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REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

overall depth of the beam

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.83d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

16

and

10

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
Area of steel provided

As prov

Provide

12

and

10

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided


Link size

Sv

<

Shear link spacing


Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R6 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from both ends


Middle area spacing shall be 200 mm c/c

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT

4.2
0.225
13.62

kN/m

12

kN/m

38.27

kN/m

56.25

kNm

28.13
80.36

kN

20

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

12

mm

16

mm

mm

25

mm

225

mm

350

mm

311

mm

56.25

kNm

d=

311

mm

k=

0.103

Z=

270.57

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.103

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.87

270.57

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
476

mm2/m

559

mm2/m

Nos

16

2 nos

Nos

10

1 nos

311

mm

d=

311

mm

28.13

kNm

k=

0.052

Z=

292.34

M/[bd2fcu]
0.052

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.94

292.34

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
220

mm2/m

270

mm2/m

mm

Nos

12

2 nos

Nos

10

0 nos

80.36

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
1.15

N/mm2

3.6

N/mm2

= 1.15

N/mm2

0.80
1.29
0.62
1.02

mm

113.73
233.25

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
245

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.1

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


22
6.225/382
14.23

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load [slab+finishes+beam]

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.81d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

20

and

16

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.89d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

16

and

20

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided


Link size

Sv

<

Shear link spacing


Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R10 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from both ends


Middle area spacing shall be 200 mm c/c

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT

6
0.225
15.29

kN/m

12

kN/m

40.61

kN/m

121.82

kNm

60.91
121.82

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

20

mm

16

mm

10

mm

25

mm

225

mm

425

mm

382

mm

103.55

kNm

d=

382

mm

k=

0.126

Z=

317.06

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.126

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.83

317.06

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
747

mm2/m

717

mm2/m

Nos

20

2 nos

Nos

16

1 nos

382

mm

d=

382

mm

79.18

kNm

k=

0.096

Z=

336.16

M/[bd2fcu]
0.096

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.88

336.16

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
539

mm2/m

mm

629

mm2/m

Nos

16

0 nos

Nos

20

2 nos

121.82

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
1.42

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 1.42

N/mm2

0.83
1.05
0.60
1.00

10

mm

202.83
286.5

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
300

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
0.91

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


18.2
6.225/382
16.30

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load [slab+finishes]

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Total Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ C

MC

BM @ B

MB

SF @ A

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.90d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

12

and

16

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

and

12

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 > > 0.5 c max shear, minimum links required

Shear link spacing

Link size

Sv

<

Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R6 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m throughout

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
3
0.225
14.88

kN/m

12

kN/m

40.03

kN/m

120.10

kN

39.63

kNm

32.43
54.04

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

12

mm

12

mm

mm

25

mm

225

mm

350

mm

313

mm

39.63

kNm

d=

313

mm

k=

0.072

Z=

284.83

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.072

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.91

284.83

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
318

mm2/m

339

mm2/m

Nos

12

2 nos

Nos

16

1 nos

313

mm

d=

313

mm

32.43

kNm

k=

0.059

Z=

291.09

M/[bd2fcu]
0.059

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.93

291.09

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]

mm

255

mm2/m

339

mm2/m

Nos

12

3 nos

Nos

0 nos

54.04

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.77

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.77

N/mm2

0.48
1.28
0.53
0.93

mm

149.29
234.75

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
270

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.28

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


25.6
6.225/382
10.30

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load [slab+finishes]

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Total Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ E

ME

BM @ D

MD

SF @ C

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.93d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

12

and

16

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.94d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

and

12

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided

Shear link spacing

Link size

Sv

<

Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R6 @ 125 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from support

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
3
0.225
14.88

kN/m

12

kN/m

40.03

kN/m

120.10

kN

28.82

kNm

25.22

kNm

66.05

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

12

mm

12

mm

mm

25

mm

225

mm

350

mm

313

mm

28.82

kNm

d=

313

mm

k=

0.052

Z=

294.22

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.052

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.94

294.22

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
224

mm2/m

339

mm2/m

Nos

12

2 nos

Nos

16

1 nos

313

mm

d=

313

mm

25.22

kNm

k=

0.046

Z=

297.35

M/[bd2fcu]
0.046

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.95

297.35

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]

mm

194

mm2/m

226

mm2/m

Nos

12

2 nos

Nos

0 nos

66.05

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.94

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.94

N/mm2

0.48
1.28
0.53
0.93

mm

144.91
234.75

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
190

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.72

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


34.4
6.225/382
10.30

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the strip

bt

overall depth of the slab

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.83d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

