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The Indefinitie Article

m. pl. nite (biei)

m. sg. un (biat)

f. pl. nite (fete)

f. sg. o (fat)

n. pl. nite (avioane)

n. sg. un (avion)

The Definite Article


m. sg. l (biatul); le (buretele)

m. pl. i (bieii, bureii)

f. sg. a (fata)

f. pl. le (fetele)

n. sg. l (avionul)

n. pl. le (avioanele)

Plurals

Plural of masculine nouns

Singular

Plural

Examples

pom - pomi (tree)


-cons.

-cons.+i

doctor - doctori (doctor)


copil -* copii (children)
om -* oameni (man, human being)

-u

-e

-i

-i

codru - codri (forest)


leu - lei (lion)

frate - frai (brother)


pete - peti (fish)

ochi - ochi (eye)

unchi - unchi (uncle)

tat - tai (father)

pop - popi (priest)

Plural of feminine nouns

Singular

Plural

Examples

cas - case (house)


-e

fat - fete (girl)


zi -* zile (day)

lun - luni (moon, month)


-

-i

barc - brci (boat)


sor -* surori (sister)
mn -* mini (hand)

-uri

-e

-i

-vowel+ie

-vowel+i

marf - mrfuri (merchandise)


dulcea - dulceuri (jam)

carte - cri (book)


vale -* vi (valey)

baie - bi (bathroom)
gutuie - gutui (quince)

frecie - frecii (massage)


-cons.+ie

-cons.+ii

farfurie - farfurii (plate)


felie - felii (slice)

-a

-ale

basma - basmale (head kerchief)

pijama - pijamale (pajamas)

-ea

cafea - cafele (coffee)

-ele

saltea - saltele (mattress)

miercuri - miercuri (Wednesday)

-i

tanti - tanti (aunt)

Plural of neuter nouns

Singular

Plural

-cons.+uri

Examples

vin - vinuri (wine)


loc - locuri (place)

-cons.
picior - picioare (foot, leg)
-cons.+e

ora - orae (city)


cap -* capete (head)

-uri

-u

-e

-iu /ju/

-ii /ij/

-iu /iw/

-ie /i.e/

lucru - lucruri (thing)


pariu - pariuri (bet)

muzeu - muzee (museum)


teatru - teatre (theater)

ou - ou (egg)

exerciiu - exerciii (exercise)


fotoliu - fotolii (armchair)

sicriu - sicrie (coffin)

burghiu - burghie (drill)

-i /j/

-ie /je/

-i /i/

-iuri

tramvai - tramvaie (tram)


pai - paie (straw)

taxi - taxiuri (taxi)

nume - nume (name)

-e

prenume - prenume (first name)

Gender

Nouns ending in a consonant or in vowel or semivowel u are almost always masculine


or neuter:

masculine: "om" (man, human being), "copil" (child), "bou" (ox, bull);

neuter: "ac" (needle), "drum" (road), "ou" (egg), "lucru" (thing, job);

feminine proper nouns of foreign origin or diminutives: "Carmen", "Corinu"


(diminutive from "Corina"), "Catrinel", "Lulu."

Nouns ending in are feminine with very few exceptions:

feminine: "fat" (girl), "piatr" (stone), "hain" (coat);

masculine: "tat" (father), "pop" (priest);

Nouns ending in stressed a (including those ending in stressed ea or ia) are feminine:

"sofa" (sofa), "cafea" (coffee), "nuia" (wicker).


Nouns ending in e are generally feminine, but many masculine and a few neuter

exceptions exist:

feminine: "carte" (book), "femeie" (woman), "mare" (sea), "cheie" (key);

masculine: "frate" (brother), "iepure" (hare, rabbit), "perete" (wall);

neuter: "nume" (name).


Nouns ending in i are mostly masculine or neuter, with some feminine exceptions:

masculine: "ochi" (eye), "pui" (chicken), "unchi" (uncle);

neuter: "unghi" (angle), "ceai" (tea), "cui" (nail), "nai" (Pan's pipe);

feminine: "zi" (day), "tanti" (aunt).