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Universitatea "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iai

Facultatea de Fizic

A XLII-a Conferina Naional

Fizica i Tehnologiile
Educaionale Moderne

Iai
26 Octombrie 2013

Programul celei de a XLII-a Conferine FIZICA I


TEHNOLOGIILE EDUCAIONALE MODERNE
26.10.2013

830-900 Inregistrarea participantilor si afisarea posterelor


900-1030 FARPHYS - prezentari ale studentilor care au efectuat stagii de practica in
strainatate in anul 2013: Alexandru Lukacs (Saarbrucken, Germania), Ina Turcan
(Faenza, Italia), Costel Cercel (Helsinki, Finlanda), Eduard Andrie (Paris, Franta),
Madalina Croitoriu (Torino, Italia), Alina Aparaschivei (Torino, Italia), Florin
Ghiorghiu (Nieuwegein, Olanda), Maria Andries (Patras, Grecia), Emil Puscasu
(Patras, Grecia), Denisa Mihu (Dubna, Rusia), Mihai Danila (Lille, Frana)
1030-1050 FTEM 2013 - prezentare orala - Modelul "Noaptea Cercettorilor": o
posibil solutie pentru revitalizarea interesului elevilor pentru stiint, M. Andries, R.
Biega, O. Condurache, I. Dragomir, I. Gerber, A. Grigoriu, O. Grozescu, A. Hanganu,
L. Hrostea, G. Sitaru, D. Tabrea, A. Beleag, A. Cucos, O. Dura, R. Giza, L.
Harabagiu, S. Rmbu, S. Teodoroff, C. Plmdeal, F. Ghiorghiu, R. Jijie, M. Cocea,
I. Topala
1050-1230 FTEM 2013 - prezentari orale
1230-1430 FTEM 2013 - sesiune de postere

Didactica preuniversitara

SE-P1

Zina-Violeta
Mocanu,
Cristina-Elena
Ciomaga, Ionel
Mocanu

Modalities to stimulate motivation for


learning in science

Poster

SE-P2

Simina-Elena
Frm

Televiziunea surs de inspiraie pentru


metodele active utilizate n cadrul leciilor de
predare-nvare evaluare la disciplina fizic

Poster

Modelul "Noaptea Cercettorilor": o posibil


solutie pentru revitalizarea interesului elevilor
pentru stiint

Oral

Didactica universitara

UE-O1

M. Andries, R.
Biega, O.
Condurache, I.
Dragomir, I.
Gerber, A.
Grigoriu, O.
Grozescu, A.
Hanganu, L.
Hrostea, G.
Sitaru, D.
Tabrea, A.
Beleag, A.
Cucos, O. Dura,
R. Giza, L.
Harabagiu, S.
Rmbu, S.
Teodoroff, C.
Plmdeal, F.
Ghiorghiu, R.
Jijie, M. Cocea,
I. Topala

Cercuri studentesti
SW-O1

Cipriana
Padurariu,
Lavinia
Curecheriu,

Electrical properties of antiferroelectricferroelectric composite ceramics

Oral

Liliana
Mitoseriu
SW-O2

SW-O3

SW-O4

SW-O5

SW-O6

SW-P1

SW-P2

SW-P3

SW-P4

SW-P5

Daniela
Ciumac, Tudor
Luchian
Liliana
Chiribasa, Irina
Schiopu, Tudor
Luchian
Roxana
Stanculescu, Ina
Turcan, Ioana
Ciuchi
Stefan-Andrei
Irimiciuc,
Ovidiu
Vasilovici, DanGheorghe
Dimitriu

The pH-dependent, single-molecule


exploration of interactions between
nanopores and peptides
The modulatory effects exerted by electrical
properties of lipid membranes and ionic
strength upon peptides - biomimetic systems
interactions

STANCA
MITRICI
Gabriel Oanca,
Claudia
Nadejde, Dorina
Creanga
Madalina
Croitoriu, Alina
Aparaschivei,
Dan Mihailescu
Raluca Zalinca,
Catalina Matei,
Dan Mihailescu
Daniela
Ciumac, Liliana
Chiribaa,
Tudor Luchian
Cipriana
Padurariu,
Liliana
Mitoseriu

Oral

Oral

Preparation and functional properties of


porous Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 ceramic

Oral

SYNCRONIZATION OF TWO CHAOTIC


SYSTEMS

Oral

DFT calculations on the adsorption of


isolated molecules on a surface of Ag (110)

Oral

Studiul teoretic si spectral al moleculei de


cafeina

Poster

Radiobiological evaluation of heavy ion


beams for hadrontherapy

Poster

Patient phantoms for radiation dosimetry in


nuclear medicine and radiotherapy

Poster

Sensing of aminoacids with ion channels

Poster

The functional properties of PZTN porous


ceramics: a comparative study

Poster

SW-P6

SW-P7

SW-P8

SW-P9

SW-P10

SW-P11

SW-P12

Maria Andries,
Emil Puscasu,
Anna
Karahaliou,
Georgios
Vlachopoulos,
Lena
Costaridou
Roxana Elena
Stanculescu, Ina
Turcan, Ioana
Ciuchi
Corina
Astefanoaei,
Elena
Pretegiani,
Lance Optican,
Dorina Creanga
Ovidiu
Vasilovici,
Stefan-Andrei
Irimiciuc, DanGheorghe
Dimitriu
Stefan-Andrei
IRIMICIUC,
Dan-Gheorghe
Dimitriu
Cristina
Plamadeala,
Dorina Creanga,
Iulia Bara,
Ramona Focea
Florin
Ghiorghiu,
Claudiu Costin,
Viorel Anita,
Greg de
Temmerman

Quantitative Diffusion Weighted Breast MRI

Poster

Dielectric properties of ferroelectric porous


Ba1-xSrxTiO3 solid solutions

Poster

Statistic analysis of eye movement


recordings during saccadic task

Poster

SINGNAL ENCRYPTION USING CHUAS


Poster
CHAOTIC CIRCUITS

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF
THE INTERACTION BETWEEN TWO
FIREBALLS IN PLASMA

Poster

"Plant radioprotector a radiobiology


experimental study"

Poster

Potential measurements at the target of


Magnum-PSI

Poster

SW-P13

SW-P14

SW-P15

SW-P16

SW-P17

SW-P18

SW-P19

Bogdan Albina,
Marius-Mihai
Cazacu, Adrian
Timofte, DanGheorghe
Dimitriu,
Silviu-Octavian
Gurlui
Ioana-Luciana
Punga, Gabriela
Borcia
Alexandra
Demeter, Nadia
Skandrani,
Alexandre
Barras,
,Stphane
Cordier, Rabah
Boukherroub
Jeana-Ana
Gabor,
Georgiana
Dascalu, DanGheorghe
Dimitriu,
Cristian Focsa,
Silviu Gurlui
George Strat,
Catalin Borcia
Roxana JIJIE,
Teodora
TESLARU,
Marian
TOTOLIN,
Ionut TOPALA,
Nicoleta
DUMITRASCU
Lucia
Vrajitoriu,
Silviu Gurlui,
Maricel Agop,
Bertrand

Infrared Thermal Processing Imagery


Developed For Complementary Studies of
Planetary Boundary Layer

Poster

Surface modification and stability of


polymers treated by atmospheric-pressure
helium plasma

Poster

Preparation of lipid nanocapsules loaded


with molybdenum clusters

Poster

LASER ABLATION PLASMA (LAP):


TECHNIQUES AND APPLICATIONS

Poster

Dose distribution for C-12 irradiation of


water and tissue equivalent material

Poster

Effects of cleaning method on the plasma


polymerized thiophene (PPTh) films surface
characteristics

Poster

Evolution of transient plasmas produced by


laser ablation of hydroxiapatite and human
teeth

Poster

Chazallon,
Cristian Focsa

SW-P20

SW-P21

SW-P22

SW-P23

SW-P24

Raluca-Maria
Stan, Roxana
Gaina, Radu
Tanasa, Cristian
Enachescu
Mihail Nicolae
Danila, Marius
Mihai Cazacu,
Adrian Timofte,
Dan Gheorghe
Dimitriu, Liviu
Leontie, Silviu
Gurlui
Mihail Nicolae
Danila, Marius
Mihai Cazacu,
Adrian Timofte,
Dan Gheorghe
Dimitriu, Liviu
Leontie, Silviu
Gurlui
Florentina
Samoila, Ionut
Topala,
Nicoleta
Dumitrascu

