h i p al l th e l o vers o f

l ibe r ati o n an d al l th e k no wers 0 f the B r a h m a n


S u ch i s th e p o we r o f l ove
Wh e n a ma n h as forgotte n
h i m sel f al toge th e r an d d oe s n o t fe e l that a ny th i ng

b el o ngs to h i m th e n h e a cqu i re s the s tate o f T a a zfya ta ;


e veryth i ng i s sacre d t o h i m be cau s e i t b el o ngs t o th e
Be l ov e d
E v e n i n rega r d to earth l y l o v e th e l ove r
th i nk s tha t e ve r yth i n g be l o ngi n g to h i s b el ove d i s s o
sac r e d an d s o d ear to h i m
H e l ov e s ev e n a b i t o f th e
cl oth b el ongi n g t o th e da r l i n g o f h i s hea r t
I n th e
sam e w a y w h e n a p e r so n l ove s th e L o r d th e w h ol e
u n ive rs e be com e s s o d ea r t o h i m b ecau se i t i s al l H i s
on

P
Uni v er sa l

L ov e

AR A

B H A K T I

a nd

ow

1
3

It L e a ds to Sel f

s rr ender

H ow c a n w e l ove th e oya s h ti th e pa r tic ul ar w ith ou t


r s t l ov i n g t h e s a m a s h ti th e u n i versal ? G o d i s th e
sa m a s h ti
t h e ge n e r ali se d an d t he abstrac t u ni ve r sal
wh ol e ; a n d th e u n i ve r se t h at w e s e e i s th e oya s h ti t h e
pa r ti cu la r i se d th i n g T o l ove th e wh ol e un i ve rs e i s
possi bl e o n l y by w a y o f l ov i n g th e s a m a s h ti
th e u ni
vers al w h i ch i s a s i t we r e t h e o n e u n i ty i n wh i ch
a r e to b e fo u n d m i l l i o n s a n d mi l l i o n s of s m al l e r u n i ti e s
T h e ph i l o s op h e rs o f I n d i a d o n o t s top a t th e parti en
lars ; the y cas t a h u r r i e d gl an ce at t h e pa r ti cu lars an d
i m m e d i ate l y start to n d t he ge n e ral i s e d form s w h i c h
w i l l i n cl u d e al l th e pa r ti cu lars
T h e s earch afte r the
u n i versal i s t h e o n e s earch o f I n di an p h i l osop h y an d
re l i gi o n
T h e 39 am ai ms at th e w h ol e n es s o f t h i n gs
at th at o n e abs ol u te an d ge n e ral i se d B e i ng k n ow i n g
w h i ch h e k n ow s e ve ry th i ng
T h e B h a hta w i she s to
real i se that o n e ge n e ral i se d ab stract P e r s on i n l ov i n g
Wh o m h e l oves th e w h o l e u n i ve r s e Th e Yog i n w i sh e s
to h av e p os se ss i o n o f th at o n e ge n e r al i se d fo r m o f
p ow e r by co nt r o l l i n g wh i ch h e con tro l s h i s wh ol e u n i
v e rs e Th e I n d ia n m i n d th ro ugh o u t i ts h i story ha s
be e n d i re cte d to th i s ki n d o f si n gul ar s earc h a fte r th e
u ni v ersal i n ev e ry th i n g
i n s ci e n ce i n p sy c h ol ogy i n
l ove i n ph i l o sop h y
S o th e co n cl u si o n to wh i ch th e
B h a hta co m e s i s th at i f yo u go o n m e rel y l ovi n g o n e
pe rso n afte r a n o th e r yo u may go o n l o vi ng th e m s o
f o r a n i n n i te l e ngt h o f ti m e wi th o u t b ei n g i n th e l east
Wh e n a t las t t h e
a bl e to l o ve th e wo r l d a s a wh ol e
,

1
6
3

AR A

B H AK T I

cen tral i d ea i s h o we ve r arri ve d at th a t th e su m to tal o f


al l l o ve i s G o d that t he s um to tal o f th e asp i rati o n s
w h e th e r th ey b e free
o f al l th e so ul s i n th e u n i ve r s e
o r str u ggl i ng t o wa r d s l ib e r ati o n
i s G od
o r b ou n d
t h e n al on e i t be co m es p oss i bl e f o r an y o n e to p u t forth
u n i versal l ov e
G o d i s th e s a m a s h ti a n d th i s v i s i bl e
u n i ve rse i s G o d d i ffe re n ti ate d a n d mad e man i fest
If
w e l o v e e veryt h i n g
Lo vi ng
w e l ove t h i s s um to tal
t he worl d an d d o i n g i t go od w i l l al l co m e eas i l y t h e n ;
we have t o ob ta i n th i s p owe r o n l y by l o vi ng G o d rs t ;
oth e rw i se i t i s n o j ok e to d o go od to the w orl d

E ve ry th i n g i s H i s a n d H e i s my L o ve r ; I l o ve H i m
say s th e B h a hta
I n t h i s w a y every th i n g be com e s
sacre d to t h e B h a hta b e cau se a ll th i ngs are H i s A l l
are H i s c h il dre n H i s b o dy H i s ma n i fes tati o n
H ow
th e n may w e h u r t a n y o n e ?
o w th e n m ay we n o t
l ov e any o n e ? W i th th e l ove of G o d w il l co m e as
a su re e ffect th e l ov e o f e ve r y o n e i n th e u ni
verse
T h e n ea r e r we ap p r oach to G o d th e m o r e
d o w e b egi n to s ee that al l th i n gs a re i n H i m
Whe n
th e s oul su cce e d s i n ap prop ria ti ng th e bl i s s o f th i s
su pre me l ove i t al s o b egi n s to se e H i m i n e veryt h i n g
O ur h eart w il l th u s be com e a n e te r nal fo u n ta i n o f l ov e
A n d w h e n we rea c h e ve n h i gh e r s tate s o f th i s l ove al l
th e l i ttl e d i ffe re n ce s b e twe e n th e th i ngs o f th e w o r l d
are e n ti rel y l o st ; m an i s se e n n o m ore as m an b u t o nl y
as G o d ; th e a n i mal i s s e e n n o m o r e as a n i mal bu t as
G o d ; eve n th e ti ge r i s n o m o r e a t i ge r b u t a ma n i fes ta
ti o n o f G o d
Th u s i n th i s i n te n s e s tate of B ha hti
w ors h i p i s o ffere d t o e v e ryo n e t o e v ery l ife an d t o
-

P A R A B H AK TI

1
3 7

K n o wi n g th at Ha r i th e L ord , i s i n
very b e i n g
e ve r y be i n g t h e w i s e h av e t h us t o man i fes t u n s we r v i n g

A s a r e s u l t o f th i s k i n d o f
l o ve t owa r d s a l l be i ngs
i n te ns e al l abs o r b i n g l ove co me s th e fe el i n g o f p erfe ct
se l f s u r re n d e r the c o nv i c ti o n that n o th i n g tha t hap
p e n s i s agai ns t us
T h e n the l ov i n g s o ul i s abl e to say

i f pai n co m es
Wel com e pai n
I f m i sery com e s
i t w i l l say
W el co m e m i se ry yo u are al s o f r o m th e
B el ove d
I f a s erpe n t come s i t w i l l s a y We l com e

s erp e n t
I f d eath com e s s u ch a B h a hta w i l l we l com e
B l e ss e d am I tha t they al l co m e to
i t w i th a s m i l e

m e ; t h e y a r e al l w e l co m e
T he B h a hta i n th i s s tate
a r is i n g o ut o f i n te ns e l ove to
o f p e r f e ct r e s i gn ati o n
G o d a n d t o al l th a t are H is ceas es to d i s ti ngu is h
b e twe e n p l eas u r e a nd pai n i n s o far as the y a ffe c t h i m
H e d o e s n o t k n ow w ha t i t i s to co mp lai n o f pai n o r
m i se ry ; a n d t h i s k i n d o f u n com p lai n i n g r e s i gnati o n to
th e wi l l o f G od w h o i s al l l ove i s i n d ee d a worth i e r
acq u i si ti o n tha n al l th e gl o r y o f g r an d a n d h ero i c per
e

f orm

a n ces

th e vas t m aj o ri ty o f m ank i n d th e bo dy i s e ve ry
th i ng ; th e b o dy i s al l th e u n i vers e to th e m ; b o d i l y
e nj oym e n t i s th e i r al l i n al l
T h i s d e m o n o f the w o r
sh i p o f th e b ody a n d o f th e th i ngs o f th e b ody h as
e n te r e d i n to u s al l
We m ay i n d ul ge i n tal l tal k an d
tak e very h igh i gh ts b u t w e a r e l i k e v u l tu re s al l th e
sam e ; o ur m i n d i s d i re c te d t o th e p i e c e o f ca r ri o n
d o wn be l ow
Wh y s h o ul d o ur b ody b e save d s a y
f ro m th e ti ge r ? Wh y may w e n o t gi ve i t ove r to th e
ti ger ? T h e ti ge r w i l l th ereby b e p l ease d an d th at i s
T

PA R A
B H AK TI

31 8

n o t al toge th e r s o ve ry far f r o m se l f s a c r i c e an d wor


s h ip
Can yo ureach th e real i sati o n o f s u ch an i d ea i n
w h ic h al l se n s e o f sel f i s c omp l e te ly l o st ? I t i s a very
d i z z y he igh t o n th e p i n nacl e o f th e re l igi o n o f l ove
and fe w i n th i s w orl d h ave e ver cl i m be d u p to i t ; b u t
un ti l a ma n reach e s that h i gh e s t p o i n t o f e ver ready
an d e ver w i l l i ng s el f s a c r i c e h e can n o t b e co m e a pe r
fee t B h a hta
We m ay al l m a nage to m ai n tai n o u r
bo d i e s m o re o r l e s s sati sfactor i ly a n d f o r l o nge r o r
sh or ter i n terval s o f ti m e
N e ve rth e l e ss o ur b od i e s
have t o go ; there i s n o p e rm a n e n ce abo u t th e m
B l e sse d are th e y wh o se b o d i e s ge t d e stroye d i n th e
s ervi ce o f o th e rs
We al th an d ev e n l i fe i tse l f th e
sage al ways h o l d s r e ad y f o r th e serv i ce o f o th e rs
In
t h i s w orl d th e re b e i n g o n e t hi ng ce rtai n oi z d eath
i t i s far bette r that t h i s b od y d i e s i n a go o d ca u s e tha n

i n a bad o n e
We m ay d rag o ur li fe o n f o r fty years
b u t afte r t hat what i s i t that
o r a h u nd re d y ears ;
h ap p e n s ? E very thi n g that i s t h e re s u l t o f c o mb i na
ti o n m u s t ge t d i ss o l ve d an d d i e
T h ere m u s t an d wi l l
c om e a ti m e for i t to b e d e co m p ose d
J e s u s an d B ud
d ha a n d M o h am me d are al l d ead ; al l t h e grea t pro p h e ts
an d te ac h ers o f th e w orl d are d ead
I n th i s e van es
ce n t worl d wh e re e very thi n g i s fal l i ng to p i e ce s we

h ave to m ak e th e hi gh e st u s e o f w h at ti me w e h av e
say s t he B h a hta an d real l y th e h igh e st u se o f l i fe i s to
h ol d i t at th e se r v ic e o f al l b e i n gs
I t i s th e h orribl e
b ody i d e a th at bre e d s al l th e sel s h ne ss i n th e worl d
j u s t th i s o n e d e l u s i o n th at we are wh o l l y th e bo dy we
o w n an d th at we m u s t by al l po s s ibl e m e an s try o u
r
-

AR A

B H A K T I

1
3

e ry b e s t t o p re se r v e a nd to p l e ase i t
I f yo u k n ow
tha t yo u a r e p osi ti ve l y o th e r th a n y o ur b ody yo u h ave
th e n n o n e t o gh t w i th o r s t r uggl e agai n s t ; yo u are
dead to al l id e as o f s e l s h n ess S o th e B h a h ta d ecl a r e s
tha t we h ave to h ol d ou r se l ve s as i f w e a r e al toge th e r
d ead to al l t h i ngs o f th e w o r l d ; a n d that i s i nde e d s e l f
s urre n d e r
Le t t h i ngs co m e as th ey may
T h i s i s th e

m ea n i ng o f
T hy w i l l b e d o n e ;
n ot
go i n g abo u t
gh t i n g a n d s trugg l i n g a n d th i n k i n g al l th e w h i l e that
G o d wi l l s al l o ur o w n weak ne s se s an d wo r l d ly amb i ti o n s
I t m ay b e t h at goo d c om e s eve n o ut o f o ur se l s h s t r ug
gl e s ; th at i s h ow eve r G o d s l oo k o ut T he p erfe c te d
B h a h ta s i d ea m u st b e n eve r t o w i l l an d work for h i m
se l f
L ord t h ey b u i l d h i gh te mp l e s i n Y o u r n am e ;
t he y mak e l a r ge gi fts i n Y o u r nam e ; I a m p oor ; I a m
n ot h i n g ; s o I tak e th i s b o dy o f m i n e and p lac e i t a t

