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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

VOLUME 2 AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

FlightSafety International, Inc. Marine Air Terminal, LaGuardia Airport Flushing, New York 11371 (718) 565-4100 www.flightsafety.com

Courses for the Cessna Citation Bravo Aircraft are taught at:

Cessna Learning Center

  • 1851 Airport Rd.

P.O. Box 12323 Wichita, Kansas 67277 (316) 220-3100 (800) 488-3214 FAX (316) 220-3134

San Antonio Learning Center San Antonio International Airport

  • 9027 Airport Blvd.

San Antonio, Texas 78216-4806 (210) 248-0100

(800) 889-7917 FAX (210) 826-4008

Cessna Learning Center

  • 4105 Bear Rd.

Orlando, Florida 32827-5001

(321) 281-3200 (800) 205-7494 FAX (321) 281-3299

Copyright © 2003 by FlightSafety International, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America.

FOR TRA IN ING PURPOSES ONLY

NOTICE

The material contained in this training manual is based on information obtained from the aircraft manufacturer’s pilot manuals and maintenance manuals. It is to be used for familiarization and training purposes only.

At the time of printing it contained then-current information. In the event of conflict between data provided herein and that in publications issued by the manufacturer or the FAA, that of the manufacturer or the FAA shall take precedence.

We at FlightSafety want you to have the best training possible. We welcome any suggestions you might have for improving this manual or any other aspect of our training program.

FOR TRA IN ING PURPOSES ONLY

CONTENTS

Chapter 1

AIRCRAFT GENERAL

Chapter 2

ELECTRICAL POWER

Chapter 3

LIGHTING

Chapter 4

MASTER WARNING SYSTEM

Chapter 5

FUEL SYSTEM

Chapter 7

POWERPLANT

Chapter 8

FIRE PROTECTION

Chapter 9

PNEUMATICS

Chapter 10

ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION

Chapter 11

AIR CONDITIONING

Chapter 12

PRESSURIZATION

Chapter 13

HYDRAULIC POWER SYSTEMS

Chapter 14

LANDING GEAR AND BRAKES

Chapter 15

FLIGHT CONTROLS

Chapter 16

AVIONICS

Chapter 17

MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS

APPENDIX

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 1 AIRCRAFT GENERAL CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 1-1 GENERAL

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CHAPTER 1 AIRCRAFT GENERAL

CONTENTS

Page

INTRODUCTION

...................................................................................................................

1-1

GENERAL

...............................................................................................................................

1-2

STRUCTURES Nose Section

........................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................... Flight Compartment

......................................................................................................... Entrance Door and Emergency Exit Cabin ................................................................................................................................ Wing Tail Cone Compartment Empennage ....................................................................................................................... SYSTEMS ............................................................................................................................. Electrical System ...........................................................................................................

................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................

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1-5

1-5

1-8

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1-9

1-10

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Fuel System Engines ........................................................................................................................... Ice Protection

...................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................. Hydraulic System

...........................................................................................................

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1-10

1-10

1-10

Flight Controls

............................................................................................................... Environmental Control ................................................................................................... Avionics ......................................................................................................................... PUBLICATIONS ................................................................................................................... CITATION BRAVO SPECIFICATIONS

..............................................................................

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Title Page 1-1 Cessna Citation Bravo—UNs 801 and

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure

Title

Page

1-1

Cessna Citation Bravo—UNs 801 and Subsequent

1-2

1-2

Exterior Three-View Drawing

..................................................................................

1-3

1-4

1-3

Braking Taxi Turning Distance

1-4

Engine Hazard Areas

................................................................................................

1-4

1-5

Baggage Door Lifters (Pneumatically Opened)

.......................................................

1-5

1-6

Sight Gauges

1-5

1-7

1-6

1-8

1-6

1-9

................................................................................... Entrance Door, Pins, Interior Handle and Latch Release

1-7

1-10

Door Locking Indicator Windows

............................................................................

1-7

1-7

1-11

Emergency Exit ........................................................................................................

1-12

Interior Arrangements

1-8

1-13

1-9

1-14

Wing Leading Edge

..................................................................................................

1-9

1-9

.............................................................................................................

1-10

1-15

Tail Cone Baggage Compartment ............................................................................

1-16

Empennage

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 1 AIRCRAFT GENERAL INTRODUCTION This training manual provides a

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CHAPTER 1 AIRCRAFT GENERAL

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 1 AIRCRAFT GENERAL INTRODUCTION This training manual provides a

INTRODUCTION

This training manual provides a description of the major airframe and engine systems installed in the Cessna Citation Bravo. The information contained herein is intended only as an instructional aid. This material does not supersede, nor is it meant to substitute for, any of the manufacturer’s maintenance or operating manuals. The material presented has been prepared from current design data.

Chapter 1 covers the structural makeup of the airplane and gives an overview of the systems.

An annunciator section in this manual displays all annunciator and other light indica- tions and should be used for reference while reading this manual.

Review questions are contained at the end of most chapters. These questions are included as a self-study aid, and the answers can be found in the back of the book.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL GENERAL STRUCTURES The Citation Bravo, UNs 0801 and subse- quent,

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

GENERAL

STRUCTURES

The Citation Bravo, UNs 0801 and subse- quent, is certified in accordance with FAR Pa rt 25 airworthiness standards and utilizes the fail-safe construction concept. It com- bines systems simplicity with ease of access to reduce maintenance requirements. Low takeoff and landing speeds are permitted op- erations at small airports. High bypass tur- bofan engines contribute to overall operating efficiency and performance.

The minimum crew requirements for opera- tions in the Citation Bravo are one pilot and one copilot. The pilot-in-command must have a Citation type rating and meet the require- ments of FAR 61.58 for two-pilot operation. The copilot shall possess a multiengine rating and meet the requirements of FAR 61.55.

The Citation Bravo (Figure 1-1) is a pressur- ized low-wing monoplane. Two Pratt and Whitney Aircraft of Canada Limited PW530A turbofan engines are pylon mounted on the rear fuselage.

Figure 1-2 shows a three-view drawing of the Citation Bravo containing the approximate e xterior and cabin dimensions. Figure 1-3 shows braking taxi turning distance, and Figure 1-4 is a diagram of engine hazard areas.

NOSE SECTION

The nose section is an unpressurized area con- taining the avionics compartment, an equip- ment area, and a baggage storage area. The avionics area is accessible through a removable

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL GENERAL STRUCTURES The Citation Bravo, UNs 0801 and subse- quent,

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Figure 1-1.

Cessna Citation Bravo—UNs 801 and Subsequent

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL 51.70 FEET 13.10 FEET ELEVATOR 19.00 FEET TRIM TABS AILERON

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

51.70 FEET 13.10 FEET ELEVATOR 19.00 FEET TRIM TABS AILERON TRIM TAB MAIN GEAR DOOR SPEED
51.70 FEET
13.10
FEET
ELEVATOR
19.00
FEET
TRIM TABS
AILERON TRIM TAB
MAIN GEAR DOOR
SPEED BRAKE
(UPPER AND LOWER)
NAV/ANTI-COLLISION
EMERGENCY EXIT
EMERGENCY EXIT
(RIGHT SIDE ONLY)
CABIN DOOR
RIGHT SIDE VIEW (REF)
RUDDER TRIM TAB
BAGGAGE DOORS
NOSE GEAR DOORS
RAM AIR INLET
FOUL WEATHER WINDOW
(LEFT SIDE ONLY)
15.00 FEET
POSITION LIGHT
(WHITE)
TAILCONE ACCESS DOOR
(L. SIDE ONLY)
18.50 FEET
47.30 FEET

Figure 1-2.

Exterior Three-View Drawing

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL WALL TO WALL 52.15 FEET (15.895 M) 26.07 FEET (7.946

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

WALL TO WALL 52.15 FEET (15.895 M) 26.07 FEET (7.946 M) 18.47 FEET (5.630 M) 6.54
WALL TO WALL 52.15 FEET (15.895 M)
26.07
FEET (7.946 M)
18.47
FEET (5.630 M)
6.54 FEET
(1.993 M)
23.50 FEET (7.163 M)
CURB TO CURB
25.01 FEET (7.623 M)

Figure 1-3.

Braking Taxi Turning Distance

1000 225 150 140 125 110 100 87 75 TEMPERATURE—°F 537.8 107 65 60 51 43
1000
225
150
140
125
110
100
87
75
TEMPERATURE—°F
537.8 107
65
60
51
43
37
30
23
TEMPERATURE—°C
640
315
150
85
60
43
30
22
15
VELOCITY—KNOTS
45 FEET
(13.71 M)
0
9
18
27
36
45
54
64
73
35 FEET
(10.67
M)

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DISTANCE IN METERS

0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240
0
30
60
90
120
150
180
210
240

Figure 1-4.

DISTANCE IN FEET

Engine Hazard Areas

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL radome. The radome can be lifted off after re- leasing

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

radome. The radome can be lifted off after re- leasing one quarter inch drive type lock on each side of the forward nose baggage compartment and one quarter inch drive lock ahead of the pilot’s and copilot’s pitot tubes. The baggage compartment has two swing-up doors hinged at the upper edge. The nose baggage compart- ment has a capacity of 310 lbs.

Va rious sight indicators are located on the aft b ulkhead of the nose baggage compartment. Sight gauges for the wheel brake’s hydraulic reservoir and the accumulator are located on the left side. The windshield alcohol tank and landing gear/wheel brake’s air bottle sight indicators are located on the right side (Figure 1-6).

The nose baggage doors incorporate two latches and one mechanical lock each. The door locking system operates a microswitch in each key lock assembly, which is connected to the L or R BAGGAGE DOOR not locked wa rning circuit. A manual light switch is lo- cated in the compartment. When both nose compartment doors are closed, and the door hinge assemblies attached to the pneumatic c ylinders (Figure 1-5) strike the respective microswitches, the nose compartment light circuit opens and extinguishes the nose com- partment light.

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL radome. The radome can be lifted off after re- leasing

Figure 1-5.

Baggage Door Lifters (Pneumatically Opened)

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL radome. The radome can be lifted off after re- leasing

Ensure the key is removed prior to flight to prevent possible ingestion of the key into an engine.

A pneumatic cylinder on each door holds the door in the fully open position. The brake reservoir, power brake accumulator, and dig- ital antiskid control box, are located behind the left aft bulkhead of the nose baggage compartment.

Figure 1-6. Sight Gauges
Figure 1-6.
Sight Gauges

FLIGHT COMPARTMENT

Tw o complete crew stations are provided with dual controls, including control columns, ad- justable rudder pedals, and brakes. There are two fully-adjustable seats with seat belts and shoulder harnesses (Figure 1-7).

The foul weather window on the pilot’s side can be opened, as seen in Figure 1-8.

ENTRANCE DOOR AND EMERGENCY EXIT

The entrance door opens outboard and is held

open by a mechanical latch (Figure 1-9). A latch release is located in the interior of the cabin on the forward edge of the door open- ing, next to the light switch. This PULL TO RELEASE lever allows the door to be closed.

The entrance door is secured in the closed po- sition by 12 locking pins attached to a handle. The handle linkage can be operated from the inside or outside of the door. The exterior han- dle can be secured with a key lock for security.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

1-5

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-7. Flight Compartment Figure 1-8. Pilot’s Foul Weather Window

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-7. Flight Compartment Figure 1-8. Pilot’s Foul Weather Window

Figure 1-7.

Flight Compartment

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-7. Flight Compartment Figure 1-8. Pilot’s Foul Weather Window

Figure 1-8.

Pilot’s Foul Weather Window

The lower forward locking pin activates a mi- croswitch in the door warning circuit that il- luminates the CABIN DOOR not locked annunciator light whenever the door is not closed and secured. The door also incorpo- rates five indicator windows in the locking system to show a visual closed-and-locked condition (Figure 1-10). When the door is closed and locked, the lower forward lock- ing pin depresses a plunger. This opens a

v alve to allow bleed air to inflate the pneu- matic cabin door seal, which is installed in the door perimeter to prevent cabin pres- sure loss.

If the door seal loses inflation pressure, the DOOR SEAL annunciator light illuminates. Cabin pressurization will not be lost, as the secondary seal (which is not inflatable) will hold the cabin pressure.

1-6

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-9. Entrance Door, Pins, Interior Handle and Latch Release

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-9. Entrance Door, Pins, Interior Handle and Latch Release

Figure 1-9.

Entrance Door, Pins, Interior Handle and Latch Release

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-9. Entrance Door, Pins, Interior Handle and Latch Release

Figure 1-10.

