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LM2585

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SNVS120F APRIL 2000 REVISED APRIL 2013

LM2585 SIMPLE SWITCHER 3A Flyback Regulator


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FEATURES

DESCRIPTION

Requires Few External Components


Family of Standard Inductors and
Transformers
NPN Output Switches 3.0A, Can Stand Off 65V
Wide Input Voltage Range: 4V to 40V
Current-mode Operation for Improved
Transient Response, Line Regulation, and
Current Limit
100 kHz Switching Frequency
Internal Soft-start Function Reduces In-rush
Current During Start-up
Output Transistor Protected by Current Limit,
Under Voltage Lockout, and Thermal
Shutdown
System Output Voltage Tolerance of 4% Max
Over Line and Load Conditions

The LM2585 series of regulators are monolithic


integrated circuits specifically designed for flyback,
step-up (boost), and forward converter applications.
The device is available in 4 different output voltage
versions: 3.3V, 5.0V, 12V, and adjustable.

234

TYPICAL APPLICATIONS

Flyback Regulator
Multiple-output Regulator
Simple Boost Regulator
Forward Converter

Requiring a minimum number of external


components, these regulators are cost effective, and
simple to use. Included in the datasheet are typical
circuits of boost and flyback regulators. Also listed
are selector guides for diodes and capacitors and a
family of standard inductors and flyback transformers
designed to work with these switching regulators.
The power switch is a 3.0A NPN device that can
stand-off 65V. Protecting the power switch are current
and thermal limiting circuits, and an undervoltage
lockout circuit. This IC contains a 100 kHz fixedfrequency internal oscillator that permits the use of
small magnetics. Other features include soft start
mode to reduce in-rush current during start up,
current mode control for improved rejection of input
voltage and output load transients and cycle-by-cycle
current limiting. An output voltage tolerance of 4%,
within specified input voltages and output load
conditions, is specified for the power supply system.

Connection Diagrams

Figure 1. Bent, Staggered Leads


5-Lead TO-220
Top View
See NDH005D Package

Figure 3. Bent, Staggered Leads


5-Lead TO-220
Side View
See NDH005D Package

Figure 4. 5-Lead DDPAK/TO-263


Side View
See KTT Package
Figure 2. 5-Lead DDPAK/TO-263
Top View
See KTT Package
1

Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of
Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
Switchers Made Simple is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
SIMPLE SWITCHER is a registered trademark of Texas Instruments.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date.


Products conform to specifications per the terms of the Texas
Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not
necessarily include testing of all parameters.

Copyright 20002013, Texas Instruments Incorporated

LM2585
SNVS120F APRIL 2000 REVISED APRIL 2013

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These devices have limited built-in ESD protection. The leads should be shorted together or the device placed in conductive foam
during storage or handling to prevent electrostatic damage to the MOS gates.

Absolute Maximum Ratings

(1) (2)

0.4V VIN 45V

Input Voltage

0.4V VSW 65V

Switch Voltage
Switch Current

(3)

Internally Limited
0.4V VCOMP 2.4V

Compensation Pin Voltage


Feedback Pin Voltage

0.4V VFB 2V

Storage Temperature Range

65C to +150C

Lead Temperature

(Soldering, 10 sec.)

Maximum Junction Temperature (4)


Power Dissipation

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

150C

(4)

Minimum ESD Rating

260C
Internally Limited

(C = 100 pF, R = 1.5 k)

2 kV

Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating ratings indicate conditions the
device is intended to be functional, but device parameter specifications may not be specified under these conditions. For specifications
and test conditions see Electrical Characteristics (All Versions).
If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the Texas Instruments Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and
specifications.
Note that switch current and output current are not identical in a step-up regulator. Output current cannot be internally limited when the
LM2585 is used as a step-up regulator. To prevent damage to the switch, the output current must be externally limited to 3A. However,
output current is internally limited when the LM2585 is used as a flyback regulator (See Application Hints for more information).
The junction temperature of the device (TJ) is a function of the ambient temperature (TA), the junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
(JA), and the power dissipation of the device (PD). A thermal shutdown will occur if the temperature exceeds the maximum junction
temperature of the device: PD JA + TA(MAX) TJ(MAX). For a safe thermal design, check that the maximum power dissipated by the
device is less than: PD [TJ(MAX) TA(MAX))]/JA. When calculating the maximum allowable power dissipation, derate the maximum
junction temperaturethis ensures a margin of safety in the thermal design.

Operating Ratings
4V VIN 40V

Supply Voltage
Output Switch Voltage

0V VSW 60V

Output Switch Current

ISW 3.0A
40C TJ +125C

Junction Temperature Range

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Electrical Characteristics
LM2585-3.3
Specifications with standard type face are for TJ = 25C, and those in bold type face apply over full Operating Temperature
Range. Unless otherwise specified, VIN = 5V.
Symbol

Parameters

Conditions

SYSTEM PARAMETERS Test Circuit of Figure 19


VOUT

Output Voltage

VOUT/

Line Regulation

Typical

Min

Max

Units

3.3

3.17/3.14

3.43/3.46

20

50/100

mV

20

50/100

mV

(1)

