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Code No: 05321902

Set No. 1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD


III B.Tech.II Sem. I Mid-Term Objective Examinations, Feb. 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING


Objective Exam
Name:
____________________________ Hall Ticket No. _______________
Answer All Questions. All Questions Carry Equal Marks. Time: 20 Min. Marks: 20.
I

Choose the correct alternative:

1.

An image is
1. 1-D signal 2. 2-D signal 3. 3-D signal 4. Non-dimensional signal

2.

An image is a function of
1.One spatial coordinate

2.Two spatial coordinates

3.Two frequency coordinates 4. One spatial and one frequency coordinates


3.

The memory required for storing 256x256 gray scale image is

1.524288 bits
4.

2. 8 bits

3.65536 bits

4.32768 bytes

An image is a function of

1.sum of illumination and reflectance components


2. difference of illumination and reflectance components
3. either illumination or reflectance components
4. product of illumination and reflectance components

5.

The limitation of JPEG file format is


1.Low dynamic range

6.

1.

2.

4.

2.Larger file size

Fourier transform of continuous signal is defined as

3.

Cont.[2]

[2]
Code No: 05321902
7.

Set No. 1

Average value of an image is equal to

1.Average value of its Fourier transform


2.Average value of its Fourier transform at origin
3.Average value of its Fourier transform at infinite
4.1/N times the Fourier transform of an image at origin
8.

The transform based on statistical properties of an image is


1.Discrete cosine transform 2. Walsh transform
3.Slant transform

9.

For which application Hotelling transform is used?


1.Restoration

10.

4. Principle component transform

2. Segmentation

Point processing techniques of an image enhancement operates on

3.group of pixels 4.certain portion of an image

2.11

3. 9

4. 7

The black and white of a gray scale image is obtained using how many number of gray levels? [
1.1

14.

The low pass filtered value of pixel 14 in a given image [ 7 6 8;8 14 6; 5 7 11] is [
1.8

13.

4.Slant

1.single point 2.a pixel


12.

4. Compression

Which of the following transform is image dependent?


1.KLT 2.DCT 3.Haar

11.

3. Morphological operations

2. 2

3. 0

4. 8

Applying average filter is equivalent to applying

1.Low pass in spatial domain 2.Low pass filter in frequency filter


3. High pass filter in spatial domain 4. High boost filter
15.

High pass filtered of an image contains


1.Details of image
3.Only boundaries of an image

2.Blurred information
4.Black and white values only
Cont3

Code No: 05321902


16.
Contrast adjustment is done by

Set No. 1
[
]

::3::

1. Multiplying all the pixels of the image by a constant


2. Dividing all the pixels of the image by a constant
3. Adding all the pixels of the image by a constant
4. Subtracting all the pixels of the image by a constant
17.

Histogram of a high contrast image

1.will be clustered towards high gray level 2.will be clustered towards lower gray level
3.will have equal spread in gray level
18.

4.will be narrow

As the size of the mask increases

1. It leads to sharpening of the image 2. It leads to blurring of the image


3. It increases impact of noise
19.

The transfer function of butter worth low pass filter with cutoff frequency

1.

3.
20.

4. No change in quality of image


is

2.

4.

Butter worth high pass filter

1. Removes sharp features in an image 2. Removes edge features in an image


3. Removes boundary features in an image 4. Removes smooth features in an image
-oOo-

Code No: 05321902

Set No. 2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD


III B.Tech.II Sem. I Mid-Term Objective Examinations, Feb. 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING


Objective Exam
Name:
____________________________ Hall Ticket No. _______________
Answer All Questions. All Questions Carry Equal Marks. Time: 20 Min. Marks: 20.
I

Choose the correct alternative:

1.

The memory required for storing 256x256 black & white image is
1.524288 bits 2. 8 bits

2.

3. 65536 bits 4. 32768 bytes

An analog image is converted to digital image

1.Scaling operation 2.Sampling 3. Quantization 4. Digitization of spatial coordinates and gray values
3.

The effect of sampling of digital image leads to

1.Checker board effect 2. False contour effect 3. Black and white image 4. Gray scale image
4.

The ideal values of reflectance coefficient is


1.Zero to infinity 2.-1 to 1

5.

3.Zero to one

4.

to

The limitation of JPEG file format is


1.Low dynamic range

2.Larger file size

3. Not useful in internet educational environment 4. It can be used to create simple animations
6.

7.

Fourier transform of digital signal is defined as

1.

