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Doc.

Title
Doc. No

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building
CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


0

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

CAI MEP INTERNATIONAL CONTAINER TERMINAL

METHOD STATEMENT FOR STATIC AND PDA LOAD TEST


OF PILE FOR BUILDING

Page 1

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

TABLE OF CONTENTS
I

INTRODUCTION

II.

STATIC LOAD TEST

1.

SPECIFICATIONS OF TEST PILE

2.

TEST PURPOSE

3.

TEST METHOD

4.

TEST EQUIP MENT

5.

SETTLEMENT

6.

PREPARATION

7.

TEST PROCEDURE

8.

TEST RESULT

12

9.

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

13

III.

PDA TEST

13

1.

TEST PURPOSE

13

2.

TEST PRINCIPLE

13

3.

TEST EQUIP MENT

13

4.

TEST PROCEDURE

14

5.

TEST RECORD

15

6.

TEST RESULT

15

IV. APPENDIX
Page 2

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

I.

INTRODUCTION

This method statement for the static and dynamic load test for the three kinds and
seven numbers of driven preliminary piles shall be carried out to check the integrity
of the initial design of these piles to be used as a building foundation for the project.
Location and selection of piles to be tested will be designated by the Engineer and
the number of these test piles conform to the number and location stipulated in the
Specification of the project.
Result obtained from these tests and the method of driving will be submitted to the
Engineer to re establish the final design of the pile and pile depth. The work will be
done by a third party who will be accredited and approved by the Engineer.
The Standard Test method to use for these preliminary driven test piles will be
ASTM 1143-81 (1994).
II.

STATIC LOAD TEST

1.0 SPECIFICATIONS OF TEST PILE


The driven preliminary piles as test piles are tested after seven days, the test result
must conform to or greater than the design friction and bearing capacity specified
by the Engineer prior to the commencement of mass piling works. Materials used in
the fabrication of these preliminary piles as test piles will be the same as for the
fabrication used for working piles. And the construction method in driving these
preliminary piles as test piles will be adopted throughout the mass piling works for
building structures.
The location of maximum test load shall be decided by the Engineer. Test piles
specifications and locations are listed in the table.
Table 1: Test Pile Specifications and Locations
TEST LOCATION
Operation Building
PMB Branch office
Amenity Block
CFS Building
Maintenance Shop
Container Gate
Sub Station

Pile Type- Diameter

Maximum test load


(Qmax=200%Qu)

Design Load(Qu)

PHC pile-500mm
PHC pile-600mm
PHC pile- 600mm
RC pile (400x400)mm
RC pile (400x400)mm
RC pile (400x400)mm
RC pile (400x400)mm

184 tons
266 tons
266 tons
78 tons
54 tons
54 tons
54 tons

92.0 tons
133.0 tons
133.0 tons
39 .0 tons
27.0 tons
27.0 tons
27.0 tons

Page 3

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


0

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

2.0

TEST PURPOSE

The static load test will be specified either on the preliminary pile or working pile in
accordance with the program of quality control. The purpose of the static load test is
to:
Obtain the capacity and settlement rate and residual settlement of pile for
every load increments and decrements.

Check the actual load bearing capacity compared to the theoretically


calculated design.
Loading test shall comply with ASTM 1143-81 (1994): Standard Test method for
Piles Under axial Compression Load.

3.0

TEST METHOD

Based on the design requirements, the test will be done by the application of an
axial static load to a single pile by compression method. By this process, a
hydraulic jack is placed on the vertically driven pile, acting directly opposite in
reaction to the series of statically placed Kent ledges load. The loading and
unloading process of these weights will be in increments for increasing the load and
decrements for decreasing the load. And these actions will be done at every interval
of time specified in the loading cycle of the test, refer to the table on loading cycle.
During the process, settlement will be recorded at every loading and unloading
made. These datas will be check on the four (4) numbers settlement gauges
installed around the four corners of the plain plate placed on top of the test pile
where the hydraulic jack rest. Note that the pile will resist the total reaction of the
weights of Kent ledges transmitted by the hydraulic jack during the process of
jacking off these weights.
4.0 TEST EQUIPMENT
The test equipment consists of apparatus for applying load, reaction system and
settlement measuring instruments.
4.1 Apparatus for applying load
The apparatus for applying load consist of hydraulic jack operated under a hydraulic
pump with pressure gauge. The list of apparatus for applying load and their
specifications are as follows:
a) Hydraulic jack
Page 4

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Type of jack

: KN500T 200

: China

Manufacturer

- Capacity force

: 500 ton

- Diameter of cylinder

: 400 mm.

