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SAMPLE SOLUTIONS

2015
YEAR 11 MID-COURSE EXAMINATION

Chemistry
Thursday, 21st May

1:00 p.m.-2:35 p.m.

General Instructions
Reading time 5 minutes
Working time 1.5 hours
Write using blue or black pen
Draw diagrams using pencil
Board-approved calculators may be used
Data Sheet and Periodic Table provided
Use the Multiple Choice Answer Sheets
provided
Write your Student Number at the
beginning of each Part
You may detach Page 15 in order to
answer Part A (12 multiple-choice
questions) but ensure you have entered
your BOSTES Examination Number

Total marks - 50
Attempt ALL questions
Part A Questions 1-12 (12 marks)
Attempt 12 multiple-choice questions
Allow 20 minutes for this section
Part B Questions 13-19 (38 marks)
Attempt 7 free-response questions
Allow 70 minutes for this section

2015 YEAR 11 MID-COURSE EXAMINATION

Student Number

Chemistry
Part A Questions 1-12 (12 marks)
Attempt 12 multiple-choice questions
Allow 20 minutes for this section
Use the Multiple Choice Answer Sheet provided to indicate the BEST response.
1

Calculate the density of a block of aluminium measuring 0.50 cm 1.20 cm 0.80 cm which has
a mass of 1.30 g
(A)

0.48 g/cm3

(B)

0.369 g/mL

(C)

2.7 g/mL

(D)

2.71 g/cm3

An atom consists of 11 protons, 10 electrons and 12 neutrons.

ATOMIC
NUMBER

MASS
NUMBER

CHARGE

(A)

10

11

12

(B)

11

12

(C)

11

23

+1

(D)

12

11

10

An atom of an element has the electron configurations (2, 8, 8, 2).


What would be the expected electron configuration of this element if it reacts with chlorine?
(A)

(2, 8, 8)

(B)

(2, 8, 8, 2)

(C)

(2, 8, 8, 8)

(D)

(2, 8, 8, 8, 2)

What is the valence of element X in each of the following compounds?


X2S3

X(NO3)2

X2SO4

XCO3

(A)

2,

1,

2,

(B)

2,

3,

1,

(C)

3,

2,

1,

(D)

3,

2,

4,

Of the following diagrams, which best represents covalent molecular bonding?


(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

A mole of H2 gas contains:

(A)

6.02 1023 atoms

(B)

6.02 1023 avogadros

(C)

1.2 1024 atoms

(D)

1.2 1024 molecules

The equation below shows an unbalanced equation for octane being burned in excess
oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water.

C8H18(l) + O2(g) CO2(g) + H2O(l)


Which of the following provide the correct coefficients to balance this reaction?

Reactants

Products

(A)

1, 27

8, 9

(B)

1, 12.5

8, 9

(C)

2, 25

16,18

(D)

2, 54

16,18

A chemical reaction occurred when an acid was poured onto a piece of limestone which is
mainly composed of calcium carbonate. The main products of this reaction are
(A)

salt and water

(B)

hydrogen gas and water

(C)

carbon dioxide and water

(D)

salt, carbon dioxide and water

How many moles are there in 13 grams of zinc?


(A)

0.20 moles

(B)

0.1988 moles

(C)

5.0 moles

(D)

5.029 moles

10

11

The pair of compounds which have the same empirical formula is:
(A)

CO2 ; SO2

(B)

H2O ; H2O2

(C)

C2H5OH ; CH3OH

(D)

C2H5OH ; (CH3)2O

Four elements of atomic numbers 17, 18 19 and 20 have first ionisation energies
of 400, 600, 1300 and 1500 kJ where these ionisation energies are in random order.
Which of the above atomic numbers has the first ionisation energy of 400 kJ and
which has the first ionisation energy of 1500 kJ
400kJ

1500kJ

(A) Atomic number 17 Atomic number 20

12

(B) Atomic number 18

Atomic number 19

(C) Atomic number 19

Atomic number 18

(D) Atomic number 20

Atomic number 17

The balanced equation for the burning of butanol (C4H9OH) is given below:

C4H9OH(l) + 6O2(g) 4CO2(g) + 5H2O(l)


The volume of oxygen at 100 kPa and at 298.15 K needed to burn 2 mole of butanol is:
(A)

6 moles

(B)

12 moles

(C)

148.74 L

(D)

297.48 L

End of Part A

2015 YEAR 11 MID-YEAR EXAMINATION

Student Number
Part B Questions 13-19 (38marks)
Attempt 7 free-response questions.
Allow 70 minutes for this section.
Answer the questions in the spaces provided.
Show all relevant working in questions involving calculations.
Question 13

Marks

Use the table below to answer the following:


Substance
aluminium
copper
zinc
lead
mercury
sulfur
phosphorus
carbon (graphite)
sodium
water

Melting
point
(C)
660
1083
420
327
39
114
44
3730
98
0.0

Boiling point
(C)

Density
(g/mLa)

2450
2600
610
1740
357
444
280
4830
892
100.0

2.7
9.0
7.1
11.4
13.6
2.0
1.8
2.3
0.97
1.00

Substance
ethanol
ethyl acetate
ethylene glycol
acetic acid
chloroform
hexane
oxygen
nitrogen
hydrogen

Melting
point (C)

Boiling (C)

Density
(g/mLa)

114
84
16
16.7
64
95
219
210
259

78
77
198
118
62
69
183
196
253

0.79
0.90
1.11
1.04
1.48
0.66

at 25C

a If a mixture of alcohol (ethanol) and glycerol (boiling point 290C) was distilled,
what would be the composition of the distillate? Explain why.

