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Foundation depth

Course 2
February 2009

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definition

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Criteria to select

Df

the frost depth;


the soil profile;
the neighbouring constructions;
the existence of underground networks;
technological destination (if any).

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The frost depth - h


Df = hi + 1020cm

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Adncimea minim de fundare (cm)

Terenul de
fundare

Minimum
foundation
depth for direct
footings

Roci stncoase
Pietriuri curate,
balast curat,
nisipuri mari i
mijlocii curate,
necoezive
Pietri sau balast
cu liant argilos,
nisip argilos,
argil gras

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Nisip fin prfos,


praf argilos, argil
prfoas i
nisipoas, ml,
nmol

Adncime
a de nghe
Hi stabilit
conf.
STAS
6054-76
(cm)

oricare

Adncime
a apei
subterane
H fa de
cota
terenului
nivelat (m)

oricare

Terenuri supuse
aciunii ngheului
(ziduri exterioare sau
interioare n spaii reci
i nenclzite)

Terenuri ferite de
aciunea
ngheului (ziduri
interioare n spaii
calde sau
nclzite)

Construcii

Construcii

definitive

provizorii

fr
subsol

cu
subsol

20

20

20

20

2,00

Hi

60

40

40

2,00

Hi + 10

70

40

40

oricare

Hi

70

H
H

2,00
2,00

80
90

70
80

50
50

40
40

Hi

70

H
H

2,00
2,00

Hi + 10
Hi + 20

80
80

50
50

40
40

Hi

70

H
H

2,50
2,50

80
90

70
80

50
50

40
40

Hi

70

H
H

2,50
2,50

Hi + 10
Hi + 10

80
90

50
50

40
40

Soil conditions - Case 1a

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Case 1b

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Case 1c

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Case 2a

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Case 2b

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Case 2c

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Case 3a and 3b

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Case 3c

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the neighbouring constructions

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Excavations and bracings

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Current options to solve a level


difference

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Temporary excavations
Open excavations with unsupported slopes

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Heaving at the bottom of the excavations

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