VIN = 4V to 12V
ILOAD = 0.3A to 1.2A
VIN = 4V to 12V

VIN
VOUT/

ILOAD = 0.3A
Load Regulation

VIN = 12V

ILOAD

ILOAD = 0.3A to 1.2A


Efficiency

VIN = 5V, ILOAD = 0.3A

76

Output Reference

Measured at Feedback Pin

3.3

Voltage

VCOMP = 1.0V

Reference Voltage

VIN = 4V to 40V

UNIQUE DEVICE PARAMETERS (2)


VREF
VREF

3.242/3.234

3.358/3.366

2.0

mV

Line Regulation
GM
AVOL

(1)

Error Amp

ICOMP = 30 A to +30 A

Transconductance

VCOMP = 1.0V

Error Amp

VCOMP = 0.5V to 1.6V

Voltage Gain

RCOMP = 1.0 M

1.193

0.678

260

151/75

2.259

mmho
V/V

(3)

External components such as the diode, inductor, input and output capacitors can affect switching regulator performance. When the
LM2585 is used as shown in Figure 19 and Figure 20, system performance will be as specified by the system parameters.
All room temperature limits are 100% production tested, and all limits at temperature extremes are specified via correlation using
standard Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods.
A 1.0 M resistor is connected to the compensation pin (which is the error amplifier output) to ensure accuracy in measuring AVOL.

(2)
(3)

LM2585-5.0
Symbol

Parameters

Conditions

SYSTEM PARAMETERS Test Circuit of Figure 19


VOUT

Output Voltage

Typical

Min

Max

Units

5.0

4.80/4.75

5.20/5.25

20

50/100

mV

20

50/100

mV

(1)

VIN = 4V to 12V
ILOAD = 0.3A to 1.1A

VOUT/

Line Regulation

VIN = 4V to 12V

VIN
VOUT/

ILOAD = 0.3A
Load Regulation

VIN = 12V

ILOAD

ILOAD = 0.3A to 1.1A


Efficiency

VIN = 12V, ILOAD = 0.6A

80

Output Reference

Measured at Feedback Pin

5.0

Voltage

VCOMP = 1.0V

Reference Voltage

VIN = 4V to 40V

UNIQUE DEVICE PARAMETERS


VREF
VREF

(2)

4.913/4.900

5.088/5.100

3.3

mV

Line Regulation
GM
AVOL

(1)
(2)
(3)

Error Amp

ICOMP = 30 A to +30 A

Transconductance

VCOMP = 1.0V

Error Amp

VCOMP = 0.5V to 1.6V

Voltage Gain

RCOMP = 1.0 M

0.750

0.447

165

99/49

1.491

mmho
V/V

(3)

External components such as the diode, inductor, input and output capacitors can affect switching regulator performance. When the
LM2585 is used as shown in Figure 19 and Figure 20, system performance will be as specified by the system parameters.
All room temperature limits are 100% production tested, and all limits at temperature extremes are specified via correlation using
standard Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods.
A 1.0 M resistor is connected to the compensation pin (which is the error amplifier output) to ensure accuracy in measuring AVOL.
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LM2585-12
Symbol

Parameters

Conditions

SYSTEM PARAMETERS Test Circuit of Figure 20


VOUT

Output Voltage

Typical

Min

Max

Units

12.0

11.52/11.40

12.48/12.60

20

100/200

mV

20

100/200

mV

(1)

VIN = 4V to 10V
ILOAD = 0.2A to 0.8A

VOUT/

Line Regulation

VIN = 4V to 10V

VIN

ILOAD = 0.2A

VOUT/

Load Regulation

VIN = 10V

ILOAD

ILOAD = 0.2A to 0.8A

Efficiency

VIN = 10V, ILOAD = 0.6A

93

UNIQUE DEVICE PARAMETERS (2)


VREF
VREF

Output Reference

Measured at Feedback Pin

Voltage

VCOMP = 1.0V

Reference Voltage

VIN = 4V to 40V

12.0

11.79/11.76

12.21/12.24

7.8

V
mV

Line Regulation
GM
AVOL

Error Amp

ICOMP = 30 A to +30 A

Transconductance

VCOMP = 1.0V

Error Amp

VCOMP = 0.5V to 1.6V

Voltage Gain
(1)
(2)
(3)

RCOMP = 1.0 M

0.328

0.186

70

41/21

0.621

mmho
V/V

(3)

External components such as the diode, inductor, input and output capacitors can affect switching regulator performance. When the
LM2585 is used as shown in Figure 19 and Figure 20, system performance will be as specified by the system parameters.
All room temperature limits are 100% production tested, and all limits at temperature extremes are specified via correlation using
standard Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods.
A 1.0 M resistor is connected to the compensation pin (which is the error amplifier output) to ensure accuracy in measuring AVOL.