Door Locking Indicator Windows

An emergency exit, located opposite the en- trance door on the right side of the fuselage (Figure 1-11), opens inboard. It is a plug- type door installation and has a provision for inserting a locking pin to prevent unauthorized entry while the airplane is on the ground. The pilot must ensure this pin is removed prior to flight. Both the cabin entrance door and emer-

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-9. Entrance Door, Pins, Interior Handle and Latch Release

Figure 1-11.

Emergency Exit

gency exit door can be opened from either outside or inside the airplane. The emergency e xit door is not connected to the door warn- ing circuit.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

1-7

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CABIN The cabin extends from the forward to the aft

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CABIN

The cabin extends from the forward to the aft pressure bulkhead and measures approxi- mately 20.9 feet in length, 5 feet in width, and 5 feet in height. The cabin baggage compart- ment is located aft of the rear seats and has a capacity of 600 pounds. Figure 1-12 shows the various interior arrangements.

Additional baggage storage is available in the nose compartment and in the tail cone. A typical interior arrangement consists of eight passenger seats plus two pilot seats and a toilet. The cabin area is provided with dropout, constant-flow oxygen masks for emergency use. The cabin overhead panels contain individual air outlets and seat light- ing for passenger comfort. Indirect lighting for the cabin is provided by two rows of flu- orescent bulbs running the length of the cabin, controlled by a switch near the cabin entrance.

WING

The wing is composed of all metal construc- tion consisting of two wing panels attached to two 30-inch wing stubs, which are part of the fuselage carry-through structure. Speedbrakes and flaps are installed on each wing (Figure 1-13).

The entire wing forward of the rear spar, e xcept the main gear well area, is sealed for fuel containment. The right and left inte- gral wing fuel tanks normally supply fuel to the respective engines; however, through crossfeeding, either tank may feed its own or both engines.

STANDARD

OPTIONAL

Figure 1-12.

Interior Arrangements

1-8

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-13. Wing Trailing Edge The leading edge of the

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-13. Wing Trailing Edge The leading edge of the

Figure 1-13.

Wing Trailing Edge

The leading edge of the wing has two sections protected against ice buildup. The wing lead- ing edge forward of the engines is electrically heated and anti-iced while the remainder of the leading edge is deiced by inflation of rubber deicer boots with engine bleed air. There is also a rubber stall strip attached to the inner por- tion of the booted section to induce the pre- stall buffet (Figure 1-14).

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-13. Wing Trailing Edge The leading edge of the

Figure 1-14.

Wing Leading Edge

TAIL CONE COMPARTMENT

The tail cone compartment is an unpressurized area and contains the major components of the hydraulic, environmental, electrical distribu- tion, and engine fire extinguishing systems. Access is through an entrance door on the left- hand side of the fuselage below the engine. This entrance door is to the tail cone baggage com- partment (Figure 1-15) and entrance to the rest

of the tail cone is via a door on the forward b ulkhead of the baggage compartment. The tail cone baggage compartment has a total capac- ity of 500 lbs.

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-13. Wing Trailing Edge The leading edge of the

Figure 1-15.

Tail Cone Baggage Compartment

The tail cone compartment door is secured at the top by two mechanical latches and a key lock and is hinged at the bottom.

A microswitch, operated by the key lock, is connected to the AFT BAG DOOR not locked wa rning circuit. A light switch on the forward edge of the door opening is powered from the hot battery bus and provides illumination of the tail cone area for preflight inspection pur- poses. A microswitch, installed in the door track, will extinguish the light when the door is closed if the manual switch is left on.

EMPENNAGE

The empennage consists of a vertical stabi- lizer, horizontal stabilizers, and a dorsal fin (Figure 1-16).

Pneumatic boots deice the leading edges of the horizontal stabilizers and vertical sta- bilizer. The dorsal fin, attached to the top side of the rear fuselage, has a ram-air duct containing two NACA ducts which provide air for use in the airplane air cycle machine heat exchangers and the windshield bleed- air heat exchanger.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

1-9

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 1-16. Empennage SYSTEMS ELECTRICAL SYSTEM The airplane DC buses

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

Figure 1-16. Empennage
Figure 1-16.
Empennage

SYSTEMS

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

The airplane DC buses are supplied from two engine-driven starter-generators. Engine start- ing and secondary DC power is available from either the battery or an external source. Two static inverters provide AC power for avion- ics systems.

FUEL SYSTEM

The fuel system has two distinct, identical halves. Each wing tank stores and supplies fuel to its respective engine, but crossfeed ca- pability is incorporated. All controls and in- dicators are located in the cockpit and cabin.

ENGINES

Tw o United Aircraft (Pratt and Whitney) PW530A turbofans, installed on pylons mounted on the rear fuselage, produce 2,887 pounds of thrust each. Ice protection, fire de- tection, and extinguishing systems are incor- porated. Target-type thrust reversers are individually operated by conventional “piggy- back” controls mounted on the throttles.

ICE PROTECTION

Ice protection for the wings and empennage leading edges is provided by pneumatic boots e xcept for the inboard section of the wings, which are anti-iced by electrically heated panels. Engine compressor bleed air heats the engine nose cone, nacelle inlet, T1 tem- perature probe, and the first set of stator v anes on each engine. Engine bleed air can be discharged through nozzles directed at the front of the windshields. Isopropyl alcohol is av ailable to anti-ice the left windshield in the event bleed-air is not available. Pitot- static and angle-of-attack sensors employ electrical heaters. All bleed-air and electri- cal deice systems must be turned on prior to operation in visible moisture when the indi- cated ram air temperature (RAT) is +10°C or below.

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

Engine-driven pumps supply hydraulic pres- sure for operation of the landing gear, speed- brakes, and thrust reversers through an open center system. The main gears are equipped with antiskid-controlled wheel brakes, oper- ated hydraulically from a separate hydraulic system. Pneumatic backup is available for landing gear extension and braking.

FLIGHT CONTROLS

Primary flight control is accomplished through conventional cable-operated sur- f aces. Manual trimming is provided by aileron, elevator, and rudder tabs. The eleva- tor trim is both mechanically and electrically actuated. Hydraulically operated speedbrakes are installed on the upper and lower wing surfaces and electrically operated flaps are in- stalled on the trailing edges. The rudder ped- als mechanically control nosewheel steering.

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FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL Cabin pressurization utilizes bleed air from the engines,

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL

Cabin pressurization utilizes bleed air from the engines, which is conditioned by an air-cycle machine. Temperature is controllable and the system provides sufficient pressure to main- tain sea level pressure up to an approximate altitude of 25,000 feet, and approximately 8,000-feet cabin pressure at a cruise altitude of 45,000 feet. These pressures are based on a pressure differential of 8.9 psi. The oxygen system supplies the cockpit through quick- donning masks and the cabin through dropout masks automatically deployed in the event of e xcessive cabin altitude.

AVIONICS

The standard avionics package includes dual audio control panels (amplifiers), dual VHF COMM transceivers, dual NAVs, dual remotely mounted marker beacon receivers, dual DMEs, dual transponders, ADF, automatic flight guid- ance system, dual electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) (which is part of the flight guid- ance system), a GNS-X/LS flight manage- ment system with GPS capability, standby horizontal situation indicator, a cockpit voice recorder, a standby ADI/altimeter/airspeed indicator, and weather radar. Included as part of the automatic flight guidance system is al- titude reporting. The vertical navigation (VNAV) function is advisory and does not couple to the autopilot/flight director. The flight guidance system provides Category II equipment capability. Optional equipment in- cludes: traffic collision avoidance system (TCAS I), a second ADF, a flight data recorder, an emergency locator transmitter (ELT), the Universal UNS-Csp, UNS-1K, UNS-1C, and Honeywell FMZ are optional FMS.

The two COMMs, two NAVs, two transpon- ders, and single DF receiver are mounted in a stacked arrangement behind the consolidated control panel located in the center instrument panel. Two fans cool the communications rack; f an 1 (internally located in the rack and com- posed of two units) and fan 2 (located beneath the cockpit floor and providing cooling air through ducts).

PUBLICATIONS

The FAA Approved Flight Manual (AFM) is a required flight item. It contains the limita- tions, operating procedure, performance data pertinent to takeoffs and landings, and weight and balance data. It does not contain enroute performance information. The AFM a lways takes precedence over any other publication.

The Citation Operating Manual contains ex- panded descriptions of the airplane systems and operating procedures. It contains enroute flight planning information as well as some takeoff and landing performance information.

The Cessna checklist contains abbreviated op- erating procedures and abbreviated perform- ance data. If any doubt exists or if the checklist does not cover the conditions, the AFM must be consulted.

The Citation Weight and Balance Manual con- tains detailed information in the form of tables and diagrams. However, it is not required to be in the airplane as the basic empty weight and moment and means of determining the center-of-gravity location are all contained in the AFM .

The Honeywell Primus® 1000 Integrated Av ionics System for the Citation Bravo Manual is a required flight item. It contains operating procedures for use of the two Primary Flight Displays and Display Controllers and the Multifunction Display with MFD and Radar Controllers. Complete operational procedures for use of the Flight Directors Mode Panel and Autopilot Controller are included.

The Allied Signal Aerospace Global Wulfsberg GNS-X/LS Operator’s Manual is a required flight item (if installed). It describes opera- tional procedures for use of the Flight Management System (FMS), its equipment, ca- pabilities, and its operation. How to initialize, select or build a flight plan, navigate using the va rious navigation sources, such as: DME, V OR, and GPS sensors, and optional AFIS are also described in the Allied Signal Aerospace Global Wulfsberg GNS-X/LS Operator’s Manual .

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CITATION BRAVO SPECIFICATIONS Maximum Cruise Speed (±3%) 404 KTAS, (749)

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CITATION BRAVO SPECIFICATIONS

Maximum Cruise Speed (±3%)

404 KTAS, (749) km/hr), 33,000 feet (10,058 m), 12,000 lbs (5,443 kg)

Ceiling

45,000 feet (13,216 m) maximum certified; 27,750 feet (8,485 m single engine)

Airspeed Limit

V MO below 8,000 feet

..................................................................................

260 KIAS (482 km/hr)

V MO between 8,000 feet to 27,900 feet (2,438 m to 8,504 m)

..............

275 KIAS (510 km/hr)

M MO 27,900 feet (8,504 m) and above

............................................................................

0.70 Mach

Rate of Climb

Single Engine

1,133 fpm (345 mpm)

Tw o Eng ine

3,195 fpm (974 mpm)

Stall Speed

86 knots CAS (159 km/hr) in landing configuration at 13,500 lbs. (6,123 kg)

Pressurization

Normal pressure differential is 8.9 psi (61.4 kP)

Range (±3%)

1,900 nautical miles (3,519 km) with four passengers and full fuel, and 45-minutes reserves

Engine

Pratt & Whitney PW530A

Ta k eof f Thr ust

2,887 lbs (12.83 kN)

Bypass Ratio

1:3.24

1-12

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Outside Dimensions international Wing Span 51.7’ (15.90 m) Overall Height 15.0’

CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

Outside Dimensions

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Wing Span

51.7’ (15.90 m)

Overall Height

15.0’ (4.57 m)

Overall Length

47.3’ (14.39 m)

Cabin Dimensions (With Typical Interior Installed)

Height

4 .75’(1.43

m)

Width ..............................................................................................................................

4 .92’ (1.48

m)

Length (forward pressure bulkhead to aft pressure bulkhead)

20.9’ (6.31 m)

Design Weights and Fuel Capacity

Maximum ramp weight

..................................................................................

15,000 lbs (6,804 kg)

Maximum takeoff weight

................................................................................

14,800 lbs (6,713 kg)

Maximum landing weight

..............................................................................

13,500 lbs (6,123 kg)

Maximum zero fuel weight

............................................................................

11,300 lbs (5,126 kg)

Maximum fuel capacity (usable)

....................................................................

4,860 lbs (2,209 kg)

Approximate standard empty weight*

............................................................

8,750 lbs (3,969 kg)

Tw o pilots and furnishings

......................................................................................

400 lbs (181 kg)

Total basic operating weight

............................................................................

9,150 lbs (4,150 kg)

Useful payload and fuel at ramp

............................................................................

5,850 (2,654 kg)

P ayload with full fuel

..............................................................................................

990 lbs (450 kg)

Maximum payload weight**

................................................................................

2,150 lbs (975 kg)

*

Includes unusable fuel, oil, and standard equipment as listed in “Citation Bravo Specification and Description.”

