Sunteți pe pagina 1din 47

ICS Telecom4.

++
COMPREHENSIVE
NETWORK ENGINEERING
ON V/U/SHF BANDS

REFERENCE MANUAL

ADVANCED
TOPOGRAPHIC
DEVELOPMENT
& IMAGES
AUTHORS: Philippe & David MISSUD

The following manual and the accompanying software are copyright protected and remain the exclusive
property of ATDI. No part of this manual, in whole or in part, may be copied or reproduced in anyway
without prior written authorization of ATDI.

Registered Trademarks
The following are registered trademarks of their respective companies :
ICS Telecom

ATDI

IBM PC, AT

IBM Corp.

INTEL

Intel Corp.

MS-DOS

Microsoft Corporation

WINDOWS 95

Microsoft Corporation

WINDOWS NT

Microsoft Corporation

Microsoft Mouse

Microsoft Corporation

Limited Warranties
ICS Telecom software product and this manual are subject to the limited warranty conditions as specified by
the general operating license of the whole package. ATDI reserves the right to modify this manual without
prior warning.
Manual by S. MONOD
Printed in Paris, France - January' 1999
ref : MANICST4.11GB

ICS Telecom4.++

ICS TELECOM4.++

Copyright

When you are an ATDI customer, you are entitled to a wide range of services and benefits :
From the date of delivery :

1 year warranty on Softwares


Free access to New releases of Softwares during 1 year
Free Telephone and Fax Hot Line during 1 year
Free INTERNET Hot Line during 1 year
HOT LINE :
From Monday to Friday (10.00 am to 12.00 am ; 2.00 pm to 6.00 pm)
Tel : +33 (0)1 53 30 81 41
Fax : +33 (0)1 53 30 81 49
E-mail : phmissud@atdi.com / smonod@atdi.com
INFORMATION :
ATDI
8 Rue de l'Arcade
75008 Paris, France
http://www.atdi.com

ICS Telecom4.++

ICS TELECOM4.++

SERVICES AND BENEFITS

THE ADOBETM ACROBATTM READERTM WINDOW


The ICS Telecom 4 Reference Manual.pdf file is displayed in the AdobeTM AcrobatTM ReaderTM window.
This window is made up of three main zones :
- A tree zone
- A document display zone
- A tool bar

The tree zone displays the list of the topics contained in the document. It gives direct access to the page or to the
document linked to the topic.
The document zone displays the document in full page display mode. This mode can be modified using the
display mode tools.
The tool bar offers several tools allowing to modify the display of the document (zoom, full page or page width
modes, next or previous view, next or previous page) and to access the AdobeTM AcrobatTM SearchTM tool.
: cursor
: zoom
: full page mode
: page width mode
ICS Telecom4.++

ICS TELECOM4.++

HOW TO USE THE REFERENCE MANUAL

: access the AdobeTM AcrobatTM SearchTM tool


ICS TELECOM4.++

: Re-displays the list of AdobeTM AcrobatTM SearchTM results

THE ADOBE ACROBAT SEARCH TOOL


This tool allows to search a word in all documents included in the ICS Telecom 4 index.
Select the

tool, then type the word you want to find.

A list of results is displayed at the end of the research. It gives all the documents that contain the word.
Click in the list over the document you want to read. The document is loaded and displayed on screen.
You can reopen the list of Search results via the

tool.

ICS TELECOM 4 REFERENCE MANUAL


This manual is made of one main document linked to many other documents contained in the Help sub-directories.
From this document, you can access any other document you need to read, by selecting it in the document itself.
A general index allows you to search any words in all documents making up the Reference manual.
By clicking (8 left button) over one topic of the Tree zone in the ICS Telecom 4 Reference manual.pdf document,
you will access the page of the general contents that contains the selected topic.
Then click (8 left button) in the Document display zone over the specific topic you need to reach. The document
that treats the topic will be loaded and displayed on screen.
Following graphic icons are found in every document of the Reference manual :
: go to the next page of the document
: go to the previous page of the document

: returns to ICS Telecom 4 Reference manual.pdf file at the page of the general
contents containing the topic of the document.
: prints the registration form
Simply click (8 left button) over these icons to activate them.
In the document, some of the words are coloured in blue. Most of the time, this colour indicates a link to another
document.
For example,
Ex 1 : Extracted from a function description:
See section 'The Boxes' for the description of the Protection Ratio box.
Ex 2- Extracted from a box description:
Access : Equipment Database of the Microwave link box
command of the Com Parameters box
Ex 3 - Extracted from a function procedure:
3/ Proceed to the simulation of the present and active network (Coverage / Network calculation Function) .
ICS Telecom4.++

When the cursor reaches a link in the document, it changes of form. You can move the cursor over the document
to recognize the links that have been established between the documents.

THE UPDATE OF THE MANUAL


A distinct document enumerates the modifications done and new functions implemented in the version 4.70 of
ICS Telecom.
The document 'v4-7 - Modification and News' found in the ICS Telecom 4 - Reference manual\help directory of
the CD--Rom is linked to the Reference manual and to the related documents describing the functions, commands,
and dialogue boxes.

ACCESS TO THE MODIFICATIONS AND NEWS DOCUMENT


- In the left part of the Acrobat window, the link 'Modifications and new functions - version 4-7' access the
document -- simply click on the link to open the document.
- In the contents of the Reference manual,
and
icons access also the document -- simply click on the
icons to open the document on pages describing the new function or the modification made.
- In the specific documents (dialogue boxes description, function description), the

icon indicates a

modification or a new function, and access the Modifications and New document -- simply click on the icon to
open the document on pages describing the modification or the new function.
- The v4-7 - Modification and News document contains also links toward the Reference manual : in the left part
of the Acrobat window, the 'Back to the Reference manual' link and in the document, the
Reference manual on pages describing the modified item. The
with no existing link.

icon open the

icons indicates only a new functionality

THE APPENDED DOCUMENTS


Some documents that give using and technical information, are linked to the Modification and News document.
A specific link 'Appended documents' to these documents is found in the left part of the Acrobat window.
These documents contain icons to return to the Reference manual file or to the Modifications and News document.

ICS Telecom4.++

ICS TELECOM4.++

In ex 1, click (8 left button) over the 'Protection ratio' words to access the document that is describing the
Protection ratio box.
In ex 2, click (8 left button) over 'Microwave link box' or 'Com parameters box' words to access the document that
is describing these boxes
In ex 3, click (8 left button) over the (Coverage / Network calculation Function) mention to access the document
that is describing the Network calculation functions of the Coverage Menu.

PRINT

ICS TELECOM4.++

REGISTRATION FORM
To get all your benefits, please answer all questions
Customer :
Name Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms/Other
Job Title
Company name
Full address
City
Postcode

Country

Telephone number

Fax

E-mail address
(By giving ATDI your e-mail address, you agree to receive e-mail from us)
Which Windows platform do you use :
Windows 95 platform
Windows 98 platform
Windows NT platform - version number :
Do you have access to the World Wide Web ?

Yes

No

Are you on a network ?

Yes

No

What other ATDI products do you use ? (check all that apply):
Previous version of ICS Telecom - version number :
HerTZ Mapper - version number :
HTZ Lite - version number :
HTZ Simulation - version number :
HTZ Warfare - version number :
ICS Map Server - version number :
ANTIOS - version number :
IRIS - version number :

We thank you to return this form dully completed by post or by fax :


ATDI
8 Rue de l'Arcade - 75008 Paris - France
Tel : +33 (0)1 53 30 81 41
Fax : +33 (0) 1 53 30 81 49
E-mail : atdi@atdi.com
ICS Telecom4.++

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................... 3


SOFTWARE INSTALLATION ................................................................................................. 4
1. Installing ICS Telecom under WINDOWS 95 or NT 4 ............................................................... 5
2. ODBC Driver ................................................................................................................................ 6
3. 3D Driver ...................................................................................................................................... 7
3.1 WINDOWS 95 ........................................................................................................................ 7
3.2 WINDOWS NT 4 .................................................................................................................... 7

ICS Telecom4.++ - Installation - Section 1 page 2

INSTALLATION

SECTION 1 INSTALLATION

THE DISPLAY, COORDINATES AND LEGEND AREAS ............................................................. 3


1. The Display Area .......................................................................................................................... 4
1.1 Main characteristics ............................................................................................................. 4
1.2 The Floating menu ................................................................................................................ 5
1.3 The 3D View Screen ............................................................................................................ 12
2. The Coordinates Area ................................................................................................................. 14
3. The Legend Area ........................................................................................................................ 16

THE COMMANDS AREA .................................................................................................. 17


THE TOOLS BAR ........................................................................................................... 18
THE MENUS AREA ........................................................................................................ 20

ICS Telecom4.++ - The ICS Telecom Screen - Section 2 page 2

THE ICS TELECOM SCREEN

SECTION 2 ICS TELECOM SCREEN

In this section, the user will find the first and basic steps in the using of ICS Telecom.
Two main procedures will be described, as :
1. Creation of a project - Displaying the files - Management of Projects
2. Installation and management of elements on the terrain
These two essential steps having been followed, the user can carry out simulations and analyses of the network.