10

and

10

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide
T10 @ 150 mm spacing or
T12 @ 225 mm spacing

10

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since < 0.5 c

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
6
1
4.6

kN/m

kN/m

12.84

kN/m

38.52

kNm

19.26
38.52

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

mm

10

mm

mm

25

mm

C
A
N
C
E
L

1000

mm

150

mm

120

mm

38.52

kNm

d=

120

mm

k=

0.107

Z=

103.2

mm

Nos

10

2 nos

Nos

10

1 nos

120

mm

d=

120

mm

19.26

kNm

k=

0.054

Z=

112.8

M/[bd2fcu]
0.107

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.86

103.2

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
854

mm2/m

786

mm2/m

10

M/[bd2fcu]
0.054

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.94

112.8

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
391

mm2/m

mm

393

mm2/m

Nos

10

5 nos

38.52

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.32

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.32

N/mm2

0.66
3.33
0.74
1.14

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
286

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.26

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


25.2
3000/120
25.00

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the strip

bt

overall depth of the slab

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.83d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

T10 @ 250 mm spacing

Provide

10

and

10

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide
T10 @ 250 mm spacing

10

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since < 0.5 c

Deflection Checking
Continous condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
3
1
4.6

kN/m

kN/m

12.84

kN/m

12.71

kNm

10.40

kNm

19.26

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

mm

10

mm

10

mm

25

mm

C
A
N
C
E
L

1000

mm

150

mm

110

mm

12.71

kNm

d=

110

mm

k=

0.042

Z=

104.5

mm

5 nos

M/[bd2fcu]
0.042

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.95

104.5

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
278

mm2/m

314

mm2/m

Nos

10

Nos

10

110

mm

10.40

kNm

d=

110

mm

k=

0.034

Z=

105.6

mm

10

5 nos

M/[bd2fcu]
0.034

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.96

105.6

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
225

mm2/m

314

mm2/m

Nos

19.26

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.18

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.18

N/mm2

0.29
3.64
0.58
0.98

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
206

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.83

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


36.6
3000/85
27.27

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the strip

bt

overall depth of the slab

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.83d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

T10 @ 250 mm spacing

Provide

10

and

10

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide
T10 @ 250 mm spacing

10

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since < 0.5 c

Deflection Checking
Continous condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 125 MM
3
1
4.6

kN/m

kN/m

12.84

kN/m

10.60

kNm

8.70

kNm

19.26

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

mm

10

mm
mm

25

mm

1000

mm

125

mm

95

mm

10.60

kNm

d=

95

mm

k=

0.047

Z=

89.3

mm

5 nos

M/[bd2fcu]
0.047

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.94

89.3

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
272

mm2/m

314

mm2/m

Nos

10

Nos

10

95

mm

8.70

kNm

d=

95

mm

k=

0.039

Z=

90.25

mm

10

5 nos

M/[bd2fcu]
0.039

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.95

90.25

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
221

mm2/m

314

mm2/m

Nos

19.26

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.2

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.2

N/mm2

0.33
4.21
0.63
1.03

27
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
202

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.78

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


48.06
3000/85
31.58

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the strip

bt

overall depth of the slab

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.83d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

10

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
Area of steel provided

As prov

Provide
T10 @ 250 mm spacing

10

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since < 0.5 c

Deflection Checking [Not necessary in long span direct


SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 125 MM
6
1
4.6

kN/m

kN/m

12.84

kN/m

3.46

kNm

4.76

kNm

38.52

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

mm

10

mm

10

mm

25

mm

1000

mm

125

mm

85

mm

3.46

kNm

d=

85

mm

k=

0.019

Z=

80.75

mm

Nos

10

2 nos

85

mm

d=

85

mm

4.76

kNm

k=

0.026

Z=

82.45

M/[bd2fcu]
0.019

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.98

80.75

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
98

mm2/m

314

mm2/m

M/[bd2fcu]
0.026

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.97

82.45

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
132

mm2/m

314

mm2/m

mm

Nos

10

5 nos

38.52

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.45

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.45

N/mm2

0.37
4.71
0.67
1.07

ng span direction]

