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Ch03HW

Ch03HW
Due:9:30amonMonday,February15,2016
Youwillreceivenocreditforitemsyoucompleteaftertheassignmentisdue.GradingPolicy

PrelectureVideo:Vectors
ClickPlaytowatchthevideo.Answertheungradedquestionsinthevideoandthegradedfollowupquestionsatright.

PartA
Whichofthefollowingisavectorquantity?
Checkallthatapply.
ANSWER:
momentum
velocity
displacement
acceleration
time
temperature
force
speed

Correct
Avectorisaphysicalquantitycontainingbothamagnitudeandadirection.

PartB
Thesumoftwovectorsisthelargestwhenthetwovectorsare_____.
ANSWER:
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pointinginthesamedirection
pointinginoppositedirections
perpendiculartoeachother
positionedata45angle

Correct
Thesumoftwovectorsisthelargestwhenthetwovectorspointinthesamedirection.

PartC
ThesumofthexcomponentsofvectorsAandBin
is___.

ANSWER:
5
14
6
4

Correct
ThexcomponentoftheresultantoftwovectorsisAx

+ Bx

PartD
WhichofthechoicesshowsthecorrectresultantofaddingthetwovectorsAandBshownin?

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ANSWER:

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Correct
Tofindtheresultantoftwovectors,addthemtailtotipandthendrawtheresultantvectorfromthetailofthe
firstvectortothetipofthelastvector.

AddingandSubtractingVectorsConceptualQuestion
Sixvectors(AtoF)havethemagnitudesanddirectionsindicatedinthefigure.

PartA
Whichtwovectors,whenadded,willhavethelargest(positive)xcomponent?

Hint1.Largestxcomponent
Thetwovectorswiththelargestxcomponentswill,whencombined,givetheresultantwiththelargestx
component.Keepinmindthatpositivexcomponentsarelargerthannegativexcomponents.
ANSWER:
CandE
EandF
AandF
CandD
BandD

Correct

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PartB
Whichtwovectors,whenadded,willhavethelargest(positive)ycomponent?

Hint1.Largestycomponent
Thetwovectorswiththelargestycomponentswill,whencombined,givetheresultantwiththelargesty
component.Keepinmindthatpositiveycomponentsarelargerthannegativeycomponents.
ANSWER:
CandD
AandF
EandF
AandB
EandD

Correct

PartC
Whichtwovectors,whensubtracted(i.e.,whenonevectorissubtractedfromtheother),willhavethelargest
magnitude?

Hint1.Subtractingvectors
Tosubtracttwovectors,addavectorwiththesamemagnitudebutoppositedirectionofoneofthevectors
totheothervector.
ANSWER:
AandF
AandE
DandB
CandD
EandF

Correct

VectorAdditionandSubtraction
Ingeneralitisbesttoconceptualizevectorsasarrowsinspace,andthentomakecalculationswiththemusingtheir
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components.(Youmustfirstspecifyacoordinatesysteminordertofindthecomponentsofeacharrow.)Thisproblem
givesyousomepracticewiththecomponents.
LetvectorsA= (1, 0, 3),B = (2, 5, 1),andC =
orderedtripletsofvaluesseparatedbycommas.

.Calculatethefollowing,andexpressyouranswersas

(3, 1, 1)

PartA
ANSWER:
= 3,5,4

A B

Correct

PartB
ANSWER:
= 5,4,0

B C

Correct

PartC
ANSWER:
= 6,4,3

A + B C

Correct

PartD
ANSWER:
= 3,2,11

3A 2C

Correct

PartE
ANSWER:
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= 11,14,8

2A + 3B C

Correct

PartF
ANSWER:

2A 3(B C )

= 17,12,6

Correct

TacticsBox3.1DeterminingtheComponentsofaVector
LearningGoal:
TopracticeTacticsBox3.1DeterminingtheComponentsofaVector.
WhenavectorAisdecomposedintocomponentvectorsAx andAy paralleltothecoordinateaxes,wecandescribe
eachcomponentvectorwithasinglenumber(ascalar)calledthecomponent.Thistacticsboxdescribeshowto
determinethexcomponentandycomponentofvectorA,denotedAx andAy .

TACTICSBOX3.1Determiningthecomponentsofavector

1.Theabsolutevalue|Ax |ofthexcomponentAx isthemagnitudeofthecomponentvectorAx .