ICS Telecom4.++ - Getting Started - Section 3 page 1

GETTING STARTED

GETTING STARTED

CREATION OF A PROJECT .................................................................................................. 3


PROJECT DISPLAY ............................................................................................................ 5
PROJECT MANAGEMENT ................................................................................................... 7
INSTALLATION OF ELEMENTS ON THE TERRAIN .................................................................. 8
1. Communication Elements : The POINT Command .................................................................... 9
1.1 Installation of an element by using the mouse ..................................................................... 9
1.2 Installation of an element by entering manually the coordinates ....................................... 9
2. Microwave links elements : The M-W Command ..................................................................... 10
2.1 Installation of a microwave links by using the mouse ....................................................... 10
2.2 Installation of a Microwave link by entering manually the coordinates of the two sites . 10
3. Mobile element : The PATH Command .................................................................................... 11
3.1 Creating a Path ................................................................................................................... 11
3.2 Parametering of the mobile along the path trajectory ....................................................... 11

ELEMENTS MANAGEMENT .............................................................................................. 13


1. Fixed Communication Elements ................................................................................................ 14
1.1 Managing elements via the Elements Table ....................................................................... 14
1.2 Managing elements via the Data-BASES ........................................................................... 14
1.3 Managing elements by using the SELECT tools ................................................................ 15
1.4 Managing elements by using the POINT command : ......................................................... 16
1.5 Managing elements by using the function Network / Object Management: ...................... 17
1.6 Saving Elements .................................................................................................................. 18
1.7 Export / Import of elements in the data bases .................................................................... 18
2. Mobile Elements ......................................................................................................................... 20
2.1 Displacing a Way Point (or nodal point) of a Path ........................................................... 20
2.2 Deleting a Way Point of a Path .......................................................................................... 20
2.3 Addition of Way Points on a Path ..................................................................................... 20
2.4 Completely deleting the Path .............................................................................................. 20
2.5 Saving the Path ................................................................................................................... 20
2.6 Direct access to the parameters of the Path ...................................................................... 20

ICS Telecom4.++ - Getting Started - Section 3 page 2

GETTING STARTED

SECTION 3 GETTING STARTED

The 'Commands' are the buttons situated at the upper part of the ICS Telecom screen.
They are used to activated modes, or to access databases and elements lists.
We will describe in this section each commands and using procedures according to a visual order: from left
to right.

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Commands - Section 4 page 1

THE COMMANDS

THE COMMANDS

THE MOVE COMMAND .................................................................................................. 4


THE POINT COMMAND .................................................................................................. 5
1. The floating menus ....................................................................................................................... 6
2. The Options ................................................................................................................................... 8
2.1 Move ...................................................................................................................................... 9
2.2 Duplicate ............................................................................................................................. 10
2.3 Parameters .......................................................................................................................... 11
2.4 Constraints .......................................................................................................................... 12
2.5 De-activate / Activate ......................................................................................................... 13
2.6 Isolate .................................................................................................................................. 14
2.7 Add TX/RX ........................................................................................................................... 15
2.8 Database Search ................................................................................................................. 17
2.9 Database Export .................................................................................................................. 18
2.10 Bearing .............................................................................................................................. 19
2.11 Add Coverage .................................................................................................................... 20
2.12 Profile to & Profile from .................................................................................................. 21
2.13 Report ................................................................................................................................ 22
2.13.1 Horizon Tour Report ................................................................................................................ 22
2.13.2 Effective Height Report ........................................................................................................... 22

2.14 Point to Point .................................................................................................................... 23


2.14.1
2.14.2
2.14.3
2.14.4
2.14.5

Threshold impairment option ..................................................................................................


I/N option ..................................................................................................................................
Receiving option .......................................................................................................................
Signal from mobile option .......................................................................................................
Signal to mobile option ............................................................................................................

23
23
24
24
25

2.15 Coverage ........................................................................................................................... 27


2.15.1
2.15.2
2.15.3
2.15.4
2.15.5
2.15.6
2.15.7
2.15.8
2.15.9

C/I interference - unwanted site color display option ............................................................ 28


C/I interference - unwanted field strength display option ..................................................... 28
TI interference - usable coverage degradation option ........................................................... 29
TI interference - usable coverage ........................................................................................... 29
TI interference - coverage modification option ...................................................................... 30
Assignment from band - mono frequency option .................................................................... 31
Assignment from list - mono frequency option ....................................................................... 31
Assignment from band - Multi TX Channels option ............................................................... 32
Assignment from list - Multi TX Channels option .................................................................. 33

2.16 Delete ................................................................................................................................. 34

THE PATH COMMAND ................................................................................................. 35


1. Creating and Managing a Path Trajectory ................................................................................. 36
2. Configuration and Defining Element Parameters on a Path ...................................................... 37
2.1 Configuration of the element over a trajectory .................................................................. 37
2.2 Defining element parameters along the trajectory ............................................................ 37
3. Deleting the Terrain Path trajectory ........................................................................................... 39

THE MW COMMAND ...................................................................................................... 40


1. General Characteristics of Microwave Links ............................................................................. 41
1.1 Characteristics of a Microwave Link ................................................................................. 41
1.2 Parametering the Microwave Links .................................................................................... 41
1.3 Management of Microwave Links ....................................................................................... 41
2. Establishing Microwave Links ................................................................................................... 42

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Commands - Section 4 page 2

THE COMMANDS

SECTION 4 THE COMMANDS

THE LINK COMMAND .................................................................................................... 45


1. Creation of Links ........................................................................................................................ 46
2. Management of Links ................................................................................................................. 47
2.1 Access to Options ................................................................................................................ 47
2.2 Deletion of a Link : The Delete link option ........................................................................ 48
2.3 Setting of a Handover margin to the link : the Handover option ...................................... 48
2.4 The Terrain Profile : the Profile calculation Option ......................................................... 48
2.5 Automatic Orientation of the transmitter antenna : The Antenna Orientation Option ..... 49

THE ZOOM COMMAND ................................................................................................... 50


THE DB STATION COMMAND ......................................................................................... 51
THE DB MW COMMAND ................................................................................................ 52
THE DB SUBSCRIBER COMMAND .................................................................................... 53
THE D.F COMMAND ...................................................................................................... 54
THE LOC COMMAND ...................................................................................................... 55
THE STATION COMMAND ............................................................................................... 56
THE MICROWAVE COMMAND ......................................................................................... 57
THE PATH COMMAND ................................................................................................. 58
THE LIST COMMAND ..................................................................................................... 59
THE COVER COMMAND .................................................................................................. 61
THE CTRL COMMAND .................................................................................................... 64

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Commands - Section 4 page 3

THE COMMANDS

3. Managing Microwave Links ....................................................................................................... 43


3.1 Access to Options ................................................................................................................ 43
3.2 The Path Budget .................................................................................................................. 43

THE TOOLS

THE TOOLS

We have named the 'tools', all the icons situated on the upper left side of the ICS Telecom screen.
Some of these tools are used to parameter the simulations, some other runs automatic calculation launched
from one point designated on the terrain by the user.
We will describe in this section each tools and using procedures according to a visual order: from the upper
left tool to the lower right icon.

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Tools - Section 5 page 1

THE DST TOOL .............................................................................................................. 3


THE STR TOOL .............................................................................................................. 4
THE GRD TOOL ............................................................................................................. 5
THE FSR TOOL .............................................................................................................. 6
THE JAM TOOL ............................................................................................................. 8
THE LST TOOL ............................................................................................................ 10
THE TOA TOOL ............................................................................................................ 11
THE WAY TOOL .......................................................................................................... 14
THE UNIT TOOL ............................................................................................................ 16
THE CRD TOOL ........................................................................................................... 17
THE MIX TOOL ............................................................................................................ 18
THE RST TOOL ............................................................................................................ 19
THE LND T/S AND R/S TOOLS ..................................................................................... 20
THE DRW TOOL .......................................................................................................... 21
THE COLOUR TOOL ....................................................................................................... 22
THE RECT TOOL ........................................................................................................... 23
THE POLY TOOL ........................................................................................................... 33
THE LINE TOOL ............................................................................................................ 39
THE COMM TOOL .......................................................................................................... 41
THE DATABASE TOOLS .................................................................................................. 42

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Tools - Section 5 page 2

THE TOOLS

SECTION 5 THE TOOLS

The functions in ICS Telecom are organised into 13 Popup Menus. Each Popup Menu gives access to a submenu containing the functions. The symbol indicates the access to another sub-menu containing the options.
A function label followed by three dots indicates that a dialogue box associated with the function is to follow:
specific boxes (Print box, Propagation model box...), or Input box, File box...
A colour code is used to indicate the accessibility and differences of functions:
- colour black: accessible function or option at this time
- colour grey: inaccessible function or option at this time
The accessibility of functions and options depends on the objects present on the terrain, and on the activated
modes.
To access the functions, slip the mouse along the menus, and click (8 left button) the mouse directly over the
entitled function or option.