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
121

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
2.45

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


49
3000/120
35.29

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load [slab+finishes]

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ fixed end

MA

BM @ mid span

MC

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.81d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

20

and

16

Design of Bottom Reinforcement


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.89d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

12

and

20

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided


Link size

Sv

<

Shear link spacing


Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R10 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from both ends


Middle area spacing shall be 200 mm c/c

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
7
0.225
15.42

kN/m

12

kN/m

40.79

kN/m

166.55

kNm

83.28
142.76

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

20

mm

16

mm

10

mm

25

mm

225

mm

475

mm

432

mm

149.90

kNm

d=

432

mm

k=

0.143

Z=

345.6

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.143

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.8

345.6

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
993

mm2/m

943

mm2/m

Nos

20

2 nos

Nos

16

2 nos

432

mm

d=

432

mm

104.09

kNm

k=

0.099

Z=

375.84

M/[bd2fcu]
0.099

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.87

375.84

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
634

mm2/m

mm

742

mm2/m

Nos

12

0 nos

Nos

20

2 nos

142.76

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
1.47

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 1.47

N/mm2

0.97
0.93
0.61
1.01

10

mm

193.73
324

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
303

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
0.87

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


17.4
6.225/382
16.72

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load [slab+finishes]

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Total Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ C

MC

BM @ B

MB

SF @ A

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.90d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

12

and

16

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.92d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

and

12

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 > > 0.5 c max shear, minimum links required

Shear link spacing

Link size

Sv

<

Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R6 @ 150 mm c/c upto 1.5 m throughout

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
3
0.225
17.18

kN/m

14

kN/m

46.45

kN/m

139.36

kN

45.99

kNm

37.63
62.71

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

12

mm

12

mm

mm

25

mm

225

mm

350

mm

313

mm

45.99

kNm

d=

313

k=

0.083

Z=

281.7

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.083

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.9

281.7

mm

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
374

mm2/m

402

mm2/m

Nos

12

Nos

16

2 nos

313

mm

d=

313

mm

37.63

kNm

k=

0.068

Z=

287.96

M/[bd2fcu]
0.068

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.92

287.96

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]

mm

299

mm2/m

339

mm2/m

Nos

12

3 nos

Nos

0 nos

62.71

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
0.89

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 0.89

N/mm2

0.57
1.28
0.56
0.96

mm

149.29
234.75

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
267

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.22

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


24.4
6.225/382
10.30

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load [slab+finishes]

Imposed load

Ultimate Design Load

Total Design Load

Single span fixed end condition


BM @ E

ME

BM @ D

MD

SF @ C

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Effective depth

Design bending moment

Design of Top Reinforcement @ C

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.93d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

12

and

16

Design of Bottom Reinforcement @ B


Effective depth

Design bending moment

=
=

Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required


Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.94d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

and

12

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Maximum shear

=
100 As/[bv*d]

400/d

=
c

c + 0.4

Since c+0.4 < < max shear, design links to be provided

Shear link spacing

Link size

Sv

<

Max spacing < 0.75d

<

Provide R6 @ 125 mm c/c upto 1.5 m from support

Deflection Checking
SS condition assumed to check deflection
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT
SLAB THICK 150 MM
3
0.225
17.18

kN/m

14

kN/m

46.45

kN/m

139.36

kN

33.45

kNm

29.26

kNm

76.65

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

12

mm

12

mm

mm

25

mm

225

mm

350

mm

313

mm

33.45

kNm

d=

313

mm

k=

0.061

Z=

291.09

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.061

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.93

291.09

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
263

mm2/m

339

mm2/m

Nos

12

2 nos

Nos

16

1 nos

313

mm

d=

313

mm

29.26

kNm

k=

0.053

Z=

294.22

M/[bd2fcu]
0.053

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.94

294.22

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]