2.ThesignofAx ispositiveifAx pointsinthepositivexdirectionitisnegativeifAx pointsinthe
negativexdirection.
3.TheycomponentAy isdeterminedsimilarly.

PartA
WhatisthemagnitudeofthecomponentvectorAx showninthefigure?
Expressyouranswerinmeterstoonesignificantfigure.

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ANSWER:
|A x |

= 5 m

Correct

PartB
WhatisthesignoftheycomponentAy ofvectorAshowninthefigure?

ANSWER:
positive
negative

Correct
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PartC
Now,combinetheinformationgiveninthetacticsboxabovetofindthexandycomponents,Bx andBy ,of
vectorBshowninthefigure.
Expressyouranswers,separatedbyacomma,in
meterstoonesignificantfigure.

ANSWER:
Bx

,By = 2,5 m,m

Correct

ResolvingVectorComponentswithTrigonometry

Oftenavectorisspecifiedbyamagnitudeandadirectionforexample,aropewithtensionT exertsaforceof

magnitudeT = 20Ninadirection = 35 northofeast.Thisisagoodwaytothinkofvectorshowever,tocalculate


resultswithvectors,itisbesttoselectacoordinatesystemandmanipulatethecomponentsofthevectorsinthat
coordinatesystem.

PartA
FindthecomponentsofthevectorAwithlengtha =1.00andangle=20.0 withrespecttothexaxisasshown
in.
Enternumerically,separatedbyacomma,thexcomponentfollowedbytheycomponent.

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Hint1.Whatisthexcomponent?
Lookatthefigureshown
pointsinthepositivexdirection,soAx is
positive.Also,themagnitude|Ax |isjustthe
lengthOL = OM cos().

Ax

ANSWER:

= 0.940,0.342

Correct

PartB
FindthecomponentsofthevectorBwithlengthb =1.00andangle =20.0 withrespecttothexaxisasshown
in.
Enternumerically,separatedbyacomma,thexcomponentfollowedbytheycomponent.

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Hint1.Whatisthexcomponent?
Thexcomponentisstillofthesameform,thatis,L cos().

ANSWER:
= 0.940,0.342

Correct
ThecomponentsofBstillhavethesameform,thatis,(L cos(), L sin()) ,despiteB'splacementwith
respecttotheyaxisonthedrawing.

PartC
FindthecomponentsofthevectorC withlengthc =1.00andangle

35.0 asshownin.

Enternumerically,separatedbyacomma,thex
componentfollowedbytheycomponent.

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Hint1.Method1:FindtheanglethatC makeswiththepositivexaxis

Angle =0.611differsfromtheothertwoanglesbecauseitistheanglebetweenthevectorandtheyaxis,
unliketheothers,whicharewithrespecttothexaxis.WhatistheanglethatC makeswiththepositivex
axis?
Expressyouranswernumericallyindegrees.
ANSWER:
125

Hint2.Method2:Usevectoraddition
Lookatthefigureshown.
1.C =

2.|C x |

Cx + Cy

.
.

= length(QR) = c sin()

3.Cx ,thexcomponentofC isnegative,


sinceC x pointsinthenegativexdirection.
UsethisinformationtofindCx .Similarly,findCy .

ANSWER:
C

= 0.574,0.819

Correct

BikingVectors
Astudentbikestoschoolbytravelingfirstd N =0.900miles north,thend W =0.500miles west,andfinally
d S =0.100 miles south.

PartA
Ifabirdweretostartoutfromtheorigin(wherethestudentstarts)andflydirectly(inastraightline)totheschool,
whatdistanced b wouldthebirdcover?
Expressyouranswerinmiles.
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Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblembyfindingcomponents
Trydrawingavectormapofdistancesbyaligningtheaxesasfollows:north(positiveyaxis)andeast
(positivexaxis).Thenusegeometryand/orvectorequationstofindd b byfirstfindingthecomponentsof
thatdisplacementvectorinthexandydirections.

Hint2.Findtheycomponentofd b
Letd b bethevectorrepresentingthedisplacementofthebirdasittravelsfromtheorigintothestudent's
school.Whatistheycomponentofd b ?
Expressyouranswernumericallyinmiles.