D o n o t gi v e m e u p O L ord
S u ch i s th e
Y o u r fe e t
pray e r pro cee d i ng o ut o f the d ep th s o f th e B h a h ta s
h e ar t T o h i m w h o ha s exp eri e n ced i t th i s e ternal
sacri ce o f t h e sel f u n to th e B e l ove d L o rd i s h igh e r
by fa r tha n al l weal th a n d po we r th an e ve n a l l soari n g
th o ugh ts o f re no w n a nd e n j o ym e n t
T h e peace o f th e
B h a h ta s cal m re s i gna ti o n i s a peace tha t pass e th a l l
u nd e rs tan d i n g a n d i s o f i n c omparab l e val u e
His
A p r ci ti h lya 1 s a s tate o f th e m i nd i n wh i ch i t ha s n o
i n te re sts a n d nat u ral l y k n ow s n oth i ng that i s opp ose d
t o th e m
I n th i s state o f s ubl i m e re s i gnati o n e ve r y
th i ng i n th e s ha pe o f a ttach me n t goe s away c om ple te l y
e xc e p t that o n e al l ab sorb i ng l ov e to H i m i n Wh om al l
th i n gs l i ve a n d m ov e a n d ha v e th e i r b e i n g
This
v

P AR A

2
0
3

B H A KT I

a ttach me n t o f l ove t o G o d i s i nd e e d o n e th at d oe s n o t
b i n d th e so u l b u t e ffe cti ve ly b r e ak s al l i ts b o n dage s
,

i gh
H

T he

er

Know l edge

a nd

th e

H
i gh

th e T r ue L o v er

er

L ov e

On e to

a re

T h e Up a n i s h a a s di s ti ngu i s h b e tw e e n a h i gh e r k n ow l
edge an d a l o wer k n owl e dge ; an d to th e B h a hta th ere i s
real ly n o d i ffere n ce b e tw e e n th i s h igh e r k n owl e dge an d
th i s h i gh e r l ove (B a r a hh a h ti ) T h e M n n a a ha Up a n i s h a a
say s :
T h e k n owe r s o f t h e B r a h m a n d e cl a r e tha t
th e r e are t w o k i n ds o f k n ow le dge w orthy t o b e k n ow n

n am e ly t h e Hi gh e r (P a r a ) an d th e L o we r (A p a r ei )
O f th e se th e L owe r ( k n ow l e dge ) co n si sts o f th e B i gnon a

the Yajn r oea a th e Sei m a oea a th e A tha r z a oea a th e


Sa m e ( o r th e s c i e n ce d e al i n g w i th p r o n u n ci ati on an d
acce n t ) th e K a tp a ( o r th e s acri ci al l it u rgy ) Gr am
m ar th e N i r n hta ( o r t h e s ci e n ce d e al i n g wi t h e tym ol ogy
an d t h e m e a n i n g o f w ord s ) P r o s od y an d A st r o no my ;
and th e H ig he r ( k n owl ed ge ) i s th at by w h i ch th at

T h e h igh e r k n owl ed ge i s
U n change abl e i s k n ow n
thu s cl earl y sh ow n to b e th e k n owl e dge o f t h e B r a h

a o a ta
an
d
th
e
e
i
t
gi
ve
s
u
s
th
e
foll
owi
ng
D
o
m a n;
g
d e n i ti o n o f t h e h igh e r l ov e (P a r i hh a htz) :
A s o il
p ou r e d from o n e ve s sel to an o th e r fal l s i n an u nb r ok e n
l i n e s o wh e n th e m i n d i n an u nb r ok e n st r eam th i n k s
o f th e L ord
w e h av e w h at i s cal l e d P a r a hh a h ti o r

su p r e m e l ov e
T h i s k i n d o f u n d i stu r b e d an d ev er
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m ortal n at u r e , an d pl aces y o u i n a c o n d i t i o n o f qu i t e
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l o v e s i s al way s h i s o w n h igh e st i d eal O n e may s e e h i s
i deal i n th e v il e s t o f b ei n gs a n d an o th e r i n th e h igh es t
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u n e d u ca te d c ul t i v a t e d o r u nc ul ti v ated to e ve r y h u ma n
b e i n g th e h i gh e s t i d eal i s G o d
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th e h i gh e s t i d eal s o f bea u ty o f s ubl i m i ty a n d o f p owe r
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l o vab l e G o d
Th e se i d eal s e xi st i n so me sh ap e o r
o the r i n e v ery m i n d n atu rall y ; th e y form a part an d
parc el o f al l o ur m i nd s A l l th e ac ti v e m an i fes tati o n s
of h u ma n n atu re are s truggl es o f th o se i d e al s to bec o m e
A l l th e vari o u s m o v e m e n t s
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ari o u s i deals i n va r i o u s so u l s t r yi ng to c o me ou t a n d
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o u ts i d e
Th i s p ere n n ial l y d o m i nan t i n u e n ce o f th e
i d eal i s th e o n e for c e t h e o n e m oti ve p o we r that may
b e s e e n to b e co n stan tl y wo r k i n g i n th e m i d s t o f ma n
kind
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gli ng th ro ugh th ou san ds o f yea r s that man n d s o ut
that i t i s vai n t o t r y to mak e th e i n n er i deal m o u l d
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p o we r o f real i si ng t h e hi g he st an d th e m os t ge n e r a l i se d
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e i s o n l y th e G o d
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l ove d ; n o n e 0 b e l o ve d l ove s th e w i fe fo r th e w i fe s
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tha t th e w i fe i s l ov e d
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i s h n e s s i s th e o n l y m o t i ve p o we r i n regard to al l h um a n
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th e u n i versal th ere ca n s u re l y b e n o se l sh n e s s i n m e ;
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th i ng my l o ve b e co m e s pa r ti cu lari se d a nd na r r o we d
T h e m i stak e c o n s i st s i n mak i ng th e sp h ere o f l o ve n ar
r o w a n d c o n tracte d
A l l th i ngs i n th e u n i ve rs e are o f
d i vi n e ori gi n an d d e se rve to b e l ove d ; i t has h owe ve r
to b e b orn e i n m i n d that th e l o v e o f th e w h o l e i n cl ud e s
,

PA R A

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love

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2
3 9

th e parts
T hi s wh o l e i s th e G o d o f th e
B h a hta s , an d al l th e o th e r G o d s Fath e rs i n H eave n
and al l t h eo ri e s a nd d o ctri n e s
o r R u l ers o r Creato r s
an d bo o k s h av e n o p u r po se a n d n o m ean i n g fo r the m
se e i n g that t h ey hav e t h r o ugh th e i r s u p r e m e l o ve an d
d e vo ti o n ri se n ab o ve th o s e th i ngs al to ge th e r Wh e n
th e h eart 1 8 p ur i e d an d cl ean sed an d l l e d to th e b r i m
w i th th e d i v i n e n e cta r o f l ove al l o th e r i dea s o f G o d
b e co m e s i m p ly p u eri l e a n d a r e rej e c te d a s b e i n g i n a d e
q uate o r u n worth y S u ch i s i n d ee d t h e po wer o f P a r a
B h a hti o r S u p r e m e L o v e ; an d th e p erfe cte d B h a hta n o
m ore goe s t o s e e G o d i n t e m pl e s a n d ch u r ch e s ; h e
k n o ws n ow h e re t o go w h e re h e w i l l n o t n d H i m
e
n d s H i m i n th e te m p l e as w el l a s o u t o f t h e te mp l e ;
h e n d s H i m i n th e sa i n t s sai n tl i n e ss a s wel l as i n th e
wi ck e d ma n s w i c ke d n e s s b eca u s e h e has H i m al r ead y
s eate d i n gl ory i n h i s o w n heart as th e o n e al m i gh ty
i n e xti ngu i s hab l e L i gh t o f L o ve w h i ch i s e v er sh i n i n g
a n d e ternal ly p re s e n t
of

H
u

m a n R ep resenta ti n s of th e Di v i n e Idea l of L

ov e

I t i s i m p o ssi b l e to e x p re ss th e na ture o f th i s s u pre m e


an d ab sol u te i d ea l o f l o v e i n h u man l anguage
E ve n
t h e h i gh e s t i gh t o f h u ma n i magi nati o n i s i ncap ab l e o f
co mp re h e n d i n g i t i n al l it s i n n i te p erfe ct io n a n d
b ea u ty
N e ve r th e l e s s th e fol l owe rs o f th e rel igio n o f
l o ve i n i t s h i gh e r as we l l as i ts l owe r form s h av e al l
al o n g a n d i n al l co u n tri e s h ad t o u se th e i nad e qu ate
h u m an l an guage t o c o m p re h e n d a n d to d e n e t h e i r
.


P A R A B H AK T I

33o

i d eal o f l o ve
Nay m o re ; h u m an l o v e i tse l f i n al l
i ts vari ed fo r m s h as b e e n mad e t o typ i fy th i s i n e x
p re ssibl e d i vi ne l ove
M a n ca n th i n k o f d i v i n e th i ngs
o n ly i n h i s o w n h u m an way ; t o u s th e A b so l u te c a n be
e xp r e ssed o nl y i n o ur rel ativ e l an g ua ge
T he w h ol e
u n i ve r se i s to u s a w r i ti ng o f th e i n n i te i n th e l a nguage
T he re fo r e B h a hta s mak e u s e o f al l th e
o f the n i te
com m o n term s assoc ia te d w i th th e c om m o n l o v e o f
h u man i ty i n relati o n to G od an d H i s w ors h i p o f l ove
S om e o f th e g r ea t wri ters o n P a r d hh a hti have tri e d to
u n d e rstand an d e xp e ri e n c e th i s d i v i n e l o v e i n s o man y
d i ffere n t way s
T h e l owe s t form i n w h i c h th i s l o v e i s
app re h e n d e d i s w hat th e y cal l th e p eace fu l ; th e Sei n ta
Whe n a man w ors h i p s G od w i th o u t th e re o f l ove i n
h i m w i th o u t i ts mad n e s s i n h i s bra i n w h e n h i s l ove i s
j us t th e cal m c o m m on place l ove a l i ttl e h i gh e r t han
m ere fo r ms an d c ere m o ni e s an d s y mb ol s b u t n ot at a l l
characte ri se d b y t h e mad n e ss o f i n te nse l y act i v e l ove
i t i s sai d t o be San ta We s e e s o m e p e opl e i n th e w orl d
w h o l i ke t o m o v e o n s l owl y a n d o th e rs wh o co m e an d

go l i ke th e w h i rl wi n d
T h e Sa n ta t a ta i s c al m

p eace ful ge n tl e T h e n e x t h i gh e r typ e i s that o f D a sya


( s erva n tsh i p ) ; i t co m e s w h e n a ma n th i n k s h e i s th e
s e rvan t o f th e L o r d
T h e at ta ch me n t o f th e fai th fu l
se r van t u n t o th e mas te r i s h i s i d eal T h e n e xt i s w hat
i s k n own as Vatsa lya l ovi n g G o d n ot a s o ur F at h e r b ut
as o ur C h il d
T h i s may l ook pe cu l i ar b ut i t i s a d i s
c i p l i n e t o e nab l e u s t o d e ta ch a l l i d eas o f p owe r fro m
th e con cep t o f G o d
T h e i d ea o f p owe r bri n gs wi th
i t a we
T h e re s h o ul d b e n o awe i n l o v e
T h e i de a s
ow n