- Maximum stroke

: 200 mm.

- Outside diameter

: 561 mm.

- Height

: 567 mm.

- Weight

: 940 kg.

- Quantity

: 01 pc.

b) Hydraulic pump
- Type of pump

: ENERPAC

- Manufacturer

: USA

- Engine

: 1.5 HP, 220V, 50 Hz

- Maximum Pressure

: 10,000 psi.

- Oil flow

: 1-11liter/minute

- Quantity

: 1 pc.

- Measuring Capacity

: 0-600 Kg/cm

- Error

: 1.5%

4.2 Reaction System


The reaction system contains test beams loading frame and kentledge. The loading
frame is constructed by a system of cross beams. The kentledge of concrete blocks
is placed safely on the loading frame; the test beam is placed directly or
approximately under resultant weight of the loading frame to form a reaction system
of the hydraulic jack or apparatus for applying load.
Lists of reaction system and their specification are as follows:
4.2.1 Test beam
Page 5

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

- Material

: High strength steel

- Dimension

: (900x300) mm x 12m

- Weight

: 4ton/pc.

- Quantity

: 1pc.

4.2.2 Cross beams


- Material

: High strength steel

- Dimension

: (700 x 700) mm x 12m

- Weight

: 2.5 ton

- Quantity

: 4 pcs.

4.2.3 Kentledge (including two supporters)


- Material

: Concrete

- Dimensions

: (1x1x2) m

- Total weight

: 350 tons

5.0 Settlement
The settlement measuring instruments consist of four (4) dial gauges and two
reference beams. The dial gauges will be placed firmly on the stable reference
beams to avoid the influence of soil movement or deformation of equipment in
measuring data of settlement. Listed below the gauges specifications
-

Manufacture

: Japan

Maximum travel

: 50 mm

Accuracy

: 0.01 mm

Quantity

: 04 pcs.

Before testing, the inspection and calibration certificates of the dial gauges shall be
submitted to the Engineer for approval. These certificates are attached hereinafter
for purposes of counter checking measures.
6.0 PREPARATION
Page 6

Doc. Title
Doc. No

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building
CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


0

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

The preparation of this test shall include pile installation and pile head treatment, in
order to ensure that the installation of steel plate will be flat and level as specified in
the method of standard used.

7.0 TEST PROCEDURE


7.1

Loading Procedure for the three types of piles

Based on the loading procedures, the load shall be applied in increments load.
Each load increment and decrement shall be held for specified interval of time.
Readings of gross settlement, load, and time are taken and recorded immediately
before and after the application of each load increment and decrement.
Following the application of each load increment and decrement, the load shall be
maintained at the specified value for not less than the time shown on the lower
portion of the table or until the rate of settlement is less than 0.25mm/60min in 02
cycles.

Page 7

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Table 1: Loading & Unloading cycle Procedure for 600mm PHC Pile
Cycle

Cycle 1

Cycle 2

Designed
Load (%)

Load
(Ton)

Minimum Holding Time

6.65

10 minutes

25

33.25

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

66.5

- ditto-

75

99.75

- ditto-

100

133

till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 6/hours

75

99.75

50

66.5

10 minutes

25

33.25

25

33.25

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

66.5

- ditto-

75

99.75

- ditto-

100

133

6 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

125

166.25

150

199.5

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

175

232.75

200

266

175

232.75

150

199.5

125

166.25

100

133

10 minutes
10 minutes
1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour


1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour
till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 24hours
10 minutes
- ditto- ditto- ditto 1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

Page 8

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Note: The rate of settlement should be less than 0.25 mm per 60 minutes at every
stage.

Table 2: Loading & Unloading Procedure for 500mm PHC Pile


Cycle

Cycle 1

Cycle 2

Design
Load (%)

Load
(Ton)

Minimum Holding Time

4.6

10 minutes

25

23

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

46

- ditto-

75

69

- ditto-

100

92

till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 6/hours

75

69

50

46

10 minutes

25

23

25

23

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

46

- ditto-

75

69

- ditto-

100

92

6 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

125

115

150

138

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

175

161

200

184

175

161

150

138

125

115

100

92

10 minutes
10 minutes
1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour


1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour
till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 24hours
10 minutes
- ditto- ditto- ditto 1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour
Page 9

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Note: The rate of settlement should be less than 0.25 mm per 60 minutes at every
stage.

