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2

V35 Se consider irul I n n , I n 2 x x 2 dx , n * . V35


n

a) S se calculeze I1 .

b) S se demonstreze c 2n 1 I n 2nI n 1 , n * , n 2
c) S se arate c irul I n n* tinde descresctor ctre 0.

SOLUIE:
a) Calculm:
2

x3
8 4
I1 2 x x dx x 2 4
30
3 3

0
b) Calculm folosind integrarea prin pri:
2
2
n
n
1
l
I n 2 x x 2 dx 2 2 x 2 x x 2 dx
20
0
2

2
2
l
1

2 n
2 n
2 2 x x x 2 2 x 2 x x dx
2

0 0

n 1
l
n 1
1
2
2 2 x n 2 x x 2 2 x x 2 dx 2n 1 x 2 x x 2 dx

20
0
2 2 x

2n 1 2 x x

2 x x

dx 2n 1 2 x x 2 2 x x 2

2 n 1

2n 2 x x 2
0

n 1

dx

n 1

2 x x 2 dx 2n I n 1 I n
n

I n 2nI n 1 2nI n

2nI n I n 2nI n 1 2n 1 I n 2nI n 1

c) Calculm diferena I n 1 I n pentru aflarea monotoniei irului :


2

I n 1 I n 2 x x 2

n 1

2x x2

2x x
n

1 dx 2 x x 2
0

x
n

n 1

n
2 x x 2 dx

2 x 1 dx x 2 x x 1 dx 0 I n

0
n

Fie funcia:
f : 0, 2 , f x 2 x x 2 x 2 x 0

1
4a

Avem
0 2x x

2 n

1
1
n
p
p
0 2 x x 2 dx dx
q
q
0
0
n

p
p
p
0 I n x 0 I n lim 0 lim I n lim
n
n
n q
q
q

0
0
Deci lim I n 0
n

Am aplicat criteriul cletelui

0 2 x x 2 1 , x 0, 2 0 2 x x 2

max f yv

dx 2 x x 2 dx 2 x x 2

0
0

p p
, 0,1
q q

V42

Se consider irul I n n* , I n x x 2 dx , n * . V42


n

a) S se calculeze I 2 .
b) S se demonstreze c I n

n
I n 1 , n , n 2
4n 2

c) S se calculeze lim I n .
n

SOLUIE:
a) Calculm:
1

I 2 x x 2 dx x 2 2 x 3 x 4 dx
2

x3
x 4 x5
1 1 1 1
2
4 5 0 3 2 5 30
3
b) Calculm folosind integrarea prin pri:
1
1
n
1
l
2 n
I n x x dx 1 2 x x x 2 dx
20
0

1
1
l
1

2 n
2 n
1 2 x x x 1 2 x x x dx
2

0 0

n 1
l
n 1
n
n
1 2 x x x 2 x x 2 dx 1 4 x 4 x 2 x x 2 dx

20
20
1 2 x

n 1
n
1 4 x x 2 1 x 2 dx

20

n 1
n
n
n
1 x 2 4 1 x 2 dx I n 1 4 I n

20
2

I n 2nI n

n
I n 1 4n 2 I n nI n 1
2

n
I n , n *
4n 2
c) Fie funcia:
f : 0,1 , f x x x 2 x 1 x 0

In

max f yV

0 x x2

4a 4

1
, x 0,1
4

Avem
0 x x

2 n

n
1
1
0 x x 2 dx dx
4
4
0
0
n

1
1
1
0 I n x 0 I n lim 0 lim I n lim
n
n
n 4
4
4

0
0
Deci lim I n 0
n

Am aplicat criteriul cletelui

V50

Se consider irul I n n* , I n

1 x dx ,
2 n

n * . V50

a) S se calculeze I 2 .
b) S se demonstreze c I n 1

2n 2
I n , n * .
2n 3
n

c) S se demonstreze c irul an n* definit prin an

Cnk
, n * are limita 0 .
2k 1

k 0

SOLUIE:
a) Calculm:

x3 x5
I 2 1 x dx 1 2 x x dx x 2
3 5

1
1
b) Calculm folosind integrarea prin pri:
1
1
n 1
n 1
1
l
I n 1 1 x 2 dx 2 x 1 x 2 dx
2 1
1
1

2 2

2 1 16
2 1
1 1
3 5 15
3 5
1

1
1
1
l
n
l
1
1
2 n 1
2 n 1
dx 2 x n 1 1 x 2 1 x 2 dx
2 x 1 x
2 x 1 x

2
1
1

2 1
2 x
0

n
n
n
n 1
2 x 1 x 2 2 x dx 2 n 1 x 2 1 x 2 dx 2 n 1 1 1 x 2 1 x 2 dx

2 1
1
1
1

n
n 1
2 n 1 1 x 2 1 x 2 dx 2 n 1 I n I n 1

I n 1 2 n 1 I n 1 2 n 1 I n 2n 3 I n 1 2n 2 I n I n 1

2n 2
I n , n *
2n 3

c) Calculm folosind binomul lui Newton:

