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QU[I:N I:LIVIBETH

T H [ OUI:[N MOTH[R

MA.NUrCTURERS Or DAIMLER JC.UAR.


ROV[R CARS AND L"ND llOVI:RS.

www.JagDocs.com

XJ-S
H.E.
Published by

jaguar Cars Ltd

Publication Po1rt No. AKM 9028 Edition 4

CONTENTS
F oreword
Introduction
C ontrols. Instruments and Ind icators
Trip Computer
Body Fittings
Seat and Safety Harness
Air C ond itioning
Automatic Transmission
Running Instructions
Towing a C aravan or Trailer
F orecourt Maintenance
Engine Oil Level Check
Windscreen Wipers and Washers
C ooling System
Tyres
Wheel C hanging
El ectrical System
Battery Electrolyte Check
Bulb Replacement
Care of Bodywork
Recommended Lubricants and Coolant
Bulb C hart
Fuse Charts
General Specifications
Fuel C onsumption

4
5
6
19
21
26
29
31
34
37
40
41
42
44
47
49
51
54
55
61
63
65
66
70
73

Jaguar Cars Ltd. reserve the right to vary their specifications with or without not1ce. and at such times and in such
manner as is thought fit. Major as well as minor changes may be involved in accordance with Jaguar's policy of
constant product improvement.
Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the particulars contained in this Handbook, neither Jaguar Cars
Ltd. nor the Distributor or Dealer, by whom this Handbook is supplied, shall in any circumstances be held liable for any
inaccuracy or the consequences thereof.
The information contained herein applies to a range of vehicles and not to a specific vehicle. For the specification of a
particular vehicle Owners should consult their Distributor or Dealer.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any
form, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or other means without prior written permission from the
Service Division of Jaguar Cars Ltd.

Jaguar Cars Ltd. 1984

I NTRODUCTION
Now that you have taken delivery of your new car, please read this
Handbook carefully to familiarize yourself with the controls and other
features, which have been designed for your safety and comfort.
Keys
Four different types of key are provided for locking the car as follows:

1. The all steel domed headed key operates the luggage


compartment and glove box locks.

2. The all steel flat headed key operates only the petrol filler cap
lock.

3 . The plastic headed double sided key operates the d oor locks.
4. The plastic head ed single sided key operates the ignition steering column lock.
Three ignition/steering column lock keys are supplied with each car.
For security reasons the lock key number is printed on a self adhesive
label, or etched on a disc attached to the key and is NOT shown on the
key or lock.
Please make a record of the number as you will need it to obtain a
replacement.

important service and make whatever adjustments are required , free


of charge except for the cost of lubricants.
Subsequent to the free service, maintenance and servicing of the
vehicle is the responsibility of the owner who is advised to make full
use of the planned maintenance operated by all Jaguar franchise
holders. The operations carried out by your Distributor/Dealer will be
in accordance with current recommendations and may be subject to
revision from time to time.
The 'Service Record Booklet' which includ es the 'Owners Service
Statement' has provision for the Distributor/Dealer to certify that the
work
has been performed in accordance with Jaguars'
recommendations. Regular use of the 'Service Record Booklet' at the
specified intervals is the best safeguard against the possibility of
abnormal repair bills at a later date and would constitute proof of
regular servicing, thus enhancing the value of your car to a
prospective buyer.
Jaguar Distributors and Dealers are provided with the latest
information concerning special tools and workshop techniques,
enabling them to undertake your service and repairs in the most
efficient and economic manner.

Servicing
Before receiving your new car it wil l have undergone an inspection to
ensure that all systems are working and the vehicle is complete to
specification.
After completing 1500 km (1 000 miles) the vehicle should be returned
to the supplying Distributor/Dealer who will carry out the first

Note
When L.H. or R.H. is used in the text, this refers to the Left-hand or
Right- h a nd of the vehicle, viewed from the d river's seat. R.H.Stg.
refers to vehicles provided with Right-hand steeri n g: L.H.Stg.
refers to Left- hand steering.

CO NTRO LS, I N STR U M E NTS AND I N DICATO RS


Fig. 1
2

6
5

12

10

14

11

JHBIJOA

CONTROLS, I N STR U M E NTS A N D I N DI CATOR S

Key to Fig. 1
1
2
3

Face level vents


Glovebox lock
Hazard warning light switch

Heated rear screen switch


Trip computer

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Map light switch


Interior light switch
Speedometer
Direction indicators/Headlight main-dipped beams, and (if fitted) Speed
control 'SET' switch stalk
Coolant temperature gauge
Oil pressure gauge
Fuel level gauge
Warning lights
Battery condition indicator
Tachometer

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Windscreen wiper/washer switch stalk


Map lights
Ignition/starter switch
Horn push
Accelerator pedal
Brake pedal
Master lighting switch
Air conditioning function control switch
Cigar lighter
Window lift motor switches
Ashtrays
Speed control switch (if fitted)
Automatic transmission selector lever
Air distribution temperature control
Air conditioning temperature control switch
Bonnet catch release lever

CONTROLS, I N STRUM E NTS A N D I N DICATORS

Fig. 2

CONTROLS, INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS


Fuel Level Gauge- (C, Fig. 2)
Indicates the quantity of fuel in the supply tank. Readings will only be
obtained when the ignition is switched 'ON'.
Battery Condition Indicator- (D, Fig. 2)

JHB102A

Indicates the battery's condition. When the ignition is switched on


and the engine stationary, the pointer should be at mid position, 1 3
volts. With the ignition and head lamps switched on the pointer should
be between the bottom red segment and 13 volts. If the pointer is in
the bottom red segment then the battery and/or charging system
requires attention. With the engine running above idling speed, the
pointer should be between 13 volts and the top red segment If the
pointer remains in the top red segment for longer than 1 0 minutes
then the charging rate is too high and the cause should be
investigated.

Coolant Temperature Gauge- (A, Fig. 2)


Indicates the temperature of the coolant as it leaves the cylinder
heads. When the pointer registers midway on the 'N' of the gauge the
engine will have reached normal operating temperature.

O n l y d rive at m oderate road and engine speeds until the normal


o perating tem perature is reached.
Oil Pressure Gauge- (8, Fig. 2)
Indicates the oil pressure being delivered by the oil pump to the
engine, i t does NOT record the quantity of oil in the sump. The
minimum pressure at 3,000 r.p.m. when hot should not be less than
2.8 kg/cm2 (40 lb/in2).

After switching on, a period of a p p roximately 20 seconds wi l l


e l a pse after sta rting the engine before a correct reading is
obtained.

Tachometer- ( E, Fig. 2)
The tachometer ind icates the engine speed in revolutions per minute
and is calibrated in increments of 100 extending to 7000 rev/min.

CONTROLS, I NSTRU M ENTS A N D I N DI CATOR S


Fig. 3

Spe edometer - ( F, Fig. 2 )


The speedometer indicates the road speed of the vehicle i n miles and
kilometres per hour. It also combines the following indicators:
Odometer - The figu res within the aperture above the centre of the
dial record the total mileage of the car and may be used as a guide for
periodic maintenance
Tr i p Odometer-The figures with i n the aperture below the centre of
the dial can be used to record the distance of each jou rney by
depressing the reset button (G, Fig. 2). in the face of the
speedometer, at the beg inn ing of the journey.

I nstrument Illumination Rh eostat - (A, Fig. 3)


Turn the knob clockwise to illuminate the instruments at high
intensity and counter-clockwise to diminish the intensity.
Hazard Warnin g Switch - (C, Fig. 3)
Clock-

(8, Fig. 3)

The hands of the electrical ly operated clock can be reset by pressing


and turning the knob on the face of the clock in the directi on required.

If the vehicle is immobilized and constitutes a hazard to other road


users, warning may be given by using the ' hazard warning system ' .
T o operate depress the switch.
Rear Screen Heater Switch - (D, Fig. 3)

Switches - ( Fig. 3)
Two illuminated push operated switches on each side of the time
clock, control the following operations:-

(C) Hazard Warning; (D) Rear screen heater; (E) Map light; (F) Interior
light.

Depress the switch to operate the rear screen demister which wi ll


only function if the ignition switch is in postion ' 1 ' or '2'. While the
dernister is in operation the warning symbol will be illuminated. To
conserve electrical power a timer is incorporated in the circuit which
automatically switches the heater off after approximately fifteen
minutes. The switch however, will remain depressed until manually
released.
continued

CONTR OLS, I N STRU M ENTS A N D I N DICATOR S

I f the fifteen minute cycle i s interrupted for any reason the timer will
commence a further cycle once power is restored. If power to the
heater is cut by turning the ignition switch to position '0' the heater
will commence a new cycle when the switch is returned to position
' 1 ' or '2' provided the heater switch has remained depressed.

Puddle Li ghts
The puddle lights are located in the rear of the doorcasing armrest.
They are designed to warn oncoming traffic of an open door, and also
to illuminate your footing when leaving the car.
They are controlled by the door switches only.

Interior Li ghts

Warnin g Li ghts - ( Fi g . 4)

The interior lights and switches are located as follows:-

Direction Indicator Monitors - (A an d M, Fi g. 4)

Map Li ghts - one each side of the fascia lower panel, both are
controlled by the door switches, or when the doors are closed the
passenger's side can be operated, by depressing the switch (E. Fig. 3)

Warn ing light (A) flashes when the steering column combination
switch is moved to signal a left-hand turn. Warning light (M) flashes
similarly when the switch is moved to signal a right-hand turn.

Side Interior Li ghts - one each side of the rear passenger


compartment, controlled by the door switches, or when the doors are
closed, by depressing the switch (F. Fig. 3).

Heated Rear Screen - (B, Fig. 4)

NOTE: For convenience of key and seat belt operation during


darkness, the side in terior and map lights will remain 'ON' for
approximately 1 5 seconds after both doors are closed.

Rear Fo g Guard - (C, Fig 4)

Illuminates when the rear screen dernister is in operation. See 'Rear


Screen Heater Switch'.

Illuminates when the rear fog lamps are operating.

Roof li ght

Main Beam -

The roof light has three positions:-

Illumin ates when the headlights are in the main beam condition.

(D, Fig 4)

1.

Rearward s - The light will be 'ON' all the time irrespective of


switch or door positions.

l gnition-(E, F i g 4 )

2.

Centre- The light will remain 'OFF' irrespective of switch or door


positions.

3.

Forwards- The light will come 'ON' when either door is opened.

Illuminates when the ignition i s switched o n and should extinguish


when the engine is running. Should the warning light remain on, stop
the engine and in vestigate the cause.

Ma jor Fault Warnin g- ( F, Fig 4)


STOP CAR when illuminated, investigate cause immediately,
indicated by warn ing light(s), in the lower panel.

Secondary Fault Warnin g- (G, Fig. 4)


Illuminates when a fault indicated by a warning light. in the lower
panel, occurs. In vestigate cause as soon as possible.

10

CONTROLS, I NSTR U M ENTS A N D I N DICATO R S


Fig. 4

Volts-(H, Fig 4)
I l l um inates to indicate battery overcharge (malfunction of alternator).
Seat Belt - (J, Fig 4)
I lluminates when the driver's or passenger's seat belt is not fastened.
Oxy gen Sensor - ( K, Fig. 4)
Not applicable .
Cara van - (L, Fig. 4 )
T h i s c a n b e util ised if t h e vehicle i s to be used for towing a caravan o r a
trailer, and a heavy duty flasher unit is fitted .
A spare red lead will be found at the rear of the instrument pack
adjacent to the steering column; this should be connected to the W/L
term i na l of the heavy duty flasher unit. when fitted.
Low Coolant Le vel - (N, Fig. 4)
I llu m inates when the coolant level in the radiator is too low. The fault
should be rectified at the earliest opportunity but in the meantime a
frequent watch should be kept on the coolant temperature gauge to
ensure that the engine does not overheat.
Bra ke Warnin g- ( P, Fig. 4)
Serves two purposes. It illumi nates to indicate a low fluid level in the
brake hydraulic system reservoir, or to indicate failure of one of the
two separate hydraul ic circuits.
The light should illuminate only when the ignition switch is in position
3 (start), this provides a check that the warning circuit is operating
satisfactorily. Failure to do so indicates a bulb or circuit fault.