**

Zero fuel weight limited

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL POWER CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 2-1 GENERAL

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL POWER

CONTENTS

Page

INTRODUCTION

...................................................................................................................

2-1

GENERAL DC POWER Battery Starter/Generators

...............................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................

2-1

2-2

2-2

2-2

External Power

.................................................................................................................

2-2

Distribution

......................................................................................................................

2-4

Control

.............................................................................................................................

2-7

Monitoring

....................................................................................................................... Protection ......................................................................................................................... Operation .......................................................................................................................... AC POWER ........................................................................................................................... General Control

...........................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................... Monitor and Test

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2-7

2-8

2-8

2-10

2-10

2-10

2-11

Operation

....................................................................................................................... LIMITATIONS ...................................................................................................................... REVIEW QUESTIONS ........................................................................................................

2-12

2-12

2-13

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-i

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Title Page 2-1 Battery Location 2-2 2-2 2-3

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure

Title

Page

2-1

Battery Location

2-2

2-2

2-3

....................................................................................................... Generator Circuit

...................................................................................................... External Power Receptacle

.......................................................................................

2-3

2-3

2-4

System Distribution

..................................................................................................

2-5

...............................................................................................

2-6

2-5

Circuit-Breaker Panel

2-6

DC Electrical Controls and Indicators

2-7

2-7

AC Controls

............................................................................................................

2-11

TABLES

Table

Title

Page

2-1

AC/Avionics Power ................................................................................................

2-11

2-12

2-2

Battery and Starter Cycle Limitations

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-iii

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL POWER INTRODUCTION #1 #1 DC #1 SERVO

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CHAPTER 2 ELECTRICAL POWER

INTRODUCTION

#1 #1 DC #1 SERVO OIL ENG PL GEN SYSTEM BATT HOT BAT OFF AC GEN
#1
#1
DC
#1
SERVO
OIL ENG
PL
GEN
SYSTEM
BATT
HOT
BAT
OFF
AC
GEN

This chapter provides a description of the electrical power system used on the Citation Bravo. Included is information on the DC and AC systems. The DC system consists of storage, generation, distribution, and system monitoring. The AC system consists of gen- eration, distribution, and system monitoring. Provision is also made for a limited sup- ply of power during emergency conditions in flight and connection of an external power unit while on the ground.

GENERAL

Direct current provides the principal electric power for the Citation Bravo. Two genera- tors are the primary power sources; second- ary sources consist of one battery and/or e xternal power. Normal distribution of DC power is via three left and three right buses connected by a tie bus (battery bus). This arrangement allows either generator to power

the entire system or, working in parallel, to share the system load. The hot battery and emergency buses are normally tied to the main system, but may be isolated to only the bat- tery or external power sources. When the air- plane is on the ground, an external DC power source (EPU) may be utilized to supply elec- trical power to the buses.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-1

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL DC POWER BATTERY A standard 44 ampere-hour nickel-cadmium battery provides

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

DC POWER

BATTERY

A standard 44 ampere-hour nickel-cadmium battery provides 24-volt power (or optional 40- ampere hour). The battery, located in the tail cone compartment (Figure 2-1), is provided with a manual quick-disconnect and is acces- sible through the tail cone door. The battery is always connected to the hot battery bus. It is susceptible to, and must be protected from, ov erheat due to excessive charging. Therefore, use of the battery is limited to three engine starts per hour. During an external power start, the battery is separated from its ground to pre- v ent battery discharge during the start cycle. Consequently, a start using an external power unit is not considered a battery start. A battery in good condition should supply power to all b uses for approximately 10 minutes. If only the hot battery and emergency buses are pow- ered, battery life should be approximately 30 minutes.

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL DC POWER BATTERY A standard 44 ampere-hour nickel-cadmium battery provides

Figure 2-1.

Battery Location

STARTER/GENERATORS

Tw o engine-driven DC starter-generators, one mounted on each engine accessory gear- box, are the primary source of power and supply all DC buses. Each generator is air cooled, rated at 30-volts DC, regulated to 28.5 volts, 400 amperes, and is capable of 50% overload to 600 amperes for two minutes.

The generators are used as motors for engine starting, then become generators at the com- pletion of the start cycle. Each generator sys- tem is operated independently, but power is distributed through systems that are in par- allel except under fault conditions. The gen- erators share loads equally (±10% of total load) during normal operation via an equal- izer connection between the generator con- trol units (GCU).

DC power from the engine-driven generators is distributed to two main DC buses (Figure 2-2). The two main DC buses are paralleled through two 225-ampere current limiters con- nected to the battery bus. Generator power is routed to the hot battery bus through the bat- tery relay and also to the emergency bus through the emergency relay. The battery and emergency relays are operated by the battery switch.

EXTERNAL POWER

An external power unit may be connected to the airplane DC system through a receptacle located in the fuselage below the left engine nacelle (Figure 2-3). External power is con- nected to the hot battery bus. The battery charges from the external power unit regard- less of the battery switch position.

Before connecting an external power unit, the v oltage of the unit should be regulated to 28.0 v olts, and the amperage output should be be- tween 800 and 1,000 amperes.

Connecting the external power source ener- gizes the external power relay, connecting the external power source to the hot battery b us. Placing the battery switch to the BATT position energizes the battery relay, allowing the DC external power to be connected to the battery bus, and the left and right main buses. The external power relay is deenergized to re- move external power from the hot battery b us when either generator power relay is closed. This is to prevent the airplane gener- ators and the EPU from applying power to the airplane buses simultaneously.

2-2

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL 80 80 A A LH MAIN LH MAIN BATTERY BUS

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

80 80 A A LH MAIN LH MAIN BATTERY BUS BATTERY BUS BATTERY BUS BATTERY BUS
80
80 A
A
LH MAIN
LH MAIN
BATTERY BUS
BATTERY BUS
BATTERY BUS
BATTERY BUS
RH MAIN
RH MAIN
225 A
225 A
20 A
BATT
AMMETER
50
EMERGENCY
50
AMMETER
RELAY
BATT
OFF
LH
RH
GEN
RELAY
GEN
POWER
POWER
OFF
OFF
EMER
28.5
28.5
GCU
28.5
GCU
20 A
LH
RH
RESET
HOT BATT BUS
HOT BATT BUS
RESET
GEN
GEN
QUICK
DISCONNECT
FIELD
FIELD
O'VOLT
RELAY
RELAY
BATT
BATTERY
DISCONNECT
EPU
RELAY

Figure 2-2.

Generator Circuit

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL 80 80 A A LH MAIN LH MAIN BATTERY BUS

Figure 2-3.

External Power Receptacle

NOTE

It is recommended the EPU be turned on, allowed to stabilize, and then plug the power cord into the aircraft while the EPU is powered. This prevents v oltage spikes from damaging sensi- tive equipment. Some external power units do not have reverse current pro- tection and rapid discharge of the bat- tery could occur if the cart is turned off and left connected to the airplane. Therefore, it is good practice to dis- connect the power cart when the EPU is not in use.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-3

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL DISTRIBUTION Direct current is distributed throughout the airplane by 10

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

DISTRIBUTION

Direct current is distributed throughout the airplane by 10 buses (Figures 2-4). Located in the main junction box in the tail cone compart- ment are two main DC buses, the battery bus, and the hot battery bus. In the cockpit, at the pilot’s circuit-breaker panels, are two main e xtension buses, two crossover buses, and the emergency buses.

The two main DC buses are normally powered by the right and left generators and are tied to- gether by the battery bus. They may also receive power from the battery or an external power unit (Figure 2-4).

The hot battery bus is always connected directly to the battery. It may receive power from an ex- ternal power unit, and it is powered from the generators during normal operation.

The battery bus functions solely as a bus tie to connect the hot battery, the emergency, and the two main DC buses, tying the four parts into one integral system.

From each main DC bus in the tail cone, an ex- tension bus provides distribution of power to components through controls and circuit break- ers in the cockpit. The left and right main ex- tension buses are located behind the pilot and copilot circuit-breakers panels, respectively (Figure 2-5).

In order to permit logical grouping of circuit breakers (i.e., left and right ignition), circuit connections are provided from the right or left main extension bus to the opposite circuit- breaker panel through the right and left crossover buses (Figure 2-4).

Emergency buses are located on each circuit- breaker panel.

Primary items that receive power directly from the hot battery bus are:

• Lights—Cabin entrance, nose baggage compartment, tail cone, and emergency e xit

• Ignition, start only

• Voltmeter—Battery voltage (battery switch in BATT or EMER), left/right generator voltage regardless of battery switch position

Emergency Bus (battery switch, EMER) Emergency Nicad battery pack (emer- gency lights) • E LT, optional Emergency bus items are the following:

COMM 1

• • Pilot’s and copilot’s audio panels

NAV 1

• • Standby HSI • LH and RH N 1 indicators • Standby pitot/static heat •

DG 1

Standby airspeed/altimeter vibrator (UNs 0801-0808) • Cockpit floodlights • NAV 1 Convert

In addition, the emergency lead-acid battery located in the nose avionics compartment pro- vides 30-minutes of power to the standby atti- tude gyro or secondary flight display (Meggitt) during a loss of main DC power and provides back lighting for the following instruments:

Standby attitude gyro (UNs 0801-0808) • N 1 indicators • Standby HSI •

Standby airspeed/altimeter (UNs 0801-

0808)

2-4

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL MASTER WARNING 115 VAC 1 RESET 115 VAC 2 26

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

MASTER WARNING 115 VAC 1 RESET 115 VAC 2 26 VAC 1 26 VAC 2 AC
MASTER
WARNING
115 VAC 1
RESET
115 VAC 2
26 VAC 1
26 VAC 2
AC
FAIL
INVERTER
FAIL
1
2
INV 1
N
O
INVERTER #1
INVERTER #2
R
M
INV 2
PILOT’S CB PANEL
COPILOT’S CB PANEL
EMER
EMER
RH
X OVER
LH
X OVER
35 A
35 A
10 A
10 A
LH MAIN EXT
RH MAIN EXT
CIRCUIT BREAKERS
75 A
75
A
CURRENT LIMITERS
80 A
80
A
LH MAIN
LH MAIN
BATTERY BUS
BATTERY BUS
BATTERY BUS
BATTERY BUS
RH MAIN
RH MAIN
225 A
225 A
20 A
BATT
AMMETER
50
50
AMMETER
EMERGENCY
RELAY
LH
BATT
OFF
RH
GEN
POWER
RELAY
POWER
GEN
RELAY
RELAY
OFF
OFF
EMER
GCU
28.5
VOLTMETER
28.5
VOLTMETER
28.5
GCU
20 A
LH
RESET
HOT BATT BUS
HOT BATT BUS
RH
RESET
GEN
GEN
START
START
QUICK
RELAY
RELAY
DISCONNECT
FIELD
FIELD
RELAY
O’VOLT RELAY
RELAY
BATT
BATTERY DISCONNECT
RELAY
EPU

Figure 2-4.

System Distribution

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-5

FlightSafety international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 2-5. Circuit-Breaker Panel
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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL
Figure 2-5.
Circuit-Breaker Panel

2-6

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CONTROL Control of the DC power system is maintained with

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

CONTROL

Control of the DC power system is maintained with a battery switch and two generator switches (Figure 2-6). The battery switch has three positions: BATT, OFF, and EMER. With the switch in the OFF position, the hot battery b us is isolated from all other buses in the sys- tem and the emergency buses are connected to the battery bus. The battery switch in the BATT position closes the battery relay completing circuits to the battery bus. In the EMER posi- tion, only the emergency relay is energized, connecting the emergency buses to the hot battery bus. The buses are now powered by the battery or by external power. When external power is not applied to the airplane and the generators are on the line, placing the battery switch in EMER or OFF isolates the battery from any charging source without the loss of power to any buses.

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CONTROL Control of the DC power system is maintained with

Figure 2-6.

DC Electrical Controls and Indicators

The generator switches are also three-position switches: GEN, OFF, and RESET. Placing the switch to GEN allows the generator con- trol unit (GCU) to close the power relay and connects the generator to its main DC bus. With the switch in the OFF position, the power relay will not close, and the generator will not assume any load. Placing the switch in the spring-loaded RESET position should close the generator field relay if it has opened.

Tw o engine start buttons are located on the pilot’s switch panel. When depressed, they activate a circuit to close the associated start relay and allow current to flow from the hot battery bus directly to the starter/generator. A starter disengage button, located between the starter buttons, can be utilized to open the start circuit if manual termination of the start sequence is desired.