Pure ethanol because it has the lower boiling point and the difference in
boiling points is quite large.

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b If a mixture of chloroform and hexane was distilled, the distillate would be richer
(than the starting material) in which substance?

More concentrated in chloroform (boiling points are too close to get


a complete separation)
c How would you obtain a pure sample of one liquid from the mixture in (b)?

Use fractional distillation


d If you distilled a mixture of hexane and heptane (boiling point 98C),
what would the distillate be?

Pure hexane
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Question 14

Marks

The boiling points of three elements in Group VII of the Periodic Table are given below.
The value for chlorine has been left out.
ELEMENT

SYMBOL

ATOMIC NUMBER

BOILING POINT
(C)

Fluorine

188

Chlorine

Cl

17

Bromine

Br

35

59

Iodine

53

184

i) In the spaces provided above, write in the atomic number for each element.

ii) Using the grid paper below, draw a graph of boiling point versus atomic number.

Graph of Boiling Point versus Atomic Number

iii)
From your graph, the interpolated boiling point for chlorine is -110oC.
Question 15

1
Marks

Write a word equation and symbolic equation that convey the same information as
the following statement:

One molecule of dinitrogen pentoxide, which contains two nitrogen atoms and five
oxygen atoms, reacts with one molecule of water to form two molecules of nitric acid,
each containing one hydrogen, one nitrogen and three oxygen atoms.

Dinitrogen pentoxide + water nitric acid


N2H5(s)

H2O (l)

2HNO3(aq)

Give the formulae of:

i)

sodium nitrate

NaNO3

ii)

ammonium carbonate

(NH4)2CO3

iii)

iron(III) hydroxide

Fe(OH)3

iv)

potassium phosphate

K3PO4

Give the names of:

i) (NH4)2CO3

ammonium carbonate

ii) ZnSO4

zinc sulphate

iii) Fe(OH)2

iron(II) hydroxide

iv) Al(NO3)3

aluminium nitrate

Give the name and formula of the compound formed between nitrogen and hydrogen:

Ammonia is NH3

Question 16

Marks
8

Match the statement on the left with the most appropriate answer on the right.

Write your answer in the space provided.


a A homogeneous mixture of a metal with one or more other

Carbon

elements. Alloy

Aluminium

b Metal commonly used in car batteries. Lead


Iron
c Oldest known metal. Gold
Lead

d Alloy in which the predominant metal is iron. Steel

Steel

e First metal to be extracted from an ore. Copper


f

Solder

Alloy of copper and tin. Bronze

Bronze

g Most abundant metal in the Earths crust but not easily


extracted. Aluminium

Alloy

h Low melting alloy used to join pieces of metal together. Solder


i

Age following the Bronze Age. Iron

Non-metal found in iron alloys. Carbon

Copper
Gold

k Given the neutral species (i.e. the actual chemical substances involved in the reaction) equation
below, write the (i) complete ionic equation, (ii) net ionic equation and
(iii) identify spectator ions.
The neutral species equation: iron + sulfuric acid
Fe(s) + H2SO4(aq)
(i)

iron sulfate + hydrogen.


FeSO4(aq) + H2(g)

complete ionic equation

Fe(s) + 2H+(aq) + SO42(aq) Fe2+(aq) + SO42-(aq) + H2(g)


(ii)

net ionic equation

Fe(s) + 2H+(aq) Fe2+(aq) + H2(g)


(iii)

spectator ions

Spectator ion is SO42


Question 17

Marks
9

The following diagram summarises some ways in which properties vary across and down
the Periodic Table. Insert the word increases or decreases in the space provided.

Question 18

Marks

In an experiment to find the formula of a compound, the following results were obtained:
Mass of crucible

= 35.03 g

Mass of crucible + copper

= 38.205 g

Mass of crucible + copper oxide = 39.005 g


Show all working in determining the empirical formula of the compound.

Question 19

Marks
10

a. A particular factory has to pump dilute sulfuric acid from one place to another.
Of the common metals available (Fe, Al, Cu, Zn, Pb, Sn, Mg, Ag), which would you
use for the pipes for moving this sulfuric acid?

Copper would be used.


Give your reasons. Also give your reasons for not using other metals.

The sulphuric acid would react with and corrode all the metals in
this list except copper and silver. Silver would not be used because it
is much more expensive and softer than copper.

b. Pewter was first used in the Bronze Age and was comprised of 75% tin and 25% lead.
In more recent times it has been 85% tin, 7% copper, 6% bismuth and 2% antimony.
physical properties of both types of pewter are very similar.

The

Suggest two reasons why there was a change in the composition of pewter.

1. To eliminate the risk of lead poisoning lead is toxic by all means


of exposure
2. Pewter has been found in Ancient Egyptian tombs and
bismuth and antimony were not known in ancient times
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2015
2015 YEAR 11 MID-COURSE
EXAMINATION

Chemistry
Student Number
PART A PLACE AN X IN THE BOX CORRESPONDING TO THE CORRECT ANSWER

C
C

C
C

10

11

12

You may detach this page in order to answer Part A (12 multiple-choice questions) but ensure you have
entered your BOSTES Examination Number

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