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# Project

Job No.
Doc. No.
Subject

## DOUBLE ANGLE CLEATS FOR UNNOTCHED BEAMS

L&T-MHI Boilers
Double Angle Web Cleats
Check -1 Recommended detailing practice
All input cells are yellow coloured
End Projection ,t1 approximately 10 mm
Length of cleat
Properties of Supported beam
l 0.6 D = 200 mm

wf
T
r

Beam designation
Depth of beam

REVISION
DATE
SHEET
1

BH800X300X18X30

Width of flange
Thickness of flange
Thickness of web
Area of section

2 mm

OF

800

mm

300
30
18
0
31320

mm
mm
mm
mm
2
mm

## Properties of Supporting beam/ Column

Beam designation
Depth of beam
Width of flange
Gauge ,g 90mm g 140 mm Thickness of flange
also g min = 0.30 face width Thickness of web

Face of Beam or
column

g=

Cleat thickness,tc

Check - 2

BH840X950X20X70

840
950
70
20

142

0
147000

Area of section

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm2

## check these bolts in shear

Fs

a
Fv
Shear capacity of bolt group connecting cleats to web of supported beam
2Ps = Shear Capacity of a single bolt in double Shear .
Basic Requirement : Fs 2 Ps
,
Fs = Resultant force on outermost bolt due to direct shear and moment (taking account of eccentricity "a" for single line of bolts)
For Single line of bolts Fs = ( Fsv2 + Fsm2) 1/2
Fsv = Vertical force on the bolt due to direct shear = Fv /n
Depth of beam
Thickness of supported beam web
Yield Strength of the material

=
=
=

## Ultimate tensile stress of the material

Shear Capacity of beam

410

## 50 % of Shear Capacity of the supported beam ,Fv

Total no of rows of bolts assumed
Therefore Fsv
Fsm = Force on outermost bolt due to moment

= 0.4 fy (D t)
=
1440.00
=
720

mm
mm
N/mm2 (Refer Sec 2.3.1 Design criteria for st struc)
N/mm2
(Refer IS800-1984 SEC6.4.2, AISC ASD Section F4 )

kN
kN

=
8
=
90
kN
= Fv a / Zbg
(n(n+1)p) /6
=

Dia of bolt

800
18
250

20

mm

Zbg

=
=
=

22
70
840

mm
mm
mm

## Size of cleat angle used

Backmark for ISA 100X100X10

=
=

ISA100X100X10
60
mm

## Distance b/w cleat edge and column face

Thickness of Cleat Angle

=
=

2
10

mm
mm

Width of cleat
a
Fsm
Therefore
Fs
To find the shear capacity of a single M20 bolt in double shear
Shear capacity of bolts CL 10.9 (for bearing type joints )
Therefore capacity of bolt in double shear

=
=
=
=

100
62
53.142857
104.52

mm
mm

=
=

63.7
127.4

kN
kN

Hence
Ratio

=
=

SAFE
0.82

20

Dia of hole
Min Pitch , p

## (Refer Sec 2.3.2 Design criteria for

boiler steel structure )

## (Refer LMB Standard dated 22-06-2010 )

kN
kN
Ref IS4000:1992 Table 2

Project
Job No.

REVISION

Doc. No.
Subject

L&T-MHI Boilers

DATE
SHEET
1

OF

## Check - 3 Supported beam -Connecting elements

Critical section in Shear
Lt
e1

Lv

e1

From fig e1 =
e2
a e2
Fv/2

40

mm

40

mm

Fs/2

## Single line of bolts

Shear and bearing capacity of cleat connected to supported beam
1 . For shear
Basic Requirement :

Fv / 2 Pv.min
Pv.min = Shear capacity of the leg of the angle cleat
= Smaller of Plain shear capacity Pv and Block shear capacity Pr
Plain Shear
Pv
Length of Cleat Angle

0.4 fy Avnet

## (Refer IS800-1984 SEC6.4.2, AISC ASD Section F4 )

=
570
mm
= ((2e1+(n-1)p)-n*Dh)* tc

Avnet

=
=

## Shear capacity of Cleat Pv

3940.00
394
kN

mm2

To find Pr
Design Strength due to block shear :
The block shear strength, Pr of connection shall be taken as

= 0.30AVFu + 0.5 At Fu

Av
At
Net length of shear face = Lv = [e1+ (n-1)P]