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 1

THE MENUS

THE MENUS

FILES MENU __________________________________________________ 11


PROJECT MANAGER ....................................................................................................... 12
LOAD ........................................................................................................................... 14
1. Load .EWF file ........................................................................................................................... 15
2. Add .ewf file ............................................................................................................................... 16
3. Load all .ewf from folder ............................................................................................................ 17
4. Load .FLD file ............................................................................................................................ 18
5. Load .ITF file .............................................................................................................................. 19
6. Load parameter file ..................................................................................................................... 20
7. Load .VEC file ............................................................................................................................ 21

SAVE ............................................................................................................................ 22
1. Save .EWF file ............................................................................................................................ 23
2. Save .FLD file ............................................................................................................................. 24
3. Save .ITF file .............................................................................................................................. 25
4. Save parameter file ..................................................................................................................... 26
5. Save ground occupancy file ........................................................................................................ 27
6. Save DEM file ............................................................................................................................. 28

IMPORT ......................................................................................................................... 29
1. Import generic ascii plot file ...................................................................................................... 30
2. Import HTZ-Lite network file .................................................................................................... 31
3. Import Microwave TXT file ....................................................................................................... 32

EXPORT ........................................................................................................................ 33
1. Export object to HTZ-Lite .......................................................................................................... 34
2. Export coverage to TIFF TFW file ............................................................................................ 35
3. Export coverage to Arc Info (ascii) ............................................................................................ 36
4. Export Microwave .TXT file ...................................................................................................... 37

PRINT ........................................................................................................................... 38
SCREEN ........................................................................................................................ 41
ABOUT ......................................................................................................................... 42

PARAMETERS MENU ____________________________________________ 43


NORTH VARIATION ........................................................................................................ 44
CARTOGRAPHIC CONVERSIONS ......................................................................................... 45
EARTH RADIUS .............................................................................................................. 46
PROPAGATION MODEL .................................................................................................... 47
GROUND OCCUPANCY OPTIONS ........................................................................................ 48
INDOOR PARAMETERS ..................................................................................................... 50
PROTECTION RATIO ....................................................................................................... 51
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 2

THE MENUS

SECTION 6 THE MENUS

1. Automatic .................................................................................................................................... 53
2. Manual ......................................................................................................................................... 54
3. First part of call sign ................................................................................................................... 55
4. Re-assign Call-signs.................................................................................................................... 56
5. Copy Call-sign to Address .......................................................................................................... 57

VERTICAL PATTERN ....................................................................................................... 58


1. The tilt ......................................................................................................................................... 58
2. The resolution ............................................................................................................................. 58
3. From Tx/Rx Parameters .............................................................................................................. 59

RADAR TARGET RANGE ................................................................................................... 60


GHOST TRANSMITTERS .................................................................................................... 61
CIRCULAR CALCULATION LIMIT ...................................................................................... 62
STATION FREQUENCY LIST .............................................................................................. 63
LINK FREQUENCY LIST ................................................................................................... 64
CELLS ........................................................................................................................... 65
USER PALETTE ............................................................................................................... 66
AUTOSAVE .................................................................................................................... 68
OBJECT PROPERTIES ....................................................................................................... 69

MAP MENU __________________________________________________ 70


2D DISPLAY .................................................................................................................. 71
1. DEM Layer ................................................................................................................................. 72
2. Image Layer ................................................................................................................................ 73
3. Ground Occupancy Layer ........................................................................................................... 74
4. Field Strength Layer ................................................................................................................... 75
5. Frequency Layer ......................................................................................................................... 76
6. Percentage Layer ......................................................................................................................... 77
7. Site Layer .................................................................................................................................... 78
8. Time of Arrival Layer ................................................................................................................. 79
9. Receiver Layer ............................................................................................................................ 80
10. Traffic Layer ............................................................................................................................. 81
11. Interference Layer (static mode) .............................................................................................. 82
12. Interference Layer (move mode) .............................................................................................. 83
13. Margin Layer ............................................................................................................................ 84
14. C/I Layer ................................................................................................................................... 85
15. IT Layer ..................................................................................................................................... 86
16. Radar Layer ............................................................................................................................... 87
17. Height Constraint Layer ........................................................................................................... 88

3D DISPLAY .................................................................................................................. 89
1. DEM or Image Layer .................................................................................................................. 90
2. Coverage Layer on DEM ............................................................................................................ 91
3. Ground Occupancy on DEM ...................................................................................................... 92
4. Path Perspective .......................................................................................................................... 93

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 3

THE MENUS

CALL SIGN ................................................................................................................... 52

THE PATH PERSPECTIVE SCREEN ..................................................................................... 95


MAP AREA ................................................................................................................... 98
1. Maximised ................................................................................................................................... 99
2. Display Coordinates .................................................................................................................. 100
3. Display Profile .......................................................................................................................... 101

PALETTE ..................................................................................................................... 102


1. Load Palette .............................................................................................................................. 103
2. Save Palette ............................................................................................................................... 104

VECTOR MAP .............................................................................................................. 105


1. Display Vector .......................................................................................................................... 106
2. New Vector File ........................................................................................................................ 107
3. Edit Vector File ......................................................................................................................... 108
4. Empty Vector File ..................................................................................................................... 109
5. Add Subscribers to Vector File ................................................................................................ 110

FILTER ........................................................................................................................ 111


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

General Filter ............................................................................................................................ 112


Elevation Filter ......................................................................................................................... 113
Coverage Filter .......................................................................................................................... 114
Road Filter ................................................................................................................................. 115
Frontier Filter ............................................................................................................................ 116
5.1 Frontier filter .................................................................................................................... 117
5.2 Frontier filter + Report ..................................................................................................... 118
6. Convert 0 to 1 ........................................................................................................................... 119
7. Sea Filter ................................................................................................................................... 120
8. Coverage Circular mask ........................................................................................................... 121
9. Field Strength Modification ..................................................................................................... 122
10. Vectorize ................................................................................................................................. 123

DIRECT MENU _______________________________________________ 124


PATH CALCULATION .................................................................................................... 125
THE PATH RADIO SCREEN ............................................................................................ 128
THE PATH BUDGET SCREEN ......................................................................................... 134
THE PANORAMIC SCREEN ............................................................................................. 140
SEARCH SITES ............................................................................................................. 146
1. Intervisibility ............................................................................................................................. 147
2. Field Strength Calculation ........................................................................................................ 148
3. Cell Pattern ................................................................................................................................ 149

SIGHT COVERAGE ........................................................................................................ 150


1. Visibility Calculations for a Designated Point : The Static Mode .......................................... 151
2. Visibility Simulation of a Mobile Element : the Dynamic Mode ........................................... 152

FIELD STRENGTH COVERAGE ........................................................................................ 153


1. Simulation of a Fixed Element: The Static Mode ................................................................... 154
2. Simulation of a Mobile Element: Dynamic Mode ................................................................... 155

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 4

THE MENUS

THE 3D SCREEN ........................................................................................................... 94

1. Simulation of a Fixed Element: Static Mode ........................................................................... 157


2. Simulation of a Mobile Element: Dynamic Mode ................................................................... 158

INTERFERENCE CALCULATION ....................................................................................... 159


1. Interference Calculation for a Fixed Element: Static Mode .................................................... 160
2. Interference Calculations of a Mobile Element: Dynamic Mode (MOVE) ............................ 161

H-PATTERN CALCULATION ........................................................................................... 162

COVERAGE MENU ____________________________________________ 164


NETWORK CALCULATION ............................................................................................. 165
1.
2.
3.
4.

Tx/Rx Coverage ........................................................................................................................ 166


D.F Coverage ............................................................................................................................ 167
Radar Coverage ......................................................................................................................... 168
Tx Network Coverage (Best Server Oriented Antennas) ........................................................ 169

NETWORK ANALYSIS ................................................................................................... 170


1. Composite Coverage Display ................................................................................................... 171
2. Best Server Display .................................................................................................................. 172
3. Site Recoverage Display ........................................................................................................... 173
4. Simultaneous Site Display ........................................................................................................ 174
5. Margin Display ......................................................................................................................... 175
6. Available Display ..................................................................................................................... 176
7. Radar Coverage Display ........................................................................................................... 177
8. Two (2) Sites Differences ......................................................................................................... 178
9. Time of arrival of each signal (best server) ............................................................................. 179
10. Coverage Modification (Directional Antennas) ..................................................................... 181
10.1 Activated Tx Coverage Modification .............................................................................. 182
10.2 De-Activated Tx Coverage Modification ........................................................................ 184
10.3 All Tx Coverage Modification ........................................................................................ 186

NETWORK INTERFERENCE ............................................................................................. 188


1. Multiple Interference ................................................................................................................ 189
1.1 Global Interference ........................................................................................................... 190
1.2 Global Multi-channel Interference ................................................................................... 191
1.3 Calculations Principles of the Interference + Best server options ................................. 192
1.4 Interference + Best server ................................................................................................ 193
1.5 Interference + Best server (Activated Wanted Site) ......................................................... 194
1.6 Interference + Best server (Frequency Selection) ........................................................... 195
1.7 Interference + Best server Multi-Channel ....................................................................... 196
1.8 Interference + Best server Multi-Channel (activated wanted site) ................................. 197
1.9 Simulcast interference (best server) ................................................................................. 198
1.10 Simulcast interference + Constructive Field Strength ................................................... 200
1.11 Interference + C/I (activated wanted site) ..................................................................... 202
1.12 Protected field strength (C/I + interference on activated wanted site) ......................... 203
2. Two (2) Sites Interference ........................................................................................................ 204
3. Threshold impairment ............................................................................................................... 206
3.1 Activated Station Coverage Modification ........................................................................ 207