MONITORING

The DC electrical system is monitored by a v oltmeter, two ammeters, two GEN OFF LH/RH annunciator warning lights, a BATT O’TEMP warning light, and a battery temper- ature gauge.

When illuminated, an amber GEN OFF L–R annunciator light and master caution lights indicates an open power relay. If both annun- ciator lights are illuminated, the MASTER WARNING lights flash and the MASTER CAUTION lights illuminate steady.

A voltmeter selector switch permits monitoring of voltage on the hot battery bus or from a point between each generator and its power relay. The selector is spring loaded to the BATT po- sition and indicates hot battery bus voltage. The v oltmeter indicates the highest voltage of the source connected to the point being monitored. When one generator is on the line and the volt- meter selector is in either BATT or the corre- sponding generator position, the voltmeter reads the generator’s voltage. If the voltmeter selec- tor switch is moved to LH or RH GEN position with the selected generator off, it indicates only the voltage output of the selected generator. The voltmeter gauge will not indicate voltage when the battery switch is OFF.

The ammeters read the current flow from the in- dividual generators to the main DC bus and, during normal operation, the indication should be approximately equal (± 10% of total load). Amperage in the circuit between the starter/gen- erator and the hot battery bus during engine starts is not indicated on the ammeter gauges.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-7

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL A temperature sensor in the battery initiates a steady BATT

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

A temperature sensor in the battery initiates a steady BATT O’TEMP light on the annun- ciator panel (with flashing MASTER WARN- ING lights) when battery temperature rises to 145°F. If the temperature continues to rise to 160°F, the BATT O’TEMP light flashes and re- triggers MASTER WARNING lights flashing. A temperature gauge, located on the copilot’s instrument panel, receives input from a sepa- rate sensor in the battery, and indicates tem- perature from 0°F to 180°F.

In each engine start button is a light that, when illuminated, indicates closure of the start relay. The light inside the STARTER DISENGAGE b utton has no significance for operation. It is activated on when the panel lights are turned on for night operations.

PROTECTION

Tw o generator control units (GCUs) regulate, protect, and parallel the generators. Each unit controls a power relay which connects the generator to its main DC bus. The GCU per- mits the relay to close when the cockpit gen- erator switch is GEN and the generator output equals (within .3 volts) or exceeds system v oltage. A field relay, located in the genera- tor control unit, allows or prevents field exci- tation within the generator. When an internal feeder fault (short circuit) or an overvoltage is sensed, the field relay opens. The field relay also opens when the engine fire switch is ac- tivated. A reverse current (10% of total load) or under voltage opens the power relay.

The circuits between each main DC bus and its extension bus are protected by three 75-am- pere circuit breakers in parallel on the corre- sponding cockpit circuit-breaker panel. A 35-ampere circuit breaker on each extension b us provides protection between the extension b us and the crossover bus on the opposite cir- cuit-breaker panel. Various other circuit break- ers and current limiters on the main buses in the tail cone protect against overload.

Between each main DC bus and the battery bus, a 225-ampere current limiter (fuse) protects

the system against overloading. Loss of ei- ther current limiter causes the system to split and become two independent systems (right and left). When one generator power relay is closed, it is necessary to protect the 225-am- pere current limiter from the high amperage required to start the opposite engine (genera- tor assisted start). To provide this protection, a battery disable relay causes the battery relay to open the circuit between the battery bus and the hot battery bus during the engine start sequence.

When an external power unit is utilized for en- gine start, the battery disconnect relay opens when the start is initiated and removes the battery ground. This ensures the battery is not utilized for starting power, and consequently, battery start limitations do not apply.

Should an external power unit’s output be ex- cessive, an overvoltage sensor opens the exter- nal power relay and breaks the circuit to the hot battery bus. If a generator is brought on line, ex- ternal power disable relays disconnect the ex- ternal power unit from the hot battery bus when the power relay closes protecting the generators. There is no built-in reverse current protection between the hot battery bus and the EPU.

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL A temperature sensor in the battery initiates a steady BATT

Some external power units do not have reverse current protection. If the unit is turned off while connected to the airplane, rapid discharge and damage to the battery can result. Always disconnect the EPU from the airplane when not in use.

OPERATION

Normal

During the interior preflight, the generator switches should be placed to GEN if battery starts are intended or OFF if external power is to be used. The battery switch should be placed to BATT and the voltmeter checked for 24 volts minimum.

2-8

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL After checking lights and pitot heat, the bat- tery switch

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

After checking lights and pitot heat, the bat- tery switch should be turned to OFF. During the exterior preflight, the battery should be vi- sually checked for signs of deterioration or cor- rosion. External power should not be connected until these checks are complete.

Before starting the engines, the generator switches should be rechecked for proper po- sition and battery voltage verified. The battery switch must be in the BATT position in order to allow power from the main DC extension b us (L/R start CBs) to close the start relay when the start button is depressed. Depressing the start button also activates the electric fuel boost pump, arms the ignition, and activates the engine instrument floodlight.

Closure of the start relay, indicated by illumi- nation of the light in the start button, connects hot battery bus power to the starter for engine rotation. Between 8 and 10% turbine rpm (N 2 ), the throttle should be brought from cutoff to idle. Fuel flow commences, as observed, by increasing LCD display, and ignition is acti- v ated by a throttle switch. A green light indi- cates current to the exciter box. Within 10 seconds, combustion should occur as evidenced by rising ITT. As the engine accelerates and reaches approximately 38% (N 2 ), the start se- quence automatically terminates. The electric boost pump and ignition deactivate, the start relay opens, and the engine instrument flood- light goes out. A speed sensing switch on the starter/generator terminates the start sequence.

The starter/generator reverts to generator oper- ation, and the GCU allows the generator to come online after start termination as the generator output equals or exceeds system voltage.

F or a subsequent engine start on the ground, the operating generator assists the battery in providing current to the starter. The operat- ing engine GRD IDLE switch must be in the HIGH position. As soon as the second start b utton is pressed, the battery relay will open disconnecting the hot battery bus from the battery bus. This protects the 225-amp current

limiter on the side of the operating engine. Simultaneously, the respective electric boost pump is activated, the ignition is armed, the engine instrument flood light illuminates, and both start relays close. Both start button lights should be illuminated. At approximately 38% N 2 , the start sequence should automatically be terminated.

Generator assist capability is disabled by the squat switch when the airplane is airborne. If an in-flight restart is accomplished utilizing the start button, it will be a full battery start. Only the associated start relay closes, the boost pump on that side activates, the ignition cir- cuit to that engine arms, and the engine in- strument floodlight illuminates. The only difference between a start in flight and one accomplished on the ground, with one gener- ator on the line, is that the start relay on the same side as the operating generator will not close. This isolation of the start circuit, from the operating generator, and buses in flight, is required by certification regulations. The pro- tection circuit for the 225-ampere limiter is the same as described above (battery relay opens).

An external power unit may also be utilized for engine starts. However, prior to use the unit should be checked for voltage regulation (28.0 v olts) and availability of 800 to 1,000 am- peres. When external power starts are planned, the generator switches should remain in the OFF position until external power has been re- moved from the airplane. Otherwise, when the first generator comes on line, the external power is automatically disconnected from the hot battery bus, and the second engine start be- comes a generator-assisted battery start.

Abnormal

Battery overheat can result from an excessive amount and rate of charge or discharge and in- ternal battery damage may occur. The greatest damage which can result from a battery over- heat lies in the possibility of a thermal runaway heating, in which internal failures cause the heat to continue building out of control.

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

2-9

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Battery overheat is indicated initially by a steady BATT O’TEMP

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

Battery overheat is indicated initially by a steady BATT O’TEMP light on the annunci- ator panel (145°F). This red light triggers the MASTER WARNING lights flashing. Continued rising temperature (160°F) causes the BATT O’TEMP light to flash and reillu- minate the MASTER WARNING lights. The battery temperature gauge should verify the temperatures. Whenever an overheat condition e xists, the battery switch should be placed in the EMER position to open the battery relay, thus removing the battery from generator charging, and the emergency procedures checklist should be consulted. Monitoring the ammeters for a drop and the voltmeter for a minimum 1-volt drop in 30 seconds to 2 min- utes ensures the battery relay has opened, iso- lating the hot battery and emergency buses and the battery from charging.

If the speed-sensing switch fails to terminate a start sequence, the STARTER DISENGAGE b utton can be utilized to terminate the start. This button illuminates with the panel light control master switch ON. Its use causes no damage to any component in the system. The GCU will only permit the generator on line after the start sequence has been terminated (automatically or manually).

f ault lights may indicate a GCU fault, over- v oltage, a ground fault, or a system problem. It self tests all LEDs at power-up. Flashing LEDs can be extinguished by resetting the ap- propriate generator switch three times within three seconds if no faults exist.

F ailure of a 225-ampere current limiter after start can be detected during the generator check accomplished after engine start. When one generator switch is placed to OFF, the other generator should pick up the entire system load as indicated on the ammeter. If this does not occur, a failed current limiter could be the cause. If this is the case, when the generator on the side with the failed lim- iter is selected to OFF, the buses on that side lose power. This is most easily detected by observing the engine instruments (OFF flags or dashes) and a steady MASTER WARNING light on the side of the failed current limiter. The airplane should not be flown in this con- dition. If the current limiter has failed prior to start, the engine start circuit on the side with the failed limiter is not powered (be- cause of loss of DC power to the extension b us), thus preventing that engine from being started until the limiter is replaced.

Monitoring the ammeters may provide the pilot an indication of impending generator problems. Ampere readings may indicate un- paralleled operation if they are misaligned by more than 10% of the total load. When a GEN OFF L–R light illuminates on the annuncia- tor panel, a check of the voltmeter indicates whether the field relay or only the power relay has opened. An open field relay could be caused by a feeder fault (short circuit), over- v oltage, or by actuation of the engine fire switch. A tripped field relay is indicated by near zero voltage; it can possibly be reset with the generator switch. An under voltage or re- ve rse current causes the generator control unit to open the power relay. If normal voltage is observed on the voltmeter when the affected generator is selected with the voltage selec- tor switch, generator reset is not probable.

Bravo GCUs have four BITE lights (Built-In- Test-Equipment) for fault detection. GCU

AC POWER

GENERAL

The alternating current system consists of two 250-volt AC static inverters that convert main DC electrical power to AC power. The AC system is a dual split bus system that consists of two separate 115-volt and 26-volt AC b us systems. Each set of buses is nor- mally powered by its corresponding inverter; however, either inverter can power all four AC b uses if required.

CONTROL

Tw o avionics power switches, one labeled INV 1–NORM–INV 2 and one labeled ON–OFF are located on the pilot’s switch panel (Figure 2-7). Placing the two position ON–OFF switch ON

2-10

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the pilot’s directional and ver- tical gyros and the NO. 2 inverter powers the copilot’s gyros. If an inverter should fail plac- ing the INV1–NORM–INV2 switch to the ac- tive inverter position, i.e., INV 1 or INV 2 will allow the respective inverter to power all four AC b uses and restore power to the failed avion- ics equipment (Table 2-1).

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
AVIONIC POWER INV1 ON N O R M INV2 OFF Figure 2-7. AC Controls
AVIONIC POWER
INV1
ON
N
O
R
M
INV2
OFF
Figure 2-7.
AC Controls

MONITOR AND TEST

The AC system is monitored by a red AC FAIL annunciator light (which triggers the MASTER WARNING lights), amber INVTR FAIL 1-2 annunciators, and MASTER CAUTION lights.

An inverter failure will “flash” the respective INVTR FAIL 1 or 2 annunciator and trigger the MASTER CAUTION lights “steady.” Resetting the MASTER CAUTION lights will cause the respective INVTR FAIL 1 or 2 to re- ve rt to steady illumination. Placing the INV 1–NORM–INV 2 switch to the active inverter will restore all AC power lost.

NOTE

The AC FAIL annunciator will not illuminate during a single inverter f ailure.

If an internal 26-volt and/or 115-volt AC bus(es) f ailure occurs (no cockpit AC bus circuit break- ers), the red AC FAIL annunciator “flashes”

Table 2-1.

AC/AVIONICS POWER

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
 
 
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
 
 
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the

NOTES:

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL activates BOTH inverters. The No. 1 inverter normally powers the
  • 1. IF ANY OF THE FOUR AC BUSES ARE LOST, NEITHER THE AUTO- PILOT NOR THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR CAN BE USED.

  • 2. NO AC BUS SUBPANEL.

and triggers the red MASTER WARNING lights. Resetting the MASTER WARNING lights will cause the AC FAIL light to stop flashing and il- luminate “steady.”

