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Stonehenge, England post-and-lintel construction

cuneiform
writing

stylus on clay

Mesopotamia
artist’s sketch of completed ziggurat

Mesopotamia
sketch of Mesopotamian
townhouse

first floor underground


made of mud brick,
little timber
Standard of Ur, detail

Mesopotamia
Standard of Ur, detail

Mesopotamia
bull lyre Mesopotamia

sistrum

wood with lapis lazuli and shell ca. 2680 B.C.E.


Assyrian Dress

wrapped

fringe

pattern weaving or embroidery

Mesopotamia sandals
pyramids at Giza
ca. 2500 B.C.E.

largest is 450’ high

Egypt
Hypostyle Temple of
Amon at Luxor

260 meters long


statue 15 meters high

Egypt

hypostyle=many columns
remains of hypostyle hall
with clerestory window

Egypt
Tutankhamen’s golden
throne (civil)

Egypt

curved back, flat seat

lions

animal feet on cylinders


Egypt
citizen, seated

hieroglyphs

table with ceremonial bread

animal legs on cylinders


Egypt

hierarchical scale
cuneiform
woman’s skin paler than
man’s
transparent clothing
animal feet
on cylinders

Egypt
concave
turned legs stools

Egypt Tutankhamen’s stool


double concave
Egypt grooming

bronze razor and mirror

combs
Tutankhamen’s cosmetic box
Greece

The Minoans bull-jumping contest


Greece
The Minoans

covered bodice?

loom-shaped garment

fringes
fresco: a cruise ship Greece
Greece
The Minoans

late Minoan pottery,


with octopus design
Greece
tiles

blueprints?

The Minoans
Greece
The
Mycenaeans

dome is
2 stories
high looking up into the corbelled dome
Classical Greece The Parthenon
caryatids on the Erechtheum
Classical Greece
Classical Greece
The Three Orders
Classical Greece
interiors

warp-weighted loom
Classical
Greece

chiton and himation

red vase painting with klysmos


Coliseum
Put out to die by their uncle, Romulus and Remus are suckled by a
she-wolf.

Rome
Etruscan barrel
chair—terra cotta
model to be cast in
bronze
Rome
From arch to vault
Rome hunting wild animals for the games
“bread and circuses”—
keeping the unemployed
happy

Rome
Pont du Gard

49 meters tall; 273 meters long


part of an aqueduct that brought water to Nimes from a spring 50
km. away

Rome
leather bikini

female gymnast crowning herself Rome


Rome hypocaust with skeleton of dog

hypocaust
under floor
small sleeping room with couch and stool; trompe l’oeil walls

Rome
peplos

Rome sandals
wall painting
from
Herculaneum

Rome
Rome: The Pantheon, built 118-126 C.E.

dome

Greek facade
Pantheon interior

oculus
coffered ceiling

Rome
basilica: cutaway view Rome
used as a law court, place to make business deals

clerestory windows

side aisle
nave
Byzantium rich colors and fabrics
Byzantine recycling:
cushioned capital
Carolingian minuscule

Romanesque

a part of
Charles’
reform of
education

created by
Alcuin of York
781
reliquary for the
head of Ste. Foy
St. James/ body arriving in Compostela Romanesque

cockleshells—the token given to pilgrims


Basilica becomes the Romanesque church
to accommodate pilgrims
transept radiating chapels

ambulatory
Romanesque Ste. Foy at Conques

lantern over crossing

transept with aisles


Romanesque Art and Architecture:
The Bible of the Illiterate

historiated capital: Adam and Eve Lazarus


William’s men build boats Romanesque
King Otto
ca. 1000

Romanesque
Romanesque

A six-plank chest, France


gothic
Romanesque
tower

Notre Dame, Chartres


gothic

labyrinth on nave floor, Notre Dame de Chartres


crockets

Gothic
Notre Dame of Paris

finials

flying buttresses
gothic

Gothic gargoyles

Notre Dame of Paris


Gothic

rose window

Notre Dame of Paris


King Philip Augustus
of France, ca. 1200

x-form chair

rich textiles
gothic
gothic

hennin
Gothic
Timbered house

wattle and daub

window opens to create shop


Gothic
thatched roof

country house
canopy over important person tables that disassemble

gothic

bicorn
headdress

Dining in the Great Hall pointed-toe shoes


Sleeping in the Great Hall

gothic rush mats and tile floors


gothic
tester bed
fireplace
with hood

cabinet

settle
gothic

settle with linenfold paneling


A doctor’s robe for treating plague
victims

nose cone is filled with flowers and


herbs thought to filter out the
infectious agent

“The Calamitous Fourteenth Century”