Table 3: Loading & Unloading Procedure for (400x400) mm square pile


Cycle

Cycle 1

Cycle 2

Designed
Load (%)

Load
(Ton)

Minimum Holding Time

1.95

10 minutes

25

9.75

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

19.5

- ditto-

75

29.25

- ditto-

100

39

till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 6/hours

75

29.25

50

19.5

10 minutes

25

9.75

25

9.75

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

19.5

- ditto-

75

29.25

- ditto-

100

39

6 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

125

48.75

150

58.5

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

175

68.25

200

78

175

68.25

150

58.5

125

48.75

100

39

10 minutes
10 minutes
1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour


1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour
till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 24hours
10 minutes
- ditto- ditto- dittoPage 10

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

Note: The rate of settlement should be less than 0.25 mm per 60 minutes at every
stage.

Table 4: Loading & Unloading Procedure for (400x400) mm square pile


Cycle

Cycle 1

Designed
Load (%)

Load
(Ton)

Minimum Holding Time

1.35

10 minutes

25

6.75

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

13.5

- ditto-

75

20.25

- ditto-

100

27

till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 6/hours

75

20.25

50

13.5

10 minutes

25

6.75

10 minutes
10 minutes
1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour
Page 11

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Cycle 2

25

6.75

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

50

13.5

- ditto-

75

20.25

- ditto-

100

27

6 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

125

33.75

150

40.5

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

175

47.25

200

54

175

47.25

150

40.5

125

33.75

100

27

1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour


1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour
till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour and 24hours
10 minutes
- ditto- ditto- ditto 1 hour till the settlement rate 0.25 mm/hour

Note: The rate of settlement should be less than 0.25 mm per 60 minutes at every
stage.

7.2 Measurement Procedure


During loading and unloading, the readings of time, load and settlement of pile head
were taken and recorded for every increment and decrement at 0, 10, 20, 30, 45,
60, 90, 120 minutes. After these two hours, the settlement rate shall be hourly taken
in next 10 hours and each two hours for the last 12 hours.
Unloading reading time will be 0, 10, 20, 30 and each 30 minutes for the hour
following.
7.3 Abandonment of Load Test
Test shall be discontinued if any of the following occurs:
Faulty jack or gauge.
Pile head crack or broken.
Initial readings are incorrect.
Page 12

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


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Date

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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

7.4

Failure

When the preliminary tests have been done as prescribed above, the tested piles
shall be deemed to have failed or reached the ultimate load capacity if any one of
the following criteria is observed
Pile material is broken;
A settlement equal to 10% of the test pile diameter is recorded, or
The rate of settlement continues undiminished without further increment of
load.
8.0 TEST RESULT
The result of load test is recorded and submitted in two forms, these are in tabular
and graphical form.
8.1 Tabular Form
The data in this form includes load readings, time and settlement, recorded during
the test and is presented in "The Pile Load Test Report".
8.2 Graphical Form
From the test data, the following curves are established for tested pile:
Load - Settlement Curve
Settlement - Time Curve
Load - Settlement - Time Curve

9.0

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Conclusion and recommendations will be raised as a result of observation in the


execution and evaluation of the test result.

III. Pile Dynamic Testing


1. Test Purpose
The purpose of this test is to determine the load-bearing capacity of piles tested
by PDA method. The result of the test includes:
1. Calculation of load bearing capacity by CASE method and CAPWAP
software application.
2. Prediction of load-Settlement chart.
Page 13

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Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

3. Determination of defect if any.


The test shall be carried out at least 7 days after driving the preliminary for test
piles.
2. Test Principle
This method is based on the principle of transferring stress wave in elastic
environment. The stress wave will move down to the pile toe that is caused by
driving a hammer from the pile top. Its strength and velocity depends on hammer
energy and physical characteristics through the made-pile materials. The
transferring process is from the pile vertical movement caused by hammer energy
to the resisting soil around the pile and also the resisting soil opposite to the pile
toe. By this process, distribution of the soil resistance can be measured and
analyze at different levels, and defects can be discovered as well.
3. Test Equipment
The equipment used is Pile Driving Analyzer, Model PAK, from Pile Dynamics, Ins.,
USA, including:
02 Strain sensors and 02 Accelerators.
01 Monitor with functions:
+ Receive and store all general information about the tested piles and
working modes.
+ Receive and store the measured signals, and transferring from
accelerated signals to velocity signals by integrating.
+ Transfer data collected to computer for laboratory analysis.
4. Test procedure
The procedure includes two steps as follows:
a- Measuring stress waves on site
b- Analyzing the measured data in laboratory.
4.1.