LM2585-ADJ
Symbol

Parameters

Conditions

SYSTEM PARAMETERS Test Circuit of Figure 20


VOUT

Output Voltage

VOUT/

Line Regulation

Typical

Min

Max

Units

12.0

11.52/11.40

12.48/12.60

20

100/200

mV

20

100/200

mV

(1)

VIN = 4V to 10V
ILOAD = 0.2A to 0.8A
VIN = 4V to 10V

VIN
VOUT/

ILOAD = 0.2A
Load Regulation

VIN = 10V

ILOAD

ILOAD = 0.2A to 0.8A


Efficiency

UNIQUE DEVICE PARAMETERS


VREF
VREF

VIN = 10V, ILOAD = 0.6A

93

(2)

Output Reference

Measured at Feedback Pin

Voltage

VCOMP = 1.0V

Reference Voltage

VIN = 4V to 40V

1.230

1.208/1.205

1.252/1.255

1.5

V
mV

Line Regulation
GM
AVOL
IB

Error Amp

ICOMP = 30 A to +30 A

Transconductance

VCOMP = 1.0V

Error Amp

VCOMP = 0.5V to 1.6V

Voltage Gain

RCOMP = 1.0 M

Error Amp

VCOMP = 1.0V

3.200

1.800

670

400/200

6.000

mmho
V/V

(3)

125

425/600

nA

Input Bias Current


(1)
(2)
(3)

External components such as the diode, inductor, input and output capacitors can affect switching regulator performance. When the
LM2585 is used as shown in Figure 19 and Figure 20, system performance will be as specified by the system parameters.
All room temperature limits are 100% production tested, and all limits at temperature extremes are specified via correlation using
standard Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods.
A 1.0 M resistor is connected to the compensation pin (which is the error amplifier output) to ensure accuracy in measuring AVOL.

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Electrical Characteristics (All Versions)


Symbol

Parameters

Conditions

COMMON DEVICE PARAMETERS for all versions


IS

Input Supply Current

Typical

Min

Max

Units

(1)

(Switch Off) (2)

11

15.5/16.5

mA

ISWITCH = 1.8A

50

100/115

mA

3.30

3.05

3.75

100

85/75

115/125

kHz

VUV

Input Supply
Undervoltage Lockout

RLOAD = 100

fO

Oscillator Frequency

Measured at Switch Pin


RLOAD = 100
VCOMP = 1.0V

fSC

Short-Circuit
Frequency

Measured at Switch Pin


RLOAD = 100

25

kHz

VFEEDBACK = 1.15V
VEAO

Error Amplifier
Output Swing

Upper Limit (3)

2.8

Lower Limit (2)

0.25

(4)

IEAO

Error Amp
Output Current
(Source or Sink)

See

ISS

Soft Start Current

VFEEDBACK = 0.92V

2.6/2.4

V
0.40/0.55

165

110/70

260/320

11.0

8.0/7.0

17.0/19.0

93/90

VCOMP = 1.0V
D

Maximum Duty
Cycle

RLOAD = 100 (3)

98

IL

Switch Leakage
Current

Switch Off

15

VSUS

Switch Sustaining
Voltage

dV/dT = 1.5V/ns

VSAT

Switch Saturation
Voltage

ISWITCH = 3.0A

ICL

NPN Switch
Current Limit

JA

Thermal Resistance

65
0.45
4.0
65

JA

TO-220 Package, Junction to


Ambient (6)

45

JC

TO-220 Package, Junction to


Case

JA

DDPAK/TO-263 Package,
Junction to Ambient (7)

56

JA

DDPAK/TO-263 Package,
Junction to Ambient (8)

35

(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)

300/600

VSWITCH = 60V

TO-220 Package, Junction to


Ambient (5)

(1)

3.0

V
0.65/0.9

7.0

C/W

All room temperature limits are 100% production tested, and all limits at temperature extremes are specified via correlation using
standard Statistical Quality Control (SQC) methods.
To measure this parameter, the feedback voltage is set to a high value, depending on the output version of the device, to force the error
amplifier output low. Adj: VFB = 1.41V; 3.3V: VFB = 3.80V; 5.0V: VFB = 5.75V; 12V: VFB = 13.80V.
To measure this parameter, the feedback voltage is set to a low value, depending on the output version of the device, to force the error
amplifier output high. Adj: VFB = 1.05V; 3.3V: VFB = 2.81V; 5.0V: VFB = 4.25V; 12V: VFB = 10.20V.
To measure the worst-case error amplifier output current, the LM2585 is tested with the feedback voltage set to its low value (specified
in Tablenote 3) and at its high value (specified in Tablenote 2).
Junction to ambient thermal resistance (no external heat sink) for the 5 lead TO-220 package mounted vertically, with inch leads in a
socket, or on a PC board with minimum copper area.
Junction to ambient thermal resistance (no external heat sink) for the 5 lead TO-220 package mounted vertically, with inch leads
soldered to a PC board containing approximately 4 square inches of (1oz.) copper area surrounding the leads.
Junction to ambient thermal resistance for the 5 lead TO-263 mounted horizontally against a PC board area of 0.136 square inches (the
same size as the DDPAK/TO-263 package) of 1 oz. (0.0014 in. thick) copper.
Junction to ambient thermal resistance for the 5 lead TO-263 mounted horizontally against a PC board area of 0.4896 square inches
(3.6 times the area of the DDPAK/TO-263 package) of 1 oz. (0.0014 in. thick) copper.
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Electrical Characteristics (All Versions) (continued)


Symbol

Parameters

Conditions

Typical

JA

DDPAK/TO-263 Package,
Junction to Ambient (9)

26

JC

DDPAK/TO-263 Package,
Junction to Case

(9)

Min

Max

Units

Junction to ambient thermal resistance for the 5 lead TO-263 mounted horizontally against a PC board copper area of 1.0064 square
inches (7.4 times the area of the DDPAK/TO-2633 package) of 1 oz. (0.0014 in. thick) copper. Additional copper area will reduce
thermal resistance further. See the thermal model in Switchers Made Simple software.

