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Certified to MS145:2006
Certification No.: PC001816

MS 1$0/IEC 17021:2011

as 1s122000 cs os

BS EN ISO 9001 : 2008


MA00016

ISO 9001 : 2008 1 MS ISO 9001 2008


Certificate Registration No. 05 100 14034

Material Specifications

Characteristic Strengtli

The Standards & Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia


(SIRIM) publishes specifications for steel and welded
steel fabric.
The appropriate Malaysian and British Standards are
given in the tables beside :
Standard

Title

MS 144 : 2006
BS 4482 : 2005

Specification for Cold Reduced Mild Steel Wire


for The Reinforcement of Concrete

MS 145 : 2006
BS 4483 : 2005

Specification for Welded Steel Fabric


forThe Reinforcement of Concrete

Mesh

+t

Grade

Min. Characteristic Strength (N/mm2)

485

485

500

500

Orientation~,,

Mesh "A" Type

Mesh "B" Type

200

1-

MS 144 and MS 145 stipulate the minimum requirement


for characteristic yield strength of welded fabric :

1 :~, w;rn

Mesh "C" Type

100

100

1- 1

1- 1

Mesh "DA" Type


100

j 20:,;, ~"

400

Cross Wi re

Cross Wire

1- 1

Main Wire

-#-#--

Main Wire
) 100

Cross Wire
Cross Wire

Advantages in using PROGRESS,iJiallliic


0 Quality

- Factory Controlled

0 Labour

- Less (Easy Handling and Fixing)

0 No Wastage

- Cut to Size

0 Time

- Faster Fixing Rate

0 Crack Control - Controls The Cracking In Concrete Slabs

Ribbed Fa bric

~;

Ribbed Fabric has been widely used as reinforcement for concrete


structures in Malaysia and many developed countries.
Advantages of ribbed fabric are :
Higher bond and anchorage characteristics of
its ribbed wire.

Ribbed wire is cold-rolled produced


- the rolling process give rise to uniform plastic
flow in the material.
The results - more consistent properties and better ductility.

-~-

Crack widths in concrete elements are controlled to the minimum


Ribbed Profile

Plain Profile

Anchorage & Weld:;:

Normal Mesh Welding

Welded Mesh is manufactured with automatic welding machines to develop a weld


shear stress of 250 N/mm2. This weld is achieved by a controlled combination of
pressure, electric current and time to develop a fusion of wires without reducing
tensile properties of the wire.

Once Welded Mesh is embedded in concrete , the anchorage of the fabric necessary
to develop tensile stresses within the wire is achieved by the embedded of the cross
wire. With the weld shear stress referred to above, one weld will achieve at least half
of the specified characteristic yield stress of the wire. Hence the bond between the
wire surface and the concrete can be regarded as additional anchorage and the
tensile stresses can be developed in shorter lengths than those required by smooth
bars. An embedded of two welds will develop at least the yield strength of the wire.

Force

Laps

Tension Laps
Tension lap length should be at least equal to the
design tension anchorage length necessary to
develop the required stress in the reinforcement.
Compression Laps
The length should be at least 25% more than the
compression anchorage length. In the detailing of
steel fabric, two cross welds are provided to transfer
the stresses. In sidelaps of one-way slabs, yield
strength laps with overlap of only one cross weld
are acceptable. This is commonly used in top
(negative) reinforcement.

Full Yield Strength Lap


====::;;::==:;;:::~;;;;:.;=.;;;:=~I minimum overlap
i

I I+- 25mm (1 inch) minimum

Half Yield Strength Lap


====r===;;='-:1"'=:;;=:i::il

Full yield strength lap should always be provided


when lap length is not specified.

Bend

minimum overlap

=~.====;;;:==,.;::==~.====

- I I+- 25mm (1 inch) minimum

End anchorage in the form of hooks and bends


should only be used to meet specific
requirements.

Main Wire

" ' Cross Wire

Single Bend

Rust

Double Bend

BS 8110 Clause 7.4 Surface Condition states :


Reinforcement should not be surrounded by concrete unless it is free from mud, oil, paint, retarders, loose rust ,
loose mill scale, snow, ice, grease or any other substance which can be shown to affect adversely the steel or
concrete chemically, or reduce the bond. Normal handling prior to embedment in the concrete is usually sufficient
for removal of loose rust and scale from reinforcement.

Overhang

Overhang refers to the distance between the tip of the wire and the first weld joint. Overall dimensions, spacing of
the wires and where the usage of the fabric will determine the overhang provided .

Application of PROGRESS F~ IJriic


The uses of PROGRESS fabric may be applied with advantage including almost any purpose where a load is to be
carried, where material is to be contained, or where a surface is required to be fire-resisting or waterproof.
Examples are :
Beams
Colliery Structures
Foundations
Reservoirs
Sewers
Swimming Pools

Bins and Bunkers


Columns
Lintels
Retaining Walls
Silos
Tanks

Bridges
Culverts
Partitions
Roads
Slabs
Walls

Chimneys
Dock Walls
Piles
Roof and Floors
Staircases
Wharves and Jetties

Our technical staff will be pleased to discuss your particular application with you.

Placing of

Fabri~ ,;

The following points will be of assistance when placing PROGRESS Fabric :


1.

For rectangular meshes, make sure that the fabric is placed with the main wires in the correct direction,
normally in the direction of the shorter span. On some occasions, they are placed in the directions of the longer
span, therefore the drawings should followed exactly.

2.

It is important that the Fabric is given the correct cover as shown on the plan . Any increase in the cover
decreases the effective depth of the slab and reduces its strength. Insufficient cover will not protect the
reinforcement from rusting.

