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119 (de) vizualizări9 paginiKinematics problems for student practice

Aug 23, 2016

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Kinematics problems for student practice

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119 (de) vizualizări

Kinematics problems for student practice

© All Rights Reserved

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Skip the hard ones

1. Starting from rest, object 1 falls freely for 4.0 seconds, and object 2 falls freely for 8 seconds.

Compared to object 1, object 2 falls:

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

half as far

twice as far

three times as far

four times as far

sixteen time as far

2. A car starts from rest and uniformly accelerates to a final speed of 20.0 m/s in a time of 15.0 s. How

far does the car travel during this time?

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

150 m

300 m

450 m

600 m

800 m

3. A car moves 0.80 m in 1.0 s at the constant velocity. If it continues, how far will it travel in 3.0 s?

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

2.4 m

3.6 m

4.8 m

7.2 m

14.4 m

4. A freely falling body is found to be moving downwards at 27 m/s at one instant. If it continues to

fall, one second later the object would be moving with a downward velocity closest to:

A. 270 m/s/s

B. 37 m/s

C. 27 m/s

D. 17 m/s

E. 10 m/s

5. A rocket near the surface of the earth is accelerating vertically upward at 10 m/s 2 . The rocket

releases an instrument package. Immediately after release the acceleration of the instrument

package is:

A. 20 m/s2 up

B. 10 m/s2 up

C. 0

D. 10 m/s2 down

E. 20 m/s2 down

6. A car starts from rest and accelerates at 0.80 m/s2 for 10 s. It then continues at constant velocity.

Twenty seconds after it began to move, the car has:

A. velocity 8.0 m/s and has traveled 40 m.

B. velocity 8.0 m/s and has traveled 80 in.

C. velocity 8.0 m/s and has traveled 120 m.

D. velocity 16 m/s and has traveled 160 in.

E. velocity 16 m/s and has traveled 320 in.

2

A. is no longer subject to the friction of air.

B. moves downward with constant velocity.

C. has an acceleration of approximately 10 m/s2.

D. has no downward velocity.

F. has an upward acceleration.

8. A ball which is dropped from the top of building strikes the ground with a speed of 30 m/s.

Assume air resistance can be ignored. The height of the building is approximately:

A. 15m

B. 30 m

C. 45 m

D. 75 m

E. 90 m

9. At a certain time, an object in free fall has velocity 4.0 m/s in the upward direction. What is the

approximate velocity of the object one second later?

A. 14 m/s up

B. 10 m/s up

C. 4.0 m/s tip

D. 6.0 m/s down

E. 10 m/s down

10. A motorist travels 400 km at 80 km/h and 400 km at 100 km/h. What is the average speed of the

motorist on this trip?

A. 84 km/h

B. 89 km/h

C. 90 km/h

D. 91 km/h

E. 95 km/h

car traveling along the x-axis. The graph shown

below is a plot of the cars velocity in the x

direction. vx versus time t.

11. During what time interval was the car moving towards

its initial position at constant velocity?

A. 0-lOs

B. 10-20s

C. 20-25 s

D. 25-30 s

E. 30-35 s

12. What was the acceleration at 33 s?

A. +0.40 m/s2

B. +0.20 m/s2

C. 0

D. -0.20 m/s2

E. -0.40 m/s2

13. How far did the car travel during first 15 seconds?

A. 0

B. 3.0 m

C. 15 m

D. 30 m

E. 45 m

3

14. When a falling object moves with terminal velocity, it

A. has zero velocity.

B. has zero acceleration.

C. has an upward acceleration.

D. is no longer subject to air resistance.

E. has an acceleration of approximately 10 m/s2 .

15. How long must a 2.5 m/s2 acceleration act to change the velocity of a 2.0-kg object by 3.0 m/s?

A. 0.83 s

B. 1.2 s

C. 1.7 s

D. 2.5 s

E. 7.5 s

16. A freely falling object is found to be moving downward at 18 m/s. If it continues to fall, two seconds

later the object would be moving with a speed of

A. 8.0 m/s

B. 10 m/s

C. 18 m/s

D. 38 m/s

E. 180 m/s

17. Coin I is thrown upward from the top of a 100-m tower with a speed of 15 m/s. Coin II is dropped

from the top of the tower 2.0 s later. Assume g is 10 m/s 2. How far below the top of the tower does

coin I pass coin II?

A. 1.6 m

B. 16 m

C. 20 m

D. 80 m

E. 96m

18. The change of distance per unit time without reference to a particular direction is called

A.

inertia

B. speed

C. velocity

D. acceleration

E. position

19. Which of the following terms is NOT related conceptually to the others?

A. vector

B. resultant

C. component D. exponent

E. equilibrant

20. In the absence of air resistance. if an object were to fall freely near the surface of the Moon.

A. its velocity could never exceed 10 m/s.

B . its acceleration would gradually decrease until the object moves with a terminal velocity.

C . the acceleration is constant.

D. it will fall with a constant speed.

E. the acceleration is zero.

20. Given the graph of the velocity vs. time of a chick flying due

south for the winter.