NETWORK ASSIGNMENT ............................................................................................... 208


1. Assignment of General Frequency or Receiving/Transmitting Channels ............................... 209
1.1 Fast Assignment From Band ............................................................................................. 210
2. General Frequencies Assignment ............................................................................................. 212
2.1 Activated Tx Assignment from Frequency band ............................................................... 213
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 5

THE MENUS

RECEIVER COVERAGE ................................................................................................... 156

TRAFFIC ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................... 222


1. Erlang B .................................................................................................................................... 223
2. Erlang C .................................................................................................................................... 224

MICROWAVE MENU ___________________________________________ 225


CALCULATION PRINCIPLES ............................................................................................ 226
1. Interference Calculation Principles (C/I method) .................................................................... 227
1.1 One fixed C/I value is considered ..................................................................................... 227
1.2 The C/I protection ratio is defined according to the type of band of the equipment ...... 228
2. Interference Calculation Principles (Impairment Threshold Method) .................................... 229

INTERFERENCE ............................................................................................................. 230


1. Link Interference (Impairment threshold method) .................................................................. 231
2. Link Interference (C/I method) ................................................................................................ 232
3. Link Interference Table ............................................................................................................ 233

ASSIGNMENT ............................................................................................................... 234


1. Impairment Threshold Rule ...................................................................................................... 235
2. C/I Rule ..................................................................................................................................... 237
3. Polarization Assignment ........................................................................................................... 239

OPTIONS ..................................................................................................................... 240


1. Microwave Link Margin Calculation ....................................................................................... 241
2. Site Location Optimizing ......................................................................................................... 242
3. Orient Antennas ........................................................................................................................ 243

PROTECTION AREA ...................................................................................................... 244


PASSIVE CALCULATION ................................................................................................ 245
THE PASSIVE SCREEN .................................................................................................. 246

MULTIPOINT MENU ___________________________________________ 249


STATISTICS .................................................................................................................. 250
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Random Transmitters to Microwave Links (IT mode) ............................................................ 251


Random Transmitters to Microwave Links (C/I mode) ........................................................... 252
Random Transmitters to Base Stations .................................................................................... 253
Random Transmitters to Subscribers ....................................................................................... 254
Base Stations to Random Receivers (IT mode) ....................................................................... 255
Base Stations to Random Receivers (C/I mode) ...................................................................... 256
Create Subscribers .................................................................................................................... 257
Report ........................................................................................................................................ 258

SUBSCRIBERS ............................................................................................................... 259


1. About Subscribers ..................................................................................................................... 260
2. Point to Point ............................................................................................................................. 263
3. All Servers ................................................................................................................................. 264

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 6

THE MENUS

2.2 Activated Tx Assignment from Frequency List ................................................................. 214


3. Transmitting Channels Assignment ......................................................................................... 215
3.1 Activated Tx Assignment (Multi-Channel - TX) from band ............................................. 216
3.2 Activated Tx Assignment (Multi-Channel-tx) from List ................................................... 218
4. Simulcast Launch Delay Assignment (Best Server) ................................................................ 219
5. TV Line Offset Assignment ..................................................................................................... 221

CONNECT .................................................................................................................... 288


1. Best Server ................................................................................................................................ 289
2. All Servers ................................................................................................................................. 290
3. Control Receiving (dbm unit) ................................................................................................... 291
4. Control Receiving (dbv/m unit) ............................................................................................. 292
5. Maxhold .................................................................................................................................... 293
5.1 Communications Capacity of a Fixed Receiver: static mode .......................................... 294
5.2 Communications Capacity of a Mobile Receiver: dynamic mode (MOVE) .................... 295
6. Link Status ................................................................................................................................ 296

ASSIGNMENT ............................................................................................................... 297


1. Point to Point Assignment ........................................................................................................ 298
2. Export FMS Matrix ................................................................................................................... 299

IMPAIRMENT THRESHOLD ............................................................................................. 300


I/N ............................................................................................................................ 301

D.F MENU __________________________________________________ 302


CALIBRATION .............................................................................................................. 303
QUALITY MARK .......................................................................................................... 304
LOCALIZATION ............................................................................................................ 305
EXTERNAL .................................................................................................................. 306
1.
2.
3.
4.

Direction Finding Exchange ..................................................................................................... 307


Localization Mission ................................................................................................................ 308
Associate Object / Localization................................................................................................ 309
Replay Localizations ................................................................................................................ 310
4.1 Trajectory .......................................................................................................................... 311
4.2 Locations ........................................................................................................................... 312

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 7

THE MENUS

4. Best Server ................................................................................................................................ 266


5. Traffic Analysis (Polygon) ....................................................................................................... 267
5.1 Traffic per station .............................................................................................................. 268
5.2 Traffic per Site ................................................................................................................... 269
6. Parenting ................................................................................................................................... 270
6.1 Connecting to best server .................................................................................................. 271
6.2 Connecting to Nearest best server .................................................................................... 272
6.3 Bandwidth control (best server) ....................................................................................... 273
6.4 Bandwidth control (Nearest best server) .......................................................................... 275
7. Interference ............................................................................................................................... 277
7.1 To Stations (TI) .................................................................................................................. 278
7.2 To Subscribers (C/I) .......................................................................................................... 279
8. Assignment ................................................................................................................................ 280
9. Re-locating ................................................................................................................................ 281
10. Global Coverage ..................................................................................................................... 282
11. Attenuations ............................................................................................................................ 283
12. Status ....................................................................................................................................... 284
13. Demand Diagram .................................................................................................................... 285
14. Clutter Repartition .................................................................................................................. 286
15. Adjust Power and Frequency .................................................................................................. 287

PATH RESULTS ANALYSIS ............................................................................................ 314


THE PATH RESULTS ANALYSIS SCREEN ......................................................................... 315
RECEIVING .................................................................................................................. 317
1. Recept Path ............................................................................................................................... 318
2. Localize ..................................................................................................................................... 319
3. Handover ................................................................................................................................... 320
3.1 Handover (mono margin) .................................................................................................. 321
3.2 Handover from Link margin ............................................................................................. 322

PATH PARAMETERS ...................................................................................................... 323


MOBILE PARAMETERS .................................................................................................. 324
HEIGHT GRAPH ........................................................................................................... 325
POWER GRAPH ............................................................................................................ 326
TIME OF ARRIVAL OF EACH SIGNAL (ALL SERVERS) ....................................................... 327

OPTIONS MENU ______________________________________________ 329


CONSTRAINTS .............................................................................................................. 330
1. Constraint Area ......................................................................................................................... 331
2. Height Constraints .................................................................................................................... 332
3. Town File Setup ........................................................................................................................ 333

REPORT ...................................................................................................................... 334


1. Terrain Profiles ......................................................................................................................... 335
2. Listing Review .......................................................................................................................... 336

POPULATION ................................................................................................................ 337


1. Covered Population ................................................................................................................... 338
2. Not Covered Population ........................................................................................................... 339
3. Surface and Population Covered .............................................................................................. 340
4. Town File Setup ........................................................................................................................ 341

MEASURE ................................................................................................................... 342


1. Correlation ................................................................................................................................ 343
2. Import ........................................................................................................................................ 345
3. TEMS Trace .............................................................................................................................. 348
3.1 Level .................................................................................................................................. 349
3.2 Handover ........................................................................................................................... 350
3.3 Time of arrival ................................................................................................................... 351
3.4 Mobile power ..................................................................................................................... 352
4. Odometer ................................................................................................................................... 353

GPS .......................................................................................................................... 354


1. GPS NMEA 183 Start ............................................................................................................... 355
2. GPS NMEA 183 Stop ............................................................................................................... 356

EXTERN PROGRAM ....................................................................................................... 357

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 8

THE MENUS

MOBILE MENU _______________________________________________ 313

SITE DATABASE ........................................................................................................... 359


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Export Activated Elements ....................................................................................................... 360


Export Microwave station ........................................................................................................ 361
Site Database Manager ............................................................................................................. 362
Site Database Configuration ..................................................................................................... 363
Import ........................................................................................................................................ 365
5.1 Import Site Location From ascii File ............................................................................... 366
5.2 Import Tx/Rx Site From ascii File (.txt) ........................................................................... 367
5.3 Import Tx/Rx Station From ascii File (.txt) ...................................................................... 368

MICROWAVE LINKS DATABASE ..................................................................................... 369


1. Export Activated Microwave Links ......................................................................................... 370
2. Microwave Link Database Manager ........................................................................................ 371
3. Microwave Link Database Configuration ................................................................................ 372

D.F BEARING DATABASE ............................................................................................. 374


1. Export Bearings to D.F Database ............................................................................................. 375
2. D.F Bearing Database Manager ............................................................................................... 376
3. D.F Bearing Database Configuration ....................................................................................... 377

