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RISK ASSESSMENT

PLANNING MECHANICAL LIFTING OPERATIONS

Mechanical lifting operations performed on a Transocean installation or facility will be risk assessed and planned with specific attention to the inherent hazards. No operation may be initiated before the full implementation of all preventive and mitigating controls.

Industry’s incident analysis has shown that several incidents today are the result of failure to implement all controls or recognize change and to stop operations, mostly believed to be Routine.

Every lifting operation must be risk assessed by a Competent Person before it is carried out. The Competent Person will use the rules of task planning to ensure that hazards are identified and appropriate controls are in place to reduce the likelihood and consequences of incidents. The THINK planning process is the primary process used for Risk Management and Task planning. Lift Plans, described in this section, may be used as an additional tool to provide more focus to common mechanical lifting issues and should be considered an integral part of this process.

The important factors for successful lifting operations are:

The lift is properly defined

Responsible and Competent Personnel are appointed to plan the lift

The competency of the personnel carrying out the work should be sufficient for the task to be undertaken

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The lift is planned to ensure that all hazards have been identified, risks managed with appropriate measures implemented to control these risks

Ensure that the lift is carried out with suitable equipment, in accordance with a well-defined plan

Ensure that the conditions for the plan are foreseen and that if the conditions change, the hazards, risks and controls are reassessed. The START process will be used for monitoring and feedback

Ensure that lessons learned are taken into account when planning future lifts.

LIFT PLANS

The lift plan is intended to clearly identify the Competent Person planning the lift, the step-by-step lifting operation, the equipment required and the activity assigned to each person.

The classification of lifting operations is designed to give the Responsible Person and Competent Person additional guidance in terms of the risk assessment, planning, supervision and the competence requirements for personnel performing the lifting operation. The nominated Competent Person will approve every lift plan.

To develop effective lift plans the same rules for task planning apply, the Competent Person will ensure that:

The plan and all its steps, comply with the company’s management system procedures.

He has the knowledge of the steps needed to perform the task safely and correctly. He must understand the steps needed to complete the task.

He must have the personal experience to anticipate what should happen next and what could go wrong.

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He must have the skills to be able to perform the steps of the task safely and correctly.

He must have the approval authority to plan and perform the task before proceeding.

Points that must be considered:

The type of load being lifted, its weight, and shape (wind effect).

Controls to reduce the likelihood of a load falling or striking a person or object.

The preventive controls to reduce the likelihood of the lifting equipment falling, striking a person or some other object and the mitigating controls to reduce the consequences.

The selection of the lifting equipment to reduce ergonomic risk.

Operating limits of lifting equipment (static and dynamic loading).

Inspection of lifting equipment prior to use.

The detail of planning required is related to the level of risk and complexity of the lift. To ensure that suitable risk reducing controls are applied lifting operations are categorized as:

Simple Lifting Operations

Complex or Specialized Lifting Operations

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LIFT CARD / SIMPLE LIFT CHECKLIST

 

Check

 

No

1

Do you know the weight of the

 

load?

 

2

Has the lifting operation been

 

performed before?

 
 

Does the lift matches the

 

3

description for Simple Lifts?

 

Lift

Plan

available

and

 

4

reviewed?

 
 

Is the load readily accessible

 

5

by available lifting appliances and is it a straight lift?

 

Does the load have certified lifting points or slings wrapped

 

6

around without any hazards? Eg. Sharp edge, fragile load, etc)

7

Is there enough headroom for

 

lifting appliance and slings?

 

Is the load stable, center of

 

8

gravity (CG) below points?

lifting

 

Is

the lift balanced with the

 

9

help

of customized lifting

arrangement?

 
 

Is load path and landing areas

 

10

clear of obstructions? Access to other personnel restricted?

 

Are you experienced with all

 

11

lifting equipment to utilized?

be

 

Are environmental conditions

 

12

within

acceptable

parameters?

13

Have I discussed the plan with

 

my team?

 

If answer is YES for all questions, proceed with the lift.

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SIMPLE LIFTING OPERATIONS

Simple lifting operations are represented by a series of similar lifts performed well within specified limits of equipment and individual’s proven capabilities to monitor and maintain risk at a low level.

SIMPLE

 

CONTROL MEASURES

Lifting over low-risk areas e.g. pipe bays, open deck area, etc

Lift plan utilizing Verbal, Individual or Written THINK Plan to plan the lift, and apply risk reducing controls. The following factors must be considered when developing a THINK Plan related to a “Simple” lifting operation.

Minimum to moderate environmental conditions (wind effect on load)

Non-specialized rigging arrangements – pre-slung load or with dedicated lifting points

Daily deck operations with whip line e.g. containers, drill pipe, etc.