NOTE

The autopilot and the flight direc- tors will not operate if any of the four AC buses are lost.

Test

The AC system may be tested by placing the left switch from NORM to INV 1 which dis- ables inverter No. 2, illuminating INVTR FAIL 2 annunciator “flashing” and illuminat- ing the MASTER CAUTION lights “steady.”

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

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international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Resetting the MASTER CAUTION lights out will revert INVTR FAIL

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

Resetting the MASTER CAUTION lights out will revert INVTR FAIL 2 annunciator “steady.” Observe that both Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) display no EADI or EHSI f ail flags. Repeat the test sequence for the op- posite inverter by selecting INV 2. The test should be performed after both the pilot’s and copilot’s directional and vertical gyros have fully aligned (erected).

OPERATION

Normal

The avionics switch is placed ON, and the in- ve rter switch in NORM to power up both in- ve rters and all AC and DC avionics equipment. The avionics switch should be turned OFF prior to engine start and prior to engine shut- down. The inverters and avionics systems are tested during the BEFORE TAXIING check- list after all avionics systems are powered up and the gyros have erected.

Abnormal

In the event of a failure in the AC system, check the INVERTER circuit breakers on both circuit breaker panels (Figure 2-5), and

comply with the appropriate checklist in the EMERGENCY PROCEDURES section of the AFM .

If both inverters should fail, the battery switch must be placed in EMER to restore AC power to the standby HSI for heading and course information. Placing the battery switch to EMER allows 26-volt AC power to be supplied to the standby HSI from the No. 1 directional gyro power supply. DG 1 is powered from the emergency DC bus and the DG power supply converts DC power to 26- v olt AC power to drive the gyro (and supply AC power to the standby HSI with the bat- tery switch in EMER).

LIMITATIONS

The battery and starter cycle limitations are shown in Table 2-2.

Continuous ground operation of the generator above 315 amperes is prohibited. If the BATT O’TEMP light illuminates during ground op- eration, do not takeoff until proper mainte- nance procedures have been accomplished.

Table 2-2.

BATTERY AND STARTER CYCLE LIMITATIONS

TYPE LIMIT

LIMITATION

Starter Limits*

Three engine starts per 30 minutes. Three cycles of operation with a 30-second rest period between cycles is permitted.

Battery

Three engine starts per hour. See notes 2 and 3.

 

AIRPLANE BATTERY

If the BATT O’TEMP light illuminates during ground operation, do not takeoff until after the proper maintenance procedures have been accomplished.

* This limitation is independent of starter power source (i.e., battery, generator assisted cross start, or external power unit).

NOTES:

  • 1. If battery limitation is exceeded, a deep cycle, including a capacity check, must be accomplished to detect possible cell damage. Refer to Chapter 24 of the MAINTENANCE MANUAL.

  • 2. Three generator-assisted starts are equal to one battery start.

  • 3. If an external power unit is used for start, no battery cycle is counted.

  • 4. Use of an external power source with voltage in excess of 28 VDC or current in excess of 1,000 amps may damage the starter.

2-12

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. A good battery should supply power to

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CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

REVIEW QUESTIONS

  • 1. A good battery should supply power to the hot battery bus and the emergency bus for approximately:

  • 6. If the generators are off line, the volt- meter reads battery voltage when the bat- tery switch is in:

  • A. 2 hours

  • A. OFF

  • B. 1 hour

  • B. BATT

  • C. 30 minutes

  • C. EMER

  • D. 10 minutes

  • D. Both B and C

  • 2. The battery bus serves as:

    • A. A power-off DC source

    • B. An emergency power source

    • C. An extension bus

    • D. A generator tie bus

  • 3. In flight, with the generators on line, the battery is isolated from any charging source when the battery switch is in:

    • A. OFF

    • B. BATT

    • C. EMER

    • D. Both A and C

  • 4. If manual termination of a start sequence is desired, the switch to press is:

    • A. ENGINE START

    • B. STARTER DISENGAGE

    • C. LH START

    • D. RH START

  • 5. The voltage indicated on the voltmeter with the selector switch in BATT is sensed from the:

    • A. Battery bus

    • B. Left main bus

    • C. Hot battery bus

    • D. Right main bus

      • 7. The light in each engine start button il- luminates to indicate:

        • A. Starting is complete

        • B. Opening of the start relay

        • C. Closing of the start relay

        • D. Generator disconnect

  • 8. The generator field relay opens when:

    • A. An internal feeder fault is sensed.

    • B. An overvoltage condition is sensed.

    • C. An engine fire switch is activated.

    • D. All of the above

  • 9. If battery starts are intended, the gener- ator switches should be placed to:

    • A. OFF

    • B. GEN

    • C. RESET

    • D. ON

  • 10. When the avionics power switches are positioned NORM and ON, normally:

    • A. No. 1 inverter powers all AC buses.

    • B. Both inverters are paralleled to sup- ply power to all AC buses.

    • C. No. 2 inverter produces only 26-VAC power.

    • D. Each inverter powers its own AC b uses.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    2-13

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL 11. Illumination of the AC FAIL annunciator light and the

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    • 11. Illumination of the AC FAIL annunciator light and the MASTER WARNING and MASTER CAUTION lights indicates:

      • A. Failure of No. 1 inverter

      • B. Failure of No. 2 inverter

      • C. Failure of both inverters

      • D. Any of the above

  • 12. W ith the battery as the only source of power and the battery switch in the OFF position, the bus(es) powered are:

    • A. Battery bus, hot battery bus

    • B. Emergency buses, battery bus

    • C. Hot battery bus

    • D. Emergency buses, battery bus, hot battery bus

  • 13. With the battery as the only source of power and the battery switch in the EMER posi- tion, the following bus(es) are powered:

    • A. Battery bus, hot battery bus

    • B. Emergency buses, hot battery bus

    • C. Hot battery bus

    • D. Emergency buses, battery bus, hot battery bus

  • 14. W ith the battery as the only source of power and the battery switch in the BATT position, the following condition exists:

    • A. The battery, emergency, and hot battery buses only receive power.

    • B. All buses are powered except the emer- gency buses.

    • C. LH and RH main DC buses only are powered.

    • D. All DC buses are powered.

      • 15. With only the hot battery and emergency b uses powered, the following item is inoperative:

        • A. NAV 2

        • B. Engine instrument floodlight, emer- gency exit lights

        • C. Pilot’s standby HSI, COMM 1

        • D. NAV 1

  • 16. The correct statement is:

    • A. With external power connected and the battery switch in OFF, all DC b uses are powered from the external power unit.

    • B. The battery switch must be out of the OFF position before the voltmeter will indicate the voltage of the hot battery bus.

    • C. With external power connected and the battery switch in OFF, all DC b uses are powered from the external unit except for the battery itself.

    • D. The battery continues to charge with the generators on line regardless of the battery switch position.

  • 17. Regarding the engine starting sequence (battery start on the ground):

    • A. It is normally terminated by the pilot with the STARTER DISENGAGE b utton.

    • B. The boost pumps and ignition switches must both be in the ON position before the start button is depressed.

    • C. A minimum of 50% N 2 is required on the operating engine prior to starting the second engine.

    • D. It is terminated normally by the speed sensing switch on the starter/generator.

  • 2-14

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL 18. The incorrect statement is: A. Illumination of the STARTER

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    • 18. The incorrect statement is:

      • A. Illumination of the STARTER DISEN- GAGE button is a function of the panel lights master switch.

      • B. The generator switches are placed in the OFF position for an EPU start.

      • C. The battery switch is placed in the OFF position prior to an EPU start.

      • D. A failed LH 225-ampere current lim- iter prevents starting of the left engine.

  • 19. Regarding a generator-assist start:

    • A. It is necessary to observe a drop in am- perage below 150 before depressing the second start button (to protect the 225-ampere current limiter).

    • B. The operating generator’s switch must be placed to OFF before the start but- ton is depressed.

    • C. A maximum of 49% N 2 rpm is set on the operating engine.

    • D. Select GRD IDLE HIGH on the oper- ating engine.

  • 20. Placing the battery switch in EMER with the generators on the line:

    • A. Will not cause the immediate loss of any buses.

    • B. W ill cause loss of power to the emergency bus since the generators are on line.

    • C. Will still provide charging power to the battery.

    • D. Should result in the battery voltage re- maining at 28.5 volts.

  • 21. The correct statement regarding the GEN OFF L/R annunciator light is:

    • A. Illumination of the light triggers the MASTER WARNING lights.

    • B. The light illuminates whenever the power relay is open.

    • C. Illumination of the light indicates both the power and field relays have opened.

    • D. It indicates the starter/generator is in the start mode.

    22. Ignition during engine start:

    • A. Occurs immediately when the start b utton is depressed.

    • B. Is initiated automatically by the speed sensing switch at 8 to 10% N 2 .

    • C. Occurs when the throttle is brought to idle.

    • D. Is terminated by the fuel control step modulator when it senses ITT above 300°C.

    23. The BATT O’TEMP light comes on steady:

    • A. But, will extinguish if the battery cools down.

    • B. Will flash as the battery cools down.

    • C. The battery switch should be placed to OFF (all buses continue to receive power).

    • D. The MASTER WARNING lights will not illuminate until the BATT O’TEMP light begins to flash.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    2-15

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 3 LIGHTING CONTENTS international Page INTRODUCTION 3-1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................... 3-1

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    CHAPTER 3 LIGHTING

    CONTENTS

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    Page

    INTRODUCTION

    3-1

    GENERAL

    ...............................................................................................................................

    3-1

    INTERIOR LIGHTING

    3-2

    Cockpit Lighting ..............................................................................................................

    3-2

    Compartment Lighting

    .....................................................................................................

    .........................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................

    3-3

    Emergency Lighting

    Baggage Compartment Lighting

    3-4

    3-4

    EXTERIOR LIGHTING

    3-6

    Navigation Lights

    .............................................................................................................

    3-7

    Anticollision Lights

    3-7

    Landing, Recognition and Taxi Lights

    3-7

    Wing Inspection Light

    3-8

    Tail Floodlights ................................................................................................................

    3-8

    REVIEW QUESTIONS

    3-9

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-i

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Title Page 3-1 Interior Lighting Controls 3-2 3-2

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    ILLUSTRATIONS

    Figure

    Title

    Page

    3-1

    Interior Lighting Controls

    3-2

    3-2

    ................................................................................

    3-3

    3-3

    Cabin Lighting Controls

    3-3

    3-4

    ........................................................................................... Tail Cone Lights and Switch

    ....................................................................................

    3-5

    3-5

    Nose Baggage Compartment Light and Switch

    .......................................................

    3-5

    3-6

    Exterior Lighting Locations

    3-6

    3-7

    Exterior Lighting Switch

    ..........................................................................................

    3-7

    3-8

    Navigation and Anticollision Lights

    3-7

    3-9

    Beacon

    ......................................................................................................................

    3-8

    ..............................................................................

    3-8

    3-10

    Landing and Recognition Lights

    3-11

    Taxi Lights

    ................................................................................................................

    3-8

    3-8

    3-12

    Wing Inspection Lights

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-iii

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 3 LIGHTING INTRODUCTION EXIT Lighting on the Citation Bravo

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    CHAPTER 3 LIGHTING

    INTRODUCTION

    EXIT
    EXIT

    Lighting on the Citation Bravo is used to illuminate the cockpit area and all flight in- struments. The majority of the instruments are internally lighted. For general illumina- tion, floodlights are used and a map light is conveniently located for both the pilot and copilot position. Standard passenger advisory lights are available for the cabin area, and emergency lights are available to illuminate the exits in the event of an emergency. Exterior lighting consists of navigation, anticollision, landing, taxi, wing inspection, and rotat- ing beacon lights, and optional tail floodlights.