LOCALIZATION DATABASE ............................................................................................ 379


1. Localization Database ............................................................................................................... 380
2. Export Transmitters to Localization Database ......................................................................... 381

ODBC ....................................................................................................................... 382


1. Import Tx/Rx from ICSTel Table to Site database .................................................................. 383
2. Import Microwaves Links from MW Table to Link database ................................................. 384
3. Import Microwave Links from MW Table to Map .................................................................. 385
4. Export Microwaves from Map to MW Table .......................................................................... 386
5. Station Table ............................................................................................................................. 387
6. Microwave Links Table ............................................................................................................ 388

MULTIMEDIA ............................................................................................................... 389


1. Location .................................................................................................................................... 390

OBJECTS MENU ______________________________________________ 391


DELETE ...................................................................................................................... 392
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

All .............................................................................................................................................. 393


Path ............................................................................................................................................ 394
Tx/Rx ......................................................................................................................................... 395
Links .......................................................................................................................................... 396
Icons .......................................................................................................................................... 397
De-activated objects.................................................................................................................. 398

ACTIVATE ................................................................................................................... 399


1. All .............................................................................................................................................. 400
2. Select ......................................................................................................................................... 401

MASK ......................................................................................................................... 402


ISOLATE ...................................................................................................................... 403
FILTER ........................................................................................................................ 404
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 9

THE MENUS

DATABASE MENU _____________________________________________ 358

ANTENNA ORIENTATION ............................................................................................... 406


SITE COORDINATES ...................................................................................................... 407
1. Update site coordinates from DEM .......................................................................................... 408
2. Update site coordinates from location file ............................................................................... 409

EXIT _______________________________________________________ 410

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Menus - Section 6 page 10

THE MENUS

CHANGES .................................................................................................................... 405

During the course of operations, several different boxes will be encountered, each necessitating user action to
continue the procedure on hand.
The boxes in ICS Telecom may be moved anywhere on the screen. Click (8 left button) on the top bar of the
box, and without releasing the mouse button, move the box to the desired location on the screen.
The user will encounter :
- Standard WINDOWSTM Boxes : Data Input Boxes, Files Boxes, Confirmation Boxes, Warning / Message
Boxes
These boxes are conform to WINDOWSTM standards. For use of these boxes, please refer to the WindowsTM
user's manuals.
- Specific Boxes : a description is given for each of the specific boxes that the user may encountered. The
description of the boxes is organized according to an alphabetical order.

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Boxes - Section 7 page 1

THE BOXES

THE BOXES

THE BOXES

SECTION 7 THE BOXES


3
3D ANTENNA PATTERN BOX ............................................................................................ 7
3D BOXES .................................................................................................................... 11
1. Redraw Box ................................................................................................................................. 12
2. Rendering Box ............................................................................................................................ 14
3. Expert Box .................................................................................................................................. 16

A
ANTENNA EQUIPMENT BOX ............................................................................................ 18
ANTENNA SELECTION BOX ............................................................................................. 20
ASSIGNMENT BOX ......................................................................................................... 24

B
BEARING DATABASE BOX .............................................................................................. 26

C
CABLE AND FEEDER EQUIPMENT BOX ............................................................................. 30
CELLS PROPERTIES BOX ................................................................................................. 32
CHANGES BOXES ........................................................................................................... 34
Changing
Changing
Changing
Changing

Activated Element Parameters Box ............................................................................... 35


Activated Tx/Rx Parameters Box .................................................................................. 37
Activated MW Parameters Box ..................................................................................... 39
Subscriber Parameters Box ............................................................................................ 40

CHANNELS BOX ............................................................................................................. 42


COLOR BOX .................................................................................................................. 43
COM PARAMETERS BOX ................................................................................................. 45
CONNECTOR EQUIPMENT BOX ......................................................................................... 54
CONSTRAINTS COVERAGE OPTIONS BOX .......................................................................... 56
COORDINATE CONVERTER BOX ....................................................................................... 57
COORDINATES BOX ........................................................................................................ 58
CORRELATION BOX ........................................................................................................ 60
COVERAGE OPTIONS BOX ............................................................................................... 63

D
D.F BEAM BOX ............................................................................................................ 65
D.F BEAM SELECTION BOX ........................................................................................... 67
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Boxes - Section 7 page 2

DF MISSION BOX ......................................................................................................... 70


D.F QUALITY CONVERSION BOX ..................................................................................... 72
DATABASE SELECTOR BOX ............................................................................................. 73
DATABASE SIMULATION SETTINGS BOX ........................................................................... 74
DBVM CONVERTER BOX ............................................................................................ 75
DIAGRAMS BOX ............................................................................................................ 77
DISTRIBUTION BOX ........................................................................................................ 78

E
EQUIPMENT LIST ........................................................................................................... 79

F
FILTER BOX .................................................................................................................. 82
FILTER SETUP BOX ........................................................................................................ 84
FLD COMBINATION BOX ................................................................................................ 86
FREQUENCY BAND ASSIGNMENT BOX ............................................................................. 88
FREQUENCY BAND LIST ................................................................................................. 91
FREQUENCY BANDS BOX ................................................................................................ 93
FREQUENCY LIST BOX ................................................................................................... 95
FREQUENCY OCCUPANCY BOX ........................................................................................ 97

G
GRAPH BOXES ............................................................................................................... 99
1. Signal from Mobile / Signal to Mobile Graph ......................................................................... 100
2. Handover Graph ........................................................................................................................ 102
3. Effective Height Graph ............................................................................................................. 104

GROUND OCCUPANCY PARAMETERS BOX ...................................................................... 106

H
HEIGHT GRAPH ........................................................................................................... 109
HORIZON TOUR BOX ................................................................................................... 110
HORIZONTAL PATTERN BOX ......................................................................................... 112
H/V ZOOM SCREEN ..................................................................................................... 116

I
ICON EDITOR BOX ....................................................................................................... 118
ICON SELECTION BOX .................................................................................................. 120
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Boxes - Section 7 page 3

THE BOXES

DF CALIBRATION BOX .................................................................................................. 69

INDOOR PARAMETERS BOX ........................................................................................... 125

L
LEGEND BOX .............................................................................................................. 127
LINK INTERFERENCE - THRESHOLD IMPAIRMENT CALCULATION BOX ................................ 129
LINK INTERFERENCE BOX ............................................................................................. 131
LINK LIST ................................................................................................................... 133
LOCALIZATION DATABASE BOX .................................................................................... 135
LOCALIZATIONS SORT BOX .......................................................................................... 140
LOCATIONS FILE NAME BOX ........................................................................................ 142

M
MICROWAVE LINK BOX ............................................................................................... 143
MICROWAVE LINK DATABASE BOX ............................................................................... 148
MICROWAVE LINK FREQUENCY LIST BOX ..................................................................... 156
MICROWAVE LINK LIST ............................................................................................... 158
MICROWAVE SELECTION BOX ....................................................................................... 163
MOBILE LOCALIZATION FROM POWER RECEIVING BOX ................................................... 165
MOBILE REPORT BOX .................................................................................................. 167
MULTIMEDIA DATABASE BOX ...................................................................................... 169
MULTIMEDIA DATABASE LOCATION BOX ...................................................................... 171
MW TABLE BOX ........................................................................................................ 172

O
OBJECT FILTER BOX .................................................................................................... 175
OBJECT DISPLAY PROPERTIES BOX ............................................................................... 177
ODBC PANEL EXPORT BOX ........................................................................................ 180
ODBC PANEL IMPORT BOX ........................................................................................ 182
ODOMETER CONVERSION FILE BOX ............................................................................... 184

P
PALETTE BOX ............................................................................................................. 186
PARAMETERS BOX (LOCATION FILE) ............................................................................. 189
PATH RELIABILITY BOX ............................................................................................... 191
POWER CONVERTER BOX ............................................................................................. 193
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Boxes - Section 7 page 4

THE BOXES

ICSTEL TABLE BOX .................................................................................................. 122

PREVIEW WINDOW ...................................................................................................... 196


PRINT OPTIONS BOX .................................................................................................... 197
PRINT SETUP BOX ....................................................................................................... 199
PROJECT MANAGER BOX .............................................................................................. 202
PROPAGATION MODELS BOX ........................................................................................ 205
PROTECTION ENVELOPE BOX ........................................................................................ 209
PROTECTION RATIO BOX .............................................................................................. 210

R
RADAR EQUATION BOX ............................................................................................... 212
RECOMMENDATION ITU-R P.370-7 BOX ..................................................................... 213
RECORD SELECTION BOX ............................................................................................. 215
REPORT BOX ............................................................................................................... 218
RX STATION THRESHOLD IMPAIRMENT BOX ................................................................... 219
RX STATION I/N REPORT BOX ..................................................................................... 221