mm

228

mm2/m

226

mm2/m

Nos

12

2 nos

Nos

0 nos

76.65

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
1.09

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 1.09

N/mm2

0.48
1.28
0.53
0.93

mm

106.24
234.75

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
223

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.5

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


30
6.225/382
10.30

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt

Design of Pad Footing

TO BE EDITED

F2 - 600mm x 300mm plate resting on footing


Load

Weight of footing

193
18.432

Service load Pser

211.432

Ultimate load Pult

317.148

Bearing capacity of soil


Footing area

125
1.69

Say, Length

1.6

Width

1.6

Actual area
Overall depth "h"

kN/m2

2.56
300

mm

>

1.69

>

178.09

<

125.00

Design for Bending


Ultimate bearing pressure

123.89

Critical BM at colum face BM

41.873

kNm

Bar diameter assumed

12

mm

Cover

50

mm

Effective depth

232

Average depth

238

M/bd2
100As/bd
Reinforcement required As

Minimum r/f required

0.486
0.1
371.2

mm2

624

mm2

Provide T12 @ 300 c/c


r/f provided

678.24

mm2

>

624.00

1.110

N/mm2

<

4.00

4056

mm

1.532

m2

189.77

kN
<

4.00

Check for Punching Shear


Max shear

Critical perimeter
Area outside the perimeter
Punching shear V
Stress v

0.197

Shear r/f not required

Detail
Foundation depth (to bottom of footing) : 1200 mm
Size : 1600 x 1600 mm
Footing thickness : 300 mm
Reinforcement : T12 @ 300 c/c both direction

N/mm2

m2
mm

kN/m2

mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2

REFERENCE

CALCULATION

Analysis
Length

Width

Dead load
Imposed load
Ultimate load intensity

Ultimate force

BM

SF

Design Data
Material Properties
Concrete grade

fcu

Characteristic steel strength

fy

Youngs modulus of concrete

EC

Youngs modulus of steel

ES

Density of concrete

pct

Durabilty Requirements
Exposure condition

- Severe

Beam
Design of Reinforcement
Sizes
Top r/f

Bottom r/f

Links

Cover

Width of the beam

bt

overall depth of the beam

hb

Design of r/f
Effective depth

Design bending moment

Cl 3.4.4.4
BS 8110; 1985

=
Since K < 0.156 no compresiion r/f required
Z

=
=

Take Z = 0.95d

As req,M

Required area of steel to carry ultimate BM

=
As prov

Area of steel provided

Provide

16

Ckeck for Shear Resistance


Ultimate shear force at support

Vu

Shear stress

=
=

Allowable shear

Since < c shear is satisfactory

Deflection Checking
SS
Table 3.10 BS
8110; 1985

Basic

Span/Effective depth ratio

Service stress in the tension r/f

=
fs

=
=

Modification factor for tension r/f

MF

=
=

Hence allowable Span/Effective depth ratio

=
=

Actual Span/Effective Depth ratio

=
=

Since [Span/Eff.Depth]actual < [Span/Eff.Depth]allowable deflection is within the lim

TION

OUTPUT

6
0.225

kN/m
kN
70.00

kNm

127.00

kN

25

N/mm2

460

N/mm2

26000

N/mm2

200000

N/mm2

24

kN/m3

16

mm

16

mm

mm

25

mm

225

mm

375

mm

336

mm

70.00

kNm

d=

336

k=

0.018

Z=

319.2

16

mm

M/[bd2fcu]
0.018

[0.5+(0.25-K/0.9)0.5] * d
0.98

319.2

mm

M/[0.95*fy*Z]
502

mm2/m

402

mm2/m

Nos

mm

127.00

kN

Vu/[bv*d]
1.68

N/mm2

4.0

N/mm2

= 1.68

N/mm2

Shear is satisfactory

20
5*fy*As req/(8*As prov*b)
359

N/mm2

0.55+ [477-fs]/[120*(0.9+M/bd2)]
1.2

( < 2.0 )

MF * Basic Span/Eff. Depth


24
3.825/286
18.53

ion is within the limit

Deflection is within the limt