,I)!R-\01

If the l ight remains on when the ignition switch is returned to position


'2' (Ignition). then a brake fault is indicated and the car MUST NOT be
driven until the fault is corrected.
Low Oil Pressure - ( R , Fig. 4)
The lamp should illumi nate when the ignition is switched on and
exti ngu ish when the engine is running. If the warning lamp remains
' ON' when the engine is running loss of oil pressure is indicated. The
eng i ne must be stopped immediately and the cause rectified before
the engine is re-started.
Hand Bra ke - (S, F i g . 4)
I lluminated while the handbrake is applied. It operates as soon as the
ignition is switched on and will remain illuminated until the handbrake
is fully released.

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C O NTROLS , I N ST R U M E NTS A N D I N DICATORS

Low Fuel Le vel - (T, Fig. 4)

Bulb Failure Warnin g- (V, Fig. 4)

I lluminates to indicate low fuel level in the tank. This warning light is
additional to the Fuel Gauge (C. Fig 2).

The bulb failure warning light should illuminate for approximately 1 5


t o 30 seconds, with the master lighting switch i n any position other
than 'off'. If the light fails to go out, then there is a fault or bu lb failure
in one or more of the following circuits:-

Hazard - (U, Fig. 4)


Flashes simultaneously with the front and rear di rection indicator
lamps, when the Hazard Warning Switch is operated.

Front parking lamp, tail and number plate lamps.


With the master lighting switch in the 'off' position, the stop lamp
circuit can be checked. Switch on the ignition (position 2). apply the
handbrake and press the footbrake pedal. The hulb failure warning
light should illuminate. If it does not, then there is a fault or bulb failure
in the stop lamp circuit.

Fig. 5

Combination Switch - ( Fig. 5)


The steering-column combination switch serves the following
p urposes:
Di rection I n dicators (L and R) - To indicate a left-hand turn, move
the lever anti-clockwise. Move it clockwise for right-hand turns. This
control is effective only when the ignition is switched on.
Headlamp Main Bea m - To operate the main beams turn the
master light switch to 'Headlamp' position.
Pull the lever towards the steering wheel and release. To dip the main
beam pull the lever towards the steering wheel again, and
release.

,I!!B-101

12

Head l a m p Flas h - Pull the lever towards the steering wheel against
spring pressure to flash the lamps. This control is effective regardless
of the position of any other switch.

CONTROLS, I N STRUM ENTS A N D I N DICATOR S


Fig.6

Windscreen Wiper and Washer Control (Fig. 6)


The control is effective only when the ignition is switched on.
For continuous operation of the two speed wiper, move the control
upwards to position ' 1 ' for slow-speed operation, or fully upwards to
position '2' for high-speed operation. For delayed use of the wiper,
move the control downwards to position 'D'.

------

2,

A single sweep of the wiper is available by pulling the lever towards


the steering wheel and releasing. For continual operation of the
wipers, but with a pause between each sweep, move the control
lever downwards to position (D).
To switch off the wipers, return the control to position '0'.
To operate the windscreen washer, press the knob on the end of the
control.

JI-IB-lOS

Headlamp Wash-Wipe (where fitted)


The headlamp wash-wipe facility is operated by depressing the
wi ndscreen washer control knob and only functions whilst the main
or dipped beams are operating.

13

C O NTROLS, I N STR U M E NTS AND I N DICATORS


Fig. 7

I gnition/Starter Switch and St eerin g Lock- (Fig. 7)


0. All electrical circuits switched off: mechanical lock pre-set when
key is removed.

1 . Auxiliary position.
2. Ignition.
3. Start.

Unlocking Sequence (clockwise) Insert the key and turn it to position


' 1 ' . If difficulty is encountered, turn the steering wheel sl ightly to
relieve the load on the lock bolt. The steering wheel should now be
free to turn
.

J!-18-107

To switch on the ignition. tum the key to position '2'. Further


movement to position '3' operates the starter motor. The key will
return to position '2' when released .
If the engine fails to start the key must be returned to position '1'
before restarting.
Operation of the starter switch will isolate the ignition controlled
e quipment (except the coil and fuel pump) including the air
conditioning system (when fitted), allowing full battery power to
be available for engine cranking.
Loc king Sequence (anti-clockwise) Turn the key from position '2' to
' 1 ' to switch off the ignition.Push the key fully towards the lock and
turn it to position o. Withdraw the key and move the steering wheel
slightly to ensure that the lock bolt is fully engaged.

14

CONTROLS, I NSTR U M E NTS A N D I N DI CATOR S


Fig.8

Master Li ghtin g Switch - (Fig. 8)


Situated on the left hand side of the steering column, it is a four
position switch with symbols to denote the function of each position
as follows:Position 1. Off. The normal position for daylight driving.
Position 2. I l l u m i nates front parking, tail, number plate, panel lamps,
including cigar lighter, and any marker lamps required by
local legislation.
Position 3. I l l um inates the head lamps. In this position the control
lever on the steering co lumn becomes operative and
co ntrols the main and dipped beams.
Position 4. Illum inates the rear fog guard lamps and maintains the
head lamps in the dipped beam condition irrespective of
the control lever position. The knob has to be pushed in
before it can be tu rned to this position
Gear Selector Lever

-lllfl-IOB

Fig. 9

Refer to Automatic Transmission Section for full details.


Handbrake Lever- (Fig. 9)
The handbrake lever is positioned on the driver's side of the vehicle
and mechanically operates the handbrake pads on the rear discs only.
To apply the handbrake, pull the lever upwa rds ; the lever may then be
returned to the lower (off position) with the brake still engaged. This
al lows the driver easy access to and from the car. To release the
handbrake raise the lever, taking up the load, depress the button and
lower.
The handbrake warning light will illuminate when the handbrake is
applied and the ignition is switched on.

15

C O N TR O LS, I N STR U M ENTS A N D I N DICATORS


Fig.10

Steerin g Column Ad justment- (Fig. 10)


The steering col umn can be adjusted for reach to achieve the most
comfortable position. Turn the knurled ring anti-clockwise, move the
steering wheel to the desired position and tighten the ring.

Horns
Twin warning horns are operated by pressing the steering wheel
control pad. The horns are only operative when the ignition starter
switch is in auxiliary ' 1 ' or ignition '2' positions.

Fig. 11

Fuel cut-o ff Inertia Switch - (Fig. 11)


An inertia sensitive switch is fitted in the electrical supply to the fuel
pu mp. Should the car be subjected to heavy impact forces, the switch
opens, isolating the fuel pump.
The switch is located in the driver's footwell on the front door pillar.
The switch can be reset by pressing in the button protruding through
the top of the inertia switch cover.

16

CONTROLS. I N STR U M E NTS A N D I N DI CATOR S

Ci gar -li ghter - ( F i g . 12)


To operate, press the holder into the socket on the console panel and
release.
On reaching the required temperature the holder will return to the
extended position . Do not hold the lighter in the ' Pressed in' position.
The cigar lighter holder may also be used to provided a trickle charge
point for the battery or as an inspection lamp point. A plug for this
pu rpose is provided and will be found in the glove box together with
fitting instructions.
The cigar lighter is illum inated when the side l ights are switched ON
'

'.

Electrically Operated Windows - ( Fig. 13)


The electrica lly operated windows can be raised and lowered by using
the appropriate switches. A - L.H. Window. B- R.H. Window.
To operate, switch on the ignition to auxil iary position ' 1 ' and depress
the front of the switch to lower the window and the rear of the switch
to raise.
To protect the wi ndow lift motors from damage due to excessive
continuous use, a cut-out will operate if the system is overloaded.
If this happens the cut-out will require a short period to cool down
before the system again becomes operative.
WARNING: It is recommended that the dri ver remo ves the
i gnition key when lea vin g the vehicle. This will help to pre vent
possible i n jury being cau sed to the remaining occupants,
especially children, by the misuse of the electrically operated
door windows.

17

CO N T R O LS, I N STR U M ENTS AND I N D I CATORS

Fig. 14

SPEED CONTROl (where fitted)


The speed of the car can be increased, e.g. for overta king, by
depressing the accelerator peda l . The selected speed will be
resumed once the foot has been removed.
The speed control is disengaged when the brake pedal is depressed .
Providing the speed is above 32-40 km/h (20-25 mph) the original set
speed may be recalled from the electronic memory by moving the
master switch to RESUME.
To alter the cruise speed press and hold the SET button releasing
when the new speed is attained . This then becomes the new
' resume' speed.
To cancel the speed control and erase the electronic memory, move
the master switch to 'OFF' The system is also cancelled when the
ignition is switched off.

The e lectro nic speed control system can be used by the driver to
mai nta i n a constant road speed accu rately and continuously without
manual use of the accelerator.
The system has two switches, a master switch at the rear of the gear
se lector cover, and a SET button on the end of the combination switch
stalk. To operate, position the master switch to 'ON'. Accelerate the
car in the normal manner, to the required cruising speed. Press and
release the 'S ET' button and remove the foot from the accelerator
peda l . The car will automatically maintain the SET speed

18

WARNING: DO NOT use the speed control if conditions make it


impossible to maintain a steady speed, i.e. in heavy traffic, on a
winding road or on a slippery road surface due to rain, snow, ice,
mud or loose gravel etc.

The 'R ESUME' position should only be engaged if the driver is fully
awa re of the previo usly set speed and wishes to resume this
pa rticu la r preset speed.

C O N TR OLS, I N STR U M E NTS AND I N DICATORS

TRIP COMPUTER (where fitted)

Fig.l

Description
The trip computer records fuel usage, time and distance. By storing
the three sets of information and relating one to another it computes
fuel consumption, both average and 'at the moment' usage; fuel used
on a journey or period; distance travelled; average speed and time
elapsed since start of journey, or over period. The information may be
displayed either in litres and kilometres or miles and gallons.
Use of the computer will add interest to journeys, it may also be used
as an educational aid to more economical driving techniques.
Computer Controls ( Fi g. 1 )
There are nine controls on the computer face, the use of each is
described followed by examples of their use.
mls/km -Use this switch to display metric or imperial units.

R E S ET

-Press for 5 seconds to switch all function displays to


zero.

DISP

-Press to switch
continues)

TIME

-Press to display time of day -press again to display


lapsed time since reset- after 6 seconds display will
revert to time of day.

display

off (function

updating

AV. S P D -Press to display average speed since reset.


D I ST

-Press to display distance travelled since reset.

AVE

-Press t o display average fuel consumption since reset.

I N ST

-Press to display the fuel consumption at that time.

FUEL

-Press to display fuel consumed since reset.

JHB230

To show which function is on display the relevant button will be


illuminated. When the vehicle lights are on the computer illumination
is dimmed but the legend plate is illuminated.
Time of Day Clock
The digital clock is displayed on the computer when the ignition is
'ON', it is not zero'd as the computer functions are by the RESET
button.
To set time: Press the RESET and TIME buttons together to set the
hours display and the RESET and DISP buttons together to set
minutes display

19

R U N N I N G A N D SAFETY I N STRUCTIO N S

Using the Computer


Before starting a journey press RESET button for 5 seconds to zero
functions. The time function will commence (to display press TIME
pause press TIME again) and will record time elapsed since reset,
with the ignition on.
During the journey the fuel usage and distance travelled will be
monitored. The display buttons may be pressed to show average
speed of journey (AV SPD), average fuel consumption (AVE). since
start of journey/reset and the fuel used on the journey (FUEL).
As a guide to how your fuel consumption is affected by your driving
technique press the INST button which will switch the display to fuel
consumption instantaneous, i.e. the fuel that you are using at that
moment (expressed in litres per 1 00 km or miles per gallon.