1 x dx C
1

In

1
1

2 n

0
n

1 k 0

C x
k
n

2 k

Cn1 x 2 Cn2 x 2 Cn3 x 2 ... 1 Cnn x 2 dx


1

x 2 k 1
dx 1 C x dx 1 C

2k 1 1
k 0
k 0
1
n

k
n

2k

k
n

n
1 Cnk

1 n
2
1
k
1
k
1 C

2
2an an I n
1 Cn
2k 1
2
2k 1 2k 1 k 0
k 0
k 0 2k 1
Studiem limita irului I n
k

k
n

Fie funcia
f : 1,1 , f x 1 x 2 1 x 1 x 0

0

max f yV

1
4a

0 1 x

2 n

0 1 x 2 1 , x 1,1 0 1 x 2

p p
, 0,1
q q

1
1
n
p
p
p
p
0 1 x 2 dx dx 0 I n x 0 I n 2
q
q
q
q
1
1
1

Deci irul I n are limita 0 adic i irul an n* are limita 0 .

V77 Se consider irul I n n1 , I n x 1 2 x dx . V77


n

a) S se calculeze I1 .
b) S se demonstreze c 2 2n 1 I n nI n1 , n * , n 2
c) S se calculeze lim
In .
n
SOLUIE:
a) Calculm:
x3

x2
I1 x 1 2 x dx x 3 x 2 dx 3 2 x
2
3

1
1
2

2 2 9 12
2 5 1
8
1 3

6 4 2

3
6
3 6 6
3
3 2

b) Calculm folosind integrarea prin pri:


2

n
n
n
1
l
I n x 1 2 x dx x 2 3 x 2 dx 2 x 3 x 2 3 x 2 dx
21
1
1

In

2
n 2
n l
1

2
2
2 x 3 x 3 x 2 2 x 3 x 3 x 2 dx
2 1 1

n 1
l
n 1
1
n
2
2 x 3 n x 2 3x 2 x 2 3x 2 dx 2 x 3 x 2 3 x 2 dx

21
21
2 x 3

n 1
n 1
n
n
4 x 2 12 x 9 x 2 3 x 2 dx 4 x 2 12 x 9 x 2 3 x 2 dx

21
21
2

n 1
n
n 1
n
n
4 x 2 3 x 2 1 x 2 3 x 2 dx 4 x 2 3 x 2 x 2 3 x 2
dx

21
21

n
n
4 I n I n 1 I n 4 I n I n 1 2 I n 4nI n nI n 1 2 2n 1 I n nI n 1
2
2

c) Fie funcia:

f : 1, 2 , f x x 2 3x 2 x 1 2 x 0

0

max f yV

0 x 2 3x 2

4a 4

Avem
0 x 3x 2
2

n
1
1
0 x 2 3x 2 dx dx
4
4
1
1
2

1
1
1
0 I n x 0 I n lim 0 lim I n lim
n
n
n 4
4
4

1

0
Deci lim
In 0
n
Am aplicat criteriul cletelui.

1
, x 1, 2
4

Se consider funcia f : 1, 2 , f x x 2 3x 2 Bac1 2011 var5 v

f x dx .
4

a) S se calculeze

b) Calculai

aria

suprafeei

g : 1, 2 , g x

f x
x
2

c) Artai c 4n 2 f
1

determinate

i de axa

Ox

de

graficul

funciei

x dx n f n1 x dx 0 .
1

SOLUIE:
a) nlocuim i calculm

f x dx
4

x2

2 32
1
1

x 3 x 2 dx 3 x 2 x 8 16 8 2 2
3
2
2

2
1

b) Aplicm formula : A f x dx
a

Ag
1

x 3 x 2 x 3 x 2 0 x 3 x 2
2

dx
dx x 3 dx
x
x
x
1
1
2

x2

1
3
3x 2 ln x 2 6 2 ln 2 3 2 ln1
2 ln 2
2
0
2
2
1
2

c) Notm I n f n x dx i evident I n1 f n1 x dx
Avem de artat relaia 4n 2 I n nI n1 0
2

n
1
l
I n x 3x 2 dx 2 x 3 x 2 3x 2 dx
21
1
2

2
n 2
n
1
2
2

I n 2 x 3 x 3 x 2 2 x 3 x 3 x 2 dx

1 1
n 1

0
n x 2 3 x 2 2 x 3

2
n1
n
2
I n 2 x 3 x 2 3x 2 dx
21

n 1
n1
n
n
I n 4 x 2 12 x 9 x 2 3x 2 dx 4 x 2 3x 2 1 x 2 3x 2 dx
21
21
2

n
n1
n 2
n
I n 4 x 3x 2 x 2 3x 2 dx 4 I n I n1

2 1
2

2I n 4nI n nI n1 4n 2 I n nI n1 0