2.

3.

4.

Laplacian of an image is
1.First derivative of an image

2. Second derivative of an image

3.Fourier transform of an image 4. Power spectrum of an image


8.

Which transform is called block transform?

1.4x4 Haar transform 2.Hadamard transform 3.Discrete Fourier transform 4. Discrete cosine transform
Cont2

Code No: 05321902


9.

Which of the following transform is image dependent?


1.KLT

10.

::2::

2.DCT

3.Haar

Set No. 2
[

4.Slant

For which application Hotelling transform is used?


1.Restoration 2.Segmentation 3.Morphological operations 4.compression

11.

The minimum size of mask is


1.1x1 2.3x3

12.

13.

3.5x5 4.7x7

Image enhancement using mask operation operates


1.using photo resist mask

2.using mask of any size

3.4 neighbors of a pixel

4.8 neighbors of a pixel

What is the size of given image?

=
1.16 bits 2.16 words 3.128 bits 4.256 bits
14.

Applying sharpening filter is equivalent to applying


1.Low pass in spatial domain

2.Low pass filter in frequency filter

3.High pass filter in spatial domain 4. High boost filter


15.

High boost filter is

1.High pass filter 2.Low pass filter 3.Low pass and high pass filter 4.Part of original and high pass filter
16.

Histogram of a dark image

1.will be clustered towards high gray level 2.will be clustered towards lower gray level
3.will have equal spread in gray level
17.

4.will be narrow

Which one of the following is an example of non-linear gray level transformation?[

1.Mean filtering 2.Averaging filter 3.Point processing 4.Thresholding


Cont3

Code No: 05321902

18.

::3::

Gaussian filters are a class of


1.Non-linear smoothing filters
3.Frequency domain filters

19.

2.Non-linear sharpning filters


4.Linear smoothing filters

The transfer function of butter worth high pass filter with cutoff frequency

1.

20.

Set No. 2

2.

3.

As the cutoff frequency of a low pass filter increases

is [

4.

1.The amount of smoothness in an image increases 2.The amount of details in an image decreases
3.The amount of sharpness in an image increases 4.No change in the quality of an image
-oOo-

Code No: 05321902

Set No. 3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD


III B.Tech.II Sem. I Mid-Term Objective Examinations, Feb. 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING


Objective Exam
Name:
____________________________ Hall Ticket No. _______________
Answer All Questions. All Questions Carry Equal Marks. Time: 20 Min. Marks: 20.
I

Choose the correct alternative:

1.

The effect of quantization of digital image

1.Checker board effect 2.False contour effect 3.Black and white image 4.Gray scale image
2.

The ideal values of illumination coefficient is


1. Zero to infinity 2. -1 to 1 3. Zero to one 4.

3.

4.

6.

7.

8.

c)

a)

b)

b)

d)3x3

The Slant matrix of lowest order is


b)3x3

c) 0.707*

d) 4x4

Which of the following transform is image independent?


a) KLT

d)

The Hadamard matrix of lowest order is

a)
9.

b)

c)65536 bits d)1572864 bytes

The power spectrum of 1-D signal is


a)

d)Tag improved file format

The memory required for storing 256x256 color image is


a) 1048576 bytes b) 8 bits

b)Tagged image file format

b) Total improved file format


5.

4.monitor

TIFF stands for


a) Total image file format

to

Which of the following is not the element used for storing image?
1.Floppy 2.CDROM 3.Pen drive

b)Hotelling transform c) DCT d) Eigen value transform


Cont2

Code No: 05321902

10.

::2::

The transform based on statistical properties of an image is

Set No. 3

a) Discrete cosine transform b)Walsh transform c) Slant transform d)Principle component transform
11.

The number of bit planes of 16x16gray scale image is


a) 16

12.

13.

b)8

c) 256

The expression for power law transformation is


a)

b)

b)

d)

Bit plane slicing method is used for

15.

b)Brightness improvement

b) Noise removal

d)Image compression

Smoothing filters are equivalent to


Low pass filters

d)4

a) Contrast improvement

14.

b)High pass filters c)Band pass filters d)High boost filters

In a given 4x4 image, the 3x3 median value of pixel with value 5 is:

=
a) 8
16.

b) 9

c) 10

d)5

Histogram of a bright image


a) will be clustered towards high gray level
b) will have equal spread in gray level

17.

b)will be clustered towards lower gray level


d) will be narrow

In case of mean filter

a) Each pixel replaced by average of that pixel


b) Blurring affects feature localization
c) Isolated pixel cannot affect the mean value of neighborhood pixels
d) 3x3 is the maximum size of mask
Cont3

Code No: 05321902

::3::

Set No. 3

8. Two images have the same histograms. Which of the following properties must they have in common?
[
a) Average power b)Inter pixel covariance function c)Total power d) None
19.