## = net shear area ,

= net tension area,
=
530
mm

## Net length of tension face , Lt = e2

Av
At

=
=
=

40
5300
400

mm
mm2
mm2

Therefore Pr
Now Pvmin = Min(Pv ,Pr)
Now

=
=
=

733.9
394
360

kN
kN
kN

=
=

SAFE
0.91

Fs / 2

=
=

104.52
52.26

kN
kN

= 1.2*Fu*d*t
=
98.4

kN

Fv / 2

Hence
Ratio

## (from AISC ASD Sec.J4)(Refer Page 4-8)

2 For bearing
Basic Requirement
Fs/2 Pbs Where Pbs = bearing capacity of the leg of the angle cleat per bolt

Hence
Ratio

=
=

SAFE
0.53

(From check-2)
(from AISC ASD Sec.J3.7)(Refer Page 4-7)

Project
Job No.
Doc. No.
Subject

L&T-MHI Boilers
Check -4 Supported beam -Capacity at the connection

## DOUBLE ANGLE CLEATS FOR UNNOTCHED BEAMS

REVISION
DATE
SHEET
1

OF

e3

et

e3
et

=
=

50
155

mm
mm

eb

155

mm

t1
eb
critical section in plain shear
Fv
Shear ,bending and bearing capacity of the supported beam :
1. For Shear
Basic Requirement Fv Pv.min
Pvmin = Shear Capacity of the beam at the connection.
= Smaller of Plain shear capacity Pv and block shear capacity Pr
Plain Shear
Pv

## Thickness of web of supported beam

Area Av = (et +(n-1)p+eb)tw

=
=

Pv1

18
14400

1440

kN

Avnet = Av - n Dh tw
Pv2
Min(Pv1&Pv2)

=
=
=

11232
1381.536
1381.536

mm2
kN
kN

Hence

SAFE

Ratio

0.52

Block Shear
The block shear strength, Pr of connection shall be taken as

0.30AVFu + 0.5 At Fu

## Net length of shear face = Lv = [et+ (n-1)P]

Net length of tension face , Lt = e3
Av
At

=
=
=
=

645
50
11610
900

mm
mm
mm2

Therefore Pr
Now Pvmin = Min(Pv ,Pr)

=
=

1612.53
1381.536

kN
kN

Hence
Ratio

=
=

SAFE
0.52

2 For Bearing :
Basic Requirement :
Fs Pbs , Pbs = Bearing capacity of the beam web/bolt
Fs

104.52

Pbs

=
=

1.2*Fu*d*tw
177
kN

Hence
Ratio

=
=

SAFE
0.59

## check these bolts in shear under eccentric load

supporting column

## (Refer AISC ASD Section F4 )

mm
2
mm

mm2

kN

(from check 2)
(from AISC ASD Sec.J3.7)(Refer Page 4-7)

Project
Job No.
Doc. No.
Subject

## DOUBLE ANGLE CLEATS FOR UNNOTCHED BEAMS

L&T-MHI Boilers
Shear capacity of bolt group connecting cleats to supporting beam or column
Basic requirement :
Ps = Shear Capacity of single bolt
FV PS
Beam connected to Web side of Column/Beam
Single Shear Capacity of Single bolt Fsb =

=
=

## Bearing Capacity of Bolt as per cleat thickness Fsb1 =

Bearing Capacity of Bolt as per Supporting beam thickness Fsb1 =
Capacity of Single Bolt Fb =
PS
Hence
Ratio

=
=
=
=
=
=

## Check 6 : Supporting beam/Column - Connecting Elements :

Critical section in shear and bearing

REVISION
DATE
SHEET
1

OF

YES

63.70

kN

98.40
196.80
63.70
1019.2
SAFE
0.71

kN
kN
kN
kN

e1
Lv
e1

e1
e2
FV/2

FV/2

e2 /Lt

## Shear and bearing capacity of cleats connected to supporting beam or column

1 For Shear
Fv/2 Pv min
Basic Requirement :
Pvmin

## = Shear capacity of the leg of the angle cleat

= Smaller of Plain shear capacity Pv and Block shear capacity Pr .

Same as Check 3
2 For bearing
Basic Requirement
Fv /2 Pbs
Pbs

= bearing capacity of the leg of the single angle cleat (ie.For 'n' bolts)

(Refer BS 5950)
kN

Fv
FV/2

=
=

## Bearing Capacity of cleat

Pbs

= 1.2*Fu*d*t
=
98.4

kN

Total no of bolts
Pbs

=
=

8
787.2

kN

Hence

SAFE

Ratio
Check 7 : Supporting beam/Column - Local Capacity

720
360

(From check-2)

kN
(from AISC ASD Sec.J3.7)(Refer Page 4-7)

=
0.46
(With one supported beam)

et1

n rows of bolts

Fv
1 For Shear :
Basic requirement :
Fv/2 Pv , Local shear capacity of supporting beam web .
Pv
et
et
eb
eb
Thickness of supporting Beam/column
Av = (et+(n-1)p+eb) tw
Avnet
Pv
Hence
Ratio

