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Evaluation of the network

Design for Mya MaLar


Company

Agenda
Evaluating the Network Design
1.
Evaluating the subnet address
2.
Network Design for each department
3.
Testing the configured servers
4.
Potential Enhancements for network
development
5.
Maintenance Schedule
6.
Maintenance Plan Table
7.
Summary

Evaluating the Network


Design
1. Evaluating the Subnet Address
Subnet
Address

Range of Possible Hosts

Broadcast
Address

Status

Department/devi
ces

203.192.53.0

Reserve
d

203.192.53.3
2

203.192.53.33~203.192.53.62

203.192.53.63

Usable

Server & IT
Maintenance Room

203.192.53.6
4

203.192.53.65~203.192.53.94

203.192.53.95

Usable

Operation
Department

203.192.53.9
6

203.192.53.97~203.192.53.12
6

203.192.53.12
7

Usable

Marketing
Department

203.192.53.1
28

203.192.53.129~203.192.53.1
58

203.192.53.15
9

Usable

Administration
Department

203.192.53.1
60

203.192.53.161~203.192.53.1
90

203.192.53.19
1

Usable

Accounting
Department

203.192.53.1
92

203.192.53.193~203.192.53.2
22

203.192.53.22
3

Usable

Wireless Access
Point

203.192.53.2
24

Reserve
d

I divide the network into 8 sub networks to work properly according to the
users and individual departments permissions and specification. At the case of
defining subnet, I divide the 8 subnets, each has the 32 host numbers because
the operation department has the 15 workstations, 1 router host, 1 printer host,
and 1 24-port switch host are needed. So the highest total required host number
is the 18 hosts. To recover the addition of new hosts into this department, I
divided the network as I mentioned above.
Benefits
Moreover the returns of the dividing networks, your network can work
efficiently, for example; the complication of the sending email to the wrong user
can be reduced, and can setup the user permission and authentication therefore
your data are more secure than the time before diving many sub networks.
2

Constraints
Many kinds and numbers of network components are used to divide
networks. So the cost of them are existed as the barriers. In the other hand, the
benefits of dividing sub networks will greatly support for your business daily
process. Thus I divided them.

2. Network Design for each department


Rooms (OR)
Department
Server and IT Maintenance
Room

Operation Department

Marketing Department

Administration Department

Accounting Department

Including Components
1 Server
9 Workstations
12 port switch
Cat 5 Twisted Pair Cable
Wireless Access Point
15 workstation
A 24 port switch
A laser printer
Cat 5 twisted pair cable
10 workstation
A 16 port switch
A laser printer
Cat 5 twisted pair cable
8 workstation
A 16 port switch
A laser printer
Cat 5 twisted pair cable
5 workstation
A 12 port switch
A laser printer
Cat 5 twisted pair cable

Type of topology
Star

Star

Star

Star

Star

In the case of applying the workstations at the server and IT Maintenance


room, there will be 1 main server and 3 workstations for control well the various
kind of the servers of the whole network and can sufficiently manage to the
network processes of the 4 departments. Moreover 12 ports switch can support
well for the data transfer well for the data transfer process of the maintenance
rooms local area network.
At the operation Department, I select the 24 port switch because of the
availability of the switch. If the 16 port is applied there, it can work now and its
availability is nearly full. But when you want to extend the more than one
computers at this department, you will need to buy a new switch. This is my
reason for choosing 24 switch for operation Department.
The main cable is from the main router to the different departments and
room has its own switch for the data transfer process of their respective local
area network and main router provides the routing and subnetting of the whole
network.
Reflection on the using of main router and 5 switches
3

The whole network structure is constructed by the main router and 5


switches. Main router is performing as the multi routers and from the main
router; 5 switches are performing as the five sub networks. The duties of the
switches is only for data transporting in their respective networks. Switches to
main router is only happened when the data or mail is sending or accessing from
the different network. Due to these reasons, this network structure the data
traffic bugs and other authentication bugs can be reduced a lot.
Cable
I choose the CAT 5 Twisted cable for all connections of the whole network.
According to the Electronic Industries Association and Telecommunications
Industry Association (EIA/TIA), its data transfer rate is 100 Megabyte per second.
So its rate can use at your company network comfortably.

Topology
I use the star topology to all of the department networks due to the following
reasons.
Easy to manage and troubleshoot
Reduce the chance of network failure because it cannot broken easily
because it has each connection for each node
It network can easily add node to the network and no need to disturb or
unplug other node.
On the other hand it need a lot of cable cost. But it is worth to its
performance and scalability.

3. Testing the configured servers


No

Testing

File/Mail

Users from accounting


department can access
it permitted file from
their PC
Users from marketing
department can access
it permitted file from
their PC
Users
from
administrator
department can access
it permitted file from
their PC
Users from operation
department can access
it permitted file from
their PC

Result
Outco
me
Can
Access

Archive/
denied

C:\\Share\\Accoun
ting

Expect
ed
Result
Can
Access

C:\\Share\\Marketi
ng

Can
Access

Can
Access

Archive

C:\\Share\\Admins
tration

Can
Access

Can
Access

Archive

C:\\Share\\Operati
on

Can
Access

Can
Access

Archive

Archive

Managers can access all


files
Managers can access all
files
Boss can access all files

Boss can access all files

Sending Mail from a user


at administration
Department
Sending Mail from a
manager
Sending Mail from a user
at Accounting
Department
Receiving Mail from a
user in Operation
Department
Receiving Mail from a
user in Marketing
Department
Receiving Mail from a
user in Accounting
Department
Accessing web page
from all users