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Typical Performance Characteristics


Supply Current
vs Temperature

Reference Voltage
vs Temperature

Figure 5.

Figure 6.

Reference Voltage
vs Supply Voltage

Supply Current
vs Switch Current

Figure 7.

Figure 8.

Current Limit
vs Temperature

Feedback Pin Bias


Current
vs Temperature

Figure 9.

Figure 10.

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Typical Performance Characteristics (continued)

Switch Saturation
Voltage
vs Temperature

Switch Transconductance
vs Temperature

Figure 11.

Figure 12.

Oscillator Frequency
vs Temperature

Error Amp Transconductance


vs Temperature

Figure 13.

Figure 14.

Error Amp Voltage


Gain
vs Temperature

Short Circuit Frequency


vs Temperature

Figure 15.

Figure 16.

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Flyback Regulator

Figure 17.

Block Diagram

For Fixed Versions


3.3V, R1 = 3.4k, R2 = 2k
5V, R1 = 6.15k, R2 = 2k
12V, R1 = 8.73k, R2 = 1k
For Adj. Version
R1 = Short (0), R2 = Open

Figure 18.

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Test Circuits

CIN1100 F, 25V Aluminum Electrolytic


CIN20.1 F Ceramic
T22 H, 1:1 Schott #67141450
D1N5820
COUT680 F, 16V Aluminum Electrolytic
CC0.47 F Ceramic
RC2k

Figure 19. LM2585-3.3 and LM2585-5.0

CIN1100 F, 25V Aluminum Electrolytic


CIN20.1 F Ceramic
L15 H, Renco #RL-5472-5
D1N5820
COUT680 F, 16V Aluminum Electrolytic
CC0.47 F Ceramic
RC2k
For 12V Devices: R1 = Short (0) and R2 = Open
For ADJ Devices: R1 = 48.75k, 0.1% and R2 = 5.62k, 1%

Figure 20. LM2585-12 and LM2585-ADJ

10

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FLYBACK REGULATOR OPERATION


The LM2585 is ideally suited for use in the flyback regulator topology. The flyback regulator can produce a single
output voltage, such as the one shown in Figure 21, or multiple output voltages. In Figure 21, the flyback
regulator generates an output voltage that is inside the range of the input voltage. This feature is unique to
flyback regulators and cannot be duplicated with buck or boost regulators.
The operation of a flyback regulator is as follows (refer to Figure 21): when the switch is on, current flows
through the primary winding of the transformer, T1, storing energy in the magnetic field of the transformer. Note
that the primary and secondary windings are out of phase, so no current flows through the secondary when
current flows through the primary. When the switch turns off, the magnetic field collapses, reversing the voltage
polarity of the primary and secondary windings. Now rectifier D1 is forward biased and current flows through it,
releasing the energy stored in the transformer. This produces voltage at the output.
The output voltage is controlled by modulating the peak switch current. This is done by feeding back a portion of
the output voltage to the error amp, which amplifies the difference between the feedback voltage and a 1.230V
reference. The error amp output voltage is compared to a ramp voltage proportional to the switch current (i.e.,
inductor current during the switch on time). The comparator terminates the switch on time when the two voltages
are equal, thereby controlling the peak switch current to maintain a constant output voltage.

Figure 21. 12V Flyback Regulator Design Example


As shown in Figure 21, the LM2585 can be used as a flyback regulator by using a minimum number of external
components. The switching waveforms of this regulator are shown in Figure 22. Typical Performance
Characteristics observed during the operation of this circuit are shown in Figure 23.

A: Switch Voltage, 20 V/div


B: Switch Current, 2 A/div
C: Output Rectifier Current, 2 A/div
D: Output Ripple Voltage, 50 mV/div
AC-Coupled
Horizontal: 2 s/div

Figure 22. Switching Waveforms


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Figure 23. VOUT Load Current Step Response

Typical Flyback Regulator Applications


Figure 24 through Figure 29 show six typical flyback applications, varying from single output to triple output. Each
drawing contains the part number(s) and manufacturer(s) for every component except the transformer. For the
transformer part numbers and manufacturers names, the table in Table 1. For applications with different output
voltagesrequiring the LM2585-ADJor different output configurations that do not match the standard
configurations, refer to the Switchers Made Simple software.

Figure 24. Single-Output Flyback Regulator

12

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Figure 25. Single-Output Flyback Regulator

Figure 26. Single-Output Flyback Regulator

Figure 27. Dual-Output Flyback Regulator


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Figure 28. Dual-Output Flyback Regulator

Figure 29. Triple-Output Flyback Regulator

14

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TRANSFORMER SELECTION (T)


Table 1 lists the standard transformers available for flyback regulator applications. Included in the table are the
turns ratio(s) for each transformer, as well as the output voltages, input voltage ranges, and the maximum load
currents for each circuit.
Table 1. Transformer Selection Table
Applications

Figure 24

Figure 25

Figure 26

Figure 27

Figure 28

Figure 29

Transformers

T7

T7

T7

T6

T6

T5
18V36V

VIN

4V6V

4V6V

8V16V

4V6V

18V36V

VOUT1

3.3V

5V

12V

12V

12V

5V

IOUT1 (Max)

1.4A

1A

0.8A

0.15A

0.6A

1.8A

N1

1.2

1.2

0.5

VOUT2

12V

12V

12V

IOUT2 (Max)