Hint1.Howtofind(d b )y
Lookatthefigureshown.Since(d b ) y

pointsinthepositiveydirection,(d b ) y ispositive.

= OA

Also,themagnitude|(d b ) y | isjustthelengthofOA.SinceABCDisarectangle,AB

OA = OB AB = d N d S

.So

= CD

ANSWER:
(d b )

= 0.800 miles

Hint3.Findthexcomponentofd b
Whatisthexcomponentofd b ?
Expressyouranswernumericallyinmiles.Becarefulwithyoursigns!

Hint1.Howtofind(d b )x
Lookatthefigureshown.
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Since(d b ) x = OEpointsinthenegativexdirection,(d b ) x isnegative.Also,themagnitude


|(d b ) | isjustthelengthofOE.
x
SinceOBCEisarectangle,OE

= BC = d W

ANSWER:
(d b )

= 0.500 miles

Hint4.Magnitudeofavector
Themagnituded ofavectorwithcomponentsd x andd y isgivenby

d = d x

+ dy

ANSWER:
db

= 0.943 miles

Correct
Thisdirectdistanceissometimescalledthedistance"asthecrowflies."

PartB
Youwillnowfindthesamequantityalgebraically,withouttheneedtousemuchgeometry.Takethenorthdirection
asthepositiveydirectionandeastaspositivex.Theoriginisstillwherethestudentstartsbiking.

Letd N
bethedisplacementvectorcorrespondingtothefirstlegofthestudent'strip.Expressd N
incomponent
form.

Expressyouranswerastwonumbersseparatedbyacomma(e.g.,1.0,2.0).Byconvention,thex
componentiswrittenfirst.
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ANSWER:
(d N )

,(d N ) y = 0,0.900

Correct

PartC

Similarly,letd W
bethedisplacementvectorcorrespondingtothesecondlegofthestudent'strip.Expressd W
in
componentform.

Expressyouranswerastwonumbersseparatedbyacomma.Becarefulwithyoursigns.
ANSWER:
(d W )

,(d W ) y = 0.500,0

Correct

PartD
Finally,letd S bethedisplacementvectorcorrespondingtothelastlegofthestudent'strip.Expressd S in
componentform.
Expressyouranswerastwonumbersseparatedbyacomma.Becarefulwithyoursigns.
ANSWER:
(d S )

,(d S ) y = 0,0.100

Correct

PartE

Thedisplacementvectorforthebirdd b canbewrittenasd N

+d

+d

(seethefigure).Inthespace

provided,typed b incomponentform.

Expressyouranswerastwonumbersseparatedbyacomma.Becarefulwithyoursigns.

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Hint1.Howtoaddvectorsalgebraically

Youaregiventhatd b = d N
+ d W + d S .Youcanfindthecomponentsof d
bycomparingcomponents
b
oneithersideofthisequation.Forexample,for(d b ) x youwouldget

.
Usethisequationtofindthexcomponent.Writedownasimilarequationfortheycomponent(d b ) y ,and
(d b )

= (d N )

+ (d W )

+ (d S )

calculateitsvalue.
ANSWER:
(d b )

,(d b ) y = 0.500,0.800

Correct
Themagnituded ofavectorwithcomponentsd x andd y isgivenby

d = d x

+ dy

Usingthisdefinition,youcancheckthatthisapproachyieldsthesamevalueford b = |d b |astheonefound
earlier.Dependingontheindividualvectorsinagivensituation,youcandecidewhetherthegeometricorthe
algebraicapproachwouldbemoresuitable.

PartF
Finally,find ,theanglenorthofwestofthepathfollowedbythebird.
Expressyouranswernumericallyindegrees.

Hint1.Method1:Simpletrigonometry
Lookatthefigureshown.

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FromtriangleODE,youcanseethat
= arctan(

DE
EO

).

Hint2.Method2:Vectorequations
Lookatthefigureshown.

Theangle

= 180

,where isgivenbythefamiliarequation

= arctan[

(d b )

(d b )

].

Becarefulwiththisapproachbecauseyourcalculatorprobablyreturnsvaluesofanglesbetween90 and

+90 whenyouusethe arctan function.Ifyougetanegativevalue,youmayneedtoadd 180 toitto


getthecorrectangle.
ANSWER:

= 58.0 degrees

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Correct

VideoTutor:BallsTakeHighandLowTracks
First,launchthevideobelow.Youwillbeaskedtouseyourknowledgeofphysicstopredicttheoutcomeofan
experiment.Then,closethevideowindowandanswerthequestionsatright.Youcanwatchthevideoagainatany
point.