Homomorphic filter is used for

a) Brightness range compression b)Contrast enhancement


b) Brightness enhancement
20.

d)Bright range compression and contrast enhancement

As the cutoff frequency of a low pass filter decreases


a) The amount of smoothness in an image increases
b) The amount of details in an image increases
c) The amount of blurring in an image decreases
d) There is no effect on the quality of an image

-oOo-

Code No: 05321902

Set No. 4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, HYDERABAD


III B.Tech.II Sem. I Mid-Term Objective Examinations, Feb. 2009

DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING


Objective Exam
Name:
____________________________ Hall Ticket No. _______________
Answer All Questions. All Questions Carry Equal Marks. Time: 20 Min. Marks: 20.
I

Choose the correct alternative:

1.

The range of values of gray scale is

a) Zero to infinity b)0 to 255 c) -255 to 255 d)0 to 1024


2.

Which of the following is the element used for acquiring an image?


a) Digital camera b)Lens c) Monitor d)printer

3.

In a monochrome image
a) Each pixel is stored as a bit b) Each pixel is stored as a byte
c)Each pixel is stored as 3 bytes d) Each bit is stored as word

4.

JPEG image file format standards comes with


a) Lossy compression algorithm b) Lossless compression algorithm

c)Lossless and lossy compression algorithm d)Neither lossless nor lossy compression algorithm
5.

Microsoft windows basic file format is


a) JPEG

6.

7.

8.

b)

c)

d)

The Haar matrix of lowest order is


a)

b)TIFF c)PNG d)BMP

The power spectrum of digital image is


a)

b) 3x3

c)0.707*

d)4x4

Which transform is based on Eigen values of an image?


a) DCT b)DFT c) Walsh transform d) KL transform

9.

Which of the following transform is image independent?


A) KLT

b)B) Hotelling transform c)C) DCT d) D) Eigen value transform


Cont2

Code No: 05321902


10.

Set No. 4

The Slant matrix of lowest order is


A)

11.

::2::

b) B) 3x3

c) C) 0.707*

c)[ 0, 1, 0; 0, 1, 1; 1, 0, 0 ]
12.

13.

d)[ -255, 0, -255; -255,0,0; 0, -255, -255 ]


[

b) Bit plane 2 c) Bit plane 5 d) Bit plane 7

c) 0

d) 8

Histogram of an image is

a)Discrete plot

15.

The black and white of a gray scale image is obtained using how many number of bits used to represent
each pixel?
[
]
a) 1 b) 2

14.

b) [ 0, -255, 0; 0, -255, -255; -255, 0, 0 ]

The black and white of a gray scale image is obtained using which bit plane?
a) Bit plane 0

d)D) 4x4

The negative of [ 0, 255, 0; 0, 255, 255; 255, 0, 0 ] is


a) [ 255, 0, 255; 255,0,0; 0, 255, 255 ]

b)Bar plot c)Continuous plot d) Digital plot

Which of the following is correct?

a) The histogram equalization of continuous image does not produce a perfectly flat histogram
b) The histogram equalization of discrete image does not produce a perfectly flat histogram
c) The histogram equalization of discrete image produce perfectly flat histogram
d) The histogram equalization method is used for compression
16.

17.

Histogram of a low contrast image

a) will be clustered towards high gray level

b) will be clustered towards lower gray level

c)will have equal spread in gray level

d) will be narrow

Suggest a suitable filter that could minimize the impact of salt and pepper noise. [

a) Gaussian filter b) Mean filter c) Median filter d)Bartlett window


18.

Butter worth filter is basically


a) Low pass filter

b) Normalized low pass filter

b) High pass filter

c)Normalized high pass filter

Cont3

Code No: 05321902


19.

Homomorphic filtering is
a) Linear filtering
c) Spatial domain filtering

20.

::3::

Set No. 4
[

b) Nonlinear filtering
d) Time domain filtering

As the cutoff frequency of a high pass filter decreases


a) The amount of smoothness in an image decreases
b) The amount of details in an image decreases
c) The amount of blurring in an image decreases
d) No change in the quality of an image
-oOo-