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Future Social Workers for Human Services

Request End Homelessness


Esther Corral Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page i

Esther Corral Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page ii

Abstract
In the past there have been many complaints

could pose a health problem to the general

about the homeless of El Paso begging on

public. How should they prevent

street corners. However, they are not given

uncleanliness if they dont have access to

an alternative as to where they could go for

the most basic needs like bathing, or

shelter or food. This analytical report

washing their laundry? Who will allow them

observes other results that can be done by

to do this for themselves? And mothers with

policy makers to find the solution to end

their children left out in the streets are the

homelessness in El Paso, Texas and cities

biggest concern. It is a form of child abuse

throughout the United States: using

that the government is allowing to happen.

abandoned buildings or empty homes owned

Children need sleep food, and stability to

by the city or community. This analytical

learn in school. They are the future of

report researched all cities to show that not

America. The Mayor, city officials, and

one city is immune to this situation more

social workers are capable of making an

needs to be done to end it. Homeless people

impact by receiving funds from the

who are left wandering the streets cause a

government to help the homeless of their

concern to the community. If they should

city. The homeless need a place to go to in

become ill with something contagious this

transition to a place of their own.

Esther Corral Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page iii

Letter of Transmittal
From: Esther Corral, Future Social Worker
for Human Services
To: Mayor of El Paso and other City
Officials and the Congressman Beto
ORourke
Subject: End Homelessness in El Paso,
Texas and all cities throughout the United
States.
Homeless people have been having a
difficult time in their endless cycle of trying
to get off the streets and into a home of their
own. Social Workers have been trying to
help with this situation; however they need
the help from the Mayor and other city
official to use abandoned buildings or empty
homes owned by the city.
Homelessness has been a big problem in the
United States since the late 1970s. Many
turn a blind eye to a very deplorable
condition and the government should take
steps to end this situation. This analytical
report will give reasons to the need for this
intervention.
And it will also show that more research
should be done to prevent this problem from
continuing any further into the future. The
proposed thesis for further research is that
the homeless people are offered a place to
live so that they may transition to a place of
their own, instead of just asking them to
leave the street corners where they might be
begging for food, or work with no other
place to go.

Research has shown that individuals


working together can make a difference. The
following questions were created for
research to help end homelessness.
1. Should the Mayor, use vacant
homes or abandoned buildings
owned by the city to help the
homeless? To prevent improper use
by vagrants.
2. Will the government, offer more
assistance to those shelters that
want to help the homeless; dont
they know homelessness causes
health risks? Contagious diseases
can be caused by uncleanliness, and
may become airborne.
3. What types of programs are there
to help homeless families stay
together? Because separation of a
family will cause depression and
hopelessness thus continuing the
cycle of homelessness.
4. Who can help the community
build on those homeless shelters
that are already helping the
homeless? The City Mayor, other
city officials through federal
government funds and the
community.
Homeless people need a home address to
ask for government assistance and to seek
jobs. Using abandoned buildings or homes
to house the homeless will give them the
chance to seek out these opportunities and
end homelessness and prevent it from
spilling over into the future.
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 1

Executive Summary
Introduction
Social Workers are required to complete one
of the following: a Bachelors or Masters or
Doctoral degree, along with supervised
fieldwork to be considered professionals.
This provides the social worker the
experience necessary to work with
individuals that may need assistance in
attaining a better quality of life. However,
they also need the Mayor and city officials
to help attain funding and the use of
abandoned buildings and /or homes to help
house homeless individuals in transition
from street life to a quality of life.
Purpose
End homelessness that has been on since the
1970s. The Government and all city Mayors
need to understand that the homeless
receiving shelter for a few days to a month
is not substantial amount of time to get their
life straight. They need to see that many of
the homeless are mentally ill and are
incapable of taking precautions for their own
life.
Scope
The study is focused on different cities to
prove no one is immune to the homeless
problem. Cities should utilize abandoned
buildings and/or homes owned by the city
and the funds given by HUD to help the
homeless. Therefore, preserve their rights of
human dignity. No longer ignore them or
tolerate ignorance. This will help prevent
homelessness to continue in the future.