Petronela Boicu

Dependence of spin relaxation in spin


crossover compounds on the initial
photoexcitation rate

Poster

Preliminary Studies of Tropospheric


Aerosols Using Python

Poster

Atmospheric Aerosols - Importance and


Modern Study Methods

Poster

A study of the effects of ultraviolet


irradiation on the hemoglobin molecules

Poster

BENEFICIILE ULTRASONOTERAPIEI N
RECUPERAREA MEDICAL

Poster

_____________________________________________________________________

Didactica Preuniversitara

Modalities to stimulate motivation for learning in science

Zina-Violeta Mocanu1,2, Cristina-Elena Ciomaga1, Ionel Mocanu3

1
2
3

Department of Physics, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania


Departament of physics, Ion Mincu High School College, Vaslui, Romania
Departament of science, Elena Cuza School, Solesti, , Vaslui, , Romania

Science and technology are fundamental to the society for its growth and
development. Nowadays, it is worrying that the number of students who choose
scientific and technical fields decreased dramatically. Generally, sciences are
difficult to be understood by all people. Attracting students to study the real sciences
can be done by changing the traditionalist way of teaching - learning science by
involving emerging teaching methods that avoid automated knowledge store. The
current study looks at how the school magazines and photography exhibition themed
motivation stimulates young people to study science. Earlier stages of this study to
stimulate motivation to learn through optional courses and Science Learning Circle.
Scientific popularization trough the scholar magazine, photography exhibitions and
scientific circles gives to the students the opportunity to express freely on the
methods of understanding, presentation and communication of scientific information
of interest to them. The freedom to choose topics of study give them the opportunity
to clarify the scientific phenomena and technologies which arouse interest and
passionate, beyond fixed-themed curriculum. Freely chosen methods of presenting
information allow them to stimulate the creativity and originality. Scientific photo
exhibition with a choice or fix topic can stimulate the students to be careful in daily
life at the fundamental physical phenomena. Interaction with the environment is no
longer strictly indifferent, but by the desire for knowledge and understanding the
phenomena and technology can be understood.
[1] D. Hammer, Student resources for learning introductory physics, American
Journal of Physics, Physics EducationResearch Supplement 68 (S1): S52-S59,
(2000).

Didactica Preuniversitara

Televiziunea surs de inspiraie pentru metodele active utilizate n


cadrul leciilor de predare-nvare evaluare la disciplina fizic

Simina-Elena Frm1

CATEDRA DE FIZIC-CHIMIE-BIOLOGIE, Colegiul Tehnic ,,Grigore Cobalcescu, Moinesti,


Bacu, Romania

Datorit transformrilor actuale din domeniul nvmntului, se impune un nou


i vast concept de instruire a cadrelor didactice, avnd ca finalitate profesioniti de o
nalt cultur pedagogic. n formarea cadrelor didactice, trebuie s acordm o
atenie mai mare cunoaterii evoluiei tehnologiilor didactice i a metodologiei
predrii-nvrii-evalurii fizicii, descoperind noi metode, inspirndu-ne chiar din
emisiunile de divertisment, difuzate la canalele TV. Metodele de predare-nvareevaluare, au aprut o dat cu constituirea fizicii ca obiect de studiu n coala
organizat de stat i ofer o ocazie benefic de organizare pedagogic a unei nvri
temeinice cu un pronunat caracter activ. Metodele active, n funcie de dezvoltarea
elevului, l determin pe acesta sa participe activ la elaborarea cunotinelor,
dezvoltndu-si astfel iniiativa sa creatoare, nemaifiind pasiv n cadrul leciilor.
Activitatea care se manifest n metodele active constituie o iniiativ personal,
creativitate i descoperire. Emisiunile de divertisment, difuzate la canalele TV, pot
constitui surse de inspiraie pentru realizarea unor metode active, metode utilizate cu
succes n cadrul orelor de fizic.

Didactica Universitara

Modelul Noaptea Cercettorilor: o posibil soluie pentru revitalizarea


interesului elevilor pentru tiin

Marius Andries1, Raisa Biega1, Oana Condurache1, Izabela Dragomir1, Cristina


Gerber1, Alice Grigoriu1, Olivia Grozescu1, A. Hanganu, L. Hrostea, G. Sitaru, D.
Tabrea, A. Beleag, A. Cucos, O. Dura, R. Giza, L. Harabagiu, S. Rmbu, S.
Teodoroff, C. Plmdeal, F. Ghiorghiu, R. Jijie, M. Cocea, I. Topala
1

Facultatea de Fizica, Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iasi, Iasi, Romania
Departamentul de Marketing Educaional, Evenimente i Imagine Academic, Universitatea
Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iasi, Iasi, Romania
2

Noaptea Cercettorilor 2013, un eveniment multianual finanat de ctre Comisia


European din 2005 n peste 300 de orase din Europa, i-a propus s aduc tiina n general ngrdit n laboratoarele de cercetare - chiar n mijlocul publicului: piee
centrale, malluri, cafenele. Colectivele de fizicieni din cinci universiti i dou
institute de cercetare s-au coalizat pentru a ajuta tiina s evadeze pe strzile
oraelor: Universitatea "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iai, Universitatea din Bucureti,
Universitatea Babe Bolyai din Cluj Napoca, Universitatea de Vest din Timioara,
Universitatea din Craiova, precum i Institutul de Fizic Atomic si Institutul
Naional de Fizica Laserilor, Plasmei i Radiaiei. Astfel, n data de 27 Septembrie
2013, peste 17500 de persoane de toate vrstele au luat parte la experimente inedite,
cafenele de tiin sau si-au nscris fotografiile si desenele n concursuri. n lucrarea
de fa prezentm analize calitative si cantitative ale rezultatelor obinute din
prelucrarea chestionarelor completate de peste 1500 de elevi din toat ara, att
nainte de data evenimentului cat si n timpul evenimentului. Cercetarea efectuat
nainte de data evenimentului a avut ca scop identificarea, prin asocieri libere, a
termenilor care caracterizeaza un cercettor, cat si a caracteristicilor acestuia. De
asemenea a fost msurat interesul pentru o cariera in tiin. n timpul evenimentului
au fost msurate urmtoarele aspecte: ct de mult i-a plcut, cum ai aflat de
eveniment i ct de mult i place tiina dup participarea la eveniment. Unul dintre
cele mai importante rezultate este faptul c aproximativ 86 % dintre persoanele care
au participat efectiv la eveniment declar c le place tiina mai mult. Acest aspect
trebuie luat n considerare la construirea unor strategii solide n domeniul
comunicrii tiinei n Romnia i la conturarea unor evenimente similare, dup
modelul Festivalurilor de tiin organizate n rile Uniunii Europene.

Cercuri Studentesti
Electrical properties of antiferroelectric-ferroelectric composite ceramics

Cipriana Padurariu1, Lavinia Curecheriu1, Liliana Mitoseriu1

Department of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

The interest in searching tunability properties in various types of ceramics is


related to the continuous growth of their use as tunable microwave devices. In order
to fulfilling the technological requirements, (tg<0.3%, r~1000) we propose in the
present work the combination between a ferroelectric (FE) (BaTiO3) with an
antiferroelectric (AFE) (PLZT). While the AFE materials are characterized by a low
dielectric permittivity with a field induced transition to a ferroelectric, the FE phase
is characterized by a relatively high dielectric permittivity, with a decreased electric
field strength dependence. Di-phase composite powders AFE-FE with composition
50% Pb1-xLaxTi1-yZryO3 - 50% BaTiO3 have been prepared by two different
methods: (i) solid state reaction (PLZT_BT_SS) and (ii) core-shell method
(PLZT_BT_CS). The samples were obtained using two different AFE phases:
Pb0.96La0.04Ti0.10Zr0.90O3 (PLZT1) and Pb0.92La0.08Ti0.20Zr0.80O3 (PLZT2).
The XRD investigation show pure phase for both precursor powders, without
secondary phases. Dense ceramics (relative density above 95-98%) and
homogeneous microstructures have been obtained for all the compositions The
dielectric properties was measured with Impedance Spectroscopy in the temperature
range of (20, 270)0C at heating and cooling. An increase of dielectric constant was
observed at room temperature for PLZT_BT_SS and a reduction of permittivity was
obtained in case of PLZT_BT_CS for both antiferroelectric phases. The tunability
measurement was determinated at room temperature. The nonlinear characteristics of
the samples show a strong nonlinearity for composite ceramics, while the pure PLZT
have almost zero tenability. For composite ceramics a hysteretic behavior was
observed. As a conclusion, the electrical properties of this kind of composite can be
controlled if the preparation method and the concentration of secondary phases are
taken into account.
Acknowledgments: The collaboration with IENI-CNR Genoa (V. Buscaglia,
M.T. Buscaglia) and ISTEC-CNR Faenza (C. Galassi) within COST SIMUFER
MP0904 Action is highly acknowledged.