    GENERAL

    Airplane lighting is divided into interior and e xterior lighting. Interior lighting is further di- vided into cockpit, cabin, and emergency light- ing. Cockpit lighting consists of instrument panel lights, floodlights, and map lights. Cabin

    lighting consists of indirect fluorescent lights, passenger reading lights, two flood lights il- luminating the main cabin door and emer- gency exit area, an aft compartment light, and lighted signs.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-1

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL INTERIOR LIGHTING Interior lighting is provided for the cockpit cabin,

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    INTERIOR LIGHTING

    Interior lighting is provided for the cockpit cabin, and tail cone area. Instruments are in- ternally lighted. Switch functions are desig- nated by electroluminescent panels. All lights e xcept the overhead and instrument flood- lights are controlled by a master switch and are adjusted by rheostats (Figure 3-1). The rheostats are labeled LEFT, CENTER, RIGHT, and EL. The LEFT rheostat controls lighting intensity of the instruments on the pilot’s panel e xcept the pilot’s primary flight display (PFD) screen. The CENTER rheostat controls the intensity on the tilt and center panel instru- ments except for the multifunction display (MFD) screen. The rheostat labeled EL con- trols all electroluminescent lighting. Clockwise rotation increases light intensity. Tu rning the PANEL LIGHT CONTROL mas- ter switch to ON dims the annunciator panel, ignition, and landing gear lights, illuminates the STARTER DISENGAGE button, and pow- ers the control rheostats. The LEFT, CEN- TER, RIGHT, and EL knobs are deenergized with a loss of main DC electrical or if the PANEL LIGHT CONTROL master switch is OFF. Two overhead floodlights and the en- gine instrument floodlight under the engine fire tray, provide additional cockpit lighting or emergency cockpit lighting from the emer- gency DC bus. Intensity is controlled by the FLOOD LTS rheostat located to the left of the PANEL LIGHT master switch.

    Indirect fluorescent lighting, “moon light” re- cessed under the forward portion of the instru- ment panel glare shield is controlled by a rheostat mounted on the forward portion of the pilot’s armrest directly above the map light rheostat.

    In case of a loss of main DC electrical power, emergency lighting is provided for the Secondary Flight Display (Meggitt EFIS) or standby Gyro Display, Standby HSI and the left and right fan RPM (N 1 ) engine gauges from the standby battery that operates the Meggitt EFIS or standby Gyro Display (provided the STBY GYRO switch is on (Figure 3-1).

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL INTERIOR LIGHTING Interior lighting is provided for the cockpit cabin,

    Figure 3-1.

    Interior Lighting Controls

    COCKPIT LIGHTING Cockpit Floodlights

    Tw o cockpit floodlights located overhead, near the center of the flight compartment, pro- vide cockpit lighting and emergency lighting for the instrument panel. Control is accom- plished with the FLOOD LTS rheostat.

    An engine instrument floodlight is located under the fire warning panel on the glareshield. The light operates when either engine is in the start cycle or when the FLOOD LTS switch is turned on. Cockpit floodlight power is sup- plied by the emergency DC bus through the FLOOD circuit breaker on the copilot’s circuit- breaker panel.

    Map Lights

    Map lights are located on the left and right for- wa rd overhead panel. The map lights’intensity is controlled by rheostats located on the forward side of the left and right side consoles.

    Electrical power to operate the map lights is routed from the right DC crossover bus for both the pilot and copilot through the RH PANEL cir- cuit breaker on the pilot’s circuit-breaker panel.

    Control Panel Lights

    The control panel lighting is provided by elec- troluminescent light panels, consisting of a layer of phosphor sandwiched between two

    3-2

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL electrodes and encapsulated between layers of plastic. White lettering on

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    electrodes and encapsulated between layers of plastic. White lettering on a gray background is used on the panel faces (Figure 3-2). Control is accomplished with the lighting rheostat la- beled EL. Electroluminescent panels are used on the circuit-breaker panels, switch panel, light control panel, environmental control panels, landing gear control panel, and each throttle pedestal control panel. An inverter lo- cated in the nose baggage compartment sup- plies electrical power to the electroluminescent light panels. The inverter is rated at 40-60 VAC and is powered through the EL PANEL circuit breaker on the left extension bus located on the pilot’s circuit-breaker panel.

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL electrodes and encapsulated between layers of plastic. White lettering on

    Figure 3-2.

    Typical Control Panel Lighting

    Primary Flight Display (PFD) and Multifunction Display (MFD) Lighting

    The pilot’s and copilot’s Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) lighting are controlled by DIM rheostats on the PFD Display Controllers located adjacent to each PFD on the left and right instrument panels (refer to Chapter 16).

    Lighting for the Multifunction Display (MFD) located on the center panel is controlled by a DIM rheostat on the MFD controller located on the center pedestal (refer to Chapter 16).

    COMPARTMENT LIGHTING

    The passenger compartment lighting includes all cabin lights, utility lights, and the lighted signs. Indirect fluorescent lights, passenger reading lights, and aft cabin compartment lights are mounted overhead.

    The indirect fluorescent light system consists of a touch-pad switch, inverters, control units, and fluorescent bulbs.

    Indirect fluorescent lights are controlled by a BRT–OVRHD–DIM touch-pad switch mounted on a switch panel just forward and above the entrance door hinge (Figure 3-3). When the switch is placed to BRIGHT, power is supplied through two control units to the b ulbs, which illuminate bright. If the light switch is in the DIM position, 28 VDC is ap- plied to the system, and the lights automati- cally illuminate bright for approximately three seconds, then go to dim. The power to operate the lights is routed from the left main DC bus through the INDIRECT LIGHT cir- cuit breaker on the power junction box in the tail cone.

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL electrodes and encapsulated between layers of plastic. White lettering on

    Figure 3-3.

    Cabin Lighting Controls

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-3

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL NOTE It is recommended ground operation of the fluorescent lights

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    NOTE

    It is recommended ground operation of the fluorescent lights be limited to the bright position until the engines have been started or until 28 VDC is continuously available to the light- ing system. For engine battery starts, where system voltage drops below 24 VDC, operate the lights in the bright position only, until the en- gines are started.

    The passenger reading and cabin compart- ment lights are mounted in the overhead console. The passenger reading lights adjust fore and aft, and each is controlled by an in- tegrally mounted switch. The entrance, emer- gency exit, and aft cabin compartment lights do not have integrally mounted switches and are not directionally controllable. They are controlled from the touch-pad switch lo- cated on the forward side of the main cabin entrance door and are powered from the hot battery bus (Figure 3-3).

    Lighted advisory signs are molded into the forward and aft cabin ceiling areas. The lights are controlled by the pass safety/seat belt switch on the pilot’s switch panel and inform passengers when smoking is prohibited and when to fasten seat belts. The switch has three positions: PASS SAFETY–OFF–SEAT BELT. In PASS SAFETY position, both the NO SMOKING and FASTEN SEAT BELT por- tions of the sign are illuminated. In SEAT BELT position only the FASTEN SEAT BELT portion of the sign is illuminated. In OFF po- sition, the sign is extinguished. Safety chimes operate in conjunction with the sign to alert the passengers when smoking is prohibited or when to fasten seat belts.

    EMERGENCY LIGHTING

    Emergency lighting is a separate and inde- pendent system used to provide illumina- tion in case of primary electrical power f ailure or abnormal conditions. The emer- gency lighting consists of a battery pack, an

    inertia switch, and single lights that respec- tively illuminate the cabin entrance and the emergency exit.

    The emergency battery pack consists of 20 nickel-cadmium cells in a box. Each cell has a nominal voltage of 1.28 volts. The inertia switch is mounted near the emergency bat- tery box located above the forward cabin head- liner. A force of 5 g actuates the inertia switch and turns on the floodlights above the entry door and above the emergency exit. The emer- gency battery is connected to the hot battery b us and is charged by the main DC system with the generators on line.

    F or normal entry and exit from the airplane, the floodlights over the entry and emergency exit doors and the aft baggage compartment light are operated from the hot battery bus by a touch pad switch at the cabin door. For in-flight use of emergency lighting, the passenger advisory switch on the instrument panel operates the emergency exit and main cabin entrance lights when the switch is in the PASS SAFETY posi- tion. Electrical power is supplied from the hot battery bus or the emergency battery pack. The engine instrument floodlight mounted on the un- derside of the engine fire warning tray illumi- nates full bright during engine start as a test of the emergency battery pack. At all other times, the engine instrument floodlight is powered by the emergency bus, and controlled through the cockpit floodlight rheostat.

    BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT LIGHTING

    Baggage compartment lighting includes the tail cone compartment light and the nose baggage compartment light. They are wired directly to the hot battery bus and consequently do not require the battery switch to be turned on for operation.

    Tail Cone

    The microswitch installed in the tail cone ac- cess door frame is designed to remove 28 VDC from the lights regardless of the manual toggle

    3-4

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL switch (Figure 3-4) position when the door is closed. The

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    switch (Figure 3-4) position when the door is closed. The manual toggle switch controls 28 VDC to the light assemblies (one located in the baggage compartment and one located in the forward tail cone area) when the tail cone ac- cess door is open.

    Nose Baggage Compartment

    The manual switch assembly of the nose bag- gage light system is an illuminated rocker switch (Figure 3-5). The switch is mounted ov erhead adjacent to the light assembly. The

    normal position for the manual switch applies 28 VDC to the light. During daylight hours or when the light is not desired, the manual switch is positioned to OFF. When the switch is OFF and the door is pneumatically open, it is illu- minated by a microswitch so it is easy to lo- cate at night.

    The light is turned off when both RH and LH nose baggage compartment doors are closed and each door hinge to the pneumatic cylin- der assembly strikes its microswitch.

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL switch (Figure 3-4) position when the door is closed. The
    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL switch (Figure 3-4) position when the door is closed. The
    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL switch (Figure 3-4) position when the door is closed. The

    Figure 3-4.

    Tail Cone Lights and Switch

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL switch (Figure 3-4) position when the door is closed. The

    Figure 3-5.

    Nose Baggage Compartment Light and Switch

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-5

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL EXTERIOR LIGHTING international The exterior lighting system consists of nav- igation,

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    EXTERIOR LIGHTING

    FlightSafety

    international

    The exterior lighting system consists of nav- igation, anticollision, landing, taxi, wing inspection, and recognition lights, and op- tional tail floodlights. The exterior light system provides necessary illumination for

    airplane operation during the day or night. Exterior lighting locations are illustrated in Figure 3-6, and exterior lighting controls are shown in Figure 3-7.

    WING INSPECTION LIGHT LANDING AND RECOGNITION BEACON TAIL TAXI NAVIGATION ANTICOLLISION BEACON FLOODLIGHTS LIGHTS LIGHT LIGHT
    WING INSPECTION LIGHT
    LANDING AND RECOGNITION
    BEACON
    TAIL
    TAXI
    NAVIGATION
    ANTICOLLISION
    BEACON
    FLOODLIGHTS
    LIGHTS
    LIGHT
    LIGHT
    NAVIGATION LIGHT
    ANTICOLLISION LIGHT
    Figure 3-6.
    Exterior Lighting Locations

    3-6

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-7. Exterior Lighting Switch NAVIGATION LIGHTS A green navigation

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-7. Exterior Lighting Switch NAVIGATION LIGHTS A green navigation

    Figure 3-7.

    Exterior Lighting Switch

    NAVIGATION LIGHTS

    A green navigation light is installed in the right wingtip, a red on the left, and a white on the tip of the tail cone (Figure 3-8).

    The navigation lights are controlled with a NAV ON–OFF switch located on the pilot’s in- strument panel.

    ANTICOLLISION LIGHTS

    The anticollision lights are strobe lights mounted in each wingtip (Figure 3-8) and are controlled with the ANTI COLL ON–OFF light switch located on the pilot’s instrument panel. The switch furnishes 28-volts DC power to the anticollision light power supplies. Each light has its own AC power supply. When DC power is supplied to the lighting inverters, they supply a pulsating current to the anticol- lision strobe lights and cause them to flash.

    The beacon light is a red rotating beacon mounted on top of the vertical stabilizer (Figure 3-9). Control is with the BEACON switch located on the instrument panel.

    LANDING, RECOGNITION AND TAXI LIGHTS

    Landing and recognition lights are mounted side by side near the tip of each wing in the leading edge (Figure 3-10). The landing light is the outer light. Both are used during

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-7. Exterior Lighting Switch NAVIGATION LIGHTS A green navigation
    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-7. Exterior Lighting Switch NAVIGATION LIGHTS A green navigation
    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-7. Exterior Lighting Switch NAVIGATION LIGHTS A green navigation
    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-7. Exterior Lighting Switch NAVIGATION LIGHTS A green navigation

    Figure 3-8.

    Navigation and Anticollision Lights

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-7

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-9. Beacon Figure 3-11. Taxi Lights Figure 3-10. Landing

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    Figure 3-9. Beacon
    Figure 3-9.
    Beacon
    Figure 3-11. Taxi Lights
    Figure 3-11.
    Taxi Lights
    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-9. Beacon Figure 3-11. Taxi Lights Figure 3-10. Landing

    Figure 3-10.