10
11

13

14

15

16

C:\\Share\\Marketi
ng
C:\\Share\\Operati
on
C:\\Share\\Adminis
tration
C:\\Share\\Accoun
ting
Greeting

Can
Access
Can
Access
Can
Access
Can
Access
Mail
Send

Can
Access
Can
Access
Can
Access
Can
Access
Send

Archive

Greeting1

Mail
Send
Mail
Send

Send

Archive

Send

Archive

Greeting2

Receive

Receive

Archive

Greeting1

Receive

Receive

Archive

Greeting

Receive

Receive

Archive

https/192.168.53.
1/newwebpage/w
ebpage.html

Can
Access

Can
Access

Archive

Greeting2

4. Potential Enhancements
development

for

Archive
Archive
Archive
Archive

network

Server
Currently we use the normal performance clone PC (ordinary clone PC) to
perform all of the process of web server, mail server, DNS server. Therefore it
can be happened many traffic gam when the many requests are coming from the
clients. Besides these traffics, the performance of the network can be happened.
To cover this problem, the servers can separate individually into the individual
mail server, individual web server and individual DNS server. Individual server
can easily perform its individual process and its performance cannot be drop
easily because the individual server perform its individual process and it only has

the little chance to failure. But it performance will also drop while the many
requests are coming.

Cable
CAT 5 Twisted Cable is only transfer 100 megabyte per second. So It only
sufficient for normal PC usage (below 200 PCs). When your company needs to
increase the data transfer rate, you can use CAT 6 Twisted Pair which can
transport the data from one host and one host 1 Gigabyte per second.
Switches and Routers
When you have a plan to use the CAT 6 cable, current switches and
routers cant be applied for CAT 6. They can only accept CAT 5 cable. So when
you change your cable with CAT 6 cable, you need to change your switches and
routers with CAT 6 accepted switches and routers.
Work Station
Network performance is mainly based on the cable, server performance,
and work station performance. To increase the network performance, the
workstation performance is also need to upgrade. In the case of upgrading
workstation, the whole workstations can change or the network interface card
(NIC) can change because the NIC include the important role of the network data
transferring process.

Backup Plan
Backup plan is the one of the most important plan at the business. At the
future, you will need the backup network components; extra switches, routers
and cables will need when the one of the network components is failure. This
plan will cost a lot. But it can give safety and recoverable of your daily work
when the network is broken.

5. Maintenance Schedule
As soon as we start a network at your company, it will be ok every things;
no errors, no fault, no exception. But we dont know what will happen later. If you
may change your company computers, or may be software, or useless broken
hardware components or something can change. At this time, there can happen
a huge problem or a tiny at your network and disturb your daily work. So to
prevent it, maintenance plan is essential for your company network. Our
company will provide you the following maintenance types.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Faults detecting maintenance


Configuration rechecking maintenance
Accounting information(Login, Logout) maintenance
Performance detecting maintenance
Backup Power and Generator Maintenance
6

6. Data Backup and Disaster Recovery


1. Faults detecting maintenance
This kind of maintenance is aim to find the faults that are currently
happened at the network. So it doesnt need to do daily. We will install auto fault
monitoring software at every hosts and server of your network and it will help a
lot to find the network system faults automatically. We will do fault detecting
maintenance per month.

2. Configuration rechecking maintenance


Configuration can change when you change the networking device or
install a new system software. Many network configuration issues can be arisen
due to the software update and change configuration of the files. So we need to
do this maintenance the time when you do above kinds of changing and we will
do per month as a regular.

3. Accounting information (Login, Logout) maintenance


It is also important for a company because security is the life of the
business. So controlling login-logout process is very important. Who is checking
unpermitted file? Who is editing other files? We will check this maintenance
weekly and anytime when you need to check it that is requested to check by the
user.

4. Performance detecting maintenance


Performance is also important for users. At the case of performance
detecting, we will test the data transfer rate of the cables, switches, routers,
workstations and every hardware components performance. Its need to do at
least once per month.

5. Backup Power and Generator Maintenance


Power supply is the life of the every hardware components. So we will
prepare the backup power system when the main supply is power off. So testing
the backup system need to do at every 2 month and always need to prepare to
ready the backup plan when the main supply is off.

6. Data Backup and Disaster Recovery


All of the data of your network are saved at your server. So we need to do
data backup process. If not, when the server is something happened; like
hacking, broken, all process will die. So we need to do it every weekend.
7

Sched
ule

Plan
no.

Maintenance

Material/Soft Function/Purpos Manual/Auto-ware Used


e
matic

weekly

3.

Accounting
information (Login,
Logout) maintenance
Data Backup and
Disaster Recovery

TACACS

1.

Faults detecting
maintenance

OpenNMS
Munin

2.

Configuration
rechecking
maintenance

Mercurial
Rancid

4.

Performance
detecting
maintenance

5.

Backup Power and


Generator
Maintenance

6.

monthl
y

Every 2
months

Checking
login/logout
processes
Recover the
important data
when the
something is
broken at your
computer or
network
Finding the bugs
and errors of the
network
Checking
the
whole
network
configuration

Automatic

Cricket

Testing
network
performance

Automatic

Network
Engineers

Preparing for the


secondary power
supply

Window default
backup tools

the

Manual/Automatic

Automatic

Manual/Automatic

Manual

6. Maintenance Plan Table


Table 6.1

7. Summary
There has only one thing that I implement network design and network
system at your company. That is these network system is efficiently help your
company business. According to my goal, I critically analyze your company
requirements and your goals and finally the above outcome comes out to fill your
requirements. I hope they stand as the perfect background of your company
glory.