10

Cercuri Studentesti
The pH-dependent, single-molecule exploration of interactions between
nanopores and peptides

Daniela Ciumac1, Tudor Luchian1

Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics and Medical Physics, Department of Physics, Alexandru Ioan
Cuza University , Iai, Romania

The characteristics of aqueous media in which biomacromolecules interact


strongly influence the reaction rates of various chemical transformations. Thus, the
activity and affinity of such molecules towards distinct substates are modulated by
parameters like temperature, ionic strength, or pH [1]. A protein pore that can be
used as biological nanoreactor in order to study more conveniently such interactions
at the single-molecule level, under various environmental conditions, is represented
by the -hemolysin (-HL) [2]. Herein we investigated via single molecule
electrophysiology the interaction between a peptide termed CAMA - which is a
chimeric construct incorporating residues 1-8 of cecropin A (CA) and residues 1-12
of magainin 2 (MA) - and a single -HL pore [3].
Our data show that the frequency of partial ion current blocking events induced
by incoming peptides that occlude the pores inner volume, recorded at neutral pH,
are more frequent as compared to those recorded at pH = 4.5. We posit that this is
due to the electrostatic attraction manifested between positively charged peptides and
the negatively charged ring zone located at the entrance of the -HL pore lumen, at
pH = 7. Under acidic conditions, the ring zone of -HL lumen becomes less negative,
leading to a lower probability of interaction between bulk peptides and the pore
lumen. The increased residence time of CAMA peptides inside the -HL pore, seen
at pH = 4.5, is most likely due to the manifestation of a higher potential barrier that
peptides need to overcome in order to cross the channel and translocate to the other
side of the membrane.

Acknowledgements: We highly acknowledge the financial support from the grants:


PN-II-ID-PCCE-2011-2-0027/01.06.2012 and PN-II-PT-PCCA-2011-3.1-0595.
References:
[1] E.P. OBrien et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 (2012), 979;
[2] L. Movileanu et al., Biophys J. 89(2) (2005), 1030;
[3] L. Mereuta et al., Langmuir 28 (2012), 17079;

11

Cercuri Studentesti
The modulatory effects exerted by electrical properties of lipid membranes
and ionic strength upon peptides - biomimetic systems interactions

Liliana Chiribasa1, Irina Schiopu1,2, Tudor Luchian1,2

Department of Physics, Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics and Medical Physics, Alexandru


Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania
2
Interdisciplinary Research Department Field Science, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University , Iasi,
Romania

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are known to be the effector molecules of innate


immune system and they selectively disrupt the integrity of bacterial membrane by
pore formation. The complex phenomena of the interactions between the
antimicrobial peptides and different lipid systems are only partially understood.
Herein, we employed spectrofluorometry to unravel the effects exerted by phloretin
and potasium chloride ionic strength upon adsorption and insertion of mellitin, which
is the major toxic component in the venom of the european honey bee Apis
mellifera.[1] As known, phloretin molecules alter the electrical properties and the
permeability of membranes as a result of its adsorption to the surface of the lipid
monolayer, by causing a decrease in the membrane dipole potential [2], whereas
potasium chloride interferes with the membrane adsorbtion and insertion of the
peptide monomers, via a screening effect which takes place at the water-lipid
interface[3].
Informations about the degree of peptide adsorbtion in the liposome membrane
were obtained from the decrease in the tryptophan fluorescence intensity, in the
presence of the acrylamide quencher. Insertion and the kinetics of transmembrane
pore formation by mellitin were monitored through the calcein release assay from
small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs). Our data indicate that the presence of the
phloretin enhances the adsorbtion and insertion of mellitin monomers at the
membrane interface and that at a high ionic strength, the accessibility of peptides to
the lipid membrane interface is dimished.
Acknowlegments: The financial support from the research projects PN-II-ID
PCCE-2011-2-0027/01.06.2012 and PN II-PTPCCA-2011-3.1.0595 Nr. 123/2012 is
highly acknowledged.
[1] H.Raghuraman and A. Chattopadhyay, Biophys. J. 87(4)(2004)2419
[2] OS. Andersen, A. Finkelstein, A. Cass, J. Gen. Physiol. 67(6) (1976) 749
[3] D.Kelkar, A. Chakrabarti, Wiley InterScience, DOI 10.1002/bip.2023

12

Cercuri Studentesti
Preparation and functional properties of porous Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 ceramic

Roxana Stanculescu1, Ina Turcan1, Ioana Ciuchi 1,2

1
2

Department of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University , Iasi, Romania


DSP, CNR-ISTEC, Faenza, Italy

Porous materials present interests in many applications, since the porosity can
be determined, controlled, and the production is reproductive. Also the investigations
show this kind of materials exhibit special properties and features that usually are not
possible to be achieved by their dense homologous. Porous materials are proper to be
used in producing of ultrasonic devices, by improving its performances as
hydrophones, medical diagnosis devices, for high-frequency ultrasonic transducers or
for tunable applications. The high response, specific for the dense material, can be in
accord with the compatible media by designing a porous piezoceramic as a
functionally graded material.
Porosity amount and pore morphology influence the electrical and the acoustic
properties of a porous ceramic.
Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 ceramics with various porosity have been prepared using graphite
as pore former agent and results compositions containing 0 vol%, 10 vol%, 20 vol%,
and 35 vol% graphite. The calcination of mixed precursors was carried out at 950 oC
for 4 h and the sintering at 1450 oC for 2 h.
Graphite was burned out through the sintering process and this resulted in a
modification of morphology, microstructure and pore density of the ceramic product
with various porosity degrees. Microstructural, morphological and dielectric
investigations have been performed and data were compared with other literature
studies. The role of porosity on the functional properties was discussed.
We noticed that the increasing of the amount of graphite increases the graded
porosity and conducts to a low mechanical quality factor.

Acknowledgments: This work was supported by CNCS-UEFISCDI projects PNIIID-PCE-2011-3-0745 and by ERASMUS placement programme between Univ.
Al.I. Cuza Iasi & ISTEC-CNR Faenza, Italy, under the coordination of Dr. Carmen
Galassi2 and Prof. Dr. Liliana Mitoseriu1
[1] L. Nedelcu, A. Ioachim, M. Toacsan, M.G. Banciu, I. Pasuk, C. Berbecaru, H.V.
Alexandru, Synthesis, and dielectric characterization of Ba0.6Sr0.4TiO3 ferroelectric
ceramics, Thin Solid Film 519 5Ferroelectrics, 241, 1719-1726.

13

Cercuri Studentesti
SYNCRONIZATION OF TWO CHAOTIC SYSTEMS

Stefan-Andrei Irimiciuc1, Ovidiu Vasilovici 1, Dan-Gheorghe Dimitriu1

Physics, UAIC, Iasi, Romania

Chuas chaotic circuits are considered to be the cornerstone of chaotic circuits


because they were the first electronic circuits generating chaotic signals, to be
described by a nonlinear equations system. A large number of experiments and
numerical simulations have been performed in order to have a better view over this
type of circuits.
These circuits are studied for theoretical reasons (a better understanding of
chaotic systems or chaos control) and more technical reasons (the large number of
applications of these circuits in communications). It has been proved that the
encryption of signals using chaotic circuits is one of the best methods. In order to use
chaotic circuits to secure and send information they have to be synchronized. The
impediment is that they have a chaotic behavior. Here, we present the conditions for
which two chaotic systems (in our case they are two chaotic electronic circuits) can
be synchronized. The synchronization of two chaotic Chuas circuits is
experimentally demonstrated.

14

Cercuri Studentesti
DFT calculations on the adsorption of isolated molecules on a surface of
Ag (110)

STANCA MITRICI1

Theoretical and Computational Physics, University Babes-Bolyai, Faculty of Physics, Cluj


Napoca, Romania

Using DFT calculations, we present the study results 1,4,5,8-naphthalene


tetracarboxylic dianhydride (NTCDA for short) and 3,4,9,10-perylene
tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA for short) by absorption on a metal surface of
Ag (110). To observe the changes of the adsorption energy have expanded
calculations on molecules chemically related species: 1,4,5,8-naphthalene
tetracarboxylic diimides (NTCDI), and 3,4,9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic diimides
(PTCDI). Recorded results on : position of atoms in the molecule, the symmetry of
the molecule, distributed load on each atom in part, nuclear energy (Hartrre),
vibrational frequency, type of orbitals, IR and Raman vibrational spectra.
Calculations were performed with Gaussian 03 software package and compared with
experimental data.