Measuring Stress Waves on Site.

The test will be executed after the piles and its surrounding soil had already
settled, or follows the number of settlement days specified by the standard
method for testing of this type. The process of this test will be done as follows:
Fixing the strain sensors and accelerators in pairs to the pile body to ensure
the distance from them to the pile top smaller than 2D (D is the width of the
Page 14

Doc. Title
Doc. No

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building
CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

Date

July, 2010

Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

pile section). The pairs will be installed at the same level and at the opposite
sides through the center of the pile section (figure 1). Actually, the pairs on
site are from 0.8 to 1.0-m level satisfying the above condition.
Connecting the strain sensors and accelerators with PDA equipment.
Inputting information as characteristics of the piles, the driving hammers,

Strain sensor 1

(1.5 - 2.5)D

Strain sensor

Accelerator 1

Accelerator
Ground water level Strainsensor 2

Accelerator 2

The piles are driven by series of 1, 3, 5 and 10 hammering. During this process, the
equipment automatically records the acceleration and velocity waves of each
hammering and temporarily evaluates the load bearing capacities of the piles.
During the test, the following information will be noted:
Number of tested piles;
Equipment and method to settle the piles;
Characteristics of the site soil;
The rest time;
All related information to the load bearing capacity.
Page 15

Doc. Title

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


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4.2. Analyzing the Measured Data


The received signals on site measurement are transferred to a computer to be
further analyzed by CAPWAP software. Up to requirements, the bearing capacity
would be calculated by one of two following methods:
CASE method: the results can be quickly determined soon after ending the
test.
CAPWAP method: The tested pile and the soil would be modeled for
analyzing. For each model, the measured wave velocity, Vm, is used to
calculate the strain wave, Pc. By comparing Pc to the measured wave, Pm,
we can evaluate whether the used model matches the measured data or not.
This model would be gradually adjusted until Pc and Pm is the same. Pile
loading diagram and calculation of the load bearing capacity are based on a
model, which satisfies the above condition.
5. TEST RECORDS
Test Records:
General information of the tested piles.
Stress wave charts;
Calculated results of the load bearing capacity by CASE method;
Load - settlement chart;
Defect evaluation;
Other related information.
6. TEST RESULTS
Determining the load bearing capacity of the tested piles by analyzing the
measured stress waves.

Defect evaluation.

6.1 Testing Company:


Testing company shall be proposed to the Engineer by separate submission
for accreditation and approval.
Certificates of manpower, equipments and apparatus to be used for the test
shall be submitted by separate submittal.

III. APPENDIX
Page 16

Doc. Title
Doc. No

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building
CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


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Date

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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Organizational system
Quality Control form
Risk assessment plan
Test pile layout plan
Test schedule
Work flow chart
Inspection and test plan

Page 17

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Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building
CM MS BW - 003

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE

Rev. No.

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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Pile head
treatment
Set up load frame & Girder
Beam support
Set up 2 Girder Beam support
Test set up sample plan

Set up steel plate on pile head


Set up Hydraulic jack eccentric
to test pile resting on level steel
plate
Set up 2 Girder Beam support
for the load beams
Set up the Load carrying beam
system
WORK
AND
PROCEDURE
SetFLOW
up the ken
ledge
load on load
Beams
Set up 2 reference beam for the 4
dial settlement gauges
Install the 4 dial settlement gauges
and load gauge for the hydraulic
jack

NO= Clarify Objection

Check the efficiency of jack,


gauges and the loads, beams and
Girders for their proper position

Get the Approval of the


Engineer at site before
commencing the test

Page 18

YES=Proceed
the TEST

Doc. Title
Doc. No

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building
CM MS BW - 003

Rev. No.

TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


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Date

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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

MANPOWER ORGANIZATION

TOA -TOYO JV
Chief Engineer

Qc Engineer

Safety
Engineer
Page
19

Survey/Site
Engineer

Method Statement for Static and PDA


Load Test of pile for Building

Doc. Title
Doc. No

CM MS BW - 003

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TOA-TOYO JOINT VENTURE


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Construction of Port Facilities and Buildings for Cai Mep International Container Terminal

Item No

Title

Numbers

Remarks

Project Manager

Chief engineer

QC engineer

Safety officer

Site/Survey engineer

Eqpt. Operator/mechanic

Minimum for crane

Labor utilities

Minimum for test

Total

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