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1
33

o f re v ere n ce a n d ob ed i e n ce a r e n e ce ssary f or t h e forma


t i on o f characte r b ut wh en chara cte r i s fo rm ed w he n
t h e l o ve r ha s taste d th e cal m p ea c e ful l o ve a n d tas ted
al s o a l i ttl e o f i ts i n te n s e mad n e ss the n h e n ee d tal k
n o m o r e o f e th i cs a n d d i sci pl i n e
T o co n ce i ve G o d a s
m i ghty maj e sti c a n d gl o r i o u s a s t h e Lo rd o f th e U n i
ve rs e o r a s th e G o d o f G od s th e l ove r say s h e d o e s
n o t care
I t i s t o av o i d th i s a sso ci ati o n w i th G o d o f
th e fea r creat i n g se n s e o f p o we r that h e w ors h i p s G o d
a s h i s o w n ch i l d
T h e m o th er an d th e fath e r are n o t
m o v ed b y aw e i n relati o n to th e ch i l d ; th ey ca n n o t
hav e a n y revere n ce for th e ch i l d
T h e y can n o t th i n k
of a sk i n g an y favo u r f r o m th e ch i l d
T h e ch i l d s
po s i ti o n i s al way s th at o f th e re ce i ve r an d o ut o f l ov e
for th e c h il d t h e pare n t s w i l l gi ve u p th e i r b od i e s a
h u n d re d t i m e s ove r
A th o u san d l i ve s th ey w i l l sa cr i
h e e for that o n e c h i l d o f th e i r s an d th e r e fore G od i s
l ove d as a c h i l d
T h i s i d e a o f l ov i n g G od as a c h i l d
c om e s i n to e x i ste n ce a n d g r o w s natu r al l y am on g th os e
rel i gi o u s s e cts wh i ch be l i e ve i n th e i n carnati o n o f G o d
T o th e M a h o m e d a n s i t i s i m p oss ibl e t o hav e th i s i de a
o f G o d a s a ch i l d ; th e y w i l l sh r i nk f r om i t w i th a k i n d
B ut th e Ch r i s tia n a n d th e H i n d u ca n real i se
o f h o r ror
i t eas i l y b e ca u s e th e y hav e th e baby J e s u s an d th e
baby K r i s h n a
T h e w om e n i n I nd i a o fte n l oo k up o n
th e ms el ve s as K ri sh na s m oth ers ; C h r i sti an m oth e rs al s o
m ay tak e u p th e i d ea th at th ey are al l Ch ri s t s m oth e r s
a n d i t wi l l b ri ng to th e We st th e k n o wl e d ge o f G od s
Di vi n e M o th e r h o o d w h i ch th ey s o m uch n ee d
The
s up e r s ti ti o n s o f aw e an d re v e re n ce i n rel ati o n to G o d
,

2
33

R
A
A
B

H AK TI

are d eepl y ro o ted i n th e h eart o f o u r h earts a n d i t


tak e s l on g years e n ti re ly t o si n k i n l ove o ur i d ea s of
reve r e nce an d ve n erati o n o f awe a n d maj e sty a nd gl ory
wi th regard to G od
Th e n ex t typ e o f l o ve i s S a h hya ( fri e n d sh i p )
Thou

art o ur be l oved f r i e n d
J u s t as a ma n op e n s h i s h eart
to h i s fri e nd an d k n o w s that th e fri e nd w i l l n e ve r ch i d e
h i m for h i s fau l ts b u t wi l l al wa ys t ry t o h e l p h i m j u st
as th ere i s th e i d e a o f e q ual i ty b e t we e n h i m an d h i s
f r i e nd s o e q ual l ov e o ws i n an d o ut b e twee n th e w o r
s h i pp e r a n d h i s f r i e n d l y G o d
T h u s G o d b ec om e s o u r
fri e n d th e f r i e n d w h o i s n ear th e f r i e n d to wh o m we
may free l y te l l a l l th e tal e s o f o u r l i ve s ; t h e i n n erm os t
s e cre ts o f o ur h ea r ts w e may p la ce b e fo re h i m wi th th e
greate st ass u r an ce o f safety a n d s u p p o rt ; H e i s th e
fri e n d wh om th e de v o te e ac ce p ts a s a n e q ual ; G od i s
vi e we d h e r e as o u r p layma te
We may we l l say that
we are al l p lay i n g i n th i s u n i ve rs e
J u st a s ch i l d re n
p la y th ei r gam e s j us t as th e m o st gl ori o us k i ngs a n d
e mp e r o r s play th e i r o w n gam e s s o i s th e B el oved L o r d
H i ms el f i n sp ort w i th th i s u n i v e rs e
H e i s p erfe ct ;
H e d oe s n o t wan t an yth i ng
Wh y sh o u l d H e c reate ?
A cti v i ty i s al ways wi th u s fo r th e ful l l m e n t o f a ce rtai n
wan t an d wa n t al ways p r e su pp ose s i m p e r fe cti o n
G od
i s p e r fe ct ; H e ha s n o wan ts
Wh y sh o ul d H e go o n
wi th th i s w o r k of an e v e r a cti ve creati o n ? Wh at p ur
p os e h as H e i n v i e w ? T h e s to r i e s ab ou t G o d creat i ng
th i s wo r l d f o r s om e e n d or o th e r tha t w e i magi n e are
go od as s to r i e s b u t n o t o the rw i s e
I t i s al l rea l l y i n
i s pl ay go i ng o n
T he w ho le
s p ort ; th e u n i v e rse i s
,

P A R A B H A K TI

333

u n i v e rs e m u s t afte r al l b e a b i g p i e ce o f p l eas i n g fu n
to Him
I f yo ua r e p oo r e nj oy tha t a s a fu n ; i f y o u are
r i c h e n j oy th e fu n o f b e i n g r i c h ; i f dan gers c o m e i t
i s al s o goo d f u n ; i f h app i n e s s c om e s th e r e i s m ore goo d
fu n
T h e wo r l d i s j us t a pl ay g ro u nd a n d w e are h ere
h a v i ng go od fu n h av i n g a game a n d G od i s w i th u s
pl ay i n g al l th e w h i l e an d w e are w i th H i m p l ay i ng
H ow beau ti ful l y H e i s
G o d is ou r e te r nal p layma te
p l ay i ng ! T h e p l ay i s n i sh ed th e c y cl e c o me s t o a n
e nd
T h e re i s re s t fo r a sh o r te r o r l on ge r ti m e agai n
al l com e o u t a n d p lay
I t i s o n l y w h e n yo u forge t
th at i t i s al l p lay an d th a t yo u a r e al s o h e l p i n g i n th e
p l ay i t i s o n l y th e n t h a t m i se r y a nd s orrow s c o m e ;
the n th e h eart be co m e s h ea v y th e n th e wo r l d wei gh s
u p o n y o u w i th tre m e n d o u s p ower ; b u t a s s o o n a s yo u
gi v e u p th e se ri o u s i de a o f r eal i ty as th e c haracte r
i s ti c o f t h e ch angi n g i n ci d e n ts o f th e th re e m i n u te s o f
l ife a n d k n o w i t to b e b u t a s tage o n w h i c h w e are
pl ay i n g h e l p i n g H i m to p lay a t o n ce m i se ry ce ase s
for y o u
H e p lay s i n e ve ry atom ; H e i s p l ay i n g wh e n
H e i s b u i l d i n g u p earth s a n d s u n s a nd m o on s ; H e i s
pl ayi n g wi th th e h u m a n h e ar t wi th an i mal s wi th
pl an ts
We are h i s c h e ssm e n ; H e p u ts t he c h e s sm e n
a n d sh ake s the m u p
H e arran ge s u s
o n th e b oard
rs t i n o n e way an d t h e n i n an o th e r a n d we are co n
A nd
s l y or u n co n s c i o u sl y h el pi n g i n Hi s p lay
s ci ou
O h bl i ss ! we are Hi s pl aym ate s !
T he re i s o n e m ore h u m an re pre se n tati o n o f th e d i v i n e
i d eal o f l o v e
It i s kn o wn a s M a dh ur a ( s we e t ) an d i s
I t i s i n d eed
t h e h i gh e s t o f al l s uch repr e s e n tati o n s
.

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B H A K T I

base d o n th e h i gh e s t man i fe s tati o n o f l o ve i n th i s w o r l d


an d th i s l ove i s al s o th e st r o nges t k no w n t o man
What l ove s hak e s th e w h o l e n atu re o f m an w ha t l ov e
ru n s th rough ev ery ato m o f h i s be i n g m ak e s h i m mad
mak e s h i m fo r ge t h i s o w n nature tran sfo r m s h i m
m ake s h i m e i th e r a G o d or a d e m o n as th e l ov e b e twe e n
man an d wo man ? I n th i s s we e t repres e n t at i o n o f
d i vi ne l o ve G o d i s o ur h u sba n d
W e are al l w o m e n ;
t h ere are n o m e n i n th i s worl d ; th e re i s b u t th e O n e
A l l that l ov e
M a n a n d t h at i s H e o ur B e l ov ed
wh i ch ma n gi ve s t o w om an o r w o m an to m a n has h e re
t o b e gi ve n u p to th e L ord
A l l th e d i ffere n t k i nd s o f
l ove w h i c h w e s e e i n th e wo r l d an d wi th w h i ch w e
a r e m ore o r l e s s p l ayi n g m e r e l y h av e G o d a s th e o n e
goal ; o n l y u n fortu n ate l y m an d oe s n o t k n o w t h e i n n i te
o cean i n to wh i ch th i s m i gh ty r i ve r o f l ove i s co n s tan tl y
ow i ng ; a n d s o fo ol i s h l y h e ofte n tri e s t o d i r e ct i t t o
T h e tre me n do u s l ove
l i ttl e d ol l s o f h u m an b e i ngs
f o r th e c h i l d th at i s i n h u man natu re i s n o t f o r t h e l i ttl e
d ol l o f a c h i l d ; i f yo u b es tow i t bl i n d l y a n d e xcl u s i ve l y
th e ch i l d yo u wi l l su ff e r i n c o n s e q u e n c e ; b u t
on
th rough s uc h s u ffe ri n g w i l l co m e th e awak e n i n g b y
wh i ch y o u a r e s u r e to n d o ut th at th e l ove wh i ch i s
i n y ou i f i t i s gi ve n t o a ny h u man b e i n g w i l l s o o n e r
s o r ro w as th e re sul t
Our
o r l ate r b ri n g pai n and
l ove m us t th ere fo r e b e gi v e n to th e H i gh e st O n e wh o
n e ve r d i e s an d n ev e r chan ge s to H i m i n th e o cean o f
wh ose l ove th e re i s n e i th er ebb n o r ow
Love m u s t
ge t to i ts r igh t d e s ti n ati on i t m u s t go u n to H i m w h o
A l l ri v e r s ow i n to
i s real l y th e i n n i te o cean o f l o ve
,


P A R A B H A KTI
th e

335

o c e an
E ve n th e d rop o f wate r c o m i n g d ow n fro m
th e m ou n tai n s i d e ca n n o t s t0p i ts c ou r se afte r re ac h i n g
a bro ok or a ri ve r h o weve r bi g i t may be ; at l as t e ve n
th at d rop s o m e h o w d oe s n d i ts w a y to th e o cean
G od i s t h e o n e goal o f al l o ur pas s i on s a n d e m oti o ns
I f y o u wa nt to be a ngry b e a ng r y w i th H i m
Ch i d e
yo u r B e l ove d ch i d e y o ur Fri e n d
W h om e ls e c a n
s
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e
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y
u p w i th y o u r a nge r ; t h e r e w il l b e a re act i o n
I f yo u
are a n gry w i t h m e I a m su re q u i ck l y to react be cau s e
I ca n n ot pat i e n tl y p u t u p w i t h y ou r a nge r
S ay u n t o
th e B e l ove d
W h y d o Y o u n o t c o m e to m e ; why d o

Wh e re i s th e re an y e nj oy
Y o u l e av e m e th u s al o n e ?
?
n
t
b
u
t
i
n
H
i
m
Wh a t e nj oym e n t c a n th e re b e i n
me
I t i s th e c rys tal l i se d ess e n ce o f
l i ttl e cl o d s o f earth ?
i n n i te e nj oy me n t th a t w e hav e to s e ek a n d tha t i s i n
L e t al l o u r pa s si o n s an d e m o ti on s go u p u n to H i m
G od
T h ey are m ea n t f o r H i m for i f th e y m i s s th e i r ma r k
th ey b e co m e vi l e ; a n d wh e n th ey go
a n d go l o we r
t h e L ord e ve n th e l owes t o f
s trai gh t t o t h e ma r k
t h e m b e c o me s t ra n s g ur e d ; al l th e e n e r gi es of th e
h u man b o dy a n d m i n d h ows oe ve r th ey may e xpre s s
t h e ms el ve s hav e th e L ord a s th ei r o n e goal as th e i r
E hdya na
A l l l ov e s a n d al l passi on s o f t h e h u man h eart
m u st go t o G o d
H e i s th e B e l ove d ; w h o m e l se ca n
th i s h e ar t l o ve ? H e i s th e m os t b ea u ti ful th e m o s t
s ubl i m e H e i s b ea u ty i tse l f ; s ubl i m i ty i tse l f Wh o i n
th i s u n i v erse i s m ore b eauti ful th an H e ? W h o i n th i s
u n i v e rse i s m or e t t o b e com e th e h u sba n d tha n H e ?
W h o i n th i s u n i v e rse i s tte r to b e l ove d th an e ?
.