15

Cercuri Studentesti

Studiul teoretic si spectral al moleculei de cafeina

Gabriel Oanca1, Claudia Nadejde 1, Dorina Creanga1

Facultatea de Fizica, Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Iasi, Romania

Scopul acestei lucrari a fost studierea computationala si experimentala a structurii


moleculei de cafeina si a proprietatilor sale spectrale. Modelarile computationale
joaca un rol important in estimarea parametrilor fizico-chimici ai diverselor
molecule, modelari care pot furniza date structurale relevante. Pe baza unor astfel
de modelari putem defini parametrii microscopici precum momentul dipolar
electric, polarizabilitatea electrica, energia de legatura, energia totala etc. Mai
departe, modelarile cuantum chimice pot furniza spectrele electronice si
vibrationale ale moleculei studiate. In aceasta lucrare am aplicat metoda semiempirica de calcul PM3, cu ajutorul programului programul HyperChem, pentru
estimarea parametrilor fizico-chimici ai cafeinei in stare electronica fundamentala.

Fig.1 Deplasarea spectrala a absorbtiei cafeinei la trecerea de la solventi nepolari


(tetraclorura de carbon, cloroform) la solventi polari (etanol)
Spectrele generate computational au fost comparate cu cele inregistrate in laborator
pe solutii ale cafeinei dizolvata in apa si alti solventi polari si nepolari. Diferentele
observate au fost interpretate pe baza teoriei solvatocromice [1], subliniind in
special efectele unor solveti polari fata de cei nepolari asupra frecventelor din
maximile benzilor electronice de absorbtie ale cafeinei (fig.1). Estimarea
principalelor tipuri de interactiuni solvit-solvent a fost realizata pe baza dependentei
frecventelor obtinute experimental de functii de indicele de refractie si constanta
dielectrica ai solventilor utilizati [2]. Studiul va fi continuat pe solutii ternare
obtinute prin dizolvarea moleculei studiate in amestecuri dintre solventi cu
proprietati diferite.
[1] Reichardt, Ch. (2003). Solvents and solvent effects in organic chemistry, John
Willey & Sons Inc. [2] Bakhshiev, N. G. (1972). Spectroscopy of intermolecular
interactions [in Russian]. Leningrad: Isd. Nauka.

16

Cercuri Studentesti
Radiobiological evaluation of heavy ion beams for hadrontherapy

Madalina Croitoriu1, Alina Aparaschivei 1, Dan Mihailescu1

Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

Hadrontherapy involves the use of hadron beams (proton and carbon ions) to
treat cancer. It is considered today the most accurate radiotherapy technique and the
most effective for certain radio-resistant tumours. However, this modern technique is
complex and requires, besides the proper equipment, a Treatment Planning System
(TPS) adapted to the unique physical and radiobiological properties of heavy ions. It
is well known, for example, that heavy ions have an increased radiobiological
effectiveness compared to photons and electrons. Therefore, the TPSs used in
conventional radiotherapy cannot be directly used in hadrontherapy, one of the most
important radiobiological tasks of a TPS for protons and carbon ions consisting in the
implementation of radiobiological models describing, as accurate as possible, the
biological effects of these particles in different tissues. The most used radiobiological
models in this field are the Local Effect Model (LEM), developed by the GSI
biophysics group (Darmstadt, Germany) and the Microdosimetric Kinetic Model
(MKM) adopted at NIRS (National Institute for Radiological Science, Japan). The
purpose of this work is to investigate some radiobiological properties of proton and
carbon ions using a calculation code, practically an online interface, implemented by
INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) and I-SEE (Internet Simulation,
Evaluation, Envision) (http://totlxl.to.infn.it/mediawiki/index.php/LEM-Online).
Have been evaluated and plotted the survival curves and relative biological
effectiveness as a function of dose for proton and carbon ions at different energies in
different cell lines on the bases of LEM and MKM models contained in this code.
Some specific parameters have been extracted and compared, not only for proton and
carbon ions, but also for other heavy ions such as He, Li, Be, B, N and O.

17

Cercuri Studentesti
Patient phantoms for radiation dosimetry in nuclear medicine and
radiotherapy

Raluca Zalinca1, Catalina Matei1, Dan Mihailescu1

Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

Patient dosimetry is compulsory in any field of medical physics involving


ionizing radiation (radiodiagnosis, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine and health
physics). However, in vivo dosimetry is rarely possible and must be often doubled by
measurements and/or calculations. When measurements on patients are impossible,
phantoms made by tissue-equivalent materials are used. These human body
substitutes are called physical phantoms and can be a simple combination of spheres
and cylinders or more complicated anthropomorphic phantoms. Furthermore,
calculation of organ doses are usually performed on such called mathematical or
virtual phantoms (stylized or voxelized). A lot of physical and virtual phantoms have
been developed over the time and their applications are countless. The purpose of
this work, organized as short review, is to present the most popular patient phantoms
used in nuclear medicine and radiotherapy. As an example, some original results
obtained using VMC (Visual Monte Carlo) code are presented and discussed.

18

Cercuri Studentesti
Sensing of aminoacids with ion channels

Daniela Ciumac1, Liliana Chiribaa1, Tudor Luchian1

Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics and Medical Physics, Department of Physics, , Alexandru


Ioan Cuza University, Iai, Romania

In this study we investigated the interactions between aminoacids with different


electrical charge and ion channel-like structures, by analyzing the influence exerted
by distinct aminoacids upon the ion-channels conductance value. For this, we
employed alamethicin, a peptide that forms barrel-stave like pores in lipid
membranes, with open-pore diameters comparable to those of studied aminoacids
[1].
We observed that the positively charged lysine and arginine, added in the same
side of the membrane as the alamethicin monomers, induced a decrease in the
conductance values of various sub-conductance states. This could be attributed to a
sterical effect, whereby the incoming aminoacids lead to a decrease in the effective
area of the alamethicin channels. For the negatively charged aminoacids, we
observed that glutamate induces a decrease in conductance of the alamethicin pore,
although smaller than that induced by the either lysine or arginine. Interestingly, the
aspartic acid left the alamethicin conductance un-modified. The other aminoacids
tested, including aromatic residues phenylalanine, tryptophan, or glutamine, had no
visible effect on the alamethicin pore conductance.
Based on these preliminary observations, we hypothesize that the changes in the
pore conductance values of alamethicin, induced by its interaction with distinct
aminoacid residues, may be primarily due to physical occlusion, steric effect, and
partly to electrostatic interactions manifested between the slightly cation-selective
alamethicin pore and distinctly charged aminoacids [2].

Acknowledgements:
We highly acknowledge the financial support from the grants: PN-II-ID-PCCE-20112-0027/01.06.2012 and PN-II-PT-PCCA-2011-3.1-0595.
References:
[1] F.J, Sigworth, Quart Rev Biophys, 1994, 27, 140;
[2] T. Luchian et al., Langmuir 2006, 22, 8452-8457;

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Cercuri Studentesti
The functional properties of porous ceramics: a comparative study

Cipriana Padurariu1, Liliana Mitoseriu1

Department of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

In the last years, porous ceramics were mostly studied because they can be used in
thermal insulation, as filtration systems and many other areas.
Pb0.988(Zr0.52Ti0.48)0.976Nb0.024O3 (PZTN) was studied due to their
piezoelectric properties, the best known properties so far. The aim of the present work
is to investigate the role of the pore formation on the dielectric and ferroelectric
properties of 44.5% porous PZTN ceramics. The investigated samples have been
obtained by adding: (i) pore forming agent and (ii) starch. The dielectric properties
were determinate at room temperature using Impedance Spectroscopy method.

(a) Dielectric constant vs. frequency; (b) Dielectric constant vs. electrical field;
A reduce of the dielectric constant was observed in case of the samples prepared by
adding pore forming (Fig.1. a). The tunability measurement was determinate at room
temperature. For both porous ceramics a hysteretic behavior was observed (Fig.1 b).
The polarization on the high applied field were also investigated and discussed. In
conclusion, the functional properties of this kind of ceramics can be controlled by
choosing the preparation method. Acknowledgments: The financial support of the
COST SIMUFER MP0904 is acknowledged.