S
SATELLITE PARAMETERS BOX ....................................................................................... 223
SCRIPTE BOX .............................................................................................................. 225
SEARCHING FILTER BOX .............................................................................................. 228
SELECTION BOX .......................................................................................................... 230
SIMULATOR SETUP BOX ............................................................................................... 233
SITE BY SITE PRINTING BOX ........................................................................................ 240
SITE CONSTRAINTS BOX ............................................................................................... 242
SITE COORDINATES BOX .............................................................................................. 244
SPACE DIVERSITY BOX ................................................................................................ 246
STATION DATABASE BOX ............................................................................................. 248
STATION LIST ............................................................................................................. 258
STATION / MICROWAVE EQUIPMENT BOX ...................................................................... 261
STATIONS PRINTING BOX ............................................................................................. 263
STATISTIC DATA BOX .................................................................................................. 265
SUBSCRIBER DATABASE BOX ........................................................................................ 268
SUBSCRIBER PRINTING BOX .......................................................................................... 276
ICS Telecom4.++ - The Boxes - Section 7 page 5

THE BOXES

POWER GRAPH ............................................................................................................ 195

TOWN FILES SETUP BOX .............................................................................................. 278


TOWN/POPULATION SETTINGS BOX ............................................................................... 279

V
VECTOR MAP DISPLAY BOX ........................................................................................ 281
VECTORIZATION BOX ................................................................................................... 282
VERTICAL PATTERN BOX ............................................................................................. 284
VIENNA AGREEMENT 1993 BOX ................................................................................... 289

ICS Telecom4.++ - The Boxes - Section 7 page 6

THE BOXES

ABOUT THE CALCULATION MODELS .................................................................................. 4


1. Propagation Models ...................................................................................................................... 5
1.1 Fresnel Model ....................................................................................................................... 5
1.2 ITU-R 370-7 Model ............................................................................................................... 5
1.3 Vienna 1993 Model ............................................................................................................... 7
1.4 Okumura-Hata Model ........................................................................................................... 8
1.5 Wojnar Model 1977 ............................................................................................................... 9
1.6 UserMODEL .......................................................................................................................... 9
1.7 OTHER METHOD ................................................................................................................. 9
2. Diffraction Methods .................................................................................................................... 11
2.1 Bullington Method ............................................................................................................... 11
2.2 Deygout Method 1994 ......................................................................................................... 11
2.3 Cylinder Method .................................................................................................................. 11
2.4 Round Mask Method ........................................................................................................... 12
3. Attenuations ................................................................................................................................ 13
3.1 Tropospheric Propagation .................................................................................................. 13
3.2 Spherical Waves .................................................................................................................. 13
3.3 Subpath attenuation ............................................................................................................ 13
3.4 Ground Occupancy ............................................................................................................. 14
3.5 Other Parameters ................................................................................................................ 16
4. The Lambertian Reflection Model ............................................................................................. 17
5. Formulas to Calculate Erlangs ................................................................................................... 17
5.1 Erlang B .............................................................................................................................. 17
5.2 Erlang C .............................................................................................................................. 17
5.3 Erlang Values Calculation .................................................................................................. 17
6. Formulas for Indoor Mode Calculations .................................................................................... 18
6.1 Automatic Mode .................................................................................................................. 18
6.2 Manual Mode ...................................................................................................................... 18

CCIR REFERENCES ....................................................................................................... 19


FM RADIO PROTECTION RATIOS ..................................................................................... 20
CCIR GRAPHS .............................................................................................................. 21
ABOUT THE FILES ......................................................................................................... 28
1. File Format .................................................................................................................................. 29
1.1 The Values ........................................................................................................................... 29
1.2 The Header .......................................................................................................................... 29
2. File Management in ICS Telecom ............................................................................................. 31
2.1 Loading of Cartographic Files ........................................................................................... 32
2.2 The Display: Superposing Cartographic Information ....................................................... 33
2.3 Alterations to the Image/DEM Display due to Re-Sampling ............................................. 34
3. Index of Files .............................................................................................................................. 35

CARTOGRAPHIC CONVERSIONS: PROJECTION SYSTEMS ....................................................... 41


1. The Projection Systems and Codes Used ................................................................................... 42
2. List of Systems Included in HTZ Lite accepted via ODBC ...................................................... 44
3. Datums List ................................................................................................................................. 45

ELEMENT ICON INDEX .................................................................................................... 47


ICS Telecom4.++ - Appendices - page 2

APPENDICES

APPENDICES

The Colour Codes ........................................................................................................................... 49


The Service Codes .......................................................................................................................... 49
The Object Type Codes .................................................................................................................. 49

ICS Telecom4.++ - Appendices - page 3

APPENDICES

CODIFICATION ............................................................................................................... 48

ICS TELECOM v4.13 - 5 Feb. 99


NEWS
+ RECT Tool : new function suppress vector (modifies only the binary file)
+ Functions add vector point/text/polyline/rectangle modify only the binary vector file. To
update the .vec vector file, save it via the FILES/SAVE/save vector file option.
+ Print legend : no automatic update if the layer is the same as printed previously
+ New POINT option report / frontier coordination : this function draws a terrain profile
(path radio mode) from the selected element until n kilometres above the 1st frontier that
has been crossed in a defined axis (Profile mode) or generates a coverage around the
selected element from min angle to max angle limited for each axis to n kilometres above
the 1st frontier that has been crossed (Coverage mode). If the clutter layer contained in the
project does not include the frontier, the dialog box allows to import an ascii vector file
(.vec) that will write in the clutter layer the frontier line in code 19. In the Profile mode
and in the Coverage mode, the distance max variable allows to limit the drawing of the
coverage or the profile. After the import of the frontier line in the clutter layer, it is possible to save the clutter using the save clutter function. If the clutter file does not include
the frontier line, the calculation is done up to the max distance or to the end of the file
(Note : this function allows to calculate the coverage and the profile site by site)
+ Ground occupancy : code 19 is used for the frontier coordination. (See the modification
of the ground occupancy parameters box)
+ Profile : frontiers (clutter code 19) are displayed as pink vertical lines in the profile.
= Subscribers interference reports have been improved.
+ Subscriber database / Object filters and Station database : new filter allowing to search
multi-channels frequencies.
+ Station database : New command select + Selected column : allow to select elements
according to filter criteria (Warning : option previous filter works only if at least one
record has been selected)
+ pseudo 3d display mode for the DTM (note : to retrieve the standard 2D display mode,
with the DTM on screen, press F5/F6 keys ; F4 key=pseudo 3d mode)
+ Profile : the display of pattern losses has been inproved in point to point mode (only one
loss for H and V in 3D mode)
+ Parameters box : if the element is in 3D mode, and if the H and V patterns are modified,
the element returns to the 2D mode.

+ The FRONTIERFR file used for the frontier coordination is given in the ICS Telecom
CD-Rom.

ICS Telecom
NEWS / MODIFICATIONS
______________________________________________________________________

29/6/99 - Version 5 Pre-release


+ new option in the popup menu (right click on the terrain) 'Town info' allowing
to access the IC2 communes file
(idem site database with update of the zip code and of the commune name)
= Microwave frequencies are in double precision
+ Chester : rec BT.1368-1 has been added
+ In the C/I box, addition of a preview option that allows to visualize all the
C/I that will be extrated from the tables.
= All global interference function give the found C/I.
+ Chester C/I (DVB/DVB, DVB/TV analog, TV analog/DVD, DVB/DAB, DAB/DVB)
= With GRID > 1, all coverages are interpolated (points outside coverage are
interpolated also)
- Circular calculation limit is only available is GRID=1
+ The beta version is now a pre-release version
+ Correlation : Normal cumulative distribution : of the clutter file is present
then the calculation is done for all deviations per clutter type.
If a clutter code is not covered, then the STDDEV and AVERAGE ERROR values take
the global values of the terrain (correlation box)
= FTR and COD file are saved in the INI file c:\ics\country.inf
+ POINT popup menu - Report option : new coordination distance calculation
applying GE84
= POINT popup menu - Receiving option : information regarding the profile
(SP,FS,DN) has been added
+ Map / Filter / Frontier : new option 'Contry covered' : list of the countries
that have a field strength superior or equal to the FSR limit
this option uses the .COD file (optional : 5000 FF per country)
= Files / Load / Load FLD : New option 'No'
- Activated station coverage modification... (de-activated stations are taken
into account but are not modified)
- the vectorization pile has been increased from 32 to 64 Mo
+ conversion of TIFF TFW toward IMG (the TFW file has to be located in the same
directory than the TIFF file)
= DB station database - Change button : New option 'Change extend radius'
+ 2 new Multiple interference functions :