336

AR A

B H A KT I

So let
i m b e th e h usban d l e t H i m b e th e B e l ove d
O fte n i t s o happ e n s th a t d i vi n e l o ve rs w h o s i n g o f th i s
d i vi n e l ove a c c ep t th e language o f h u man l ove i n al l
Fo ol s d o n ot
i ts asp e cts a s ad e q uate to d e s cr i b e i t
u nd e rs tand th i s ; th ey n e ve r w i l l T h ey l o ok at i t o nl y
wi th th e p h ys i c al e ye
T h ey d o n o t u n de rstan d th e
mad th r oe s o f th i s sp i r i t ual l ove
H o w ca n they ?
O ne k i s s o f T h y l i p s O B e l ove d ! H e th at ha s b ee n
ki sse d by T he e h i s th i rs t f or T he e goe s o n i n cre as i ng
f o r e ve r al l h i s s o r ro w s van i s h a n d h e forge ts al l

t h i ngs e xcep t T h e e
A sp i re afte r tha t k i s s of th e
i s l i p s w h i ch m ak e s th e B h a hta
B e l ov ed th at to u c h o f
m ad w h i ch mak e s o f ma n a go d
T o h i m w h o h as
b e e n b l e sse d w i th s u ch a k i ss th e w h o l e of n atu re
ch ange s w o r l d s van i sh s u n s an d m o o n s d i e o ut an d
th e u n i ve rs e i tse l f m e l ts away i n to tha t o n e i n n i te
o cea n o f l o ve
T h at i s th e pe rfe ct i o n o f th e mad n ess
A ye , th e tru e sp i r i t ual l o ve r d oe s n o t re s t
o f l ove
e ve n th e re ; e ve n th e l ove o f h usban d an d w i fe i s n o t
m ad e n o ugh fo r h i m
T h e B h a h ta s tak e u p al s o th e
i d e a o f i l le gi ti mate l ove b e cau se i t i s s o s t r o n g ; th e
i mprop r i e ty o f i t i s n o t a t al l th e th i ng t h e y h a v e i n
v i ew
T h e n atu r e o f th i s l ove i s s u c h th at t h e m ore
obstru c ti o n s th e re are f o r i ts f r e e p l ay th e m o r e pas
T h e l o ve b e twe e n h u sba n d a n d
s i o n a t e i t b e c om e s
w i fe i s s m o o th t h e r e are n o ob s tru c t i o n s th e r e S o th e
B h a h ta s tak e up t h e i d e a o f a g i r l w h o i s i n l o ve w i th h e r
an d h e r m oth e r o r fathe r o r bus
o w n b e l ove d m an
b an d , obj e cts t o s u c h l ov e ; th e mo r e an ybo d y ob st r u ct s
th e c o urse o f h e r l o v e th e m o re i s h e r l ove te n d i n g to
,

'

P A R A B H A KT I

337

w i n s tre n g t h
H um a n l ang u a ge can n o t d e scri be
h o w K ri sh n a was i n th e grov e s o f B ri n da h o w m adl y
h e w a s l ove d h o w a t th e s o u n d o f h i s v o i ce al l ru sh e d

o ut to m e e t h i m th e e ve r b l e ss e d G op i s forge tti n g
e v e ry th i n g fo r ge tt i ng t h i s w o r l d a n d i ts ti e s i ts d u ti e s
i ts j oy an d i ts s or r ows
M a n o h man y o u spe ak o f
d iv i n e l ove a n d at th e sam e t i m e a re ab l e to atte n d t o

al l t h e v an i ti e s o f th i s w orl d a r e yo us i n ce re ?
Wh e re
R am a i s t h e re i s n o roo m for a ny d e s i re wh e re
d e s i re i s th e re i s n o ro om for R ama : th e s e n eve r c o
l i gh t a n d dark n e s s th ey are n e v e r
e xi st l i k e

t og e th e r
o
r
g

Con cl usi on

W h e n t h i s h igh e s t i d eal o f l ov e i s re ach e d p h i l os oph y


is

th ro wn away ; wh o w i l l th e n care fo r i t ? Fre e d o m


Sal vati o n N i r v an a al l are th ro wn a way ; wh o care s
t o be c o m e fre e w h i l e i n th e e nj oym e n t o f d i vi n e l ove ?
Lo r d I d o n o t w a n t w eal th n o r f r i e n d s n or b ea u ty
n o r l e arn i n g n o r e ve n fre e d om ; l e t m e b e b o rn aga i n
"
B e T h o u e ve r
a n d aga i n a n d b e T h o u e ve r m y L ove

Wh o care s to b e c o me s u g ar
a n d ev e r m y Lo ve

Who w i l l
I wan t t o taste s ugar
s ays th e B h a h ta
th e n de s i re to b e co m e fre e a n d o n e w i th G o d ?
I may
k n o w th a t I a m H e ye t w i l l I tak e m ysel f a way fro m
H i m a n d b e co m e d i ffe r e n t s o tha t I may e nj oy th e

T h at i s wha t th e B h a hta say s


L ove fo r
B el o v e d
l ove s sak e i s h i s h i gh e st e nj oy me n t
Wh o w i l l n ot
be b o u n d h an d a n d fo o t a th o u san d ti m e s o ver to e n j oy
th e B e l ove d ? No B h a hta care s f o r any th i n g e xce pt
,

:2


P A R A B H A KT I

8
3
3

i s u n w o rl d l y l ove
l o v e e xcep t t o l ove a n d b e l o ve d
i s l ik e th e ti d e ru s h i ng u p th e r i v e r ; th i s l ove r goe s
u p th e r i ve r aga i n s t th e cu rre n t
Th e wo rl d call s h i m
m ad
I k n o w o n e wh o m th e w orl d u se d to cal l mad
an d th i s w a s h i s an swe r
M y fri e n d s th e wh ol e
worl d i s a l u n ati c asyl u m ; s om e are m ad afte r w orl dl y
l ove , s om e afte r n am e s om e afte r fam e s o m e afte r
m o n ey s om e afte r sal va ti o n a n d go i n g to h ea v e n
In
th i s b i g l u nati c asyl u m I a m al s o mad I a m m a d afte r
I f yo u are m ad afte r m o n ey I a m m ad afte r
God
I th i n k m y m ad n e s s i s
Y o u a r e ma d ; s o a m I
God

a fte r al l th e b e s t
T h e tr u e B ha hta s l o ve i s t h i s
b urn i n g mad n e ss b e fore w h ic h e ve r y th i n g el s e v a n i sh e s
for h i m
T h e w h ol e u n i vers e i s to h i m fu l l o f l o ve
an d l ove al o n e ; th at i s h o w i t s e e m s to th e l o ve r
So
w h e n a ma n h as th i s l o ve i n h i m h e be c o me s e te rn al ly
b l e ss ed e te rnal l y happy ; th i s b l e s se d mad n e s s of d i v i n e
l ove al o n e c an c u re for e ve r th e d i seas e o f th e w orl d
th at i s i n u s
We al l h av e to b egi n a s d u al i sts i n th e re l i gi o n o f
l o v e G o d i s to u s a s e para te b e i n g a n d w e fe e l o ur
s el v e s to b e se parate b e i ngs al s o
L ove th e n co m e s i n
th e m i d d l e a n d m a n b egi ns t o approa ch G od a n d G o d
al s o c o me s n e are r a n d n eare r to m an
M a n take s u p
al l th e vari o u s re l at i o n sh i p s o f l i fe a s fath e r a s m o th e r
a s s o n as fri e nd as maste r a s l ove r ; a n d p r oj e cts
th e m o n h i s i d e al o f l ove o n h i s G o d
T o h i m G od
e xi sts as al l th es e an d th e l as t p oi n t o f h i s p r ogre ss i s
re ache d wh e n h e fe e l s th at h e h a s be c o m e abs o l u te l y
m e rge d i n th e obj e ct o f h i s wo rs h i p
We al l b e gi n
.

'

P A R A B H A K TI

339

i th l o ve for o u rse l ve s an d th e u n f a i r c l ai ms o f th e
l i ttl e s e l f mak e e v e n l ove s e l s h ; a t l as t h owe ve r
c ome s th e f u ll bl a z e o f l igh t i n w h i c h th i s l i ttl e se l f i s
see n to h ave be c om e o n e wi th th e o n e I n ni te M a n h i m
sel f i s s o tr a n s g ur e d i n the p re se n ce o f th i s Li gh t o f
L ove
H i s h e art i s c l ea n se d o f al l i mp u ri ti e s an d vai n
d e si re s o f wh i ch i t w a s m ore o r l e ss ful l b e fo re ; an d
h e re al i se s a t l ast th e b eau ti ful a n d i n sp i ri n g tr u th
th a t L o v e , L o v e r a n d th e B e l o v e d a re o ne
w

F EW

S M

PL E

HEL P S

TO

P R O N U N C I A T IO N

l i k e 00

s l i k e sh

l i k e a i n fa r ;
t;
a al mo s t l i k e u i n bu
e l i k e a i n na m e ;
i l i ke ee i n s ee
(i

oh
ai

i n too
i n sh i p ;
l i k e ch i n ri t h
l i k e i i n fi n e
.

N o atte mp t i s m ad e to g i v e th e ne r d i s ti nct i o n s o f
San sk ri t p ro n u n ciati o n as a th oro ugh k n owl e d ge o f th e
langu age wo ul d be n ee d e d to gras p t h e m
I n t h i s gl os sary are to b e f o u n d w o rd s c o m m o n l y
u sed i n bo ok s a n d pam p h l e ts o n V e d an ta , as w e l l a s
th os e t h at a r e e m p l oye d i n th i s v ol u m e
,

[m l

GL O SSA R Y

Fearl essn es s
B ere ft o f qu al i ty
No n sepa r ate n e ss ; sam e n es s ;
w i th ou t d isti n cti o n
No t co v e ti n g ot h e r s good s
n o t th i nk i n g vai n th ou ght s
n o t b ro od i n g ov e r i nj u ri e s
re ce i v ed fro m o the rs
I mp e d i me nt
P ri d e
A ttach m e n t t o l i fe
P racti ce
G reat sp iri tual t each e r
A m i rro r a te rm s o me ti m e s
u se d to de n o t e the n e r
power o f vi si on d ev el op ed
by th e Y og i
S u p e rn atu ral
O n e qu al i e d as a se e k e r o f
w i s do m
T h e i n n i te th e go d d es s o f
th e s ky
The Sun
Tw el v e pl a n e ta ry sp i r i t s
.

A bzdyd
o

I O

A hh tghdta

A hhydsa
A eh ri rya

A dh i a a i oi ha

O O

O O

[34 3]

G L O SS A R Y

344

A d t og h a

v i rt u e ; u nri ght

of

bse n ce
eo

us n e s s

o o o o o o o o o o o o o o N o t i nj u ri n g
o o o o o o o o o o O n e wh o d o es
.

n ot

ha rm o the rs

eve n by wo rd s
h
T
i
e
za ) No n du al i sm
I
i
a
o
(
m o n i sti c sy s t e m o f V e d an t a
ph i l osop h y
A f ol l ow e r o f A dz/a i ta
R e e ct io n as th e cry s tal t e
ec ts th e col o r o f th e obj e ct
b e fore i t S up eri mp o si ti on
of
qu al i ti e s o f o n e obj e c t
o v er an o th e r as o f the sn ak e
o n t h e r op e
T h e go d o f r e
Late r th e
S u p r e m e G o d o f th e V e das
uI "
I am B rah man
E go is m Sel f co n s ci o u sn e s s
as fo od to su p
G ath eri ng i n
p ort th e bo dy o r th e m i n d
No n i nj u ri n g i n th ou g ht w o rd
or deed
O n e w h o p r acti se s A h i m sa
T h e si xth l oto s o f th e Yog i s
co rre spo n d i n g t o a n erv e
ce n tre i n th e brai n b e h i n d
th e ey eb ro ws
D i v i n e per
.

a oa

i ta

'

a oa i ti n

A dhydsa

A g z

A ha m
A h a m B r a h m dsm i

A h a m hd r a

O O

c e p ti o n

G L O SS A R Y

34 5

O n e w h o has atta i ne d d i v i n e
w i sd o m
Th e al l p e rvad i n g mat e rial o f
the u n i v e r s e
Mogul E mpe ro r o f I n d ia 1 5 4 2
.