PartA
Considerthevideodemonstrationthatyoujustwatched.Whichofthefollowingchangescouldpotentiallyallowthe
ballonthestraightinclined(yellow)tracktowin?Ignoreairresistance.
Selectallthatapply.

Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblem
AnswersAandBinvolvechangingthesteepnessofpartorallofthetrack.AnswersCandDinvolve
changingthemassoftheballs.So,firstyoushoulddecidewhichofthosefactors,ifeither,canchangehow
fasttheballgetstotheendofthetrack.
ANSWER:
A.Increasethetiltoftheyellowtrack.
B.Makethedownhillanduphillinclinesontheredtracklesssteep,whilekeepingthetotaldistance
traveledbytheballthesame.
C.Increasethemassoftheballontheyellowtrack.
D.Decreasethemassoftheballontheredtrack.

Correct
Iftheyellowtrackweretiltedsteeplyenough,itsballcouldwin.Howmightyougoaboutcalculatingthe
necessarychangeintilt?

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VectorAddition:GeometryandComponents
LearningGoal:
Tounderstandhowvectorsmaybeaddedusinggeometryorbyrepresentingthemwithcomponents.
Fundamentally,vectorsarequantitiesthatpossessbothmagnitudeanddirection.Inphysicsproblems,itisbestto
thinkofvectorsasarrows,andusuallyitisbesttomanipulatethemusingcomponents.Inthisproblemweconsiderthe
additionoftwovectorsusingbothofthesemethods.Wewillemphasizethatonemethodiseasiertoconceptualizeand
theotherismoresuitedtomanipulations.
ConsideraddingthevectorsAandB,whichhavelengthsAandB,respectively,andwhereBmakesanangle from
thedirectionofA.
Invectornotationthesumisrepresentedby

C = A +B

Additionusinggeometry
PartA
WhichofthefollowingprocedureswilladdthevectorsAandB?
ANSWER:
PutthetailofBonthearrowofAC goesfromthetailofAtothearrowofB
PutthetailofAonthetailofBC goesfromthearrowofBtothearrowofA
PutthetailofAonthetailofBC goesfromthearrowofAtothearrowofB
CalculatethemagnitudeasthesumofthelengthsandthedirectionasmidwaybetweenAandB.

Correct
ItisequallyvalidtoputthetailofAonthearrowofBthenC goesfromthetailofBtothearrowofA.

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PartB
FindC ,thelengthofC ,thesumofAandB.
ExpressC intermsofA,B,andangle ,using
radianmeasureforknownangles.

Hint1.Lawofcosines
ThelawofcosinesrelatesthelengthsofthesidesofanytriangleofsidesA,B,andC .Usingthe
geometricnotationwherec istheangleoppositesideC :
C

= A

+B

2AB cos(c)

Hint2.Interiorandexteriorangles
Notethat isanexterioranglethatisthesupplementofanglec .
Express intermsofc andrelevantconstantssuchas,usingradianmeasureforknownangles.
ANSWER:

ANSWER:

+B

2ABcos( )

Correct

PartC
Findtheangle thatthevectorC makeswithvectorA.
Express intermsofC andanyofthequantitiesgivenintheproblemintroduction(A,B,and/or )as
wellasanynecessaryconstants.Useradianmeasureforknownangles.Useasinforarcsine
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Hint1.Lawofsines
Althoughthisanglecanbedeterminedbyusingthelawofcosineswith astheangle,thisresultsinmore
complicatedalgebra.Abetterwayistousethelawofsines,whichinthiscaseis
sin()
B

sin(c)
C

sin(a)
A

ANSWER:

acos(

2AC

Correct

Additionusingvectorcomponents
PartD
Tomanipulatethesevectorsusingvectorcomponents,wemustfirstchooseacoordinatesystem.Inthiscase
choosingmeansspecifyingtheangleofthexaxis.Theyaxismustbeperpendiculartothisandbyconventionis
oriented/2 radianscounterclockwisefromthexaxis.
Indicatewhetherthefollowingstatementistrueorfalse:
Thereisonlyoneuniquecoordinatesysteminwhichvectorcomponentscanbeadded.
ANSWER:
true
false