    Landing and Recognition Lights

    takeoff or landing, or the recognition lights only during in-flight “see-and-avoid” situ- ations. The four lights are fixed-position, sealed-beam lights. The LANDING LIGHTS LH–RH ON–OFF–REC–TAXI switches con- trols each set of two lights located immedi- ately left of the gear handle.Both lights may be turned on by selecting the ON position, or the single recognition light may be se- lected ON in the REC–TAXI position of each LH–RH switch in flight. A fence, mounted at the inboard edge of the lights, keeps light out of the cockpit.

    Taxi lights are mounted on each landing gear door (Figure 3-11). These taxi lights will il- luminate when the landing gear is down and the landing light switches are placed to the ON or REC–TAXI position. A fence, mounted at the inboard edge of the lights, keeps light out of the cockpit. The lights extinguish when the gear is up and locked if the switch remains ON.

    WING INSPECTION LIGHT

    The wing inspection light is a fixed-position light located forward of the wing leading edge on the left side of the fuselage (Figure 3-12). The light is used to visually check the wing leading edge for ice accumulation.A WING INSP ON–OFF switch located on the pilot’s switch panel controls the inspection light.

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Figure 3-9. Beacon Figure 3-11. Taxi Lights Figure 3-10. Landing

    Figure 3-12.

    Wing Inspection Lights

    TAIL FLOODLIGHTS

    The optional tail floodlights are also known as identification lights, logo lights, or tell tale lights. The floodlights are fixed-position lights located on the left and right horizontal stabi- lizers. The floodlights are used primarily for additional airplane visibility.

    The TAIL FLOOD–OFF switch (Figure 3-7) controls these lights. The light assemblies, one installed on the top side of each horizontal sta- bilizer, illuminate the vertical stabilizer.

    3-8

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. The lighting rheostat labeled “LEFT” controls: A.

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    international

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    REVIEW QUESTIONS

    • 1. The lighting rheostat labeled “LEFT” controls:

      • A. Pilot’s instrument panel lights.

      • B. Center instrument panel lights.

      • C. Copilot’s instrument panel lights.

      • D. Both A and B.

  • 2. The lighting rheostat that controls the electroluminescent lighting is labeled:

    • A. LEFT.

    • B. CENTER.

    • C. RIGHT.

    • D. EL.

  • 3. Tu rning the PANEL LIGHT CONTROL master switch to ON:

    • A. Activates the control rheostats.

    • B. Dims the annunciator panel lights.

    • C. Illuminates the STARTER DISEN- GAGE button.

    • D. All of the above.

      • 4. The map lights are controlled with rheostats located on:

        • A. The center pedestal.

        • B. The pilot and copilot instrument panels.

        • C. The overhead lights panel.

        • D. The pilot and copilot side armrests.

  • 5. When the indirect fluorescent lights are turned on and positioned to DIM, the lights illuminate:

    • A. Bright for 3 seconds and then dim.

    • B. Dim.

    • C. Bright until the switch is reactuated.

    • D. After 3 seconds.

  • 6. The landing lights:

    • A. Go out automatically upon gear retraction.

    • B. Must be used for in flight “see-and- av oid” situations.

    • C. Are normally turned on in the takeoff and approach phase.

    • D. All of the above.

  • FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    3-9

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 4 MASTER WARNING SYSTEMS CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION 4-1 GENERAL

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    CHAPTER 4 MASTER WARNING SYSTEMS

    CONTENTS

     

    Page

    INTRODUCTION

    4-1

    GENERAL

    ...............................................................................................................................

    .......................................................................................................

    4-1

    ANNUNCIATOR PANEL

    Master Warning Lights (Red)

    4-2

    4-2

    .......................................................................................

    4-2

    INTENSITY CONTROL

    .........................................................................................................

    4-2

    TEST FUNCTION

    4-3

    4-4

    AUDIO WARNING SYSTEM

    ................................................................................................

    4-4

    REVIEW QUESTIONS

    4-7

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    4-i

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Title Page 4-1 Test Selector Switch ................................................................................................. 4-3

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    ILLUSTRATIONS

    Figure

    Title

    Page

    4-1

    Test Selector Switch

    .................................................................................................

    4-3

     

    TABLES

    Table

    Title

    Page

    4-1

    Test Indications

    4-3

    4-2

    .............................................................................

    4-4

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    4-iii

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 4 MASTER WARNING SYSTEMS TEST INTRODUCTION The master warning

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    CHAPTER 4 MASTER WARNING SYSTEMS

    TEST
    TEST

    INTRODUCTION

    The master warning system on the Citation Bravo provides a warning of airplane equip- ment malfunctions, indication of an unsafe operating condition requiring immediate at- tention, and indication that some specific systems are in operation.

    GENERAL

    The master warning and master caution an- nunciator panel light system consist of two master warning light switches and two mas- ter caution light switches, and an annuncia- tor panel light cluster which provides a visual indication to the pilots of certain conditions and/or functions of selected systems. The annunciator panel has individual segments that illuminate to indicate an individual sys- tem fault/operation. Annunciator lights are classified as WARNING, CAUTION, and ADVISORY. The annunciator panel, engine fi re warning/suppression, and thrust reverser

    lights are located on the center of the glare shield. The abnormal and emergency proce- dures in this section are keyed, where appli- cable to these annunciators. Warning lights are generally red (except failure of both gen- erators). Red lights indicate a warning mal- function, which requires immediate corrective action. The red warning lights in the annunciator panel will cause the MAS- TER WARNING/RESET lights to flash. F ailure of both generators (amber annunci- ators) also triggers MASTER WARNING/ RESET lights.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    4-1

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL The illumination of the LH–RH ENGINE FIRE light(s) will not

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    The illumination of the LH–RH ENGINE FIRE light(s) will not trigger the MASTER WARN- ING/RESET lights.

    The CAUTION lights are amber. Amber lights indicate either a caution malfunction that re- quires immediate attention, but not necessar- ily immediate action, or abnormal system operation. The amber lights, located in the annunciator panel, come on flashing and cause the MASTER CAUTION/RESET lights to come on steady. When the MASTER CAU- TION is pushed to reset, the amber lights go steady until the condition is cleared. If the amber light problem is cleared prior to reset- ting the MASTER CAUTION lights, the MAS- TER CAUTION/RESET lights automatically go out.

    When a red annunciator light illuminates, it will flash until the MASTER WARNING/ RESET light is reset. The annunciator will then stop flashing and remain illuminated steady. If the condition, which caused the annunciator to illuminate, is corrected prior to resetting the MASTER WARNING lights, the annunciator light will extinguish, but the MASTER WARN- ING lights must be reset to extinguish.

    ADVISORY lights are white and do not trig- ger a MASTER WARNING or MASTER CAU- TION. When an advisory light illuminates, the checklist may require an action. If re- quired, the action will be found in the abnor- mal procedures checklist or in the flight manual.

    ANNUNCIATOR PANEL

    The annunciator panel is located in the center of the glareshield and contains a cluster of warn- ing/caution/advisory lights. Burned out bulbs can be replaced by pushing in the light assem- blies to the left and right of the failed bulb; then use a tool to remove the assembly with the bu rned out bulb. The annunciator lights oper- ate in conjunction with the master warning and master caution lights. When a system malfunc- tions, the associated annunciator light illumi- nates until the condition/malfunction is corrected.

    MASTER WARNING LIGHTS (RED)

    There are two master warning lights, one lo- cated on the pilot’s instrument panel and one on the copilot’s instrument panel. When any red light on the annunciator panel illuminates, the master warning lights illuminate simulta- neously and flash until reset. There is only one condition during which amber lights on the annunciator panel cause the master warning lights to illuminate. That condition is when both GEN OFF lights illuminate. The serious- ness of this condition warrants master warn- ing light system actuation. The master warning light system incorporates a reset switch, which is actuated by pushing in on either master wa rning light lens. Pressing the master warn- ing light resets the circuit and makes the sys- tem available to alert the operator should another system fault occur. The master warn- ing light will stay illuminated and flash until reset, even if the malfunction which caused the light to illuminate has been corrected. Pressing the master warning light does not normally ex- tinguish the annunciator segment light.

    MASTER CAUTION LIGHTS (AMBER)

    There are two master caution lights, one lo- cated on the pilot’s instrument panel and one on the copilot’s instrument panel (located ad- jacent to the master warning lights). These lights will illuminate when any amber annun- ciator panel light illuminates (with some spe- cific exceptions). The amber annunciators will flash when initially illuminated until the mas- ter caution lights are reset at which time they will illuminate steady until the fault is cor- rected. Resetting the master caution light is ac- complished by pressing either light.

    INTENSITY CONTROL

    The annunciator panel lights will dim automat- ically when the PANEL LIGHT CONTROL toggle switch is placed in the ON position.

    4-2

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL TEST FUNCTION FlightSafety international TEST A rotary test switch is located

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    TEST FUNCTION

    FlightSafety international TEST
    FlightSafety
    international
    TEST

    A rotary test switch is located on the left side of the pilot’s instrument panel (Figure 4-1). Positioning the switch to ANNU causes all the annunciator, master caution, and master wa rning lights to illuminate. Illumination ver- ifies only annunciator lamp integrity. Some other associated system lights also illuminate when this switch is activated. Refer to Table 4-1 for appropriate indications.

    OFF FIRE ANNU WARN LDG AVN GEAR BATT SPARE TEMP ANTI AOA SKID OVER T/REV SPEED
    OFF
    FIRE
    ANNU
    WARN
    LDG
    AVN
    GEAR
    BATT
    SPARE
    TEMP
    ANTI
    AOA
    SKID
    OVER
    T/REV
    SPEED
    W/S TEMP

    Figure 4-1. Test Selector Switch

    Table 4-1.

    TEST INDICATIONS

    SWITCH

    INDICATION

    SWITCH

    INDICATION

    POSITION

    POSITION

    OFF

    The red light is extinguished and the test system

     

    Initiates a self test in the antiskid system.

    is inoperative.

    ANTISKID

    ANTISKID INOP will flash and the MASTER

       

    CAUTION will illuminate steady for

         

    FIRE

    Both red ENG FIRE lights illuminate, indicating

    approximately six seconds. If the system checks

    WARN

    continuity.

    operational, both the ANTISKID INOP and

    MASTER CAUTION will extinguish. If the system

    LDG

     

    does not check operational, the light will remain

    The green NOSE, LH, and RH lights and the red

    illuminated.

    GEAR

    GEAR UNLOCKED lights illuminate, and the gear

       
     

    war ning horn sounds. The horn may be silenced

    AVN

    The avionics power switch must be ON for the

    by the HORN SILENCE button, provided the flaps

    avionics system test to be performed. The

    are not extended beyond 15°.

    following annunciators will flash in the

       

    annunciator panel: AP PITCH MISTRIM, AP

       

    BATT

    BATT O’HEAT annunciator illuminates, the

    ROLL MISTRIM, CHECK PFD 1, CHECK PFD 2,

    TEMP

    master warning lights illuminate, and the battery

    temperature gauge indicates 160°F.

    and NOSE AVN FAN. Autopilot/flight director

    mode selector panel lights, EFIS, and FMS

    associated lights will also illuminate. The

       

    AOA

    The stick shaker will operate. The angle-of-attack

    MASTER CAUTION will illuminate and is

    meter needle will go past the red area. The red

    resettable. Optional avionics equipment

     

    indexer (optional) light will flash on and off.

    annunciators shall also illuminate. The altitude

    alert horn will sound.

     

    All thrust reverser indicator lights (6) and

    MASTER WARNING lights illuminate.

    T/REV

    ANNU

    All of the annunciator panel lights and the

     

    MASTER CAUTION lights illuminate. The

       

    W/S

    The WS/AIR O’HEAT light will illuminate, and the

    MASTER WARNING lights will flash. The engine

    bleed-air solenoid control valve will close if LOW

    instrument digital display will flash “8s.” Both red

    TEMP

    or HI is selected with the W/S BLEED switch.

    turbine lights will illuminate steady. When both

    avionic switches are on, the altitude alert horn

       

    OVER

    The avionics power switch must be ON for valid

    will sound and the altitude alert light and auto-

    test indications. The following indications will

    pilot/flight director mode selector panel lights will

    SPEED

    occur:

    illuminate. EFIS and FMS lights will also

    • The audible overspeed warning signal will

    illuminate. The MASTER WARNING light cannot

    sound and the PFD IAS will indicate

    be reset when the TEST selector is in the ANNU

    approximate V MO for the existing pressure

    position. Optional equipment annunciator lights

    altitude (red).

    should also illuminate. All lights associated with

    • PFD Mach will indicate 400 (red)

    AVN test also illuminate. If the Avionics Switches

    • Altitude will read 5000 feet.

    are OFF, only the annunciator panel lights,

    • PFD 1 & 2 VSI will momentarily indicate

    MASTER CAUTION and MASTER WARNING

    2000 fpm climbs.

    lights will illuminate.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    4-3

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL ILLUMINATION CAUSES Ta ble 4-2 shows each annunciator light plac-

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    ILLUMINATION CAUSES

    Ta ble 4-2 shows each annunciator light plac- ard, color, and cause for illumination.