Fv/2

Fv/2

Fv/2

g/2 71
=
360
kN
=
min(0.4 fy Av, 0.3 Fu Avnet)
= smaller of et1 and 5d
=

100

mm

mm
=
71
=
20
mm
2
=
13220
mm
=
9700
mm2
=
1193.1
kN
=
SAFE
0.3
=

mm

Project
Job No.
Doc. No.
Subject

## DOUBLE ANGLE CLEATS FOR UNNOTCHED BEAMS

L&T-MHI Boilers
2 For Bearing :
Basic Requirement :
Fv/2n Pbs
Pbs = Bearing capacity of supporting beam or column / bolt
Pbs
=
196.8
kN
Fv/2n
Hence
Ratio
Check 8 : Structural integrity -Connecting elements
e2
g

=
=
=

45
SAFE
0.23

kN

## Max tie force from staad

Le (effective net length of cleats) = 2 e1+(n-1)p-nDh
Design strength of a member under axial tension,

=
=
=

75
kN
394
mm
0.6FyLe tc

## Design strength of a member under axial tension,

591

Hence
Ratio
Check 9 : Structural integrity -Supported beam
e3

=
=

SAFE
0.13

e1
p
p
p
e1

Critical sections

Tie Force
Structural integrity - Tension capacity of double angle web cleats
Basic requirement :
Tie force Tying capacity of double angle web cleats

kN

et
tie force

## Structural integrity -tension and bearing capacity of beam web

1 For tension
Basic requirement :
Tie force Net tension capacity of beam web
Net tension capacity of beam web
Le
ee
e3

=
0.6Le tw Fy
= 2 ee+(n-1)Pe-nDh
= e3 but et
=
50
mm

Le

394

kN

## Therefore tension capacity of beam web

1063.8

kN

Hence
Ratio
2 For bearing
Basic requirement : Tie force
Bearing capacity of beam web
From Check 4, the bearing capacity of the supported beam web
Hence
Ratio

=
=

SAFE
0.07

=
=
=

1416
SAFE
0.05

Tension bolt
group

Tie force

kN

REVISION
DATE
SHEET
1

OF

Project
Job No.
Doc. No.

## 2 X 660 MW JAYPEE NIGRIE SUPER THERMAL POWER PRJT

REVISION
DATE

Subject
DOUBLE ANGLE CLEATS FOR UNNOTCHED BEAMS
L&T-MHI Boilers
Structural integrity -tension capacity of bolts in presence of extreme prying .

SHEET

Basic requirement :
Tie force Tension capacity of tension bolt group .
Tension capacity of tension bolt group

## At = tensile stress area of a bolt

Ptr = Reduced tension strenght of a bolt in presence of extreme prying
Hence Tension capacity of tension bolt group
Hence

=
=
=
=

2 n At ptr

Ratio

0.04

=
=
=
=
=
=

20
22
142
18
10
10

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

570

mm

245
mm2
2
483.81541 N/mm
1896.5564
kN
SAFE

## Refer Appendix D of BS5950

Dia of bolt
Dia of hole
Cross centres /Gauge
Beam web thickness
Web cleat thickness
Length of the angle cleat
Prying force

Points of contraflexure

2tc

A
l1
l3

tc

Tie force

Plastic hinges
Web angle cleat under tension
For maximum prying,l1/l3 should be maximum
l1+l3

l1 : l3
Hence
l1

=
=
=

## The above ignores displaced geometry effects;

these are taken into account by assuming the displacement,
The Lever arm becomes, l1 cos where
tan

l1 cos
The prying force will act at a lever arm of of 2tc from the bolt centreline
Hence prying ratio
The ultimate tensile strength of 10.9 bolts
Hence nominal bolt stress should not exceed

=
=
=
=

42

mm

80
mm
58
:
80
17.652174
mm
30

mm

0.71
35.374752 deg
14.393282
mm

= 1.7196641
=
=

N/mm2
1040
483.81541 N/mm2

Check 11
Structural integrity -Supporting column web
Basic requirement :
Tie force Tying capacity of Column web

## Design Tensile strength of Column Pu

Moment Capacity of column web per unit length Mu

1
1
1
Tying capacity of Column web

=
=
=
=
=

Hence
Ratio
CONSOLIDATED RATIOS
CLEAT ANGLE
RATIO FOR SHEAR
RATIO FOR BEARING
RATIO FOR TENSION
BOLT
RATIO FOR SHEAR
RATIO FOR BEARING
RATIO FOR TENSION

=
=

=
=

0.91
0.53

0.13

=
=
=

0.82
0.59
0.04

0.5

0.5

328
32800

N/mm2
N-mm

0.5742857
0.2028571
0.0314286
622.90408 Kn
SAFE
0.12

OF