605

U nd iv i ded
A hh a n a a S a tehi a dn a na a

T h e u n d ivi d e d E x i sten ce
K n owl e dge
B l i s s
A bs o
l ute f

O bj e ctiv e co nte mp lat i o n T h e


th i ngs w h i c h a r e su pp ort s
to t h e m i n d i n i ts t rave l
G odward s
I mm ortal i ty

lit
u n stru ck so u n d
The

f o u r th lo to s o f th e Yog i s i n
th e Susn m nd op pos i te t h e
h eart
B l i ss
Worshi p o f o n e parti cu lar
De i ty i n p r efe ren c e t o al l
o th ers
I n a h igh e r s e n se
i t i s s e e i ng al l D e i ti e s as bu t
s o man y fo r m s o f th e O ne
G od
S i ngl e n e ss o f lo v e
a n d w o rsh i p
C he e r fu l n e ss no t b e co m i n g
d ej e cted
S tre ngth b oth
m e n tal an d p hy s ical
.

m r i ta toa m

A ma n da
A

na nya

B h a h ti

G L O SS A R Y

6
34
d

ni m

n ta h ha r a na

A tte n u atio n
I n ternal o rgan
T h e m i nd
w i th i ts thre e fu n ct i on s the
cogitativ e fac u l ty th e d e
term i nativ e facu l ty an d th e
ego i s m
T h e n am e o f I f oa r a m ean
i ng
H e w h o k n ows ev e ry
th i n g th at i s go i n g o n w i t hi n
a n ta r a
e
v
e
ry
m
i
n
d
(
)
T h e Yog i w h o re sts i n th e nal
co n te m p l ati o n o f t h e Su
pre m e Lo rd ( B oa r d )
R e al i z ati on
A b se n ce o f e x ce s s i v e m e r ri
ment
I n fere n c e
T h e attach m e n t th at co me s
after th e k n ow l edge o f th e
n atu re o f G o d

G reat attac h me n t to I s oa r a
A state m en t referri n g to s om e
t h i n g al ready k n ow n
T o d ecay
O n e o f th e v e ma n i fe stat i on s
T h e n e r v e c ur
o f p r ana
re n t i n th e bo d y w h i ch gov
e rn s t h e o rgan s o f e xc r e
ti o n
S u p e r s e n s u o u s p erc e pt i o n
.

n n a a h a r sa

um ci n a

nn r a

hti

nn r dg a

ut/add

A p a hs h iya te

A p a r ap r a tya hsh a

G L O SS A R Y
A p a r aoi ayci

34 7

Lower k n owl e d ge ; k no wl e dge


o f e xte rn al s
No n receiv i n g o f gi fts ; n o t i n
d ul g i n g i n l u xu r i es
O n e o f t h e el e m e nts ; wate r
l i qu i d
S tate o f subl i me re sign atio n
O n e w h o has attai n e d to r eal i
z a t i o n o f G od ; o n e wh o i s
sel f i ll u m i n ed
W o rd s o f an Ap ta
M e rit
T h e an ci en t R i s h i s d wel l e rs i n
th e fo res t al so a nam e gi ve n
t o th e books co m po s ed by
t h em
P o r te n ts o r si gn s b y w h ic h a
Y og i ca n fo r e tel l th e e xact
t i me o f h i s d eath
S tra igh t forward n e s s
T he h e r o o f th e B h a g a o a a
G i tti to w h o m K ri sh n a ( i n
th e fo r m o f a cha r i ote e r )
tau gh t t he great t r uth s o f
th e Vedan ta P h i l o so p hy
M ean i n g
Fru iti o n
A
a
r
a
W
i
th
ou
t
fo
rm
(
p )
T h e l an d o f t h e A r yan s T h e
na m e ap pl i e d by th e H i n d u s
to No rth e rn I nd i a
.

Ap

a r z r a ha

O O

'

A p r ti ti htya
O

fp ta odhy a m

Apa ra

A fr a nya ha s

r 25 ta

0 0

0 0

ri

r th a oa

ha

ttoa

GL O SS A R Y

8
4
3
A

r a nci ta

h igh e s t s u p e r c o n s ci o u s
state
P o s i t i on o f th e b ody d u ri n g
m e d i ta ti o n
No n b ei n g o r e xi sten c e
Op
o
i
s
t
e
o
f
ppl
i
ed
to
a
t
S
A
p
th e ch a n g i n g e x i st e nc e o f
th e u n i v e rse
No n d i scrim i nati o n
A n ot e d B u d d h i s t Ki n g, 2 5 9
2 22 B
C
erm i tage

l i t tast e
a ppl i e d to t h e
n e r fac u l ty o f tast e d e v e l
o p e d by th e Yog i
No n s teal i n g
T o b e o r e x i st
T hat po rti o n o f th e Vea a w i c h
treats o f p sy ch i c p owe rs
T h e n th ere fo re th e e n q u i ry
i n to B r a h m a n
V
edan ta
[

T he

p j

sa m

sa

00

0 0

0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 .

sm

i td

A s teya m

A th a ro a

A th ata B r a h m a

z nas

jj

9!

S utr a ,
A ti hr anta Ch a oa mjf a

r
I ]

s tage o f me d i tati on wh i ch
i s call e d
e n ds w i t h w hat

Cl ou d ( o r S h ow e r e r) o f
V i rt u e
Sa m aa hi
A gu est
T h e E te rnal S el f
Co v e ri n gs ( o f th e m i n d,
A d i v i n e I n c a rn a t i o n
T he

A tm a n

nd r a h a

jd

via

A h r i tti

I gn o ran c e
R e p e ti t io n ( o f th e m e n tal
fu n cti o n s o f k n ow i ng m e d i
tati n g e tc i s re qu i r e d ) o n
a ccou n t o f th e te x t gi v i n g i n

s tr u
c ti o n s m ore than o n ce
.

r a sa hr i t

u
a
d
e
s
d
t
p

ea d n ta S u
V
t
ra ,
[

A vya ta m

o o

1
IV ]

I n d i screte ; u nd i ffere nt iate d


S tage o f natu r e w h e n th ere
i s n o ma n i fe statio n
E x tern al d evoti o n ( as wo rsh i p
thro ugh rit es symbo l s c e re
m o ni al s e tc o f G o d )
B o n d a ge
F
i
cu
s I n di ra
I
n
di
a
n

g
tre
e
;
(
)
th e bran ch es drop roo ts t o
th e gro u n d w h i ch gro w an d
form n ew tru n ks
A ge m
T h e H o l y S on g
o f I n d ia n l i te ratu r e co n tai n
i n g th e e ss e n ce o f t h e
Vea an ta P h i l o sop hy
H
lit
P o ss e sso r o f al l pow ers
A ti tl e m ean i n g G reat Lo rd
A g r eat H i n d u p ro ph et an d
tea ch e r o f the 1 9th cen tu ry

S
e
e
Li
fe
an
d
1 835 1 886
[

Sayi n gs o f Sr ? R dm a hr i s h n a
by F Max M ul l e r Lo n d o n
1 898
L o n g m a n s G re e n
C o an d C harle s S cri bn e r s
So n s
N e w Y o rk ]
.

B ahya B ha hti
-

B a nya n

B ha g a v a d Gi td
-

B h a g a od n R dm a hr i sh na

G L O SS A R Y

35 0
t

i g a oa ta P ur dn a
-

O n e o f th e pri n ci pal P a r ano i a


A great l ove r o f G o d
I n ten se l o v e fo r G o d
U n i on w i th th e D i v i n e thro u gh
d ev o ti o n
A
great Y og i wh o su ffere d
m u ch fro m h i s e xce ss iv e
attach m e n t to a de er w h i ch
h e b ro u gh t u p a s a pet
A co m m en tary
P ertai n i n g to t h e t
ta s o r
e le m en ts
P o n d eri n g ; m e d i ta tio n
S e parate n e ss
A rel i g i o u s me n d i can t a t erm
n o w u su al ly ap pl i e d to th e
B u d d hi st mo n k s
E nj oy m e n t o f s e n s e o bj e cts
T h e a n n o tato r o f th e Y oga
A p h ori s ms
G ro ss el e m e n ts
I n te l l i gen ce
T h e Cr eator o f th e u n iv e rs e
C hasti ty i n th o u g h t wo rd an d
d ee d
O n e w h o has d e v ote d h i msel f
to co n ti n e n ce a n d t h e p u r
su i t o f S p i ri t ual W i s do m
T h e O n e E x i st e n ce t h e A bs o
l u te
.

B h a hti

B h a h ti Y og a

B a r a td

O O

O O O

B h a n ti h a

B h dzra nd

B h ea a

B hihsh n

ra

h m a eh a rya

r a h m a eh

dr i n

G LO SSA R Y

I
S
3

T h e w orl d o f B r a h m a th e
h igh e s t h e ave n
H

twi ce bo rn man , a B rah


A
mi n
T h os e p orti o n s o f th e V e d a s
wh i ch state the ru l e s fo r t h e
e mpl oyme n t o f th e hy m n s
at th e vario u s ce r e m o n ial s
E ach o f th e fo u r V e da s has
i ts o w n B r ri h m a na
Co m me n tary o n th e ap h o ri sm s
,

ra

h m a S utr a B h ei s hya
-

of

B r a h m a oei a i n

Vea d n ta

T each e r o f B r a h m a n o n e w h o
sp eaks o r tea ch e s o f B r a h
m a n o r A bs ol u te B e in g
K n owl edge o f B r a h m a n t h e
s u pre m e w i sd o m that l ead s
to M uhti
T he Y og a wh i c h l ea d s t o th e
real i z at i o n o f the B r a h m a n
'
V
Chap
I
I
I
o f th e B h a g a oa a
(
Gi tci i s cal l ed by t h at n am e )
A n A n gl i ci z e d fo rm o f B r ei h
m a na
a m e m be r o f th e
B r ah m a na cast e
T h e E n l i gh t e ne d
l it
th e
nam e gi v e n t o o n e o f th e
great est I n carn ati o n s r e cog
n i z e d by th e H i nd u s
b o rn
si x th ce nt u ry B C
T h e d e t e r m i n ati v e fac u l ty
,

ra

h m a v i dyti

ra

h m ayog a

G LO S SA R Y

2
35

P u re

i n te l l i g e n c e
Nam e o f a
grea t H i n du sage ( born
1 4 85
w
h
i
s
regard
e
d
as
a
o
)
D i vi n e I ncarn ati o n
O n e o f th e o l d e st Up a ni sh a ds
o f th e Sei m a Ved a
A material i s t
T h e space o f k n ow l e dge wh ere
th e S o u l s h i ne s i n i ts o w n
natu re
u
M i n d stu ff
T
h
e

ne
ma
(
t e r i a l o ut o f w h i c h th e m i n d
has b ee n man u fa ctu re d )
T h e me n tal sp ace
.

Ch ai na ogya Up a ni sha d

C h a r oci ha

C zddkdf d

a h sh i n

O ffe ri n g mad e to a p ri e st o r
t each e r a t re l i g i o u s c ere
monies
C o n trol o f t h e o rga n s
C hari ty

S er v an tsh i p ; th e state o f
b e i n g a d e v o te d s e r v an t of
,

D ama

0 0

D d a

0 0

0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0 0

0 0

God

ercy
co mpassi o n
d oi n g
g o od t o o thers wi th o u t h o p e
o f r e t u rn
M atte r gro ss b o d y
G o d g iv e n

T he sh i n i n g o n e s , se mi d i
v i n e b e i n gs rep r e s e n t i n g
s tate s at ta i n e d b y wo rk ers
o f goo d
M

,0

G L O SS A R Y

35 3

A bo d e o f th e go d s
T he path w h i ch l ead s t o th e
sp h ere o f th e go d s o r t h e
d i ffere n t h eave ns
O n e o f t h e P a r ana s w h i ch
de scrib e s th e d ee d s o f t h e
D iv i n e M o th er
H ol d i n g th e m i n d to o n e
th o u gh t for twe lv e s eco nd s
Co n ce n trati o n
V i rtu e
R el igio u s d u ty

Cl ou d o f v i rtu e ( ap pl i ed to
a k i n d o f Sa m ei a hi )
Med i tati o n
T h e way to k n owl e d g e thro u gh
m ed i tat i o n
D ual i t i es i n n a tur e as h eat
an d col d p l eas u re a n d p ai n
e tc et c
A v ers io n
H eav e n ( a nd ) Earth
.

D eoi t

ig a oa ta

D hei r a nd

D ha r m a
D ha r m a

m eg h a

D hyei n a

D hyci na m ei rg a

D z es h a
'

Dyei v a P
-

i th i v i

C on cen trate d

s tat e

of

th e

mind
One
I n te n s e d e v o ti o n to o n e cho s e n
i deal
S i n gl e n es s o f l o v e an d d e v o
t io n t o G o d
.

B ha m

23

G L O SS A R Y

354
'

B hdtm a Vri a a m

M o n i s m T he th eo ry acco rd
i ng to wh i ch th e r e i s o nly
P ure
o n e i nte l l i gen t E n t i ty
ideal i s m
T h e o n e s tay o r s upp ort
o f al l
th i ngs
h en c e th e
L o rd
:

G a n ap a ti
G a n es a

One

of

th e H i n d u d ei ti e s
A w o m a n sage m e n ti o n e d i n

th e Up a n i s/m a s
S h e p r ae
t i s e d Yog a an d attai n e d to
th e h igh e s t su p er co n s ci ou s
state
G od o f w i s d o m a n d
re mov e r

o f obstacl es
H e i s always
i nvo ke d at th e co m me n ce
m en t o f ev e ry i m p ortan t
u n d e r tak i ng
P re parato ry stage o f B h a hti
.