Global interference (co-site excluded)... idem Global interference but not


interference calculation between stations that are located at the same site
Global multi-channel interference (co-site excluded)...idem Global multichannel interference but not interference calculation between stations that are
located at the same site
+ 530-7 (path budget) calculation according to the method : various percentages
of time
= POINT popup menu : SET as reference = function F2 but recovered the
coordinates of the selected station.
+ Project box : a DTM resampling factor can be entered before the loading of the
project.
This factor will be verified by the system during the loading.
+ DB Station database : Option COVERAGE :
Tx composite coverage + C/I (station color)
This option calculates (as the Tx composite coverage + C/I option do) the
composite coverage + the protection ratio (according to the reference jamming
frequency) of the stations that are selected in the database. The result is a
site coverage color of the station that has at each point the weakest field
strength to be protected
Ex : For a threshodl of 54 dBV/m
Station A (100 MHz) = 56 dBV/m
Station B (100.1 MHz) = 70 dBV/m
Station C (100.2 MHz) = 60 dBV/m
Jamming frequency = 100 MHz
The field strength emanating from each station is modified as follows:
a) C/I between 100 MHz and 100 MHz station A = 36
b) C/I between 100 MHz and 100.1 MHz station B = 12
c) C/I between 100 MHz and 100.2 MHz station C = 6
Station A coverage is displayed for a threshold of (54-36) = 18
Station B coverage is displayed for a threshold of (54-12) = 42
Station C coverage is displayed for a threshold of (54-6) = 48
At each P point of the terrain, the field strength that is kept is MIN(FldA,
FldB, FldC)
In the "station color" option, the map display is of color type of the station
that gives MIN(FldA, FldB, FldC).
= Extend radius are displayed in the site color
+ Object Menu - New function : Update site location from station coordinates...
allows to optimize the location of the station according to their coordinates
= Frontier function of the DB station database has been optimized
= DB MW database - Change button : alignement of Rx polars with TX
+ Multiple selection available in the Station and Microwave lists
+ Microwave list : calculationof the impairment threshold (wanted and unwanted)
for the selected links
+ Sort of microwave links in the DB MW database has been improved
+ Microwave links interference (IT) : Results list view : right click
=parameters of the link + profile jammer->end of the selected link
= Passive diameter is set to 6 if not entered or <=1

- Interference results - list view : frequency in double precision


+ Files / Export / Export BIL TFW (clutter/mnt(16 bits)/simulation results)
+ display time of population file has been increased
- Coverage / Network assignment / Activated Tx assignment (multi-channel - Tx)
function has been deleted
Use function fast assignment
+ Files / Export / Export TIFF TFW (image/clutter/mnt/simulation results) in 8
bits
= DB Subscriber : diagrams can be changed (Changes button : new options change
V-pattern and change H-pattern)
+ POINT popup menu : New function : Point to point - I/N : calculates the
jamming emanating from one station upon all activated elements with the
possibility to vary the azimuth and elevation of the station
+ Usage of the GRID : for simulations that use a grid > to 1, the coverage is
now saved resampled by GRID.
The not calculated points are modified by 4 directions interpolation.
- Color patches in the interference results lists
- The VEC file is regenerated during the printing (that allows to recover the
vectors that have been created or modified in binary mode)
+ Com parameters box : when selecting the SAT function, the CARRIER value is
automatically updated (point to point calculation from satellite to station)
+ Satellite database : resources option - allows the calculation of the number
of subscribers connected to the selected satellite, of the occupied bandwidth
and the losses of the satellite gain
= Satellite database : new option delete
+ DB Station : commande Frontier
New option that allows to load a .COD file (IC1 format) containing at each point
a country code.
this option calculates the maximum field for each country.

= Printed legend (Print box - Legend button : Legend box)


New command that allow to retrieve the default legend
= DB MW : selections in the DB have been improved
+ New satellite calculation : APP28 coordination (POINT popup menu report/coordination contour)
= SAT type of service + receiver temperature + mode (analog/digital) settings
are saved in the element file
= S7 settings box has been improved
+ New Satellite / Database mode / Satellite to stations (FSR) function
This calculates for each activated station, the received field (dBV/m) from
each satellite included in the database

+ Satellite coverage
+ All Interference to subscribers functions generate according to the chosen
function, with the table a distribution curve of the C/I or I/N or C/N+I values
= Parameters Menu - call-signs function : new option 'Re-assign mw ident...'
that re-assigns automatically the MW idents
+ Subscribers : new function 'Subscribers+MW to all base stations (I/N+i)...'
This function calculates for each active base stations (except MW) the N+i
report with N=ktfb of the station and i=sum of the powers received from the
non-parent subscribers and the parented subscriber if the station
transmits at different frequencies than the one used by the parented subscriber.
Then, the system calculates the sum of received power I emanating from the
active MW.
The results is I/N+i i.e I-(N+i) in dBm
+ Subscribers : new function 'To all subscribers (C/N+I)...'
same as function 'To all subscribers (C/I)...' with C=wanted power received by
the subscriber and N+I (KTBF of the subscriber + sum of the received powers
emanating from the non-parent stations and from the parented station if it
transmits at different frequencies than the one use by the subscriber
+ New ICS Telecom database : Satellites
= POINT mode : I/N function has been improved
+ MULTIPOINT menu : new I/N calculation function upon stations
+ POINT Mode - Report - new option 'POINT TO POINT correlation' : that allows to
generate a listing of a point to point correlation in dBm with the ability to
vary the location of the measurement of n pixel(s).
+ Rectangle tool : new Point to point correlation option - idem as the POINT
mode option but with power sum calculation (if the power sum option has been
selected) or best server calculation (the transmitter that offers the received
power nearest to measurement) emanating from all active transmitters contained
in the selection area
= Traffic calculation have been improved
= The Satellite antenna constant (R465) have been suppressed and integrated into
the parameters boxes
+ POINT menu : new I/N function that allows to calculate the I/N report by
varying the antenna attitude of the terrestrial station (azimuth and tilt)
= Path budget report : OUTAGE TIME information has been suppressed (this value
is not in conformity with the availability calculation any more)
- Interference coverage calculation : Interference % has been suppressed from
the reports
+ Constraints have been added into the ICSTEL99 (new ICSTEL99.MDB database)
= Radar expert settings can be saved in the EWF file (except pattern defined by
distances)
= New : EARTH converter tool added to the UNIT tool, that allows the K/DN/RADIUS
conversion

+ Rx coverage functions have been added to the DB station


+ New Coverage / Network calculation / Rx Coverage function
(receiver coverage calcualted for a whole network) and new corresponding display
option : Coverage / Network analysis / Rx coverage display
+ New Import MIF function
- IMPORTANT : Subscribers calculation were distorted because of new file formats
(frequencies)
+ Com parameters box : radar parameters area : 2 new parameters:
. Calculation of the RCS according to a surface and to a frequency
. Detection probability (from 0.5 (R0) to 0.9) that influences the radar
range calculation.
+ Menu OPTION / REPORT : new 'TEST POINTS' function that allows to calculate at
each point of an ascii file (name,X,Y,code) the aggregate of fields (dBV/m and
dBm) emanating from active transmitters
+ New subscriber interference function : To all subscribers (C/I)...
with C = received power from the parented station
and I = sum of the received powers from the non-parent stations
(all frequencies) and from the parented station (at different frequencies
that the one use by the subscriber). To obtain correct results with this
function, the Frequencies of each parented subscribers have to be previously
assigned using the "Dispatch frequencies to parented subscribers..." function.
Note : this function (and the "To non-parent subscribers (min C/I)..." function)
updates the C/I value of the subscriber (in the subscriber list and on the
terrain)
Reminding : the difference of C/I value obtained with these two functions is
explained as follows:
- the "To non-parent subscribers (min C/I)..." function calculates the
minimum C/I of one subscriber
with I = field - maximum Xpoldiscrim emanating from a non-parent station
- the "To all subscribers (C/I)..." function calculates the aggregate of
the power sum(I)
I=interference received power (including the IRF and the Xpoldiscrim).
= Subscriber interference C/I : the cross polar discrimination (Xpoldiscrim) is
taken into account for the jamming field
Note : in case of use of Andrew antennas (RPE) the diagram of the cross polar is
already taken into account in the received powers calculation
Xpoldiscrim = 0
+ 2 new STATISTICS functions :
. ERLANG B
. ERLANG C
calculate for each pass the loss of calls or the delayed waiting probability
Pass: 0041 - Loss probability: 0.15 % - Demand: 16.1720 Erlang - Lines : 36
It is possible to vary the Erlang demand for each random station.
= Subscriber list : Tx and Rx frequencies have been added
+ Subscribers : new interference stations to subscribers functions :
. To all subscribers (I/N)...
calculates the I/N with:
I= sum of the received powers at the subscriber emanating from nonparent stations and from the parented station (frequency is different from that
of the subscriber)
N=KTBF of the subscriber

. To non-parent subscribers (I/N)...


calculates the I/N with:
I=sum of the received powers at the subscriber emanating from the
non-parent stations
N=KTBF of the subscriber
+ New function : Subscribers / Dispatch frequencies to parented subscribers...
This function dispatches equaly the available frequencies (multi-cx) of one
station between all the subscribers parented with the station.
Note : the parenting functions do not dispatch the channels according to the
number of parented subscriber.
After a parenting calculation and in case of multi-channels situation, this new
function has to be rerun.
+ 2 functions to calculate the Interference caused to the base stations
emanating from subscribers :
. To non-parent base stations (I/N)... = I/N calculation
with I=sum of the received powers form the non-parent subscribers
N=ktbk
. To all base stations (I/N)... = I/N calculation
with I= sum of the received powers from the non-parent subscriber
and from the subscribers that use a different channel that the
assigned one (same station).
+ New model ITU525/526 (last version) and modification of the MODEL box
= Subscribers / Interference / Subscriber interference To base stations (TI)...
function is renamed : 'To base stations (I/N)'...
I = sum of received powers emanating from orphan subscribers
N = KTBF of the base station
= Parameters menu : new option 'Satellite antenna coefficient...'
that allows to describe a satellite antenna according to the formula :
K-25.*log10(phi);
= Interference reports : Receiving stations have been added when interfering MW.
- management of dialog boxes display when minimizing or toggling to other
application
= Com parameters box : ODBC Import and export of Andrew antennas and ITU
699,1245,465 codes (RPE field)
+ New TRAFFIC functions :
. Channels and com lines assignment according to a defined GOS
. Erlang B and C probability calculation
= New in the DB station : Population function that allows to calculate for all
stations that have been selected and having a calculated coverage, the covered
population site by site.
+ New : Polygon tool - Generate subscribers option : generates subscribers
inside the drawn polygon
= New in the DB station : Frontier function that allows to calculate for all
stations that have been selected and having a coverage, the max field at n km of
the frontier, or the field found between n0 and n1 km inside or outside the
frontiers
Note : this option, and the Frontier options of the Map / Filter function use
the .FTR files that contain the inside and outside distances (16 bits - IC2 type
of file)

- Assignment (all functions) : double accuracy calculation is replaced by


integer calculation (__int64 64 bits)
= display of Population from user file
modify the grid, click over the OUTPUT
- access via the Object properties box
Note : the grid code can also be added
FRTOWN.TXT file.