These research questions revealed how the


homeless have been neglected and that more
research is needed regarding these four
questions:
1. Should the Mayor, use vacant homes
or abandoned buildings owned by
the city to help the homeless?
2. Will the government, offer more
assistance to those shelters that want
to help the homeless; dont they
know homelessness causes health
risks?
3. What types of programs are there to
help homeless families stay together?
4. Who can help the community build
on those homeless shelters that are
already helping the homeless?
Methods
Through this research valuable
information was given in HUD
Exchange, on-line news articles
where homeless people were
interviewed.
Limitations
The limited research is noted to
references given.
Conclusion and Recommendations
Articles researched on the homeless
indicated the problem is not an
isolated case. End homelessness by
use of abandoned buildings or homes
remodeled into studio apartments,
adding offices to give help and
resources to the homeless.

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 2

Table of Contents
Study Focus Four: The Mayor, City
Title Pagei

Officials, and the Community Pulling

Back Page..ii

Together..11-12

Abstract.iii

Risk of not helping homelessness.11-12

Letter of Transmittal.1

Results Discussion....13

Executive Summary.......2
Table of Contents....3-4

Conclusion and

Introduction...5

Recommendations.....14-15

Study Focus One: Abandoned Buildings


Vacant Homes Owned by the city should

Appendixes:

be used to House the Homeless.6-7

Appendix A. Focus Study

Reasons to use abandoned buildings and

Questions.16

vacant homes owned by the

Appendix B.

city...6-7

References...17

Study Focus Two: Assisting those Shelters

Glossary.18-19

that want to help the Homeless will also


Reduce Health

Table of Figures:

Risks....8-9

Figure 1 Homeless use

Reasons to help homeless shelters and build

Shopping Carts to carry their

on them....8-9

Belongings.4
Figure 2 Homeless Developed

Study Focus Three: Develop Programs to

Neighborhood Campsites ...............4

Keep Families

Figure 3 El Paso, Texas Eyesore

Together..10

Building to be demolished ..6

Reasons to develop family shelters..10

Figure 4 Homeless Shelter needing


Funds for Repairs ...6
Figure 5 Los Angeles Homeless
Mother with Her Children .....7
Figure 6 San Francisco sidewalk
Homeless Campsite .....8
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 3

Figure 7 Data Shows more progress is


needed ..9
Figure 8 Who are the
Homeless?...10
Figure 9 The Homeless go Unnoticed
......11
Figure 10 Pulling Together can Make
a Difference ....11
Figure 11 the Homeless Population in
each State15

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 4

Introduction
Social Workers are required to complete one
of the following: a Bachelors or Masters or
Doctoral degree, along with supervised
fieldwork to be considered professionals.
This provides the social worker the
experience necessary to work with
individuals that may need assistance in
attaining a better quality of life. The
National Association of Social Workers
(NASW) explains that social workers are to
take action when they are impassioned about
a subject they are qualified to commit
themselves to. They should also help in the
prevention of discrimination and/or
exploitation of any person. With the
Mayors help, and the community they
could see that the homeless people are
offered a place to live so that they may
transition to a place of their own, instead of
just asking them to leave the street corners
where they might be begging for food or
work, with no other place to go.
The purpose of this analytical report is to
bring to the front what neglect and
ignorance has caused. As the population
grows the need for housing is of the essence.
Figure 1 Homeless use Shopping Carts to carry their Belongings

More research should be continued to help


end this problem. Many of the homeless are
building campsites with tents throughout
communities disrupting quiet
neighborhoods.
Figure 2 Homeless Developed Neighborhood Campsites

www.oregonlive.com
An end to homelessness is crucial to prevent
health risks and reduce the high cost of
health care. It is time for the Mayors of their
cities, city officials and community to stop
turning a blind eye to this situation. For
quality of this report the structure will
continue with these four research questions:
Should the Mayor, use vacant homes
or abandoned buildings owned by
the city to help the homeless?
Will the government, offer more
assistance to those shelters that want
to help the homeless; dont they
know homelessness causes health
risks?
What types of programs are there to
help homeless families stay together?
Who can help the community build
on those homeless shelters that are
already helping the homeless?