To check the fuel consumption over a period press RESET button for 5
seconds to zero functions, then check the fuel consumption over a
period by pressing AVE from time to time as required.
As fuel consumption improves the litres per 1 00 kilometres figure
goes down but the miles per gallon figure increases. This apparent
anomaly is because the less litres used per 1 00 km the better,
conversely the more miles per gallon the better.
All computer information is stored when the ignition is switched 'off
When the ignition is switched 'on' the functions start again and the
time of day is displayed
The display may be switched off at any time but the functions
continue. All function data is updated every 3 seconds.

The speedometer and trip computer work within acceptable tolerances, but as they are separately functioning units their readings may vary slightly
during operation.

20

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BODY FITTI N G S

BODY FITTINGS

Fig. 1

Electrically Operated Door Locks (Fig. 1 -Fig. 2)


Exterior Operation (Fig. 1)
Both doors can be unlocked simultaneously, by inserting the door key
into either door lock and turning approximately 45 towards the rear of
the car. Return the key to the horizontal position to remove.
To open e1ther door from the outside, insert the fingers under the
recessed handle and lift; pull open the door.
Both doors can be locked simultaneously, after closing, by inserting
the door key into either door lock and turning approximately 45
towards the front of the car. Return the key to the vertical position to
remove.

Interior Operation (Fig. 2)


To lock both doors simultaneously, move the locking flap (A) on either
door rearwards.
To unlock from this position, move the locking flap (A) forwards.

Fig. 2

To open either door from the inside, pull the remote control lever (B)
rearwards and push open the door.

IMPORTANT: It is not possible, manually or electricall y to lock a


door from inside the car unless the door is closed. Attemptin gto
operate the locks when the door is open may dama ge the lock
mechanism.

21

B O DY F I TT I N G S

Lu gga ge Compartment
The l uggage compartment is locked manually by inserting the key and
turning clockwise . To open the lid turn the key anti-clockwise and lift
the lever situated below and to the left of the lock.
The luggage compartment is automatically illu minated when the lid is
raised.

Fig. 3

Bonnet Lock Control (Fig. 3)


The bonnet lock is controlled from the front passenger compartment.
To open the bonnet push the lever (A) downwards. This will release
the bonnet which will now be retained by the safety catch (B) Insert
the fingers under the rear edge of the bonnet and push the safety
catch forward.
The bonnet is retained in the fully open position by gas-fil led struts.
To close the bonnet, push dowards until the safety catch has
engaged; then pull the lever inside the car upwards to fully close and
lock the bonnet.

22

BODY FITTI N G S
Fig.4

Electrically Operated Door Mi rrors - (Fig. 4)


Both m irrors are controlled by the driver and can be operated before
the ignition is switched on. The control knob functions as follows :R.H. Stg. Cars- front knob adjust L.H. mirror
- rear knob adjusts R . H . mirror
L.H. Stg. Cars- front knob adjusts R . H . mirror
- rear knob adjusts L.H. mirror

To remove ice from the mirror face, use a de-icing spray; a


scraper will damage the surface.
To clean the mirror face use a soft damp cloth.

J!IR-117

Fig. 5

Dri vin g Mirror - (Fig. 5)


The driving m irror is adjustable for direction and may be temporarily
'dipped' to prevent reflected glare from the headlamps of fol lowing
vehicles by pushing the 'tab' that extends below the mirror. Reverse
the procedure to regain normal adjustment.
The mi rror is mou nted on a 'brea kaway' support stem for personal
safety. If through impact, the stem is dislodged from its mounting, it
can be refitted in its original position .

,IJIH-118

23

B O DY F I TTI N G S
Fig. 6

Glo vebox Locker - (Fig. 6)


The lockable glove box is opened by turning the knurled knob (A)
clockwise and pulling.
A vanity rnirror is concealed on the left-hand side of the lid and is
opened by pulling the catch (8) and lifting the rn i rror to an upright
positio n .

Sun Visors
The two adjustable sun visors are padded to reduce the risk of irnpact
injury. Either visor can be swung downwards or can be unclipped and
swung sideways to eliminate sun glare.

24

BODY F I TII N G S

Centre Armrest Console


The lid of the centre armrest is hinged at the rear and lifts up to provide
a storage compartment.

Ashtrays
Ashtrays are provided one each side of the gear selector lever and one
in the rear of the armrest centre console.
To clean the front ones, lift out the inner container vertically, replace
by pushing down until it is locked by the reta ining spring.
To clean the rear ashtray, press the top of the tray down and
outwards, replace by pressing the tray into position.

25

S EATS A N D SAFETY HAR N ESS

SEATS AND SAFETY HARNESS


Fig. 1

Seat Ad justment - (Fig.1)


Lift the lock bar (A) under the front edge of the seat cushion and slide
the seat into the required position. Release the lock bar and slide the
seat until the lock mechanism engages.
The seat back is adjustable to the fully reclined position. To adjust, l ift
the lever (B) and adjust to the desired position. Release the lever to
lock in position.
The seats also hinge forward to afford access to the rear
compartment. To release the seat squab lift the knob (C) and push the
squab forward. The seat will latch automatically when returned to the
upright position .
Seat Be lts
JHB-1 10

-----

USE YOUR SEAT BELTS


Statistics indicate that the use of safety belts can save lives. We
therefore most strongly urge that the seat belts are used at all times.
The passenger front seat incorporates a sensor switch with electrical
contacts that close when the seat is occupied. This causes a warni ng
light on the facia to glow when the ignition is switched on. The
warning light is extinguished when each front seat occupant fastens
his/her seat belt harness.

26

S EATS AND SAFETY HAR N ES S


Fig. 2

Front Seat Belts - (Fig. 2)


Draw the tongue of the belt over the shoulder, across the chest and
push it into the buckle unit slot nearest the wearer, until a positive
'click' indicates that the harness is safely locked.
To release the harness depress the button on the buckle unit and
allow the belt to retract gently into the reel.
WARNING: Seat belts are des igned to bear upon the bony
structure of the bod y, and should be worn across the pelv is,
chest and shoulder, wearin g the lap sect ion of a belt across the
abdom inal area must be avo ided.
Belts should not be worn w ith the straps twisted.
Rear Safet y Harness (where fitted)
The rear safety harness is of the lap type. To fit, place the lap portion
over the thighs and insert tongue into buckle portion.
Care of Seat Belts
The belts must not be al lowed to rub against sharp su rfaces on seats
or bodywork. Harnesses that have been cut . frayed, damaged or used
in cars involved in severe accidents should be renewed.

27

S EATS A N D SAFETY HAR N ESS

Ch ild Safe ty
It is strongly recommended that babies and chi ldren are not allowed
to travel in the front seat of a vehicle or on the lap of a person
occupying the front seat. Do not allow children to stand or kneel on
any seat.

The following roa d test must be ca rried out o n ly u nder maximum


safe road conditions, i.e. on a dry, straight, traffic f ree road.
With the safety harness fitted to the driver and passenger as
previously described, drive the car at 8 km/h (5 m.p.h.); ensuring that
it is safe to do so, brake sharply.

Babies should be carried in a carry cot secured to the rear seat using
approved safety straps.

The safety harness should lock automatical ly, holding both driver and
passenger securely in position.

For chi ldren from the ages of 9 months to 5 years, (or up to 36 kgs, 80
lbs, body weight). the UNIPART 'Child Safety Seat', GSS 175,
attached to the rear seat. is recommended.

It is important when braking that the reactions of both driver and


passenger are normal, i.e. the body must not be thrown forward in
anticipation, thus causing a 'snatching' action of the belt which would
operate the locking mechanism.

Children from 5 years to 12 years should use an approved child's


safety belt.

If the belt fails to lock on either test, consult your Distributor or Dealer.

Inertia Reel Mechan ism Ch eck

Cleanin g

To provide the users with maximum freedom during normal driving


conditions the seat belts a re of the dual sensitive inertia reel type.
Hard braking or fast cornering locks the belts immediately.

An occasional wipe with a warm soapy sponge will keep the harness
clean. Do not use bleach or dyes otherwise the efficiency of the
harness may be affected.

Snatch Test - Whilst seated, fasten the seat belt and grip the
shoulder belt at approximately shoulder level with the opposite hand.
Pull the belt sharply in a downwards direction, the belt should lock.

28

AIR CON D I TION I N G

AIR CONDITIONING
The air conditioning system is designed to give automatic in-car
c l i matic contro l . This maintai ns the chosen temperature at a constant
level by selecting automatical ly the heating or cooling faci lity as
a ppropriate .
To enable the 'in car temperature' to be accurately controlled, the car
wi ndows should be closed.

Left -Hand Switch - (8, Fig. 1)


This switch selects the temperature that is to be maintained
automatically in the car.
R ight -Hand Switch - (C, Fig. 1 )
OFF
When the switch is in this position, the temperature control system is
inoperative.
Fig. 1

A ir Distr ibution Temperature Control - (A, Fig. 1)


The thumbwheel, located in the radio panel, can be used to alter the
temperature of the air being distributed through the face level vents.
It is most effective when the main controls are set at AUTO and 75,
and the system has been allowed to stabilise.
To increase the temperature of the air, being delivered through the
vents, move the thumbwheel to the right, to decrease the
temperature, move the thumbwheel to the left.
This control does not affect the automatic operation of the unit.

c
JIII3-J;l'

www.JagDocs.com

29

A I R CO N DI TI O N I N G

A U TO
When the switch is set to this position the control system senses the
in-car temperature and the outside air temperature in relation to the
selection on the left-hand switch. The system then automatically
adjusts flaps and heating or cooling modes to achieve the desired
result. Blowerfan speeds are also selected in four steps to increase or
decrease the volume of air flow, depending upon the differences
between the in-car temperature, the selected temperature and the
ambient ai r temperature.
'HIGH AUTO' and ' LOW AUTO' positions select a fixed high or low
fan speed independent of that selected by the automatic control.

Air is delivered only from the centre facia vent during the cooling
mode.

When the switch is set to this position the automatic facility is


over-ridden and a i r flow at maximum temperature is distributed 90%
to the windscreen and the facia end outlets and 10% to the footwel l .
T h e facia e n d outlets may b e aimed t o defrost t h e side windows or
closed to concentrate airflow at the windscreen.
Operatin g H ints
It is reco mmended that the system is operated for approximately
1 0- 1 5 m inutes per week du ring the winter (or cool) season. This will
help to maintain the components of the system, particularly the
compressor, in good working condition.

Fig. 2

S i ght Giass - (Fig. 2)


A sight glass is fitted in the receiver/drier u nit. Slight foaming o r
bubbles may appear if operating in low ambient temperatures. I f
excessive foa m i ng or bubbles appear in t h e g lass, the system must
be checked by your D istributor or Dealer.
A protection device, consisting of a superheat switch and a meltable
fuse, is incorporated in the compressor clutch circuit. This will prevent
damage being caused to the compressor shou ld refrigerant loss
occur. When the fuse melts the cool ing fu nction is rendered
inoperative and wi ll remain so unti l the cause of the fau lt is rectified
and the fuse is renewed.

30

AUTOMATIC TRAN S M I S S I O N

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
Fig. 1

I ntroduct ion
The transmission consists of two main parts - a fluid driven torque
converter capable of varying torque-multiplication. and a hydraulically
controlled epicyclic gearbox, featu ring planetary gears which provide
reverse and three forward ratios.
Gear S el ection - ( Fi g . 1)
Gear selection is controlled through the gear selector lever. and the
gear ratios in 'D' are influenced by road speed and throttle position.
The gear positions are indicated on the selector quadrant. which is
illuminated when the sidelights are on.
To select a gear position. move the lever to the right against the spring
bias and through the selector quadrant stops. The lever moves freely
between 'D' and '2'.

WARNING: Th e handbrake or footbrak e should be appl ied full y


b efore s el ecting an y of the fo rward or r ev ers e driv e rang es from
a stat ionar y pos it ion .
P - Park
I n the park position the gearbox is locked mechanically.
Park should not be selected when the car is in motion.
Use of the Park position is recommended whenever the car is parked
with or without the engine running.

