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PRESENT CONTINUOUS

CUM SE FORMEAZA?
Se compune din 2 parti verbul TO BE la prezentul simplu(present tense) + participiul prezent al verbului care se
conjuga

Forma participiului prezent este: baza + ing (e.g. talking, playing, moving, smiling etc.)
Affirmative
Subject
She
Negative

+to be
is

+ base + ing
talking

Subject
She
Interrogative

+ to be + not
is not (isnt)

+ base + ing
talking

To be
Is

+ subject
she

+ base + ing?
talking ?

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I am going

I am not going

Am I going?

You are going

You aren't going.

Are you going?

He, she, it is going

He, she, it isn't going

Is he, she, it going?

We are going

We aren't going

Are we going?

You are going

You aren't going

Are you going?

They are going

They aren't going

Are they going?

EXAMPLES: TO GO, PRESENT


CONTINUOUS

Nota: contractii negative alternative (forma prescurtata) : Im not going, toure not going, hes not going etc.

FUNCTIILE PREZENTULUI CONTINUU


-

Cand vorbitorul foloseste present continuu in vorbire, se gandeste la o actiune neterminata sau
incompleta.

CAND SE FOLOSESTE:

sa descrie o actiune care are loc in acest moment : You are using the internet. You are studying English
grammar. (Folosesti internetul. Studiezi gramatica engleza.)
s descrie o aciune care are loc n aceasta perioada sau o tendin: Are you still working for the same
company? More and more people are becoming vegetarian.(nc mai lucreaz pentru aceeai companie?
Din ce in ce mai multi oameni devin vegetarieni.)
s descrie o aciune sau un eveniment din viitor, care a fost deja planificat sau pregtit: Were going on
holiday tomorrow. Im meeting my boyfriend tonight. Are they visiting you next winter? ( Vom merge n
vacan mine. M ntlnesc cu prietenul meu n seara asta. Te viziteaza iarna viitoare?
s descrie un eveniment temporar sau situaie: He usually plays the drums, but hes playing bass guitar
tonight. The weather forecast was good, but its raining at the moment. ( El canta la tobe, dar n seara asta
canta la bas. Prognoza meteo a fost bun, dar acum ploua.)

SE FOLOSESTE CU:
-

cu "mereu, totdeauna, n mod constant", pentru a descrie i a sublinia o serie continu de aciuni repetate:
Harry and Sally are always arguing! Youre constantly complaining about your mother-in-law!. (Harry i Sally
se cearta mereu! Te plngi constant de soacr ta!

ATENTIE! UNELE VERBE NU SE FOLOSESC IN MOD NORMAL CU FORMA CONTINUA :


Pentru ca se refera la stari (sentimente), mai degraba decat la aciuni sau procese:

SENSES / PERCEPTION

to feel* = a simti

to hear = a auzi

to see* = a vedea

to smell = a mirosi

to taste = a gusta

OPINION

to assume

to believe

to consider

to doubt

to feel (= to think)

to find (= to consider)

to suppose

to think*

MENTAL STATES

to forget

to imagine

to know

to mean

to notice

to recognise

to remember

to understand

EMOTIONS / DESIRES

to envy

to fear

to dislike

to hate

to hope

to like

to love

to mind

to prefer

to regret

to want

to wish

MEASUREMENT

to contain

to cost

to hold

to measure

to weigh

OTHERS

to look (=resemble)

to seem

to be (in most cases)

to have(when it means "to possess")*

EXCEPTII
Verbele de perceptie (see, hear, feel, taste, smell) sunt de obicei folosite cu vb can: : I can see... Aceste verbe se pot
folosi si cu prezentul continuu dar cu sens diferit This coat feels nice and warm. (your perception of the coat's
qualities)

John's feeling much better now (his health is improving)

She has three dogs and a cat. (possession)

She's having supper. (She's eating)

I can see Anthony in the garden (perception)

I'm seeing Anthony later (We are planning to meet)