www.usatoday.com
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 5

Study Focus One: Abandoned Buildings Vacant Homes


Owned by the City should be used to House the Homeless
The goal is to get the Mayor, city officials,
and the community to pull together in
helping homeless individuals. To close by
encouraging further research on using
abandoned buildings and /or empty homes
owned by the city. Because buildings that
are kept empty invites vagrants to inhabit
them with unsafe practice. During the winter
they will start a fire in the vacant building to
keep warm. The fire may get out of control
when they fall asleep. It may end up burning
down the whole building or neighboring
buildings. So, let me ask whats better to set
it up for the homeless or burning it down
hurting them and others? The federal
government has given assistance to city
Mayors and city officials. They have offered
funds to use abandoned buildings for the
homeless, as stated in an article written by
Amanda Erickson where she explained, that
under the Title V program (part of the
McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act)
the federal government allows nonprofit
organizations to use abandoned buildings
specifically for the homeless. However,
privately owned homes that are foreclosed
are owned by the banks that do not want to
pay property taxes and prefer to bulldoze the
homes and then donate the land to the city.
Erickson provided an excellent idea to help
the homeless here in this city by using
abandoned building and homes owned by
the city to house the homeless. However,
she also offered further information about
the way the city and the community handle
the situation, that although the city has the

authority to take over properties in tax


foreclosure; it prefers to hand it over to
private developers because they dont want
the responsibility of restoring or selling the
property themselves1 This gives the
community a good indication that the Mayor
could and should use abandoned homes or
buildings owned by the city instead of
having them razed. The focuses on sources
to answer this hypothesis are:
Reasons to use abandoned
buildings and vacant homes owned
by the city.
Reasons to help homeless shelters
and build on them
Reasons to develop family shelters
Risk of not helping homelessness
Look at the first reason to help understand
1. Reasons to use abandoned
buildings and vacant homes owned
by the city
Abandoned buildings become an eye sore to
the public due to deterioration and will
attract vagrants to live in and urinate and
defecate in the property. Thus attracting
rodents, and cockroaches that can spread
disease, and the odor coming from these
1

Erickson, Amanda (2012). Why Can't We Just


Convert Vacant Buildings Into Housing for the
Homeless? From The Atlantic City Lab. Retrieved
from
http://www.citylab.com/cityfixer/2012/06/why-itsnot-easy-convert-vacant-buildings-housinghomeless/2345/ (para. 9)
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 6

buildings will be an unpleasing scent to


passersby. They can also become a danger to
the vagrants when they stumble across
another vagrant who may become violent.
When homes are left empty here again they
can attract unpleasant factors the difference
is that they are within the communitys
neighborhoods.
Figure 3 El Paso, Texas Eyesore Building to be demolished

http://kfoxtv.com/community/just-askjohn/eyesore-shopping-center-to-bedemolished
HUD Exchange gave the Mayor and city
officials information that allows them to use
funds to provide shelter for the homeless, in
the article by HUD Exchange The
Emergency Shelter Grants Program funds
renovation, major rehabilitation, or
conversion of buildings for use as
emergency shelters or transitional housing
for homeless individuals and families. If
Emergency Shelter Grants Program funds
are used for moderate rehabilitation of a
building, it must be used as a shelter for 3
years. If Emergency Shelter Grants Program
funds are used for major rehabilitation or
conversion project of a building or a shelter,
the project must be used as a shelter for 10

years.2 The help is available to all cities to


give benefit solely for the homeless. The
idea of demolishing buildings to save money
rather than help the homeless is a
misconception. Helping the homeless get
back on their feet will actually benefit the
city more and reduce costs in the long run.
Although the shelter will be for transitioning
they can use the address to ask for
government assistance and seek jobs. This
will help reduce the homeless population.
There are shelters already in place that offer
the homeless help; however, they too are in
need of help. They need bigger
establishments to better accommodate the
homeless. They also need financial
assistance to help those who come with
ailments, or to make repairs to their shelters,
and possibly expand on the property they
have. This homeless shelter Glory Hole had
a water pipe rupture and had to ask over two
dozen people to vacate the property.
Figure 4 Homeless Shelter needing Funds for Repairs

juneauempire.com
2

HUD Exchange (2014). US Department of Housing


& Urban Development. Emergency Shelter Grants
Program Requirements Article retrieved from
https://www.hudexchange.info/programs/emergenc
y-shelter-grants/emergency-shelter-grants-programrequirements/(para. 4)
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 7