R - Reverse
Placing the gear selector in R' engages reverse gear immediately. Do
not select 'R' when the car is moving forward.

31

A UTOMATIC TRANSM ISSION

N-Neutral
With neutral 'N' selected there is no drive or engine braking, therefore
the handbrake must be applied whenever the selector lever is in this
position and the car is at rest.

D- Drive Range
Select '0' for all normal driving conditions and maximum economy It
has three grear ratios. Forced downshifts are available for safe and
rapid acceleration by quickly depressing the accelerator pedal to the
full throttle position.

2. Intermediate Gear
Has the same starting ratio as o but prevents the transmission
changing up from second gear. thereby retaining this gear for
acceleration and engine braking. '2' can be selected at any road
speed.

Low Gear
First gear ratio can be selected at any speed from '0' or '2" but the
transmission will shift to second gear and will remain in this gear until
the vehicle speed is reduced sufficiently to allow first gear to be
engaged.

Manual selection of low gear is not advisable when road


con ditions are adversely affected by rain, snow or ice.
Vehicle Recover y
Gearbox functioning correctly
The car may be towed by another vehicle provided that the following
precautions are taken.

32

The distance involved must be no further than 48 km (30 miles) at a


speed not exceeding 48 km/h (30 m.p.h.)
An extra 1 7 litres (3 pints) of the recommended fluid must be added
to the gearbox through the filler tube.
The gear selector lever must be moved to ' N ' and the ignition key
turned to position ' 1 ' .
Before the car i s driven normally again the excess fluid must be
drained and the level checked.

Gearbox Defective
The car must be towed with the rear wheels clear of the ground or the
propeller shaft disconnected at the final drive input flange. If the
propeller shaft is disconnected it must be firmly secured away from
the final drive flange.
General
Always use the towing eyes and ensure that the ignition key is turned
to position ' 1 ' .

WARNING: The steerin g is no lon ger power-assisted when the


en gine is not ru nn in g, and the brake se rvo will become
ineffective after a few a ppl ications of the brakes. Be prepared
therefore , for relativel y heav y steerin g and the need for
increased pressure on t he brake pedal.
Transportin g
If the car is being transported on a trailer or car transporter the
handbrake must be applied and gear selector lever moved to 'N' or '0'
but N EVER IN 'P'.

AUTO MATIC TRAN S M I S S I O N

Startin g

Transm iss ion Flu id level

A starter inhibitor switch ensures that the starter will operate only
when the selector is in either the p or 'N' position.

Check the level of the fluid in the automatic tra nsmission, and top up if
necessa ry via the combined dipstick/filler tube. on the rear right-hand
side of the engine compartment.

Rock in g the Car


In order to extricate a car from mud, sand or snow. employ a constant
slight throttle opening and rock the car backwards a nd forwards by
alternately selecting 'R' a nd 'D' positions.

Before checking the fluid level, the car must be on level ground.
1.

Firmly apply handbrake and run engine at a maximum speed of


750 rev/min for several minutes. Pass selector through complete
range to ensure transmission system is primed.
Position selector at 'P' (Park).

Stopp in g

2.

To bring the car to rest, release the accelerator a nd apply the brakes.

3.

Run engine at idle speed; withdraw dipstick.

The selector lever may be left in 'D' or '2 ' unless ther car is to be
parked.

4.

Using lint free cloth, wipe dipstick clean a nd immediately check


fluid by replacing dipstick and withdrawing it.

If the car is stopped temporarily for traffic lights, etc.. the selector
lever may be left in any forward range but the foot or handbrake
should be a pplied to stop a ny tendency for the car to 'creep' .

5.

If necessary, add fluid to bring the level to the 'MAX' mark on the
'COLD' side of the dipstick

6.

After topping u p (if required) repeat operations 1 t o 4.

Parkin g
When the car is stationary firmly apply the handbrake and select the
' P' Park position.

Be careful not to overfill.


The 'HOT' side of the dipstick should only be used immediately after a
run of at least 25km ( 1 5 miles).

Tow in g
When a scending long gradients steeper than 1 in 1 5 whilst towing a
caravan, etc., engage position ' 1 ' .

Emer genc y Start in g


An emergency sta rt cannot be made by towing or pushing.

33

R U N N I N G I N S TR U C TIONS

RUNNING INSTRUCTIONS
Prior to Startin g
Before starting the engine. new owners should familiarise
themse lves with the location and operation of the controls and
instruments described on preceding pages.
Attention should
Mai ntenance'.

be

given

to

the

items

under

'Forecourt

It is also good practice to switch on the ignition and check the gauges
and warning lights before driving off.
Seat belts are provided for your safety and it is unwise to commence
any journey, however short, without fitting them.
The warning lamp in the instrument panel should not be ignored.
Statistics prove that the use of seat belts saves lives and serious
injury.

release the key which will return automatically under spring pressure
to the ignition position '2'.
Do not operate the starter for longer than five to six seconds and wait
until the engine has stopped before re-using the starter. If after a few
attempts the engine fails to start. switch off the ignition and
investigate the cause. Continued use of the starter will not only
discharge the battery but may also damage the starter.

WARNING: If, for an y r eason, the ( ign it ion) en gin e is switched off
w h il e th e car is in mot ion DO NOT ATTEMPT TO TURN THE KEY
I NTO THE 'LOCK' POSmON 0 as th is const itutes part of th e
lock in g s equ ence.
'

',

To D is en ga ge Steer in g Lock and Start En gine


Insert the key and turn in a clockwise direction . If difficu lty is
experienced in turning the key, this can be rectified by simultaneous
movement of the steering wheel.
Turn the key clockwise to position '2' (Ignition). The ignition will be
switched on.
To start the engine. the key should be turned a l ittle more against
spring pressure to position '3' ('start'). as soon as the engine fires

34

To Stop En gin e and En ga ge Ste erin g Lock


Turn the key in an anti-clockwise direction from the 'ignition' position
'2' to the 'lock' position o. This action stops the engine.
Removal of the key in this position automatically actuates the steering
lock mechanism. Slight movement of the steering wheel may be
necessary to ensure the lock bolt is fully engaged.

R U N N I N G I N STR UCTI O N S

Runnin g-in
The importance of correct running-in cannot be too strongly
emphasized, for during the first few thousand miles of motoring, all
working surfaces of the vehicle are 'bedding down'.

-To reduce the possibility of skidding:Avoid heavy braking. Should skidding be experienced, DO NOT
apply the brakes, release the accelerator slowly and turn the
steering wheel into the direction of the slide. As the skid subsides,
straighten the wheels and accelerate slowly.

Maximum En gine Speeds


During the ' running-in' period do not allow the engine to exceed the
following speeds and particularly do not allow the engine to labour on
hills; it is preferable to select a lower gear and use more revolutions
rather than allow the engine to labour at low speed:First 1 , 600 km ( 1 , 000 miles)
From 1 , 600-3,200 km (1 ,OOQ--2,000 miles)

2,500 rev. /min.


3,000 rev./min.

H ave the engine sump drained and refilled as recommended at the


f ree service, that is after the f irst 1 , 600 km (1 ,000 miles).

General Drivin g Hints


By adopting the following driving habits greater economy can be
obtained:- Keep the engine properly maintained, by following the recom
mended maintenance schedules.
- Do not ' Pump' the accelerator pedal. Move easily to a safe driving
speed and try to maintain it.
-S peeds above 80 km/h (50 m. p h. ) considerably increase the fuel
consumption.
-When driving in adverse conditions, adopt a driving technique
which avoids sudden movements. Abrupt changes of speed or
direction allows the breakdown of tyre to road adhesion thus
causing a skid.

-Adverse driving conditions can be categorised as follows:


Poor Visibility:-Fog, Mist, Heavy Rain or Snow.
Slippery S urfaces caused by:-lce, Rain, Snow, Mud, Leaves, or
Loose Road S urfaces.
-If your car becomes stuck in mud, sand, snow or slush and the
driving wheels start to spin, DO NOT 'Rev' the engine or you will
cause the car to 'dig itself in'. Rock the car quickly but gently
changing gear from Second to Reverse to Second until the car
eases away from its bogged down area.
-If rocking does not free the car, a footwell or luggage compartment
mat placed under the driving wheels may give the required grip. Do
not forget to retrieve the carpets when you reach safe ground.

Warmin g-up
Do not operate the engine at a fast speed when first started but allow
time for the engine to warm up and the oil to circulate. A thermostat is
incorporated in the cooling system to assist rapid warming up. In very
cold weather run the engine at 1 ,500 rev./min. with the car stationary
until a rise in temperature is indicated on the temperature gauge.

35

R U N N I N G I N STR U CTIONS

Starting a Warm Engine

Brakes

When restarting an engine that is at or near normal operating


temperature, it may be helpful to open the throttle by depressing the
accelerator pedal slightly.

To ensure that the brake friction linings can 'bed-in' evenly and reach
their optimum wear and friction values, it is important that attention is
paid to the following points during the first 1 500 km ( 1 000 miles)
running of your car.

Misfiring

1.

During prolonged urban use, where the engine speed remains


consistantly low, carbon deposits are built up in the combustion
chambers. Subsequently, as the engine speed is i ncreased to high
performance levels, the deposits will be quickly dispersed ; this may
be apparent by a brief period of detonation accompanied by some
blue smoke from the exhaust.

Where possible, avoid heavy braking or rough usage of the brakes


as this can result in d amage being caused to the friction linings
and brake discs.

2.

Avoid prolonged use of the brakes,


d escending severe gradients.

3.

F requent light applications of the brakes are desirable. This helps


to obtain full 'bedding-in' of the brake friction linings before the
normal running-in period is completed and the car is operated at
high speeds, when maximum brake efficiency will be required .

This condition is quite normal and is no cause for alarm.


Roof Rack
O nly a gutter mounted roof rack may be used. The maximum loading
must not exceed 50 kg ( 1 1 0 lbs) and MUST NOT be in addition to the
maximum luggage load (see G eneral Information). Any load on the
roof may affect the handling of the car especially in a cross wind or
when cornering.
Winter Driving Hints
Freeing a Frozen Door Lock-Apply De-Icer or G lycerine through
the k eyhole to prevent the door lock freezing. Should the lock become
frozen, heat the key before use.
Windscreen Wi per B l ad es - Before driving away ensure that the
wiper blades are not frozen to the windscreen. Remove ice from the
windscreen to facilitate clear vision.
Use of Headlamps in Daylight
When visibility is reduced for any reason, e.g. heavy rain, snow, spray
and fog, the headlamps should be switched on so that the vehicle
may be seen more easily by other road users.

36

for example, when

Towing
Vehicl e Recovery - Refer to the special instructions in the
Automatic Transmission Section.

TOWING A CARAVAN OR TRAI L E R

TOWING A CARAVAN OR TRAILER


The following information is of a general nature and should be used in
the light of regulations prevailing in the territories concerned for the
type of caravan or trailer being towed. Laws concerning towing vary in
different countries and it is advisabl e to ensure that the car and
vehicle to be towed comply with existing regulations. The main
motoring organisations can provide such information.
This information applies to travelling on made-up metalled roads and
not on dirt roads or across country.
Safety, stability and comfort are the essentials that must be satisfied
when towing is being considered.
The generally accepted formula that ' the caravan or trailer should not
exceed 75% of the towing car's kerbside weight' provides an
adequate marg in for good towing performance with a reserve of
power for overtaking and hill climbing . Our engineers closely follow
this formula and recommend a maximum laden weight (1 , 500 kg) as a
basis for achieving these essentials. The kerbside weight of the car
can be found in the General Information section of this book.
The unladen weight of the caravan or trailer will be included in the
manufacturer's catalogue or handbook together with the gross laden

weight, that is, the unladen weight plus the weight of personal effects
and equipment.
Owners new to towing should bear in mind the affect on the car's
performance when deciding the weight of caravan or trailer to be
towed. Provided the rnaxirnum weight is not exceeded the influence
on handling, hillclimbing, acceleration and fuel consumption, whilst
being apparent, should be acceptable. As towing imposes additional
strain upon the engine, transmission, suspension, brakes and tyres,
owners who constantly tow loads should have their car serviced
mo re f re quently.

