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Managing Traffic in Warehouse

SATS Cargo Services


Kevinder Singh

Agenda/Contents







Introduction to SATS Cargo


Challenges & Analysis
Current solutions
Solutions under trial
Risk Control
Current solutions & Solutions under trial









Q&A

Vehicle Pedestrian Segregation


Automation
Safety devices and technology
Signage and line markings
Other initiatives
Safe work procedures
Training
PPE

Target
partially
achieved

Asias Largest Food and Gateway Services Network


45 Airports

12 Countries

638,000
Flights1

Beijing

83 million

Medan
Taichung Taipei
Hong Kong
Pekanbaru
Batam
Macau Kaohsiung
Muara
Teweh
Manila Padang Palembang
Ho Chi Minh City

Abu Dhabi
India

Passengers1
Male

Penang
Kuala Lumpur
Singapore

84 million

Sesayap, Tarakan
Manado
Bontang
Balikpapan
Batu Kajang
Asam-Asam
Halim
Makassar
Jakarta Semarang
Bandung
Surabaya
Solo
Lombok
Yogyakarta Denpasar

Timika

Indonesia
Amritsar
Delhi

Meals1

Rockhampton
Mumbai Kolkata

4 million
Tonnes of

Jilin
Shenyang
Tianjin
Tokyo (Narita & Haneda)

Goa
Mangalore

cargo1

Hyderabad
Bangalore
Chennai

Trivandrum

1 Based

Brisbane

Gateway Services
Food Solutions
Gateway Services and Food Solutions

on FY15 aviation statistics for Singapore and overseas operations

Changi Airfreight Centre (CAC)


Free Trade Zone
AFTs 1 - 4

AFT 5

AFT 6

SATS Coolport
SATS AFTs

SATS Airfreight Terminals (AFTs)


SATS Cargo
Transshipment Centre

Terminal 1
SATS
eCommerce
AirHub
(2016)
B

Terminal 4

Terminal 3

Terminal 2

Terminal 6

Terminal 5

Coolport &
Mail Handling

Customer Airlines
Export Handling & Express
Courier Centre

SQ/MI/TZ
Export Handling

All Airlines Import

Under
Construction

61 Airline
Customers

6 Airfreight
Terminals

Capacity
2.1M tons

Our Key Facilities


Automated Material Handling
Systems
159 Truckdocks
3660 ULD storage positions
15 Elevating Transfer Vehicles (ETV)
14 Transfer Vehicles
44 workstations
5 bridge vehicles
6 bypass vehicles
5 stacker machines

Special Handling

2 Dangerous Goods (DG) Room


1 Strong Room
8 Vulnerable (VUN) Cages
1 Livestock Room
5 Coldrooms

Our Key Facilities

Manpower
1300 operations staff working on shift
in the terminals

Motorised Equipment/Vehicles
144 three ton forklifts
5 five ton forklifts
1 ten ton forklifts
65 tractors
24 vans

Analysis
Types of Accident Classification and Contributory Factors

Challenges:





Process flow
Habits and
behaviour
Time factor
Rushing during
peak hours
Congestion

Top 3 contributory
factors





Inattention
Target
Misjudgment
partially
Non-conformance
achieved
to
SOP

Risk Control
Current Solutions and Solutions Under
Trial

 Automation
 Vehicle pedestrian
segregation
 Safety devices and
technology
 Traffic calming devices
 Signage/line marking
 Safe Work Procedures
 Training
 PPE

Risk controls selected to control hazards and reduce risks.


Control measures selected based on hazard identification and risk evaluation.

Vehicle Pedestrian Segregation


Key factor in warehouse traffic managementThe most effective way to protect pedestrians is to eliminate traffic hazards. This can be
done by designing the layout of the workplace to eliminate interactions between
pedestrians and vehicles.

Where this is not possible, the risks must be minimised so far as is reasonably practicable.
This can be done by careful planning and controlling vehicle operations and pedestrian
movements at the workplace.

Vehicle Pedestrian Segregation


A-safe barriers

Barriers installed in front of


the office doors which lead to
the warehouse in order to
protect staff from forklift
movement.

(Awaiting trial at AFT


5) Barriers provide
resistance to vehicle
impact on barrier and
offers better protection
for pedestrians along
designated walkways

Automation
ETV (Elevating Transfer Vehicles)

Able to travel horizontally and vertically


Can carry load of up to 6.8 tons
Used to store ULDs and to drop and pick up at queue lanes

Manual and semi-automatic

Fully automatic eliminating


the need for operators.

Safety Devices & Technology


Factors affecting traffic safety in the warehouse Vehicles/Motorised Equipment
Enhancements for Motorised Equipment

Tractors are commonly used


for towing non-motorised
equipment

Safety Devices & Technology


Tractor

Operators are given personal


ibuttons which store their
training records through a
fleet management software
(iFleet).
Ibutton prevents authorised
usage of tractors. Operator
needs to tap the ibutton to the
receiver on the tractor before
being able to start the engine.