    AUDIO WARNING SYSTEM

    Va rious audio warnings are incorporated into airplane systems that warn of specific

    conditions and malfunctions. The systems, sounds, and conditions for actuation are shown in Table 4-1.

    Provision to test the audio system and var- ious other system functions is provided and wired into the same rotary test switch that is used to test the annunciator system. When the switch is rotated through each position, the associated system functions as described in Table 4-1 will occur.

    Table 4-2.

    ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES

    AMBER—Flashes while airborne when the RED—Steady when battery temperature BATT FUEL boost pumps are activated ON
    AMBER—Flashes while airborne when the
    RED—Steady when battery temperature
    BATT
    FUEL
    boost pumps are activated ON by the crew
    exceeds 145°F the MASTER WARNING light
    or activated automatically by low pressure.
    O’TEMP
    flashes.
    BOOST
    Selecting fuel crossfeed activates the boost
    RED—Flashes when battery temperature
    pump but will not illuminate the MASTER
    exceeds 160°F. Also, flashes the upper
    > 160°
    L
    R
    CAUTION lights. If the boost pump
    element annunciator and the MASTER
    activates while on the ground, the MASTER
    WARNING lights.
    CAUTION lights will not illuminate unless
    the boost pumps come on automatically
    RED—Flashes when cabin altitude exceeds
    CAB ALT
    due to low fuel pressure after engine(s)
    10,000 ft.
    10 K
    starting or activated ON by the crew.
    AC
    RED—Flashes when both inverters trip off
    FAIL
    line or an AC bus failure.
    AMBER—Steady if fuel quantity in the left
    LO FUEL
    and/or right wing fuel tank is low,
    LEVEL
    approximately 200 lbs remaining. After a 4-
    RED—Flashes when left and/or right engine
    LO OIL
    second delay, the annunciator will flash
    oil pressure drops below 20 psid.
    L
    R
    and the MASTER CAUTION will illuminate.
    PRESS
    L
    R
    AMBER—Flashes if the left and/or right
    AMBER—Flashes when a fault is detected
    LO FUEL
    engine fuel pressure drops below 5 psi.
    FIRE DET
    in the left and/or right engine fire detection
    PRESS
    SYS
    system. In case of an engine fire, don’t
    expect the respective LH/RH ENG FIRE
    L
    R
    light to illuminate.
    L
    R
    AMBER—Flashes when the fuel filter
    AMBER—Flashes when the oil filter
    FUEL
    impending bypass switch activates.
    OIL FLTR
    impending bypass switch activates.
    FLTR BP
    BP
    L
    R
    L
    R
    AMBER—Flashes if one or both generator
    GEN
    power relays are open and the generator(s)
    AMBER—Flashes when an error is
    FUEL
    are off line. If both L and R annunciator
    detected in the left and/or right fuel gauging
    OFF
    elements are illuminated, the MASTER
    GAUGE
    system. The respective fuel gauge may not
    WARNING lights will flash along with
    indicate accurately. Read the fuel gauging
    L
    R
    MASTER CAUTION lights illuminated
    signal conditioner BITE indicators in the aft
    L
    R
    steady.
    cabin prior to securing electrical power.

    4-4

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Table 4-2. ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES (Cont) AMBER—Flashes, single inverter failure,

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    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    Table 4-2. ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES (Cont) AMBER—Flashes, single inverter failure, AMBER—Flashes if the left and/or right
    Table 4-2.
    ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES
    (Cont)
    AMBER—Flashes, single inverter failure,
    AMBER—Flashes if the left and/or right
    INVTR
    BAGG
    triggers the MASTER CAUTION lights only.
    nose baggage door is not key locked.
    FAIL
    Dual inverter failure, triggers MASTER
    DOOR
    CAUTION lights, red AC FAIL annunciator,
    and MASTER WARNING lights.
    1
    2
    L
    R
    AMBER—Steady if the gear handle is down
    AMBER—Flashes if
    the
    main
    cabin
    CABIN
    LO BRK
    and power brake pressure is low
    entrance door is not properly latched and
    PRESS
    (accumulator bleeds down). After an 8
    DOOR
    locked.
    second delay, the annunciator flashes and
    MASTER CAUTION lights illuminate, in
    AMBER—Flashes if the tail cone baggage
    AFT BAG
    ANTI SKID
    flight only . The ANTI SKID INOP
    compartment door is not key locked.
    DOOR
    INOP
    annunciator also illuminates.
    AMBER—Steady if the gear handle is down
    and the antiskid system is inoperative or
    AMBER—Flashes, indicates the autopilot
    AP PITCH
    OFF and/or the LO BRK PRESS
    elevator servo has sustained pressure
    MISTRIM
    annunciator illuminates. After an 8-second
    applied (the elevator is out of trim with the
    delay, the annunciator flashes and
    autopilot). The AP control panel should
    MASTER CAUTION lights illuminate, in
    display a DN or UP indication.
    flight only.
    AMBER—Flashes, indicates the aileron
    AP ROLL
    AMBER—Flashes, ACM manually shutdown
    servo has sustained pressure applied (the
    EMER
    MISTRIM
    (PRESS selector to EMER) or ACM
    ailerons are out of trim with the autopilot).
    PRESS
    shutdown due to internal overheat.
    CHECK
    AMBER—Flashes, indicates a fault in the
    WHITE—Advisory only, both sets of
    IAC 1-PFD 1-IAC 1 wrap-around circuitry.
    SPD BRK
    speedbrakes are fully extended.
    PFD 1
    EXTEND
    Or
    AMBER—Flashes, indicates a fault in the
    AMBER—Flashes indicates the left and/or
    IAC 2-PFD 2-IAC 2 wrap-around circuitry.
    CHECK
    LO HYD
    right engine driven hydraulic pump is
    FLOW
    inoperative.
    PFD 2
    AMBER—Flashes if the nose avionics
    L
    R
    NOSE AVN
    compartment cooling fan fails. Limited to 30
    minutes ground operating time prior to
    FAN
    dispatch.
    AMBER—Flashes if the hydraulic reservoir
    LO HYD
    fluid level is too low, below approximately
    LEVEL
    0.2 gallons.
    AMBER—Steady indicates the main
    AMBER—Steady, airplane on the ground
    HYD
    hydraulic system is pressurized. After a 10-
    GROUND
    and the ground idle switch is in NORM.
    PRESS
    second delay, the annunciator flashes and
    IDLE
    Annunciator remains illuminated during the
    MASTER CAUTION lights illuminate, in
    takeoff roll and extinguishes when airborne.
    flight only.
    If the light illuminates while airborne, it will
    flash and trigger the MASTER CAUTION
    lights.
    WHITE —Advisory only, advises the left
    AMBER—Flashes if the true airspeed
    ENG
    TAS HTR
    and/or right engine has exceeded
    (Rosemont) probe heater fails (dedicated to
    VIB
    predetermined vibration levels.
    FAIL
    the ADCs).
    AMBER—Flashing, annunciator illuminates
    L
    R
    F/W
    if an engine is shutdown using the RH or LH
    SHUTOFF
    ENG FIRE switchlight and both of the
    AMBER—Flashes if the door is closed and
    respective fuel and hydraulic firewall shutoff
    DOOR
    the primary door seal did not inflate or lose
    valves close. The annunciator will initially
    L
    R
    SEAL
    service air pressure. The backup secondary
    illuminate steady if both firewall shutoff
    hard seal should maintain cabin pressure
    valves are closed on initial power up (the
    integrity.
    MASTER CAUTION lights will not
    BLD AIR
    AMBER—Steady advises the bleed air
    illuminate).
    GND
    ground valve is open and high flow rate of
    air is available to the ACM from the right
    engine.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    4-5

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL Table 4-2. ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES (Cont) AMBER—Flashes if the pitot

    FlightSafety

    international

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    Table 4-2. ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES (Cont) AMBER—Flashes if the pitot & static heater WS AIR AMBER—Steady
    Table 4-2.
    ANNUNCIATOR ILLUMINATION CAUSES
    (Cont)
    AMBER—Flashes if the pitot & static heater
    WS AIR
    AMBER—Steady for 5 seconds. After 5
    STBY P/S
    switch is OFF or a loss of electrical current
    seconds, if the annunciator is still
    O’HEAT
    HTR
    flow to one or all heating elements
    illuminated, the light will flash and trigger the
    associated with the standby pitot/static
    MASTER CAUTION lights. If the W/S
    system (standby pitot tube and/or standby
    BLEED switch is ON, the annunciator
    static ports).
    indicates that bleed air to the windshield is
    AMBER—Flashes if the pitot & static heater
    too hot and the system shuts down. With the
    AOA HTR
    switch is OFF or a loss of electrical current
    W/S BLEED switch OFF, the light indicates
    FAIL
    flow to the AOA probe heater.
    static pressure in the windshield bleed air
    duct exceeds 5 psi.
    AMBER—Flashes if the pitot & static heater
    WHITE—Steady. Advisory, indicates the
    P/S
    switch is OFF or a loss of electrical current
    SURFACE
    system is operating normally, the light
    HTR
    flow to one or all heating elements
    DEICE
    should cycle “steady” as the deice boots on
    associated with the either or both left and
    the leading edge of the wings and
    right main pitot/static system(s) (pitot tube
    empennage inflate (12-second cycle).
    L
    R
    and/or static ports).
    AMBER—Flashes, if air temperature in the
    AIR DCT
    duct from the ACM to the cabin exceeds
    AMBER—Steady for approximately two
    O’HEAT
    ENG
    safe limits.
    minutes to allow the engine anti-ice system
    AMBER—Flashes, if the PRESS SOURCE
    ANTICE
    to warm enough to extinguish the lights.
    ACM
    selector is positioned to GND and the right
    After approximately 2 minutes, if the
    engine throttle is advanced beyond
    O’PRESS
    annunciator(s) did not extinguish, the
    L
    R
    approximately 74% N 2 and the primary
    annunciator will flash and the MASTER
    pressure switch fails. The secondary
    CAUTION lights will illuminate. If the
    pressure switch causes the bleed air ground
    annuniciator(s) extinguish within the normal
    valve to close (BLD AIR GND annunciator
    2-minute time period after activating the
    will extinguish) and illuminate the
    engine anti-ice system and the annunciator
    annunciator.
    illuminates after a 5-second delay, it will
    illuminate flashing. If the annunciator(s)
    illuminated flashing and the MASTER
    CAUTION lights are reset and the
    annunciator(s) cycle periodically on “steady
    on-off-steady on,” advises that a malfunction
    exists with the wing heaters and backup
    components are operating the system
    satisfactorily.

    4-6

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    international CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. An annunciator panel light will extinguish: A.

    FlightSafety

    international

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    REVIEW QUESTIONS

    • 1. An annunciator panel light will extinguish:

      • A. When pressed.

      • B. Upon landing.

      • C. When the malfunction is corrected.

      • D. If the master warning system is reset under all conditions.

  • 2. The master warning lights illuminate:

    • A. When any annunciator panel light illuminates.

    • B. When a red annunciator panel light illuminates.

    • C. When both L and R GEN OFF annun- ciators illuminate.

    • D. Both B and C.

  • 3. The rotary test switch:

    • A. Illuminates all annunciators in the ANNU position.

    • B. Is spring loaded to OFF.

    • C. Only illuminates all red annunciators in the ANNU position.

    • D. Only illuminates all amber annunci- ators in the ANNU position.

    FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY

    4-7

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL CHAPTER 5 FUEL SYSTEM international CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 5-1 GENERAL

    CITATION BRAVO PILOT TRAINING MANUAL

    CHAPTER 5 FUEL SYSTEM

    FlightSafety

    international

    CONTENTS

    Page

    INTRODUCTION

    ...................................................................................................................

    5-1

    GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

    ...............................................................................................................................

    ......................................................................................

    5-1

    5-2

    Fuel Storage .....................................................................................................................

    5-2

    Major Components

    ...........................................................................................................

    5-2