Tow Bar
It is important that only an approved tow bar is fitted. A specially
desig ned tow bar for your car is available from your Distributor or
Dealer who will fit the tow bar, supply a tow ball and make the
necessary electrical connections.
Alternatively a tow bar kit, which includes instructions, is available for
owners who wish to do their own installation.

37

TOW I N G A CARAVAN OR TRAI LER

Nose We ight (the weight applied to the tow bar when stationary)
Whilst the nose weight on most trailers, such as horse boxes remains
fairly constant it can vary considerably with caravans according to the
weight and distribution of the load. All caravan and trailer
manufacturers recommend a maximum nose weight and in the
interest of stability it is unwise to exceed this figure. Generally the
reco mmended weight is between 36 to 54 kg (80 to 1 20 lbs) which
a l lows a sufficient margin for individual preference and trimming to
give the best towing performance.
Most caravan accessory stores sell nose weight gauges which are
simple to use and enable frequent checks to be made. Another
method is to place a stout pieoe of ti mber between the coupling and
ord inary bathroom scales with the jockey wheel clear of the ground.
Ensure that the parking brake is applied for safety.
Tow in g Ball H itch Hei ght
An important factor in towing stabil ity is the height from the ground to
the centre of the tow ba ll. The approved tow bar kit will ensure that
with both vehicles on level g round and carrying their full permitted
loads, the hitch height will, subject to the caravan or trailer nose
weight being correct, provide a level or preferably slightly nose-down
attitude.
Whilst most caravan and trailer manufactu rers conform to this
standard, some recommend a ICMier hitch height. In this case it will be

38

necessary to fit a 'drop plate' which is a flat plate that bolts on the tow
bar i n place of the tow bal l ; the ball may then be fitted to give the
correct height. Drop plates are available with holes at various
distances apart to suit individual requirements.
Electrical Connections
A full range of lighting and di rection indicator accessories that comply
with statutory regulations are available from your distributor or dealer.
Full instructions are included in the kit for owners carrying out their
own installations. However, it is essential that the regulations for
lighting requirements are checked for the type of caravan or trailer and
the territories in which towing is contemplated.
load in g the Car
The maximum loading of the car is 355 kg (780 lb) which includes
people and luggage. When towing with this load, luggage to the
equivalent nose weight of the caravan or trailer must be removed
from the car.
Tow in g M irrors
It is a legal requirement when tCMiing in the United Kingdom to fit an
extra m irror to the off-side of the car. In the interest of safety,
however, it is suggested that one is also fitted to the near-side.

TOWI NG A CARAVAN OR TRAILER

Taking to the Road


Assuming that a l l the maintenance operations have been carried out
on the car and vehicle to be towed, make these checks before starting
a journey:1.

Ensure that the ball coupling spring safety device is engaged.

2.

The seven pin socket is connected to the car.

3.

The reversing mechanism is disengaged.

4.

The jockey wheel is raised and properly secured.

9.
10.

That driving mirrors are adjusted.


That the caravan or trailer parking brake is released.

The following advice may be helpfu l to owners new to towing : (a)

Since the caravan or trailer may be wider than the car. care
should be taken when negotiating bends at speed particularly
when there is a kerb.

(b)

Because a caravan or trailer takes almost the same line as the car
there is no need to over steer on bends.

5.

The caravan corner steadies are fully raised.

(c)

6.

The caravan or trailer doors, windows and ventilation vents are


closed.

Remember the extra length when overtaking. On motorways in


particular, it is very easy to forget that one is towing.

(d)

Take extra care when passing cyclists.

7.

The gas bottles are secure.

(e)

Make constant use of mirrors

8.

That all lights and indicators are working.

(f)

Always brake gently and in good time.

39

FO R E CO U RT MAI NTENANCE

FORECOURT MAINTENANCE
In the in terest of safety and reliability it is advisable to carry out the
following c h ecks at the intervals suggested and before starting on a
long j ourney. Full instructions are given in the relevan t sections of this
h andbook.

Month l y

Each Da y

Win dscreen Washer


Replenish with clean soft water. Check
operation of washer. Use only recommended additives.

Battery- Check l evel of electrolyte and top up with distilled water


only. NEVER use a naked flame when examining the battery.
Brake Flu id- Check level of fluid in reservoir.
-

Check that there is sufficient fuel in the tank for the journey to be
undertaken, particularly at night and before joining motorways.

Tyres- Check the tyres for condition and pressure including spare.

Weekl y

Lig hts - Check that all the exterior lights and direction indicators
function correctly and lenses are clean .

Engine O il - With the car standing on level ground check the oil level
and replen ish if n ecessary with oil of the correct g rade. See
' Recommended Lubrican ts' .

Spark Plu gs
Due to access problems, the critical torque settings required together
with d ifficulty in removing and refitting the spark plugs. It is
recommended that this job is entrusted to your Jaguar Distributor/
Dealer.

WARNING : In certain conditions the auxiliary electric cooling fan


will continue to operate after the ignition has been switched off,
until the coolant temperature drops to a predetermined value

40

E N G I N E O I L CHECK

ENGINE OIL CHECK

Fig. 1

Checkin g the En gine Oil Level - (Fig. 1 )


Check the oil level with the car o n level ground. Remove the dipstick
(A, Fig. 1 ) and wipe it clean. Replace and withdraw the dipstick; if the
oil level is on the knurled area with the engine h ot or cold, no additional
oil is required. If the engine has been run immediately prior to making
an oil level check, wait one minute after switching off before
checking. If the oil level is low, remove the oil filler cap (B, Fig. 1 ) and
top up with the recommended grade of engine oil, see
Recommended Lubricants.

O il F ilter Element
To prevent the oil filter becoming completely choked, a balance valve
in the base of the filter element allows unfi ltered o i l to by-pass the
element and reach the bearings. This will be indicated by a drop in
n ormal oil pressure of 0,7 kgf/cm2 (1 0 lbf/in2). if this occurs the filter
elem ent M UST be renewed as soon as possible.

En gine Oil Consumption


A certain a mo u n t of oil con s u m ption is norm a l . The rate of
on the following

co n s u m pt i o n w i l l depend

- t h e q u a l ity and v1 sco sit y of the 011


- t h e a m o u n t o f oxidation a n d d i l u tion of

the oil

- c l i m a t i c cond itions
- t h e speed at which t h e e ngi n e i s
- road

bei ng operated

co n d it i on s

These v a r i a b l e s make it i mposs i b le to standardise the rate of


c o n s u m p t i o n , but drivers shou l d expect h igher than normal oil
c o n s u m p t i o n when the e n g i n e I S n e w , and a f t e r ' r u n n 1 ng- i n ' , when
h i g h s p e e d s a re s u stained.

41

W I N DSCR E E N W I PERS AND WASHERS

WINDSCREEN WIPERS AND WASHERS


Fig.

F ill in g Washer Water Conta iner- (Fig. 1)


The wi ndscreen washer water container is located on the left-hand
wing valance and is connected by a plastic tube to a pump mounted
adjacent to it.
The container should be filled to just below the neck with clean,
preferably soft water. A mild detergent or a proprietary screen washer
fluid may be used to assist cleaning.
Cold Weather Precautions
To prevent possible damage to the pump under freezing conditions it
is reco mmended that a screen washer anti-freeze fluid is used. Only
fluids that employ methyl alcohol as the anti-freeze agent must be
added. Isopropanol alcohol based flu ids can damage the paintwork.
Similarly methylated spirit will cause discolouration.
_, ,,_ ,,

U N DER NO CIRCU MSTANCES must cooling system anti-freeze be


used, since this will strip paint from the body.
After adding screen washer anti-freeze to the container, in
accordance with the maker's instructions, operate the pump until
untreated water is purged from the pipes and jets.

42

www.JagDocs.com

WINDSCR E E N WIPERS AND WAS H E R S


Fig. 2

Adjust in gthe Jets - ( Fig. 2 )


With a screwdriver turn the jet nozzle in its holder until the water
strikes the windscreen in the area swept by the wiper blades. It may
be necessary to adjust the nozzle.
Cleanin g the Jet Nozzles
To clear a blocked jet nozzle, completely unscrew the nozzle from the
jet holder. Clear the small orifice with a piece of thin wire or blow out
with compressed air; operate the washer with the nozzle removed.
Allow the water to flush through the jet holder and then replace the
nozzle.
Renewin g W indscreen W iper Blades - ( Fig. 3)
Move the wiper arm away from the windscreen, depress the
retai n i ng c l i p (A Fig. 3) and withdraw the wiper blade from the arm.
After fitting the new blade check that it is held firmly in the wiper arm.
Return the arm and blade to the windscreen.

Fig. 3

Ensure that the drive r's side wiper blade, overlaps on top of the
passenger's side wiper blade.

JHB285

43

COOLI N G SYSTEM

COOLING SYSTEM
General

The cooling system must never be filled with plain water without the
addition of a recommended anti-fnc1eze or corrosion inhibitor. In
territories where anti-freeze is unnecessary the cooling system must
be fil led with a solution of Marston Corrosion Inhibitor Concentrate
SO 36 mixed in accordance with instructions on the contai ner. This
inh ibitor together with two satchels of 'Ba rrs Leaks' must be added
whenever the system is drained and refilled.
Instructions for draining, flushing and refilling are given on Page 44.
Frost Precautions

If these are not available anti-freeze conforming to specification B.S.


3 1 50 or 3 1 52 may be used but it is VITAL that under no circumstances
must the solution fall below correct concentration which . if allowed
wi ll block the cooling and heater systems. The correct co ncentratio
for U K market vehicles is 40% with a specific gravity of 1 065. For all
other market vehicles the concentration is 55% with a specific gravity
of 1 074. It I S advisable to have this checked periodically by your
D1stnbutor or Dealer.
Anti-freeze may remain in the cooling system for two years after
wh1ch the system should be drained. fl ushed and refilled with two
sachets of 'Ba rrs Leaks'.

In territories where anti-freeze is necessary the correct concentration


must be mai ntained at all times when 'topping-up' or renewing the
coolant.
Plain water M U ST NOT be used.
The recommended anti-freeze is Unipart Universal, B . P. Type HS25,
Union Carbide UT 1 84, or Bluecoi 'U'.

44

WAR NING: In certain conditions the auxiliary electric cooling fan


will continue to operate after the ignition has been switched off,
until the coolant temperature drops to a predetermined value

COOLI N G SYSTEM

COOLING SYSTEM
F IL L E R CAPS
The Cooling System has 2 fi ller caps the Engine Fi l ler Cap ( Fig. 1 ) and
the Header Tank Cap (Fig. 2).
The Header Tank Cap controls the system pressure to 1 05kg/cm2 ( 1 5
lbs/in2) and is retained by a chain to ensure that it i s not incorrectly
fitted to the Engine Fi l ler Pipe.
The Engine Filler Pipe Cap is set to 1 41 kg/cm2 (201b/in2) and ensu res
a reliable seal for the radiator bleed pipe
CAUTION
On no account must the two filler caps be interchanged.

C H E C KI N G THE COOLANT LEVEL


COLD Remove the cap from the engine fil ler pipe (Fig 1 ) If the
coolant level is below 7 em (3 i n . ) from the seal face of the neck, top up
with coolant of the correct concentration . See Coolant Concentration
Chart . R efit cap.
.