Correct

PartE
Thekeypointisthatyouarecompletelyfreetochooseanycoordinatesystemyouwantinwhichtomanipulatethe
vectors.Itisamatterofconvenienceonly,andsoyoumustconsiderwhichorientationwillsimplifyfindingthe
componentsofthegivenvectorsandinterpretingtheresultsinthatcoordinatesystemtogettherequiredanswer.
Consideringthesefactors,andknowingthatyouaregoingtoberequiredtofindthelengthofC anditsanglewith
respecttoA,whichofthefollowingorientationssimplifiesthecalculationthemost?
ANSWER:

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ThexaxisshouldbeorientedalongA
ThexaxisshouldbeorientedalongB
ThexaxisshouldbeorientedalongC

Correct

PartF
FindthecomponentsofBinthecoordinatesystemshown.
Expressyouranswerasanorderedpair:x
component,ycomponentintermsofBand .Use
radianmeasureforknownangles.

ANSWER:
Bx , By

Bcos(), Bsin()

Correct

PartG
Inthesamecoordinatesystem,whatarethecomponentsofC ?
Expressyouranswerasanorderedpairseparatedbyacomma.Giveyouranswerintermsofvariables
definedintheintroduction(A,B,and ).Useradianmeasureforknownangles.
ANSWER:
Cx , Cy

A + Bcos(), Bsin()

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Correct
Thisshouldshowyouhoweasyitistoaddvectorsusingcomponents.Subtractionissimilarexceptthatthe
componentsmustbesubtractedratherthanadded,andthismakesitimportanttoknowwhetheryouare
findingD =

A B

orE=

B A

.(NotethatE=

.)

Althoughaddingvectorsusingcomponentsisclearlytheeasierpath,youprobablyhavenoimmediatepicture
inyourmindtogoalongwiththisprocedure.Conversely,youprobablythinkofaddingvectorsinthewaywe've
drawnthefigureforPartB.
Thisjustifiesthefollowingmaxim:Thinkaboutvectorsgeometricallyaddvectorsusingcomponents.

GeometricvsComponentwiseVectorAddition
LearningGoal:
Tounderstandthataddingvectorsbyusinggeometryandbyusingcomponentsgivesthesameresult,andthat
manipulatingvectorswithcomponentsismucheasier.
Vectorsmaybemanipulatedeithergeometricallyorusingcomponents.Inthisproblemweconsidertheadditionoftwo
vectorsusingbothofthesetwomethods.
ThevectorsAandBhavelengthsAandB,respectively,andBmakesanangle fromthedirectionofA.

Vectoradditionusinggeometry
Vectoradditionusinggeometryisaccomplishedbyputtingthetailofonevector(inthiscaseB)onthetipoftheother(
A

)andusingthelawsofplanegeometrytofindthelengthC ,

andangle ,oftheresultant(orsum)vector,C =

A +B

1.C

= A

2. =

sin

+B

2AB cos(c)

B sin(c)
C

).

Vectoradditionusingcomponents
Vectoradditionusingcomponentsrequiresthechoiceofacoordinatesystem.Inthisproblem,thexaxisischosen
alongthedirectionofA.ThenthexandycomponentsofBareB cos()andB sin() respectively.Thismeansthat
thexandycomponentsofC aregivenby
3.Cx
4.Cy

= A + B cos()

= B sin()

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PartA
Whichofthefollowingsetsofconditions,iftrue,wouldshowthattheexpressions1and2abovedefinethesame
vectorC asexpressions3and4?
Checkallthatapply.
ANSWER:
ThetwopairsofexpressionsgivethesamelengthanddirectionforC .
ThetwopairsofexpressionsgivethesamelengthandxcomponentforC .
ThetwopairsofexpressionsgivethesamedirectionandxcomponentforC .
ThetwopairsofexpressionsgivethesamelengthandycomponentforC .
ThetwopairsofexpressionsgivethesamedirectionandycomponentforC .
ThetwopairsofexpressionsgivethesamexandycomponentsforC .