At what B point did the duck stop its forward motion?

A. A

B. B

C. C

D. D

4

The next 2 questions refer to tile diagram below which shows the position and elapsed time of a car

starting from rest and uniformly accelerating in a straight line.

22. What was the average velocity of the car during the third second?

A. 15 m/s

B. 12 m/s

C. 9 m/s

D. 5 m/s

E. 2 m/s

23. The average acceleration during the entire 3 second interval is closest to

A. 27 m/s2

B. 9 m/s2

C. 6 m/s2

D. 5 m/s2

E. 3 m/s2

20. What is the shape of the velocity time graph for an object with the position time graph

shown in the diagram at right?

25. Is it possible for an objects velocity to increase while its acceleration decreases?

A. No. this is impossible because of the way in which acceleration is defined.

B. No. because if acceleration is decreasing the object will be slowing down.

C. No. because velocity and acceleration must always be in the same direction.

D. Yes. an example would be a falling object near the surface of the moon.

E. Yes. an example would be a falling object in the presence of air resistance.

The following TWO questions refer to the following information. An ideal elastic rubber ball is dropped

from a height of about 2 meters. hits the floor and rebounds to its original height.

26. Which of the following graphs would best represent the distance above the floor versus time for the

above bouncing ball?

27. Which of

the following graphs would best represent acceleration versus time for the bouncing ball?

are racing on a circular track one kilometer in circumference. The first car can circle the track in 15

5

seconds at top speed while the second car can circle the track in 12 seconds at top speed. How much

lead does the first car need stalling the last lap of the race not to lose?

A) at least 250 m

B) at least 200 m

C) at least 104 m

D) at least 83 m

E) at least 67 m

Next four questions refer to the following scenario:

At to. two cars moving along a highway are side-by-side as they pass a third car stopped on the side of

the road. At this moment the driver of the first car steps on the brakes while the driver of the stopped

car begins to accelerate. The diagram below show the positions of each car for the next 5 seconds.

29. During which time interval would cars #2 and #3 be moving at the same average speed?

A. t0 to t1

B. t1 to t2

C. t2 to t3

D. t3 to t4

E. t4 to t5

30. About what position after t0 would car #1 and car #2 have been side by side?

A. O

B. 15m C. 26m D. 37m E. 39m

31. Which of the three cars had the greatest average speed during these 5 seconds?

A) car #1

B) car #2

C) car #3

D) car #2 and car #3 had the same average speed

E) all three cars had the same average speed

32. If car #3 continues to constantly accelerate at the same rate what will be its position at the end of

6 seconds?

A) 22 m

B) 68 m

C) 72 m

B) 78 m

F) 94 m

33. The graph represents tile relationship between distance and

time for an object that is moving along a straight line. What is the

instantaneous speed of the object at t = 5.0 seconds?

A. 0.0 m/s

B. 0.8 m/s

C. 2.5 m/s

D. 4.0 m/s

E. 6.8 m/s

Between what times did the object have a non-zero acceleration?

A. 0 s only

B. 0 s to 5 s

C. 5 s to 8 s

B. 0 s to 8 s

E. the object was not accelerating at any time4.

34. If a bali is thrown directly upwards with twice tile initial speed of another, how much higher will it

be at its apex?

A. 8 times

B. 4 times

C. 22

D. 2 times

E. 2 times

6

The diagram below represents a toy car starting from rest and uniformly accelerating across the floor.

The time and distance traveled from the start are shown i the diagram.

35. What was the average speed of the cart between 0.1 seconds and 0.3 seconds?

A. 0.6 m/s

B. 1.9 m/s

C. 2.4 m/s

D. 4.8 m/s

E. 60 m/s

36. What was the acceleration of the cart during the first 0.4 seconds?

A. 6.0 m/s/s

B. 9.8 m/s/s

C. 12 m/s/s

D. 25 m/s/s

E. 50 m/s/s

37. What was the instantaneous velocity of the cart at 96 centimeters from the start?

A. 0.6 m/s

B. 1.9 m/s

C. 2.4 m/s

D. 4.8 m/s

E. 60 m/s

THE NEXT TWO QUESTIONS REFER TO THE FOLLOWING

The motion of a circus clown on a unicycle moving in a straight

shown in the graph.

SCENARIO

line is

A. 1.6 m!s2

B. 2.0 m!s2

C. 3.4 m!s2

D) 8.O m!s2

E) none of the above

39. After 12 seconds, how far is the clown from her original

point?

A. O m

B. 10 m

C. 34 m

D. 47m

E. 74m

40. When an object falls freely in a vacuum near the surface of the earth

A) the velocity can not exceed 10 mIs2

B) the terminal velocity will be greater than when dropped in air

C) the velocity will increase but the acceleration will be zero

D) the acceleration will constantly increase

E) the acceleration will remain constant

THE NEXT THREE QUESTIONS REFER TO THE

FOLLOWING SCENARIO

The accompanying graph describes the motion of a

marble on a table top for 10 seconds.