Italian
Renaissance
Petrarch’s Study

bottle-glass windows

x-form chair with


mortise-and-tenon joinings
Italian dome by Brunelleschi

Renaissance
Duomo, Florence lantern

dome

drum
also by Brunelleschi
Italian
Renaissance Ospedale degli innocente

Greek pediments

Roman arches

Corinthian
columns
roundels

pilasters

Pazzi Chapel Interior


Italian
Renaissance
Santa Maria Novella

upper façade by
Leon Baptiste Alberti, 1460

lower part romanesque,


1246-1300

adapting the Greek Pediment to the Roman basilica


Italian Renaissance: City Life
Rome: City Hall

piano nobile
Palazzo Strozzi

Italian Renaissance

heavy cornice, horizontal banding, small windows


Italian Renaissance: Country
Life

trompe l-oeil
Italian Renaissance
Interiors

fireplace with sloped hood


lettiera

trompe l-oeil painting of textile


hanging

antecamera and camera


Italian Renaissance Interiors

cassapanca (wedding chest)


Italian Renaissance Interiors

sgabella
Italian Renaissance
Interiors

Savonarola chair
Italian Renaissance
Interiors

eyeglasses
revolver
scissors
red and black ink

St. Jerome in his studiolo


Italian Renaissance
Interiors

studiolo with trompe l’oeil in wood marquetry


northern renaissance
Printing Press, 1450
northern renaissance

Martin Luther
sparked a revolt
Henry, Duke of Saxony
Luther’s protector

Venetian trunk hose with slashings

northern renaissance
northern renaissance

collector’s cabinet (new room)--German


The English Renaissance:
Henry VIII

padded shoulders
and chest
slashings
codpiece
padded calves
duck-bill shoes
bagpipe sleeves
bows
lace collar
farthingale

Elizabeth I: The Armada portrait


northern renaissance
Hardwick Hall

more glass than stone northern renaissance


northern renaissance

Little Moreton Hall: timbered


refectory table with French influence northern renaissance

animal legs
low stretchers
long and narrow
decoration in white plaster
northern renaissance
spindle chair

northern renaissance
Italian Baroque
San Carlo, Rome

architect: Borromini, 1638-41


for St. Charles Borromeo,
canonized 1610

irregular shape
tower looks like a belvedere
Baroque

Display Table

chinese pots

damask on walls
Italian Baroque
gold leaf
putti
cartouche
“c” curves
“s” curves

armchair
Italian Baroque

mirror with gilded frame


Italian Baroque

porcelain room
made in Meissen, Germany
French
Baroque

Louis XIV, the Sun King


Louis visits the Gobelin factory
French
Baroque
French
Baroque

Bedroom of Louis XIV


French
Baroque
Enfilade
(no corridors; doors are
aligned to one side)
French baroque
bureau Mazarin

8 legs
x-form stretchers
convex drawers; kneehole
coffers of Boulle work

French baroque
French
Baroque
armchair with needlework

cabriole leg

x-form stretcher
King James VI of Scotland,
James I of England
1606-1625

short cloak
doublet
trunk hose
canion (breeches)
stockings cut on the bias or knitted
ribbon garters

northern baroque
King Charles I
1625-1649

doublet with short skirt, pointed


front
baggy breeches
funnel boots with wide turnover

northern baroque
Northern Baroque

Fireplace with
architectural surround

carved overmantel

picture in “tabernacle”

northern baroque
The Restoration: Charles II,
1660-1685

full-bottomed wig
lavishly trimmed with ribbon

northern baroque
Northern Baroque

Sir Christopher Wren

wig

new 3-piece suit:


• coat
• vest
• knee breeches

cravat
northern baroque
Northern Baroque

New St. Paul’s—


facade

2-tier façade with towers

Italian clock towers

Ionic capitals

northern baroque
4-way symmetry
Northern Baroque
dome and lantern

4-way symmetry

Castle Howard: The Folly dome and lantern


Castle Howard: The Folly
Northern Baroque

gardens by Capability Brown


Blenheim Castle, 1705-1720
Northern Baroque
Chatsworth:
Drawing Room

tabernacle

Mortlake tapestry
Northern Baroque
Trompe l’oeil
Gerard Lanscroon
1712
northern baroque new room: library
Northern Baroque

2 lacquer cabinets northern baroque


northern baroque
Northern Baroque

gateleg table
Northern Baroque

chair with caned back


and crested stretcher
Northern Baroque

wallpaper detail
Northern Baroque

Tulip Holders
Northern Baroque

spiral turnings

side table with marquetry