Ga a ni

G eiya tr i

ce r tai n m o st ho ly ve rs e o f
t h e Veda s
A j ar
S hep h e rd esse s w o r sh i ppe rs o f

G op i s

K r i s h na
G r a ha na

S e ns e p er ce p ti o n
A h o u se h ol de r h ead
ily
Qual i ti e s attri b u t e s
-

G r i h a s th a

G una s

of

a fam

G L O SS A R Y
G ur u

35 5

th e d ispe l l er o f d ark
H
nes s
A r el i gi o u s teach e r
w h o re m ov es th e ign o r an ce
T h e real g ur u
o f th e p up i l
i s a t r a n sm i tt e r of th e s pi ri t
u al i mp u l se tha t qu i cke n s
th e spi r i t a n d awake n s a
ge n u i n e th i r s t f o r re l i gi o n
T h e f i oa o r i n d iv i d u al s o ul
T he great B h a hta h ero o f th e
lit

H
H

a m sa

a nn m c n

Hi
ar

R i m eiya n a
.

O n e w h o s teal s th e h earts
an d reaso n o f al l b y H i s
beau ty h en c e th e Lor d a
nam e o f G o d
T h e s c i en ce o f co n trol l i n g b o d y
an d m i n d b u t w i th n o sp iri t
ual en d i n v i e w bo d i ly p e r
f e c ti o n bei n g th e o n l y ai m

a th a
O n e w h o p ract i ce s
l it

Y og i

or

Y og i n )

H
9

gol de n wo mbe d
A p
pl ied to B r a h m a th e C rea
as p rod u ci n g t h e u n i
tor
ve rs e o ut o f H i ms el f
A mys ti c w o rd u se d i n me d i
t a t i o n as sy mbol i c o f th e
h i ghe st B l i ss
T h e n e rv e cu rre n t o n t h e l eft
sid e o f th e sp i nal co rd ; th e
l e ft n o stril
lit

G L O SS A R Y

6
35

ul e r o f th e go d s
Se n se o rga ns
T he i n te rn al o rgan s o f p e rcep
ti on
O n e o f th e a eo a s

C ho se n i d eal ( fro m i s h to
wi sh )
Th at asp ect of G o d
w h i ch app eal s to o n e m o st
D ev o ti on to o n e i d e al
T h e w o rk s wh i ch bri ng a s r e
ward the e n j oy m e n ts o f t h e
h eave n s
T he S u prem e R u l e r ; th e h igh
e s t p o ssi bl e
c on ce pti o n
th ro ugh r eas o n o f the A b
so l u te w h i ch i s b eyo n d al l
th o ugh t
M ed i tati o n o n I f oa r a
A S htr a o f P a ta nja l i
e n ti tl ed
HB wo rs h i p o f th e S u pre m e
y

Lo rd
I na n i m ate
Wak i n g state
S p e ci e s
To b e b orn
T h e i n d i v i dua l so u l
The one
S el f as ap peari ng to be se pa
rate d i n to d i ffere n t en ti tie s ;
corr e spo n d in g to th e o rd i

n ary u
s e o f t h e wo rd
s ou
l
R

I f ei n a

9!

I s h ta N i sthei

I s h tcip r ta

I f oa r ap r a ni a h ei na

f soa r a P

r a ni a hd nci a oei

G L O SS A R Y

T h e j tm a n man i fe st i n g as

i r/a tm a n

oa
i
j

i r/a n M

35 7
th e

L i v i n g Fre ed o m
One
w h o has atta i n ed l i berati o n
ev
en
w
h
i
l
e
i
n
th
e
M
n h ti
(
)
b o dy
P ure i n te l l i ge n ce K n owl edge
O n e w h o se v i si o n h as be en
pu r i e d by th e r eal i z at i o n o f
th e D i v i n e
T h e k n ow l e dge p ortio n o r
p h i l oso ph y o f th e V e da s

W is do m Sa c r i c e
P e r fe ct
un s e l s h n e s s
p uri ty an d
go o dn e ss w h i ch l ead to
n ri n a
r s u p re m e wi sd o m
o
f

hta

lit

a an a

'

n an a - eh a h s

n ri n a hei n a a

n e na

a
y

na

M
(

m i ni

or

nei n i n

oh s h a

O n e w ho see k s l i beratio n
th r ou gh pu re reaso n o r
h

o s 0p h y
p

K a i v a lya

I sol ati o n
O ne n e s s w i t h A b
sol u t e B e i n g
T i me
A c y c l e ( i n e vol uti o n )
B le ss i ngs
D e si r e
A u th o r o f th e Sdnhhya P h i
l o s o p h y, a n d th e f ath e r o f
th e H i nd u E vol u tio n i sts
B i r th p la c e o f G a zeta m a t h e
.

K a lyei na
K am a

K ap i ta

K ap il a v a s tu

G L O SS A R Y

35 8

Ka rm a

0 0

0 0

Wo r k o r acti o n al s o e ff e cts o f
actio n s ; th e l aw o f cau se a n d
e ff e ct i n th e mo ral wo rl d
T he ri t u al i sti c p ort io n o f th e
V ed as
O rgan s o f a ct io n
U n i o n w i th th e D i vi n e th ro u gh
t h e u n se l sh p e rfo rm a n c e o f
d u ty
Di ffe re n ti ate d o r d i v i d ed ; d i
v i s io n
T r o ubl e s
A n I ncar nati o n o f G o d wh o
app ea r e d i n I n di a ab ou t
B C
1 4 00
M o s t of h i s
teach i n gs a r e e mbo d ie d i n
th e B h a g a oa a G i tti
A cti o n r i tu al e e r e m o n i a l
Th e K a r m a w e are mak i n g a t
pre sen t
P rel i m i nary Y og a th e p erfo rm
an ce o f s u ch a c t S a s l ead
t he m in d h i gh e r an d h i gh er
Mo me n t s
Me mbe r o f th e warrio r ( o r
s econ d ) cas t e o f an cie nt
I n di a
H

l it
th e p e ri s habl e al s o a
el d A p pl i e d to th e h uman
b o dy ( as t he el d o f a c ti o n )
,

K a r ze dr aa S

K h a na a

oo ooo

K s h a na

K s h a tr iya

K sh etr ajna

G L O SS A R Y

35 9

T h e k n o wer o f K s h etr a ( G i tzi


Chap X I I ) T h e so u l
R e te nti o n o f the b r eath i n th e
pract i ce o f p r a neiyei m a

lit
th e co iled up
The
r e si d ual e ne r gy l ocate d a c
co r d i n g to th e Yog i s at th e
base o f th e spi n e an d wh ich
i n o r d i na r y m e n p r od uce s
d ream s i magi nati on p sy ch i
cal
p erce pti on s etc
an d
wh i c h whe n fu l l y a r ou se d
an d pu r i ed l ead s t o th e
d ire ct pe r cep ti o n o f G o d
T h e m oth e r o f th e ve P an da
o a s t h e h e r oe s w h o O p po sed
th e K a ur a v a s a t th e battl e
th e acco u n t
o f K n r n h s h etr a
o f w h i c h fo r ms th e p r i n ci pa l
t he me o f the M a l a i hh ei r a ta
th e I n d ian e p i c
T h e n am e o f a n e rv e upo n
w h i ch th e Yog i : m e d i ta te
O ne o f th e e i ghtee n pri n ci pa l
.

K n m hh a ha

Ka r m a

a rm a

P ur ei n a

Ka ta

a r r na s

k i nd o f I n d ian g r as s u sed
i n r el i gi o u s r i te s
T h e se co n d stage o f th e Yog i
wh e n h e ge ts beyo n d th e ar
i
u
m
n
a
t
v
t
co
nd
itio
n
e
e
g
A

M a a h n hh um i ha

G L O SS A R Y

6
0
3

l it

h o n ey ed
T h e stat e
whe n k n owl ed ge give s sati s
facti o n as h o n ey d oes
S wee t
T h at fo r m o f B h a hti
i n w h i ch t h e relat io n o f th e
d ev otee to wa r d s G o d i s l i ke
that o f a l ov i n g w ife to h er
h u sban d
Co mm e n ta tor o f th e dual i st ic
s ch ool o f th e V e dn ta p h i
.

IO SO p h y

a he
i hti sa

Gr eat space
ap
pl
i
e
d
(
to o rd i nary space )
G reat So u l
I
n
ca
r
n
atio
n
(
)

l i t T h e g r eat o n e
Co sm i c
i nte l l i ge n ce
G reat p r i nc ipl e
T h e o c ean
o f i n tel l ige n ce ev ol ve d rst
fro m i n di sc r e te n atu r e a c
co rd i n g to S a nhhya ph i lo s

lit

hdp n r a sh a

'

Op h y

S ee i n g th e Se l f a s o n e w i th G o d

l i t Ful l o f co m pas si o n
The
nam e o f a H i nd u sage
T h e d el i b e rat iv e facu l ty o f th e
m in d
A n y p r ay e r h ol y ve rse sacred
o r my s ti c wo rd r e ci ted o r
co nte m p l ate d d u ri n g wor
s h ip
.

i tr iya

G L O SS A R Y
M

a n tr a

6
1
3

S ee r o f th o u gh t
O n e po s
se sse d o f su p e r se n s u o u s
k n owl edge
l it Fi l l ed w i th je w e l s
Th e
thi r d l oto s o f th e Yog i s o p
h
t
e
i
th
e
n
a
v
l
i
n
o
s
t
e
e
p
(
Sn f um nd)
S e co n d s
M o nastery

dr a sh td

r
a
p

a nz

th n r a

N
ow
k
n
own
[

M uttr a

as

p lace o f K r i sh na
M i stak in g th e u n real an d ph e
nom ena l
fo r th e real a n d
ete rnal
Co mm o n ly tra n s

l ate d i l l us i o n
l
i
t
w
hi
ch
(
b a f e s al l
H

l it
S ol u t io n o f a p robl e m
O n e o f th e s i x s ch oo l s o f
I nd i an p h il o sop hy
F r e e do m l i b e r ati o n ( M uhti )
T h e vi r tu e s wh i c h l ead to l ib
c r ati o n o f th e s ou l
De ath
A n o th e r nam e f o r
B i rth

M i m ei n sti

M
M

ohs h a
oh s h a

a ha r m a

M uhti

E man c i pati o n fro m rebi r th


T h e ba S IC l o to s o f th e Yog i s
D e si re f o r l iberati o n
O n e o f th e twe l v e p ri n ci pal
.

nm

n hs n to a m

a n da

ha Up a n i sh a a

Up a n i s h a d s

rel
i
gi
ou
s
sa
e
(
) g

G L O SS A R Y

6
2
3

S ou nd n e r th an i s h eard by
r ears
ou
T h e so u n d B r a h m a n
The
that u n d i ffere n tiate d
0m
Word w h i ch has p ro d u ced
al l m a n i fe s tatio n
A tu be al o n g w h i ch s o m eth i ng
o w s as th e b lo o d c ur
r e nts o r n e rvo u s e n e r gi es

P u ri cati o n o f th e ch an
li t
n e l thro u gh w h ich t he n e r v e
cu r ren ts o w
O n e o f th e
e le m e n tary b re ath i n g e xe r
ci ses
O n e p o s s e s s e d o f a s i n gl e n ess
o f d ev o ti o n toward s a h igh
i deal o f l i fe
S al utati o n
Na m e an d form
T h e po we r o f th e na m e o f
,

N ada B r a h m a
-

N a i f th i ha

N ei m a

G od

Hgo d

T h e g r ea t
in to xic at ed
sage of an ci e n t I n d ia w h o
i s rep u te d to hav e p os se ssed

al l th e p owers de s cribed
i n Y og a p h il o soph y
'
T h e A p h o ri s m s o f N ar a a a on

D,

N ei r a da S ntr a
-

B h a hti

N ei r ciya na

Move r
of

th e wate rs

on

Vi sh n u
.

