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Alejandro

English

Teacher

Writing a narrative
Un texto narrativo es aquel que cuenta una serie de eventos ocurridos en el pasado que implican a unos
personajes. Puede ser real o ficticia, pero debe ser interesante para captar la atencin del lector.

Beginning your story


En primer lugar, debes planear la historia y elegir los sucesos de los que vas a hablar.
En la introduccin, la escena debera ser recreada de tal forma que hagas sentir al lector inmerso en ella, captar
su atencin que hacer que siga leyendo. Para ello, puedes comenzar de las siguientes formas:

Utilizando tus sentidos para enmarcar la escena y describir el clima, la atmsfera, los alrededores o crear
misterio y suspense en base a los personajes. I could hear the wind howling around me. It was quite

dark that night and it felt strange to be out in the wilderness all alone.

Utilizando el estilo directo, haces hablar a un personaje diciendo algo interesante. Always look on the

bright side of life, kids, Mr. Frisbain used to tell us.


Haciendo una pregunta retrica. Is it really true that animals can feel what we think?
Haciendo referencia a un sentimiento o estado de nimo. I was exhausted because I had been
painting walls all day.

Using past tenses to develop your story


Para relatar la historia, utilizaremos los diversos tiempos de pasado:

Con el past simple empezamos a recrear acontecimientos. Describimos acciones que empezaron y
terminaron en el pasado. I walked past the bank and stopped at the post office to buy some
stamps.

Con el past continuous describimos la escena o los eventos y acciones que sucedan en ese determinado
tiempo. Esas acciones pueden verse interrumpidas por el past simple. It was pouring with rain that

evening. We were all sitting in the living room.

Con el past perfect nos referimos a cosas que sucedieron antes de otras en el pasado, es til para dar un
fondo a la historia. I decided to call Mr Jones and tell him the truth about what had happened.

Para hacer tu texto narrativo ms interesante, puedes seguir estos consejos:

Utiliza una amplia variedad de adjetivos y adverbios en lugar de simples como good, nice, well, etc.

John is a great boy with wonderful ideas.

Utiliza verbos interesantes en lugar de otros simples como say. Help! he screamed.
Utiliza smiles, es decir, expresiones descriptivas comparndolas con otra cosa. She ran like the wind.

Ending your story


En el ltimo prrafo describiremos la solucin o el final de la historia, junto a los sentimientos de los personajes.
Es muy til utilizar adverbios que den vida al ensayo. Para finalizar la historia, se pueden utilizar estas tcnicas:

Utilizando el estilo directo. Thank you, sir, the boy said to me.
Haciendo referencia a un sentimiento o estado de nimo. We were shivering but we were happy to
have made it.
Haciendo una pregunta retrica. Why did I have to suffer this much?
Describiendo las reacciones de los personajes o los sentimientos generados por el desarrollo. My brother
had become the hero of the day and I was extremely proud.

Alejandro
English

Modelo

Apertura: Presenta a los


personajes, dnde ocurre
la historia y cundo.

Cuerpo: Desarrolla los


eventos acontecidos, el
problema a resolver y lo
que sienten los personajes.

Cierre: Presenta el final de


la historia y la solucin al
problema planteado.

Topics
Write a narrative about a misunderstanding you once had.
Write about a holiday when everything went wrong.
Write about a visit to a big city. You lose your parents and you get lost. What happens next?
Write about the day that a dream came true.

Teacher

Alejandro
English

Teacher

Useful language
Connectors

and, next, so, then, when, while, although, as a result, but, consequently, for that reason, however,
fortunately, unfortunately, luckily, as soon as, at first, after that, after a while, later, when, then,
until
Frequency adverbs

always, usually, often, sometimes, never


Mode adverbs

angrily, happily, quickly, quietly, suddenly, anxiously, beautifully, calmly, fast, noisily, slowly
Time expressions

last weekend/summer/year, it was a cold/hot day, it all began when, one afternoon, to my
surprise, before i knew it, first, a few minutes later, an hour later, afterwards, before, then, finally,
in the end, the next day, two weeks later, as, at the moment, by the time, earlier, later, until, when
Adjectives (-ed, -ing)

annoyed, annoying, bored, boring, disappointed, disappointing, embarrassed, em barrassing,


excited, exciting, frightened, frightening, interested, interesting, surprised, surprising

Alejandro
English

Teacher