Study Focus Two: Assisting those Shelters that want to


help the Homeless will also Reduce Health Risks
Empty buildings and homes also attract drug
addicts who leave syringes throughout the
building or home causing a danger to
anyone entering them. They could also be
rat infested and unclean causing a health risk
to the vagrants in them like skin infections,
or intestinal problems. This has been said to
have a rate increase to public health care
because they are unable to pay for their
medical expenses. Martin Donohoe MD,
FACP identified an important issue in his
article Homelessness in the United States by
stating,
The availability of domestic violence
shelter beds in the United States is
poor; up to 70% to 80% of women,
and 80% of children, are turned
away on any given night in major
cities.[17] Shelters are woefully
underfunded; some do not allow
children. Average length of stay at a
US shelter is 14 days; most allow a
30-day maximum stay.[17]Ironically,
women fleeing domestic violence are
often not counted in studies of
homelessness, since they are
considered to have a home (albeit
unlivable) or are staying temporarily
in shelters.3 This statement
woefully underfunded; some do not

allow children is a subject that


needs more research to answer why
these shelters are underfunded or
why children are turned away.
2. Reasons to help homeless shelters
and build on them
We see that some shelters will not take
children; if the children are not accepted this
means that the parent will have to seek
another place to stay that will allow them to
stay with their children. It is understandable
when children are not allowed, it may be for
their protection, and it could be that they
house adults that have had trouble with drug
addiction or those who are violent adults in
their shelter. Therefore more shelters that
house families should be made available.
The children should be made their first
priority, they need sleep, food, clothing and
shelter in order to perform well in school.
Figure 5 Los Angeles Homeless Mother with Her Children

Stock-clip.com
3

Donohoe, Martin MD, FACP (July 07, 2004).


Homelessness in the United States: History,
Epidemiology, Health Issues, Women, and Public
Policy Article Retrieved from
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/481800
(para. 7)

Without an education the children may grow


up unable to hold down a job and continue
the cycle their parents lived. This is a form
of child abuse that the government is
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 8

allowing to happen by not helping parents


find suitable shelters for them and their
children. When homeless individuals are
given a place to live they will have the
facilities necessary to bathe, and wash their
clothes. They will be able to apply for health
care, see a doctor and to help pay for
medical expenses. This prevents festering
skin or intestinal diseases from lingering and
prevents the spread of any other disease they
may have. This in return will have a rate
decrease to public health care. Children
especially need to be taken care of because
they are the future of America. City officials
must see the problems this is causing to the
children of homeless families. Stave Ziv
gathered this quote from a report,
Theyre not just losing a house, a
shelter. Theyre losing their sense of
place, of community, DeCandia
tells Newsweek. Theyre losing the
vital connections that they need to
develop.4
Children should be a first priority and not
turned away. They no longer have stability
because they are moving from place to place
seeking shelter. And this will make it
difficult for them to learn due to lack of
sleep, and hunger. The Mayor and city
officials, with the governments assistance
can end this cycle. San Francisco is a city
that is experiencing a problem with
homelessness and it is important to take
notice that this can happen in any city at any

given time. San Francisco is a city that did


not expect an explosion of homelessness and
is witnessing a trail of tents along sidewalks
becoming a nuisance in their community.
This article by Steven Rosenfeld showed
that many of the homeless prefer to live on
the streets rather than seek help from a
shelter because of the way they are treated.
Rosenfeld gave six unexpected takeaways
from the SF Homeless Projects coverage,
If youre homeless, you may need to
be assessed three, four different
times, answering the same questions
each time; its unfair, inefficient and
not respectful of people were trying
to serve, he said, pledging to change
that status quo. Clients have to get
into many different lines to access
services, and were going to ask
them to get into one line.5
Figure 6 San Francisco sidewalk Homeless Campsite

sfhomelessproject.com

Ziv, Stav (2014 November 17) Child Homelessness


In U.S. Reaches Historic High, Report Says. Article
retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/childhomelessness-us-reaches-historic-high-report-says285052(para. 7)