Fig. 2

HOT WARNING. C H EC K I N G THE LEVEL OF COOLANT WHEN


HOT IS NOT RECO M M E N D E D DUE TO THE DANGER OF
S C A L D I NG.
If it is necessary to check the coolant level when hot use a cloth or
gl oves to protect the hands. Carefully remove the cap on the Header
Ta n k ( F ig . 2) this will release the pressure in the system The E ngine
Fi l l e r Pipe Cap (Fig. 1 ) may then be removed and the system fil led with
the correct coolant. See Coolant Concentration Chart. Refit both caps

45

COOLI N G SYSTEM

D RA I N I N G AND R E FILLING THE COOLING SYSTEM


Remove the Engine Fi ller and Header Tank caps, open the Radiator
Drain Tao. Allow the coolant to drain from the system. This will only
allow approximately 14 l itres (25 pints) to drain without disconnecting
hoses. If the system is being drained to refi l l with new anti-freeze
(recommended every 2 years) then the following procedure should be
carried out :
C lose the radiator drain tap. Fill the system with plain water using the
Engine Filler Pipe, fit both caps. Set the Air Conditioning/Heater to
'Defrost'. R u n the engine at 1 500 rev/min for 5 minutes. Open both
filler caps and turn the radiator drain tap 'on' to drain the water as
before.
Close the radiator drain tap and put the correct amount of anti-freeze/
corrosion inh ibitor (see Chart). Fill the system with water through the
Engine Filler Pipe until the Header Tank is full. Replace the cap on the
Header Tank and continue to fill the system. replace the cap when the
system level is full and stabilised. Run the engine for a few minutes to
mix the concentration.

ANTI-FREEZE CONCENTRATION CHART

40%

Capacity
Imperial
Pints

Metric
Lit res

U S.
Pints

Imperial
Pints

Metric
Lit res

U.S.
Pints

Imperial
Pints

Metric
Lit res

U.S.
Pints

35

1 9, 5

42

14

7,75

17

1 925

1 0,75

23

Specific Gravity

46

55%

1 065

1 074

TYRES

TVRES
General
Tyres of the correct type and dimensions, at the correct cold inflation
pressures, are an integral part of the vehicle's design and regular
maintenance of tyres contributes not only to safety, but to the
designed functioning of the vehicle. Road-holding, steering and
braking a re especially vulnerable to incorrectly pressurized, badly
fitted or worn tyres.
Tyres of the same size and type but of different make have widely
varying characteristics. It is therefore recommended that tyres of the
same make are fitted to all wheels.
Tyre S ize, Type , Pressures
The pressures recommended (see 'General Specification') provide
optimum ride and handling characteristics for all normal operating
conditions. The pressures should be checked, and adjusted if
necessary, once per week. This should be done with the tyres cold.
Tyre temperatures and pressures increase when running. Bleeding a
warm tyre to the recommended pressure will result in under-inflation
which may be dangerous. A slight natural pressu re loss occurs with
time. If this exceeds 0 1 4 kg/cm2 (2 1b/in2) per week, the cause should
be i nvestigated and rectified.

It i s advisable to ensure that the spare tyre is inflated to the highest


pressure, specified in the General Specification and readjusted to the
correct pressure when requ i red.
It should be noted that it is an offence in the U.K. to use a motor
vehicle if a tyre is not so i nflated as to make it fit for the use to which
the vehicle is being put.
Tyre Replacement
When replacement of tyres is necessary it is preferable to fit a
complete car set. Should either front or rear tyres only show a
necessity for replacement, new tyres must be fitted to replace worn
ones. No attempt must be made to interchange tyres from front to
rear or vice versa as tyre wear produces characteristic patterns
depending upon their position and. if such position is changed after
wear has occurred. the performance of the tyre will be adversely
affected. It should be remembered that new tyres requi re to be
balanced.
The radial ply tyres specified are designed to meet the high speed
performance of which this car is capable.
Only tyres of identical specification as shown in the General
Specification must be fitted as replacements and. if of different tread
pattern, should not be fitted in mixed form.

47

TY R E S

Wear - (Fig. 1 )
All tyres fitted as original equi pment include tread wear indicators in
their tread pattern . When the tread has worn to a remai ning depth of
1 5 m m (006 in.) the indicators appear at the surface as bars which
con nect the tread pattern across the full width of the tyre. It is illegal in
the U . K . and certain other countries to conti nue to use tyres after the
tread has worn to less than 1 mm (0039 i n . ) over three quarters of the
width of the entire circumference of the tyre.

It should be noted that the properties of many tyres alter


progressively with wear. In particular the 'wet grip' and aquaplaning
resistance are g radually but substantially reduced. Extra care and
speed restriction should therefore be exercised on wet roads as the
effective tread depth diminishes.
Incorrect wheel a l ignment will accelerate tyre wear. Fins on the inner
or outer edges of the tread pattern, are caused by excessive toe-in or
toe-out respectively. As fins may also be caused by high cornering
speeds or road camber, it is better to have the cause ascertained by
having the wheel a l ignment checked.
Dama ge

Fig. 1

Excessive local d istortion can cause the casing of a tyre to fracture


and may lead to premature tyre failure. Tyres should be examined
especially for cracked walls. exposed cords, etc. Flints and other
sharp objects should be removed from the tyre tread; if neglected
they may work through the cover. Any oil or grease which may get
onto the tyres should be cleaned off using a suitable cleaner. Do not
use paraffin (kerosene). which has a detrimental effect on rubber.
Va lves
When a new tubeless tyre is fitted, the valve should also be renewed.

48

W H E E L CHAN G I N G

WHEEL CHANGING
Fig. 1

Spare Wheel
The spare wheel and tools are housed in the luggage compartment.
Access is gained by lifting out the moulded carpeting.
To remove the spare wheel unscrew the knob in an anti-clockwise
d i rection.
Jacking - ( Fig. 1 )
Four jacking spigots (two per side) are attached to underside of floor in
p roxi mity to the door sills to provide positive location for the lifing jack.
Ensure that the su rface on which the base of the jack is to bear is firm
and level.
It i s important that the jack is placed squarely beneath the appropriate
spigot before operating ; also that the locating bracket is in position to
accept the spigot through the hole in the bracket. Careful observation
should be maintained to ensure that the car is being raised with the
bracket positively located to the spigot.

Jlfn- L 3 l

Examine the jac k occasionally, clean and grease the thread to


p revent the formation of rust.

Neglect of the jack may lead to difficulty in a roadside emergency.

49

W HE E L CHA N G I N G
Fig. 2

Wheel Changing - (Fig.2)


WARNING : Firmly apply the handbrake, place selector lever in
p position and securely chock the wheel diagonally opposite to
the one being raised. Never work under the car using only the
jack as support; always use stands or other suitable equipment
and ensure that such equipment is correctly positioned.
Using the wheel brace, slacken but do not remove the wheel nuts.
Place the jack squarely beneath the appropriate spigot. Using the
wheel brace in the jack rotate clockwise raising the jack; ensure that
the spigot is firmly located in the jack bracket, before attempting to
raise the car. Raise the car sufficiently for the tyre to clear the ground
and remove the wheel nuts and road wheel.
Fit the spare wheel, replacing the wheel nuts finger tight.
Lower the jack and tighten the wheel nuts alternately.
CAUTION : Do not exceed a torque of 1 037 kgf/m (75 1bflft).
Replace the roadwheel and tools i n the luggage compartment and
refit the moulded carpeting.
Remove the wheel chocks.

50

ELECTRICAL SYSTE M

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Alternator
To prevent damage to the alternator, do not run the engine while the
battery or any of the charging circuit cables are disconnected. Ensure
that all electrical connections in the charging circuit are maintained
tight at all times. Should it be necessary to run the engine while the
charging circuit is incomplete, disconnect the electrical cables from
the a lternator.
The alternator has p olarity-sensitive comp onents that may be
irreparably damaged if subjected to incorrect polarity. Ensure
that the battery earth lead is always connected to the battery
negative terminal.
Battery Charging : When charging the battery in the vehicle from an
outside source such as a trickle charger ensure that:
- the charger voltage is the same as the nominal voltage of the
battery.
- the charger positive ( + ) lead is connected to the positive ( + )
terminal of the battery.

- the charger negative (-) lead is connected to the negative ( - )


terminal o f t h e battery.
A high-speed battery charger rnay only be used if the battery has been
disconnected completely from the vehicle electrical system. Certain
types of maintenance free batteries, for example the lead calcium
type, can be damaged by high-speed chargers. If in doubt consult
your Dealer.
Start in g a Veh icl e w ith a D ischarged Battery
E lectrical Start- A vehicle with a discharged battery may be started
in a number of ways, the easiest is by substitution of the battery.
Where this is not possible due to differing size or terminal types a
slave battery may be connected to the vehicle battery using Booster
Cables.
Booster cables must be of sufficient capacity to carry starter motor
current.
The slave battery voltage must not exceed 12 volts.

51

E LE CTRICAL SYSTE M
Fig. 1

Fuses
Failure of a particular fuse is indicated when all circuits protected by it
become inoperative.
Before renewing a blown fuse inspect the wiring of the circuits that
have failed for evidence of a short-circuit or other fault. If a new fuse
blows immediately and the cause of the trouble cannot be found,
have the circuit checked by your Distributor or Dea ler.
Fuse Boxes - (Fig. 1)

l' tl'- 1

The main fuse block is located below the driver's instrument panel.
An auxiliary fuse box is similarly situated below the glove box on the
passenger's side. Access to both boxes is gained by turning the
slotted fastener and allowing the cover to drop. A list of the protected
ci rcu its and fuse ratings is given on the back of each cover.

Fig. 2

Head lamp Fuse Box - ( F i g . 2)


A fuse box located in the engine compartment on the leh-hand wing
valance contains fuses protecting the head lamp circuit.

52

E LECTRICAL SYST E M

BATTERY CONDITION INDICATOR


Check the condition of the battery by means of the panel shown below.

BATTERY
CHARGE
EXTREMELY LOW

BATTERY
CHARGE
LOW

RED (On Charge)

NORMAL

RED (Off Charge)


WELL
CHARGED
BATTERY

CHARGING
VOLTAGE
LOW

CHARGING
VOLTAGE
SATISFACTORY

CHARGING
VOLTAGE
TOO HIGH

If with the ignition and electrical

Ideally the indicator

This condition

The indicator

If the indicator

equipment e.g. head lamps etc.,


switched on. but with the engine not

should settle in this

may be indicated

should point to

continues to point to

section when the

when the

this section when

this section after

running the indicator settles in this

ignition and electrical

headlights and

the engine is

minutes running, either

section - the battery requires attention.

equipment e.g.

other equipment

running above

the voltage regulator

headlamps etc., are


switched on and the

are in use.

idle.

is defective or some
other fault has

10

developed

engine is not running .

IMPORTANT Al l readings on the indicator should be ignored when the engine is idling,

since reading may vary at very slow engine speeds due solely to operation of

the voltage regulator.

OFF CHARGE

ON CHARGE

This means more energy is being used from the battery than is being
replaced by the alternator. This condition is satisfactory provided it
does not persist for long periods. when the engine is running above
idle or at speed. If the indicator remains in the section, it may mean
that you have a broken or slipping drive belt, a faulty a lternator, a
defective voltage regu lator or some other fault .

This means the battery is having more energy put into it than is bei ng
taken out of it. Normally this condition predomi nates and your battery
is continuously being recharged by the alternator whenever the
engine is runn i ng above idle. If however the engine is continually
running slowly as may be the case in traffic - or when, i n winter,
lights and cold starting make extra demands on the battery - you
may find the rate of discharge exceeds the rate of charge - that is to
say the battery is running down, as will be indicated on the Battery
Condition Indicator and an extra charge may be needed if 'battery
charge low or extremely low' is ind icated by the instrument.

53

BATTER Y ELECTROLYTE

Battery Electrolyte - Check/Top Up (Fig . 1)

State of Charge - S.G. Reading

The Lucas M F3 Low Maintenance battery, fitted to this vehicle, only


req uires topping up every 3 years or 72,000 km (45.000 miles)
whichever is the sooner.