Sensors beside the drivers seat


to detect the presence of
operators. Tractors will
automatically cut off if neutral
gear is not engaged when
operator disembarks without
switching off the engine. This
prevents accidental runaways.

Speed limiter limits


speed to <30km/h

Safety Devices & Technology


Tractor
Root cause analysis on runaway
non-motorised equipment

Tractor Tow hitch sensor to cut engine off


when tow pin is not fully inserted

 Tractor engine to cut off within 7 seconds


when tow hitch is not fully inserted
 Engine cut off only when in drive gear to
prevent engine cut-off when reversing to
connect tow pin
Proper Connection

Improper Connection

 When the engine is cut-off, operator will not


be able to restart until pin is fully inserted

WSH Innovation Award for Logistic and Transport Sector Gold Award
*Patent (10201407738P) was awarded for this innovation

Safety Devices & Technology


Forklift

Sensors installed below the operator


seat
Audible alarm will sound when
operator leaves seat without
switching off the engine
Forklift will not be able to more or
be operated
Alarm will continue even when
operator returns to the seat
Forklift gear will need to be reset
to neutral gear while operator is
seated

Speed limited to <12km/h

Reverse backing alarm


volume increased to
warn pedestrians and
other vehicles

Safety Devices & Technology


Reverse Cameras, Sensors & Warning Lights

Provides operators with real time


guidance and information in
ensuring safe reversing to prevent
contact with other vehicles and
pedestrians.

LED Lights mounted on reach truck


Visibility improved to alert personnel of an
approaching reach truck
Projects a blue spot light, effective for areas
with curtains
Connection is direct to the ignition

Safety Devices & Technology


ETV and vehicle crossings

ETV has to travel across the warehouse where there is an


intersection for motorised equipment to pass through.
Control measures:
 Boom barriers on both sides of the lane
 PIR sensors installed on the front and back of the ETV
 Proximity sensors linked to the ETV to automatically stop the
ETV and barriers to detect equipment that are passing
through midway
 Visual and audible warning devices
 Signage
 Demarcation Stop Lines

A traffic light system is


currently being installed
to enhance the traffic
management at the
intersection.

Safety Devices & Technology


Convex Mirrors

Convex mirrors are placed at locations where there are


 blind spots
 Obscure intersections
 Complex crossings with plenty of forklift movement
 Cargo lifts

Traffic Calming Devices


Boom Barriers & Speed humps

Boom barriers and speed humps are used to bring traffic movement to
a momentary halt or reduce the speed of vehicles. For example, they
are placed at warehouse entrances/exits, pedestrian and vehicle
crossings, and intersections.

Signage & Line Markings

Clear road markings and signage used to alert vehicle operators on:
 Exclusion zones (No-go areas)
 Parking and no parking zones
 Speed limits
 Pedestrian crossings
 Vehicle crossings
 Blind corners
 Low height
 Other known hazards

Other initiatives
Fleet Management Software










Current
Location Monitoring
Operational status monitoring
Engine status monitoring
Equipment map / map reports
KPI manager
Speed monitoring
Condition monitoring
Impact monitoring







Enhancements under consideration


Total Engine Control
 Remotely shutdown engine
 Automatic engine shutdown
Prevent users from using equipment that requires
maintenance
Tracking of Equipment
Vehicle health
Vehicle usage analysis, running time, idling, fuel
consumption
Driver inputs

Other initiatives
Software

Use of software to design layout for traffic management

AutoCad

Safe Work Procedures

 Safe work procedures to indicate the


requirements for safe operation of vehicles
and equipment including Dos and Donts of
equipment operation
 They also include staging of equipment in the
warehouse and PPE requirements

Training
Training is important to equip staff with the
required knowledge and skills to work in a safe
manner. Drivers and operators are trained with
the model of vehicles they will operate.
 Workforce Skills Qualifications (WSQ)
Operate Forklift Course for new hires and
refresher training every three years
 Tractor Driving Course for designated drivers
and refresher training
 Business Unit specific safety training
 Cargo Safety Awareness training for
new hires and refresher training
includes topics such as safety for
pedestrians in the warehouse and
equipment operation.

PPE
The mandatory personal protective
equipment for staff shall include company issued
1.Safety shoes
2.Reflective vests (Strap or full vest)
3.Gloves
*Gloves must be worn when carrying out any
manual handling
Safety shoes must be worn at all times when
carrying out work
Safety shoes and reflective vest must be worn
before entering and at all times in the
warehouse terminals
Reflective vests must be worn in the night
when working at the landside
*Note: This includes forklift and tractor
operators

Available Resources

For more information, please visit WSH Council website

Thank You