Environmental conditions monitoring

Load with known weight, center of gravity and shape

 

Crane Operator Training and Competency

Crane operator and crew experienced and competent with lifting of particular type of load

Clear lifting and landing area with no blind spots

Banksman Training and Competency

Crew Training and Competency in Rigging and Slinging

Crane Operator has continuous visual contact with Banksman during lift (use of a Boom camera does not constitute “Visual contact” with a Banksman).

Crane operator’s ability to effectively supervise and operate the crane.

Quantity and location of equipment in area.

Weight of load within 90% of SWL of lifting gear and up to 70% of the lifting appliance rated capacity.

Quality of housekeeping

Specification, maintenance and condition of lifting gear and appliances.

One lifting appliance used e.g. 1 tugger

crane, 1 chain

hoist, 1

 

Dynamic and shock loads

COMPLEX OR SPECIALIZED LIFTING OPERATIONS

Complex or specialized lifting operations represent a higher level of criticality, complexity and potential consequences due to the identified hazards and available risk reducing controls. The planning and performance of complex and specialized lifting operations are monitored for effectiveness through periodic review.

COMPLEX - SPECIALIZED

CONTROL MEASURES

Lifting over moderate to high risk areas e.g. skid mounted workshops, wireline units, high pressure lines/units, electrical wiring, etc.

Lift plan in conjunction with TSTP, TRA to plan the lift. These lifts involve a higher level of criticality, complexity and potential consequences due to the identified hazards within the activity. The following controls must be considered when planning related “Complex-Specialized” lifting operation

Poor environmental conditions (wind effect on load)

Specialized rigging arrangements

Lifting of specialized loads e.g. Xmas trees, explosive and radioactive containers, loaded perforating guns.

Environmental conditions monitoring

Crane Operator Training and Competency

Weight of load within 80% of SWL of lifting gear and above 70% of the lifting appliance rated capacity.

Banksman Training and Competency

Crew Training and Competency in Rigging and Slinging

Restricted landing area

The level of supervision required for the crane operator and the lifting activity at the work site

Lifting of personnel

Tandem lifts. More than ore lifting appliance used

Quantity and location of equipment in area.

Difficulty to balance load with slinging arrangement

Quality of housekeeping

Special load whose loss or damage would result in severe financial or operational consequences

Restricting access to the area

Public announcements

Crane Operator does not have continuous visual contact with Banksman during lift (use of a Boom camera does not constitute “Visual contact” with a Banksman).

Specification, maintenance and condition of lifting gear and appliances

Dynamic and shock loads

Sub-contractor specialized rigging and lifting crew

Lifting operations outwith those classed as “SIMPLE”

Any engineering assistance

Lifting operation is categorized Competent person designated to plan the op eration Simple Lift Appropriate

Lifting operation is categorized

Lifting operation is categorized Competent person designated to plan the op eration Simple Lift Appropriate level
Competent person designated to plan the op eration
Competent person designated to plan the op eration
Competent person designated to plan the op eration

Competent person designated to plan the operation

Competent person designated to plan the op eration
Competent person designated to plan the op eration
Competent person designated to plan the op eration
Competent person designated to plan the op eration
Competent person designated to plan the op eration Simple Lift Appropriate level of THINK plan Technical
Competent person designated to plan the op eration Simple Lift Appropriate level of THINK plan Technical
Simple Lift Appropriate level of THINK plan Technical Support if needed
Simple Lift
Appropriate level of
THINK plan
Technical
Support if
needed
Use Lift Card Review available Lift Plan with competent team
Use Lift Card
Review available Lift
Plan with competent
team
Any Change
Any Change

Complex Lift

Lift Plan with competent team Any Change Complex Lift Appropriate level o THINK Plan Develop a

Appropriate level o THINK Plan

Any Change Complex Lift Appropriate level o THINK Plan Develop a Lift Pla Review Lift Plan

Develop a Lift PlaAny Change Complex Lift Appropriate level o THINK Plan Review Lift Plan wi competent team Perform

Lift Appropriate level o THINK Plan Develop a Lift Pla Review Lift Plan wi competent team

Review Lift Plan wi competent team

Plan Develop a Lift Pla Review Lift Plan wi competent team Perform the lift Debrief note

Perform the lift

Pla Review Lift Plan wi competent team Perform the lift Debrief note lessons learned Update Lift

Debrief note lessons learned

team Perform the lift Debrief note lessons learned Update Lift Plans TSTP TRAs ISSUE NO:  

Update Lift Plans TSTP TRAs

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