0.15A

0.6A

0.25A

1.2

1.2

N2

1.15

VOUT3

12V

IOUT3 (Max)

0.25A

N3

1.15

Table 2. Transformer Manufacturer Guide


Manufacturers' Part Numbers
Transform
er Type

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

Coilcraft

Coilcraft

Pulse

(1)

(1)

(2)

Surface Mount

Surface Mount

Pulse

Renco

Schott

(2)

(3)

(4)

T5

Q4338-B

Q4437-B

PE-68413

RL-5532

67140890

T6

Q4339-B

Q4438-B

PE-68414

RL-5533

67140900

T7

S6000-A

S6057-A

PE-68482

RL-5751

26606

Coilcraft Inc. Phone: (800) 322-2645 www.coilcraft.com


Pulse Engineering Inc. Phone: (619) 674-8100 www.digikey.com
Renco Electronics Inc. Phone: (800) 645-5828 www.cdiweb.com/renco
Schott Corp. Phone: (612) 475-1173 www.schottcorp.com/

TRANSFORMER FOOTPRINTS
Figure 30 through Figure 44 show the footprints of each transformer, listed in Table 1.
T7

T6

Figure 30. Coilcraft S6000-A


(Top View)

Figure 31. Coilcraft Q4339-B


(Top View)

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T5

T5

Figure 32. Coilcraft Q4437-B


(Top View)
(Surface Mount)

Figure 33. Coilcraft Q4338-B


(Top View)

T7

T6

Figure 34. Coilcraft S6057-A


(Top View)
(Surface Mount)

Figure 35. Coilcraft Q4438-B


(Top View)
(Surface Mount)

T7

T6

Figure 36. Pulse PE-68482


(Top View)

16

Figure 37. Pulse PE-68414


(Top View)
(Surface Mount)

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T5

T7

Figure 38. Pulse PE-68413


(Top View)
(Surface Mount)

Figure 39. Renco RL-5751


(Top View)

T6

T5

Figure 40. Renco RL-5533


(Top View)

Figure 41. Renco RL-5532


(Top View)

T7

T6

Figure 42. Schott 26606


(Top View)

Figure 43. Schott 67140900


(Top View)
T5

Figure 44. Schott 67140890


(Top View)

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Step-Up (Boost) Regulator Operation


Figure 45 shows the LM2585 used as a step-up (boost) regulator. This is a switching regulator that produces an
output voltage greater than the input supply voltage.
A brief explanation of how the LM2585 Boost Regulator works is as follows (refer to Figure 45). When the NPN
switch turns on, the inductor current ramps up at the rate of VIN/L, storing energy in the inductor. When the
switch turns off, the lower end of the inductor flies above VIN, discharging its current through diode (D) into the
output capacitor (COUT) at a rate of (VOUT VIN)/L. Thus, energy stored in the inductor during the switch on time
is transferred to the output during the switch off time. The output voltage is controlled by adjusting the peak
switch current, as described in Flyback Regulator.

Figure 45. 12V Boost Regulator


By adding a small number of external components (as shown in Figure 45), the LM2585 can be used to produce
a regulated output voltage that is greater than the applied input voltage. The switching waveforms observed
during the operation of this circuit are shown in Figure 46. Typical performance of this regulator is shown in
Figure 47.

A: Switch Voltage, 10 V/div


B: Switch Current, 2 A/div
C: Inductor Current, 2 A/div
D: Output Ripple Voltage,
100 mV/div, AC-Coupled
Horizontal: 2 s/div

Figure 46. Switching Waveforms

Figure 47. VOUT Response to Load Current Step


18

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Typical Boost Regulator Applications


Figure 48 through Figure 51 show four typical boost applications)one fixed and three using the adjustable
version of the LM2585. Each drawing contains the part number(s) and manufacturer(s) for every component. For
the fixed 12V output application, the part numbers and manufacturers' names for the inductor are listed in
Table 3. For applications with different output voltages, refer to the Switchers Made Simple software.

Figure 48. +5V to +12V Boost Regulator


Table 3 contains a table of standard inductors, by part number and corresponding manufacturer, for the fixed
output regulator of Figure 48.
Table 3. Inductor Selection Table
Coilcraft

(1)

D03316-153
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

Pulse

(2)

PE-53898

Renco (3)

Schott (4)

Schott (Surface Mount) (4)

RL-5471-7

67146510

67146540

Coilcraft Inc. Phone: (800) 322-2645 1102 Silver Lake Road, Cary, IL 60013 Fax: (708) 639-1469
Pulse Engineering Inc. Phone: (619) 674-8100 12220 World Trade Drive, San Diego, CA 92128 Fax: (619) 674-8262
Renco Electronics Inc. Phone (800) 645-5828 60 Jeffryn Blvd. East, Deer Park, NY 11729 Fax: (516) 586-5562
Schott Corp. Phone: (612) 475-1173 1000 Parkers Lane Road, Wayzata, MN 55391 Fax: (612) 475-1786

Figure 49. +12V to +24V Boost Regulator

Figure 50. +24V to +36V Boost Regulator

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*The LM2585 will require a heat sink in these applications. The size of the heat sink will depend on the maximum
ambient temperature. To calculate the thermal resistance of the IC and the size of the heat sink needed, the HEAT
SINK/THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS in the Application Hints.