20

Cercuri Studentesti
Quantitative Diffusion Weighted Breast MRI

Maria Andries1, Emil Puscasu1, Anna Karahaliou2, Georgios Vlachopoulos2, Lena


Costaridou 2

1
2

Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania


Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Patras, Greece

Breast cancer accounts for 22.9% of all cancers (excluding non-melanoma skin
cancers) in women, and is the second cause of death in woman worldwide. Early
detection of the disease has critical role in increasing survival rates. Magnetic
Resonance Imaging (MRI) has a crucial role in breast imaging acting as an
adjunctive tool for screening of high-risk women and dense breasts, as well as for
lesion diagnosis and for monitoring tumor response to therapy. Diffusion MRI allows
for the mapping of the diffusion process of water in biological tissues, in vivo and
non-invasively. The current project focuses on the exploitation of image analysis
methods towards the quantification of lesion properties in DW-MRI.

1] Tuceryan M, Jain AK: Texture analysis. In The Handbook of Pattern Recognition


and Computer Vision. 2nd edition. Edited by Chen CH, Pau LF, Wang PSP.
[2] Basser PJ. Diffusion and diffusion tensor imaging. In: Atlas SW, editor

21

Cercuri Studentesti
Dielectric properties of ferroelectric porous Ba1-xSrxTiO3 solid solutions

Roxana Elena Stanculescu1, Ina Turcan1, Ioana Ciuchi 1,2

1
2

Department of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania


DSP, CNR-ISTEC, Faenza, Italy

In this work the dielectric properties of different compositions of porous Ba1solid solution are proposed to be characterized. The most studied and
familiar is BaTiO3 that can provide many solid solutions. Ba1-xSrxTiO3 can be used
for multilayer ceramic capacitors, due to dielectric constant and low loss
characteristics. Because of perovskite-like structure, this kind of ceramics find a
large field of application in several domains like capacitors, rectifiers, amplifiers,
memory DRAM elements, piezoelectric transducers, microwave devices.
xSrxTiO3

The dielectric and ferroelectric properties of the Ba1-xSrxTiO3 ceramics are


strongly dependent on the Sr addition and on microstructural characteristics. Ceramic
samples of Ba1-xSrxTiO3 with compositions x=0.30; 0.35 and 0.40, respectively were
prepared by solid state reaction and densified by sintering at 1450 oC for 2 h. A phase
with a high density and phases containing 10 vol%, 20 vol%, and 35 vol% of
graphite (400 m particle size) were obtained for all the investigated compositions.
Dielectric, microstructural and morphological investigations have been
performed and the relationship porosity - functional properties was discussed.
The dielectric and ferroelectric properties of the Ba1-xSrxTiO3 ceramics are
strongly dependent on the Sr addition, grain size and on temperature. As the Sr
content (x) increases the symmetry changes from tetragonal (specific for pure
BaTiO3) to cubic perovskite.

Acknowledgments: This work was supported by CNCS-UEFISCDI projects PNIIID-PCE-2011-3-0745 and by ERASMUS placement programme between Univ.
Al.I. Cuza Iasi & ISTEC-CNR Faenza, Italy, under the coordination of Dr. Carmen
Galassi2 and Prof. Dr. Liliana Mitoseriu1

P. Nanni, A. Testino, V. Buscaglia and M. Viviani, Synthesis of barium titanate:


influence of Ba/Ti ratio on the ceramic properties, Ceramic Engeneering & Science
Proceedings, volume 22, Issue 4, 2001, ISSN 0196-6219

22

Cercuri Studentesti
Statistic analysis of eye movement recordings during saccadic task

Corina Astefanoaei1, Elena Pretegiani2, Lance Optican2, Dorina Creanga1

1
2

Laboratory of Biophysics & Medical Physics, University Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Iasi, Romania
Laboratory of Sensorimotor Research, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, USA

Saccades are very fast eye movements related to visuospatial exploring, either
voluntary or involuntary, bringing information on the neuromotor system
controlling eye muscles either in physiological conditions or pathological ones.
Saccadic task was designed in laboratory arrangement involving the subjects
horizontal eye movement during laser spot following in dark room. Angular shift
was measured for consecutive rapid laser spot deviations of 4-6-8-10-12 degrees
durations in random presentation (Fig. 1). Temporal series were collected with an
IR eye tracking system with a frequency of 1000 s-1 from healthy voluntary human
subjects. Statistic analysis was accomplished aiming to compare subject behavior in
simple saccadic task and cognitive loaded condition (decision taking by button
pressing).

Fig.1: Angular shift of the eye during visually guided saccadic task
Box-plot representation of saccadic signal sequences (forty sequences of equal
length of 10,000 data points each) was carried out evidencing the degree of
regularity as well as exceptional values caused by involuntary eye blinking. Autocorrelation time was assessed using specialized algorithm that resulted in numerical
data further tabled for comparative discussion. Result interpretation was done
considering the role of cortical areas activation during simple saccadic movement
versus cognitive loaded saccades where increased attention seems to stimulate
subject to execute more accurately eye movements in the frame of laboratory
experimental design.

23

Cercuri Studentesti
SINGNAL ENCRYPTION USING CHUAS CHAOTIC CIRCUITS

Ovidiu Vasilovici 1, Stefan-Andrei Irimiciuc1, Dan-Gheorghe Dimitriu1

Physics, Faculty of Physics, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi, Romania

Scientists have tried over the time to develop electronic circuits that can be
described by nonlinear equations. The first attempts were on the Lorenz system but
those werent successful. It wasnt until 1983 when Leon Chua developed the first
chaotic electronic circuit.
Chuas chaotic circuit is not only the first circuit of its type but is the simplest
one. That is why it has numerous applications. By far one of the most spectacular
applications is the encryption of signals. In this work we present our attempt in
creating an encryption system based on chaotic Chuas circuits and the results
obtained in our attempts to encrypt signals. We tested our system with classical
signals (sin-type, square-type) and with more complicated signals (conversation,
music).

24

Cercuri Studentesti
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THE INTERACTION
BETWEEN TWO FIREBALLS IN PLASMA

Stefan-Andrei IRIMICIUC1, Dan-Gheorghe Dimitriu1

Plasma Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza Univeristy of Iasi, Iasi, Romania

Fireballs are well-known luminous complex space charges structures obtained in


front of positively biased electrodes immersed in plasma, up to a critical value of the
applied voltage. In dynamic state, the double layer existing at the border of the
fireball periodically disrupts and re-aggregates, releasing bunches of charged
particles (electrons and positive ions) in the surrounding plasma and perturbing all
the plasma parameters.
Here we report on the experimental investigation of the interaction between two
fireballs obtained on two different positively biased electrodes. The dynamic states
of the fireballs was recorded when different parameters were modified (distance
between the electrodes, gas pressure, plasma density, voltages on the electrodes).
Maximum values of the fireball dynamics frequency were observed for certain values
of the distance between the electrodes, as well as for certain values of the voltages
applied on the electrodes. The dynamics of the two fireballs remain synchronized in
all experimental conditions.

25

Cercuri Studentesti
"Plant radioprotector a radiobiology experimental study"

Cristina Plamadeala1, Dorina Creanga1, Iulia Bara2, Ramona Focea3

1
2
3

Physics Faculty , University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza", Iasi, Romania


Biology Faculty, University "Alexandru Ioan Cuza", Iasi, Romania
University of Medicine, Hospital "Sf. Spiridon", Iasi, Romania

Radiation impact in the wide spread species Triticum aestivum L. was investigated
by cytogenetic analyses carried out in collaboration with plant geneticists. VARIAN
CLINAC 2100SC radiotherapy device was used to irradiate vegetal embryos with Xray doses of 22.4 Gy, 44.8 Gy and 67.6 Gy, to a dose rate of 2.24 Gy/min. Before
irradiation T. aestivum caryopses were let to germinate in controlled environmental
conditions in INCUCELL room. Plant radioprotector was extracted in ethanol from
another vegetal species, Viola tricolor L., known for its pharmaceutical use (provided
in two concentrations of 0.5% and 5.0% by Plantavorel laboratory in Piatra Neamt).
Qualitative cytogenetic analyses resulted in the identification of aberrant mitoses
characterized by: micronuclei, delayed or/and expelled chromosomes, cromatidian
simple or multiple bridges as well as combined complex aberrations. Plant
radioprotector had no specific effect on the types of chromosomal aberrations
revealed by microscope observations. Two quantitative parameters were calculated,
the aberration index and the mitotic index to evidence radioprotector effect. The
main results are consistent with significant diminution of chromosomal aberration
percentage in the T. aestivum embryos treated with V. tricolor ethanolic extract (for
both concentrations used in the experiment). The underlying cellular mechanism
could be discussed based on the simultaneous diminution of the mitotic index which
can be associated with Bergonier-Tribondeau law of radiosensitivity.
This study is interesting not only for plant genetics but also for human radiobiology
since it was shown that aberrant mitosis types are practically the same following
mammal tissue irradiation. Further investigations are planned with focus on the
radiation bioeffects on the free radical balance within the vegetal cell to search
whether radioprotector influence is evident at biochemical level.