Correct
Toshowthatthetwopairsofexpressions(forC and andforCx andCy )definethesamevectorC youcan
showthatanyofthesetsofconditionslistedabovearemetexcept
TheygivethesamelengthandxcomponentforC .
TheygivethesamelengthandycomponentforC .
Ifyouconsiderjustthefirstsetofconditions,showingthatthetwosetsofexpressionshavethesamelength
andxcomponentwillimplythattheycomponenthasthecorrectmagnitude.However,thereisnowaytoknow
thesign(i.e.,direction)oftheycomponent.Toshowthatthepairsofexpressionsgivenabovedefinethe
samevectorC ,wewouldneedtoshowthattheygivethesamelengthandthesamexandycomponents.We
willdothisinthequestionsthatfollow.

PartB
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Webeginbyinvestigatingwhetherthelengthsarethesame.
FindthelengthofthevectorC startingfromthecomponentsgiveninEquations3and4.
ExpressC intermsofA,B,and .

Hint1.ApplythePythagoreantheorem
YouaregiventhexandycomponentsinEquations3and4.Simplysquarethese,addthem,andtakethe
squareroot(i.e.,applythePythagoreantheorem)tofindthelengthofvectorC .
ANSWER:

+B

2ABcos( )

Correct

PartC
Thefollowingreasonsmightexplainwhytheequationforthelengthjustobtainedusingcomponentsisthesameas
theanswerobtainedusinggeometry(Equation1above):
1.c and aresupplementaryangles,thatis, + c = .
2.Thecosinefunctionsatisfiescos() = cos( ) .
3.Cosineisanevenfunctionofitsargument,sotheextranegativesigninoneexpressiondoesnot
matter.
Whichofthesereasonsis/arenecessarytoshowthat

+B

2AB cos(c) = A

+B

+ 2AB cos()

ANSWER:
1only
2only
3only
1and2
2and3
1and3
1and2and3

Correct

HavingshownthatthelengthofC obtainedusingeithergeometricaladditionORcomponentwiseadditionarethesame,
allthatremainsistoshowthatanyoneoftheotherconditionsfrompartAissatisfied.Inthelasttwopartsofthe
problem,we'llshowthattheycomponentofC determinedgeometricallyisequaltothatgivenabove.
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PartD
WebeginbyfindingtheycomponentofC fromitslengthandtheangleitmakeswiththexaxis,thatis,from
geometry.
ExpresstheycomponentofC intermsofC and .
ANSWER:
Cy

Csin()

Correct

PartE
NowexpresstheycomponentofC justfoundbyusingthegeometricalapproachintermsof ratherthan .
ExpressCy intermsofA,Band .

Hint1.Lawofsines
Thelawofsinescanbeusedtorelatesin () andsin (c) .
Expresssin () intermsofsin (c) ,C ,andB.
ANSWER:
sin ()
B

sin(c)
C

Hint2.Supplementaryangles
Angles andc aresupplementary,whichmeansthat + c
sin( x) ?

.Whatistherelationshipofsin(x) and

ANSWER:
Cy

Bsin()

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Correct
ThisisthesameasEquation4above,obtainedusingcomponents.Thinkingintermsofcomponents,the
resultisfairlyobvious:TheycomponentofC isequaltothetheycomponentofBsinceAhasnoy
componentinthechosencoordinatesystem.
Atthispointyouhaveactuallyshownthatthetwovectorsareequalbyshowingthattheoveralllengthsare
equal,andalsothattheycomponentsareequal.Youwouldonlyhavetoarguethatthexcomponentis
positivetocompletetheproofofequality.
Nevertheless,weareaskingyoutocompletethealgebratoshowthatthexcomponentsareequalaswell.

PartF
NowfindthexcomponentofC .
ExpressyouranswerintermsofC and only.
ANSWER:
Cx

Ccos()

Correct

Problem3.42
Thefigureshowsthreeropestiedtogetherinaknot.Oneof
yourfriendspullsonaropewith3.0unitsofforceandanother
pullsonasecondropewith5.0unitsofforce.

PartA
Howhardmustyoupullonthethirdropetokeeptheknotfrommoving?
ANSWER:
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F

= 4.4 unitsofforce

Correct

PartB
Inwhatdirectionmustyoupullonthethirdropetokeeptheknotfrommoving?
ANSWER:

= 83 counterclockwisefromtheleftdirection

Correct

Problem3.6
Findxandycomponentsofthefollowingvectors.