Rosenfeld, Steven (2016 July 7) Why Can't Wealthy


Cities Fix the Homeless Problem? An unprecedented
media project shows all the obstacles even the
richest cities have in addressing the persistent
problem. AlterNet Article retrieved
fromhttp://www.alternet.org/investigations/whycant-wealthy-cities-fix-homeless-problem (para. 12)
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 9

Study Focus Three: Develop Programs to Keep Families


Together
Research has shown that there are homeless
shelters for women or women with children.
However the man is sent away to a mens
shelter thus separating the family and
making a very difficult situation worse. This
sheds light on the fact that more research on
the homeless is needed. To find those who
are invisible, for those fathers who are sent
away, because they are able to stay with
their wife and children. Where do they go if
there isnt a mens shelter or if the shelters
are full?

help. Data shows the amounts of homeless


families are decreasing in small numbers.
Figure 7 Data Shows more progress is needed

3. Reasons to develop family shelters


Women and children are not the only ones
who may lose a home due to family violence
and end up homeless. Men, who lose their
jobs, and all financial means to maintain
debt payments, caused him and his entire
family to wind up homeless. This family
should not be separated thus making their
situation worse. They are their own support
systems who will encourage the desire to
seek employment and better their situation.
Separation of family could cause depression,
hopelessness, and therefore leaving the
family in a worse situation that will prolong
their homelessness. What will it take for this
country to open its eyes to the horror these
poor homeless people are suffering? If not
the government then who should give
assistance to these homeless families
throughout this country? Vacant buildings
have the space and necessities to house
families and help keep them together. It is
very difficult for a person who has just lost
their home their status in society, to seek

www.fairfaxcounty.gov

An article written by Rosenfeld discussed


the issues of homelessness and the
difficulties that the homeless experience
when they seek help from government
assistance. It also covered what makes it
difficult to remain in shelters, and then
makes it difficult for the city to reduce the
homelessness in their cities. Agencies have
their own protocols that they follow, but
dont realize the difficulties it gave the
person seeking shelter, treating them like
common criminals asking a surmountable of
repeated questions and going as far as
fingerprinting them. 6

Rosenfeld, Steven (2016) (Para. 11)

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 10

Study Focus Four: The Mayor, City Officials, and the


Community Pulling Together
Who will offer protection even to those who
are homeless and not wanting to stay in
shelters for fear of being assaulted? An
intervention by the government and city
officials need to be taken to help these
people overcome what they are suffering.
Donohoe, gave us detail of what the
homeless go through in this statement,
Unique aspects of homelessness that
contribute to hard-to-manage
medical and psychiatric illness
include enhanced vulnerability to
crime and violence; prolonged
standing; excessive outdoor
exposure; infectious disease
transmission due to overcrowding;
high risk of being robbed of
medication; limited access to water
for showers, dental care, and
personal hygiene; inability to follow
complex treatment and home care
regimens; lack of privacy; and social
isolation. .[8] Those with language
barriers -- particularly those who
lack citizenship and work long hours
under dangerous conditions -- such
as homeless migrant and seasonal
farm workers, face particular
challenges and are often afraid to
access even emergency care.[21,22] 7
The community may not want to deal with
the homeless, but many of these homeless
people need medical attention. The majority
of them are mentally ill, and then there are
those who suffer from substance abuse. In
this article Nagourney explained why the
community does not want to deal with the
homeless, in saying that, Along with these
visible signs of homelessness come
complaints about aggressive panhandling,
public urination and disorderly conduct, as
well as a rise in drug dealing and petty
7