Figure 51. +24V to +48V Boost Regulator

Application Hints

Figure 52. Boost Regulator


PROGRAMMING OUTPUT VOLTAGE
(SELECTING R1 AND R2)
Referring to the adjustable regulator in Figure 52, the output voltage is programmed by the resistors R1 and R2
by the following formula:
VOUT = VREF (1 + R1/R2)

where

VREF = 1.23V

(1)

Resistors R1 and R2 divide the output voltage down so that it can be compared with the 1.23V internal reference.
With R2 between 1k and 5k, R1 is:
R1 = R2 (VOUT/VREF 1)

where

VREF = 1.23V

(2)

For best temperature coefficient and stability with time, use 1% metal film resistors.
SHORT CIRCUIT CONDITION
Due to the inherent nature of boost regulators, when the output is shorted (Figure 52), current flows directly from
the input, through the inductor and the diode, to the output, bypassing the switch. The current limit of the switch
does not limit the output current for the entire circuit. To protect the load and prevent damage to the switch, the
current must be externally limited, either by the input supply or at the output with an external current limit circuit.
The external limit should be set to the maximum switch current of the device, which is 3A.

20

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In a flyback regulator application (Figure 53), using the standard transformers, the LM2585 will survive a short
circuit to the main output. When the output voltage drops to 80% of its nominal value, the frequency will drop to
25 kHz. With a lower frequency, off times are larger. With the longer off times, the transformer can release all of
its stored energy before the switch turns back on. Hence, the switch turns on initially with zero current at its
collector. In this condition, the switch current limit will limit the peak current, saving the device.

Figure 53. Flyback Regulator


FLYBACK REGULATOR INPUT CAPACITORS
A flyback regulator draws discontinuous pulses of current from the input supply. Therefore, there are two input
capacitors needed in a flyback regulator; one for energy storage and one for filtering (Figure 53). Both are
required due to the inherent operation of a flyback regulator. To keep a stable or constant voltage supply to the
LM2585, a storage capacitor (100 F) is required. If the input source is a rectified DC supply and/or the
application has a wide temperature range, the required rms current rating of the capacitor might be very large.
This means a larger value of capacitance or a higher voltage rating will be needed of the input capacitor. The
storage capacitor will also attenuate noise which may interfere with other circuits connected to the same input
supply voltage.
In addition, a small bypass capacitor is required due to the noise generated by the input current pulses. To
eliminate the noise, insert a 1.0 F ceramic capacitor between VIN and ground as close as possible to the device.
SWITCH VOLTAGE LIMITS
In a flyback regulator, the maximum steady-state voltage appearing at the switch, when it is off, is set by the
transformer turns ratio, N, the output voltage, VOUT, and the maximum input voltage, VIN (Max):
VSW(OFF) = VIN (Max) + (VOUT +VF)/N

where

VF is the forward biased voltage of the output diode and is 0.5V for Schottky diodes and 0.8V for ultra-fast
recovery diodes (typically).

(3)

In certain circuits, there exists a voltage spike, VLL, superimposed on top of the steady-state voltage (Figure 22,
waveform A). Usually, this voltage spike is caused by the transformer leakage inductance and/or the output
rectifier recovery time. To clamp the voltage at the switch from exceeding its maximum value, a transient
suppressor in series with a diode is inserted across the transformer primary (as shown in the circuit on the front
page and other flyback regulator circuits throughout the datasheet). The schematic in Figure 53 shows another
method of clamping the switch voltage. A single voltage transient suppressor (the SA51A) is inserted at the
switch pin. This method clamps the total voltage across the switch, not just the voltage across the primary.

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If poor circuit layout techniques are used (see CIRCUIT LAYOUT GUIDELINES), negative voltage transients may
appear on the Switch pin (pin 4). Applying a negative voltage (with respect to the IC's ground) to any monolithic
IC pin causes erratic and unpredictable operation of that IC. This holds true for the LM2585 IC as well. When
used in a flyback regulator, the voltage at the Switch pin (pin 4) can go negative when the switch turns on. The
ringing voltage at the switch pin is caused by the output diode capacitance and the transformer leakage
inductance forming a resonant circuit at the secondary(ies). The resonant circuit generates the ringing voltage,
which gets reflected back through the transformer to the switch pin. There are two common methods to avoid this
problem. One is to add an RC snubber around the output rectifier(s), as in Figure 53. The values of the resistor
and the capacitor must be chosen so that the voltage at the Switch pin does not drop below 0.4V. The resistor
may range in value between 10 and 1 k, and the capacitor will vary from 0.001 F to 0.1 F. Adding a
snubber will (slightly) reduce the efficiency of the overall circuit.
The other method to reduce or eliminate the ringing is to insert a Schottky diode clamp between pins 4 and 3
(ground), also shown in Figure 53. This prevents the voltage at pin 4 from dropping below 0.4V. The reverse
voltage rating of the diode must be greater than the switch off voltage.
OUTPUT VOLTAGE LIMITATIONS
The maximum output voltage of a boost regulator is the maximum switch voltage minus a diode drop. In a
flyback regulator, the maximum output voltage is determined by the turns ratio, N, and the duty cycle, D, by the
equation:
VOUT N VIN D/(1 D)

(4)

The duty cycle of a flyback regulator is determined by the following equation:


(5)

Theoretically, the maximum output voltage can be as large as desiredjust keep increasing the turns ratio of the
transformer. However, there exists some physical limitations that prevent the turns ratio, and thus the output
voltage, from increasing to infinity. The physical limitations are capacitances and inductances in the LM2585
switch, the output diode(s), and the transformersuch as reverse recovery time of the output diode (mentioned
above).