H
,

a t itl e

GLO S SA R Y

Lo r d o f th e stage
So me ti m e s u s ed fo r G o d as
th e Lord of th i s vast s tag e
th e u n iv ers e
No t th i s n ot th i s
O perativ e cau se
lit
Sup po r tl e ss a v ery h i gh
s tage o f m e d i tati o n accord
i n g to Y og a ph i l o sop hy
H
lit
W i th o u t see d
Th e
h igh es t fo rm o f S a m ci dh i o r
s upe r co n sc i ou s state o f th e
m i nd acco r d i n g to Yog a
lit

N eti , N eti

N i r ri l a m ha na

t
W i thou t at t r ib u te s o r q ual i
t ie s
U n s e l s h a c t i on
T o d o go od
a c ts w i th o u t cari ng for th e
resu l ts
P erman e nt e ternal
S ci e nce d eal i ng w i th ety mol
o gy an d
t h e m ean i n g o f
word s

Freed o m ; e xti n cti on o r bl ow


H
i ng o ut o f del us io n s
W i th ou t d i scri m i nat i on
C han ge l es s
Wi th ou t que sti o n o r reaso n i n g
R ev olv i ng away fro m
S i n gl e n es s o f attach me n t
O SO p h y

N i s hh ei m a ha r m a

N i r uhta

N i r v an a

N i r o i ehci r a

N i r oi ha /p a
N i r oi ta r ha
1 Vi or i tti

N i sh th ei

G L O SS A R Y

6
3 4

T he v i rtu es o f cl e anl i n e ss
con te n t m e n t m o r t i ca ti o n
stu dy an d self s u rre n d e r
T h e sch ool o f I n di an l ogi c
T h e s ci e n ce o f l ogi cal p h i

l os op hy

lit
T h e i l l u m i nati n g o r
H
b r i gh t
T h e h igh es t form
o f e ne rgy attai n e d by a c o n
stan t p ract i ce o f co n ti n e n ce
and p uri ty
T he mo s t h o ly w o rd o f th e
Veda s
A
sy mb ol i c w ord
m eani n g th e S up re me B e i n g
th e O cea n o f K n owl edge a nd
B l i ss A bso l ut e

0m T hat E xi sten ce
lit
That O cean o f K n ow l e d ge
an d B l i s s A b so l u te th e o n ly
R eal i ty
Foot
Chapter
Su p r e me
S u p r e m e d ev oti on
Su p r e m e s o u l
H i gh est k n owl edge
T o ri p en
G o d of r ai n an d o f th e cl ou ds
Fou n de r o f th e Y og a S cho ol
o f P h i l o sop hy
.

0m

or

Om hci r a

0m f a t sa t

h a h ti

a r d- B

a r a m a h a m sa

a r ti a i aya

a r i na

a r a nya

m a te

G L O SS A R Y

T h e ne rv e c u rre n t o n th e righ t
s i d e o f th e sp i nal c ord ; al so
th e r i gh t n o s tri l
A c o u r tesan w ho a b an do n e d
h e r vi ci ou s l i fe a n d becam e
rem arkabl e fo r h er p i ety an d
v i rtu e
Fo refath e rs an ce sto rs
lit
T h e c h i ef
T h e p ri n
c i p a l e l e m e n t ; a nam e u se d
f o r n atu r e i n Sanhya p h i
-

P i ng a l d

P i tr i s

9!

l o sop hy

H igh est k n owl edge w h i ch


l ead s to th e r eal i z ati o n o f
th e D e ity
O n e w h o h as b ee n i l lu mi n e d
w i th k nowl edge tran s ce n d
i n g th e s en se s
Nature
S oul s th at h av e go t al l the
p owers tha t n atu re has by
b eco m i ng o n e w ith natu re
T h e ch i e f of B h a hta s
Dev
o
[
.

r ahri t ay a s

ra

h l ci a a

tee s ]
M ean s o f p roo f
Co r re c t cogn i ti o n
T he s um to tal o f th e co smi c
en e rgy th e v i tal fo rce s o f
th e bo dy
Co n trol l i n g th e p r ana
.

r a m r na

ra

e
a
y

r dndyci m a

G L O SS A R Y

6
6
3
P
P

'

U n c easi n g

i h ei na

ra n a

r ci r a

ha h a

devo t i o n

T h e wo rk s o r K a r m a who se
frui ts w e h ave begu n to reap
i n th i s li fe
A bstract co n te mp lati o n
A rgu m e n tativ e co n d i tio n o f
the co nsci o u s Y og i
D i v i n e i l l u m i natio n
H

lit
G o i ng to wards
A
n i te sy mb ol stan d i ng f o r
th e i n n i te B r a h m a n
T h e us e o f i mage s a s s ym
bol s
T hat w h i ch i s appl i ed to th e
d i ffere n t obj ect s i e th e
o rgan s o f s e n se
Mak i ng th e m i n d i n tr o s p e c
ti ve
T h e i n ternal sel f ; the s el f
.

r a s a n hhyc n a

ra

th a m

h
a
i
p

a ha /

ra

ti ha

ra

ti oi s haya

ra

tya g ci tm a n

l um
P

ra

a hs h a m

r a o r i tt

r i th i v i

i ti

1n o

us

D i re ct p ercep tio n
R ev o lvi ng to ward s
P l easu re i n G o d
O n e o f t h e el e m en ts ; earth ;
s ol i d s
I n hal atio n
Wri ti n gs co ntai n i n g th e i n d u
my t ho l ogy
Th e S o u l
T he p r i m a f a t i e V i ew
.

9
.

P ur ci n a s

B 22r oa p a hs h a
~

G L O SS A R Y

Q ur a n

6
3 7

T h e M a h o m meda n S cri p tu re s
A ttach me n t to th os e t h i n gs
that pleas e th e s e n se s
T h e h i gh es t fo rm o f l ove a n d
atta c hm e n t to the Lo rd
H
T o sh i n e
R oyal
lit
Swan
A cti v i ty
O n e o f th e th ree
p r i n ci pl e s wh i ch fo rm th e
e sse n c e o f n atu re

R oyal
a
T
h
e
o
y g
s ci e n ce o f co nqu eri n g th e
i n te r nal natu re f o r th e pu r
p ose o f r eal i z i ng th e D i v i n
i ty w ith i n
A d e mo n
A no ted com me n tat o r o f the

Vi s h i s ta zi oa i ta S c ho ol o f P h i
l o s o p h y ( qual i ed m o n i s ti c )
A n I n carn at io n o f G o d an d
h e r o O f th e cel eb r ated ep i c
H
th e R am aya n a
A cel eb rate d I n d ia n ep i c p oe m
w r i tte n by V al m ik i a sage
A sy mbo l i c w ord f o r th e h igh
e s t w i sdo m
T h e al ch em ists o f an ci en t
I nd ia
E xhalat io n
.

B rija

a m sa

R dhs h a s a
R a m ei n u
a
j

R am a

R am aya n a

a s ay a na s

ech a ha

G L O SS A R Y

6
3 8

O l de st p o rt i on o f th e Veda s
c o mpo se d o f hy m n s
S ee r
of
lit
m a n tr a s
tho
ughts
O
ne
p
osse
sse
d
)
(
of
su pe r se n s u ou s k nowl
edge
O n e w ho se k n owl edge i s tr u th
s up po r ti n g
A nam e o f a V ed i c go d

R i ta m hh a r cip r ajna

Sound
T h e creativ e wo rd co rre sp o n d
i n g t o th e L og os
T h ro u gh sou n d t h e w o rld

stan d s
S e e de d me d i tati o n ( that i s
w h er e al l s e e ds o f fu ture
K a r m a are n o t ye t d e
s troy e d )
W i th q u al i ti e s
T h e qu al i e d o r l owe r B rah
.

Sa ha a hr a h m a

Sa ha a N i sh th a m f

ag a t .

ag

un a B r a h m a
-

m an

Sag un a

oi ayti

Sa h a f r ci r a

Q u al i ed k n owl edge ?
H

T h e thou san d p etal l e d lo to s


a gu rati ve express i on o f
t he Yog i s d es crib i ng t h e
b rai n
Fri e n d sh i p
P o w er
D wel l i n g i n th e pre s e nc e o f
-

Sdl oh va

Go d

G L O SS A R Y
No t

Sa m a

36 9

al low i n g th e m i n d to e x

te r n a l i z e

ooooo

T h e hy m n p o rti o n o f th e Veda
o r that p orti o n wh i c h was
su ng d u ri ng th e cere mo n i es
S u pe r co n sci o u sn e ss
Co n stan t p racti ce
T h e n erv e cu rr e n t tha t co n tro ls
th e fu n cti o n o f d igesti o n
I n fere n ce based o n sup er cial
reaso n i ng

lit
T r easu re s
U se d i n
Y og a p h ilo sop h y to i nd i cate
th e d i ff e ren t sta ge s o f medi

S a m ddhdn a

Sdm d nya ta dr i s h ta

t a ti o n

E q ual ity
S a m a s ti

Th e u n iv ersal
Cl o se n es s to G o d
T h e rs t s tage o f sup e r co n
Wt h
co me s
s n es s
s e i ou
t hro ugh d e ep m ed i tat io n
E nd le s s cycl e o f m an i fes tation
I m p r ess i on s i n t h e m in d stu ff
that p r od u ce hab i ts

lit
Co n tro l
I n th e Yog a
p h i lo s oph y i t i s tech n i c al ly
u se d f o r th at p e rfe ct co n t r o l
o f th e powe rs o f th e m i nd
by wh i ch th e Yog i c a n k n ow
a ny th i n g i n th e u n iv ers e
.

Sa m sci r a

S a m s hdr a s

24

GL O S SA R Y

0
37

Sdna na a m

T h e bl i ss ful S a m a dh i
T he

th i rd ste p o f the s a mp r ajn a ta


'
s a m adhi
T h e obj e ct o f
m ed i tati on i n th i s stat e i s

th e th i n ki ng o rga n be reft
of
a ctivi ty an d d u l l n ess
R
a s an d T a m a s
a
( j
)
T h e sto r e d u p past K a r m a
w ho se f r u i ts we are n o t reap
i ng n o w b u t w h i ch we s h al l
have to reap i n the fu tu re
W ri t er o f th e A p hori sm s o f
D ivi n e Lo ve ( B h a hti ) f ro m
th e A do a i ta p o i n t o f v i ew
T he g r eat e x p on e nt an d co m
m e n t a t o r o f th e n o n dual i s ti c
He is
s ch oo l o f V ed an ta
su ppo sed to hav e l ive d i n
I n di a ab ou t the e igh th c e n
t u ry A D

lit
T hat w h i ch r e v eal s trut h

p erfe ctl y
T h e name o f a
fa mo u s syste m o f I nd ia n
p hi l o so phy fo un de d by the
great sage K ap i l a
S h ri n ki n g co n tracti on o r n o n
man i fe stati o n
C o m pl e te re n u n ci ati o n o f a l l
w o rl dly po s i tio n p rop er ty
an d name
.

Sa nha r dchd rya

G L O SS A R Y
Sa n nydsi n

I
S7

O ne w h o mak e s S a nnyci s a an d
li ve s a l ife o f s el f s a c r i c e
d evo t i ng h i m sel f e n ti re ly to
rel igi o n
P eacefu l o r ge n tl e l ove
A d evo tee w h o has attai n e d to
p eace th ro ugh t he path o f
D iv i n e l ov e
P eace
C o n ten tm e nt
G ro wi n g l i k e G o d
B ook s accepted a s D iv i n e a u
t h o r i ty
Sacre d S cri p tu res
E xi s te n ce A bsol ute
K n owl edge B l i ss
Ex i ste nce
A bsol u te
I l l u mi nati o n m ate rial
One
o f th e th r e e p ri n ci p l es w h i c h
form th e e sse n ce o f n atu re
T h e p erce p ti o n o f t h e S el f as
d i ffe re n t fro m th e p r i n ci pl es
o f n atu r e
av i n g th e Sa ttoa q ual i ty
h i ghl y d ev el op ed h e n ce o n e
w h o i s p u re a n d h ol y
Tru th fu l n ess
C l ean l i ne ss
Wi th d i scri mi nati o n ( A m od e
o f m ed i tati o n
)
,

S d nta

Santa

B ad en

a n tos a

Sa t

Sa tehi ddna nda

,9

Sa ttv a

S a ttv a p ur s hci nva tdhhydti


-

Sdttoi ha

S a oi ehd r a

G L O SS A R Y

2
37

M ed itatio n w i th reas on i ng o r
q u esti o n
U n i ty w ith B rah man
Wit nes s
A teach e r w h o has attai n e d
.

S i ddh a G ur u

D eci si ve k n o wl e d ge
S e mi d iv i n e b e i n gs o r Yog i s
w h o hav e attai n e d s u p e r
natural powe rs
The
s u p ern at u ral
p owe rs
w h i ch co m e t hro u g h th e
p racti c e o f Yog a
T h e s ci e n ce d eal i n g w i th p ro
nu
n c i a ti o n an d accen ts
A s t u d en t o r d i s c i pl e o f a
.

G ur u
.