26

Cercuri Studentesti
Potential measurements at the target of Magnum-PSI

Florin Ghiorghiu1, Claudiu Costin1, Viorel Anita1, Greg de Temmerman2

Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania


Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Association EURATOM - FOM, Trilateral
Euregio Cluster, P.O. Box 1207, The Netherlands
2

One of the most important objectives of fusion research community at the


moment is the successful construction, in France, of the ITER fusion reactor. It was
designed to produce ten times the amount of energy put in and to demonstrate that it
is possible to produce more energy from the fusion process than is used to initiate it.
A problematic area of the reactor is the divertor, which is supposed to handle high
regimes of plasma density. For the research on the complex physics of the ITER
divertor, DIFFER has built a new experimental research facility, namely
MagnumPSI. It is a linear plasma generator in which the interaction between a
plasma column and a target can be investigated. It is able to generate a steady state
high flux of ions, with a temperature in the eV range, confined by a strong magnetic
field. For rigorous measurements of plasmas parameters, it was used a system of 64
probes, mounted evenly in a square like shape (8x8 matrix), in the centre of a main
plate, used as a compact target. The discharge was operated in hydrogen, at different
values of the discharge current (80, 100, 125, 150 and 175 A) and magnetic field
strength (0.08, 0.16 and 0.25 T). Each of the 64 probes and the main plate were
connected through a voltage divider (1/100) to a channel of the data acquisition
system, allowing measuring the floating potential (spatio-temporal distributions).
The results allow knowing the sort of particles (electrons/ions) collected in different
points of plasma column cross-section, with respect to target bias. Thus, it is possible
tunning the 2D distribution of particle fluxes (electrons vs. ions) that bombard the
target.

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Cercuri Studentesti
Infrared Thermal Processing Imagery Developed For Complementary
Studies of Planetary Boundary Layer

Bogdan Albina1, Marius-Mihai Cazacu1,2, Adrian Timofte1,3, Dan-Gheorghe


Dimitriu1, Silviu-Octavian Gurlui 1

Atmosphere Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of
Iasi, Iasi, Romania
2
Department of Physics, Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
3
Regional Forecast Center Bacau, National Meteorological Administration, Bacau, Romania

The IR camera is a relatively novel device for remote sensing of atmospheric


thermal processes from the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) based on measurements
of the infrared radiation. Infrared radiation is a form of electromagnetic radiation
with the wavelength between 0.78 and 1000 m. All materials with temperatures
above 0 K emit infrared energy. The IR camera capture the infrared energy from the
measured object which is converted by an imaging sensor into an electrical signal
and displayed on a monitor as a color or monochrome thermal image. From here on,
important information can be extracted with the help of image processing software.
The Planetary Boundary Layer is the lowest part of the atmosphere that is strongly
influenced by the presence of the surface of the Earth. Many important weather
phenomena are driven by atmosphere-surface interaction and boundary layer
processes must be identified and understood in order to be replicated or simulated in
computer models used to forecast daily weather (e.g. numerical weather prediction),
the state of air pollution or the impact of human activity on the climate.
The aim of this paper is to analyse the PBL altitude and thickness variations over Iasi
region using the IR imaging camera as well as its behaviour from day to night and
thermal processes that occur in PBL. Over the course of several days the IR camera
was deployed at different times of day to obtain thermal images of the PBL, followed
by the analysis and processing of these images.
[1] Cazacu M.M., Timofte A., Balin I., Dimitriu D., Gurlui S.,(2011),
Complementary atmospheric urban pollution studies in the North-East region of
Romania, Iasi county, Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 10,
139-145.

28

Cercuri Studentesti

Surface modification and stability of polymers treated by atmosphericpressure helium plasma

Ioana-Luciana Punga1, Gabriela Borcia1

Physics, Al. I. Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

The aim of this paper is to provide an investigation over the surface


modification processes of aromatic-structure polymers treated by atmosphericpressure helium plasma for different exposure time, and an assessment on the
stability of modified surfaces. Being among most versatile and fast technologies for
surface processing, plasma treatment has yet the disadvantage that the induced
modification of the surface is not permanent, since the surface tends to recover to the
untreated state, process known as the recovery mechanism. This ageing effect is due
to both short-range motion, as reorientation of induced polar chemical groups into
the bulk of the material, and long-range mechanisms, as diffusion and chains
relaxation, acting with different time constants, on different surface and subsurface
layers. Here, the surface of the polymers, before and after treatment, is analyzed by
contact angle, solvent absorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The
dynamics of the surface is assessed monitoring the ageing in air and in water. The
polymer films show an obvious increase in hydrophilicity due to the implantation of
oxygen-containing groups. The hydrophilic character has a very limited dependence
on exposure time and depends on the chemical structure of the polymer. The
immersion in water after treatment ensures better stability, whereas immersion 30
days after treatment accelerates ageing. XPS indicates some loss of oxygen-related
groups on water immersed samples, depending on the treatment time and on the
initial degree of surface oxidation. Results show that combined diffusion
reorientation mechanisms are to be taken into account in a model for hydrophobic
recovery.

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Cercuri Studentesti
Preparation of lipid nanocapsules loaded with molybdenum clusters

Alexandra Demeter1,2, Nadia Skandrani 2,2, Alexandre Barras2,2, ,Stphane Cordier3,3,


Rabah Boukherroub2,2

Plasma Physics Laboratory, Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University , Iasi, ROMANIA
Interdisciplinaire, Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire, Lille, France
Chimie du Solide et Matriaux, Universit de Rennes 1, Rennes Cedex, Franta

2
3

The different applications of nanotechnology in medicine, known as


nanomedicine, have introduced a plethora of nanoparticles with different chemical
composition and different design which are used for cancer diagnosis and treatment.
The objectives of this study were the preparation of lipid nanocapsules loaded with
molybdenum clusters (Mo-LNCs) and evaluate their efficiency for singlet oxygen
generation. The LNCs, loaded with nanometer-sized octahedral anionic molybdenum
cluster units with fourteen terminal brome ligands [Mo6Br14], were produced by a
phase inversion process with a nominal size of 25 and 50 nm. These nanocapsules
are obtained without organic solvent and with pharmaceutically acceptable
excipients. The mean diameter, polydispersity, and stability of the LNCs were
evaluated using DLS (Dynamic Light Scattering). The p-nitroso-dimethylaniline
(RNO)-bleaching method was used to measure the relative 1O2 generation efficiency
of Mo-loaded LNCs. The 1O2 generation efficiency was followed by the bleaching
of RNO at 440 nm with the transannular peroxide intermediate formed as a result of
the reaction between singlet oxygen and imidazole.
Acknowledgement: This work was performed at the Institut de Recherche
Interdisciplinaire (IRI), Villeneuve d'Ascq, France, and supported by the program
LLP-Erasmus.