Figure 54. Input Line Filter


NOISY INPUT LINE CONDITION
A small, low-pass RC filter should be used at the input pin of the LM2585 if the input voltage has an unusual
large amount of transient noise, such as with an input switch that bounces. The circuit in Figure 54 demonstrates
the layout of the filter, with the capacitor placed from the input pin to ground and the resistor placed between the
input supply and the input pin. Note that the values of RIN and CIN shown in the schematic are good enough for
most applications, but some readjusting might be required for a particular application. If efficiency is a major
concern, replace the resistor with a small inductor (say 10 H and rated at 100 mA).

22

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STABILITY
All current-mode controlled regulators can suffer from an instability, known as subharmonic oscillation, if they
operate with a duty cycle above 50%. To eliminate subharmonic oscillations, a minimum value of inductance is
required to ensure stability for all boost and flyback regulators. The minimum inductance is given by:

where

VSAT is the switch saturation voltage and can be found in the Characteristic Curves.

(6)

Figure 55. Circuit Board Layout


CIRCUIT LAYOUT GUIDELINES
As in any switching regulator, layout is very important. Rapidly switching currents associated with wiring
inductance generate voltage transients which can cause problems. For minimal inductance and ground loops,
keep the length of the leads and traces as short as possible. Use single point grounding or ground plane
construction for best results. Separate the signal grounds from the power grounds (as indicated in Figure 55).
When using the Adjustable version, physically locate the programming resistors as near the regulator IC as
possible, to keep the sensitive feedback wiring short.
HEAT SINK/THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS
In many cases, no heat sink is required to keep the LM2585 junction temperature within the allowed operating
range. For each application, to determine whether or not a heat sink will be required, the following must be
identified:
1) Maximum ambient temperature (in the application).
2) Maximum regulator power dissipation (in the application).
3) Maximum allowed junction temperature (125C for the LM2585). For a safe, conservative design, a
temperature approximately 15C cooler than the maximum junction temperature should be selected (110C).
4) LM2585 package thermal resistances JA and JC (given in the Electrical Characteristics).
Total power dissipated (PD) by the LM2585 can be estimated as follows:

where

VIN is the minimum input voltage


VOUT is the output voltage
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N is the transformer turns ratio


D is the duty cycle
ILOAD is the maximum load current (and ILOAD is the sum of the maximum load currents for multiple-output
flyback regulators)
(7)

The duty cycle is given by:

where

VF is the forward biased voltage of the diode and is typically 0.5V for Schottky diodes and 0.8V for fast
recovery diodes
VSAT is the switch saturation voltage and can be found in the Characteristic Curves

(8)

When no heat sink is used, the junction temperature rise is:


TJ = PD JA.

(9)

Adding the junction temperature rise to the maximum ambient temperature gives the actual operating junction
temperature:
TJ = TJ + TA.

(10)

If the operating junction temperature exceeds the maximum junction temperatue in item 3 above, then a heat
sink is required. When using a heat sink, the junction temperature rise can be determined by the following:
TJ = PD (JC + Interface + Heat Sink)

(11)

Again, the operating junction temperature will be:


TJ = TJ + TA

(12)

As before, if the maximum junction temperature is exceeded, a larger heat sink is required (one that has a lower
thermal resistance).
Included in the Switchers Made Simple design software is a more precise (non-linear) thermal model that can
be used to determine junction temperature with different input-output parameters or different component values.
It can also calculate the heat sink thermal resistance required to maintain the regulator junction temperature
below the maximum operating temperature.
To further simplify the flyback regulator design procedure, Texas Instruments is making available computer
design software to be used with the Simple Switcher line of switching regulators. Switchers Made Simple
available on a 3 diskette for IBM compatible computers from a Texas Instruments sales office in your area or
the Texas Instruments Customer Response Center ((800) 477-8924).

24

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SNVS120F APRIL 2000 REVISED APRIL 2013

REVISION HISTORY
Changes from Revision E (April 2013) to Revision F

Page

Changed layout of National Data Sheet to TI format .......................................................................................................... 24

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25

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

11-Dec-2014

PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device

Status
(1)

Package Type Package Pins Package


Drawing
Qty

Eco Plan

Lead/Ball Finish

MSL Peak Temp

(2)

(6)

(3)

Op Temp (C)

Device Marking
(4/5)