- the grid can be taken into account (to


field of the Town/Population settings box
/ Display population option)
at the end of each lines of the

= Menus have been reorganised


= element type has been added for subscribers
+ New menu : satellite
Interference : . station to GSO (allows to calculate the I/N ratio caused by the
terrestrial stations to a GSO satellite)
. subscribers to GSO (allows to calculate the I/N ratio caused by
the parented subscribers to a GSO satellite.
the frequencies transmitted by the subscribers are the Rx channels of the base
stations to which they are connected)
Resource : calculation fo the active terrestrial stations upon a GSO satellite
by comparison of the bandwidths of the stations in the satellite band.
Loss value corresponds to the Tx/Rx satellite power loss without power
compensation (the power is dispatched in the band according to the
band occupancy).

= Parameter Menu : Temporary directory : the user may designate a directory to


store the temporary files (Objects, simulations autosave and automatic cuts)
Note : this option is only accessible with no project loaded on the terrain
+ Fast assignment : the system defines the stations that have to be assigned
first
These stations are those that meet the most important spectrum frequency in a n
meter ray (nb freq * bw)
+ Select tool : SPECTRUM graph has been added - it allows to display the
frequency occupancy between FMIN-BWmin/2 and FMAX+BWmin/2 calculated from all
the stations located in the selected area (active and deactivated stations)
+ Search site (selection areas) : field strength calculation are now possible
= Keep previous filter option is now offered in the DB station list
- Frequencies are in double precision : allows to enter TETRA frequencies
Warning : new internal databases formats
= new format for frequency bands files : FBD is now FDB : double precision
= frequency database has been modified : double precision
= New name for the sat GSO parameter file : SGS is now GSO (double precision)

+ Double earth rotundity (groudn and sea) has been added


1/4/99 ICS telecom version is now 5 beta
Issue of new version 5 is planned for June/July 99
+ time of display of subscribers has been improved

= time of Access to subscribers databases has been improved


+ New display of microwave links :
unidirectional : grey/blue
bidirectional : blue/blue
margin<2 : red/(blue for bi or grey for uni)
threshold impairment : pink/(blue for bi or grey for uni)
= Display of the 1/k values in the profile/reflections box
= interference subscribers C/I function has been improved
= Profile - Options box : display of the free space curve with or without H and
V patterns taken into account
+ New DLL WIEN + 370-7
+ Passive Profile : Back to Back have been added (back 2 back = 2 antennas +
gain)
= Passive profile has been improved
= Height constraints : 2 sub functions :
. Intervisibility (no change)
. Elevation : only the angles are compared (seen or not seen)
= Microwave link box : parities have been added
(note : the site frequencies function allows to display the Tx frequencies
parities of the microwave links)
+ New databases : user and site
= Legend : 12 colours (in best server mode)
= ILS areas have been added (Object properties display box)
= New fields in the ODBC STATION
+ Number of stations possible on map is now 700 (350 microwave links)
= H/V ZOOM function has been improved
+ SQLLINK has been suppressed - imports and exports are now possibles directely
via STATION TABLE and MW TABLE (on map and towards internal databases)
Note : to import Microwave links into the DB MW, if the coordinates of the mw
correspond to the DTM in memory then azimuths and tilts are updated
Restriction : if passive are present, then the azimuths and tilts can only be
reoriented in the Microwave link parameters box
+ New STATISTICS function : Random Tx to GSO
calculates the I/TIL caused by the random terrestrial stations to the satellite
+ New function : Direct menu - Minimum Tx height calculation
this function calculates the coverage according to variable receiving heights
(as the radar coverage function does, but with Tx/Rx settings taken into
account)
+ ICSTEL99.mdb Imports have improved - new export function (Database menu /
ODBC)

+ New function : path perspective (POINT mode activate / Click right)


this function accesses the path perspective calculation and creates vews in the
direction of the selected point
= New function : click right in POINT mode active "Site frequencies"
This function lists all the Rx/Tx frequencies used by the stations located on
the selected site.
+ New design of the profile screens
+ User Palette : new column to define a C/I palette
+ Improvement of the IMAGE/MNT position for big zoom ratios
= Microwave link box : the M/BIT value is no in float x.xx
= Microwave link box : the transmitting powers in dBm are now signed
+ Printing - Legend box : the user may replace the standard legend by his own
legend (BMP format)
+ new microwave link + passive object (2 bonds). Allows to calculated the path
budget with the passive relay in the Microwave link list and during the
interference calculation this type of link is taken into account.
+ Statistics - Simulator setup box : new option 'Isolate on map Tx/Rx'
allows to define a limit distance around the active stations from which the
random stations can not be generated
+ New STATISTIC funciton : Random transmitters to subscriber (I/N)
+ All STATISTIC functions that used the TI mode are now in I/N mode
with I=sum of jammers in dBm
N=KTBF in dBm
the result is I-KTBF (in dB)
+ Rainzone added in the Propagation model box
+ New function : Best server + C/I...
Calculates the best server coverage of each activated element (the best server
station is the one that is isolated of more C/I in dB. The pink areas are the
areas where a margin > C/I is not respected
= Vectorize function (export .VEC) : coordinates are exported in the Output code
(1DMS...)
= Microwave link box : the AUTO command selection is saved in the .PRM file
+ 3D diagrammes are created from 1 horizont pattern and 4 vertical patterns
= Objects : can be represented as cross (OBJECT display PROPERTIES box)
= H/V zoom screen has been improved
= Changes box (Microwave link database) : INFO1 and INFO2 may be changed to 0
+ Microwave link box

: multiplex equipments

+ Gaz Attenuation : the 676-2 has been replaced by the 676-3


= Former pseudo 3D has been recovered

+ Direct menu - New function : 'satellite intervisibility' that calculates for


each point of the terrain the visibility according to a geostationary satellite.
The azimuth and elevation are recalculated for each point using the ITU-R F.1249
and F.1333 recommandations with atmospheric refraction taken into account.
= dBV/m->dBm conversion in the path radio profile : the Rx diag is taken into
account
= Warning : in path radio mode (profile), the dBm value is the dBV/m value
converted then takes into account of the MODEL_ATTEN
+ Insertion of a logo in printed Legend : c:\ics\cartrig8.BMP
256 colours file. This logo is given in the CD-Rom. By default it's the ATDI
logo
The user may change for his own logo but has to keep the same name.
+ Path radio profile : the attenuation given by the model according to the free
space is displayed.
This information allows to know if the models are free space conform or not.
+ Subscribers azimuths are inverted in the reports (SUB->BST)
+ 2D display times are improved
= MW table : new fields (see ICSTEL99.MDB)
+ Subscribers / Parenting options have been reorganized
+ New subscribers / parenting function : Interference C/I (wanted - jammers sum)
and for each jammer : received power-IRF.
+ RECT tool : new option vectorize
= the Com parameters box has been reorganised
+ New file (CD) : FRSITE.CSV
this file (coma separator) contains for each INSEE code the X,Y,Z,CODE,COMMUNE
correspondence
+ new function of subscribers import : more fields and possibility to import
subscriber by using a code in relation with the location file
+ New fields LineOffset and Precision in the ICSTEL99.MDB (import station table)
- the information 'Date' in the ICSTEL98.MDB and ICSTEL99.MDB has been renamed
for DateServ
= Maps and coverages are displayed in 256 c, 16 bits and 24 bits mode.
Note : in cas of modification of the display (SETTINGS/CONTROL PANEL/DISPLAY),
the software has to be closed and restarted
= LINE tool : the line thickness has been suppressed
+ New Multipath

box

= New shading (2D DEM)


+ The subscribers are displayed according to the colour defined in the
parameters box.

= Filter of databases records - Filter box - Keep previous filter option is


deselected by default
+ Tx/Rx : Rx Polarization (idem ODBC)
= the path budget report has been improved
= Reports : font 8->9
= Profile : clutter heights are displayed and hydro areas are redisplayed