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Cercuri Studentesti
LASER ABLATION PLASMA (LAP): TECHNIQUES AND
APPLICATIONS

Jeana-Ana Gabor1, Georgiana Dascalu1, Dan-Gheorghe Dimitriu1, Cristian Focsa2,


Silviu Gurlui1

Faculty of Physics, Atmosphere Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory, Alexandru Ioan
Cuza University Iasi, 11 Carol I Blvd., 700506 Iasi, Iasi, Romania
2
Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes et Molcules (UMR CNRS 8523), Universit Lille 1
Sciences & Technologies, 59655 Villeneuve dAscq, Lille, France

This paper describes the fundamentals and applications of the transient plasma
obtained by laser ablation of several materials. To characterize the plasma, one can
use both optical and electrical methods, which give important information on its
structure, dynamics and behavior [1]. The experimental characterization of different
ablated target are generally performed primarily by optical methods (ICCD fast
imaging, optical spatially and temporally resolved spectroscopy, laser induced
fluorescence, absorption spectroscopy) and electrical diagnosis (Langmuir probes,
electrical charged sample dynamics, mass spectrometry, etc.) [2]. LAP plays
significant importance for application fields like analytical or materials sciences [3].
One of the simplest applications of laser ablation is to remove material from a solid
surface in a controlled atmosphere: laser machining, cutting and particularly laser
drilling (pulsed lasers can drill extremely small, deep holes through very hard
materials), etc. Moreover, LAP can be used for thin film deposition (Pulse Laser
Deposition - PLD) which can further be applied in electronic devices [2]. Depending
on their application the thin films need to be characterized by different techniques. In
the first phase, one should obtain information on the thickness and surface
morphology of the sample. Further analyses include structural and chemical
characterization techniques. Thin film deposition by laser ablation presents a major
interest due to its simple implementation and flexible geometry of experimental
setup. In this paper, we studied some fundamentals on LAP to get a better insight on
the complex laser-matter interaction and subsequent elementary processes taking
place in the transient expansion.A comprehensive study on laser ablation
mechanisms may be essential to understand the thermal, optical and structural
characteristics of the material.
[1] S. Gurlui et al, Phys. Rev. E, 78 026405 (2008); [2] G. Dascalu, PhD Thesis,
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, 2012; [3] C. Ursu et al, Applied Physics A:
Materials Science & Processing, Volume 101, Number 1,153(2010)

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Cercuri Studentesti
Dose distribution for C-12 irradiation of water and tissue equivalent
material

George Strat 1, Catalin Borcia1

Faculty of Physics, Al. I. Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

Hadron therapy is an alternative way of treating cancerous tumors. It consists in


irradiating tumors with protons (proton therapy) or light nuclei (carbon ions).
Compared to conventional radiotherapy, it presents two main advantages: a precise
ballistics, with a finite range and a maximum dose deposition at the end of the path
of the ions (i.e. Bragg peak) and an enhanced biological efficiency in the Bragg peak
region [1]. The purpose of this paper is to determine the dose distribution in a target
irradiated with Carbon atoms for radiotherapy applications [2]. The targets are water
and A150 (a tissue equivalent material), and the energies of the particles in the beam
were comprised between 50MeV to 500 MeV. FLUKA software was used to
simulate the target irradiation for dose distribution calculation. FLUKA is a fully
integrated particle physics Monte Carlo simulation package, which has many
applications in high energy experimental physics, medical physics and radio-biology.
The beam was considered as monoenergetic, with a diameter of 1 cm, with no
angular distribution. The irradiated material was investigated using a special grid
400x100x100 grid determining 4x106 voxels in which the dose is calculated. The
results show that scattering affects the dose distribution, especially in the Bragg peak
region. Our aim is to determine the extent of the scattering and to compare the results
for water and the equivalent tissue material. These results should improve the
radiological protection of the patient, reducing the risk of irradiating critical organs.
[1] R. Orecchia, M. Krengli,B. A Jereczek-Fossa, S.Franzetti, J. Gerard, Critical
Reviews in Oncology/Hematology 51(2) (2004) pp. 81-90 [2] A.Kumar, S. Jalota, R.
Gupta, , Advances in Space Research 49(12) (2012) pp. 16911697

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Effects of cleaning method on the plasma polymerized thiophene (PPTh)
films surface characteristics

Roxana JIJIE1, Teodora TESLARU1, Marian TOTOLIN2, Ionut TOPALA1, Nicoleta


DUMITRASCU1

Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi,11 Carol I Boulevard, Iasi, Romania
Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Petru Poni, 41A Grigore Ghica Voda Alley, Iasi, Romania

There are many methods which can be used for the synthesis of polymer thin
films, such as the wet methods (chemical synthesis and electrochemical
polymerization) and the dry methods (physical vapor deposition and plasma
polymerization). Plasma polymerization is an alternative method for depositing thin
films onto a wide variety of substrates and with various thicknesses. Unlike chemical
and electrochemical polymerization process, plasma polymerization is a method that
doesnt require the use of solvents, additives or catalysts. Physical methods (e.g.
moist and dry heat, radiation) and chemical methods (e.g. isopropyl, ethyl alcohol,
acids or bases) can be used to remove contaminants from biomaterials surfaces
before coming in contact with biological medium. It is very important to identify the
cleaning procedures suitable that doesnt change the physicochemical characteristic
of the work surfaces. In the present work are presented some results concerning the
influence of various physical and chemical agents on plasma polymerized thiophene
(PPTh)films characteristics. The PPTh films were synthesized in a dielectric barrier
discharge reactor with planeparallel geometry working at atmospheric pressure in
argon using thiophene (C4H4S) as precursor. The influence of different cleaning
techniques on PPTh films deposited on glass and polystyrene substrates were
characterized using water contact angle and UV-Vis measurements. The Ar and
Ar/thiophene plasma generated in a dielectric barrier discharge at atmospheric
pressure was characterized using voltage current measurements and optical
emission spectroscopy.

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Cercuri Studentesti
Evolution of transient plasmas produced by laser ablation of
hydroxiapatite and human teeth

Lucia Vrajitoriu1, Silviu Gurlui1, Maricel Agop2, Bertrand Chazallon3, Cristian


Focsa3

1
2
3

Faculty of Physics, Al. I. Cuza University, Iasi, Romania


Department of Physics, Gh. Asachi Technical University, Iasi, Romania
Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes et Molcules, Universit Lille 1, Lille, France

In order to find optimal physical methods of quality improvement of dental


biomaterials, we studied the evolution of plasma plumes resulting from laser ablation
of enamel, dentin, and hydroxiapatite (HA). The plasma plumes were generated by
nanosecond laser (Nd:YAG) ablation of the above materials in a vacuum chamber
(10-6 Torr). We performed a gradual study, starting from the recording series of
bidimensional images of the plasma plume (using a fast-gate intensified CCD
camera) at various delays with respect to the laser pulse, followed by a space- and
time-resolved optical emission spectroscopy (OES) investigation on selected spectral
lines. These studies revealed an interesting non-linear behavior of some plasma
plume parameters, as electron temperature and density. Moreover, the deposition of
HA thin films has become a topic of interest in medical applications since it allows to
obtain bioactive coatings for better Ti implants. In this frame, we used the Pulsed
Laser Deposition (PLD) technique to produce flexible films of hydroxiapatite
deposited on glass (SiO2) or NaCl substrates. The properties of the deposited films
were investigated by Raman spectroscopy. We furthermore tried to establish a link
between these properties and the plasma plume characteristics, in order to define
optimum deposition parameters for future work in this field.

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Cercuri Studentesti
Dependence of spin relaxation in spin crossover compounds on the initial
photoexcitation rate

Raluca-Maria Stan1, Roxana Gaina1, Radu Tanasa1, Cristian Enachescu1

Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Romania

The phenomenon of spin transition (ST), is one of the most fascinating dynamic
electronic structure phenomena that occur in inorganic materials. The spin state
involves different magnetic and optical properties, suitable for applications and
useful for their detection and characterization. The transition from a diamagnetic LS
state to a paramagnetic HS state is clearly reflected in the changes of the magnetic
susceptibility, because the change in the number of unpaired electrons between HS
and LS states is reflected in a drastic change of (T). Therefore, we have used
magnetic susceptibility measurements as a function of temperature (T) in order to
characterize the behavior of spin transition compounds. The HS fraction is then
determined by the product *T. A spin transition curve is usually obtained from a
plot of HS fraction (nHS, the proportion of molecules in the HS state) as a function
of the temperature. At low temperature (usually below 100 K) the compound is in the
Low Spin state (fundamental state). By irradiating the compound with a LASER of
an appropriate wavelength, spin crossover compounds usually turn into a High Spin
state (which is a metastable state at these temperatures) and then returns to the
fundamental state via the relaxation process. The goal of this experiment is to study
the dependence of the relaxation in SCO compounds after the photoexcitation up to
different nHS and to determine if the size of the compound influences the relaxation
curves. For this aim, we have used a typical spin crossover microcrystals of
Fe(phen)2(NCS)2 (phen=1,10-phenanthroline)[1,2] and we have photoexcited them
at low temperature inside the SQUID magnetometer using a 532nm fibred Laser. We
have tested different amounts of spin crossover materials with different initial
photoexcitation rates and then compared the relaxation. It can be observed that the
relaxation curves have slightly sigmoidal shapes implying a slow relaxation at small
times, followed by a faster regime. The available experimental data, support the
hypothesis that the initial photoexcitation rate influence the relaxation curves only in
a small degree, in the limit of experimental errors.