Donohoe, Martin MD, FACP (para. 8)

crimes. There is a sense out there that some


communities are seeing a new visible
homeless problem that they have not seen in
years, said Dennis P. Culhane, a professor
of social policy at the University of
Pennsylvania.8
Figure 8

www.oregonlive.com

4. Risk of not helping homelessness


Some of these articles give testimony of
what is going on in our cities like this article
in AlterNet written by Rosenfeld, who
explained the negative effects the homeless
people have on the community as he stated,
Ive witnessed what Cooper saw and more:
men openly defecating; mentally ill people
claiming the same stretch of sidewalk and
repeated refusing help; new tent
encampments after cops clear the
downtown.9 And many shelters turn them
away if they dont want to follow their
protocols fearing they might be drug addicts,
or carrying diseases. The homeless are
easily ignored most walk by the homeless
8

Nagourney, Adam (MAY 31, 2016) Old and on the


Street: The Graying of Americas Homeless (para. 13)
9
Rosenfeld, Steven (para. 3)
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 11

missions and clinics.10 The


government has failed to help the
homeless, and the community does
not want to deal with them and turns
a blind eye to what is happening to
them. Small change adds up,
however with the Mayor, City
officials, and the Community pulling
together will make a change that
would benefit all involved.

who might be sleeping on the sidewalk and


dont stop to see if they are okay, or worse
dead. This photo shows two girls taking a
picture without regard to the homeless man
lying on the floor.
Figure 9 The Homeless go Unnoticed

Figure 10 Pulling Together can Make a Difference

www.takepart.com

The aging homeless have been homeless for


decades. Because they have just been
shuffled from one place to another without
giving them an opportunity to stabilize and
have a home address to seek help and other
resources. Receiving shelter for a few days
to a month is not substantial amount of time
to get their life straight. Those who are
mentally ill are incapable of taking
precautions for their own life. Nagourney
talked about how the aging homeless live
and get their medical services in saying,
The aging of the homeless
population is on display in cities
large and small, but perhaps in no
place more than here is on Skid Row,
a grid of blocks just southeast of the
vibrant economic center of
downtown Los Angeles, where many
of the nations poor have long
flocked, drawn by a year-round
temperate climate and a cluster of

www.howardnema.com

A last will and testament could be


made out leaving their home to help
homelessness. Taxes could be raised
to directly help the homeless. The
community would inadvertently be
helping without having to get too
involved if they dont want to. The
homeless would have a place to go to
transition to a place of their own.
Families could stay together in
shelters that would accommodate the
entire family. Mentally ill and drug
abusers could get the medical
treatment they need thus ending their
difficult cycle of homelessness.

10

Nagourney, Adam (para. 14)

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 12

Results Discussion
Study Focus One: Abandoned Buildings
Vacant Homes Owned by the City should
be used to House the Homeless
There are many abandoned buildings in
which businesses have closed, and some of
the homeless have found a way to get into
them. However, this poses a danger to them
and the community should they start a fire
inside to keep warm during the winter.
These abandoned buildings become an
eyesore to the public due to deterioration
and will attract vagrants to live in and
urinate and defecate in the property. Thus
attracting rodents, and cockroaches that can
spread disease, and the odor coming from
these buildings will be an unpleasing scent
to passersby. They can also become a danger
to the vagrants when they stumble across
another vagrant who may become violent.
When homes are left empty, again they
attract unpleasant factors the difference is
that they are within the communitys
neighborhoods.
Study Focus Two: Assisting those Shelters
that want to help the Homeless will also
Reduce Health Risks
Empty buildings and homes are also used by
drug addicts to stay in and leave syringes
throughout the building causing a danger to
anyone entering the building. The buildings

may also be rat infested and unclean causing


a health risk to the vagrants in them like skin
infections, or intestinal problems. This has
been said to have a rate increase to public
health care when they land in the hospital,
because they are unable to pay for their
medical expenses.
Study Focus Three: Develop Programs to
Keep Families Together
Families who are torn apart because they are
unable to stay together as unit in a homeless
shelter can be caused detrimental health
issues to parents and children. Sleep
deprivation, and hunger will also make it
difficult for children to concentrate in school
and making learning difficult. Children
should be a priority, because children who
live on the streets are a form of neglect and
abuse that should not be happening.
Study Focus Four: The Mayor, City
Officials, and the Community Pulling
Together
Studies have shown that when people pull
together it helps create a movement of
awareness that will bring social change.
Putting more than our pennies together will
bring happiness to all and benefitting the
city, the community and especially the
homeless.