To check the Specific Gravity of the electrolyte, insert a Hydrometer


through each filler tube in turn and note the readings.

Remove the battery cover, release the strap and lift off the outer
cover (A. Fig. 1 ) taking care not to strain the rubber vent pipe. Remove
the vent covers (B. Fig. 1 ) by l ifting squarely from each end.
Check that the electrolyte level is between the minimum and
maxi m u m marks on the battery casing. Top up using ONLY distilled
water.
Refit the vent covers. outer cover, securing strap and battery cover.

Use the i nformation li sted below to ascertain the state of charge.


State of Charge
Fully charged
7 5 % charged
D i scharged

S.G. at 1 5C (60F)
1 . 280
1 . 250
1 . 080

For every 1 ooc (or 1 8F) below 1 5C (or 60F) subtract 0.007 from the
hydrometer readings, and for every 1 ooc (or 1 8F) above 1 5C (or
60F) add 0.007 to the hydrometer readings.
Exa mple
Specific Gravity
Temperature
Equ ivalent S.G. at 1 5C

54

1 .250
5C
1 . 250-0. 007
1 .243

B U LB R EPLAC E M E NT
Fig. 1

Headlight and Front Parking Light- Bulb Replacement


Lift the bonnet to expose the headlight finisher retaining screw (A Fig.
1 ) . Remove the screw and lift off the finisher which is located at the
bottom edge by two pegs.

Press the outer retaining clip (B Fig. 1 ) and bottom retaining clip and
ease the headlight clear of the unit housing and inner retaining clip.

NOTE. Do not turn the slotted screws in the retaining clips as they are
the headlight aligning clips and if disturbed will necessitate headlight
realignment.
To replace the main two filament bulb (A Fig. 2), disconnect the wiring
plug, remove the rubber cover and release the retaining clip.
NOTE. The bulb i s Halogen and will be damaged if touched by hand or
contaminated with oil or grease. It is important to use clean gloves or
cloth when handling a bulb which is to be used again. A contaminated
bulb may be cleaned with methylated spirits before refitting.
Fig. 2

When refitting replace the rubber cover correctly (marked TOP) and
connect the wiring plug ensuring that the wires are not trapped.
To replace the parking light bulb (B Fig. 2) pull the holder from the
headlight turn and press the bulb to remove.
Ease the unit into the housing, connecting first with the inner
retain ing clip and ensuring that it is clipped securely by the other two
clips before fitting the finisher.
Always use the correct bulb for the application as specified in the Bulb
Chart.

B
JHB-134

55

B U LB R E PLACE M E NT
Fig.

Warning Light(s) - Bulb Replacement ( Fig. 3)


Remove the plastic end covers from the warning light strip ends
(A. Fig_ 3) _ Remove the two screws (B. Fig. 3) securing the warning
light strip to the instrument panel, and pull clear the warning l ight
strip.
Replace the faulty bul b with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart.
Clock Illumination - Bulb Replacement
Ease the clock from the fascia and remove the bulb and holder.
Replace the faulty bu lb with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart.
Luggage Compartment - Bulb Replacement
Pri se the lens from the holder to reveal the bulb. Replace fau lty bu lb
with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart.
J IIB-11\0

Instrument Illumination - Bulb Replacement ( Fi g . 3)


Fig. 4

Remove the screw and centre piece securing the trim su rround to the
fascia panel. Remove the plastic end covers (A, Fig. 3) from the
warning light strip ends and remove the trim surround. Remove the
screws (B. Fig _ 3) securing the i nstrument panel to the fascia, pull the
instrument panel clear of the fascia.
Replace the faulty bulb (C, Fig. 3) with one of the correct type, see
B u l b Chart.
Reversing Light - Bulb Replacement (Fig. 4)
Remove the two screws securing the l ight lens to the l uggage
compartment l id trim, and remove the lens. Extract the bulb from the
holder and replace with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit
l ight lens assembly.

56

B U LB R E PLAC E M E NT
Fig. 5

Number Plate light - Bulb Replacement (Fig. 5)


Remove the screws (A) securing the light lens to the luggage
compartment lid trim; the light lens can then be hinged downwards.
Extract the faulty bulb (B) and replace with one of the correct type, see
Bulb Chart. Refit light lens assembly.

Fig. 6

Rear Flasher Light - Bulb Replacement (Fig. 6)


Remove the three screws securing the light lens to the light unit.
Remove the faulty bulb (A, Fig . 3) from the holder and replace with
one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit light lens to the light unit.
Tail/Brake Light - Bulbs Replacement (Fig. 6)
Remove the three screws securing the light lens to the light unit.
Remove the faulty bulb (B or C, Fig. 6) and replace with one of the
correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit light lens to the light unit.

JHB-141

www.JagDocs.com

57

B U LB R E PLACEM E N T
Fig. 7

Front Flasher Light- Bulb Replacement (Fig. 7)


Rotate bulb holder anti-clockwise by hand and withdraw from behind
bumper. Remove bulb from holder and refit with correct replacement,
see Bulb Chart. Refit bulb holder.

Fig. 8

Rear Fog Guard - Bulb Replacement (Fig. 8)


Remove the two retaining screws, detach the lens and remove the
bulb. Replace with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit the
lens.

58

B U LB R E P LAC E M E NT
Fig. 9

Map/Interior Lights - Bulb Replacement ( Fig. 9)


Prise top or bottom of the lamp holder and lens from the rear quarter
or fascia under scuttle casings. Extract the faulty bulb from the holder
and replace with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit lamp
holder and lens assembly.

Fig. 1 0

Roof Light - Bulb Replacement ( Fig. 10)


Prise top or bottom edge of the lamp holder from the roof lining.
Extract the faulty bulb from the holder and replace with one of the
correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit lamp holder and lens assembly.

59

B U L B R E PLAC E M E NT

Puddle Lamps - Bulb Replacement (Fig. 11)


Remove the lens retaining screw with a cross recessed screwdriver,
slide the lens towards the rear to remove. The bulb is a capless type,
to remove pull clear of its holder. Replace with a bulb of the correct
type, see Bulb Chart. Refit the light lens.

Fig. 1 2

Luggage Compartment Illumination- Bulb Replacement (Fig. 12)


From behind the lamp assembly, depress the spring clip (A), and
remove the lamp. Extract the faulty bulb from the holder and replace
with one of the correct type, see Bulb Chart. Refit lamp assembly.

60

CAR E O F BODYWORK

CARE OF BODYWORK
Washing

Chromium Plating and Stainless Steel

Avoid using a dry cloth to wipe dust from the paintwork and chromium
surfaces. Dust is a n abrasive and if removed in this way it will scratch
the polished surfaces. Wash the car frequently with plenty of running
water and a clean, soft sponge. Soften . and if possible remove the
mud with water before using the sponge. When all dirt is removed.
sponge off and dry with a clean, damp, chamois-leather. Never wash
or polish the car under a hot sun.

Frequent washing and thorough drying is recommended. especially


during the winter months when there is l ikelihood of corrosion
through contamination with road salt.

Removing Grease and Tar


Remove grease or tar with methylated spirits (alcohol). White spirit is
also effective, but this must not be applied to rubber, particularly the
wi ndscreen wiper blades.
Glass Surfaces
Glass is easily scratched. This can be avoided by always using a damp
chamois-leather which is especially reserved for use on glass only. If
sil icone polishes have been used on the body, take care that the
polish does not come into contact with the glass. It is extremely
difficult to remove and causes the windscreen to smear.

Polishing
After a period of use, the formation of traffic film will cause the
pai ntwork to lose some of its lustre, even though the car has been
carefully and regularly washed. The original brilliance may be restored
after washing by using a reputable non-abrasive cleaner and polish.
Being the most durable, wax preparations are preferable. but where
these are used regularly the old wax must fi rst be removed with a
cleaner before further application of new wax. The frequency at
which polishing is necessary will depend upon local conditions of air
pollution.
Aerial Care
When cleani ng the aerial mast, always wipe it i n an upwards direction.
Occasionally lubricate the aerial mast by spraying a cloth with a
maintenance spray, and wiping the mast with the cloth.
In freezing conditions check that no ice has formed over the top of the
aerial mast. which could prevent it from being raised. thus causing
damage to the motor.

61

CARE O F BODYWORK

Interior

Carpets

Brush and clean the inside of your car each time you wash and polish
the outside. Use a vacuum cleaner where possible and ensure
complete removal of all dust from the interior and trim.

Carpets may be cleaned with a brush or vacuum cleaner. Use a good


qual ity carpet cleaner to remove stains.

Wash the upholstery with lu ke-warm, non-caustic, soapy water. Do


not use detergents or household cleaners as these may cause
damage.

Door and Body Sill Drain Holes


Drain holes in the bottom of the doors and sills should be kept clear
using stiff wire.

Remove all traces of suds with a clean, damp cloth and thoroughly dry
the upholstery with a dry duster or towel.

Care of Cast Alloy Road Wheels

Wipe the fascia and instrument panel with a damp cloth only. Wax or
other polishes should not be used inside the car.

The cast alloy road wheels are covered with a protective coating. To
prevent corrosion it is essential that this coating is not damaged.

Dust in the headlining should be removed with a vacuum cleaner.


Stains may be removed by rubbing briskly, without pressure, with a
clean lint free white cloth moistened with methylated spirit.

When removing or fitting tyres only equipment utilizing spigot or stud


hole clamping must be used. The equipment must not have any
moving parts which contact the wheel, and tyre levers must not be
used.
Always ensure that the wheel nuts are fully seated before finally
tightening the nuts in alternate sequence.

62

RECO M M E N D E D LU BRICANTS A N D COOLANT

LUBRICATION
The engine of a new car is filled with special oil to protect it during the
running-in period. The engine must be drained after 1 500 km ( 1 000
miles) and refilled with a Service Lubricant before driving at high
speed.
Other lubricating systems are filled with high performance oil giving
prolonged life.
You should always use a high quality oil of the correct viscosity range
in the engine/transmission during maintenance and when topping
up. The use of oil not to the correct specification can lead to high oil
and fuel consumption and ultimately to damaged components.
Oil to the correct specification contains additives which disperse the
corrosive acids formed by combustion and prevent the formation of
sludge which can block the oilways. Additional oil additives should
not be used . Always adhere to the recommended servicing intervals.

Engine
Use a well-known brand of oil to B . L.S. OL.02 or A.P. I . SE qual ity, with
a viscosity band spanning the temperature range of your locality.
WARNING: Many liquids and other substances used in motor
vehicles are poisonous and should under no circumstances be
consumed and should so far as possible be kept away from open
wounds. These substances among others include anti-freeze, brake
fluid, fuel, windscreen washer additives, lubricants and various
adhesives.

63

R ECO M M E N DE D LUBR ICANTS

Approved Brands Available in


S.A.E. Viscosity Rating

U.K. for Temperatures Above - l O"C (14F)

Shel l

90

Shell Spirax Super 90

Use only approved

90

Temperature Range

Speciftcation

- Initial Fill

All

- Refill After

All

Component
Powr-Lok D ifferential

Shell Spirax Super 90. BP Gear Oil 1453.


BP Limslip Gear Oil 90/1 .

brands of fluid

Drain. and top-up

Specially formulated

Castrol G722. Castrol Hypoy LS.


Duckhams Hypoid 90 DL.

for Powr-Lok

Texaco 3450 Gear Oil. Veedol


Multigear Lim ited Slip SAE 90
- Top-up only if

All

MIL-L-2105 B

EP90

BP Gear or SAE 90 EP. Castrol Hypoy

above oil not

Duckhams Hypoid 90. Esso Gear Oil

available

GX901140. Mobilube HD90.