3.

As the final strength of a slab is determined to a major degree by correct location of the reinforcement it is
advisable to position the Fabric on supports. Small pre-cast concrete blocks are suitable as spacers under the
bottom layer in suspended slabs or in ground slabs where only one layer of fabric is used. Where Fabric is to
be placed on the top of the slab for cantilever reinforcement , or to provide against negative movements , bar
chairs of wire or plastic, or short lengths of bar Fabric bent into a hurdle shape should be used to support the
top layer.

4.

When using PROGRESS Fabric in rolls for ground slabs, secure the free end of the roll by dog spikes or
weighting.

5.

When the unrolling has been carried out sufficiently far enough for cutting , place a plank lightly against the
unrolled portion to spikes or weighing .

6.

Cutting is easily done by using bolt cutters.

Standard Fabric

The preferred fabrics are categorised as follows :


Type A

Square Fabric

200mm x 200mm spacing

Type B

Rectangular Fabric

1OOmm main wire spacing, 200mm cross wire spacing

Type C

Long Fabric

1OOmm main wire spacing, 400mm cross wire spacing

Type DA

Small Square Fabric

1OOmm x 1OOmm spacing

PROGRESS Standard Fabrics could be selected from the table below :

Example:
Area of steel required in a slab design

Specify 810

Main direction

751 mm2/m

785mm2/m

Distribution direction

185mm2/m

252mm2/m

PROGRESS Standard Fabric


PROGRESS Ref No.

Specific~tiori1

ICross -Sectional~meter (lll~mm)

Nominal Mass {~
(Kg/m2)
' '.~

SQUARE FABRIC
A 13

664

664

13

13

A 12

565

565

12

12

8.88

A 11

475

475

11

11

7.46

A 10
A9

393

393
318

10

10

318

6.16
4.99

AS

252

252

A7

193

193

8
7

3.02

AG

142

142

2.22

A5

98

98

1.54

63

63

5
4

A4*

0.99

B 13

1328

252

13

12.40

B 12

1131

252

12

10.86

B 11

950

252

11

9.44

B 10

785

252

10

89

636
503

9
8

BS

252
252

10.42

200

200

3.95

RECTANGULAR FABRIC

8.14
100

200

6,97
5.93

87

385

193

8
7

BG

283

193

3.73

85

196

193

3.05

c 13
c 12
c 11
c 10

1328
1131

126
126

950
785

C9

cs
C7

4.53

LONG FABRIC
11 .41
9.87

13
12

126

11

8.44

71

10

6-72

636

71

503

49

4.34

385
283

49

CG

49

5
5

3.41
2,61

C5

196

49

1,93

D 13

1328

1328

13

13

D 12

1131

1131

12

12

17.76

D 11

950
785

950
785

11
10

11
10

14.92
12.32

09

636

636

OS

503

503

07

385

385

8
7

6.04

DG

283

283

4.44

05

196

196

3.08

100

400

5.55

SMALL SQUARE FABRIC

D 10

20.85

100

100

9.98
7.90

Special Fabric

PROGRESS Special Fabric offers designer a wider range of fabric selection to match closely to the area of steel
required in design , hence provides a more economical solutions .
PROGRESS Special Fabric gives the combinations of wire diameter and spacing which are not in the range of
standard fabric table .

Notation for Special Fabric-!


Spacing code - Main wire diameter I Cross wire diameter
Wire Spacing (mm)
Spacing code

A
B
DA

Main

Cross

200
100
100

200
200
100

For example : 88/7 denotes special fabric of:


diameter 8mm wire at 100mm spacing (main direction)
diameter 7mm wire at 200mm spacing (cross direction)
Where standard fabric could not provide an economical design,
the designer should specify special fabric.

How to select Special Fa~17ic


Using similar example as in Standard Fabric.
Area of steel required in a slab design
Main direction (mm2/m)
Distribution direction (mm2/m)

751

185

B10

B10/7

785
252

785
192

Designer should specify B10/7 (7.68kg/m2) from Standard Fabric,


which is more economical than B10 (8.14 kg/m2).

PROGRESS Special Fabri.c SpecificatiQn


PROGRESS Ref No.

~-Sec~ter(m~ng(mm)

Nominal Mass
(Kg/m2)

SQUARE FABRIC
A
A
A
A
A

13/12
13/11
13/10
13/9
13/8

B
B
B
B
B

13/13
13/12
13/11
13/10
13/9

664

565
475
393
318
252

1328

664
565
475
393
318

13

12
11
10
9
8

200

200

9.65
8.94
8.30
7.71
7.19

200

15.64
14.87
14.1 6
13.51
12.92

RECTANGULAR FABRIC

13

13
12
11
10
9

100

SMALL SQUARE FABRIC


DA 13/12
DA 13/11
DA 13/10
DA 13/9
DA 13/8

1328

1131
950
785
636

13

12
11
10
9

100

100

19.31
17.89
16.59
15.42

PRODUCTION PROCESS
Cold Rolling Process

W ire rod overhead pay-off

Wire Straightening & Cuttingi


Uncoiling

Straightening

Feeding

Safety Guide

00000

Welding

Cutting

----

Welding

Wire Feeding

Transfer for welding

Finishing Mesh
ready for bending & cutting

Stacking

PROGRESS WELDED MESH SON. BHD.


(Company No. 1015640-A)
106, Jalan Cyber 5, Senai Industrial Estate 111 ,
81400 Senai , Johar.
Tel
: (607) 599 1800 (Hunting) I 599 0800
Fax : (607) 599 3366
Email : pwmsb@unifi.my