D estroy er
th e
of
i n d u t ri ni ty
S o m e t im es
regard e d i n th e H i nd u
m ytho l o gy as th e O n e G o d
[ a m Sh e ( o r e te rnal bl is s )
V e rse
1
2 A n
M
e
m
ory
h
a
u
t
o ri
y
( )
( )
t a t i v e r e l i gi o u s book
ex
c ep t the Veda s
I am H e H
A ce rtai n pl an t the j u i ce o f
w h i ch wa s u se d i n the
an ci e n t sa cri ces
The

Sl v akd m

"

o o

o o s

G L O S SA R Y
Sp oa

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

373

T h e e t ernal e sse nti al mate rial


o f al l i deas o r nam es w h i ch
make s w o rd s p os sibl e y e t i s
n ot an y d e n i te wo rd i n a
fu l l y fo r m e d state T h e i n
e xp r e s sibl e
M a n i f e s to r be
h i n d al l th e e x p re ss ed se n si
b l e u n i v e r se
T h e p ow e r
th rough w h i ch th e Lo r d
c reate s t h e u n ive r s e
I ts
sy mbo l i s th e e te r n al 0m
S tro n g fai th i n rel i gi o n
1
2
H
eari
ng
th
e
ears
T
h
e
( )
( )
n er p o we r o f h eari n g d e
v e l o p e d by th e Y og i
H o ly o r b l ess ed
Nam e o f th e qu al i ed n on
d ual i sti c co m me n ta r y o f
V e d an ta by K d m d n u
ja

l i t H i gh b o r n o r bo r n o f
a n obl e fam i ly
The Hin du
s tud e n ts wh o k n ow th e
Veda s by h ea r t
T h e Veda s s o cal l e d b e cau s e
tran s m i tte d
o r all y f r o m
fathe r to s o n i n an ci e n t
ti me s
T h e Veda s a r e r e
garded b y all o r th o d ox
H i n d us as D ivi n e r evelat i o n
and as th e sup r e m e a uth o r
i ty i n rel i gi o u s matt e rs
,

gr a v a a

f l

Sr i

B hdshya

Sr otiya s

Sr u12
.

0 0

0 0

0 0

S tab i l i ty
G ro ss bo d y
.

Sa r i r a
Suhs h m a Sa r i r a [ so m e

L i ng a
ti mes cal le d
Fi n e o r s u b tl e b o d y
Sa r i r a
D oct r i n e o f th e v o i d ; n i h i l i s m
De ep d ream l ess sl ee p
T h e nam e give n by t h e Yog i s
Sus h um nd
to th e h ol l o w can al w h i c h
ru n s th ro u gh t h e c e ntre o f
th e sp i nal cord

l i t T hread U s u al ly m ean s
ap h o r i s m
H

l it
A bo d e o f S el f
S eco n d
S oddhi sthdna
l o to s o f th e Yog i s b e tw e en
b as e o f S p i n e an d the n a v el
S oddhydya
S tu dy

S v dd
May i t b e p erp etuate d o r
A n ex pres si on
so b e i t
u s e d i n mak i n g o bl ati o n
T h e dre a m s tate
S oap n a
C o m m e n tato r o f th e A ph o r
i s ms o f S ci n di iya
S o a r dp a
Natu r al fo rm

A b l e ssi n g m ean i n g
G o od
"
be u n to y o u
Name o f a star
H e av e n
A ti tl e me an i n g
mast e r o r
"
S p i ri tu al teach e r
Sv etdso a ta r a Up a n i sh a d O n e o f th e c h i e f Up a ni sh a ds o f
S th uta

G LO S SA R Y

37S

lit

H i s n e ss
T h e s tate
w h en a man has fo r go tte n
h i m self al toge the r i n hi s
l ov e f o r th e Lo rd an d d oe s
n ot fee l that a nyth i n g be
l o n gs to h i m pe rso nal ly

D a r k n ess i n e rtia
Fi ne mate rial s
B oo k s h el d t o b e sacre d by a
certai n sect i n I n di a
Fol l owe rs o f t h e T a n tr a s
Co n t r ol l i n g th e bod y by fast
i n g o r o th e r m ean s A us
-

T a n m dtr a s

T a n tr a :

T ap a s

t e r i ty

Sav i ou r
Que sti o n o r reaso n i n g

T hat th o u art
Cat egori e s p ri n cip l e s tr u th s
O n e o f t h e ele me n ts ; re ; h ea t

I deal fo r bearan c e
A l l su f

T ri r a ha

a si

T a t toa m

T a tta n s

T i ti hshd

f e r i n gn e s s
T r i s h nd

T h i rst d esi re
A grea t sage a n d p oe t w h o
po pu lari se d t h e famo u s e pi c

th e B d m aya na by tr a n s l a t
i n g i t fro m San sk ri t i n t o
i n d u sta n i d ial ect
T he fo u rth o r h igh e st state o f
co n sci o u s ne ss
R e n u n ciati o n
.

0 0

0 0

0 0

zydg a

0 0

0 0 0

GLO S SAR Y

6
37

Nerv e cu rre n t g ov e rn i n g th e
o rgan s o f sp ee ch e tc
E x ce ss i ve m e rri me n t

lit
Th at w h i ch i s ch ante d

al o ud
h e n c e th e P r a na oa
.

Uda hdr s a

0 0

or

0772
.

wak en in g t he K unda l i ni
T he m ateri al cause o f th e
wo rl d
L i mi ti ng adj u n ct
No t th i n k i n g o f th i n gs o f t h e
s en se s ; d i sco nt i n u i n g e x ter
nal re l i gio u s O bse rvan ces
A s tate o f abstra ct m edi ta
ti o n
T h e n am e o f a b o o k s u pp osed
to b e rel ate d b y Sr i K r i sh na
f o r th e f u rth er i n str u cti on o f
A

Dyadn a

Up ddh i

Up a r a ti

Up dyap r a tyaya

A rjun a

Utta r a M i m dnsd

n o th e r n am e f o r th e Veddnta
p h i l osop hy wri tte n o rigi n
al l y i n th e fo rm o f ap h ori sm s
b y Vydsa
,

Va eh

or

Va h

sp e e ch
T h e Wor d t h e
L ogo s
A rgu m e ntati v e k n o wl e d ge
N o n at tach m e n t t o th e attra e
Re
ti o n s o f t h e s e n se s
n c i a ti o n
nu
l it

Vd da

GLO S SAR Y
'

Va zs esh i ha

377

b ran ch

th e Nyaya sch ool


p h il os op hy ; t h e A tom i c

of

of

s ch o oL

T h e fol l owe rs o r worsh i pp e r s


o f Vi sh n u w h o fo rm o n e o f
t h e p rin cipal H i nd u re l igi o u s
sects
A great R i s h i w ho p osse ss e d
t he h i g he st sp i r i tual e n l igh t
e n m e n t fro m t h e t i m e o f h i s
b i rth
T h e fo r e st l i fe
T h i r d o f th e
fo u r stage s i n to w h i ch th e
l i fe o f a man was d iv i de d i n
a n ci en t I n d ia
O n e o f th e e i gh te e n p r in ci pal
,

Vei n ap r a stha

Va r dh a P ur d na
-

P
Va r dh a te
Vei r ti ha m
Va r un a
Vd sa n d

a ra

na s

g r ow
A co n ci s e e xpl an ato ry n o te
Th e o l d V ed i c go d o f th e sky
A h ab i t o r t e n de n c y a r i s i n g
fro m a n i m p r ess i o n re mai n
i n g u n co n sci ou sly i n th e
m i n d f r o m past K a r m a
Man i fe stati o n o f th e h i gh e st
B ei n g
T h e a ff ecti o n o f par e n ts f o r
ch il d r en
l it
th e v i b rat i n g
T he
To

Vds udeoa

V( i ts a iya

a ir

G L O SS A R Y

378
t

a nd

0 0

T h e n e p ow e r o f f e e l i n g d e
v e 10 p e d by th e Y o i
g
T h e H i n d u Scrip tu re s con si st
i n g o f th e R zg Veda ; th e Ya
r Veda t h e Sa m a Veda the
u
j
A r th a r oa Veda
al so th e
B r a h m a na s an d th e Up a n i sh
a ds
co mp ri s i n g th e hy mn s
ri tu al s an d p h i lo so ph y o f the
H i n d u rel igi o n
T h e nal p h i l o sop hy o f th e
Veda s as e xp res se d i n th e
Up a n i s h a ds T h e p h i l o soph
i cal sy ste m w h i ch emb race s
al l I n d i an sy ste ms o f p h i
l o s o p h y th e m o n i sti c th e
m o n o d ual i st i c a n d th e d ual
.

Vcdd ta

i s ti c
Vi dei oa i

a n a nta h

q u otat i o n fro m th e Veda s


m ea n i ng
T h e S crip tu res
are i n n i te
D i s emb o d i ed o r u n co n sc i o u s

of

bo d y

S ci e n ce o r k n owl e d g e
O n e w ho k n ow s
T he h i gh e r k n ow led ge
V e rbal de l u si o n d o u bt n o ti o n ,
fan cy
U n i n s tr u m en ta l p e r c e p t i o n
.

l y
ndna

Vi ha r a na hh doa

C L O SSA R Y

379

s catte re d o r co n fu sed state


o f th e m i nd
A b se n ce o f d e s ire A bsol u t e
f r e ed om
A st r i n ged mu s ical i n stru men t
of I n d i a
F al se co n ce pt i o n o f a t hi n g
wh o s e r eal fo rm d oes n ot
co r re sp on d to tha t c o n c e p
ti o n a s moth er o f p earl m i s
tak e n f o r s i lv e r
A sage w h o was bo rn an d br e d
a B r ah m i n
I n te n se mi se ry du e to s e para
t io n fro m th e b e lo v e d o n e
S tren gth e n ergy

P res erve r
th e
T he
of
i n d u tri n i ty w h o ta k e s
an d
c are o f th e u n iv e rse
w h o i ncarn ate s fro m t i m e to
t i m e to hel p man k i n d
Qual i e d n o n d ual i s m
A
scho ol o f I n d ian ph i l o sop hy
fou n de d b y R ai m ei n uja a
great rel i gi ou s re fo r me r
w h i ch teach e s t hat th e i n d i
v i d ual s ou l i s a part o f G o d
A fol l owe r o f th e abov e s ch oo l
a qu al i e d
o f p hi l o sop hy ;
n o n d ual i st
A

Vi m ohsh a

V1 4
.

0 0

0 0

Vzpa ryaya

Vi r a h a

Vi s h nu

Vi s i sh tci dv a i ta

Vi si sh tci doa i ti n

G L O SS A R Y

380

HS orrowl es s
B l i ss - i n

9
.

d i s cri m i natio n
Qu es ti o ni n g o r p h i l o soph i c al
e n q u i ry
D i scri m i n ati o n ( o f th e tr u e
fro m th e fal se)
T h e fth l o to s o f th e Yog i s
O p pos i te th e th roat ( i n th e

Vi v ehd n a n da
Vi ta r ha

Vi oeha

Vi s uddha

Sus h um

na

s ub u rb o f th e c i ty o f M uttr a
w h e re K r i sh na p l aye d i n h i s
ch i l dh ood
T h e atte n dan t o f th e pri n ci pal

Vr aja

0 0

0 0 0 0 0

0 0

0 0

G op i

T h e w h i rl p o o l
Wa v e
fo r m i n t h e ch i tta a m o d i
cat i o n o f t h e m i n d
T h e n erv e cu rre n t w h i ch c i r
e n lat e s al l o v e r th e b o dy
l it
O n e w h o e x pa nd s ( a s a
co mm en tato r)
One s a
w a s th e au th o r o f th e M a hd
hhdr a ta a n d o f t h e Utta r a
lit

a
w

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0 0

0 0

M i m dn s d

Vydsa

The

V e d anta A

Vydsa

p h o ri s m s by

T h e parti c u lar ( a s o pp o s e d t o
th e un ive rsal )
W ak i n g o r r e tu rn i n g to c o n
a ft e r a b st ra c t
s n es s
s c iou
m e di tati o n
.

Vyutthd na

G LO S S A R Y

381

T h e ri t u al i sti c porti o n

of

th e

The
i n te rnal
p u ri cat i o n
th ro u gh m o ral trai n i n g p r e
paratory to Yog a
T h e go d
o f D eath s o cal l e d from h i s
pow er o f s elf co n tro l
J oi n i n g ; u n i o n o f th e l ow e r
sel f w i th th e h igh er sel f by
m ea n s o f m e n tal co n trol
A n y sort o f cu l ture th at
l ea d s u s to G o d
A pho r i s m o n Yog a
O n e w ho p r act i c es Yog a
A great H i n d u E m p e ror w h o
l ive d ab o u t 1 4 0 0 B C H e
w a s o n e o f the v e P ei n a a oa s
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i n I n d i a a s t h e K a l i Y ug a
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