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 13

Conclusion and Recommendations


Considering what you have read in these
articles would any of you be willing to go
through this kind of ordeal?
The argument that there is an insufficient
fund to help more shelters made by city
officials is difficult to understand by many
of these homeless people. Many of whom
have been on the streets for a very long time.
Many of them have aged in the process of
looking for help and have arrived at none. It
is a difficult circumstance to get through
feeling like they are going in circles trying
to make it in the streets.
This analytical report gave you research
information from different cities. To give
awareness to all city mayors and city
officials that no one is immune to this type
of calamity. From State to State this map
shows the amount of homelessness
throughout the United States.
Figure 11 the Homeless Population in each State

Therefore the mayor, city officials and


congressmen should do more research on
this because there is a need to help the
homelessness in their own city and
communities. Stand up and do more. The
situation is not going to take care of itself. It
will only continue its cycle of destruction. It
will bring high cost of living to the city and
its constituents.
The homeless do not want to be wandering
the streets trying to find a place to sleep
where they will not be robbed or killed.
They want security and the right to privacy
where they can be alone to do what they
need to do without being harassed. They
want to be treated with dignity and respect
just like everyone else.
And using old abandoned buildings or
empty homes, remodeling them with studio
or one bedroom apartments and adding
offices that give help and resources for the
homeless will further the benefits to each
state, city, and to their communities, and
neighbors by reducing or ending this
devastating cycle of homelessness that has
been on since the 1970s.
As stated in this article written by
Nagourney, Many older homeless people
have been on the streets for almost a
generation, analysts say, a legacy of the
recessions of the late 1970s and early 1980s,
federal housing cutbacks and an epidemic of
crack cocaine. They bring with them a
complicated history that may include a
journey from prison to mental health clinic

www.washingtonexaminer.com
Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 14

to rehabilitation center and back to the


sidewalks.11
The homeless have been through to many
ordeals some difficult to fathom. Its time to
make a change to stop this cycle. Give them
the help they need: medical, counseling, a
home.

11

Nagourney, Adam (para. 4)


Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 15

Appendix A. Focus Study Questions


1. Have you or a family member
ever been homeless, if yes would
you want a place to go to that
will help navigate to a better
situation? Yes/No

6. Do you think it is better to help


the homeless by using abandoned
buildings and/or empty homes to
house the homeless or raze them?

2. Do you or your family anticipate


ever being homeless? Yes/No

7. Would you be willing to donate


your home to the homeless in a
living will if you have no other
family members to leave it to?

3. How do you feel when you see a


homeless person begging on
street corners do you
a. Want to help them or
b. Wish they would go
away?
c. Turn a blind eye?
d. Only worry about your
life?

4. How would you want to be


treated if you found yourself
homeless?
a. With respect?
b. Neglected?
c. Ignored?
d. With kindness?
e. Both a. and d.?

8. Does the prevention of


homelessness and health risks
decrease the high cost of health
care by offering them a place to
live?

9. Will the children who are


capable of learning and
becoming better citizens be a
benefit in the future of this
world?

10. Why is it that the government or


the cities of any state are not
willing to help financially those
who are already willing to serve
the homeless?

5. Do you believe that these people


caused their homelessness? If
yes, do you think you should still
help them?