Shell Spirax HD90.
Texaco Multigear Lubricant EP90

G M 400Auto

All

BP Autran DX. Castrol TO Dexron. Esso

Dexron 2D

ATF Dexron. Mobil ATF 220 Dexron,

transmission

Shell ATF Dexron, Texaco Texamatic


Fluid 6673
Power Assisted

All

Steering

BP Aut ran G , Castrol TOF,

Dexron 2D

Duckhams 0-Matic, Esso Glide Type G,

or Type G

Fina Purfimatic 33F, Mobil ATF 2 1 0,

IM2C 33G)

Shell Donax TF. Texaco Texamatic Type G


Grease Points

All

BP Energrease LB. Castrol LM,

Mu ltipurpose
Lith ium Grease,

Duckhams L B 1 0, Esso Multipurpose H.

N. L. C.I

Fina Marson HTL2, Mobilgrease MP,


Shell Retinax A, Texaco Marfak

Consistency No. 2
All

40% Concentrate

Specific Gravity 1 .065

U K Markets
55% Concentrate

Cooling System

Specific Gravity 1 .074

Unipart Universal, Union Carbide UT 1 84


BP HS25 or Bluecol ' U '

All other markets

Brake Fluid

64

Above O"C (32"F)

As above or Marston Corrosion I nhibitor Concen trate SO 36

All

DOT 3

SAE 1 703/D

Castrol Girling U niversal

B U LB CHART

BULB CHART

Watts
Head lamps - not France or U .SA - main/dip
- France only - main/dip
- U. S.A. only - outer
- U. S.A. only - inner
Head lamp Pilot bul b - not U .S.A.
Front Flasher Lamp
Front Flasher and Side Lamp
Stop Lamp
Tail Lamp
Rear Flasher
Reversing Lamp
N u mber Plate Lamp
Sidemarker
Flasher Side Repeaters - where fitted
Rea r Fog Guard Lamps
Interior/Map Lamps
Roof Lamp
Boot Lamp
Fibre Optic Light Source
I n strument I llumination
Warning Lights
Automatic Selector Illumination
Cigar Lighter Illuminator

60/55
60/55
37.5/60
50
4
21
2 1 /5
21
5
21
21
6
4
4
21
6
10
5
6
2.2
1 .2
2.2
2.2

Lucas
Part No.

Unipart
No.

472
476

GLB 472
GLB 476

233
382
380
382
207
382
273
254
233
233
382
254

GLB 233
GLB 382

GLB 233
GLB 382
GLB 254

239
254
987
286
987
987

GLB 239
GLB 254
GLB 987
GLB 286
GLB 987
GLB 987

GLB 382
GLB 207
GLB 382
GLB 273
GLB 254

Notes
Halogen H4 base bulb
Yellow Halogen H4 base bulb
Tungsten sealed beam light unit
Tungsten sealed beam light unit
Not U.S.A.
U .S.A. only

Festoon bulb
Festoon bulb
U.S.A. only
Not U.S.A.
Festoon bulb
Festoon bulb
Festoon bulb

65

FUSE CHARTS

MAIN FUSE BOX - R . H o Stgo


Fuse
No.

Fuse
Capacity

Unipart
Number

Cigar Lighter

20A

GFS420

Hazard Warning, Seat Belt Logic

1 5A

GFS4 1 5

Clock, Aerial, Caravan, Boot Lamp . .

35A

GFS435

Panel Instruments, Reverse Light . . .

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

Direction Indicators, Stop Lamps, Auto Kick Down Switch

1 5A

GFS4 1 5

Fog Rear Guard . .

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

Panel/Cigar Lighter/Selector Illumination

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

Door Locks, Electric Mirrors

Wipers . . . .

35A

GFS435

10

Air Conditioning Motors

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

11

Air Conditioning Controls, Horn, Washers, Radiator Cooling Fan

35A

GFS435

12

Heated Rear Screen, Heated Mirrors . .

35A

GFS435

Protected Circuit

. .
.

3A

66

www.JagDocs.com

GFS43

FUSE CHARTS

MAI N FUSE BOX - L.H. Stg.


Fuse
No.

Fuse
Capacity

Unipart
Number

Front Fog Lights . . . .

20A

GFS420

Hazard Warning, Seat Belt Logic

1 5A

GFS41 5

Clock, Aerial, Caravan, Boot Lamp . . . .

35A

GFS435

Panel Instruments, Reverse Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

Direction Indicators, Stop Lamps, Auto Kick Down Switch

1 5A

GFS4 1 5

Fog Rear Guard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

Panel/Cigar Lighter/Selector Illumination .

1 0A

GFS4 1 0

Door Locks, Electric Mirrors

Wipers

35A

G FS435

10

Air Conditioning Motors

50A

GFS450

11

Air Conditioning Controls, Horn, Washers, Radiator Cooling Fan

35A

G FS435

12

Heated Rear Screen, Heated Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35A

G FS435

Protected Circuit

3A

G FS43

67

F U S E CHARTS

AUXI LIMY FU S E BOX - R . H . Stg.


Fuse
No.

Protected Circuit

13

Interior and Map Lights

14

L.H. Side Lights

15

R . H . Side Lig hts .

16

Front Fog Lights

17

Speed Control

Fuse
Capacity

Un ipart
Number

l OA

GFS41 0

3A

GFS43

3A

GFS43

20A
3A

GFS420
GFS43

AUXI LIARY FU S E BOX - L . H . Stg.


Fuse
No.

68

Protected Ci rcuit

13

Interior and Map Lights

14

L . H . Side Lights . . . . . . . . .

15

R . H . Side Lights . . . . . . . . . .

16

Cigar Lighter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17

Speed Control . .

Fuse
Capacity

Unipart
Number

l OA

GFS4 1 0

3A

GFS43

3A

GFS43

20A
3A

GFS420
G FS43

F U S E CHARTS

H EADLAMP FUSE BOX


Fuse
No.

Fuse
Capacity

Unipart
Number

Radiator Auxiliary Cooling Fan Motor Relay

25A

GFS425

L.H. Main Beam . . . . . . . . .

25A

G FS425

L.H. Dip Beam . . . . .

l OA

GFS4 1 0

R . H . Main Beam

25A

G FS425

R . H . Dip Beam . . .

l OA

G FS4 1 0

Protected Circuit

. .

69

G E N ERAL SPEC I F I CATIO N

GENERAL SPECIFICATION
Engine
Capacity . . .
. .
.
...
..
.
Firing Order 'A' - R . H . Bank, 'B' - L H . Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.

Idle Speed .
Exhaust gas CO content at engine idle speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.

5343 cmJ
326 inJ
1A, 6B, 5A, 2B, 3A, 4B, 6A, 1 B, 2A, 5B, 4A, 3 B
(cylinders numbered from front o f engine)
750 rev/min 25 rev/min
1 to 2% max.

Ignition
Ti m i ng at 3000 rev/min, engine hot. vac. disconnected
Di rection of rotor (looking down on rotor)
Spark Plugs - make .
. . .
.
.
. . .
- type .
- tightening torque . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
- gap . . . .

1 8 B.TD.C.
Anti clockwise
Unipa rt or Champion
G S P 466, (RS5C) Taper Seat
7 to 9 lbf/ft.
0.96 to 1 .24 kgf/m
0.64 mm
0.025 in.

Capacities (Nominal)
Engine sump and filter
Automatic transmission
Rea r axle - from dry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling system, including reservoir and heater or air conditioning
Fuel Tank .
.
.
.

Metric
1 0,7 1itres
9, 1 litres
1 , 5 1itres
1 9, 5 1itres
90, 1 litres

Imperial
1 9 pints
1 6 pints
2,75 pints
35 pints
20 gallons

2591 mm
1 482 mm
1 497 mm
4743 mm
1 793 mm
1 264 mm
1 2 .6 m
1 40 mm

1 02 in
58.4 in
58.9 in
1 86.7 in
70.6 in
49.7 in
4 1 .3 ft
5.5 i n

Dimensions
Wheelbase . . . .
.
.
.
Track - front .
.
.
..
.
Track - rear . . . .
Overall length
Overall width
. .
.
..
..
Overall height
............
Turning circle - between walls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ground clearance (kerb condition) - minimum
.

70

GE N E RAL SPECIFICATION

Weights (approximate)
..
. .
.
Kerb - including options . .
G ross vehicle weight (GVW) .
.
. . . .
* G ross combination weight (GCW) . .
Maximum permitted axle load - front (FAW) . . . . . . . . .
...................
Maximum permitted axle load - rear (RAW)
.

. .

1 755 kg
2 1 1 0 kg
361 0 kg
1 065 kg
1 070 kg

3879 1b
4663 1b
7978 1b
2354 1b
2365 1b

* Gross combination weight is the gross vehicle weight plus the maximum trailer weight.
Fuel requirements
Recommended minimum octane rating

98 Octane (Four Star U . K . )

Tyres
Type

Dunlop 2 1 5/70 V R 1 5 SP
Sport Super D7

or

Pirelli P5 2 1 5/70
VR 1 5 Cintu rato.

Inflation pressure
For speeds above 1 60 km/hr (1 00 m . p.h.)
with driver. passenger and 27,2 kg
(60 lb) luggage . . .

Front
2.25 kg/cm2
32 1b/in2
2.20 Bars

Rear
2 , 1 1 kg/cm2
30 lb/in2
2.06 Bars

For speeds above 1 60 km/hr ( 1 00 m.p.h.)


with fu l l load (including luggage) of
. .
.. .
326 kg (720 lb) .

2 . 25 kg/cm2
32 lb/in2
2.20 Bars

2,25 kg/cm2
32 lb/in2
2.20 Bars

For maximum comfort in countries where speeds are not in excess of 1 60 km/hr ( 1 00 m.p.h.) the above inflation pressures may be reduced by
0,42 kg/cm2 (6 1b/in2, 0.41 Bars) on front and rear tyres.

71

G E N E RAL SPE C I F I CATION

RECOMMENDED SNOW lYRE


The following information relates 1o the only snow tyre recommended for Jaguar Cars. The use of snow tyres fitted with studs is not perm itted in
certai n countries.
TVRE
DESIGNATION
Du nlop Weathermaster
1 85 SR 1 5 SP M&S
( M ud and slush)

RECOMMENDED
FITMENT
Complete sets only

ROAD SPEED AND TVRE


PRESSURES
Up to 1 37 km/h (85 m.p.h.)
Front
1 ,83 kg/cm2
26 1b/in2
1 .79 Bars

Rear
1 , 83 kg/cm2
26 1b/in2
1 ,79 Bars

From 1 37 km/h (85 m.p.h.) up to a


maximum of 1 6 1 km/h ( 1 00 m.p.h.)
Front
2,39 kg/cm2
34 1b/in2
2,35 Bars

REMARKS
1 . Snow chains may be fitted to rear
wheels only.
2. Tyres may be fitted with studs
provided maxi mu m speed does not
exceed 1 2 1 km/h (75 m .p.h .).
3. Inner tubes with the wording
'Weather Master only' are available
and MUST be fitted when using
1 85 SR 1 5 SP M&S Dunlop
Weathermaster tyres.

Rear
2,39 kg/cm2
34 1b/in2
2,35 Bars

Printed in England by Sandwell Printing Lim ited 2 . 5M/8/84

72

Fuel Consumption
The results of the officially approved tests as required by the
Passenger Car Fuel Consumption Order 1 977 S . l . 1 603 for this range
of models in miles per gallon and litres per 1 00 kilometres are as
follows :

Simulated
Urban Driving

Constant Speed
56 m.p.h. (90 km/h)

Constant Speed
75 m.p.h. ( 1 20 km/h)

Model

Jaguar XJS. HE

m.p.g.

1 / 1 00 km

m.p .g.

1 / 1 00 km

m.p.g.

1 / 1 00 km

1 5.6

18.1

27 . 1

1 0.4

22.5

1 2 .6

Important Note
The results given above do not express or imply any guarantee of the
fuel consumption of the particular car with which this information is
supplied. The car itself has not been tested and there are inevitably
differences between individual cars of the same model. In addition.
this car may incorporate particular modifications. Fu rthermore the
driver's style and road and traffic conditions, as well as the extent to
which the car has been driven and the standard of maintenance. will
all affect its fuel consumption.