41. For which time interval(s) did the marble have a

negative velocity?

A. from t = 8.0 s to t = 10.0 s only

B. from t = 6.9 s to t = 10.0 s only

C. from t = 4.8 s to t = 10.0 s only

D. from t = 4.8 s to t = 6.2 s and from t = 6.9 s to t = 10.O s only

E. from t = 3.2 s to t = 3.6 s, from t = 4.8 s to t = 5 s, and from t = 6.8 s to t= 7.2 s only.

starting

7

42. For which time interval(s) did the marble have a positive acceleration?

A. from t = 8.0 s to t = 8.0 s only

B. from t = 0.0 s to t = 3.6 s only

C. from t = 3.8 s to t = 4.8 s and from t = 6.2 s to t = 6.8 s only

D. from t = 2.0 s to t = 2.5 s, from t = 5.8 s to t = 6.2 s, and from t = 8.4 s to t = 8.8 s only.

E. from t = 3.2 s to t = 3.7 s, from t = 4.8 s to t = 5.0 s, and from t = 6.8 s to t= 7.2 s only.

43. Vhat is the marbles average acceleration between t = 3.3 s and t = 3.8 s

A. -2.0 m/s2

B. 0.0 m/s2

C. 0.8 m/s2

D. 2.0 m/s2

E. 3.0 m/s2

44. A car accelerates uniformly from rest for a time of 2.OO s through a distance of 4.00 m. What was

the acceleration of the car?

A) 0.50 m/s2

B) 0.71 m/s2

C) 1.00 m/s2

D) 1.41 m/s2

F) 2.00 m/s2

THE NEXT TWO QUESTIONS

REFER TO THE FOLLOWING

SCENARIO

The accompanying graph

describes the motion of a toy car

across the floor for 10 seconds.

the toy car at t = 4 s?

A. -1 m/s2

B. 0 m/s2

C. 1 m/s2

D. 2 m/s2

E. 4 m/s2

46. What was the total displacement of the toy car for the entire 10 second interval shown?

A. 0 meters

B. 6.5 meters

C. 9 meters

D. 10 meters

E. 11.5 meters

47. An object is thrown upwards with a velocity of 30 m/s near the surface of the earth. After two

seconds what would be the direction of the displacement, velocity and acceleration?

displacement

A.

B.

C

D.

C.

up

up

up

up

down

velocity

acceleration

up

up

down

down

down

up

down

down

up

down

8

48. Which of the following graphs could correctly represent the motion of an object moving with a

constant speed in a straight line?

A. Graph I only

B. Graph II only

C. Graphs I and IV only

D. Graphs II and V only

E. All of the above graphs represent constant velocity.

THE NEXT TWO QUESTIONS REFER TO THE FOLLOWING SCENARIO

The diagram shows a uniformly accelerating ball. The position of the ball each second is indicated.

49. What is the average speed of the ball between 3 and 4 seconds?

A. 3.0 cm/s

B. 3.5 cm/s

C. 4.0 cm/s

D. 7.0 cm/s

E. 12.5 cm/s

50. Which of the following is closest to the acceleration of the ball?

A. 1 cm/s2

B. 2 cm/s2

C. 3 cm/s2

D. 4 cm/s2

E. 5 cm/s2

51. Three stones of different mass (1m, 2rn & 3m) are thrown vertically upward with different

velocities (lv, 2v & 3v respectively). The diagram indicates the mass and velocity of each stone. Rank

from high to low the maximum height of each stone. Assume air resistance is negligible.

A) (high) I, II, III (low)

B) (high) 11, I, III (low)

C) (high) Ill, II, I (low)

D) (high) I, IlL II (low)

E) all reach the same height

52. A rubber ball bounces on the ground as shown. After each bounce, the ball reaches one-half the

height of the bounce before it. If the time the ball was in the air

between the first and second bounce was 1 second, what would

be the

time between the second and third bounce?

9

A. 0.50 s

B. 0.71 s

C. 1.O s

D. l.4 s

E. 2.O s

53. A pebble is dropped from a high vertical cliff. The collision of the pebble with the ground below is

seen 1.50 seconds after the pebble is dropped. With what speed did the pebble hit the ground? Ignore

air resistance.

A. 10 m/s

B. 15 m/s

C. 48.6 m/s

D. 100.4 m/s

E. 343 m/s

54. A snail is moving along a straight line. Its initial position is Xo = 5 meters and it is moving away

from the origin and slowing down. In this coordinate system, the signs of the initial position, initial

velocity and acceleration, respectively, are

1. D

14. B

27. B

40. E

53. B

2. A

15. B

28. A

39. E

41. D

54. B

3. A

16. D

29. C

4. B

17. C

30. D

5. D

18. B

31. D

6. C

19. D

32. C

7. B

8. C

20. C 21. D

33. B, C

9. D

22. A

34. B

10. B

23. C

35. C

11. D

24. B

36. C

12. B

25. E

37. D

13. D

26. C

38. B

42. D

43. A

44. E

45. C

46. B

48. C

49. D

50. B

51. C

52. B

47. B

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