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 16

Appendix B. References
Donohoe, Martin MD, FACP (July 07,
2004). Homelessness in the United
States: History, Epidemiology,
Health Issues, Women, and Public
Policy Article Retrieved from
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticl
e/481800
Erickson, Amanda (2012). Why Can't We
Just Convert Vacant Buildings Into
Housing for the Homeless? From
The Atlantic City Lab. Retrieved
from
http://www.citylab.com/cityfixer/201
2/06/why-its-not-easy-convertvacant-buildings-housinghomeless/2345/
HUD Exchange (2014). US Department of
Housing & Urban Development.
Emergency Shelter Grants Program
Requirements Article retrieved from
https://www.hudexchange.info/progr
ams/emergency-sheltergrants/emergency-shelter-grantsprogram-requirements/
Nagourney, Adam (MAY 31, 2016) Old and
on the Street: The Graying of
Americas Homeless
The emergence of an older homeless
population is creating daunting
challenges for social service agencies
and governments already struggling
to fight poverty. Article Retrieved
from
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/31
/us/americas-aging-homeless-oldand-on-the-street.html?_r=0

Reed, Martena (2014) Homelessness


Research in the American Journal of
Public Health National Alliance to
End Homelessness Retrieved from
http://www.endhomelessness.org/blo
g/entry/homelessness-research-inthe-american-journal-of-publichealth#.V4FT1PkrLcs
Rosenfeld, Steven (2016 July 7) Why Can't
Wealthy Cities Fix the Homeless
Problem? An unprecedented media
project shows all the obstacles even
the richest cities have in addressing
the persistent problem. AlterNet
Article retrieved
fromhttp://www.alternet.org/investig
ations/why-cant-wealthy-cities-fixhomeless-problem
Wihbey, John (2014). Homelessness in the
United States: Trends and
demographics. Journalist's Resource
Retrieved from
http://journalistsresource.org/studies/
government/healthcare/homelessness-u-s-trendsdemographics
Ziv, Stav (2014 November 17) Child
Homelessness In U.S. Reaches
Historic High, Report Says. Article
retrieved from
http://www.newsweek.com/childhomelessness-us-reaches-historichigh-report-says-285052

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 17

Glossary
H
A
Attain- To gain as an objective; achieve to
accomplish or achieve (something): to
succeed in getting or doing (something)

C
Child abuse-Child abuse is when a parent
or caregiver, whether through action or
failing to act, causes injury, death, emotional
harm or risk of serious harm to a child.
There are many forms of child maltreatment,
including neglect, physical abuse, sexual
abuse, exploitation and emotional abuse.
City Officials- a person who has a position
of authority in a company, organization, or
government: a person who holds an office
Civic Duty- the responsibilities of a citizen
Congressman-is a member of Congress,
especially a member of the US House of
Representatives.

D
Domestic Violence- the violent or
aggressive behavior within the home,
typically involving the violent abuse of a
spouse or partner.

Homeless- People who are living in a place


not meant for human habitation without a
home, and therefore typically living on the
streets, in emergency shelter, in transitional
housing, or are exiting an institution where
they temporarily resided.
Homelessness- is when you don't have a
safe and reliable home to live in. Sometimes
people choose to run away and sometimes
they are forced out of their home. According
to studies from the National Alliance to End
Homelessness, there is an estimated 1.6
million to 2.8 million homeless youth in the
United States.
HUD- the Department of Housing and
Urban Development (HUD) is a U.S.
government agency created in 1965 to
support community development and home
ownership.

I
Impassioned- filled with or showing great
emotion

L
Last will and testament is a legal document
that communicates a person's final wishes
pertaining to possessions and dependents.

Exploitation- the action or fact of treating


someone unfairly in order to benefit from
their work

Family- it is a group consisting of parents


and children living together in a household.

National Association of Social Workers


(NASW) is the largest membership
organization of professional social workers
in the world.

Mayor-person elected head of a city, town,


or other municipality.

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 18

Neglect-to pay no attention or too little


attention to; disregard or slight

Q
Quality of Life- the standard of health,
comfort, and happiness experienced by an
individual or group

S
Social Worker- is a profession concerned
with helping individuals, families, groups
and communities to enhance their individual
and collective well-being. It aims to help
people develop their skills and their ability
to use their own resources and those of the
community to resolve problems.
Substance abuse- overindulgence in or
dependence on an addictive substance,
especially alcohol or drugs

T
Transition- is the process or a period of
changing from one state or condition to
another.

Esther Corral-Analytical Report-August 8, 2016-Page 19