PartA

r = (620m, 45

below positive x axis)

Expressyouranswersusingtwosignificantfigures.Enteryouranswersnumericallyseparatedbya
comma.
ANSWER:
rx

,r y = 440,440 m

Correct

PartB

v = (320m/s, 39

above positive x axis)

Expressyouranswersusingtwosignificantfigures.Enteryouranswersnumericallyseparatedbya
comma.
ANSWER:
vx

,v y = 250,200 m/s

Correct

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PartC
a = (6.5m/s

, negative y direction)

Expressyouranswersusingtwosignificantfigures.Enteryouranswersnumericallyseparatedbya
comma.
ANSWER:
ax

,a y = 0,6.5 m/s 2

Correct

Problem3.8
LetC =(3.05m,37 abovethenegativexaxis)andD =(27.3m,43 totherightofthenegativeyaxis).

PartA
FindthemagnitudeofC .
ANSWER:
C

= 3.05 m

Correct

PartB
FindthexcomponentandtheycomponentC .
Enteryouranswersnumericallyseparatedbyacomma.
ANSWER:
Cx

,Cy = 2.4,1.8 m

Correct

PartC
FindthemagnitudeofD.
ANSWER:

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D

= 27.3 m

Correct

PartD
FindthexcomponentandtheycomponentD.
Enteryouranswersnumericallyseparatedbyacomma.
ANSWER:
Dx

,Dy = 19,20 m

Correct

Problem3.18
Whatarethexandycomponentsofthevelocityvectorshowninthefigure?

PartA
Expressyouranswertotwosignificantfiguresandincludetheappropriateunits.
ANSWER:
vx

m
= 50 s

Correct
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PartB
Expressyouranswertotwosignificantfiguresandincludetheappropriateunits.
ANSWER:
vy

= 87 m
s

Correct

Problem3.24

PartA

Whatistheangle betweenvectorsEandF inthefigure?

ANSWER:

= 71.6

Correct

PartB
UsecomponentstodeterminethemagnitudeofG=

E +F

ANSWER:

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G

= 3.00

Correct

PartC
UsecomponentstodeterminethedirectionofG=

E +F

ANSWER:

= 90.0 counterclockwisefromthepositivex axis

Correct

Problem3.26
ThefigureshowsvectorsAandB.FindD=2A+B.

PartA
FindthexandycomponentsofD.
Expressyouranswersusingtwosignificantfiguresseparatedbyacomma.
ANSWER:
Dx

,Dy = 4.9,2.8 m

Correct

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Problem3.30
Theminutehandonawatchis3.00cminlength.Whatisthedisplacementvectorofthetipoftheminutehand

PartA
From8:00to8:20a.m.?
Expressvectorr intheformr x ,r y ,wherethexandycomponentsareseparatedbyacomma.
ANSWER:
= 2.61,4.50 cm

Correct

PartB
From8:00to9:00a.m.?
Expressvectorr intheformr x ,r y ,wherethexandycomponentsareseparatedbyacomma.
ANSWER:
= 0,0 cm

Correct

Problem3.34
Acannontiltedupwardat37 firesacannonballwithaspeedof110m/s .

PartA
Whatisthecomponentofthecannonball'svelocityparalleltotheground?
Expressyouranswertotwosignificantfiguresandincludetheappropriateunits.
ANSWER:
v

= 88 m
s

Correct

Problem3.38
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Thetreasuremapinthefiguregivesthefollowingdirectionstotheburiedtreasure:"Startattheoldoaktree,walkdue
northfor550paces,thendueeastfor120paces.Dig."Butwhenyouarrive,youfindanangrydragonjustnorthofthe

tree.Toavoidthedragon,yousetoffalongtheyellowbrickroadatanangle60 eastofnorth.Afterwalking310paces
youseeanopeningthroughthewoods.

PartA
Whichdirectionshouldyougotoreachthetreasure?
ANSWER:

= 20.6 westofnorth

Correct

PartB
Howfarshouldyougotoreachthetreasure?
ANSWER:
422 paces

Correct
ScoreSummary:
Yourscoreonthisassignmentis114%.
Youreceived79.29outofapossibletotalof80points,plus11.9pointsofextracredit.

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