LM2585S-12/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-12 P+

LM2585S-3.3/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-3.3 P+

LM2585S-5.0/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-5.0 P+

LM2585S-ADJ

NRND

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

45

TBD

Call TI

Call TI

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-ADJ P+

LM2585S-ADJ/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-ADJ P+

LM2585SX-12/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-12 P+

LM2585SX-3.3/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-3.3 P+

LM2585SX-5.0

NRND

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

TBD

Call TI

Call TI

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-5.0 P+

LM2585SX-5.0/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-5.0 P+

LM2585SX-ADJ

NRND

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

TBD

Call TI

Call TI

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-ADJ P+

LM2585SX-ADJ/NOPB

ACTIVE

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-3-245C-168 HR

-40 to 125

LM2585S
-ADJ P+

LM2585T-12/NOPB

ACTIVE

TO-220

NDH

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

-40 to 125

LM2585T
-12 P+

LM2585T-3.3/NOPB

ACTIVE

TO-220

NDH

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

-40 to 125

LM2585T
-3.3 P+

LM2585T-5.0/NOPB

ACTIVE

TO-220

NDH

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

-40 to 125

LM2585T
-5.0 P+

LM2585T-ADJ

NRND

TO-220

NDH

45

TBD

Call TI

Call TI

-40 to 125

LM2585T
-ADJ P+

LM2585T-ADJ/NOPB

ACTIVE

TO-220

NDH

45

Pb-Free (RoHS
Exempt)

CU SN

Level-1-NA-UNLIM

-40 to 125

LM2585T
-ADJ P+

(1)

The marketing status values are defined as follows:


ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs.
Addendum-Page 1

Samples

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

11-Dec-2014

LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect.
NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design.
PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available.
OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)

Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability
information and additional product content details.
TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined.
Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that
lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.
Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between
the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above.
Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight
in homogeneous material)
(3)

MSL, Peak Temp. - The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.

(4)

There may be additional marking, which relates to the logo, the lot trace code information, or the environmental category on the device.

(5)

Multiple Device Markings will be inside parentheses. Only one Device Marking contained in parentheses and separated by a "~" will appear on a device. If a line is indented then it is a continuation
of the previous line and the two combined represent the entire Device Marking for that device.
(6)

Lead/Ball Finish - Orderable Devices may have multiple material finish options. Finish options are separated by a vertical ruled line. Lead/Ball Finish values may wrap to two lines if the finish
value exceeds the maximum column width.
Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information
provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and
continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals.
TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release.
In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis.

Addendum-Page 2

PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION


www.ti.com

23-Sep-2013

TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION

*All dimensions are nominal

Device

Package Package Pins


Type Drawing

SPQ

Reel
Reel
A0
Diameter Width (mm)
(mm) W1 (mm)

B0
(mm)

K0
(mm)

P1
(mm)

W
Pin1
(mm) Quadrant

LM2585SX-12/NOPB

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

330.0

24.4

10.75

14.85

5.0

16.0

24.0

Q2

LM2585SX-3.3/NOPB

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

330.0

24.4

10.75

14.85

5.0

16.0

24.0

Q2

LM2585SX-5.0

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

330.0

24.4

10.75

14.85

5.0

16.0

24.0

Q2

LM2585SX-5.0/NOPB

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

330.0

24.4

10.75

14.85

5.0

16.0

24.0

Q2

LM2585SX-ADJ

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

330.0

24.4

10.75

14.85

5.0

16.0

24.0

Q2

LM2585SX-ADJ/NOPB

DDPAK/
TO-263

KTT

500

330.0

24.4

10.75

14.85

5.0

16.0

24.0

Q2

Pack Materials-Page 1

PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION


www.ti.com

23-Sep-2013

*All dimensions are nominal

Device

Package Type

Package Drawing

Pins

SPQ

Length (mm)

Width (mm)

Height (mm)

LM2585SX-12/NOPB

DDPAK/TO-263

KTT

500

367.0

367.0

45.0

LM2585SX-3.3/NOPB

DDPAK/TO-263

KTT

500

367.0

367.0

45.0

LM2585SX-5.0

DDPAK/TO-263

KTT

500

367.0

367.0

45.0

LM2585SX-5.0/NOPB

DDPAK/TO-263

KTT

500

367.0

367.0

45.0

LM2585SX-ADJ

DDPAK/TO-263

KTT

500

367.0

367.0

45.0

LM2585SX-ADJ/NOPB

DDPAK/TO-263

KTT

500

367.0

367.0

45.0

Pack Materials-Page 2

MECHANICAL DATA

NDH0005D

www.ti.com

MECHANICAL DATA

KTT0005B

TS5B (Rev D)

BOTTOM SIDE OF PACKAGE

www.ti.com

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regulatory requirements in connection with such use.
TI has specifically designated certain components as meeting ISO/TS16949 requirements, mainly for automotive use. In any case of use of
non-designated products, TI will not be responsible for any failure to meet ISO/TS16949.
Products

Applications

Audio

www.ti.com/audio

Automotive and Transportation

www.ti.com/automotive

Amplifiers

amplifier.ti.com

Communications and Telecom

www.ti.com/communications

Data Converters

dataconverter.ti.com

Computers and Peripherals

www.ti.com/computers

DLP Products

www.dlp.com

Consumer Electronics

www.ti.com/consumer-apps

DSP

dsp.ti.com

Energy and Lighting

www.ti.com/energy

Clocks and Timers

www.ti.com/clocks

Industrial

www.ti.com/industrial

Interface

interface.ti.com

Medical

www.ti.com/medical

Logic

logic.ti.com

Security

www.ti.com/security

Power Mgmt

power.ti.com

Space, Avionics and Defense

www.ti.com/space-avionics-defense

Microcontrollers

microcontroller.ti.com

Video and Imaging

www.ti.com/video

RFID

www.ti-rfid.com

OMAP Applications Processors

www.ti.com/omap

TI E2E Community

e2e.ti.com

Wireless Connectivity

www.ti.com/wirelessconnectivity
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