35

Cercuri Studentesti
Preliminary Studies of Tropospheric Aerosols Using Python

Mihail Nicolae Danila1, Marius Mihai Cazacu1,2, Adrian Timofte1,3, Dan Gheorghe
Dimitriu1, Liviu Leontie4, Silviu Gurlui1

Faculty of Physics, Optical Atmosphere, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory, "Alexandru Ioan
Cuza" University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
2
Department of Physics, "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
3
Regional Forecast Center Bacau, National Meteorological Administration, Bacau, Romania
4
Faculty of Physics, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania

Partitioning of mineral dust, pollution, smoke, and mixtures using remote


sensing techniques can help improve accuracy of satellite retrievals and assessments
of the aerosol radiative impact on climate. Particles suspended in the atmosphere are
difficult to characterize both temporally and spatially due to their short lifetime and
geographically diverse sources. Aerosol mixtures - whether dominated by dust,
sulfate, carbon, sea salt, or mixtures of these particles - pose a challenge to satellite
and sub-orbital remote sensing techniques when identifying aerosol type.
The AErosol RObotic NETwork is a ground-based network of standardized
Cimel Sun and sky scanning radiometers measuring aerosol optical depth (AOD) at
multiple wavelengths from 340to 1640 nm and retrieving other columnar optically
effective aerosol properties (e.g., volume size distribution, complex index of
refraction, and single scattering albedo) from sky radiance measurements at four
wavelengths: 440, 675, 870 and 1020 nm.
Using the data collected during one year (May 2012 May 2013) from the Iasi
LOA-SL AERONET site, in this presentation we aim to evidence the predominant
aerosol types over Iasi city. Due to the large volume of data, the selection of a correct
interval and error elimination are essential for a correct characterization of the
aerosol type. To this end, a software application in python(x,y) programming
language was developed. With this application we can obtain relative number density
plots for relationship between the absorption ngstrm exponent and extinction
ngstrm exponent, based on dominant aerosol type using AERONET Version 2,
Level 2.0 data.

[1] D. M. Giles, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Sinyuk, A. Smirnov, I. Slutsker, R. R.


Dickerson, A. M. Thompson, J. S. Schafer (2012) - J. Geophys. Res.,117 - An
analysis of AERONET aerosol absorption properties and classifications

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Cercuri Studentesti
Atmospheric Aerosols - Importance and Modern Study Methods

Mihail Nicolae Danila1, Marius Mihai Cazacu1,2, Adrian Timofte1,3, Dan Gheorghe
Dimitriu1, Liviu Leontie4, Silviu Gurlui1

Faculty of Physics, Optical Atmosphere, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory, "Alexandru Ioan
Cuza" University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
2
Department of Physics, "Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania
3
Regional Forecast Center Bacau, National Meteorological Administration, Bacau, Romania
4
Faculty of Physics, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania

We define the aerosol as a polydisperse system which contains liquid or solid


particles suspended in gas. Suspend these particles in the atmospheric air and you get
the atmospheric aerosol. In this category, beside solid, all liquid particles are
included except hydrometeors (meaning water and ice particles).
This presentation wishes to inform upon the major importance of aerosol
particles due to their effect on human health and their involvement in climatic
changes. Also they have an impact on visibility and monument deterioration. In the
current aerosol research it has been shown that the aerosol with a high concentration
of sulphites, organic compounds (black carbon from fuel and biomass burning),
mineral dust have a direct effect on the climate, more so on the radiation balance of
the Earth - Atmosphere system.
Aerosol properties measured at the Earths surface (dimensional distribution,
chemical composition, extinction - absorbtion and scattering) continue to be realized
in specific locations through long term monitoring or during intensive campaigns. In
situ measurements offer important information for validating regional and global
atmospheric models, through the integration of the aerosol concentrations and
providing data of their chemical making. More so, in situ measurements offer key
facts about the aerosol properties variation in time. Comparing the in situ
measurements with the atmospheric models implies a high degree of difficulty due to
weather conditions and because in situ measurements are representative for the
weather conditions near Earths surface, while the direct and indirect effects depend
on the vertical profile of the particulate matter suspension.
Some of the in situ measurement devices that are currently used at the
Atmosphere Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory (LOA-SL site, partner of
Romanian 3D Observatory) to study the atmospheric aerosol, and data from which is
presented in this presentation, are:
DustTrack - measures PM (particulate matter) concentrations
LIDAR system - active atmospheric profiler technique
Sun photometer - passive atmospheric profiler technique

[1] S. Stefan, D. Nicolae, M. Caian, (2008), Secrets of Atmospheric Aerosols in


Laser Light, Ars Docendi, Bucharest, Romania

37

Cercuri Studentesti
A study of the effects of ultraviolet irradiation on the hemoglobin
molecules
Florentina Samoila1, Ionut Topala1, Nicoleta Dumitrascu1

Faculty of Physics, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania

Ultraviolet radiation is an electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength


ranging between 400nm and 10nm, corresponding to photon energies from 3 eV to
124 eV. The principal sources of UV radiation are the stars and the sun and artificial
sources include high-intensity discharge lamps, fluorescent and incandescent
sources, certain types of lasers. Small amounts of UV are beneficial and essential in
the production of vitamin D while the prolonged exposure to solar UV radiation may
result in chronic health effects on the skin, eye and immune system. Hematological
parameters are indicators of the response of the human to the environment. Many
studies have demonstrated that the environmental conditions (contaminants, altitude
etc.) can induce changes in blood variables. Hemoglobin is an important protein in
red blood cells carrying oxygen from the lungs to the tissues where it releases the
oxygen and collects the resultant carbon dioxide to bring it back to the respiratory
organs for release out of the organism. Hemoglobin is made up of four polypeptide
chains, two and two chains. Each chain carries one heme group consisting of an
iron ion held in a heterocyclic ring called porphyrine. The iron ion may be either in
the Fe2+ or in the Fe3+ state, but ferrihemoglobin (Fe3+) cannot bind oxygen. When
the oxygen binds to the heme oxyhemoglobine is formed. Carboxyhemoglobin
contains carbon monoxide (CO), which has displaced oxygen. The affinity of Hb for
CO, a poisonous gas, is greater that its affinity for oxygen. This work is made to
detect by the use of absorption spectroscopy the Hb molecular states and the possible
changes in certain biophysical properties after exposure to ultraviolet irradiation.

38

Cercuri Studentesti
BENEFICIILE ULTRASONOTERAPIEI N
RECUPERAREA MEDICAL
Petronela Boicu1
1
Master Metode fizice aplicate n kinetoterapie i recuperare medical, Facultatea de
Fizic, Iai, Romnia

Ultrasonoterapia reprezinta aplicarea terapeutica a campului electric de


inalta frecventa asupra organismului uman iar modul de actiune este dependent de
proprietatile fizice ale acestuia. Ultrasunetele se pot produce prin: metode mecanice,
magnetice si cu ajutorul fenomenului piezoelectric. Aparatele moderne utilizeaz
ultimul procedeu, care necesit prezena unui cristal)cuar, turmalin, titanat de
bariu) care este supus unor compresiuni i decompresiuni succesive prin introducerea
lui ntr-un circuit electric de nalt frecven. Ultrasunetele furnizate de aparatele de
fizioterapie au frecvena cuprins ntre 800-1000 kHz. Propietile lor favorizeaz
utilizarea lor n recuperarea medical. Aplicate pe suprafaa tegumentului, se absorb
i se propag prin esuturi. Astfel, imprim moleculelor i microparticulelor ntlnite
n cale o micare oscilant, a crei frecven este egal cu cea a radiaiei ultrasonice.
Are indicaii n: reumatologie (patologie degenerativ, inflamatorie cronic,
abarticular), traumatologie(sechele, contuzii, entorse, luxaii), derma tologie
(cicatrici cheloide, plgi atone, ulcere trofice ale membrelor), afeciuni ale esutului
conjunctiv, afeciuni neurologice(nevralgii, nevrite, sechele nevralgice),
circulatorii(arteriopatii obliterante, boala Raynaud) ginecologice(anexite cronice).

[1] Codrina A: Esenialul n medicin fizic i recuperare medical1.


[2] Marcu V, Dan Mirela: Kinetoterapia/Physiotherapy(website internaionalhttp://www.displaz.tuc.gr/cerps), ed. Universitii din Oradea, 2006

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